Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 18, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 18, 1855 Page 2
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eceleeja-tics of ~Y*? n have lt>ruied a kind of t-rn -^ule to >? jtrt oprnt.v the delivery of the property; and one curate r+futtiig to obey the authorities, has written officially "that he wan resolved to shed the last drop of hi* blood to defrnce of the lands of the church." The ArchbUhop ?t /*ra|p'~-a has unrolled the dag of rebellion officially, tostructing the clergy of hi* diocess not to deliver over to thegoveroruent 'be pub'io property, nor the pa|*n> uor titles tielongi ug 10 them. In other pwrts the Bishops are tbreateiung^with excommunion those who furnish to the government the 'lata, which it requests about th ose lands The subject of the day In the retirement of Monsieur Kranchi, the Tope's representative- It seems hi* Holi uetM will give, in secret council, his motives for with drawing his.VufK-io, but those motives, it >9 known, can be no other than that this government has not ob served strictly the injurious stipulations of the last Con cordat. In consequence, the government has ordered its Minister in Home not to remain any longer In tfcat capital than the time necessary to deliver to the Tope a memorandum, which he ought to receive about the 1st of August. This memorandum is said to have keen meditated a long time, and it will l>e published as noon as it reaches the hands of his Holiness, with whose representative this government has shown too ?otb deference and unmerited respect. My giound for saying so is what I wrote to jou ia a former letter, informing you that the Nuncio had ae other Cod but money. ' He presented himself, before gbtDg. in the central treasury and demanded payment for the month of June and what had passed of July up to the time of his departure, all which was paid by order of the reoncil of Ministers. You were not perhaps aware that Spain has been in the habit of giving a palace, rent free, to the Pope's representative, and paying him besides. The anguish of the treasury continues, as there is no reason why it should not. I told you that the new Minister of Finance, Senor Bruil, was a ttnancial nullity, and a tew weeks have continued my awertion. He is the nullist of the nullities which Spain has had for Minister in many years. Besides, another ?-?nsideration is to be added. In every constitutional eeuntry whenever a Minister is beaten in the Parliament be resigns his place immediately, but Senor Bruil has the ?hnmeiessness to continue in his place, lacing public ?pinion, which execrates him. There is no hope as yet of paying the current expenses ?f.lnne. Neither the forced loan, nor the release of pro perty from mortmain, which are the only two elements ?t H ft- for the government, can produce results bo soon as desired, however much they may be hurried. The budget of expenses lor the present year has been tlxed by a committee of the Cortes at 1.473,960,373 reals veDon, or $73,097,518 6ft, whilst the income is calculated at 1,318,221,300 reals vellon, or $65,911,005. The deficit ?f Jft5.7-!9.073 reals, or $7,786,453 85 must come out of the products of the sale of lands released from mortmain. The Bank of Spain (called the Bank of San Fernando) had on the 21st of July, a capital of 349.139,305 reals, or $17,456,965 25; its specie in the vault amounted to 69, 857.464 reals; its property in current value, 198.981.156 seals; its funds in the hands of its different MBtmUllon ?t?, 14,282.918 reals; its deposits of every description, 30,875,789 real", and its current accounts amounted on that date to 72.540,715 reals. Geueral Ewpjirtero receives daily memorials from muni vipal corporations and corps of the national militia in ?very part of the kingdom, offering their ardent co-ope ration for the extermination of the enemies of liberty and of the constitution, and supplicating him to continue at the head of the government, as the only person in whom is symbolized Spanish liberty. That is true, per haps, in more senses than one, for Espartero lacks energy as Well as talent. According to letters from France, the CarlistB, although persecuted by the French police, are trying to get up one ?nore supreme effort for a footing in the peninsula; but the Spanish government is prepared, and will disconcert them. Alt the frontier towns are ready to attuck any liorce which presents itself. In Catalonia and in all the other provinces, ?rder reigns for the moment, and the bands ot Car lists nave been put down. The clergy his given, and is still giving, money to the Carlist chiefs, and stimulating them to enter Spain, but many of those leaders are unwilling to face the music, in view of the bad reception they have met thus far. It is found that the greater part of the Carlist muskets have been brought from Belgium. The cholera continues to invade all parts of Spain, and in some districts with frightful force. In Granada there remain very few people, but the deaths for the nineteen days past have been two thousand five huudrvd persons. In the whole province of Madrid the ecoorge is active ? there are some villages which have been almost completely depopulated; but in Madrid it fteU, It is remarkable that the number of deaths, though increasing, is less than in the rural districts. The example of the Queen ; who has succored and con tinues to succor the sick of this disease, has found imita tors. In all parts associations are formed for charity ? the theatres give benefits for the hospitals, and means are presented for encountering so great a desolation. To this scourge, that of famine will in some parts soon lie added. In ina&y provinces the crops of breadstuff*, potatoes, silk, wine, and many of the great staples which compose the wealth of Spain, have been scanty or lost. Meantime, the government has made another declaration in the strongest terms against the sale of Cuba, aud tire iiress is out warmly in the same aense, lour*, te., EL C1D. Ketitmllty of the United State**? Condrmna tioti oT Ik* Knglldt RnHilmcnt gjnttm. [FrUOi the I/ihdon Times, Aug. 2.] No argument is required to prove tlio necessity, at nil time!', and more especially during tbo present war, of remaining on the very best terras with the government and people of the I'nited States. It is an evil almost i separable from war that, in the strong passions it ex cftes, the fierce resentments it stimulates, and the ear nest wishes it raises, belligerents are only too apt to for get all interests but their own. and to pay too little attention to the rights and reclamations of neutrals, thir campaigns haw taught us, only too rigorously and plainly, how great is our want of men. and how ueces mry it is to find sotue means of competing in ihis respect with a power which levies its human tribute with far more certainty than that with which it can collect the pecu niary contributions of Its impoverished subjects. But there is. as it appears to us. considerable danger that in our anxiety to conquer one enemy we shall make to ourBeUes another, and, in order to provide ourselves with a few hundred disorderly and refractory recruit", make thirty million enemies of oar own race on the other rid# of the Atlantic. There is no person against whom the moral presumption would be stronger than against a resident In the United States who should be willing to recross the Atlantic, in order to plunge into the vortex ?f an Kuropean war. Such a person has gone to a coun try where man is above all things in demand, and where idleness and poverty are not the results of the state of society, but the voluntary choice of men unwilling to Work and unable U> save. Such persons there will al ways be in every community, but America affords legs cx cu?e than any other country for their existence, inasmuch as work is more easily obtained and more richly remunerated than elsewhere. We great ly doubt whether, if we can succeed in attract ing under our standard all the desperadoes who are ?or ever threatening the repose of the teeble republics contiguous to the Unl ted States, we shall have materially strengthened our army, and wheiher we ?Aall not hav to pay in insubordination, mutinies, and desertions a price more than equivalent to a trifling increase of our numbers. Whether this be so, however, or not, there la tw> doubt that the just and honest cause in which we n-e engaged has failed to command the sympathies of i considerable portion of the Ameiican people. "W< may regret this, but we cannot deny it. We n.ay lament that, while such extreme facility wa> afforded to the piratical expedition which Invaded <'ut>a. and while It is lound so e;i?v to collect a band of ndveuturers for any burcanec ing object, the at tempts of England to recruit her armies trom the Uni.c 1 States have been watched with such peculiar and excep tional vigiln nee, and counteracted with such unyielding severity. Hut, though we regret these thing*, we cannot deny them, nor can we deny the right of the United States government to put In force its own law prohibiting the enlistment of it? subjects Into foreign ser vice, ven ihoiigli that service may happen to our ?>wn. We have the feeling of the people and the law "f the country against m ? a |ieople Justly jealous of th pro eedings of any foreign State, .uid a law of whose , rovisions we. at any rate, having adopted a similar law ?iur selves, have no right to complain. Is it wise, is it just, to push on this interference with the internal affair" of a friendly power, in dellance of her law, he reclamations, and her feelings? The ilangvr we apprehend is nearer than might be sup. posed. We find by the American papers that Mr. Row croft, the Knglish Consul at Cincinnati, ha" been t rle 1 on the charge of enlisting American subjects tor service wliti the British army in the Crimea. The report of the trial i? <hu? headed by our cotemporary:? ?? Irish Informers ' Sham KnlistmenU ! Trap to Catch Mr. Howcroft 1 fh, oc n- y obtained s|ienl in drink; tlie objecU? hatred Of lnglan<'..'' . lu this compendious abridgment, which does much ere lit to the condensing powers of our American (ton tern js.rary, in pretty well explained the historv of the < a-e. A Mr. Conahan, a member of the I'nited lri"h Society, ci nceived the brilliant idea of pretending a wish to enlist filty recrult? In the Knglish army, in orler to eutrap Mr. Howcroft, the Knglish consul, into an admission which might bring him within the danger of the law against foreign enlistment. Kor thi? purpose he obtained an in troduction to Mr. Howcroft, ?ho appears to hare told bim that 11' he would take titty men to the Niagara Sus RNision bridge hi should receive h captain's coinmision. >r this purpose he received sn advance of money ? not from Mr. Rowcroft ? which he and his confederates, not Apparently athicted with over nlcaoe** a-> to the point ??/ honor, retained for their own n?e It also appeared that Mr Kowcroft had ndvisod Conahuti t<i "tay at home and take care of his wife and children, instead of goin ; to the Crimea. I be evidence, even if it be bellevat, whi-h considering the |Mirsons from whom it conies, would imply an extraordinary amount or credulity, is , \ ceedingly slight. The court ha" not yet given Ha opine. u but w? cannot entertain a doubt that upon the m r ,1 the < ace Mr Rowcroft will obtain an acquittal. Mil the factor such a trial taking place is lu itself extremely prejudicial to the go?d understanding betwecu th two countries, and likely to raise feelings and debates o' most un'lesirable character. Though Mr. Row croft rna J be acquitted ot the charge of enlisting American -ob ject*, the trial prove* clearly enough that *uch enlist ment was going on through igents supplied with money from this Country and that the Knglish Consul Was cog nisant of the proceeding. The whole thing seeras to ha\o tieen managed very clumsily, and to have been brought to light by an artillce as clumsy as the management It is of no use to inveigh against t he contemptible t re ichery I y which the proceeding was discovered. "or duty Is to con sider whether we are free from blame. and not how much )>Ume may be imputable to others It i? the wtll of the American people, as expressed by their laws, that their > 'tisens shall not 1>? enlisted in the service of a foreign < I lfe; It in the opinion of the executive government ' hose'laws ought to be put in force, and. as far a* we 1 *0 tell, Uuttdecidon Is supported by a rery considerable amount pf public opinion. We arc not acting the part of a good ally or a sinOMW anil honorable friend of the Inited states in swking, for our own purpose* to in fringe their laws, to outwit their Executive, and to of. fend the (feelings ami prejudice* of their people. We might reasonably have expected at the hands of a nation ?o nearly united to U1 by blood, and, we should have thought, by similarity of vi. ws and feeling-, a little more sympathy ; but their sympathy i* their own to give or to witiihold, and we bav no rlgRt to quarrel with our transatlantic neighbors if, in the miiUt of democracy, they stretch out their hands to despotism, and look coldly on the cause of freedom. We earnestly entreat our government to consider well what they are do ing is thus tampering with the feelings of a susceptible and high spirited nation, and to withdraw, before worse cornea of it, from a position so fraught with difficulty, which it is impossible to defend on the grounds of justice, or support on princi ples of equity and fair dealing. Let them reverse the question, and ask themselves whether, if the United States sent their recruiting agents into England, the British government would tolerate such a proceeding? We are sure that tliey would not, and that in so doing they would be backed by the voice of Parliament and the all but unanimous opinion of the people. We have no right to inflict upon our neighbors that which, under similar circumstances, we would not endure ourselves. We have no right to make their municipal law bend to our notions of expediency, and we utterly misunderstand that which is expedient if we believe it to consist with any course which will have the effect of raising against us hostile feelings in the great American republic. It is for the Americans to consider what line of conduct they choose to adopt in this matter ; it Is for us to respect their decision, and, by a voluntary moderation, to re lieve them from the necessity of obtaining by threats that which we will not concede to reason and remonstrance. Probable Rene-viral of Peace Negotiation*. [Paris (Aug. 2) Correspondence of 1/Ondon Times.] Tne fact I announced yesterday of the departure of General I.etang for Vienna is confirmed. He leaves Pari* this evening. The reason I assigned for this jour ney is also confirmed ; it is in consequence of a commu nication received from the Kmperor of Austria addressed to the Kmperor of the French, and following close on the letter w hich was addressed by the Empress Dowager of Russia to the Archduchess Sophia. It Is, of course, diffi cult to ascertain the contents of a private communication addressed by one Emperor to another, but there are cer tain indications which lead one to suppose that they re ler to propositions contained in the letter to the Arch duchess. It is believed that the terms of the letter of the Empress Towager are more significant and more impor tant than I supposed; and though I cannot vouch for the accuracy of the statement that Russia now expresses her willigness to accept the propositions of the Western Powers, as interpreted by them, on the limitation question, it is nevertheless extremely pro bable, from all I learn, that she appears to be much mure reasonable than hitherto. We have had, however, suflft - cient proof it the liad faith of that Power, as well as of the timidity of Austria, not to be extremely cautious of opening any u? w negotiations. That Russia is now in a most difficult position is not doubted by her most san guine friends and partisans. The perseverance of the allies, their determination not to relax in their efforts to bring her to terms, the efficient condition and high spirit of tli- armies in the Crimea, the vast preparations iti progress for some terrible blow, in which the whole strength of tw > great nations will be put forth, the reso lution o; tin- English people to carry on the war to the last, and the manner in which the French nation has re sponded to the demand of the Emperor fur means to maintain the honor and dignity of their country, must have convinced 11 e Kmperor Alexander that It is a hope less task to attempt to war out their patience or exhaust their resources. The answer ol the Kmperor of the French, of which General I t tang is said to be the bearer, is described us cautious in tli" extreme. Why General Letang, who took no part in the Conferences, should be selected on the pre sent occasion it is not eusy to understand. It can only be explained in this way: ? Austria, as the medium through which the propositions are made, would, no doubt, be exacted to declare herself a belligerent in the event of Russia again delaying or playing fklse. If she gave a pledge of the kind in the former case, when the propositions were approved by the French and English denipotentiarics but rejected by their own governments, t may be expected that she would do so now. If she en gages to give her u five co-operation in the war, a mili tary convention would at once follow, and us General I^'tang's former mission to Vienna was with that object, as was (,Vnera: 'ir< nneville's to Paris, he appears to be the best person to effect it. It is to be hoped tiiat the allied power- are not again about to enter on a series of tedious and barren nego tiations. Every one is not like the Irishman, who, having travelled over some miles of pleasant road, pro posed to his wearied companion to go over it again be fore finishing their day's journey. For this, however, there was some eicu-o, for the ground was pleasant; but the prospect of an irksome journey over a new Vienna negotiation has something extremely discouraging In it, and with the chance of new blunders, and, worst of all, blunders of repetition, presents as little hope of our reaching a place of rest as the Hiberuian's pavtiality to retrograde motion did of bringing hiui to the end of his journey. The very name of conferences and plenlpoteu tlaries is most di tasteful to the public. Let Sebustopol be once taken and destroyed, and Russia sue for peace on our terms, and then, indeed, diplomatists may confer as long as they think proper. lie this as it may, General I.etang s second journey to Vienna is regarded as not without importune e. The Expected Naval Attack 011 ScbMtopol? [Paris (Aug. 2) correspondence ol' the Ixmdon Times.] I alluded the other day to a rumor, or rather a conjec ture of an individual, (for it had not yet acquired the di menslons of a rumor,) that the (Treat preparations going on at Kamie?ch were perheps with the view to some daring attempt ugainst the harbor of Sebastopol itself. The following <tetkils from the C'ourri'.r it* MamrilUt of the 1st innt., seem tofrivean appearance of probability to that rumor, strong? ax it was:? We have already stated that the gOtCfnment intended to purchase the Hhouc steamers, for use in the Black .Sea . operation?. This fact, at first (|iiestieneil, was lifter wards denied in a Parisian correspondence of the fiuliprtulnnce Mj;e: but we can now affirm that the purchase has been concluded. Captain Magnan. of our pott, who hag long navigated tiie Black Sea an<l the Sea of Aznff and is perfectly well acquainted with the ma ny obstacles attend ing the approach to the roasts and the entrances of the rivers emptying therein, particularly for our military navy, addressed curat- time ago to our government a memorial, in which be demonstrated the impossibility of efficaciously operating rjn certain important points of the Russian territory with %be WPafcs at the disposal of the allied l'uwers. He the*? shewed the immense advantages that might accrue from ? lie application thereto of a spe cial materiel, which it was easy to borrow from our river navigation M. llucos, then Minister of Marine, and MursLal Vaillant. Minister of War, appointed a committee to examine the ijue<tions treated of by the writer of the memorial, and whose decision was entirely favorable to the j lan sugge"ted by Captain Magnan. Some doubts remained as to the inconvenience* that might result from a long sea pa -sage effected by these Hat-bottomed boats. Those fears wore unfounded. The paddles insure to these boats sufficient stability in the open sea. They derive, moreover, from their light draught of water, a degree of rapidity which les.-i-ns the chances of accidents on the I acsajte, and enables them to seek refuge in the smallest | ports when menaced by a storm. The Rhone and Saone can alone supply this new fleet, numbering ninety-seven boats, ready to proceed to the Black Sea. It is not our province to mention on what terms the different companies consented to purt with their floating stock. All we ? an say is. that the affair was settled to the satisfaction of the parties interested and of the gov ernment. which thus finds available unhoped-tor means of action. Reasons of discretion and patriotism, which our readers will appreciate, do not permit us to divulge the plan connected with the co-operation of this valu able auxiliary fleet. We will only say that on points wl. ere the allie- could only appear in a few light ve<sels. I escorted by a small number of gunl>oats, anil carrying a few hundred men, they may unexpectedly show theiu -elve- in our large river steamers, with '20, 000, 110.000, an't, if necessary, 50,000 men ready to disembark, in -piteo! shoals, and without being obliged to have re course to ligl ters or other landing apparatus. Our soldiers will si areely wet their feet on (quitting the decks of these boats to occupy the shore. The smallest of those vc -els ' ;>n easily accommodate .MX) men, and mountfour 18-poundcrs which i- fully sufficient to protect a landing witlu ut any other assistance. These vessels will approach ? very Russian bench, however low it may be, and enter the mouth of every river, however intricate or ohstrcted its channel may prove. Our readers can form an Idea of the extreme mobility such vessels will impart to our army, and of the frightful rapidity with wliich our Oeneral* can C fleet diversions or land troops where least ex|>ectel by the enemy. This is all we are at liberty to say with regard to the efficiency of this coasting an?l river squadron, "ur readers will easily conceive the immense advantages our ariny will derive from its co operation, and the dreadful effects of its intervention for the Russians. One of these steamers, commanded bv Captain Maguan himself, has already left the Rhone, ail 1 arrived in our port, whence she will shortly sail for the Crimea. Between the mouth of the Rhone an 1 Mar H'iiies, the Cygne. No. 10, averaged a speed of 14 knots in a heavy sea, and against a strong breeze. This trial i- Very satisfactory. ITie government will wait the re 1 ort which Captn n Magnan is to forward from Constan tinople as to the navigable capabilities of those vessels, befoie it -eu'ls out the entire light squadron. Will Kehaetopol be Taken 1 [From the Ixrndon Chronicle. Aug. The official organ of the Kussian government, ///art t?U ffusw, has recently published an interesting article, uhich is worthy at the present moment of public atton ti 111. The article to which we refer is beaded by the all absorbing que' tlon, Will Sebastopol i,e Takenr" and re present* the views of the Russian nation with respect to the Impregnability As a matter of course the St. l'etersborg journalist replies to his own inform gatory in the negative, and lias worthily emulated tli" cpb'mb displayed by his brethren of the west, who, with equal pertinacity hare pronounced the speedy fall of Se bastopol. The Russian government ? for the article in question evidently emanates from the circlet of adntini* tratlon ? admits, with a questionable sinceiitv, th.- d? fuTalr in condition of Seb.istopol after the battle of Alma and asserts that an immediate assault directed by th ? allies on the weakly fortified town, would bare courier i"l the resistance of the garrison, which consisted mainly in unt i ied -ailors. Tin* ratal error committed by the allies in no' atta ;.ing at one the southern portion of the town is now admit ted although the hesitation of the commanding: officers an be readily explained and excused. The numerical weakness of the allies wonld have proved dangerous in the event of a repulse, for no lines of defence then pro tected the nar of the liesiegers, who would have been menaced at t tie same time by the successful garrison and l ythc rapidly augmenting army of Prlnee Mens< Inkoff. I!.e Rus-tan Unt which at tliat time was stronger than at the present period, would have commanded the in. vance of the stonning columns, as on the morning of i the 18th June, and pernaps have Inflicted irreparable Injury on the allied army. The success of an immediate a?~iiult. had i' lieen attempted ? though so firmly prognos. tlcated by the Russian Journalist?may I* questioned, for the allied generals possessed no artillery wherewith to reply to the terrible fire of the Ku?,Un navy. and also no means of repulsing a simultaneous ittack of the Rus sian army in ti?e field. The nvt thvrn forts then, as now, would have <Mied ttoeefforts of the allied troop*, who were too few todefeod the immense line extending from BaUk - lava to the town ofSebastopol. assuming that the latter had been captured. It in improbable that the condition of the town was ho defenceless as la now represented by the Russian government, for had ita garrison been no feeble, it is not to be presumed that Prince Menachikoff would have withdrawn hi? battalion*, as was the case. The energy and intelligence displayed by the garrison of Sehastopol, in constructing the fortifications which have defied for above eight months the efforts of the allies, do not admit of denial, any more than does the formidable nature of the earthworks which rose ih ad vance of the menaced town, as if by the influence of magic. Ibe genius of Todleben and of the Russian engineers has, however, encountered those exaggerations always at tendant upon success. In creating the works of faith which subsequently assumed the gigantic proportions possessed by the Redan, the Malakoff, or the Quarantine forts, the Russians only obeyed the dictates of necessity, and cannot, most certainly, lay any claim to having dis covered a new system of fortifications. In the absence of stone, they erected works of earth similar to those of fli listria, Schumla, Kars, Odessa, and a hundred other open places. The present formidable nature of the Sebostopol de fences must be attributed to the prolonged inaction of the Allies after the 17th of October, and to the numerical strength of the garrison, which waa employed in the months of winter and spring in increasing the power of reidstance of these works, whilst the few available allied troops were occupied in guarding the feeble line of attack from sorties, or in defending the flank and rear of the camp from the menancing attitude of Menschikolf and Ijprandi. The first and second weak and unsustained bombardment of Sebastopol, whilst inflicting but a slight injury on the defences of the place, opened the eyes of the enemy's en gineers to the weak points of their works, which they consequently strengthened. In profiting by this expe rience, the Russian engineers only performed what the most barbaric tribe of Haflrland would have effected un der the circumstances; and wo therefore decline joining in the unbounded admiration daily expressed for the ge nius displayed in the defence of Sebastopol. The?strength of the Redan and of the Malakoff works consists perhaps more in the immense quantities of wood employed in their construction than even in the resisting [tower of earth, and in the works of the captured Mauielon the great service derived from that material ? which abounds in the neighborhood of the town? was glaringly ex hibited. The rea! strength of Sebastopol consists in its geo graphical configuration; for whilst the whole energies of its garrison are devoted to the defence of the south side of the town, which is alone menaced, the communication* with the interior of the country remain uninterrupted. It it on this circumstance that the organ of the Russian government dilates in triumphant language, and, unfor tunately, its truth cannot be denied. Not alone can sup plies and munitions of war pour without cessation into the besieged town, but in one single day the whole gar rison can be changed, and an army of fresh troops re place those whom fatigue or sickness has overcome. It is as easy, says the Involute Rimi, ,l to replace in a sin gle night a hundred dismounted cannon, as to change the 60,000 bayonets which form the garrison, with fresh troops. On the lines of communication with Russia over I'erekop, from Eupatoria to Balaklava, strong detach ments are so posted as to be enabled within a very short ?pace of time to concentrate on any point, and thuB swell into a large army." There can be no doubt that r great deal of truth is contained in the above lines, although we may question the assert ed strength of the Russiau . forces in the field and in Sebastopol. It is, however, evident that whilst the fall ot the town can alone l>e effected by its complete investment, that very operation has been now rendered almost impracticable. It is to be supposed that the Rus sian forces encamped on the Belbex have not been idle in erecting redoubts and breastworks on the many heights over which an investing force would be compelled to light its way, and thus the task of completely blockading the town is now not alone dangerous, but almost Impossible. Happily, the fate of Sebastopol will not be decided before that town, and the allied goucniment* have at length awoke to the necessity of adopting new plans and of com mencing fresh operations. Notwithstanding all the arguments of the Invalidx Hu jw, and in spite of the formidable defences of Sebasto pol wiiich it so joyfully enumerates, we are firmly con vinced that the fate of the Crimea Is irrevocably sealed. We believe that disasters still undreamt ofawait the Rus sian empire, and that operations which will outshine the painful interest now concentrated on Sebastopol will, ere long establish the superiority of the allies. Ine preparations so silently conducted in France beto ken the intentions of the Allies, and before two months have elapsed a poworful army will have gained a victo rious footing in some unexpected part ot the Russian dominions. The French government has chartered all the available river steamboats at Marseilles, amounting to some two hundred, which huve received a powerful armament, and will be so arranged as to embark each a force of two hundred soldiers. An amy may thus bo landed on many points which the enemy have hitherto believed unassailable from the shallowness of the water. The I'utrid Sea, the Danube, Nlcolaieff, or even the Bal tic provinces, may in time be visited by a formidable host, which by the rapidity of its movements will deaden all resistance, and completely bailie the Russian com manders. On this contingency the Russian government had evidently not reckoned, and the Invalid* Riutr. which now gloats with triumph on the anticipated (all ure of the Allies before Sebnstopol, will shortly resume Its former occupation ot softening down defeats or imagin ing apocryphal victories. Important (torn Tripoli. Malta (July -25) Correspondence of the Umdon Herald.] By the French government steamer he Daim, which ar rived in our port on the 17th, with despatched for gov ernment, wt> have received intelligence from a source which forbid* us for one moment to doubt its correct ness We give extracts from two letters Ant for better understanding them it is as well to premise that (ihouma, the Arab cliief alluded to, represents the nationality of the native tribes as opposed to the existing government, which owes ieudul hotuege to the Sultana Tripoli, July 14, 1856. Ike local authorities have received news of the troops sent Hgninsl the rebel* bended by the brave Ghouma.who had encountered the Turks and engaged them in a battle, which, it was said, lasted two days. The extermination of the Turkish army, which has al most all fallen into the hands of the Arabs, is the result of the action. Ghnuma is now at the heaa ot 1ft. 000 de mined men, und fourteen pieces of cannon taken from the Turks. July 15, 1865. The wreck of the Turkish army , which has submit toil to the rebels, arrived this day. The Turks are complete ly beaten, and their artillery, flags, provisions, music and military chest, are taken, and scarcely a man has escaped, except those who were not absolutely engaged in action, who have arrived here in flight, and disarmed. After this victory, the artillery taken in the Bold of but tle was employed against the citadel in the mountains, which surrendered in two days. In consequence of the above intelligence her Majesty's steam vessel Inflexible, which happened to be in port, from the Black Sea fleet on her way to England, was im mediately ordered to proceed to Tripoli, and our Consul (?'eneral, Colonel Herman, returned in her to the scene of strife, to protect British subjects and property. He re turned on tbe 22d. biinging back the Consul, from whom we learn that the party of Ghouma was daily gaining ground, and acquiring strength from theachesion of neigh boring tribes. Succcm of the French Loan. A summary of the following report to the Emperor by the French Minister of Finance, has been published: ? Sir: ? I proceed to render to your MajeUy a report of the known results of the loan, the subscription to which closed at five o'clock yesterday afternoon. The informa tion yet to come in is not of a nature to affect it in an importanl degree, but it will be embodied in a later and Una! report. Three hundred and ten thousand jiersons have taken part In the subscription. The sum subscribed will be about three milliards six hundred millions. The subscriptions of 50 francs and under, declared non reducible, will ligure In this sum for from 230 to i'ift mil lions. The subscriptions of 00 francs and over, subject to a proportionate redaction, will lie about three mil liards ? three hundred nnd sixty millions. The departments will have furnished nearly -30.0)0 subscribers, and more than a milliard of the capital sub scribed . The foreign subscriptions ? those ol England. Holland, tieimatiy, Belgium, Switzerland, 4c. ? exceed 20<) mil lions. Such results, sire, have no need of commentary , their unheard of greatness speaks loudly of itself. To obtain thetn neither especial sacrifices nor excite ments have been necessary. The relative advantages oflcrisi to subscriliers were in fact |e?* than those of the last two loans ? a fact which has not kept back 810. 0i)0 subscriliers from offering nearly five times the sum re qtiireo. All the efforts of the administrative authorities have been employed not to excite, but to restrain, the eagerness of the public. Thanks to the restrictive mea sures of your majesty, the ampum of SO franc" and un der will only cover a |>art of the lnin. and nearly 650.000.00tl will remain tor distribution among the sub scribers of larger sums. Every one will have bis share, as is just and good for the public credit . This portion will be somewhat less than a sixth of the sum subscribed. The deposits for the guarantee of ten per cent will themselves form a total of three hundred and sixty millions without reckoning the sums paid in anticipa tiou of instalments. ? me of the most remarkable features of this extraordi nary manifestation is that a displacement of capital so enormous should lie possible In a time so short, coming so soon after two loans in the midst of exte rior complications, after the alimentary and epidemic crisis thiongb which we hare pas-x-d and thi* without causing the least derangement In commerce or the moncr nutiket* Contrary to the ex]>erienco of former loans, the announcement of thi* was met by an advance of the price of the rente, which, from ftSfr. W0o. on the day pre vious. rose to the present price ofHflfr S0c. In order to favor this movement it will be desirable to restore to cir culation at the earliest possible moment that portion or the capital paid Into the treasury which the reduction of subscription- will render repayable. This work will be effected with all |?ossible celerity. Mre the financial operation just accomplished, proba bly the most astonishing known at any epoch and in any "country, is well calculated to enlighten those who may still entertain doubts of the power ot Krance. the extent ot her riches, and her credit, or of the popularity in Europe of the generous enterprise which ?he pursues Tbi? immense concurrence of capital arriving from all countries furnished by persona of all te^rees ot fortune, wfil certainly be in the eye? of the world the most strik lug and Irrepre-sible evidence of confidence which the governme nt of the Emperor Inspire- at home and abroad. 1 an, Ac., P. MAtiNE. Reward* of (he Kngllali Arrtlr Wsvlgatan. The English House of Commons was in Committee of So) ply on -'uly 81, upon the v >t?> ..f ?10 iXK> for Captain Met iiire and the Arctic discoverers. Af'miral WaiOOTT took that opportunity of expressing his admiration at the bravery and iieisew ranee exhibited by the Arctic discoverers, lie should he glad to know whctl er there was any intention of carrying out the re commi ndation of the committee of that liouae with re gnrd to the grunt of medals to these hrave men.

Mr- 1 TWi? thought it should be expressed in the vote that ?5,000 was to be given to Capt. McClure, and ?5,000 to In distributed to the officers ami crew of the Investi gator. He wished sJao that the officers awl men of the Enterprise had been rewarded. ( apt. Soobkix sflM that the committee bad found great difficulty in coming to the decison. but at last came to the conclusion that the service* of McClure were pre eminent. (Hear, hear.) They deemed the services of Captain^ KeiJet and Colllsson most distinguished, but felt ihut if they went beyond the actual discoveries of the Northwest passage, they should be travelling beyond the scope of their instructions. He trusted that the men would all have medals, as they were some of the finest pallors that ever existed, It bad been asked why Capt. McClure got half the money; but his was an extraordinary case. (Hear, hear.) With his ship four years in the ice. he had, by his extraordinary judgment, courage and skill overcome all difficulties. (Hear, hear.) It was not like a single Hash of courage on the day of liattle or even a campaign, but sustained and persevering efforts, and he (Capt. Scobell) believed that neither Parliament nor the country would grudge the reward. Mr. Bl'TT supported the decision of the committee, and warmly eulogized the skill aud courage of Captain M'Clure, Mr. F. Sctli.y wanted to know why the whole reward of ?20.000, originally promised by the Admiralty, had not been awarded to Captain M'Clure)1 Mr. liiTr said that it was considered by tho committee that the ?20,000 had been offered before any portion of the northwest passage was discovered, and besides was for bringinga ship through the ice. Admiral WAUtHT said that ?6,000 was given to Parry and ?6,000 to Koss. The present vote absorbed the other ?10,000. Mr. HnrwooD inquired why the 91,000 to the Royal So ciety had been discontinued? Lord Palmhoton explained that the money had origi nally been gived as a special grant for a temporary pur pose. and hud been subsequently demanded by the society as a matter of course. He regretted that he was this year obliged to refuse it. The vote was then agreed to. The Earthquake in Switzerland. [From the Journal de Geneve.] Skin, Valam, July 27. 1855. 1 send you some fresh details which I have just col lected, with respect to the catastrophe of St. Nicolas and Tho 2Cth 1ms been a yet more terrible day than the 26th; not that the shocks of earthquake nave been stronger, but that all the houses, being cracked and ready to fall, were unable to resist any new shocks. At 10 o'clock 1 was at Gracben, sitting on a rock, and talk ing with two peasants, when, all ut once, our seat wag violently agitated; we were thrown to the earth, and at the same moment thirteen barns fell is, the spire of the church was completely demolished, and an enormoiu rock ? known in the district by the name of Kalclienziff ?bounding from the top of the mountain, precipitated itself with a horrible crash into Viege. surrounded by a cloud of pebbly dust which rolled onwards with the im petuosity of an avalanche. From Grachen 1 went to St. Nicolas by the wooden bridge. Notwithstanding the reiterated warnings of the inhabitants, I determined to penetrate into the village, in order that I might be able myself to judge of the extent of the disaster. All the houses had fallen one upon the other, and at the very moment that I quitted the village, (a quarter past 1 1'. M.,) a fresh shock occurred, which completely levelled the little inn called "la Croix Federate. The only houses which now Btand at St. Nicolas are the priest's houi-e and the house of the notary, M. Dinner, All the rest is one heap of ruins, and the wretched inhabi tants of this village, collected together in a large Held near the river, arc encamped in the open air. It is heart breaking to witness the despairing sadness of the men, who have justseen the destruction of the houses which sheltered them yesterday, and of the women, surrounded by their children, who can do nothing but weep over this overwhelming calamity. Between a quarter past 1 o'clock and 5, 1 have felt six shocks of earthquake at St. Nicolas, viz., at a quarter past 1, at ten minutes past 2, at 14 minutes past 2, at half-past 2, at 40 minutes past 3, and at 40 minutes past 4. At 6 o'clock I resumed the road to Viege by the right bank of the river, in order to avoid the storm of stones which never stopped falling. On the road the shocks continued, but I must admit that I did not care to note them very accurately, being in a hurry to arrive at Stalden. <>n the road I met the cure of St. Nicolas, without a hat, and in great pain. A stone had struck him on the head and another on the knee. He was creeping along with difficulty, but we were obliged to pursue our jour ney seperately, for it was imposlble to stop. The road was entirely coverod with crevices, crumbled walls, enormous blocks of stone, and at every Instant the noise of something cracking was renewed. I h^fc at last arrived at Stalden. Nobody is in the vilM(P; everybody has fled. Almost all the stone houses have been shaken down. The wooden structures have re sisted better. At half past 6 I set out for Viege, but at 200 yards from Stalden the road was impassable. 1 was obliged to go as best 1 could, by the side of the hill. With respect to Viege you know what has taken place. Yesterday, at 10 o'clock in the evening, there was a fresh shock as strong as those which preceded it. As at Stalden add St. Nicolas, there are no inhabitants in this little town. They are encamped in the open air. At 3 o'clock in the morning I had fortunately returned to Sion from my perilous excursion. At '/ermatt, Tesch, and Kanda there has been no mis < bief. At Torbel the roof of the church is driven in, as n the two churches of Vleges; the same thing has liap pened at Hurhucken. No nev s from any other quarter, The wounded guide has been brought back to Viege. It is believed that his leg is not broken. 1 saw at tft. Nicolas a woman who was suffering agonies; a beam, in tilling, had broken her arm, and they were on the point of amputating it, but without any hope of saving her. Such was the situation yesterday. You see how disas trous it is, and what a depth of compassion must be felt for so many honest peopla struck down by a calamity hitherto unheard of in these districts. Ptrli Fashions. [From the London Court Journal, July 28.) Every succeeding month bring* ita share of toil to tlie recordem of fashion. The month which has Just expired has been almost null and void in I'aris, as far an the pub lic promenades and Boulevard* are concerned. These are given up for the moment, and during the absence of the Empress, to the provincial and foreign ladie*, who in funeral cannot be recanted as competent to set the fash ion, as they mostly display the most perfect independence with respect to the laws of unity by which fashion is governed. We have, therefore, been comiieiled to have recourse to the complaisance of the principal couturieres in Pari*, who perhaps never were so fully occupied as at this moment, und whose ateliers present the mo*t Batter ing and animated scene to be beheld throughout the whole city. The approaching visit of the Queen of Eng land has thrown an immense degree of activity into our first rate establishments, and the preparation* there making for her Majesty's reception ?re highly satisfacto ry, both in point ol taste and execution. The atelier at the Tuilcries having ceased its functions during the visit of the Kmpress to Kaux-Bonnes, tho confection of her Im perial Majesty's toilets has been distributed amongst the various master hands of the metropolis. The dress for the grand fete at Versailles is already completed ; it is of the finest India muslin, almost entirely covered 'With puffings of Brussels, dispose" en ruche, as high as to Within six inches of the waist. The art displayed in the combination of this dress is beyond all praise. The front breadth is flattened, so that the unpleasant projection caused by the movement of the knees in walking, is com pletely avoided, while the gradual expansion of the rudie bouillons, as they diverge from the front, gives an inde scribable an.l <|iieenlike dignity to the sha|ie of the skirt. At intervals, all over the ruches, are placed knots of rib bon, of that mauve-lilas so becoming t?> her Majesty, and which none but the fairest aud most alabaster complex ion ran support with advantAge. The ribbon is some what wider than that hitherto employed, so that the ends which are not long, however,) instead of drooping and oating as they have hitherto done, stand stiffcr and closer to the dress. Those knots are half hidden amid the cloud of net, and have the lightest and most aerial effect it is possible to conceive. Wliat is the more novel in this costume Is, the facon of the corfage and sleeves, which are disposes in the same manner as the skirt, the ruchings being made to reach to the throat, increasing in size from the waist to the shoulders, and then agnin diminishing to the shape of the figure with a finish and delicacy which very Jew dressmakers aie capable of realising. The corsage de scends low over the hips, but the l>as<|uc is not finished off with lace or flouncing of any kind. Knots of ribbon laid on the edge in a double row without interval, close enough for the ends appertaining to them to form an un interrupted fringe, formed the whole of the garniture. We could not help reflecting when we saw this e\quisite dress laid out on Madame Vignon'S table that no rich ness nor extravagance in dress could ever rival the eha r ming and elegant simplicity displayed in this fresh andappetissant toilet. Another dress of the same de scription is en train at Madame Caniille's. This is like wise of India muslin, and likewise ornamented with ruche bouillons, although in a different manner. These were laid on en eolonnees, extending in width as they approach the bottom of the skirt, being relieved at intervals also with knots of sea green ribbon, half hidden amid the transparency ot the bouillons of net. Beneath the alternate* intervals of the clear India muslin s broad band of sen creen ribbon was placed, ter minating in a large flat knot, without ends, at the ex treme edge of the skirt. The great art of this arrange, ment is thought to consist in the ample fulness which the?e bows of ribbon, placed there with seemingly care less ease, and but to complete the design, give to the muslin skirt, and prevent the more weighty bouillon from pressing on the plain tr.iuspa rent interval. Ma dnme de Haisieux has in han.l n rl< h promenade for the Kaux Itonnes, destined for Madame de IH Ii is the first which has been made of the kind, therefore nuiv lay claim to novelty, although [lerliaps. a pure ta*te may dispute its cnrrectne-a. 1 his di e - is composed of the richest <(uullty of mous-eline de soie, the flounces of which ? there n re five ? are alternately rose color an 1 while, the white being embroidered in pink silk, and the pink in white. Nothing whatever t* seen of the kirt the flounces reaching to the waist. The corsag* is cm posed of alternate hands of pink and white, embroidered in the same style as the flounces, and hretelles. alw.ivs to cot respond descend low to the v, .,i<t behind where they terminate In a large flat hiw. which leetne 1 to us of nn exaggerated size, but which Madame de Balsieux assured us was to be grand? mode during the rest of the summer. We saw several hretelles in ?!1 colors, made exactly in this same lr> with large flat Iwiws to lie almost in the middle of the hack, and although we could not say that our admiration was excited, yet the proof of the fashion being accepted was too strong to be resisted. The fashion of these lire telles is called h la Prince de dalles we (ailed to discover the oiigin of this appellation. According to general Impression, this fashion will become very general next winter; the ribbon maker- are already busily engaged in making ribbon* broad enough for the purpose. The stutTi mo?t in vogue are *till the mmi> eline de Chine for se condary toilet the mousseline de s(,i.., which, from its fine texture and brilliant color, will always bear away the i aim over all other light tissues. IVIisl.. has surpassed him-elf in bis late exhibition. Every description of sum mer material Was found there anil pronounced superior. both in design snd color, to Ik displayed by sny other house. Ihirty's shsnU are now having a vogne s?> universal as almost to supersede mantelet* anl talma*. These shawls are <ii netted silk, with a 1 broad colored band running all round them. The two that we b?w, and which were destined for the I hi Chess of Sutherland, were remarkably beautiful? one of th?iu bright Pomona green, with a broad orange colored stripe, edged with a black fringe, the other white with a pale blue border, and pompadour pink fringe. In bonnet* the fashion is getting to ita last limits of extra vagance; consequently must now be on the decline. The chapeau chaperon, worn by the Km press before her de parture from 1'aris, is being largely made for the fetei to foe given on her Majesty'* return. One of these, made we believe lor the Queen of England, by Madame <K)de, is composed of paillo de riz and black lace, the fonds being of geranium colored silk, and covered in long branches of clematis, turning over the forme in careless freedom. The black lace advances beyond the edge of the bonnet, and is suffered to badiner in a light ami graceful manner. The trainasses worn upon bonnets of every description last month, are fast giving place to small pompons of star-shaped (lowers. We have been much struck with the utter absence of crape and crape lisse bonnets this year, none but fancy straw having been in wear amongst the fashionable leaders of ton. We saw no less than seven ot these bonnets being completed at Mdlle. l^ture's for the Duchess de Mno. They were all to be in readiness tor the visit of Queen Victoria, and all were of different style. Ihe one which struck us most of all was of the new texture of fibre d'aloes. trimmed with a compact wreath of bright yellow panaies with out leaves. These flowers were laid on quite Hat round the edge, the wreath broad enough, however, to reach more than half way up the passe, where it was joined by another of the same, laid across the former. This bonnet is of the boldest design we have beheld for some time past; it reminded us of the best days of Mau rice Aubert. Another one was of fancy l<eghorn, with no trimming whateyer, save a thick long paquet of rose colored baguenadier, laid on the left side of the face, in side the bonnet, and two long drooping branches of the same flower placed on the same side without. The ef fect of this garniture was very striking, and will do much honor to Molle. I-awre; the peculiar elasticity and fulness of the baguenaudler giving it the appearunce of a rich feather. With no other flower could she have produced the same effect. We have seen many bonnets of paille de rli consu with no trimmiug but a cross band of black velvet laid over the passe, and a bavolet of inordinate di mensions, reaching almost to the shoulders, composed of black lace. The effect of this style is bewildering; at first we scarrely know whether to admire or disapprove; but seen once or twice, we begin to discover the great merit of distinction which it possesses, and no longer wonder at Its adoption by the most elevated and distingue of oar fashionables. The interior of these bonnets is becoming more filled than ever? four, and even five rows of blonde being bow used to conceal entirely the material of the bonnet within. A great sensation has Wn made by the introduction of a precious stone entirely new in Europe, and which promises to have the vogue for awhile, to the exclusion of many an old and valued favorite. This stone, which has but just been discovered in Brazil, is hard and brilliant, of a most exquisite and melting red, lighter than ruby, darker than pink topaz. A set of these stones, made by Brahy, lias just been despatched to the Queen of Naples as a present from the Emperor. They were on view for some time at Brahv's magasin on the Boulevard des Italiens, and excited universal admiration. He is now composing another set for the Empress, which promises to be even more remarkable. Wo have been favored with a view, and may describe it for the sake of its novel ty. The stones of the necklace are forty-eight in number, all of the same size and color, transparent, set in dead gold: the bracelets corresponding exactly. The orna ment for the bosom is a marvel of design, representing a sprig of ivy, with leaves, buds and tendrils. A new kind of head ornament, invented by Brahy himself for, the present style in which her Majesty wears her hair, is remarkably elegant ? a bout de guirtande of ivy runs along the back of the head, beneath the curls, with which a bunch of buds and drooping tendrils mix on either side. Our general observations: ? Broad ribbons, sometimes a foot in width, are beginning to be worn in front of trans parent dresses. Ribbons of narrower width are some times seen, alternating all round the skirt; the short lengths placed inside so as to be seen through the mat erial of which the dress is composed, and the longer lengths laid outside amid the fulness. Embroidery is no longer bourgeois and passee. It may be worn on the corsage of muslin dresses and in alternate bands upon the sleeves; but tho skirt is merely festonne, which Bhows, however, a revivem' nt sufficiently prononce to promise a return to favor. White bodies, which havo held so long a reign, are leaving us fast. Thev hold their tenure npon one sole condition, that of being perfectly loose and trans parent, and profusely adorned with ribbons, of the color of the dress. Flounces arc most ccrtainly finding them selves quietly superseded by the style a colonnes, which is decidadly a novelty, never having been tried in a raised fashion before. Gloves are still of the Swedish manufac ture, and always demi-long, reaching to the bracelet, which, for morning wear, must be of plain coral. Pocket handkerchiefs are displaying an effert at novelty; those of ecru cambric are considered the most fashionable. They arc embroidered in cotton of various bright colors, both In flowers and arabesques, and are really very beau tiful. The trosseau of Mademoiselle Calais de St. Paul displayed whole set* of under linen embroidered in this same style, so that we are led to believe that it is destin ed to become general. Movement* of Ex-Presldeiit Fillmore. The Cork (Ireland) Rqiorter thus alludes to the honors paid to a distinguished visiter at tlie Irish lakes: ? The ex-l'resident of the United States, Millard Fill more, accompanied by Mr. Davis, of the New York bar, and a courier, has been sojourning for the last few days at the lake Hotel, Killarney. Huving been fortunate in having a tine day through the ''(lap," he expressed him self delighted with the enchanting scenery of this most beutitful spot, and the varied beauties or the lakes and the mountains surrounding. As he was leaving in the morning, the buglers connected with the lake Hotel placed themselves under a tree out of view, and com menced playing "Yankee Poodle." As he passed, the boatmen, grouped In different parts of the avenue, gave him three hearty cheers, as an acknowledgment of their gratitude to the great republic of America. The distin guished gentleman repeatedly acknowledged the compli ment, which was as unexpected as it was enthusiastic. Mdlle. Rachel In London. [From the hondon Chronicle, July 31.] I nst evening, at the St. James theatre, Mdlle. Rachel Sire the first of a series of four performance* previous to er departure for America. It In almost unnecessary to say that a crowded and enthusiastic house welcomed the greatest tragrtlienne of the day with the homage due to her genius. II, as we are told, Mdlle. Rachel in not now irithout a rival near her tragic throne, in the person of Mme, Histort. whose performances have recently created so marked a sensation in Paris, she is at any rate fortu nate I n this ? that the challenge of her long unquestioned supremacy has come before failing powers of expression [ or a diminishing keenness and sensihll ity of artistic per I ception has rendered her unequal to vindicate her repu tation. For it was impossible to detect in her perform ance any trace of the continuous wear and tear of ar tistic life, any want of freshness, vigor, or sponteneity. She is still herself, with all her clussic grace of atti tude, her varied und animated declamation, and her dra matic intensity. The four pieces in which she will ap pear during her present visit to England, are well se lected, embracing, as they do, four of the strongest ro/?, both in the classical aud romantic drama. She appe.ired last evening in "Lea Horaces" of Corneille. After what we have already said, it is unnecessary to repeat that sin- did so with entire success; aud it is equally so to en ter uiion any detailed criticism of a creation which is familiar to all admirers of the French drama. We need not do more now than allude to its most prominent features, l.ike ail artistic works of the highest class, its general tone, aud the perfection with which it is pre served. are its most prominent characteristics. From beginning to and she is the thoroughly Roman maiden; simple but not austere, self-commanding but not unreel ing. Various are the emotions and the passions by which she is animated ? this colors the expression of all. We feel its presence equally in the calm dignity of the earlier scenes, and the tragic intensity of the latter: but the uttempt to maintain its consistency never fetters the freedom of the artist. How bright is the gleam of hope which shoots across her face when, in the midst of her anxiety, she welcomes, as a prot>able escape from the horrors of almost civil war, the first intimation of the intention to decide the quarrel between Rome and Alba by three chosen champions on each side; how eager the manner in w hich she watches the effect of Sabine's appeal to Horace and Ouriace; and with what egotism of grief she repudiates her sister-in-law's attempt to compare fheir woes, ftne of Mdlle. Rachel's finest points in this plav has always struck us as being the start of joy with which she receive* the first intimation of the supposed result of the combat, followed by the immediate revul sion of feeling when she recollects that the safety of her lover has been purchased by the death or disgrace of her brother. But as the fourth act is that in which the dramatic interest is concentrated, it is that in which the greatest achievement of the actress occurs. Mdlle. Rachel herself has nothing more powerfully, painfully intense than the horror-stricken sort of paralysis witn which she receives the news of the death of Curfatee, the burst of frantic if rief which follows, the terribly unnatu ral calmness w ith which she dilates on her fate, or the concentrated tnten?ity of her denunciations of Home. As we have already said, we do not now pretend to criticise an impersonation on which criticism has l*>en exhausted. We shall, therefore, only add that Mdlle. Rachel was railed before tlx curtain twice at the close of the tragedy, anil received a shower of bouquets. Thrttm and Exhibitions. Broadway Ihkatkk ? The graud tairy pantomime of the "(ireen Monster" Is announced for this evening as the last tim'1 It will lie presented ? (labriel Ravel a- the White Knight, supported by M. t'ollet, Mr. Murry Wells and Mad. Mntinetti Tie Chinese pantomime. ' Fete of Kimka, "will i include the amu-ements ? (Jabrlel Ravel as \ entilan. N i BUi'i (.audits ? This I.eiuK the night of Burton's ap )>enraMe a very attract!?* bul is announced. The popu lar piece called "Tnrning the Tables" will be the lir t llurton as Jack Humphries. Jordan a* Jeremiah Humps Mr- F rinre as Mrs. Humphries and Mrs. Cociovar aa Miss Knibbs last time the amusing piece called "The Toodles'' will be given. Bowery TKtnn. ? Thl? evening the spectacle drama of the ^''Invasion of liritsin" will lie presented for t ho last time. Miss le I'olle will dance, and Mr. Wallace and Mad. lienville will sing The entertainments will com Uiencc Willi the extravaganza called "(irimshmw, Bag shaw and Bradahaw." New features are announced for Monday evening. VrrnnpotjTAN Tirr-Amr ? This being announced as the last appearance of the French and Spanish dancers , tUoae who have not aeen them should i>y all means go, as tbev will he delighted with the ballet performances. The vaudevilles of '? Media yuaitome Heures." and ?? 1* 1 hiltre Ohampeooia," as also the S|?nish ballet " I* (.itnn.i. " and a ballet dlvertl-semi nt. Woofs Mixrrwuj". ? Although the weather is warm and oppressive, still crowds are s?-en every evening ifotng to the Masquerade Ball at W<*>d'< Hall. 47 2 Broadway. It is announced again for this evening, with negro melodies and choruses. Ma. U. C. t"BA?LW, the |ioptilar Irish comedian, and his talented sfsler, arc to commence an engagement at the Bowery on Monday next. Mr. and Mw. J.'H. Aujw are engaged at the Metro politan. and will apiear during Mi. Hackett'l nights. Woman'! Right* Convention at Saratoga Springs. [From the saratcgian, Aug. 16.] Wednesday Evwino. Ob re assembling, tte resolutions heretofore intro duced were again read % Key. Antoinette L. Brown. The Convention was then addressed by Key. J. May, ot Sjncusp. Mr. M. proceeded to answer gome of the objections made to ihe women's rights^ movement. He also referred to the organization of our government, and said that he did not inow by what riftht the men ot that day assumed to exclude women from an e^n&i share in the founding of the republic. ... The reverend genMem.?n had not proceeded far before he was Interrupted repeatedly, by the stamping of a portion of the audicacc?ouno/'ity to hear the ifwuen being the principal motive. He insisted upon being heard, having been nHflgntnl to speak by the oommittee. The audience refused to listen; but after being assured, in a mild but firm manner, by Miss Brown, Mrs. Rose, and the President, that unless Mr. M. was heard through, the ladies would not speak, the rowdies concluded to keep quiet, and Mr. Way shortly finished his speech. Mrs. Kkmotnk I.. Hon* then took the stand, and made a set speech of over an hour upon the disabilities of wo man, and their consequences upon her intellectual, moral and social condition. She is an excellent talker? clear, logical and eloquent, with just enough of foreign accent to add increased interest to her delivery. In glowing words, she painted tho difference between the education of boys and girls ? of the tormer, adapting them to every vocation and calling? of the latter, confined to a few branches of study a tev, light accomplishments, adapting ) er to no purpose at all. The same difference existed as to their opportunities. The young man can select from the whole circle of sciences und from all the varied avo cations ? the young lady has heretofore had presented to 1 er acceptance but three ? the kitchen, the needle, the rchoolroom, and as a reserve when these failed, to get married. She alluded to the thought often urged that woman is dependant upon man, and that she should love and confide in him as u protector. In this connection she referred to the fallen 'laughters of shame and sorrow, so often met with in our cities ? made so in thousands ot instances through inability to otherwise gain a livelihood, and in thousands of others by the craft, falsehood and treachery of man ? and said this was a specimen of the "protection" man gi-es to woman to induce her to remain in her present helpless nnd dependent position. Mrs. R. contended that wr wan should be thoroughly educated ?? tEat all the avocatfona of life should be open to her, and she said that such a state of things would operate vastly to raise both man and woman in the scale of ex Utenee, #nd contribute lurgely to the happiness, virtue, and progress of the racc. The Convention then adjourned. TtU'RfiDAY Mobnino, lOJf o'clock When we went in this morning, Lucy Stone Blackwell was holding fort li to some three or four hundred listen ers. The hall afterwards became pretty well filled up. Mr*. Bkickwell did not appear to he pursuing any parti - . cnlar line of argument, but rather indulging in a general review of the consequences of woman's present position. It needed but a few moments attention to discover that she w?s making a capital speech. She is notgtfted over much ih the line of personal beauty: but there is no da nying that she pos esses great oratorical talent. Her powers of repartee while speaking, are quite remarkable, reminding us of Henry .f. Kay mom], whom she somewhat resembles. As an instance of this faculty, while speak i ng of the employment of females as clerks, a gentleman in the audience asked, "Why female clerks are so unpo pular with lady customers!"' and received the Instant retort, " Because they are so unpopular with the gentlemen I" and the house came down with a roar. We venture to say that no man or woman who heard her will deny that she established as well as argument can establish anything, that thegreat cause why women become vicious ? why unhappy marriages are contracted ? why children are neglected, and not brought up as they should be ? is owing to defective education, to the limited number of employments which society and custom have opened to woman, and to their ill-paid toil. In support of her theory that woman should do whatever is right to he done ? which is, apparently, a favorite' thought with her ? she stated the fact that she knew four sisters, in Delaware, we think, who are workers in iron,, and were making $50 a week, and upwards, at the bum ness. And they also excelled in education and ladies' ac complishments. In answer to an inquiry, " who would do the washing?" if a woman stepped out of her present position, tho questioner's temerity received as a reward this reply: " There would probably be some who would like to wash ? perhaps some men would like it? and it could be turned over to them." After Mrs. B. sat down, Mr. T. W. Hhkjinson occupied the stand with a few remarks upon the progress of the movement, and stuted some facts in regard to the taxa tion of women, snd instances where men had willed away .property at their death, which they had received by mar riage. His remarks were very well received. Rev. A-VTOimttk L. Beow.n then rose, and took np first the Bible objection, as she said by request, being the words used by fiod to Kve, after tke fall of man. "And thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee." We have no room for Miss B.'s exposition in full, but she treated it as a prophecy, and not as a command ; and she said woman's "desire" had been to "her hus band," and he had "ruled over" her ? not because it wan right or just, but rather it was a triumph of evil over the destinies of man, as a consequence of the fall. She also answered the text usually quoted from St. Paul, by other passages from the same apostle, and by the "golden rule" of the Saviour, which she contended ought to be conclu sive with man, that when woman asked for her rights they should be accorded to her. The reverend lady then, indulged in a most beautiful strain of remark upon the causes of much of the wrong and corruption in go^rn ment, in politics, in business affairs, in society? and or the failure, to a large extent, of the efforts made to es tablish good governments, and administer them well? which she attributed to the fact that woman has not been kept on a level with man, as his equal, and has not I een associated with him in all his efforts, and all his abors. When Miss Brown had concluded, the convention ad journed to 7>| o'clock this evening, on which occasion Lucy Stone Bhickwell will speak upon women's rights to fuffrnge. Marine Court. Before Hon. Judge Blrdsall. KICKING THE BUCKET. J no. D. Snedicor n. Jmrpk OunJUld. ? This was an ac tion for trcspatss. l'laintiff keep* a grocery store at No. 288 Third avenue; defendant, a dry good* atore adjoining, south nide. Plaintiff keepa a garbage barrel standing on tbe walk in front of bin utore. On the 30th of Jane last, the defendant kicked it over, throwing tbe garbage in the gutter; also, on tbe 24th of July, knocked it over and kicked the bottom out, at the name time exclaiming, "I'll be d? d if I will stand it any longer." Barrel worth from In. to In. 6d., for which plaintiff claim* damage* in the sum of $A00. Mr. Iianicl B. Taylor, appearing for the defendant, railed several witnesses, among othera tbe Health Officer of the ward, who testified that the barrel whi an old one and the bottom full of hole*; that plain tiff was in the habit of keeping alopa, Ac., in it, the bar re) leaking, ami filthy water running on the walk in front of defendant's utore; that instead of being in front of plaintiff's store, the greater part of It wan on the walk directly in front of defendant'* (tore; that plaintiff had been relented by the Health Officer to remove the barrel, it being, as l>e thought, a "nuisance." Mr. Taylor con tended that, even if the barrel wan on the walk in front, of plaintiff" s store, it being a nuisance. defendant had a. right to abate the nuisance by kicking It over:and further more, that under the ordinance plaintiff hail no business to keep the barrel on the walk longer than Ave minutes, it being an obstruction to the highway. Any person haul a right to remove such obstruction. Mr. Bagley ap peared for plaintiff, and insisted that judgment should lie for plaintiff, contending that It was a malicious tre* pass, and that no person lis* the right to destroy or in jure another's property. The Judge disponed of the mat ter in a summary way. and rendered judgment for defend ant, with cost*. PAMAO K." FOB BREACH OF CONTHACT. Hnrmtm II. Guntrr, Attiyfir* of John G. liur'on, an. AV? ihritk Oeodttl. ? This was an action to recover damages in $1(11. The facta, as appeared in the testimony of Mr. Buxton ? the only witness for plaintiff ? are as follows: ? In February last defendant called on him and wished to engage his services a- surveyor, in surveying land, (did not disclose where ian ! was situated, and wished to keep that a secret,) agreeing to pay him $100 per month and expenses, and to h< Id himself in readiness to go to work fr? in that day; that Buxton did hold himself in readiness until the lwth of April, wtien he called on defendant to ascertain when defendant was going to set him to work, and that defendant then told him he had better get work elsewhere ? defendant paying him $15. That on the 24th of May fol owing, defendant rent for him and engaged his -ei vices for the surveying of twenty thousand acres of land in Virginia, agreeing to pay him $150 per month and cxjienses, he (Buxton) to engage an assistant, and to be ready to gn on the rth of June: that Itaxton, under this contract, engaged nil assistant, and was out of employ ment until the 27th of June, holding over from day to day, at the request of defendant, when d< fondant denied that he bad tnade a contract with him. I'laintiff, there fore. claims damage, in tbe sum of $141, for breach of contract. lhe defendant u as called as a witness, anildcnii-d < ver ha\ ing made any contract with Huxt.>n, ai?d farther deposed that he callcd on Buxton and stated that If he could get n good title lie was going to purchase twenty thousand acres of laud in Virginia, and wished to get bis prices for surveying, in order to estimate the exact cost, stating that if &e purchased he would give him tbe sur veyinif. and tha' he failed to make the purchase, nod so ntormed Iluxton. 1 be Court rendered Judgment for de em'.ant, $10 allowance and costs. I'harU* Drrfrrky. Anxyi tic "f Vyr? <f Twinrlt, >?* harl't Ktulit'r. ? This suit is brought to recover $.?MJ 13 tor sixteen suit* of ornamental cottage furniture, sold by the liim of Myers h Twincll to this defendant. In anewer, defendant admits that he received the furniture, but al egea that the same was received under a contract, a< ollows: ? ?'n the 14th of May la.t, one of the assignor*? Mr. Meyers ? called on defendant, who was then employed h* a Journeyman painter, and wished liim to go into thi furniture business;^ hat if he would, he, Myers, would furnish him with -ix suits. In the rough, a week, and that defendant might paint, ornament. Ate and sell, Hl lo* intr Myers the pti e of the furni'ure in the rougb, which defendant need not nay until sold. That, under tlila agreement, defendant tired a shop, at the rent of $14 per month and two bands for painting, paying one $10 per week, the other $U M), awl kept hi* shop open and the hands in his employ until the 1st instant, when he wa? obliged to close business on account of the failure on the part of Myers to furnish the aix suits a week, as agreed, lie. Myers, i nly furnishing during the whole time fourteen soils. liefsndant claimed that, In consequence of the fallal* to perform the contract, on the part of Myers, hi was entitled to recover damiges esrimatinv Ihem at $570 ? there being flfty-aeven suits deficient; and that the price for painting, ornamenting, fee tt< $10 ? sell suit. I'laintilf. in reply, showed that the laait waa with defendant, be having, instead of dewiting In. time as was understood, to the interest of assignors receive.! furniture from another house, and failing to paint and ornament auch aults as My?r* famished, that the suits he had received with the exception of two. hail been sold 1'V defendant. The court ordered judgment tor ulnintifl .... a ???? av.' .nJ