Newspaper of The New York Herald, 7 Ağustos 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 7 Ağustos 1855 Page 2
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WTBRESTI\6 FROM CENTRAL kmML AiMhm to the Nlraragnkn Clergy? The Do cuments Wound after Col. Walker, etc. We have received flies of the H'jbii i Ofirial of San Jose, (teste Rica up to July 21. Heveiel officers, chiefs of the democratic party of Nica sajres, bad arrived in that city, banished by order of the jyavfrniueot among them Maslregil and Mcnde*. A unin fect of fugitives from Nicaragua had alio arrived in Costa ?tea. surrendered their arms, and placed themselves un der the safeguard of the government of that republic. The Territory of Costa Kica had been invaded by the government troopa of (irenada, and several refugees who ha4 ied there were attested and imprisoned. The Costa ?tea government threatened to adopt measures to Avenge thiu infraction of it* national righto. The Spanish Charge d' Affaires, Mr. Goto, ?w enter tained by a banquet in San Jose on the eve of kin depar tuic for Guatemala. We have also received a number of the BuUiin Ofirial ?f Nicaragua, printed at Grenada, July 14. It contains ?n editorial under the caption of " Walker, Kinney and Hie provisional chief, Castellan.'' It declare* that the tfcthoke race which that triumvirate sought to humiliate and enslave, U to-day dominant in that part of the new world; that they and their foreign usurpers, the enemies ef the Spanish American race, and religion, liberty and independence, had been scattered by the forecs oi the geverainent. Tho article proceeds:? Will the good son* of Nicaragua be indifferent to such black treason Y Will the other governments of the Cen tral America fraternity look coolly upon so imminent a peril? Will they not unite tin ir forces to those of (he legitimate government of Nicaragua to repel foreign in vasion, and to extinguish the domestic enemies who have epened the door V Tin* invaders who have worsted them and who facilitate in every way the success of their prac tical enterprise 1 * * * The government recognizes that the risk is imminent and great, that to conjure it ?sere successfully the governments and peoples of lentral America should unite their efforts, ami under that convic tion it has made known the treasonable movement of the provisional chief, Caste lion, and of tho infamous govern ment of General Cabanas. The adv? nturer Kinney, accused and prosecuted as a violator of the laws of neutrality be fore the courts of the I nited States, by the indefatigable JMcaraguan minister to Washington, Don Jose do la Mar coleta and by the Accessory Transit Company, fled secret ly treai that territory with nineteen other fllibusteros. with the view of penetrutioug into this republic; and at tkeir departure they published the manifesto which we translate. Tho whole of it I- a web of Actions and false hoods, of hypocrisy and deceit, but the followidg ideas most deserve attention. "The best an-wer to the accusation of our enemies will fee our future deed" in the country of our adoption!. * ? * And if, in the fullness of time, there should oc ?nr political chanpei ? and if, where anarchy now reigus, there should come to b? established a responsible, per manent, and respectable government ? if the unfortunate wars which now di sulate the land should give place to peaceful occupations? 0 * then we shall hear judgment pronounced on our enterprise." These words reveal that the sentiment of Kinney and hi* follower* is, that they themselves are to make the uhange which at present they hypocritically leave to the action of timo, and they announce their views of ruling in Nicaragua, and in all Central America; hut we trust in the God of nations, whose name they impiously take upon their lips, that their attempt shall not bo realised, and that the Nicaragua people will be able to teach ihem that they are worthy of being independent. The government lias also sent a circular, of which tho following is a translation, to the clergy of tho country;? BarcBiK' ok Nicjuugiu, times o? .Swkjctahy of State, \ tiOYEliMiKNT Hoitk, Grenada, July 14, 18.15. } The retinue of rebels against the lawn and the legiti mate authority of Nicaragua have called to their aid covetous foreigners, offering theui for booty the laud of the country. feme of them, commanded by the well-known usurper of foreign territories, Colonel Walker, arrived at Kealejo, and in company with a party of sedillonlste eamu to in vade the southern department, and gained a footing therein; but Divine l'rovidence, evincing the decided pro tection which lie dl-periNes to the noble and just cause ?which has been, and which is sustained by the legitimate government, and using us the instrument' of His juitice the vaKanl MiWicrs who took up urms in l!l\as to defend the right" of the republic, ordained that tliey should leach the luvaders a terrible lesson, gloriously routing them in the outskirts of that city. God saved hit people from being the prey of an Impious race which entertained the thought of destroying the holy religion of the Cruel lied Une, inherited from our lathers, and of planting in It* place another abominable worship. JHirthermore a the disturber" of the peace and pros ferity of Nicaragua have also constituted themselves pro tectors of irreligiou and impiety, they did not fail to as sociate In their iniquitous enterprise avowed enemies of Catholicism, and so they have placed themselves in trea sonable relation., with the adienturer Kluney, who. with nineteen fllibusteros, and with the expectation of collect ing a greater number, left the I nited .?states, with the view ot carryiip forward 'htlr long-contrived well known scheme ?>f seizing upon Cintrnl America, commencing with this country, by the aid of our Intestine dissensions, and under the support offered to them by the faction. Therefore, for the purpose of rejx lling the new foreign invasion the people mint lie prepared to ss/riflco them selves, if necessary? struggling heroically: because, on that depends, not alone the liberty and independence of the republic, and of tte Central American nationality hot the preservation ot' our venerated and divine belief ?f the sacred worship of the ijord, and of our Christian habits and customs. It is not unknown to you that if these people succeed in possessing thoui-elves ot Nicaragua die will lose her sovereignty and her freedom, and she will loso whit it still more precious, our holy and Divine religion. The ?ew rulers will proisne the "Uoly ol Holies," nnd will ?anvert our temples of adoration lulo rnPianly orgies ? Into places destined to drunkenness and depravity; and instead of the ?nblime and benevolent doctrine of the (saviour of mankind, they will disseminate another oppo site doctrine, condemned and retire bated >15- the Church, enr mother ; and the Innocent children will imbibe it and Will learn it, thus perverting theii minds and tin ir cu torus. To conjure this dangei ? to maintain intact th position of our orthodox faith? to -ave the Mcanigiiau is necessary and inoi-*p. u-a kle to warn the people of the danger, making l>uown uuto them all these fatal results, and to in?plre them, by suit *Me uhortotlous, ti< rave their country and their rcli gton. One of the mont potent mean? to -imped therein i.j >??? ] ?on*tant preaching in the CiitJiMdral ol the Holy Splrh. j inculcating iu the heaits ot the f.iilhlul the obligation Imposed upon them to us?i?t th" legitimate government. i fighting with iotrepidity ?n<t hemic tletennlna tkOQ in defence ol tho-e breciou* object*. To thin end. Ill* Rxcellencv the ProvliloBn.1 Mr tutor, directs n>e to addre* tlii* document ?o you a* one xpeeially eutni?led with the augu-'t mid fceueticent myistery ot' preaching. It in to be expected from your ('athoNr ?ontiinctii? and from yonr lore of national independence, that to u ? ill ."utUtactorily tullil the desires of I lis Ijcctllcnc} . The goiernment o?e? protection aud support to the religion profe* ted by the Niearngtian coinuiuuity . *nd, then fore, it con.-ider- it its. duty to r ha rye you that in performance ol your go?pel mi- Ion you Iniprfwi upon your pari-blouer* that it i? their duty to obey and re ?pect the authorities legal|r <? ?n-litntod. to ntrive va liantly for the riuht? of the nation, und t > dia if need be, for Cod and their country ? inducing them to rally round the government lor the purpo-c ol reji?dlin?{ the adv. n tnreri- who ? brought here hi iirnv atclul > n of the re public ? are ambition* to lord it o^er beautiful Nicara gua, and all Central America leaving, if they nhould eucceed. thi* important nod tine section ot tlir American continent and of the heritage of < hrl?t. a prey to men who neither feat t;<?l uor <?*ne hi? adorable mys teries. Such in the cotu-e which hi* KaceHency desires. and which is to lie expo led to be fulfilled hv you. The go vernment, which in le?* favoralde eirrtiinnti.ncc- for it never called upon the pu?tor* of the N'icuraguaD rtock to p ranch to the 'altbftil on the respect due to the legitimate * authority, would -.Mil le*? call upon I! to-day f it reck ons with all certainty on obtaining over the factionlut* n complete triumph but it? -dlonre wonM 1h? culpable in pte-ence ol the danger which roenacee our nationality and our religion : nnd it in for the pnrj?o?e of -si\ ing tho?e that It require* your efflesriou-' co-operation Iu the mun ner and tarm? > iplatnwt, and e*peet? your opportune ? ???uranre that lilt Kicellency'e ?!??- ?i hjre been uerrted Ml 1 prc?ent my mo?t respectful c '>n-l derations and *ub eciibe niy?elf vow attentive aud obedleut. servant. MAYOR*.'. A The following I* a t.ran?latlin of Uie document* found in the t|Q? rtem of Colonel Walker, after th defsut of the democratic torce* at ltiva>:? I ,koy April l?, 1Ho,i To Cokml tv.n W. Wat.axR ? Pear Sit: I am informed that you are chargi 1 with the command of over two hun dred men who are t > form a democratic legion which Mr. tlyron Cole offtrrd to plar?> under the order* of the Pro wMonal government of thi- Mt?!e, under certain condi tions stipulated In an agr in*nt of which yon will have lull information .md an th> t.-roi within which the con tract eo celeb. Ucl with th. - ,?i Mr. Cole wn* to hate l?d effect hi.'-- expired, and a J may ari.*- whether ?.iich contrai t i- or i? not in force | j, 4, omcd it right to declare to you that on my twrt 1 t, m it ' tie ling, and ton^eqnently yoti may with all - . 'ety eoi0' tv the port of Bealejo, where yon are to land with j Jr m-n and annnitionx or artillery, which you may pla^? ,t thP dl*-po Ml of the l^otielonaf government Captain Morion, the hearer, will Inform yoti of the . tuat not tl,. country XMid may awlat ymt, if nece???ry with hi? Kn- wledn ??? to your entry Into the port ot llealcjo. of which lie U pilot. Thin opportunity afford- me the pleasure of o tli> "ig to you nH-mranc.** of the respect with which I *ub' ect ibc tnynolf yotir obedient aeiTant *J. II. J*. M KRANCISOU (;A?Tn.T?N. I*iv, June IP iH&.'i. 'I'OCot. v, Waimcr ? ftear Si ThC iH'.irer, It' ll 11.1 I. Went urn Set* a, g ,1 ,< r ere ire from you certain itii ti; lion to n-K'ilato tlie j.-nj. et(>.| e*pe<11tIoii to Sjiii .1 jail .lei Hur, and I hope t ,1 on vour coniulting together, the T"?! If.' * ?'?finitely * nti^ed. Colonel Wallo r ui n tell him frankly what u. ne. e. are to acconipli-h the e i terpriee In que-tion, under-tnudiog that if on our *id^ It lie poeaible to OTerei.meitltKcnltle* he ma t reckon on our Co-operation. It U only in the etent It* being ah?o lutely imnowlhle fur u? to remove obstacle* that we nhall drawback in the e*e ution of *oid enteiprt?e. General Munoi recognlre* the ndv*nt:ife? which it nnr) w ||| aaeiet. Ceneral Pineda, roininan<l..nt of that .ttxtriet la ? good subject, and while tlie phalan* remnina tl?rre. in that city, It chould be under hi* order*. | iie?ir<j that vo u and he whall be bound together in relation* of friei*' xlup and muttifi] couhdrnre. A'Ueii! Your mo?t xnuiit -trrtot, !UA2<Q?C0 ok rr or Nk'-ahuH'J, PvrwETAHTSKir or War. 1 (i?v MIVXENT Hot'rc, L?on, June 20, 1866 J I To Colonel l?o W >l*k?? ib< wTcrmiwiit ha- been pleased to isaue the follow ing decree: ? The provt?io*al Director of the State of Nlca ? ague, defmlng uxful to the State the services of Colonel W biker, who has manifested hie design of becoming natd rulljfit in the country, decrees, lu virtue of its powers, that Oetooel Walker I.- Colonel of the democratic army, and that the proper commission be furnished to him. To all whom it may concern. Given ut Leon. June '20, 1855. FRANCISCO CASTELD ?N. I have the pli asure of communicating this to you m a testimony of the esteem and confidence with which the pruvlsicuiil government hart desired to recognise the ?ood offices which you are din potted to lend In tavor of Nicara gua : and hoping that you will accept thin post, it gives me pleasure to nssure you of the consideration with which I am your faithful servant. CARVAJAL Statb o? Nkvkagi'a, Sfxhkta qtphip of War. > CoviKMtXNT Horn:, Lvm, June 20, 1855. f To Sennr Colonel Don Waikh, Commandant of the torce which id to o|>erate in the Department of the South ? 'I he supreme government desires to be presented with a general return of the force, armament and munitions at your disposal, which you will please furnish. CARVAJAL. Lbov, June 20 ? & o'clock P. M. To S'enor Col. Walker: ? 1 wrote to you yesterday by the Minister of War. Don Buenaventura Selva, infoi-iuing you that he was authoriied to regulate the matter which we initiated here before his departure. I now write to inform you that Gen. Don Mateo Pinedo, who leaves to night or early in the morning for that city, will bear suitable orders for organizing the expedition of which we have spoken, in the best manner possible, in view of the circumstances In w hich we are placed. Mr. Selva will plaee In your hands the decree by virtue of which you are declared colonel of the democratic arniv. I will send Ko you the proper commission by Gen. Pineda. If you think proper, the commissions of the other officers can be issued, and we can send to alP the men composing the democratic phalanx their respective letters of naturali zation. 1 a wu it your reply, so as to make further prepa ration. Trusting that you are well, I am. be. FRANCISCO CA.STEIJ.oy. Copy ? General 1 tarrock, Managua. July 3, 1855. Comal. OCR NICARAGUA CORRESPONDENCE. Granada. July 28, 1855. The Cholera ? KrwhUion ? Walter, Kiniuy, <fc. There is no news of importance hero at present. The revolution has been superseded by the cholera. There Is but very(little sickness here now, but It lu ravaging fearful ly at Messaya and Managua. The government forces have been ordered back to Granuda, as they cannot bo taken care of at Munagua, for the jteople are so afraid of the cholera that most of them fled, and there is nobody left to take care of the sick or do the necessary work. At Nagarrote, Pueblo, Nuevo, and Leon, it is also very fatal, which may prevent the revolutionists from taking the Advantage, by taking Managua. Gen. Guardiola has his army in good order, and is exiiected to attack Chiuandego on the 1st of August. He has about 800 good soldiers with hint. A few days ago Manuel Garcia Tejnda was brought in here prisoner, as he was taken, arms in hand, by the government forces, belonging to Col. Walkor's p? rty, and acting as interpreter. He is quite u young man. and wan taken prisoner some time ago by the revo lutionists, and afterwards joined them. The probability is he will not be shot, but kept prisoner till the revolu tion is ended, and then banished the State. CoL Walker, It Is said, intends to return to California, ne shot a man by the name of Dewey, who Bred the Quar tet in San Juan del Sud. Col. Kinney is still at San Juan del Norte, awaiting re inforcements; and at Castillo the company has fifty sol diers, sent out from New York, to prevent him from cmn ing up the river. 'I he Transit route l? in splendid order, the country vliere it passes through perfectly healthy, and no deten tion whatever. ?Arilval of Colonel 1 Kinney at Jriearogua.? ??,llnK of More HecraJta. [Correspondence of the i'ost.1 W, ;??.?>- uV Norte> N'K-AiuiirA . July 28, 18fir.. W( ighing anchor from J'ort lloyal .lainuio. ,,n <?,? morning ot the 13th of July, the with the Kin ney emigrants, touched San Juan their destination ttf'Krsst n - "'?tSTh "?&,z -W:? SSffl iSte- aj*-sasB is; U .l l vpnf l.Fan Jnan- In who** noble ha* lv!n ? ^ ^ Thre? or lo"r "hips were also ,"g r JielTame t!me ,u 1he h?rbor, the most fonnid w ir &n?rd whi \hei]'Ia('k hulk nf tho Rriti?h man-of to |.rorltigUaB rCPOrted- had Rtati"n*> Our object, therefore, war to get ashore without >?? Si'??' ??& ^^"Sa-i^ursrt Kl't nW7^>"'V'^ en^- b?0^^nd'',It?U^Ire%: til l ? -r*?" *v ' .Werc uow Ftlinding ready to fire ?t I iih< *hT? ih 7mie noar ?wmgh to Point Are na*, where they were utatioued. Fnch wu the renortUTt .in} lute it indicated one advantage for which v > *?. i th^of^bv^ . 1 w< "a<i ao ile<l from New Y ork. ? A"? ? i 1 *ut?!y carried ashore we I Oi?n, !'k r * ma^r of the war ffteamer wh , took In I ?i ".h'r ' ""r r Squired whence we came ?nd whither *e were bound. Are., to *11 0f which h ??' he fhe \*wl'0<,i"n Ul<> 6U| of June, and doubtless he .he .m, ,er had heard later news of him than w bad. Ihe master then returned to his hteamer ?n~ r.'w^r-]Uwhen,h r'T co"r,e?!lpfl b' *"} rc'cA . " I, m, i!riu?j0,, ttU'1 Turk's Island pa tal.n t, , 0,1 llim' hut frHm eare wan hVeolone ft, ^iZ7 C7llimCUUTy noUpeH ^ *Wrh in eoionei s arrival* bad been recorded Iit them Tt? W?TPW,'a "'( id !*?'' 0(v"a,'"n ?" <*"? ?s of the lite del Mi . John I NeUon, I'nile.l States Consul at Tuik's hi .i" ^ J* ? fcm,ljr "n<, two Turk's Islander* I wihih.TuTkTlth* Hunl1r1riM' went ashore s?S: ^^r^feV.;;1 ?Zw?t .7nnll? b'? .ut"1 n,,w "n ,b? third .lay after the fir" t\ ~ I t tllWn " howbandment byCapt Hollin Up turn.,! out to w. lrone the man wh-n, thTe*^ri" i ti? i f bnild it and make it pro^Dcrrm* Om* v< 1*1? i lhev??t' fr"n' 'he diinoimtnitions of the crowd Ih'it M^rio ;.7fSWnK Waihir"n> hirtlulaly or the lorious f ourth, so general wiii the excitem-m u so kmnhl that at the time sey.-ral import.,, .tTunetion . ?. re in tonn: Don Itamnn Kivn-., ai{ent forth"N'ien K ' e?7.n",T,,t',1f i!r^own: U* am-r, Don Pree*o "i"uauiliu?t of On Nica rapmiu forces on th. Vr j 8ican,art1Tt he: h.Tl nV.7 ,h' ?*? i nir.j, a I tin iteau ol the SeratMioui* <'?nt ur ir il ww.- I ?ri!?; BHuVoVn'rr'' *"??' ,hP" ',or,;'ari'1 Mr! r\7l; In %hwLir] f"r ,Vn,r"1 who fonn.nrll?0fott'lNewTt!r,'>ri' "-njnmin Mooney. i M m ..d's friend Ol 11,; jntroduee.l him at onee. u0,t u,,. resulUi ofth-.t h st imemew haie told Uvorably upon our affair" . yor "n called th,uA"^-? Vldft M hjrl t rKi"i awss^iTK crissr- - SSSErS t .ilmre mentioned gentlemen, together with Consul* ?'!Zn *!? .Ma?on ami my|ell, ffare at length Ihe de?ir.s| iiilorni.ition, traeing th>- opposition whleh hU enternri??. rnroii Utered to the agents of the Transit Coninanr_ then?lTi4( w hW.'VthVRU" "nd ' lla^Hrur '* w ,wb'ch ?J'?* jroTernmenl had l>e?, lurefBie.1 mto prom.ilg.ting for hi* exclusion, solely ?/, the mi-re pie*eti|?Uoni of interested partiw. ce tlu'n? Lanila XTv*''1 W"" ,h? ?w-3"fri'1 ">>'?ni?t|on of ? ,, i l Viui f ,c wbi h h? '?eiiered he had nr.ved Validity of that HU? should U ?U. pr ?m<I. br would abandon it. alUionKh he bad expended owir^" ?f. ,'"U*rK "" ,hp ?PP45?S if hE K 1 ? up. In regard to the rtfmor that I ho Hritisi. Il^ned rVieve. Wn Ut l'*Dt had Vn X Colonel s lemarkJ 'wfewT ''' Wa'' ""bslance of the I! ol an invitation to pay ?n early Tidt in'C tl. n on board the Captain's man-, f-war the Hiirzar.l the morning of the 17th th?? rerlmAnt nf r . ? hiri-llng* lir'Miffht out by Ihe Trnn^.t (V.mnitny |, V f warrf?o??, at I'oin* Arenas for Castillo. ?s\', -.rJ,.' ort on an island nf that name about half way up the inJuun MTerfrom (irevtown to iMe Xieara.'u,. Here and i ih "[ -1" ??" redu-e th,lu.,? nothing .nd both. It i? rerv.rud by pa ^enife rs fm? ftp rirer | reedy made M.IU.. har.K- ) the, a?alt fh? Kl.lR.r 01 1 , which they are determine^ to put back .1 >h.Z "n their po--a?c ..n t lw morning tl,e? ??j?j |n . 1 " ""npany's past ( apt. Mooney * wteirf. , ; "??? x?w ? ol Kinney standing, thev r , . | ? I ,Tl " "n,! ?? ^ language (Wiled t . ex l ? 1 1 ? v . ? , L, "r ri,"'or of their em : Unix 7_,D ? /"Het/ Of contortions Which g^Te A. . i.rdiiiv ? .* 1 hcir ridges. the.e .(ri ,i' I U,p oW''"" Mid others, and while' out'' !'ru '"j from ?\ew York, i nilonn. Thr ? 'a. ,n their militarv gun ii treasnrr an f"'llJUon of Xleai*. liable nature" r^W ii''""1' iufurnwtion of a re thrv if civnl a j 'r , 1 CFr,aln that, not only had but that they Hera to I, f,oni ,,ie '"'""pf"}' by it. Ihe company hare Uonw^l"" JH!?7 f,u"i',|"d passenger* informs im that the Barter of the ?Ur of the went ut first dented that an* -uch men were aboard; ao<l that after a few day* he said they were aboard, but were emigrants, tsjund in California, to which they had paid their passage; and that still subsequently he admitted that they were tuken as soldier* to nerve in Nicaragua. All this time (so I am informed by this passenger, a Xm York resident of unimpea<4iable veracity,) the greatest reluctance was evinced by the parser to awcloa ing uny information relative to the existence of 1hei?e sol diers. or to the purposes for which they had emigrated. A well known agent uf the Transit Company at Point Arenas atated to thin same passenger that the men re ceived a free passage in order to aerve as soldiers in Nica ragua. The officers of the t roopa on board the Star of the West ulao declared freely that their men had been enlisted by the Nlearaguan government for 910 monthly per man, and had been taken, free of expense, by the Transit Company. Such are the farts, so far as I have learned them, which, I understand, will be oude a subject of complaint, by the American Consul bclbi^the State Department at Washington. The secresy with Which so large a number of men were smuggled aboard, the ignorance professed by the purser of their existence, and the conflicting stories told by different employe* of the company, as to the destination or objects of these armed men, are strong grounds for suspicion; and whether "J. de Marcoleto" or the Transit Company, for whom of late he appears to have acted hs the hired agent, are guilty of enlisting these soldiers in New York, it furnishes u fair subject for the vigilance of Messrs. Attorneys Cushing and McKeon. Colonel Kinney himself is now stopping at Captain Mooney's, but most of his followers have taken up thfir abode in the house formerly occupied by the American Consul? one of the few dwellings spared by the destruc tive lurllcr matches of Captain Hollins. It fronts the waters of the bay, which are within a few feet of it. and for the half mile lietween Captain Mooney's and it, as indeed all over the town, one walks by the brick und stone ruins, the foundations of former houses. The grass, now partially grown, conceals them, but enough remains to recall tin1 memory of the shameful transaction which caused this scene of desolation. Thus fin' the expeditionists have so conducted them selves as to gain the good will and respect of all classes in the community, having shown a disposition not to swag ger or tu Ik lurgeof filibustering or conquering the govern ment, but to enter into retqiectable employments, and, as they belong to quite a variety of vocations, each one has without difficulty found his place. Kor the List day or two, however, they have been very liusy stripping a wrecked vessel, which has been purchased by Mr. Alex ander Wood, in this plRce. This vessel (the brig Hamlet), which was driven asitoreon the 17th, witha large amount ol' coal, tar and turpentine, bus already turned out not a little speculation for them, not, to speali of its effect in impressing the people with a notion of their willingness and capacity for bard work. Mnce we have been here a fandango or ball has been given by the inhabitants in honor of the Colonel's arrival. It was held in one of the best house.i in tow n ? a houso w hich hits two stories, and inBtvad of being thatched with palm, is shingled. The room may have been thirty l'eet square, unpainted, the beams entirely visible, so far as the candles would allow, and with n small l>ar for refresh nit nts in the corner. Of course. Col. Cinney and his men all went, and it was a scene worth looking at. Tlie gallant Colonel ? the handsomest man in the room, by all odds ? led forth the lady of the mansion, with even more than his ordinary sauvity and grace, to take part in the first quadrille. Young Daniel Webster, with his partner, and others Willi partners of various shades and nations, black, brown, and white, Knglish, American, French. Spanish, fcc.. also figured. All around the room and outside of the house, peering through the windows, which, by the way, have no sashes or window-panes, were all sorts, colors and conditions of men and women, in costumes equally diversified. The dancing began and was kept up vigorously fill a late hour. Everybody appeared to be acquainted with every other body, and to have a good time. Were it not invidious. 1 might, perhaps, celebrate the exploits of the heroes and heroines of the evening. The Colonel, for example, was evidently in the spirit of the occasion, and danced to the admiration of all; still it is Sossilde that his tine, commanding figure and handsome ice might have something to do in producing the effect; and, after all, f if I may be excused for violating my rule of not mentioning names,) it really seems to me that the elaborate double shuffle and splendidly cut pigeon's wings of our excellent friend, the captain of our wrecked schooner Krnma. distanced all competition. Indeed, w hen he wn- in tiic midst of some of his unrivalled efforts of saltatory agility, the universal clap of hands and re flated "Hi yi's" of the out-of-door spectators, testified to the surprise and pleasure with which they witnessed such astonishing demonstrations. Among the first exploits attempted by the Colonel since his arrivn I is the building of h house for his private ac commodation. It is now within a week of its completion, mid will, when finished, be the handsomest dwelling in town, which, I regret to say, in the condition which the Ik mba rdment hiis left it, is not saying much. It will nevertheless, be a very good looking wooden building, of two stories, with ample accommodation for u doten or more inmates. After the house Is finished, arrangements are made for excursions into the Colonel's lands in the interior, to which, notwithstanding the stories to the contrary, cir culated in the I 'tilted States, I venture to predict them will l<e no serious Interruption. In regard to the negotiations with the government and with distinguished gentleman of Nicaragua und Costu lti cu, on which 1 found this prediction, it is not advisable for me ut present to write ? but you shsll be informed at the earliest time which moy Is- expedient. The resources of the country, however, I atu convinced are fully equul to the most extravagant representations that have been made of them, and no one who lias seen, as I have seen, the success and opulence which planters from the I'nited States have obtained here, simply by bringing with them the industry and business habits of their native land, eun doubt its availability as a field for emigration. I ?j>ejk now of its agriculture I capabilities: uf its commercial and mining, you hall hem in future. MORE or COL. KINNEY '8 MEN PAILINfl- WHEItK 111 THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY 'i Another instalment of emigrant* whom Mr. McKeon pre vent ed from railing with C<?1. Kinney, left thi" portyester day for San Juan, in the hrig Ocean IKrd. Anions tho shipments of the Kinney Coloni/Jition Compsny by this teasel was ii superior printing press, and a Uirgo variety of type, paper, Ac., for the e?tabll*hiii?ait ot j newspaper at San .Ina n do Nlcjn apiia, and for job printing. They al*o took out several t ruuKa of books, with which to com mence a public library. Auvny the passengers were Col. Young. Into ut Corpus Christl, lexa?, ami Mrs. I-ewollju, late editor of the Awriran SeiiHvl. The Colonel is a pi actlcal printer, ami, we presume, he will conduct tho new jonrnnl. A party of friends and sympathisers ac companied the expedition. In addition to tint articles mentioned uliovo were park - ages of garden seed*, cciealgruiua, k<\. forwarded through Mr. 1'abena, from the i'atent Office at Washington, vith u letter from the Commissioner of Patents requesting a re port about them from Nicaragua. lhete shipment*. though made by stealth and under the ban of Mr. I'Ntrtct Attorney McKeon, coutrast straoge ly with the shipment* of cannon aurt troop* made lately by the Transit Company's steamarp . uudei the special protection of the American Dug. Thcatm and Exhibitions. Bbo.adw.4V Thiaikf.? The celebrated (in brie! Rarel, aided by the Martinettl family, con-i?ting of Mile. Vlcto rine Fruick, Mile. Frances, Mile. Capel, Mile. Devine, Mile. Pauline, Mons. Collet, and Mr. Henry Wells, with other artists of celebrity, appear this evening in the Chi nese pantomime fi le of " Kim-Ka, or the Adventures of an -tronaul." After which tho Martinettl family will appear iu feats of grace and agility. The amusenents will close with the pantomime of "II. Duchalorocau " ? Uubriel Kavel as Roquinet. N'mro's Ga*ik\.? Burton, who Ii a lio-t In Jiim-clf. aided by a fine dramatic company, appear to-niglit in I the "Breach of Premise." Burton, ns Kbcn>'/er sudden, supported in the other leading characters by Messrs. Jor dan, Oourlcy, Mr-. France, Mrs. Stephens, Mr?. Oonover, and Mrs. lloluiau. The concluding pie> e wiil be the '? WuiuSeilng Minstrel "?.Burton in his inimiuildc part of Jhu liag-c in which lie will give the lamentabU hl-tory and cruel death of Yilikln< and his iHnah. Dovbt Thiutvf.? The drama of " Katlie1" and Son, or the Savage of Charborniere,'* will common 's the smuite mrnt1? Mr. Johnston as Count ft. AngeTllle, and Mr. W. S. lilenn as Michael t'?rl Vonfrerne. Mad. IK nville will sin# a favorite ballad; aho, a song by Mr. Wallace. Hi? nest feature will be " Woman's Wit " ? Mr , Frank Krew as Julia, Pbarbe pop and fouls Bertram], and Mr. Hrrw a? Pat, with songs. The dranui of Robert Enniett" will conclude the entertainments. Metkofoutai Trmtms. ? This One establishment will h<' r>-opoi,i d for .1 short period on Wodnes?lay evening, by Mr. Fiot. *ith the double attraction of a ballet troupe and a } teucli Vaudeville company. Hie beautfftil dan seuM\ Senorita Soto, and Moas. Carrer" are included in the ballet. Tlir performance* will commence with a co medy, entitled I? Caprlee" ? M. ttustavc in the princi pal character. " lai tiitanu,"' a Spanish bullet composed ejyresaljr for Scnorila Soto, is the next fentnrc; tho whole concluding with ?? I<eo Suites I>'l'n Premier IJt . ' ' Wooo'c Mini- nun*. ? The Shak*|? rian Festival and Ma auerudc K'iU" wilt be given for the second tiiu" tldi i vetilng. In this burlesque imitation* arc given of si ve ra! distinguished actors and actrcssns in Kicha rd III.. Macbeth. Komeo, Othello. Hamlet, Meg Meirile?, and other Well known character'. Hmors Acciwarr at Sai?ato?v Kriu son-- On Saturday momiug last, the train of cars which left Saratoga /or the north mot with an accident when about seven miles from the Hpri'igs, which resulted in serious injuries to wine nf the p:iK*engen>. Tbe cause of the disaster *ai the btetking of a rail, which threw the forward "truck" of one car off the track, and then running hack let the end of the oar I all to the grouud? the "truck," at the same time, forcing itself up through the tloor, completely de molishing the tar. A party of ludi< * aud gentlemen having neat* over the place where the truck entered, wero forccd by It up to the roof, whence, in an in stant, they were thrown to the ground, hurled hy the ruins. A voong lady, daughter of the Hou..fohn Stewart, of W a tor ford, N. Y., received the mo-t serious inju ries. Her head is very budlv cut by a spike, tne wound commencing at tne back of her head, running lovward until it meets the forehead when It tnrn* and runs directly across the temple. She has seven liruisea back id the neck, at the termination of the spine, and has received internal injury in the chest, iust over the left lung. Miss R. is so drcadftilly liiiiised that the full extent of her injnrie* cannot now be known. Mrs. Browne, of this city, received a revere wound on tbe shoulder, which it I* hoped will prove liflt a muscular And flesh injury. Several ladies were slightly injured. Mr. Browne was slightly injured. I*r. ilelalield, oi this city, who was fortunately iu the train (with his lady and nffce). remained with the injund dressing their wonnd?, and pa>ing a)l the attention in l.H pow. r to the suflfcTor". George WockI and thrw dang) ? . - *. .. ,? tbe U*io. w?d ClU 0! b-1 M j Liu/t , I TIM Wheal Cmu. Ptkii Hon. WIUMibbv IVewton, or VMnla, and tfe* Mew York Herald* ~ [Krom the Richmond Whig, Augun 4.] THH CROPS AND PRICE*. We publish to-day a very Interesting communica tion on this subject from Mr. WilVaugbby Newton. His views ore identical with those frequently ex pressed in this paper; bnt prepared with more care, and the whole subject discussed in a single article, we trust they will have more effect than anything we have said. The admonition to guard against dis posing of onr supplies at a low price, nnder the extravagant outcries of speculators, and the conse quent necessity of being compelled to buy Canadian wheat for our own use, at a high figure, next spring, is one of national importance. This whole country suffered from that operation last year. A very large portion of our wheat passed from the farmers' hands in Angust, September and October of lost year, (those are the months of heavy delivery,) at prices ranging from $1 40 to $1 60. Subsequently the price rose to $2 70; bnt very few farmers profitted t>y that figure. The city consumers had to purchase their floor at that raw? and the benefit in a great

measure enured to Canada? and, strange as it may sound, to Spain, for wheat wan imported from that country to this. A like proceeding this year will in all probability be attended with liko results. We mark our sense of the value of Mr. Newton's communication by giving it a prominent insertion:? TUB CHOPS, PRICKS, FTO. TO THE FT) I Toll OF TIIE NEW YORK HERALD. 1 am induced, by your article of the 21st Lust., on the crops, prices, Ac., and by other articles of the name wort, going the rounds of the pre!*, and which I deem of the most mischievous tendency, not only to the agricultural interests, but to the whole country, to write again on thia subject. You may remember that in reply to your circular of last year, I addressed you a letter, in which I endeavored to show, by facts nnd well established princi ples of political economy, that the general estimate of ! future price* at that time prevailing was entirely un- ; founded. 1 predicted that prices would rise greatly and permanently, and closed the letter with the following caution to the pre**: ? "In conclusion, I have but a word to my? if the efforts of the press to lower prices, now so general, i-bould prove successful, and liirge quantities of corn and other bread stuffs be exported to foreign coun tries, we may yet rue our folly wnen the pressing neces sities of our own countrymen Hliall demand supplies, which can be had neither at home nor abroad." You will do me the justice to say that, my predictions were literally fulfilled, and that the country would have been better off if uiy caution had been heeded. 1 beg leave to Mill your attention again to the princi ples embraced in that letter. They are not new. though, unfortunately, they are not familiar to the general mind, yet they are worthy of the prolouud consideration of the press and of the country. V'ou estimate the wheat crop just reaped at one hun dred an<Vi>ixty -eight and a half millions of bushels, against one hundred millions of bushels, the crop of 1811), as re ported by the ?euaus; and the average price of this year at $1 '.'ft a bushel. Now, It is obvious that these esti mates must he merely conjectural. The crop has not been threshed or measured in any one State or neighbor hood, and all that is known in regard to it is that the grain is of good quality, and that the yield from the straw is satisfactory. That the quantity produced is, in many sections, less than usnal, is certain, and wo shall have great reason to congratulate ourselves if the crop should prove an average one. That the crops in an agricultural country should keep pace with the population in its na tural Increase would seem to be almost a matter of course, though, so far as the wheat crop is concerned, it is be lieved not to be the case in our country. The wheat pro ducing zone in this country is almost as limited as that ol cotton, and in some of the principal wheat producing States the population is rapidly Wreaking in cities and towns, where wheat is consumed, and illmlnishtng in the country, where it is produced. I incline to the opi nion, therefore, that the estimate of the Cincinnati Price Current, of one hundred ond fourteen millions of bushels, is a much nearer approximation to the truth than your estimate, although it talis below the ration of the in crease of population. Kxnmine the census of your own State just completed, and you will fimLflhis opinion fully justified. The city of New York ha * a. population of over three quarters of a million. Think or a standing army of seven hundred and fifty thousand consumers, to say nothing of the vast number of non-producers in your other cities and towns I I havo before me a table show ing the qnuntitv of wheat and flour arriving at tidewater through the New York canals during the last season, being (with the wheat turned into flour) equal to 1,964 218 barrels ? which, allowing a quarter of wheat to each inhabitalit (the Knglish estimate) would be little more than sufficient for twice the population of the city ? and this embraced the larger part of the surplus crop, of the State of New York and of the great West. The consumption of wheat in our country has increased im luoneely. It has become the bread of the masses. For three years of my boyhood, whenat school in New Jersey, I do not remember to have seen wheat bread Rye was the only bread that was used, by the boys at least. Now, it would excite a rebellUu. Aud I well remember wqen in most Southern families wheat bread was only an occasional luxury; now it is consumed universally by the whiles, and to a considerable extent by the negroes. Strange as it may seem, I think it not improbable that the surplus of wheat and flour for exportation will be found in mm to deems* with the increase of population. The effective demand for home consumption is rapidly increas ing with the ripe of wages and the fall of money. It is obvious that a laborer getting VI 50 a day can better af ford 10 cents for his daily bread than he could 5 cents if his wages were 75 cents. Clothing and most of the other necessaries and comforts of life are cheapened by contin ual improvements in machinery, and the extensive use of steam power, so that the fall in the value of money is, in regard to most of the necessaries of life, counteracted, leaving the ability of the laborer to consume wheat bread and meat, though at higher prices, much greater than it whs liefore this rise of wages and fall of money. The earth has never produced, and probably never will pro duce. half enough wheat for all its inhabitants, and the demand daily becoming more effective, is continually iio reasltlg throughout the world. Kven in our own country, conceding that the crop 1- one hundred and twenty millions of bushels over and above heed, which is a most liberal estimate, we should have less than five bushels to each inhabitant, if we were not to export a bushel. But for Indian corn and wheat grown by slave Uibor, we should be more liable to famine here than in the old countries of Europe. In the nou-slaveholdiug States, there is no cla, s of agricultural laborers, no cottagers, or ?erfc admripti All ore striving to elevate their condition; the laborer of to-day becomes a proprietor to morrow, and where all think they may live by their wits, few are v illing to labor with their hand J. Hence the dif ficulty of procuiing a continuous supply of labor bus ren dered burning in the West an exceedingly irksome aud. precarious busines*. Agriculture in this country, can only b<- successfully prosecuted, on the patriarchal system, either by slave labor or by families of whites. Then- can b?' no greater delusion than to suppose It possible for the existing agricultural population materially toiucrcase the production of whpat by extending the surface under cul 1 1 vat Ion. It is one of those errors so extensively prevailing t hatit deserves to be included in a new edition of Bcn tham'e "Book of fallacies." Kvery practical farmer will, t II you that we cultivate in this country too much land and that w?' would make morp if we cultivated less with tho same force. The truth is, the farmers, for yeors, have lieen under a continual strain to produce as much as possible, and the effort Is already overdone, and n rise of prices without bringing more' labor and capital into the business, ran permanently increase the ciops. A farmer may " rip the goose tliat lays the golden e?g, " and by breaking up his rotation and cultivating all the ric.ho.-t spots of ni-' farm, Increase his crop for one year; hut his future loss will be {neater than his present gain. '?ur furmers are now enlightened to adopt this suici dal policy. If making Wheat was so much more profitable tlmu other occupations, do you not suppose that more capital and labor would at once lie devoted to it r What indications have we that such is the flict t The census of New York demonstrates the reverse; so, I have no doubt, would that of Pennsylvania aud probably that of Ohio if now faken. It is true that in Virginia aud other slave holding grain producing States, emigration has ceased, and the natural increase of tho population is devoted principally to producing grain; and here proprietors who inherited theii pro|>erty or purchased it years ago, ore realizing large profits ou their capitals, as formerly e*ti. mated. But let any one start a new enterprise, purchas ing land, slaves, mules, kr., at present prices, and he Will soon find that at le?s than two dollars a buabol for wheat he cannot realize the ordinary rate of prolit on his capital and labor. Two dollar* a bushel for wheat in Ihe present state ol the world 1< a very low prlcp, ami uotwithatadinir your prediction, 1 entertain no iloubt that the ove, ???' price of nlicat in .N>w York * ill lie from this time to the lie*: harvest over a bushel, and very probably over >2 60. Fle*??- take a note of this, ami test It by the result. This opinion i? not expressed rashly or at random, but is founded on o deliberate consideration of all the clrcum stances of the < n*e. To some of these circumslance* I hate alluded in this paper. I proceed to notice more particularly others, of which mention was made in iny fmiuer letter. 1st. The increase In the coat of production, or, in other words, the fall in the value of money. This subject Is very clearly illustrated in McCulloek's Political Kconomy, to which I lieg leuve to refer you. He asks why is a I )Miund of K'dd worth Ufteen time.' ax much as a pound of direr 1 ami answers, lieeauae It takes about tlfteeu times a? much labor to get a pound of gold a- one of silver: but If a new gol?l mine were discovered from which a pound of gokl could be procured writh as little labor a* is now a pound of silver, in a short time gold would be worth no more than silver. Tbi* state of things seemed al?iut to be by the discovery of the mines of j California and Au?tialia, so that Congress bad to <l? ho??> our silver coins to Weep them in the country. The silver mines are now yielding so largely as proliably to restore, in a short time, the equilibrium between the metals, which tends still urther to disturb other exchangeable values. The precis* amount of the depreciation of the precious metals since the o|>enln? of fn# gold mine* of California and Australia, it Is difficult to estimate; but thnt it has been very great, none can doubt, nnd is pro bably little short or one naif the estimated value* of those metals. It is a matter of history, that at Hie end of a century from the dl?eovery of the Spanish mine? in America, prices hail advanced iiertnaiieutly four hun dred per cent? or. In other words, the precious metals had declined ui value to that extent, Ii such was the effect of those mines, so coni|>aratively unimportant, what must be the effect, at no distant day, of the mini i of the precious metal* now In operation in the world r Ircii in Smith's time, so great had lieen the full of money, that the question was gravely discussed wheth er some other measure of value than the precious metals >bould not I* adopted. At that time the annual product of the mines of th? world wa* estimated at ten millions of u>und? sterling (Vide Kdinhurg. Kncyclopedla, art. Ilullioti ) . now the annual product Is estimated at two hundred millions of dollar*, and making the mo?t liberal allowance for ahat Is consumed In the art*, we have much more than a hundred millions of dollars added to i t lie coin of the World annual It IVi ? hi-, i. o.ncy fa cilities arc wonderfully increased by banks and bills of exchange, railroads, evpres?e*, telegraph", ic. What i< t I 14 the permanently progressive effect of ail the-e agendo* on prices, time only <vw> determine, ihe nMst ? ij,.'! fecial must be st ti??t.'. tlat this effect ?||| b* very F "ill C9> ? ~.c? t'i i'O'ltJv ?! >?? 1 hie results, but uieroJy as om of politioal economy, hav ing J?st now ft Tory important bearing on the interact of srricuKurs. The evils arising from the fall la the rata* of salaries, annuities, government securities, and all fixed incomes, are much to be deplored, but these it 1? not my province to discuss. U. The war in Europe. In the ?wy paper in which you estimated the average price of wheat during the year at 91 26 a bushel, you published the address of the Emperor of France to the legislative Assembly, and other intelli gence from Europe, that gtves the assurance that there are not only no hopes of peace, but that the war whs about to spread over the Continent. In view of all the-o things, can you be in earnest in making so low an es tiniate of the price of wheat during the year? I need not enlarge on the necessary effects of the war in disturbing the labors of agriculture in the gruat grain producing portion of Europe, the Interrup tion of commerce in the Baltic and the Eux Ine, the enormous consumption by large standiiur ar mies, and the wanton wastes and ravages of war. These consideration* are obvious to the commonest comprehen sion. But It seems strange that they have not only been overlooked, but that no weight has been given to acts of past history in a journal usually distinguished for learn fny and ability. I have before me the annual average prices of wheat in Great Britain, according to the Parlia mentary returns, from 1800 to 1830, and it will be fonnd that the average for the first sixteen years was more than equal to the present price of wheat in Liverpool. During this time the ports were open to all the world, the pre cious metals were not in over supply, and, although tho Bank of England bad suspended cash payments, the notes did not, for some years, depreciate more than three per cent, and in the two first years of the series, the price of wheat was 110 shillings and five penoc and 115 shil lings and eleven pence respectively, and in 1812 win as high as 122 shillings ?nd eight pence a quarter. The war in Europe was the chief cause of the high prices, for, during that period, though the crops were occasionally short, they were frequently good. Why should not the present war, taken in connection with the fall of money, have now a still greater effeett Yet we are told by the Hknaid that the average price of the year is to be less than fifty shillings a quarter! The course of the press, if it have any effect at all, must produce nothing but mischief to every interest iu our country. Consumers in the cities cannot be perma nently benefitted. Wheat may fall under a temporary glut, to the great Injury of some farmers, but flour will lie little affected, or if it should decline temporarily, our crops will go abroad at comparative ly low prices to feed the belligerents, and when our own stocks are reduced we shall be patriotic enough to purchase Canadian flour iu the spring, under the recijfcocity treaty, at almost famine prices, to feed our own population. Such is the practical wisdom of a sensible people. To the farmers I would Bay, be firm; you have the mat ter in your own hands. Tnere are two parties to every contract of sale ? the seller as well as the buyer. Above all things, keep clear of the Baltimore Corn Exchange until after the close of September. Yours, very respect fully, WILLOUGHBY NEWTO.V. Wu-TMOBiijiND Co., Va., July 28, 1855. Interesting News from Northern Mexico. OUR BKOWNSVILM! CORJOXFONDENt'E. Brownsville, Texjih. July 25, 1856. An Alarm at J (onUrey ? A Revolutionary Countermarch ? O'ett iral Wull't March from toynom?Hu Arrioal a' Mnlnmorof ? Hit Thriah?MiiUory Kr-cutiony? Barba rity to a Woman? //ii<er Trade ivith Mexico ? Lull i, i J'olitict. Tho rumor so adroitly circulated by Santa Anna's agents in Monterey, that Generals Tavcra aud Guitian were rapidly advancing on that pluce from Son Luis Potosi, at the head 1,200 infantry and 800 cavalry, in duced the inhabitants to send expresses to Governor Viduurri, assuring him that the placo would bo captured unless he returned to defend it. Ihe consequence was that, leaving Garza, his second in command, with 500 mounted riflemen, to wutch Woll and hurra ss him if ho moved out ofiteynosu, he counter marched on Monterey on the 12tb, and arrived there on the loth ? finding the pluce occupied by some 900 and odd men of his own party, who had rushed into it from tho surrounding towns and villages in order to defend it afeninst the supposed enemy. Ihe alarm turned out to be a false one, as what had really happened was that, Cruz, the ex-Governor of Coahuila, bad returned to Hai ti Uo with 150 cavalry, and immediate measures were taken to detach a force against him, and again drive him beyong the mountains. Guition was at Vauegas, l.r>0 leagues beyond Saltillo, with 600 mounted recruits tluit had been pressed into the service, and who were daily deserting; and finally, Governor Vldaurri was atOerralvo on the night of the iOth, on his wuy down to reinforce Garni with 1,000 men. On the 20th General Woll ? notwithstanding his inso lent bragging when he left Matsmoros, that he would drown the revolution in blood? took up the line of march from Kevnosa, (not as you muy suppose, to fight his enemy, who with inferior numbers and without artillery was insight,) but to retreat on Matamoroa ? where he ari ived on the iiSd, after being harruased every inch of the road by his persevering antagonist. On the very day he left Keynosa he gratified his murderous instincts by hu> ii'g a poor fellow shot, whom he accused of being a kpy. The moment Gar/a was informed uf this atrocious act, he retaliated by executing a sergeant and a corporal of the enemy's forces who were then in his hands. Thus you see that the Cerralvo decree was not a mere threat, hut is being executed with a vengeance. Governor Carta's forees, after being reinforced by de tarbments from Ciudad \ ictoriu, now numbers some 800 men, principally well mounted cavalry, but a.i yet with out artillery, and as i write, they occupy positions Within eight aud ten miles of Matamoros. Woll has said that as soon as his troops recover from the march down from Reynosa, he will turn out and at tack tbom ; but this is doubted, as it is now ascertained that he is neither a soldier nor a brave man individually, lie might well do it if he were a man of courage, as fie now has in Matumoros some thirteen or fourteen hun dred men. and 12 pieces of artillery. A'otfi cciron *. A most cruel act Was perpetrated in Matumoros the other day, on the person of a respectable female, for the alleged crime of having carried a letter to one of Woll's officers from one of the revolutionary party. She wm unaware of its contents; and the hapless woman, after being confined in the common jail, was taken out into the public square and her hair shorn off by one of the ruffians in the chain gang. She. was then mounted on it mule and sent to the mvuth of the river, thence to go to Vera Cruz. Ihe unhappy creature had suffered more than a woman's feelings could bear, and on the very day she left died aome fiftt .n miles from the city. Ihis hor rible deed was committed by order of General Castro, who had been left in roiunnnd at Matumoros As tlie federalists refused to appoint t enajal to be tie second in command, he has quarrelled with thcui aud re tired Willi disgUbl to his farm on this side ol the river, where he now is quietly enjoying the sweets of priiate life. 'Ihe Mexican despot, as s reward to distinguished merit, has ordered, as I iiiu told, three medals to lie struck and presented to his three Generals? Woll, in Tatnauli pas; Cardona, :i late Governor of Nuevo Leon, and Cruz, ex-Governor of Coahuila. On one aiiie U seen the figure of a deer rampant, Willi the words " My name is Waynes'- and on the other that of a scared wolf at full Speed, with the inscription, '-Wreak ii. shirt tail: he is gaining en you.'' These very significant inscriptions were obligingly furnished, it i? said, by his Excellency James Gadsden, the American Plenipotentiary near the court of his Serene Highness. l arge amounts of goods are beinft ?ent up the river by our merchants to import, them into Mexico under the Cebattos tariff, as adopted by the federalists. This indi cntes how the wind blows, as our acute merchant* are always '? wide awake and full of tl as.'' Not s word of local u(w>; and, notwithstanding we are on the eve of tin election for Governor, members of Con gri -s, there is not the lea -t exeitenn ut. and our city is as quiet *s can Is- expected considering the proba bilities of there bting some powder burnt across the wsy among our " magnanimous" friends of the Altec race. 11 1?> BltAVO. Landlord unci Trnant-Drmwul for Rent. I IHHT DISTRICT f'Ol HT. Before Judge <;re?*ii. Acn. 8. ? Jul, a i*. t'Ti-it Oflnnut John Unyn. ? Nummary proceeding to obtain poaaeanou of certain premise*, llrt William stieet. for non-payment of rent. On the return of tft summon* the truant appeared mid <i< ul<-<t the d"iuand of rent. On the tilal. Wm. Ji. l'liillip", h witne**, swore, that at tho re^ui^t of Mr. HilJ, the Iaixil<ir<l-*K aifent. he called upon the teuant, Mr. Ho)-, and usked hira if he wa* agoing to pay the rfni. tie (flays) ?ald in answer, that he woulu pay it if Mr. IIIU would rail himself in the courte of the day; that if he did not call, be (Hay*) would rail on Mr. Hill in the oouise of the evening and pay it. On the cross-examination of the witrn*", he ?wor>- that it wa* last Wednesday that he railed np<m Mr. Hays, (wliirh in nince these proceeding" were commenced. ) Trie Jmlge stated that there liad not he* n a lufBeent demand prorcd. and he should be compelled to di?ml"? the proceeding*, wheretipon the landlord discontinued them arvl made another demand aud commenced attain, it worn. Tin? Mayor Wood Excm-io* at s^hatooa Sphinoh.? The e\curnion jmitj complimentary to Mayor Woo?l(of New York, returned thl* morning. At every station and stopping place on tlie way to Lake George. Mayor Wood Informally dot lined to receive the exprcaaionx of reaped from all, with out distinction of party. Several hundred "int*rrupt ed bin progieaa" at Glen* Fall", and dming the hour siient tnere, the sterling farmer* and :? ot that region must hare gratified him i.y tu.-i' heait} gicetlng, lieing presented l*y Ong teaman Hughes in hie peculiarly interesting way. The party proceeded on and* dined at ffherriU'a take House, spending the it-mainder of the day and evening at that highly interesting portion of north ern New York. An additional aest to the whole wax the presence of many of the iu<wt accomplished ladles of our country, visiter* here, who were of the party:? amon,? them, Mi*s .Iohn*on, Mra. I- D. Co man", Mia* Steiihenaon, Misa Dalli.-, Mrs. Clark, Miss Warren, Mra. Bryan, and many others distinguished for their elegance and the grace which attch always impart to eveiy occasion, ?fiurata^u Hrjmblicun, Avfiurt 4. (tilted MtatM Dlrtrli t C'onrt. Before Hon. .fudge Itett*. cosnimNATio.N or noons. At <>t ST O.?Th' Unitrti Slntrt rf. lirfu-rm- Mn f >i Ireland Uitario.? .Condemnation. unrt de< ree et aale />. mi mt r$. ft'tnr bnln of ?ro/? tttoaem.? Condemnation and decree of ??le. It- mm' rt. a I erf qv nit I if <f ? Condemn* tion, -nd decree of xtile. lelvrs* 0' |T"ce>? w?>e ui. ic, and the court ??lj- um-d Mttlwi Intelligence. TO TD no DEMOCRACY Or THK STATE OF Nlf TOU. Th* Free Democratic I-uagne in the city of New York, re-speatfaliy recommend to their fellow-citiaens through out the State that no distinct convention be thia year called on the part of the Free Democracy for the nomi nating of State officer*, but that they cordially unite with other* in organizing county conventions on the 16th of August, or some subsequent day. for the election of two delegate* to represent each Assembly Patriot in the Republican Convention, to be held at Syracuse on tha acth of September. In behalf of thin suggestion, they would remark that the Republican party in thia State, which was organised at Saratoga and Auburn, in August and September, 1864, openly proclaimed ita adherence to our great principle* on the question of American slavery. They pledged themselves ''in the spirit and faith of our fathers to struggle for tho reconstruction of Kansas and Nebraska to the ennobling occupation and use of free labor and free men. " Teey "demanded of government, aa a primary duty, perpetual intciyrntion on the side of justice, equality and liberty, and in vindication of each inuocent man's nova reignty over himself." Thev declared that all territory of the United State* must henceforth be free territory, and all States here after must co-ne In a* frea State*. Tliey distinctly repu diated the Baltimore Conventions, both of the whig and democratic parties, and denounced the Fugitive Slave Jaw as unconstitutional, and an usurpation by Congress ?n the sovereignty of the States. The time has come for a union of the country on one broad constitutional basin. Thousand* of whigs and de mocrats, and Americans, startled from their dream of compromise with slavery by the Nebraska perfidy and the Kansas invasion, recognUe at thin eventful crisis a higher duty than that to party, and wait to assist un in lescuing our country from the usurpation of a sectional bind ? power which ancient compacts no longer Whatever claims the slave power may once have been supposed to have to the confidence and respect of the North, arc gone forever. Aided by Northern renegade* but in defiance of the known will of the people of the North, they broke the faith pledged in the Missouri Com promise, on the hollow pretence of a tender regard to the popular sovereignty of the Territories. '1 he compact broken, the pretence was discarded, and ihe slave powe r forthwith imposed upon the free settlers in Kunsas the sham legislature that now sits, a bur Uvqne upon republican institutions, and an insult to the American people. That legislature, as the world knows, was fraudulently elected by "border rutlians," headed by the President ol" the United States Senate, who, amid the applause of the Southern press and the coiuilacent sufferance of the federal government ? a government that issues proclama tions, and calls forth tho army of the Union to assist a slaveholder to recover his clave ? with armed violence, at the first election in that infant Territory, prostrated the freedom of the citizen and tho purity of tho franchiae. The invaders, alarmed by indications that the Gov ernor would probably observe his oath and protect the sovereignty of the people, wore early assured by the Secretary of War* that the administration had regarded him as leaning towards the other aide, and that the mis take would be speedily corrected by hi< removal. That promise has been kept? Reeder lias been removed, and the present helpless subjection of the settlers in Kansas to their lawless invaders is the act long intended and now deliberately consummated by tho federal cabi net, in obedience to the mandate of the slave power. Ill the presence of a crime of such magnitude, utrikinr at the first principles of our constitution, and at the liberties and fame of our country ? a crime upon which the attention of the nation is now fixed, aa the treason ia daily developing before our eyes ? it wore needless to dwell npon the lesser outrages fast multiplying in our midst upon personal liberty and the sovereignty of the Statea. ^ * While the executive and legislative branches of the federal government are openly on tho side of the slaw P',w?. the judiciary no '"nR*>r stands aa it once atood. the faithful and impartial guardian of the constitutional liberties of the people. Convenient judges, who have un learned in the service of the slaveholders the first lesson* or the common law, painfully recall to us the iu aolent brutality of Jeffreys, and the illegal ty ranny which he perpetrated at the bidding of his master. The right of the Ptato to punlsn crimes committed within their borders agwinet their lnwa, under color of federal authority, is denied. Constables indicted in a State court for attempt to murder have been liberat ed by a federal judge. Citizens of a sister State are now immured in prison for a pretended contempt ofa federal judge, but in reality for having, on behalf of the society founded bv Jranklin, advised strangers of their kwa! rights, and the State courts profess to be impotent to d<> them justice. ' i it was coolly Intimated from tit* hench, that the federal judges are thinking of chauginir for the benefit of the slave power, the great and glorious principles or the common law, rfCCK*nisod and establish ed, in the courts of England, the courts of our Union and the courts even of our slave States. They propose to ad judge, if public opinion will permit, that an odious and sectional system or mean tyranny, for the introduc tion of which even tho South has been accustomed to curse the avarice of their British ancestor*, shall be con verted into a federal institution so as to allow slave holdors to bring their slaves into our free neighborhoods, of the st^te* *iU ?f ?Ur pf0p'C ttn'1 th" "??erei?nty The long submission of the free States to the gradual ! 'icrflaeliro,'n,? "f the slave power has been due chiefly to he compromises into which they had b?en deluded. In ' the. belief that we might repose with confidence upon th* faith pledged by the representatives of the Southern tali s, .[bat belief exists no longer, and can never again evive. Ihe slave powe.r has discarded the last shred of he garb of chivalry which it once seemed to wear: it glo ies in its triumph over our credulity, and stands boldly i fore the world as faithless to its honor with tho coun try, ns to humanity with the slave. The North, consequently, is less hampered now in de termining its course than ut any former period. All it compacts with the slave power outside of the conntitution are at an end, and nar ght interferes with tho right and the duty of restoring the ifoverOBK nt ?.> it*. . , lKl,uil ft?un i stion, on the truths declared in the Declaration of Inde pendence, a ud embodied anew in the federal constitution. Nothing forbids them from henceforth restricting ??, it-- own territorial limits the sccttonal faction tiiat In seeking to wield the authority and the renource* of th* I nlon tor its own advancement, so constantly disturb* our peuce, impugns our rights, insult* our State *o\e reignty, and tarnishes our national character. ihe republican party, standing upon the constitution and the great truths which underlie it, and holding to the principles of Its founders, affords u* the opportunity of uniting, as did our fathers in the olden time, to re-es tablish justice, restore domestic tranquillity and re-secur# thehlesaing. of liberty for onraeives and our posterity. With a common and righteous purpose, wise- counsels, and trusty candidates fairly selected, we cannot fall to fc1M*P ?r?t the State, and then the country. i 1 i"* 'nattered remnants of the old parties rent asunder by bad faith that still cling to the idea of union with the repealers of the Missouri Compromise and the invaders of Kansns, are so widely separated on other point* as to ren der a fusion of these factions all but impos?ible, even by "the cohesive power of public piunder." The whig* dissolved as a national party, have called theii . t ile convention for the same day and place with the re publican convention, w ith the avowed object or uniting as a party with one that repudiate! their former platform The M reding whi^, if any, in view of the one great issue before the country, the freedom of the Missouri Territory, r"n thrir *?*?" ?nd their ante cedents If they J..,n with the repealers of the compromise so intimsf, ly connrcied with the name and the fame of lu-nry flic two faitinn- Ot the pro-slavery democracy who call th.mselves respectively ihe hard- and the sofls. if th?y have not already r. -igm d aU Idea or contest with the re publican party, will simply strive to secure a numerical Majority eatli over the other, with reference to their rival ? ir/" M}nt lhe sute lu the national convention or and the supposed importance of this fumiiy con tfc't waged with the usual absence of family affection will prevent the voU?? of either raetion being thrown away upon the Know Nothing-, a, was so largely the cast in our fait flection. I he American party thus weakened by the defection ol voW*m,7?V ; W,"1 in ?ddition large number* ol de voted adherents to their original principle,, whose sell II pert revolt- tn.m the intense servi'ity to slavery eihi luted hy the I hiuiuelphia convention, and the intent her Ifnan. tested to convert the American movement to the purpose* 0t the Southern Suites in subjecting th* people ot ha n-as, living upon their own s0ll. to laws en acted for them hy alien invaders Iron, Missouri. Anil [ from all of these parties there must come t.. the ifpublicno ranks not e nly those who resist the exteiuioa ot sin \ ery beyond its present limit-, but all who slucerelj hold, not as a theoretic dogma, but a* a right to be main tained ugniu?t all invaders. the sovereignty of tho -tate* and the Independence and purity of the franchise ?New- York, ever prominent for her love ol' fiesdom ever careful t,. respect the constitutional rlghtg of hei Bister States, and the constitutional authority or th* federal government, is the better fitted to defend with dignity and limine-, the rights and interest* of her own people otir principles of action are or imprewnablr strengih. They may be found in the writings of om lathers ; i? in the history of their struggles against tyran riy. aided as iii our case by Arnold* at home, may b* read the certainly of our success. The federal govern ment will he divorced from slavery. Justice will be done where we have the power to do. freedom will be extend ed whe.e we have the right to extend it, ?nd the coun'rv will rmve J W? therefore 1 1< nest iy recommend to our friends a* early and active co-operation with their fellow citiaens ot ever, name in electing, a- delegate, to the republican conve ntion, men of practical wi?d?m aud tried fidelitj win, a single eye to the restoration of republican tn% eli in. and the overthrow of had faith, border rnffiiauioia seitie nal aggre-?ion, and fi-deral encre achment* in bs l.a 1 1 of slavery, upon state sovereignity and tha common lithe remi mbiance of certain proceedings in tlie An ?urn Convention e>f 18i4. which were rngard-fl by the fro* (hinociacyas ungenerous aixl unrair, nugge-d auv dembt* in regard to the entire good faith and magnanimity - f th- approaching convention, let It be remembered tha ' l.VUV r "f t1*? ?;onTenl,on wnl -leterinined ?e !? ^ delegate-, and that the choice ot I these delegate* is wlfli ti,e county conventions, which if attended by the pe.,,.1,. in .right spirit and lirni <t r.crt!ivan"n?lnH' * ' 'M ,l"' 'rora Influence STJtt; men. J ?u<1 ^ by princ ^ order of the league Wn P K< v? c. . ?'"UN JAV", IVeddtnt. htx?. feiretary. Nrw York, A'ugu-l fl. 1H65. , Ue K' in ti?. Klghth district ed Georgia are deewd It inexpedient to nominate a .-an.jfjjto J,r 'pgress. So have the elemoerats leaving Alexander i] t iter '?tl K,,,'W No1b' '? w,,i? Without a romp*. T e American party e,f I'aiiiisen connir Md.. I, eld a grand ratification lne' tirg at KU-oft's Mills, on the 2?tti ull- at wliic h they fully * idoi^-d the r latl n. ,.r Anici i. *u t'onncil at Phiiadr tphia lhe Port at the. junction of the Mailaw.i^ka and ?*?. John rher, In Ni w Brun-Wick, (We Warn frnai a King atl n paper. ) wa? it ruck l.jr lightning in ttv lhnari"r s'orni ?>f ifcc ltth ult. a"'l bu* nt lo the g, oun-l.