Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 15, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAYaKH etiHDON BKKNBTT, PROPWKTOR AND KD1TUR. N. W. OOR>ER or N ASSAD AND FULTON BT3? v>i>?? ]a. **>? w AMI ?K.MKVT?^ TIMS KVENIKO. 6BOADWAY TIlKAlCKK, Broadway? Pcsca? MiHn.trm b<M>MUUt?? iHKKM M?>tTKU. HAKDK.N, Br<vl.i? ay? Mis.1 PtXB? ClBOSBilAA. BCVi.KV TUrXIRR, Bowery? Daiio* ai?d Pttbi.vb? 1MT>"OO.n Of mir-il-V _____ MBVROPOUrAN. f!r.?dway? La Fnxa Dm Donmnoa? V'ls-B DEB SvMrMKa? I-A MAJA ds Bktol*? Lb PaHT1? db Hwn. WALLA.WN THEATER, Broadway? TB? Huxcobacc? Uai r < HV)U? K-WI..U Diahqkd. WOOD'S MJNriTRKLg, Mechanic's Hall, 472 Broadway. ?kw Vorh, Wfdneday, Aogwt 15, 1895. Tike News. "Neither of the two steamers due from Europe had been heard from ap to a late hoar last night. We lcara that three more deaths from yeUow fe ver have occntwd on board the sloop-of-w&r Fal anooth, lying at Quarantine. In consequence of this, the Health Officer baa deemed it his duty to place fee ship in starlet quarantine. We do not suppose that these sporadic cases of fever will alarm any <?be heroor elsewhere. Since the 'time the disease was in this city years ago the marshes in and around (tie city have been filled up or drained off, thus away all aid the fever derives from the poisonous malaria arising from Buch places. We have news from the city of Mexico to the 5th met., and from the Rio Grande to the 8th. It is as ?ocflicting as intelligence from those quarters nsu aly is, and, therefore, should be received with cau tion until its crediblenesa is confirmed. The revoln tioovts were ><tated to be within four leagues of Vera Crca. This is hardly possible. It was also stated that the conducta from Mexico, with a million and a half of treasure, had been captured after a sharp en gagement, in which the government troops were eompletely routed. If this report turns out to be true, the capture of the specie will bo of no ad vantage to the revolutionists, as Alvarez and t.'omontoit have heretofore announced their termination to renpect private property, and she treasnre, being the property of British merchants, will be bunded over to its rightful owners. It is likewise reported that Comonfort has b<yn defeated by Gen. Marque?,, and again that Gen. Eiuii' O had gone out to fight Comonfort. An extensive conspiracy is said to have been discovered at the capital, in which several Americans were im plicated. There hud been some real fighting in the Northern provinces. Sallillo had been captured by the insurgents, al ter a two days' l>attle, in which the government troops were terribly rut up. Gen. Woll had de.-troyed the suburbs of Matamoroa, and was prepared for a desperate defence againHt an army of thi <"? thousand men, said to be under command of Col. Duncan, formerly of the United States army. The steamship Crescent City arrived at this port yesterday with Havana advices to the 9th instant. The communication to the authorities ? army, navy and volunteers ? of the vote of approval passed by the Spanish Cortes for their patriotic services in the late crisis of Cuba, appears to have created an un bounded jubilation in the hearts of all so honored. The Queen had also approved the measures adopted by the Captain General, in raising and equipping a body of two thousand free men of color. Our cor respondence contains everything of interest that had transpired on the island. A royal order has been published, notifying some half dozen Cubans to up pear at Havana to answer the charge of being con cerned in the assassination of CaBtanado. The new banking scbeiue of the government hud proved a decided failure. A terrific thunder storm occurred on the 5th, during which the Americau ship Sky lark and a Spanish bark were struck by lightning. Some cases of yellow fever and cholera had appeared among the troops recently arrived from Spain. The Italian opera company were about to open at the Tscon theatre with " II Trovutorc." An arrival at Philadelphia brings dates from Rio Janeiro to the 7th of July. Thrro was no news of importance afirring. Fevcral columns of this morning'/* paper aro occu pied with an oi-ticle reproduced from the IVestmin tter Rtoitw. Advertisement* would probably pay better, and gosaipping letters from the watering flaws would undoubtedly be fts interesting and iii fctroctive, it' not more suggestive, but we .'re in clined to give the article to show the public is now thought and fluid of as in England. The New York Hkkai.d ia apokca of ns u paper of limited power, while the Boston Atlaa Is credited with great in!iuen< e, although it ia scarcely ever seen ont of Massachusetts. The writer also states that the reported rapture of s?!> i stopnl ret ired with great applause at one of the Xew Y"rk theatres, when we know tlmt the revi rsc is the fact. The Rtcitvotr, however, consoles himself w ith the iii- a that there will >et be i.n Anglo- Vaerir in alliance. We publish a telegraphic depatch fiom S|nin^ BeW, Man* , containing mine speculation* upon the frobaMe rAote likely to n-Milt from ,x t'uskmlst meeting to he held in that city t i-morrow. We do not perceive anything particularly important or original in the movement. Tlw leaders are the - > iu eld abolition bell- wethers that haro led the Mi' --a ehu-ottM (Hnnlics by the snoot for 'cars pa-it, m J their proceoiiDgs u ul have alioat the same efil-.-t npon the country ul large as would a revolution In Timboctoo. \ Repuhlieaii Htate Convention w.n held at Port land, y. t., jc. terdBy. Senator ? Hale ivd Bell, of New Hampshire, and Wade, of Ohio, att.-ndod, an.l II, P. Butler, of this city, ?d?!res?cd u h it, a to the meet ing, which, togethei with ! }.? speeches of the grn tlen.i n mentioned, wen devoted to the negro ques tion, a tcj ic iiugj,t ti\c of 111. i'Ii ; 'n( eriTillons, es pecially in tfie dog da) . There i?, however, no a - counting fi^r in this matter. We Lure in rt-i from Texas that CloventOr IVjiv baa 1 1 en re-clectei, and that ex4.1overuor Ih !l is ?K eted to t *. ? i'u i > ?*'. An < ii ctii n for couiil> ollii em llnee in lows hut * < < k, which, M fiir as heatd 1 1 ? :?i, '-ulkxi in j'avot of the democrats. The W oiuati v iii* ht i Convention w ill commence tu iiiy at furato;.. Sj.rit.jfs. and i 'titinuo for three dej h. Mrs. Lu< y Stone ).ia< kwell, M i -. Ros?*, anJ a host of oth?r stfptif: minded female", will t;ik< j. irt ?n the fjros i fdii. ."?? Met and oi hers will be gtaiilciT, u-idmibt, to m .ru that :lic delay in forwarding goods to Wl i M ?,\\hieh Iuls existed faf no time p i -t in ??.? i, ihc of obrirui'tious on the Baltimore anil Ohio B. !r i d, is no longer esjierieu'dl Mcrchau ?r^r . hi ., trti wen rori through without ttnnece-'Muy 4llt< 1. 1 1- II. t h?; tr.'nsftLt'u.u in i fittoe y? lerday were limiti l to -oiii' 100 a ?>"<> in,, i, . kft closing ft1 uu J???;ilers nrete diipo?"<l t, uwmi |,,tcr ncwa from i<tit ad. I lour wus wiitimit ? i-aiu-e "f moment, while niies were to * fi ir extent. Ho r, t reduction in t):r value of tlii- article es. 1 1* uatieipatcd nntil * -uAlcient time r laj 4-s for mi;ij?11i ? to c<ime in freeU frem the wheat regions of thi -i i,- tad tlie greet > :;ir.;-ry of the West, which hi- s -n i>n.longedby ?>.? three w?eks r; ; weather ex,..-:'.. - c. ,| -n julv, Othciigb wheat arrives freely Irom the .- . ith, it is tr.ken up us fu-t as it roie<. eithe r for d.- ue-tio willing ii rid consumptiou or for exjv-rt. und i- not Mifii'wui, in quantity to create anj ?nr|i!n<- st >ck. indeed, ccvr", i |.. ndred tbousand besbels have '>een ? ontwrted t?i- futuie d?!ivery, nifntly i,: eUd fur cx|M>r!. Hence eoowiaere mu?t wa t pa ticbtly h r a deeided fail ii price-* until tic >fortbwe?t, Includlii <i Ca .uia,opcn their strn .?< to us fli.d pon them utoourp toflltucri de[K(t through the We teiu uin.ils and lakes. Wheat ? W. ed firmer, an tip* >>l tendon y jn prii?<. Corn adntneed uliont one rent per femltrl. Pork + 1 h'gler. w fii in ? e i|" i ?? ? . IW-f ,.| |,P| I. <|i ?.Lv uiiu .. a tilers , it TjU price*. A considerable sale of coffee was made by I wc'MHk, particulars of which wiU,h? found in another I cojunu. Freights were unchanged. Several person* were arrested yesterday in Wll tUmaburg, charged with uttering counterfeit $5 bills on the Ow Bank, df thU city. It is be liav?d that there is- a Urge amount of thia begun stoffia circulation at the present moment, and the forgeries are seweil executed that even the bank* have taken some of the bills for genuine one*, nor was the fraud discovered until they were presented at the O'^a# Bank-.for redemption. Traders, there fore, *honi W on the lookout. The parties arrested? twetve in number? will have a hearing to day at the Jelfcrson Market Police Court, and per sons who have been victimized will serve the cause of justicc by attending to identify the rogues. In the Board of Aldenncn last eveuiug the nomi nation of Robert Kelly to the office of City Chamber lain was confirmed by a unanimous vote. The cor respondence between F. W. Edmonds, the retiring Chamberlain, and the Mayor, upon the resignation of the former, is published under the appropriate head, in another column. With reference to the lia bility of the city for damages from piers being out of order, the Corporation Counsel advises that the tenants of said piers are responsible, and he is confi dent the Court of Common Picas will so declare in a pending suit. Several other matters of interest came before the Board, for the particulars of which our readers are referred to a report of the proceedings elsewhere. In the Board of Councilmea last night a report to relieve some street contractors of their obligations come np as the special order of the day. This re port was first presented to the Board last February, and has been hanging by the eyelids ever since. The whole matter was finally handed over to the Comptroller. There was uo other business trans acted calling for particular notice. The committee appointed by the Board of Alder men to investigate charges of corruption preferred by Alderman Hoflmire against Alderman Moser,met at four oVlotk yesterday afternoon to proceed with the investigation. Alderman Hoffmire, however, being absent from town, and having received no no tice of the meeting, the inquiry was postponed until after his return. It will be seen by a report in another column, that the liquor dealers and brewers of Cincinnati have held a meeting preparatory to a regu ar organization of all interested in the liquor traffic throughout the State. Similar organizations already exist in New York and Pennsy lvania, and their influence will no doubt be niateiial in till future elections. The Great Comproiulne of 178/? Mu^sarhu s etts Commerce and Moutli Carolina Sla very and the Slave Trade. Massachusetts in Iho foremost State in the phalanx of negro worshippers. She oruit3 no opportunity to show her superior devotion to its interests, anil her readiness to sacrifice the highebt objects of federal d(?stiuy to its success. Professing Americanism j>ar excellancc , she is ever ready to sink that character into subordi nation to the negro. Her history, in connec tion with slavery, :s a continual libel upon good faith and fair dealing. In lier political intercourse with her associate States she has not been known to turn aside the blessings of union lYom herself, but always, with marvel lous readiness, to gather up its fruits, and to pocket its gains. She has been fortunate. Three years after the adoption of the consti tution, a system of policy was inaugurated exactly suited to her then condition and neces sities, and to the devclopemcnt of her re source". It was nothing less thun a direct pro tection of her manufactures and shipping; practically the bestowal of a bonnty upou her industry and capital, collected from the agri cultural .States of the South and centre. In deed, it is obvious that Massachusetts has de rived far wore signal benefits and advantages from tho Union than any other of its members. In whatever else she has been wantiug, it has not been in keeping an eye to the main chance, both in the organization of the go vernment nnd in its subsequent legislation. In deed, her whole policy lias savored more of sharp business management, with a view of promoting her material interests, than of en larged state -man^hip, looking to the building up of a great system of government whose blessings should be equally distributed to all ' its constituent pnrK II was tho dictation of those Interests that continued the African slave trade from lTflsto ls08, a period of twenty years, during which time her shipping, far more than any oth..r State in the confede racy. WM employed in transporting negroes from Africa to the ('arolinas and (Geor gia. 1 1? tlh; rotnl of slavery at. the commence ment ol" the Revolution was thus added an amount still greater. Grown rich, insolent and powerful, umb-r the accumulated advan tages .,f union with her sister States, is it, won derful that, moved by considerations so selfish, fhe is I he first to repudiate her obligations to them and lo malign the motives of those who claim the fulfilment of her covenants? Why should more be expected of a State which sig nalized its adhesion to the compact of union by selling its principles for advantages to be ecurcd thereby to its commerce and an op?n bonnty to its indudry and capital? This is a serious reflection upon the pa-l and present < endue t of one of the oldest and rioh f "t states of the Union. It is the more so be cause it> averment'' are essentially true; be cause t involve" the character of a great corn ni mwoulth of freemen, who claim the first rank in the republic in point of intelligence and moral standing. W'e have not thus cho sen to speak from an idle or groundless preju dice. uor do we r?dy upon (he great errors she has committed in the past in connection with ihc extension of the African slave trade, which -lie largely sustained b_\ her shipping, to justi fy her arraignment now before the country, without being able to connect those nets ?ith her present industry nnd policy, .She is at this time more identified with slavery than any other State North or South. Her professions and l*r practice are in utter couffiet. and if she is now ready to tiling her material into ten-i- .n subjection to her avowed principl- , it will be the first time in her career since the Revolution that ?'lie hns done so. us recur t? hidory to fucts. Under the old confederation the slave trade and the regulation of commerce were reserved to the States. The Southern portion of the coantrv werc large exporters of produce and utterly opposed to the imposition of export duties. They tcuaclou'ly withheld from Congress the power O I levy ill" duties and arranging the litigation laws. The Eastern States, especially Massy hn^ tK were the ship owners and were nu-t urgent to empower the general govern ment with the exclusive control over naviga tion ami commerce, in hopes thereby to secure a preference over foreign shipping; "the South regarding such preference as most lik.dv to enhance the cost of transportation. Thu* the two interests were in conflict. Jn IT#" this ' " ? ? ae under di,?sdon in Co. '""t' ttnii num. i>ouiu cuiuijuu aud * Georgia were the two extreme representatives of the slave States and most bitterly opposed to the proposition to give Congress exclusive jurisdiction over the navigation laws. The two most prominent and exciting subjects before that convention ? and which seemed to be link ed together ? were this matter of regulating commerce and the African slave trade. The latter was denounced as a violation of the principles of the Revolution and the States were urged to consent to its immediate prohibi tion. It was referred to a committee of one from each State. That committee after discussing it in connection with the proposition to confer the exclusive power over the navigation laws upon Congress, reported In favor of the pro hibition of the slave trade after the year 1800. and at the same time against any restriction to the regulation of commerce by Congress. Thus the two subjects were blended. After full consideration of the matter and the ob vious softening down of the New England delegations upon the subject of slavery, and in obedience to an understanding between Mas sachusetts and the extreme men of the South, C. C. Pinckney moved to extend the prohibi tion from 1800 to 1808, which was seconded by Gorham, of Massachusetts, and carried against the votes of New Jersey, Delaware; Pennsyl vania and Virginia. Immediately following this act, the proposition to give exclusive pow er to Congress to enact navigation laws came up. It was warmly advocated by Governeur Morris, Wilson and Gorham, and sustained by Mr. Madison. C. C. Pinckney, "in considera tion of the liberal course of the Eastern States," (Massachusetts was the only one which had much commerce,) "in voting for an extension" of the African slave trade for eight years, felt it to be his duty to vote for giving the exclusive power to Congress to make com mercial regulations, and it was carried. Thus, as Governeur Morris called it, by "a bargain" between Massachusetts and the slave State of South Carolina, power was given to the commercial men of the East to regulate the navigation laws, and to the rice planters of Carolina the equivalent of twenty years ex tension of the African slave trade. This was the first great compromise between the North and the South; it was the purchase of the control of the navigation laws and the profits of the slave trade for twenty years by Massachusetts, at the trifling expense of the sacrifice of its principles, so often and so loud ly proclaimed. It was natural enough for Georgia and South Carolina to seek the perpe tuation of an existing system of slavery and slave trade. Their motives cannot be ques tioned for so acting. But no such exemption falls to Massachusetts. The interests of her commerce are too obviously the consideration moving them to the "bargain," and the regret is, that they exhibit as little faith now to the com pact of union as they did then to the cause of { negro rights. Eut we will suppose there is a moral statute ! of limitations which may be pleaded by her, not in justification of her conduct, but in bar of present impeachment. Such a defence is inadmissible, if her identification with slavery and the profits of slavery can be shown from 17S8 to the present moment. We admit that time and reformation ought to cover very questionable acts; but there should be shown unmistakable evidences of the latter, even if the penance of restitution is not exacted. There are in the United States about one thousand cotton manufacturing establishment* ? a product of slave labor. Of these Massa chusetts has more than two hundred. In the conduct of these establishments there are near ly seventy-four millions of dollars employed, of which Massachusetts has twenty-eight and a half millions. SL\ hundred thousand bales of cotton are used annually, and of this there are two hundred and twenty-four thousand absorb ed in that State. She employs twenty-nine thousand of her people in these works, at an average product of $-0,000,000. It will thif be scon that about one-third of the whole cot ton manufacturer of the United States is the work of Massachusetts It is unnecessary to trace this Interest into the channels of com merce, or to run out its connections into the variotls relalion* of life North and South; it is enough to present it as a liasis of Massachu setts industry and the employment of its capi tal in connection with slavery. IIow far the men of that State have been enabled to build up their great works by the aid of capital derived from the slave trade, even during the time of its existence secured by the votes of Mas sachusetts, and especially by the influence of the federal Union, would lie curious matters of in vestigation. We prefer to deal with establish ed facts. The next point of contact between the capital and labor of the old Common wealth and slavery is to be found in the sup plies furnished by the various manufacturing establishments to the South. That this i* a source of still greater profit than the cotton Interest and in all respects more important to the prosperity of the State, none will question. In addition to all this, a large portion of New England shipping employed between th" Gulf of Mexico, the West Indies, South America and Europe, is sustained almost wholly by the pro ductions of slave labor. We now place those facts before the people of Maoraehncctts, ntid n?tc them whether their present attitude toward* the South is likely to be regarded otherwise than in the light of mere sectional fanaticism'.' Whether it is pos sible to credit them with sincere abhorrence of .??la very so h as they are thus identified with it'.' And we submit l<> them the casuistic pro bit ui how tar they can supply a great moral d< linqiK at with the means of doing injury to a "Mli.w being" without becoming ,>ntirrpt crt i), inis with the v. long door '.' Wa-iiingion Ni.w-. Consid- ring the gene ral dulness ?>f things sit that "deserted vil lag< " known :i Washington City, the news which we publish under our telegraphic head front that quarter this morning, is refreshing and Interesting. It the Cabinet and the Pre-1ftential pipe layers about the White Hou. e ore .-till ing a little among the muddy watt rs of the spoils democracy; and that there are some very nice little intrigite* going on for the succc -'.on. We are furnished a key to the projected mission ot Mr. Pierce to the Virginia Springs; nn e\planation of the appointment of Wilson Shannon a* (iovcrnoT of Kansas; and un inkling in confirmation of the Van Bnren und Marcy -^>ft shell movement- in this State to e.xpel Mr. l'ieree -intirely" from the democratic party. I'ndcv all the circumstances, these items of inside information from the Cabinet and the Kitchen ut Wa-liiniiton will l>e very ne eep'oble just now t > th'- N ?v York harmonious ? U< moeru< y. ? Belief for Norfolk. ? appaars, tjiat the vidtation of yellow fever at Nerfblk in eae W the mof t calamitous events of the kind that boo occurred for years. The disease wm com municated, it is supposed, by the steamer Bet Franklin from St. Thomas; from which vessel a quantity of bilge water was pumped out upon a pile of shavings and vegetable matter on the fhorc. Whether the infected liquid, coming into contact with this vegetable mate rial, generated miasma at a new and increased rate, or whether the seeds of the disease were on the spot already and that this fresh element of putridity called them into life ? certain it is that the fever broke out almost immedi ately, and with remarkable virulence. At the present time, most of the families of ihe rich have fled the city. The poor who have not the means to travel, and cannot afford to lose their work, remain in the infected atmosphere, and die 'by scores. A more heart rending picture than that drawn by the resi dents still there has seldom been equalled and hardly ever surpassed. Business is at an end, and in consequence the demand for labor has ceased. Thus want has intervened to aggra vate the sufferings of the poor. It Is posi tively asserted that men and women are dying for want of the necessaries of life. Three of the doctors have died, and there is a strong prospect of a scarcity of medical attendance

for the sick With such a scene so close at hand as at Norfolk, the duty of the citizens of New York is plain. Richmond has already organized relief committees, and three thousand dollars have by this time been subscribed for reliev ing Norfolk. Three years ago, when New Or leans was similarly afflicted, an appeal was made to New York, and was munificently an swered. Over fifty thousand dollars were subscribed, and forwarded from hence. The consequence was that numbers of unfortunate individuals who might otherwise have perished obtained the means of subsistence and of cure. It has not come to our knowledge that any of the generous donors in this instance have ever had reason to regret the deed; either on ac count of inconvenience caused by the disposal of the money, or from an alteration of senti ment with regard to the usefulness of such an application of it. Let them try the experi ment again. Norfolk needs help. It needs doctors and nurses, to take the place of those who have died. It needs money to supply bread to the poor creatures whom the deser tion of the city and the prostration of busi ness have deprived of work. It needs hospi tals, sanitary establishments ? a host of things in short, all requiring fiends which the people of the city do not possess. A very small sum from each of the wealthy and liberal citizens of New York would supply what is wanted. The gift would be amply repaid by the con sciousness of having acted worthily. But it is by no means unlikely that it might have the double effect of rendering a precious scrvicc to Norfolk, and of preventing the spread of a disease which, on several occasions not for gotten by all, was the scourge of the city of New York. How Plbmc Sentiment is Expressed in New York. ? No one can live a week in New York without becoming impressed with the conviction that our citizens are among the most mercurial, excitable, and at the same time good humored and rationally disposed communities on the face of the earth. If they arc pleased with any public act or event in which the nation, the State, or the city is in terested, they immediately set to work and con vene in congratulatory mass meetings, and ex hibit their delight iu fireworks, skyrockets, feiix de joit, speeches, huzzas and torch light processions. If they are indignant on account of any like public act or event, they exhibit their indignation? if we can apply such a term to such manifestations ? in much the same man ner. They hold mass meetings, burn tar bar rels, Are big guns, march by torch light, listen to mufcic and speeches, and huzza, or groan, aa their humor or .sentiment suggest. If a par ty triumphs in an election, the triumph is cele brated in a grand -public glorification. If the Legislature enact an unjust and oppressive law, the like programme of public meetings, guns, fireworks, music, Ac., is observed. And everything goes on in the most amusing harmless and funny way in the world. We have no disgusting hangings in efligy. sacking of churches, burning of innocent women and children, or other like scenes violative of law and repylah c to nature. No. Our citizens are at ouoo loo humane, too gobd natured and too sensible to resort to such gro*s exhibitions. Their sentiments are expressed in a more gal lant. more harmless, and infinitely more amus ing manner. And it is w orthy of remark that while New Yorkers are engaged in any of these public pastimes ? as they are once or twice a week ? they never fail to compliment t lint engine of true popular opinion, the press. We cotue in for more than a full share of these compliments, whether in the shape of loud cheers an* hur rahs from a popular assembly, or hisses from a puritanic abolitionist or sectional convention, or serenades from military companies as they pa? to or from their target excursions. We welcome all these manifestations, and rejoice thereat. They arc highly amusing, even where I the character of the compliment is doubtful. And, more than all, they are, as wo have said, noteworthy, as bcinjr the popular mode of ex hibiting the sentiments of the people. llnrdly a ilny passes (hut we do not receive foroc of these funny and delectable compli ments. Military companies exhibiting l hem helves '? in all the pride, pomp and circum stance of glorious war"- lire companies return inn *i>h l!"''r new engine, or extending hospi tality to their brethren of other cities? fantas tical* in all the trumpery and laughable eos tumes that imagination enn devise? trade* on a strike- jolly fellows on chowder excursions ? oil turn down Fulton street, and rnrely fail | to honor us with a "Present \rins," ?? Y.tnken ' Doodle." ?? Hall Columbia," or '? Poor Dog Tray," ami. where the rules of subordination do ! not forbid, with three che<,r-. They keep up (he cvcltenieiit ill the time, and in our office j we have .' Idem io complain of absence of > music. This is one ol the modes in which the popu larity of the !!? turn is e\ id-need. The other and more profitable mode is. of course, in its circulation. We ore fully satiriled with both. But it is with the former that we now have to do. On Monday, for instance, we were honored in this way some hall-dozen lime*. We had |,rst a vi>it from the Hart Guards, proceeding <>n their aunnal excursion for target practice, mid by than wc were honored with a true mill- I tary s-alute. la the evening we were compli mented by the Grflkt Northwestern Zephyr As sociation, who had been celebrating some anni versary ; and a? night we had a grand demon stration; with tauuic, torches, huzzas and what not, tjrOni the persons who had been holding an indignation meeting on the Battery. They wcrp ' all very fanny, very satisfactory, and very exciting. After all, this is the best way of expressing public sentiment. May it be per petual! New York Democratic Politics ? Mr. Dick-" Hi SON ASH TUB KNOW NoTIUKUH ? THB Ma.ROV and Van Burks O roans and thb Adminis tration. ? We publish to-day a letter from Hon. D. S. Dickinson, deiiuiag his position on Know Nothingism. According to the I explanations of the hard shell organ of this city, concerting this letter, there has been some trickcry on the part of the administration man in Florida to whom it i was addressed, which requires an explanation from that individual. Otherwise, he must ap poar in the light of a Cabinet stool-pigeon caught in his own trap. The letter of Mr. Dickinson spetftb for itself. It is not the ar ticle cxpected ; and no capital can be made out of it to the damage of the bard shells in the South ; nor can it be used with the slight est advantage to our New York softs in thnt quarter, although Mr. Wise sustains them with "all his head, and aH his heart, and all his might." Dickinson is too old a bird to be caught with the chaff of the spoils democracy. On the other side of the subject wc also give in these columns a lot of extracts from the Marcy and Van Buren journals of this State, in relation to the policy of the soft bhell State Convention of the 29th, on the Kan sas question. It will be observed that they generally agree that the only policy of hold ing the Van Buren faction together is the saving policy of throwing Mr. President Pierce, body and breeches, overboard. Marcy, with Martin Van Buren, is understood to be at the bottom of this movement. One of his organs almost confesses as much in pleading his inno cence of any participation in the late adminis tration doings in Kansas. It is Mr. Pierce that is guilty, not Mr. Marcy. Therefore down with Pierce, away with him, and let Marcy be our man for the Cincinnati National Democratic Convention. Such is the fair interpretation of the views of these Van Buren and Marcy or gans on the President and the Kansas question. Of the ingratitude ol the Premier towards Mr. Pierce in this ugly business, we have nothing to tray. Wo are pained to think of it, even for a moment. But it is in perfect keeping with the antecedents of the last thirty years of this most selfish and unscrupulous spoilsman, W. L? Marcy. A barrel of mackerel marked No. 1 carries upon its face the whole political creed of Marcy. Will our pachems of Tammany Hall and the Custom House be good enough to give these extracts from their organs in the "rural dis tricts" a careful perusal, and then call an early meeting in the Coal Hole upon the subject? These defections must be at once attended to, or all the fat will be thrown into the fire at Syracuse. Call the sachems into the Coal Hole. Where is Mr. Purdy? Where is Mr. Cochrane ? THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Non-Arrival of the America. Halifax, Aug. 14?10 o'clock I'. M. Tlif steamship America to now over ten days out, and ?bout duo at thto port, but as yet nothing has be. u heard of her. Very Carlo ua and Interesting from Wash ington. THE PRESIDENT GOING TO THE VIRGINIA PPRINOS? MR. SENATOR MAHON BIS PILOT? A MOVE AGAINST MR. WISE? NO 00? TnE ORKYTOWN AFFAIR IN THE CABINET ? MR. BUCHANAN COMING IN OCTO BER ? REASON WHY? APPOINTMENT OP WILSON SHANNON TO KANSAS A DOUGLAS OPERATION SHANNON'S INSTRUCTIONS ? KITCHEN CABINET AND THE SPOILS? MR. PIERCE ANO HIS PREMIER ? YELLOW FEVER, ETC. Wasbisctos, August 14, lSS'i. I understand that on Thursday or Friday the President and Mr*. Fierce, aorompuniod by Senator Mason, of Vir ginia, will proceed totho Virginia White .Sulphur Spring , par ixi rllftrr, those in Groenbrlnr c ounty, and will bo Ihrre for a week or two. This is, aa dining tbr deg diijm tho White House is a, place where fevero and agues arc very cpt to crcp in from the stagnant iru! shy Hats of the Potomac river. II in suppos'il that Mr. Mnaon has in tir;w ? second nomination of Mr, Pierce by Virginia, with ihe expectation ot se.mung the second place on Hie tick" t fnT Mr. Kcnator Mr.son hims"lf, 'Hie Virginians will baiubooile them both, fhey will rc-clrc Mr. fierce cordially and treat him I. iudly ; they will make a lion of bin (Aoptron, Mr. Mason but at the Cin cinnati Iiiniocr.ilic Convention Henry A. Wiso will cut undor thein both. M i -on it jealous of Wien, uud be in after using Mr. Pierce in Hits trip to cut tinder Wine; but it won't do. Wi-e is too :'nr ahead to to- bena-d in thia way. Mr. .Mbkoii, you are atfsre, is Chairman of '.he Sonaie Committee ou Foreign ligation*, and tor aomo day* past e* *veh he has been participating in the councils of tli Cabine! on the subject of the ind"niniflca'loii of certain British "subjects fur looses incurred in tlie bombardment and burning ot (.leytuwn, and in noino diplomacy touch ii g the Ha) toii-Bulwer treaty, the laws of nations. na applied to that " ramp of *&\ng<" " spoken of in the President'* Is t cmittal nie-sage. Ai'c'pafch has been received fi m Mr. Buchanan ;t l.ondon. dialing that he oipeets to re'.urn home r. ? ly in October, an Mr. J. Ad U*on Thoma*, Ihe new .V i-mnt Secretary ? Mute, will come along with him. M<m. ? U it not rem irk;, hie that Marcy La1 almost all the time had hi? a?.i-iaiii on the other side of tho water, watching our diplomat: tl.eie, and koepiag the State Pcpavfmcnt jai- - ed up concerning their movement*? h i Dndlry M.inu and the mou mi nts of Soule uu<i the Octeiid t.'. invention. I suspect that the great object of Mr. Buchanan in re turning about the flr?t t\eek of October !? to be on hand to watch the ?oi I. i,i(f of the Ponn.yIr.inia fall el ? ?lion. Forney, meantime, k. epshim welllnfoimed ofa'l the eui reut intrigue, ot hi . n mocrati iIt.i1- for :iic succe-nion. !.:? apju>intaa4Bt ef lAilson ~ In. iiivhi , o* Ohio, astruv enior of Kan<i- is utvlerstood here to have been the *0rk of Judge Hoifgtu. The ubjc< * n - a lltrle blast .if whld lulo the Sail* of the Ohio -polN di'iii- c, acy .igu'mt tin fiee -nil abolition i.u.nivm goih mm republicxB party l iit the Main ?i qcihirnmt v.-ill cai ry the State. nn'm givs it up; but aceepta Kansas as a forlorn, |[U time is out in Ohio ami his only chance is iniwntar, in -i ii.e ne* count ly His inatruction^ue said to be kcrp with Atchison, but don't nuke too much uolse about it. Pc.sltr. you know r cut out upon the other tack. I he Kit v hen ('ulduei are agonized at the prospects o the speaker ihin, < lerkshlp and public priming "f the neat <>l course some anti N hraska nian *ill be the Speaker and ^o:ue ne v man will take the place of Forney as Ihe (Vrk- but I muey ba< put umney in his purse"? p?rlia > i* mm It ;n i'JfiO 0t>0 in four year? hw -alary $S 000: and 1< will go out a rtdi man. Th? House I punting *111 be taken rrotn the CnU>* without a doubt but *o faint are the hope, or tbe .<w eru an Organ that ?ome of tbe stockholder; have been ecUiu* out. Tliere is aid to be a su<pi-ious coWness of late between Mr. Pierce and bis Premier Marcy i? u?pe? t-i of honey ? fuggling with Martin Van Bon n and th? ,V York soit ? h< 11- . with the view of pii-Ving tlo- tinf u tanaU Mi Pierce off the track but yuu may rely upon it that CVchrane and fieorge sand -r^ will Wiitch the Md Premier, and fore-tall hi- miivem<mt? Sanders i< i n, what out of the t ing just now, bat h. h "till toa ly t i scire any bisly against Marcy. Cass, Hunter, and a tew ? hi rs. rhc yellow ft>ver beat thi< n'Tvya'd. and tberc il 'jnite an ala:m in cous.-ijueuee throughout | the city. We hope the repert may prove to be entirely lil-tiliOUH. A JMW POLITICAL MOVEMENT? KETUKN OV TBS CABINET, no. W.MtmvcTON, Aug. M, 1845. Heeling* hare been hcMI here preliminary ui-tlie t'or matiota ot a republican association, as an adj .net to the uev! Northern party. The platl'orm, us pro pi ed, is de thirdly free sou. t-'eeretary (Juthrie has returned from Cu|,c May. Se erelary Dobbin u 111 return to lit* pout abou; the 25th instant. Our citizen* are responding to the call for Mief frota tie (locport suferers. Important from tl>e City of Hexko nnd the Rio Grande. New Ohlianh, August 11, 1855. The steamship Orizaba has arrived at this port, with dates from the city of Mexico to the 5th in ft. The revolutionists were stated to bewitliin tour leagues cf Vera Cruz. The conducta from the city of Mexico, with i* eowroy of government troops, had stopped at Puerto Vi i.mal, with a view of giving battle to the revolutionist . Accounts are given of the triumphant mnreli of General Blanco in pursuit of the rebels, and bis re' itra to the capital. Comonfort is reported to have been vout"1. >>y Genersd Marquez in 'lamazula. In Michoacan quiet prevailed. ? A l>aad of revolutionists Is said to have beeti destroyed ?> av MoreHa. A fcCTere norther had prevaili-d atTampico, >l?ing groat damage to property, and causing some Ions of iYe. Many vessels lost their deck load*. The schooner .1. H. Hicks, of New Haven, was struck by lightning, uiid so badly damaged that she was subsequently cond< tuned. The febooner Maty Caroline was wrecked. The PtUa has private letters from Mexico, v. hich state that arrests were being made daily in the < 'j ofMcxioo, as many as sixty having been arrested in one day. Among the prisoners are two Americans. A great conspiracy is said to have been <'>i -covered by the police while searching for criminal* in a convent which had been subjected to inquisition, and several priests were arrested. Ounna junta, it was rumored, was in the bauds of the revolutionists. General Blanco had gone out to fight Coi 'onlbrt, the i evolutionary leader. It wan rumored, at the latest moment, that the eon ducta which left Mexico on the 18th of July for Vera Crux, with $1,600,000, had been taken by the revolu tionists. In the engagement which en.itMMi l'orty of tho government troops were killed, and of the rrnaiodor, UOQ | in number, had gone over to Alvarez. FHOK TUB N0KTUKHN PKOTINt l.M. New OxuuKS, Atrg. 11, 1855. 'Ihe ?t earner Nautilus, from Brownsville ? >n tho 8th, and Galveston 10th inst., has arrived here. Ihe Delta's correspondeDce contains an < Itiul account of Vidaurre's capture of .?altillo, after two i ays lighting Tho government troops were 1 '200 stroug, * i.u live pieces of artillery. The revolutionists lost 38 men while two thirds of the government troops we. e either killed, wounded or taken prisoners. The revolutiini-ts were iu pursuit of the retreating army. General Woll had been reinforced at M.- ' moro" from Taiuplco. "lbe force of the revolutionists was 3.000. niih eleven pieces of iirtlllery, and they were under the command of Col. Duncan, late of the United States Army. General Woll had destroyed the suburbs Mutnmoroa, tind many citizens had left for BrowntvilU . The revolutionists were ranguine of suee. . Later front Rio Janeiro. 1 ' I li LjU>EtPUM , Aug. li, IMS. IhesLiip Gray Engle, from Kio Jam in) . ly 7th, ar? riTed here to-day. She brings no news of importance. When nineteen days out she was within ?!* (lays' sail of the (.'apee. The brig Bonita. for Vew York, sailOd ma tho 8 th of .luly. The Indicator, from Vew York, n- ved on the 8th. The bark Hamilton, for Boston, and tho brig Sc gu i it, for New York, failed on the 6th of .Iclv. Texas State Election Vtw Orleans, A g. 14, 185 J. t.olvcston dates to the 10th Inst, have l? ou received. We learn that Pease, democrat, win supposed to be re elected (Governor. Ex-U'overnor Bell was clcetcd ta Congress. Judicial Election In H?w Orlrun*. XtW Orijm.vh, Aug. J I, 18,m. At .hi election for .Judge of our Second district Court to-iluy the Americans carried their candidate by 1.2(H) majority uYer all others. Alabama State Election. Mooilk, A.g, 13, M5&. Wilton. d?ra., is certainly electcd Go- ernor of Ala bama by a large majority. Mam Republican State Convention In AKalnet Portland. August 14, 1W5. A mass republican Slate Convention is now iu session here, and about 1,000 people are present. Among the i leakers arc Senators John P. Hale an1. Bell, or Sew Hampshire, and Wade of Ohio. The large number prc?ent led toan adjournment in the afternoon from Deerlrg ItalJ to ? lurk," g ore near the eity. Dr. Bourse, of Hath, presided, witl' f leen rice presidents reprefenting the principal C'i..rUea of the >'tate. Hon. B. 1'. Butler, of New York, vas nit present owing to illneso, Hon. B. F. Wade, of Ohio, was the fln,t ? e, intro duced. He thonght there w?# but 'me Is no tietore the people, and that was .ho cjuestion ol Anli r!r?n slavery. It is the only one worthy of their eon*id< ;a'.i>u. He hH the whig party is not nnP dead, but ft stinks. It *h'>Wr signs occasionally of convulsive spasms. n i souietiuie cshibited la the dea'i staI.o'? tuil H'v 'he head and body have been buried. The mighty gather ng 'if to-day was nut the result of t lie bidding of somo tout voice, but the uprising of tho people to secure g' it principle^ and perpetuate freedom It was evidence to him that the republican movement comes directly t'voin the peo ple. He was in favor ot the I'nion. but won til sooner see it go to piece* than sacrirtce the first principle of freedom, (tireat cheering.) He U-liev> d it was in no mrl of dan ger from the puny arm of the South. The President thin read a letter from tli' H'n B. P Butler, of New York, of which the following U au cjl tract: ? ?? In regard to the objects of the Republican Conven tion about to be held in your State, I an. free to say that while 1 think it improper to interfere in en) merely loe?! i|ueniions, in respect to which the people ot". nother State in c divided, I have rejoiced, e nd will rijoioe, in every demonstration of the popular sentiment in li?:i" e State against tbe repeal of the Missouri coiuj. -omine, and io favor of the restoration of iliat ordinance .r. "codom. Tho injustice and Iniquity of that repeal sho eever be for given, nor should the jienple of the free "fate.. rest -atis tied with anything short of it s renewal. If 't cannot be retired in form to the atatute book, it inu- t. l)?; re-estab lished in faet by the perj>etiial exclusion 'if 'he territory originally embraced in ll from admission in; j the I nion except in tho character and w 1th the ultrih;iU s of free Malt n. In tailoring to a< omplish this end, the rcpubli cans of Maine are engaged in u good w ? iley have my hiarly symputhici- and my l>e - 1 wi-ln for their sue ces?." K?-?;overnor CtJT?r:.A.>D, of Connecticut, ?rs? the neii speaker. He was from the democrat! p- ity. It wa impovible to disaolvc the l'liion. Tlie South rould n' t live over night with it Unvoiced. In alin<li'.!< t<> tli<- ad ministration of Jack: "ii and that of Pierc", he baiil th> contrast ickened him uad he would not d vi II upon It He was severe upon the administration hb I it suf^sjrt ers, and was enthusioctlcully cheered throughout. Hon. Jonv P. Hilk, ol .Vew ilumnshi .e, i;..!)ov,e<i iu ? very r musing and smtcjisiIc speech, In w>.' h the slm power came iu for n severe lashing. At the close of Mr. ilak '.s i< marks, Mr. St' vr ns, < hivir main of the Committee ou Itesolutions, jn ? , ntrd ? declaring It the opinion ef *he republican p..rly ttiat hu man freedom is p?ni mou ut to all politico! rjucstious ir the present cri-i ? thst the constitution i- in favor f tbe doctrine of impa tii'l poiernnient ? that. Coiifretw I false to its >>acred ti n - 1 intil it ahol^hcs .'..tver^ in th* District of Col nmhti! ? .hit the I'liiritive Viu- liw is an eonstltntional, and ought to be immediately and uneon ditionally repealed ? 'hm 't i? 'he right and ? iy of < 'on trress to prohibit th< Inti' luction of now -lave Mute-? that tieedom to Nebroakn and Kan-as ?h?ulo l* r.'ntore - thstthe republics n pi.rty accept the prin lplr. an p-'licy which regards slavery roctioiial j.iid f.-e- J -ui nu tional. The ht&t resolution ~t r. .? jly recomw i '.' ivcrno: Mori III to the ?uffrog< of the people for a < ?? 'eclien. A resolution was den ndd by the peop'i ntli'' Mil j>< ? . f temperanee, n i..: tlie committee pre -ontod ..n' aliieh ?ith the others w,.h n.,i pled, de - l.i the j.crp tnation and execution i.i t . io Mi.lae law to I "i." ot tb futidsinentai principle.' o ; tic {republican i>n> y of Main ?spcechcn were also ii,ad< l y Mr. SV ven -, of .hi V K'?/o. Jnui nal, and ..Ir, Uichmond. a ilclei;.i to the ri ? < ent Philadelphia cotm-li.ion eodornlng tt.< re|iublic.< ' movement. A meetinx wa- hi Id tl is i vening at l> e int 's llall. .' which Mr Hell, r I \ow ]l. ni|. shire, spol e. lhc numlier of per-..u- i>n"ent at the rue ir< iu lb afternoon is estimated ut from ten to twelve tliousau't Fusion Vtovrntrnl In Maeaacliti^eUa. >1 BUNirtKLD. A ig f 14, It,: A meeting, to initiate a fusion of the sr. . ^dii. ti'in fei Hug of this Coit.i"' n. mlth with a n ? r n ibllc* ' oiaanhation. Ui? be 1" Chapman 11*)'. <. , Thursda inerclng. It promise gi ' at success. Some of the abb ? men or the Sute will 1.. |.r nt. Tlie vene bl ? Sau.U' lloar, of Concord, warmly -n-talns the p oj. ? and wi attend. Mr Rockwell, late I'lilted Stat<?? -> imtor jn, i be inov meat his hearty : pproval. It la ex p. ,.*i ce ire tlie eountenanse an i support of tbe loading -piri alike of the old whig sn t free soil parties, ami of 'Iu' ni rtnn Know Nothing and Kn .w Something organization. It also receives the appioval ef msny ftnni' r I'. dom > tb- ileinocratl'1 party, suih as the lion, lie "?^e Sumni > e* (?uvernut Boutwclt itr. Banks. H. W'. t u-? in-'ii at Oil" r? .| The Olilo anil Mhilnlppl Rsllisisil. Cmrauo. An.. U IK", . A ilenl of lease of the Ohio and Mioiti ,p Itail l"i litteen years was eat ted st St. I^n?i? tfrdi*. * ('apt. tieorge W. Jenks. J lie lease conveys r!l the" ret' estate, tenements, road tracks, bridges, n .rig <ti*s. whatsoever of the coinnaiiy wtth the right lo .-ollert i tolls, income*, profit, sc. t apt. .li nk", tb*' I ? ee. sgre ? to pay Interest on the hi>t ?ceond moi:? ,g? hoti ilui'iiK the continuance of the lease, k'-ep the rood r,,o.t condition and repair, expend within the nert |i "* ii r" I'- e ht n?he I ;hou aLv ti.l^r., ?.. . ^ h^, ,i.c iJ Tpg stoik snd r?"?1 fccilities Uj oj^rate '.t>? r*ud >? {