Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 5, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 5, 1855 Page 2
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?onvinoed of her too remote chance of mr present - ?g the Emperor with on heir; and there fa w HttJo doubt that ft is a subject of intense pout aad morti fication to the Emperor and herself. It haa been ?km that the Empress is capable of miking a terri We sacrifice on this account, and of taking the initia te of i most painful character, bat one which nevertheless the true nobility of her soal would ren der her equal to. It would indeed be a singular co kicidenoe if the track of the First Bonaparte was to be so exactly followed; and the very thought of it ??njures up omens too dismal to dwell upon. Huffl oaent unto the day Is the evil thereof. It ia boat not to vex the dark shadows of the ftiture. Her Majes ty 's health is at present much improved by the ut neshin/r breeees of the south, and it ia hoped tm& the duties she will have to resume aa hostew of the British (Joeen, will not interfere with the sanatorv progress she is making. Bums. Pvkis, July 17, 1855. PtkOetU Effect qf Lord John Russell's Retirement ?Exultation of the Legitimist* ? Hopes of the Republican* ? Financial Advantage* of the New Loan ? Russian Prisoners at Havre ? Crimean Reityforcementi qf the Czar? General Forty on Half Pay ? General Pehstier's Present to the At geriane? Royal Orange Trees. The retirement of Lard John Russell from the fegHah cabinet, accompanied by each a multiplicity ?f curious revelations, haa, notwithstanding its pro bability, fallen like a bomb among oar varVoas poli tical coteries. In the Qnartiere St. Germain, the Legitimists have appropriated the fact as a farther testimony to that political sagacity which from the ftrat denounced the raid upon Russia aa a fatal plunge, ruinous to the bent interests of Franoe, and lmtUe to her most kindred alliance. " Yes/' said a lady of the bouse of deNerveau, whose father was formerly ambassador at St. Petersburg, while a flood crowd of admirers was grouped around her, ?salting in the highest names of French history, " Lord John, for once has spoken an intelligible fact, which, could he have perc^TO before, would have saved a world of human misery." The ques tion is indeed "between an imperfect security for Turkey and for Europe and the continuance of the war." Every security for the maintenance and sup port of a rotten State like Turkey must necessarily be imperfect when you have done all you can; while the continuance of the war will cover the earth with a very locuBt-swarm of revolutionary principles. Sussia is the incarnation of conservatism. The vast anount of her territory and population will bid de' ftance to the efforts of England and France, who ?net, if they continue the war, enlarge its bounda lies. Lord John knows and sees this. One after another, every statesman in England is giving way ; and bnt for this Bonaparte at the Tuileries, things might be suffered to fall back in their places to morrow. Ail the ministerial cliques are satisfied that the resignation of this important English minister will give immense force to the war party. An opinion prevails that other resignations must follow ; that Lord Palmers ton will enlarge the basis of his cabinet, and boldly appeal to the country, who, on the war policy, will return him such a majority as will be equal in valne to the absolute possession of Malakoff ?ad the Redan. The readers of the Siecle, the great Republican party of France? and their name is legion? are literally tossing up their hats with delight. They declare that eveTy change which haa hitherto oc curred in the counsels of England has all been in fcvor of the downtrod nationalities ? that those closer bonds of union, now so observable in the great German powers, must inevitably either pro duce a breach between them and the Western pow ers, or an upheaving of peoples. Lord Palmerston is claimed 4s the representative ? almost the sole representative among high statesmen ? of the fact, that Austria is full of inherent weakness, while Turkey is full of living, palpable progress; and they believe the war will now go on as it never hu< before ? that Russia, with her wide spread popula tion, will become distressed? that she will draw to her assistance the German powers; and that then the blazing brand of freedom ? of "Libertc, equal it*' and fraternity" will scatter its fiery scintillations among all men and languages, now crouching under the iron heel of tyranny; and that the general con flagration which must fellow will only tend, in the end, to purify and exalt the destinies of the hnmon race. "Ay,"' said an American gentle man, who was by when these sentiments were expressed, "and never tell me that whenever such a beacon light blazes on the heights and shores of Europe, America will stand an idle looker on.'' Lord John Russell has, in truth, so often taken oc casion to declare that England would not seek as instance in this war from the nations Russia oppresses, that it is no wonder he meets with little favor at the hands of the republicans. At the Bourse to-day the last price of the 4 1-2 per cents Rente was 0*2 t'r. 75c., and that of the 3 per cents 65 fr. 90c. These prices, compared with the rate of issue of the new loan, will give the subscri bers a benefit of 50c. lor the 4 1-2 per cents, and of ?5c. for the 3 per cents. The principal advantage, however, will result from the delay of twenty months granted to the subscribers from the time of subscrib ing, and from the date from which the arrears of in terest will be paid to them. . This combination is equivalent to a fresh diminu tion of 2f. 79c. on the 4 1-2 per cents and If. 9t<C. on the 3 per cents. Those who shall be admitted _ to pay, by anticipation, will receive a discount which ithall stand in lieu of this profit. AU these advantages united Urine down the price of the 4 1-2 per cents, in reality, to !j9f. 40c.; aud that of the 3 per cents to 63f. 27c.; and compared with the last price at the Bourse vrucure to the sub scribers a profit of 3f. 29c. on the u inner stock, and of 2f. 63c. on the latter; a profit which must appear still greater when it is considered that for several days past the Bourse has been influenced by the im minence of the loan, aud that thus the weakness of the late prices is an accidental depreciation. There is no doubt that this loan will be equally popular with those that have preceded it, and that the Emperor may, if he plea-^es, already anticipate a portion of the seven hundred and fifty millions. On Saturday 400 Ru-v-ian prisoners landed at Havre. They wore their knap-iack*. long gray coats, and carried their rump utensils. In the after noon they were marched of! in two detachment.'' to St. Adrestre and Tourneville. There was no officer, but their conduct had been throughout excellent. The Czar has detached from the Polish army, for the service of the Crimea, 70.000 men. By the last private accounts the cholera at Pe re kop was said to be making such ravages that the troops, and even the more wealthy inhabitants, were obliged to encamp In the open air. l'resrnts in the East would seem to lie falling into disuse, for the Grand Vizier, AH Pacha . has returned to the Prince Hospodar of Wallachia. the valuable horses which the latter had presented to him as he passed through Itoastschook. And Sollman Pacha, the commandant of the town, haa done the same with respect to a handsome caleche and pair of banes which the son of the same prince seut him as a present some short time ago. General Forey, who. yon will remember, wm re called from the Crimea at a lime when he was enspected of communicating with the enemy under very inviduous circumstances, but which cmspfckoa were discountenanced by the Emperor's placing him in command of the province of Oran n Algiers, is now put en dmpcn*\biJitt. or on hflf pay, and replaced in his comiruind by i General Cousin Montaalsin. General Pelissier ha-< ost presented to the library of Algiers a volume of he "History of the Life of Christ." which was taken n the chapel of the cemetery of SeUistopoL It is a the Hclavoniao language, and in the folio form it is bound in the ancient style, and gilt, and has wo clasps in copper. The titles of the chapter", and the first letters ?f each paragraph are in red ink, and give the book an appearance common to the earlier productions of the typographic art. Bv decision of the President of the Corps Llgis latlf, the public are to be admitted, during the Ex portion to visit the Paliua LOgislafif, the Salle des Stances, that of Conferences, and the salon and li brary of the Emperor. Th* Cfcntean of 8t. Ger main, long used as a mditan prison, is now to be converted into an imperial paJac. . The pariah eh arch containing the remains of James the second, of England, is under repair, and Queen Victoria haa contributed towards it the muuiftoent ! cum of ?60. The Dukede Tareneon. Grandee of Spam, and eld est son of Queen Christina, died on Saturday last, m Malmaison, in his lfth year. A word or two about our famous orange trees may t?e interesting to your readers. The pomegranate ami orange trees of the Gardens ?tf the MKcmtKmrg are at present being 1 i-ansferred Jo to jjjfw f*?ea w k'gvj "?V? Tfe? wdwllft of orange treea betcngin* to tfct Luaemhrmrg m eaa ?# the rooft rrmarkable of mj of the pofcftc gardtaa Mi France, both from the number aad m* of ihe treea. Orange imt, it U known. attaia * ?aet 1a the famoua orangery at Vwaaillaa U mm kaowa ? Im the three nainea of Orud CoanMaMt, Kn*??wM L, aad Graad Boorhoa. *Urk la bnc thaa tM years old. It eomea from mom ptpptae at a tee* ?< Utter oiuKm planted in a pot at mm <MMMma>?i of the fifteenth century, by Return* af CaMtBe. wtfe of Charin the Third Kin* of Navarre. TV tree* which ?prang from them were pmiud la the aw I caae up U> MM, at Pampehina ; they *fterw%r<ia panned into different handa aa rare aad pMrtmia ??*>? jecta, aad thro became the property of the C? eatable of Bourbon, who placed them ta Me ("K?W? de Chantelle in the Hourtemaaia. The property the Conatahle having been oualaratad M IS! 1 . the >****?? treea were aent to decorate the palace of f?eUi? blean, which Praitda I. had naoard to be n?tu? * and enlarged. When Ixwia XIV. had terminated Vvrtwiliea. and built that tuagnifli-eat oraa (M, h? gave order* that all the orange treea eiwaiaa la tha royal nwidenora nhould be conveyed la K- Thte wen in MM, and the orange treea of l'im|? iuni w*?. h were among thoae removed, were thea two w urn and a half old. The tiraod < -.oM-bie notwithaUMl ing iU great age, ta atUI perfectly vtgunmn ?Kane. Our Nmlck C wiwywi Imn. Hiuri, Jaly I. Itt >. Apprva cA <lf CWrr m- A JVrtS !?? <??? TWf 0<nfrafi<m and Trmn?mu*ncm I hasten to send >?<? a abort notice ?f a w-rfc which I deem of the utmost import*!** to i'-tirop? and Amcrica. It ha* just t*en published here ?>v Dr. Max PettenkoU-r. ami t>ear* the tttl* - lnv*?4i gations and observations in regard to tfca pr t*Mra tion of cholera, with reflection* on the proper meaaa of arresting it? progress." The author w profemor of medicinal chemistry at the University a f Munich and has been employed by the government daring the whole of last year investigating the progress and mode of f propagation of the diaease la the pria cipal towns of Bavaria. The present work W the ra mi tt of his and other 'physicians' research** in the form of a report to the government, aud has given such complete satisfaction that it* gratuitous diatri bntion has been ordered throughout the kingdom, at the expense of the government. The author ia a lover of truth. He advances no new theory, but produce* a volume of fa< t* of a nus* positive and conclusive character. These fa u could hardly have been ascertained with tlie same precision in acy other country; for not only would it have been impossible to ascertain age, condition, mode of life, Ac., of the 8ick, but the patients them selves would uot willingly have subjected themselves to a similar control. Observations were made in Munich, Nuremburg, Augsburg, Wurzburg, Ebrachi Ingolstadt, Gaimersheim, Rattisbone, Frannstein, an<l Freysing, and the author compares his reaulta with the "Report of the Mortality of Cholera ia England, 1848-49," and the reports on the cholera in India during the years 1817, ISIS and 1h19, by James Samei-on. He shows conclusively, I think, that there is no contradiction in these reports ? that the facts ascertained in India are precisely those which have been observed later in England, and bat last year in Bavaria; that any apparent contradiction is dne solely to accompanying circumstances by which the results were modified, and which in part are mentioned by the authors themselves; and that a skilful and scientific reasoner like Dr. Liebig, who prophesied years ago that the cholera would never become epidemic in Wurzburg, (which was proved last year, when nobody died there, except those who brought it there from other places,) would have been able to arrive at the same conclusion he did, had he read but any one of those reports, or observed the progress of cholcra from its inception to its disap pearance in a single city. 1 have not time now to translate any considerable portion of the work before me, so as to furnish data for the doctor's conclusions; but will simply state what these conclusions are. He, himself, expresses the hope that these conclusions will be attacked by other members of the faculty, in order that he may he able to answer them with facts and observations "In the investigation of any truth," he says, "it is nec essary first to ascertain one fact or principle be yond the power of contradiction, and then from this to go to the next one.'' The facts ascertained in re gard to the cholera are:? 1. That it is not contagious, in the usual sense of the word: hut that it can, nevertheless, be curried frcm one place to another. 2. That it always follows the usual routes of com merce. 3. That no elevation above the level of the ocean, furnishes a guarantee against the disease, nor is any depth acce?arfly SJTOOasd to its ravages. 4. That no contagious cholera matter is floating in the atmosphere, and that consequently the disease is not propagated by currents ot' air. 6. That it is not propagated throngh the water. 6. That it is propagated through the earth. 7. That the earth receives and develops the cho lcra ccntagion from the excrements of diseased per sons. 8. That excrements from a diseased person thrown into a sink or privy, are capable of transforming the whole mass into a hearth or cholera contagion. 0. That the gases disengaged by the decomposi tion of organic substances, and especially of excre ments, penetrate the earth, rise to the surface, and become then the cause of levers and of cholera. Id. That there has not been a single case of cholera observed in Bavaria that could not be traced to that species of infection. 11. That the stools of persons afflicted with cholera, or that peculiar species of diurrhiea which nsnally precedes cholera, are more infectious than those who are actually seized with the disease. 12. That cholera is always carried to a place where it has not yet appeared by a diseased person, and communicated through excrements brought in contac t with the earth: and that there is no other way of propagating the disease. Immediate contact with the patient, inhaling the air of the sick room, washing of the dead body, nay. even dissecting it after death, docs not communicate the disease. in. Not every species of earth acts on the process of decomposition in like manner, and the capacity for spreading the contagion in the manner ulwve stated varies in consequence with the composition of the soils on which dwellings are built. On rocky foundation, granite or sandstone, cholera never be comes epidemic. An illuvial soil, underlaid with lime or clay, or any other cause which keens the gronnd moist, may liecome a teeming womb for the cholera contusion. 14. The cholera poison mav l?e in a person from one to twenty-eight days without manifesting itself. This fact furnishes a' measure for the distance to which it may fie carried fmni one place to another. 15. The disease which is not communicated by con tact is carried to the inmates of houses, sleeping In rooms exposed to the cholera [>oison ;is ubove en gendeied. IS. It the cholera. a-< proved in Ixmdon, is more In tense and fatal in the plain tha i investigation, lie found that it i? owiug to the l.ctter drainage, by which tilth is removed liefore it is decomposed, or liefore it enter?, as in damp and wet soils, into process of fermentation. Dr. Petten kofir found some of the worst cases of cholera on hills where the privies of houses still higher situated emptied into sink* or sewers of improper fall. The upper houses were generally exempt. 17. To prevent contagion, the stools of cholera pa tients must 1? disinfected liefore they are emptied. The lest disinfec ting agent i? vitriol of Iron. Chlo ride of lime onlv purines the air. but does not des j tro.v the cholera poison. IS. When strangers from cholera district* are ex pected to arrive, the privies of hotels and boarding houses where they are expected to put up, ought to be disinfected with vitriol of iron? say once a week In the rooms and corridors of hospitals, turpentine may be spread on paper and exposed to the atmos phere. The <won (electrified oxygen) thus given out is the best purifier of the atmosphere. 19. Care must lie had not to allow any linen to be washed which is soiled with the excrements of a cholera patient. The process of maceration to which sotted clothes are usually subjected is capaWe of developing and communicating the disease in its wf.rst form. Jameson found the same troth in 1*17, '18 and li* in India, without tracing it to its source. 20. Then- are no other sanitary regulations capa ble of preventing or arresting cholera hi it* progress, tli an thf?e which have reference to cleaning and pu rifying those places which serve to collect or convey human excrements. I shall extract from the work of Dr. P. some of the most remarkaMc facte sustaining his views, which are also of other distinguished chemists aud physi cians in Germany. The experience in hospitals the anther very properly receives with a grain of aalt: because alf manner of patients, with every mode of life and every hnman vice, are received in hospitals; but he lays great stress on his observations In pri sons. where seve ral hundred persons are subject to the same diet, the same rules, the same causes of in fection or disinfection and that for weeks and months liefore cholera made it appfartnee among them. I Bill very rcsptctfUfly, i\ ), 0. Ow fnaklM Kuravwr, Wy II. TV Arn?nm *~?r? Frm Xm**~ /Ly'r'wi TW *?*?*? BtaM*r to Um Dtat totaftructod t. iaai mi ?? ' ?>f*?wrat>on ? JJ .,..* ,.. ? ?* ??? .b. .?* ??- ? *? ?* ***? i , .(? ? ?*??- rf'-r*** w open their pi "*? J.1TJ Z . . mtm ?>?*"*; . vk,- dr.. -.1 ??? 'I* P??BUr> 111(1 I,';* ,1 ??- <* oeonpotwo ofWal MM??i i. -*r*t aentrality d?.?4? ?* SSS ZTmrn?*?* ISEStS Hr? r.ln- or Mb" *m~*rn p?m??oa; ?* ahe wl1'' BO ^ m Wfkj w?*th? ?hlt?ntion,to ^sss?? ?-r ,.r .. ... t z ?rflp4> <r k. iWftut* O* ?2S?S - stTJSJ -tot*. rf >??"** UTS I^alotbe.r _rw .? ?* ?*??* M A?. -to ?*" "I fZ ?Met* W tW RUM - ?J J, u, u,.?? *?? l* !mm** mm m - * ?** -J ~ ?,? the i*.wt.*to ?f f ????*? ?*???? ?* w TV frcr i,?*ur*tK>? ?f th. Ito?.i?brta? a l?* M I" r *?"* . 7",.;" Wr (^.tuKml ? - *z s S? SSKE ? S- ? ESfETJlft* m ??** . _ r,? V.r, ;J?ar?u?to? tendered the ctitu wMf ?* * .icoWfu1 _ tn.,4. m u i" ?"?? ? ?*?', s Sasttfyg* fcssBx ^5P5rH^-^" tl.inM.-wnt _?? M';4^^;;^" ,1 cr^lit th?-tr M< >???>?? W*" ,"'^?hh ? ,Lli .11 ov. r Uroi* * '^V.U. in TM- 1 ?iM ntu-t ?* ? "', tN- I rM. r ro. eBdPiHBe*?*WfW^ v^l Vf wl,llr lhf ,m-0 x? i!, " ! 'Y ? u?. t,r..kfn? tin* dm wd Into wuMpn ? w^,.m P^r,u*ll> of Ixnidon und ' an'* ,r' ,h ,.? rrt. kn tb-' I r< ?...v.r "C'.?.w ....- - w..- . ?xss aU.Lt 0,^ I.V'-I '?? ' ' ..MTX-ad Of ?h.' stkotsu; :'7 srrrv.r.i ?? Kn,'.n- IWjlJ ,TE*W^?'Wu? their nr ?? HWtbn^^ JSlS I'oland nor hnnpnr* are ?t ??" itr an? .ft. r tbr U.-?...h.t? to< r??U- fkMenU in trn^ <<>"""*?? , tUrh ? diMtinct national ?n?t?n?> ',p have for agra |>aat ????? faMkut ia at under other rivwna. ^ thia moMent tW juTSSS in Hcrlin , and Count Nada*ty ^ baa ? uf the Em hi* foimer ??re of t^ret t?iuu* | ^nGe, many. the of the farce which wa> e?acto4 the t.ue a ? t\,e German Ptritomwrt, ,n" rt' !^mn.u the moat ordinary tn.nwM-t''*^ '?'? | ^ ?f nicta and aotkalato of ,;*r?,,y'. h j^rtt Frame, hate mined evervtlun^. and have ur?t* ,1? ,er? D.1M "t S SSS ? SftWEHT'ttSS t cfs SdCiUU ?3?v- ?X2?S???Z the ex?ewe* of the w. mlW. or their limatM ?. the abKurditv of tl.eir .loctxim ?. ?'?** ere ^ ^ fear; butitfc eertuiu that it !*.* i-r" ,r%r "? . 'ffif- ^SS KU3Uf"&?5sr nondiiiK auhrai-ii-n to e?er> thing in t W ?r?pe ? power, and nn inatinctive dread ak, ihiij-e of innovation. ^ the moat of tiling a^ they ?'e''^ X hituT nott>ing lietter niuat 1ms expected All political theories are *t 8 d4^^nlrf !5,, ,,,, l,v v?n< h thev are now gove.ned^ The WtaMtod will tell von tfmt (Icimnnv v orergwpted-tW y iTold and decrepit and can do in to go to the United Wutoa to^ become >oung a pain. Tliete ^eelna to he \ia t W the inftitntiona of Europe. <>nd nomtethw^lUMly^ come. Hence the enonnooH amcmnt of btockn held in Gerriiaiiv- "loc^ j ^n ^rw York quoted either In Ixjndon or PirW. or 'n New V|ra and lloaton. nnd which, neverlheleaa. are Jf^ I "ought after hv capital!** ?n < .ermany. K? roa<t neenritiea eapeotally we mrnta' and if these at home are iwi oc ccntlv managed, thev cannot tail to command in this city and other commercial plauw of (.trmanj a ^(Vf late"1 thecal vet* ton. Hoo?ton ?ndHe?de^n Railroad Company, in Texaa, have " plaritg a large quantity of their honda here, and in Siher place.' o? Germany. If Texaa mw-J liquidate her debts, and thereby to remu- ve U* cUMd which hangs over her cTedit and dcrtm> . 1 have n tt?'ts?P!SaaStSStte Slior of'an enSra^'io that the SUte ia l*netitted in more than one direction. vomie American mineral stock ia also mu?h in >. The liotite of Micard, Valentine X Co. havei atone r<_ mitted tive millions of francs from 1 ?ra * * nurchaies made hv Kuropeani on Ijake ^ujkm Slie Tiurchat^e was Vflected aller a thonwigh exami^ ration made bv a Ktench ? ientiflc ^mnii^on. at the head of which wa* a profeaan* of the 1 olytocb nic Scho? of l'aris. Ut there be leaa fncy and more ical property thrown on the hun.|>ean market . and there will 1* no difficulty in placing the ^ \n immense amount of all sorts ot trash ot that ha" Sd the London market tor thrtap^^oT gecurity. Thf Funeral of Lord lUflu. WAK r>KPAKT!:i.NT. .Illl\ 1". 1 ' ? ? I.ord Pannitue ha* thin day received u ihnpnlcb addre-ved to hi* lord?hip l?"\ LieutenantGeueral fimpson, commanding Her Majenty'* force* in the La?t: ? Rkfoke Skbastopol, July 7. 1RU. My I>ord? I have the honor to acquaint jmir l'?r*l ship that the remains of onr late lamented Coin inutider-in-Chiei. Field Marshal I-ord ltajrlan. weir removed I'rom head quartern to Kazatch liny on Tuesday. the 3d ln*t., and placed on hoard Her Ma jesty's "whip Caradoc, which departed for Knjrl nd that sane evening. Nothing could l? more imposing than the whole line of tliii melancholy |>roce-?i<m. The da* wm tine, and the <tp|>earance of the allied trnopa kplendid. Ah many as could he spared (mm duty in the trenched and with -mfet\ to their camp, were col lected, and the proce.^ion moved ft om tite door of Uih lion* exactly at 4 o'clock P. M.. iu the follow ing order:? In the conrt van! of the botue wm atationed a guard of honor of 100 men of the linnadier (iiard*. with their drums and repimentai colon: 60 men. with one Held officer, one captain, and one subaltern from the Royal Sappers and Miner*, and from ewh regiment lined the roud from the Hritiah to the French head quartern? a difUoice of about a mile: ? Mjuadron of cavalry wan stationed on the right of the line, two battene* of artillery and a squadron of caval i y on the left of it: the infantry wvre oua manded by Major funeral Kyn. C. K. The mod from the French head quarter* to IC.? zatch Boy wus lined throughout the whole wav by the infantry of the French Imperial Guard and (if the bit Corps: hands were stationed at interval*. and played a* the proce**ion pawed. and field Utterie* (French) at intern!*, on the high irrounda rurht and left of the road, fired minute mm*. The procetvion to mcort the bodv wu m follow*:? l Two hqnadron'a of RritUh Cavalry (l'jth lancer*). ! Two vquadron* of lledmontece light Cavalry. Four ?qhadrona of French Chaa?eum d'Afrlqot (lrt and 4th Regiment*). Four squadrons of French Cuinmiera (2d and 'th Regiment*). Two tmopa of French Hone Artillery. Mqfor Iirandllng s troop of Hone Artillery. The coffin. covered with a Mack pall, fringed with white ailk. and the union Jack, and surmounted by the late Field Manhal'* cocked hat and inrordand a gar land of "immorteU," placed there hj General P? H? aier, vaa carried on a platform. fixed upon a nine pounder gun. drawn l?y hone* of Captain Th itnaa' troop Royal Hone Artillery. At the wheela of the gun carriage rode Oeneral Pellwier, Commaad?r-in-Chief of the French army; hi* Highneaa Oraer Paalia, Commander-in-Chief of the Ottoman army: General I>clla Marmora. Com mander-in-Chief of tho Sardinian army: and IJeu t. n ant-General Slmpeon, CciuiBaDdrr-iu-Ctiier of the Kngllah army . Charger of the late Field Marshal, led by two mounted orderlies. Relations and personal staff of the late Field Mar ?haL Generals and other oCBcera of the French, Sardi nian and Turkish armies, a large nnmber of whom attended. FrHish commissioners to foreign armies. British general officers and their staffs. PUff of headquarters. - One officer of each regiment of cavalry and infan try, Royal Sappers and Miners, and Land Transport Corps; two from the Naval Brigade, Royal Marines, Medical and Commissariat Staff, and three from the Royal Artillery. Personal escorts of the allied Commanders-in Chief. The personal escort of the late Field Marshal (Captain Chetwode's troop of the 8th Hussars). A field battery of the Royal Artillery. Two squadrons of British cavalry (4th Dragoon Guards.) Detachment of Mounted Staff Corps. The escort was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Dupuis, Royal Horse Artillery. Two field batteries of the Royal Artillery, sta tioned on the bill opposite the house, fired a salute of 19 guns when the procession moved off The united bands of the 3d, irth, and 62d Regi ments, stationed in the vineyard that surrounds tne bouse, played tbe " Dead March.'' The band of the Sardinian Grenadiers was sta tioned half way to the French head-quarters, and tbe hand of tbe 10th Hussars on the left of the line. The approach to the wharf at Kazatch Bay was lined by detachments of the Royal Marines and sailers. Tbe body was received on the wharf by Admiral Brnat and Hear Admiral Stewart, C. B., and a large number of officers of the combined fleets. Tne launch of tbe British flag ship, towed by men-of-war boa I*, conveyed the coffin to the Caradoc, the boats of the combined fleets forming an escort; and the troop and battery of the Royal Artillery included in tbe e?ort formed n|?n the ruing ground above the bay, and fired a salute of nineteen guns as the coffin left the ?h<n*. K'verj thing was well conducted, and no accident IMH Thus terminated the la*t honors that could be paid l>y hi- troop- to their beloved commandcr. llis losn to M here i? inexpressible, and will, 1 ain mire, be equally felt by hi* country at home. The sympathy of our" allies i- universal and sincere. His name and memory are all that remain to animate us in tbe uJtM - and dangers to which we may be called. I tune, Ac., J ames Simpson, Lieutenant Ccneral Commanding. Tl e Lord I'aninure, Ac. ?m* Iwlw Correspondence. lioraon, Friday, July 20, 1366. K<*U>ek i Mw irm?MaJori't Jmr Government ? Uiyard? inri ?m YtutU and the Sound and S(ad*r Due* ? IV iiurvM Bark Undine Rnbuak's aaotioa tar ttt eiuun of the government en ike BlauatftnM'. of the nri came on on Tueoday night, end ?M adjourned to lMt night, when the mo tion wm MptlTel by e Majority of 107. In foct, the retirement el l4rd John RmwP, and the debate on Bulwark motion, took tb* wind completely out of Koe bock 'a Mile. Bin mstlso was worded u follows ? Thftt thl> Boom, deeply lamenting the Bufferings of eer ?n. y dunni the winter cnmpalgn In the Crlmeft, ?eil ootocMUng with the resolution of their coaaaaittoe, thftt the conduct of the adaainlstratlon w?? the Brat and chief oaaee e f the oatamitiee which hefel that ftrmy, do ber?by *?eii with mwe approbeneion every member of that Cabinet wkeeo oounoeb led to inch dleaitroun re en Ha UfaH, who hao been pretty qalet nf Into, put a qieitiii to rUneereton, on Tneeday, ao to bow long the inilrimi von to bo laft in eccapatioa of the Dan a Man MnolpaUtioo The Presafcr'* answer wae, ai uaual, ovnsln, and laynrd ha* >nni*ii to eoeee afaln to the ohnigo. No Colonial Mtniatsr ha* aa yet boon appointed. There Is a feed deal of comment JDat new in the Rer ?an pnpera, reepeeUnc the refusal nf commander a of Aaearteon n*nU to pay the Hound and Binder dnea. A letter from Hamburg of the lttb Joly aayi ? We bare juat had an inatance of the (rent rigor and ceeelateney which the Aaettonn* display when they hare anas taken* " naWan " into their band*. In the lame manner tney too* upon the pnyment of the Sound dam en to ho laemted beann** Ml levied in virtue nf any juat and legally xtabUahed righto, ao they refuae now to ackaowWdge the clnhn nf Hnnover to levy the Stade dune, and ineiet npon imlng up the Klae to Hamburg without delivering up the ahjpa papera to the Manure nan anthoritioe et Hrnaehaueoa, a a required, ftnd eom alied w it b bj evmy ether mercantile dog. lbs iianib wsa eel n Mr dava ago by Captain liar rrman, of the Ameriona bnife I'ndine, who flatlynfnaed to give up hie pap* re *n paaeing the Hanoverian guard - abip off f-taoe end tbougn ha rtabed being trod on, aue oeeded In bringing bia veeaai up to Hamburg, and die charging bio vnrtnu and valuable cargo without the pay ment oi the oneroua Made duee. \ our commercial rend a* a will he enabled te appreclntn the ndvaatngoa of thle eaamptlou, bj n glance at the following eentonte Of ?he eargo, laten I rem our oftinai import Hat ? he t,ttd iadine, A am ri nan barb, Nt tana, Capt. R. Mtrr man. from Maw York July 11, 6.'>7 bale* at cotton, iteo toga of cocoa, M cbeata of ready made clot) re, 1 Mt fierce of logweeed, IT balm of furo, 10 bnlea if bemp, 1 ..vo oaaha of reain, M bnlee of bona, Ml perhage> metcbaed'an, ktl bag* aaltpetre, 40 package* tobacco 300 bar re la of turpentine, 17k p*.-kagee or etert*. Ml bai*? of wbai*bone, *0 cheet* of lontbnr goods. ? paekagM nf India rubber, M hbl*. of eota*h, nndbo.owi nnii* The Daoieh government le andsrstood te have an awmed the notice of the epeedy Inpo* of the Sound dons treaty givtn by the Pimi lent of the I nlud sutea. m n long nigumentnttn memorial, apparently tn the foUsw Ing that ? ' "Ike Uaninb Minixter of faaeiM ASftira eipreaeee hia regret thftt the government at Washington should not Imve allowed negotiation* of -ome eon tn preclui* the decioiv* atop It haa taken in thle matter, and that in no doing it will ennae diAcul'tee which aright hnvo other wieo been avoided, the abort aotloo allowed to I ta mo rk dnea not admit of her devoting the noaooanry time te thle important question, more aaitkelarly aa at thia moment Uoomerb is In a difccult position artatag fron her neighbor* atrtving la involve her in n war with Hare*. Te naqnlaooo in the American demanda would bring with It tbe aneriteo of theuaanda of ponnda eter bng for the bennOt of other Klalae, who, properly ?peel ing, beer the whole burden of three dnea, whilst Amotion aeiocm rontrthutea more than $ano In a year tn them. Denmark ia toot at thia moment tenet i all nrvpered to make each n enrritee aa tbia I cannot help looking en dnastan'a giving thia notice art sow ao n hard trvotmeat, t>y no manna provoked by Iwn mnrk. far ma?y have been tbe In* tan roe in which the Hanieh government bee remitted the* taee te Aaaen rtonn merchant*, contrary te ail right, and ratal 7 in tbe bnpee of preoerrlnr the anaioftlile relatione of tbe two foontrtre undirtui tad. Tk> Daniah government oan*i dera H Imp ooei bio for R te comply with the domnnd mnde within the than allowed by the nru? nnd rark ons thnt the deaanr d I tee If wufnetbe lank ad upon fa vorobly elaewbera ' Aconrdtng to Hnmbnrg anlherttMa American ?ea**U have far aawe time poet been In the he bit of putt 1*4 ato Hamburg without aandtng their pnpera 10 to the fane 1 knar lee nt the Hrunheue Cnataoi Henee and ttia evening the pnya^nt of the Ptn^ar 'ell a tell levied by Haoooroo vaaaelo aateriog the f3he Tbm 10 part of on oraaauad 1 retiai of reeiHnnre to the fhrtitlr-ue .n-1 arbitrary trammel* impeeod epon cemmei 1 ?, lo whieft the citirene of tbe I nlted -tnte* bnv* nn aaany r~i " eitnmil their ant apathy Ihe ktngnf I'ortugnl is M Ttuin, thegaao: of the King *f fatdlaui The f?eke nnd lmnhe?. af Hrabaat are tb*re The I m par or of Aeettia hoe rotuma.i la \ >*ana Ibeh .eg ef 1*1 naain b ks*nylng at fcrd*nn*dort, n liM Inn tbeaaal of war. In the OtaaM, I have only the tokegrsphl* eelitnee to rand yen It etme* am the Bnnaieno have riMteot rviafnreem*at*. Itejerkoer'o grand apase "1 ttaOe #n *00*,'* wm given Inak night nt Ca 1 ml ??rdon Oporn H uea with tunl aucow Hoyerhoer kimml' dira^tad the oevhaetrn* A very lotoreatiag eanmtmont woe Made at OoUogne. in the noigbbethoae a* Turin, n few i*ye rinan, ? ?( ma npplieattau nl water ant air no maUve penma The oapotlsaont. whleb wna mnde in toe piiniaii ? the Mtaiaker of 1-nhH* Woebe. od*d perWuv in trtviM n mage rots m?U. and II la mkiadM evtntnriiy Is npply the. j item le the ineftnet rk*e af the uione. *n toe Apprnnina*. Mar Sown, whan the gradieM eihM?i ler the dletaace of abenl ?s Kagbnh mtiM Thm in venttsn tide re l rem ntaaeephon' pelneipla m agpiui m Ing land, to thnt the mi km a Is abteto?a hp proaoon In atend of esheoelBen, ant for tbm pnrpoM hytrenhi ? ihe Grand flute af Ta- *aj hao reaaaad toe .nfr.f tunalO ngu mior who we* -a>a ? me year of .mprla omeet for raa-uaa too e co?i .ay with th* Hwmhere of bio owe faml r the War ale ef Normftnbr hau lamra^ed kim orf on xefteJf af ( ooahatu a ad tlie Grand t SW ka? new remittee tbe foaMieOar of I the rantenco en rendrtiM ef Cacobotn ? ? - allaj him aolf Lett* ra of fgnrafcnl St. \ nismd l? r>?> the U>nd?n A to. ma u n 1 On thirtv -two jnra of Mnn>hnl St. ArM?da .ifel tlii? rormpoodrw ? thrown no light whatever. The t???Tij>her, ilierefcev may oti!) have tn aaeh his in- I formation where M. Victor Itafo fnnnd it. The a rat letter of thonrim is tinted April, 1*61. Ref<xethat perkd, I?roy St. Aronod? hia brother fell* ua l.^d paaeed fhrtmgh many striking vkiaaitodea Ilia enrlieat miiitnry appointinrBt m .n I - 1 . . wtora be wa? odmillrd into the lunge regiment ot BHfdft la thftt " bnlliant un<\ dmmpnfeil ?*-lsty" I ? pnssions were dsngrrtmiJt iMnpied, and to hia eire-wea then ms*y l? ?*rilie?l. perhai^i, the arrn molated mnlndies which afflicted hi? whole ca reer. What the " roniiUJtif .idventarm of which I his brother was tbe hero were.M. Adolphe do st. Anwud doea not bint, ?mt Uiey were of each ana tore, sad ao fKqoeat. that the -top-father of thia doo jperate rubaJtera waa compeller) to remove him. that M miffbt not be utterly loA. In contmst with thia dl^oohite gaietr. tbe more in*ipi<l manner* of "the line" diafpiKteJ the yotithfnl St trn*ii<|. The ft* tcmnl memoir, whit n vajn?ely dewnlm hi* \i?eo. informs ua that he rrmgtied hi* < ommi?ion, an.l that be niahed into Ihe Creek war, tle.1 from it. and uhigtftf ly rttumd 19 tbg npw. ^rvfll this pouit the letters cut their uncertain and imperfect luht Of ?f tht events of bin career. The most ignominous acta ascribed to the Marshal were those connected with his watch and ward oyer the Duchess de Berry. It ie asserted, and has not been disproved, that be played the part of a ipy, and aknlked with bin eye close to a gimlet hole, to detect the secrete of a woman's bed-chamber. We were ?nvi?? to ascertain whether the aflhir would not amine a bet ter aspect after the publication of this correspon dence! Up to the time of the Russian war, no doubt the fame of St. Arnaud was that of a noto rious adventurer, who had carved out a fortune with the edge of a mercenary sword. Still, bis publie acts had been those of a soldier, slaughtering Afri cans and French citizens with equal alacrity, for rank and pay. But it would be pleasant to relieve our own army from the suspicion that their late companion in arms was not a detective who had seen that which he should not have seen, through a stratagem which he should not have employed. Yet the letters from Blaye, though they give no de tails, confirm, even by their reserve, the popular version of the story. The first allusion is written from Part be nay, on he 30th of November, 1862: ? On Sunday, the 2d of December, your ill-Ktan-ed brother leaven with bin battalion. What to do? Tokeepguiird i Ver the Duchene de Berry. Inntcad of a hunter of luttl coutcnts, bt li old me a jailerl The next letter dates from the Citadel of Blaye, in January of the next year. A step of promotion stimulates his zeal, and he writes to bis brother for certain martial ornaments to suit the loftiness of his new position. But Blaye was a dull retreat, and Leroy Ht. Araand soon weuried of it: ? We used to have Home soirees here; but the devil no ticed them, and they are gone with the family that gave them. We are reduced to ourselves, ? that i?, to zero, or below it. 1 am forced to play at chess with an artillery officer. In this epistle, addressed to his sister, several blanks occur? the ellipses, probably, conceal some delicate information conveyed by the lieutenant of grenadiers. His next letter annoanoes that the Duchess had "officially avowed" her condition,? which St. Arnaud is Baid to have detected by secret and infamous means. " She pre tends to have contracted a private mar riage, without being at liberty to name the individual." Five physicians, commissioned by . the government, came to obtain infor mation. " She received them with noblo gravity, replied with candor to their inquiries, and told them that her friends need not blush for her, sincc she had been married, and would speedily pro duce her proofs." Again, we read, l)r. Meniere ?sees the Duchess every day, often several times a day, and he repeats to me some curious detail-." The character of the French officer who enacted this singular part in the prison of the Dnches*. as well as the nature of his occupation, Is illustrated in sentences like the following:? 1 shall say no more of her, for all I now learn in nonfi dentiul, no that 1 cannot communicate it. But in a few months, poHhibly sooner, I shall entertain you with nine piquant facts. To the unhappy lady herself he affected all imagi nable courtesy? sang to her, tinkled his guitar to her, and watched her, until the birth of Marie-Anne Koealie took place. Translated to the African Bervice, St. A maud found himself in a congenial field. He breathed the fumes of battle, and snuffed the approach of war sb a horse snuffB his pasture from a distance. A f ter the first victory, near Blidah, " a tribe was burned " Then came the expedition against the city of Con Ktantine. The music of a fusillade" enlivened the an5y "?.& pan!ed on the way; bnt St Ar nand leu red neither the enemy nor the chance of Kuys ? " g at the end of September, 1837, he .l^,^il8,rebi:aveso,,1Ier"; b,lt they number only ?fll ?i?K. hi "an' and lfthe? re"i"t. th0 hayonA ,h* I" IWe days we shall t>o before Con andthe^TVhi yB u thetrsnchss, on? day bombarding, and then the assault. What a country, my brother ' Admirable un to thin time: but Just now all horror ami ''hall at last be without water? the most T?ri?L?;tiZtotpecU But ifGod wU1 ren,aiu -.^K* ^ay gnes? from Paw?Res like this, combined i?h ^SWfhaVe,qDotfJdufrom Ua Crimean let ters, how St. Arnaud would have carried on the Hats era campaign. He dashed upon the Russians at the ? iwn u0uJd il not 4,80 have been 0 tfc ^.?? trenches, one day's bombardment, and then the assault /" At Constantino, at all ?cratch ?? W?Dt tbrougb the 8torm without a An admirable resistance? men who had to be killed t*ic< ? II city taken with the bayonet, under a murder fln; h4?? kouHC, Mtreet by . treat, and the mii aen tcntinuin^ on both Hides for three hour* ...vim r:nrr:r Tk"1 "st1 w*h shed- ah f?r ">**??; *hat * r ' brought my men to the bayonet charge en time* under fire, broke into the houses, an.l rushed and ilSnt whl h1 1 t ""d w'th that fury and spirit which rou know I can exhibit. I told you j vrnTn ih r"r I |Kuirh,,nJr"f,f : I told you I wanted to fit tr,*V I don't know whether I shall have it I but I am rewarded already, for my officers nnd comrades I have i nibraced me, and declared that I deserve it. I If, in the Homeric phrase, small things may be com, ?red with large, the state of the French before ' t'lf r resembled in some points the former I state of the Allies be I ore Sebastopol: I 11 ,17in? "f hunger and fatigue; tbe few I Ireat r. nlrt 7 , . ' serving them in case of a re .l,""'''? ''?Te embarrassed their movements. The ill fed, always in the mud and rain, without I ?lee,. without re-t, became the prey of dlsesM?.' Dysen r 7 .i .r Were n?ore tPfrfhle to us than to tbe Arabs I Hut tl.e void "a?sault" cure<l every one. The assault is vigorously described:? After climbing the breach, loud cries of ? Forward!" *???>? and the French, momentarily driven hack- I 12 l.? Jni t0 i?k* '?l,r^ Tl,eir 'houts brought I U t * *? /',|nf'>r''ements; an.l he arrived J"V. a^Jilanti were once moro upon tbe I t! i T.'L * ! "yi"B hof"rc B" eloKe that we 1 i ii *** ln ' borl"' *" 'hey retreated. Our sol- I " "ver one another pell-mell, with their officers I '?d a te.^1 disorder followed. Umoriclere sprang up' mine ' u Vk.l li ! ron,.P?ny should be In before mI l . ^ "terrible explosion took place. I the! rll'ci .r.r?^ h| , Th'""' who remained on their net, ,tartled by the shock, sought to lean on one " i " ' " ? " "I against the walls. \|| !'' """" "J,'ir ?Tes tilled with I'Wdei. >.im| weie momentarilyauffocated. It?t "V i il'le ... erie. The wretches who I , and who .-ould from the "'"i.g d. wn the bea.-b, exclaiming S.lVe I ><ui -.I*.-, I, lend? wr are all lost? the pla.-e is StST"? Jl" h,lt K0T0 y<?ir*e!vcs.? h. LIT, V. ,h?" , wnrched figures ? thoae I ? , , _ _7i M I .V Without skin, and drip ! ? ! J garments, drop Z il. Tu r%",h!: ?tvtim . flesh-when I recall those # ?*t??uUhed that the entire column I ? ii- won ritiM the breach. In a || w moments, however, order waa restored:? 1 U. h ' ' * ?ee"rd the sr t.tier* nured their weapons I , . forward ' forward!" That -hoot, 1 ?" 'he it., them. I cried to my soldiers I * :e~' "'> ' ?" ?ith me, bayonets ; it I i" 11 ."''y A""fr"' forward ! forward!" and I I tot?. the uolf. in which, on my conscience I I t ij?r< ted another eipl<?*idu. I Wlen the breach was wm found that r?ei> u.klmg w.aa sepaiute fortitlcation. In one stre?i, y\n ht. Arn.iud, "we marched up to the I kne*. tt.ii.uch blood uud dead bodiea.'' " Xot a ?r> tbe d>ing. Tlwy gave and received I B-vt.l ??"nda with tint despairing fury ? hrb rlo*e? the teeth, and brings ejrcu latioti* m>m the bottom of the s*^?' Home I ,bl" Khastly narrative after the Il'I ?! T- ?f"""""' ^ won,t atrocities of wmr. tstt ht. Arnaud wrote with the frenr.y of the ' I* and mem* to have confessed all bis ?c hie ve mint* n> Ztmart. .i iC a*,in ,Kf returns to the incidents of ttuit t''???l> da*. At Alrtera a splendid festival did ?n??r to tbe heran of ( unaUntlne :_ AM tto I Ml ?k*t it w.. t.. U?e, and rejoice.1 in 25SSI5955 ??* **? "f"1. with I * n**'"1"* "" b in of those aweet eves, ? ' '' " ?? ii.'tant. and ?em to follow ifc?? #?? t% sfcrre ' ? tb?-n, kow easy glory seem ' 1 * 'he * man ?ou love ..baerven )ou. that f' *' ? i?h h. art and fancy and not to crush I ** IWi?la? tt ta ta|s?ilS|f ! f*. AiMtxi '? crushed the Bedouin* (aa be calls "?* " 1 i',u '? '1 a* in public. " This niorn Pti Jpi the future Marshal, " I thraahed an A rab for boat 1 tag me and speaking insolently. Hp twwited my blows as haaffhtOy as if he were giving 'ton, to ri.r. I la a large aci!. bis practice was to "'I 1 hane.u, and to drive the women SI.. I . h .dren n h-.rdea among the gorges of the At f,r. U. [et!?h of roid and mi-ery. The Zou M. cer. :t.? in?trnnir:ita of this devastation. I Wl. m? / they ar- gailant .oldtera, but one h< i ?- ?*. . ..I ... the lite I lea.1 with I. ? -nr ?#???' >V ? h"?*lrr I ' line- pr?inn?tino " ? " h.-. n ll?l ? ? A' ways th' /..llliie ? the v ' " ' ? '.y night? the A.iuues V ' ? '? ? be 'A.uaies to the rear ? ' - " ? " "? nl- * hr.-1-enr.l- 'he /'.Hive, to our * "v * '? ? engr^e- 1 the, e? Itine .?* he . aw j-. k- '.,?h to .?i.t tbeio They 'b" h- '"""J 'hey come K-.-k a mile t.fc ,r. 'he .rmt I.HOIW., and ha< e.ten ? ' " ? "I ? ? ? ' ?????? wtoa 'he /siuate* arrli. ,ei the /. u?"-. "Mifh In he 'iw-ning twoh-iir- beto , ihe Wbateter l?srinf theae varieties of sa \fri. jn . in.|-sig:, may he aupp.aied to huve on the Kmonal chap ter of M. Arnaud. thev do not exhibit in the light of a great general. So. 1, WM ^ th" ^ tor h,eh ?nd J* ? Anmod s strategy w .a that of the tiger' whe makes one apnng, and t i?ks ^J| on jt, mi< .,w Pnt he . , nt noally yearned for a general . ..mUw t.on, that might trit.g h,m .,n i broniler st;ige and "n'Z'r?u h':^htr k"' "P ,h" warlike ^mo* n Msn- t" enc.rr.ige ti es,. |n .PIn,#r> X?od _ lo ? Miggesti'.n of tbis -p?.k Iomh mm* of war or Mm* K ?uUvn> nr. To Ba? mar <>a a (T?"< ???'? la >???? ?? dm of my drr*m?? and a dream it ?????? Hhely U It U * r'?y ' Tb? political theatre opered in Parte u that of war *? mrd to close. HI. Araaud woui.l not direct, hi* thought* to M:? I <-ar? UttW *?? politic* they *n ant writ w. All jrimr ?tatr>iaen m iw ^m*?w4 m4 pmt**' ?" mm. If I bad a wri<>?? <1a?-l on hand. I ?k"aM a*k ?nar o? tbem u? br my M?nwl>. TVy *<nM ?rrm(f lk? matter, hut honor dm Dot arriiiffr ItarH A? to foM lm?rr?liw?-. a? to the ?r?e?-h?-? aad Tagahon-1- *ku pillage and mur der, born aad d?-?tr?y. for lW ?ake ?f beead or what not ?nothing c< uld be a*?e? ?**? melancholy; aad IT my rril ?1ar rhoaid evr pat mr at tb? h?ad of a ragtnent, or any other force, daring a rn(J?t|o?, I wmW make mjtrli remembered Mat It la thitkrr that ?? arc i?ing led by yuar J??rnaU?t>, aad by ail yoar (?crlbbler*. of tkir iwakr-t deerriptlna It l< thU ?rt that vitlate<4 th? Idraa >i the Nr aad liupi na? ?ar generation with thr >**1 of bad tcndeiwt? and liU-a* Thry arr a terrible | lagu* th?-? ? literary awn an<t journalist* ?prua* trvm a?thiar adhi i It la aathing . but who cling togetbar, prautag thawwhea, adamag thrmnehe*. offering in ? n-e t? t).cm??'lvc?, ?!?aa iiv, <>ale*rinr, forming puUl<- ( lai u makimr an>! <iam?k ng reputation*, rieatroylng lioae-t mm ?laMIng nfunl upon their shield*, aa-1 a iebUi* * power wbi- h we *ub mit to while we Mu.h for It It i- a ?cri'at le plague, I ell you, and InrrcaM" e\ery day. I deteet ail tbe?e m riguero, the?e Robert Macau**. Any C?wr of the Lower Empire. ?tudyu* thes? epistles would have recognized in their author th? proper agent of a pnrtorian revolution, lu ll oa crrorism, censorship, and the fling of pub ic intelligence. But St. Areaud wan bitter whenever Africa waa at peace. The scent of carnage roused all the rlvaetty of his na u re. He was a Nimrod among the Kab> !es, promising "to play the Callgaia, ' "to besiegn the Arabs in their grottoes," alter the example of Pelissier, and exulting in the summon* to boot and saddle, as thongh it were a rail to Heaven. "Marl* borough is off to the war, and so am t," he writes. At other times he repeats the word war as if it were to him the "music sweet aa love," that made a differ ent being weep with joy. Death of the last MedleaT Attendant of Kapo lcon the Flrat. [From the I/n.lon ClironlcW, July 1*. J We have to record the death of Dr. Arthiliald ? nott, of her Majesty's 20th Hegimsnt of foot, in the eighty-fourth year of hi* age. . . Dr. Arnott entered the army nPw*"^ , vonrs atro and retired from active senrice in 1*.6. L'or a few' years he was attached to the 1 ith Dra goons but for a much longer period served I with her Majesty's 20th foot, sharing the peril- and I of that distinguished corps on the Nile, n caianria. Portugal Spiun, and Holland, and earning a medal J?? e?t?. ?wi>. v?"o&??Xi Vittoria, the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, ana After the war, Dr. Arnott accompanied his brave companions talons to St. Helena .*'.?*?* ? the former station became the medical attendan Napoleon Bonaparte. His genuous character, and upright and dignifleddepurt mentasan officer and gentleman, at for him the confidence of that whose good opinion, thus early fo|TO^, was strengt ened by daily interviews during the P^KJ???Jn'1!! fatal disease, and at last ripened into warm person^ attachment and sincere esteem. These MtomU were cordially reciprocated by the pli , on the part of the illustrious patient were expressed on all occasions by delicate attentions and marks of affectionate regard. In particular, shortly previous to his dissolution, Napoleon gave a very in teresting testimony of his respect for Dr. Arnott, and grateful sense of the warm sympathy and inde fatigable zeal with which he had labored to mitigate the cruel sufferings which no art coddl^. Touse the words of one then on the island. The Bnperor. on bis death bed, desired that a valuable gold snuff box might l>e brought to him, and having, with hm dy in? hand and last eflbrt of departing strength, engraved opon its lid with a penknife the letter N, he presented it to his kind and valued ^nd. as a parting memorial of his deep esteem and heartfelt gratitude." Besides which, Napoleon bequeathed to him GOO Najioleons, and the British gwerament. to mark its approbation of his conduct, lonferredon him ?500. Wnen the scene at last drew to a close, the patient expired with his right hand in that oC ^ Dn Arnott was almost the last surrivOT of those whose names will be handed down to posterity in connection with the events of the last davs of Napo leon. His masculine and tenacious mind was to the last richly stored with recollections and anecdotes ot the period. These the nublic woidd have read w^' interest, but, except a clear and distinct Account of the Last Illness, Decease, "d Post-mortem Ap pearances of Napoleon Itonaparte/' pubttsbed In 1822, he conld never be induced to commit tfemta print, being reluctant to mingle publicly in the keen and painful controversy of the time, although neve concealing his opinion in private conversation. From tne sphere of public duty Dr. Arnott retired to his native parish, and there, on his patrimonial estate of Kirkconnel hall, spent the evening of hH days beneficially to the neighbourhood and honora bly to himself. The Slav? Trade. In the House of Ix>rds on July 20th, Lord Broogli am presented a petition signed by Mr.O.W.Alex 1 ander, as chairman of the British and Foreign Ant r I Slavery Society, complaining that certain British , consnlB in the West Indies were stiU holders ot ? slave property. Their lordships were aware that in > the Dutch colonies of Guiana and Surinam the eman cipation of slaves had not fet been effected. Various measures had been propounded in the legislatures of those colonies, one of which was the liberation of all persons born of slave mothers after a certain date. That most wise and humane measure had met with great opposition from the planters, and, amongst others, from a planter of great property, named (as the noble lord was understood) Atherton. Applica- i tion wan made by Mr. Atherton to hia noble mend | behind him, who wan then Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and he said on no account whatever would the English government inter pope to prevent the emancipation of tnoae popr negroes; and all that he could ask and regiare of the Dutch government was that British subject* should be placcd on the same footing as the Dutch. Thl* led to an inquiry as to who the principals were ot the agent who made this application, and it torneil out that among them was a person who held high office in our foreign service. He had no doubt that , that able and respectable functlonary siicccpded liji inheritance to the property, and therefore fell within the exception in all the abolition acts. Atthe sarae! time, it was necessary that all persons in that situa tion should lie aware of the critical situation in which they were placcd, for though they might sell the property and even the slaves indirectly, they must take care how they purchased slaves, as, bv <W la* buying and selling slaves amounted to a felony. Ms hoped that his noble friend would some hopes with regard to Spain, that that country writ about to abandon the execrable slave trade. i7ie Ttumbtr of tlavee imported into Cuba ,n 'a*j* of which they had any account, teat probably not Um than from 14.000 to 15,000. In Bnufl the slave trade, he was happy to say, had ceased altogether, ana since it had ceased there had been a great'i ct neral improvement In the country than had taken C- e for twenty-five years before. And not only they ceased to import slaves, but the kindly man ntr in which they treated the tlaeet cohort* t*rv favorably with the treatment cf them in the United State i. A free colored person ^dj^ civMght< and all legal rights, and he understood thattfta phy sician of the Emperor was a also trusted that the noble Earlwould he^abietogWe some satisfactory information with regard to the law Of the State qf Carolina, by which any wa? liable to imprieonment for entering the 8tate,fm a tecond offence to be whipped, and far the Intra of fence to be eold a$ a elave. He trusted the noble lord could inform him that that law would-be altered. The Earl of Clarendon replied, but m so low a tone as to be almost inaudible. He was understood to say that he had made inquiries with regard to the representation of the agent alluded to by tha nohle and learned lord, ami found that the P*"?? j? SKA?: gagg ' jrovernment ought to join the D^tcto '? opposing the law, because printers in the colony who would be damnified by it. with reaard to Spuln, he was afraid he aould not rive much Hutisfuction, though he thought ha eouM aive some. It was true that a large number of slaves was impoited in W62 into Cuba, hut the pre sent Captain General had not only passed rtrtngent resolutions to prevent the importation of slaves, but he had degraded and punished persons in authority w ho had i#rmltted the practice. He had , however, great difficulties to contend with, ss nothing could persuade anybody in Cuba that the "lave trade wa* 1 not only indispensable to the accnmol?rm oi wealth, but to the cultivation of the land. WUh re gard to Brazil, he thought the conduct of tha gov ernment of that eountry highly creditable to n. in 1848 there were slaves imported, but not one had leen imported within the last i-uae time he thought it would not be safe fw 'this conntrv to relax In the exertions it had tor time Bade to pitv<mt the carrying on of the trade. The lUurreet la Kturap*. ir?ri? (July IS; c?rr*?p"t><l?-nee of th?- UnJoa Chreniclf 1 & 1 ne?il survey of the corn-growing and corn-exportine roontrles. and inquires into the facilities they have for coming to the aid of any daflcite that ma) i-xTteiiencetl in France or elsewhere and ^?r exei riwng a favoraHe influence in abating the highp ricen that ?ecm now to prevail all over the world for t)iis meat atceseary of aliotlitery nbataaceh

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