Newspaper of The New York Herald, 19 Ağustos 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 19 Ağustos 1855 Page 2
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>,u I to itwaeblaele, it Li jjid, rte iSiapcror, very much resembling that which last year, It will be remembered, was to have exploded at the Opera Comique, when, the Emperor being murdered, hi- dead body wan to bo draped through the street, and the red republic instantly proclaimed. The particular* of this affair aie null secret; nut ? word has yet transpired in any of the journals, hat the fact itself I have no reason to doubt for a mo ment. By and by we shall doubtless hear more. But your readers will remember that I drew attention in my las t to the d? precatory tone of the Oonatitutionntl, an extract from whose article I gave, wherein the workmen? honest men that they were ? were caution ed how evil designing men might, for their own poli tical purposes, tamper with and mislead them. Itnow appears that the C<m?tituiion*ul used its langua/o advisedly, and that affiliated societies hare struck their roots so deep into the whole .soil of Prance that the government has had reason to be serion <ly alarmed. The ext-eme dearness of provisions, the iron rule of th<j police, disgust at the war, the bondage of the press, the overweening desire for political freedom, the conviction of the instability of the present form of goverrment, are said to l>e too oppressive motives even for the artificial stimulus given to labor by the various loans which, through out ail the towns of France, arc now being raised. It in singular that machinations of this sortshuuld be making head in the same manner, now that the Bnglish sovereign is expected to visit Paris, aa when Napoleon was about to visit London. One does not hear that Qr.eeu Victoria is intended any htnu, bat there would certaiuly seem to be a derive, by strik ing down at her feet the ally on whom so orach de pends, to ahow her the broken reed on which she Jeans in the great events now developing themselves; and it is not easy to imagine a more terrible tragedy tliau that of the success of auy miscreant hand on *uch an occasion. The police, however, are on the alert night and da v. But the very whisper of such a catastrophe, or the throat of such, at a moment when event* iu the Boat are all on the hitch ? when Austria and FMrik are strongly suspected of raising a league of neutral* ?gainst the Western policy? when Russia is overwhelming French prisoners with civilities, and her agents are active everywhere, sow ing district and dissatisfaction broadcast? when people's minds arc wound up to the last strain ing point of suspicion, that therein, spite of this trumpet blowing about national loans, rottenness in the state of Denmark ? grates harshly on the car and* sounds like a craven croak, ominous of ill, which ?nly requires the bona fide departure of MM. de Bourqucnv and de Hubner from Vienna and Paris, became all was to open their eyes. Passages such aB these fromM.de Manteuffct's despatch to Count d'Araeim,thc Prussian aml?M?a dor at Vienna, dated June 17. and just now published In the IV catr Gazette, sound oddly; ? " I beg your Excellency to express to Coan< Bnol (the Austrian Minister,) our gratitude for the com munication of these interesting documents which con tribute to throw light ou the general state of affairs. ** The King fully appreciated the firmness with which the Imperial Cabinet lays down, as regitrds the practical efficacy of the treaty of the '2d of De cember, the limits which completely correspond to his own interpretation of the lour points. His Ma jesty recognises in this not only an essential analogy with the point of view which he has always nriin taincd relative to the treaty of April, and its addi tional article, but he sees in it also some advance iu the path towards reconciling the contradiction which Austria jvoints out between her position based on the treaty of the 2d of December, and that of Prus sia and the Germanic confederation. * * * Prussia and Germany have not the less sufficiently proved that they are disposed, as become co-federated States, to take into account the particular in terests of Austria and the European obligations which she has contracted, and we doobt not that this sentiment will also manifest itself in the new e into which, if we arc not mistaken, the era question is on the point of entering." The Bpanish Ministry ate about making alterations in the custom's tariff. Flour from American corn is to be increased in duty at the Havanna. Rachel does not stay to play before the Queen, but is in England en route for America. Her costumes have all been specially re-arranged by M . Dausset, ' oostnme maker to the Theatre Fraucals, but who, after finishing his commission, refused to give the articles back without a payment of a previously dis puted bill of *00 francs, which the President of the CMl Tribunal has compelled the great tragedienne to deposit. Messrs. Marshall, Hairy and Bates, thea trical managers from the United States, are here, pred'eting Rachel's failure in America, while at tb? auroe time they arc busily employed in gathering materials hum the Parisian stote for their own spe culations. There has beeu quite an earthquake experienced throughout the East of France, causing some slight damage, among other places, at Lyons. 1 enclo-e a detailed account. Pektie. Paris, July 31, lso5. Detail* of the New lAxm?TUt Government Co quetting with the Democracy ? " Le Peuplt Se Courcnne Queen Victoria's Visit to the Fruch Capital? A Dictatorship likely to be Established in Spain ? Americans in Paris, 4'C., &fe. The opportunity which an additional mail affords *w enables mo to give your readers tbe precise de tails, as for a* the government can collect them at preoent, of the national loan, the subscription to which dored yesterday. Three huudred and ten thousand persons will have t-hared in the subscription. Tbe sum fubficribed will be about throe milliards ?is hundred million!1. Tbe fubscriptionB of filty francs and under, de clared not reducible, will amouut to 'J30 or 235 millions. The subscriptions of sixty francs and over, liaole to reductions, will be abont three milliard ?> three ' :a 4red and sixty millions. The departments will have furnished about 230 thousand subscribers, and more than a milliard of capital. The foreign snl>scriptions coining from dif ferent countries of Europe ? England. Holland, Ger many, Belgium, Switzerland, Ac.? exceed six mil lions. "Such remit-*,'' exctaims M. Mague, in bis letter to the Emperor," need no comment." The advan tages offered to tbe people were less on thi occanon than m the two fo-iiocr ; and foe nil that, 310,000 subscribers Lave offere.l nearly vc times the amount the government asked, and about 4t50,00f' ,000 franca will have to lie returned to the mibscrlbers. The deposit? alone of om-U-iitli, amount to 3(50 millions, and during the operation the funds instead of falling, as is usual in such ease-*, rose from 66fr. 00c. to Otifr. SOc. The Conntitutionnel of this morning states that about two milliards and a half wodd probably be the asm, but the official journal confirms the infor mation I was able to give you in a repeat letter th.it it would cxcced three milliard". The Emperor and Empress, as If to enjoy the (eiat of the announcement, arrived last night from Biarritz, and the Parisians, who began to exhibit aonie discontent at being deprived of their cu te rnary ftte on the 15th of August, are assured tliat ?otwithstanding the disposal of the funds for tbe benefit of the widows and orphans ot the sr.ay, ?wher fund* shall be provided, that thev rosy not be *lto?. titer Iu want of their usual Ia.npi!'{hting; and M. dr.mnier de Capognac, the writer tuat is always hud recourse to when delicate matters are to handled, has this morning l-een writing ? tiau-iing eomineutary ou Prince >T? poleoiis late republican speech at the Palais d<? l lndustrie, an extract from whl 'h I recently gave .ton. in which the people are renrndod how literally and truly. In choosinir for their government the N i poleon dynasty . they nave, as Prince Napolcoh said, "crowned themselves;" t,>r th^t ,?t tlie elder Hona parte gave them a govi rnment neither of Eogtia'i nor of any foreign extraction . but one purely French bawd on the national will, and hat tag the people, and the people onlv, for its support, so?b<* eider and .vonngcr branch of the Bourb-xa* failed from sun >H representing a party and endeavoring to InnoeuUte ?n the French character inatttutl .ns to ? L h it was natnrallv alien ? that in the present r"preicntittv<' of the house of lionaparfe they bad paternal govern ment without weakness : religious obs-rvmce without superstition: and Ihe way of dignity, honor and fortune was open to the poorest *rd meare-t in the land : ye?. U peuple sr rouirmac. There wvitih to be little doubt that the speech of Prime Napoleon, as well as the*1 articles in tie Constitutwrmel . have ail object more rtmot* than meets tbe eye, and refer to that atate of uneasiness among the working eta"-* a to which I hare lately made allusion*. NoUiing further has transpired in relation to the ar rest of the five and thirty c on?j>irators I mentioned yesterday, and it wradd rot So surprising if the government should endeavor, on *c omit of tbe Vnee-n's visit, to hnsh the ma'ter up. The surfaoe must be kept fair in pieieuce of the m ^,rn Que-n i of 9hel>a,c?ning to bear the wi-d- >n und behold the < greatneas of Solomon, even though rotten tones and < all uneleaitMM lurk beneath. I A triumphal arch is beinp erected on tiie Bonle <*ard de Stroaburp, under wbicii her M^Je-tv will i makeh' r entry. The streets will be lined wlih the 1 .National 'iu.mJ of Porta. M/Qflcr- are |o !*htng i *r< m the wiudows, and planted on the house voptj all aim R the line ot iruguiuceut boulevard* through which rhe will pan; and to make the prooesbion complete. and till the air with sach acclamations as never before revcrberftted throughout the walls of this enchanting metropolis, Uapoieju bhuuM be on horseback in the midat oi hit) legion*, And the Queen of England, like another Zenobia, enter Paris in letter*! V hen that day arrives many French men win have a far more just notion of the entente rr.rdialr than they can ever be persuaded to have at pref cnt. In the meantime it will be interesting to observe the spirit of the nation on on oocaxion bo memorable in its history. The private account** which I receive from Spain repremut the state of tilings there an lu secure in the extreme. O'Dounel has bun heard again and ajraui to declare that he does not believe the throne of Isa bella could possibly survive another assemblage of the CorteB, and Espartero, though nine tent to take the step, is mid to be rapidly yielding to the imperious net c?uy of a dictatorship. At Barcelona the air in fall of combustible matter, which wants but a spark to produce ignition. Bo far, it is paid, from the inter view which has just taken place with the Kmperor with one ot the Spanish ministry, having for its ol> jeet soldiers for the Crimea from Spain, it is rather believed the.t French soldiers may be needed in Spain to support the existing government, and that this possible contingency has occasioned the confer ence which he* excited so much curiosity. It would Le curious ii' in addition to the capitals of Rome, Constantinople , Athens and the Crimea, a French ^unison fhonld find its way to Madrid; and yet we ve in times wlieu nothing ought to be surprising. The arrivals of Americans increase daily. Tney out number all other foreigners in Paris, in the propor tion of 8 to 1. Bbutie. Paris, August 1, 1855. The Paris Exhibition- It s Effects vpon Jfarm facturing Competition between England and Pranr* ? Improvement in French Cutlery?The Exhibition in It* Complete State? Its General Cot ip D'fEil?It* Details ? The Exhibition of Cereals? Transatlantic Industry ? Models of Gnat Public Works in Canada, S/-C. The rnnibcr of visiters wis on Sunday 108,131, of whom 1)1,071 entered the Palace of Industry, and 17,057 the Fine Arts. Not more than 738 persons presented themselves aa brought to Paris by the newly instituted exhibition trains. This famous depot of art, original invention and industry has now exactly three months to run betore its closing, which, it is understood, will take place nominally on the 31st of October, thoujjh, as a Ifezaar, it is Relieved it will be Btill open to the public till the termination of the year 1*55. It may be that thiB | is a reason why, comparatively speaking, so little bu inewj of a commercial character has as yet sprung out of it. With the exception of the Manchester and Canada departments, I have not heard of any orders or importance. The extraordinary cheap prkes of the former, as compared with the French, lias excited an interest quite unique, and silks, car pets, cloths, and cotton for the million, instead of, as In France, for the few, offer suggestions to the French negotiant the fruitful result or which will probably be seen ere long on this side the Channel. Nothing more astonishes those persons than the Manchester alpaca. Admit it into J ranee, said a French fabricaut, with a duty or fifty per cent, and I will answer for it every mill in France will bo shut up in six months. On the other hand, the cutlery of France, which was always pronounced to be bo inferior to the huglish, has uo less astonished the Sheffield and Birming ham manufacturer. Nothing can be more beautiful than the temper, workmanship and design of the specimens furnished by France on this occasion, and it is quit<; possible many invariable lesBons of tradal reciprocity, of vast political importance, may be | imparted by this exhibition to both countries. An | Industrial Congress cannot perform a more legiti mate office than that of rectifying great national cm,rs which fling impediments in the way of the comfort and happiness of industrious millions. The Exhibition, although still the haud of im provement is perpetually at work, may now fairly be considered as finished; and though the more fre quently it is visited and inspected, the more aston ished one becomes at its prodlgions accumulation of industrial marvels, and the less snrprised at its original difficulties, still it is a fact that cannot be gainsnyed that it docs not attract the mnltitude in anything like the ratio of its merits and general magnificence. It is an oasis in the desert which few care to turn from their path to visit; it is a palace w eb us the li.ost powerful potentate* never dreamed ol creating; and yet the maf sea hold it dear at apiece I of silver of the vake of tweutv sous-it is an agglo i meration of riches teeming with fabulous fertility? of I instruction to the wisest as to tbe most simple-of the atii.ul grandeur, surpass.ng all the tacle-, and vet few cure to cross its Uireshhold at a higher price' than four sous. The consequence is, that an air of inexpressible melancholy broods like n nichtmare over those motionless ban ners which in rainbow variety bang fromj the roof and walls. The ventilation is sometimes not ol the tost, aud the erposants hang aliout their ?i trines or Kin** iiu villous, with a look of ?mui which not even the sight of their splendid or interesting wares can prevent the fatigued visiter from imbibing. I say fatigued, for whether it be the vibration ot thu foor the heavy stouc esealler be has to mount, the inmeme surface to traverte, the stlllnew, the mono tony o? grandeur, the heat, the pUuntive notes ot some solitary instrument stealthily waking the echoes, 1 know not; but before the visiter has been there an hour, lie is generally dead l?eat. On a f- ri day the band or the Cent Garde is placed in the garden, immediately before the rifectoirc, though even this dees not seduce the curioimiuto paying the aristociatic charge or five franc*. The annexe has by far the most life about it, and by its skilful arrangement and classification, its practical character, its interesting objects r inging through the whole Held or textnal, mineral and me chanical labor, is the most wonderful museum ever witnessed. AmoDgall the countries whose productions attract attention in this building, none stand ho pro minent as Canada; and cue is tempted to regret tlut the United States should, in a department sj pe ult inlv its own as is that of Canada, be so completely in the shade. Tin- Canadian court occupies some H.Oisi square feet of space , and i? partly included between two sets of H/nn * placed handsomely to the longi tudinal axis of the annexe. Bv the admirable taste anil ingenuity of the curator, Mr. Ferry, a trophy? a sort, ol tower, rea< hing to the roof, composed ot different specie? or w??od ? has been crccted, wuicn immediately fixes the visiter's eye. It has within a winding staircase, which enables him not only to in spect each specimen minutely in detail, but to grati fy his curiosity w ith asoperb roiipd rtl of the whole length of the "unnrxe, more than a mile lone. 1 he wood consists of sixty-five varieties, of which twen ty-seven me of commercial value. The display of cereals is good, with only t us d ? feet? that an exhibition ot pram in the -tr.iw his been omitted ; but the specimens are without a ri val if we except those exhibited in the F.iigltsh d<> paitmi nt. One exhibitor Mr. Sheppird . wetluuk. of Montreal. sends, also, one hundred varieties ot garden and flower reeds. Since JWe-wu; Owvn * remark, In 1851, concerning certain facilities in the manufacture of isinglass, rioinc m >-t *;r cessuil efforts appear to have tsen made in ( mads, judging by the specimens exhibiU d. Of oils, there are seal, porpoise, and coil, and oth'-rs celebrated for their mt diciaal qualities. Kaw materials were expected, but Canada has taken the French by surprise in some of her manufacture*. Here nre heavy edge tools superior to such a* con Is- produced in Kuropc, and which 1 presume tlie United State* alone oonld rival. France certainly has nothing to compare with them. Mr. Date, of Gal . and Mr. R. Scott. of Montreal, seem to exhibit th<? l>e*t specimens in t ie way of tools. The carriages shown, which remind 118 of the American specimens, are model < of tint species of light construction. Prince Napoleon ha* already pm chased one of the two ethilm d, made by Mr. f/edne of Montreal. The harness and sad dles. although dear us compared with th'*e if An* trio are very good. The furniture, too, in Mark will nut. is inuoh admired, from the brilliancy of ,*> llsh the wood admits. Mr. tieorge fen^, of Mon treal, the constructor of tbe flre^ngine that gained the flint prize at the KxhiWtion in Utidnn .?- ?? -'mii a competitor. In this .-lass the competition is great, and the first prize wll! not be won without ti t as.4e. There i? alf*o a model of the giffftDth* \ ictonft bridge, in the tul.e* of which railway trains are to own the St. Lawrence at Montreal, a iliftUviicc ol two miles-, also, model* of the St. Lawrence can ils. Tliere are Indian curiosities, too. India rnbbei ?lr/es and sewing machines, portable furnace*, Ac., <rc.; excellent Canada biscuits, pickle*, bear hams. Ac. 11* assiduity of Mr. I/>gan has furnished from _tne Province some capital specimens of minerals. This genticinan, who is offii ial geologist as well as com missioner to Paris, has exerted himself unremitting ly to set Canada off to the l>est advantage, and, as sisted by Mr. Ferry, has certainly Wn ij -t sti< - resrful. Complaint* are made that the other paid sommissioner is mnch mOre intent on his individual BiirsuiU than the interests of his Province. I have dwelt thus long upon Canada, only to bow the interest that would have been Riven to the ,rodu. tions of tbe United States, had rirrnin*tsnre* ?ermiu?4 them to their legitimate pl*9* at the exhibition. It is understood that the Canadian gov ernment allowed a Bum of $4,000 for the t.-ausp<>rt and representation of the goods of the Province. Com plaints are everywhere n:ade that more ample speci mens of the machinery of America are not pi jduwd. The chiei' eutiantc 01 the anntxt is from the Place dc la (Xn^orde ; it is becoming a fashion now to be gin one's tour of inspection from this point, instead of entering at once the Palais de ('Industrie. In this way the vuiter traverses about bulf a mile of the brilliant anntxt, winding his way through the Coal brook dale foundry , the Canadian court, the Austrian, Prussian and Swedish departments, ail redolent of their spccial produce and machinery, arranged in eve ry conceivable form, such aa gigantic castles of wax candles, spires cf glass bottles, fortresses of Iron, Ac., till he reaches a Fountain of cast iron, composed of Sowers which put dame nature to the blush, and from which gush streams of refreshing spray. Then he turns to the right and ascends an immense wooden bridge, with root' and walls of crystal, which spans the road ; the bridge itself being lined with .1 quad ruple row of exhibitors' stalls. Descending this, he gs?rs through festoons of rich Gobelin drapery, to the panorama where are the crowa jewels, the Sevres porcelain, the rich looms of Gobelin and Au busson. Emerging from this gorgeous scene, he threads his way through a forest of pianos, musical instrt mer.ts or all sorts, rich mtvJbUt, gorgeous ta ary, and innumerable other objects, into a passage ing to the Palais de t'Industne On each side of him rise collossal organs, cabinets in buhl and mar qcetrie, till at last another iron fountain dashing forth its cascades of water, introduces him into the nave of the principal building, where he may give hinuel time to repose. An interne high pressure has been kept up on ac count of the approaching visit of the Queen of Eng land, but it is enough to take one's breath nwny to think of the money that is poured oat with such meagre prospect or retnrn, and upon subjects of a character m> temporary. It is calculated tliat the mere unloading or the Exhibition is to occupy two months, and the demolition of the subsidiary build ings at least four. Bemie. Paris, Aqgaat 2, 1855. Silenec of the Legitimist Prtaa on the Results of the JViio Loan ? It* Success Attributable Iass to Po litical Confidence than to the Spkft of Specula tion ? Funeral of Baron Solomon de Rothschild ? Preparations for the Reception of Queen Victoria ? Contemplated Removal of Gtn. Pelissier. Neither the Dtbats, the AsttmbUe N<itionale, the Siicle, nor the Univcrt, utter a single comment on the results of the national loan. The MonUtur dt V Armte deduces from It that the people are de lighted with the policy of the war, and the semi official Constitutionnel and Pays chime to the same tune, with only a leas sonorous note. The crowing over M. Won Faucher, who had pre dicted after the first experiment that if capitalists were called upon anew they would be more shy? moie backward, as we say, in coming forward ? is immenbe. The number of subscribers, It is til umphontly shown, was 98,000 for the flint loan, and 160,000 for the second, and for the third 310,000 ?more than three times the original figure. The amount subscribed was 464 millions for the first, more than 2,000 millions for the second, and nenrly 4,000 millions for the third? almost ten times the firet amount. " On the whole,"' says the Constitution net, reciprocating these remarks of the Pays, " the figure of the sum subscribed, the number ol subscribers, the affluence of capitalists, and of capi talists of every order and from every quarter, the relative condition of the loan placed in view of the great remits obtained, the rise which has saluted the emission ? all this makes of the new operation an extraordinary manifestation, an event witho t example, which w ill be profoundly marked In finan cial annals, and will inform the world of the inex> huustible riches of France, and at the same time of the confidence of the people in the goverument it has given itself.'' It must be admitted, however astonishing the suc cess which has attended the experiment, that the opinion of society, le it of whatever cluss, dooa not accord with that of the semk)!Jicial organs. The demon of speculation is as rampant as in 1720, when Gecrge Law managed the financial affairs of France; and it is predicted that the same demon will he equally rampant on the first check, in denouncing the discoverers of that short roud to riches which Hie second empire has inaugurated Messieurs, messieurs, bonne nnuvcllc, I.c carrossc de Law est reduit en canncile t . ?Was formerly the delighted exclamation of tlip first 1'resident of Messina to the French parliament, on learning what the popular fury had done to their quondam idol, and since 1720 the people have learnt to overturn more important things than carriages. The luneral of Baron Solomon de Rothschild took placc on Tuesday morning, in the part of the ceme tery of Pere la Chaise appropriated for the inter ment of persons of the Jewish religion, and where a vault for the Rothschild family has been erected. The ijody was followed to the grave by a number of ministers, diplomatists, bankers, the consuls of dif ferent nations, and other persons of note.and also by the old men of the hospice founded by the house ol' Rothschild, and the 1,200 children from the school which <be family supports. At the tomb the Presi dent of the Israelitish consistory delivered an ad dress. in which he pointed out the virtues of the de cerned. The Emperor and Empress will take up their resi dence nt the Chateau de Ville-neuve l'Etang, while awaiting the arrival of the Queen of England- The palace of Bt. Cloud is, in fnot, undergoing such ex tensive repairs and decorations in order to receive her Britannic Miy'esty, as to he unlit for the imperial resi dence. The fhnperor is determined, as faras depends upon himpelf, that in splendor at least, this great historic event shall be shorn of none of its fair pro portions. Night and day workmeu are busily em ployed somewhere or otuer for the occasion. The Boulevard do 1'Imrcratrice ? that creation of yester day ? through which the British Queen will pas* on her way to St. Cloud, has 1,500 workmen incessantly emploj ed upon it, removing earth, levelling embank ments, and condensing the newly laid gravel. Trium phal aichcs arc springing up all along the passage. Vern, lilies recembles a very ant's hill of industry. The Hotel de Ville literally groans under the frequent in cisions made in its walls: M. Hanserau, the Prefect of the Heine, is determined that the Queen's visit to it shall be tin; most gorgeous day of its existence. As for the Tiillcrlcs, it is little more than two years ago sincc it employed for six monthi a thousand workmen day and night in painting, gilding, var nishing, carpeting and hanging its venerable walls, hut the hospitality of its present imperial occupant has already dimmed the lustre of their labor, and a thorough " gutting " is consequently going on. From peculiar opportunities I shall have, I hope to send your readers a minute account of what is passing from diy to day in thia modern field of the cloth of gold. Everything? however trifling the ceremony? may prove hereafter matter of deep his ! toricnl Interest, and events press so rapidly one upon another, and changes aie so volcanic in this electric ago, that we know not how soon we may have to re fer to these prospective gaieties as lights to guide us in the interpretation of much that is at present Obscure and mysterious. I'rlncc Napoleon, accompanied by Hcver.il of the foreign commissioners, has commenced a series of visits which lie proposes to make in succession to the different parts of the Exhibition. The ineml>er.-i ol the Society of Art" will always attend from the 3d of August till the 16th, for the pnrpose of tendering explanation. Thirty-two large orange trees, brought by water from Fontainebleau, have been conveyed to the Exhibition i>ala< e to ornament the entrance and other pai ts of t lie building. Sunday in no longer to l>e a four sous day; so many wealthy peopfe availed themselves of the privilege, that the working classes, lor whom it was specially intended, could not sccure tree access to the subjects they most desired to inspect. The arrangement is to be henceforth:? Monday, 20e. Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, JJatnrday tuid Sunday, 1 fr. 20c. Friday, 2 fr., in stead of 5 fr. Reports are everywhere rife that Qencral Pelissier will he removed. The Emperor i* convinced tha' he is n< t the man for the occasion. It is ono of the evils of the times that political events have, in fact, deprived France of the services of all her itest (lene la's, when, except that the war is not on her own fiorders, she never more required them. A private letter from an officer on board the Exmoath, the ffag ship of Admiral Seymonr, assures me that no doubt is felt in the fleet that they are about to have "a pi p at Revel." Admiral Seymour wns still so tar suffering from the wound in bis ece, that he was oblig< d to have it constantly bandaged, and care fully keep out of sunshine. Bertie. Our Vienna ('?rrtxpondenre. Vuxna, Jnly 3ft, 1<*65, Enterte Cordiale between Austria and I'russut? Austria Directing her Attention to Internal Im provements ? The Crottm Domains m Hungary to be Sold ? Extension of Railway Communication DtrfloptmerU of Austrian Commerce? The War in Atia? Difficulties in Montenegro? A Regular Bashaw ? Espionage in Auetria ? It "holesale Ar rests, 4"<" . d"C The despatches which hare passed between Aus tria and Prussia have led to no great result, though L'Oth parties leenj to tbinfc tj?e codc1u#?VP to ht very tatisfactory. Pruaria accepts the four points of guarantee, but reeervea her definition of the third and fourth untU a later period, She aW> actoow ltdgen the efforts of Austria in behalf of a peacea ble solution of the question, and considers it expedi ent that the confederate army should remain on a footing o' war. . Aurtria being decided, for the present at least, to take no active part in the war, is turning her atten tion a* energetically as possible to the improvement of her internal organization. It is generally report ed that the State property in Hungary is to be wld. almost immediately, and indeed it is *ud that aevenU very advantageous offers have already been recewcd from capitalist* in Belgium and France. Meanwhile a great improvement will shortly take place in her means of railway communication. The direct road to Cracow will shortly be available, and before two years have expired it is generally believed that the line will bo completed to Trieste, an event which will probably tend greatly towards diverting from the north to the eouth the channel for various | kinds of foreign commodities. At present goods j ore convejed from the north even as far as btyria and Illyria. It is likely that Austria wiU , shortly enter upon a new commercial era, especially if th< contemplated line* of communication are completed. Her poitof Trieste will, under such circumstances, 1* admirably situated for the purposes of traffic, and the comrou nication being open with the heart of the empire, it is likely that corresponding results will 'The operations of the Allies before Sevastopol are chiefly confined to the fortification of their posi tions, and making preparations for reshaping a irrcat part of their forces to Varna , should tliey not be successful in their next attempt upon the Russian stronghold. The Radian army is much stronger than before, as large reinforcemenis have re ceived, and the resistance they will make will doubt less be of the most obstinate description. Immediately Intelligence was 'e?Wed in the Crimea that Kara was invested, a council or wat was held by the generals of the allied armies, and the decision at which tliey arrived was forward ed forthwith to the Porte. 30,000 men are to be col letted at Hatourn and elsewhere, and to com menre operations ps speedily as po^ibte a^m^ hr invading Russian armv. It is certain, however, tlia such an army cannot be brought to a state of tin ciency before the expiration of five or six we.eks, anfl it is by no means certain whether the garrison of I the beleaguered fortress will be enabled to hold out so long. It is generally said that the strongholds ot | the Bosphorus are to' be given over to the French and English armies, as great tears are cntcrtalno l lest the Riipsians should, by a rapid advance, threaten Constantinople from the Asiatic rite. According ^ the last advices, General Nni ravieff, a man ot great military fame in the Russian army, Is making pre_ partitions for a seige of Erzeiourii, which place has been reinforced by 20,000 Bashi ua Eouks. 14,000 Russians arc in position on the high road leading from that city to Kara, and threaten an ^LetterT firm Montenegro inform us that mattera are pot likclv to progress so smoothly as was ex Mctell in regard to Sie new Turkish I'auha who {ins lately arrived at Scutari. A deputation. ol Christians waited u,k>u him a ?bort tmie ago, as well to congratulate him upon his arrival as to pre fer ctrlai if petitions which tl.ev hoped might be wanted. The venerable old gentleman received his v it iters in am thing hot a courteous munner,? id tcld tbem to lie caretul in regard to ^ > and prefer their complamts hi case ol nced^to t^ j individuals whom he pointed out us d^tlnedto act the part of a rbiters. These two iudi\idual8, who, like the Tasini liiinscir, are worshippers of A lUh and believers in. the PropheUic kn0*n their total disregard of every kind oHaw.both mo tal ar.d civil, than for any other quality they pos^esh. They share that independence which fH cuhaily be longs to the possessors of harems and Uic inhentors I of Houris- an independence which is veryhttle pront' to trive way to anv Individual whatever Sueh l, [.tilted to be the character of the two Pinkish gen tlemen who have been appointed by the Pasha to act as umpires in all disputes, and the.F?j'FV certainly anything bat agreeable tor the unlucky Christians whom it concerns. The Kniperor lias issued an order of the day rela tive to changes about to be iutnid'.iccd iu the system of pei skins to bo awarded to oflie^r* who have become incapacitated for service. I he mdei is accompanied with very flatteriiig express ons. In ccmequem e of the feeling oi dis?atisf;?ction which has prevailed resnectiiig theprwessUMi whuh took plaee on Sunday in celebiatwn of the dogin . ef the Immaculate Conception, several hundred gr eens have been placed, under arrest. A u unwary expremdm i? ? Mrt to ipitrli to oiw y im* prisonirei't ol the rpcaker, who may be incarceraWd without even knowing his offence, or the n.une ot the aceuscr who charges him. I he system ol <*pi oi i,i ore pervades all classes of society, and the chI> ai contested with spies of all uescilptions, who are constantly paid by tlic police. An unguftrded word iR cc.nglit op on the instant, and immediately re ported to the authorities, who condemn the untortu uate culprit to prison for a longer or shorter period. This proceeding is certainly a summary ?no and doubtless favois greatly the interest* of anarbiti ars and absolute government, but cannot be considered as tending greatly to the real moral improvement 0,Tbe market at Tries during the p**t we^,haM shown but little activity. Stigar*m.ewhst,hiKher Com maintained its price, bpirlt j Hag. Oil nitnei more active. Our Berlin Correspondence. Br k lot, July 31, isr>5. Au sirian and Priusian Diplomacy - Triumph oj the lMtftr?Pr tear ioms Health of Fredrrvk H'il Ham? Probable Modification of fit Prtsent Poli ty nf Prussia tn Com of hit Death ? Financial Ponitiun of the Pnutian Qmvrnment?lltt Xtw Berlin fire Department? Compliment to Ameri can Sarana, Q c, Thi late diplomatic duel, or interchange of "note V between the Austrian and Prua-rfun governments ha? tinned out decidedly to the advautAge of the latter. Pruada haw carried her point us u> the re *> lutioiiR to be pawed by the German Diet, and A nu tria, abandoning her attempt to induce that holy t > expre-s its fotinttl approbation of hercoudnct iu the whole of the Oriental affair, and. as n natural conse quence, to defray a chare of the expenses arising from the same? for, in spite of the coloring given by the hired scribes of tin court of Vienna, such a |?roj?< <.-al would certainly have beenniadoil Prussia had shown the lenst iuclluutlou to "listen to the voice of the i banner" ? Austria, I say, is obliged to rest tr.linfied with an empty vote of tliaijks for her "zeulons endeavors in the catuw of peace," iu which any engagement to aasist her in currying oat these "endeavor*," or to forward the vlewn adopted by her, is cautiously avoided. It is easy to imagine the malicious chuckle of Ha von Hl-mark, the Prus sian envoy at Frankfort, who in notorious for his hit ter enmity to Austria, while proposing this vote of thanks, and the crest-fallen air of (!en. Proke^ch, that Austrian tntlra gtortoms, who, after boasting so loudly of the energy and the warlike spirit of his government, has to swallow the ironical eulogiums bestowed on its meekness and placability. In Baron Mantcuflel's despatches, too, the consciousness of triumph is visible through all the polite platitudes of diplomacy; lie appears to treat the Austrian* like repentant sinners who have seen the error of the ways, aud return with a pater peetavi" to the rig' path. In fact, the unutterably mean and cowardly behavior of the "chivalrous Emperor'' has, I . the present, entirely deprived Austria of that predomi nance ill Clerrnany which fiey hnd enjoyed since the conference of Olmutz. and she ij now suffering the penalties of unsuccessful trickery and pcrfidiousnev while Prussia has l>ecn ruu?>d to ;i p^ition and au influence in the councils of Oeimany which she owes loss to the shrewdness or her own policy than to the discomfiture of her rival. It would savor of flatw ry, indeed. to ascribe any superhumau Aireaiglitedncsn or prudence to the cabinet ot iieihu: on the con trary, they have often lietrayed innn lakeahle syrup. torn4 of vacillation and uncertainty of purpose; Imt oil the whole, whatever may lie thought of the line of policy chalked out by them, it m ist be ac knowledged that they have adhered to it with toler able tirmnew under very adverse circumstanced*, and if they l?ve uot thrown the weight of Prusnia into the scalc of lil?erty and civilization, they have, at least, not wasted the strength or the country and exhausted its resources in idl? demonstrations. Thus, while Austria is compelled by financial diftt rnltics to reduce her armament*. and to declare her (self vanquished without having fired h shot, Prussia finds herself able, at a comparatively trifling ex pense to a strong forct in a bfgh s'ak? of discipline, and ready to take the field at a moment's notice. No wonder, thercfoie, that the small fry of German princes, who love peace and quietness above all things, and only fol owtd In the wake of Austria aa long m that Power overawed them by blustering hraggadocia, ehouid throw off the yoke as soon as Bobadu displayed the white feather, and transfer their allegiarce to a pr>te<*tor who com bines greater efficiency with fewer pretensions, a id who, instead or dragging them, sorely against their will, into hostilities lrom which thoy can derive no personal advantage, secures to them the enjoyment of that neutrality which is the obiect of their must ardent aerations, bat which they hare no means of usseitiiig against the importunities of their more powerful neighbors. It is not impossible, however, that the policy of Prussia may experience some modification, if an event should take | la< e which has been talked of here pretty freely for the last two or three weeks. The King s heulth has been very much shaken of late. The death oi his brother -in-low, the late Km peror Nicholas, had a great cficct upon bis mind, and perhaps laid the germs of a low fever, which he had been Buffering from some time before the public weie made acquainted with his illness. He was generally reported to be in a very alarming state, and, as usual in such cases, yon heard people declare thathis chief physician, Dr. Schocnloij, had told them in confidence, (y ou know there are some persona to whom the profoundest secrets arc always told " in confidence," and who show how deserving ibey are of snt h conedence by divulging them un marked to the prrnitr venu), that he liad no hopes of saving his Mujoety's life, end that, in a word, not many days would pass before Frederick William the Fourth was gathered to his fathers. In spite of these prognostics, and the positive yet mysterious air with which they were uttered, he has sufficiently re covered to take a journey to Silesia, where ne is drinking some mineral waters, which, to use the phraseology of the court newsmen, have produced the most beneficial effect upon the " highest of all health?," (Allerhochste Gesundlielt, vernacular Ger man). Nevertheless, it can scarcely be doubted that his constitution has sustained a severe shock, and if I am not misinformed, there arc symptoms that his present disease will turn to dropsy in the chest, which, to judge from his appcarucc, he is naturally inclined to. However, there does not seem to lit any immediate danger, and at any rate it is prema ture to speculate upon the consequences likely to arise from the accession of the lMuce of Prussia to the throne. The latter having chosea such a mo ment for a vist to the court ol St. Petersburg, is, iu my opinion, a sufficient proof that there would be litt'c titration in the system of foreign policy, al though, of course, the official und semi-official news papers ere instructed to assure us that the Prlncc's journey has no political object whatever, but Is only occasloncd by the ardent desire of his sister, the Dowager Kmpress, to see her " beloved brother" again alter her late bereavement. At home there would probably be some chungcs, but mostly of a personal nature, and any or.e acquainted with the character and antecedents of the Prince of Prussia will pronounce the hopes of sweeping reforms, enter tained in some circle.*, to be perfectly Utopian. In a former communication I gave some pariicu lnw of the new taxes imposed by government to pro vide for the interest of a loan of thirty millions, con tracted for the purpose of keeping the Prussian army on n respectable footing. In lierlin, too, the local taxation has to keep puce with the additional expense falling on the city, und besides a duty on poultry (butcher's meat, tune and venison lieiux taxed already) and on fuel of every description, which is to come into operation next year, the City Council have raised the tax upon house rent by about one-third (from flj to 9 per cent en the amount of the rent). Although the number of inhabitants has kept increasing again for the last five years, (it had decreased in '4H), and eveiy new settler is called upon to pay a contribution of thirty or forty thuleru for being made free of the city, which produces a pretty sum of money; yet the income does not come up to the expenditure, and a considerable deficit is the consequence. The reasons stated by the civic au thorities to account for this unwelcome fact are tiie additional charges incurred by the augmentation of the police force, and expenses attending the same, which were formerly defrayed by government, andtho ' heavy outlay occasioned by the improved fire de paitnent. This may properly be vailed a new es tablishment, originally on the plan of the corps of Pompiera iu Paris, but with considerable improve ment*, of which I will give you a short account. The buildirg occupied by the fire department is situated In the centie of the city, where n great number cf practised firemen are quartered, and where fire engines, horses, carriages with water tubs, and omnibuses are in constant readiness to convey the requisite prrtonnrl along w ith the engines, to the spot wheie the fire has broken out. E'ectric wires are laid under gronrd from all the police stations in the dificrent party of the city, communicating with this establishment and the chief ]>olice office, so that as soon us the telegraphic message in received, the en gines and men stmt <. T, and aic convoyed at full speed to tlie scene of the conflagration. A great uifiiciiUy lia.i arisen hitherto lrom tbe scarcity of water, which had to be procured from the pumps in the street#; but in future Beilin will be supplied by a water company, established in London upon shares, who aie building waterworks and reservoirs here upon the same principle as in London. The water will be brought from a iake about five mihs from tbe city limits, communicating with the river Fprcc . and the "pipe-laying." which has been can icd on with tbe utmost activity for the last tsrelce months, is now nearly completed. When the water works are finished, they will have their plugs in every street, and it will then be always easy to ob tain a plentiful supnly of the element in case of fire. Sir Charles Fox and Mr. Cranipton, the managers of the I/ondon company, who were over iu the ?i?riug, expressed themselves extremely gratified with the working of the newly established fire department, which went tbivragh a series of highly interesting manouvres in their presence, und it is a fa a that not a single fire of any consequence has occurred since this institution has got ui.der way, as the fire men have invariably succccded in checking it before it bad time to spread. Two distingrished American aarnina ? James Dana, of New Haven, Onn. and Asa Gray, of Cam bridge, Mass.- have just been elected corresponding members of the physico-mathematieal cla^s of the Royal Academy of this capital. The bo'/wical works of Profe-sor <lray, norti'-ularly his "Flora of North America" and his "Genera lloieali Americana lllustrata," are held in high estimation in the scien tific clrdcs of Gefltjjtnv. A> D. Br.iii.js, Uxter Dkv Liudeh, July fc>, W>5. Lwtta from U*' Nolt Book of a LiUrary Cosmo polite? }li? Miming* ?n<i Moralizing* ? Enlarg ing titer* of Trartl ? Hamburg ? lie First Imjirt man* ? Altona ? Birth PI act of Kloptiock ? Hit Berlin Atxociates ? Gernuin Literature, fyr. You arc entitled, by thin time, to a letter froia PobeiKjer, who travels the world over, not for plea sure, nor lira lib. nor traffic, but for that Ics3 popular motivp, which ftrivea to study man nud nature ondcr new and diHlrent phases; to ascertain what mankind, under vastly differing circumatances, have learned and w i ought, thereby teaching himself uud powsitdy other*, through the diversified wisdom and Whyfl of the human race. Though all the principle* an J paasions by which the world in nraytd cuter into the history of o ueigliborhood, and an ludivi dual . cm n . we still ho the w 01 Id f-nt microscopically, and in miniatiue, from a fixed locality in the town, and not in those great nnd commanding demm-tra lion? which the many nation* and culture* of the earth exhibit t<? the reflective observer. The world was made wide, "that we mijJ't travel in it," as a line of 'ioethe somewhere intimate*. Then, you know that particular localities do, in the course of long time generate u measure of narrownea* and social bondage; little prejudice* and bigotries ret * foothold, whilst travel, by the dlceMtlcd and ex tended connexions it affords with mankind, tends olwajs to liberalize aud to emuueipute. It is not certain that where mankind have lived the longest they have learned the most, for there are mouths and dayB which sometimes concentrate the instruction* of cent'jrfe*. Yet the presumption is never against the longest experience; and wheth er we of the New World, uro wi?er or belter than the inhabitant" of the Old, is a problem I seek not to solve. If in advance of them, ax in many things wc undoubtedly are. wo probably became s<> by tho help ol those let- tons evolved from the experiences of the connect* d eraa of Asia and of Europe, as there is no greatness or destiny under the sun en tirely Independent of its ancestral instructions and warning*; aDd as l?oth worlds. old and new, are pa- | Wrnally and filially related, and that iii more and deeper senses than the mere genealogist of families and races would '?c likely to notice, would it not t>? well for the national egotisms to humble themselves under the conscloesness of the very strong and near relations that bind together the whole world ? I* the wealth of the wide world so small and so nar row that one race or nation can exhibit it all? This is not, and never should be, the traveller's creed. He is a cltiien of the world, and exercise* a world wide faith in the worth of human nature, which, in every climate and region of the earth make* its own peculiar expression. The Chinese in forever kept ?t home l.y hi" national egotimn, or if he braves the danger vf losing caste, by going abroad, thereby implying that bia own co ntry noswases not all tho combined escellencit* oi the woild, he does it only to measure rci'rkiinl by Ida losal culture? whilst the Englishman, (making all proper exceptions,) goes freely and critically into foreign countries; bat wnea his bock is written, it is ne t (infrequently evident that he judges country, world and univeise by what: the Island Home has furniibed him. The traveller at all possesml of tho wit ?iom and spirit of his call log, bas a wider reverence and a broader ftuth; hoi? is it the least humiliation to America's pride, the concession, that in philosophy, in science, in poetry, in the line aits genera II ? , Europe is not only its elder in years, but in actual attu.:>ment. The latter ia an old scholar, graduated long ciuce; the former is it gigantic young student, loosing hopefully forward to the time of taking his degree, which is every day drawing nearer. , , I know that there is a prejudice in somtf minds against the position if toe traveller. They would root each m and woman of the world intu the ground, as flxedi;, a? a forest of trees ; and all going from place to pli*ce, except where money i* to be made by the expedition, corner, under the head , of vagrancy, to thi ir r.arrow and .silly perceptions Even von Humboldt, thr man of universal know ledge and sympathy, bad been, in their philosophy, both wiser and better always to have staid in Prus- 1 aia> Nature, we are glau Co know, ia not a bigoted I teacher; and, speaking iu the child, the woman and ' the man, when u unmatured by Mammon, it urged * occasional departure from fixedness of local position ? Who ever knew the youngling to repress his joy , when he saw around htu the signs of going abroad, . which, though it be but a five mile, is to him a voy age ? a journey ? Woman, though fond of home ad 1 a queen of her empire, ia quite generally happy iu the act of going abroad; ana I trust that the very many graceful and sweet singing birds that are ad dicted to the excedlngly bad habit of changing lo cations every year, will not lose their good standing among us, without first having a fair trial. Tel! Mr. Solid Fad thut nature would probably be incom plete without tts/Ktus n itant, or its sea graes, which, you know, glows and develones chiefly in a state o? itinerancy (within certain limits) in the waters oL' the K>a; nor does the naturalist know any difference between the goodness of these and Sir Timothy, who bravely holds on to his clod in the meadow. The planets, solar system, and " the fixed stars," are in reality an endless diversity oi' unceasing voyagers? they are travellers all. H&ving thus vindicated tho traveller's calling by " abstractions," which, of course, owe nothing to Germany, I would gladly come to facts of obeeivation and to facts of my way. Skipping over the oceanic distance that was over come between the 10th of June and the 7th of Jaiy, by sea voyaging, I will write you as a landsman, which, indeed. I am, and ever wish to be. I-hold it religiously and flrml v, that sea sickness should never be described nor alluded to, except in haste; and henceforth Oato, the \eoerable old stoic, shall not be abut-ed without a good defence, for having put among the three great regrets of bin life, that he ever went by water when he might have gone by land. His other two, namely ? that he ever passed an idle day, and that he evertold his wife a secret? may go only for what they are worth. Allow me to say, howe\er, tnat not a few uttraactive phenomena were presented by the sea, itnd that the passage up the Kibe to Hamburg, a distance of some eighty-eight, English miles from the North 8ea,was,in the luxuri ant month of June, fraught with gome of the loveli est nrosneets. The cttv of Hamburg was the destination of thrf Germania, at which place I took lodginpa at one of the hotels, on YungrernBtieg street^ which, an Amc in tfat towxT, I wa* enabled to learn ?f general characteristics. Hamburg, though the birth placa and former residence of some literary ^en-of the noet Hagedom? also the residence of Klapstock, one; ST the carMett German bards, fbr , tbirtV 5?*^-'' j Heine, before hi* contentious with the institution* and sovereign* of Germany " ahmad and the place where the poet Mattuia? Cla> dins ended bis Jayt in 1815 , ithi not iu nmone the literary localities ot Germany- Its chiel distinction consists hi its being the lirst seaP"1'^ town for trade in Germany. It J^tnnc 1511,000 inhabitants, and being situated on the junc tion of the Elbe and the ALster, (the latteraHmall stream,) has not only all the great commercial adva;. tagiB, but thofe agreeable pi-ospects which , especially in a city, belong to and accompany water scenery. The Biunen A later, a basin of water fronting two oc tbreeoHhe finest rtreeta of Hamburg U >an orna ment to the city. The houses, which ai? generally tasteful and large, the combination of ranUaspecH iu the form of trees and extensive shailed walk-*, with the masses o' buildings that lorrn a 'ity . thg aav and busy appe;. ranee of several of its streets the polite and couitcoua manners of it* citizens, al ways express ve of kindness and natural sunpWcitv. renoer Hamburg a city of pleasing interest paiticulany no to an American, who there lor the flrwt time, mwtH the wide contrast between German and American li e. The fire which In \H2 destroyed nearly 1700 build ings though the cause of much suffering, mode wav for some or tlie widest street and moet elegant edi fices ffi now ornament the city. The people arc a cheerful and t-ocial race, and ?eem to live aa if en joyment were the eud oi life. Everybody smoke*, drinks coffee, beer, or wine; and what at first view would if em to be amaring, scaroely any one la ever intoxicated. In Hamburg and in Germany gene rally nearlv every plaee of public resort, a* tor in stance the Alster raviliou in HMOtorg, and Kroll 8 Garden in Berlin, have apartments filled with a large nvmber of small table*, on which coflee, beers, aid wines, with eatables, aw served; and < in Ger many no one among the general mass ecms tn ha a any scruples in respect to drinking. Thwistbe universal custom, and though 1 have endeavoretj very critically to notice the people, manners, anil recnliarities of German life so tar asithascorao under my eye, and this has been so far un der cireumHtanccB not disadvantageous, I hai* not yet seen a solitary instance of drunkenness or intoxication. Why is it to, when in tem perance America neorlv every day vou in the large city, with the spectacle of some drunkard reeling along the street or sleeping against^ the door-steps of some house? Ibnve "ever learned to t-moke, nor to drink wine or beer, and do not be lleve that the constitution of man needs these arti ficial excitement*, yet it strikes roo a* a pheno menon worthy of thought, that In countries where the habit Is to nearly universal there should not be the excesses which appear in our own land. I am tow that all along the regions f^?^"*'t7h"exc?wf ly drank by the pCod<-'/ Mattel ifl? *'5?^ of intonation- Tu6 greaier parity of the e bci ? . 1 ices, and the disuse of the stronger forms ofarteut spirits are undoubtedly two expWitonf rewoMti' thin result, but do they solve the whole problem ( Hamburg is a wealthy city, and gcnerally^akin? prennts all the appearance of it; rtill there are. in nearly all cities, several narrow streets ot olc> poor hcusos, giving the Impression of neither wealth, neatness, or comfort. . . The glory of cUies la opposed by ft oontradic tion of extreme, and It is oidv iu the P?rt,'ll'(a'1 the exaggerated use of wonls that New YorK, ba - llon, or Berlin are ever called magnificent- The an cient trenches once du.T for purposes <T uefen-v are in Hamburg now clotbed with pleading verdure and their bank.* are handsomely ornamented wltu tiees. The gutesof Alto.ia divide the tftate of Ha > l>arg from the dominion of Holstein, which include* A It on a, the most commercial and populous town in Denmark, next to Copenhagen, having 32,000 inha bitants. On Sunday, I passed it to vis.t the to-nb and monnment of 1* rlederiek Gottlieb Klep^toek name that atunds quite near to the fountain or m dcrn German literature, though by uo nie-yis r guided aa one of its greatest tranters; in OUeusen st the extreme border of Altona, within u tew paces from the front door of the I.utb.iaO church, is a time and weather worn monument ahcut ten feet high, which in German letter aud Itti cuage in^orir" the vinitcr that Klonfrtock was iK'in -Inly 2, 172J; that he diod M.irch 14, lsOH ; that Germans should ev?r. with awe and with love, approach the moital re mains ef their greatest poet, that Christians sh id.' c< me is ith reverence and love to the resting pla< e ot the holv bard who si,n?r praisinftly the life and ileatli I ? f .lesiis Cbri-t? who sang of man, mortally, or the I tevnal One, the Mediator of Ood. " Beneath thf throne lies his crrat leward? o ?-lden ?-a<-rcd cup, full of Christian tears." Clow by his monume at, stande a uoble elm, whose branches shade some four or five other u raves; the people, in enterintf the chinch, walk in its shadow. A picture of Je*o?, h anina on his cross, and two sheaves or wheat, as emblematical of the harvest into wliteh the poet wav entbned, aie the only omainents it tears, save s. real wreath of intei mingled flowers and evergreen* that lay unfaded at its bsse. Very freely are the <a ? fleilngs of summer woven into wreuth and huu? upou the giavestonea of departed friends; sometime* only a dark woodeu cioss marked the rc?tin(? plac.i cf the departed one, aud how gracefully, as well as ienificai.lh , the (lower wreath of green hung upon he Nureil symbol! Not far from this died tli? ?.rave lmkeor Bran* wick, in 1W)C, from a wound he received at the battle of Jena; and here, too, 1- it monument to more than 1,100 cithena of lUmhum. who occupy one common grave, even as they met one common rnte, in defending their city atalnst the French in 1&13-14, who* heroimn Buck (it lias remcml>ered in on" of his happy jioems. toitc near by, and ou the other aide ot the road, I* tlie eleirantl garden of R&insville, whose woodland walks and beautiful prospects over the scenc ry of tie 1.1 be, render it a favorite reaort for tb* people <>i tlie city. A mnaical concert was holden thereon at tbe day of my visit. 1 find men in Berlin who knew Klonstoek: f-?r ex ample AlexandcrVon Humboldt and Karl ftiiter: but. Ki neially all that ic known of him i? f >nnd in th? literatute of Germany. His liouse in Hamburg, No. Koenig Htrasse. where he lived from 1774 to l?n l, is Ptill a good building, though in no way elegant ? His studio, on tbe tecood oor, is not largtr; t>s?|?ert Irving, and many otWr other American an

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