Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 12, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 12, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAUICB eORDOK BENSETT, PROPRIETOR 4ND EDITOR. <U?fHCB V. W. CO HMBU OP HA&8AU ASD PW.TON 8T*, 1'A M H iV, iu?a in ridmnu ?run DAILY uthaxv, pn <*#?'/, r ??,????? liVi WKXJLLT HKM.AJA), ncry <d 6.^ ??<? P'r . ur KifHrtittA'jm, iAe Euruvta* niUurtt, $4 pvf 'tttnun, to mtt" yurt of 4JmU Britain, if $6 to any pari <>/ CA<r (An*ttweni, both "TuL jJf&HS bp Mail for Subscription* or with Adverti* NMti, fc> ** jMMpaui, or the \xxtayt ** Mutted from the M*x*y mmtuiL VUZVATjmr CVJthWOXVKy ( '? fualoiiito0 important artcs, *.>l*cii>d J rofn urn./ quarter of the uotUi ? 1/ UMeti tciU be ii<*iuUy pool far. *?^ODK PoKiUtt.i ?'ima?nnjiia?NT8 auk I*aiitii:dluixy Hj^ck-rri) to tui. all Lcmciui amu Pac&auui Utt 01. Uu aOTICi: taken of anonyMou* rommunwationa. We do not lOrn (Aum rrjtrtt I. JOB PMIJ/Tjye rxTuled mtk tieatnem, aheap nett ami JL'vER TISEX rivr* r,-Hcued ??r? Jtty. Volume XX Ho. AKl'tSfiMENTS TOMORROW KVBKINQ. BROADWAY TREAT RB, Brwulw ?y-TBB Cajwii 0MMLM MoNsnn. JilBUJ ri GARDEN, Broadway? M ids Pysk? Cinwwkuu BOWERY THE VfRK, llowrrj? ljtvAXioa of Britain? VwuniMxirs Tkkmkr Tkaomuam. MHTROPOLITAN, ItrGadwuv? La Dbhsuh Hboki dh Mautclatui)? La Maja ok SariLUt? Le Paktii? db Piucbt fihxnu Div?:ktiksk?knt. WOOD'S MI V8TRKL8, Mocbanie's Hall. 472 Broadway. lew York, Sunday, Auk tut lit, 1833.) The Hem. Ibe steamship Empire City arrived yesterday morning, with the California mails to the lttth ult., a fall comj^ement of passengers, and nearly a mil ton in treasure. Her advice* were anticipated by the Northern Light, which arrived on the 5th inst. By this arrival we have later advice* from the South Pacific. From Chili there is uotluug of general in terest. Congress was engaged in discussing internal improvement bills. An accouut of the wreck of tho rthip Manchester, and the loss of eighteen of her ciew, in given in another columu. Tue Manchester was from New York, bound to Valparaiso. Ia Bo livia the public mind was occupied with the ap proaching election for President. Dr. Lenares was regarded as the popular candidate. There is nothing ?f importance from Peru, and the g rid fever seems to have entirely died out. The atfairs between Brazil and Paraguay remained unadjusted, and it was impossible to conjecture whut course events would take. We have Sydney, Australia, news to the 12th of Hay. Business had improved. In Melbourne, pro visions were on the advance. I11 Victoria, immigra tion was on the increase. The taking away of miners' licenses had created pome dissatisfaction. In another column of to-day's paper will be found an account of u cate of alleged liomocidc that oc curred in the Nineteenth ward, in which a tun named Burns was killed by a blow on the head from a club said to lim e been in the hands of one Timo thy Buckley. The aC'ray took place on Sunday night last, in (he Fourth avenue, tear Forty-eighth street. ltucLJey has not yet been arrested, although a warrant has been issued for his arrest. The police of the Fifth ward last night arrested a thief having in his possession several valuable silk 4re*se* and other property, for which au owner is wanted. An account of the arrest aud a list of the articles will be found uuder the Police Intelligence. According to the report of the City Inspector there were 692 deaths in this city during the past week, viz: ? C3 men, CO women, 'i t 4 boys and 225 girl*, showing an increase of 111 on the mortality of the pre vious week. It will be observed that four-fifths of the deaths occurred among children. Among the jwiiiCipal causes of death may be enumerated the following: ? Apoplexy, it; cholera, 2; diarrhoea, 10; Uyscutury, 30; inflammation of the bowels, 0; con sumption, 50; inflammation of the lungs, 0; conges tion of the luugs, 3; typhoid fever, .1; palsy, 5; small pox, 5; choleia.inffcntum, 114; marasmus (infantile), 11; debility, 14; scarlet fever, !>; hooping cough, 20; marasmus, 51; measles, 8; congestion of the brain, 11; dropsy in the head, 24; also 0 premature births, and 26 cases of stillborn. The classification of dis eases is as follows: ? Bones, joiuts, &c., 1 ; bruin a nd nerves, 102; generative organs, 5; heart and blood vessels, 0; lungs, throat, Ac., 104; skin, &o., and eruptive fevers, 22; stillborn and premature births, 35 ; stomach, bowels and other digestive organ*, 277 ; uncertain ^eat and general fevers, ;?5; urinary organs, 20; old age, 1; unknown, 2. Of the whole number of deaths 23 were from violent causes. The nativity table gives 500 natives of the United States, 54 of Ireland, 25 of Germany, and the balance from various European count ricH. | The Wilmington Herald thinks that Cllngman, I in Uic Kighth (Jongvcssioual District of North I Carolina is deteated, and that L. b. t'aruiichael, the American candidate, is clectcd. it nays that tho county of Huncoiube, in which <_'lin<{muu two j'ear,' ago received a majority ol' over six hundred, has now given the Know Nothing candidate seventy -live ma jority. The steamship Washington, rapt. Cuvcndy, sailed at noon yesterday for Southampton aud Bremen, with 70 passengers anil $207,000 in specie. The Vanderliilt t>teamt>hip also sailed at noon for If.ivre, with 109 piiBsengers and *222,7u.1 in specie. Yesterday being the hist day of the week, and m;iny merchants leaving for ;i temporary visit t>> the country, tiuile, in u general way, wan not very active. The sales of cotton reached about WH? a 1,000 Imles without change in prices. Klottr was in fair de mand without alteration of motneut in quotations. ^ Wheat declined four to five cents per bushel. In dian corn at tho close was about one cent per bushel lower. Pork was firmer, with a fair amount of ?;iles. .Sugar and < olic? wen* firm. About H0(J a !MM> hhds. of the former were sold at full prices. Cotton was taken for Liverpool at :i-l8d. for compressed iind uiicompiesscd; and oil was ut 15 s. per ton. and Tor London at, 17s. Tub Nkw (iovKitNon ok Kan** Shavnox? Our meek and tlovelikc philosopher* of the elder Seward organ. .-:?y that The PresMoit ha* wiK'le another effort to funii-li Khiimis with a Governor, calling w? upon ex-liiivcriiot H il- ii Sliannon, of I ilno, to act a* tin' blU-s%iiiiigaut'iiu:i - ton for the Atchison and Hriiigfplknr runum* t'hi ? is rattier i|iiicl> work. Mr. liaw*oii having liut ju*t got within li'U>grii|iliintr tlisluiuo ot Utu caplutl. Mi. . intuit u wm <-!? i t?u (ibvaruor of < hio in lSli y ."Ho .iter Thorna* tin v, in, whig. In 1863 be wan elected to Cengrf>?? limn the yeTeni?"?'ath district, l>y about l.loo majority out llolHfirr, whig, he wa* an active d?uffhfai*e ? aim lii - Bey, (Jrtun net <>Ms assisting in oiitmgin? the peoplo of "tiio hjr voting W the Kiin?i-? vtllituy tn rutnnin houm he ?, iia i, vin, 8l,ch a IiU of in liquation that iiu did not ilme iunUt" ti i inad folly of "Id* hy taking toe im*W ft r ip-flertnm, and the name constituency wnicii *?*??? Win 1, 1?W majority in mbH. uud t'icrci 1,800 m.ijo / ijy in lfco-. ?pi,v in tiie Ihirty-lonrth f i-txre^ .1. ,vi tiriKht, ? thorough opponent ot fbc Nebraska ??windlp, by a majority of - .on, <Jur splenetic cotemporary omits the most ??Oiisplcuous Item of the (Governor's official his tory ? to wit, his mission to Mexico in lv< I or IW">. On arriving out ujs?n ilut mission, il is fuid that upon his olliclnl presentation to the government, Mr. Shannon. in oid-r in explain fully and clearly hto objects, communicated a copy of bis confidential instruct ions to ih ? _Yl<\ican Minister of Foreign Ada its. it.ite i* varcful not to repeat this shocking blun der on going out to Kansas, he may do for tb" udtninisUration ; for all that .Mr. Pierre wil require of him is that he will ?lo nothing .it aill, whatever the provocation to ft with or surainst the ? border ruffians."' Flo may specu late ill lands as much as he pleas#* with the jtilchen Cabinet, but only I t hint ke?p it i|tifeL With this understanding, we think il very !ik -ly , Shannon will accept. ? ? ? Tin H^ MJitr or FoiJ.r, ? Scudinx the c, . I priiii's CM > i* 'o lbs Jsl.iii'l *o day. to li i ? | i u ... ....... , iffhln of Mexico. On. ml Wheat, a passenger by yesterday's steamer 'i-ojh the Isthmus, reports that the in surgeuU in Mexico were currying everything Iwfore them. We have heard as much from othelr sources; but the General, who has liileil a station of responsibility in the revolutionary party, iM.-ars a testimony of new a.n<i convinc ing weight. According to bin accounts, the re ports we have received of the successes of the insurgents in the North have rather been less than the truth than beyond it : the whole of the Northern States have fallen iato their hands, and in all the country north of the mountains Santa Anna has not a single adhe rent. From the North they have spread to the West, and overrun Zacatecas and Guanajuato as well as Jalisco and Michoacan. The roads tli rough these States are so completely under their control that the news of the capture of Monterey by the rebels of the North was brought straight through to Acapulco by a courier in tho ordinary course of post. The only places which still holdout for Santa Anna are the capital, and a few towns in tho Eastern and Southern States. This finale of Santa Anna's rule has been so often foretold in these columns that it will take no regular reuder by surprise. Begun in fraud, the authority of the Mexican President has been consolidated by rapine, violence and treachery; it has used, separately, for its own selfish purposes, every sentiment which is be lieved to sway the popular heart, from the love of country to the fear of God ; it has been de voted from first to last to the gratitication of one man, and has wholly neglected every care which could conduce to the welfare and free dom of the nation. Santa Anna had an oppor tunity of wiping out the disgrace of San Ja cinto, of atoning for the treachery of Vera Cruz, nay. ol redeeming the jyrwtige lost at Cerro Gordo, Cbapul tepee and the city of Mexico; he might, by a judicious exercise of the authority he obtained so unscrupulously, have not only induced tho people to congratu late themselves that he had done so, 4)ut have regained t he reputation and fame tliat once were his: all this he might have done, had he simply devoted his vast energies to the business ol revivifying Mexico, and securing to the peo ple full control over the government. It seems that neither misfortune nor age had taught him anything. As short-sighted, as sellish, as ambi tious nf personal distinction, as reckless of popular dislike as he was twenty years ago, Santa Anna has pursued a policy which might have ruined the country, but was sure to ruin him. Sales of the public domains on the one side, and spoliations of the church on the other, have supplied him with funds at fearfully usu rious- raff s; while creations of monarchical in stitutions, and grants of aristocratic honors have collected round him a body of adherents upon whom it was certain death to rely. In I the hour of danger, he finds that, his hardly earned money is insufficient to pay for soldiers; that his he-titled friends have euotigh to do to take care of themselves; that the people at large are ready to fight to get rid of him. That he will, in this pressure of circum stances. avail himself of the first promising op portunity to retire from his onerous position and full back upon the delights of private life, seems highly probable. It i? generally under stood that a house iu this cily has been leased, with a \ irv.- to its being occupied by him in the event of his arrival here. It has also been re marked that one of the President's last acts was to appoint Ids tut her- in-law minister to Washington. Of course, in the event of a tliglit from flie country, his family would thus be safe, and the house of the Mexican Minister would afford a secure and honorable refuge. It is said that the intention of the new party in Mexico? the insurgent", led by Alvarez and his set? is io choose for President Cevallos, ex Chief Justice, who is now in France. Cevallos, it will be remembered, filled for a short time, in virtue of his office of the First Judicial dig nitary in the country, the position of Presi dent, and gave general satisfaction. When Santa \nna last returned to power, Cevallos went into opposition with the other honest Mexicans, und the Dictator, having vainly en deavored to mollify tli.- Chief Justice by an offer of his new Order of the Guadalupe, which was indignantly refused, exiled him from the ' rounfry. Cevallos came here, and spent some time ;n flu I nifed States, studying our insti tutions and the political working of our system. On leaving here he went lo France, where he still remains. It is understood that Cevallos is in favor of applying to Mexico counterparts of the I nited States institutions, and that he does not Jielieve in any degree that the Mexi can people are unfit for liberty. SbouJt he be i host n President, the Mexicans would at all events have a fair trial. The ^k.vson at tuk Watering Piacks.? The heated term* of the passing summer have been short and capricious ? the general character of tlio season has been one of unusual rains, clouds and cold cast winds. Consequently, it was unusually late when the business of our watering places fairly .set in, and for a time the prospect wtm that nothing at all would be done. Within the lu&t two or three weeks however, from .Niagara and Saratoga, "all ronnd to th? sea," our various places of fash ionable resort have tilled up beyond all expec tation, Inelmllng visiters from all sections of ' the Union, ami in spite of the slavery agita tion. Our ? ; ty. too. just now has a large visi tation of stranger*, as may ba seen by visiting our hotel* at dinner time, or our theatres in tin evening. Our bountiful harvests and crops of all kinds are Iteginniug to tell, and our peo ple are beginning to be lively. The ouly fear uo? 1? that the fall business may rapidly ex pand Into i bubble. Steady the helm. Iii i a ;o\ \m? i hk t.iyt ob Law. - One of our u. ruin/ ? 'o: crop onirics has been dim tiding our new Llqu<>r law fit h religions point of view. \? far as it lias gone, the elleeN of this abomi nable pie' >i 1< ^islative mockery ami stupidity hare bee a to increase dronkonnetw and other i a< tie - and crimes; t > bring Ian. order, r< li *ii*n and th<' S ihhath into contempt and de | tianee: ..>id to eticOUWge evasion", falsehoods ! .in! > | cit rt Nfntiee. This law i? au outrage ' .? ;? * 'x i i* law uMiWHJf and law -upporting i |M-opb a in.' 'c?-i' v ag;uu*t temper. toee, order 1 and reli-v-m .md n public rniiwiioe In every it"S| >. t i people who re.-peet law. order. | i tin' v, honesty and justice, ivimniiii i ii !ii Jto\ 1,1*1' r. ITiey may feach the evil e\ ii i iv et the heud of tile (JOVOi'iUKr and h! veto; tnd w hapn to ?,e it done. Tin; 111 u i oi Mom n. Ko -Mil Wi'It'ng Irtfers to in^tni 't \iuei i< :tns tipo t ?? th? du'y Democratic Harmony ? Bulling and Cooino. ? While fbftro of the democratic organs, hard* uiid softs, arc billing and cooing over the pros pects of a re-union of the factious at the forth coming Soft Shell State Convention of the 29th the Buffalo Republic, a Van Buren, Buffalo plat form, soft (shell, dyed in the wool and Bet with copperas, thus makes discord of the sweet sounds from the rural districts. In the course of a long phillippic he flames up in this style against the administration:? It tit not pertinent hut year, in tho estimation of the present leaders of the democratic organisation, to Kay that it wan merely a .Statu election, and that nothing should bo naid In regard to the national administration and its measures. Then, it was important to endorse the administration, to excuse the repeal of the Missouri restriction, and thus to preserve oar nationality. Now, however, when the administration has covered itself with infamy, and is a stench in tho nostrils of every honest democrat In the North, these sagacious politicians discover the policy of being silent in regard to ft, and of forgetting that Kansas and Nebraska were opened to slavery, as well as the lawless conduct of the Missouri rnffians. This is bad enough, in all conscience, but hat which follows is truly terrible to think about. Hear him "while the lit is on:" ? We were wilting, lat t year, in view of the lact that the administration had done some good things as well m some bin I things, to consider tlia account balanced, and to say nothing about it. Wn were then overruled. Now, we demand a clear and unequivocal expression of the democratic (free soil) sentiment. The causeless and shameful removal of Uov. Boeder, at the bidding of the slave power, is the leather which has broken the back of tho democratic party of New York, and it can buar the amnlnistrntion no longer. The load may be-dropped aud tho party may recuperate, but it can only be done by publicly discarding a burthen which has been disastrous ly carried for three long and weaiy years. It wtU not be done, we fear; if not, let the consequences fall whero they belong. One thing is certain and that is, that the Northern politician who identifies himself with the pre sent administration, and either approves of or acquiesces in ite concessions to Ihe slave power, never need look, even during a life time, for a resnrrcction. Thus whittled down to tho narrowest pos sible point, the question is, whether the fac tions at the Soft Shell State Convention shall unite in a public repudiation of Mr. Pieroe, or consent to the collapse of the whole concern, in the vain attempt to assist Mr. John Cochrane to -hold the President in his arra?." TLe case looks too black yet to enable us to make any promises to the Southern democracy concern ing this soft shell duplicated convention. Can't somobwly be sent to htop the mouth of this intractable rebel at Buffalo? Such chaps as be, if permitted to go at large, will spoil the most beautiful arrangements. (JOVKllNOIt IIkNBY A. WlSli AND TUB POST OF FICIO Department. ? The Governor elect of Vir ginia, Henry A. Wise, has just written a letter explanatory of his late brotherly epistle to tho Soft Shell Young Men's Democratic Union Clob of this city, and for which he has been called to account by the Virginia Dickinson men, as a choice of the soft*, when the hards were the real democracy. Mr. Wise says, sub stantially, that he didu't stop to inquire whe ther the invitation he answered was hard or soft. He was satisfied with the sentiments of the committee, as the real democratic article, and that was enough. But it will be seen, from the first paragraph of Mr. Wise's explanatory letter, that he opens a new account in another quarter. Read : ? fhw, M'JiK Onanoock, Va., July :!0, 1865. My Ufar Sir? Yours of the 24th inst., calling my at tention to it n editorial of the Richmond /U aminer of that day, beaded ?' The Nkw Yokk Hkkau> and Ourselves egain ? (jovernor Wise ami llie Van Buren Democracy," was not received until yesterday. It was mis-sent to Old 1'oint Comfort, and 1 can't account for such negligence in the mails. Fortunately, this morning, l'or the iir-t time since it was written, 1 saw my letter in print, to which this editorial refers. I enclose it to you, and ask lor its re-publication in ihe Enquires, in order thai, every fair minded person nmy judge of the justice of the ?xu?uii<r to me. llo u can't account for such negligence in the mails 1'' Neither can we. Perhaps the fault may lie in the Post Office Department somewhere. Perhaps Mr. P. M. G. Campbell may be able to explain this discrepancy be tween ?' Only, near Onancock," and Old Point Comfort. Yockg Africa Mcst be Heard. ? A general committee of about fifty enterprising and am bitious " Iree colored Americans," from va- i rious parts of tlio State, have issued a call, vbieh explains itself, as follows : ? 'llie undersigned, regarding the present as a favorable timo f"r pressing the claims of the colored cltiwns of this Stftte apon the consideration of oar State govern ment, yti tli a view to the removal of the odious and invi ilious ?Usabilities imposed therein, and to gain equal po litical rights, take the liberty to invite their colored tel low-cltij.ens to assemble, in State Convention, in the city of Troy, on the llr-t Tuesday of September, 1856. There is a sacred ohtigatioa resting upon the colored citizen* of tbia State, to give the ear of Snr Legislature no vest till every legal and political disability, with all its depressing and degrading tendencies, shall be swept from the Empire State. The undersigned express the liopo that measure* will be early taken to have every part of the (Nate repre sented iu the Contention. The time and place arc well chosen. By the lirst of September the crowds at our interior watering places will be somewhat thinned oft', and the colored waiters thus released, as they come down from Niagara, Sharon, Saratoga and other places, can drop in at the Troy Con vention, and put a finger iu the pie. This call also explains the secret of George T. Down ing's hostility to colonizing in Liberia. 11c and his free colored confreres strike higher. Young Africa here aspirea to the same general level of equality with white folks. Can't onr Seward organs, who have given tliem this crotchet, give this movement a lift? Why should all their tears and charity be expended upon Southern slaves, and such negro kidnap pers as l'assmore Williamson, when Young Africa in New York calls for relief ? If Gree ley can't go to Troy, set him down as n ' humbug. Tbr Cvban J i xt a ,vxi> Ocr Translator ? Both Parties Riuht. ? The articlc which we published yesterday, justificatory of our trans- j lation of the address of the Cuban Junta, has given rise to Investigation and explanation. I ?i;rom this it results that, while the Junta has been made to express an idea foreign to their intention, our translation has been perfectly correct. And this is the way the matter is ex plained. The printed slips fiirni-hed to this nthee. and from which our rendering was made, contained a misprint. The masculine pronoun /" was printed for the feminine la. and to this little typographical error it is iltie that the Junta were wade to predicate animadvernton on the national character, when they only intend ed it to fall on the administration. We have seen a copy of Ia \'>rdmd, published simulta neously with our edition in which the transla tion appeared, containing the article in the original, anil we Hod that t hi" eoutlrmH the MatentetU ol Iho Junta. This little t'ontre'nnj'*. however, hous the danger of trusting to pro uouns, whi n the sonsd can be better cTpres^-d, and without danger or iui>*iomprcliniMionf bv ti ing 1 be Mib^tantHe H?*lf. Two Saw I'Ki.sim.sTiM, Camiii>\h Tin: 1 it Now ia Joiixs<?n or Ckvtrv. l>rn<wilow. the MethodUt fighting jmrwn uho edits the Knoxville (TtMin.) H / ?. *ay>. a day after (lie election, that, ?? Had Johiwtt I" n ( I" t d, his friend* oxpr< ted to run him lor the I'v ideucy; j but now their hopea are blasted. Gentry, how ever. will do for thai jo.-ilion, nd tfce \iu ri- I i?u pa?f> w<U ?< 'J ? n> n> .< v.i biuk *iv. t is in the way of running on the American ticket now, and we will keep him under way !" According to this prophetic par *011, every thing for '66 depends upon the result for Gover nor in the late Tennessee election. If Johnson Hicceeds, he is to take the place of Jacksou ? and il Gentry is successful, George Law, Sam Houston, Millard Fillmore, Commodore Stock ton, John M. Clayton, John J. Crittenden, and all the other Know Nothing available* or aspi rants for the American nomination, may as well go off the track. If Gentry is elected Governor of Tennessee (which is not very likely), then Gentry is the man for '50; for I'areon Brownlow, who publishes a small coun

try paper at Knoxville, Tennessee, has pledged himself to " keep him under way." We give the fighting parson the benefit of a general hearing outside of his little bailiwick. Gentry is his man, and Brownlow is his prophet. Bkaitihll ? The bright breezy weather since the la*t general rains, and the returns of our glorious harvests. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND POINTING TELEGRAPHS. The State Election*. KENTUCKY. Locisviixe, August 10, 185.1. In eighty counties Morehead's (K.N.) majority amount* to 0,460. The remaining counties to be heard from gave Pierce for the Presidency, 1,222 majority. For Congress nix Know Nothings and three aoties are choeen, while the other district is rtiU in doubt. ALABAMA. Moyiv.omt.ry, Ala., August 0, 1855. Perry Walker, K. N., is elected to Congress in the Mobile district. Further return* of the vote for Governor show large majorities for Winston, dem., and although Shortridge gains largely in Home places, Winston is probably elected. Vermont Whig State Convention. Huston, August 11, 1855. T ho whigs of Vermont have nominated John Wheeler, of Burlington, for Governor, and Isaac T. Wrigut, of t'ustleton, for Ueiltenant Governor. The Nominating Convention was held at White Kivcr Junction, on the 8th inst., and was thinly attended. The Case ofWagner, Charged wl^h Violating the Neutrality Lawn. Boston', August 11, 1855. The I'nited states Commissioner, in the case of Wag ner, charged with enlisting men for foreign military ser vice, decided to-day to send him 1<> New York for trial. The evidence of enlisting men in that city is ijuitc strong against the defendant. Cholera at Fort Lcavonvrorth and Port Riley. St. IjOI'm, August 11, 1850. At Fort l-eatenworlh forty-six persons havo died of cholera. Among its victims arc Major Armatcad and wife. Further accounts from Fort Hi ley confirm the death oj Major Ogden of cholera. M.ijor Woods, bis wife and four children ba\ e also died ol it. Doctor .Simmons aud the ladies at the garrison havo left. The chaplain is the* only officer now remaining there. The disease is of tho very worst character, and \ ery tiitnl. The workman are endeavoring to get the public funds, lxicompt and party have lei t Fort 1-eavenworth for Fort Hiley. Later from Havana. New Okleixb, August 8, 1855. , '1 lie steonuhip Black Warrior hat arrived here with Havana dates to the Ikl irist.. but there is uo news of im portance. Health of Hon. Abbott Lawrcnrc. }5ogr.)N, Aug. 11,18~>5. 'I he Hon. Abbott Lawrence pa?ed a re-.tle*s night, but is rut her more composed this morning. Although Tory weak and Vjw. be i.< perfectly conscious, ?nd resigned 10 the change nhi'h is evidently near at haml. Robbery of a Snvlnga Bnuk. Comoro, V H., Aug. 11, 1855. The Concoid i-.iving.i liaak iron euteicd abuai noon yesterday, and robbed of nearly *1,000. A regard of $300 in offered for the apprehension of the thi' ve.< and the recovery of the money. I<arg? Robbery. August 11, 18">.r>. Mr. Oodty, of New York, stopping at the Culted Stat' < Hotel, Cape May, thin morning had his trunk rilled of two checks of three thousand dollars eeeh, four Dfty dollar bills of tbe Bank of New York, a diamond pin, a valuable bracelet, and other articles. Fire at Lynn, Mat*. l.IMI, Mass., Aug. 11, $865. The bakery of Allen Breed, in tide pUce, was destroye I by live this morning. Low $(1,000. Navigation of the Ohio. I'lTromn, Aug. 11. Tbe :iver in standing at id* fret th-ee inches. steam er* are loudiiig fur all tho We-tern ports, ut very low rate*. Market*. riiiLAUiaritiA stock boaud. PmukDMLrau. August 11. 1865. Money unchanged. Stock-' steady; Heading, 4H Mor- I ri? Caiinl, IW4 ; l/"ng IMand Railroad. 17 3<; Pennaylv*- I nia Huilroad, '16; I'cnnr.ylvania State Kivos, 87){. Nkw Ori.iu.v8, August 8, 1855. Our cotton market ha* undergone no change to-day >. Tbe Mies reached 1.000 bales. Nuw OniUO, August 9. 1856. Cotton without change. Sales to-dav, 1,000 bales. Fair sugar sells at fl1a. Hour has declined to $7 60. Corn is al?o considerably lower. Mess pork la qVioted at $17 AO. CnARMBrOM, Auguat 9, 1865. The h^iles of cotton during the past three days foot up only 138 bales, at prices ranging from 9c. a ll^c. The atock rrn band is 'J, 760 bales. Kice if dull, and l,c. lower Freight* depressed. BmuMt, Angust 11 ? l'2.:t0 P. M. Flour sternly, demand moderate ? ale? 900 libls, at $7 76 a $9 26 for common Upper Ij?ke to extra Illinois and Ohio, including 400 bbl". now choice Ohio, at $8 75. Wheat ? Sales 1. 300 bushels Shefcovgan mixed, at $1 76. Torn (Irme. but dull: sales 12,000 bushels, at 70c,. a 77J{c. Oats held at 48c. Whiskey ? No sales. Canal freights ? 9>?;c. a 10c. for corn to Albany and Troy. lake imports yesterday ? Floor, 38-bbls. ; wheat, 660 bushels; corn, 10.020 bushels. City Polities. AMERICAN COUNTY CONVENTION. This body met on Friday evening, pursuant to adjourn ment? .lodge Maynanl presiding. Tbe attendance was full and entire. A re-?on?idcration was moved aud carried touching the time of making tbecotinty nominations, the general sen timent prevailing that American action should be antici patory rather than approbatory of the action of other parties. The 20th instant win decisively and perma nently decreed a* tbe day for making tho county no minations. The convention also fl\eil the 2T.d in?t. a? tbe time for making tbe several Senatorial nominations, leaving to the legislative districts the time and mode of making As stmbly nominations. An adjournment to the 26th was carried in order tn afford the 1 et|ui*it? time for adjusting the nerssary de tails lor more efficient political action. A spirit of entire harmony pervaded its deliberation*, and tbe moot sanguine hope* were 1 (pressed touching the aanres-fiil i??ue of tbe ticket wtiinh tb party has deter mined ?h?ll be a strong one, in tnrtiM, moral und social power and *vortliIn?>s. Political Intelligence. the republican 1 arty of Pennsylvania. hav< called a ,-iste convention at I'iitsburg on the fitU ut September. It Is to be a fusion sfair. The following is the call ? the eiti*en* of I'ennsylvanhi . without regard to former party distinctions, who are willing to unite in a now orgsntiattoa to resist the further spread of Livery and tbe increase of the slave power, are requested to me. 1 in iuas< convention at I ittsliurg, on, tin) at' day ef September. 1856, ai '1 o'clock A. M., to 01%*; 1 ni ? ? a republic, n party in tbit State, Winch .hall gi,,. ctp, ... vio.1 to the ular will on the sntyeet* i(,v. i?M in t:?e repeal of tbe Missawrt cmptomi-e, and co-?,,.Ttti,. W1|i, Wthet oignniiat ion? ol a s inll , bant 'fcr in. ?>thf States. Mr. Wllt'sm C Qi "rt r. n'lWate t'..r constable of the I lrat Justice's Con ' iti New Orleans cball nges his com tetitor, M' Jobs H. fa>!" . flic lcim><*ratic #nm: 1 t<> I ibcet him in 1'iibl ?? d '? ?? dm ing th- ent <\ n vi as 1 n the vn-lo is i- cc n them eit|?e <vu? ?r. . b' nr ? ?? I'v v. i|e s'ly or ?" * wi?e, .? tngU.-l.. ?? "? <-e .. How do People lave la Hew York !? Tene ment flOBNi. Tenement housed ar? a modern invention, having sprung into existence as a regular New York insti tution since the era of the great European exodus to our shores. We shall have better data when the census report is completed, but, for the present, it will be near enough for our purpose to estimate that two-thirdi of the entire population of the city of New York reside iu tenement houses? houses either expressly constructed for the accommodation of from one to four families to each floor, or else, Iiouhcb which have been converted into such use and occupation. A house occupied by two families, wc do not regard as a tenement house. Three or more families, we think fairly entitle the house to that ap pellation. Tenement houses are constructed either donble or single, according to the width of the lot, Double houses in the upper parts of the city arc built about twenty-five feet wide and fifty feet deep. In the older portioas of the town, they may be found of all dimensions, according to the shape of the ground on which the house is erected. They are seldom less than four stories high, often five, and occasionally six. The peculiarity of the double house is this 3 the stairs go up in the centre of the house, in such a manner as to leave room for two good-sized parlors on each front floor, and also two in the rear. The balance of the room on the floor is divided In the moBt economical man ner into bedrooms, kitchens, Ac., making four com plete suits of rooms, all alike, and adapted for four different families, who, for ought we know, may have all sprung from as many different quarters of the globe. Water and waste-pipe is constructed in the common hall, for the use of the families on the same floor. A great objection to these doable houses is, that, as the stairs are constructed in tbe very centre of the house, and within tbe smallest 1 possible space, there is no means of lighting the floors, udIcbb, perhaps, the upper one of all, except by gas, which is rarely used. The respective floors, therefore, or rather the stairs, are always dark and gloomy, and poorly ventilated. In a five story double tenement house, with four families to each floor, there will be, of course, four times five, or twenty families to one house. Of these five floors, the first is not regarded as tbe best, on account of its great exposure to noise, numbers, dirt, cold in winter, Ac. The rooms on the second floor are the best, and command the liighest rent. They are high enough to escape most of the objections to the first floor, and not so hi^li as to make it laborious to reach them. After that the floors diminish in value as you ascend. All fiont rooms arc rated at a higher rcut than rear rooms, 'i'hc cheapest rooms iu the house will of course be the rear rooms on the extreme nppcr floor. The best, the front rooms oa the second floor. Prices of suits of rooms in such a house will range, say from $3 to $8 per month, and the whole house bhon'd yield about fl,OuO per annum rent. Such, in construction, is u donble tenement house. A single tenement bouse is very easily described, being much like any other house, or like the side half of a double tenement house. They are of va rious w idthu, but rarely over tweuty feet. Suits of rooms in these command higher rents than those in the double houses, and, of course arc occapied by a superior class of tenants. Great numbers of these houses are expressly constructed, not for two families to one floor, but for one. Such arc almost all the houses on the First, Second, Third, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth and Tenth avenues, a few on Fourth avenue, and u>ne on Lexington, Madison and Filth. On these avenues the first floor is appropriated to a stoic; and it is not uncom mon for the person who rente the store to rent the whole liou<-e, and sub-lc-t such portions as he may not requiic for his own use. On the side streets will be lonnd double tenements, and single ones of various WKltilH. Ah to tlic location of tenement bonnes we say ge nerally tlxal the entire city, east of Third avenue, and above Eighteenth street, is tilled with them. Of cc ur?e, wo only design to indicate very generally the quarters of the city where they abound; also a few between Third and Lexington aseuues. Scarcely a ecore between Lexington and Sixth avenues. Between Hixth :nd Eighth avenues there are a few sheets, such us Twentieth to Twenty-fifth, well bniit up, but it is generally a condemned country, and no true codfish will dwell there. Of the character of the streets between Eighth and Ninth avenees we have already spoken in a former ar ticle. In Chelsea, went of Ninth avenue, and especially on and around about what was formerly Moore's Hill ? a block lying between Ninth and Tenth avenues, and Twenty-second and Twenty-third stieets? is to be found one of the most quiet and pleasant neighborhoods in all the city; some very handt-ouie improvements are uow being made there. The old time-honored hill is now eutirely removed, and scarcely a vestige remains to mark the spot, although new monument* of art are springing up in the shape of handsome four story brown stone houses. Above Chelsea and west of Ninth avenue up to Fifty-ninth stieet, where Bloomingdale road commences, you have a region of tenement houses, in tome portions of which? the region we mean ? there aie smells which, if prope ly cut up and dried, would yield guano enough to fertilize the States and cause evon Canada to stretch out her hands (and uokc too) in thi'iikfulne.-H for the reciprocity treaty. The riches of New York city have never yet been properly developed, ho much lor the location of tenement houses. Who occupy these houses? Here, too, we must answer very generally. Without oflfcuce, however, we may state that double tenements and tbo neigh borhood where they are found are most frequently oc cupied by foreign boru, and of these the Irish are the most numerous, as far u<t our observation has extended. Ameiican boru citizens dislike greatly to be mixed up under the same roof with foreigners. Their manners, habits and tastes are widely difler ent, and they rarely agree. Indeed, it will not he difficult to believe that it must, require an extraordi nary amount of magic in due nee to convert twenty different families, with twenty different names, and jabbering everything out the dead languages, into one happy household. For example, Mr*. Smith, who lives on the second floor, trout right, has heard that Widow Machree, who'occupies the fifth floor, rear left, has said that she known who said that Mrs Smith was no better than she ought to be; and ac cordingly Mrs. Smith goes to work very indus triously to find ont which of the six times twenty tongues wagging in that Habel uttered the remark so derogatory to her character; and long before she has satisfied herself, she has very happily and quietly got at least one half of the hundred and twenty together by the ears. In the mean time, good Fruu Schiuschduuder has discovered that " somepody has thrown ter very tuyfel," for aught she knows, into the sink, and stopped up the waste-pipe, and the slops are running over the floors and down the stairs in search of discoveries. And while she is raising the question which nobody will answer, of "Who did the dirty trick?" the rain, which has been fatUng for some hours, has by this time begun to pour down through a hole in the roof, punched by Bobby Anderson, and running in a good lOOnd stream right u[?ou Mr*. Mc (J irn prey's bed? lias fairly drowned that lady out ? and she is going straight off to the landloid, or eveu to the Mayor, so riie w ill, but what she will have Justice. While all the?e interesting Went* are in progress, Patrick O'Douoghue, and a half a doaen note of the bay*, have come home, bringing n bottle or two ?f the crater itself, and in the course of a couple of hours the row has become gcuorul all through the " t< nement doors are MWbed in, tshlej and chair* upset, iMads broke, ** murder"' cried ? the police lit called, and tL.1 balance of ? description may iie fjiind in tfm l/K'i.n.i>. The ubov?* is no fancy sketch. The lull' i( u^t It Id. The ci.vies and JeiNiio , the ^'larrellirigs siid bii keringn, the <;?wn| ! duN and r ro.u-fw ?. tin W.S ki.|i( ikt tilAi< m, ktC iivwx *44 confusion, are aa d> siitate of beginning or end a* the hoops on a banel of whiskey. Thcee evils are iinnit n:<>, andhavc l> < ?'.t this description of pro perty Into meet villonou# bad repute. Something shock! be douo, and we cn mostly call upon the Ame rican cud Foreign i'liiJanthropio Internationa? Christian Jtoae Missionary Reform Society to invent and apply a remedy an Boon as possible* The evil is rank, and smells from d<<wu there quite up to the gates of Taradise. We a*- are the above named ooble and most charitable institution,, that a few books on the rules of politeness and good breediug, with pictures and teachers to match, arc quite as much needed, and would do quite us muclr good in certain localities of this city, as those cele brated red flannel shirts and moral tracts got np for the Timbuctoojans. There is a very close connection between tUd cost of the lot on which a tenement house in built and the character of the tenants who occupy the house. That is, the higher the price or valuo of the lot, the better will be the class of tenants in the house. The lowest class of tenants will be found living in houses built upon lots worth from $1,500 to $2,500. That is about the range of valod of lota in tho side streets in tenement quarters of the town. Yety few tenement houses in tho nppef parts of the city are built on lots worth $3,000. That sum is about the value of lots between Eighth and Ninth avenues, and in other similar portions of the city. And while on the question of price), we will add in a very general way, that lots between Third and Lexington avenues, are worth $2,500 a $'1,000. Be tween Lexington and Fourth avennes, $3,000 a $3,500. Between Fourth and Madison, $3,500 a $4,000. Between Madison and Fifth, $4,000 a $4,500. Between Fifth ana bixth, $4,500 a $6,000. lictweea Sixth and Eighth *2fiM a $3,000. Between Eighth and Ninth, as aborts stated; and west of Ninth ave nue the price of lotb in Chelsea will be, say, about $3,000. Above Chelsea, the price will depend ea. sentially upon the Einell. The value of avenue pro perty can be best ascertained by inquiring what rent it will yield when improved" or built upon. < 'all this rent ten per cent of the total value; from this totaj deduct the cost of the building, which is easily as. certained, and you have the value of the lot within speaking distance at least. Tenement propert; is variously owned, some by the rich, but generally by mechanics and working people. Captalists very rarely build them themselvoH. We will give one or tv.o instances to illustrate the origin of tenement houses- Some rich nuin lias had the misfortune, either by inheritance or purchase, long years ago, to become possessed of letj so located that genteel fashionable people, or even rcspcctable mechanics, will not buy, build and live there, one fa" mily to a house. What i; to le done ? Such Jots rise vciy slowly in value, and to nil ages will never rise above a certuln very low uiark? ?ay $3,000. In the mean time, interest, tuxes and assessment am every year added anew to the cost of the lot*. To keep them as unimproved property is to keep ihem at a loss. So the rich man avya he will sell them with a loan? that is, he will set a trap to catch Sniffle poor devil of a builder, contractor or speculator. The trap he baits with a loan sufficient in amount to cover about 75 percent of the cost of tho building. The actual value of the lot is about $1,500; but as he is to oblige the builder with a loan, and as the builder is a poor man, out of work, and hard up, he presume!* to charge the matter ol 1 2,600 for the lot, which Is to be paid after the house is built and sold Well, the bargain is struck. The builder know he has put Uis hand in the lion's mouth, but he trusts in Micawber's chapter of luck, thai something will turn up. Tho bouse is finished ? a tenement, house, of course, for nobody but tcneme;rt people will live in such a locality. To finish it he was obliged to run in debt ? liens follow? notes become due ? the first instalment of semi-aunnal interest be comes due ? the house has for months been ofTered for sale in vain, for, as he paid a thousand dollars too much for the lot, the only way to save himself is to charge another thousand too much for the house Nobody buys, of course. The result in, tliut the kincl-heartcd capitalist who made the loan and took a mortgage in puj for his lot, very shortly f orecloses either to get the lute rent or the principal, buys lu the property at the sale, and the builder, if he in not quite mined, at bent lowes all his* labor, and the houne ultimately falls into the rich man's hand* Thin is one of the ways in which rich men iiecon^ possessed of tenement property. Another rich nun has, in some mysterious manner, got in h'n pu-?ns sion a hundred or two shares in the Batig-up Rail, road Company, or in the Sky High Cold Mining Company, nominally worth par, but privately known to the holder to be worth nothing at all. These he wishes to convert into rea! e?tate, and is not over particular where it i? (orated. Now it happens that John Smith has got into trou ble, and is obliged to sell his house. It is a tenement house, which John wio ceiltd in buil<Ur:g by means of the thou?nnd dollars which he had long hern ac cumulating. He muht now raise $1,0<)0 01 tie ruined. Mr. Smith considers his house worth mort gage $2, .500? his Interest, of course, -">?>*>. In a word, the rich man hears of John's case, and asks him what he will take for his house'!' Smith replies. "16,000." The other replies that he will give it if he will take in rush $1 ,000, and for the balance ^1 .000 in the ihures at par of the Bang-up Ibtilrond Com pany, and $1 ,500 in the shure? of the Sky High Cold Mining Company, which together with the assuming of the original $2 ,500 mortgage make up the icquired $6,000. Jo^ti agiees, provided the sto<-k is good, and is referred to Mr. 1'. and Mr. y. for ev idence of the value of the stock. Both these gentlemen hap. pen to own stock in eurh of these companies, and oi rourse give a good account of It. Smith is satisfied he is going to make a bargain, and at once concludes the trade. By and by he goes to bed -ome night, perfectly satisfied in his own mind that he lias been swindled out of f 1 ,500 in a most rascally manner. In these, and a great many other ways, one aftet another of these tenement houses arc constantly fall ing into the bauds of the rich. But great uumlnrs of them are owned hy ? a: pen. tere, masons and other mechanics, and thrifty work ing men, who have accumulated some moue.y. and in order to live in their own house they bny a cheap lot, (which is easily done without any money, pro. \i?led the lot be immediately improved.) and build ? tenement bouse. This they do with the intention to occupy a part themselves and rent out the kalaaer and thus provide nienn to meet the intent on the mortgage and the taxes. The*) wn are always willing, and most generally anxious, lo sell out. Thus it happens that there ia scarce a tenement house in the < ity which is not at one time or aaotbei in the maiket for >ale. Pitch? touch th?m cot. I onuirrt' Iiiqorata. I If'ATII lir IHOWM.VO ? CtnUUtl* Cas?. ? l'nr 11,1' |??t (-* ?lay n Coroner O'Ponnell has been Inre*i|pit,ni5 ? ?Jenwn iuj? iHtr, which occurred on Tu<*aday raorniii*. .it the f-xs nl ,/ny atrnet, V K. It ?('( ? ?r? that on tl>e ??a} -a vie. tli-n t*D hnMb'T', Dtmiil Martin and Yh<>te.i> he'.ty, it ,i?r<] lu this city JVf ru Newbur* tn the atsim ' ?. ?? did. t ?|.t. Srritt, that on the pa v?*e. ??'! tliey arrived in New York. he mr aomewtut ii>)?il<-ated bey te am* embroiled in a i|n?rr?t v ih ?on? I the crew and U.e captain'* 'on, .I.Jin Soli ? hat the latter drma flit heather* ml of tin. l.i ih? up ?ti t ha forward deck, and that here ??i*y iaf> a?i- p .lay i.naK, wlv n ilwmi*? Kelly *t? mi - air he haWn. frll ovei hoard during tlie niai.i time. The !? iu derm -< rt ? a< found in tl.t> v \U-v rlote h??t<le Ui"' ?lea>? Im kI, i,t?l n (>o? <? -ii'l! tr*a foniid it Istttk- ?m.inutui j hniB'l*. the hrotheraf tl ?<2er*n*#4, thinkii^f t''?i ? aio. f. nl )>i? v ha'l p n-?firi?l In, lnt<<rm?d Coroner il la>ti pelt <?( t t,e ?,h< rf ,.|ion the c nincr fully nirc ?t ijt?lc<i the i a.-"fr< m h'plnning to end ami took a coit d- .il M te?tli/) lint t.othing eouM !*? elicited na tin uvuie-t tl at ri oVl in ary way rr . an, direct hiarae - >ti lho?t? m U i rd? ttatalthcandtaR which. liowe*< . tha jn % i eider ad i vat' 1 let eenanring li"Mimr tw ? ?-i n,, . ? w n? aci'i-. i rii's lo the ?! alt' of the tin, ? ^ ,'ht' Herat the dr. eaued, in hl< te?iimoay, "'a'e.i tii ? t en iheti Urtlrgfrim Scwtmrg, iti '-eaMst ?t,e.l ;?nr? at |arlin|t from hl-i frkmi' when some pernont on I <?rit rl olrulid him for ?il?f? t,d?kne?. He then lie--. ??.<? -|?ite e>ril?d. und aeiitol t.. qt arrrl with the l'..|ite n ;.n<t other*, hut *?l [irevnt<"l by hU brcithev Vtr ifl that they arank ?T?tnl timet whih- on hoard end p-evmu* !<? leartlar that ? lien they wont down ?talr? to lo?l> lor ! e'i !ie">i. i|<- .. M r-.t t'-e' tj>e-n ant n >tv*'.TO' t g to da *?> -4iu>a at Um>? arhu hud piiral >a?'j