Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 19, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 19, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. jjHIii hohdo* bbnjvktt, t'ROI'RIhTOR AND MPTTOB. N. W. VOI'.NBR O* fASKAO AND VTI TON 8TH? Volume XX. S:W Alir^KKENl* TOMORROW SVRNINO. HROAOWAV TRBATRH, Hroartw.ty? Hatawha? M*CT> iuitti? Joi'KO VIBLiO'H OARPRN, Rroudv/ay? llira Py.NB-Ovinnnw.iJ HOWRKY TIIKATRR, Bowcrj ? I'ihjanu ?no Amimoa? Ooiv Maw. HKTROPOUTAN TLHSATB?, Brcfcdway-Kmo Hbnh rv. WOOD'H MINHTORLB, MoOuiWh lUll, 472 Brcwlwny. N?w \?fc, HatariUf, Angvwt 19, 1855. The lew*. Tlie Hon- Abbott "Lawrence, of Tfuflsacb'isfctts, <Hed at Boston yesterday. Mr. Lawrence wan bom U flrotorj, Massachusetts, December 16, 17?2, a?J wa* highly successful in trade. Fta great wealth rave him a commanding position in the old whig party, awl he was frarice f leeted -to Congress from the tity of Bof ton . In l#4fl he was a prominent candidate for tbn Vice Presidency of tbc United States, and on the first ballot Mr. Fillmore only led him ten votes. A compromise wan effected, and Mr. Lawrence wr s rent to the Court of St. James, where he remained aH United i'tates Minister daring ?early the whole of Mr. Pittmore's term, ftinoe 1862 Mr. Lawrence had been living a retiml life. He had been ill for several week* of a disease of the stomach similar to gout. He was distinguished for bin practical business unities' his political sa gacity, his bonhommie and grace of manner, hu public and private charities, and his liberality to literary institutions. He was oae of the firmest pil lars of the ? old conservative, high tariff, bank whig party, and- of course a firm Union man. In our cobmns today will be found a large batch ?I correspondence from the principal European eities, whieh will be rend with interest, from the dif ferent views which they present of the (tolitical factions r.ow agitating the Old World. Whilst ?? net ting fearlessly and Independently our own ophiions, we leave to our correspondents the full en joyment of theirs, convinced that by so doing we ke&t consult the Interests of our journal. Their let ters would be valueless did tlv^y not represent accn rately the state of public feeling in the cities from which theywrite. They constitute the safest ele. snentfi on "which we can form our opinions of Euro pean uiatteis, inasmuch as tliey are freer tlwn the European journals from the .taint of partisanship. We therefore give them withoat alteration or cur toilirent, just. as we receive thfin, in order that the public may profit by the siuae opportunities that ws have of uccnrately informing themselves on all questions counseled with the war. The letter of our Shaughae correspondent, among ?flier interesting matters respecting affairs in that ?emote region, contains some strictures on the man ?er in which American interests are represented in Chira, which are deserving of serious consideration. There never was a per od when it was more im portant tliat this country should be -efficiently served In that quarter. We learn that Merlin rock, in the harbor of fit. | Johns, Newfoundland, and an obstacle to steamers altering that place, is taut disappearing ande/the efforts of Messrs. Kue.sled & Kroehl, of thin city, who hare contracted to bltwt the Fame to the depth ?f twenty-seven feet mean low water. Up Lo 3 P. M.( August K, five charges hod been fired of two hnndred pounds each, and with great aurcess, the operations having commenced at 12 o'clock name day. It was expected that the rock would be entirely removed before the arrival of the James Adger, with the sab marine telegraphic excursion company, at fit. Jehns. We have received by mail brief details of the newi from Mexico to the 8th inst, from which it appears that our doubts as to the troth of the reports that the revolutionist* were in the neighborhood of Vera Cms, and had captured a specie train with a couple ef millions of treasure, were well founded. Vera ?ruz papers of IftM flth ir.st contain no mention or anything of the kind. The President lias officially recognized the ap pointment of Den Ramon P. Yaidcz us Consul-Cen tral of Mexico for the United States. Oar accounts from Virginia show no mitigation of the terrible ncourgc with which the inhabitants are afflicted. Thirty new ca?es of fever were reported to Norfolk on Thursday. In Portsmouth the deaths average c iglit a day. The deaths at New Orleans from yellow fever Airing the past week numbered 13*. It is consider ed that the epidemic in that city has now reached Mm climax, and a rapid improvement In the public health may be looked for. There were C.13 deaths in the cuy last week, as we Icnrn from the report of the City Inspector, ?ameiy:? 7^ men, 65 women, 270 boy*, and 220 girls ? beirg an increase of 4 1 on the mortality of the week previous, the whole nom1<er, but 40 were annates of the public institutions, showing a very satisfactory state of health in those establishment*. As will be observed by the figures given above, nearly five-sixths of the deaths were among children, and the princ ipal diseases to which they have fallen victims, were? Cholera ii unlmu, 1 1H ; convulsions, 59{ de bility, 8; scarlct Mer. 10; hooping cough, 17} ma rasmus, 59; measles. 7; and teething, 5. We find 12 pri mature births, and '27 cases of stillborn re ported. There were also, of consumption, 41; in-' flnir.matinn of the lungs, 7; bronchitis, 2; con gestion of the brain, 14 ; inflammation of the brain, 11 ; diarrhoea, <52 ; dysentery, 34 ? dropsy in the head, 15 ; disease of tho heart, R ; inUammati >n of the bowels, 0 ; pal -y, 6 ; and apoplexy, 4. The fol lowing is the c!:>'u!firation of dL-?".-<es : ? Hones, joints, Ac., 0: brain and nerves, 12.$; generative organs, 4; heart and blood ve*cls, 13; lungs, threat, Ac., Hi ; ? kin, Ac., and eruptive fevers, 18; still-born and premature births, S'l ; st >mac'.i, bowel*1 and other digestive organs, 309 ; nitcerUfu rcut aud general fevers, 25 ; urinary organs, 0 ; old unc, 4. There were eighteen deaths from violent tttasee, in cluding 7 drowuod, 1 poisoned, 1 m ordered, and 5 fhtal fractures. The nativity table gives 519 na tives of the United States, 66 of Ireland. 30 of Oer many, 8 of Kngland and the balance of virions other European countries. A coroner's inqnest wax 1k.h1 yesterday opon the body or Bridget Murray, who died from the effects of a atab received on the 9th in?t. The jury ren dered a verdict that the deceased, came to her death at the hands of her husband. Owen Murray, and the accused was forthwith committed to the Tombs to await an examination. The receipt of the Aui-jin** s advloes m New Or leans knocked down prices of cotton a quarter of n cent. The receipts at that port up to th?' present time show a falling off of 17h,000 bales as coai pared with those of last year. Accounts from Natchez,, Mississippi, state that the staple in that vMoity waa rapidly deteriorating from rot and nut, The sales of cotton yesterday wen limited to ? lew hundred bale*, 'n small lots, made at a con e? eion of abont 4 cent per ]b? These were considered somewhat in the light of forced transactions. There were no large parcels proving on the market. Common gradee of flour were 0oQ, whi.e fancier and extras were quite steady. Wheat was easier, and corn with active sales, was 1 to 2 cents lower. Pork advanced; new mess to $20 on the -pot, and prime to 117 a f 17 50. lord continued fi- in. 1,200 hhds. Cuba sugars were sold at full ^rioc-. Coffee wns quiet. Owing to tho Jose of tho ship K* "oo on the coast of 8 im.itra, a ?pe< nlative movement took place in pepper yesterday, and the price advan> e?. i cent per lb. The <-firg > of the coo oo be.onged to A Ha mm hor.sc, umi it waa expe te- to havo i ofn the I *t nf the ?ers-if P. w.11 ? 1 i 'iseei ,tnt b"*if I .it > '? ?' " Financial Movement* In Banpc. People on this side the Atlantic, who see with what trouble u huge oorporatlon like the ifirie Railroad raises some thirty-five to forty million# to carry out an enterprise which is certain in the loug run to pay at least some thing on the investment -or who remember the augnit-h of mind aud State embarrassments caused by the necessity of raising a hundred, millions or bo for the last war with Great Bri tain ? can hurdly form aa adequate conception of tlie financial movements of Europe at the pre*'' ut time, In a rec nt article we had o<;r octsion to sum up the ?various amounts which, up to that time, had bceu raised by the bottigo *mts for war purposes. Since then, some slight additions have been made, and we now give the list, as corrected up to the present tune: ? KagUi)k iiuo 110,000,000 f77, 440.000 Eo 110,000,000 1 40,200.000 French loan fr.260,000,000 50,000,000 ItO 600.000, 00<l 100,000,000 De 7&o,ooo,ooo 150,000,000 Turkish luan *2,000,000 9,680,000 ro 6,000,000 16, ao J, 000 Total V $540,620,000 To these must be added the fc*.ns effected by Pruhsia and Austria at the commencement of the war, pome tifty millions more-, and a small effected l>, .b. King of SardM.1. under the (ruarautee of England. Altogether independently -of the Russian ex penses which must have been ?ormou? the coet of the war, in money actually laid out for soldiers' pay, provisions and ^nitiom i of ^war, han already exceeded six h.ndred millions or dollars; nearly all of which has been raised within eighteen months. Nor has any diffi culty been experienced by the tlnance ministers who have raised these loans. The narratives of the subscription for the last French loan of neven hundred and fifty millions of francs re mind one of the old stories of the financier Law and the Hue Quincampoix. People slept in 1 the street, in, about, and opposite the house where the loan wa* to be opened on the mor row. A large police force were employed to keep order among the throng, and enforce the regulations respecting que**. That th.e atnoun tendered was six times as great as that want ed is no wonder, as the triage was so ar ranged that each man received an allotment in propouioii to his subscription ; and those who wanted :><>,000 francs therefore sub seribed prudently for 300,000. Buteven making allowance for this, the bare fact that thi> people of Franco subscribed in one day $150,000,000, after having paid a similar amount for war purposes during the fifteen months previous, evinces a state ol feeling as well as a state of prosperity wholly unprece dented. No nation ever gave such tangible proofs' of its readiness and its ability to con tinue the war; and certainly until some equal ly tangible fact has been adduced on the other ile the inference which all unprejudiced persons will draw will be unfavorable, in every light, to the Russian cause. The fact is the more startling when we ex amine the indebtedness, credit, and financial standing of the various European nations. England who has just added i: lt;;000.0(?J toher debt, owed the enormous sum ol ?< <3.9~J.ouu before : the interest on her debt is larger than the whole United States revenue. France owed ?233+000,000. In the year 1815, when Napoleon returned from Elba, the British funds ell to 56, and the best men despaired of the ?tate ? though the only event, that had occurred was the arrival of a stray Corsican on the ?hores of France. In 1848, when the French republic was established, the Minister of Ft nances of the Provisional Government found it wholly impossible to obtain a loan of a franc. Commerce having l>ecn overset by the political convulsion, a decree was passed to grant to makers of promissory notes and bills of ex change a delay of thirty days to pay them ; but this unstatesmanlike measure of course failed in it* object, and the merchants at last flving for aid to the government, the pitiable truth was at last told to the people, that no one would trust the republic. If Gamier Pa and Achille Fould ever write their me moirs. the reading public will be astonished to see to what straits great kingdoms and impos ing governments may be reduced ; and the financial distress of the old Continental Con gress and the Madison Cabinet will ccase to ap pear severe or unusual. At the present day. as indeed was always the case in a greater or less degree, not only the sinews but the bone and flesh of war are money. Minnie ritics are good, Todtlebcn earthworks are good : Lancaster guns are not bad. and bra very i?? excellent ; but better by far than all the-e aie dollars, good hard dollars of pure gold, or paper sold for dollars at a premium. There are n<> Sebastopols which dollars will not take, if there are enough of them, and they idH? no fleets they cannot destroy, no armies they cannot wear out. The old fable-the *howcr <>f gold which rainod through roof* and ceilings and walls into the warm bosom of the blufhing Pauae-is after all the type of all possible war-. Gold, gold, gold i? your only conqueror. Tiik St i tan Avit ii ih F inavoiai. Diplomacy ? On ttik Right Sipkok tiik Womkv. ? It has l?ecn generally supposed that the treasury of the Sultan bad been r loaned out by the Russian war : ami that tin- late loan to Turkey, passed by the British Parliament, wa* for the purpose of rtUevlng hU immediate necessities. But upon reading the following among the new* Items of the last steamer, we are led to a dif ferent conclusion : ? A b-ti-r fiom loii.li4ntiiv.pU-. of .luljr If, nay* >? ? Th* has "rdfrfsl niacin. *nt n*ckUe?s In Mutant* t<> b? mmlo. pri fur yuwn Victoria (?<! t hr Kmpr#** Ktjjp'ni*; iin-1 aU rmbroid?r*<l in bi illi?oU, to b* ni?d? f"> tho l.n.prror, th< King of .Sa.l.nia, ?n<l f'rlncv Albert. Ike ralue of lhe*f jirr-wat" will bp nlout 9.000 - 000 franc*. Four hundred thousand dollar* or so in pre sents from n bankrupt is rather a cool op.>ra rion : bnt It is dooMlorn Intended as i>ait for another impending loan of ten or twenty mil lions ; and it will ABA it, or jewelry will have ost Its eharm i?mc*|w fair sex. The Sultan ought to know. A Know Notuivo Sion rs South Caroi.ina. ? At a lata Council of the South Carolina Know Nothing*, they repudiated the doe trine of the proscrij ti<>a of Catholics, and provided for the inimi ?ion into the Order of all eligible native?, of all religious creed?, upon a declaration dis claiming any binding allegiance, political or ecclesiastical, to Any foreign power. The Live Oak letter by Ocorge Law to the Pennsylvania I.egj) latur". of som^ months ago, foreshadowed th? repudiation of both the extreme native and religion- tests of th? American party. And tlioy are coining round, State by State, to his ideae. '1 hey will oc npy his practical platform ' ?? m out n |l <? < ? f >r.* n^i -nfr ;n f,r THe C?pttvlat>>n of Om Seward Wblga? Trtimph o / HarriKa and Fred. Wongla? The Boston "republican" convention thus re-HfUrniH, tho old creed of the abolitionists:? K??<)lvvdt That th? time ban fully coine for the people ol Wat?>achui ?tU t<) act in eoucerl with tho frien.l* of frenk ni throughout tho Union, with a view of rc-ttrain >n* ihe alarming vncroaehroeutH 01 flavory. It is no nore than watt said at Portland, at Washington, Columbus, in New York and Penn sylvania, in the same week, and by the same men. It is the capitulation and surrender of the whigs and the democratic free Boiler* to them. It Is the union of Seward, Garrison, Fred. Donglass, the black man; Downing, the oystvrman; Van Buren, the Arnold of Ameri can politics; Hale, the mountebank; Wilson, the trader; Butler, the evangelist; Chase, the Rev. Antoinette Brown, ef omnt, tft., into one grand phalanx of negro worshippers. It is the triumph of Garrison aud Fred. Douglass, the black man. The surrender is made to them, and it in unconditional, absolute. The old temples of Clay and Jackson have been demolished, their altars defaced, their worshippers transferred, body and breeches, to the mosqnen of these Arabs of modern poli tics. "The alarming encroachments of sla very," which hasn't moved a peg since the Texas annexation, have frightened this de lectable band of patriots to abandon their old fields, and take to the brush of negroism. In the Portland meeting, "freedom was para mount to all political questions;" and every man in that body knew that by uniting with the abolitionists he put to hazard the noblest achievement of freedom ever effected by man. "The Union was not worth the sacrifice of its first principle," and its "first principle" was sacrificed, in the view of the meeting, by the existence of slavery in the States. The Union is valuable; but it would be more so if it hud the power to gcct from its bosom the whole Arab crew of "republicans" and negro wor shippers, who malign its character, and fatten on its blessings. "Congress is false to itself unless it abolishes slavery in the District of Columbia, repeals the Fugitive Slave law, the Kansas act, and restores the Missouri compro mise," and thus makes "slavery sectional, and freedom national." These are the terms of the capitulation ? the conditions upon which Garrison, aud Douglass, and Downing, the oys terman,will consent to rocciveinto their ranks Seward, Van Buren, Chase, Wilson, Hale, Greeley, Butler and the Rev. Antoinette Brown. It is the Holy Alliance of American politics ? the omnipotent Latter Day Saints, who are to think, speak and act for the Ame rican people. "The sacrifice of the first prin ciple of freedom" will be found in the fulfil ment of the first obligation of the constitu tion. It is moral treason to be faithful to the covenants of union ? slavery and the consti tution arc incompatible : the one or the other must give way. Heretofore the constitution has been regarded as supreme; but now, "po litical questions" ? the opinions and caprices of the coalition, for instance ? arc paramount to it. It has sunken down below the moral standard of the "Holy Alliance," and the go vernment, therefore, in the language of the Port land fusion, must "g? to pieces." The patriots of the Revolution were not good enough to be favored with an association with Seward, Fred Douglass, the black man, Garrison and Van Buren, of the Holy Alliance of negro worship pers in 1855. Times have changed as well as moons. There was a period when treason to the government consisted in efforts to over throw it; when men were jealous of its honor and States were scrupulous in the discharge of all the duties imposed upon them by the cove nants of union. There was a time when the white man was superior to the black man. It is not so now. Treason to the constitution is the normal condition of American politics. iwcryiKxiy la collating the evils of union ? everybody is complaining. All is contention, and bickerings and strife. We no longer hear of the blessings of the constitution, but its curses, its inequalities, its immoralities. It has become a weak, insufficient, immoral compact; it recognizes the institution of slavery and that is enough to set against it the lloly Alliancc of negro worshippers: a class of men who would reign in hell, but will never serve in heaven. No blessing can be conferred upon such n people, except the glorious privilege of disturbing the puHic peace, securing anarchy and its fruits, and the curses of civil war. The happiness which comes to others through peace and charity, with them is submission to a grinding tyranny ?a hateful "oligarchy of slave drivers." The government of the United States is a league of man hunters and slave breeders ? a deep grinding despotism, which sinks freedom into a local dependence gind slavery into a nation ality. It is a great sink of moral iniquity, to be n party to which is to assent to robbery, a violation of the rights of man, Kidnapping, and a great many other very wicked things. The constitution is the warrant of the Devil's right and claim to the exclusive management of American affairs, until the saints of the Holy Alliance shall bring about the millcniuin of negro ascendency and white dependency. "Slavery is sectional and freedom is national," an assertion, unlike most others of the howling pack, which is half true. Let us look for in stance to this matter for a moment. We receive and recognize the constitution of the United States as the bases of our politi cal existence. We know nothing of slavery or anti-?lavery any more than we know of the domestic arrangements of our nelghl>or's house. Wc care not for the mere opinions of men up on thfc subject who have no power to control it. What we want is obedience to the general agreement by which we exist as a nation. Wo can have but one fundamental law at a time. We have a constitution for instance, or we have not -and in this spirit when men undertake to overthrow the government, to subvert its terin-? and conditions, we prefer to call it treason, and it is n* lc?s trea?on because the effort is widely sustained and openly and vigorously prosecuted now under the government wc have. Freedom Is national, and so is slavery. The latter is so in its existence previous to the adoption of the constitution by the original thirteen State*? In Its acceptance as a ba?ls of representation in Congress - in the agreement entered Into to surrender its fugitives ? in the sale of slaves on executions Issued from the federal courts, and the titles assured by it* ministerial and executive officers. Thus, If in dividual property which is the subject of con stitutional recognition and of legislation by Congrex*. can be considered national, then ^la very Is national. Wc like to look tbe?e question* in the faec. It will do u* no harm to understand the truth among our?elvr?, and we (.hall g?.in little bv wa;.< 'go. yi '? Uv. 1 . body and strength in the American govern ment. It is not a caprice. It ha* the bases of a distinct agreement, absented to by all its members and in hiipreme within the sphere of its action and its powers. Within this sphere are fifteen slave State?, equal in all respects to ttic sixteen free States of which the Union is composed. Thin attempt, then, to render im possible the recognition of slavery by the American government, because it derives its existence from State laws, and on account of its supposed conflict with the principles of free dom, is but a mean device to shirk responsi

bility, and to originate a quarrel between the North and the South. Whether it is a good or an evil, a blessing or a curse, an expense or a profit, it in a fact that it was an institution re cognized by the laws of twelve of the thirteen States which in 1788 formed the compact of union. Even a majority of those States legal ized the foreign slave trade; and Massachu setts, the only one in which slavery did not exist by law, was more largely engaged, by the employment of its shipping in that trade, * ban even Georgia or South Carolina. The relation of master and servant then was universal in all the States forming the federal Union. It was the normal condition of Ame rican society. It lay at the foundation of the great agricultural districts of the South and the ccntrc. It was one of the most valuable and important sourccs of our material wealth and prosperity. It existed without diminution dnring the whole contest of the Revolution, and was a source from which was drawn means to maintain that great struggle. It was up held by the Father of his Country, who was one of its proprietors. It wa<j sustained with differing opinions by all the leading statesmen of that period; and during the confederation, and up to the adoption of the constitution it was the subject of national discussion, delibe ration and action. The first compromise be tween the North and the South was in reference to the treatment it should receive by the na tion ? a compromise made in season, incorpo rated in, and not drawn from the constitution. It is indeed doubtful if the colonies could have achieved their independence without its mate rial aid, but none at all that the Union could not have been sanctioned without its distinct and positive recognition. The Massachusetts republicans now resolve that it is sectional. Its products constitute the bases of a large portion of the present employments of the peo ple of that State. The great staples of rice, cotton, tobacco and sugar are its exclusive productions. They employ the shipping of the free States in their transportation everywhere. They lie at the foundation of our groat com merce with foreign nations, and sustain and uphold an internal trade between the States which has no parallel in the history of man. If these facts do not fix the general character of slavery ? if they prove it to be sectional, and thus liable to proscription ? if they justify as saults upon it, under color of constitutional authority ? then, aside from the forts, arsenals, public buildings, lands, and the chattels of the army and navy, no property iH national and no federal obligation is binding. When au American ship having slaves on board was driven by stress of weather even into a British port, Mr. Webster, in behalf of the President of the United States, denied the legal jurisdiction of the local authorities, and asserted that she came there, and brought with her, and retained for her government and protection the laws and jurisdiction of her own country. This was the Btrong arm of the nation protect ing parties in the possession of a species of property not recognized by Congress. Was it sectional or national ? Does freedom revolt at a connection with those who aided to rescue it from tyranny ? Jl'DGK DoiClLAN ON TOK K A NX AH BORDER TrOI> bijch ? Stirring Nkwh krom Washington. ? Our special Washington despatch in this morning's Hkhai.d is exceedingly interesting. It professes to give the substance of a conversation at the late White House dinner between President Pierce and Messrs. Mason and Douglas of the Senate, on the Kansas border troubles, and the proceedings of Rceder, Atchison, Doniphan, Stringfellow and " the border ruffians."' Upon one point our correspondent is very positive : He is certain that at the aforesaid dinner Judge Douglas substantially delivered himself in no flattering terms concerning the proceed ings of Atchison and Doniphan, the two rival pro-sluvery Missouri candidates for the United States Senate. We had supposed, from the si lt nee of .fudge Douglas on this interesting sub ject, thut he was in the same boat with Atchi son and Stringfellow; but it appears that in this w*jpvc been wide of the mark. We still think wnt our correspondent may have mia placcd the remarks of some other person ? Marcy, perhaps ? a? those of Douglas; but if any of our interested politicians arc aggrieved at the position thus assigned to Judge Douglas, tl.ere is a ready mode of arriving at the truth, in a direct application to the Senator himself. There ran be no doubt as to the position of Mr. President Pierce. Having gone otT to the Virginia Springs under the pilotage of Mr. Senator Mason, he may be considered as having abandoned the Marey and Van Burcn free Boil ers, and joined his fortunes with the Southern secession movement for the succession. In this view of the case, Mr. John Cochrane is fairly entitled to bring out the Scarlet Letter, and authorized to prepare the soft shells for a pub lic repudiation of Mr. Pierce, at the Soft Shell Convention of the 29th. The hards will lead the way on the 23d. The Women's Rioiits Association. ? The late Women's Rights Convention at Saratoga elect ed a* their President Martha C, Wright, of Au burn ; Vice-Presidents, Rev. Samuel J. May of Syracuse, Lydia Mott of Albany, Ernestine L. Rose of New York city, Rev. Antoinette L. Brown of New York, Susan B. Anthony of Rochester, and Augusta A. Wiggins of Saratoga Springs; Secretaries, Emily Jaques of Nassau, Aaron M. Powell of Ghent, and Mary L. Booth of Williamsburg, The?? officials. It will be perceived, with n few exceptions, arc the same old set that have l>ccn flourishing at our social, infidel, abolition and women's rights societies for the last ten or fifteen years. The leaders among these feminines are getting old and un interesting, and In the course of a few years must go the way of all things. Meantime the association, if not more rapidly replenished than at present with new recruits, will rapidly die out, and women's rights will be limited to the usages of civilized society for an indefinite time to come. As fusion is the order of the day, why don't the?e women's rights women fw" with onr New York Free Uove Society* It . L. vfcurcc. Tub Makhuai/i and the Census ? Morh Com plaints. ? We have received a considerable number of communications from our fellow citizcns in \arions parts of the city complain ing that they have been omitted in the enu meration of the census, by tens, twenties, fif ties and hundreds. After the defence, how ever, which has been put forth in behalf of the marshals, we must await the conclusion of their work, and then, to such of the inhabi tants of the corporation as shall have been left out of tho enumeration, it will become a duty to take such steps as may be necessary to sup ply all the omissions of the marshals. When the work of this State census was com menced, it was charged that the Secretary of State had Rent out a lot of enumerators who were in the interest of Seward; and that, in addition to counting the people, Ac. they would be required to sell Seward's life on a commission, and otherwise to electioneer in bin behalf. Subsequently it was said that the life and speeches of Seward, being an excessively dry book, could not be made to go upon any terms, and that some of the marshals had ac cordingly fallen back upon other book peddling experiments, including the life of Greeley, the life of Barnnm, and the controversy on church property between Senator Brooks and Arch bishop Hughes. As far as we can ascertain, there was no truth in these reports, and we in cline to think that the last and most serious charge against the marshals may be equally destitute of foundation. It is this : That the census marshals, especially in this city and vicinity, are the political partizans of Seward, and that as such they are desirous of makiug the population of this anti-Seward Manhattan island and neighborhood as small as they con veniently can make it, for the purpose of diminishing the anti-Seward representation in the Assembly. Now, we say that we do not believe this. On the contrary, we are informed that there arc among our census marshals hard shell democrats and silver gray whigs who could not possibly be interested in any Seward project of the kind alleged. Nor can we sup pose that the young men of the census takers, even with their predilections and principles in favor of Seward, could lend themselves upon any terms to any trickery involving treachery and perjury, in the discharge of a duty of the high importance of that with which they are connected. We suppose that the omissions of onr mar shals complained of by our fellow-citizens, will yet be supplied, and that before they shall have closed up their books they will glean up every family and every individual residing in this city on the first of June last, as far as pos sible to do ho. In the interval between that day and this, a large number of our citi zens, including many entire families, have gone off into the country, and at their uninhabited homes the marshals, of course, have been una ble to get their retnrns. nut under the im pression that the marshals are sincerely devot ed to their work, and ambitious to do it fully and honestly, we think it only fair to give them a little more time for the completion of their reports. There can be no difficulty about their compensation ; for if the Legislature or the Corporation should both be inclined to badger about a few shillings, the people of this city will sec that the marshals are liberally paid for their services, provided their work, be well and thoroughly done. Mil. Fll.LMOBK IN IRELAND ANI) A MB RICA ? Vkky Fi nnt. ? By our last advices from Ireland, we perceive that Mr. ex-President Fillmore bad been received at the lakes of Killarney in tbe most exquisite style of Irish hospitality. Among other things, an he came out one day to look at the scenery, he was ngreeably smitten by the buglers stationed among the hills playing "Yankee Doodle." In fact, the ex-President seems to have been making in the Emerald island a splendid electioneering campaign for the Irish vote ; while at the sape time the New York Eryrt** and other rabid organs of excessive nativism, who believe all the Irish at home and abroad to lie involved in a conspi racy wilh Archbishop Hughes and the Pope for the overthrow of our own blood-bought institu tions. have proclaimed Mr. Fillmore as the very man of all men for carrying out the doctrine of America for the Amcricuns, and any other ?counlry for the Irish. On Mr. Fillmore's return, our Irish fellow-citizens will probably give him a public dinner in honor of his travels among the -^old folks at home." What a funny thing it would be ! A Democratic Shjn in Maryland. ? At the late State convention of the Maryland demo cracy, they had nothing to say of the glories of Mr. Pierce's administration. Pass liiin. Model Tenement Hoate. A |arty of Influential gentlemen of thU city? Mr . Grlnnell, of tlie firm of (Jrlnncll, Mintnrn k Oo., being, It l? Haiti, one of thenuinlier ? ha>e juathad erecte 1 for them a Urge. Milisianiial nn<t very hau kome brick building, ex tending from Molt to klizabeth atreet, a few rod* north of Walker *treet, for a tenement limine. It la generally understood to lie intended for the accommodation uf co lored (amlUea, although tbe owners and archite<"t re frain from acknowledging euch to !?? the ca *e. or giving any infuimntioti on (he aulijcct. From nil >xaminalion of the structure, and the facta elicited fn m variou* nourrc*, it I- > vidently Intended for a tenement buildinc; ? and a model one it m*y certainly be < oniddeiii! ? and a* auch In worthy the inipetlon of all whofcel interested in the erection of e^tablialiui^nt" of that dc?cri|itinn. 1he building i* ?lx (tor to* high, aud one hnn^-H and eighty-eight tret long by about thirty-five wide. (in the flr*t, or ground floor, theje are two apaclou* fdorea, one fronting on Mutt afreet, the other rai?l>eth fctreet and fourteen ml tea of apartment* for faniiU??, each having their own hall entrance, a good tired and will furnlahed room, two bedroom* and pantry, the U;. ter provided with fink, Proton vrnter, and other conve nience*. fifc e?ch of the aecond, third, fourth and fifth fluer*. there arc aimiUr apartment- for -ixleeu fajuliiec , n nd en the *iith-*tr>ry there arc two ipaclou* school or.nv. one for boya ami one for glita, beddca apartment* or eight families. The cellar la Jhrided off with brick partition* Into eighty-*!* coal and wood vault*, for the use ot the t'aiullic*; and under Ihe aidewalka In Mott and rilznl>eib atreet* there are apacluua Vaults for the uae of the ?torekeeperg. Is the front of the building there la a fine ojen t-pace of about eighteen to twenty feet wide, ol ordlag ample light and ventilation to the prin If al room*. The entrance* to all the dwelling* are rem the corridor* in the roar, which run the whole length of the building on each floor, and are reach ed from either Mott or F.llwbeth etrcet bv flight* of Iron utepa ?ix and a half feet Wide. The corridor* and 'Uira he ng built entirely of Iron, atone and brick, afford tiie lery beat mean* of e?cape In ea?e of fire. Indeed, the greatest precaution appear* to ha%e been taken to guard againat lo?* of life by lire. On each floor, In the rear of the corridor, there are alitei-n water cloaet* arranged upon an Improved plan, which preclude* the idea of them becoming nuisance*, it will be obaerved from the foregoing that the building contain* two etore-p, apart menl* fcr eighty tlx femilie*, two *ehool room*, eighty-eight coal vault*, Vault* for afore* eighty - eight water clo*?t*, each occupant having their own cat vault and water clo*et under lock and key. The build! rg mak?* quite an lmpo?fng appearance th? mom* are well lighted, admirably arr?nge<l and ventilated for the h'iltli. eomfort and convenience of the occupant*, reflectirg great credit upen the <r*ntlen>*n who hav-< cau?ed It* ereefloti [t w.i? erectc I nnder th? mperv.iion of Mr J. W. flit I. .wcf feet w?-' and ?m'th irw>' . H ; THE LATKST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TElEuRAPHS. Very Carton* trout \Vnnltlngtoii. THB LATE DINVKK OF JlTO(?r MASON, JU1WB UODQIiiS AND GKN. PlKltCE AT TIIK WHITE HOOfB ? DOUOLA8 DOWN UPON ATCHISON vNl> h'f UINOFKJ.LOW, BTC. Wa.miisotow, August 18, 1865. Yon are aware that very lut^Iy Mr. Senator Mason, of Virginia, ami Senator Donglii^, of llllnoi-, dined with tha President at the Wliito House. and you *erc right in sup. posing that they bad souie hing at the dinner l?side? bacon and cabbage. Sincc Judge Douglas lias gone off to the Nt rth, and tlifl President and Mr. Mason have departed tor the Virginia white, red, blue, salt and sweet sulphur Springs, the secret, in part, In out. Tlie. lending conversation at that dinner ?as upon Kansas, Boeder, Atchison. "trinjjfellow, kc. Mason approved the removal ol' 111 Oder, hut. ha id that a Southern man ought to have gone to Kansas i* the firnt place? not a compromiser, hut a regular Ur? eater. Mr. Pierce smiled, and said that he had to con* suit both sections. He didn't liko to remove Rcedcr, be cause at tlio I'ennsylvaria October election it might dt? some damage to tho party; whereas, thcri was ctberwU* a hope, thin tall, ol' Having Pennsylvania, tioukl not Keedcr have l*en spared till the mid.Ue of OoMker? Masen said no ! Virginia would de.iert you if there were any further temporizing. You are with u? or against us, I.et Feeder go, and we will pro\ ide aga.'itst lite desertion of Pennsylvania. Keep up the excitement, and while wo break op the Know Nothings on tho rock of slavery, we can get the democracy together again. Make Sti ingfollow . Governor of Kansas, after the fall elections, and wc shall thus secure a distinct understanding on the slavery is?ua upon the meeting of thli new abolition Con grttn. Let us see where they are. Judge Douglas demurred. The whole of our difficultlcrt in this Kansas imbroglio had resulted from the out* mgeous proceedings of Atchison, Doniphan, and that set. Stringfellow was but the Stringfellow of Atchison, .doing his work for a prospective consideration. Between Do niphan and Atchison, in their desperate rivalry to secure thd suffrage of the pro-slavery party of Miesouri lor th# lulled States Senate, in the next Missouri Legislature, all these Kaunut border troubles had been created. The proceedings of those men hud brought popular sove reignty in the Territories into contempt, and the whole country ou both sides to the dangerous is"ue of a raowtvio lent and virulent sectional coutestfor the Presidency. Nor can wc hope to rally the Northern democracy together till this Doniphan. Atchison and Stringfellow Legislator* of Kansas is set aside, Its act* declared null and void, and provision made for a government of the Territory by thfl tmnafute people thereof, according to the law. We must do this before we can hope to rally the Northern demo* crae.y to the support of the Nebraska bi!l . Mason did'nt care for the Northern democrat ? did'nt want them? the time had gone by for that. A sectional contest is inevitable. If Mr. fierce Is with us, we shall sustain blm? if not, where else can the ..dniiolstratioj# look for support 1 Such, I understood, was substantially a pari of that dinner conversation at the White House between Messrs. I'ierce, Douglas and Ma?on. It may be overeolored, or it may not be colored sufficiently high. Of one thing I am positively assured, and that is, that Judge DouglM makes no secret of his denunciations of Doniphan, Atehi. son and Stringfellow, In con.equence of the odinm which their proceedings have brought upon the great saving terr itorial doctrine of squatter sovereignty. Death of Abbott Lnwrrnee> Dowtov, August 18, 1M6. 'Ihe Hon. Abbott Lawrence died at 11 o'clock thug morning. The merchants of this city will probably meet on Mon day noon, for the purpose of paying the customary marlui of respect to the memory of the dead. The time of burial has not been definitely fixed, but it will probably occur on Wednesday next. The interment will take place at Mount Auburn, in tho lot where repoe* the remains of his children and of his brothers ? William and Amos. On the post mortem examination ot the remains, it was found that not only the liver, but the stonurh, kid neys, and part of the Intestines were greatly diseased. Dr. Clarke, on the part of the examining surgeons, will prefer a statement In detail. The Yellow Fmr In Virginia. Baltimore, August 18, 1666. The death* from yellow fever at Portsmouth now avea rage eight a day in a population of 2,000 ponton*. The official report at Norfolk show* nine deaths trosa the fever on the 16th ln?t. The acrountii of the fever, from Norfolk, arc vei'y din tressing. Thirty new ease* were reported on Thur-nlny. Capt. Barron's daughter in dead. Contributions in aid of the sufferers are coming in from all quarter*. The fund raised in this city now amount* to oyer nix thousand dollar*. TtlUv Fever at Now OHtaai. New Obijia.vh, August 18, 1860 'lhe hrer here i* now at about a eland. The death* ia the hoiipitai for the pant week were lo8, and tie wuaber of esses enred 132. Alabama Kleetton* Vkw Orlkak*, Aupurt 18, 1866. The majority for Win* ton. the democratic can<ildat# for Governor in Alabama. I? about 11,000. Mortality of I Jo* ton. B iw*, Auguwt 18. 186ft. Hie deaths in this city for the part week have b<? n dm hundred and nine, of which sixty-two were those of ?hil dren under five jear* of age. Sentence of a Murderer. Watkhtoww, N. Y., August 17, IS66. Michael Cavanagh wa* yesterday convicted at Martina burg of the murder of Mr. Cooper, at I.yons Fall", in May last. He was sentenced by Judge Alien to be hung oq the 6th of October. The Cotton Crop in MI? Imilppt. Nnr OniJUKft, August 17, 1866. A letter from .Vatchet, Mississippi, states that the cot* ton crop was suffering from rot ami rust in that region, and that the prospects are 16 to 20 per cent worse that they were two weeks ago. Markets. PHILADELPHIA BTQCK BOARD. I'BILABU il U < . August 18, 1866. Stocks Arm; Reading, 4VW , .do .li Canal, 10; Loo* Island Railroad, 17; fennsjKani't ltallroad, 44 lllflj Pennsylvania Ptate fives, 87 1118. Nnr Okijuml August 17, 186%. The new* by the America was raoMved here ka*t even ing by the associated press, a few hours after the arrival of the steamer at Halifax, and wa* published in the paper* this morning. Cotton has declined a quarter cent. 8a tea to-day 1.400 bale*, at 9Xe. a #kc for mi Idling. The 'ales for the week ?dd up 4,000 bales, and the receipt* 8.800 bales, including 1.700 bale* of new, against 1.M0 bale* for the same time last year, including 60 hales of new. The receipt* up to the present time fail short 178,OOo I .ale* those oi last year. The stock on hand i* 127.000 bales. The sales of coffee for the weak have been 2, ?00 b?g'. at 11 ^c. a 11 Vje. for prime Rio. Mesa pork 118 50. Sterling exchange ?>? per cent premium. Bctvami, August 18?12:30 P. M. Hour? Pair Inquiry; su|if>ly of new, good; sales 908 bbls. including 300 bhls. new Ohio in choice lots jt M; 100 Mils. Wisconsin at 8# 28; 390 bbls. tew Ohio at ?0MS , 100 bbls. Michigan at 99: ood 160 bbls. extra Souther* at 80 26. Wheat? In good request and steady ,*al?* 3,000 bushels red Kentucky at 81 00; .,800 bushel* red InJiana on private terms; and 300 bushels white Wisconsin at 81 06. Com quiet and a shade easier; sales 19,000 bush el* at 77c. Oats In good demand and ?teady: sal?w 2.600 bushels at Mr. Mecelpte today? dour, 3 01X1 bbls. ; wheat. 0,000 bushel"; corn, 28,000 bushe'.s. nrvTAlo. August 18? <>.30 P. M. Hour In rood dew. sad and rates m*ln:y unchanged. Hales 1,100 bbli". at 88 26 for good Wlsoonain ? $8 mU a 8 76 for eholee to extra new Ohio, and 8tt (or choice Mich igan. Included in the above sales are ,'M0 bbls. ot cholcelota new Ohio at 88 and 100 bb?s. extra Southern at 80 '.6. Wheat actlte for milling, with no |arce ptibl# ? Jiang* In quotation*. Sales 8,000 buthe'.i white Illinois and 2.800 bushels red Indiana on private t*rnn , 6.000 bushels new red Kentucky at 81 00, and 300 b shels whit* Wlseonsin at 81 06. Corn quiet and easier. Saie* 26,000 bushels at 78c a 77c? dosing dull. Oata <lu!l ; .a to* 2,500 bushels at 4Cc. Receipts since noon to-d-y. Hour Mo bbl* ; corn 1A.UM) bushel* : oats 800 fcushets. fiHWmio, Aug. 18? 0 10 P. M. "tii- loir market is without change. 1,'pper lake ?U? at 88 87>.. Wheat unchanged ? sa'e? 14 bushels l'p|ier lake at 81 65 a 81 88. freights-no alteration la rates. Hapreaae ( eurt-Aperlal Teraa. Before Hoo. Judge Cowle?. TBI. JUKTH ATO.T* INJUNCTION CAtK. Aug 18.? Jvdf* Ctawles made an ord< - this nun ti ng so Tar modify inp: hi* former decision as to direct a r? a'g iment on certain points. Fao* f*f Two* a?.? The Br trig Ada. < . ptain (i.kudy, from ^t. Thomas, 1st tnstivnt, arrived ye-tsrday ue ruio*. there aie on Uard the txe.fc s of John O. Vail. 'Jt Wry? moi th. N u. whe die.! ? -?'y aide* Y ?" cm!th. c(