Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 25, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 25, 1855 Page 2
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SOUTHERN POLITICS. Istv totfclegtam la CM^|la-CMMrTiil? Id Tennc?*??. JU., GEORGIA. iXHEETfj' LtTTXR OP ACCIPTANC* OK TBB ENOW NOTHING OTBIRNATORI AL NOMINATION. vVASHiNfirov, July 16, 1865. [)lai Bin? Tbe above letter vu received at the Meatvale Spi togs, in fenneeeee, where I bad gone for the benefit of my health. I had ordered my correspon dence from home to be forwarded tome at that point, ud received it by the same mail that brought you in, tat aa the reoeption waa in the same hoar of my departure for nome, no sufficient opportunity was given for answering en rouU. After reading the correspondence whUh had accumulated during my absenoe, I have taken the first moment to answer year communication. Bo much, air, on aseount of wbat might, to you and other frienda, appear an iadiffnenee to my podtion, if unexplained 1 apprehend it is known to you, that btfore the MBination mentioned in your communioation, I had very positively ds. lined the honor which 1 had reason to believe might*' be tendered me by the Macon Convention. The main reasoi for re fusal waa a desire that an organisation shoo d be sieved, under what is known as the Colambas movement, which I hoped would oonvene, and as I advised my friends, nominate another. I trusted hy this time there would h ive been su^h develope meats as would justify me in an effort to consum sate my oiiginal wishes. But I discover fr >m the newspapers of the day, and other source*, that no arganizatioa under tne Columbus movement wi'l likely take place, or, if it should, be of suoh magui tade as to supersede the one whoie comaitttee man {on are. As the democratic party hid previously, y refusal to join in toe Columbus movement, de pvived it of the power of assuming the atti tnde of anything 1 ke State unanimity, and as the joining ui such organization might nave oa l the appearance of a disbanding of the Ameri an party in Georgia, and as it might have filled to pans a resolution tbat I should nave considered a yua non, >t is perhaps wise that no afBiiatfm has t? ken place other than what appears in one of ths resoluions of your convention. Daly impress ed with the leJ-ponsibihty of refusing rfb high an honor, tendered by so large and rasptstabio a bod; of men as tte American part y, 1 could not excuse * myself for declining tne same, without very weighty, not to cay irresistible, reasons, and the ratter as I think there are some why I should net decline of sued magnitude as not to be disre garded or overruled. Ore of which is, that my dealenahn might embarrass, poisibly occnioo, or have the appearance of a disorganization of the American party in Georgia. Tne statement of a few facta will mike manifest the imporUicJ of the continuance, and successful continuance, of tms p?rty in Georgia. In the convention in 1850, the State declared in tee paper known as the H orgia Platform , amoag other things, that n'.e would and ought to resist, aven aa a laat resort, to a disruption of every tie which bound her to the Union, any refusal by Con gaess to admit as a State any Te ritory thereafter applying, because o: the existence of slavery there la. The Kscsas Territory will soon aoplyforad se ssion into the Union as a slave State. It is rtaed Si Gov. Johnson, io his late letter of acceptance, at " the noised cohorts of free soilers anl aboli tionists wider"? what he chooses to style? " the black banner of Know Nothiugism"? bit really trader the uc pooular influence at the North, of the Nebraska and Kansas nlil have elected to t ?e aex> Congress a con trolling majority." If the state or tacts now existing shall continue, when KarsaB makes application for admission iaui the Union, she must be rejected 'under tola oon irellirg majoritv ; and then a disruption of every tie which binds Georg'a to the confederacy will inevitably take plice* The decree has gone forth, as prcc'umed by the 8'ate In her -ouveLtion of I860. Has Gov. Johnson or the democrat c party told us of any taupe from tne crisis, so certainly pending? llavs they devised any? or are they aeek lrg any? We cannot admit the unrelenting war waging through the Southern States to subject all to the iron mis ot democracy, to be such. For if ?very voter ii tb'ir borders were to bow the knee to its banner, and turn to St. Tammany iu devotion, it would not add another vote to the yeas when the Mil for the admission of Kansas shall be put u,ioo >*p usage; fcr the Southern vote, under whatever same, now is, and al vays will be, a untt in its favor. The war waging against the national American party lately organized at Philadelphia, to bring the . seeded aid from ths North, whence only it cm be had, is anything else than au effort to meet the criiis awaiting K*J>ras, and which we are spp-ojcVng tb? wetp eas tread of tim*. 'Ve hm hid <naiu figuring showing how the democtttio party has voted, nut none how it will ba able and willing to vote. Others more patriotic or vigilant, seeing th? old whig parly defunct, the democratic powerless, a?d the abolitionists and frees oil ers with a controlling msjuity in the next JPtpgrres, have combined in organizing a aew party? the AtnCjli an? with the hope that it poetesses principles or penality equal to ths exigencies of the Important oCasioH. Tu?S nnpoju larity of the Nebraska and Kansas bill, whic\ llrf an avalanche, swept over the North, orertopp'.og horse and rider, "capti'n anl cattle," dioalnUhiag and corrupting all parties, has lefc ths fa*e of tin admission of Kansas at the m:rcy of the fr*e soil pswer. The American party lately assembled at Pnila delpbia, after purging i'se f r f its free soil elenent, among ?th*r thiogs, resolved that Cing-ess pis aesaed ao power under the constitution toexclud* any State from admission into the Uoionbscause IU conatitnt.on does or does not rexigaiz-j tie institution of slaverv as a part of Its social system. Here is an accession of strength against thai con trolling majority depte ated by G overaor Johuson. If the democratic puty wenr. dasixoas of the admis sion of StHN a^ a s<uve dtate, ius'.ead of endea ?ering to crush, wculd they not cherish tbis new, and, wa hope, eflicisnt, al y against the coam m lot? Would t tey n'it fen a ?ymp?tby*tor K on account cf this j?t.rt of the ;la'form? Tbongh tbe Aoiericto aui d?aj>:ratic pvae cancot.cn aooouotcf tietr old prejudices and am principiee, afli.late, yet th? aim ssioa of Kaasis a.i a slave Stat? deoerda on thtir co.nbnel aotioo against the " liM cohort"," w.ien the fiaal ontj-t' ?ball arrive. For when the vote sball oe taken on that measure, and the demo -ra:y shall be fouud too weak, (as they will, according t ? the admiisioi of GfT. Junneoo,) the Lays will hive It unless help ccmt frvm tome ot'er '{iiarter. Are they unsrliliag ta have it, thnug i il be not a dcmo:ratic v te ? Arc they unwilling tie country Hhould be savel uilui saved democ.ati ally, and deino.-ra'ic illy only? Is deato raty the piimary, and the country the s^conJ ary p~od : When we shul bs ca?tiug ab >nt for* he election of a PrcsiJei t wh > will not veto the bill if pasted, and t-liail tind matcriil i-uffic.eat for ne purpese, if c irabned, it will be ths duty thea, ai aow, cf every patriot to ttirow no ohitacle iu fie way of so important a omsummtion. tTua'ever krcconciiabie h^nti ity therdmay b^oa Othsr p>mti, ob tbis, vital beyond *11 others, every pstrio'. should aberiih that sympathy, on the exercise of which, la the hour of trial, may depmd t ie uti of uotjll ?dilioES. ? And what is the attitude of the Anericinanl desnocrati.: parties now on this view of the mitter? Tbe former gives its approbation and synpUhy to the latter wben its fidelity to the South deserves u. The democracy seek to crash this no w party ia i is infancy, aot only on the gronnd of iuarmooaub'.e isenes, but on that embraced in the slavery p:>rtion of its platform, and which is all the Sou'h ca i ask. Also dencuactng Its platform becaass it d ei not ?rove in express terms the N jbrsikt and Kiun i though agi^eeiag, "for comonoa jutU:e and fu tarepea e, to abide by and ma'attaii the ex iting lawa upon the subject of slavery as a fl ltl and cov elusive tett'iment of that sn?<Jejt in spirit and snh stance. Arr Kins? and tie Union of s> llt'ie coaseqnen e as ti daptud on ths retaout cn whioh the resolve was giv?n, thougi immtferial for our parpose^' Musi th<? f*ie of this country be perilled 5? j ? J"? ' ""f* ? wee a "iveedle du-n ana twee die dee' And this by a pa?-tf which, ia It* list Baltimore convention, de.lveJ, without approving th#T would "ahids by ant adhere to tne fait jful exs 'Qtion of the acts k a i wn as the compromise me ?ure< ' And this bt a p irtyp.-o fess'Bg te stand on the Georgia pUtfora, whlci, lo ?peak ag of the scSon of Ooagrass on the -o-n prsaiisa measaies, doclares thai wb h*. th<> 3 ??? ot Georgia does no*, wholly approve, ? wi t ??, jt byltaa a permanent adjustment of ths ssctlmii wnirotersy.'' And this by a party, wat.-h whoa t'k!iforr.a was applying tor admission, d>.' not kpprave tbe principle that a State ihojld coim into tbe Uu-on sith or wi'Jmt slavory, (as vr> Sided in the Nebraska and Kuisas bill,) bit w>re ready fur a disrnpuon 1 1 mainta;n such d:#apor.> Tai. Soiaeiimea they criticise ths platform ol tin Amsncan party b ?cau>? it preterm'U theex irev *y.?' wy optaion upon the power of Congren t> ?f*Sr ? ?F PwWbW slavery, though It it IU n?n?e a' the .National C. nocii that it ought not to is>ris 1 ate upon the suoj Kt in ths Territories. A 1 1 t n i ? P*rty 'bjoha few s ort mooos sgj wai reidy to set Are to the fonr corne s of the rTofedsw v, ii Coogress did not legislate on the auhlart of siave'r ?? ** >>y wpea Jog ths M.xcm Uwi paahib Uoff the Inirodaatna of s ave< in me ter ritory lately a?oulred froa that posar. Aid this hf a party whwii voted for Mr. Vao Bo-ei fo Frseidsat, theugh from tie light i brf >?? nitn be pretomitted the axpras^on of say oploioa at % , toe power of Congress to legie'ale npoa the ?<?*.;? ??. 0' rfavery la tbe District of Co'umo.a. I tsiw th*', 1 j rtn'iple* are oft!i? tigb?st .?aojrttoif, f>a'. b:v ttemebelieDie :**t,ki it oc?3 from motive tt may. The isferenc* from all such eritickms ia, that Kansas may be rejected and the Uaion dieeolved, BJuJebi we i can obtain votes on a prinoipie we kilo* ta unpoanbie, and to na immaterial. A party whish thus cavils on " the ninth part of a hair," may poa ? o y desire the admission of Kanaaa, but that oastae msai be renr weak that is weighed against a quib b.?. i? looks significant of the amall value tin v placc upon the Union. . The philosophy of organizing new partis? con the selection of a platform of principles that will he acceptable to a majority of the nation, if possible; and though each may not be acceptable to all, yet, for the sake of some favorite principle, every member of the party will adopt the platform ss a whole. Just aa in deliberative assembled, a ccstiutioc, or a bill, may not be accent tble in every section, possibly, to any one member, yet lor the sake of the measure as a whole, or lor some favorite section, a majority may be cm tent to adopt the entire measure. So ths Northern portion of the American patty, suffering under tue grievance of foreiga influence, are willing ta adopt the whcle platform, the slavery sec don included; perhaps no*, so much for its own sake as for the sec tion concerning the amentf meat of the naturalization '**?? In thtee new issues we have none of those ?"iD(^c*s nor hostilities to eocountsr, which would be in the way of making converts to an old party. Since ?h?! manifestations of such indie if I nliate hostility by the democracy to th's, the only means of obta'iiing strength for the South, 1 have lost my sjmpa'by on account of their votes 03 the sUvery questions that have been before Congress. In charity, I bad supposed tbey were given from pure motives of justice and fidelity to the South; bit tie present indications are, that onless aid cm be had through the d? mocratie party It will not be adapt able. The wish seems to b* for democratic ratuer than s.;nthern strength. Ths reluctance that one might well have felt at being found in opposition to a "party, right in so important a matter, thongn wrong in others, is more than nentra'ized at tU8 fcunn latlrg discovery. ll>e American party cut loose from, and seut bcwliDg to their ders a*, the North, the abolition member* of their body; the first time, I brieve, tnat a party has, in convention, separated from, aid pub licly repudiated, a part of its body tor unsoundness on the slavery question. The democratic party still cherish ia the'r ranks the Van Burma, Kings, and forty-toree members ?t Congress who voted against fie Nebraska KtasA biif; and through their resident (who too ofton 1 gives bis platforms ?o the South and h:s acts to the North), have put under the ban Dickinson, B.wwj, ana others of the hard shell democracy, the m ist nno-mprcmiping and reliable friends the Soaih evor bed beyond t'e Potomac - proving "false atiica to toe fuenJe who BcrveJ, as well as the foes who would have spared them." It has bsen objected fhat t,he sound portioi of the American partv, North, ia too insignificant in num bers to b? relied on for support.. If no", already si from present in- icatiocs i . may, by the time Kansas applies for admission, bo mo e numerous than tha sound democracy North. But it matters not whether u may be ten or ttiirty; one vo'e may decide the pend CP?D *Ll0h tQe fitoof miJ Ijns ni?y de ^ bc'rg admitted that If the Kansas bill paiasa it must be by an accession of Northern votes, tha question constantly recurs? how can they bs haj ? i ho democracy (as admitted by Gov. Jolnstou.aid as shown by the vite on the Nebraski Kansas b"i when forty-three joined the free s oilers,) Is a da caving pa*ty, aud like the old whigs, oonsuming under tbe intense heat of popular iadign&ti m generated by the oJiousneaa of ?bal, measura at the North. If, notwithstanding their old democratic prejudices aid discipline, they desjrt by scores, wa can hardly expect recruit* even by unite. If these old democratic principles are so exhaust ed as not 021V to ba uuable to attract new msmbs s, bu? to hold the old oaes, it is worse than hopshss to fxaec*. apoessi.Bs from snch a drained source. It' deed I don't understaad the par y aa expecting any new reci uits from that quarter. Chsn we m 1st try new iisues, uew a'trac-ions aid nsw powers of cotesu.ii. 4 The American party are tauntingly asked, if i.he Georgia platform is satisfactory to tiem, wiy not join the democracy who have already taken tueir stand noon it. We object firtt, thit tbey have only tqnatted on one corner of it (the fourth rwolirtioi)*? a possessory title to ths whcle, fearing, at the fans time, to occupy other grounds very important to the old Lnion men of Georgia. Besides, V-.oss w .0 fought a principle as leng as there was hope of cor quest, are rot safe depositories of i s guardian ship. A'.d this ia beirg maie manifast b/ the incifltfenct, not to aay un srii!ingueM, as I have sh<'W!>, 'o crrtst a crisis whi h mist bring about a disruption cf the coofederaoy. fhose who, a few years since thMJgb* the sdmisaloa of a Bute wit^ such institutions aa she might choose to adopt concerning slavery, a go id cause for disruption, bu' n.w hold a restriction upon her discretion likstite a good cause for similar action, would ssem to be 1'Okir.g only for an cccasioa or excuse for dissolu tion, regircie's cf the cau>e. Ttoee who fought to maintain the princ'p'.as of the Georgia platurn, can have but little of the ! bitterne-s, f not to feel iadigaant at 8)dia(r their enemita In that cont.fst bestriae it, aad chid ing its constructors as lees holy than they, with a fe'f complaotmy equalled only by a certain not i rious iddividaal of whom we read ia tbe 18th ?W?<j }i;.h we ?f St, Luke, I{ would nst ter feuit tkeir /alien state to be confessing that they bal done tbe things tbey oaght not to hvva doia, and left undone the things tney shonll have doae, and that there was no true woitbine-s in then. The piesent occupatts have not b:en upou it long enough to become naturalized, rhev are nv, only aliens, but alien eu?m es, wlio seem en leavor ing to erpel its earlier friendi from poseassiou, as the cnt'.aodish miDions ate crow>img us and our children from cur western te.-ritory. L?t " Am':ri cara rule America," and tiled Georsia platform moo rule Georgia. Having examined the questions on woioh the de mocratic and American pirties saem to agreo, I rnsy on s .me luture occasioa notice those oa which they are avowedly host.il*. lappiove tbe platfoim of tbe American par y, adepfd at Macon, on the '-'7ih J one, 1855, aid wit'o it, the platform of principles ad opts 1 by toe late Nttijnti C .illicit of Ih? Amirica i part/ at Ptilade phia, asd the Giorgia platform of 1S:.0, as irvdicathig the light prlicy ia too *vant o: tie con tingeiK-ies therein mentioned. Au.l with a dne ap preciation of tie bono.' involved in tho nomination mentioned In your letter, I a cejt i*, with a b gb, not to a,y, panful sea*e of ti? respoasib'.litiea in cu'Kd hy my puaition. Acooroiag to alato, aid mn'b ?o lie regretted iunova'ion, oo? of thoso retpooalbi ides migit w-ftn to be a general caavass c. t e S'ftte. A* ; on kn >w, sir, the noiuiia io<i Wu? imposed upou me arter my refusal to accept, 1 m ght well plead this as a rt-ason way I shou'd ha ex u?kd irom thi? disijrco-.ole labsr I foar, ho v ever, I havo one of a more imp^-a'ive natu *e. F >r s.me time past I hare bom slllicted wi'h an infl' mity of voice occasioned by a life of hurd s >eakio*, which I apprehend will tail tians'ain mi in ean vossicg ti e <^ta*e. Very resjeo'fully yon^s, ft;., GaavKrr A.vnstEws'. TKNNK j3EK. I KTTl:K FROM .<KNATOK joxm ON THE PMK<IOXI?flAt. viiBfino*. It rom tlie App ??t J . Mkmphib, Tenn., July 8, 18V?. ?KNTLEMBN ? fcQ-LDgl of Q3 OfdlillTV pitajuie that 1 ackuowlcdge tho recelp'. of y >u* let ter of the Jd, co?>ceniing ths pro:3" IIjrs of a pab lie meetiog of tbe ci :zensof the county 01 Ltwr jn:e, bed on the 22d of Jane. At, this meeting, composed of wkigs aad da-no crate, jou kindly teud<:r to the H >n. A. 0. P. Nich olson end mysjlf a pab.ic dinner, at susa t mi dur ??? ^onto of Jnly at may aait our convenleucf. tor this unexpected expression of the kln lnes* and oona lence of a po'Mon ot tne whigs and deaioorats i?L lTr".nce,,.b?K t3 tcnd,r ,n,, grateful ,ai:koa w -?/? .V ? ordinary circumstances it w?nld sfferd m-? the ?in;erem plessnre 1 3 a^cspt your n vitat oo; but from considerations, both puhli: H u private, 1 leel mysslf coaetrsiuod to djj'.ns tne honor jon prop .*?<. Impelled by convl;Mons of cujy to torbear a?.y lot?--ierenc? ii the cantaa; no v goto g on 111 this state, ( must fjreg 1 ths p eisurc cf meeting ycu on that In are-iting oj;asioi. 1 trust, however, tbe day is not distant woen I miv, without any violation c f daty o? trs^oass on tm propnat es or deli ? >* of lite m ?et," miiK,e ao I confer freely and firly w.th m / fflo v ? M?:sas. Whan so h occasion shall ollbr, taen 1 siatl hj bapoy to meet the wh<gs and dem >0:4 of U* recce. Vcu are pleased ta expreo* your atprobiMou of my views touchiog some of th? nsw i?a??] niv hs lore the ocnotry. My op'nioos oa tusj q<?s*jjs bsve b*,ea formed af*r m*t mi u -e dsluirat'ot, ftnd are the convictioas of my but jud^msn'.; if , tbey lihall receive tie enlora?m sat of any p i-tui o. my fen, w crtizjns, I shall b? gratttiid. } ,hl' ^ the iatrodnction of say new q ns'.l u ca! *' Pf)dncs diaoori o' a'.isiatioo of f?j! o< 1 the 3>uth at this t'ms, m ?i. ? aaasr n ^ ^ dipiorej. r??t 1 1?^ "hw'? ?xist am ng tbs bp n ? ?: a time like this, Is t> me 1 rShlrt.m? vf? bat de?;> regret. At 1 ^ ~ w ?|jttie-? *?? nuVei'.jBsJ I1V4V00 1 rd nnr n<L.n'iu^^ "?J.im nalia'a danfer auTiaid were nVK V ^hja Such c mfl 3ts Anl,i??.Vy b*rBU??. bit ware doubt*** p'o P ? " ; o* ie- ?ai fa- dlfl ront cjrjumHkne'* aarronid n-; o<j> r c n?, lersti ,ns cUJ our a-tent^n; other du'l s demwd wr re ne< xewaa whtn tt, qoey.ion *u%a H.?l ?o , W/witcfioB was, wb*tbe- tos p lnr??? ?,j | ??Mc,?.*,iJAadww? * Hear* ! Clay should mnO. On Utto quartern we dif fered and tivided. i? the sucoesa of the one or tteothe'thjre ni lothing dangerous to public Bbei -ty. nothing that threatened the permaaense of <rar Rations i thw?; ud on such questions we ccald afford to differ- it was a contest of opinion, ef policy and principles, and although at different times each of these great parties had their triumphs and defeats, still our rights, our liberties, and the Union, wen secure, and the country went on pros pering aid to prosper. But, 1 repeat, other and different circumstances lurrcund us; other necessities are upon us, and other duties command consideration. He most have been a very casual observer of the sign* of the times -a very indifferent observer of pawing events, if he oas not seen the ccmlng of a very different state of things. When those fierce political conflicts, which have marked the history of Tennessee for the past twenty je?rs, existed, we were threatened with no lmmmedlate danger from the puny efforts of the enemies it our rights and institutions. They were then regarded as ft few blind, infatuated fanatics, scattered over the country, ' like angels' visits, few and far between:" Uwy and tre-r effirU exciting s arceiy any other feel ng than tiat of pity or ccntemp*. Then they and their plans and purpose i had no other support than their feeble numbers and bl'id infatuation ceraJd sapoly; but now, grown iu numbers, strengthened by madness, (and our for bearance,) and supported by lav, they present thtmae'vis in bold, arrogant deflanoe, threatening the destruction of our lights, tven, a- the excuse of the Uni n. In tbe past few months we have seen these ene roic a of the Bouth; tlese revilers of our fathers: these latere of our icstit.u.ions; th?se trJlore to the constitution, assuming the most defiant attitude marshaling their forces and boldly proclaiming tneir purpose to exterminate slavery from the land. Listen at Mr. Wilsw, the other dayatPhlla de'phia, a delegate to the Ameticin (Convention. Addressing tbe South and 9 mthern delegates, he said:? "Ycu hav<e had the past -fie future Is ouri." And still later, John P.Hale, Senator elect from New Hampshire, adrensing an aaaemblv at Concord, said:? "I hoi J our (iu',v to be this- forgetful of all past difference* ? of all divisions and names, sects and partite ? to be true n en, and in the free Sta'es to come up In one solid phalanx, and give efficacy and effect to the sentiments and convictions of our hearts." These might be regarded as empty gasconade, or ihc more harmless threatening 01* lunacy; but let OB noi deceive ou/a?!ve9. Toese tbi eats come not ony in form, but tluy are sul fate ed bytle s>lema sanctions of many of the Spates of this Union. One aft or another, moat, if tot all, of the non-slaveboldtog Sta?s have,!i some form or other, given their samt'on to, and apprcva of, _ tbta cm ade against slavery. Most, if net all of the free S'ates, i repeat, nave g'von alu aid comfort to ibis lcfemoue movement -s^an, by the election of abolitioa Senators : some, by resolutions denunciatory of Southern IneUtatijii'; some, by a declared purpese to abrogate laws pas-ed icr the protection of Siutbern property, in con fortuity with tte express requirements of the c?a titu ion; some, by aa opea and shameless nolflca tlcn of laws passed by Cacgrcss; some, by an lava sionof the sanctuary of the January, fhus, ia tcme form or ofier, most of the free Slates hive rtc rded thflr hostility to us, and Joined these c on spuafors end tn: iters cgakst the constitution and our sac-ed ngbts. In a ci if is like this, wh?tt does patriotism and scir-pisstrvatioii suggest to tte people ot Tennes see, aid ths entire South? Au abandonment of petty boitiltties, a burytrg of ancient feuds and pnju.ices, and auriou of til for the sake of the Lnion? a un'on tf the South f .r th3 safety of t >e South- a nr. ion of all hearts and hands for the protection of our rights, the malntiiaasce of our honor, snd tbe preservation of the constitution, and tbe Union ss it exists under the con stitntt on. These m the high considerations to which I would invite you, and which seem to me to merit t e ro sject and attention of evary pitrio\ For the expression of these opinions I kiow I subject myself to lbe imputation of b io*: caded an alarmist? an agitator- a set tioaaiis\ Bjitso. ir to warn iry countrymen of ao impend tag danger poi stitutes an alarmist, last one; if to renounce tbe schemes and purposes of a band of traitors and conspiia:ors, as iutamous as ever disgraced any age ot tte world, mkes an agitator, I am oae: if t-? maintain tbe rights erf Tennessee, as guaranteed L, tte constitution, and resistance to this hor.le of van csis, irakes a eecttonalist, I am one. The danger tVatth>ea'.e:s i us lis, to my mlod, so manifest, tn at 1 te el I should be guilty of moral treason if I did not j aire my warning voice. It may? probable will- be cisre garde 1; oe it so - my skirts a-e clear. j o euch as rosy bo ready to deoouuee me as au agistor- one seek ng to foster sectional j alousiei snd prejudies, an enemy to tbe qoie^ repose of the conutrr ? to such an erne I would propose oa? s mo'e and toemn question. La the present attitude of things, in tbe present or^aciz ition of part es, wiib tteir tllicofos and diseocsi ns, ere we not likely t > ??e An open, avcwe?? and psora enemy of oar intthutioui eieotid to the Presid^my in tie text election? I ask, hi noj su'.i a re sult pwsiblc- even p:olwble ? la my jiidgoieat sncb ft result ia not Ohly probib'e, bat, nclers somethirg shonld ccctir not now seen, 1 thitk it s natter of ffca-ful certaLty. Ia fie pre sent s ?te CI party excitement and party hostilities, is it not certain toat wa shall h?ve tlree, it may be lour candidates in the field fbr the Presidency? K j ooe doubts that the democratic party will have its candidate. It is equally certain that the American patty will have theirs; and it is d m'jlv certain that the abrlitioLisIs *fll have theirs. To these may possibly be added ft whig candidate. That th-rs will be three candidates, as things no* stall, is absolutely certain. If so, wn&t w:ll b: toe inevita bie retult? Can an election be mate by the peo pJe/ So to suppose is to b.tray a wantoc ignorance of the s nngth of paities, and the meaus and ao phatces that will be brought into rfiiaisition bv each to seca?e its triumiib. Wi'h three candid itss iu the field, 1 held it to be aeK.?vident thai no elec Uoc can be made by the people If not, or course ? will devolve on toe Hove of Reitrese ttalives 1 1 make a Piesidect; and wnat follows? D*i not evcrjiriformed men lo ow that a ?*j>rity ot thi ? ex' House is decidedly anti slavery? a m?jority cf tbfB tte Bvom an i deally eoen'es of si avert? With the electirn m their hands to donbt the re sult is to dimbt our senses. When this shall hao pen, fen our folly and Infa'uat'on u ill bsw n?loa ble ts it wi:i b? culpabic and fafal. If there be unj thing in there su/<es'ioos- and I think tbfie iB-whai is the tr, imontons nn'sj.^n that adcressrsi selt to every patriot, every i jv<,r ot his coon'ry? Tiiat qnest on is, or ou^u', to be i Wiiat >. an be d< ne to uvett a catirtrop'n s t fearfn' i ?so fatal to all the hallo.' eJ mem ries of the pas*. scd all the brl ht articipaUsas of thu fulu e ' 1'ais | is t, (yiesJion ot fearful ma?n.t>i 1e, aTid I wou'd th >t | ecme ooe was etdo*:.ed wi.u tar. wisdom or pro . p otlo ken that would ensblj them to speak with 1 cerlalcty, and whese vo'co w.u'd be heard aid te ! 8?fC-f d. But there are none su n Uud wo are ie t , to reason, unaided b> icfpiiat'V;, to cmpreheni ? tne daEf;er aud apply ihe romedy. Voa <riU pa-. | <lon ti e boMaeis oi ote so humole as myself tor ofrer.ng a suggwHon (r do nor, p-enrme ? a lvi.se I merely sujgtsl) which, in Lis jud/msnt, oflkrs tbe only lure am certain escape hon nuih n -al*. mit.y. It is the ea* nest convioti >n or my jHgmoo that, the dar ger is item ne>t, aid tne rcnno'Iy o s? and only cne. ' A union of sonnd catiooal, corse.-eatlfe, coni,i*u i lioral men, of alt pariies, aii crfvdj and aJ se :tions j ? stacd ng upon tbe constitution, wlti i's co u j promises- ma-ntaloing the r gbts of etch and a 1 of . the S.aVs, as guaranteed by foe ontlito'iw i rurnithes a safe, certain en gpe. I b-Mieve th->re I are conservative men encugh ia the Unio i t? ore serve it, if thev can be br ugh: to u .ite a^l o> opsrate together for that purpose. Cm sn^h a union of tbe good and pa'. rl >tlc of a'.l parties be *j>?ctair That Is the queitloD. My confl i^ce ic the justice, honor and patibiisu or the American people will not allow me to douV.. U there not vir tue an?i patriotism enough In toe American poople to save tneir couniry from dis nion and all toserih ftnd horrors that may flow ftomitr May u- t nna (fall parties, all weeds and all eectiois forboar forasras n/ May thev not f irtgn fo; a dav tiie intul^nce of thttr prtddectioni aid p mv adv*n-? mabts? May nvt tlic whig and the democrat tor : gst for a dsy th-ir loves, aud f.xni t.jetaerfor I the eonstitatioa and tbe coo a try'.' M.y ?h , ' man of the North, tbe South, the Ln , and the i West torget his locality, and rsm-Mnber bis 3 >u iVv and his waa'ry on y? To doib., then, ia to doiV our \ irtue, ot- patnotisra and on.- cat) >aali'v- vsi' it is to doubt man's capacity f,r sel.-goTS.a'nnt.' I ask no m*n to surrender his priaaiolss or his opinions on all minor makers: let us a*-ee to din gree; let us stand together uatil th'sij,n9 u tei? until our rights are accorded to us, wd toe I ?-ion save-i . ? l.ss you know, hare ever bean a wbie. I am still ooe, a*!, so far as the recognition of the cor '?ctnrs. o, - principle* g?. f Jexpect to lba ,nd d i we; bnt tve principle* and policy of this or ail parties wei^h bat Utile with w wh?n du? li tne

*.?%lr'8t l2" pri*7Ation 01 th? '"flion. aad the Institutions nnder which we have lived anJ o be a mighty nation. I, for m m (, sutlc oStlous to Tindica'.e, on all pwper oxtsions, s rt, m !Mi-ei as I think oonduclve to tne neutral good an I n.ib't ? welfare. 1 shall sUnd by the coostitu'!in in ?U i s requirements, maleUlnln* all its guaraitess- ?? ? 1 times, at ftP p!aca., and under all oVnmitancM.and at ail hazards. I shall maintain tbe e-; 1 diU of a'< tbe .Mates, defending them from ojm# wLt?n toey may and fr >m whom thn- m ?v This is mycree.1 thk my falth-thls' ,,iv I f rm; whether I stand ew It alone, or witb'bemVny, is a matter of Irt?. e importance to I? l, ?kc convifpon of my beal aas ths app-o^i 0f mv beart, and wlee lhss? I'M 1 costent to f !lo? 1 1 we to the j*vph o' Tecoeme- a deb' o? rra'l to-if that I :%a uevtr reowr; vb#> have mvi; mettJ that I IB. ud H is (hie to fraakaese and c*ad? that I Hhould speak plainly. With profound respect, I have the honor to be j our obeaiest servant, Jambb C. Jcnbs. FIOHT BETWEEN MAJOR ANDREW JACE80N O0KBL RON AND O ENSEAL 01DMN J. PILLOW. A correspondent of the Nashville Union, ghrlng ?n Account of the speaking at Columbia, Teaaesiee, recounts the following scene which took pltce hi tween Major Donelson and General Pillow..? Just before Major Donelaon closed his speech, he came down on the Nashville convention with the sweeping statement that he had at the time de nounced the members of that body "as traitors." Gen. Pillow being in the crowd, promptly replied, "Yon He? yon lie, sir!" For a moment Major D> nelson was dlsconoerted, but rallied, and replied, "You are an impertinent fool." Gen. PJlow rusied towards the stand, bnt was arrested by toe crowd. Great excitement prevailed. Major DjneLon asked for a stick, which was handed to htm, and be pre sently came down from the staad ia the direction oi Gen. Pillow; bat there were many persons be tween them. and voices shouting to ' let Gen. Pillow get to htm." This being prevented, Msj >r D melson again took the stand. At this point there were deafening cheers for General Pillow, and this con tinued for some time, si that Major DoneLson was unable to proceed, and (isn. Piilow reqaeeted tne crowd to bear him through. Silence being restored, the Msjcr prooeeded. He said he did not mean to charge all the members of tie convention with b> icg traitors, bnt in this exception he did not embrace (Jen. Pillow. Gen Pillow then denounced him fleroely as a liar, and a traitor to the democracy, and to the country; and rnshed at the stand, bat was arrested. When Major Djnelson closed, Gen. Pillow was shouted for and mounted the stand. He sa'd he did not get up to syeak, out to apologize to the crowd for interrupting the discussion. I. was the first time he had ever done such a thing ii bis life, but le was d enounced as a traitor, and if be bad not resented it, he would have been ashamed of himself as a man and a patriot. He wu a member of the Nashville convention. It wis well known that the Tennessee delegation, of which he was a member, disapproved or the action or' the msjori y ot tbe convention, and withdrew from it. The charge maae by Major Dmelson was general, and embraced all the members ot the 'convention. The obarge of Major Djnelson was, that at tbe time the oonvention was sitting, he ( Donelson) de n ounce d tbe members of the convention as traitors. Gen. Pillow said to Major Donelson: "If yoa charge or insinuate that you tben denounced them ?s trai tors, or if yon no w make tbe char g?, it is fittal ? H is false, sir!" At this point, Uajor Donekon struct Gen. Pillow on the arm, and Gen. Piilow gave blm a blow on the head. They were then sepa rated. After great excitement, Gen. PlUo i a^tn ttok tbe stand and finished his remarks. liitritilliig Intelligent? About the Crop*. OUR MA6.?ACHl'8ETrfl CORHRSPONPEVCE. Boston, July 21, 1855. A Year of Pltnty? Production, of Neu> England? Agricultural Resource s of the Unitttl States? Tricks of the Speculators ? Hi'o Riiboads Aid thim?The Boston Abolitionist ? and their Ct'y Poor? Important F*od Statistics? Tit- Inferences to be Dra ion from them. Notwithstanding the high figures which still con thue to mle the provision mirkat, the fact that the present will be one of the m->st productive years which h?B been experienced in the United Stites for almost half a century, cannoi but have ma ie inelf clear to yourself and every general reader of the newspaper press. Not on'y do we bear of an no precede ntcd yield of potatoes, wheat, and the cthe ceieals, from all sections of our own land, during tbe present summer, but th? recent arrivals from Europe announce a tlmilar s'ate of things across the Atlantic. When we tike these fao'.s into consi. deration, the question natura'ly arises, how does it happen that tte present itUI exorbi aui pile so? ficur, potattes, meats and other provifioii, contlauo to tule? T .e only arswer I am. able to give Is, thit this year's harvest hEB not jet corns, and tiat speculators everlastingly bang oa lor h'gber prices, end never know when to sell at the right time. It Is only a few year* sine 3 that nearly trie whole supp'y of fiiur contained in New Eaglasd was brought here by vessels. Now it almost a l comes by railroad. Formerly It was either transported ftcm Norfolk and Bjlttmore, or else from NawYort city, having passed by canal across your 3ta>, and ?hence down tbe Hudson. Bat since the const tac t;on of a chain of raitroads from O^densbirg to Boa ten, the whole course of tbe northern New England ttour trade hat been changed- so rar as consumers ?e cotcirntd, for the worse, although hundreds of speculators may h?ve made fortunes thereby. Avail. ng themselves of the raUtoid fa:il.t'eito wbi,h I have referred, the New Eujland soecn a or tow go to Chicago, Clereland, DeToit, Ogdensburg aid other Western lake ports, early in the fall, m { nopo'jze the flour market, and for ward fieir pnr. . bases, as the Northern New Yoik and Ne * Eugland rai'joads tlnd it convenient to take freight, to tieir flour depots at Hinaa'e Point, Burlington, Vu, Concord, N. H., and other l-oitts, where storage coitB bnt little? all easily accessible to Boston. Fr m these country flour depots, they let on on'., such supplies for the Bjston market as there m?y be a demand for, at their own prices. It is in this point o! view that the people of New Eagland hate been made to softer doubly by the introduction ?t !org l'tee cr rallroal-?:?t, by the total low of thei subscriptions to the original stock, through m*m?. nsgement, ras:ality and peculation; anaseooad, by the facilities afforded, as I have de-:crib?d, to ftour and provision spesula".ori. ltsnk God that Hs^h ulw about to vouchsafe to us a year of plenty. For wi h another short crop, and tbe bid blnod whi :h our Northern demegogueshave excited b?t?ein tbe well meshing nanu'actur rsof she North and the planteia of the Bon'h-the former producing la'.mtit foi the latter, who, ia return, predate a very l?ge proportion of the cotUn, sugar, wheat as J prevision which the New Englanl pioplf c*ua)t iaiec for thetnselvei? our New Eiglud pjop e wcu'd lave ex;>e!ienced di.efol tim*s for the c >m ag twtlve months. Toe sufieringa ot the Ne* K ig..'. .i poorer classes, during the last inclement w.u -r, were terrible- worse than our newspapers dared t.. admit. And w'oile our Sunners, and ottvw ?' n gttasional demagogues, weie buiy in geUtag up ttetr snbsc'lptioi.s lor the manumission of aaa o eed white and negro girls, whit? starvation was stalking almost baietoo'' in this ci-y, and mat m? in m> oai!y walks in its cold, narro# streets, fre-inen'.y irith tbe tntrmomptcr indicating a teaa;X>r?.ore !cvt rai degreee be'ow zer>. Bos'.on taaattcs were then cDntnbuting thonsaids of d ilia's for the pnr pose of creating til blood between tbe\ir;b anJ South, but the:r generosity s?luom revc'ied ther own poor. In their pretended sympi.hy tot ? tue well fed and wai mly clothed stoathsra pl?Ptatloi nearo they always lorgettie sufferiog wntts fre men of n/e England , leaving them to the tender mercies of pro slavery dougMai-e*. .. . But I am partially digres?ng rr:m th9 0 j, i. bad in view when commencing this cojpii-n aioa. li was to allude generally to to* uoprectvleu!.^! croDS now maturing In tbe Southern and Wes^e.n ? ecuons of the Union, more particularly to tnov orowicg in New Eagland, and lien to tujaiab yon seme statistics upon whl.-h to b*se ai est. na-e of the prcb tble yield of this, which profiisen to b- the veer of pknty. There prob*b'y never wa? bofore ai large a number ot' v^ea p'?nvbd in New Lamnd as daring the present teatoo. Toe absen.e o> the r?!ato ra for the last t?o seasonj ?eems tohave tncoureg^d oar farmers to on e more gi in.) - to rolt vauon of that ex:fU?i vegetable, the W'u-e oi whicn for several yearn ha* teniail so greasy t> tncieate the price of fl or and other provis.ins, ?SfS?e laboring ?;?,a?J,to inonce them to abandon thti. former pn-*n< Hence we have a key to tbe very largi euugra. on ?iom New England to Caiiforma, whiyti has rwu tod to nil conc?n?ed? boJi Xi tbi m 'ILiag Uteres', n.eo. wbo, deserting a competency, mx, ?ged their ail to get there, as well astoourmir bants.who have tor a number of ye ir.s b>en send, a ? enfngh of <?r New Eagtand uHtnta^urin},, aid sgricultaral productions there to wipport a p opnia <i.n of three millioM, when Cvlforma cin.aio.d ^sro^ly a teitii of that num^r of ianao taits. Hetce, also, we h?ve a key to the ra;>id s .r.den wtii^h Fou.-ieiism, MUierisa. spiritual k.iock nr?, ?hcHtion, and otBer ism? o' th3 day, have mti* u \ew Ergl??d, Ux lntfiog Uft, bat not levst, the MstneTawi and <b* latest mvented " Kami Kni oratkn Aid Societies." "?>e nlatloo has bsen a*, the bottom of a'l thrse delntl^ns. Knaves aid jJckpockeU.Ukng *?!*?'? tjLM of dtsties* br >ught uj?ouoar Northera work insmeu by ?ie temp irary failu-* ot thair grejtejt of looJ. have Liveatsd toes J ho?bi<s M ?pe in wW*. having C -,t a-ure 1 their vic'ias, toey might easily Binder than of tta I>^l* esreir ?s thiy hal aa:omnl?te!. Thuis^ to an a l b!Mf ?ent Pr:v;i?.c?, the t is no w npr?% I ?rtcf asowflyrsl*f fro* thiw eva*. > r. i?? ! part X VM EofU-id rnsv. ,.?)> eo.t satod ccl> t- 6 >0^ extent, btTi pro4ac?d a sound oli taebtoacd vegetable. California hM "gin out," to a great extant. Many of oar farmers, ti-ed of gold digging, have returned, and resumed their former honest and healthful ociupation om the old homesteads. A recent trip of over four hnndred miles through the eaatern sections of Mn? rchustts, Maine aid New Hampshire, baa satisfied me that, theie ia bow, by at least 30 per cent, the largest crop of potatoes, corn, rye, oats and wheat growing ever known. The weather has been everything whlo"i the farmer could ask for. In the Immediate vicinity of Boston, aid other places near the sea coart, the grass crops will not be quite so good as last year, owing to the fact that there waa bat little snow lying Maine, thirty and forty mllea farther in the interior, thsre was a great depth of snow, which covered the ground for over three months of the coldest weat tier. There the gTasB is now universally excellent; and in many loca'ions. where the drought waa severe during the moLths of July and August of last year, the bay crept) will now turn out twice aid three tiroes larger than they then d<<L We have similar reports also from Vermont and western Massachu setts. The total New England bay crops, I feel con fident, will exceed that of last year by at least 30 per cent. Bo much for the New England crop#. Tae pr ? pect of a plenty of cattle, and a consequent pro ouctive season for butter, cbeese, Ac., is, of coarse, not so good, as the scarcity of bay last fall com pelted the farmers to reduce their stock to the sm ill est possible number. This scarcity, it is apparent o all, cannot be remedied in a aixgle jear, even with large crops. But still an abundant hirvdst will, necessarily, greatly reduce the present high prices of bief, porx, mutton, Ac., ana we already see them coming down to a respectable figure at your Ball's Head and our Cambridge and Brighton markets. I hav? already extended this article too far to comment at any lenzth on the subjoined tables. They have been carefully prepared from the canaus statistics of 1860, and the Secretary of the Treasu ry's report of the same year, and I annex the resu't: TABLK SHOWING THE ARTICLES OF FOOD PRODUCED DURlNfl THE YKAB 1860, AND EX FOR FID IN 1851-2. Articles. Total Product. Exported. Indian corn, bu&hels. .692 07 L, 104* ? W?!eat, rye and barley . 119,841,772* ? Itish ptt&toes C5,797,ft9t>* ? Sweet Co .'18, 268,148* Neat cattle, cumber. . . 18,378,907 1,078 Sheep ard swine, . . . 52,077,433 3,153 Peuand jeans, bushels 9,219,901 ? Belter, pounds 313,346,306 2.222,264 Cheese, .105,535,893 6,650,420 Rioe, 215,313.407* ? Market, gvdens, value . $5,2*0,030 ? Orchard, . 7,723.180 ? *rhe quantity export#! Is aet givsn in tfce Trsimury reports. Ibe value will be fouol in aaotuer tibis. The Allowing table shows the estimate vaiu? of the principal anises of provisions produced in the United States daring tfce jear 1850, the value of the same articles exported the same year, and tae rati i of exports to the anount produced: ? Prop >r Value pro Vdue tion ex Articles. dueea. exported, ported. Indian corn $296,036,652 $3,892,193* .01 Wheat, rye A barley. 111.906,701 8,008.391* .07 Irish potatoes 26,319.158 99,333 ? Sweet do 19,123 074 ? ? Animals slaughtered 111,703,142 9,171,648 .08 Battter oO, 135, 248 I . Cbeese 5,276,795 \ M*?.403 ?<? Rice. 4 000,000 2,631,657 .60 Maiket gardens. . . 6,280,030 ? ? Orchards 7,723,186 24,974 ? Buckwheat 6,969 838 ? Care sugar 12,378,860 23,037 _ Molasses 2.540,179 ? _ Maple sugar 1712,671 ? __ Peas and beans 5,762,436 50,000 Mlllk 7,000,000 ? _ Eggs... 5,000,000 ? _ Fish 5,000,000 456,794 - * Including both grtun nnd meal. The following table shows the population of each State of the Union in 1850, the total number of buthels cf wheat raised therein, ana the number of bushels to each inhabi'ant T.i each Stales. Population. Bush. IVIual. Person. Maine 583,169 296,259 .50 New Hampshire. . . 317,97t> 185,658 .60 Verm'Kt 314,120 335,955 1 (0 Mast achusetts 994.514 31,211 .03 Itaide Island 147,545 49 Connecticut 370,792 41,762 .11 New York 3,097,394 13,121,498 4.33 New Jersey 489,333 1,601,190 3.50 Pecrsylvaiiia 2,311,786 15,367,691 7.50 Debase 89,242 482 511 5 50 Marylaid 492,666 4.494,680 9.00 Diet c i Colombia . . 48,000 17,370 .40 Virginia 949,133 11,232,616 12.00 North Carolina... 680,491 2,130,102 3.75 South Carolina. .. 283,623 1,066,277 3.75 Georgia 624,503 1,088,534 2.00 Flcndr 48435 1,027 .02 iTabsma 428,779 294,044 .70 Mississippi 296,648 137,990 .4 ? LouUiana 272,953 417 ? frxae 154,431 41 689 .30 Arkansas 162,797 199,639 123 Te-neeme 763,164 1,619,381 2.16 Kentucky 771,424 2,140.822 3.00 Oair 1980 427 14,487,351 7.00 Michigan 397,654 4,925,889 13.00 Itdiana 988,416 6,214,458 6 47 Il'inolF 851,470 9,414,575 11.10 lows 192,214 1,530,58 1 8.00 Missouri 594,622 2,981,652 6 00 Wisconsin 305,391 1.286,131 14 00 CalikrnU 92,597 17,328 .20 MibDCR >ta T 6,077 1,401 .13 Oregon T 13,294 211,493 16.00 KtenT... 11,364 107,702 1000 NewMexuo T ... 61.547 196 516 3.20 Total .... 19,987,671 100,503.899 Avg.5.0'J o: lyrn'nt the above tables a:e not entirely ason r>-te,but mftlciestly so to illnetrate, among otner fac's, the following Important propositi ins:? 1. I'hat in the year lKr>0, u twrhntanding the ve>y great emigration of producers fr im the Atlan tic ai d Western States to California, Australia, Ac., ?here wm raised f >r each man, womat an1 ccid ?bout twenty five battels of Indun corn, five and a ball of wbtst, rye and b?rley, fonr and b half of potatoes, halt a buibelof pe is, seven tenth* of a cow tr ox, two and i quarter saesp o.* swlae. six teen poui.ds of buttsr, tivc of cbcese, eluve . of zfc>S, thirty thife cents worth of gartea s".uoe, twenty live. of orohar > produce, (the two latter are probably much underrated,) brides a llbeial supply of pool try, eggs, Ac., not enumerated in the cjtto? re turm?. Huppcsing that a -isrgi i?r?portloa of the t ii> vu loueumed by c?t?la, and mak ng a deduc tion of ?#y eight per cent tar exp>r;? of the other art; ;'cs, (tice exccp'ei? see taWe l> lov,) it woaid stem that enough wai rnlse i in 1* >0 to fe-jd aaa h U.j ft < r population than ou.s. In (act, th^rw mmt have been a great waste. Hot was it ma -lo ? W tu*. be i ane of the provisions 1 What prop >rtt >a was lost by shipment to C?liforr !a, to be ruined on ths voysge or thrown away after if* arrival '. e waut cf pur basets? How much is annual's lo?>. or s-, oiled by on: city sprci'siors hildl )g on for ex >r Vtant pno s whlci th'y o<in nhvarrealiit", fines tje .osttes camot cemmaad the means of oaying them? Tt.ese are f the imiteri*nt qOSSt] ins sn^g^v ed by the stat sti s above pkco, t > which 1 mty ad veit heresf'er ttore at letttb. 2. It will be s<en by one c out tibWW that New Ktglsiddcei not produce ba'f a boahel of wheat ni cietr.e S uth ai d West raUoad^zei. Muu chumtts dees not iaise(r.cngb t > make t e paito t ? er.vel pe one hundreth part o' tbeab'lUim trash which she auuniily |,ub.i!iht*' He: oe the qnesti m b '.comes a >*ri ins on? for o lr Ntw Knpiai o mannfactaTers t > eouMar. is i'. worth while for yon to quarTei with your bre vi a d butter:' If, by yiuf fanati :ism, yoa coat4 one lo*e Son'Jiern 'rsde for a few years to conn u; . lave lor a few ytsrs past? (and la ths present d* gisdrd |.o:iticil ootid ft i an of M>ssaciuiebts there ap:ea H to be a fair prcspcct cf it)? what is g >iug tobecocecf us, especially if Prov>d?a:t ? 'on.d ageln punisL us aooordlog to our destr's by &e:d .p^r npon us a few years renewal of the poWo rot '! Our manufacturing establi ?h.-nents are dj? at a vtrj lo? ebb; cotton c'ota makes poor b"eid, sn?I nwchicery is indigestible. Oar poor w.dowi >sd ciphau children, plundered of th?i" msaus by pecJaiirg railroad mauagers, are throatene l win ?m nrd (tarv&ti^n. Cod, ia his infinite mrrcy, it proPiifirg us a iear of plenty in spiti of on- sia? ot sur'i plenty as He aim*' continui'ly sen Is spws cur B n'bmn bretnrm, in spi e of tislrs, e<?? when we are in need. Shall w?, by continaing ear pre tent wicked cruude upon our Southern hreth rm fcr ttirg coapcUei to sas'iln an iaritalon wLicLthsitcpliitf of the fatbe-s qf our N^w E?g Isn/J aV>Htion's(s originally brought upon t^aa, sj??in t<ir>pt wrnth? I ?ornas Cask or Addiction bv Citrouo*. I hi. r*. Connelly, * youog girl about foort^n yea*-, of sge, livltg witn Mr. 1/mMI, of t hit d'.y, was f rclily c?k-iied away ftoni his l.onee yesrerdiy in rrlng. sbont sacrtae, and, in spite or her cri?s and fDtr^a'ift, hat abdu tors succeeded m Rating ber awsr- It is supposed she Is at present secre* ?.i in r*'1 ??' 'the city. Tos gir; his b?i living wi'.b Ur. I .?? ntll for more than a year, aal was a fsvoritw on aooount of hsr a'tasbment to lis fsmJy. Her motier aai atepfather fc-e suo tcc d t> u- mMioa ed in tt.'s heartlesj alTih-, i !!;? ?5*nse Of ??? h eitraord iary Ponda:t oa th*'r rwt Is a'tribnt'd to th? g?f! having uuuciCarel a d ?i? to v'eitd a PfdtMMl HaVt/ith _ t. Julfl ili important Iron Kjuimuu l\ rem the Boiton Daily AdrsrUasr, Jul; 33.1 Ltttcs ttccived from Kum on Bfttntdiv show that ths aff&trs of the legislation of the Territory have arrived nraily at a crlais. w? had boon a f TfAy Informed by telegraph thai tbe Legislature 'mi wjourned ftcm Pawnee? a town near the forks of Kauai river, wbere Got. Reeder had ft to the Sinwnee Mission, in the immediate neighbor hood of the Missouri line. Our reader* ^"also remember that (J ov. Reader, undoubtedly neeing the cbject of this procednre, vetced the vote for an ad i0n^?t-KThe Wwitnre, however, peaaed the IS, t f' 5 ?or? lhui two thirds over his veto. ?JE. ?eP*(>h> m la usual with it in Kansas mat tririt ??nf' mi PV^?* throu?h th? negative elec th/2 th- ' ?? nmch more important news, $?,HSt?/!taUtn?hadvfl"t v**? the eleven free State" members, who, in spite of Miaeonai in flfUaS -*--^6cn retDr?ed to the lower boose. The ?elj?? .^^ei#tttJd b^the ,m7 of Gan- 8h^? to baT? '??red even the presence oTa thilr i y J?**' legally elected, and so Initiated ^j^^W^^tiMthiraeatt" SHSs'rr? g?ca. ??Sig with1. ^sisvs^ of Kansas. To give any ennooragement to South Wn i"?1 10 enter K?"?? with t eir slaves them a? *?m? ?v'd?no? of a pro-slavery sentiment la the State. The legislature, packed for the purpose of giving this evidence, throws itself Into the arms ot Missouri, as if to admit that it is powerle?awT! from her. It d smlases a strong m'oiritv of it* members, m if to show that it fears them. Is adopts the laws of Misfouri, as if to show that Kanaaa is but a conquered province of that SUte. It iunlVt the Governor of the Territory, as if to ahow that it "f, "J*0'"* bat Gen. Atchison's. All of this must end to deter any Southern slave owner from moving his slaves into a State where such ^ "P the pretence of at tsebment to Southern institutions. A?d we repeat, what we have said flftv times that Gen. Atciison himself will tind It hard to make a slave State, nn ee s he can induce somebody to carry some slaves there. At this moment then is ?|)de?ce that there are 300 among tbe 20,000 peoole who are in Kansas. ?l?,rot but hope that Gov. Reeder will in some public manner disavow the whole movement 01 tan i/eg sla'ure, ard summon another . Prom our various Kansas advices, it is evident the people disavow it la anotner column we print Mr. Con way a spirited letter, refusing to sit among these hirelings. He ? as the Councilman elected by the people of New Boston at the first election, in spite of the vote of the armed band who bad marched one hundred and fifty ml '.es to control toeir election. weleain from private sources that the ejected members or the Legislature were to meet on the 12th at Lawrence, for comultatiou. Meetings of the people, at different points through theTerri ?J"5*bere disavowing the anttiorityot t nop parliament, which to forcing upon them the laws of another Commonwealth. We have said that r either Mr. Atchison nor any 22'ttu a bU? S**4? without Steves, n1**0*"?? ao* iudncemswt to Southern capitalists to invest money in carrrinc ??T<v 1VL18" If tb? >od climate were that wb cb would be a oat tempting to those who hate surplus alaye ia*>r to employ, and the preesnt state 2 nTi ?.flairB 0ne that would win-ant the fSf J""1 'i 'J1 8 ditDculy in procuring the * P *f jn. No aiagle settler can enter a claim for more tban 160 acres, and although this VL -amp n fatm ,or boma settler, it f '"J?" ?.roP?rty for the slaveholder and bta la*g? family. It unot pretended, we snppoee, that a man cm at the same time enter a claim for land as a citizen, and be held to lahrr as a slave. LFrasi the Springfield (Mass.) Republican, Julr 23.1 ^P'iwte letter of a Springfield emigrant to Kan \ i^S00'' Jaly ll> ?lvM ? report from ? ,*? fh*t the Territorial Legislature, before ad jour^ng to th? Bhawnee Mimion, excluded the eight ttee State members ohoesn at the second election leaving on y twonntijalavery members to fight the hattles of freedom. The House of Representatives passed the whole Missouri code of laws at a jump 1 "? ,e?o?td (hat Governor Reeder ted re 'w! i-?W?ture, ^cViU?ck tte only members who bad tvy legal claim to their seats, and no longar to recognize it as the Kena"- j>nt ?o treat It in its true cha I 'J?PemIemLizti "PWMtttaUve of the Mls ?ouri mob. Thise were merely flying reports at LV??S?' botjare not unlikely to prove correct. . foc {*e? 1 1811 ers in Kansas areunanlmoae in their de mminetkn to repudiate the acts of the fraudulent legislature, and meet the oorseqnencee, whatever Tbere * ^wing coovio i* amoog ttem that they must either fight tor their rights to the < oil, and to the c imraon privileges of American rtffltt?,0r ,uri?l der everything to tbe Missouri Ibere were patriotic celebrations of the Fourth at Lawrence and at Council City. At the former nla? som? two thousand people assembled, including delegations trrm several Indian tribes in the netetf J^bood, 1 and the proceedings were higUy satisnc by Dr. Robinson, a bcnnt ftil collation prepared in a grove by the wo* Zf*30' tbe P^'wtation of a banner to the new military compsny of t tat city, and toasts *Dd?f?ch? ?t the table that would have ton? i? 'b? MaaMDhusette celebration. The na lives er joyed the novel entertainment exceedioclv ard some of tie most taking asssr'iis were h? th? Ta?_c?!?Oration was strictly on teetotal piinciplcs. Several Mteaonrianf wore present as spectMors, wearing a white ribbon ta their button r? tbf* " wer? on thegocee." Jt tbeir flist experience of IndepeadsMe Day ?if j gtyit>' *?d eeemed muoa 1? fjf ^ ' *,nd w?r? ^t and reapo^ul. Md??rd<n vegetables from Iftwonrf were ,u, ^ V5? ????'??' Lawrence, in great aban dkhc? snd Int reasonable rates. Vtry superior ripe apples sold for tl 60 per bushel on thetth. A V erironter, loca'sd at Lawrence, writes t iat he has a tloer kokug vegetable garden on the newly brcksn prairie award than he ever s&c3e?ded in making on the well tilled soil of Vermont. r iKTicLL Aas Mf thk Collision on La?i On tario.? We find in Tbe Oswego Palladium partial Jam of tte l'?ss of tha schooner Km'olom by the col n>ion with the steimer America. The sadi affair oc cuntd off tbe mc uth of the Geoeeee river, at " C clock on Friday morning. The America, Oantain Mats:n, was bound from Toronto for Oavewo and the Emnk m ww light, bound from O<vego for St Catharines. The tight was dark, and considerable ?ea was luuoin?. Captain Masson was standing forward with the oate when tbe accident occurreZ He sajehe saw ruligaton the schooler, and tbe f-Vm iw ti"f I'ftMnc? "M ? terrtflc acream ir L he eegine was reversed, hut not P't'tn; a coilUion. Thest.amer cut the achooi < r rtarly Is tvo. Dona'd Ma'cil nam Wii lwm tfaicu BfuiJ, Thomas Maloolmson, John' Mai colmaop, John Bme, And Alexander Lti'h, said to bo a passenger from Osvego.to k to ths rnwr, frhnrrpj p i? P^tlt Was CO*, off the rcbo.uer enjiiztd, which upset the boat, and thd five menin btr were drowned. Three othen of the crew, Win. R"?s, George Andereon and the ? o.cied eook, wbo tenuintd on the wreck wers ?skfc cfl by a host f om tbe Amenta, which was ^mediately lowered. * Hctald Malcolms n was captain of the F?hi?m sb unmarried man; Wm. Mriooimson, his mate, was married about twelve months awo-' hs mTS"k *^ow' "? itmt- M^lmson'ths third brother, aril red only a few w.spk? f|!c?t'Y,d> b? *l?o 'oaves a widow but no fan^y* and Johi iMafco mson, ths causin of the ab "UiiiSd hrotberi, wm iq unrnvriei mm. Th? ?Kau f.mnu o,.o? UK1 i?S.? " father of the three yunoc men was araati* t vercome when tbe painful news w *?-, -r Commissioners ( npir tbi "PntaoxAL Lianrr Act or MAs-acHr.-'xrre.-The foltowinx nam> ". Hentlemen bad been namr<n>y <'Ov. G ulnar Com niiff-icneis to execute the "Personal L'b*rty" net R. Fletcher, William I- Bart, Bwtm, Suffolk era nty : 8. H. Phllilpe, Salem; M.Mottoa, Jr., An ikiver, Essex county; H. E. Bewail, Melr<oee; E. H ' Ilrar, Concord. Mld?!leeex cou?tv; H. Chapin 1 Worcester; C. M?aon, Fitchborg.Worcss^e conn ; fy; C. P. Hnntingtoo, of North Hampton. Hamp atiie c nnty; R. A. Chapman. Sprligtlsld, Hamp d?n e nr.ty: B. Palmer. Gt. Barring Uij; J. Kxk i w?M , Plttafleid , Beikshlre county: G. p. Wells Gieetficld, FrarkHn county; J. McK. Churchill Milton; W. I,overlrg, Medway, N.Tfjlk conity; W. H. W?cd, Middieboro'; J. A. Anirew, Hlng bin. Plymooth roun'.y; J. B. Saml^rd, Attle :kmo'; A. Birder, Nsw Bedford, B-i#tol county; ' N. Hirckley, Birmtefr'e. J. W. Davis, Wellfieei, liitcaUbla countj; J. M. Buaker, N'wito .ket, Ksntn ket c:nntt; T. C. Mayhew, Klgartown. l>ckes couity. Four of tbe abovenamed neraons bate teclired tbe > ffice, and returoed t^eir com miavlcDS, namely, Mmsiw. Flstober, of B*ton: Hoar, of C^ccotd; Chapman, of Hprialald; an-l ; Botk^r, of Na&tnoket. Obitasiy. It K.Ulit Dartlsti, profmsor of ntbr.i aaa 1 n*dical jnrUfraii?<*.-? laths V?? York < of I'tiysi r.aai U3d sarnsons, 4t?d ca Ui* 2J4 last., at his -om ? m 1 H I H- waa tks fi?*t Mtyor of ?eM, ha% I si b*?s s*seta4 ?