Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 10, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 10, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JA1BS GORDON BKIHETT. PROPRIETOR AND EPITOR. Mime n. w. oohnku of xassac and yultou sts T? to. 5M? AtfUSKHKNIW THIS UVKSISO. BBOAl>WAV TlfKATHK, Biv>.M!w<iy? Ki-oiwuw? VUoic MHRvOS ?AT.DEN, Brxadva^ ? Misi Pm ? (l m.krklla. BOWKKY IV'-ITRK, Ifewery? TOW* AM) Cocxnor ? Th>: ttFMjn ? !#<?: -Ship. hi.tuiiO ilJTAN THKATRE, Jir*)ailw?j ? U-. Utuir Smmwhu? :.i Ijs I'la.vo t>r. Hkktiik. W?OI)!3 MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Mall? 472 Broadway, few ?01*, Firlday, Anfwt 10, 1656. The News. We print to-day a full report ef the proceeding* cf he Liquor l>a>er*' Convention held at Syracuse on Wednesday, and in the editorial column# may be Wand -an article explanatory of the cause* which led to a trifling difference of opinion between the dele gates from the rural districts and those from the me- ' troponin. All disputes were , however, amicably arrang" ed, and the liquor interest ia now fairly in the field, with u State central committee and all the machinery necessary for the operations of a complete party or ganization. We also publish an important opinion ?f Judge Dean, of the Supreme Court, delivered at Voughkcepsie, in the case of John Johnson, charged with violating the provisions -of the prohibitory li quor law. It will be seen that J udge Dean goes fur ther than either Judge Morris or Judge Parker has gone and holds that a person arrested on a charge of selling intoxicating liquors, on being taken before a magistrate, has aright to an examination under the Revised Statutes. Hon. Charles . S. Morebead, K. N., is undoubtedly elected ( Jovernor of Kentucky by a large majority. The Know Nothings have also carried six of the ten Congressional districts. Two districts have been ?carried by the democrats, and two are still doubtful. The Legislature is largely Know Nothing. We have accounts from Texas of the organization ?f a large military l'crce to assist the revolutionists ki Mexico. The movement seems to be a very popu lar one there, and great numbers wi re expected to cross into Mexican territory 011 the 24th ult. The ?bject of the expedition, as stated by their com mander, Captain Jienry, is simply to aid iu the es tablishment of a more republican government, and . finally bring the northern provinces of Mexico under the protection of that wonderful specimen of orni thology, the American eagle. Should these reports torn out to be true, we may look for a terrible outcry troru the old opponents of the auuexation of Texas; lmtthe "manifest destiny" philosophers will view the matter with that comp'acency for which they are remarkable. There were three hundred deaths in New Orleans Ailing the past week, of which two hundred and twenty-two were from yellow fever. Paspmore Williamson and the six negroes im plicated with him in the abduction of Col. Wheeler's slaves, have been indicted for assault and batter)*. The tdfll will take place on the 27th inst. The Board of Aldermen met yesterday afternoon, lot the business transacted was entirely devoid of general interest. The Board of Connciimen met in the eveuing, and passed upon several documcuts of more or less im portant. A message was received from the Mayor explaining by what authority he licensed those ten additional omnibuses. The paper will be found in ?or report of the proceedings. A special commit tee was appointed to report npon a monument in -Greenwood Cemetery to the gallant New York Vo lunteers in the Mexioan war. A resolution was offer ed for re-districting the city, with reference to the election of Councilman. The Counsel of the < 'orpo xation gave his opinion as to the powers of the spe ?xl committee to investigate the afliiirs of the Insti tution for the Blind. Comptroller Cook has published the rej>ort of Wm. Barnes, appointed 011 the 12th tilt, to investi gate the affairs of the Webster Fire Insurance Com pany of the city of New Yurk. Mr. Rarnei having ?e ported that the assets of said company are insuffi cient to justify its continuance in business, the papers have been handed over to the Attorney General for hk* action thereon. The following information from Ihe Treasury De partment, relative to the penalties incurred in the event of the re-landing of exported merchandise Id the United States, in important jnst at this time, in view of the unsettled state of affairs along the Rio Ornnde, and the large importation of goods into Northern Mexico under the Cevitllos tariff: ? "By the fourth section of the act of August :$0, H.V2, an Jhori/.ing the exportation of merchandise in bond by certain routes to Mexico, it is provided that no goods, wares or merchandise exported out of the limits ??f the United States, according to the provisions of that Act, shull be volunturily landed and brought into the United States ; and that, if landed or brought into the United States, th;y shall lie forfeited, and the name proceedings will l>e lu d for their condemnation and the distribution of the proceeds as in other cases of forfeiture of goods illegally imported ; aud ull persons concerned in the voluntary landing or bring ing such goods into the United States shall be liable Jo a penalty of four hundred dollars. It will be ne ressnry to maintain greai \ igilnnce along the frontier ?f the Rio Crande to prevent the illegal introduc tion of merchandise into tl?e United States. In ull ?ases of this description that are discovered, the JDU penalties of the law will be rigorously euforced." The salej of cotton yesterdav embraced about 2,000 bales, without change in quotation*. Klour was sold pretty freely at about the rates of the previous day. Wheat was in limited supply, and prices tlrm. Indiun corn ad anced from one to two cents per bushel, with moderate sales, the receipts having been light. Pork was in tirm demand, at steady prices. CofTce was quiet stu^ars were ac tive, at full prices. About 20,000 bushels of grain were engaged for Liverpool at 4id. a 4<d. Naval store? were active for spirits, ami firm. ThkAtiornky Gknkkai.'s Opinion ??s tiik 1 iqt'OR Law. ? We see that some of our coteni pvraries of the rural districts are ;jt logger heads on the question whether .Attorney Gene ral Hoffman has or has not ?submitted his offi cial legal opinion to the Governor 011 the un constitutionality of our new liquor law. Some say that he has. ami that Ihe Governor lias ?jpprevs?>,i ihe document; others insist that, he has not. or " that (iovernor Clark has not had occasion to ask for the opinion of the Attorney General on the subject." Very likely. We rather suspect that the Governor has too innny other fish to fry quite enough to keep his hands full till November, lie has the fnslou i-ts to regulate as far as pos-ible, including temperance men and liquor men. lfe has the spoilsmen to look after, and to see that they do their duty in reference to the coming election. He ho- the Irish Catholics to conciliate as lar hs h- c.m. and the Know Nothing- to win t^?r: ?and these duties, together with all tie- regular cares of State, allow hiin no time to hunt up or con-ult, opinions on the Liquor law. Resides, the Governor, no doubt, has discovered, in the course of his travels from Albany to Auburn and back, that the Liquor law is a nullity, a huriibui/, a mockery and a nuisauce. and that, in regard to it. ?' the least said the -oonest ?end< <t.'' When the thing is ,i- pi,:in m (he note on his face, why should he r< i|iiir? an ?tp j'iou of the Attorney Get ? > |i ,, ;u nbsurd. He ilvu'l want it. m MuMdMwttJ Kimw MtMnp-TMr Sanger Wondilp|ilnK State Platform. The Into Quarterly State Council of the Know Nothing party of Massachusetts ha* is sued its platform as " revised and improved,'' under the aonpicea of that prince of negro ] philuBtliropy. Senator Henry Wilsou. Clipped of superfluous verbiage, this plutfcrm is as fel lows : ? 1. A twenty h?m> year* uutiivn ligation law. 2. Stringent penalties u^jainut tliu fraud ul'-ut tlMMtcr nl naturalization papers. S. Opposition to nil 1W i|rn mlUtary or pollt Li-u.1 orgunt ?utions. 4. Efficient law* agaiust the Asportation here of foreign OttatBala iiml paupers. 5. None but natives iix our leiniatem ? broad. tt. Free religion, and war agwlust the Vope, his hferar nrehy, ami hi* church. 7. The Bible as the basis of all popular- education. (There is nothing ?ery dreadful in all thie compared with the foreign branch of tbie Know Nothing Massachusetts platform of a year ago, which, in its practical operation, under the Hiss Legislature, extended to the ex portation-of the surplus Irish from the State, and the elevation of the African blacks to the same level with the Puritan whites in the com mon schools. But we come now to the negro branch of the present Know Nothing Massa chusetts platform, as '? revised and im proved at Springfield. The Springfield Republican says that ?' the result, though not all that the earnest friends of fusion could .desire,, may still be regarded ,ob favorable," and that "it was so regarded by the advocates of union in the Council. They feel that they have won a substantial triumph over the ultra native and pro-slavery section of tbe organiza tion, and paved the way for such a union of Massachusetts men and parties as has been so well consummated in Ohio, Indiana, and. other u.f the free States."' We supposed as much when Gen. Wilson "paved tbe way" at the la'e Philadelphia Council, .8 ud especially when his game was fully developed in the Know Something saturnalia at Cleveland. But here is th<> new platform of the Senator and his par ty on the vitul question of niggers:? 1. That all legislation must be conducted upon the doctrine that freedom is national and slavery sectional. 'tliat the Federal government must bo relieved of all connection with, or accountability fur, American slavery. !). Unit State sovereignty, in its legislation and judi~ /?iary, .must be held inviolate. 4. I h it t he Missouri line must be restored, and no part ? d that territory thut was made Iree hy said lin" shall l>c .admitted as a, slave >tate. ft. That .Milliliter*' rights must lie protected, in tbo free ??ml undisturbed exercise of the elective franchise. The lirsl of these articles of faitb on the nigger question covers the whole ground of a sectional cnisade against the South ? tbe third places the nullifying legislation and the courts of Massachusetts above the consti tution and Supreme Court of the United State* ; and the fourth is the main pillar ol' the Seward platform. f?ow. il all this wil' not answer for the pur poses of a fusion of all the odds and ends of free soil and abolitionism in Massachusetts, the ultras have no other alternative than Lloyd Garrison's programme of immediate disunion at all hazards ; the destruction of the churches and ihe Bible, the overtluvjw of .society, and a new start for the millenium. from the simple elements of barbarism. Certainly, we shall either have "fusion" or confusion in the old infatuated Hay State from this " revised and improved " Wilson Americau platform : aud for all national purposes, it matters very little whether the result is a coalition or a split. Most of our Presidents have been elected against the vote of Massachusetts, and all have beeu elected without it. So we suppose that she may be spared in 1 *,}(>, without much damage to the conservatives of the Union and their ticket. Let her go. Reeder's Removal ? A Northern and a Southern Cause. ? It appears that the adminis tration have two good causes or grounds of excuse for the removal of Governor lleeder ? a Northern and u Southern cause. In the North it 19 to be understood that he was removed for his projected but unperfected simulations in the lands of the Kansas half-breed Indiana. This is the Northern cause. In the South it is to be urged that he was removed because of his abominable affiliations with the Kansas free soil squatters and emigration societies. This is the Southern cause. The Albany Atlas is satisfied with the Northern cause ? the Rich mond Fnquirtr is content with the Southern cause. Between the two horns of the dilemma there is a mystery still to be explained by the President to the Governor. Was it the land speculations or the niggers? Was it Atchison or .Mnnypenny, or Stringfellow or the Com missioner of- the Land Office, that did the busi ness? Let the truth be known ? out with it ? that there may lie no misapprehensions upon the subject in the Pennsylvania Octobcr election. What a pity the Governor didn't consent to go to China! Will there ever be any harmony again between the democracy and the adminis tration? Will Governor Reeder write a book on his executive life In Kansas? It is his last chance. Let him write n book. It will sell better than hi< half-breed Kansas lands. It will go off like peaches and cream. Ob ! let him writ'1 a book. Pa.^smork Williamson? Indignation Move* MKvr. We perceivc that n movement is on foot among the abolitionists of Philadelphia lo get up an indignation meeting upon the judgment of Judge Kane against Passmore Williamson, under which the slave abdnctor is kept in '-du rance * ile" lo await the action of the law. One of our Sward organs is highly excited at this project of public indignation, and boldly a?k?. "What crime has ibis man Williamson commit ted?" and "why i*- he in prison?" We had -up pO ' d that tin- two Philadelphia Judges before whom he has l>een brought, had left very little doubt a^ to liif crime or the reason for the in carceration. Rut in "?'j;.ird to th'' supposed popular demon strati on again*! Judge Kane. th'Te i? !?<? two sides to be Considered. Perhaps tlii' friends of the constitution, and of law and order, may find it conv nlent to get up a counter public demon nation, to strengthen the hands of justice against inspiring niirgor wowhlpper . Suppose thoM* disturVrs of the public peace are taken at their word. t<et the conservative men of Philadelphia <|iii"tly meet them at the appointed time and place, and vote them down. Let the issue de termine whether Philadelphia is Mill a eon servatlve 1 ity or is given over to the abolition its mill their I'u- more Williamsons and a* -i-ti?nt tiv. negroe*. ('.ill the meeting. Harris is W i i in ." \V?> see it -talH thai Governor < lark iu ; b- ouise of his travels, "topped .it In burn it tl .>nly honse in the whole \ il lav *1 1 ? 1 >. < >p is sold. Was Mr. Howard ?>< hon n| did th-> pair of them f| 1 .? ! i i v lh"iriiinr *? ?> d"inv*tj'J or i>iport"| J' ;l T' ?' The Paiilancnt and People of EngUmL It is understood that Lord Palinerston, scared >iy the vote on the Turk'A^loan, is about to dis.-olve Parliament and appeal to the country. At least, such if- /he state went made by his friends; there is no doubt but he will t'ultil the i threat, if he cannot do l?etter, and the chances of his doing better are infinitely smalL In cue sense, a dissolution would be a happy thiug for England; in another, an experiment fraught with great risk. It would be advantageous in asmuch as it would scatter to the four winds of heaven the imbecile and corrupt assemblage now assembled at Westminster, and calling itself a Parliament. But it would be danger ous, for, so far us we have heard, no organiza tion of new parties or anew parly has yet been, effected, aud, slowly as these things move in England, the prospect opened by u dissolution would be that the old corrupt parties atud the aristocracy would triumph at every poll, and the new House be infinitely more debased and more degraded than the old one. Politics and parties are in a very curious condition in the liritish isles. Nine years ago, the old framework of British politics, and the old party lines, were broken up and thrown overboard, when .Sir ltobert Peel crowned his useful life by his heroic recantation of the pro tectionist theory- All men becoming free traders, there was no principle left for politi cians to quarrel over. Great Britain was in the samp position us the United States at present. Her old statesmen had fought and dodged each other until they were all mixed promiscuous ly together. The old issues were settled. No new ones sprang up to take their place. In the like situation, this country relieved itself by giving, birth to the Know Nothings, who promise to supply interest and warmth to the next national election. England was not so fortunate; no new party arose there; aud the consequence was that the old ones drugged out a sort of posthumous existence for nine years, without principles, without standard, without leaders, without anything which could give stability to their organization, or win respect from the people. Year after year they jogged ou ? breaking down at stated intervals from sheer weakness in the knees, and want of backbone. For nine years the only impor 4 ant question brought before Parliament was, whether the offices ol' State, with the army aud civil patronage, should be bestowed on the .families of the Greys and Russelle, or on the Derbys aud the habitues of thf Carlton Club. When the war and its disasters ? the destruction of the army at Sebastopol, through the incapacity of the officers ? the thousands of lives and the millions of money absolutely thrown away ? the blunders aud dishonesty of the diplomatic agents ? when all these things roused the peo ple, .and a new party, hitherto silent, made it* appearance in Loudon, the effect on the House of Comjuous was very curious. ,Up to that time, the rumps of the old parties had always kept up a gentlemanly sort of hostility to each other in public. But the moment Layard aud Iloebuuk began to talk of aristocratic jobbery, these rotten scions of the two old facrtous made common cause together. Derby was fa cetious on the bluuders which have destroyed the British army; but he defended Palmerston against the attacks of the plcbs. .More than this, it was with the utmost difficulty that such a man as Layard could obtaiu the ear ol? the House of Commons to denounce the promo tion of the sons of noblemen over other officers. In the meantime, two distinct bodies ? oppo nents of the government ? begau to exercise a heavy extra parliameHtary pressure on the House of Commons. The lirst of these was the Administrative Reform Association, chiefly composed of London merchants and capital ists, opposed to aristocratic corruption. The second was the Loudon mob ? opposed to the whole British system ? the lord", the bishops, the flunkeys, the bad pay of the soldiers, and the jobbery everywhere. These two parties, though nominally apposed to each other, real ly w ork in concert. They have ? at least, the former has ? a few adherents in Parliament, men us Layard aud Roebuck in the Com mons and Lord EUenborough in the Lords; but their strength of course lies out of doors. On the other hand, opposed to them, and likewise opposed to the administration, is a new party, of which Prince Albert is the leader, and which is known as the court party. It goes for peace, and richer leans toward a. dic tatorship for the war. In active life it is very weak; has but few supporters in Parliament, though probably as many as the republican-; but the court influence which it can exercise is very great, and the funds at its command in exhaustible. A third party, likewise opposed to the go vernment, is composed of sham reformers who call themselves moderate men. Their object is to obtain office under pretence of carrying out the reforms required; they hope that the mildness of their language and the compara tive conservatism of their views will secure them a share of support from the opponents of change, while their radical professions gain them the confidence of the discontented. This party is large both in and out of Parliament. It is needless to add that when the propt-r time comes, Lord John Russell will be found at the head of it. 1^. strange to say, none of these new par- { IIciBryo anything like a practical organiza tion. H?d they hruken out in this country j they wonld long ago have divid' d each State I into dlrtvicts, ami appointed working commit- | tees for each; so that, at the tirst elections, they would have lieen sure of making a good I tijfht. But in England election^ need not come j ulteiii r than onee in seven ycai-; people are j not used to the practical hn-in?? ?>( politic*: i and thus it happens t hat lie -? n< \\ pirtie . j though they arc very -erious and very tnii'-Ii in , e arnest in what they w ant. content themsel* <?* \*iih uiuking tine pecdi. * on i !?. . ,n . h.iinl. or street rows on the other. They have not even decent newspaper oraaii* in -peak f. .?? t Ii. th, Alone of the l'riti-h journal . i li? ? I, on. I hi 7', Ml* pti-e-c. the -ccl-et ol I'epiv- i :i| ilig each neu idea in turn. t>y separal iim it from ii- con sequence1'. and encouraging it up t ?? it- ciilmi- ] natinii point, or point of erplo-ioii, Hut it i otiv'ioui that -nine ditlerenl ad\ (ic.,1 \ | r> III this w ill lw requisite if any of the new put tie* in- j tend to gain power. A dis-oliition might wake ilem up. and tin imminence of the occasion inijrht -apply tin* place of careful preparation. Hut it is more likely that, when it came to (he polls, the superior organization of the old nri-tocratic parUws would hatHe the democrats; ?nd that tlif oHljr rcsult of the appeal fy the cvutitry ?would be an apparent proof that the people at large were satisfied with the government. There are houses so well built that you cannot /pull them down: if you waul to get rid of them you must blow them up. Just in the -uiue way, there are systems of government so ingeniously and compactly contrived that nothing can upset them short of a revolution Tiik Liquor Dj:ai.kks' Convention in Syra cuse. ? We publish to-day u full report of the proceedings of the liquor dealers who met in State Convention in Syracuse on Wednesday last. Though the Convention opened in ill feeling and mutual jealousy, and was at one time likely to break up in disorder, better counsels and wiser sentiments afterwards pre vailed, and the result was harmonious action, the completion of a s^ate organization, and the unaniiuons adoption of a constitution by which the association is hereafter to b governed. It would seem that there were two element* of disorder and disunion at work in the minds ol the country members of the Convention from whom all the difficulty proceeded. One class of them desired very much to chang the name and title of the society. These were the pious, religious men ? members of the church ? who, though belonging to the trade and existing by it, were so sanctimoniously hypocritical ae to wish the devil to be called by a more polite name. They deemed it as a reflection upon them to be numbered among the members of a body known as the "Liquor Dealers' Society." But the New York and Brooklyn members, who are the fathers and supporters of the organization, thought that there was much in. a name, and that it would be contemptible as well as suicidal to tight uuder false colors; and so they strenuously resisted all efforts, in caucus and in Conven tion, to change it into some other new and perhaps unmeaning term. They were not ashamed of their business, nor did they feel any internal qnaking at the idea of being known to the world as members of the Liquor Dealers' Association. The other element of opposition manifested by the country members to the plans of or ganization suggested by those from tly city was, that the former did not desire the body to be a single and exclusive party. They wished to allow the politicians to come in and make capital uf the thing. That is, they would get up, not a strong, unyielding, compact body of liquor dealers, who, lighting for their means of livelihood, would by united action be able to outweigh the votes thrown for any supporter of the Maine law, but rather a heterogeneous party of all who either were or pretended to be opponents to prohibition, it was this question which created all the trouble, aud it was only by compromise that it was settled. The constitution declares that the .association, in town and city, is to be known as 4,The Society of Liquor Dealers,'' but that in the counties they may add, where it is deemed expedient, -and of others pecu niarily interested in the trade.'- Besides, iu Mew York and Brooklyn, the exclusive charac ter of the association is to be maintained, while in the rural districts they may carry on the contest with the heterogeneous elements they have heaped together. Mr. Lyman Towers, an extensive distiller, of Troy, was elected permanent President, with seven Vice Presidents ? one from each judicial district ? and two .Secretaries; while nine other gentlemen ? Col. French at their head ? were appointed a State Central Committee. The organization being thus completed, the Con vention adjourned nine die at midnight of the day of its meeting. A good indication as to the practicalness of the men composing the body. "Where's the Carson League? Marine Affair*. Schoomck ft KiriKD Wfhb. ? The I?ndon lllmtrated Aeid, in noticing thU fine vessel, -ays she wax built by Mr. Ttio?. IHinham. which is a mistake. She was designed ami built by Mr. Kckford Webb (after whom she was named), at Ureen Point. Mr. Ihinham h her owner. In an attempt yesterday, by one unacquainted with the nutter, to correct this error, two others were made, iu calling her the -'"hip Henry Eckford.-' She is a fore and aft three masted sehooner, and the tirst of her rig ever fent across the Atlantic. Her correct diinen?ions ar< ? l.engtb, 136 feet; width, 2?; depth, l'JJJ; and ion niigp, 4ti4. r>\v A jit*. ? Messrs. Smith, Fern A Co., of Broadway, have just published a One steel plate engraving, giving the wew of the city of New York ami the surrounding Bi etiery as seen from the 1-attlug Observatory. This U ti e largest engraving of the sort Unit has ever been exe cuted in this country, and i.s highly creditable, not only to the tulents of the artists employed, but to the enter prise 01' the publishers. The \ lew embraces every object ol interest that can be seen from the Observatory ? the Ciystal Palace aud the Reservoir being of couisc the pro minent objects in the foreground, for a work of such magnitude and lalmr the price Is exceedingly low. iho subscribers' copies being only live dollars. Marine Conrt. Before Hon. Judge lllrdsall. An . SVunwW Allen, Amigtsf tf Ocwit If. flail: i<j>. Uiorge fr itrf. ? Tltls action it brought to IT .over (200 for wines sin) liquor* sold to defendant. 1'L.i intifT Hue* us arpigoee of fiamu I>. t Lirk, a wholesale liquor dealer, iu 1 ^inrmj itreot. Ii appeared in evidence on part of phiin tiff that in for* part of March, 1V>3. def< ndant pur chased lease, stock and ttxtnron of Itegroot'a Hotel, at McCi robs Fam? that about the middle of March lie sold to one tieorge Dravle fur #2,5nC ? TV-agio paying $1,800 in cash, and two noti* of t.MH) each, paynblo in four or ?is month*. The defendant was at tho time deal ii.g with Clark? that on the 23 d or March, un m< diately after f iling to I>eaglo, he took IVa lltiodneed him to Clark, requesting Clark to let fVa gle have wines and liquors to the amount oft'M or $J00, ami that he would pay for them, but at tho ?amc tiino lequeatlng Clark ''not to say anything about his being >ecurity, to teagle, but h t him have liquor to that amount, and trv and get the pay from him; and that if beagle should mil to pay, he, Nvirlf, would see tho bill j i-i that thereupon I eagle ordered wines and liquors to the amount of tlflO, which was charged on the )> >oks in the nalM o( beatjlc, and the Idtl malic out and seot to Ileagle; that he having failed to pay, payment *?< ile- i minded ot the defendant, who had promised to "come j down and fettle;" that Eeugle only kept possession ni ; be hotel j few days, wh< n Hearff If-purchaaed it lor I "i('0, giving *1,400 cash and the following in?tru menl:? Nrw Youic. April 9. KVt. Received from tirorn Deogle one dollar, the same hrl'.< In ! nil lor all not", hills, Ac.. wllleh are due. or may )? ,.nte dne on er hctorc the 9th day ot Itec'inlier. Ih.v|. ? ; ?:?>. hoar pp. On the | art of defendant it was denied that credit was gh< it to him, but that the goods w ceo old solely on the credit of 1 eagle; that the Instrument was fi<cnbyde eiidant win n drunk. solely for tbe purpose of esnaerat n<r I eagle from any lability on t lie nott s -riven by blm to jscaiff. "'i purchasing, and not intending to aaaumo any ami all li.ibilitie- for such debt* as I teagle bad cntracte I .luting hid poasessinn: that tbe evidence would not var nn#fbe Coart In finding that the original credit was given defendant, und that mile 'the whole credit w a !fi\i n defendant lie i- not liable: tbat tlie promise to p.iy ,, llateral and tlierefore void nud> r the statnte \(r. , i plaintiff's counsel, claimed tliat credit waa given defcii'lant; that the promise t" pay was before tbe de livery, and Wits In terms an original understanding on t,i? |.f,rt and al*o claimed that in any event defendant i bail ina> e himself liable, and did assume the liability of j this dehi, by gi? Ing the m? Ipt at the time ho purchased. I ec -f. n reserved. Tnt: Cwot.KKA tv Tin: Wk?t.? The Shelhyville ' / ,i/irt'C <'f ihe *d In 1. -ay* thai for the previous three I we, k.,, between thirty and forty had died ..f cholera 'here, the Victims ?i re mostly among the Irish labor* r-i up. n the Trrie Unite nod Alton Kail road. Several old ' eitlr? ns had died, bow? or, and aiming Ho rn Mr. Chat les I 1. Ih 'inton, a brother of <i>n. Thornton. | I in p.intigrni h of the 28th nit. ?afi:? We have In I 1 , f u*. death* in the city and two in the ??mmtry. oc j ng snddtnly? and ?<? i to hare l*e#*n from ' hoi*. ? j within the lost tw.? or three day , Aiming th? ?? art ' | , I Mr. Pew f. id. -If ll Ceii'" Itru . THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. The State Klertlonx. KENTUCKY. LocifiVHXK, August 0, 1836. Ill llfty-two counting Morcheud, K.N. for Governor, gains over 5,000 upon Scott's majority. Six K. .V. Con gressmen ami two auti-K. N.'h are elected. The two others are doubtful. Roth branches of the legislature w i 11 be American. NOKTH CAROLINA. Kalkh<h, August 0, 1865. Mr. Clingnmn, democrat, has 1,000 majority for Con gress, in the Kighth diiitrict. Most) State Convention in Ohio. COIA'MM'S, August ?, 1855. The-mass State convention of those opposed to Messrs. Cluine and Medill for Governor, met in our City Hall to day. Irad Kelly, of Cleveland, was olio-en chairman, and hen, after appointing a committee on pernmnemt officers, he convention adjourned until half-past 2 P. M. The number in attendance from other parts of the Statu is very ?mall, being less than one hundred. AFTERNOON HUSSION. ThoConvention met again this afternoon, and about one hundred and tifty wore present. Mr. Uavenport, of Belmont, was elected permanent pre sident, with twenty-one vice presidents and secretaries Two of the vice presidents only were present, and they ook their seats on the stand. A committee to draw up resolutions was then appointed. Tho Hon. Mr. Stanbeury, of licking, addressed the Convention in a pro-slavery speech. He said the South ern people owned slaves only in name. Massachusetts was the real owner, who reapod the fruits ef their labor in exchange for granite and ice. The committee appointed then reported a series of re solutions, one of which recommended ex-Governor Allen Trimble for Governor. Mr. J. R. Stamikrky. it licking, then addressed the Convention in favor of the American party and of the no mination of Governor Trimble. He wjiii followed by Messss. Norton, of Cincinnati; Ger ger, of Columbus; and Norton, of Kjiok. Allen Trimble was then nominated for Governor, and the Convention adjourned. The Philadelphia Slave Com. 1*h 1 1 -Ann. I'll ja , August 9, 1855. True bills having been found against I'assinore William son and six colored men, for assault and battery on Col. Wheeler in carrying off his slaves, tholr cases were called to-day in the criminal court for trial, but were linally postponed till the 27th inst. Important from. Texas. JUD V0B in MEXICAN REVOLUTIONISTS ? SAM HOUS TON AM) ID KNOW NOTHINGS. New Orleans, August 7, 1855. The San Antonia Isdfler gives an account of the organi zation of a military force in Texas, to aid the Mexican re volutionists. XI le lirst part of tho expedition arrived at I.eotia river on the 15th of July, and additional men were hourly arriving. G reat numbers were expccted to cross over on the 24th. Captain Henry, commander of the Texan Volunteers, Issued addresses to tho people of Texas and Mexico. IV) the former he said it. was tholr intention to aid In the establishment of a nioro republican govern ment, and finally bring it under the protection of the Ameri>:au eagle. Gen. Houston has written a letter publicly endorsing the Know Nothings. Vrtun Albany. CRICKETING ? A VliTUKAN DEAD ? FATAL ACCIDENT. Ai dant, August 0, 1855. The match between the New York Cricket Club and the Albany a?d Utica Clubs will not bo played, the Albany and L'tiea Clubs declining to recede from lho terms pro prosed by them, on * hich the match should be played. ('apt. Ford, of the I". S. Army, died at Sackctt'.s Harbor on Saturday last, aged eighty-two years. Chauneey Jackson, in the employ of the Potsdam and Watertown Railway, yesterday murning was knocked oil a troin at Sandford's Corners, when passing under u | bridge, and killed. From St. John, IV. B. pkstbcctive FIRE? IlIOT in A CIRCUS. ST. John, N. B., August 9, '18.V3. A fire occurred this morning, between Brussels and Waterloo streets, in this city. Fourteen houses aud barns and three horses were burned. A riot occurred li> -t night at Howes' circus, lietween a mob, the police, and the circus m<-n. No lives were lo?t, but several persons were severely handled. The Kpldemlc at the South. YELLOW FEVER IN VIRGINIA. Norfolk, Va., August 0, 1855. The yellow fever ha- appeared in several different parts of this city. At Portsmouth there is no abatement of tho disease. YELLOW FEVER IN NEW ORLEANS. New Orikans, August 0, 1855. The totil number of deaths in this city during the pant weex, was three hundred, of which two hundred and twenty-two were from yellow fever. From Washington. Washington, Augu t P, 1855. Senators Mu-on and Douglas were at the President's dinner party this afternoon. Nothing has been heard from Mr. Ifcwuon, respecting his occeptunce of the Governorship of K?n?a?. Joseph A. Abbott, has been appointed Postmaster, at Blnghampton, New York. Til r Rumored FX Mortal Ch^nKvt. Bcmio, August 9, 185.1. 'Ihe IhTMirrwy m ? -paper it not to be discontinued. It takes no notice whaterer of the statement that Thur low Weed is to retire from the Albany Bvninff Journal, Kinl Mr. Wilke*on to take hi* pUi'-e. Heavy Kaln at Baltimore. Baijivork, August P. 1*.V?. A heavy ruin lias prevailed here uli night, ami "till continue*. Market*. NUW tffitl'N", August 1865. Cotton micliangi d. -'a Ion to- lay. .00 b.i lea al P.'^c. a 1 <V . for middling, IV ir sugar, Oc. a H'.jo. Nkw OKiKA.vf, August 7, MT.S. We have no change to report In our cotton luarkc t to day. Sale* 1,500 h?Te*. Fair sugar fi u c. Hour con siderably lower. Corn 80 a 82 .'^e. BriTM.o, August P ? 12:30P. M. Our Hour market i* firm, -'ah'* of #00 bbl*.. at 50 a $0 V j for good to extra Illinois and Ohio, In- hiding COO bbli. n<-w Ohio within the range. Wheat dull at former rate. Corn in good demand for d!*tll1ing arid to till con* traet*. and price* have advaneed IV'. Sale of 30.000 bushel*, at 75c. (tat* ? Nothing doing. Wlil-V.ey ? -\i' ? .iki bids., at 37c. Canal freight-" unchanged. I.:ik< i>i ? n yesterday: ? Flour. n?ne; wheat. iMO husbe's; corn, 15.050 tm?liel?. Canal e\ . in t- ? Flour. 771 bbls.: n"e'. 3.300 bushels: corn, 07.8','H lushels. Bt tr mm. Aiu\ 0 ? P. Y. Flour. steady; sab l..'!00 bids., at *7 7.'< a ?'> for cominoii Cpp? r I i* k?i to tra Illinois, Ohio ami Michigan. Whrat ? I ? maml good and Arm: sab - 12.000 htistic!* prime Cppvr 1-akc spring, at 81 rt<? and snrcnU jw> reel* other kino* at prevlon* rati <. Corn :tc. Hnn'T. opening wilh a good demand, hot closed ?|ui< k ; wl'** 40.000 bn.?hels. at 75c., including 10.000 bushel* for delivery In all September. <l?t - dull? tn ld at 48r. Canal frights urn-hanged. corn. 10c. to Albany, and I'J*. to N"W York. Ijike import* lor the last twenty -four hour*: ? Hour. 210 bbl*.: wheat, 1,115 bu?he|*; corn, 87.000 1m h'l?:*. 29,000 bu?het*. Canal export* for the same time; ? Flour, 233 bbl*. : wheat, 3, .100 bushel-: core. 5d.7?! bushels. Aihany. August l?? P. M. Hour unehnnged. Wheat.? No -ale- Com, sold in the morning at K-lc., and clo od rtrm In the a'ternoon at H.'c. ? vale* '*5.000 bushel*. ? wal' ^ 7. "0(1 bu-'ln ! West, in, at54)ge. measure, and 52c. weight. I?e< ? ? ? | >t s by canal to-day: 1,035 bbl*. (lour; 45,010 bushel-: com; 18.815 bushel* oati-, 100 bushel* wheat. HALTIMOKt: CATTLE MAKKCT. Haiti woke, August 0, 1855. At our catlle market to-day, WHO h"iul ?f beevi s w en) oil' red ? .ri70 *old at $3 .">0 a >4 75 on the hoof. Ilog*. *1 0 n M 50 Sheep, M 25 a 98. Willlfiin?hnrK City \rm. Hisi.wkv of Stoi rs Coons. ? Yesterday a smirch war rant was placed In the hand* of ofllrer Morris, of the K if i h district p<ilice. to search the premise* No. 47 Fourth street, (F. It.,) ocrujiled by John J. Htandring. for stolen t ,?ds. St .ndring. who Is now In the Tomb* was a cb rt lor < harle.! Itouilus*, hardware dealer. No. 5 Piatt street, and was arrested on a charge of embezzling #4 000 worth of goods frem hl? employer during the past ?lx months. About fv'00 worth of fancy hardware ? ;.* found secrete 1 on the premise* whleh W.I* Identified by Mr. Itougl***. A young man named Kdward PbilMps wns nrre.tinl |,T olbi'er Morris. ?<n a charge of tx-lnif an aecompllrc of Stamlrln'gs. Accused claim* to have been In !h? employ of .-"tandiing, nnd admits hating *',ld about $'2 ,'iiiii worth of hardware in Brooklyn idnce the I t of April. Ihe republicans of Kin*- county hold a county ennvn tion imxt week, in the Kit* tern dl?trl-t, to <p|Hi|nt d> le gates to the "tate Convention, to be hdlil al Syracuse on the Uflth of September. K IX'.* Ooi xTT llo^r.-ru ? Report f..r th" week endin* \ngn*t 7: ? Remaining in hospital, 422; ri- < ix ? l hy onler of Miferlntendentv born. 3 ?, 488. framfi to Abii?liou?e, 0; di-h. g. ,1. . I J?;, [ , ? INmalr in?* 4J'. Value of Real EitaU In New York- ? Hull ding In tlic City. After an interval of twelve or eighteen months the time has again come about when money can be got at seven per cent on bond and mortgage. Many causes liavo contributed to produce thin penult Among them we mention the following: In the ordinary course of things, the price of va cant lots up town must necessarily advauce, or else they will be held at a loss, because interest, taxe and assessments are as regular and as certain as the tide, and must be added to the original cost. But lor two years pafct the price of lots has remained very nearly stationiry. High np town, beyond the bounds of immediate improvement, tho price of lotf is in fact nowhere, there being no demand, because there is no speculation, and of course no sales. Ol the apparent sales at the Merchants' Exchange we make no account, they being generally Peter Funk affairs, unless made under the sheriff's hi) miner, by order of comt, or of executors, or other similat cases. On the east side of the town above Thirty ftxftth street, in localities at all suitable for building prices have neither advanced nor receded to any very great extent. In the ccntral portions of the city, above Foi ty-second and below Fifty-ninth street prices are pretty firmly maintained. Between Forty-second and Thirty-fourth streets, on what is commonly known as Murray Hill, prices have firmly held their own, aud in choice spots slightly advanced. Below Thirty-third street, and for five hundred feet west of Filth avenue, prices havo positively ad vanced. No first class lots can now be bought for less than 46,000. West of Sixth avenue, prices of lots have remained about stationary. But, as we have, already remarked, in consequence of the constant ac cumulation of interest, taxes, &c., it follows that to remain stationary is really to recede. And therefore our conclusion is that, on the whole, vacant lots are cheaper now than two years ago. This fact, toge* ther with the fact that building materials are de cidedly cheaper, and labor abundant, and provisions likely to be more reasonable? these facts, we say, are favorable to builders who want money at seven per cent. Another favorable circumstance is ? the European war seems to have done its worst a* regards the In terests of this country. Capitalists have seen the monster, heard his roar, and witnessed bis doings And business and capital seem quietly to have ad justed themselves to the "war term." Confidence, if not restored, is in a convalescent state. Its future condition will depend almost exclusively upon the doctors of government at Washington. In a word, the time has come once more when capitalists are willing to loan money at seveu pet cent on bond and mortgage. Cautiously wc know; and to prevent mistake, we will state on what de scription of real estate money can, and on what it cannot he got, at this present time. We do tills in order that builders aud speculators may not rush heedlessly and recklessly into unsafe and dangerous operations. It will be understood, as a general rule that the amount of money that can be got will not exceed one half the fair valuation ol* the property to be mortgaged. Any aniountof money, than, can nowbeha'J atswen per cent on all first class stores in the old aud well established business portions of the city. Kvcn in such streets, however, the question will be raised b> the money lender, whether in the course of time the course of business also may not change, and property depreciate. We cite the history of Pearl street as an example. Twenty years ago it was tht; leading mercantile street ; now, if its glory has not. departed, it is certainly eclipsed by the streets west of Broadway, between Liberty and Cliambors, both inclusive. Tlte mercantile spirit seems to be us fickle and migratory as it is expansive : and capitalists ae cordingly make the most sagacious calculations thev are able, as to what will l>e the course of business, ?i least during the period which their mortgage i to run. The higher up town joa go the less confidence capitalists feel in the stability of business and rents and the more reluctant tbey aie to loan. Those who design to depend on getting a certain umount o money, especially on avenue property up town, would do well to enquire into the matter a little liefore they get their foot in too far, and sec whether so much money can lie got on such and snoh dewrip tion of property. We know of some per*>ns who are building stores on the avenues above Thirty fourth street, who are very seriously disappointed in getting the amount of money they requite to go on and finish their buildings. And above Forty-second street, whoever undertakes to build without knowing to a certainty where the hinews ot building are coming from, is preparing for euxiotis days and sleepless nights. We know a sc ire of just such sleepless mortals. In our remarks thus far we have had our eye main ly on avenue property, generally devoted to stores. We shall now speak of getving money on dwelling-. The class of dwelling houses on which ii is the easiest to obtain money on bond and mortgage, is houses and lots under $10,000, in localities where thr value of the lot approaches nearest to the co<t ol the house. By way of illustration, we will ?j>ecif> nil such streets Ik? t ween Eighth and Ninth avenues, an Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, Thirty first, Thirty-second, Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth. Such strett* are all well built tip, with nea;, tasty looking houses ? no nuisances, no tenement house*, no work shops scattering dirt and noise, no vacant lotH with stagnant. water arid dead cuts; the street are not filled up with files of old carts and platoon* of broken wagon?, and stacks of tilth and garbage. On the contrary, these streets are clean, the air is comparatively sweet and pure, and every thing looks cheerful. F.vrn the little children feel and show the difference. On the shady Jide of the street you will sec them in happy little groups, all dre-sed neat and clean, and all wifh smiling faces, trundling their hoops, playing tag, keeping mimic schools, tellini gho<t stories, nndall that sort of thing; while lialf conce ded liehind the curtain of the front basement window sits the contented and still handsome mo tier, half industrious, and lialf proud of the little one - .-he is watching. Such scenes as the* may b< witne- -ed and enjoyed any day, not only between Kighfh and Ninth avenues, but also between Fourth and Lexington avenues, on, and al! a'ont below Thirty-first street. These are Mghtabli streets. They arc the streets in which eipltallst lovc to loan their money. They are proud to take u walk iilong such hfreete, and feel and tell, "hi thai house my money Is invested ? isn't, it hand-torn property?" Another and a (liferent class of dwelling's is to Ik found on the line of Fifth avenue, and 011 the side streets i*low Thirty-eighth, but e-|>ecial!y b?hm Thirty-third or Thirty-second strei'ts? the intervening streets between Thirty-second and Thirty-eighth hein? in all respect* first-class streets, bnt 11* ye thinly improved. This i-<, par rrrrllrnrr, the We-; Km] </. New York the hone of modern New York urUto eraiy. Here dwell the upjK'r ten thouv^i'' hen are to fie found the wealth, the fashion, , rid tin p< mp of New York, and not .1 little of i'i fjr-fami'd codtl-h aristocracy. On Fifth -venue, co.aer 1 it will rant?e in value from feu to flfte< n thou -"id d-d !ai-: in*id? loU from eight to twelve thouv.n-l dot lar-: -lde street lots six thousand dollar . but d< predating as you approach Sixth avenue, and ai> yon go east of Filth avenue. On such lot' in Fifth avenue are built honses which cost all "oris of sum* fr< m 412,000 to more tens of thousands than wv dare to guess at. On the side streets the h<ui?-? generally co*t to build something us fol! <w* : 16> front house, which is one of three h-ne* run -truetrd on two lots, or one-third of fifty frrt, font stories, brown stone, with ?ll the modern improve me tits, which include water in all its form-, h.ith?. sinks, Ac., th? plumbing aJone costing well on to 1, thonsnml (Joilars. ***, shaking tufs-s, .lurab w?ii#r>., bells, marble mantels, with closet-*, pantries, Ac., without end - w" ?ay whahonsec.Hitstn buikJ abont. ?s.nOfl n' t. A twenty-live hoe < nf the -jm, rl#'?* will coat aboui AiO.QOO to \0 excel

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