Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1855 Page 3
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THE MKTHBKK MTMLAVEBT AGITATION. HE BE4CTMI n IB BMTB. Secession Movement Id Tirgiiia. The Stat< to b e Armed and Drilled for Active War. <fce., Ac. ??fc. ? 'MILITARY DEIENCB8 OF VIRGINIA ? DUTY OK THE LEGISLATURE. fi'roiu tilt BicbuMad Lnquirfr, Aug 10. j Long life to the Union? may its shadow never be lc<?! It was designed to "establish justice, eusure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de fence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessing* of liberty to ourselves and our posterity," and, therefore, we love uud cbcrish it. It was the work of Uemi-gods, and hence we revere it. But we have fallen upon evil timet*. There is rea son to apprehend, that it is to lie perverted from its noble ends and used fir fur different puqioses. If it pass under the control of fanaticism!, then will jus tice be overthrown rather than e.-taiilb hed, domestic tranquillity give place to intestine couvulsions, the common defence ami rrener.il welfare l?e disregarded, and the blessings of liberty lost to ourselves and our posterity. Anti-Slavery agit.itiuiTtbreaten* to accom plish the-c fell purposes. ' It wan a union of slave States iu its birtu; aud when tho institution of s.'arerr corner to be h source of inequality and injus tic?, the Union, a* originally constituted, will have ce.ntcd to exi-t. That condition, we fear, is already iu sight, and nothing can avert it but tho gallant stand for the constitution made by Northern men. We of the {south inns' i,e, in the main, passive spectators of the strife. All that we can do is to aavc our friends from reproach, by the moderation of our conduct, (ind to strengthen them by the flrmnoas of our atti tude. This is nil we can do for the Union; but there is much to be done for ourselves, and but little time to perform it. In a few years Kansas will probal>ly ask admission into the Union as a slave State, and niav I* refused, (t needs Imt free soil predominance in the House of Kepresentatives to achieve this end. If refused ad mission iuto this Uniou, she will undoubtedly be re ceived by another, aud the United States, South, will begin their career. This projiositlon is too dear for argument. Nothing but rank cowardice could induce the South to acquiesce in the ex clusion of a i-luvc State on tho score of slavery. We assume, therefore, that the South will not ac quiesce, aud, consequently, we fear that, in a few years, Mason's and Dixon's line may be the itoundary of foreign powers. The possibility of this event crentcs grave respon sibilities. Virginia will be a frontier State. Should war unhappily occur l<ctweeu the two republics, she will receive the first shock. The bare possibility of this tiling demands instant preparation, so far as Jt may be made without hastening the event and with strict fldelitv to the constitution. If constitutional retaliation can be devised, and will probably be effectual, let us try it, but let not the failure of constitutional expedients liud as unpre pared for thechsugein our poUti< al relations that nnirt ensue. i The next legislature will lind tins commonwealth threatened with this contingency, and in the main unprepared for it. They will find her without an organized military force, save a few companies of volunteers, and without the means of concentrating troops with the rapidity indispensable in modern warfare. The constitution prohibits us from keep ing troops or ships of war, but it docs not prohibit a well organi/.ed militia, or a judicious system of mili tary communications. The Letr'.sla care will Ik- faithless to Its gravest du ties if it a<jjo' r*i without organizing the militia and providing tot the completion of sueh lines of im provement as will subserve military us well as com mercial purposes. We are civilians, aud wholly incomi>etcnt to nlun 11 s\ s'ein of military defences for the State, btil there are some coneral considerations dictated by common seaae, wli.'ch even civilians muy present without pre f mjftioii. It is generally conceded that a whole population cannot l-e drilled as soldiers. The aliandonment of the old iiiiliti:< musters shows the opinion of our jk'o- ; pie on this itoint. Nothing, therefore, remains but ' to clarify the adult male population aud todrill such portion as may be withdrawn from their usual au> i ions without public detriment. According to the oeosus returns and the lists of tithaldes. there me not less than 200,000 lighting men in State. Onc-tetith of these might be <li!llid without injury to themselves or t<> the public. We *ce no iuason why each of the existing regi me tits, increased in numbers to 200, might not la- re quired to furnish a company of volunteers, or of draughted ini n. at their option. These companies should ijf aimed, assembled pcriodicaUy at the regi mental uin-ter gronnds and drilled. The graduates of the Military Institute might be 1 remrirta to conduct these drills, instefld of teaching I school, a- they are now required to do. The coui|iiitiic* might be organized into regiments, j brigade^ ami division*, and iuto infantry, artillery j and ca\:iLr\ . The advjutage-. of wu h a system wonld he that, while no man would he carried out of his < ounty, or injuriously withdrawu from bit* bu-iue--i, vet every i county in the .State, ex< ept aome of the sinjll^-t, i would hare one or more military companies, read.* t" aatembie at n inoment'a warning to suppress* insur- ! rectiou or for police purpuae-t. The Mate w ould pur- . new u corps of 2M.OQO men, armed, organized and drilled , and < apable of being a.-ecrnbled iu whole or in part, at short notire, for the purpose of oflfcufive or defensive Warfare, without seriously interfering with the ordinary pursuit* of the j>eople at large, or burdening one section more thun anothe r. W'c knov. of no otyection that can be urged to such im organization, except the difficult} "f assem bling the compankt* f??r buttaliou drill. Tliis ditli- j culty is iucident to every ayst'in except the im practicable and exploded one of drilling the whola adult population. The moment, this is dropped and the principle of clarification adupttd, it becomes j difli< ult to Assemble the requisite nttmlier of men I withoiit t ' importing them a considerable distance. Nelcrthebw the difficulty i* not insnrmonnttUr ' Where the population is den-?- it dot - not e.xiat . and I where Hie coapaniea are widely u>*)H-r-ed , they j should not 1 e asM-iahled so often a-> in other c e-es. The m trice v. mild not be harder than in the present volunteer eompnnlse; and therefor* th" men miglit t>e kept enrolled several yi ?r*. and by the ]H*t iodical diwhaige ?f a ei rtain projK'rtion and the uicoiim?' a- j lion of an equal number of ueiv tnen.it would l>e . rendoied still easier. The present volunteer couipatiie* would form .? port of the proposed force, and where tnu-h ;i eom pany waa form< d. of ewim: drafting would not be required. Ky aome such svstcm, an Hit* rorps would tie il waya nt couitmuid to suppr?-ae lu-w ction, repel in vaskxi or a?t offensively. if required. Oil) one thing more would then Im- needed for tin present, \rtnie- without the mean* of eoncontrat mi ar>" u*e!e---. and in modern warfare this i? efl'. rted bv 4MB, and with a rapidity not dreamed oi thirls >ear- ago. Twenty thousand m> u, 4i?pe.r?u d through the Mute, would bo available to suppress ln?urre< ? tioo, liut not to r'-|iel in v. i -ion. unl< ss other me. iris of transportation than tbeir own leg*be provided. \ system 1 1 military communication is therefore indi? liencaiile to the safety of the Slate, and ?houhl be looked to forthwith To our unsnnhbitlrat<'d view, the commercial line alieady Miiiil out ari' irt the main such routes a mllltarj defence requires. We call attention to the map ol Vir trial*. It v. ill Is lo< nd that the northern frontier im-senta what tot military parlance we l*> lieve is catted a Kilient mnile. The north we#ti rn fee# of tbi- anple is .-ovrn-d by the Ohio and the iwtth reetern. to oemc extent, by tbe Pntcinu*. Neither of the* rtvem could la- creased by an Invading airn> if well deft 'ided, hot toe ?pai e betWffia them. < nn-ti toting 'he point of the angle *ud a twirtiun ot its right face, h.te no *m h piotectioa. Moreover, the runtrea <#f mountains and tlie rls< c run Irom the een tir <if tl?- S'ate toward- this open apeee, and th'm pn>ei?t avenue* of approach instead of lines of .te fenc e H -re. then, t?lbe weak point, on the north Men frontier. <h? the ea-t we are wholly e\|a?vd to uiaroj?. iwrsilen. A n enemy. rnaotev of tlmneeen, eotild lutMinbi re be like* ria-re im but one pro tee trU pomt , and that ia Hampton HohiI*. t fteet entertnc the eanes, with anarmvon Imard. inigh? land it iu l.jnuhavcn hay, within twelve mile* o Norfolk, or in Vork river, within forty miles o F!|ebmon?l. I'ofUm.itely for os. howevi r, the mlrooda already eoo*trurt<d or miit? r contract. Md'ate from t>ie?e iwojioi.'its totlie interior, and need i?ot. completion >o all"f?l tlie dc^irabte rueana of con< entrating a free at e.tlier poitM. We -liouM saj". tlieri, complete without ilelay the I'eteTatairg and Norf ?lk ami the Richmond and York ttiver road-, tor they are mili tary road* of the fliwt importanei '?n th uorth, matters are not. *i f^vanhly sit'Mt ed, but atill, cfcahere man* of the ro^i- t. nd io tlie right dire> twin. The road fn m ll.urfter's lerrj to W hwf ng. iiartlv on our own sml partly un frMmd ly nil, ftoiniahea i mean* ol communication* from o?e Haiti k? tl? oJier of the *? ,il. t??ition on the iwetlicrn frontier. Hie 1' irkernhnnt lirnwh twnsoff in a *ouih?re-terty direction; the Hstapahlre and I/hkUm/'i r<?Mi U> the "OuUn i't. ntul tlf Hsrpi r a rerry ami t bnrt'stown together *tU> the Me Adam >??*) n?.?l from the latter place u< HU mton. Ie*d? off to the aontb. ?Viit it h'II he rasters ed that two third* n' the t w sAUnjiltt/ r> ifion i* wholtjr in-ui it?^l - thai It* ha* M t oaemnnkMjon with ttie oortitern fwiti'-r, *%< ? it",t ?r ?j?onenpth? <Hi?o,atita a ?lt*i Eastern Virginia. Ye*, this very region Is the seat of a large proportion or the military- strength or thu State, containing as H don, a majority of the white population. It Is aa If we had a citadei filled with men. and outwork* feebly manned, with no commu nic a Hon from one to the other. The Covington and Obio road pierce* through the heart of thin region, and will, wncn finished, pour its military strength either upon the seuboard, by the way of Staunton and Richmond, or upon the northern frontier, by the way of Staunton and Haiper'a Perry. It is obvious, then, at a glance, that the most im portant military road in the State ia the Covington and Ohio road, for it not only devclopestbe strength 1 of the trans- Alleghany region of our own State, but connects v.s with Kentucky, So long, therefore, a* this road is unfinished, the right arm of the State may be regarded as paralysed. It would ba entirely j useless to raise an army on the banks of the Kana wha to succor the exj>o?ed northern frontier, or the defenceless sea-board, far the campaign would be decided before it could extricate itself from the mountain range* east of that river. The completion of the Covington and Ohio road, and the filling up the gaps between Staunton and Harper's Fi rry , seem indispensably necessary to place the military defences of the State on a respectable footing. The Lynchburg and Charlottesville road is also important as tucilitating the connection of the northern fron tier with the southwest. Wo call upon the Legislature to consider these matters, and to give us a military force and the mean" of using it. Let it be done calmly, and with out threat or menace. Avoid every measure calcu lated to wound our friends, but omit nothing neces sary for our own defence. Practical measures, and not abstract resolutions, are what the people wish and cx|>ect. No exception ran be taken to the measures we have indicated, for they are strictly constitutional and eminently pro* I >er. Carry them out, and w ahull be ready for whatever fate has in store for lis. DEMOCRATIC' FREK SOIL VIEW OF THE SUBJECT. THE SOUTH CRYINO 'WOLF" AGAIN. fl'iom th? Ken York Kveulnp Pcwt o( Aagiict 11.] Whenever our slaveholding neighlmrs have been doing or meditating anything particularly outrageous towards the North, they are sure to accompany it it with a howl about disunion and the iinpOM-tibuitv of living longer under the same national roof with people who treat them so unfairly. When thev were trying to get the free territoiy of California and New Mexico converted into u slave State, our read ers will remenAer what an ndo was made about the wrongs of the South, and that separation or dishonor were inevitable. When they got the fugitive slave law, which con verted every Northern man and woman into slave hunters, one would have supposed by the clamor of its friends that the Union could not endure another hour without the special interposition of Divine Providence. Recently a greater outrage upon the rights of the North has been perpetrated than was ever contemplated before, in the violent introduction I of slavery into Kansas. To reconcile the people who have been wronged, to this niflianly proceeding, it has been necessary to resort to the old tunc ; the dangers of the Union. This music is now heard simultaneously in all parts of the Union, a? in 1S50. Yesterday we pub lished a letter from Senator Benjamin, or Iiouisuina, designed to show that our republic could not possi bly endure beyond the political life of the next Con gress. To-day we quote from the Richmond Krujui ? rtr a long article apparently extracted from the first message of the Governor elect, the probable candi date of tl'.e dlsunionista for the presidency at the next election, in which we are told that the refusal to admit Kansas into the Union as a slave State must make Mason and Pixon's line the boundaries of foreign States, and in view of that result asking the I<egislatare to take steps immediately to have the State put into a condiiion ol' military defence. The writer says there are two hundred thousand fighting men iu Virginia, ami that cne-tenth, or twenty thousand ought at once to be drafted into the militia and carefully drilled by the graduates at the military school. Willi an army thus disciplined and trained, the writer thinks but one thing more would be requisite to render the Old Dominion impregnable to the assaults et freesoilers. She uni-t have rail roads to move her troops with ; hence the necessity f?.r immediately completing the Petersburg and Nor folk, and Richmond and York river, the Covington and Ohio, and the Lynchburg and Charlottesville railroads. This is very absurd and childish twaddle, and yet it is with just such twaddle that Southern journals, and Southern conventions, and Southern pollt ioinus will teem until the Kansas question is Uiatlly dis posed ol'. Sneh twaddle 1ms sufficed to frighten the eiirmerii.il and manufacturing interests of the Northern State* before now, and it is expected that it will f-crve the same turn again. Richmond and New Orleans have alieady given the cue through or gans of opj wite political parties, and we may ex pect to hear of nothing but the hopeless pro?| ects of the Union, until the South has retdi/ed or nlnin floned all it hopes to accomplish ill Kaunas. We have a riispicion that the Northern people have heard this wolf 'scry of dissolution once too of ten. and that since the emigrants have got possesion of fustic Garden, it will be difficult to rally enough Union cavers in the free States to pay the wages of the drummers. At all events, we snail wait til! those , milieaiU are completed, and we have some such s'il>- | siniitial evidence that oor Sonthern neighbors are in ; earnest. If, by the dainor of disunion, tin- Virgin- i inns conld Le persoadnd to complete the roads i deemed so ewential to her military defence, l>v , the writer in the Enquirrr, without coining to , Wall street for the money to do it with, | we should be half disposed to join in tin- ( cry ourselves, for those improvements would i be of infinite service to Virginia, while the disunion i bugbear, we suspect, is past doing much harm. Meantime we respectfully commend to tl.e mediU- 1 tion of Southern statesmen, and especially to the writers for the Enmiirrr. the contents of a paper from the pen of Mr. Beuton, which we jmblish iu another part of this slieet. They will there find food for a doubt whether the discontent i?f the South with the existing confederacy, is a consequence ?'f, or in any way connected with the institution of sla *rry. Mr. iienti n thinks not. Ho think-, ;:nd we a*rire vith bin, that it tc-ult*. from u di.-iegurd hy the fetli tal government <>t tho.-e doctriw - <" fdriet eon itmction which are indnjien-able i?i ;i fnir and t;ihle distribution ot' |>olitioiil ri^ht? and priviiegr* lictweoii the Slat'-?, nud to the eneottr.iKcmcnt given to all kinds <rt .-fecial and protectee legi-iatiou which haa brand e-petiall) lo tbe benefit of the northern ?*-itjx?rt-. Mr. Denton might have illii-tr?U 'I t)ii- view t>v .1 reference to the jrratnitiet paid by the Nw.il it" vemrueut to otetB mil etram boat mot opoljes, equal iiloi e in nnxHuu t? ill the other po-tul ktv ire of the United Stales bail iKMilyeqii.il to nil eujoyed by a. nipple northe, n -? aport. The th? ory th .1 the North mill the South have any iiirouipntiMe inti-mrtf in relation to ?ln%er* m of quite modem oriria. ?ml I ne of the mo*t unfortunate debiiootii. ibnt the >1 1 ;lt niti n?li. '.-*>? in. Demagogm* ^ut it. nud ilem ? u ? ? ? ?-* ? in oiimse it for lite ver |nh|hw of hiiuttiii). the* of Southern people while pirk iug their p* U Mr. ' ollino, th< l'i -s'l-nl dI tie ( . -tie C.irden 1 nkn Safety I'mgiHte* . rarelve .fSOOJWl ftom the general government ??<? a Uhmu* ior tbe Live rjmol line of (Ataaiera. of which be i- the 1 1 cut. The principal pecuniary iviianet of what ?re known i"< the "national" or "hard d> itoemcy of thin st?ie. (leorge law, i-? aiaothe er.'n(e? of 1 something like half a million of dollar* .mmuillv '??r ? Due of ttenmrr* which lie a*?itfed to daMMi be tween New York anil California. 1? i1- ?u? 'h trt"n ; and ancte interest* u* tl>oe th.it have given t<> every davery i*Mt( i?f late \i ar* ?teh motlM mu* and nil natural proportions at the South; f> r n that way 1 have tbc*e gigantic jobber* and contractor* ili*cu* I end that they could I*** wctn! in dixidiitg the two j.'r<a pHitH-1 .it the North, and tharchy secure ? ?pi rie? of (wlance of power In (.'onm ??, and through it the grunU whleb are dally mukin? the Southern I ^twti ? mare anl more f> < ble. end wore anil more de 1 pendant riiKUi the Northern industry, Northern rom n.i ree Hint Notthern capital * The ?Hiiith liar already lost a? mc-h . 1 * die i? 1 a ortfc, through tfkae t*nioa-Mver> whom -he h?? ! tak' n to her bof.oi?, and until -he ran .tirre*' to *id> niit palii ntly to the I'reHon ?>f tb?- fed* ral Bent upo? all i|ne*tion* at f'diral Jurisdiction, and aiaiat raithfull> in hrin riii* bwek tb# gmcrmoent to the old democratic repnWirai t^-i*. hewing all ? pertal 1. ni>l?tli<n, urithcr I'nlori u<>r <ii"unlun will nfloru her any anli?tan'i?l rtllef. The \?w Telr? rapli I??ne Arrmwtlii lohaiat of Punanaa TO THE (filTO* THC nif?:?in. Pixim, July 'it. IfM. V * yon will no doObl lie ilwl to Irani the pro gT'- ? of the new telegraph line here, I lo?e no time in lett in f yon hear of our movement*. AlVr a very pl< a-.tnt |M?fajreo?it. we rame in oijcht of the Nth mm . < icttren da?- from the time of lea', ing Hod) Hook. Imme?li?tely ?n ?riitiairtiu line wu staked out, mid with tbe a-">i-t.inee of 11k lai?rrraon tie route. Loir wr re dug. ami ew rjlbin* w*? in read! ?e^< to mi-r the polee, wliieh I 11m worry to ? ?y, vrre kept uuder deck until a i jr*e ironhoat totiUI tie r> moti d. On tbi* acconat atfiiiw ha?'' n lieinreil II f. w da,) ??. l>ot now a!! the palta ;ire A4rHwiMl, tlio oil ee- Hfrxn|!?d. and we expert to ha\r (he line in working ovii' r, M> M tluit Wt can h ave for iioai< >? I 'In- 1 i? erge Law , w hirh nsui*!rt>m \j?pniwi?ll on Uie . iHtk of \<ipuxt. Mr. rtoki r, our eontrvtor, and aU ' iiaiiu- ?Te :u the enjoyim nt of exoet'eat health and 1 ?i>irtti?. Hie ? rather h>-n i* ?mcommoni> tine [m , ttii#. ?* Him ?t the vear. Tbe natives nay it i ? the j -iiTi oM r of Han Jt.an. Probably H ie, bat we Uiiak ' it t iv t*<ri p^itte^i up 1 xpr? <4) ot onr arro*iat If ' t ' .? wi -ith? r famra o f r thr rw nt (< r< da v? *< it lia-i I lip Ui U;e pri^i at time, lite one mil be f 'r.rii. til in I s I' rtoig*' witbonl Uie levl trooMe. O-' >?< ADDITIONAL FROM 80CTH AND CKJ TRAL AMERICA. In addition to the new* which we gave in ywter- : da/apaper from titer regions of (be worid, we \ have extracted from the journal* tho following itr dm. which wilt be found of interest. cmiu:. A treaty between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the republic of Chile baa Icon celebrated at Bantla goon the 41 h of October, lsf>4. The first article provides for a perpetual pea<v between the two conutriea. The aeennd declare* that tbere ahail be a reciprocity of trade between all the territories of Chile and the dominion of her Britannic Majesty, aad that the vc*t*ls of war of either country may enter into all the river*, port- and harbor* of the other. Article" it, 4 and 5 Hie supplementary to the lu.-t, and provide ugaiun the payment of aay unu sual duties ou goods, Ac., imported. Article* 7, H, {', 10, 11 and 14 gourd the rights of citizen* of the oce country while residing in the territories ?f the other. Article 12 provider for the nppointuioot of CouKulfi. Article 1.'! provides for the return of de i-erlci* from the army and navy. Article 10 gnarau tecs freedom of religion to the1 citiwiw of ^ither country while reaiding in the territories of the other, and provides for the establishment of cemo teries for such subject* exerrixing a different reli gioiin belief from that prevailing in the country. The treaty is to be ratiflid and the ratifications ex changed in Santiago within two years, and in to re main in lorce for ten yeais thereafter. The paper* of Vnlpaiaiso record the death of EL.'1 French architect, M. Unmet den Rain<*. He died at the capital, w hen just on the point of returning to hi* native country. He bin left valuable and lading memorials of bis taste and skill, which fully warrant the universal regret felt at his loss. Grain continued in demand owing to the exporta tion to Australia. Seiior Olivarria, captain of the nutiomvl steamer i Maule, which wu<< wrecked Home time t-in<c,bud been tried by couit martial, and liad been sent< need to receive a higher grade ??f rank. PERU. The politic al news from this republic is unimpor tant. The day was drawing near for Hie assembling | of the national convention, but about its operations little can as yet be t-aid with any certainty. Though called for the Ifith of June, it was delayed to meet nlMHit the clot-c ot the month. The most important measure i.s in reference to coinage. Htrd dollars ate to be coined of silver 10 diiicrce '.'0 grains line. 4X0 grains each, and fractious j of the dollar in proportion. Tin- price of silver bul lion, 11 dineros TJ grains One, is )o dols. 2."> cts. the mark at the mint in I.inia, and 10.12$ in the mint at Pasco. The first million of dollars, promised us indemnity to the owners of slaves, has been paid, at least a be ginning has been made. Four hundred thou. sand dollars of tho debt of the Inte revolution lias l*en naid at from '.>a to w|. The foreign holders of bond* consolidated refuse to enter into arrangements with the presold gOTtrn raent for eanrelliii^ them, but have plated tliero in the hands of their respective ministers. Tbe domestic Mate of the country is by no means fi vorable. The masses are in a turbulent condition. The ronds immediately about Lima an- intesti <i by robbers, who keep honest people in continual alarm. Commerce is at a stand still. BRAZIL. it is said that Paraguay bus sent u Charged' Aflaiies to Rio Janeiro to hasten negotiation, and that the 1'nrajniayan government not oul) opens its riveis to the Biazilian (lag, but to every foreign flag. THE IRTHMl'S OF PANAMA. The fin-t Const it tent Aasembly of Hip State of Panama convened on thr- 15th ol July. Francisco Fabrega was elected President; Was Aro einenu Vice President, nnd Manuel Morro, Secretary. Jn tlii1 spcech of the Piesldent he indicated that the two gnat nec<*sitiea tola- met were the election of u i Ijief officer of the State, and the passing of :i pro visional law pending tin- limitation of a political 1 011 fctiti.tion. The boil; tin rcupou proceeded to vote for the chief offict r. and elected by '.'4 vote* He nor | JiiKtn AlWftneas. Projects for a constitution have lain pi evented, and wne under dlscuasion. The I'u sldent, on being installed, made mi appropriate r-ptech. We give the following cxliact from his address: ? Monarchy, the church and slavery have Ircen the three pi eat in.~titiiti?>T? - with which republicanism lias had to fight In Spanish America. Hut Ui? bind. tkcKoil, waa net na element of )>uwer; ite extent w?8 immemc; the aristocratic prnjM'ii-itics which erect hereditary right- and bond* were held inchis k; and tlie land onte cleared of viceroys, master- aud cccleiaslical dignitaries, the foundations of tie- n imMic would have l,e<n firmly laid. Hut the war o.*' indeiK'iidence in destroying mouan y. aub.-titnted for it wl liat was no U'pk averse to the popular cause. The military spirit having lien of Mweaatty devel oped; dictator hip having hecn authorised to obtain ! tni mnlt in the days ? f conflict, the military -piri ar.d dictatorship " took root in our noil. "" * ? J Rut onr territory ha- been fieed from all the < He mic* of republicanism. We look t omplai entlvii round and i-ee only ineu in the full enjoyment of their dig nity. Odiona slavei v in nothinir but a romemltranci-, piieviaia and humiliating. Their i- no priv lb ged clergy intermeddling in civil a fljira, nor does pub lic authority tyrannlr.e over the conscience. * * We have liberty jnat beeau-e we have no Ul*-rator<. We are brethren. hound bv the ties of the philosophy originated In Narareth: and neither gold, nor high birth, nor religion, nor achievement* are el e meiits ol power to oppose or cut nhort thn onlv legi timate element of power- the will of the people. ? * j l.et iih have laith in the (Jest mics ol humanity, and let n* not tear, as the incrednlvu* llshrnnan. to walk errct on the undiilatiug waters. I fee in the Fast the atvr which guides us in imr wandering. t j-t in toilow St: the continent observes it, and it will dc in j nd uj. acci unt at our baud* it we flap in our pre.it defign. l et us march foi ward. "Faith and aitUin.'' Sr. Carlos Icnzu Vro-emeua Iras been named Se cretory of State of Het>ama. by the Jele Provisional, and Jo.-e de Obaldbt, \iivnj-tu- laipey. and I Main m ile Obaldla h*\e been jespectiwly appointed gov> r r.ora of the province- of I'anatna, Ycrugtias and j Uhlriijtii. Tie Panama Shirk- //?>?/</ informs the commu nity tbat the price ot water ui that town ha- lie n ii dun d to one dime !oi two kr'^s or jar-, tliw.'b !ii in tiftccn to twi nty cents is still demanded. A Chinaman was recently a rrested near Panama tor moult hiii^ one of hi- countrymen. 'I he murd< r er freely ei,tifi> sd the ei ime, st.it'iig, at the came liute, that his victim piss very had man: that he t hud uiurdcrul iverelof 'he prison' ; - ilativ:- in 1 hina prior to eonun*^ heie, and that he, (the ' prisoner,) hud come all the way from t hiu.i <? l eiially tola' revenged i n him. lie i- n..\v aw.t^Uug ' I ia tlial in prinin, and appears to rei i ive eori-ii! ra II' ?>mpiithy freiu his ciaintrvinen, who take him d..iiy a Naintiful siipplv ol food. Tlie ruiiroud rt< m|Hinj had eoniincneed the bu'ld ir j.' of tin firvt larjT' iron lanneb. whirh ;>t the nit? llii* work propr?-Ms, would soon be ready lor u >e. The uiuterial for aiiother i- on the l-tfn, as. and two more are expeetcd. When tlni?he?l, tin b< atnu n w ill find their "ocetipalion rrone." The workmen eoniinein a d July lw COOi-t mi ' aig the teltpwiili between Panama and As)>inwall. 'ib> iv tk will la- finished ;ii nlatiit three wcekr. The male of the Knrrli?h l??rk Wieath, llwi was lyii'jrat the mob- of the P. S. \. Company at T*l*, ga.havinp let! hi- ship in the everiin", iKaompaoled i bv ore of bin men, returned shortly .nu-r mi'liii/ht , I it appeatta, in a state of intoxa vtioii, and w idling to ' u.1 1 on boattl unoi ? i v i d, attempted to do ??? tiy w+n* of tbe warp leading from 'he fore pur of the ship to j the mole. In end(av<irtng to p.i>s the w crp, l ythe ship'* wav ng or othemire, be lost hi? hold, jnd lull I into then*. IlincompatiKin p^.t on Isr.rd safely, lait delayed pivinc proper alarm. _The watchman < l : the B?>livia, lying niongpide the Wreath, heard flu* | i-pla-h, and fastened to Call the second orfirer, wl*? iiumeiilatrlv threw iait ropes, and with a laiitlioin ' rudeavoivd to tiiul and - ive hilu, I -? captain a. il ) i?i called, and 'he fO irch w?a coiifi'iried, I ut no fur ' ther trrce could Is' disna t ied. T hrt'ollowin ' rn "rn j ir.p he Waa dragged for. mid aithiniphth' rch >n tinned foi n:.<n> houis.it was without ?ia i p. M'iat | pmbtihly the curieot, whici? i- ver. -fraur i dining the ebMide, carricd the Isnfy iway | Into the bay. The remark wan made liy some one thut the most proiatU rvuj of finding hun w*s. i "to I ait a hook with a r?ie?'e of jairk.and throw ?'Verl*?n|. ' Tbia, whether ac idrntallr or inten tionally. was 'lor e from the -on no , und dering the | morviiiig of the f roinl .lay , a -hark took tie halt i? as hanled on tsmni, and when rait o/h*i, mueh t<i i 'be astonishment ?f all, in the mnwUM stomach wa filial half a pip. together wdk the right arm ? ' the mb-ing man. with a part of the ahirt ale?-\e "til remaining, by which it waa c;ieilj identified to ia> tha? of the mate. The arm atipewrcd though the ; Hi sh hud been cut through to tw )ione,als4itroidw.?y ? bc twtr n thi- c lbow and sh? nlder. and there the t ??ne i waa Ion ibly torn fron the -bradiler joint, le?vint( (he epper half quite taire. i A man of the i)-,uie of lUmlall. wfco rorrnnamb d I the P. M.H. K Co'a apeeie iaurM-b,tVM Vao kid over Its aid on the I sr )j Jnly.in T.ile-pa Iwtsir. ?nd drowned. I.YM H J \W. IN lfl< *. -? n>< tiinr laat jrar ? r?rllujr< u>au nrtrro rmri iu)tt<<( ? m?ftl ? ??)?! bJnxitd ami ntrxf mk murdrr m !)?? provirt)*- fif < tiirtqni. fo'w'm-h ?*? ?i? *ji|.<i l i mini, trHd and f?nn il ??< lU-atii. II i- ? . ?.ir) B< < ?rdJB(r to Uw. in r< U r lb#- ? f?* <?**? ? Hrn ;?l:o?i to th? M*|>rrm<> fSwirt. and W al tw i Um'M ?w im> htipfrtiM- ( <mrt th> r* <?aJd of <??r?e I- mi a^fMttl, llw- <;?.?? pw wmU 1 r < n?'iw Uv< J ' r ?? '-ilrtji , iu*l Uw r*ujir-t f ?/!*../? <1 if , 1 wim n? tthf. iiotA., hmd ol Uj? aaoooi > ol U, - I rout' of M?o*r, fc?- ??? a>?t.i b~v4* ?it ?&d r??m led a accord murder nn<rr r|aaHj~ nU blooded ctr cumaUntea. Th? ro wna no police to March for him, but ? aub a< ri?4k>n ww? rased by the inhabitants to arm ? few t.jK ? uU con?tables, who rrrtptarul the monster and lodgi d Lira a (nun in the inaecwre old jail. Drapitr of thin mvcwI crime and the danger to society of keeping ?uch a character amuugyt them, the law was n<it carriid into execution, and the mnideier lay in jail for?"nie efgliter niji'' months nod 11 nail) escaped again, * I nil he succeed**! in reaching Punts An-nl In, h little *illagc on the (rtilfof Pulce, within the territory of Costa Rica. Ass*>o:i its the people there discovered who tb?> fugitive aas. tin v asscmUid, arrested him and hud him shot immediately. HlalMMiry Ubari and Knoll*. No Christian patriot caa fail to be interested in the work of the American Sunda y Hchool Vniou. That work lor the last year in thus *umined up in the ihi rt;, -ticst annual lepurt: ? The toeiety has had In iU service for a part or the wlioie ot the yew, three hundred and twenty-four missionaries. Of the*-, two hundred ami tiny-tux were student*. roostl; in a course of preparation for the (lowel mini'-trv, who dev&ted their vacation* to th'lH WOlk. The ie<-i.It<? of tin laliora of thewliolecoqwof mis sionaries during the >ear, are ax foflowH: Sundav ?ehools or??niied where none pre viously existed 2,440 Teacher* induced to enter and conduct these schools 16,62!i Children (.athered into thew school* ... . !?7,y.vi Sindav achoola visited, supplied with t looks, and aided in different ways Temihera in thew schools 24,h!hj Scholars in thesi schools l."7,7&u Total of Sunday schools organized or va ulted 6,!>08 To tlieae results aie to 1* added th<- fruit* of the labor." of oui active and honored auxiliary , the New York Sunday Hchool Union, whose jncreiwd useful ness during the j>.iHt year has cheered arid Humiliated the friends of Sundnv school missions in groat ci'les. Through tin efforts of thin auxiliary some twruty niis-sion schools have been organized in New York iuid Brooklyn, not included In the previous Mnnnjarj-. Into the>e schools about four hundred tew hers tud four thoui- md scholar* have )>een gath cud. In the city of Philadelphia a similar movement has been commenced during the pant year, to result, we trust, in great and permanent good t*? the neglected ch'Mien and youth of thia city, forty thousand of whom are nucared for by existing Sunday schools. Through the agency ot thia association three schools have Iwn organized. It thus appeals that through the agent i< s employ Mi liv thia aociety, (ex< hiding those operating in our cities.) in one year, two thousand four hundred and forty Sunday schools have l>eeii orguui/.ed w here nont previously existed ; that more than alxteen thousand persons have been induced to undertake the Sunday m hocl leathers' office in these schools, aud that into them tlieie have been g.Ji i.n d rnw tlian ninety-seven thousand < hildren. Including the lubor* of our auxiliary aocictits, the number of children gathered into in w schools is over one hundred thou sand. Yet striking, interesting and cheering as are tlieae facts, how very far do thoy fall short of con veying to t lie nund the whole truth ua to the gisid effected l y this simple agency ! Who are these one hurrtie (1 thousand pupils thus collected for Blhle atudy on the 1/nd's day? They are, in three cases out ot lour, if not in nine out of ten, the ofl stu jng of parent* either careless as to tho whole mat Urot pei-onal icligion, or, through vice, infidelity Or Il< mair-m, rendered hostile to the (iospel plan ol salvation. I el t b\ their parents to roam as sharp without n fl.epherd, thev nave now been led into the fold of tlie Sunda> school. And where are these ai Ik ols formed 1 'i'hey are in the hemlock wood* of Maine: amorg the (Ireen monntaina of Vermont : at the foot of the Catskilfai; in the valley of the Alle ghany range In in Pennsylvania to Alabama; on the prairies at the Northwest; and amid the fore *t* of the South* eat; and everywhere they are centrea ol religiouB ijillnence, planted for the nio?-t part when tiiitil miiilstn camiot lie sustained; organised at a cost most trifling, self-aupportiug, aelt-condurtinu, Hcif-ir -tim iug aKencies, tlu y will live after the mis sionary has h it tin m to conrer on another neiohbor h<>' d t!ie Mine hle-i-lng. Wen* every one of these si h?sils to 1 1 :i-c at the end of six mouth", who would not *ay that in itidnclnir aixlei-n tbouaaud uu-n and Wcmcii to collect one hundicd thousand neglected but immortal childien into nr>re than two thousand ^ahl.tlh school", SuMkiIIi after &aM?lh, for six months, thin >o: iety had done a work of surpassing t v ellenee and utllfty T Hut when ws- lememl^r that they nie not to?5en-e at the i mI of six ninths, but in the great majority of case*, a* experieni e has shown, to gn on year af t? r j ear, ol ten to becomi the pareutaof other selioola, tin Mini*- of evangelical churches, and the nurse ries of yoothfnl piety . il i" dlffu ult to over climate the d< ifahicnefa of* thia moile of home e\Hngeli ration. Tin: Ori it vru>\ or TDK l-*w Anoiiamsa l? 1'HI-OSMINT I "It I)V.BT The hw uUilmiiilif! iin prteonn ent fi r debt in thi* htnte, except in ca*e* of nndi ?rat lulu on the Fourth of July hut nrtd |i?aih ? In ii in Operation for the apace of a little over one month. a auffu-ient time lo jud^r . in i' nit- dcgtce. win ther it will eflrct what it* origiua tnra debited. In the year 1M4, tbe whoto nunla'r ol j ilcl.tl't*' taki II 10 th" jiltl WOe ."ill, but H K^Clf oom li r <if thtfr were in modl??t#?ly allowed to go ont on j the Hmit*, a* it in oiled that in, to any purl of th>* count;, on giving l<ornl? to appear at a pnecrihed tine." i crtbi- year l-.Vi,np to the tlnu- the law w.i? ii | mlM, 4 ?1 debtor* were en rri'-d to the jail. For tlie thirty-oven dayj that the new law bun ' Ik en in oi.eiution, I u? the |* raon* have been taken to tlii' jiill for di'M. In three of the?e cava, it wan afrfrril hv the plaintllT Uuit the ddbnituito had pro i i-rl> not iM-m;it?d irrnn taxation, and intended to leavv tlu- Htkti'. ? ?nc of theae wan arrrwted for a ilebt of % I' o. He had, he wild, *itMj tegold.lmt w? 'Id not pay, being rather ugly, bat, after liia ci.nimitlul, In* wife camo forward and paid up, . ?<l h>- ?** tlwIiHrcn), having been in jail t nly for x f' W hixira. Anothi r wan a Nova Si otia c.iptain.wbo paid the debt within twenty-four hours; the third wn- eontlned fur twehe day", two tlnm ini' loner* hu vlng refuaed to adraitiiater to hltn lite |.oi r de!,toi ? oath, be net annwiilnn aiktlftlactorily, but it wax at Li 4 {liven bv a thin! j< 'i.MimiH inner. The two other- are *tlll In 3*'l '*"? 1* the egao of a I ii an who committed nu a**anlt npon another, and f<?i abiih be "id for dnin.ii" - , liav in? ictiifd ; ni ii 1o j'.i for the clothe* vhii Ii be tori up. lie i cuulini it I ?< .ii' '? he cannot ni\< taiil Tlieotl.er peti-on ixitilined t? a apt.un 'if a v< -? I , *?d b - ra e < rather a alnjrtdar one. He l?*l nir* in ton l*pMt, Me., and aailed troio thi* port >n ? imn tor ,-t. i .itbiui:?''-. There, a* Ini owner* al !<!'e he borrow iLmoney on bottom r* al hnivj inter eel .ivd h4<1 ri'iffniK and irtore* to tie e*tmi in all ? <?! in' l-'Mtf thiii Ik b?i*l out oil th* v-* I. which hi kept in port for a lour t>crfod. \? j be we* nhent rant In ft borne be Ind" ? d ? >p4ni*h | (zirl at the p?-rt to roMwith him pr imeing to \ ui ii i ? her. thoi .'Ji lie Iw* already i mt'- it Itm I - peit. trrlvliijr here, be w?a aeen, an '.r.iing to the twtfmnny of one of the erew. In compart will/ the i lfi.1, coui'iting d"1' '"oiik to ill* .mil ii M ui a hundred in ri oi winch he curried aahore in Ii qnadrs<nt. The owner* <-ne him lor tl.jfwi. irliieli t boy allege beb .ii 1. 1 led to intmit for. iait which le- di ui' *. He I- alao detained va I rharye of ie<.'>iltlng one of hi* eji *. f nder the 'Wit i.iw tie re i? lait one pemoa o.>w ion lined. 'I lii * j i r-on w?k origin*lly .? ri ? tnl on criminal charge*; t)K?e barfnc ><i n etfled. he i? ii* w held for ileVt, ? fiandiib-Ml eosmyanee of pr?e ief?ynti?i t iiont'ui ha i ini' I ? ? 'i alleged aguinM ji hi. F?r the present, therefw . Imprteowm nt for iiit.' i? |n?( 'iciiil/ ?t an end. Ii i" *nW, hM>vrr. that the Inwjef* are only r>?iirig mi th> ir m?r?, to ?<e wh .1 tb?_v ciiii do and they rani ?>(. -?i i'f tllem Kty th a IIh ?> can enntnit when i per?i>n refa?e* u> fit) mate iwrniinit in a ?*??? ?ti r< th* v am i. eaten. Mich a* M ejectment i a ?, for in?t,mce. ? hi ti a ) ? raon la w netted out of t h<-?;i" and ? a t? t tail will not. jnay the lepii owl - ?'l i of the |/r?ate-t hardrlkip- ' n*i< r ti e ' id I ? * ? ' wlii-n * j* iaon w*? am- ted tur damage* fo ? i.iH^ir lid o4d ihiI fin lad* An unb lj ?'ip of j the ton/'ie m nt th? m to j.uL Tin acr /ia? i- 1 *iiui? n.inw- having !*???* linn" f"r tW* <"*" ? j t<i?t half a ihnrn tiaea. Tbi?i" all i)i*n? aw ij ?Jh w Htirtin Tinrrlltr, Ah^. H. vMte < ?v?i iv f'isdit tliiifji r'* ? m \< | mint i? now t?-init made l"r tie eooeli ?eli* 'i of a -lnp c*nal fro? Toronto Ui tb' <i>"fi'i<ii .1 i auada. lh?- f?ii^ec' in Iriif uri-I'd n< 1 only in i anada, b?it in lt'ir<ic?it?-r. SV? V"fk. ;n > ??sr.* nod other Western l?ke p??r1*. I he l hn -g > Hmrd ? >f Tiadr held a m'-^-UiiK *i0 th< Gth io>tai.t, ' wh.. ii .? circular from the Toronto lto*rd of Tr (.ie a ??* read irwl dlaniriMt. Tlw t'htcago H* ? t- 1 ?W'i''ilH a * mmHtee t* iadlt tha ivurd* ?>f Wiiw^ A ? fuwt to, Rorh+et er, Ogdenebnrg, Kia* *? r. il?ar(i M' ntreal and Vtielee to unite in the rr</*' m nt . and i iilion tl.e I aoadia/i Cartum^n' f* r a ? barter Hie) aJ o agr*' d to ro'ip* rate wiih th? T *rooto Ikanl hi innliitic a preliminary anrviy of 'lie r**it< 1 he Huebfier Drmmrat aaj* tbot "p at.* iwn h.*h ra th< i aniwtian CabiiH t are now 'n JxuxViii with * ' ri? w to organire a Hock i-'*?panjr an I ???? * hart' r i>'rii I'ar'i <ww ni. that ?ril rneel in ft*#iloiii irolet. It i? ?iia U04leea<M?l the I'lSuriiMia 1 *i*art favor the pl?u. and thai tin t^rf-nKir IJwflilfffl re* qm meed a loan to the ><>mpooy hoif Die en* if tlw I anal by mwiii# di '?o'.oi**' ..I t. k' ;? r ! ci at inten *t, goorant'ed by lh> tici'ieii *ot. n I ir,< ?? th t will readily eej' *i p*r in ?te"?? TV Wet'iii i4 Uie caul will \r hot eifffcty m ? md j aiU an ?< nine bondn-d Ri.j?i ot lake a^?ir*? ?> N?n H?jfe*?iiui 1>/>wiereoat \jkw. The Hwuk i la)K r be. wbi^ii w>e pa* wd at LK? UM aaawm of , I 'a- w HlUfnlnw le;'?*'a?'.fT, Wdt go lit < of?"*? ' ti**n le ihir. TrarHlInf In Ilk i t ? '?* ?< j >r. l*VTKiu>i>('Ha, Hmarig, "V ?. Hw? Tli.1 rai.ioad fttrt of lie rim i fctt-nd* to tioatn-mtfg, I h dU?a> <? of ?l**it 'Mi mile*, wtiieii li> madam .1 hour*. A.? yon approach thi* lattrr place Vu.' *?*? pen become* wore ??n?l and picturesque lV?Ut. i ful Villa* pt*p out Irinu the maist of grt.vin < f pine bih] towirhg poplar, whilst far in the dUt.m.e, laiildliiC' I 'Tiipj mR more < "roninndiiiK of loftier mien, and mosque d?ra*?. ruist thi ir prood form.- aa oct aaioaal gnmp?e of Iho Unv wmr.-a wf the Bait.. h'IiIh to thi- UWir-ity uud beauty ot the flkw. Konigaberg rootaina uwr flO.OOOinbubitaut. , ami ianow etrengly fortified Unit a second Ih -inn* U.n mi?tt meet with neriou* difficulty befot* '?ik n-*fully skorming it* rampart*. Much of the trndc thht *ju? lierutoiwi* curri? u on through tho Iu.**iiui Waltic ix?rt? i* at nt tnttiMtflfd n< rt Wj-mp h the chief nrllclr of t xport, whil*t lurk'e quantltiw of i otton. sugar and other uvccttsitleii of Hie art rve. iv ?il in return and trviii-jiorted upon wagon* u>M. v?rtM>r tin inttrior of Kr*ia. One of the two only rimalnlng caatlea, built by the old teutouh Kji'ttht*. who, *ome five or *ix centime* ago, wer ? the lordly owner* ot the S-mthern liaitie Mhore.lt here to b? ?<een- it* high wullaond lofty keep retain inn all their original majwdy ?ndgrandeti'. Uh now nwd for public offices, n auR of rooma l-dng re wrved lor tin* huii? w boa he virite hia loyal 'utycoU of tlii- favorite pi ovlace. There too i* to be -cen V humble cottaf in which Kant lived, and woy bin mefaphvuicld throiida of thought Into 11 web ol train rindi-mul nonacm*. Near b\ in hu Uvorit* prome it title, where bin material body nought aid and ever ci.-c bv mining tc md fro, w hit it the nobler jwrt of hi- beitur. burwtinK from it* oriaon home ol clay, wamiertNl far inU. the ivgioiiH of the great In honor of him it in now cailctl Uie phlU<topher ? w alk. Ixuv bb K<>uiin*her(f in themorninjr, I readied tbe ]*nuwiau frontier eariy the follow mg m-.rrtiiK. Thi' ri.le in a comfortable ni!iUc|Hmt, orcr Uie t>eaiitttiil roadf of whi< h KuhhIh in w> jiixtly proud, wa.t any tlnnji but diaagm able. A htrlpetl p<?le, "'K" * iriant'a fill ing iotl, wiing over (lie mod, mark* tiie l.i ..iidiii v line. Near till* in the poll, e or government Htntlon towhleh vou are driven, and quiclh alighting, must Mibinit not only your Iwggage and p .it-|?>rt bi t nlao your object in vlaltlng bin Maj.-at; a do minions, to a rigid examination. All neinp-ipera. and even Hcrapaof priiiU-d matter, are destroyed, and should you la- in pus-eMalon of any book*, tl.ev mi taken, and after being neatly packed and aealixl, aie irWen lu yiair care to la1 canned to St. 1 i tcp , lairu, tin y requiring you to hl?n un obligation ti.ile ' liver them upon your arrival Ui tbe < 'eitwr , by whom they are examined, and if ol a pn?ja<r cbarat tor n turned to tiiuir owner. Should any, however, liap i nen to la- upon the prohibited lint, audi arc n-t ilm ?t I until vou ate ready to leave the ciaintnr, or aeut t?i ; any lavint ikslgimtcd beyond the lamiidaiy. The (;< \i rnor of the station ih u kind gentiemanly man, making the exaction* required by law in a I lourteou* manner. Upon h-annun the oh. ot my vis-it he gieeted me warmly, and appfiin'd deeply inuteful t*>r the BMiipathy exti n.led toward* Ituaiia by Americana. At the lirat atutioii after paaain* the iiottlidiiry line, our comfortable I'm*iaii mallepoat ret hi tied and tli. n. for the flp-t time , we wore a bb to exiierielice tbe luxury of what they call extra i)i, st in ltuasia. Tliia conaiata of a seat in a telega, 0, oiHii wagon, with imaginary apringa ; tlie body la usually (ill.il with straw, ui.on which you tlin.w youmlf and calmly enjoy the d. lightlul movement of a rapid pace over a roogh road. 1 i**t utation* are from twelve to twenty verttta apart, a verrt lielug i qu.i1 to twothlrda of an I'jijfliah mile. At each ol these the lior '< t and tde?a are changed, paying for the former at the rub- of 2? kopek* (I i cent*) ja r VI rsi lath, and taking a* uiaiiv aa yon cIi0.h*>. 1 lie hors. s ure imiiully driven abreast and harneiveil with ru|M-H. At Muriampol WO Struck the great wid bailing fr. m Wiiihi.w toHt. I'etemfairif Tin* w.ia built by ilie Emperor Nlcholaa in 1 H4?> , to lacihtaU? traiei I I. tu eon the two capitals. Formerly it wu* one or the !u ?t roa.l- in the world, but it n<>w much nil up hy the heavy lieight wagon* and trai^pirt*. We K.i.liniu.llo tmtfl in the lelo n until wo rea' bed K< wno ill on the bunk* of the. Ni. man, whb h will 1 e in dict toil si* tbe htn um in the middle of wbiclt Mixundi 1. and N.ipoWot) nut on a raft in .lune, 1 IM)7 , and rondnd. '1 iui urmUlot which led noon | it i wind- to the treaty ol Tilrit. 1 P to this place I tan v.'litola) llir> .nub 1:?>- ?'>' I'ol.aid li.i.ren In ..tli-. I .iinl 1>< uuai tin. I. .. t,. nl.'. i - on h. i pli.m w. io 1 the duel object* of attraction. Those who > ui the I wildi-t moments have ovo? ili.-amwl o( I'oIWi Hide lull, Id... should visit the count '.y and whiles* not oulv the biirrcnnej-s of bin- nl tin* and the gradual do ! .i.yot her uIIblm ?. la.t alto the biirrentic* ol her j i ople tli all thlise .jualiti. * that i iinoblo man. ?ll,o tb?v of Polish nationality "baKcbiin K'liio f..r ever," nil.l witl draw all opposition by the time row cis between wlatn she i* divided, and I mur a doubt If bo, nt i he jiK M-nt timo, pos.-,. ^ -. intrinsic turrit sufficient to enable her to erect a tu w nal oual tt mi 'le (r'.ni the ruins of tbe old. At Kowto. tired of the T< If an, wo procured a pn VI, to .orivCM.n.o, wlii.'h, with the OX' option of a eo M l was but little more comfortable. Illligonce* r n li'wn'i Warmw ami !-t. Peternburg. not ?? hap itiad I,l*/Ut III! boor too Into, nil. I would baio Ih oii 1.bili'.il to wait two tin v < for another In order to travel by pts-t In your own ronvov nine, a i>*.lasorliliH, or order to the vanou- ulatioli Ki ' i t Iiurv<'", l?aiH to !>' In ;i ? 1 < I i t : < ?n i t.< thi*. toll, or n r? ml tax, ha* to bo pa Id for e?<*b liorfo, the proceeds of which are expended in ro il, irs ii p. -n the rt .nl. From Kowno to St I ? tors tntp a d' 'ante of nl*?it ?-ven hnndro.l ver-t?, *<? liave'ihd diiv and Bight, stopping only lon? en.ai 'h ii I tb. .liferent -ti.tioni to . bange horses, I he sta ; tion lite t'oilt and owned by government, and I In their < xterior are n.at.but with.n mo-tlv dlrtv and devoid of itomacbic luxuries. Imw i'"' pine i t. rests skirt the road lor mile* In many nlaee* ami , tbosc nerv 1* nanally tame and imlnter.^tlng. Mn> I da\s aftei lei'vlns bt ran we r.arlied St. 1'oteraUirg, we'aiy in iiiual and ^itb bnil -luilf di-lo- atetl from the fath'nt > "f the j.airney. Right heartily did Cinit tin ?p? tiRtt d dome* ?ntl giliteil >pir? ? of tin 1 <?;<> oi the C/ais, "paikliog m tbe cveninu -on ' Wo toi.nl .onitortable ijiMitet* ?t n Hot. d> I |tn-*it , whb I in rep .rd to d.iilv It" "-a-y oxik ni I >* ?l?oi't on ? p r with tin llr?t<U?* New ><irk l..> | tela. Ui lit !>? l.un.l quite a I*!K'' numb' r All I'll 1 i .ii", tb' into', pmtiiioeut nl whom are n. I 'in' I Ii it < tl .?sti.t"'* .Senator Irom ltb.*b- lei. .ml, ai.d tie three ?" ntlcir.' n " mpi :-u.'- tb< military '?oinmlpion ! w ,,t out bv "III prttermiient to ex imii* tl" fortttl ?* t,. i .if this and other ooimtriea. They 't-'-k '?>"? I . .bit of tl.eir re. ptiofl her. ind the iaclliue* afl'Kl , .| tb- m for - 'IB lulu;' Ih- varioua milit. rv ??|l - t'oveiliiliont. t il.iV or two 'III' e tl" . ri-llotl ? ,iatlt aud w.ie biKhl.v .1. lighted with tl"' woik-.H r|i t, II. . a bit k h . to for ? Ion If ? time I" ? n k- < ping tl,, pn ml tb ' ' ?! t!ioal?? -m bay. m w oi t " tormina - 1 ? '?"P"I tb" I""' ?' 1 fatal Ppnb' tlx allb - an* of eotiiw i ff ? ? u " U I I,, 'I I . t'dlii^* < f lord 1UkI?!i d' ' ,,.t r. ... h> tl Ilie city, and I am pha-dio.., ? I -lif J.' <>J>f ' |t#IM oi nt l|l< ? HMlW i' " 1 rhr 'tTan i:n:'l..ml ami enllghHied ' r. i " " . ,rn .. b ii from the m.iiilier In whb h th? a -i-n I -.,ti? I - "I I'lOM.lelo e III r-eoi\ed in h 'Ill f UmUHiirlli K.l?f? |< nr . 1 ? nl' lirr ,f (It. AHmiijr J i ,1 Uns, AUjf'> ?' 7, l? . .liili'l- H i?l 'TO(tli OWIi- ?>*/i|t H,MHI urr- ... !?Hil n tlilatmin, < murli nx.f In iImiI mi *l)< a<ljoiBiB( l? w? ut Itualt, i i 4,,imi in lti<" I town Of < '?)? <hiti.4, ;HI?1 .i f'r'jl liUBjr tt Klxljl- n ' oth?*r VntD' fn tbi? lad wit cowM*? tn4 M I* i Nil) ;*)! it'' 'i Im '1? Uii- l<?> t iii the .ikiI rnD?lii(iiljf ii. m ? >-.ti/ in vn 1 in H' ? - I , l.iit > for ? r linv'i (f Hir ifxrt i >4fl th<?' i? :? pik knlttew "I ntml t* ?? **n< rsiiv n>>* frvm mu> > iiitntal ptmifrttj, ?i?t wo n/ |.(.ri r i t? dom' ?t?' > ? mfvrt ii > '? fn^livl 1 iteal i' ???>. 'n ? an?1 h 'pf-lne*.. WU# than* ? mi ? i irc Ui.'l1 ?"? i iii tin- *urUl n?or<- lilit-fai k ir w ' ii u lli^ 'Hi il in Mr. Wwl?wort)i , it '? u ! t.ltir !? r III* Coifilry, ?n<l ine?l< nlatiiv tii'Ui f?ir t)w ?B?lti - laii'lhoUtrm. if tl*' U'l'ImK l?"l ??) In in win DHHil II' two ti'llnl("I thrift) pip. r || < >i . ? I <# ? o'.ln live ii) ib (heir ?fnn!l farm* irirt MintillMtf to Hie ?iii a! nrrhlUi tural hnrt traitors I ?r.<j tdara Ii- I i Imp. "Ti fl.4 r.t trf the < 'Ml tn. Tin ' MAIM latulwlr il mj?> of tiiuM* ?uh-luitiai f*rtn lB<t i<i f? a(ipnf< r'*n<" ? mi n?4.< rali> ir> "ii>n pur iimm f -triii In V fk. It la a Hi iM (mioI'iI i<> !?>? ?.?it ii 1 1* it t h fi'inii ui't lit' ft* i ahteh i <'H-titut/. <w< if th< fi ?i >t tliw i evBiCfvrt irllff, ar>4 It ml ?? t> t 'l??l lb ? ? f?. . nrnt n tin w ? I' fMil<l I* ii on ji.itiri i^|ii' , an an fl a- mora la a ' iilaia ' wHh what lm? l*-ii fm a<t tot"* mtM nln"n:'#>i -iii, ii;- (iirnl li iHix mi" ? H*' . ?? oftlj i ? th > ?#( i -'at' i? n thr haiiH- f I'* n H/rhf"" d fo> , i|#<r* will I* 'Mh* **e*ia* I ??f ? ? mplalM. a I i f Mr. K >ik*iit'li ? iiul i? hh''4 WW 1 <nl, *cd r.nl'j lot tart a ?tfiirV iw T* . a h_? i#?? th# I fill ?!?' al?<il l?4f?. Ml t; Iiwa?i4 ??<!? ! }'it -a in la ?h? li ?rl ? ? ? V/. W. i Me ' ? ?t<?4 of t>ia | IHiy (t j , i in! Ka f-iiliii atimi alii) Btaaimi liU A ?Inn1* t? On' l ?t >/i?l? na f h?a" Im i n 4' w. \ m<\ Wit i iijy i? Wii? rwl? rtrWtl/ a4hr?<<l t?. t/?l tlr. * <li t4t< ? lo- 'hara'tW '4 Ih'-'injai Ui t? wr? .} in fiie arv* ral 4<-U|a'4 ? i' lint ?liwii4<1 Vawit ?? a; ? at ?>ik b *i'* I* "-??r>r4 f?.r pi?t?ni whv h in b*. <?! iw h> .. ht. U,-m yrr* t .? nr toy i - . w<ffc.?jr< ftV>' >?'J."r anv ?> T^AiWm f ilm w'wt <tt? i.' ?! ta l? Ik' Waal a>>V?ii nf i|H < T>. f i.l i? Uut tl?aa?- tamb ?r? the ?..i ithn'.iil I?:i4? in ?J1 tbU w?tf r, ? ? ,w 't , refrW^ti, ?n4 ?ir..f<ir!nly jtVmI mi tatif rrn|H ?? <m < 'ki't tB U>? ^rvlMb %a.w>, T?. nn'Ji a?ll?? * (nm oM bHUt* ? ? I >?/?* Uawt w%??t lai> f. i ??i^. a/ at ??l J*- Ml*) fur ?M?t |?fc>?i H"- u' ! i <-na l'j?M? '.txl f?* i.a>4 f <? K> ?l j < f*ij? , f-*?ji t" I" tl i" ? "? I J l?r?4 at tnr'rtf Cj< ?! *4^ Th* %t i Uh Bl>tnM*T4 - - ? in TO THF IMTOH O0 TH* Rail.1) (n the summary of new* brmigfet by the ?u?mmAm|p flWfie, and |?ul*i?l??d in the Hfrald noth etflh task, (be following paragraph appeared Tbe nnuuul feu?t of the Welsh KisteddvoA been celebrated in linndon. The ChnmUU ?Jp6 that notae at tbe people shotud lrara tbe Wrfcfe l? gmgt tor thin rnuum : fn a atrietly etlu?aMMp\ l'<iint of vinr. It in sdviwoMe u> encourage UUtMg, talent aiming tltoM eopftbte of * ritittg l hi UuiguaMk, to provide thi- mesas b j which an inroad may It made upon the mias of lgnor*ur? which oufortn nately lurk* umidat the reeeaae* of that oooutry . douU it will be imfaaadble '<? make any mater*? |'i?(inm in this direction until they are counrsans wtth U?- Ku?li?h l&ngusge. A person (rom reading the foregoing nqjuat m4 illiberal remark*, might he led to Mppovtbnt Wel?h people were a half -civilised and stupldsnoo of '? boor*," There ure few people in this MB try nho know what an Kisw-ddvud a? K and fewer ntill cordd t.-arn anything ccortm Ing the Welsh tod theii claiOiJ to edott tion and ititeliipenre frnin (tic ainnv otonai upecunen 01 ?pleea and prejudice. Ax ihmuaate of your reader# tuny, trom reading the f?r?-golny brief (>ond?mnatioa of a whole race, form unlaws* hie iimmaaions regarding the people oi Wal"?, ire will submit a few fact* on (lie ? ? | | ? h ? r^- aide, dev? loped at the national festival in la.ndoo, at wbMh tlt?- writer sneered. Had t h?- party wlu? cumptfrd tlic new* brought In lite Ilaltic thought |?roprr to i hate been impartial, he would linre found *mi?ie re filiation of the fabte Impression made by the ('luna fir, hy turning to other l?udou paper* which war | Ii'Hf prejudiced. Tin- London AdrtrUsn contained | u full report of the Kialeddvod, of a)?out tlm* o?l nmns, and spoke of it in n-*j*<'etfiil and flattettm term*. The l.ondon N**nt al-o < ontained an t in par I tial iiud favorable notW of the Kl?ted<1v>>d, uitf | tb>- intelligence' and genius of titrate who cmh-odet , for the prizes. Yet, aa fur a* tbe American |*?ple i or preaa are concerned, all they are permitted l? knot* or iuidej-hti<nd about tin- matt r contained ! in the above lihej of Ute Chi outfit. hfoteddvnd' b?vr existed from a remote period tm ' Wale*, and soinrwhst resemble, iih far ta literature. , poetry und music are crticemed, the Olympic i<mm of the ancient (inika. The) o< our periodically, net I "ai.nually," at which poet* or bard*, tnuali mrut er ? perform? on the Welsh ha.p, and llierarr ram , |>OHet>, l^rottn1 competitor* for pri/.?* oBernd to tbe mi?l a<ie? ea?(nl cuididatea. Tlw> hare eierciaed ? very tavmable itifiiicm e tijmii the literatun) an# education of the prlnripality. <lf lute yean thev have been lieUI ??ith more *piri<, ( Md have emliracea u wldei field ol mibj* rl?. l?iQ( made to i ii< hide literary e*aay* on m-ientlili aulijerla. un well a* iiroitiictiotiK in the line art*, ancli a* acolp tnre and painting. In 1KV?:i there wan a maimilt< ent Ki^tfddvod lieU at AU-rgavenny, in Wale*, which . out limed for two ? daya, and at which tliere were him . rMMfol lomi^titore from lirlttany. in France, ami owe al*o from ?<eiOM ny, of a Wel~h family. At tlii* Kiateddvia), Wefefc iM.eta, Welah harjieia, Wel*h alnger*. and Wrlfc i literary men, *troTe for proemlnrnce, and pri^en to n Kreat pecuniary amount, and of *tiU greater tale* in li"iior, weie l*-?towed on the *iic< e*ntiil aapiraute. Thu ie< eiit Kiateddvod held in Utmdon, w*? tbe Drat, probably, ever held In that city ?in< ethehaxoa invaaton. It wik patroniM'd by the ptieen aad I'llnee AlU-rt, u* well a? by the waithfnl Pruue t? ' Walea. It* pte.iding oflii ei wa< the itigbt Honorable Sir Ilenjamin Hail Hart., M. I'., 0 native ol Wales, ami *ho snceeedol Mir Wsi. Moleawortli. proninti il to the ( oIihiihI Ite^nrtm^Wt, a* CowmUmonei of Wood* and Foreata. The T1c?? l'm>iduiU? wen tbe Hon. Thomas {Joy d M.?tyn, II . P., 1..loneM I'any, 1>uj , o( Maiiryn, an<l I lam inotid Wlmlley, 1 -o. \ rnoii" others pre*ent wars Mr. IJoyd Hav iea, M. I'., Ute veiuiruble Ar<hd>-a'*00 William*, I. ?>l) Hull ami laidy Man.li ill, nst4v>** vt Wslea. la-aides iiiinu-roii* retlntM- "I otJn-r I tdina ol isliK Slid dL'itinul inn. There werr also a number of diatirnuleheif Wi I II land* proaeni. Some amnM-mi-iil mum excited airiongnt the Hasana preS4-nt, by the prei-t-rce soiongut the < oni|ietitsai i?>i honore of three >iinng Weluli phU, of tie |* oaanl cho H.iii the plctnrt ?{tie eiM-lanx of their native moo* i tides; their u|>iii' :ance, however, wrmnl to U?rt "CMiiri rufioliiiig aa a bnc/e frora tin it utUve hills. Kt. Martin'* II. ill. wImtw tlir ? ? l?-lir.*t i<?n ?u liidd. wim th-i'iiml' d and hung with On- Inialdii Imiumw nt WiilcK, In < itlml wrllh MilUlJr WYUh im/Hiaa. Tlx will!* wen lini-tl with rm*l< )<< Irtini tin- studio af Mi I'.ilw ,n'?. an < tnlnrni Wi '-li tuiiljilnr. wlnb n> Ih < t<*<) yr?*ut rrfdlt on In* ck ill. Mr. Kdward?, in hi- youth, MUM |iiit In the rarpooti-r tmdr, sail fruai tl i iii c, l.\ M-ll ?lu< .itlon, attiiliiril IiIkIi rank in lu? nolilc Mini illflii lilt art. Anions the liriintitnl J"??m rkhlldUil b; liiwi wre, ?'llrlij; u I 'iu>-.lmir Ju4>rr in l.rr tlrlef, "ll i- spirit \?. ?'IhIiiih, and Uw? " U t Dri iiiii." 'I Inn wi n ?Mitl in Iwvr l*-rt? rr niMikithh- prixlurtiium. Among ?!>?* |*lnt!rv? wa* n fln?* full hnjfth liL<f no* of halliair in, tlif luud.bv Kvan 'I limit**, unothn" ?? li tunpht arti?t. Thrte urn ?!*?> mil 1 all an irro?i|ta of t!i?" li.inl* juiI litr rati of North Wale*. Tin- |in/? f to I*- < < M]H (m) for unit iiti'mn'rd ta iM inr twentvliw- or thirl) , yet t li?- ?' drew owl from tin- jirlrieipnliH mcr 4oo nanjH ttinr*. Sir llenjatulii ll.ili on hi. in Iii- ofM-mug *[?eii%. lb. S hi 1m i I mti iii'i <1 man/ KI?lnMti>d?,raj>ei 1 milt at t I ergati i r*y. tlit Ui.* writ* the flrvt hi III 111 IodiIm, ami hi* fi It |<r< atprlile at tlir favorable atiapieaa atli nihil it liijojto ?/ a* it ?lhl, the |iatnioairtnf |f<* M iji -1 ? tin (/nwn I'rlif*** -Mix it jiid 1 hi* Crimea* U ill P. "tint frli ml anil ronnlrrnun l^rr," *ai?l Hir ll*a jiiinin. in ?>! ? imi*r 1 In* |?m 1 i'<l 1 oca. Mid a gnat Hi in 1 1 1 ot Mir 1 utinfryini u und* r^hnid no oilier la* pi -yi than tlii \V > 1*1 II. am 11 nt tongue of Kr tain. I may alimw that that U nonage i? a |n trerful or pan <>( tlmr r li^rl- ?n ami literature. IM thi \\ 1 Uli lierh-ilireU, in Mi- return ot li t jra* ( I | , no h ?a than '.''i<i,132 lOtiu-a were final. 4. jnil.2 il ami ? hi ?!' limit 1 ly nntti-n in that lonjrui . an<l '.'3 ??1 II. him mul :I.A??| T'etameata.alao. ?>?*?* ? iirnLi'i tl lent ti ar 11 that language h) tile HiiJ'i K* ? tety . Ii riii,-t >e irrnriu tiered that - oday ?-l*>iil? ba??* i* -tul hi Wale? . otMnnomni ? ? with thai' lit* 1 t.ihli*l.i frit 1 ? Hot* it ltalki-a. How ran a peofde whoa 1 hi limn, ft r*i gin ?, < i#-t who h*>a ?? lurgil ? iiltivati-d Iltrratnr* ami art*, \>r i? wil 11! -. HOI) r i|--hii)?rl??* U tr<rn anij t?*arh tbrrs 1 ivlll/.it on in thi r own Ian* ijjji In iiotnt of truth mul Kmrial imiitllU. f?.i v*i? (nt tltr t'l?rufi*rlr ? i|.i j in, iv j.rotii l > Wi Mi |ni.fn--? in that 4i* Mom l'<niiig Ihi < \ til 1 i .on th' it <t*- int. air a4 r<*? |i tit Inn hv harjl?ia or tiiu?trrl? on th' trljiU liat)ai, 1 "hu h ho.itl W n!*? enriHil t|.r i nr thi tu?' t tu/aa i ii thi I'i liT' i?f , th<* i.il/i' u..? i?*riln| 'o !*(!? M. hall. TIm- orlw far tl ? I < ?( (Hnalr itnirliif ?a? aw..fitrd to Ml* Ana I'im 1 . th' ?* nml tn Ml-- l?i in-, ui'l thi tUirti ta Mart W klUu. v in. Mo wii t) i ( *? 1 1 ? t . on th- t?~t ->.tmi of rdtnn' .n '01 Will-. John Sane* aim a i/j- for tl.r laM !???> i t. r /t!.? i- tr.t"t*nloff If* Col* It, won a L-rl/? tor th?' l< <I Iimmli Iili u.r lilr ' ?( I!, hard ' .1 til l>.w> I W ?li -,?lni M: ta t| . 1 rlii.i*.-i Thi i t?r,f i$fi n t |ir. ff a warded tm thi- In -t W rl?h |a? tr< and i-.i tl r i^?i t*>l?h *? 1 a. 1 Otiiliotitaitio. \ I 1/4 itf till, 1 n#.?? fn 'hi l?--t fklfy o 1 Wir 1'rn 1 ml Kiia> Kvaii l>rwi/ht mil Ibrly 1 h ??, m.'I thr* h'iftor wita i <|uallv i*.i ?(. d tn to/** a) thi in rlii.Mmi linWk *(>11 !'?' fitly li>f tl?? l*trt 1 ??iiiK <n tlir trijih ?'r r>- Kaip tlnl W?Jt#r W*i I" . won llif -? i i 'l |irh" t J H .Pn/n. wimi a fii /i- ;< tl l#?l ? *y ofi tin- ^ir-^til al'latt* r ha twnn I'tan- ? ?ul Iji/lai d k i>nn "I IW'i LT'il *?? .*? wna ?? I'tV i L? I .aOy M*il lor tt' Im1 W il.f, on?, ?;th h?rtioro,a? il?? rl|? t?oi. of tl?. mm mr*. tan;-'i * A< , of the um ij? 'n |ti# Hban lta*ti/i|, ??ii ' n ull* with a tm ?"??iu/ii i ii 'hr :t??', ? 1 o r 1. It rtdi ulr t Hi"" *ta* aft- 1 1< ?! to d# ? | ..? 1 in rial I** tunj,*' . k jir /? nf ti 11 if. !?> ia Hi. ???*hdtoi I iha Iki' ? nf V.a^itt fur at. ? 1 "/<> atJ# ? ???i ti?a oii?t* -, t?f Halra ?ad thr tl> ? m| < nw nt 1.' Ma wtiaaai ft a?ji t? (4(1], (,?r?t W|,w,t? o( -U loi.M 1 ,????? tb? i?u trt? >t i?i.fi mm u' ?rtiiri-r n ^??tillt it ta ??4l kn wn '?? n,a?l? a nomlat ot trtmkliWli frvta tUnli litimry w m I * W y 11 ?r tmii la Miitd a> t| .~ t?Wi "ti ?? ir.t/ lli^rm *- ?nd Mfvalmai la '1*1 kn.f that all thi h? *? Ijigllali *vrt> 1 it ? ' ? a Mudntid ilitu WVUIi. ud r?-*4 0} (ar W* Uh J-* j.li uV f harlnir an ?ttrrMttri ft'Tmlvi* alitor nw'i, win I auUid'ttr, mh| thi ^iii?m4 1,, ? of pf /'dlrr. ha., ll?- Chr'um* t tvf t if tl.r lar 1 un tf th (r 0 1 nunnn ti r?r ?f Jkimi, * A?r Wir? rr trf?"? ' arfi'l# |?k ? in! in a K/*a?u kf ^ti#* l?tH.|ia| a?y 'iruilnilmf '?lr mi Wl> m Ii? 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