Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 24, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 24, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YOYtK HERALD. JAMKS O O H DO If BBHRBVTi V.KOPRIErOB AND SJMrOH jttki (f. w curnkb of ??A*nir and ftjlton am I ILK'JN, .u?A m *49nun W, DAILY HERALD . ctntt ptr ?u 17 jxr u?m IJflA' H EKKLV H KHALI) tvtry S, furd/iy. at 6\ ct"U Mpti. ?r *3 Mr tin Eur opt in fhtion U p?r to a*v P"> rt of Qrtut Britain or K Jo any pari tA? Continent both to tncludt pott <t It ALL LETTEKH frv /"r Juasu'jpHaae or ?<M A tvrr ? t?mmti to tc ^o.l paid, or t>u pott igt vill he UAurUd fr<rm lt}oH*?RmT INO rr?ciU?d wit* n?oln??, cfc?ipn?u, a *4 ^2) V SK TIS KJfKN 1 S r???u>?J ??rv ?*??. 4*U8*M?NT3 THIS ZTKNINQ. tMOAVWAt TBXATHC. Broadway? Ovr Qal-Tairy Virol*. _____ ? IBLO'9 GilDIN, tlMiVI}? 'HI Tooput-Joim Jo* ?" fdVHT niEATBB, Boworj? Slash *n add Oiuhii ? ?K llVMkTI tORM. fOQI 8 ?ItfBTIlBLB Mechanise* Hall <,1 Bftiw+J. ?vw Twk, Tuewtey, July H4, I8M Mai la far Kuiopc NBW TOK* HIiRALD? WMTION KOS EPKOr*. Tbe OelHn* mil ft?Am<ihip PactAc, Captain Nje, will Ware thto port to moirow, at noon, for Liverpool. 11m fJuropean mails wlB eloao la taia ettj at half past tM o'clock to morrow morning. TDro Hnuu> (printed h? KogtliU and Tionoh) will t>? pabhabed u ten o'cto* in the mornirG. Slogle ooj les, in wi?vp?t?, sixpence 8*fcMrtptiw?# ao? advertiaementt for anv eeitton of the N*?r York Haaui will be received at the fo.iowlng p'ae?e ta Europe:? 1 LmoewoL. .John hunter, No. 12E*change street, East. Ionkon.. ..SanOKsfd fc Co., No 17 Corohiil. >i vn mdu k Co , Ko. 19 0?ihar.ne Htreet. Pahsb Lmngnten, Wells k Oo . 8 Place rte In Uoaree tko eontenU of the European-edition of the Hkiuld vfl embrace Kte new? rucelTOd by mull and tatagraph fct th office dm- tag the previous week, and to Mm hour of yatUaatioii. , TOc ftrtn. The H>e?nehip Northern Light, now Cue It this port with CetHorBia adviooa to the let mst , had not made her appearance ?t one o'clock tMe morale g. Oar Brownsville, (Texas,) corrcopoadent, wri.lng M JUiy 10th, states that the revolutionists were fait of hopes of ultimate success. General Woll had to BejnoM, in order to take the- command ?f the government troqps stationed these; hat, after ?ate^ing CimaigQ, t *o thousand Arc hundred men ef the'iederal army wore poshing forward rapid y to aeet bim at the form?r town, and wocld endea vor to take bim prisoner. The insareeuts were well ?applied with money, and determined to overthrow Santa Anna. Carvaja), with t treaty seven other ? ibasteros, was diacberged by the federal court at Bxownsville, the Judge having ordered the tedietmtot to be qaaefaed, as being illegal. The weather was very fine, a&i taa river ntvifation ex cellent. General Vldaorl, General in- Chief of the libera Wig army, has issued a decree, whioh we publish, jenonnclog the penalty of death against Bint a Anna, bie executive officials, general ofS *ra and (?cretaries, should he or any of them fakl into the hands of the revolutionists. Mr. Joseph E. Gbling, Commisaioner of Btraeta and Lamps, replies through our columns this mim ing to tbe communication w'alci llayor Wood ad dressed to him in relation to >h??treet s veeoing diffi culty, at. d the estimate made by Mehsra. S :uitti,S;ck el A Co. in their proposals for doing the work. Mr. Ebling bases his defence on the gTouads that no appropriation has been msde by the Common Cuon ?U to cover the^siimites for tho ensuing year, and that tee dspartment over whiah te presides w iuld be co mo involved in irregularities If ontrac^ were perfected when there wis uo miney on hand to pay the amount ; that the tender cf Meisra. Bmitb, Ceckel & Co. was at firat informal by ita wording, find that, although he permitted it to be ?mended, as an act of courtesy, he still doubti iM accuracy; srd thar tbn maotikc company was not Vie lowest bidder in as many as eight wards. The 0 aimiasloner also antrta that Smith, SeckeUt Co. d ;? acded the immediate ex -.anion cf a cona-act, isade on the amended estimate, wlua'i ho c ueidered tbisdn'y to refute, as all outricts mutt ba sub mitu.6 to the two branches of th^ C 'maioa C tuncil pitvicoii to confiroallon. Mr. Jibliig aays be will keep tbe oily clean so long as the balance of the ap propriation for 1H&C laats, and tha; he will exejute a new contract for the next year when the appro priation fox 1856 U made. ? ho JcEeph Walker investigating committee had asotber lorg zessioa yesterday afternoon. Mr. Wal ter R. Jonts was called to the stind after Mr. Isiac G. Barker, who thought that the Mayor usurped authority. Ita J ansa gave tae whole history of ths ?ontracts, and of tto attempt to bleed bim on the pattai the Aldermen and a certain Sunday niwa pap'r. Mr. Jcnes, however, waa proof agaloat a l three attempts upon Ma integrity, and his testimo ny khows that none of their efTorta proved aucceaa fn'. A fall report of the evidence is given else where. A most depio-able accident occurred yesterday moinicg, at the corner of Naatau and C-:d?r atreeta, eausad by the failing of a flooring overladen wit i btick and mortar, in a building that ia being torn town at that placc. A number of persons wsre rererely injured, and two of them? a man nam^d Byrnes and a boy named Balllvin? died Ust night In freat sgony from the Injuries they rcccivad. Thi8 praoti'e of piling bricks oo loose floorings hss caused many fatal accidents, aod It wmll bs well lor tbe city author itiea to pins a i ordininca pro tooting poor laborers from liability to a;cid rat* of ttis kind. Joseph Blunt, E q., of this city, and Krastas D Culver, Esq., City Judge of Brooklyn, h*v* been ?ppointod by the Govern-r, to be associate! with A t jrnn^ General H fT nan in the t. i?l of th? L cn mon alar* <as4. Tfo parties taken out of the Brit sh brig BufTYo crd conveyed to Boston, where they were tried aod acquitted of tho charge of violatlog the neutrality Uws by enlisting men for the Crimea, have brongUt f.etwis against Captain Clark, of toe revenue cut t?r JitBfa Campbell, for illegal detention and inpr sobment. Tho damages claimed amount to forty ttcutand dollars. Intelligence from Fort Laramie to the 27th ult. fcai b*eri received. The la liana on the Platte con tinned their depredations. Two trains bad bcei attacked; Robert Git*.on, the leader of one, was shot, a ni two mtn of the other were wounded. The osse of Thomas Bsny, of Wiltlimsburg, ?barged with violating the provisions of the prohi bitory l'quor law, la assigned for trial by Jury on tLe 30th Inst. In this casj some two thoutaad dol lars worth of defendant's Uquor was aei7.<td. Tbsre was said to be some barter fwling in cotton ytetwday, with more doing. The sales cmsracsd ab'.ut 1 COO bales. Home sales or middling uplanis were made at lOJc., and New O. leans midd iugs ?ere at llo. An apprehension prevailed that iLe ute atorm sufftred at some B u hern points heard from.hed extended to a great r or lew ex ?ett o\er portlora of the cotton region. Common gradea of Htate flour cloeed at about 12|% p.r bh'. kigber^whLe medium uPf*r ^ wwe nnch ^ New HouVetn wheat, la u*a ,ild te.rm, sta'.ed te another column. The?upp,, of lhl, kiDj ? was on tte incr.Mo, and ? wa. ^ ?4at about 10 000 bnahels anived by steamer ft m C arlmVm yee'erday. Corn aold prtfy rt^\, ,f* rhkfly at tb? latter flgure. Po?k ?M ? trifte h.t^' ?or t>ew mess. Ccffeo was unhanged. Kn^r/r). tosned flxm and active. The sales rea< vd a?.rjt 1 "OO bids., wtth a cargo of Porto Btco, in ban<i, \\ fall pricec. Freight engagements continued to tia M?tr, ate. for the flrrt time ?n a long period a taw Lbouaar d bushels of wheat were engaged, (or Uver. ol, jester Jay, at 3d., besides which, some iota of ett on ard corn were t?.ken witboot m^erlal tl i ge turn !get week's <ia.t*UvU. m Millions tor of a Sc n ard Organ? Tbe Boot on the Other Leg. We find id 'be Buffalo Express? % cooepkaous oryan of W. Q. Seward abd hie anti slaver; co alition- a leaning article bearing toe significant caption of " Millions for Slavery ? Nothing for Commerce." In tins article we are told thtt Southern slavery " baa ever been a pet ioBtitu tlt n of government, and has grown fat and strong from the public treasury. Each Presi dent, in turn, has caressed and patted the tbiDg on the bead, while the Secretary of the Trea sury has constantly fed it lrom the choicest pap afforded from the government resources. In this way it has been reared as a 'spoiled child' ? desiring and coveting all th*t It Bees, and proving fretful and uncomfortable il its every want 1b not speedily gratified." To establish the charge that this "pet insti tution " of the South " has grown fat and strong irom the public treasury," the following are given by our Buffalo philosopher as Bome of tbe Items of the expenses incurred by ths gene, ral government on account of slavery: ? rurrhaaiog 1-ouiiUni in 1803..* $23, 6y >,OOQ Floiioa (rem Spain id ?J' iO,l#4> Florida war with tM Indiana ie 1S34-3& 3^44,^00 UlnlMippi Irom (irorgU j,M4000 War to obtain Tax*#, 10441-17 9 il, 174, 0*0 I khi to Texas for ibao ciaitta in 1BAO-55 .... 10,000,000 Meailla Valley, to BabU Aim, 1863 10,WO,OM> Total ?.. $310,970,000 Now, we shall froceed to tal?e this bill of cists to pieces, and if we do r.ot prove "that " flgcres can lie," we think we shall satisfy the reader that they may be usod. to suppress very material facts, ud to establish the moet ridicu lous conclusions. Let us took, then, into these itetps of the Express, of tbe expenses of " the pet institution," in conacction with this outcry of " Millions: for Slavovy ? Nothing for Com merce." The first'item relates to the Louisiana Terri ?tery ; and $be coat of its purchase is set down at $23, 53C ,000. Grant it? grant that the ter ritory purchased was a Blaveholding territory, were there no advantages in the purchase to the North, and "nothing for ?commerce." Aa we understand it, the great object of tbe pur chase was to secure the outlet of the Mississippi river, and its magnificent and prolific valley, for the benefit of commerce. In the way of trade, this acquisition, since 1803, has been to the free States and Teriitorieifcontiguous to the Mississippi and Ub tributaries equal in value to at least one thousand millions of dollars. Then, again, as parts ot thio Louisiana purchase, the North have secured the flourishing State of Iowa, the beautiful and thrifty Territory of Minnesota, and the tremendous Territary of Nebraska, to say nothing of the chances for Kansas and the prairiee to the Bouth of it. All this is an offset which cannot be measured in dollars and cents; but the public lands in this Louisiana purchase sold, and to be Bold, will probably foot up in the end at the Trea eory Department, a gross rmount in hard cash of not less than two hundred millions of dollars, exclusive of grants to Northern rail reads. We fio^ihen, that the aocount on both sides, touching #e Louisiana purchase, stands as fol lows:? I'uiobaae of Louisiana $23,530,0(10 Actual benefiia to Northern trade from ths acquisition ot tbe moattiH of the Mtn niHsijipi l,OOe. f 0,000 Pnfcl'c land*, inearth 20u,uuu,000 Tola] $1,200,000,000 Deduct outlay for ciiavcry 23,530.000 Balance, clear gain by tbe Union $1,176,470,000 ?Over eleven hundred miilions clear gain. "Answer a fool according to his folly," saith the Scriptures. This balance will pay for the pui chase of Florida, the Florida wars from first to lost, and the purchase of Mississippi from Georgia, to say nothing of the revenues and materials from the public latds in those States; and we shall still have a margin to spare of a thousand millions in favor of the Louisiana purchase. The next three items are? The war to obtain T*xa?,me-47 $217,174,000 Itxa* claim). 1860-66 16,000,000 lt>e liadfdtn treaty 10,000,000 Add Mexican indemnitee, 1848 16,000,000 .And we have a total of. $268, 164,000 This is a large sum expended in behalf of the " pet institution" of the government, resulting from the annexation of Texas. But let us look at the other side of the account. The war and the ]?ace with Mrxico have given the North the spltndid State of California, whose seaport of San Francisco is the New York of the Pa-' ciflc coast. But we must not overlook the solid sptcie dividends of California, nearly the whole of which have been the substantial gains ol the North. Since the discovery of the gold washings on the Rio de loa Americanos, in 1848, the export of Cjlifornia gold, manifested and in ptivate hands, to the Atlantic Northern States have been, we dare say, fully up to three hundred and fifty millions ot dollars. Our Northern account with Southern slavery, therefore, concerning Texas, the war with Mex ico, Ac , is as follows:? Total expsinea $2.1'), 174,000 Total piotita, In aolid gold 360,000,000 Ba'aice, clear gain by the Upl^n. $91,H24,OCO ?Or, in round numbers, ninety-two millions of dollars ! And hnw docs this preposterous rab bish of " millions for slavery, j?nd nothing for ccftimicc" apply to California? The acquisi tion of that country, and the discovery of the gold there, have given a greater impulse to our commerce, dome* tic and foreign, Atlantic und Pacific, fhan would have been given to it, without California, had a hundred millions a year, for the last half century, been appropri ated to the improvement of rivers and harbors. We think our case is mide out. Iu our pur chases of and wars for Southern territory, neither the public treasury nor ttos Northern States have been the losers. On the contrary, * bile the treasury has been replenished from besc "acquisitions on account of the pet insti tution of Southern slavery;" while our com merce, from the sea to the rivers and the lakes, has been vastly benefited, and while the North has secured some of the richest and fairest of these acquisitions, we have secured ^ith them the whole region of the gold country, and the monopoly of Its bountiful diggings? wet and dry? the ports of California, the isthmus pas sages. and the command of the Pacific trade. In view of such splendid advantages as these, derived from our outlays on aocount of the "pet institntion," we are nnd<?r a debt of the heaviest obligations to the SdGth. Tnis debt cannot be cancelled In dolWr* and cents it e?n only be met by the e*eTc.i<e of that ?pirlt of compromise and concession toward* the g'vnth which distingul'hed the fathers fifths eon?tltn tir n. In the exercise of this spirit, ah'.nld ths South give shape and form to the R?st* in-titutions of Kansas, it will be a small concession to them to admit the Stat*> thus or faulted into tbe Union, In consideration of the j taiuxce due the South m amount of the Loui- 1 tiana purcha-e, every inch of which belonged | to tbem on the date of itfl acquisition, from the Balizc to tbe British bounuary above the he M springs of the Mississippi- We can spare eafi to the South, if they win it accor t0 the law and the constitution, and s( jj hold a prodlgteUB slice ol the original rv^wcii Loui siana. Let our Buffalo cotempor ^ tejr u again. IliB statistics upon the ^ '? Millions for slavery? nothing for or mmerce," reco 1 against himself and bis car ^ jt is true that In our purchase of South' jrn territory, and in our ac quisitions from ' southern territorial wars, we of the North secured the lion's share of the pluiQder/aD' 4 tt hi folly to deny It. The outlet of the Mi /etoippi and the gold mines of Call 'orn^a rattle ttte question against ue, for tha P^et, tfjt present, and for all time to come. I B? mmn of tlN FMt Oflhe-rhe Iforther* Mall. The Port Office is never tired of afifording amusement and edification to the people. Now t la a letter which haB travelled a-few hundred miles out of the way, and comes back to its re cipient when it is just too late to be of any use. Now, it is a bundle or bag of letters which have been chucked under a table, and lain there for a fortnight until the porter roots then* out in sweeping the office. Now a batch of money letters, checks, policies of insurance and so fortk are sold by a country postmaster, with "ottur rubbish," to the paper maker of the county at four cents a pound. And now, an in genious' PoBt Office agent, exercised by a laudar ble thirst for knowledge, is detected in tbe act of opening letters, and relieving them of any ?little encloeures they may contain . All these "accidents," we say, have long been fa miliar to the public, and it is to be feared that fresh allusions to so hackneyed a subject may be passed over without notice. Still, as there is in reality no solid reason why delays or robbe ries should be essential parts of the mail system, we must continue to harp upon them until some sincere desire to amend or prevent them is made manifest. Since the passage of the reciprocity treaty our business with Canada has decupled. Tm commercial relations now existing between the Canadian cities and New York are very exten sive; with the exception of the Boston, Phila delphia, and British mails, the Northern mail is probably the most important aud the largest which arrives here. Yet the old complaint, that letters are twioe as long as passengers ia tra velling from Canada to New York aud vice versa, is as loudly expreBied as ever. Passengers daily travel from Mont real to New York in fourteen to fifteen hours; the mail takes from two to three dayH I* If a Sunday intervenes it may not arrive before the fifth day. We call this an old complaint. Three or four yean ago, bo much noise was made on the subject that aa inquiry was institut ed by the Canadian Post Office Department It waB discovered that the delay arose from the stoppage of the Canadian mail at way offijea in the United States : that is to say, when the mails arrived at Burlington, Rutland, White hall or Troy, they were sei^ in bulk to the Post Office, where they were detained an hour or more for the purpose of being re-sorted; aud, as the railroad or steamer could noi wait so long, they were le't behind, and only came on in the next train or tho day after. To obviate this in future, the C madia a Postmaster ? Mr .Ca meron, we belie ve-?-bad a special bag made up at Montreal for New York, and requested the New York office to perform the like Bervice for Montreal. The plan, it is supposed, answered when first put in practice? the Canadian mail come through in the same space of time as pas se ngcrs. But very soon, this ceased to be tho case, and the old delay occurred oace more. In quiry being instituted, it was found that by sheer carelessness the person in charge of the mail was in the habit of sending the New York bag to the way offioes with the way bags, whence it constantly happened that it was mislaid and left behind. The Canadian of ficial, to remedy the defect, proposed that a special agent should acc mpany each tlir>ugh bag. A3 the mistake rccurred in the United States, it would have been necessary that such agents should be in the employ ot the department at Washington; but as, in some points of view, their appoint ment was needed more for the interest of Caaa da than the United Sta'es. the Caaadiau post master proposed that Mr. Campbell should en gage them and that they should be responsible to him, but that the British Province should pay their salary , or rcimbur.-e its amount to the department at Washington. The proposal wis declined by Tost, master General Campbell. His reason was to the effect that no such officers were employed on other mail routes in the Coun try and that no deviation from the usual prac tice could be begun tor the benefit of Canada. This is, as we learn, the secret of the mail delays on tho Northern route. Stupid blunders ( n \he pait of agents, clerk* and local postmas ters delay the mail that ought to come straight through to New York; and the dep-irtment at Was-hingiou refuses, on a point of etiquette or rout>ne; to take the only steps that will correct the mischief. It Is with the Post Office as with all the other departments: stupidity, carelessness, and rou tine have overgrown every brauch, and para | lyzul every member. It is a question whetaer any thing c*n be done right without a sweep'nir change. The chances are, if you go to I'o?t master Fowler and ask him why your letters art kept fony eight hours cooling in his office, tli.n he gives you aperlectly conclusive and satisfac toiy answer, proving that the letters ou^ht to stay there, that it was Intended they Bhould tt at it couldn't be otherwise; and in the same way, if you ask Mr. Campbell why the North ern or any oth^r mall takes three days to tra vtl a distance which passengers invariably per foirn in fourteen hours, he will prove as plain as any proposition in Euclid that it couldn't p< ssibly. by any arrangement consistent with the present sublunary condition of affairs, tra vel any faster. SrnAKToroi, to nr. Blown Up.- Surgeon W. P.. Whitehead, of Tlrglnla, at present serving in Scbastcpol with the barbarous Uu.fians, re cently wrote a letter to his friends here, in which among other Interesting things, he says:? "ffbantr.pol will never be taken; it miy be Mown np by tbe Hnssiana"' This is what we have predicted all along; it is the Russiai of warfare never to allow anything va'u 1 1# to fall Into the h*r.d* of the en my, on any accour.t. The great Napoleon found that out at Mosc. w, and his snccevor will prot?bly be er>H*hter*l at klsnoft a? rnneh eipense before fii tiastff/ '. Surgeon Whitehead has h't npon the v al truth, bjr incident, we think, lie ha? enly re echoed the opinion of many candid and j competent judges ouwide the walla. Remem ber that "Sebastopol never will be taken; the . Rut-tianB may blow the whole place, allied armies and all, aa high as a Mieelflaippl Bteam- 1 boat boiler 'on a burst.'" i ibc New Central Pwt Ag?ln*1V HrMirn the CommiMtontn won't Export. We are glad to perceive that the public are brooming aroused in regard io the delay in the opening ot the Central Park. A f*w days since we called attention to the fact that the Concnia sioirere who were appointed over a year ago had not yet made their report on the subject, and at tbe same time we requested the Counsel to tbe Corporation to Inform the public what progress, if any, bad been made. Whether Mr. DUion has procured the necessary information or not, we are unable to Bat; but a great deal of im patience has been manifested for some time past by the people, to know what thoee Com missioners have been doing; and it is absolutely necessary that some steps should be taken at once to satisfy tbem upon this point. It may be well for those gentlemen to know that we are determined to publish all the facts that are in or may come into our possession, and that we shall >ot cease to refer to the subject until a full and satisfactory report of their proceed ings is made to the public. We will here state a few facts, showing the course pursued by those Commission ers since their appointment, that the public may have a proper appreciation of their con duct. When they were appointed) it was known, or at least suspected, that they were inimical to tbe project, and was feared by tfyjee who were favorable to it that they would lend all their Influence to ensure its defeat. So far, their conduct has justified those apprehen sions; but we have no fears that they will be successful in their endeavors. We will, how ever, 1st the facts speak for themselves, leaving the public to judge. When It was generally believed that the question of the Central Park was settled, and that the Commissioners had been appointed, a petition signed by about forty persons doing business down town, was pre sented in the Board of Councilmen in April, 1854, asking that the dimensions of the Park be car tailed, in consequence of , the excessive taxation with which the city would be burdened for the purchase of the land. The petition also called upon the Com mon Council "to take proper steps to secure the passage of an amendment to the law by which paid park was directed to be established, re stricting its size to some more reasonable li mits." Our readers should observe particularly that tbis request was made by about forty per sons out of a population of over three quarters of a million, all of whom, with this Insignificant exception, were in favor of this great project, and were looking forward toSaMalizition with the most pleasing anticipations. The petition waB granted in the Board of Councilmen, and in the early part of L855, after the term of a por tion of that Board had expired, it came up in the other branch of the Common Council, where tbe action of the Councilmen was conourred ia A committee was appointed to investigate the subject, and this committee, after holding one or more meetings, reported favorably to the prayer of the petition. Now, as umal in such cases, the committee invit ed all who were opposed or fit vor able to the project to appear before them and state their re aeons for or against the mea sure; and strange and incredible as it may seem,' among its opponents were the very gentlemen who hwl been appointed Com missioners. It must not be forgotten, also, tbat they were receiving pay for their ser vices while acting in tbat capacity, and that instead of carrying out the object of their ap pointment as speedily as possible, they were doing all they could, by opposition and delay, to defeat tbat object. Fortunately, however, for tbe interests of the city, Mayor Wool was not of the same opinion as the Common Couu ?11, and when the resolution was submitted to him for bis approval, he, with his characteristic promptness and good judgment, at once vetoed it. The reasons he gave for this action were universally approved. He stated ia his veto that thongh it was proposed only to take from the Central Park a portion of the area agreed upon, which was about one- fourth, still it would be in effect a blow at the whole. lie abo said, with equal trnth, "that any prop> sition having for its aim an interference with the work as originally devised, and which will encourage delay, and retard the proceedings of the commission, already too long protracted, will, in my opinion, jeopard the success of the moft intelligent, philanthropic and patriotic public enterprise which has been undertaken by the people of this city since the introduction of the waters of the Croton river." Tbe cbiel objection urged by the opponents of tbe park is the excessive taxation to which tbe city must be subjected for the payment of the land required. To reduc i this, it was pro pored to cut off thirteen blocks? that is, to have its lower or soatbern boundary terminate at Seventy -second s'reet instead of Fifty -ninth, "as was at first proposed, thus curtailing its dimen sions by about one hundred and sixty acres, and cutting off the best and most accessible part. Now, it appears that within the portion which it was proposed to cut off there are a ^aige number of lots belonging to the Cor poration, eud that after these and the ground required for streets and avenues and the pro posed reservoir, besides what is already occu pied by the State Arsenal, are deducted, tbe biimber of acres to be paid for will not exceed ihiee hundred and eighty-eight, or one h?lf of the whole amount. The cost ol thU t > the city, according to the estimate made by tbe Mayor in his first message, would be two millions aad (.ixty nine thousand dollars, which is much smaller than was anticipated at the time the act authorizing the establishment of the park was passed by the Legislature. So for, then, tbe objection in regard to excessive taxation is without force, when we consider *he great be nefit the enterpriff must prove to the city. There is hardly a city in tbe world jrhich is mori* deficient in public pirkB than N> w York, although there is none, perhapr which ?taud* more in need of them. Paris, which in popula tion does not exceed our metropolis and ! its inburbs, has parks, almost any one of which 1b larger than all ours pat , together. And now we are met by the objection, when a measure of real public utility and one in wnlch tbe health of our citizens is so deeply concerned, is proposed, tbat it will increase on* taxation to an exces sive amount But thtre is no use in pursuing this any farther, for it has already been con clusively answered, and it is, besides, a ques tion with which the Commiuionero have nothing to do. We ' , .. I rfttiou Couneet ' ? *??" > "l? "? has ? *' Dillon, who, we are iuf*m e ' 88 /ohintetred his services to them W1 xi compensation, to facili'&te their la tiotv ? we call upon him to let us know what U*y tire doing, and ?be^ they will let the public know what they have done. A Railway Company Paid for Killing Cow h ? A rather singular action for damages was decided in one of the Vermont County Courts recently. The parties were the Connecticut and FasBnmpaic Rivers Railroad Company agair et Thomas NelBon. The last-named indi vidual owns cows, which being of a vagiboad disposition, have a fancy for promenading oo the railroad track. A train waB thrown off in consequence, and the company sued the owner of the cows for damages. The Judge charged that he was liable, and that the plaintiffs could recover, if it was proved to the satisfaction of the jury that the cowb caused the accident, and that he must prove that he had used ordi nary care and vigilance to keep them oat of the highway. The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiffs for one. hundred and fifty- mue dollars damages and costs This is a decision of some importance to railroad companies, as they have generally been obliged to pay for slaughtered cows, while in this case they actually recover dam ages? the owner of the beef having to pay the butcher. A great many accidents are caused by cattle on the railroad tracks, and all parties should be careful. The railroads should be fenced and provided with Btrong cattle guards at the crossings, while the owners of cattle should keep a sharp look out lest they lose them and become liable for damages at the same time. THE LATEST NEWS BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Washington. THE COURT Of CLAIMS? DKFAaTURI OF SBORETARY MAItCY. Washington, July 23, 1865. The Judge* of tbe Court of Claim* are still engaged in th* appointment of eommUaloners to Uke testimony. Application* from all part* ef the Union bare been very numerous. Tbe list will be complete to-morrow. The judge* are all in excellent health, Jadge Gilchrist hay ing sntirely recovered from hi* slight attack of dlarrhn- i. Stcretary Marcy left here to day, fer Old Point Com fort, Virginia. Kioaa Boston. ACTION FOR $40,000 DAMAGES AGAINST THE OAFTAIN OF TUB REVENUE OCfTER JAMBS CAMPBELL - PUB LIC SCHOOL EXHIBITION, ETC. Bjrto.n, July 23, 1856. The Count Kanzlnaki, Hugh Lipp', A. Langiois and R. Rudelitua, who were recently acquitted of the charge of violating the neutrality law*, have commenced suit* age nrt Captain Claik, of the revenue cutter Jam** Campbell, by whem they were brought to thl* port, for illegal detention, and impriarned. They lay tbeir da mage* at ?10, OiO each. Captain Clark haa been served with proof**, but not arrested. The annual rzhibltion of our free public rchoola took place to day, when the Franklin and city medal* ware distributed to a large number of deiervlng icholar*. The ncbool festival foUowed In Faneuil Hall, and the building waa ere wdtd with children and tbeir parenta. Appropriate addressee were mad* by Hon. Edward Eve rett, Itaycr Smith and others, after wh cb a collatloo, music, dancing, Ac., Lcloecd the exhibition, which waa in every way agreeable and interesting. Governor R eeder and the Kanut LtgUUturt, Chicago, July 23, 1855. A private totter fr**a Kanraa states that Osvernor Reedtr informed the Legislature that he did not recognize them a* the Kama* Legislature, and would not neat th?m at Shawnee Mission. Later from the Plsrtna. INDIAN DKPflEDATlONB? ltOBRHT GIBSON SHOT. BTO, St. Lonia, July 23, 1856. We have date* from Fort Laramie to the 27th of June. Robert Gibson'* train wa* attacked by Indiaa* nrar Platte Peat", and Gibson was *bct. Another train had also been attacked rear the same place, two of the company being wounded, and sixteen horse* stolea. Poithtr lrona Mexico. Daltimokk, July 23, 1855. New Orleana paper* of Tue*day last are received. The lateit advice* from tha Rio Grande state that 2,500 VeNolutioniata, under Vidauri, were marching upon Mata moraa. Ihe government force* bad fallen back upon ('emergo, and It waa thought a great battle would be fought there. Ittntlny and llioody Aaaantt at Sea. Boston, July 23, 1855. The bark Kilby, Small, from New Tork for Quebec, anchored in Nantasket road* this afternooa, in conaa. qutnee of trouble on board. The mate, Mr. Wm Tbimpton, of New York, while ordtring some coffee in tb* galley yesterday, oft Cape Cod, was struck with an axe by tbe ccok, three timea, on the left temple, should er and arm. Ha baa been brought up to this city and plactd in our hospital, bis condition bting very critical. A steemer ha* been lent do wa to take olf tha cook, wh ) had te#n placed in Iron* Kcacncd from Jail. MiDnurrowjr, Conn., Jaly 23, 1855. A man oamed Kelly was arrested hs. e leU night for intoxication and place.) In the jail, but during tbe night a party of mm broke in tbe door and carried htm off. He has not been re-arrested. Marine l>iaaate<a. Sl'HOONKK COLUMBUS ASHOKK ON DK i L BEACH. Sandt Hook, July 23, 1856. The pebotner Oolumbu*, Corson, of Great Egg Harbor, ftom Plymouth, N. C , for New York, with a cargo of naval storee and ahingiee, i* ashore on Deal Beach, and g*lng to pieoea. The cargo 1* all coming ashore. AU hauls ware saved. * She is uninsured 8CBOONBB MONTEZt'MA IN DISTRESS. PmLAP?iJ*inA, July V3, 18t6. Tbe schoonei Monteruma, from New York for Rich mond, Ye., put Into Great Egg Harbor on Sunday, with her mast* sprung and laakiag. An Aged Man Barned to Ueatli. Piionpjwrx, R I., July -i3, 1856. Mr. Frownell Slo-um, of Portsmouth, R I , aged about 60, waa buited death in hU bouse on Sunday laat. Markets. ? BcrPALo, July 23-12 30 P. M Tb* flea^MMJI^enel doll and liwsr. Sales of 200 bbls. f?*y pfcli and extra Upper Lake, at $1 60. Wheat ? dsaaAt moderate, sales 7,1(00 bushels Upper la? e spring, to arrive, at tl 7< ; small psr-wli white Mich-gen in bags, at 55; white Cenedian held at It. Corn dull and demand moderate, aalee 12, (h0 bushel* at "7c.; at the ckse holders ottered paroels at t its Q<ure without further aales Uats held at 62c. Ctotl freignta unchanged, lake Imports for tbe last forty-elgot boars ? Fleur, 1,142 bbla^orn^T^OOObash^. Omr Waiklngteu ( irrtependmct. Washikotoji, Juty 21. 1*66. Mr. Dodge' I Flrtt Despatch from Madrid? How the I'rtrulent Received U?A Xew Mnie of Settling our S/anith D^fficvitirs ? Highly Important Mo vt of the Wealthy Cubatu ? A 1'ttUiirn to England and Franc* to tnure Their Independence ? TV Terwu Offered? I That ffill the United . State* Government Do i Mr. Dodge, our naw Minister at Madrid, ha* teat in bi* firit despatch ? official? which waa received by th? last arrival frtm Europe. It doe* not give satisfaction to the President or t? Mr. Many, la hi* flrst interview with the Spanish Mlal*ter of Stat*, after his reception by the Court, hi* appointment I* referred to by the Span isb official a* a fortunate incident, denoting the earn art desire ot the American government for a fair and impar tial settlement of the many questloa* of dlffcrenssa which have unhappily axlateJ between tbe two govara menta. To bring e*>out so deeirable an object, and one ro earnestly sought fer by her Catholic Majesty 's govern ment, the very modest proposition I* ma ts by the well wishing minlaterof fc*r Majesty, for a registry of all tbe complaint* preferred by the t nited States afain<t Spain, to be taktn up In order, and after full examine tion, te t* dfspesed of, wbl tb disposition la to be regard ed ss binding upon both government* In part, thl* proposition ha* met with tbe aceord of our mtaieter, notwithstanding tbe repeated beestings of the Washing ton Cntim that our difficult!** and nus understanding* wllhfpein had been bsppfly settled, flow bt keeping With the p*?t pol e j of la bar Mixtions with the Vfcli*6 Stk<*? U W present conduct! And lb* is reeogoiz d In fcer did; deceptions with favor by an imbecile administration, taus long will she con tinue to pit) her game of lals-boid and premeditated ill faith bwufli tba ;imrnc>n nation. If I am ngttly apprised ? *ntf I think I am ? Mr. Dodge's Instruct odd were nut eopwi from ihose which were given to Mr. t<ou'? with the evar repeat ed m pier hob (>ta continue the amic&blc rela tions let seen tbe two countries." These instruc tions cilli-r in one important essential from those nnder wb rb Mr 8m)? acted: Tn?y instruct Mr. D<x3ge to in form tbe t-punish government ' hai oat of due deference to the unanimous wink expresrsd by the Spanish Cjrtee, against banding over to the (Jolted States (or parchaae, tbe islsnd of Cube, the I'oited itates will not ?t present revive tbe subjsct and that Cuoa ?hall have her now acknowledged position; but tbat the United States will lot allow of any turopean Inerfereace or policy what ever, in lb* eflVrsoftbe almd. This e;tltu;e of ojrgov* eminent tow?rda Cube and ter wealthy population. hM lost to the people of the United States the confidence of the said popu a Hon, and tbe wealth of Cilia at thin moment L.s man* lta arrangements to no fonffnr cjnaldar the I'sited States aa friend*, out ta determine! to oppose her oft-iepeated wdiflarenee by offere which wUl abort .? if 5?S t0 b*!k England and France, and wUch the (Jilted Slates will Bud It somewhat difficult tj prevent thaae Fowara from aecepting That no mlitake may arise aa to tbe truth of tola matter, I would mate that I hive bff# fbo?n a petition id'Tvaitcd to Great Britain .id France soldting thalr Intei f?rence, end bs?rleg . ver two hundred signature* 01 tlie moat influential >nd wealthy p'antera of Cuba Tb.a pap*r <raa shown io me by a Cuban exile, a man of high standing and In egnty now in tbla city, aid woo is to bear It tj Kurope mmedlately, to act wita tboae wh0 have prs a led biiu, hot wbo ware not furniaaed wi h tbe the pover to form treaties between 'he two governments namel equil to tboee new about to be presented Tbe terms are to be trose ;bat I hare before stated? tbe acknowledgment of Cuban inpependan?e>, and the abolishment of slavery at tbe end of twenty one yeara. Itia supposes, how-ver, that other important arrange menta will be determined upon ; and should Franea and Engiaiid agree in the recognition of Caban indepen dence upon tie terms solid' ?>(! Oy the Cubana themselves, la what way are the United States to Interfere to prevent the consummation/ Now. those late iostractioag (which I have given above,) to Mt l)odga, wbea known, eannot bat batten the forma ion of a reaty or treatlai ao ear neatly desired by tbe Cubana, for ia tbem la again aeon tbe opposition of our government? at least in i reotly ? to continue Cuba in a state of bondage to Spain, aad ber oppreaelve rulers. Many suggestion* could be introduced on the impor ts bo? of early action by tbe Soutb, and by the North, alto, to ward ofl the desperate not about to be commit ted by our neighbors of Cuba ao greatly calculated ta Injure the proapeiity and happiaiia of the Union; but thoae I a ait leave to the Bikalo, my dutiea being fin ply to give facta i?eh aa are here presented. Fcdsxs Illnkbs or Miaa Louisa Ptsx.? Mita Loulaa Pjne, who waa to bnva appeared at Nlblo'* lut evening aa Zerliia la AubVa comic opera of "Fra Diavalo," waa seized with a audden hoaraeneaa, owing to the v?ry vari able temperature of the day, and could not perform. The house would have been crowded, and the apology of the masager was received at the door by hundreda who re gretted very much both the poatponement of the pteee and the eanaa of thetr disappointment. It la hoped that MUs Pyne'a Ulneaa will be of ihort duration. Donna Valeria Gomez, who had announced a concert In the sa loon, was much benefitted by the circumstance, at a Urge number of Miss Pyne'a admirers immediately went to hear the Bpanlah prima donna. Then la ComCoit la tne Thought ?Knox has straw bats enough at his establishmeota, on tbe corner of Broadway and Fulton street, and at Broad way, to supply every unfortunate Individual in town wbo ie now Buffering, perspiriDg and growling beneath a black bat of laat aeaion. Tardy tndividuala, ttke com fort ia the thought and repair to KNOX'S. Large Sale of Bonded LilqOora. ? The Alton tlon of cur readere Is called to the great an 1 peremp tory auction sale of bonded llquora, to be made tbla day bv /LbERT B M001.AV, at tie apacloba aaiesrooas. No 11 Bread atreet, at 11 o'closk, conalatlr g of 2,500 caaes St J allien superior claret, 7C0 caaea Chateaux Margeaux do., bOcanea St. Katephe do., 16U caaea Haul Bazac, 176 cases Ilaut Sau erne, 26 octavea Cogaae brandy (pale), 2b qr. octaves do , 23 halt pipes do., 1ft qr. pipea ro , ic ; together with a lot of geauina im ported Havana aegars. also 26 dozen superior genuine German cologne The whole to be sold u original packages, as Imported and delivered from tbe bonded warehouie. All goods warranted to correspond with tbe sample. For further particulars see the advertisement of the auotioneer, In anotber column Brooklyn.? Photographs, Ceunro- Daruer reotypea, (original,) nu-.i dag nerreoty pea colored like nialatures. UHA4. H. WlLLlAilSO'N, Artist, 24t Fulton street, Brooklyn. Dajtnerreotypei fbr H* renta.-hargc Sim, In colors, is a stride in the progress of srt in America, not anticipated by the hundreds Who rea'lze the fact at the t.ky parlors of tbe Artist*' Club. 200 Broadway. The Art of Taking Photographs Tanght, to* getber with a whole size apparatus cimtl't* for one buscred dollars. WIlUAM^oN INSrill rK 219Fukoa itreet, Brooklyn. Secondhand Piano* ?One <4econdh?nd T.OU. bert it Co nolian piano for $210; one Nunna A Clark for f 136; one Olsb & Jackron for *120; onu do. for glib one for ?100, and one for ?30, at UuKaCK WATERS. J33 Broadway, New Pianos fbr 9190.? Tlorace Waters, 333 Broadway, ia now prepared to furnish OH octave pianos, with iron frames and circular scales, tbe Interior work samsasgStiO. Instruments at the very lov pries of 1160. Case perfectly neat and plain, aad p-.anos war ranted U^ive entire satisfaction Bine Vrcaa Coats -The most Faenionabto ccat of the leason, selling st EVANS' clothing warehouse at $10. Also, check Maraellles suits at fS 50, zephyr casaimsie suits, *10, Ac , &u. Ten Large Malca I too ma.? l?arg(cat Carpet er,tabliahm) nt in the Umien tJtatea-IllKA 4 AN1)?K I W Bovery. Immense atoek of teglish carpets and oilcloths, sold at tremenaous low prices llenoty and the Toilet.? The Attainment of rrrtonai teauty baa U?u U>e aim of bo.b c?iei of the ? man race from the earliest periods of hi dory. Holy writ often speaks with sflmira.ion of the comeliness of it* pejfonsges, snd it sppvira thaf Solomon, tbe wisest of men, was suaceotible to i is attrgctions. The Athenian ladies, in tbe palaiy days of ancient Ureece, Cevoled the morning to dressing ir a becoming manner. Woman In every sge and In MB tfate of society, conscious that ber influence faiMVv beauty faded, has fought to beighten or preserve kv charms by the ail of the to'let. As the use of cosmellaa continues to be universal, it fol lows that be wbo informs the public bow the best ar ticles may be obtained at ao average of oaa eighth the prke ctmsnded (or them m tbe ahopi, must confer a real benefit on the rose in unity at large. M D'Cameroa, being aware that every one of ordinary intelllgenoe could, by the aid of simple instrnoti ins, pre pare toilet artlcWs of as good quafltr as any tbat could be procured, determined to present to the public ilmpleand easy formula, which would ena ble every cos to make tbe r own cosmet'cx at a saving wbicb will appear to tlie uninitiated almost incredible. In jrrparlng ttese formula M. D'Cemsron brought to bis aid an experience of sixteen years as a practical per fumer; be consulted all tbe boAks which rsfar to the subject, snd over three hundred private re-.!pes not to be lound In books. He determii.ee to discard everything of an injnrious tenoeney? everything of aa inferior character, and everytring that would be tedious or troubl'aome to make; and feels assured that he has ac com pll?bed hlstssk las manner which must prove high ly acceptable to tbe public. People generally are aware that ih* efficacy of many medieal compounds Is often eelrg to- tbe properties of but oee or two of its ia (tedients-the others serviag simply to increase at diminish the r power. The remark is true also of cos metics? ?eke the following deatriflce aa an ex ample:? Orris, 8 ?*. ; megneate. 2oz ; eesearlUa, one halh rz ; sorar of ml k, 8 oz ; pumiie sloes, 4 ot ; cuttlefish boss, 4 cs.; sulphurate of qnlaiae, 2 os. ; oil of mint, cne half ot ; oil of cinnamon, 1 dr. ; oil of neroli, one half ornce. essence of ambergris, one half dr , and yoa have a costiy preparation indebted for its effect la whitrnlrg tbe teeth to bat two of Its tnr*"dients? tbe eottiefleb bone and pemlce stone ? belh ef Wiem iajuri rlous, and worth bat one twentieth feoeost of the re ceipt As It appeare. then, tbat the a fleet of a recipe does tot depecc oa tbe number of its Ingredients, eat as the (ffective Izgredient 1s tot ihat upon which tbe pries depends, it most be plain to every oee that Infinitely simpler aad cheaper formula ran be offered, as effective In aver/ respect as tbe moat elaborate. Anotner source of ec(.n?s>y to te considered in making one's own coo net ice Is the fact that tbe cost of bottles, boies, labels and expensive rsgravlngs Is avoided, for all of which people p*y ilesrly in bu> irg store articles li'Camsron's leches embrsce the following superior articles ? The C<smsbosate, aa unaurpaaeed wash for removing frtck ti snd pimples, llillicns of bottles of a tinier article have teen sold in the United States and Oreet Dr.taln at a dollar. This ran be made for nlav csata. The Capatl erion will prevent baldneea and restore the balr Its mam legtediert U that upon which everything of tie kind cepencs for its efficaey. Is. wdi produce a qusnt.t] equivalent to store preparetioni at tl Ite Kerence of Tyre Is a magnificent hair dye. It Is dee dtdiy the best article Saown The reelp' rm .rj'-.se tbe mrst recent Imerovemetts. Nineteen cen.s will buy what tba stores sell for tl. Ken d'HoqueV? a delightful fragrant water. One abll <nf will mate as much aa four or six shillings wUl buy n the shoos Ia telle white ? many preparations naed for renewing faded c&mp'exioa, are very pernicious; tbsy are not only injurious to tbe skin, but act as poison', if taken up by tte abet rbanta Th.a artie'e is, however, perfectly innocent, equal to tbe beat, atd a few oents wi I make a qunntity wbich will last a long time. The bloom of roses stttina a long sought desiderata a; It nlferOs a oolnring for tbe cbeeks, whim cannot be de tected es artificial, 16 cents will procure a quantity equal to 10s. worth of some of the shop articles Ihe p< mai'e for sotenmg and beautifying the hair Is not ej ceiled by anything m use, 16 coats will proluca what will cost |1 1a tbe shops. I'ou< if sub'le ? Articles have been sold un lsr this Fame winch depend la some measure for t>je r activity on ti e eulpburate of arsenic, a very cangeroue thing. Thla p sparauoa fs set ralj Unoceut, and as ffTectivs as anv In use; it can be wad* for a few cente. The deatilfriee Is an Imfxrtant recipe, I*. wi I wh'toa th<* tee ill snd preserve th.mfiom deeav, prevent dUeaeee of tbe rums, and mpart an a?reeiable odor to the breath, uesu after smoking, It will nentrahte tie smell of toba*ro. Hold by M. tVCAMIWiV, 21? Col-imbta st-eet. y>m door from AtUntle. left side, It-ooklyn on- m n i'?'e walk lr'-m the South te-?y rr (rrwaried by ma'i te aof part of ihe I nlted s-utes Trice ?L

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