Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JiMEl G OK DOW BENNBVf, flROPBIETOB AND miroR tarncx a. w. ournkk of na&au and raiw aw. S?'!?'-1"* ?<kullK< ffi{; i cent* per ropy? 91 per annum. THh WEEKL y IIERMLD mrv Saturday, at (J1!* cent* t*r coyy, or 48 jw annum; fVt Eur op* .1/1 eMu-n H per un ?? any port of (irent Hritain, or tb to any part of the ooU to mWii.l* poetape. ALL LETTERS by Mu U for Suttriptiom or tM Ahter ^rnmentt to bo pott paid, or the poetape tn 11 k 'eiu led from lAe money remitted. POLUSTAK r CORRESPONDENCE. com mtny impar ls* Mr i, Baiiiitr>1 rntn any uuarter of the xxirl l ? if u$ed miK be liberally jtaiJ for . W Oi'H k?u?i:iii.N UMaios OlMTn IKE r A ATIC I'L A H.Y ? KUl'BeTKD TO SEAL ALL IiBTVIIIN AVE }'ACK 4fr#.? MCNT V?. NO NOTICE taken of anonymout tommu nicotian*. We At not return Owe rejected. JOB PRINTING executed with neatneu, chtapneit, and TJSEMEN IS rtnewed every day. falnne No. KID AMUSEMENTS THIS XTKHlMa. ??0 AD WAT THE ATKE, 'Broad way? Rob n?n'? Wir* ? ?OOLLEOTIONS ??' U'f'LAMVIGAM 4?S TUB FaiUiC-I? Jffiuc aiis taut. ?IBtiM fliHDIN, Broadway? Paul Fit-Siuii or ???ADroL Hots. BOWERT THEATRE. Be?erT-3K>rc?u ii? IwniA? ?t-DEL or A Wirs? A Day in Pabio-imb Pebsuoutbd Dutchman. WOO* 8 MIN3TKKLS- Meohanlei' HaU-4VJ Broadway. V?w York, Tnmdar, July 31, 1855. Mai 1b <v*r Karopc. WW YOKK HrfEALD? EDITION FOP. ECROPB. Hu Cuntrd mail itoam-hip Canada, Cap'. Judkini, will Im*6 lloa'on on Wedue* lay, At Boon, (or Liverpool. Bm European mailx will close la this city at a quarter to two o'clock tbJH afternoon. Ito Hbrali) (printed in English and French) will be ymbftubed at ten o'clock in tbe morn>ng. Single oopiei, to wrapper*, sixpence. SabseripUuas and advertisements for aov edition of ?ko New Yokk Hkhaim will be received at the following placoa in Europe JbnrKKi'DOL. Jobn Hunter, No. 12 Exchange street, K??t. lx>ND0M.. . .Sandford & <io. , No. 11 OuroUill. " Win. rtioma* ? Co , No. Ill Jatbarine street. Bakis Uvingnton, ttc.lit Co., 8 i'laoo de 1* Bonne. Tbe oonteute of tbe European edition of tbe Hstuu) will embrace the aewd received oj mail and telegraph it to* office during the previous week, and to ike hour of pablieation. Tlie New*. We publish some items ia t>d*y\i Hb?uld from wamne sourcos, whioh will tend to show to wait ?xlent iho crops have suffered by the resjnt wet weather with which we hava bsen visitei. Tbeie appeals to ba no doant thaiintjisS ata, and also in Michigan, Wisconsin. and a portion of .''inn^iTMiia, the wheat which o*s bjen cut aud put np in 8fa:k? in the tin Ida has stiff-red to a threat txtf.nt from sprouting, whiJe tft?t which h*s noiyet served the oradie is comparatively uninjured; but tho latter bswi no pr po.-tioa ia amount to th# termer. It ia cous^iuig 10 know, h o ire ver, that three-foorths of the crop of tie entire country W4S Dno?i> sneiter oeure tie wet Eeaaou co^iaianjed. 'h? Honyj and Wsat, enoracing tin S'atia of Virginia, Oiuo, Alabama, litiaoh, laiiaua, L.wi K n:oefey, M?jy]ttBd, Mi?-ouri and Tennessee, th? wheat crop, ths largest ever knoivn, wis gathered oi-dtr :be! moHt favorable! oircatn^inces, and is now safe from the miiigu i-.fiaence of Hhowera ac.d moisture. Corn i? ytt atfe, eveu in Shis sacti on while irom the Bjuih wo lvara that ths crop was' never in a mere promising c.iadition. Amorg our pulltioal Intt 'licence to day will be tenid an eloqm.nt and forcible apeeca delivered by toe Hon. Lswi? C. L-;vln at a mass meeting of .Americans in Philadelphia, ' n Saturday evening iM9t. In regard to the Know Somethings, hij ro citi ka are exceedingly severe, and he says there tan be no collusion btWeon them aud the ooncsi members of the American paity An interesting aofltur.t of the different political orgtuizations of oor ciiy , thtir object acd influence, will also ba fcand under the same bead. The Investigation in tbe Joseph Walker cue was moved yts:erdny by the C.-mmttea ol tie Board o* A'd?rmen. Teres or ?>ur wttn'ssas ware exam ined, and some farther rich rieveloDemonta were mude in relation to the way in which soma Alder mtJ mike aowy. iht testify of ex A dum? t w.il be tonnJ to ba parti -ularly intsresti^ aau ittilruotive on th.s punt. It is somewhat cu r:ooi i) tind a athn not only stating that he was in ma?ktt, but blasting tn*t he m?de no secret about lie means oy which he sought to mike Bl>i f-y. rhe New York Irish Aid Society met in Grand rtsrwt, laetevoniBg, and taansacted a large amount of loutue biasnesss. Several families have alrevlv bjen s?nt cut West, and some few more are to leivc in WedaeatlAy. An account of the ceremony of laying the corner o?one of the M.adle IVotestant Informed Datob chnich, at tb; corner of HnrrUon street and Torap awn place, Brcuk.yn, will bo found in our columns *?-<iay. We leirr , by cur special despatch fcom Washing m>d, that the ifmotal of Governor lledor has ?ached consHeran'e excitement In t,nat C fy. It is r-fwrted that Mr. D- wt n *ai not accept, at.d that a Southern mm wixi ba -ppojoi-d Gorernor of Kansas. H is propped in Ne? England to enrol three Unosand clergjmen life members of the Kan^w Emigraat lid Sooiery, oy paying $20 eish. Tai? will n.i,le a fuad of $?;o,ooo, which it is proposed to expend in it tllog Kmiaswl'h m~n andwomo^ from New Ee^latd. . >iy tne news f,om the Plains It will bi s?#?n tha* ?be Sionx Iad.^na were stUl warlike, and ware awaiting the arrival of troops about fjrty mi'es above Fiirt L . ramie. The Mormon* hal discovarej geld _nd iarKe quantities of liJvor in the vicinity o-' Sweet Water riv-r, aad were industrionvly en gaged in work Jog the lo :atioa. Goll has also been d>s, covered on Medicine Bjw river, to the southwe3t ol Fort Laramie. fn tbe Jjqoor case recently tr'ed at Roabwtw, the jury fcnnd the def, ndan'. guilty of selling Uger b.er, ami I tot the same was contrary to the provisions C the Prohibitory law. An appeal has been Uksn. Gtvtrnor Ifeeder hu published a copy of his an swtr to Mr. Marry a last letter. He says that he aas pnrcbaced no lanes of the Kaasaa half-breeds, atO thinks tk/at he has been very unfairly treated. a <lo titty Convention of the friends ot freedom and prohibition was held in Utica yesterday. The atu ndance was very fcmalL Re^ntioce in favor of fusion were adopted. Tue tt'iegraph this morning reports seventeen eaees of yellow f^ver at Norfolk. This, we think. " ^ ? misUke a? we hav? had no news of the ajpearai.ee of the disfas? in that city An interesting acconnt of the iaouch of tho ship Defender, (named no in honor of I)?niel WebiteM at Boston, on Saturday las', with the speech of Fl ward Everett on the occasion, are giVPn in our eolumns this mornirg. The messsge of the late Gov-rnor r,f Kansas vetoing the b'lls for the snppmMon of :ntemperanr-e and fstabliahing a ferry at Atohiion is pub isy d ta enr piper to day. He makes no objeoUon to tae laws in tbemseWes, bn? thicks the I.-gislatnte pspfed th?m without authority. The Hales of cotton yesterday, reached abont 1,000 bales and closed firro. Flour advanced 12i;. per .[dr OCIEmon with free falts. Includ ed In the trarsa tiors were abont 3 000 bbls. taken lor "fort. Thtie was also a b-tter spirit in Tana dian scd Santhern. Wheat w at in , > t . ... poid demand: Tennessee red sold at 176c. a 1m* . Rnd M4r?Und piime white at 195c. Corn was eaaier iQd dosed at 88c. a P9J-., chiefly at ths iusido figure for Western mixed. Pork was inactive, w.th sm^i, toaisactkms of new mess, at a slight conoe?ion in tovor of bnyers. CcfT;e was active, with nalo? (ai, k?d?)of abonJ 3,600 bags at full prices. Sugars wore firm wKh fair sales. Freigk* wert ]9W?r, w i\u ?jw? for Lhtrju^l, Our Wbtai Orap of Uke Pmwt Twr-A Load Voice tram a Croaker. Ik bos become an apothegm among oar stamp speakers that oar farmers ? oar "honest yeomanry'"? are not only the most Indepen dent of all classes of our people, bi? the hap piest. They ought to be; but we never yet have known them to be better tatisiied than "other folks," either with the seasons <fe their crops. Whatever may be the abundaoce or the quality of the returns of their harvests, there is always a plentiful supply of croakers among th*m. There is always a screw loose some where?too little or too mach rain, or the wee vil, or the rost, or some heavy drawback to the poor consumer, when least expected. We had supposed, however, that so bountiful were the products of the present year, grain, roots and fruits, beef and pork, eggs and chick ?ns, bread and butter, milk and hooey, that the croakers would be dumb. But we were mis taken. The Richmond <Va.) Examiner, in an article of several columns, devoted to "wheat," attempts to show that the New York Herald has made an over sanguine estimate of the crop of the United States for 1855? that we thall have very little, indeed, to spare for -ex portation; but that, being in the interest of the buying classes, it is our policy to magnify the crop in order to bring down prices. We are further informed that "times are not as they used to be in the trade circles, when prices were regulated by the laws of supply and de mand, and when honest merchants piously as cribed fluctuations to Divine agency. In oar day the Almighty has been relieved of the trouble of regulating the prices of provision stud's. Prices of homely substances, like wheat, oats, barley and maize, are now regulated by the geuerous fraternity whose daintv lingers u-ed only to touch fancy stocks and the like delectable subjects of (-peculation." In other words, the farmers have become the victims of ehnrpers and gamblers, and we have been only playing adroitly into the hands of tb<.se chevaliers d? Industrie. Our Virginia cott mporary, therefore, admonishes the sturdy yeomanry not to be frightened by the cry of the speculators of a great excess of wneat, bat to hold od, and beware n Uke "of the newspa pers and the foreign news.'' We have no objection to all this. We are not in the league of the buyiog classes; we have nothing to do witn hucksters and specu lators, whose policy it certainly is to uiakrf all ihe money out of the producers tbat they caa If tbe farmers can meet their current obliga tions without hurrying all their wheat to mar ket, tbey had better do so. A glut in the market alwiys reduces the price. We fear, however, from tbe shortness of tbe wheat and all other crops last year, that oar producers have fallen a little behiadhdud, and that too many, perhaps, will be compelled to sell at once to settle their outstanding liabilities. The effect of thiB may be an unhealthy reduction of tbe price of wheat in our seaport cities for a time, an?l perhaps a rise again wiien these first excessive supplies thall h*ve been exhausted. We think that it would be to the advantage of producers and consumers if this state of things could be avoided; and we wnald also advise our farmers to look into the matter and shape their course of action for themselves. L vrge as our crops of all kinds of the present year may be. we are not in a position to waste them or squander them away. It is to these crops tbat we all look for relief from that fearful pressure under winch our finaacial, commer cial, manufacturing and all other classe-t have been struggling since the collapse of the tlinny prosperity bubble of 1853. The is-ue with our Virginia croaker, how ever, is that we shall have little or no wheaP | for exportation this year; and thus he makes cut his cane: ? Everybody kii<>?a that ain o-:t the only Cae wheats that am- iu to t ie mtrkctfl of the worl.1, not grown m the couotr i-h ccJUHuming them, except frum the Amen can port*, ate derived frum Dantztc ? within a n one's throw of tte Ku.,?Un border, acd from Olerxi and it* neighboring port* on the Mack Sea ? witllin the actual limit* of the Kuntiin Kinpire. Ihe Impoxtitionof wheat ln<<* Irglatu alone, from these tiro quarters, exclusive ot tlio.o front Atchanwl 8i I'eteraburg and im wan 6,7hO,OlO, as tar); a* 184": and la, now, doubtlea? largely upward* cl 10, WW, 000 buahel*. Ihe Italian BtAte* au'l other irram importing countries borderiuu on Ute iledi te.ranean, wnlch get their aupplies ordinarily front Oatn*a and the Rlaca muet now look elaewhere for nipplie*, and will tiod no other w^ieati iuitable for ma king their macearoni aud vermicelli, now that, th y are eut oil from the (iilem?. but the line wheat* of America ? j iobably only tht.ee of our own Virginia. Hi- Ictal expert* ot' wlitat fr?m the ltumao ports of the HUck Sm, cow closed by war, wa* 28.721,872 buihel* in 1S47. These arc the supplies shut off from Western Knroii?,'|yi(l locked up in Southern Russia by the siege of Sebastopol; aud next comes the loss irom the blockade of the Baltic, which is put down as follows: ? The expert from Itattzlc (which derive* it* mpplle* from I'olami ana other KunaUn dominion*. ) and Ar:h angel, In the itnie y?a r, wa* 6, 060,000 buane!*; to aiy nouiing of tbe exports from hlga and St. Peterabur<, wslch could rot have teen lea* than 4,000,0 0 more. lUre, then, i* a prand total exportation cf wheat for a n I litrlvn- 1M7, front K.iauian port*, ot at lM(t L'S CCO.mO, entirely cut otfby the war, aud thi* of quali ties o! wi.ea's w icli are the very be*t Lnoirn in the na'W?ta, the like of which can oniy be obtained in quantity 'font tb * aide of the w.iter. We have not cHi eihl liRuren for later yeara. but have no doubt that be fore the war the Kuhhu.ii and IKntiic exportation of wheat reached 60,OCO,tOO of bunbela per annum. Have *e any Uid'cutiona aa yet that tbe exce** of the yield in Western I urnpe over and above that of ordinary year* ii at all emmt naurate with till* imr.ienne curtailment In the quantitiea of aupply, to ?ay nothing of tbe im pONfibihty of the soft wheats of Weatern Continental } urorp answering Ihe want* of trace, whatever be the exci'H over orditary production. According to these figures, we have here a deficiency to supply, re.-ulting from the war with Russia, of fifiy millions of bushels of wheat, to ihe markets of Western and Southern Europe. And what arc our capacities? W? have estimated our wheat crop of the present j ear. throughout the Union, at something over olio hnndred and sixty eight millions of bu h els. Our Virginia cotemporary, with a dispo tition to be extremely lllK!ral. grants an aggre gate of one hundred nnd sixty millions; and since our original estimate, causes have oc curred in these latitudes which may possibly reduce it to this last named sum. The contin ued heavy rains in thie quarter have doubtless extended over a vast surfue of country, to the destruction of much ol the wheat, (in many fields in the shock, or still unharvested,) from the sprouting of thr grain. We have alr4N% receiv<d complaints of this kind from Jersey. Long Island, the Hudson river counties, and even as far back as the Genesee river. The extent of the d imagc from this cause wo can not conjecture; but we presume that It will not HflVct our first estimate beyond a reductiem of eight millions of bushels, and it may be much less. Assuming, then, that we shall have a gross amount of one hundred and skty mil lion1- of bushels to go upon, what is the pros pect for exportation and high prices? Our Virginia croaker, allowing for hn-ne oenMimption, given us an excess of only thirteen million bushels with which to supply th?* whole demand of the American continent and island*^ and forfhipments to Europe. But we undertake to say that our home comjmption for bread will be far less than his flgftre of i:io,000,000 busbels. Uur entire wheat crop l?et jear, saved by the farmers, did not probably exceed 100, 000,000 bushels ; jet we exported of it about 6,000,000 bushels. Our Indian corn crop was a failure from the drought, and jet from New York alone our exports of last year's corn, aa late as last week, amounted to 80,000 bushels. If, then, with the general drought of last year, cutting off about one-half the corn and other autumnal products, we subsisted on a hundred millions of bushels of wheat, and had five mil lions excess for exportation, what can we act do with 160,000,000, and the most prolific year in com, potatoes, grass, fruits, and vegetables, ever known on this continent? According to the experience of the last year, weehall have from this year's wheat crop some 50,000,000 bushels for exportation, instead of 13,000,000, as estimated by our Virginia cotem porwry ; while, on the other hand, probibly lets than 20,000,000 bushels will suffice to tupply all deficiencies in Western and South ern Europe. Our accounts from Eogland, France and Germany indicate good crops this season. Cut off from Russia last year, and her 50,000,000 buchels of exports of wheat, and confronted on the West by short crops in the United States, there was an unsupplied de ficiency in Western Europe, which naturally enough contributed its full share to raise our breadstuffs and provisions to famine prices. But the Central and Western States of Europe iiave since been preparing for the contingencies of this Russian war, and to make good from their own resources the loss of her usual sup plies te their necessities. In this view, we dare 6ay that our excess of wheat will be more than sufficient, at reasonable prices, to supply the demands of Italy, Spain, France and Eng land. For the uses of the allies in the Crimea, their captures and the fine wheat growing dis tricts of Turkey in Asia Minor and Egypt, will, doubtess, be competent to supply the demand. The conclusions, then, at which we arrive arc these? that the late reductions in our mirket prices of wheat are not so much the results of huckstering and kiteflying, and the specula tors' hue and cry of extravagant crops, as the consequences ol supply and demand ?that last year's prices are permanently done away with; and that our abundant and cheap provisions lor the current year will be an advantage to all classes of tbe community, farmers included. The croakers may croak ; but with the country literally overflowing with the substantial;; of life, North, East, South and West, U is useless to keep up the plea of necessity lor famine prices. Sir Edmniid Btad and Cniindlan Politics. It npptars from our Canadian exchanges tdat the new Governor-General ? Sir Edmund Head ? iB not popular among his colonial subjects. One newspaper accuses him of ill temper; ano ther lojs ignorance and unwillingness to learn to bis charge; and a thim contains a lette r troin an ex-member of Parliament, Conrad Gugy, rating him in bharp terms tor a variety ot real or imaginary delinquencies. Altogether, it is pretty plain that Sir Edmund is not destined to i njoy a bed of roses in his new home, and t've chances are that we shall soon hear of his being chaeed, and hurried, and bullied by the Cana dian mobs just us Lord Elgin was. Yet it does not appear that he has been guilty ot any particular acts ot mischief. None of ihe journals at least specify auy such; their cu&rges are general and vague; and their dis like to him seems to rest on uo grounds which it, was possible or convenient to render public. If Sir Edmund Head had done anything at vhich the people could reasonably take offence, we may take it for granted that we should have heard ot it; the Canadian press enjoys a re markable degree of liber'y, and jobs are as certain of exposure theic as here. We must therefore conclude that the new Governor's unpopularity is bat-cd on mere popular preju dice, and that be is abused for the sole reason that he is Governor and is aa Englishman. Ti e infer* nee is the more natural as the ca reer of Lord Elgin in Canada establishes the very same fact. Lord Elgin was a man of re markable abilities and rare habits of industry, he was sincerely anxious to do his duty, and was freer from bias or prejudice than almost any of the Governors England has sent to her colonies. As compared with his predecessors in Canada, he overtopped them by a head and shoulders. Yet probably none of the Governors of Canada? not even the imbecile Gosford, or the arbitrary Sydenham? have been so unpopu lar as Lord Elgin. The scenes of 1840 at Mont real are yet fresh in the public memory. The pretext for the popular outbreak on that occa sion wbs the sigLicg by the Governor of an act of the Provincial Parliament which he would have been unworthy of his office had he refused to s^gn ; but the real cause of the trouble, and tie true secret of the persistent dislike to his pir>on which the richer classes in Canada ap peared to chirisb, was the anomally of there being a British Governor in Canada at all. This wus the true cause of Loid Elgin's failure, lie w as out of place. Any other man would have been as much so; and a man with less couiogeand less tact than he might have as certained the fact at greater cost than it in volved in his case. Had the Queen eent Sir Robert I'eel or Lord Palmerston to Canada, the case would have been the same; either would have tailed, and the Canadians would havecalied them all sorts of hard names, and treated ihem an if they had been villains and fools. For the Canadians have reached the point in their history where foreign control be comes burthensome. They imbibe a de meeratic s-piiit from their youth. They neces sarily grew up republicans. All their institu tions arc republican, all their Ideas predicated on the theory of popular equality. Nothing more catural than that they should feel an inward repugnance to submit to the coutrol of the Englishman? the foreigner? who is sent among them every tew years with power to veto their ItaWH, control their government, and play the mischief generally with their public affairs. The Canadians see plainly enough that they are as lit for self government as the English, and th<y ask themselves unconsciously why it should happen, such being the case, that ihey shot.ld be obliged not only to give thirty-one thousand edd dollars per annum to a gentleman whose only claim to their charity ia hi* title and his neeiliners, but to concede one-third of their au'horlty over the Province to a man far less lit to exercise it than any one of thens. ives They have reached the point which the colonial inhabitant* of tbis country reached about twenty years before the revolution when their whole history was a series of conflicts be tween the people and the royal governors, and the best of men, coming here in the capacity of governor on the king's behalf, were necessarily hated Mil opposed by the people, There were governors both in Massachusetts and New York who would have graced any other station iu life, but who, in their governments, spent a career of unmitigated misery and strife, and have left behind them a disgraceful reputation: not from any faults of theirs, but irom the falsity and absurdity of tbeir position. Just so it is in Canada. Lord Elgin, had he been elected governor by the people of Canada, would have been eminently popular, and would have been displaced in obedience to the principle of rotation only ; sent to Canada by the British governmeut, he was despised and detested. We have no means ot judging what Sir Edmund Head's qualities or abilities may be. But from the unpopularity he seems to have gained before he has performed a single act of magistracy, it eeems likely that however he developes he will be sacrificed as a victim to British connection. It would be far more sensible for the Cana dians to vote an address quietly to the Queen, begging her to send them no more governors, than to go on, as heretofore, making bad blood, and quarrelling with men who really deserve their respect and esteem. The British govern ment would certainly not insist on sending go vernors to Canada against the people's will; and it is quite plain that far better men for the position could be found in the province than out of it. That the Canadians will come to that ultimately, is obvious. It ia only a ques tion whether the anomalous plan of British go vernors should be continued, at the cost of the public peace of mind and honest men's charac ters, until it can no longer be borne; or whether the future should be anticipated, and the mis chief in store evaded, by adopting at once a re form that in the ordinary course of events will only b2 accomplished in the lapse of years, and after more inconvenience and trouble. Governor Reeder. ? We are at last ia formed from Washington tbat Mr. Keeder has been removed from his office of Governor of Kansas, and that Mr. Dawson, of Pennsylva nia, who voted for the Nebraska bill, has been appointed in his place. We have yet to learn whether this removal of Mr. Reeder is ibe result of a conviction upon the charge of Commissioner Many penny of unofflcer like speculations in the lands of the poor Kansas half-breed Indians, or whe ther he is discharged in deference to the petition of the Kansas Legislature; or for a little capital for Buncombe in the elections of this week and the next in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Kentucky. We guess, however, tbat these elections have had a good deal to do with it; and that Reedtr's removal will be trumpeted all over the South as another valiant proof of the fidelity of the administration to Southern rights. But why was this free soil laiid sp< culator appointed in the first place? and why has his removal been delayed until he has done all the mischief necessary to bring about a condition of things in Kansas little bet ter than a stale of civil war? Very likely the ex- Governor, having closed up his real estate operations, will be content to return to Penn sylvania. Let h's suwcessor keep clear of the half-breeds, avoid Stringfrllow, cut the aboli tionists, and stick to his official duties, a ad he may get ulong smoothly enough among the " border ruffians."' We hope the ex-Governor, on his return, will favor us with anjt'oer speech, and tell us how the question was set tled in the Cabinet. Endorsing the Soft Shells. ? Speaking of the Demociatic Soft Shell State Convention which is to meet in Syracuse on the 20th of August, the Putnam County Courier (hard shell,) says: ? It will be p?rcfiv?d that tbit gathering of office hold ers at>d tfceir dependents is c*i ksu one wees earlier than the democratic convention. which fact in regarded by acme of thalr credulous organs ait " not unfavorable to dtmccratie union." Perhaps not; but It may be veil enough to wait and see whether the nationals will adapt toe policy hire hinted at. The guppotition thu tie time >le?ignat?il ii favorable to uoton it prodtcated npon the presumption that the hards willeicip-y meet and go through tfce form.lit.y of endorsing the Cocbrana and Ihnuer# ticket. 'I h h they will doubtieu do, as the people of the Empire State entertain moat profound ra upecWor tbe above gentlemen, and will be entirely *Mi*6f d with their selections, notwithstanding soon of them may hail from localities m New if oca city of que* tionable morality. JttssMes, a different coiirie might offend M'fsrs Marry and Piece, which, of conrne, would surely prieve tbe nationals. We go in for " en dorsing," by all means. So we may anticipate a fusion of the hards and colts at Syracuse, on the soft shell ticket, providtd they can agree. We are sorry th&t the pro'pcct of an agreement is no: more lumi rous than it appears to be in Putnam county. A journey by Mr. Cochrane, or the Captain, up that way, on official business, would, perhaps, set the matter right. The time has come for action. Cilcket. riTBKSON VS. NKWABK cldbs. Thi* return match wis pliy??l yesterday at Paterson, New Jersey. Newark won, with three wickets to spar*. Paterson having won the toss, commenced at 10 o'clock, and at 10 }? all the men were out in 8 overs ? for 21 runs, hbarp work. Newark in their first inning only made 37, and in spite of all they could do the s:ores ware all (mall. The men seemed all out of spirits. Holla*' bowing was much admired; he look 9 wickets. ilutlsr, Shaw atd 1 jiw played well. On the Newark side we lud a new name, Ford, who blocts a ball in good style, and will make ft good player. Warner, a capita! player, was unfortunate. Wheatcroft, who msed to do great things, seemed oat of practice. Beaver showed be was a good old cricketer. R. Jefferson bowled good. Berber certainly improves; be gets his 8 very nicely. WurU, - in i t h and Raker did not sbine as they have dune. The email score speaks for itself:? PETERSON CLl II. Pint Innings. Second Innings. T-tal. Freger rnn nut 6 b. Elverson 2 8 l'iereon i>. JMTerson 0 b. Jefferson 0 0 Shaw b. Elverson 2 c. and b. Jefferson... 3 5 Butler leg b. w. b. Jeffer son 8 b. Jefferson 8 16 llinthcliffe i un ont 3 at. Werner 3 6 1 m w run out 0 c. Warner b. El vet son 4 4 Pilkin&ton b. Jefferson.. 0 e. Wurtz b. Elverson. IS 16 Halls* b. Klvemon 0 C. and b. Elverson. . . 2 2 b. Jefferson 1 fmiih Kg b. w. b. Elver son Watts c. Beaver b. Klver- not out 1 ecn 0 lllauvelt not out 0 b. Jefferson 0 0 Bjes 2 liyes 1 3 Total 21 Total 40 81 mrwakk run. Heaver c. P.'ereon b. I'll* Mngtm 4 b. Italia* 7 11 Ford f. lilnehcliUe b. PU k teuton 5 not nut 1 6 \Varn?r I) Pilkington. . . 9 b. Halls* 0 u luier c. Sfcaw b. Hall**. 0 not out 7 7 VShiatcrolt c. and b. I'll - ktnttor 8 b. lUlla* 1 7 B. Jellerern runout,... ? leg b. w. b Hallas .. 0 0 Sesman at. Shaw 0 b. llallaa 0 0 Smith l?g b. wirket b. Ha'ler 0 b. Mallei 1 1 Wurts i un out 0 c. Hlncbcl.fte b. Pii kington 0 0 Barber e. Tr?gear b. Hal In ' 8 3 Elverxin not out 0 0 Byes, 4; wide baUs, 4.. 8 Byes, 2; widet, 8. . 10 18 Total 37 ToUl 27 M mklenpaylt I* eipected the New York Club will play at Afcany against tbe eleven picked men of tbe Albany aad I'tica clnb*. and on Friday the married and ? ingle members of St. (ieorgo'e play at Uoboken. Ratal Intelligence. The frigate Poteaee waa to sail on the 2V.h in It. from Norfolk for this pert, to relt aa (.UUBeden I'to/lUg* itag ibif ol Dm hwf ; T H K LATEST MBWIJj BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPH*. From Washington. TUB REMOVAL OF GOV. BBBDdK? THE E1H9A3 judges, arc. Washington July SO, 1855. The remoTtl of Governor Beed*r has created a good deal of excitement here. It U believed that lir. Ditvson will not accept the appointment. It will then be given to a Southern man. The Kansas Judges have not been removed. The ad niniitration ha? not received anything from them jet. As soon u it doei arrive, they too will have to walk the plank. Caahing intends leaving for a short time as soon as Marc j returns. DON. Governor Reedcr and His Alleged Land Speculations. St. Louis, July 30. 1855. Governor Boeder furnishes a copy of hit answer to Secretary Marcy's last letter to him, to the Lawrence Tribune. He says, in i elation to the charge of having purshased half-breed Kansas lands, that he purchased no such lands, and he think k he has been treated un fairly because the President has called on him for a de ence against the charge of violating rules which are not specified, and he asks for a specification. Congressional Aomlnatione In Minnesota. Chicago, July 30, 1855. St Paul (Minnesota) papers of the 29th Inst, state that alter the nomination ef H. M. Kice for delegate u Congress, a number of the members of the democratic convention met In Governor Gorman's library, and ncminated the Hon. David OlmsUad. Ex Governor Ramsay received 36 votes in the republican convention, although he had previously declined the nomination. Interesting from the Plains. St. Louis, July 30, 1855. We are In receipt of late advices from the Pla'ns. Mr. Holmsna, District Attorney of the United States for Utah, was at outh Platte, en route tor Washington, with despatches from Col. Steptoe to the War Depart ment. He met no Indians or whites until he reached Sweet Water, where he found a large party of Mormons exploring for gold. They were darning and tarning the bed of the river. A letter from a gold seeker says that they had found large quantities of silver. One man in the vicinity of Sweet Water took $40 of .gold in a day. Gold had also been discovered on Medicine Bow stream, southwest of Fort 1 .a ramie. Two hundred Arpio Indians were encamped a ihort distance from this river, and were peaceable. They say if a war takes place between the Sioux and the troops, they will join the strongest party. A war party of Sioux at Seaboute Creek, fifty nlles above Fort Laramie, were awaiting the arrival of troops, and threatened if they did sot arrive in ten days they would kill every white man between Laramie and Devil's Gate. Several trains of Mormons from Texas had bien fallen in with between Fort Kearney and the Blues. They had lost twenty by cholera, and the balance were in good health. The Rtoint Defalcation of th? Treasurer of the K astern Railroad Company. Bohton, July 30, 1865. At tbs adjourned meeting of the stockholders of the Eahtern Railroad to-day, the report of the epecial com mittee was read, warmly debated, and finally adopted. The defalcation of Tuekerman, the late Treasurer tD the company, is found to amount to ?'216,300. The com mittee speak encouragingly of the prospect* of the roid, make various suggestions for a yore economical ma nagement, to guard again fit fraud, &c. A new Biard of Directors was^chcsen, and the meeting adjourned. The Emigrant Aid Society of HuaarhOKtU, Uomos, July UQ, 1866. The Secretaries of the New England AiRociatioa of Clergymen have issued a?eeond c ire ula^axhl citing the most encouraging nuccesMewards the obj4fe?ntempUt ed. The purpose ot the aeaociation U to e^j^ee the three thouxand clergymen of New England as We members of the Kansas Emigrant Aid Society, by paying twenty dollaia, making a general fund of $60,0(X ? this sum to be expended in nettling Kan ass with Christian men and women from New England. The Yellow Fever* NB N ORLEANS. New Oriju.ns, July 28, 1855. The deaths by ytllow fever ia the Charity Hospital, during tke put week, wera kCl. The fever has also broken out a; Baton Rouge. NORFOLK. VI. Norfolk, July 39, 1855. There hare been retjnWeo new -asee of yellow fever hereto day, and two deaths. Ihey are all traceable to Goeport. GOSrOBT, VI. Baltimore, July 30, 1855. I p to Saturday n'ght the total number of cases of yellow fever at Goepor', Va , waa 34, while the deaths were 18. Death of Jnilgc Frlclt. Baltimore, Ju'y 30, 1S55. Judge William Frlcfc, of our Superior Cjurt, died yet tercay, at Warm Sulphur Springe, of dysentery. Sadden Death at Cape Atay. Philadelphia, July 30, 1855. Mia'i Porte*, daughter of Judge Porter, of Eantcn, Pa , died on Saturday, at Cape May, after a very ihort ill nerd, -he was bathing on the previous day. Three Mtudera on Shipboard. Baltimore, July 30, 1856. New Orleans papers of Tuesday are received. Three sailors were murdered oa board the ship Colchis, of Philadelphia, whilst on their way from New Orleans tj the Balize. The authorities had refused to allow the veaael to ge to sea, and an examination into tne affair was in progress. County Convention In Oneida, Ctica, July 30, 1855. A < ounty Convention of the friends of freedom and prohibition was hell here to-day. The attendan :e wax email. The Kav. D. Skinner preaided. Resolutioni in favor of fusion, Ac., were adopted. Marti. c Kxcureloa. Niw Have.'*, July 30, 1865. The Klack Bird Aquatic Club, composed of civic offi cial* and members of the New York preia, arrived here this morning at 10 o'clock. In tbe echoom-r Mary, aa 1 H ft (or Boston, via New I/mdon aul Newport, tnu afternoon at four o'clock. All hands are well and anti cipate much pleasure from the cruise. Market*. PHILADELPHIA BTOCK BOARD. Piuladklpiua, Joiy .10, 18.15. Money easy; atocke dull. Reading, 44 9-lfl: Morris Canal, 14 7j; long Island, 10>j; Penna. Kit, 44 9-16; Penna. Slate lives, 88. New Orifjvs, July 28. 1856 . Ihe roiton market is a trifle higher, 'say '4'0., owing to the light stock on band. Sale? to day, 2 -.'ij bales. Bl'TVALO, July 30? 12 30 P. M Flour unlet and drooping. Common Wisconsin $7 76. Wbe at lower; sales 7, 0tA> bmsbels upper late spring at 11 48. Com lowtr; hales 20, LOO bushels at 14c. 0*t? atendy. Canal freights a thade easier; corn to New Yoik 12Sc. Keceipta fur the last forty eight houra ? Ffcur 8,300 bbl* . corn ICO.OOO bueheis. Canal export* for asm* time ? Flour 642 bbls., wheat 14,402 bushels, corn 127,010 do., oal* 40, COO do. The lilah Aid Ixltty. The New York Irish All Society met laat evening at No. 125 Grand street, Mr. Mulligan ia the chair. The minutes of the laat meeting were read and approved. Mr. K am reported ticm the Finance Committee, and aald that many appl nation had been received from fa milies wishing to |o out West, and after due examina tion. it was derided to rend them off. On next Wednes day. four additional families would leave. All had been recommended by n.ea of uigh veracity. The report was arrep'.ed. Mr. lit i.hjh moved that Mr. Walsh be continued as a Tliiter ef the applicant*, on the part of the Finance Cmiiutte*, an<" paid for his aervl-ea aa aush. Mr FmPATRiCB wa? opposed to tbe payment of ofB cera aa lilely to acatter the funda, and leave very little for the original purooiee of the aoclety. Ihe Ch a ih man advocated tb* retaining of Mr. Watah's aervicaa for one month, and the compenaat ng him for them. Mr Hrr.iro moved that Mr. Walsh do get 19 per week aa a aalary for bis atrTlcea as reeordins; -eiretary. Mr FmPATHir* objected decidedly, a* he conaidered that the Vigilance Committee ahould Inquire into the merits of all applicant* for aid. It wit* reaolved that a >alary of 99 per weak be given to Mr Walsh for aueh time aa the society aw 8t. It waa moved that tbe Vlgllanoe Committee then be ('li charged Mr Walsh refused to do all the doty of tbe V'pil?a<-e Ormmlltee Ihe motion was laid on the table. Several aub-frlptleas were handed in. A family nam <d Kenn?Jy. and a family named Mc< auley. had been aided to go on to their deatlnation. A Mr. buna had alao been aided to ge te tbe country. V vote o' ?hanks was paeaed to the erty fires*. The meeting adjourned at a late how a.' m ? i?-act u>|Blar|?a<avftB?v{ The Submarine Telegraph Acroas the UaU mt St, Lawrence. A few week* ago we g*ve our reader* en account of the greet submarine teleiraph, by which it is proponed to connect the Old end New World*. Tale enterprise ia going oa moat successfully, end will bs accoomjluhsd within much less than threi yean ? the tims speoiiled. The parties bj whom it was undertaken have oeen or ganized under the title of "the New York, New.'ouad land and London Telegraph C.impany." The r names are, Peter Cooper, Meses Taylor, Cyrus W. Field, Mar shall O. Roberts, Chandler White and Sam!. F B. ilorse. As we stated before, the point* of counectioa are St. Johns, In Newlouacland, and Cork, on toe njutacm coast of Ireland, and tbe distance, 1,6S0 m'.lsH. Frotu St. Johns a line 1* in oourse of construction aero** the southern part of .Newfoundland to Port au Risque, and will be completed in ei||lit or t<n week*. Tae i stance between Port au Basque and Cape North across a portion of the Gulf of St. Lawrence i* seventy- four in let. and the connection of these points will oe elles'.ed by a nut marine cable of three wire*, and about an lash aula ntif thick. Thu cable was shipped from London on the 2Kkh of last month, la the ship Sarah L. Bryant, waich is n )?v lying at Fort au Basque. Mr. Canning, the engineer wko su perintended tbe laying of iht Mediterranean cible, sail ed for America on the 7th inst., In th<> ste*mer Canada, and 1* at present In Newfoundland, waitlnj t) oversee the execution of the new enterprise. Aa this 1* the first submarine cable of any im portance which has been laid on this side or th? A tan tic, the laying of it may be regarded as a new era la the history of telegraphing in this country. The weight of the cable i* four hundred toas, and the time required for putting It do an will not ex ceed two day* at the utmost, uuless the weather should prove very unfavorable As tbe occasion will be oae of more than usual Interest, quite a cousideraole number of ladles and gentlemen, we understand, have tikes ; assage on board tee steamer Calhoun, which ha* been engaged by the company to tow the Sarah L. liryant across the Gulf of 3t. I.iwrtnee, and which will sail from the foot of Twelfth street, Gait river, on Thursday, the second of Auguit. Among these are Mr. and Mr*. Peter Cooper, Profesior H. F. B. Morse and lady, Cyru* W. Field, Professor Killimaa, Jr., lieutenant M. F. Maury, Profe?*or Shepherd, Rev. Dr. Adam*, Or. Ssyre and lady, Mr. and Mr*. R. W. Lowber, Dr. Ilamel, of St. Petersburg, James P. Sluyter, and about thirty other*. Kverytnlng haa been provided that is necessary to reader tail one of the most delightful excursions, although the voy age was undertaken at first solely for business pur poses. It 1* the Intention of the computy to stop at several poiats on the aoutharn and western coista of Newfoundland, which may be regarded almost a* a terra incognito. The southern thors Is protected by a bold chain of rocka, whleh rise to tbe height of two or three hundred feet, while the western is covered with a dense forest, that extend* far back Into the interior. The island la rich In mineral wealth, as proved by the exploiationa of tbe geologists aad mine ralogist* who were employed by the company to *elect the fifty mile* of land that had been granted them by the colonial government aa an encouragement to them to carry out the enterprise. The establishment of this telegraph is of toe greatest importance to the people of Newfoundland, a* It muat inevitably lead to the developement of the resources of that country, and open up new avenues of trade anil commerce. The chief occupation of the population at present i* fishing, which lurnixhes a very precarious subsistence at best, and which, to long a* it is puraued exclusively, most keep them in a state of comparative poverty. The colonial goveromant, therefore, acted with wise forethought and judgment when they granted the exclusive privilege for fifty year* to the company, of running a telegraph across the island, and through any portion of Its adjacent waters. Their liberality, how ever, did not stop here, for, realizing the great advantage such a work must prove to the country, they appropriat ed twenty Ave thousand dollars for the construction of u bridle path over the island, secured ths company the interest on fifty thomand pounds sterling for twenty years, and made theoi a present of fl!ty square mile* of land, which they were at liberty to select la any part of the country, and a further grant of fifty addi tional square miles, when the line is extended asrosa the Atlantic ocean. The steamer Csltoun, which 1* to sail on Thursday will take tbe vessel having the submarine cipIb on board in tow at Port au'liaaque and proceed acros* the gulf o Cape North, the nearest point on the coast of Cape fereton. While she Is steaming at the rate of between two and thiee miles an hour, the cable will be paid out from the steraof tbe Sarah L. Iiryaat. About thirty men will be employed In this process, which is very simple, the cable being run out over a wheel from the coil aa it lies in the bold of the vesael. In addition to those who are going out merely for the pleasure of the trip, we may mention the fact that Mr. Hueated is also going to sa ? permtend the blasting of the rock* at the entrance to the harbor of St. John*, which are a obstruction* to vessels, and at drawing great depth of water. We hope the vtyage may be every way successful, bcth in a busi ness point of view as<l as a pleasure excursion. CnrotieiV InqnttU. T hk luTt Accident jit tiis New York Hotki ?Coro ner Hilton held an Inquest jeiiterdsy mornlcg upon the booy;of J* men Dougherty, tbo painter, whe *??, killed on Saturday! afternoon r>y falling from a ?ci(To'.J erected cn the sixth story of the New Yore Hotel. Tae foil particulars of tbe accident baring been published la !-ond*y'? paper, it 1s unnecessary here to repe*tcir:um stsxcm attending the oeatb of deceased. The jury readrred a verdict of ?' I'eatn by fracture of tne skull." Deceased was lib jeurs of age, aid *m a nauvs of I re al: >1. He wh? a married roan anil leaves a wife and family to lament liia untimely end. Tbe other painter, John Lane, wlio ft 11 along with deceased froaa the scaf folding is rapidly improving, ana It la believed by the pnymcian in attendance at the .\'ew.York*lIo?pittl, that be will ultimately recover from tbe injuries received. Fatal Accident on Statkm la land? Coroner O'Don nell held an Inquest at No 0 Mulberry street, upon the body ef a man named James Dewan, aged 28 years, who came to his death by internal hemorrhage from being crushed ly a scup or swing erected at the Pa vllion, Ma ten Inland, 'the deceased It appeared while getting out of ene swing was strnck by the otner one ? there bring two of these structures situated close together? with grant violence, producing tbe abeve in juries. He lingered In great pam until hal' pent four o'clock yesterday morning, when he expired. Verdict, " Accioental death." Deceased was a native of Ire land . I'orsD Drowjud.? Coroner Hilton held an inqaest upon the body of a man named Jamea Hannan, a native of Ireland, and 38 years old, who was found drowned at pier No. 5 Kant River Deceased was ia the employ of the proprietors of the Oswego line of caoal boats. He ?a? a very intemperate man, und had ju>t beta libe rated from the lombs, wt i re he bad been imprisoned ten days lor intoxication. He had been mi.'stng two days. KAccipeital Drowning ? Coroner Gamble held an ia quest upon ths body of a boy seven years of age named Auguit Darker, residing at No. 80 Jaekion street, who came to bis death by drowning. Tbe deceased, it ap peared. went down to tbe dock at the foot of J.ckson street, to wash bU feet, end while engaged in that em ploy ment, accidentally slipped off the pier into tbe deep water. Hemg usable toswim, he was drowned are nay one was awsre of the accident. Verdict ? accidental drowning The deceased was born in New York. Aailnc Court. Before Judge McCarthy. Ji lt 20.? Eagle ngaimt I'orter.? This was an action to recover 1162 for a balance of rent alleged to be due plalntifl from one Burke for whom defendant was sure y for certain premises in Varlek street, New York. Oa he part of the defence a balance of |7d was alleged to be due from plaintifl for the tx.arf) and lodging of ooe of bis employes, tbe balance wan tendered lo plaintift before suit was bronght. The Court allowed (68 of the on ret and gsve judgment for >114 and costs. that let JtcOmmM ngiimxl Alfnri 8. Baft. ? This su t was bronght by tbe pimotifl as tbe assignee of Hall & Byrd, merchants, for a bill of sllka sold in 1x61 ? amount $267 (6. For the defence It was Insisted that the gooes were sold and tbe credit given to Tbooae Kates, who at that time was doing bnsine-s in Cedar street, and for whom the defendant was merely a clerk at tbe time of the purchase. Thomas Batea lubsequant ly stopped business, and now this salt against tbe de fendant who produred the original bills charged against ibomss Hates. Judgment for defendant. Mi' ha' I i.actur againit Selah It. Van luiT ami Wm. Bg>r <m.? Tbis suit waa brought to recover the aum of $e,0, for* balance alleged to be due on the sale of a quantity of loeofeco mstchtx. The rale was admitted: but In defence itwns insisted that plaintilT was Indebted to the defendants in tbe sum cf $.'><, for a quantity of match bcxes returned to the plamtilf. Judgment for plaintilT, 96, costs to defendant*. I". 8. Maiihsl') Oflkte. Arr'tl. ? Three men, named David Harrington. John Read and Thomas Collies, were arretted and neki to bell, charted with obstructing Custom itoute olbcera m dig chargieg a vassal. Knox, at hie Hew (laastere, No. '41 '4 II r wart way, (northeast crner cf Kulton street,) hut secured a vast increase to his already large share of pat.-onage, and <'.\ily fnrnishes hundreds of v s t?r* with Hats that surpass anvthing of the kind yet offered to tr.e comaae nity. At the p'ace above mentioned, or at h.'s up towa depet. 513 Bro?dfr*y, KNOX will b* happy to see all who desire a fashionable, weU made and an/side style of svt??ei b lit.

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