Newspaper of The New York Herald, 2 Ağustos 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 2 Ağustos 1855 Page 2
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AMERICAN SUMMER RESORTS. hharon springs. fiPiIKO llorra, } Paium Snuwos, N. Y., July 30, 1866. f JDumption of &e Spring) ? Beauty of the Surrounding Scenery? incr**nng Popularly of Sharon? flunkey um and Snoibrry?A H'att-au Tableau wit\ a Damp Made Grounds-Virtues of tie Spring? no$e whom they Cttrt, end '.bote wAom ifiey Don't Cure? A Start* ling Ewntr- hbihionublc AmuteneiUs, dc., ??c. Yon will smile when J^fceil you-but it to never theless the fact th*x aince my arrival lien I have ted BO leisure to follU the promise which I made yon, of writing frequently daring my visit to thia yhyj- The pursuit of health ia inlinitely more en gjmtitg than any other occupation that I know of. M eoacentrates your thoughts upon a single object ?deadens you aympathiea with the outer world, and envelope" yon in an atmosphere of seliishness. Tbe slightest exertion beyond the daily routine prescribed for yon by your physician or imposed ?pen yon by the habtta of the locality in which yon are atajiag, appears to yon aa so much diverted IMa the value of the preotous sift of which you an in search. It ia in the completeness of this abstraction from all external cares that the invalid tads one of the moet important elements of the oavatho pioceaa. Without it the springs, efflcacious as they are, would be of little or no benetlt to him. P Much ai I had heard of the beautiee of thia retired spot, I confess l did not expect to flod them so ful ly realized. Approaching it as I did, under the aaoet ox favorable circumstances? the rain descend, lag In a deluge, and threatening to sweep the crazy vehicle in which I waa seated down the steep and dangerous descent which led to the springs? I could an restrain an exclamation of pleasure as my eye embraced the different teatures or tbe landscape that spread before me. Do# a the rocks of the ca^y along the edge of which wound ?e road which I was ascending, thundered the waters of a picturesque cascade, swollen by the contributions of the previous heavy rains, wldkt on the summit ot tbe hill beyood it, commanding a view of a wide range of country, stood a building of huge proportions aod portentois architectural character? the principal hotel of the place. Emerging from the ravine, we entered the charming little valley in which the springs are situated. Surrounded on every side by bills, it aeems to have bsen purposely adopted by nature to the protection of the Invalid. Here no biting east winds can penetrate to chill one's blood, wbiis: the caculation is quickened and tbe pores are opened la long immersion in the sulphur bath. Here, too, the scorching sun is tempered by refreshing moun tain breezes, and should its beat occasionally prove oppressive, there ia pient>of shade to be found in flia fine woods which crown the heights and stretch dawn even to cue's very door. A. more rural aud picturesque spot it is impossible to imagine; the law hotels ana boarding bouses composing tbe vil lage being happily insufficient to mar these agreea ble features. Since my arrival lure the weather hu been mise rable; the rata falling in freqent tropical growers, ui affordingbut few opportnuitiea of walking or widkcg oat. Within a week we have had bat one ?ninterruDteclly floe day, whilst we leva that too hi New York hare been undergoing the ordeal of another of Mr. Meriam's "heated terms." In spite tf the weather, however, and of the heaviness of the roads, visiters continue to poor in from all parte? North, tiast, West and South. Sharon has ?ever been so fnli as it is at present; the ac knowledged efficacy of it* waters, the bsauty of the country by which it ?s surrounded, a nd the alarm caused by the recent nigger revolt at Sara toga, all contributing to direct a large share of the summer emigration to this quarter. The old lutbi tuts of the spot regret tbis, inasmuch a* it will di vest it in time of one ot its greatest charais? its spsietsesa and freedom from the bustle and preten tious characteristic of a fashionable watering place. It is already beginning to a?snme soma of its most objectionable and disagreeable features, in the ex travagance and coquetry displayed by some of the lad y visiters in their toilettes, and In the spirit of I snobbery and flunkeylsm which is invading the rit gentility and good breeding that have hither distinguished the society at Sharon. The Pavi lion, which from its size and some slight difference in Ma charges, is looked npon by the would-be fashionables as the aristocratic headquarters, frowns down from Its elevation on its smaller and less favored competitors in the valley. Belles whose sires have accumulated their money in some af the leaat reputable pursuits of trade, and bloods whose pockets are as empty as their heads, speak contemptuously of the " people stopping at the ether bouses. ' And yet at these other houses an to be fonnd some of the members of the eldest and most esteemed families in the Union, to aay nothing of foreigners whose names have some slight claim to distinction- suoh as the Iturbidea and Barings. The truth is. that as regards society here, all the hotels stand on pretty nearly the same footing? the preference being given by persons of W*iet habits to these which accommodate the sasaUest namfcer of visiters. In all, the cuitine and P serai arrangements are excellent, the proprietors these respects displaying a vigilance ana atten tats which are not always to be fouad in our city hotels. When, therefore, an unfair pre eminence is attempted to be given to a par tioalar establishment, * is accessary that the public ahon.d be oorrectly Informed on the subject. The Pavilion, in point of idle, is unquestionably the firet hotel in the place; bat as regards comfort aad the social position of those who stay at it, it atanda no higher than the ?Ibcrs. I have already alluded to the extravagance in dress which la one ot the moat marked indications of the ahaagea which are stealing over this hitherto quiet aad unpretending place. Yon mav judge of the extant to which it is carried, when I tell you that some of ear city belles at the Pavilion are to be aeea flaunt ing down to the springs through rain and mud in their hooped evening diesses and gay colored rib boa coijfures, disdaining for their feet even the pro tection of an overshoe. Some of these costumes are af the moat outrt and ridiculoua character, being in foct almost as extravagant as tbose worn at a mai qacrade. This attempt to improvise Wattea\?'a (-naming tableau, in damp groves and pools of slash, affords of oourse intiiute amusement to the spectators. Were the objeots ef it but oonscions of the merriment which they excite, they would fly from a place so uogenial to their ambitions aspira tfons. Having described the more salient social features af ear little floating population, let me now turn to a topic which wul have more interest for your senders. As restoration of health is the ostensible ?bject which brings visiters from all parta of the Ualen here, it is necessary that do misunderstand tog should exist as to the nicotic qualities of the waters, or aa to the diseases upon whico they are likely to have a favorable influence. Let me in the C>st place premise tint, thoy will not oure people with disordered stomachs arising from dissi potion and overindulgence, so long as they transport with them their city habita and uncontrollable ap petites. It is amusing to bear persons complaining af not being able to distent the waters, when, even bars, they are daily overloading their stomachs with an an natural ancount of food washed down by wins or spirits. No, the lnvslid who seeks to de rive benefit from ihese fountains of health most ex srsise the virtue of self-denial, and k*ep vigilant watch over his desires. Aa regards fermented liquors he must practice total abstinence, whilst of food he most eat sparingly, and of many of the freed things set before him not at alL Salads, fruiu aad acids of every kind ougot to be carefully avoided? at least so aay the German physicians whose experience of the use of mineral waters in thair own country gives weight to their recommen dations. A large proportion of the Invalids to be found here have Men sent by these practitioners, who entertain a high opinion of these springs. Thay mot only prove It by their advi:e. but also by their example, tor, inconvenient as it must be to them, they quit their practice for a brief period in order to benefit by tbe use of the waters. Among the eminent physician* at present here, are Dr. Mutter, of Philadelphia; Dr. (isechled, of New York, and Dr. Kalt, of Brooklyn. The presenoe of these gentlemen has been of (treat benefit to many who aright otherwise have injured themselves from the hsfodicioua use of these powerful remedial agents. It is hut due to them to say that they give their advise freely and ?? amairur to ail who seek it. The analysis of the water* or tbe two wring*, as recently made by an experienced chemist, is as follows: - wHmt sri.rnm ?mrNo. Oonttnii of imt 0atUm. Ri cart* oat* af s#a#n?eia 24 grains. Saiphate of magnesia .14 <? J**)ph?t* of lime. 8 i >? Hj4ro?n!j>h?5e of maffoenia ?nd lims a * Chlerid* of tedium and magnesium 'J 7 " Folid (ontents 149.1 Bydrasalphsiic ?c.d gen, or mjlphuretted hydro ??? 20..') cubic in. Temperature i?ran?bly 48 o Kahrea MAumm spnivfi. CWfWi of unr nation. Btearhcaate of mtfnetia 30.5 gti. Sulphate of f. 22.7 ?' Hnisbateef Ume ... 76 ? Hydrosolphate of ra?|r*sia u<! limn A '< ffcJorMe of sodium and nufamiatn 3.0 " Settd eon tents flydreenlpknrie aeid fas. or xaiphorettad hydro gee 3 e?Mc in. Tesspeiatnre invariably 4?o Vnhren. The complaint* In which these waters are consi dered n?oet efficacious.. are chronic rheumatism, cu toaaone diseases and eflbctions of the kidneys, or Jtolr I t?Tf Bjsftf fffi **9 examples dwrbg the brief period Uit 1 have km here. Seven] persons kin bees pointed out to ?e, who arrived * tew weeks ataoe ant eratakee, Aid who hove been able either to paraDy or whol ly to discard them. Borne there an unquestionably who derive bo benefit from then, hat they en prin cipally of the clue, who, as 1 have already stated, obetlaately refuse to eonform to the regimen en joined by experience. There are hot tow, however, who leave these springs without having reason to be grateful for some amelioration in tneir condi tion. We had an event here yesterday which created quite a commotion in the village, and disturbed, in no email degree, the equanimity of the visiters. Owing to the unpardonable stupidity ot the person who laid the brick foundation of the steaa engine whicbjpumps up the water for the bathroom, and who built it upon a plank floor, the latter took fire aooat five o'clock in tne morning, and the whole building wonld speedily have been in flames bat for the prompt and energetic efforts of the bath attendants. No larther mischief was fortunately done than the destruction of part of the flooring. Had the engine iteelf been injured it wonld have pat an end to the bathing for the season, and, in all probability, would nave caused the immediate departure of the majority of the visiters. As it was, toe service of the baths was interrupted for the day, in order to give time for a fresh foundation to be built. This morning it wss resumed as usoal. The weekly bops at the Pavilion have received a damper from the dangerous illness of one of the in mates, the music of the brass band being too mash for a man in bis state, or, indeed, for a man in any etate, except in that o I the most absolute draftees*. Te compensate for this, there have been other at tractions, in the chape of tableaux vivants. ethnolo ?ical lectures, and even ventriloqui&l tow a dt force y a peripatetic professor. The scientific gentle man who lectured " on hair and wool," was, I should mention, beaten all to smash by the professor in his illustrations of the idioaynctasies of the human species. I must now close this lengthy and rambling epistle, reserving any farther observations that! may have to make about Sharon and its neighbor hood for e> fn'ure communication. Gen. Almonte, the Mexican Minister, is, I understand, expected on Wednesday next at the Eldridge House. BOHVMMb Horrible Murder In Peekskill. OUR PKEK9KTLL CORRESPONDENCE. Fkekpkill, July 31, 1855. This quiet and peaceful village was thrown into a state of excitement on Saturday morning by the announcement that an unprovoked and cruel mur der had been committed on the evening pravions by a couple of Irishmen. It appears from the evidence on the coroner's inquest, that the victim, also an Irishman, named McDonald, residing at Verplank's Point, cuiue to thva v:Laffi to pur b we s>we arti cles, witn his little boy. It was Here tha* so was overtaken by his murderers, who iadncsd him to drink with tnem twice at different places. After getting his goods, the four started down the rail road track for horns, and when about a mile below one of the assailants pulled out a bott e and asked the man to drink. Over this an old dispute arise, which tnded in his being struck by one with his fist and the bottle being broken over his bead by the other. The son seeing his father fall, started for the Point, crjing murder. After beating the man till insensible or dead, the villains, thinking to avoid all suspicion, laid bis neck upon the rail of the up track, and the emigrant train, fifteen min utes after, cut his head clean cflf. They w*re stand ing near the bod; when the train backed dowa, and from their conduct and conversation they were suspected by the conductor and engineer of foul play. Tney were arrested next morning on the fcvider cs of the boy, 12 years old. The jnry return ed a verdict of wilful murdsr, and they were com mitted to the White Plains jail. . Item. from Texas. cbeng^:- to!,omne item? from our Texas ex t,Jw? ?^Tf8^;8 Railroad from Staffed'. Point to ? M1I,8 Pressed forward with the utmost t\?JL ? l|? energetic contractors, Messrs. Kyle & ftnd the woik will b6 coninlfitAd in timo enabte the merchant, and pl3a to o?d^tU^ ssuraftistr^Jsa editor of the Henderson Dinxocrat , wrote to Uei . Rusk, requesting hi* Tiers of Know Nothingism. Gen. Unit', reply, woich we tind ta lian tn ihV v tb?T in,t- expresses his opposi tion to the ktow Nothinc party and ni?a hai ??!, their effort. Brnri?. hit ??CB and Political power. <;.n. 'jut **t 'bjm ' seems a. though it n> ?i^ meant f. r hi. colleague, Sam "off ^ governor Pease, on the petition of the Distort MtvJTeyK "V8n.of Jniy and a large number of clti/eno, ba. pirdoned Conrad Frill m An whn >?? sent to the penitentiary for tiree years on a ehartre M ."tost ,??' ' in kU,iDg Wingate, Port Lava ttMeu ku ttaM ? respite of ninety day. to ?<herke, who was to have been executed in *Z*?D ?#t*r,dt?- (lherk?- wh^ a German by is. sstsi, *?*i * ffwwal feeling of pleamire tbean>T*i nr"Jhl f TV, *w>k?ned to Hourton bv 5Sd from tha?cUy 4 ? * ** ^ state, that Hon. J. B. Ro (^ov^nn, ^i^e*w g * candidate for Lieutenant Nothi??' ^?i R,u tb?ron8hly oppoeed to toe Know .\ouutks and the State syhtem. Dr. Rohartam wishes to prevent a division of the democ nttV?<?T ?fj 8 c<,nr?? i* commendable. Sift ^ttSSSPS^SSSL."--" "* Governor Pe?w? ha. imued a proclamation offer 15 iV"? three hundred dollajs for the'anMt J"> Wbite, in Liberty county. Bjoth is ahont liTIey?. ?S *boot f?e feet ten incbe. high hpl i /if' v# '7"' [OOIld faoe! ,M,8? mouth, thin ht?* K^,i ? j or his hair,) bead, forward wslkimr *???? gentra,,y ,00k? *oward his feet in ws King voice coarse, complexion dark flnrid weigh, about 150 pounds; heavy eyebrows* >??' ? fat iMdl, bat do.V owiffSSJKK ... , New Patents Issued. P.W ,ro? th? United States Patent office for the week ending July 31 in v. each bearing that date:- 7 ' 1Sj"~ P^\ten>fmK.SW' M,Cb" f?r im" blower Bunhut' ?f ChUU^oothe, Ooio, ?o7 fM ?Sff&BKaur-- "? Y "?"? N T.,te,top?w W?S"? Sfw?of westbrook, Maine, aad Ephraim .!&"???- "STars ???? ?4sssaswj5as'- Wtaoo?""' * i?Ka2stsai''<sjswMU? w,~? ? "? for Josee Johncon, of Wadiineton D r f nr im fwytyi,. j, wmitmm^SSr' U C" ?"k?- K,..f.,w?. IB cot orr W?. Seller., of New Yoik K v r.. i Bent in ventilating hats. ' ' ' lmProw? I?a*o M. Singer, of New York v v r~ < ment in ??wing naciiiMf. ' Y'' ,or improv^ Paul Stllfman, ot New Vork, X. Y. forimnm... 1,1 water gauges for ?>am boiler., mpror?" ?? M m<-? "? n-nw400 \*2. "*?**?? ^ ^nctonati, Ohio, for lm P- ovf mr nt In snap cutUng machines. meth^WnrW* "he?ier' ot Cincinnati, Ohio, for M^\,t:TntU>K ?teWD T4,TM- ^dated improv7mi?t^i?rUlinitOB' of Brooklyn , N. Y., for puippn. 10 ?ctla^ hjdmulic nleum m i'n p*'' ,0f lttProv? m?nt in .-e.iin/ml'tin'J;01*' N' V*' for 'mPro*e proWB?Bt^n hwl*Mf"-iiL'^TlJenM' fi for lm p., v Oat ItBliwU Corrcipoadanec. Mohtmmxij, July 38, 1855. Vi*U of French Naval Officer*? The* Reception The Ariitocracy and Democracy ? Liberality of the CUy Fat here? A Grand, Dinner and in Assorted Company- The Citizen*' Bull? The Belle* Brush ing up to Strengthen the AUianot-A Member of Upper- Tend cm Coming Out. Our usually quiet city baa been aroused frcm tta latural state of eomnolencj by the advent yester day of Ccmmander da Behreze and a puty of offieera of the French oorvatte La CaprideuM, now at an chor la tha port of Quebec. Every body waa out to " see the elephant," and the reception of the French commander mnat have been exceedingly gratifying to tha* dlatingaiahad officer, everything being con ducted comme 1 1 faut. It waa, however, somewhat amusing to one of republican tattea to witness the lick-nittle propen shfc s of some of ihe little great men of this great city, aa some of our would be otaton afreet to style this goodly town, whlsh, commercially and inteile - tually, ia being rapidly outstripped by Toronto, Hamilton and London, in Canada West, where a little American enterprise haa been in fused among the people, and toe " go ahead" principle is abundantly understood and ap preciated. The French officers arc completely monopolized by our at If created aristocracy, while <re, of the demo cracy, mutt content ourselves vtiila a glimpse & la distance at the done of the day, in return /or the entertainment of those gentlemen at the corpora tion's expense. Our City Pa '.hers will oompare very favorably with the Gotbamlte papas, in a gen tlemanly and liberal expenditure of the public purse, whenever a plausible pretext can be found for the guzzling of delicate titbits, copiously washed down with Moet's champagne, manufactured In all proba bility in Jersey. To-day a dinner to Commander Belveze is to be given at St. Lawrence Hall, and to make the thing select, and effectually shut out the unwashed masses frcm this public demonstration, the tickets are placed at ten dollars? a pretty tall price in tight times for a dinner in the vil lage ot Montreal, where bankruptcy is almost staring hail the shopket pers in the face, f he com pany will be composed of a few merchants, some members of the City Council brimful of "two-forty' eloquence, a liberal sprinkling of lawyers, and, to complete the aristocratic set, three or fonr medicos will be thrown in, " to Assort" patriotic sentiments and Bunkum speeches. Puffii direct ot Lt Grand Hrn pereur, by fellows who a few years ago could scu-ce find language sufficiently strong to denounce him with, a ill form the staple of the after-dinner speeches, doubtless much to the edification of the unlea ned outsiders. Aid all this luss, forsooth, is expended because a worthy old salt, in cocked hat and eptulettes, haa come to see whether or not some half dozen cargoes of brandy and claret, Ac., cannot be introduced direct in French ships, taking in return aoms of our rpare timber, lor which, by the way, we can find a nearer and better market in the United States. It is evident the French are not a nation of shop keepers. The veriest dolt that ever commenced his commercial career by sweepiag out a counting room could Impart quite as mnci praqtical informa tion aa can be gathered by a naval offiser over [ champagne, or in the enchanting society of t be belles of a ball-room, or at a fete chumpetre. Mai * " Vive la bagatelle !" The people pay the expense of the reception; it is therefore fair they should have something to look at for their money. Tuesday night the citizens give a ball, and all the elderly ladies with marriageable daughtr-a are busily engaged in brushing up their iinery, to tempt the ycung officers of La Cauricieuse into a matrimonial alliance. Vast are the preparations; and may success attend tbeir efforts. One of the most exclusively exclusive of the upper ten comes out for once with a grand bail in honor of the visi ters. It is sinoerelyto be hoped that hewi.l but vive thia unwonted stret h of hospitality, although I much fear that there will have to be an imme diate rigcrous enforcement of the Seignor's claims, to reimburse the void in hia well tilled chest by the expenditure of a sum sufficient to meet the expenses 01 tbiB compulsory civility. Kkow Nothing. Oar Dutch cm County Correspondence. Amekiavii.le, Dutchess Co., N. Y., I July 28, 1865. f Methodist Seminary Commencement ? Oration, Po etry, LUtrary Societies and Grand Proccsston? Great Throng in the Churches. The object of my present commani cation is to no tice the commencement week of the seminary locat ed bere. This is an institution mainly under the control and patronage of the Methodists? yet not lectarian in its policy. Its numbers usually from a hundred and twenty (120) to a hundred and fifty (150) pupils, and is as tnoreugh in its training and scholastic discipline as most similar institutions. In the department of mathematics it is especially ex cellent. On Monday were the business meetings and lite rary exercises of the alumni. In the evening they were addressed by the Rev. J. C. Poster, who deli vered an oration, and the Rsv. Robert Travis, Jr., who pronounced a 'poem. Mr. Fester's oration was a manly and forcible elucidation of the principles of education. Alter passing a severe criticism npon tbe so called fashionable education of the pre sent day, be elucidated the principles of Sidney and Hooker, and pointed out the character, the dig nity and responsibilities of tbe educated classes, with an appropriate application to the association he addressed. The poem by Mr. Travis waa a gem of a produc tion. Firbalf an hour tbe audience was held in breathless attention while he portrayed the change which iB going on in this world? in its material constitution, in men and in nations. In conclusion, be pointed to that world where there was no cbsnge, but an immorta>iiy of existence. On Tuesday tbe literary s sciettes were sddresiea by Prof. J. W. Fowler, oi the La* Bshool of Pough beepsie. His subject was, " The Providen e of God in the Circumstance s Attending toe Discovery and Settlement oi America.1' la his introduction he illustrated the idea be intended to develope, by the similieof a river beginning firs', in a spring, and flowing on with other springs and rivulets mingling with it, increseing and increasing, till at last it be came a large aid mighty river. In bis disoour<te he applied this to America, and went on to show how, in every point of view, we were, in the Providence of God, to become the greatest people that, ever yet baa lived on the face of the earth. After speak ing an hour and a baif, and fearing to weary the audience, be abruptly concluded. On Wednesday were tbe commencement exer cises. There were some twenty addresses on the occasion. There were two sessions? morning and site moon? a mush better plan than to have them all crowded into one. Too mu cramming at ouoe, whether of tood for the body or mind, I believe to be injurious. The attendance was so large that no one of the four churches in the place rxmld aocommodate half of the people. So a large tent, captble of holding nnder its shade some three thousand cr mora, waa pttcbed in a field about half a mile distant. A pro cession was formed on the lawn in trontof the seminary, beaded by a band of music, (not Dod worth's, but one which would not lose much in comparison with that almost necessary accompani ment to literary associations in New York,) which discoursed appropriate pieces, origins and selected. Tbe front ol the line bed nearly reached the tent before the rear had left tbe seminary. The students were dressed in uoiform ? the ladies in white ; and ss they panwd the hotel where I was stepping, tbe besutuai night made me almort utter aloud the sigh, " Oh, that I were a boy again.'' Arrived at the teat, the exercises were opened with prayer by Bishop Janes. And after another round of mnalc, tbe young gents delivered them selves of their speeches. I oaonot here crlticis) them all; therefore I will say noihhK of any in particular, bat in general terms express my gratifi cation at what I beard and saw. They were all, without more than one or two ex eptions, vsry creditable to tbe young aspirants after literary honor. They did credit to themselves and the in Hiitution which sent them forth Indeed, it was a gala day for Amenta. This institution oas been in | oceration some twenty-one years, and educated about two thousand student*. of the first men of cur land have gone forth from Araenia. 11. F. HirrPAi ,of thj Camos IjAorr. to Arrnu. th* I.amhjn Cs8*_We understand that tbe Carsoa league have refused to accept the propositi to made by Mr. I andnn's counsel to frame a joint appeal on questions arising In the trial ot Undon. (t bis been supposed they would do so. that % decision on tbe polnta at issue might be arrived at as early as possible ? Albany Atfus, August 1. Two hondrvd aod thirty <wurr*d la K#w Orleans during the wrak sailing on th? 2 it ill, of whiefe oaa hundrnl and niastesn ??re fmn yellow fsvsr Ss4 nine from cholera. Vlrgtato and Her Itatc Prtoom. [Frem Um Richmond Deqairer, J?h 50.) !? noi at wo travel Booth and get eut of Um reatfc of large cltWa, we find the State prisons thinly pop o'-nt?* Virginia, one of the largest SUtM of Um Union, and oon taiaiat a respectable number ?f people , baa only one tenth of the offenders against tho law*, ta eowine ment, that Now York has. At tke date of tho last report from her penitentiary ? Richmond, there were oaly 2?7 prisoners in a barge of ite officer*; 180 of them were white males, 81 oolered males, ana 36 colored females. Of the 184) white males, 37 were natives of foreign eo on tries. This appears to be one of the very best managed prisons in the country, and has eontrired always to pay its expenses, owing to the fact that its onter guards are famished from the Richmond armory aad cotf tho prison nothing. The varied employments e^phe convicts necessarily contribute greatly to tho fnsoa'i prosperity, as will be apparent, from the na ture of them. Sixty-sis of them were engaged in making boots and shoes, 4 making harness, 11 ma king np clothing, 22 blacksmithing, 25 making, grind ing, polishing and painting axea, 3 making mill atones, 11 waeelwrighting, 4 making outs, 8 making wagons, 4 making wheelbarrows, 6 box mat to# and carpentering, 5 coopering, and 69 at manufacturing eeutry ksrttey and Hnseys. Here are employments eaesgh in all conscience to make the prison pay well, particularly when the State makes isie f a customer in everything made there that it may have occasion to inch like objects, we c in not correctly ascertain, bat a gain of 82,36 51 on the year's operations, is claimed by the Superintendent. Bat if tbey bad been subject to the expense of the outside guards, like other prisons, it would have fallen behind aboat the same amount. Tak ing it on an average, it transact* a good bas'nees. nnl ought not to fail to ao so with tho different branches of mechanics and manufactures there <sarr ed en. Two or three months ago all tho workshops of this pri

son were destroyed by Are, to replace whuh will cost the State of Virginia one hundred thousand dollars. The present manager of that establishment has held his position for more than twenty years, and has, there fore. the advantage of long experience, as well as groat intelligence. The above article from the Washington Sentinel, is made up ft cm the report of the Superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary, for the fiscal year of 1863. The report for the fiscal year of 1864 has jnit been published, with the public documents for the Legislature. From this paper it appears that on the 30th of September last, 187 white persons were oonfined in the Penitentiary of Virginia? one woman only, who has sinoe been discharged, and 96 fiee pertona of oolor, 12 of whom were females; making in all 283; an increase of seven white per sons and nine free negroes, cone) pending with the increase of the last preceding year exactly. This increase, however, we lrarn, goes rapidly on; for they have no lets tnan 308 inmates at present. The Superintendent has annntDy, for several years, called the attention of the Legislature to whit be deems the inadequacy of many sentences under our prettnt laws. In this opinion the Directors o occur, and in their report of the 4th of June lest, they "again invoke'' the Governor to bring the subject before the next General Assembly. They remark:? We think, the arguments in favor of the change pro posed are almost unanswerable, and with great pleasure refer to that portion of the Superintendent's report to the Board cn this subject, which Ik treited by him with so much ability and so thoroughly that we cannot add anything to its force. We quote the following paragraph from the re port or the Superintendent of the 11th May last:? Of the free convicts (107) so received, twenty-three cone under sentences for one year; four for eighteen months; twenty six for two years; and two for two and a half years reflectively ; making fifty one per cent of the whole number for lore than three years. The num ber of mechanics received In this institution has always been remarkably small? never more than sixteen per cent; and the proportion for several years past has been much less, probably In consequence of an increase of free negroes. Among the 107, there were thirteen me chanics only in the branches carried on here, five or whom had acquired a knowledge of their trades under former sentences in this Institution; the residue were of course composed, for the most part, of mere laborers ? idlers, women and men of broken down constitutions, or otherwise unqualified for profitable employment* direct ly after imprisonment. The Superintendent thinks that? In addition to the Increase of crime which he (Colonel Morgan) believes no one now donbts, un'.er the ioHu ence of the new co<le, it can hardly be longer considered a matter of speculation that the present laws are un favorable alike to the reforming and self supporting principle! upon which the Penitentiary system wu? founded and long and ably maintained by the friends of humanity. Tbeee principle a are inseparably connected with it as a system. More than halt the leniences are of a character to render the humane provision of the law requiring convicts to be tanght in mechanic trades almost impracticable, ami necessarily to make the sup port of that class ot person* bnrthen?ome to the people, whom the* have already injured by crime*. Thus taey are made to inflict a double injury upon the innocent coomunlty, to which indemnity is more justly dne, without much capacity for benefitting themselves. They are, also, exposed to the corrupting inttnenc ot the went men, withont hope ot learning a ueeiul trade, or being Inured to industry; consequently they can have bnt little incentive to improvement in moral*, or to xestiaint npon a mind already embarked in the pursn't of crime. While they can acquire nothing useful they can hardly avoid imbibing much that i* injurious. The Superintendent remaiks, that " since it has been pretty well ascertained that short sentences are in gcceral unfavorable to tbe self- supporting principle, new views sre taken upon tbe reforms tc n influence of snch sentences." He banes np a dish upon the earnings, profits and losses of pene Unuarlesof near four pages of oloae matter, well designed to establish the cone .tness of his position. He shows from the reports of several penetentiaries, when tbe system of laws correspond with ours, as to ibort sentences, that the earnings are small, and the expenses and losses to the State large; and that where a different policy exists the earnings are larger, and tbe financial remits better. For example, at Philadelphia, the prisoners earned an average of $71 26 per bead, ana their mere -rapport exceeded tbe amount earned by $4,469 76, whiah, with the salaries of officers, 114,868 40, and some items for repslxs, abow that the whole expensee for the last year exceed the products of labor by $20,488 26. At the Western Penitentiary of Pennsylvania, (Alle ghany City,) tbe average amount earned was $54 86 per head; and tbe mere support of tbe prisoners, (wiihout giving the salaries snd repairs,) exceeded tbe products ct labor by $3,368 63. In the Maryland Penitentiary, at Baltimore, the deficiency last year was $8,516 05, when bat tbe tear before a profit resulted from convict labor. The average earnlrg last year amounted to $48 96 per bead. Tbe nroportioa of free negroes is forty time and a half per cent, and short sentences thirty- four per cent. In tbe Maine Penetoutiary, where the snort sentonoes amounted t? twenty -five per cent, tbe aveiage amount earned ww $115 87 Br bead, but not sufficient to pay expenses by ,760 92. In Ohio, with 678 prisoners, (with only eleven per cent of short sentences') tbree large s emu en glees tn use ? a well adjusted system of manufac turing- and tbe employ roeut of a large nnmberof convicts in bnilding a new State capitol, CoL Mor gan thinks peculiarly favorable circumstances exist for profitable operations; and the report of last year exhibits a balance in favor of that institution ct $7,399 22. The average earning was equal t) $134 82 per bead. Notwithstanding this appa rently favorable exhibition of tbe operations, the Directors of the Ohio Penitentiary say, in their last report, " when the plan of that ponitantiary was first proponed . the opinion was advanced, that instead of criminals being a charge npon tbe State, they wonld be male to pay all the expenses of thetr punishment." in tbe report of tbe directors for the vear 1836, they said 'that the experience of another year fur nishes additional evidence of tbe correctness of tbe opinion heretofore advanced, that tbe time is fast approaching when the vtrtuous portion of the com munity will cease to be taxed for the tupport and punishment of tbe criminal. In a broad and unlimit ed senoe, tbe Board now say, this prediction never has, and probably never will, be falfilled." In regard to the Penitentiary of Virginia, it ap pears that for the year ending the 30 'h of Septem ber last, the balance in favor of the institution on manufacturing accounts, was (after charging the salaries of the officers, directors and physician) $7 344 64. aid of tbe interior guard, (1,944,) 13,771 90. But after deducting the agent's commissions, ($5 318 %, ) ana contingent expenses of the store, ($132 50,) It presents a final balance against the Institution on Ibis account of $1,669 56. That the product of labor waa $27,720 24. or about $100 per bead. At the end of the fiscal year the proportion ef short sentenced priioners was 32| per oent, and of free negroes 32 per cent of the whole number ooofined. Got. Morgan remarks, that "under former laws, snd until tbe good workmen taogbt under them had bton discharged, we were able to produce annually from $120 to $130 per bead by convict labor. This waa dona with tbe aid of bu? little machinery, and that of tbe most imperfect kind in u?." The manufacturing operations were progressing with the iros? flattering pro i-nct* of suocess, so far, st least, a* regarded ?b?- gro** amount of goods prodirsd. up to tbe 7 ->i day of December last, when the shops and their aontente were consumed by Are. The goods up to that t !!)<?, ssaaufactnrsd ?nd delivered to the agent exceeded tfeoer made in the corresponding time of theyear bsfors, by 92,4m 81. Tbe gross amount sf manufactures have been increased within a few years considerably. I.ast jear they ran up to $71,#S7 PA; and until tbe Are the super intendent expected this vear to have brought them up to **0,(00. Whether the lire of the 7th of I*r?mb*r oecirred from spontaneous rcmbustlon or by tbe band of an is rendiary thesuperlntendeo* bad not beea able eaUsfac tor'ly to ascertain. The work had been stopped, and all visible Are exti?g?^h*a about the engine and carding rerm after 7 o'clock P. M , and ten or fifteen minutes before eight o'clock tbe fire was discovered. It was in the eardmg rooes, between the steam pipe (us?d for warming the shop) and the wall, where it was possible spontaneous combustion might have oocurred fn tee gr'asy wool. Some five or six year* ago the greasv wool In the same roem was found on fire on Sunday ?H-ming. bnt the lire was arrested without damage, i bet occurred la wans weather, bat fn the last eaee the toamlut in tt? nam was Much higher about the steam jM than it oouM have toe? before from summer tut Tbe loss to the State, which a) the tima ?m Imagined by maay persona to exceed fifty thousand dallars, 1 am quite carta ka, naj a the^aperlnteadent, win not axcaad forty thousand; and 1( tka inereaeed Talaa at tha mi machinery be admitted aa aa offset against tha nominal, above the r?aJ Talaa af tha old, tha loss will probably fall below thirty thousand dollars. Bat, attar tha com pletion of tha m ahopa and machinery, l (hall be able to sppraxbnete more nearly to aeewaey; and will fire a foil, and I hope, a aatUfactory report thereon. We bare recently examined the new shops and the machinery bow being pat ap, and have been vegy agreeably surprised at the great improvement, both In the arrangement and in the quality of the machinery. A beratifal steam engine, built by Messrs. Talbott & Brother, of thla city , of fifty or sixty horse power, baa been introduced, and one complete set of woollen machinery, built by Messrs. Davis A Furber, ol North Andover, with all the late improvements, and believed to be the beet ever brought sooth of the Potomac. This machinery con , sists of three wide carding machines with conden ! sen: a jack of 240 ipvndVes, ten fine power looms, with the necessary fulling machinery. This ma chlneiy 1b nearly ready to put into operation. A portion of tb* band looms are at work. The sew axe machinery, consisting of four trip h* nosers and five luge grindstones, wi'h polish ing machinery, is also nearly completed. This machinery, which, with the exception of the iron frames, was destroyed by fire, has baen greatly improved in its general arrangement, and in the application of superior new shafting and iron pnlteya u> the driving power. The large forcing pomp, for raising water to snpply the wants o: the building, engine. &c., has been overhau'ed, set in a new artificial well, and is quite a machine of itself, Tha ordinary blacksmiths are fully at work, so like wise with the aboe and bootmakers, and the carpen ters and wheelwrights. The new shops consist of a main building 240 feet long by 60 feet wide, with a wing at the east end of 64 feet by 32, and one at the west end of 64 by 24. There are two partition walk across the main build ing, forming an engine room in the middle, from which shafting may be carried to either end, to supply the respective sv eps with steam power. A new building, some thirty feet square, has been erected in the shop yard near the engine, for a boiler house, and to contain washing and falling machinery. These new bnildlngs are two fall stories high, and the superficial content of both stories is tbirsy-tbrae thousand feet? equal to the contents of sixteen and a half two story houses, forty feet long and twenty five feet wide. This gives some general idea ef the extent of tiie labor required In their construction. A considerable portion, however, of the old walls served to build upon. The ceilings in both stories have been well plastered. The roofs are of the pebble covering; and the garrets, whiih are very low, have been partioned off in compartments, every ten feet, and plastered, to obstruct the fire, the necessity for which was so obvious on the night of the 7th of December. The shop rooms are among the most beautiful we have ever seen, and appear comfortab'e in all re spect*. But we will add the two well deserved complimentary paragraphs at tbe close of C'oL Morgan's report, In wnion be says I cannot speak too highly of the prompt ana efficient aid rendered by the civil and military authorities of the btate and city. Hts Kxoellency the Governor, bin Honor tbe Mayor, and the officers or the volunteer com panies, and of the Public Guard, issued all order* ne eeisary on their part, and they were obeyed with alacrity. The officers of tha fire department and their men, with many citizens, rendered efficient services on the occasion. The officers and guards of the institution behaved with coblness, courage and activity, and many of the prisoners rendered every service In their power, and desarve much praise. And now, gentlemen, I must return to you my sin cere thanks for tha prompt and efficient measures yoa have adepted and sustained for repairing the mischiefs of this calamity, and the confidence you have mani fested In ma lince the misfortune occurred. And I am sore we will ali unite in acknowledging our obligations for tbe patriotic and liberal coatribution made by his Excellency Governor Johnson, from the civil contingent fond of tha Hfate, to aid in repairing tha lasses of the institution, and to the general agent I also return my sincere thinks for his hearty co-nperation in every hing calculated to amist in making these repairs. A Cowt Haute Struck by Ughtntng-On? Blan Killed aua Many Injured. On the '23d ait., the cupola of the con&t hoaae in Taykr county, V?., was (track by lightning whilo the court was in session, and a large number of per sona within the building. One man was instantly killed and several others prostrated, some of whom were severely injured. The Fairmont Virginian sajs: ? Onr informant, who was in the court room at the time ot the occmrence, represents the scene as a moei terrify in8 one. The building appeared to him to be toming down bodily under the pressure of some tremendous weight, ardbe instinctively felt for a support. Collecting bis thoughts, however, the nature of the occurrence was instantly evident to him, and he and the other persona ran out at the tide doon of the building. Just then, the screams of acme ladies on the other side of the street con. vinced tbem that a sad calamity had resulted, and on reaching|the front of the building the character of the calamity was visible to all. Stretched on the bricks lay a number of persons; in the midst ot them the denuded body of the Rev. Hezskiab Dun ham, the young man who was killed, and whose person bad been stripped of every vestige of c:o*hing. Fortunately for the nfltoers, the persons present knew the Lest mttbod of restoring them to con sciousness, and Boon dragged them ont into the rain, and commented dashing water apon them. Alter the sufferers found lying in the entry had been eared for, the jury ronms above were visited, and in one of these were discovered three more in dividuals who had been so stunned ae to be unable to help themselves. Two of them were taken out into toe rain; the friends of the third, from mis taken kindness, would not let him be takes out, and he consequently suffered much more than his companions. Of the persons shocked, ssme recov ered to as to get away from Pruntytown the sune evenirg; yet on the next morning (when our infor mant left ) there were still six or eight confined to their rooms, if not te their beds, snd one or moro of them in a very precarious condition. Mr. Dunham (ordained to the ministry about two weeks ego, by the Baptist church In Pruntytowa,) was standing, when the electric fluid struck him, in tne front doer of the court hoese, with his head lean ng against the casing. Toe other persans injured were standing near him, in the entry. One man was considerably scorched by the heating of a pair of spectacles which he had in his pocket. Another's watch proved so attras tive that it was partially fused. Mr. A. W. Best, though standing some twenty or more feet from tbe track of tbe fluid, had his tight arm, which wm in oontactwitb a wall, paralyzed from the elbow down; and this without paining htm, for be did not koow tbe fact until he undertook to handle a buck it. After administering to the relief of other and more serious cofferers, using only his left hand, he took off hit bat and stood in the rain for a tew minutes, when his arm soon became subject to his will, and free from every unpleasant sensation. The Pruntytown GaxtUt, published where tbe occurrence took place, says : Tbe elf ctri city ran down the front wall of the house, at some points ftrcing out bricks, and at others only separating the walla and driving out tbe cement. In tne northwest room , up stairs, Major J. C Fleming, John W. Monroe, George Fleming, and John W. Hlrsel were in business. The electricity pasatrg down the wall near them very much stunned and otherwise injured the two last named gentle men- Considerable damage wss done to the cei log of this room. Passing down the wall it broke out at different points. Inter* State Comity. TO THI tniTOR OP Tilt NSW YORE HK&AL.P. Saratoga Sfbinos, July 27, 1RJ5. It is with no little surprise thit I see by your paper the opinion set forth by Mr. Freliaghuysen, " that slavery is contrary to the local law, and when brought there voluntarily, is emancipated by force of the local law." No such principle has ever been settled; on the contrary, every court iu ?very country admits that the law of tbe domizil is the law of tbe case. In contracts, titles, transac tints, Ac., of every kind, the Itx loci contractu* is tbe only la* of the case, and no court applies its own laws to a foreign contract or title. So with slavery. The question is to be settled by the law of the Htate the slave is from ? see the decision of tbe Sopreme Court of the United States, in BtraV on vs. Gorman, where the Cincinnati packet tad to psv for slavea carried Irom Louisville. Lord M ant field, in the Somerset case, oourt?d publis opinion, and decided that tbe slave was free, though, as Bl?' kstone sajs, the master waa entitled to run wages! The true baais is, that tbe stave is rut fiee by escaping, or being taken to a free c mntry, for cn bis return to a slave State he wonld be a ?lave though V" had nerer left It; snd to cury cut tbat principle, a free negro would be a slave on goicg to a slave State ?a principle never contended tor. Tbe true state of tbe csae is this A a!ave pit silr g or taken to a free Htate cannot be aopre hecd'd, for slavery la contrary to their laws, and their lass cannot be invr ked to do what is illegal, atd tbe slave may remain tberounmoleeted, as the laws cannot riach him; but should be return t) the State he came from, he is as ranch s s ?ve aa ever, like often lers escaping to England. Be fore tbe Aahburton Treaty they coull not he ap prehended ; but no one wonli say that the laws of England purged the offenoe,aod rendered th?tn IrreeTomlbie to our laws en tbeir return here. Were it not for the ton ?>* Halloa the TTaited I Sfc-ree that co s ave could everbowkei I 8ut*. *?? [ j| would luot H; but, ia the lanjruase if Mr I Webster, "when the mMtatlm m famed comity ceared, and law took its place." i?J j thie 1. what the (roe States agreed fodder tha constitution ? not that they would not ft*? a slave escaping to tkem, {for if aoTio could ever be free, even if made ao by hia owner * hot that they would give the aid of their laws to natere the elave to hia matter. fioch wa a tta compact, and while that exists it ahoold be ob served. Opiniona may differ on slavery, bat not on compact*. A Nqbtctbh Jenisv. Tne Lait of tike PtuUaiixas. [From the Patlad.lphia Time*, J?'y 31. J The New York Tribune recently the Anal failure of the North AmericanPhalanx, tinted m Monmouth oounty, N. J., and the propoeed ante of the domain and buildings at auction on the 3d day erf October next This waa the larva* and longest lived aasociation that (prang op during the f'ent effort of that achool of philosopher*. whoee Mai firat took f>rm under the leadership of Albert Brisbane, who returned from France In 1840. Hav ing become fully imbued with the socialistic Ideas h? translated a portion of his works, 8??eral reading, and lec i 5? to various places. Ha also P' 'Tll?8? of two or three columns in the 2m AS2t?3!L2?J&eh to ?saw? ciplts multiplied, and the movement soon began to take form. Mr. Brisbane resided at Bat % via v v and gained many converts in the western 'nart of the State. In Ntw England, too, the net doctrine took root, aa well as In the young West. ?wc*nn* Prom 1840 to 1845, a large number of associations were ormmenced. In Massachusetts the Brook Farm Phalanx, under the leadership of Mr. Riolv **? Dana, both now cooneoted em' torlallv with the lYibunt, was the meet noted. At Milfbri. in tne same State, another wns started bv Rev. Addtn Billou, n Universalis* clwgyman. wj think some others, of lees note, started ia MasMshn. "tt*. Brook Farm flou'iahel for six yeirs, when after suffering severely from loss by fire, as well as the natural 1 dec^y Incident to such movements, it > *1 o'hers in that State, except Mr. S5g" 8? J?0*"1 M B oped ale Community, ftis is held together by a peculiar religious eent.'ment and tow,"16]0 E vened areg quiet and wobto? slve^bnt they ao not follow the plan of Fourier and live In separate dwellings. l f. In tbe State of New York thB most noted asncia mobs were those of Sodus Bay Phalanx and Skane* wes Community, rhe former occupied the old Shaker Farm, on the banks of Sodas Bay (?urfn ??, miie5 *0,1L}U jan0tion with ule harbor on the American side of aBd 8 vefy edvautageous location. The farm was an excellent one, containing fourteen hundred acres, only three bandrei being under cultivation. This part had been ve? W cultivated oy the Shakers. I^aejSuK S'ij"? to succeed. If well managed. None could have been better. The farm wmW. chased for 135,000, without capital, and with pa/in? laiiJf ?, doIJ,wfrom the purses of a fewcapf. *ho we,e. induced to invest in the experi Kment. At one time there were over two hundred !*?D! on this domain: but having no common , ?d o/. u?*0?' the Shakers, they soon qunnelled ?D?nt their religion, of which t&ev bad no crnnm ran out of money, wuld not pay ih^ 2Si?X' t Sn taHSi' "E"* tuay wbo hlid ?U mey Had in the enter prise. At Skaneatelee, a community whbh adopted tbe common property plan (not Fourierism,) waa start it. ?^n John A- Collins, whose mot* kfMdual property is robbery." He was *iM-> but here, ?iter promulgating n " liberal " creed, in which ZZlff'ZZV * **)?y tbeir own opinions, fiS tha* e*er? member should daclare tafsvor ot absolute atbeLun, and ncne should be admitted fca beUe/ 10 * Supreme Being, in jIVZ- 7' AJ1 hamM governments were, also. anwortt>y ot intelligent human IT$hc?m,Blimny fllUed' Collins became nfuHjLl ?r<P*rt' by quarts mining in California, and haa aUo run for the offiae of tttate Senior. At Manchester, N. Y., anotoer started ^e?alble to believers in evangstl' "oon failed? in lees ttLi ? Mar, if we mistake not Three or /oweUkM sam? ^WSy 111 qui5d *ucce?ion, in the MB0 HtAt6t and for yearn have been turanHm ?? aSi?,hffAb0 Tere ru,ne<i by biing lad into a? SB? ln Ohio, three or four experiments of ue kind were maee; one in Michigan, andrae in Wisoonain, at Cresco. All these, exwptrtSi^. ?esjeles, were on the joint stock plan. tJ?!5 pi**i*nx nas always bean a P?t of the fribunr, atd a large number of moderate capitalists at one time had st^k in it. ffiTSS will lose ccnsMerably by the failure. This hu teen Jh'rteen years, and the experiment^ talriy tested there. We have also had sme of the isme attempts and failures In this Slate. We might add to tbla list of associative mov*. kITm *57' f ?^m 'Cf* chimerical nature, th%t ami u eTen Pro"P?? SO tar as their pecuniary s flairs are concerned. Such ia the cemi munlty known m Kbsnezers, who pnrthwod a ^ Uon of the Itdian Reservation, near Buffalo, NY They are Industrious Hollanders, and ?Mred L* sgrlcnltur^l and mechanical pursuits. ForsonS i!^vthey ??" suc<5?ded wellf snd^uo I vs?iit?j???L " ?*"?- 1> In a proroerous condition; but H hai not been lou ?ni?? Another French company purchassf !?fvB05w00?,pi*" Nauvoo, 111., the " aiterit citv^ ?v ^etttr-Day Saints." This cclcnv la under tbe direction of M. Csbet. These latter mostly under the direction of individual enterprise *?d scsrceJv any resemblance to FWier's plan. How long they wiD remain, it mav takasoma years yet to decide, but they rarely last throucb ??.r? ^nrae gtneratioo, unleashsld together^e strict religious tiee, which these have not. 3 ntiz!E \;*H? ?^?Md ?nch more d-igustlng farms ? V d<"fe,eBt ?r the courtjy. At Oneida, N. Y., u a oommunity brou?iit tomthur nnder the pretence of religion? a sort of oatS^M ism-ln which the believers are sT incapable of committing any aln. abroS^J mwriage, end advocate a premiscuooV mt2??! of the sexes smoor the true believers. Tak now numbers ?ome two hundred persons, or did at last accounts from their circulars ^ 'r?o the ctty of New York, on Ltm? Island, Is a settlement called Modem Times. Im ofunders propoee to abolish the ate of money and the oovenant of marriage, the sexes bsisg govern ed solely by their inclinations, and their currency to be ecrto, representing that A. owes ? ?> mnj hours' labor. The? Tronnd S ie indiridaal sovereignty." Vhmw mau !S wo??? orchfd ?is ahiolnteJy sovereign, and tbe on It wd hence no lave mould ba r??non^K^? e t^em' M<i they ?hould not be held responsible even to censure, lor auv act koamr In'realitv '.*C V thatllno inin>oraUty or sin can to reality exl't where all are left free to act aa the* soctstjT nu2 inthafiSt m"Md who move .n]7tk Ihersry wd social circles in New York anin^te 1 ^ r??>iiw y organized and wraDge to promuljrate their di6Kustin? PreTi^S c2dewh.M >t"H,llcIflf them into every family S." bSSii't 5~."d kt nta'^'fn br*nch of ^oc'^i^ts re i'.? ,v ? tully as they eecbe* m -ralltv commMkyV0? T'tW oonun5n '"th the Onei^n ^ w Lo?^-aod only differ In thla r? DoWsam. that ^ tatter advocate poiygemy, while the former annul marriam ma *>. outrage us abrid/fement of liberty? ^ " ac' Tbess sre some of the phases of socUJUim ?it>? jt!gvM< J" this oountry. That particular known as Fourierism has proved a hDnm end the last of the Phalanx* STldrertiSd fJ^X' %\kVe 01 emTn mncRS m th^^u!?n n? furTire- it wouia be a libel on tee lnleilitf caoc of tbe age. to ha?e soch di?n? n# Itfiiriy and nc restrained iicenttoameaj an Oneida rT^ ^er! T'mM'. 11?c ?d They ma* im, tiLfJ J?*' Vl?1* nTy *1(*" wi" O'timately ^P. . their ds sy, while an indignant rommaaiits *'u. ^?7n optn ??*te to poison soietv sssssa^ tene<-' when *ey ? 're ELoriMitvr in COLrntm, Ohio? Tn? Pann*" C'AiciHT Duiibfr ite later part of iwt ?wk, eflicer Ifewitt, of this city, received information from Chicago that a couple (one a married lady> had eioped from that city, and that the ottictrs bad traced tb< m to th * ulaoc. After tbrw or fonr days of unremitting search t he waa discovered at a bjard - lng hf one on Front street. He: la vfol husband had arrived here a day or two previons t > bar dla u.very, aid, *u?,>ecUng har being a* the abive hcu?e, watched t'.e premises troin tbe loft of a stable near by, until he waa sati*fled of her being thr?. On SaMrd-y night, between ten a .d eleven o'cli-ck, be. In ? otnpary with some palice officeri, repshei to tte ) oure, where they foond aw. Her hntbsnd hsd bfr conveyed to the depot, and tb? ctnpfe totV tbe t lsven o'clock train on the?r retar trip bemewtrdr. Tbe nsroeof the jadj * (Ir?t hv >?ni we did not leatn; bnt tbe name of her - dncer- the roan to whom she now profeais* to? mart ltd? Is Bnrt. Tlte lady showed ineat re* ? an< e for h? r law'nl lord, and declared sbo w? n? ver again live with him %s his wife. Bart, <w? are infotroed, foll<i?ed ta? occupation o? boi?jj{t srd is said to bnv- been on Mm of litiairj'w ibehnsband of tbe lady wUh whom he el Columbut ?nttrpi i?, July 30.