Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 6, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 6, 1855 Page 2
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WP0R7ANT MANIFESTO f ROM THE CUBAN JUNTA. Mfrfffi M the Peeple t Cik TbcPut ui rretwnt ?f tb? Rrvolattoaary I?kmM - lalag oakm *f Ike Aacrku Mak* ?4 ration Tbe Tripartite Treaty , &c.. ?(., Ac. We translate the following highly Important do cument from proof sheets with which we have been fevered in advance TO THE PEOrLE OF CUBA. Events which are not to be discussed here, errors and misfortunes which we will examine at another have come to overthrow violently the toilsome combination which was to have broaght liberty to Caba. and to disturb the mind of all the good pa riote who had placed theiijhopes in the projected movement. Since our combated revolution bus re ceived such and so oft repeated reverses, it was le gitimate and very justifiable to desire to know in fcD their details the immediate causes of that new V. a ter, so as to guard against their repetition in IW-uro, and to at-k an account in the proper quarter ?t the immense and grievous sacrifices sustained. Reasons of high convenience, which the Cuban Junta have already sufficiently explained, have ne cessitated the appearance, brief, without doubt, of a public manifestation of these deplorable causes; but there is no reason why? on the contrary, everything induces to it? concentrating public opinion anew, we should not endeavor to define the present situa tion, and ascending to higher and more general con siderations, demand from the study of the past les sens and guarantees for the future. To satisfy that double exigency, this document is issued. They are much deceived who think that with the mirtfortnnca eiuitaiiicd our revolution has died ; they are also much deceived who imagine that it has ex perienced a very grave reverse. To concede cither opposition, it would be necessary to ignore com pletely the vitality which exists in principles, or to misunderstand the special stimuli which operate upon the revolutionary sentiment in Cuba. It would fee Mccssary to magnify excessively the importance mt the acts which bave transpired, and to falsify their "??flnence over the march and the progress of our future operations. The revolution of our country is cemented on one Vide lu the barbarous and oppressive system which tat enslaved it for centuries, and on the other in the progressive knowledge which its inhabitants have heen acquiring of their right", of the justice which Mwste them, and of the benefits which are to be ex pwted when that power is annihilated and that op p reunion overthrown ? so that the energy of the mo *>ves which gave the first impulse to the determiri:| tion of the Cubans, being still existing, or rath' g increasing constantly, the fundamental base of our patriotic and noble undertaking is still the more strengthened and fortified by its very reverses. We must not coniound the revolution which its ?oral and intellectual progress slowly imbued in the ?Binds of ]>eople oppressed by the harsh chain of despotism, and their resolution to resort to it, with the means and plans concerted for its realization. I These plans may be openly resorted to at any of their epochs, just in proportion as the revolution redoubles its activity, acquiring from its very reverses greater strength and new powers in its fctrife with tyranny. If other proofs of this truth Were wanting, Cuba herself would offer irrefutable ptoofo of it, in the history of the past years; and if We desired to paint in a lew words the different leases of that increase of convictions and moral energy, produced by the very disasters which have ?een suffered in our country, we might say, with al propriety, that they consist in this, that previous t? 18#* it was a i-imple plot? in 1850 and "51 it was a conspiracy, to roach in ia'?5 the height of a real revolution. That logical, inexorable march, proceed log from the development or ideas, the tyrant could ?ot interrupt, but on the contrary precipitated, thereby offering a new demonstration of the fact, that ia proportion as their victirics were multiplied they ?ad always to increase their material means of as distance. In Cardena* and Puerto Principe the op position was made by a few detachments. The r whole army was employed in the Vuelta Abajo; and this year, when they dreaded new battles, they did aot hesitate to place in arms the most unusual el J rant, believing themselves still insecure, notwith standing the co-operation of powerful alliances abroad. Is it thus that revolution* succumb or re trograde? No, the Cuban revolution lua not died; nor will it have been detained one siugle instant in the succes sive development of all the elements which consti *Ute its vitality and promise it triumph in no ve y distant future* That general cry which ris 9 through all the length and breadth of the country, asking new action and movement? those offfers of reiterated and more costly sacrifices ? that universal anxiety to hasten the time for breaking the secret < f the new combinations, aud the hoar of the n-|f struggles, are evidences or it. And in contemplating that excitcment which ferments in all minds, and that resolution which has l*en adopted by all hearts, it may be said that in Cuba the fatality or its past ?ncertainties and misfortunes is the historic condi ?on or its future triumphs. One fact ia wiped out. and another is prepared in the book or revolution, to ??e inscribed in each new page in characters more ?ahent and better marked: aud tlnw it is that where ever a vulgar or imperfect appreciation meets with ?aotives of grief 'and dismay, even there spiings un to the eyes of philosophy a sure pledge of renewed ardor and greater strength for the luture. I Looking at our present situation, under this point ?r view, it is not right that we should waste our time in useless lamentations on account of the past still less iu iMirrcn recriminations. What siirnifv 1 littl? ?old that hasten lost, and some teare Sore S , ,e been shed as a tribute to the rousolatory prin ciple or our future redemption; Tlut which is < .f Wrtance.and is more worthy or Via tha" nl Should ask from exj>enence tin- lessous which it treasures up. and that we should continue ^ivin? to the world the glorious example of patriots who. far than being can down by misfortune, a more erect and resolute front, and hasteu to the combat Willi renewed heroism. nu past; the brunch of the 1?^ '".there still in ^ rin. The idea which ? establish our revolutionary operations in these States was one of necessity. To vituperate it ??^ay because the hour or triumph does not vet shine, is to do violence to the conditions of logic and to ignore the principal motive of alt puwri-w. Wu mnat not forget it. If in the beginning or this cen tury Cuba remained inert in the midst of the glori ous rising whioh forever crasiied the Spanish domi nion In her great American territories, that was due not to her want of convictions and ot arms to i*>gin the strife? which then exceeded, as they still exceed, joe Territories in question -J sit to the inexorable limited extent, ami ot its f^ographicol aud topographica! configuration; it wa? due to theec.wo WH:ia.1 c<>nditioiia in which K stood ; it was 1? "i111"11 other sfteciui circum (,)T tbo mo!rt P^rt, exist, and ihat othe r \ 4 ,h'n ' trtiitleas outbreak of ? ?iuit! epochs Oi rev^uiounrr Mi^wK^U^ntVKv1!^"^1 ?tmpa ' "* "* r"'>fsv?ous the!itrle?for he Initiatory labors of onr reiWtton . 1-t ,11. memorable epoc h of that conception. The pre 'ram?? ?t annexation, then formulated lot the ftr^t?.?? was the bait which ?*. to attract thc iute^w the American people, and the pledge of ? Cuhk the alar m* of tho~ 1,1111 vacillated '1! ( wlt'> the recohecMon of the nrugprl.^ and present NHniJi- VIU<Tj. 1* /'"m that date and from that pr ... ^ JlUM the revolution brought to i?rac xnwnfanT lr",a/''at tin* il aCquiuM t:.e to-dav ami wi.iM "'i'" " *'lich "e recr>gui/.e in it irh icYCe JnrJ V tu fl" cl '' nn'! Snch t^ 00.11 " n"1 been to vitality which *Jf ?'letm-nts of |>oirer and of Kriae bv the nl^n wh 3^n" ^ 10 0,11 noWeenU-r k ???j)d? ssri ^ich the consldr ration o> facta pan an.l LmT Th? Spanish government, evor unskilful In .JoinK r.kJi JuKn iww im Uw( U?c 19 Pi'lwt nil titv able V meets which the rcvoiofon contained and to opVom to it in practice all thorn counterpoises and fAtaurassmenti which could most dlaoouccrt it On tmeside it published to the world the perfidious accusation of Anglo American covetooaness and piracy, which, repeated and commented on by ignorance and self-interest on all aides, deprived ou? cause of those sympathies and moral support which it so mnch required for success. On the other hand, it knew how with singular ccrtainty to touch the sleeping chord of race and nationality, scattering doubts and prejudiced, which serve to ex plain why the revolutionary movement Li Cuba was not more rapid and powernd. The few Cubans, who, in good or bad faith, aided Spain in that Machiavellian movement, will in pro per time owe a 6trict account to the country for the lnopportuoeccw) of their co-operation. There was time enough afterwards to discuss the merits of an nexation, considered as the end of our toils; the only consideration then was the means concerted to accumulate material and moral powers against the tyranny of Spanish domination; and it is not con ceivable that that being the dominant aud primary object which animated all, there could have been no l'nend of our revolution who would frustrate it with an opposition as imprudent as it was premature. Certain it v?. that on one side calumniation of the motives and object of our enterprise planted in a foreign soil, and on the other the excitation of sen timents which will always preserve their empire in the human heart, were counter principles employed to combat in its vulnerable side the revolutionary programme of 1848. Lope* and his heroic band, the iitimerous Cuban victims sacritlcd since on the terrible scaffold , still sleep in obscure graves, withou the universal sympathies of the surprised and she eked world having come to console their noble and patriotic shades. I'eihaps. also? and we must here speak without | disguise? the exaggerated hope of an unlimited co operation coming from abroad, may have influenced dwadvantageously the maintenance and kindling in the soul of that ardor and patriotism which are so accessary for people to acquire with honor and dig nity, the supreme good of freedom. Without that very important consideration, some grievons event5) which took place in Cuba, and facilitated to onr ene mies the opportunities for new calumnies and impos tures, would still remain unexplained. But even as it wan, notwithstanding all this, our combated enterprize would have triumphed, were it not for anomalous and unforseen obstacles which have arisen against it in the very land where it came to seek at least a favorable neutrality. It is an event which will remain marked in history for shame and confusion, by the detractors of the American govern ment, that in the midst of most propitious circum stances, and even of most inexcusable provocations by the Spanish authorities, notwithstanding the most perfect accord between self interest and the vindica tion of its outraged honor, it still resisted temptation, and did not only not favor, but did not conceal the plans which were being formed here, within the range of the law, to overthrow the common enemy. To-day the truth must be told. The greatest enemy that the Cuban revolution had, it has always met in the administrations of this country, whatever may have been the political color of their elevation to power. Hence the repeated embargoes and confisca tions of our means of action; hence their searches and persecutions; hence, also, the constant espionage and the denunciation of our movements, which have more than once frustrated the best laid combinations against the oppressors of our country. That such ronduct should absolve the government of the nation from every ambitious view towards Cuba, or that it should preserve its honor before an impartial people, of the motives which dictated it, is a thing which cannot be conceded without serious uncertainty. It may be said that the desire of incor porating Cuba in the confederation is innate in every American heart, as a precise postulate of that law of expansion which is the soul of the Anglo Saxon race. On the other hand, without the possession of that key of the Mexican gulf, the geographical, stra tegical and commercial exigencies on which depend its future greatness, would remain unsatisfied. But that clear and universal intuition of the value and importance of onr territory, in ascending from the individual sphere to the councils of the federal rep resentation to be interpreted into executive acts, arrives there debilitated and obscured by the clushing of political parties and the strife of the interests of the house, which dispute among themselves prepon derance in the bosom of the national Congress. Cuba always appears at a distance, but each time more in volved among the mist arising from internal agita tions, so prolific in the parliamentary history of the Union. Besides, this is no time for deception. This giant people, in the developementof its internal strength aud resources, is deficient in fixity of purpose and reso lution in the march of foreign policy. It might be said, on looking at the vacillations and speculations of its diplomacy, that it still wishes to grow and strength en more, before promulgating its thought and its will before the assembly of nations. Therefore the Cuban question has been for all administrations, without distinction of party, the touchstone of its incipieucy and inaptitude' for the debates of in ternational policy. And if past administrations can find no excuse for this, in their political antecedents and the conserva* the principles which they represent, for the hostili ty which they displayed against the efforts of the Cu ban revolutionists, still less can auy excuse be formed for the present administration, which owed its elec tion to the most democratic and progressive ele ments, and to the most solemn engagements in fuvor of the cause of our countir. No other was more openly wanting to that condition of its plat form? surprised doubtless by the secrets of the Anglo-1- rench alliance, no less than by the agitation which the Nebraska bill created through the conn ??7.' ut which the energy of internal parties was to W imprudently evaporated. Whether through alarm, or through calculation, or through motives perhaps less excusable, because personal, it knew not how to attempt more than an undefinable mission to the Court of Madrid for the regulation of the difficulties pending with the government of Cuba ; and when it received for response denial and insult, and the re petition of annoyances, it had neither the force of will nor the prestige sufficient to propose to and ob tain from Congress its approval of the adoption of open and energetic measures, nor did it think proper to combine any other thun those of aggres sion upon our operations aud preparations. And if these stigmas were the only ones which the adminis tration east u)>on the national character, thev might perhaps be washed away in the bath of Us own cowardice and inaptitude. But there are other re sponsibilities which are perhaps reserved for the great day of revelatious, which may then condemn the national character to the animadversion of all the generous hearts of the world. But if we deplore the past, we see nothing in the future of American policy to justify hopes, somo tunes even exaggerated, of its moral' co-operation? if naught else? in the success of our revolution. At least it new causes or unusual motive* are not brought into play to overcome its present inertness, Cuba would have in vain cast herself in her oppression and misery at the t'eet of the Colossus which might have raised her froui her abasement and prostration. And can this be anticipated when the ferment of old aud new political parties is more than ever agitated '! Above all, there is one of those i?art ics which sprung up yesterday, and will triumph to-morrow, a hetero geneous moss of most opjwwte views, but which are interlaced and confounded in the common formula of nativism, which is another word for hostility and intolerance toward the foreigner. Add to this, that Cuba with her social institutions, is a standing threat for the balance of power between tie two great sections of the country, so much desired to-day by all the friends or the national pact, and it will 1* seen that if the programme of were useful and necessary for the first steps of our revolutionary infancy, that programme only deserves to-day to tip preserved in our urchives as a hi-toric record for the annals of nor "tmggle with tyrnnnv. Kor our own port, at lea -t we must dec! ii re ojsnly that that tiiuld and vacillating policy which tin* American government bas hitherto pursued, that constant opposition to our plans that undefined position in which thi internal agitation* of the I nion pluce the cause of Cuba, can neither conduce to the honot und dignity of our revolution nor satisfy the exigencies of the evils wtnch oppress u-. Kc* once, also, the whole Inion recognize-^ that it is not with barren sympathies it <*n acquire that msiiife* dot ny which' it? uubitioo longs for At a highei puce it mint be jtLiined, or fy!? tf* 1 njoo mu t ?ee the <Mdcn dream ot it. no it It-0" '' ?'*?< conizations aud (5il>n might at critical nif>ii>ent- hive off. red the I sacrifice of its individual^ ind of its commercial and political independence, when it believed its hopes well-founded, and saw not in the wide horizon any other stu to shine on it? psth, or any other port in which to take shelter from tla- terapevt-* of the pre??'?t and the -torms and danger, of the future But now things hive clu'igod. The revolution h is .ncarnated itself lmperi?hiWy in every Culmn brea*t: the convulsed mother country is on the eve of being sunk and extinguished in'Kurope, vrith all the significancv of the event: and. limllv, there are already impending throughout the world new solutions to all the political, economical and so cial questions which are battling for supremacy in ibe great council of nations. (i i a?"tfraphieal position, and by the provMcn i 'rents, Culm resumes to-day in mar the enigma of nil the problems of n ^ti11^ U ff'n,llrv'- in S'Kh an advantageous of t0 remain idle in the arms of nartUnU i ? frr u' morc 001 J" the direction siAt7 " rt "ts '"?<! neither Ui* f ?re a ; > ""n' '",l t0 "Ottcipate the his oure?intrJ ??K thus is the future ,.f totbenosiLn^ran'1-, Th? ,wolntion. raised to tn? position of a political combination in which the natural ambition of a neiKblsiiing lV>wer had l?e ehutlvif ff 'Iwt itlva, anUoo aticb% myp; ttr^ogth , ened has it uow grown, that it most Moderate its progress; and now there open npon it new and more extended horizons in the satisfaction offered to prin ciples more general and of more universal applica tion, without placing existing interests in ca&nkt. Cuba, to-day more than ever, most reconnentrute herself in tbe justice and necessity of her revolution, and must bring together new powera for a future attempt. Her past errors and disastersare as nothing in presence of the renewed determination of deserving and obtaining by conquest the liberty for which* she yearns. Tbe valorand the morality of all her sons , the onion and the constancy of all noble and gene rous souls, promise days of glory and happiness for their enslaved country. The remembrance of so much blood and tears that have been shed, the re nowned victims who are still waiting for the tardy honr of their apotheosis, so many family ties rent, so much grief, oppression and misery? here are mo tives, more than sufficient, why the chariot of the revolution, once set in motion, should not stop for a single instant, but that rather, if neces sary, and if abandoned by the entire world, casting everything behind us, and regardless of all consequences, we should, in one su preme day of enthusiasm, rush hand to hand again* the tyrant who degrades us. That Is the most noble, most worthy and most heroic resolution that can be taken by the free man of Cuba. To prepare for that with faith, and in concert, and deriving in struction from past errors, is the first counsel of an elevated and foreseeing policy. When the momen of a bold initiative on the part of Ctibansshal have arrived, it will bring with it all the feelings o this country, putting an end to the indecision which were not only a delay, but an insuperable ob stacle to the final success of our operations. We have entire faith and full confidence in the indivi vidua 1 sympathies of the American people, who. though absorbed to day in the irritating debates of their internal interests, would not, in fuch a case, allow liberty to perish for want of co-operation. But is that the whole ? Is the pointing oirt of this last and highest necessity the only frcit which we can derive from the study of past and present events? We believe not; and at the same time that our revo lution must not slacken a little in the path which its interests, its dignity, and the urgency of the danger which encircle it point out, we think that it accords with our mission and our duty to meditate simulta neously other combinations, and even to accept any other solution which, while preserving intact the social existence and the honor, may guarantee the rights, the independence, and the liberty of our country. It would not be the first time that the in tervention of the high Powers which stand at the head of the nations, would have concerted their common efforts to drive back the monster of inter national discord and conflicts; nor would there ever have been a more propitious or urgent opportunity for settling on solid and durable bases the future pence of the world. From Spain Cuba has r.othiug to expect, unless, indeed, the increase of the evils and the oppression in which she groans. Her past acts, and the horri ble reality of her present conduct, sufficiently attest that. Nor are there any extremes to which Spain cannot be driven by the stimulus of wounded pride and manifest impotence. She is resolved to close the history of her ominous domination in Ame rica with the perfidy of the most barbarous decree, notwithstanding the protests, always false, of her ministers and her Cortes, and which are due, on this occasion, to suggestions of the moment, and to the fears inspired by the threatening attitude of our preparations. On the other hand, what power has Spain, evenif she wish ed, to keep back the inexorable consequences of the measures already set on foot in Cuba, and which are only suspended? by no means revoked 1 Or how can she longer resist the pressure exercised over her by public opinion in Europe, and by the political in terests, alarmed with the direction taken by our re- ? volution, to the apparent and exclusive advantage of the American confederation ? Such considerations deserve to foe weighed in the balance of patriotism and of foresight, so that, not deceiving ourselves, we may know how calmly to look upon and to conjuie dangers. Tiie social ques tion wnich these considerations involve is not now for Cubans in the sphere of principles, but in the practical ground of necessity and convenience. Spain has resolved that the misfortune of the island shall remain for ever sealed; and it must rremediably be so in consequence of her hatreds, her engagements and her weakness. It would be, perhaps, sufficient that this should be weighed and meditated by tbe inhabitants of Cuba ? to receive at the proper mo ment a solution in harmony with acquired rights, and under the outside protection and shelter to which she may with certainty aspire ? to enable the present generation to acquire, witheut great risk or wicriticc , the longed for cood of political indepen dence. But oar ambition should be directed to the highest ends; and alter past deceptions ire should neither confide anew our salvation to the rapport of a single prince, nor to the cooperation of a nole aud particu lar alliance. We know how to interest the whole world in the providential work of onr revolntion, now that it contains in its breast the gravest solu tions which the civilization of the age impatiently expects, and these may be messengers of peace for the political future of the nations of the earth. The murderous cannon would not now be thunder ing before the walls of Sebnstopol, nor would the blood of the peoples be flowing in torrents, if the principle of political equilibrium which the struggle proclaims had to be limited to the conservation 'of the European Hatu quo. The Anglo-French alliance has an origin anterior to the Eastern conflicts, and a signiflcancy vaster and more comprehensive in the destinies of the universe; and it may be that the sources of the Cuban revolution and tne threats in volved in it of aggrandizement for the American Union, were the Uft inspirations of that league which to day darkens men's minds with the magni tude of its extension. At least it may be said that the refusal of the Cabinet of Washington to sub scribe the tripartite treaty, while it confirmed the tendencies of its ill-disguised ambition, had also the effect of strengthening the rivalries of all the maritime powers, and of making closer, if not producing, the entente lietween France and Kng land, in the crusade which they meditated in favor of thepolitical balance of the two hemispheres. That treaty, on account of its unjust und restrictive contents in reference to the revolutionary principle in Cuba, ought to 1? the object of marked censure for all generous hearts, particularly as it appeared to protect, under a crafty concealment, the imprescrip tible rights of its inhabitants. On the other hand, to be a fundamental solution of all the complications, which may rise in the future, it should have trans formed into a principle of foresight that which was alone an effort of conservation unworthy of the high Powers which conceived it' For the three most power ful nations of the earth to maintain defaetn, though not de jure, despotism and barbarity In the middle of the nineteenth century, is an idea which is repug nant to the most elemental notir.ns of humanitarian justice and enlightenment; tort it also presents a pal pable demonstration of what the Interest of a petty and exclusive policy may lead the most eminent statesmen to. All pinise lie to that nation which by its repulse, was able to disconcert the inevitable ten dencies of the project ! And it its authors proposed any other object, they would have succeeded letter bad they, entering upon the path of justice and anti cipating events, cum) lined a convention which, while resolving pending difficulties, would have guarded against those which the continuation of the barba rous Spanish system in Cuba reserves for the fu ture. Perluips it was rash to sup|iose at that time pos sible the common concurrence of the three great maritime Powers in a treaty by which. Spain being indemnified, the political and 'commercial indepen dence of Cuba should be recognized and guaranteed. This solution, the one mo-t m conformity with the K?n?rul interests and the preservation of poooe, would have been also the one moat worthy of all the lights of philosophical and moral progress of which our proud epoch boasts. The question being placed on that ground, and with .Jl Unnecessary MmfHMH, there c?u lie no doubt that its effect "would have been at least to cite before the august tribunal of the nations, that one of the three which by its refusal would have compromised the political doctrines, the progress, and me jtface of tlte world. Neither do we deceive ourselves on the probabili ties which a combination of that nature would have to-day , aud perhaps it would not be difficult to show, in that case, on what side the greatest opposition would arise. We do not refer to Spain. who** titles are in the face of history invalidated by her despotism and by the open conflict in which she stands to-day with the interest# and the desire of the civilized world. The law of compulsory ejectment applies to nations as well u* to individuals, and it is even more fixed with regard to nations, in the more atxwlute and uni versal premises of justice aud of convenience. Itut Cuba, which knew not how or could not up to the present . invoke the great principle* which should in future govern the mutual relations of peoples, should now more than ever clear herself before the world, of the perfidious suggestions of tlie despotic go\errmu tit wnich calumniates her. If she l>egan by esta)4ishing her movement on .in exclusive and E articular ground, it was the fault of necMsitv, of er inexjw lience. ami of the a)?on>1onwent in which she lay. Alone and alm?ed at the feet of her execn tioneer, asray in the distant seas, whv should she not first turn her eyes towards the Dearest Power which held out the tempting spc tacle of greatness and freedom? To-day, with a better knowledge of her own worth, und of her significance and impor tant in the destinies of the universe, she can aud ought to have a choice of her alliances; and what alliance greater, more noble, and more secure for her than that which makes her a participant and a soli darity in the great community of material and moral interests which are grouped around the widest and most civilizing principles? l^t hor try it, at loast. and thus she shall have fulfilled all the requirements of tier position and of her duty. The direct interest of the nigh European Powers JH Uijs solution yaw be jgore evident. Advanced sentinels in the political hcene of the world, dragged along by tradition, and by their present engage ments, pressed forward by the dictates of self-inte rest, their post will ever be in all the fields of battle in which the political and commercial balance among the nations in in peril. What guarantee can Spain offer them against her being consumed in bar ren efforts at impossible regeneration, and that each day will not place her farther back among the inter nal convulsions which disturb her? Besides, has ?he not violated, in the pant, and to the scandal of the universe, the most solemn stipulations for progress, justice and peace among the people? And how many conflicts may not the political testament of a nation already expiring, for sake of the highest ob jects of civilization, entail on the future? It may be that Spain herself might owe to new protocols conditions of life and of stability which would be, in their turn, pledges of duration for the balance of power in Europe; and thus it is also seen how justice lor Cuba germinates safety and prosperi ty for the old hemisphere. There are also great interests to be considered in the New World, and it does not require great efforts of the mind to demonstrate up to what point the in dependence of Cuba would be the preliminary and indispensable solution of the gravest political, Hocial and humantarian questions that have been accumu lating on this side of the Atlantic. The whole of ancient Spanish America knows instinctively that the bulwark of their liberties, and of the continu ance of their national individuality, is cast by the Eternal in the massive element which separates the Caribbean sea from tlie waters of the Jfexicaa gulf. Cuba, the principal key of that position, while it guards the interoceanic routes of the future com merce of the people's, serves also by its importance and protective magnitude to keep witiiin Itounds the idleness and the ambition of a raceftimical to the white, and into whose hands political prophets al ready give the dominion over the whole Antillean group. Such are the grave considerations which it belongs to the Cuban revolution in its manhood to meilitiitc; such are also the new perspectives which arise in the political horizon of the world. Cuba, free and independent, under the tutelary shield of all the * principles of right, of jus tice and of civilization, would present in a very short time the surprising spectacle of a prosperity unequalled in the annals of history, and of an inde structible greatness, based as it would be on the equi librium and regulation of the dearest interests of the modern world. Its duty is instantly to place itself on that elevated platform, and before abandoning it, to exhaust all the resources of its genius and its per severance. Failing that higher situation, there are other in termediary resources which she has not yet attemp ted in the inexperience of her revolutionary struggle. And all failing, there are still God, her regret, and her determination, which will be able to rescue her liom all present dangers, and fronvftll future misfor tunes. In the meantime, as we have already said, the re volution should not and cannot stop. Perfectly inde pendent of its past engagements, and free from all foreign combination whatever, it must be prepared for all eventualities, and be ready at the proper time to appeal to the last resource of all enslaved peoples ?insurrection. But the tendencies of this document would be very ill interpreted if there should be seen in it any thing but a series of Btudies presented to the medi tation and resolution of the Cuban people, which is alone authorized and competent to decide, once and for all, the future course of revolution. To respect its determinations has been always, and will be in future, the rule of conduct adopted b / The Cuban Junta. New Yoke, August 1, 1856. Our South American Correspondence. Espirito Santo, Isle pe Cavaki, ) Rio Amazon, May 15, 1855. f A Cruise among Amazonian Islands ? Spanish Names of Places? Meeting with Father Jose? The ex-Revolutionary President of Para ? A Godfather ? Christopher Louisa Matilda Abra ham Mary Ann Massachutetts? Broken Promises, 4*c., Sec., tyc. We have just returned from an intricate cruise around, amongst, and through some of those Ama zonian Islands lying so numerously in the aqueous district of Eracapa, and Don Julien says, " seen' more in one month than I can write down in six." Such scenery, such magnificent forests of choice woods, curious animals, gay plumaged birds, rare foliage, fnnny people with funny customs, funnier adventures, " hair breath 'scapes,*' and jolly times i you never before had the least idea of, I am sure. I Bob not being posted up with all the channels through which we have been, our old acquaintance ! (Angela) mentioned in our last, volunteered her senices as pilot, and admirably and bravely did she do her duty, running our little craft through some of he most difficult rocky passages as easily and as gracefully as her own natural movements. Pretty well tired out with continual travel for the last month, we have come to an chor, and taken refuge in the Espirito Santo (Ifoly Ghost), a small river by this name. What a queer custom, to denominate rivers, farms, and even vessels, by such names as the following : ? Espirito Santo (Holy Ghost), Boa Jesus (Good Jesus), Madre de Dios (Mother of God), V irgene Marie (Virgin Mary), Saint John, Saint Antouy, Ac., Ac. Booming swiftly along the other day, " wing and wing" with a stiff breeze, wc overtook and were pass ing an awkward looking canoe, with two uncouth patched sails straining to the breeze, wagging lazily aloug, notwithstanding all the wind which seemed roaring after her. By this time, such things pre senting no novelty to us, wc were continuing our course unchecked, when we heard some oue shout ont In that peculiar long drawling key customary on the river : " O Senor Don Ramy, he va Coming on deck, we responded the hail, but although narrowly scrutinizing the visible occupants of the canoe, I* I about convinced that, whoever theji were, they had a decided advantage over me, and, not caring to lose tide and time, was pursuing my voyage, when ano ther voice I thought not unfamiliar to me cries out, " O Senor Don jtanno caro" (0 Mr. Lord, of expen sive calico). A rush of confused, indistinct, comical ideas came over my brain, which were gradually coming to a focus, in which course they were mate, rially aided by the api>earance of a square grizzly pate, decorated with the well kuown bare ronud spot of bareness (emblematic, perhaps, of the brain beucath it). Theu followed the gradual rising of a succession of multitudinous wrinkles upon a hickory surface, until exposed at last to view we had the whole conntenance, as though all the winds of heaven had been blowing there for half a ccntury, " kicking up a sea" which never goes down. Upon hands and knees crawling out from under the toldo, until transfixed by my curliest gaze and the cry of " Father Jose, by all that's stingy," rnjnc one of the bigg^t rogues thut ever christened a baby. " You are there, are you ?"> said I to the quizzical uncertain twinklers which were suspiciously regarding me. "Up helm!'' and in two minutes I was on board, and nearly shaking the life out of as ugly a specimen of human nature as ever I saw. Heaitily grasping my hand, I was greeted as though by one of my very best of friends> who was overjoyed at once more beholding me. " Who in thunder is the ugly old critter '!" Interro gates Ned ; and when I got breath I answered him somewhat lengthily, thus : ? About a year ago, Ned, I, in c m;?uny with n couple of young American friends oi mine, and Bob here, paid a visit to the once beautiful fazeuda of Sr Eduardo ? ? , ex -revolutionary President of Para in 1832 ? he, of whom you have beard me speak in terms of honor and admiration as a brave man, a patriot, and lover o his country, but a just hatred to her fulei1 , from whose hands he received seventeen years exile on the island of Fernando, the conflxcu tioa of his vast estates, and troubles and adventures innumerable, about which I'll tell yon ail some night os we are gliding up the river with a tine fair breeze to cheer the recital. Arriving at our place of destination, wc liad en countered and warmly passed the of the day with his Excellency, when we were forcibly reminded by Bob that aa the boat's provisions were out 'twould be acceptable if we could replenish the larder as soon as possible. Upon this island government had placed a church and a padre, or sob-padre, and this padre had laid out and cultivated quite a large space of groond , where lie raised fruit, vegetables, Sc., Ac.: also, tak. ing rare of and raising chickens, ducks and other poultry. To this functionary wc were referred, and Bbortiy afterwtrda entered a low one- room structure contaipmp; sundry articles of coarse furniture, one or of wunto, and a hammock, wherein re wl!? identical gentleman whom you now see y?? endeavoring to look honest, and so per 088 "L1?,- 1 diBP08?tion is about to be ^ Jelling oat of Wb nest, his first irn Frnm grab ?8 hy throat, I believe judging / ? an h manner in which he measured his strong uno^e"di.nK selves; after which he ? our salutation and reseated himself upon the old strong box. "Have you any eggs to sell."' a P^acted pause. At the word sell his little eye sparkled a moment, and then, eye ing us keenly over the rim of his iron-bound specs, he inlonned us that he had; '"but," says he, (and he wrought up his metallic-looking visage into such a mass of knots and marks that I became painfnllv apprehensive that he was suffering from some acute inward pain, which he was vainly endeavoring to conceal) "for less than three vintens a piece I would rather die like a dog than to part with them." "Give me a couple of dozen, and there is your copper " which he jerked out of my hand, and, after counting and recounting the pieces four or five times, deposit (d them in a long narrow bag, securely tied them up, counted me out my eggs, (cheating me out of a half dozen, as I afterwards learned, and which he explained by declaring that the copper fell short the stipulated price.) I afterwards bought fruit, chick ens, Ac., Ac., of the same individual, who invariably got to windward of me before the trade was finished. 1 stayedwith Sr. Ednardoahouta week, and during that time had frequent opportunities to observe the movements and study tlie character of this godly agriculturist; and such a mixture of the miser, hu morist, shrewdness, devil and politics, to say nothing of a frequent dragging in of Ave Maries, latin in vocations and Padre nossas could never have been expected in such an ugly looking subject as was now before us. He put ns in mind vastly of Dickens' Uriah Heep, only that the Padre had a heap more or the Uriah about him. Sr. Eduardo, who, notwithstanding all his misfor tunes, liked his joke and enjoyed it as heartily as any one, continued occasionally to extort a burst of laughter from the Padre's lips; but 'twas only a burst, for no sooner was it heurd thau it was iustaut ly smothered again, and the old face appeared ten times more knotted thau ever. One Sunday there appeared upon the grounds an infant candidate for the honors ot a name; but, un fortunately. there was none upon the premises who cared to officiate as godfather. I volunteered ray senices, and after some objections raised on the Bcore of my heresy, I was duly accepted, and the ceremony commenced before quite a large audience. As it is the godfather's privilege to name the child, I suggested (kuowing the Indians' love for numerous high-sounding names) Christopher Louisa Matilda Abraliam Wary Ann Massachusetts (here the Padre gets some inkling of what I am telling Ned, and stops his cars with his fingers, aud mutters " Ave Maries " to keep the devilish names out of hearing, as he explains to Don Jnlien). The Padre gazed at me open mouthed, bewildered, and the perfect pic ture of wriukled despair, aud as he stammers forth, "And that is what you call a name?" repeatedly crosses himself in holy dread. "What is it, again?" I repeated slowly over again the above mass of names, declaring it my intention to have the child named exactly as I had articulated. The padre heaved an immense sigh, takes off his specs, carefully wipes, readjusts, and looking over them with an expression ot intense hideous despair, requests me for the love of the Virgin Mary to once more slowly repeat what I was barbarian enough to denominate a name. I gravely repented it slowly over, asserting that as I had been regularly appointed godfather to this child, and as the godfather must name the child, it 1 was my fixed intention to call it as I had several times before stated, Christopher Louisa Matilda Abraham Mary Ann Massachusetts, or, if the padre would make over to me personally, two pairs of fat chicks, I would call it simply " plain sweet Mary." Indignation for a moment almost eclipsed the lur rowed cheek, and the father ordered me to proceed and he would endeavor to utter the abomina tion. But alas, the repeated failures and in surmountable accents, horribly murdered, were grated by the delighted audience with peals of laughter, especially the attempt to pro nounce Massachusetts. " brought down the home." This almost drove the padre mad, who pro mised the chicks, ended the christening, callilng the babe "Mary," and beat the blacks out of the chapel. The parent, two simple Indians, who had quietly en joyed the scene with the rest, now took their de parture with assurances that Man- should always be well loved and cared for, which of course was a great consolation to the delighted godfather. But the hennty of it was, the padre charged me what lie called, "half price for the chicks, and then sent a nigger boy to steal them as I was leaving for town. " Yes, ' asks Ned imjmtiently, "but why does the Padre call you Panno Caro I am coming to that now. The time for our departure had at length arrived, and bidding udio* to our host and family, we had got on board and were getting under weigh, when fa ther Jose came running to the beach to get some calico from me "suitable for a female dress." "I am off," says F, "and can't accommodate you." "But I'll buy it," savs he. and holds jip the old leathern money bag mentioned before. Just then I caught a glimpse of the darkic running off with my chicks. "All right," buys I; "send the cop per on board and I'll send you the calicc? efre Im off." Now, the padre's aversion was water, as his appearance was a striking proof and a living demonstration. We being in the stream, he sent his coins off by a slave, charging him to bring all right to the shore again. An idea struck the padre, as he saw the bag handed oyer to us. " How do you (?ell it ?" shouted lie tremulously, see ing us chuckling to ourselves over the dollar's (more or less) worth of copjier in our possession. " For less than a yard (about double what he always paid) I would rather dte like a dog than sell it," said we, imitating his voice and mauner, tearing off the amount required; and giving the? stuff to the darkie we hustled him overboard, amid-t the excited and wratliftil expostulations of the capering dominie on shore: and as long as the beach was in sight, so long did we see his antic*- ? now belaboring the i?oor slave, then tearing the calico into shreds, throwing stones after us, and no doubt if we had heard all he said we should have had Billingsgate enough to fill a volume; while, on the cliS" above, Eduaido and his family enjoyed the scene vastly, applauding the entei tainmeht to the echo; and that is the reason. Ned, why this worthy calls me "expensive calico." Hut I forgot to men tion that after we had left I found out that his holi ness used to visit the boat doring my absence, and infoim Hob that he was sent for such and such a thing, which, after securing, he would march oil' with. And now he has got to amuse us for u week to square old accounts. So we hitched on to the old boat, and towed her Into this creek, where we now arc. and Father Jose continues daily to cheat and amuse us to our heart's content. It seems he is on a begging excursion for the church. and accepts of all manner of eatables, drinkables or saleables, in any form nr shape. "Well. I declare," says Ned, looking over my shoulder, "eleven pages, aud not a word about our trip, nor the adventures, nor the ' hair breudth scopes,' jolly times ? nothing, save a rigmarole about a worthless old rogue of a lay brother. Then you promised a description of the India rubber trade three letters ago; but yon know you cau't stick to auy one thing straight aloug." Ned is more than half right, and having exceeded my space, I must brave your patience until my next? an onjmrtunity affords me the pleasure ot forwai ding this direct to I'ura. through the po liteness ot n trader in Serenpra. who leaves this idace to-morrow. 1 We have the rainy season here now. but cannot 8i ibftt wc fl re vcrt\ tnucU incommoded, cxcciit bv an occasional shower. There are rumors of cholera and vellow fever in Pant, but of this I will not vouch.' Here, in the (?lands, with the exception of an instance or two of fever and ague or rheumatics, it muy be considered very healthy. Our party arc all well and in ns good spirits as can anyway l? expected, and. for those who are leading a roving life, may considered contented. I can vouch for one who *uaps his lingers at the petty strifes of the out-door world, and that is your triend and correspondent, the wandering Don Ramv. Attempt to Start* a Hot ix St. Lorts ? Timkly Discovery ? John Ulattner and Ixmisa Koch wen? brought down to the day police office la*t evening, from their residence at the comer of Ninth street and I.ofuyette avenue, having been arreted for the ill treatment and attempt to rtane a little son of Ulattner, aped eight or nine yearn, railing liiia.'elf Franz illaUner. It appears that the mother of the boy died a short time *ince, leaving by will all her property, consisting ot a small share of real estate, to little Franc; sboitly after her death, the woman, Ixmh<a Koch, was brought to the house and took up her re?idence with Ulattner. It wan then determined by the man and woman to Ret Franc out of the way, and seenre the real estate for them selves. The way to accomplish this villanous pur pot* was to starve him to death. Accordingly he was fastened up in a room, with his hands tied be hind his Iwick, where, at the time of his discovery, he had Iteen confined for the space of two davs, withnnt having had a morsel to eat or drink, tie would probably have suffered a horrible death had it not lieen for the watchfulness of the persons living in the neighborhood, who suspecting the ca?e, in foiirtd the police, and had the house entered urnl searched. Little Fran* was overjoyed at his release. Ulattner and his paramour wen" lodged in the t tl t boose, and will be dealt with as they deserve today. It is difficult to Imagine a more unnatural nnd iuhii mnn ense# ? St. Lduim Democrat, slugy*/ 1. A < < rman nfcnwd John Kckel who resided m Rulfiln, i ommlHe'l sni<-id? at Sh|ln IwlM th" Jit in" i.y iiiUii f hi? tbiont. A Med Minister In lofe-A TouchJiig Cue. [K,om the Chii?#o Time# Auguu?t-'.| Yesterday an examination took place before JudgO M mierre at chambers, which revealed one of the cates of insanity it has been our lot to wit SDgTt ,Xe up on the "petition of Mr. K. B. CobJj ^omerrcWlH^ SSoSR ZlEXSS thC of1.^ He ?SSSFL ma">tv auer which he resided at Parte, in s?lte "and officiated as pastor of a church, the same . ta , ? ? jj6 took np his residence & ssffflg& safes-sar a-sSfett t ?eYnt^t U ^d (audMr. Goss tells avemion ol SSj htoilffll "? "one ?rt^jj*? sr ? /.gssgjrriMjg > *jgg* sAssi sftftffiSar1 "* " i done in the case of thfc clerical Lothario. Dr. L. D. Boone was sworn, and sUtcd that he had known Mr.Goss slncc sometime last winter, he came to his (witness's) office on one occasion, and debired a private consultation: the request being granted, Goss proceeded to make inquiiie8, m regard to Mrs. Matteson (relict of the late Joel Matteson, and proprietor of the Matteson House), stating that he had partially formed an intention to marry her, and desiredto obtainthe oninion of a third party in regard to the matter; he anneared to be perfectly sane and sincere, and went nFjout the matter as anvjrndent man would; the first time witness suspeciea Goes to i?e out of his St mind, was when the latter, on one occasion, came to witness, and declared that a number ot per rons were watching him which he suspected was not right, that ortenwnen 2s? a tmsni ra %s kk nt him, and that at one time they followed him to the Post Office; Dr. Boone told himit was mere f.mcy.and dint ended it for the time; this was about the first of April last; some time subsequently Gosa called on witness, and showed him a letter which lie had re ceived from the brother of Mrs. Matteson, informing him that his visits to that lady were disagreeable to her and desiring him to discontinue them. .J???' declared his belief that the letter had been written not bv Mrs. Matteson a desire, but by her oroiner, without her knowledge, and contrary to l^ei senti mints of regard for him. He desired Dr. Boone to nee the lady and ascertain if such were not the case. Two or three davs afterwards he called again on Dr. Knd renewed the request with such pertmac ty timt tho latter went to see Mrs. M. about it- rjiie in fo lined him that (.iosa bad become excessively au_ noying by his persistent visits to her house; that he had made a proposal of marriage, which she had lie ected and t.ldliim that his visits were notag.eea ble; but continuing to call, she had desired her biotlier to write the letter in question. During the Baptist anniversaries in May, several k*die8,B tr ? irers to Mr. (!oss, complained that he came into the pew with them, and was guilty of conduct in putting his limbs upon theirs, and using other rude familiarities. Mr. Gosb, who occupied a seat at the end of the judges table, here interrupted the witness, and said '^KS?cSd?' Some of the plained that !?fr. Ciows Blared tUem vjii ttie face, and put his arm behind them on the tack ol the pew, letting his hand rest , over their shouldeis ?fcSiSS tu. ?1?>. ?nd -id kl. h?nd was only placed on the back of the pew, and when U,c ladies leaned back, it came in contact with ^Question by a juror.? Doctor, aB a medical man, is it your opinion t hat Mr. Gobs is insane . Witness replied he had not the least donbt ol h ^Mr.lka naked the witness, ? aB a m^dical raan, ' to explain what a crazy man was. Jhe doctor, he said might be a medical man, and a mayor, but know nothings got to he mayors times , and unless the doctor would toll the jury what, a crazy man was, he thought his testimony was not t(>Witne9s? Well, Mr. Goss, I will explain hy giving an illustration. Wlien a man tells me he te about to be married, and goes so far a* to P??hase clothes, white gloves, and all the ?lher etcetere usual for such an occasion, when the lady ne dc elares is to be his wife has forbidden him her house nly a day or two before, I thiuk it some evidence ^ MrG osa 'denied that such was the me^wd very ingenious and amusing explanation ot ih-j bject in purchasing the clothes. Mr. 8. B. Cobb was sworn. He wild the first tim? 1 e heard about Mr. Goss' insanity he was spoken to by Mrs. Matteson in regard to it. J*bc said, when Mr. Gosb first called on her she thought be was a gentleman, and received him as such. When he made a proposition of manriage she began to tJiink he waB deranged. She told him she would not marry im nor any one else, and desired him to discontinue t is visits. " He replied he could not keep away from her? he must visit her? and beggwl her to receive him. He penasted in going to her house? staid there till late of nignts, and at length ?>ecame bo annoying by his behavior that the police were called in, and he was ejected from the house. The witness detailed someofhU singular behavior. The most pecnliar and striking indSnol insanity was that of touchingev?g thiwr with hte hand. Ho would walk abootthc room, and touch with his handa or feci ewjoWcct, all parts of the wall, Ac., and could not be induced to kave the house so long as anything remained un l? Mr.CfVosB contradicted several statements of the witness, particularly in regard to his staying lateat niaht. He Baid he never stayed later than ten o clock but oncc, and then Mra. M. urged him to remaia ' 'jfr^Cobb? Mr. Goss, don't you think yourself yon arjlr^Gols acknowledged he might be cTentno. Mr. Gobi)? Do vou know how far these eccentrici "TKaSSWSU t.U. yon can whether you will 1* craiy at five o clock to-night. t"?In<repiy'to another question touching his ins*"^ Mr. (loss said Poets and enthusiasts aw ttiought by some to be lunatics; so is any ? his mind wholly to one idea. T understand some thins of theology, law and physic; let one of the jury twit a fiuestion to me in any of these sciences, and it Tdon't answer hinrcvrreoUy he may pronounce me iDMr.e Boone-Mr. Go m, don't yon believe all the mon in tins room are insane? Mr. Goss? 1 did thiuk my friend Dr. Boone wwl little insane on the temperance question, but I find he is hardly insane enough. Mr. (loss acknowledged that he might be insane in love, for, be, " I love that woman (Mrs. Mat tesou) moie than any other on earth. 1 11 marry b< T^ct jury retired to make np their verdict. A* soon as they lmd left the room, Mr. < toss rose .and commenced* ?? touching.' commencing wtth tta books and papers on tlie Judge s table, g?mg te every object iu the room- touching the hands, arm. ? and limbs of each oueof the spectator, andevea to tie buttons on their garments. He converse pleasantly and rationally all the whlle.displaying an unusual degree of wH in many of his replies ts questions. The proceeding w*" h'lTg-ii" ,?rv returned, when M r. mjss resumed hjsnH. tm iwlia w? b?nde.l to the clerk before the ' eall" o? the jury; after calling the roll he pwe^J?d tor??d it, but bad lead but a few words when Mr. Goes in 10 "Judge, ^isn't it usual to ask the jury if they hav? a areed upon their verdict?" . . , The inqairv was then made of the mry, who replied affirmatively, and the clerk proceeded to read, but ter thejarrtoriyuidhtt the primmer while the verdict is reading?" Jndpe Msnierre said it was. ,. ??Well, then, 1 should like to sce 'hem get tip said Mr. Goss. The jury rose, and the venuct wa read, to the effect that the Kev. Mr. Goss wa. insane ^Mr^ow "immediately again cmnmenred -touch ine " Advancing to Judge Manierre, he said "Judge, I want to touch you before yonsentenc. me; you nre a very ;,ood-lookinginan -- rather sho* in the neck, like Douglas, tait abont right, 1 In this style he went on until the bystanders left the '""^erily thete wa* method in this mad lovcr'B ma'l "Mr. H. 1.. Brown was appointed by the Court to b* he reverend gentleman's guardian. Rkctpuocity Trratt ? A correspondent of tb< C'lerelnnd Hirald writes as follows In relation to tfet tariff on packages:? I observe in your immeof Pri day, the 2,,th nit., that? "The Canadian govern ment has recs iiuled the dotiee np<m packages which it has demnnded in vli4atkm or the Reciprocity trea ty." The Canadian tariff on packages was 12 1 -2 Ser cent: but owing to the representations of the lontrenl Board of Trade It has been reduced to th** nominal rate <>f 2 1-2 per cent, which H now Is. S?i far. so well. But now allow me to ask yoo for a little Information.' Docs the United States govera ment still demand a doty on packaged and If so, why is there so mor.ri blnstei ?!>ont onr nctghlior* " violating " the treatv? To my certain knowledge, the collector of this port demands and collects the duties on all packages com in* fmtn Canada, containing "free Kovds," and that doty is M par cent

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