Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 29, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 29, 1855 Page 2
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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Orn Uadoa Ow iwpoadmi. Lomk>n, July 13, 1855. jtfin Strut! Cruu in England? Lyt d John i n a fix? The Vienna Conftteiieei ? I^crd Dc'.houst* ?Austria and Francg?TJte Hydt Purk Rowu Tbe pebnoai ia again cloudy. Lwd Join Html! ban got into a mtm. The ministry is mc* unuuiEiud, a break up la imminent, and the ?position ? bringing #11 i ? heavy guns to bea ?l*n f.ord John, who is a regular Malak)ff in Ma way, in the hopes that if they get him oat the rait ?nit go. The fact is, at the preseni moment Lird Jots is very nrpopniar. Your reidftra will reman bar bow be and U. Drouyn de l'Huys went to Vi ease to attend tha celebrated Conference which lad la aatbirg, and how both Foreign Secretarial were Monetized by Count Buol with an Austrian flew of tbe c*ee, and supported an Aus trian proposal which was immediately declar ed iaadffliorible by the French and English go vernments. Louis Napoleon, swbo la a man ot energy, at once dismissed Daouyn de l'Hujs, as not being ap to tic* mark, and appointed Count Walew aki in his stead. Lord John resumed his offio3 aa Secretary Or the Colonies, the conferences at Vien na were declared over, and the war went on in the Vrimea. Tbe very doubtful position of Austria has, how. ewer, led to demands for explanation. She has re duced her army; sbe is in possession Of thoIHau bian Principalities ; she refuses to go to war with Russia; and by tie withdrawal of her troops from tbe Fetish frostier, has positively enabled Rosaii to aand large reinforcements to the Crimea. In his speech on ttie opening of the Corps Lsgis latif, the other day, you will have observed that Louis Napoleon in a few words c' early defined tha position of Austria. The spescb made a great sen sation at Vienna ; in fact, a heavy fall took placa in public securities, arid the opinion was that a rupture was inyninent between the Western Powers aul Austria. This cplnion was somewhat modified by the arilcle in the Mvnitcur of the following day. The Austrian goverment had, however, been accus ed by the French Emperor of not having fulfilled its engagements, end the opposition in London took ap the cudgels on tbo occasion. There are oertaiu hints thrown out, as yet scarc j'y audible, that Lord Dalhousie will be en .rusted with the foimation of a new ministry aa soon as be arrives '? England. Tbe appointment of Lord Canning, a* his successor aa Governor General of .India, has b:en confirmed by the Queen. The Duke of Newcastle, whe expected to get it, baa Bailed for tbe Crimea. As I observed above, the Austrian government ia sere at the speech of Louis Nap>leon. The officio] columns of tbe Vienna Gazette have published a seply in tbe shape of a justification of the policy of Austria. There was another nw in Hyde Park on Banday. litongh Lord Grcsvenor's bill has been withdrawn, tbe public excitement cn tbe subject had not abated. Ibere were very few carriages ia the park, so the mob, consisting chiefly of boys, went to Belgravd square and smashed all the fine plate glasi windows tp that aristocratic neighborhood. I dare say another attempt at a row will be made on Sauiay next, but it may blow over. Onr Paris Correspondence* Pabis, July 12, 1855. MUitary and Political titoom? Crisis of Napoleon ? Cowticss H^alticski' ? FUe ? The English Al ha net Ftecr D- clming ? Health of the Empress ? The English Flag of Truce Question and the English Press ? Opinions of a Frenchman ? Trade Rrport? British Soldiers in Paris ? Napoleon's Policy in Spam. The formidable defeat suQered by the allies on the 18tb of Jane, more precise details of wticlare daily dropping in?the new loan and Increased taxation? the death of Lord Rtglan? the ex'raor dinaiy conduct of Lnd John Russell and his avoral f adhesion to the views of Austria ? the rlck?tty state of the English administration, and its probib'.e tcup dt grace by the motion of Mr. Roebuck, on the 17tli Instant- the aspect of the war generally, wlta Ha daily bulletins of the deaths of principal person, ?fee? the hourly prospect of a political explosion in Spain, and the uneasy state of Italy, combined with many inferior causes, which taken together, Make a formidable faggot of grievances, all t3nd at the present moment to cast an afr of gloom over so. ?Jety inch as has been rarely witnessed since the laising of the enrtain on that fearful drama noir en acting in the old world. If, as was said by Prince Albert, in his speech at the Trinity House, a few weeks ago, constitutional government is now undergoing a severe trial, there are other persons and things which are not leas ex poetd to an ordeal of fire. Louis Napoleon, since ho cleared the deck of the vessel of state ?f the old orew, and himself seized the helm, had never a More difficult task before him tlian now. He Is alone amid the breakers, the sky Is threatening, the wind prerages a terrible storm. G id hilp him, and keep him a slant heart and clear briin, fj? he will need them both. The Countess de Walewaki, wife of the lati French ambassador to the court, of .St. Junes, who has returned lo Paris, followed by the loudly ex pressed regrets of the London beau mondc, a hun 4red ladies of which have jus* sent after hor a mag nllcent bracelet as a tender tourcmr, a few even tog* since, gave one of ttose splendid entertain ?onto which, frooa tlislr extraordinary tate aud uri rilled charm, have attracted so much attention on the ether side the channel. Prince Napoleon, Prince l.ucien, and Chailes Bonapute, the great dignitaries of Stite, the Ministers, the Dak? I Duchess of Hamilton, and others, were present. The beauty of the we ither pormUted the company to escape from the gorge ens scene within, bluing with light and gfldicg, and dtzzling the eye with glittering uniforms ant brilliant tollettei? serv Kg men in sumptuous liveries, and floirers and silk drapery, obs.ructing one's movement! ?very where? Into the garden, where the stars were shedding their soft, silver light, aud plants their delicious od:r; and all was still, save the voice of the nightingalo and the murmuring accents of those who had thoughts to breathe and tales to toll, too burning for the ear of more thai one. Amongst the many woo availed tbemselvos of this w?T come retreat from the glare wi-.hio wen acme of the ministers, and members of such politi cal coteries as habitntilly enjoy their society; and I know, from & source which has never yet deceivaU me, that the tone of general rem irk was sombre lo the highest degree. The impertorbable silence of the Emperor was strong!; animadverted on, with a belie! however , that something? during the ahseno) of th? JEmprtsa- would be proved to b? the wind." The growing and hourly augmenting distaste to the wa - among the mow responsible altves of Franos? tti< positive hatred to it by tbe legitimists, I '.a waning popularity in Eagland, Ac., A :.- the need, in fact of a pilot to weather the stjrm-ali were fertils topics. The health of the Empress h<w. It <s said alrealv improved stone her residenc; at Kwx It >nnes. Tas inhabitants have the good stnie and ddlcicy no', t > nob her footsteps. A short tine sine a a Jht took plaoe, and her Majesty graciously roc^t**) some of the inhabitants or it, who execute 1 bafore her s series of original dances. Bheoonvermd witl them in her own charming manner, which high aid low find ho winsome and captivating, and sprea-1 b. lor* them a banryiet which sent them airay in ec ?tacks with her Msjesty's hospitality. Peine j Napoleon is more successful at the Patois Royal tnan the Crimea, in the latter place ho was exposM to all m?nner of rude and malevolent criticism; in tbe former, however, than is but ons opinion: that hid Mtnrdavs receptions are the most brilliant things of tbo kin a that have ever bera held since the inaugu ration of the Imperial regime. The Prince* Ma thilde generally gives her aid in data* tbe honors eftbo evening, and tbe company somprtsea the prin olpal celebrities of Paris in the arts, literature poll tics, and tbe feshionable world. Mr. tn<l Mrs' C>r Mn, Mr. Pendleton and Mrs. Bnrr, Mr. Gr?eley ?ides many other Americans, are frequently iwo ?bus. IV's^Btnuns, fall of workmen, from Uvseiiles, Iyons, n^Bo, Cb.tlots, Amiens, LiL>, Ma'hsovo. H.ra?bjurt , St. Qswttin, Rou;n, Nantes and Char tr??, are now d*?T arriving in P*ris, with com ioit, io if tbe Kxhfhitten, wlww the sc?m no lonnr j>re*dU i? format dearth of spectators. Yesterday tatif cjnld not hi?va bten lass than ?UL'.y thousand vtfi e?;?nd tftbey allpaid afraac each, the fmdfa ot tut commissioners muit h ave received the mjst h?e'y impulse they have hitherto experience. hu?u?oe hat bern unusually rmtricied ia th9 Parb ooru market, and priced present bet an insigniG laii dctii'jt', the i>re vailing feeling being that tbe harv-'at in Pi unce will Ultimately prove very satl?f*ctory. The commissioners appolntel to award priz^i io the mots', moral dramatic plec.i broupdt oat diraig the yew 1864, ami will be nmembrrsd, wae instituted in consequen e ot the preeent lican tiooa tendency of &he Fiench stage, has ju?t <k elded that none cf the works sent in rospoa-ded lullv to the CjBd'-tijr.u required, though three c ma rsble mentions should be in vie. Tlw flrat, with a prze o* 3,000f., to U'. Ernest Secret, for his comedy, "Que l>.ra Je Koade, '' alayed at the Oiern; the se cond, 2,000f., to si. dEnner y, for t&e drama of tv* "Oueau ds Prole,'' represented at the Ga\fc-; and the third. with 1,000'., to M. Dnmauoir, for hi# comedy of "L'Eoole des Agneaux," brj?ght out at ihojjjmnase. The Afumrcur of this morning, ater mentioning the fact of a sostd Are having wsen kept up throughout the morning of the lO.h ot July, by tne Ki g.iwh, against the greit Red*n, which it, \ppsarn to fcave silenced, and that the EoxHsh works, taare rre, have been advanced, publishes t'ie let'ors wh'e*' fcave panted betwetn toe French, Ei^Hih aid Russian admiral*, respecting flags vf ?xan, which, by the decision of the latter, ve restricted in the Baltic to three ports- Cronstadt, 8veab>rg and Revtl. Sacb a decision, It is felt, ain; iaavi*: bly senaib!) toggravate the miseries ot wif; but a member ot tbe French government, wbo his this ukbv it called u'|/on mi, declare! thV. bn:. one opia ion prf vails as to tbe fault resting entirely with tbe inc<B6tnt babbling, invention and yinsroftne Eagliah piet-s, aid that many far seeing persons bslieva it win be Impossible to carry on tb? nu e,t alt vader tn b a ?'ate of things. '? L*ok."' said hs, " wha*. a position tbe Rufiiins are in! They occupy the whole of the centre of the Crimea, oommunloitijg by two loutes with Ih? con'ineu*.- the one being tbe military road over the Biwasb, the OjJisr th*t through Pwekop. Tbej possess two rosdn l7om ^Imptieropoi to Sebastopol ? one MMitg tnrough liitoli 3era\ 1 1 other making a circuit to the north ot U bi- topo'. Tbfse lir.ea of coxmunicition are almost unMSiilttr hie. In the south tbev are defended, aeniast an In vadii'g simy by imparsible mountain, iorti&eu with tee utmost ait. and in the n >rta they are pro tected by the santof wa'.er and the poi-jouons ex hibitions which surround b >th Pcrsk >p tiu tba short* of the Puuid He a. Upin theM ntis the greatest activity prevails? th> y ae crowisd wit, 'a advancing troops an 1 conv -ya ot axtnu^ltloi and pioviiiose. The anticipations of fiiiiue ia tie tup plkado n it appaar likely at preaen; tj b realized. At t'.e same time Btbistapo' itself is veil t'lrU'i ' i, acd its troopB are ai>iuated with thj n. lit fanati'ial cjwrajre. Tbe allies hare an army of 2C0.OO0 men er-cnirped upon an rnhcr.liiy pi^tcau. Tn?'ir gtnerals die dii'y. Tbe PicdTi >nt6'fc army has lost Gsneril de 1* Mvmora, the Engl'ah L ir j Raglan; the French are si little conteutid with any of their geneials that we rea'Jy doa'tknoV where to turn; aud as If these dtfliciitle* were not enough, we have facts, half facts, oouatets, delibe rations, and artful lies blown into Sk 1'etersburg through the press of England c\ecy iweuty faar honw. Mon ?)ieu! il y aura u?e retnluiion. Baft!" A'hc streets of Paris are juit now enlivened by the appf axance ot English and Frescb solaicrs walking arm inarm. They hive bsea comrade* in the Cri mea and wounded, and the Eiiclim sold er now in Psris pour <c distrai'r, has picked up soms of his old &cqu?iutaince?. It is a dangeron* experiment, ^oisidering how much tnu. dc vie is atioit at ths wine shops. E?ery Jay the report! Tom Spa'a hivi a mire unfavowole i-bsrocttr. The French goverarnsnt is in an awful iiirtijulij; weru it not for the stito of the war there is little doubt it won' 1 be only too I glad to interfere, andd) in Spain w&4t it is njv doing in Pome? garrison tbe capltil wlti French troops. I. dreads a fmcoessfa! G-irlist insurr?:tloo. Itwonld'ike Hpa'n to join in active assis'.aics t> the Western Powers. It dreads the fill of Eijur teio and O'Donnt'.l. It sees ciao* ljom'ng ia the future; the peninsula of theWes'-, in t^c , inviting another Ni pole in, whilst tiat of the Eist ^Ives him already somewhat tco mncb to d3. The present si ua'.ion is tminently ' a tix." Bxrtie. Pahis, July 12, 1855. l)ulntts Cm' of Doori ? Thintin und lnt< ma li ami I Reajtions? Ann i icon Machinery at the Exhibi Urn ? Mr. Seymour at ihr Czar'* Court ? Grand Triumph far America* Diplomatic Costume. Clouds have again darkened tLe sunny weather in whkh France was beginning to rejoice. Pa*is is gay only wlthii doors, and even its indoor gaiety m not shared by the interna' iona) bazaars, tho American bofieis, nor the coffoe bouse* and eating booses which have sprung op Iks mujhroona uudar the trees of the Champs BIjs.'cm, near the Palace of Industry. Moil of these new estabtabmeaU look dismally wet and desola'e. Last evening I notioei fear or five waiters standing disconsolate and idle near one of the most polyglot ical and cosm jpoiiten of these mangers for the nations. Eich waiter had shrouded his shoniders is a napkin to protest his jacket from the rain. Goodyear should supply thew neighbors of bis with napkins of caoutc'aou j-- almost the enly things, perhaps, which he baa no1, jet made out of India rubber. Among the indoor attract! ins, these of tbe operas and theatres aie infinitely more agreeable, of course, than the ministerial receptions, which soem to be held almost every night. The guests are glad to hurry away early, to unite with provincial and fureigu v'siters to the capital, iu applauding its old stage favorites! How truly may some of the litter be called old favorites, M'tle Georges, who wi'l appear tomorrow night at the Odcoaas Agrippir.a, in "Brlttanicaa," may thank her seven ty jeara for being "a star' of the second, as she was cf the Srst Empire. Yon would sc?rc;ly sus pect, white applauding ll'lle Dejazat a? Frederick the Great, at tne Gaie;e. that abe also is ver ? uearly seventy ye&ts of age, and yon absolutely forget, when >ou see BouiTe as tbe Gamin de Paris, a'. tUe Varieties, that he is more than half aceuturyo'.l iUcbel is no longer young, but tb?) success of Rti tori ha? piqued her, and she has resolved to show the Parisians once more, before her departure for America, that ber prodigious powers have not di minished. Reoently appointed Professor o? Data mation at tbe Conservatoire, sho ha* protracted etQl longer the long delay before her d jpa.tarc, In order to g'.ve a last, or a\ ieaii. one more of her "latt" series of lepTeienta'lcns. To-night sbo p'aj^ in "Horace,'' at tie Tbe*t;e Franyais, while R'stori, on her tart, appears with II wsi, ia "dx ia 3ta\rda," at the Theatre ital>en. Last night, the Knpeior was prenen'% at t'u Graud Opeta, wncre, to-night, thera is a seond extraor dinary r?>pr? wntaMunfcrthsrri/r^ of Mm?. Albonl, and of M. Itcger? the 1 74?.b of to* "Prophete." Rachel, Ristori atd Alboni on the same evsntng I The great Indoor attraction for tbe daytime, i? the Exhibition, which is now compter. In t:ie Annex the mo'.ive power has been applied to tue marvellous variety of machines oollect jd tiere, atd among which susb specimens of A merirtn mec'ia nlLa'. geniun as the reaping maihinc, therctary iron cutting machine, the timoer bending and bast an ! cameo turning machines, the sewiag taaohicu, Ac., Ac., compensate for the small number of ooa tribu'ioDs ot the United S ates to the universal ex hlbition. I regret to H17 fiat a Frenct workfrr o, named Granger, lest his life last Friday, while en gaged in putting a bard upon tie won ou.iag machine. Thli sad ascident was unite nnj is'.ly attributed by tbe Pre***, to the lunlt ot the Ameri can exhibitor. TV latter, srlth the Prcudontof the central oommitieo of American com nisaiooer*, at occe headed a liberal subscription, in whi-h our oountrjmen have readily joined, in behalf of tbe wife and three children of ibe unfjrturate victim. An Atnerioau reaping machine wis jestord if most incoessfully tried at tie agricultural s:hoo near Versailles. M. Bella, director of this ex el lent school, (which has sevei profes-tors, seventy pupils, about one thoiuand one hundred a res. and all tbe appnrteuaaws* of a compete institution of the kind,) bore testimony, wPJi tbe crovd of soec, tators assembled on the o -cas* >n, to tie snperii-l'y of this maonine. Am >ng the Americins pre>enWm this occasion wsre Mr. valentine. President of t"e Central Committee; Mr. Flalscaaan. whose fa miliarity with scientific and practical sgricaliu'-e baa distinguished his name J| Europe a? Well as America, and eminently qoalBes him for the rank which he holds amovg tbe jnrors of the Uni versa1 Exhibltiou; atd your neighbor of the Trihuiu, Horace (Wesley. Mr. Greeley came baik from Rwiteerland a lew dava ago, in order to attend to hia case, which sras to have been tried on the 4th, bat has been postponed until the 14th of Jnly,) as dirsctors of th# New Yo-k Exhibi ton. that lucklr** affair. A conple ef at taeb('-a to tbe American legation at St. Peterabu'g. have boree teatimony to the conscientious constancy of Gov. Seymour in observing the diplomatic dress inatrnetioos of Mr. Mirry and of Mr. Mann T ie Governor did not even think it ri#rtat to pat oa his colonel's uniform, whi-Ji he has kept folded in hit t;unk, gcing in a plain Mack suit, like ewch of hU attacks, to ike fun?r?! of the iaVe Czu tod iae la angora: d'sc iurM of A'exand*r. No cue has * tot.ght lrss of h> w, or of the ooilb -'j which be repre sents at th*'. Militant Court. Or.e of the 'i-Ve at t*cK.< s to the legation at St. Prteisharg lefr. .iut e !e> cn'y feu weeks aKO. Lift eveuiog hi recsived a letter ar.?-. uncing that lb 6 bomb t rd ecu t of Cio"*udt dJ!y exiected to begin. Nothing w?? ciid about when and haw it wouli end. Senator James, of Rhode Island, ?i*b- I am told, just arnsed in Paris from St. P??U rsbirn. (Joreraor Antt^ny, ot the same State, is also here. Fi?axo. Onr Vienna Correspondence. ViEWHi, Ju'y #, 185"). Xrtpcleon's Late Legislative Speech ? Austria's Re ply? The Allied Outrage ? at Kertth?A High Piitst Said to be Tor [ut tU ?Feeling in Odessa ? Pvftticm of Swtdm ? Turkey und Monti-negro? Canals and Railroad* in Egypt? Trad*, it Trieste, The speech whirh was made by tha Emperor of France, ok the opening of the Legislative Chaatbjr, is the # fit political event of the week. Its war lik-3 character, the demand for a lean of eafea hun dred aad fifty millions, and the catting ont of fresh bodies ot troipa, hive somewhat surpriatd the pea pi? of Vienna, who have hardly yet awakened to the realty ui the sir which oonvnlsea Karope. No hopee are to be entertained that Austria will join her arum to the allies, at least for the present, aad reports are enrrent to tbe effect that the speech just made by tbe Empp-or of France, and tbe hope be expressed ot asslataace from Aritria, will be shortly answered by a further redaction ia the Imperial army. What sort of effect such a measure will pro dace upon England and France is yet to be seen. Several reports have baen received bere from Russian quarters respecting cruelties alleged to have been committed, by the Eaglish and Turkish troops at Kertch aad Taganrog. The following letter ap pens in the Military Journal: ? Odissa, June 2t5, 1855. The capture of Kertch and the bombardment of Taganrog, with tbe cruelties committed by tUe Kog lisli and Auknb soldiers, have greatly alarmjd tho ur^ aimed inhabitants i t Odessa. The citizens of oar wwn l avt Urraly reeled surer to dte with arau ia their hands tuan snflor such atrocities as were cam mitte<l in tie tewns of ths Sea of Azift. Offi'il intellfpen^i has b'jtn received that the Greek Ht<h 1'riett of Kf.rtcb hi? beea tortured to ileati by th6 English HolOi?iry, Lis vtife hacked into twen'y pieces, an 4 hie J iu;hU;r orntahy ou>rag*J. A deputation ot the west infliential merchants of ratfawjj: it cdu'onSir Edmund Lyons, begging film of e the town, which had buopUel daring a p?rija or ed ?T:y ye a*t a great portion of Europe with br-yid, and utfdiog tjat most of the proprietors of corn weie 6ubj? ;t.s of the Austrian eaujire. " Tun! pis pour vans," tep'jtd the Admiral; and two hcitu iat;r the town whs in UamfB, and many o<"tbe richest inhabitants reduced to utter beggary. How far these reports hive been just'.fisd by facte, I am unable at present to tell you. If such crimjs have be*:n committed by the English troop?, as the above let'er lays to their charge, it is the doty of the Ru<>ai{.B government to make a forma! notification of the fact to the commandsr of the English army, in order that the offenders may be pun ished. Iu the abJeisce of this we can only hi lieve that the reports are altogether false, aid have been spread to excite tbe population of Rus ia ugliest the Western Po vers. The preseat war is considered by the Rassiin peop!e as a war ' in difencc of their religion, and nothing ciuld ba better devised, the more to conffrm such a notion, than tbo statement that one of their priests had been (hamefnlly and brntally murdered. As to tbe business of Taganrog, it cwnot b? snp postd that ths EngUsh admiral could allow, conais' ?n?lj with hie duty, large supplies of corn to rem-i i in semxity on the shore of the Sea of Aziff. He knew full well the maaas of conmanioation by which tte Rostians would avail themselves of sach rt soirees, and the foo'ish aff?r of Odes** was ta ?t picbab'iy fieph in his mummy. Yen are alj fsdy awaic tbat some months slaco gteat preparations for war were miking in Stock holm, and it was neutrally thought that no Ion/ time would el apt e ber fltg w raid wavo in toe Baltic tea betid* that cl the W tat era Powers. Since the close of the Vienna Confeiencas, mattsrs tm\ e assumed a different appearaucs, and ?: c seams to have abac doted all intention of engaging in the war at pietent. The tr?th of the matter is, that neither Auttria cor Sweden can afford to ran the risk ot taking up arms against Russia, except the a'lies ?c assure thim by same m?terl?l gua rantee that they are in a position to Utt them. The shores of Koglaud *nd Franc; are diitaot fxin those of Rustia, but tbe whole force ot the Moac> vlto arm; could be easily thrown upro Amcr.a o. Sweden. Repoits a.e rife respecting appr nchinn hobtili ti? B between the Ti)tk? an 1 the psoph of Montane gro, in addition to which it is generally sitd that contention ot to violent a nature bis lately broken cut between Ptince Daniels and nil wife, that a sepa ration is mott likely to ensue. The Princess, a lady of Trieste, ba? been the msuisof dumissmg Pope S epben from tbe Senate, thus d<spivlag the Piinceof his dtar.nt friend, and the Stale of its moat useful and influential mtmb.-r. From the Crimea we have no news of anygrest imp:rtance; tbe position of afl'iirs remains nearly the same as on tbe date ot my last letter. The lets o' tbe allies is estimated by tbe Miliary Zcitung at 35,000 during the past wt- k, and that of the Rosaisrs at 10.000 less. The allies are said to be awaitiig freth relnforcementa fro a Marseilles before lecommencing active operatics, These m ?y be expected to reach there abiui tbe 10:h of tie pretext month. The question retpecMng the Saez caul seem< l ke'y to give rise to c.Etincrablo difficulties, and to add no little complex' 'j to tbe present entangled condition of affairs in tbe E .st England has re ceived peimission to construct a ral'way from Cairo to the coast of the Rfd Sea, and this cfrcamataucs is pot forward as one of the grounds aga'is* Vbe project of cutting a canal. The matter will, probi bly, sboitly be decided, and 1 s>uji b) soonab'e to give yen scots Information on the subject ?bit 1 am not in a pcsHim to do at present. But little activity has been displayed at Trieat?, during the pas; week, in colonial wares; coO ts lower and tugar higher; cotton goois ex'ubit a slight tall: corn maintained u? price. Much business has b-.en done in the shares of the Northern Railway, which at one tim* were quoted as high as '.'05 i, and linaliy closcd at 204 j. The Policy or Auvtrfa. [I rum the Vienna Uit Deutsche Post, Jan* 29 ] A nillitnry decree of the Enpe/or c .mini-il* that alt the m?u of the re.ifrve of the woven utide: the orders of the Master-lie nerol o< Ordnance H<?ss shall be sect to their respective hemes. It is well kaonu tbat the unn of tervicc of Austrian Boidiers i*eigti' yetus cf a. tire duty nndrr their color#. At the ex piration of thin peiiod they retrain two yearn longer a* a n serve, at the disposition of tho government. He n iec of the reserve consequently f >rtn a ti f :Ja par', of the amy when put upoii a war footing. Lei iid es' irate the effective force of the third andfouith armies at 300,000 men; <>0,000 m'n, then, will be the amount of the rtnjta discharged by the imperial order. Thin reduction, *e ca-nnot to-) olen repnt, Is mt a demonstration ; it u xinap'y an alleviation, qott# ratnral, of the heavy bird-an Imposed more than a vcar ago upen the flnancea of the 6 tat?. It la, a", the mc merit when the harvest* are com ng on, an mdispensabe means of restoring to proprietors the laboring hands for their fields arid vneja'ds, of which certain prcvin e? of the Lnpi-f" had 'ueu completely drained. A State which ia at war, wh'ch ha need of a'l l'-s military popu'etlin npoa fields of battle, wbhh finds itself our ed away by the pawling of a great sUngglt, must naceesarily anbmt to svHflje after sacrinoe, ai.d Buffer the wounds received in ita agri cultural interest* ic bleed until the time shall corns when it may apnly Itself to claee lb m. Koch is the cue in which ll'isata finds herself. Sh? is nom ex pi tt'?K her folly io p*s?lng the Pruth by the neces sity shs is under ti call to ber standard, nit only her ruHitia, but ber ton and nrrurt hau, every man of the empire capable of bearing arms under the age of thirty seven years, without regard to their agi Icu.tnral pursuits, their labors, tbe r sjed time or harvest. F'auce and England stand in a more advantageous position. Thslr strength is s'ill In its vigor; the war which they have undsrtakea is far fioni their own birders, and the eflirts which they have hitliert i mide are n t to bo compared with those which they might mske In a rise of real dan ger. The finances of England have been thus f ? very little affected by the war against Rnssia, and ia her manufactories and on her farma the prioe of labor has not been raised for wjnt of hands to more than a penny: and, what ia mare, the popular assr ciatlons and outbieak* among the workmen, which have a i often happened in Kngland, have disappear ed, as if by enchantment, for mire tian a rear. Very different ia the situation of Austria. Hhe put her army on a war footing only to be prepared beforehand tor a possible issue, Hhe has taken no part in the contest, and she can so much the better take advantage ?f tbe occasion to give relief to her anbjecta, since the netwotkof her military roads and raiiwaja will enable ber to WBcuttnttt anew, mad in a rtr? ?tort time, aB tie forces whic*t ?? &"-* d,spei sed. It^ls tenher from avat tea sto from a? over hauled economy tu?t Austria has rein**} har ar-n ' To the so who knew tbe heavy tw>k which ir. ??P? * 1 en tre Finance Minister of tuis ^ my ire tore*4.v'S ihe nonrces c f proep erity after the gr*?t triads of the rtviluMuiary epoh, after tbe colosaal reform *n tl* ? j tit in ft territorial proporty, after tie c-ej^ion of a new administration in provinces which h:fj? admlnitfttrtd their c wn afftira, whether well or i 1, and all mis in the midst of a Eurnpem war, of w^i>- h no one cm jet foretee e ther the direction or the dwation; vj thow, we say, who take evaa a sour QcltU view cf such a task, it will be eaiy to see that I eve/v mutant must be put to profit in order tobrlzg, about a ealutary diminution la the expenses a? lv?e* Stat*. Austria ia occupied in endeavoring to aotompllah the four goaraateta which she thinks taUU;<nh*b'y neoeasa* v to the durable reestahlisfcmett of order In the East. Conrtdsnng the state of her finances, fad extent of liar frontier boundaries along an adversary country, tne equivocal attitc ?e of Frrnata, htr at out reasonable desire was a peace based on wliat pru dence required, li<1 nut flu moral intlaenoe walca she mi&bt have gr?inel by a war hrillinatly cauduc: ed. liar allies h*ve ether want*, other obje;*, whicn outweigh here. War itself, and the mortl ia flufnee whicb will result from its iosne, cot oaly de ceive, bat brtlliant also, ia, above &1T tbiagi, teces nary tc htr allies, independently of tbe grand vieira of Englend upon Asia. Austria did not engage to folicw :htm upon that groand. Sie remtini firm noon the line of herei^agamen'-e, Uttle disrated u> go beyord it, but determined not to take a xte^ oackward. ? Ths poT^rnm^n'a of tae Weat?rn Patera then selves acknowledge the rec'.iude of the Austrian policy. Lord Clarendon, aa ?va leirn by a telegra

phic tieapat h of the 27th, te;.?Il id the a ta -ka mule in tha^Lonse of Peera against A aatriu, a ail took up her demace. Fiance and England hive justice enough to can cede tl a', it is tor them alone tj tern taste ibe war in the Crimea, which they und-jrt, >ok tot only wi h ou> A nutria, but against ber advice. Woali it bi very useful to them for Austria now to enter Po land? The Itosalan army, the Iar*e streams, tie colossal fortresses in thai, country are enough to hold in check for a long time an invading army double that of Austria, it is no', it that w*y tha'. any important change* are to be effected on the field or battle ia the Tiurie CuersonesuB. Were there diapoaabie but tbe half of tbe allies forcee in tbe Crimea, the opening a campaign at a av other point toa d be attend. d wish imparUnw conM f]U* ncee. In the present situaM n of th'ngs a cam>aigi in Polaad woald reauk not onlv in a ne<v a>nd gie?t effneicn of b.ood, but ia weakening Austria, even under the most favoraM'. Hipposiuon, with out priduc'nj the slightrat effect in battering the condition of tkingH in the Cixmea. It Ib far the int?re?t of France aid Englanl tiat thev should have in reserve, ia Austria, an ally in all be rirength ; for tbe lust word boa not yet <reen pro nounced, and the basic of the four guarautesa, ei?i thoa'd tne Western Powers coxe b?r.k to tbe A>ii friin proposition, la not the leas sjliJly gained. Tbe fonrth point, no1, leas periijuf.and even mare diffi cult than the question o( tbe Sa?, ha/4 not yt bmn touched. The stroggl? in the Crimea will yet continue all the summer. During th\t time It wouid have bi an a uselas waste of mtlllona, for Austria to keep up the whole effective fores o.' her large but auperfluoua army. Nothing is mere natural th*u '>at she shou'd with to huaband her resauioes, after it iul b3en agreed upon tith the two allies tnat ahe should take no part in tbe war of the Crimea. The English press will receive with passionate outbursts the news that Austria baa reduced her army. Aa to the government of Kngtand, aa well as that of France, the measure has been for a long time no novelty to them. Ic will not be concsaled from them, because there is no reason for concealing it. The zedu tion of tbe army is only a halt, not a clianga in Austria. 1 The Victim* of Panl and Sfrshan In Londou The ti at examina'ion ci Uesara. S;rab%u, Paul & Batea, took p ace at toe Bankruptcy C m. t. Tne liabilities arr ?080 600, and the a?ets about ?160, 000. Tbe amount of dtb's proved on the occasi ?n waa ?225,000. The occupied two hou s ani a half, and and the bankrupts we;-e r jmov^d ia cus tody. The following was given iu a? a LIST or THE ratTIES WH09K SECOTUT1E3 HAVI BIBS hold:? Lady Canarvon 500 Exchequer Bills. Admiral Ayimer (H.& Co.) 500 " Ca?t. Fridtrick (H.& Cs.j 600 " Duke of Rutland (Militia account) 100 " Tollemache & Ccllett 500 " Lord Msnnerg 300 " A. D. Wigs'- II 6,000 * Svtahan & Co 2,000 " 10 500 C. A. Caljwell 12.000 Brazilian 4i owcta. Mrs Weir 7,700 Brazilian 6 psr cfc. Mr?. Harp f>00 " J. Trriionwell 2,400 " Ilia. L. Herbert, 2,600 ? Mip. i'stmar 200 " R K. XfcTkUe 10,400 Indiau Bjod?. Mrs. Swickltnd 300 ? W. C. Korlatd 3.000 " Sir A. Clifl'o. d l,tK)0 " WK?SiSler* Bf0WB'& [ ?.??? 5 pe- oe?ta. I)r. Griffith 10,000 Danish 3 per cent*. Do. 6,000 Danish 5 per cento. Do 160,000 fig. Dai 3b 2fc per eta. Amelia Bailward 34,000 E.6. Btilward 42,000 Julia Billward 34,000 Miea Churchill 39 000 6ir A. ClifforJ. 30,000 G. 8. C.oosb 11,000 R. H. B. 11*11 30.000 Dalton 7,000 Bur on (Halford & Co ) 76,000 Captain Jones, do lOO.f 00 Morris, do 9,000 Herfngham, do 2fl,000 Baiitj, do 19,0u0 Htppean, (tiuatee) 00 000 Mita Reynold? 19,000 E-8awbridge 24,000 Mrs. .1. 8:reatfieid,( K~n/y? (trna??e) m f 6,'wo Mrs. F.SueaUieiaT 40.00-) Jobu Tiegotwell 50 000 Gtorge fffllis 12,000 Madame Cearritte 88 000 Daicli 3i per cento. CVonel Peaoocke 20,000 fi. Dawb 4 per eta. Mrs. Bojd 13,000 " Hf?t< Mejrick 12,000 " AdaJral Aylaier. 6,000 " LIFT OF StUKITIBi BOLD OR DErJSIrtP. ifc* uOO fl? l>otcL p*rc?nt*. Pappnrcorn . . ?-2&,000 0 14 toO Indm boada Ii.ito .. 11, '>00 0 10,000 E\< h? ut r bill* (Mar-b) Ditto .. 10,600 0 1U0.OOO Hatch J}i par e?o'.? . . . J^o'd .. 6,137 10 10.000 Pani?h 3 ... l?itio .. 7,487 10 1?0,C00 Dut.h 1),' cnt* . ") J*6,' 00 I?utrh 3,'i yet ceat# . ?0,010 LutcK i ,,?r c*ntl.... 6,000 I'ucaOa coDda 5 00') Da? ;?a t per cciu. . . 2.7CJ '? ptr cent* . 1',/oC B'a/.ilan 4>a p<-rct? IO.OC0 dltV- " per c?ct< 1,-jOO Ijijii bund*. .. .. SoiJ. 0??rroj, I ""'Z j *1? ? Ev;sJ { 20, mo T"U1 ?113,629 0 Oa WMnwds/ 81.- Jjha I*ean Paul and M?ssrs. Strnhan an J were again brought up at the police olfiue, on the criminal chafes preferred agairwt them by D.. Griffith. Mi. Hnajphreys (oa the pa-t of the prosecution) said, it bavfog bem arranged that no further pro gre*s ih-uld ne m?de with the case on the pr^snt occasion, be had merely, aa a matter of form, to ap py to bu worship to remand fie priaonera again till Wednesday next, at 12 o'clock. Mr. .lardine laidit wouid be nnderstool, then, that the priaonera were ? remanded till Wodnaaday next, at tbe aame b >ur . They were ac:ordingly taken back to priaon. Akrkbtid for OpriRrvo a Forged Pairr Yeaterday P. M. a man giving hia name aa R. W, Bart oOfeied a dralt o' ?15,000 at tbe banking ofl'toe of Brewater .V Co., and asked them to cash 1:. The dralt waa drawn on the American Ex change Dink iojavor of U. W. Hait, by J. D. Adam*, Jr., cMiler of the Pittafield Hank, Maw. Hart represented biiriwK aa a wool buyer, for L. Pom*roy's Bon*, of PHtsfieM, and brought a letter to "H. A. and H. P. Hreweter/' aigned "Robert and Theodore Pomoroy, bv Wm. Tbomv," and commending bin to the good offices of tbe formir. Mr. B. P. Brewster requested the man to bring proof of bis i Jen'ity, and proceed ea to procure tbe money. He ww to pay #9,500 In fund*, and tbe rest- 14,.>00? in a draft on the B ink of the Republic. Tbe money be drew In bills of tbe (talon Bank. Meantime the man wm absent to Mrrnra tbe meais af identifying himself. Mr. Brewster examined the draft again, and tuipecMag H)a?thlng might be wrong, gave notice to the Cater of Police, and also telegraphed to Pittsleld te learn the truth of tbe matter. Tfiis telegraph wonld have to go from Albany by a messenger, and no anawer can be received till to day. Dart returned in a tbort time with a ?< range man, when both were taken in cuatody by <he polio*. The draft la evi dently a forgery, ao far aa relates to tbe aaonnt. After tbe figures 15, at tbe top of tbe draf, three cyphers are added, ard after the word "filtaan'' in tbe tody of the draft, the woed "thousand" is writtaa plainly In another baed. It is gcnolM for fifteen dollars. Had the alterar been leas avaricious, and asked for flftaen hundred, the paper might possibly have paseed. The whole thing looks like a plot to raise money out of Brewater A Co., through a know ledge of loelr relations to h. I'omeroy's 8 jus.? Rich' >i tr Union, Jul* 27. r- 11 31 th% Uevtll [Fr?? I* r79gz<?, gitj R?puWiCfci> ojg*o() __ J lie 23 j beI^iS?lioJo^s/!!t<td^ ?*nUlM " ?** T^V.4.P#W^ !?'?*? hxi f4 Ice aa<! nu' ??*<? Itl" ?"<otd haTfeon b a by the ?i ***" ?'diplomacy. ILantie emo re bwit up ?y a M'HTtry g?aii<? of the ea^^romyed to "* i-** The rntril inp4 sit hk vo as mmu ^taattal mi free* rioui % foun^ationiiat io f at M w* 'u see Iftto futurit/j It i>olds out *w<>m!*e o* ??t'< viU.ltj. The creation of tbe firit w?? effort ct sudi'en aaJ powerful enenry, notoai/ on the jn-f of til* eovere-gn, bnt e! the people. The erettto* of the second hi.s been * work of aubt e policy io whiah the ?wor4 l>n? plajed Utile er bo p?rt. Tne oneenoo aa tered obstacle iron almost every : late tad *1 foreign in Europe. The other has suceeedeu in oonciliiting all the animosities and iradltiora) pre} ad'.M* which saseeeded 1? breaking down the throne of tne great Kmperor. Nay mere, it appear! to te elowly pll'af up the ro?t?srials of a structure of solid power and lufluente, which In i?,t tiurd ti OMt into the shsdetll tjKttbo fertile m.udand great creative ges:m of that wonderful man hal ac on phsbefl. After hiving thus coE^i-ructed tie foimlati ,ns i a metaphorical edifice for the atcoud Napol?<in, tbe IIkhalp eutt/H it with astoai lament and reapsot it liuds Lo'hiti,; there wtuc'a Lb tot to ba adm red; it lemtmbera the debut of Ionia Xipoleoo, a til ib#n tte expedition to Roipe, when tfce itnpsml teaden cit s ot the President of the republic were bitriyed, ;jjd operated as a check to Austma Inllim;9 in i'aly, saja thib paper? cot mentioning the cou/ d'etat of the 2d of P member? on which, however, dejenda the foundations of th'a, ao called, prodi gious empire. Tbe Hmiai.d preeente tie war iu tbe Kaat ra tbe second great stroke of this m*a,t> whom it attributes g?t>ina. It wi* thron^h his irn baaaadrr, Lavalette, that its fir"* comr.ltciMons were eat in morement Constantinople; and iu ofcjcct ntdonbtedJy was to atn-agtfeen biapnition j at tcmo by tenifying England into an a'liau ze ir/.h hia government, ax. a rendering her political inter e*ta irreparable from hia. Here the Hbk*i.d mes tbe diplomat!; correapond3n? which to jir piaci in the titno of l. ula tbe Six>ebt"i, anl re?at ly pub ished by t,fe JSIoni'.tur, tn b'ijiv that Uie riajoDa for the e nsade airaiost are no litwtbuiga. Bat Wjat i.- uis \V..u] tbe Rriaf. Kapolton were unable wo acc mipiiah, hai baen left for ihe actual Kmperor of tbe French to realize; that ia to 'ay, an alliance with K'ngland to opp jsa the alwaya inceaaing preponderance of K is-ia. Thia fact establichea, wltbou'. dmbt, the sujierio-ity of Louia Bonaparte. But, as sajs the H?Rii.r? To stim up the mire tolid advi.nti'.f?a ga'ned by u:^ roliey, we have only to point Io tne iattaence wh: ih raueo now eierclsea In almorit every quarter o( tae ?oild Coder Charles X. and I.ouie Pfc hp ah? m' co trammetied by djneetin iaterfata and relation n, tUit aho w?* it luced t^> a pcittoa of romt icA'lf^ politis*! inaigr.ilicance. Im'er Loa'n N'apoieou ahA ae-na holdH tbe rustici' B of tbe world ia her htndii. KhkUh.1, her foimtr li^al and o!'tn:.-t)at opponent, ia drAggfl at ^ha c>,?riot whee'a of b*r poller. Aiatri*. a?d Pruu'a er# *T?iobllnjr for their existence inproseareof the ;'jm ;inod power which she wlelJa. Spain and J'ortugal, lor the acquieiiion of which the great Emperor mide inch titrag glee, an?l f?-uUle?*Iy ehed ao much blood, are rcity tn throw thumcelTe* fn'o the Cireean tmiraio of th ilr old adTerhary and aggrossor. Evea T>"Uia heraelf, t hat gi gantic empire, whose sgrneelonn formed lucb in obj?ct of opprobrium, la fo.* tne moment ehain-bsnnd with' a the tigbt graap of Krentb compreiaion. The rcoat wonderful feature of all the'eeventi in, that they Ua?e been brought about by the oklll of ?n jnprj': Uaed dlplomatiet, who, enrioua to aay, [it ia the Hkiui.d that ?p(?l ?] bM gained instead of Iceing character by hia ahaie in them * * * Ibe man on re ao ridiculed and deipiaed as a needy aivl objectless adventurer ia now in fact the most geaerally eateemcd :.n'' powerful aoTtreign in Europe. Hia lt'.e enthuaiaatic reception in England prorea that the feei ingo entertained toward* him it taat country are founded on a conviction of hia aincenty and good f*;tb. Hk cordial relatione witli the Hpanlab gorernment and hia abstinence from all iaterfetenco in ita aiTiir* i-bos that if he doea not jovens those virtue*, he la dealroue for the present of affecting them. The Fren:h Rraperor out. in a'aort, either be a reaarkabla hypocrite, or ' hare higher moral purpoaea tban he la gennaUy giren cteditfor. Whichever of these assumptions be corrsct, one thing is certain -that the abilities whi:h can elfest tnch wont'trful revolutions in the poliiiial circumstance* and opinions of his time cannot bo of the common order which Lis detractors would represent them Ilia ia nearly word for word the article of tb<! Hbhat,i?. (Sixty -live lines omitted.? Translator.) Now, we aak any one wbo has a knowledge of tbe facta of the caes if it ia permitted tbit tne circum atonoea and appcaraces shall be. tbua mUrapres^n ted in order to weave a doable wreath of oak and laurel for Louie Napoleon BomparteV What do they amount to aa testimony to hia ability aid fie atrength cf his empire? HU talent consisted Urat in fretting himself by the expedition to Rome as an instrument of French reistion ouUide; bit bis t xpedition far from being a eheck to Amtrlan influence In, on the contrary, cmsolidrted it there by dividing it, ud has compromised the French nation among tie o'her popalatio :s. At home bis talent was manifested by the cmp d'dat, to aooempltab whicn it was only necessary to ordi it, btcaure in Vrance, on fortunately, the extent vj power h?a at its order an army of 400,000 soldiers always readj to obey blindly the or Jen of t'aeir su perior*. lu fact, we cheerfully accord to him this poor glory, If hia nisnds have tbe oourage to claim it. Bulif It baa by this nefarious acV gained tbe friendship of tboae powera who hive form -rl 9 b*n is because he has deserted the foreign and home policy of modern France. Tbe grev. pledge (?iver. to despotism by the coup d'etat, in - spired him with confidence to eay at Bordeaux, with hisejes turned toward Russia, that famous met which was bo soon to receive an emphatic denial: "Tbe Empire? it is p;a:e." The aame clerical ecigencies and reaction which forced him to un - dertake the II man expedition, have also led bim to interfere in favor of the Intia Charc'o in Jerusalem. But bere tbe " inexperienced1' diplo matist met the Russian influence, wboee pretensions, excited by the oiier, tbe 6u.tan was soon obliged to check, i'ae game had commenced. T/ie cir cumstanoes and the preta did the rest. Eugland and Franoe found themselves allied almost wfhout knowisg it- Iufauatioa and pabli; opinion pre vested tnem fro i> Wracinu their steps, and E igland, much against her will, and Louis Napoleon simply to give Rati (faction to the army- -this ia a bistofi cal fl^ct, acknowledged by one of bit great axom plicea? went to tbe Crimea to attempt the adven ture against Sebast jpol. It ia possible, after something has been d ue, to strp*ior? a sjatem by mean< bsfort unexpected. It is also possible to dig up the old papers or M. ds Veigeanee, ard show to astounded France tb it the presumptive heir of Napoleon is only continuing the policy of the son of Saint l/OiLi. Until now, however, not even as muoh aa neoeasity deminded has been doie; tmngabave gone on d?y after dty in tbe aame way, and t ie most pressing emer gencies have been met osly half way; tb: policy, however old it might have been, had not then been matured. lio;e than this -we can remember that w:en L ^is Napoleon wis a pretender, he supported in Paris a newspaper wbicb, at tbe very moment when Louit Pail lippe m?d? bimsctt unpopular by his adraucos to tee Eeglish allies, was extolling tte poli tical and commerc'al benefits to be derived by an alliance with Russia. The correspondence of M. de Vergennes may be curious, but it is less so than those articles written under the influence or by the oider of tbe Prince. We regret that we have r ot them a> hand to show tuem to the tdonflmr ? Ibey would show how much faith can be pka:ed In . tbe poor monarch (ti i?U sirr) who is now in the | miierles. Hut if would be an ocia^oa for h.-ji *jo | wrap litmeelt in his b)rrowed dignify, and t> ?ay,:u the woids of an ancieat king of France, "Ukftlt tor tbe p.rve&a to rem:mb;r the policy of the pre tender.^ Hib alliance with Kngland ia more than nnprnli -? able to France- it ia ocerous, an4 wMl b? fat*l. When the false ? umora of the capture of 8eb<tCopol arrived btte, a Frenchman by Ueart and spirit ei f-laimed. "We have jnat won a victory forth? F.og hab." Thii is, in (act, all the profit except a litcie vain glery, paid for too dearly, that will i?solt fro a a contest [roeeccted at thla hoar. Ixwia Napitoon , knewti it, perhaps, having spjken.t a bis laat *pe?ih. 1 of the "magaaalnruB" proposition of tie a Ha#. ! But /Ibion ia not to be paid by each worda. or Uie epithet of sbopxen. with which Na io'eoa a.i^ma- i uzed the Kngn?h, mo a', be diaavowed. The HtRAi.0 extols th? extraordinary pov?r of ! France. We wish that it told tbe troth. Bu*. the tame paper? unwittingly, without doabt- contra dicts this statement. It tella ns that Pruseia and A nstria tremble ior thair future. Now, one ia the enemy of that which he fears. .Voir, whatever miy be raid or done, Prussia and Anatrla have nothing to fear fi> m liussia. The holy alliance U not br< ktn for them. These thr?e countries rep me on the same principles; am) what is morn, tbry are guilty of a com men enmr th# partition of Poland. L'bey still act in concert, aad understand each ether. On the other hand, the governments of Spain and Portugal, cbevipg the lnatinc'. of consoli dation, are on ihe eve of throwing themselves iato tbe embrace of France. But in what print, under these circumstances, can Hpaln and I'ortugal fortify Fraroe? Upon what principles will their alliame repoae? Insure, say Hpain and I'ortugsl, order for us, and we will foratah yon soldiera for yoar war (gainst Rueata. Bhrnld France be very powerful, It will be neostsitated to recommence in flpiin the expedition of IMS, which, with tbe expedition of Uoi(*e, and that In A'gieta, were never pardtaxi in liberal Fracoe, though commenced after the Rswt*. ration, n?15,) when Franc* had mnch mm solid alliances than those of which M. Bonaparte cm boast. A country ia powerfut when united with governments or with pe >plcs by an iden tical principle. Now, all government* and all tbe people doubt, and with great reaaon, M. Bonaparte. It ia net wbatliatthe bottom of that nneavy spirit that is a'wajs dissimulating and leave* his fortune to ?ircutcstaocea. i ron the arises the geasrAl f tor. Ia Ue a conserv?uv?;' inno eently itk ce:'+i.j oersons. is hj ? revclationi*.? a*k tie tremb lrg kit ga of each otbea And the result of this it> tutt every oce u anwmy; *nd tb ? er plains Li. ("oration. It ia in thij w*r that his f ifimatlo artifices above all faavo assisted him. Auatiia and Prussia at ilnst fearei he wo4d play a revolutionary card; it waa their weak aide. Therefore they hive temporized whn him, and nude cegoUatioua. Certain people have hoped that circumstances would foroe his hand. Those hopes bare given uneasiness to the governments. The light cam" little by ltttls. However, '.he peo pie have found that they could not take anything from V.. Bonaparte, and that they would bs duped by in case they should tender hin the least assistance. Tte kings have thns become calm, again, and tbtj have resolved to persevere In their neutisJ policy. Ki/glan (1 aud France, then, are to b J a<one ii the war against Russia, and what ia worse, they are now obliged to mike it a war of equilibrium, and not of principles. Do you know wn*' wj?ld hap pen i( they were now to undertake a war for the last-named pnrpoen? If this were pja ai 61? the central powers, all more or less abso lute, would put fifteen hundred thousand men at the disposition of the Czar, who would beocme agaio, without hesitation, the cbsf of t^e part* of order in Europe, and ft migv ra that the English fleet in the Baltic, which Admiral Napier was so careful srith last year, and when, His year Admiral Dundas stems inclined not to ritk. for good c&uee we suppose- would be employed to convey tho llutsian troops to the coast of Fran c. it won Id then be seen whtther Louis Napilooc, who is still mere criminal towards the revolution thin his uncle, w?uld find in his pretended genius tha ne cessary mrur^es to triumph over 4Q inv&sion. If the Kvoiutk n did not Inteivene ia ti-n'i' aid did not ODerat j for a favorab.e diveraioa by t >e ? j rising of all the people, the second Empire w-rnid eid like the first, by tne occupation of Fr?n"e, which is only inviolable when she la free. But bsing reduced to a war of equilibrium, tbo war loses all interest for the nations. It will not be shorter for that. Oa the contrary, the people not having acyuNtorest in tue triumph of a particular idea, will part in it as food for cannon. This war will continue to be signalized by all tae ravage* of a national struggle by the people of toe country where it take* p'.ace. Russia will be surrounded by iron and tire wherever she is accessible to her enemies, but -will not accept the humiliation of limiting her fleet to tho number of ships designated by the allbs, for from the rack of a that clas. power, she would then be degraded, and this ultimate ro will never be aocepted until all her cities and w ii ?ges are de serted aid burned. It will, then, b? necessary in the present, war to accomplish what Bonaparte hid f tiled in. It ia a great enterprise, wh'ch e?nnot be conducted from a cabinet, by t?ie a'd of the tele graphic wires. It is reces sary to bava tha* genius which springs from the eyes, and influences tne sol diers, and breaks down the wall*. WJl Lojis Napoleon, then, deserve all the goad things the Herald has (aid of bim? Wi 1 he be as able u? lead his armies in the fi#:d of b*tt'e, ai ne has been to form pob.ouiat'cal alliances? Iafacr., what is there in the life cf this min that justifies the di'.hyram bics sung in bis honor? What has he doie? He haa upset a government which he had sworn to main tain. He has overthro ? n it, not by abil ty , but by peijury and bloodshed. He haa broken down de mocracy, but has not given satis 'action bj it; this is not a solution. He has entered into a special contract with England; but neither one or the other of tte contractantB saw all the bearaga of it, and it has been nied for the chastisement of both. He has made advances to PniMia; but she has turned her back. He has mads ad vances to Austria; she heard them, and that is all. Not to have any discussion about It, we give him Spain, Portugal, and Piedmost, pow ers which are not to be ascoan ed as sick, because they ctt-.r and se:l themselves. Wnatarethe other extraordinary doings of M. Bonaparte? Ia It his home government wn'.ch does not alow a free voi e nor dignity of character? Are they that the taxes are al *<tya growing heavier and heavier? bis loana always of more importance? Jus double levies oi men? u it, becinss we find the ^Paton at lukt at the foot of the wal', is it his war which commences on the day ot his feast ia the (MBtileotial maiahes of the Dob.'udsci), to be con tinued, and end, perhaps, in toe cemetery of 8e battopol? In truth, the moment ia admirably chosen to eulo gise Louis Napoleon, when everything suffers, everything is astounded, everything violates, and everything falls dead from hla powerieis hand, be cause it ia criminal. If the Hera ld bid not ao uni versal a circulation? if we were not persuaded that lta resources are sufficient ? it would be passible to raise aome blesaed hypothesis on whic i to found a doubt as to the liberty and morality of tea writer; bnt we prefer to see in it nothing but an evidence of levity of mind, and regret sincerely the publica tion in a great journal of articles which would bard'y be permlttedn little stipendiary organs of the government, so repugnant are they to truth and good senae. We call upon the Herald to re member the duty which it owea to its sixty thou and aubaenbers and its two millions of reefers. It haa charge of aouls. Btw Patents iHMd. Li?t of patents isauei from the United States Patent Office, for the week ending Jnly 24, 1865, each bearing that dite : ? Oepbaa Applebte, of Lyndon, Vt , for improve meat in machines tor cutting sheet metal. Jobn A Eras Arthur, ef Ne ? Brunswick, N. J., for improvement in machines for catling boot and aboe uppers, soles, Jtc., from sheets of India raober. Archibald Bailey, of Bloe Rock, Ohio, aid Daniel L. A Hard, ef Rokebay, Ohio, far improved whip pie tree. Wm. Ball, of Ghleopee, Mass., for f ap oveaaent in feeding water to ateam bailers, by auxiliary ensines. Jobn A. Bornsp, of Albany, N. Y., for doable re ciprocating split piston rod for pomps, k % Frank Chase, of South Button, N.H., for im proved witdow blutd. Matthew F. Cinnet, of Pla'nfleld, N. J., for mi chice frr turning cylirders of wood, k ?. F. O. Degener, ot New York, N. Y., for improved paging machine. w. H. Elliot, of Plattaburg, N. Y., for hydro preumatic machine for exhausting and sealing vetsals. Phineas E anions, of New York, N\ Y., for im provement in machines for sizing bat todies. Benjamin Fulghum, of Richmond, ltd., for aaw ing machine. Kingston Goddar, of Philadelphia, Pa., lor im provement in biidle reins, Chinw'ty A. Guard, of Brownsville, N. Y.,sseign er to John A. Serosa, ol New Castle, P?., and C. H. Guird, afoiessid, for machine fo: boring and mortising hubs. Joscpb Harris, Jr., and Elbridge Ilirrls, ef Bos ton, Mass., for improved hand stamp. John Harris, ot N rtu Heosick, N. Y., for improve ment la machinery for making rope. Horace Hetchkiss, ot Waterbnry, Conn., for im provements in macMres for cutting tiles. Jc dps Moore and D. P. Adims, of Ma-ietta, Ohio, lor Improvement in apparatus tor administering pulverulent medicines. K. N.Lenox, of P<i., and Uaa: H. Hinyan, of Chester, N. Y., for balance wa??r g?te. Moses G. Hubbard, of New York, N. Y., for im ptovement in carriages. Henry R. Worthirgton, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for water metre. Jos. Pieg&r.of Biimingham, Pa., for Improvement in hinges. Horace T. Bobbins, of Lowell, Man., for improve ment in shut-.le guides tor looms. Joe. T. Rusee f, of Tyler county, Va, for Improve ment in wagons. Thure E. Swdgren, of Wilmington, Del., for hy drcdjramic friction joints. (?eo? Thrmpson, o' East Tarentom Pa, for im provement m preparing potash and soda. Pferpolnt 8ej mour, of East Bloonctield, N. Y.f for improvement In seed planters. Alfred E. Smith, of Eaat Bronxvili*, N. Y., for improvement in washers for axlea Charles A. Wilson, of Newport, Ky., for improve ment in oeJllatiag valves and getting for pumping engine t. William lfootry, cf New York, N. V., for improve ment in refrigerators. JeiaelJmy,of Wilmington, Dal., for improve nenta in fr?m aid gre*s tnrrester* Augnitn* 8 inborn, of St. J jhasbury, Vt, assignor to E. A T. Fail banks & Co., of sama place, for Im provement in the 1'nlou platform scaws. Samuel T. Jenes. of New York, N. Y.,for im provement In lumacea for treating zinc ores. At drew Campbe'i, of Newark, N. J., for machine for feeding paper to printing preaaef. Willis Uumlntou.oT Troy, N. Y , for improvement In candle mould apparatus. Merwln Davis, of New York, New York, for tea proved pilnUng prese. AngusUn Dubooe. of Br?k'.yn, X. Y., for Im prove ment in propellers. Ceorge R. Comnock, ef Manhilm, N. Y , for im prnvement m oaoete prewet. Jehn A Header, of New f. onion, Coaa., for im provemcnt in bottle faster mga. James Montgomery, o- Bi'.timore, ML, tor im provement In Wi-ougV, iron shafts. IDnry Colgate, ot Jersey City, N. J., for lmprm inert in atatca making. Jko. Williams, of Ha.tford, Cjub., tor Imereve mettln ca'enda> clocks. Albert Waliott, of Dstroit, Michigaa, for me chines for dresiiug 1 amber from tbe lo/. Kiias A . Swan , of Brooklyn, N . T.,and Diwitt C. Fmiley, of New ^otk, N. x., for Improvement in rosrhineiv for dressing and carving st",ne. Rr. Issrm? Hu-harl Garaed, of Frankfort, Penn. tor Imprereiaent in 1'ioms for weaving figured lab' rice. Patented November 19i<>, re uwaed July 24, If S3.