Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1855 Page 2
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6F THE "CEKE8CQ FkEE LOVE UNION." Itofenee of the Prominent Parties Con cerned. Or. Newberry'e Social System, JU: <S*: vrw V'okk, August IS, 1M4. fO TUB .WItOR OK TH1! HEKALD. S?IMI .?Id *n articlo h* u .h I 'AiiUirnp-dogy of the Okvwvo fret X/0T6 L'uion, ' ' which .?p).ear??l in jot* paper ?? Friday , tbu I7tb, my uumo appeared in connection Vttb principles I never adverted. It U evident that Ami pereona. who have set themitt-lree np a* juJg?? in Afa tmn, and have reported fcecoMingly, are entirely A# of the preeent -a^flnh, immoral and growly nenftu&l MMk ? Jt ciety, and therefore < utir* ly unlit to form any Mm of the relation)* of a ntate of social harmony, the v?ry oppomte of their present condition. It in no wonder At! they, toeing full of darknenfl and evil, tthould M ? tfctag but ?rU, and naturally put their own bad c<m ?fcractrcn upon thing* they do not oven begin to unfar It nuit be observed alno that they have partially itMid of but one part of the principle* of tho po ?My without any reference to other moral principle* and MfclatienH connected therewith. I therefore -.end you ft fcrtef idea of wh*.t 1 preach art a precursor of future -0Md. l#t every one digest it nail make their own com a?at, t'ut how diall the mind judge which in organised ?ml error ? *Ae accompanying circular U the 1 ri? fvt article on Mi fundamental principles, and in 'o aVtrae.t as to be ??Ml. to mUK-on.?triK-tiun. Therefore, if any further in Avmation it required we ehail be happy to explain. PteMc to publish the whole a? no one part i* complete ?f Mm If. Your*, Ac. K. KKWBERY. CIRCULAR. T'ECL K RATION OP PRINCrPLKS. At the drat principles ot' Protestantism anil ik<- Decl* ratio a of Ameri md Independence grant to aJ the rigLt to ?nd civil liberty, and the pursuit cf happiue**, we hereby declare our present eomictionwaud intentions, Mfejtx-t lo progress an we advance in recip>m-y of Divine taAaence, g?x*Lne?r and truth. RELI6I0N. m S.ARBOKUATKIN tSD HSBtfX.T10.N 0? TH* ".NDrvTH. ?!_ la ignorance of the tme fcLth, *.lio religiotm sentiment-* attach thetcHel-veH to superstitions, with ;ut ma nodlflcationH as there are varieties cl' mind, nome <>f which are Uliboral and opt>r? vivo, au<j havo gradually ?egettcn arbitrary governments. Without religion or govermnent no community ever been able to hola Uigvtne-, ai us-.ividuuiii fo. Mwiiig uppoitite or autitgou 'tic Impulse! tend to vlls ??ten. Cemmncitie* fo.inded tn i : rontons religions rnu-t 4tounUe u* noon ad tr.i'h slxow" their foundations to be Mm. 5he true religion is the ou'j jx?nnan? nt bon.lof union ? centralization. "Knor yovtrselve?, and V) ye perfect, ?it ye may be one with God fcnd each other." Ail com ?whies wijt'inh'1 1 on <*he? haw* oiu't. become <ii* ? rtnnt, and disunite. The Divine if pe>'tee.t? all truth and harmony of Ixiing. Thi refore the !ovo, Influence, VlR, or law, proo^Ung lroin Divinity must b? perfective, Barmoniiinjj, trnthiuUiiug, to satisfy the Mvine love and Wfhnatc in individual and social perfection. We mu.it ttm oontlnuaUy at perfecting ourselves and each other. We can only receive the Divine influence, in all its ele ?MBtM, pr<>gr? wively, to Its fulness, in proportion a.- *o Ate ap io itsiaw. Uokp who follow the tent of their unec^naliv propor Hswed being? by excessively ?xerci*ing, and thereby in ?reasiog, the developement of their stronger facufti.*, ?Ml noglerting the exercise of their weaker ones, am! thereby allowing them to perish ? 'Mono gmdual % io disorganization, and In the interim U?" in increo* laif suffering, inflation and social antagonism; but these, on the contrary, who overcome their inequalities ? Benching tenden i*1-. by strengthening in them that which is weak, and subduing that whV-h i* strong, wi'l ?sve the nottl alive, and ultimate in perfection, and in tho taterim liv< in Increasing happiness, uuity. *wial liar Many, and especial providence of he ivenly spirits. We eboald live in community under the tie of perfr. ttve love, sj that our variou* Influence- maj uijdify. kannouLx and perfect each other. IND09TBY. It view of the iniju-l lneqnali lie* of we.J t, ? the <!?< pmding poverty i>f the wal'h producer ? the deforming Jn#o?Dr? of monotonou* iuduetry, and jhe di.-eaning luxu slae and indolence of the non-produeera, r>pe>-ulatora Hint ?Monopolists ? the Ktarvation of million* in th>' mnl?t of ku>?QHC abundance ? the general want of r<iuiiy in ex ahange, and the want of acienillle. ecin^'mie-. iti produo proaervation and distribution of wealth ? In the i?o order of *ociety, and (ho eaui-ea of lh?ao evils, a* fee Monopoly of the ?oii, slavery. trade monopolies, in Himl for capital, profit ou the akill and Libor of other*, Aa., 4c.; we guarantee to our members, free, the econo ?4e* and other advantage^ of integral organization, ?fcerty, the right to u.o UodV earth, free competition, education, support under disability. capital without I tejffl, employment without profit, other than tli >t which is devoted to the above tniuranteo* and good of whele to the support of which all sh-mld volnntailly ? trlNitc to the uttnnat ol their ability, conn* tan t ":tli DM harmoniiation of their l>elng, none having th? ri^lit to mperfluUle* wbllo other" an- in need of the manna ot' Mlf support. We should lire in the simplicity of goou taate, the greatest economy, and full temperate enjoy. mmtt of every good, repo'liatlug tlie production or no- ?i takacco, alcohol, and other unuen-o*. ry thing", except In their proper use*. ftur aff:. iin shall be managed bv a proper set of officer* alerted by the democratic Tote of the ?*irty. Cemmon property is a temptation to indolent imj>orters aad Improvident and extravagant persons to impose on fke frugal and industrious; and iu common property the ftodatent excesaea ol each tall upon the ? hole, cau?liurthi whole to dispute with each ? It requite in disunion. Individual property anfl competition, fr> od from mono yillw. will be found right, consistent with liberty aud ywfaitiblllty. The good and evil .if every one should fall as wholly ?< BWlhle upon theniHetrea. eo that they may have their Jail reformatory influence whi re tliey belong, and Dot ?nap the good *nd*a*or? of other*. Free eompetl'.loti will succ< s-lvely brin* all thins* Jawn to their lowtrtt and therefore equitable value, (to ?oft,) and then to their high. -?t perfection. when im provement* iu producing will so fill the world with wealth that all wi'l I* rteta || 'l,e hut edit of labor. Competition reijulav.- supply to dfjnand, 'liecklng u?.' tea aud eX'WlTe productions, by reducing their price., itad eaoaiiuc thinjr- soiree to become abumlant, by In ?aaalng their prices. By oar unit. try aeoaamicx, concentration all our ?eanfl to one object, and returning .ill profit* in bonetiM to cur member*, we ran produce letter and then than those wcrfcin,? In Isolation nnd supporting non-pr - <aa?r? By underselling tho?e uf (lie highest tJiiU, and fe* the superior happines.- ol our home, u, c.tn force nud tntract pe<iple to J ioi iit< 11- fast e;,n re 'y 4a receive them and thue, by rkiuimlng 1h< World ot . <? bant talentd, onr eon.(ue-t in ante; for Uul te?l inlerioi' y aaa have no ehauco itgainet uiiltei aufariority. KDTCATION. la view ?>f the ,<onenil trnoran. ? and partUl e-luc;ition ?f %be whole work] and that iguomure i* al the root of al avtl, and the main obstacle to all ref riu , d>'*V : i i ?nlabllsh a complete ?-hool of int'grn' ..nd prodo. v e4a<ath n, ?lth iut?itlr.n to lialanc<- everv f.w.ulty ot our ^y?ic.kl and mental la'ing, und tench all the ?rtt an | aaienc*" and their prneti-al application t > pr?4ue Imr an., the good of life In all It-, department* T HOCREjl ti vk. That thoujrh we admit the n?ee-?ity of m.trri*x< in lt? warVum forms, ?? crwiiiklly p<'ri?Iniiv- to lh<' I -ol.it ?ntofroui*tlc or iTil ayetomv of *?-it-ty ? in rkw ?l ni ?t<Ih k" ih? ?eii-ua.i.'iu of unnffliutlve unlnn?, it? pro. trailof; and di?e.minf[ the niliof Intercourse 4&riug the form <>l hraedin*; It* mJin-mi'Dt of the af IWIixnf , affactional eUr??tlon apoplary, chlomrfx, kr . ?fthe unniarri.-d: lu pmrntio* ? {lie Im d?T?lni?n" I ?f th<' aoul; lt? narrow and m<>iiot?.lLr.ing Jewlouci <, im Catltntion, or union without ii m ; It* production of d born, mal-orfaulwd nnd ecrofulon* r till. Iron? wo Im? for * higher prnoreatife l? than any llred op t?' >t the prtvnt d?y. "in hmwn there ir neither i.mrryUy (tring In marriatre ' "Thy kingdom oome. thy will he don* on earth ?? in heaven." TYvrr? ,? an uct do (wre-lly Important a?thc nmduetlon ?fa human offspring; ? It- ncrwl lift nnd h .pv'"' *? ?f iifrrt?n? mi,.erie? t<> d? ?th. .Up "'I mainly np<>? the tradition ?( it* parent* un l the cli'cuiuetencc * of il amnttoo. The amatorv ta'ult If- are deretoped loni ifWr every ?IWr that they may he untler the control of moral nn-l enlightened menUuitiie. ll all thing- In naiure ?ti' dc C-nden', mi li*?-d U? mint there nnt l>? l?? for per:?x t ng imanity'' l*er- n, h 'uld only nnlte with the* <>l 1 1 p pnette t?trpenunej,u dlnpoattloiM and condition- of being S theniael ve*. Uiat tliey m,* r h).rm?>ni/' oa^h otli?T by ? .?lr mutunl iaflu??e< and Uuit their opiv -dte cndi ?tiro* may netitnjlr<. in their nftiprln^ tu'tthu prolog iMimoBlou* nrgnnlraUonv eruil reeiptafe of A;i the eie mmt? of Uod. Hut on the >-<?tr?ry, the union of ?imi am, hy tlwlr Influent- mn'ualiy Ukm . i,n l confirm ? ach other'* defect* whihthej transmit <o thrlr ofT ? prtng in an lncr? :.MMl degrw cn'.-ing th' tn to h* erli and tend to (loath, an<< eflect ha i hJ trie* upon U??ni ?elre*. ' ?n-.oae who are iiecotinte'l worthy oi th> reauir* -Uon, neither tonrrr nor are ffln-n in mirri-^n, t>ut ? i;: t ???<ly to obey the prorreatlve law of < '?> I In the Riillerila.1 roirumtuiity , th" tinman Uwj r,( mar eta*'- ar" annu'Jeii hv the perfect! ?*> Ltw wnlch de lde?t that an pereon- nhijl be froe to unite with their Opposite', ?onnVerpkr'- <?r )i^br?t affliJUea, by ren'ua) roneent under proper condition.* ff r the harmoniMtion of the l, Wilree ml p-t WUon m theli* c When two are m> afllnltirrly . ?hey ar<- n??r- -^rllj -ymputhMlc ror.i|>iente of the djTin" taflnenee, th?re^>re IW |? the parent of thel/ oUtptiug fey and through tlirtn, Ite pi<y>iral imronta, bhchUnei^ pnfMttn iuT? cau efT>? t no rrf !. hot would ne death to all c? inorr f^HWtJnir tluu any ?th#r todneni*. ai to I- n -t lr,?M . ndcr mcli pHnci 9** per- nn raurt m? r Uu . .. j?, pi.v--i^,u> r.-ntailv and Morally lovely. Our relative aflfnltirK to r.r thln|r* are contiHuall* Ttl *fUi|r, aocordin* ?? our condition* riuinfe. OOnrRWMKKT AKD 0*0 AKIZATTrty. Tliare can lie no gnnnunent adiipt/xl to nil mankind whk h Ik n'?t by th<- egnal conaent of man and woman) fnqrr.rate mind of ?U of Wt>th ?t*r? l^ingio li?rt>ony ? h .lulnf ivpruf. unite 1 to be ? ho Tn.->n\ nndple-< viopted Iticisrn, In wntth Our gcrernuKnt shall bo founded on p by thf geD*ral ounaeat, * Perfective CrT , all member) ?b?li be confhlervrt it* executive ofttoera, it fihooM never be arbitrary, except tu defence, wb?n moral auasioo im of no ?t*I1. Id ae<smiance with the above priactplea. we hereby ?rguoite a society forr.*<p<,avi>ng with, and thereby adapt ed lo dtvelope Integral man. f bin 01 organization may be l?e mxsp at j KLirv* by this diagram;? 1. Our fundamental principle h or bond of union, such ?s mentioned above and in the by-laws. 2. Six presidential '>#eers, three male and three fe male, chosen for the harmony of their being; the ma jority of wtitmi shall decide all que- tions, e*wpt there lie a lie rote, or it cone* i n the o< institution. when the so ciety sh. til decide. li. Superintendent* of the various gcaviral functions corresponding to the general departments, or groups of faculties of tbe -ail nd. 4. Officer- irt the branches. 0. StemNrs guarantied by the Integral organisation, opportunity of perfecting and developing self and every kind -of ur?. Every r?'al step in reform must lie established on the highest conditions in Ising: hence, we have decided to commence in the city of New York, where go\ ermnental advancement and lllieraHty of opinion is higher than elsewhere, and where the various means of self-support, ?{ education, and Lrt.-grul duvelopemen? , are organised in a great degree of perfection, ready to be mode use of, until *c embrace all tlilngh neceaaary within ourselves; wheu it will be best to branch oil, llrst to a highly culti vated country, location as convenient to the city us pos sible; and thenee to wherever progress has most pre pared circu?iM?*ioes. Persons desiring to unite under these printlplos and e. institution, will please write Ui the Secretary, staling theirage, whether married or -Ingle, number and iijfOHof family, how far they severally assent to our principles, productive ca|u< hilltic*. amount of means willing to ia ve-t, condition In heal (h of self amt family , description of tenipcrnments. character, and amount ot education . The alwive Is not with a vi> w to exclude any one, but that w<- may so receive members att lo complete and Veep up the balance of our social organization, and re civ no taster than oiu m.-ans will justify. A<ldr? s?, p?,^t paid, K. V. . Secretary, Thompson Sta tion I.. I. K. 1C, New York, IJ. S. TO THE EDITOR OK THK UKH.U.O. Dk Utsald of Friday oontali h an extract from a Wc t crn paper, and aino au editor ial at lid'), it- -.uiiug nie and others, and inviting an explanation. I give it cheerfully. 'Ihcurti' lc copied from the Wisconsin paper, is a garbled and false account "f the proceeding of a public in' ' '.ing held at Ripon, Fond du I jic county, in which resolutions were passed against a Society ef Free I/ove Spiritualists and Socialists at Oeresco. I seud jou a full report of these proceedings In the ltipon llcrabi. Cereseo was the I to of ono of the earliest l'ourieristic Associations, and most of its members are, or havo boon, Fourlcrists. Tlie Hon. Warren Chase, so violeutly de nounced lit this meeting, wan a l'jwricrist, and is now one of the leading Spiritualist lecturers. lie is now on a lecturing tour in Xew Fngland. 'i'lie people ot Ceri-sco, or the members of the Vnion, are mostly Individualists, of the rshool of Josinh Warreu and H. P. Andrews, hold ing to the " sovereignty of the Individual," but also Spiritualists, and partial Fourlcrists or As?ociatloulsts. Of couise, as Fouiieriats, or Individualists, or Spiritual ists, they repudiate marriage ns on arbitrary institution, and accept, more or leg*, the ' free love" philosophy. Fourier demonstrated the utter incompatibility of the civilU'sl marriage and his plan of association. (See fa1-, sion-1 of the Huronn Soul. low vs. Marriage, ice.) War ren and Andrev ? liare equally demonstrated that mar riage is opposed to individual sovereignty ; while nil ad vanced Spiritualists ? though few may have (he couiag" to confess it ? repudiate marriage in its legal sense, and believe in th>' doctrine of attlnlllcs. Consequently, larjf bodies of Spiritualists are no w emigrating, or preparing to emigrate, to favorable l"calill'-j, where they can pro tect each other in freedom, and especially 111 freedom of th<- affections. One such settlement is uow forming iu Southern Minnesota, In a beautiful country pointed out by th? spirits for that. purpose. Others are looking to an early settlement in Northern Texas. " The Progressive I'uion, a Society for Mutual Protection in flight., Is ono of these associations, numbering; some hundreds of mem hers, with an ai>'gr<'gnte property of sftr a million of dollars, and made up of men and women, mostly Splritu all-is and Socialists, who are bonded togetlit" with the earliest purpose of either reforming the present social order or founuing a newr one. My writings on physiology and sociology cm sc.arcely be mi-apprehended by any intelligent reader. I am no lecturer, "miserabIe"*or otherwise, on woman's rights, but have vindicated hum.in ri^ht>, :u- 1 understand them, and particularly the right of w u anil women to the con trol of their own persons? the right to do rtirht. 'Ihe principles taught in the-e works pre t.-ieHy .--tutol in the enclosed extracts, which, if of inten t. are at your tr Vice. ( Your "neighbor Raymond" heads a notice of 'Mary Lyndon," "A Pad Book Qfbbctted." It seem" t<. me a self gibhetting of the critic, who In this single article has corered himself with the Infamy of most grossly li tailing a delicate, pure-souied, estimable Woman, and as sucit known and admired by thousands. Hut her life, with all pure persons, is her beet defence against such Mueller*. It is probable that a Wi? onsln mob will attempt to breakup the t'erwco Union, lor a Vigilance G'mmlttee was appointed for that purpose. Tlii-rc Is no sp-M free dotu In thLs arm'ry, unless y*'U are either In a wilderness, beyond the bouxi'larles of civtlintlon, or In u great clt>. It is prohoble that within the next 11 v years the spiri tualists and socialists of this country, tired of cou tending with the bigotry, selfishness and despotisms of civil'. * tlon, win concentrate on some unoccuppled territory In eufiirleiit foree to orgaui/e a State, ui w Ulth they uuiy realise freedom and justice. 1 have written this more to ?et you (uvl the public right respecting certain important movements, tlum to vindi cate myself. For several years I have borne th' abuse snd slanders of conservative donkeys and knatrrs. who make a trade of radicalism; but such personalitie-, are of no consequence. My worst slanderers are n clique of so cialists and so-called reS tnicrs, who art- too cowardly to 't*nd br the logical and loritunate consequences of their own principles ? sneaks who villily others to wive them r.elv-?-. Such men ail true rrfom?"N must despiw, while lione t conservative* will mver trust thctn. T. I. NICnOLK, tfew York Htate Cenmu. TOITLATION or COnMlEi1. Ik.'iO, jar,s. 55, 4 <0 i-'."".' Cortland IB 2i> rattarsugus :s;,otwt Chenango 40,31] Delaware 3I>,KI4 ?V(1 Franklin AVIO-. 24,740 Fulton 19,171 33,-JHQ tiene re HMW Herkimer :i?,244 97.6AO Mailisou 4.1,07'.' itl,?dl Monroe S7,060 9A,?W7 Niagara 4f>,143 iin-idi " 107 ne-i (l-wego 6J.010 'Kl. Mil On>.ndaga W>,S'jO Hd..'tt.'< "rang.. f>7,ltU'. (11,807 Putnam 14,1:18 13, WW Itensselaer 7;t,:wv; *i 174 St. lawrenc?' .'?* ol? hu 00 1 Seneea t^l 46.8M Wsyne u, OKI tf.TOft Yates 9U.4A0 19, <.'17 Inrrtuw in Mir yi-nrn rortLATioji ok jue.vimilafk rot >rv. 1 Twlln BrnOMrlrk 11,144 Olnti'11 taken from (irt-enliufdl. . . , ? ? Jrnfton ? ir'i'tilmi'h 4,1<4? UdOVK-k !t.7i!4 I .itninfburir ?' 3,'Jfll I ??tprobui jf I/O* l*iit?tovn ttoi.rn from fwniiUke. . ? ,0* l K-inrtUk-' 2,M# .?^Jiuffitli-oke I!,'.'*) fWino?rk . . .3, WW SU'pbflitrwn ,..W . M North Orc? filju?h, ttl.rnfron i.n->nbu-lj Tr^.-.N. lnorf*w. . . :.a?J rnri i.ATiov op IVit: via Ijp Rot S,W1 r?y-l''. MO "(tVtflt.. 44.'l 111* Hill ???? "WTos'... IN Al<\.m<ifr. Wl rarilicn 21? vim.iov> m OKVMni ( ot vrv. U.M* KMUTlIb 300 Mfbuiiicrill. 16H Al???tn? (Vutrr Hmitl viil"... . I U >' ? ru<kf WU. trill. I'aTJloB ( Itotrv Fim- t?. Wattrloo. ? We learn that the flouring niu of W. W. Wood, 111 South WtUerioo, win Imni.'il ilcut cm Sunday morning la><t, Ixtween thr. 'ia.i f nvr o'clock. ADont ft v?> hundred buohel* of wliwt in the mill w&h hIko ron?un)' <1. Mr. Wood kuh In ximtl f?.r Ifl.otn) la the Ontario and I-Mnjpton, Wajne ( Vmnty ud ( ; r,inltp romponle* ? wippowed to be wifflrliat to c<n?r hi" Iom. "Hie Are extended to a horn U'WnflHig U? Vund< nuirl A Co., which, toge ther with a quantity of lumber, belonging to tne Miue firm, km dwtrofvd. I Am *l>orit #2tK). La TonreHe'n Iron work* werv damaged by the Are to the amount of MOO or |T>00, and were navwf from de utrnrtlon only throngh extraordinary exertion*. The Are 1? wipp<??i to have orlrin*t?Hl from the Mcwon or tbc mwjiiitfry ia tkf uOi 1 HIGHLY WMTAIif FROM THE UO 6RAME. Detail* of tW Wottf? mt MUIWTIm Flu* Ttk(I1 |yy ma KmlBUMliti, ?ft?r Two D,y,' y*s? Two- third* of toU A?- Fo"'8* P"* d? Comtat-Cap. or **,<**) In ft i ^ M .jtOflVw mm i -? - bW?u of WuwOcnenl VManrH Advtuir ?ng upon Mifnw with a l?g? W** raltet Force? Critical PotlUm of General WoU, Ac., Ac. OtJE BBOWVBVTLLE OORREdPONDENCK. ISkownhvillb, Texas, Aug. 8, 1865. Battle of SaittUo ? Complete Defeat and Rout of the Government Force* ? Heavy Louei of the J Miter in Men, Specie and Munition* of War ? General Vidaurri at the Head of 7*rc? Thou sand Federalists Advancing Against General WoU ? The Latter Making Energetic Prepara tions for Defence? Conduct of the Ckrgyat Mm f terey, 4?c., &C. * We have hod highly exciting and important events wince my last, of which the followiug in a hurried nummary: ? On the 22d and 23d ultimo a severe batiks wan fought at Saltiilo, between the federal forces, under Governor Vidaurri, and the tyrant's minions under Generals Guitian and Crius, who, with over twelve hundred men and four heavy pieces of artillery, in commanding position*, occupied the capital of Ooa huila. The action lasted until the 23d, at half-past 11 o'clock A. M., when the despot's geucrals, with one pTece of artillery, 200 infantry and some 250 of the "dragoons of the guards'1 and "gnidea of his Serene Higuess,'' with $60,000 in specie, fled toward >San Luis Potosi, to report to their master in person the result of the action. They acknowledge the loss of two-thirds of their entire force in killed, wounded, prisoners, and dis persed, together with three pieces of artillery, a large quantity of munitions os war, small arm-1, ar my stores, Ac., Ac. The flying remnants of the force were hotly purwned by the mounted riflemen, who succeeded in capturing the money and dispcn ing them; tut the two gallant generals mad'' good their escape. The be?t of it in that, the day Wore the action, the humane Ciuitian, an ordered by fcanta Anna, had selected In Bolt tl to the spot where he was going U) have V idaurri and tiia officers shot. The federalists lost 3* men in killed an4 wounded. In (iuitian'H rankw were many of the oflicers who had been captured at Monterey, and who thus brake their parol"'. Woll Is fatit fortifying himself In Mutamoros. and on the 3d commenced burning the suburbs of the city, destroying fem es, cornfields, houses and huts. He has rulntd many families by thus destroying all they possessed on earth. You may Imagine this braggadocio's situation, notwithstanding his late boasting, when you are told that the hay con sumed by his cavalry is token ovei^pai this place, as he .dare not venture with Inrnorses a mile out of the city. On the 4th instant Governor Vidaniri, arrive at Cudereyta, ?omc thirty miles this side of Monterey, on his way to jgn (Jarza, his neeond in oouimand, who, with ?00^fcuntcd men, occupies the line of the Rio Grande. (iKft.i's xcouts are iu the vicinity ol Mata moron, and when tLcy tlnally inarch down to invest that place, their force will not cumber l<'ss than 3,000 men tuid 11 pieces of artillery. J. K. Duncan, late lieutenant 3d artillery, U. 8. A., is the Mcond in command of the artillery .'and as he stands very high in his prefesciou, he will give a good ac count of liiirsell. Woll received a reinforcement of 250 men from Tampico, which augment his effective force in Mata DUNrtf to l,70n of 1^00 a ru and twelve piews of artillery. His opponent*. hushed with victory, ad vance confident of success; but I regret to betiev*, that owing to the. proximity of Fort Brown, he will, nl(ng with his mfstreBS, save him>clf, thus cheat ing the hangman of what is legitimately his own. The Monterey clergy were the agents who gave all the information of what transpired in tho federal camp to t 'in/, and Guitian, and as Vidaurri inter cepted their correspondence, he has arrested Tneir liigh pHeot and mme of bis Kubordiuate.s, who will, in order to keep their heads on their shoulders, have to furnish the revolutionists with the round sum of #100,000, This Is sensible. Since yesterday large numbers of families fro -a our stater cities have l)een and are now comiug over to Ft ek refuge nnd safety on this side of the river. Our goodly city is crowded with them. The general election on the Cth went off very oiiit tly, and for Congress, lle.ll will get tlw? vote in this valley. For Governor, it will divide between I'eane am! Dickinson. IScvoliitiorMn- stock is at a premium. ?nd looking up. Bro Hkavo. |Te? uk Corrc?pondPtif? oi'the New OrltwiiH Italta, Autf. H. } The best, information I can furnish of the ront and defeat of the despot's minions under his General* Haitian nud Crua., at Haltillo, is to send a transla tion of Governor Vidaurri's official report, which is the following;? A1S1IY ?)V Till: NOKTn ? RESTOlirVG THt: LIBKRTIM OK TBI': rOlTNTKr. The General-in-Chief to the Secretary of tbe Govern ment of Nnevo Leon, Monterey: To-day, nt half-past eleven oVlnci K. M., after the shedding of much blood, the army under my com mand has, by force of arms, taken posnewdon of the Phioa of Haltillo, which was defended by over twelve bundled men and lour heavy pieee-t of ar tillery placed in commanding positions. ? Tbe attai k on the place commenced yesterday nt alsiut hull-past eight o'clock A. M., fighting with the enemy the whole day, the most of the night of the same, and ull of to-day's forenoon, when two of the ci.emv's pieces were captured, and the tyrant's division tied precipitately, and which I <un now pur suing, in hopes of capturing from him the ffio.Ooo he received yesterday, as also the only piece he is carrying alonft, as he left the other hid in Haltillo, as I have just l?eon informed. Until I kWi n detailed repot t of this triumph of lilierty, your honor will lender the same to tho t^tate of Nuevo Ijcoti and to tbe w hole nation, in the nam" of tbe auny that know how to achieve it, by pub iirhiDK tills official note, which you will extensively circulate. Godatd UUurty! KaKTIAHO VfDAOtRl. Readqnart> rs at Ituena Vista, .Inly 23d, l-f,.'>, tlutie-quui tea's psi?t two o'clock 1'. M. Tin; eacftpe-gallows, General Woll, Ls last foittfy in jl hinaa'll in llatamoro-i, after having promisivt it inhabitants that he would go <mt and tight the en* mv it lie ventured to approu -h tbe plaoe. Ou the third lie comsienu J huruiiiK tlie M.burlM, liut.-, houses, fences, nnd corntiold* in the vicinity of Matatrorow, and the chaporal or underwood "and tre<v. within three rnilew ov tie pla<v are beinsj dc.-r trovt d. lvven the brick kdn* h:ive l>een razed, and he lias wantorly reduced to bcg3*ry many pxirfami lies wl.o?e only fortune waf their humble '?oUa^e and little cornthlj.-, with which they sjppoi-ted their hnple-s BTul ln4plos? llttki on?N. From thr> Brownsville Flan of the 4ih wr> extract the following: ? The iiumrgmt*. undo; Cen. Yldaorri, hwve met and defeated <?<???<. Crnz and Gnfti&n, of th?' government troojiH. Thf fi^ht took place at Knitlllo, on the ?'3d und 2.1(1 nit. Tin official account of the conliict, frctn ? k>n. Vidonrrt, we have l>el'(>re n*. It does not tfive the iiunilx-r of troopa tvnpajnM on either Hide, hut ifetaa that tbc light conunenoedby an iutaek ?u the pic/a ?t ?ixht o'clock on the roornltuf of the 22d, which I.ihUxI ail that day, moat of the night, and nil the ra<rt.|ug (J" the 2M, which re-uilt ed in taking twe pleoea oi artillery und puttiug to flight the ei tire divW.m of the regular fonxv, who wire pumied hv th< In mrgt nt?, with the hope of eiiptriing Hotue ^00,000 which the defeats! gen<n'-< bore with <bi ai In their n ixeat. The engagement ml id to have b< <-n ob^timUe and bloody. The loaa on tht eide ol the iuaurgi ut* is gi ?? . one hun dred in killed tuul wounded. Gen. V eMarri linx pnbliahed a proetunkllou to hii> follower*, which la ulao before tv, dated at Naltillo on the 24th ult. in which he remind* them of nil their victories; points to tht c<-nij?THtivr cutf with w^ ticb they have taken t!tc- natantlh atrong towna of Kaltllln and Montr^v, though guarded hv the flower ol the armv of their Oj'jirexM'ir. He telw them that the tied of tattle-* is will thein.nnd tliej' !'a\e only to pcraevere to ae cure th< ir k>wt H'>erti?a. The gn it^^t nnUuiniaam L ewdent among the lib> i-atorn, and everything pro uii * micc<-k. Gar/Ji C?pMtr&n iind Ha rax are atlll In tl>e vi in it y of Matumoro* with u for.e varioudy ?vtiroated at "from fix to twelve hundred men. It la not prola<hle, however, that Mata:norr>M will lie at tacktnl before the expirwticn of aome weekavet.aa wo an informed by good authority that the entire ln*u gent annj will unite for that purpo-?e, and it will neccMuilj couaiune bouk woeJw io accomplish ing that end. in tl?e me;intliw Gen. Well, we .ire told, ia making pt*^> irution for tl?eir re<<*ptk>n. He ha* corn men c<hI clnirtng away the wood" . ml ahuntiex around th? rtty, and oUterwV* prepurinr to recelre hi* eoemie*. I'nllrd NwtM Nanliol'* Olllrf. ciiaroe op revolt. Aro. It. ? Horton and M!U*r pr/v<w-d? 1 1''1 Wily Hook on Sunday nlfht, and baring tx?r<i?<l tb? Amirlean brig AM*7 arrt -<tra 0?vrf# niarU*?n. WillUm Our, l??*^ King and Ctaa. Rigby, four nf ib? rrtw, on a warrant chanting thrm ?lth a rrrolt and Inatigatlng othi r* t? r*fu*? to do duty. T)*jr w?r? brought bffnrr Mr. << romi -lent Mori' ". *?ho ?'?mtrhtrd th?m ta <?* ?*|t vf I .SO Mil #?<??) . (hur BmCm OwnipwiwM Boston, August 18, 186S. Tk* Chapman Had Muting ef FumemitU?Mr. DtxUr ami Ma LtUtr?Mr. WvUkrep?LttUrt from Oov*mor BovhotU amd Mr. tUektD** turn Muting turf fTuk? Muting the Maim Lau>, +e~~fc, - + V **?*$ The aristocratic n^jg - ctty, to see what COM be too* \mm^vaMngxlp themselves *ad jmttin g daw* which may be considered the great priir^i ' of gjj p^rtj movements. The chief ryenone present, with a few exceptions, were ?an'y [g whhe kid gloves, the men who are '^contented with things as they are, and who w,'< bent upon changing them. The names of dk^&tisfled free soil leaders are very nume rous in the published accounts of the meeting. Among these gentlemen are Charted F. Adams, H. C. Phillips, Charles Allen, and R. W. Dana, Jr., all of whom are regular free soilers, but who did not approve of the transfer of the free soil party to the American party in 1664, and some of whom even opposed the adoption of the new constitution in 1863, because they feared that its success would cause Henry Wilson to be made Governor. These worthies were joined by a number of whigs, also in white kid gloves, very excellent people; and the two classes are exceedingly desirous of relieving Gov Gardner and his associates of the cares and perplexi ties that wait on even the happiest pablic life. Mr. Ad. ams would even go so far as to send to the Governor a superbly bound copy of Stirling's " Cloister Life of Charles V.," paid for out of his own pocket, with Mignet's book on the same subject, if by so unheard of an act of liberality be thought he could prevail on the recipient to retire. Practically, very little was done at the Chapman Hall meeting. What was said was no more than had been said by the same gentlemen one hundred times before. Their platform is but the old thing adapted to the changes that times have brought about, as the old lady's morning wrapper was turned into the young woman's nightgown. Still, a step was taken towaidn a combination of the various elements of the anti-administrative party, and what was done ap pears to have been tolerably well received by the Know Nothings. The only infelicitous occurrence is 41 r. P. Dcxtcr's refusal to act 011 a committee to which he was Appointed. He has come out in a letter declining to go iLto the fusion, and seems to be very frightened at the readiness with which some " respectable whigs,'' as he calls them, consented to the raising of k draprau rougr. Our whig lender", it deed, of the ultra conservative school, are as much haunted by k Spcctre Rouge as the chiefs of the Clan lver were by k 8ptctre Grit, whioh used to make very polite but unwelcome calls on those chiefs when they were sure to be hanged, or to be treated otherwise in an unpleasant manner. Mr. Dexter is the gentfcman of whom I spoke in my latt as having been thought seriously of as the fu sion candidate for Governor, but that idea is all over with now. An eminent fusionist, who had some consultation with him recently, says he never before had- had any idea to what a depth of idtosy a clever roan would sink through political fanaticism. ?' I)e>ter probably does not care a great deal for office, urd his timidity is notorious. He is the "timid ? big" (or 1ms done duty for him for eleven yearn) addwedby Mr. Webster hi the campaign of 1844. Mr. Winturop is said to have pointedly declined taking uny part in the Chapman Hall meeting. It w as rnthcr rich to ask him to meet such men as Adorns, Allen and others, whose labors prevented him from being Governor and United States Sena tor. Mr. William J. liustls also declined acting with the meeting, but as he is a gentle man of no political consequence, it does not matter much u hat be said or did. The democrat* are much R leased at these evidences of opposition to the iMon on the part of eminent whigs, but I do not think they have much cause to rejoice over them. The fusion, if made at all, will be the work of the people, and not of political leaders. The old coali tion was made bv the people, after the leadiug men on both side* .iad refused to go into it. So will it lie now, if then really e.vist a desire for a fusion of the various parties, factions and cliques into which the anti-Fierce men are divided. I ought to mention that, after the Springfield convention, Mr. Dexter sent for one of the principal members or the Know Nothing party, and a tree poilcr, and hud a long talk with hiui. He was so 1/ recti as to ask that there should be pledges given 'hat the Personal Liberty bill shonld be repealed! Tb. Know Nothing free soilei told him that, in such CP'e. he would have to make affidavit that he had ron In Massachnsetta. There is to be a meeting of the various fusion committees on Wednesday next, at the United States lioti'L These committees consist of that ap iiui.ited at the Know Nothing meeting at Worcester; thut apjtolutr d at Springfield, by the Know Nothings: that appointed by the Chapman Hall meeting; and a republican committee appointed during the last two or three days. There is no trouble anticipated ut. tlip meeting, unless som* should prooeed from Messrs. Allen, Adams and Dana, who arc anxious to play the part, of Itrntus, Caseins & Co. at the ex pense of Governor Gardner iuid Senator Wilson. A vast namber of letters were received from emi nent men by the Chapman Hall meeting, tJovernoi Boutwell wrote one, very plain and straight-forward , going the whole length in favor of fuakm. Mt. ltoekwell wrote one, In which he affords evidence that lie docH not know exactly what to do. The only clear tldng in it is his deaire to be Governor. The whin don t know what to do? the leading men, 1 mean , for the musnes have made up their minds what to do, and will probably do it. KYom what now appears, 1 should ssy that the ftislonists could maki' as great a party as that which elected f?ov. Gardner. Wbt ther tbey will do so, is another j matter. The opponents of Mir Maim* law had a preltml- 1 nary meeting, on Tin nday last, at Chapman Hall, for th'1 i)iu-p?*-? of iMHOgtte most proper OWM to I e adopted. Sonic gentlemen seemed to think tiiut. It INOU M propw to wait aud hw what would be done by the demoeratic convention, before doing anything themselves. Anything more absurd than smh a proposition it w ould Ik; impossible to imagine. Whether w > I >ok to the part or to the future, tl? foes of the law ought not to cast in their lot with the democrat#. Tin; M.iine law owoh It* existent* to tin- democrats. and that ought to nettle the e,** with th'we who look Kfl to the origin of the evil. Thut party is now ho weak that it ran do no good, even on the singularly extravagant assumption tlrnt It in desirous of doing It. It the untl-<\>rcionLi'ts with to sink their <-anae down into that " depth still nior>- profound" that lien below tlie '? deepest hell/' they liad better couple it with that of ih* Piwce ..dwiblstratiou. Why Hhould they think of uniting themselves to the most odious bodyth.it ever exited in politic.-"? There will not be naif a doren democrat* in the nejtt legislator*? if, indeed, there shall be any there. What ran be gained by t-neh a Mnzentian alliance, as would be their union with a dead-and-gono party? The opponents of tin1 law are uiimertais, and they art; encouraged by the growing I* Jief in the absurdity of such legis lation as they are specifically opjajsiug. If they are wise, and tight the battle properly , they will most like ly g< t 20,000 votes for their candidates. TTieir propo sition to run an independent candidate is liked ny many who cjire not murh alwiut the Uquor law, but whe wonhl readily vote for any candidate who Hhould belong to neither* of the regular factions In the Htate. One-hrlf the men who would go with them In the event of their luiving an organisation, would nroba blj vote with the fu-ionistM, or not vote at all, if th? y should lie no foolish as to coalesce with th broken down ilemocraoy, to make of themselves the cru! h of a hobbling faction. a lib h violaUd all its nri.i i ples in the day of It* power in order to 'VruJi oc*." the very nien".>n whom It now calls for assists'""*. These considerations have their weight wiu. the sagin ions men opposed to the Maine law, and who have no prrpo'e ot a political eharaeU r to advance. Colonel Heard, who is the nhle?t and most experi enced of th< lr number, plainly told the meeting that thev hid nothing to hope from unv party. Tliey l.a.f tried all jiartlcs in tin- Htate, he s>,id, and b.ul found them nil hostile to lilxral legislation. H? thought It vvsm Utter to set un for themselves, whether they should get fifty or fifty thousand votes, lie expressly approved of the proposition to nomi nate Mr. l<oveJoy for Governor. Hi* views found favor with the meeting, as they will with the pnUie. A committed of seven wa* appointed, to tike mnc -nres for railing a Htate Convention on the 3?Hh <4 August. That Is the way to work. Ai.ooma. A Ma* .Abrkstth by a Woman.? A fentl^man who wiw prr?rnt at tlic examination of the Ilan?l* at CtMPid, N. II., t*Un u" that no Kmall amti-rroont wax created In the ixmrt hy tho teHtiraony of Mr*, ('iarinca 11111, wife of the tavern keeper at whoae hoaee Ik#h<- Itand **? arretted. She rtated that nh** Miit down by tlic aide of lland. engaged him In <xm vriration, wn< for Mr. HhfriflT lUxford, and when ?he thought the proper time had arrived, clapped ber hand on hta ahoolder, Raying, at tho same time, '?von are mr prisoner," and took ont and -ead tha rr% Otd notfce to him. Hand wanted it. but -ne re fined, telHnghim that ?hfl might want to arrr?t the other ok/>. The graphlo style la whkh the etpiolt itnrT<U<''K?vc It ?n additional fcMcrcat. Oonrndm it cum trihc ' " ?cum* . tiMwtwm IMPORT A>"T r*o- Fo*>. r in aeimiNOK to thb ?*XMlB8I0NWi or KMIOExnON. Unci, Aug. 17, 185/5. A convention of the Superintendents of the Poor assembled at the Ckrart Howe in Utica, on Tuesday afternoon, Aug. 14. ltepresentatives of thirty coun ties were in attendance. The meeting was called to order by C. F. D. Jones, of Oneida county, and or ganized permanently by the appointment of David Ford, of Allegany, President; F. Woohrortb, of Lewis connty, Vice President; M. B. Converse, of Cayuga county, and H. Killner, of Dntchess county, Secretaries. The object of the convention, which had been briefly stated in the call, was for the purpose of com paring the methods of providing for the poor by the different counties; to urge upon the legislature the pressing -necessity of making more extended pro visiw lor -the Insane poor of the State; and to se cure on the part of the counties a representation in the Board of Commissioners of Emigration of New York city, as well as a more equitable consideration of the pecuniary claims against the commission. Mr. Jones introduced the following resolution* which wero unanimously adopted: ? Whereas, It in already conceded and has boon adopted ah tlie policy of this State, that insanity in a disease re quiring in all its forms and stages special tneaua lor treat ment aud rare, therefore Resolved, 'that the State should mike ample ami hu! ta ble provision for all Its Insane nut In a condition to re side in prhato f?rulli< -<. Resolved, That no Insane person should bo treated or in a ny way taken care of in any county poor or alms house, or other receptacle provided for aud in which pau pers are maintained or supported. Fesolvod. That a proper claa?ifl<-.ation is an irulispeusi bio element In tie treatment of the inaauo, which c*n only be secured in establishments constructed with a special view to their treatment. Resolved, That insane persons considered curable, and those supposed incurable, should not bo pi ovided lor in separate establishment*. On motion the annexed preamble aud reflations were adopted: ? Whereas. The Commissioners of Fmtgration in the dis charge of the bnirfneva of the commission, have not been governed by a pro) er appreciation of the rights, duties and | rivilcges ol county otlicers, or of the interests of the soi.-inl uDdluterior counties ot the State which under the oi era' Ions of soih laws are required to gi ant relief to emigrants chargeable to such commission; aud Whereas, the said Commissioners in the transaction of such busl a?> have assumed and claimed to themselves the legal right to enact laws and lobulations for tho ascertaining and settllrg the claims of counties for su?,'h rviivL ?i once In opposition to every principle of equity and Just dealing, and oontrary to the laws of the* State of .N'ev* York, made and provided for tl e proper relief, support and maintenance of the poor in &e several cities and counties In the Stats; therefore Resolved, That the interests of the taxpayers through out the Elate require, and that an immediate and funda mental reorganization of cuch roinmi.-alorj, Is absolutely nece?eary for tho protection of inch counties and tax layers against the illegal and unjust proceedings and claims of such Commissioners of Emigration aud the act under which they claim incorporation should bo no far inoditled or repealed as to io away Willi the objectionable , feature of "locality" which is now the leading feature of their orginiiation, and make them a General Stat e Cor poration. with the right of representation thereon on tie part of t)w several counties of the Htate. On motion of A. W. Beach, of Allegany, Resolved, That a committco of five bo appointed to ex amine and report upon the subject of emigrants an 4 emi gration as connected with the general care of the poor, and what amendment?, If any, are necessary for the pro tection -_f the several counties of the State, Ukon In con nection with the existing laws and regulation* establish ing the Emigrant Corrintts'ion. Messrs. Beach, of Allegany; Kelmer, of Dutchess; fiulick.of Steuben; Patker, of Onondagu, and Mc I.eau, of Seneca.were appointed such committee. On motion of Mr. McLean, of Seneca, Resolved, lbat when this convention adjourn, it will adjourn to meet at Syracuse on the la-:t Tuesday In S'ep 1 tembernext. An invitation having been extended to the con vention to vi*it the State Asylum, on motion of Mr. Jones, Resolved. That, the Invitation bo aeoopted, and the members of the convention visit thoA-ylum at 8 o'clock ibursday morning. ? The convention then adjourned V> meet at Mar ' ket llall, Syracuse, on Tuesday, Sept. 26. W nmrn'N ItlglitM < onTrntlon at Nartlot^n [(orie?|>ondenc? of the Saratogian.] TlJCKfDAT BVINIKO. Before the meeting was railed to order, Mis* S. B. Anthony passed up and down the various aisles of the bull, auctioneering, in a very pleasant and mu sical way various tract*, iu which tlic righto ?id wrongs ol' woman are quite elaborately dfrcasaed, whieh ohe coumellcd the buyers to take home, "read, ponder and inwardly digest." Rev. AKTOiNrrrE L. Browv was the drut speaker of the evening. She began with an allusion to the theological ditcassiou of the morning, and stated that after the close of the morning session a clergy man had accused her of misapplying a text of Scnp ture, and advued here to be more particular in her public ftatenients. lie told her that the language que ted by her did not allude to Cain and Abel. Miss B then read the text from (Sen. 4, 7: ? ''And unto these shall be his desire, and thon sbalt rule over him," and the context showed that the word* were addressed by God to Cain , and the allusion wan to his brother Abel. Miss B. said, if the rev. gentleman was present she would return the advice so kindly tendered, with the remark that he should be more particular before criticising She then com pared the text alwve given with Gen. 3, 16, in whieh God said to Kve:? -"And thy desire shall he to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee'' ? almost the same phraseology being used in both instanced, and she asked if anybody thought God intended to make Abel secondary , or subject to, his brother ? It waH undeniable that Cain did "rale over" Abel, for he slew him; it was also undeniable that man has " ruled over" woman, for he has enslaved her. But that was not a command of the Great Father, who regarded equally all his children, tmt rather a prophecy of w hat would take place In consequence of the tall. Miss B. then branched off upon the -abject of wo man's position, and advanced the idea that it w:w about equal to her present capacity. This might be regarded as a great concession, lait she tboagtii It w as not so when properly considered. Woman h po sition had dwarfed her capacity, just as slavery had dwarfed the capacity of tne negro. And the blight ing rflect was not only visible in the intellectual and physical condition of woman, but of man also. For when the piping voices and effeminate airs of MM of onr young acn art remembered, the fear should be, not that woman rhonld become manish, but that man w ould become womanized. This she regarded oh the direct result of female life ami education, and hence the necessity of extending the sphere, and en larging the capacities of woman, for the advantage aid glory of the race. The reverend lady was followed by Mrs. Ernestine I>. Rose, in a mo?t animated speech. She excepted, in part, to the position of her reverend predecessor, that woman's position is equal to her capacity, con tending that it was fashion, custom, and law, that crushed h?-r natural aspirations, and prevented the manifestation of the powers with whi'h *be was endowed. Mils Bnowv Interrnpted to say that her position was misapprehended ? that she only contended it was the k em nil rule; there were of cour-e excep tions, iu ? nlch women had showed themselves vastly superior to th?ir condition as a wz> Sl.e pat tfem qur stion? HupjHw all women possessed the courage, spirit andci>ar, analytical mind of Krnf.-jtink I.. Bosk, who believe* that the present disabilities of the sc.x would exist one hour ? (Applause.) Mrs. lto*y acknowledged the intended compli ment, but still insisted that there were hundreds at d thousands of women who were superior to ttieii present ixxition. This idea she illustrated by allu sions to Washington, Iiooaparte and other great lights, who lud been in advance of their ope, ai d enforced it in a -train ol eloquent ami cogent remark. 8he was followed by Lt'cr Htonk Bi.ackwf.ix, upon what had been set apart as the principal topic, or the evening? woman's riglit to suWage. It would lie ii> r less for us to attempt to reproduce, in the space nt <ur dkpottl, (ither the arptmrnts or tlx lllustra tions employed by tlic eloquent lady on tills occasion f-be iv>utended tnat fuOrage hbotud be extended to woman as a right, not as a favor. She considered it the t asis.as we'll as the safeirttard , of all other right*, Neatise, until that whs conferred, even it oue l^gis latnre fhonld concede the rest, another mip:ht snatch thrm away. Hhc met the objection that women could not leave their children to go to Congress, with a sharp ulliudon to the mothers now in Saratoga, who had somehow manuged to leave their babies! Rut , fhe said, of course every mother would recognize her dnty to her children, as the first, the highest and ho liest, and would not permit it to interfere with mo tives of c.fticc and umbition. The argument that polities is degrading, proved too much, if tme, men themselves should nasten to get oot of it. But the pretence of woman would have a redeeming in fluence. A gentleman had said to her, " Von will be insulted at the polls." " Would you do it ?" she a?kod. "No." " flien," said she, " give to others the sane credit you take to yourself." Women are taxed, but Uiey are not represented. Let any man explain, if he could, bow that fact can he reconciled with the theory npon which the government is found ed?upon which the Revolution itself was projected, that there can be no taxation without representa tion. And so the lady went on for an hoar, the au dience seemingly unwearied, and often applauding her happy hits. After which the resolutions were put to vote and nnaniiiKiiwly adopted. The convention then adjourn ed tinr dir. Th? Tn**r yfUM Holland, [Tnb Um ?i*>(i>par? Ft? Pre**, JuZ? *?'J It appears that the United States have ?ondoderf a treaty with Holland by winch they are to be at liberty to appoint C< mails-General, Consuls and Con* sular Agents, with the usual powers and privilege*, in all the transmarine possessions or colonies of Hol - land which arc open to the vessels of all nation*. We suppose this has teen grunted as a sort of com promise of the Gibson case. The Americans probably thought that Gibson had altogether compromised himtelf too much to allow of the demand for com pensation being pressed to nn issue, but at the same time as the procedure in his case was admittedlylof it very extraordinary and oppressive nature, it fur nished good enough grounds for insisting that thr means should be provided for affording the requisite protection and assistance to American citizens in any cases which might hereafter arise. This concession having been made to the Ameri cans, it follows as a matter of course that other na tions In alliance with Hr.Uand will be entitled to claim its extension to them. As regards Great Bri tain there can be no doubt on the point By the first clanse of the tieaty of ls24 ? "the high contracting parties engage to udmit the snbjecta of each other to trade with their respective possessions in the Eastern Archipelago and on the continent of India and in Ceylon, upon the footing of the most favored nation." A necessary part of the machinery for carrying on trade in a foreign country iJ a consul, and, as by the above clause we are placed in rsgart! to trade with the Dutch Indian possessions upon the looting of the most tavored nation, the admission of American consuls into then* possessions mart at course secure to Great Britain the right alio to ap point consuls. The Dutch, themselves, wlD benefit by this. Whilo the appointment of Erglish consult in Java and ttm other Nctherland possessions in India will be of ad vantage to Englicn trade and con do no harm to tb*< Dutch, the establishment of Dutch consols at Singa pore and other British Indian ports will prove fS considerable service to munerooa Dutch vessels which dow frequent them. At present the com manders of Dutch vessels frequently experience great inconvenience from having no one to whom they can resort for the adjustment of disputes be tween themselves and their crews, and their inter ests suffer in other respect* from the absence of Cun - solar aid. in so long refraining from insisting on the ri^htto appoint cannula in the NetheHund Indian port* . (J i fat Britain has shown tliat spirit of forbearance and consideration towoid-. Holland which has rJurar terized ail her coi du> tin matters relating to tbe mn tuul position of the two powers in the Indian Archi pela&o, and which hitherto has met with a very in adequate return on the D*itofthe Dutch government. This ban not ariseu from any ignorance of the advan taj;es whi< h would have resulted to British trade frt jb et-cb a^yojEtoieutH, The yrtwace of a con Hilar repmentative of Great Tlntain in Java would in many instance*, in times pa*t, have been of essen tial iKnellfto British merchants, both by remon strancc.-j on the mot against infractions of treatv rights, and by aft'oidi g a channel through which representations could have bees addressed to tb*> Briti-h government, and information obtained by the latter, on subjects which for many years formed juft grounds of complcint u gainst tbe Dutch gov ernment in their dealings with British interests la the Eastern Archipelago. Tbe English govern ment tbercfoic repeatedly pressed the subject upon the attention of that ef Holland, but, as we learn from Ix?rd Aberdeen's letter to U. Dedel in May, l*t<>, " all applications for the sanction of the Ne tht riand government to the appointment of British couhiiIs for the protection of British interest** hav* failed." The Dutch government of the present day, how ever, apjx^ars to be gradually acquiring more libe ral and juster ideas of tbe polity which it ought to pursue in regard to the magnificent possessions whicb it poffofes in the Indian Archipelago. The inter nal administration is being ameliorated, while as regards the external commerce, it is being regula ted, although slowly, on sounder principle* than heretofore, and which will give a fair chance of the resources of the Netherland India possession* being properly developed. and thereby materially promote the interests of tbe inhabitants as well H" of tho government. Proponed Civilization of IikHmia (From the Letroli > ec I rue of August 9.] The consequences of the late action of the United States towards the Indians of Michigan are of so great importance to tbe welfare of the State that we deem it proper to lay tbe main feature of the treaty just negotiated , in this city , before our readers. The object of the Government is to locate these Indians upon permanent homes, in such manner as will best prepare them to enioy the wiw and humane provis ion of out constitution for their citizenship. When we reflect that tbey numl.er quite seven thousand souls, scattered throughout the Lower and part of the Upper Peninsula : that they are divided Into small bands, under the direction of separate chiefs, and are in various stages of civilization, wc perceive bow difficult and delicate a task the agents of the govern ment had to perform. The principal mattera of the treaty are as follows : ? 1. A permanent home, or farm, to consist o t eighty acres for each head of a family, of forty acres for each single person twenty-one yean erf age. of eighty acres for each family of two or more orphan children. These lands are all to be located by the individ uals, cfl' h selecting his own piece, within certain tracts chosen by the Indians, and reserved from sale by the United States lor tbe purpose, during the next live years. The person locating is to inside upon bis faim, and ia to recehne a certificate of sale from government in usual form, save that the patent shall not it- sue upon it before tbe expiration of ten years. Daring this ten years the President may, upon the recommendation of the Indian Agent, issue the patent to any who are manifestly capable at managing their property with prudence, while, on the ether band, sucn as, at the expiration of ten years, are not so capable, shall wait still longer for their patent. At the expiration of tbe first five years, and until the end of ten years from the ratification 'of thr treaty, the Indians shall have tbe exclusive right to enter and pay for lands within tbe tracts reserved from sale, the object of this provision being to ena ble tbofe who can, to acquire lands in addition to those (riven them bv the treaty. During the ten years the holders ot tbese certificates cannot sell contrai l to aell, or in any manner, dispose of theii land. We remark that the tracts to be reserved, is which th* selection of farms is to be made, were in nil cares designated by the Indiana themselves, no further effort tx ing made to Influence them than tn point out manifest disadvantages, if any existed, in the country they chose, and to urge opon them the necessity (which all will acknowledge) of cod cregating in as large nomters as possible. The localities designated tuc as follows, viz : ? At Ne aw-me-ecn, on lake Superior; Whaishey'e Bay. or Ut-e-qua-me-nor, Sugar Island, and ne?j Sailor's Encampment, on the Rte. Marie river ; tbe Cher.oote, hack of tbo Island of Mackinac ; the Beaver Inlands, in lake Michigan; Emmett and Isabella couLtiea, in the I^ower Peninsula. At all tlere points scfficiei.t numbers will locate for educational, religious and municipal purposes. At seme of these points the Indiana already have flou rifhing settlements, where they own large tracts of lard and hare made great advances in civilization. 2. in oddition to the lards the government gives to the m ?.100,000 and upward, of which sum $200, 0K> were due to them lor reservations under the treaty of Washington of 1*30; $26,000 for principal and interest ol r< served annuity under that treaty; 130,000 as the value of certain |>ennanent annuities, and alout I ?0 ,000 for improvements upon Indian lunds crded tndcf thai treaty. By the treaty of 1*3* the Indians boand themselves to remove west of the Ml??issippi river, in consideration of which th< United States was to furnish them one year's subsistence and an outfit, besides paying the ex jenseof their removal. TTiey have nw?r been re moved; and the commissioner, taking Into conai deration tbe fact that their removal would have cost thi government over $100,000, and that the expense thereof mnrt have been recorded ss part of the price of their land, gave them, upon equitable grout ds, enough more to make up the total giver above. The manner in whi<-b thin Hum in to be expended in an follow**: ? >76,000, Id Ave equal annual (natal mint*, for building material? and other th>ngi no re*aary to locate uj*mi the landa granted to tlient by the treatv; abont 140,000 far the wipport of foui Nuf.kuntth ahop* ten yeara: a large am mint for the Mirport of achoola ten yeara; and the rexiduo to tx paid in instalment* of f 10,000 j>er annum, with i u terc?t on total amotiut unpaid for ten yearn; which leave#, at the expiration of that time, a large fund to 1* deponed of for uny purj>oae of utittry the In diananm designate. At the end of ten yeora the tribal organic tion nhall renae. Thi"c are the ewntlul porticulara of the treat v: and In view of the deep Interest our State h*a iu the welfare of the Indian*, we cannot refrain troin ex preaaingoor approbation of the liberality of it* pro viaioux. Vrfarlr* PaUk a? CommlaOwifr*. NKW Yuan, Auguxi J", io the kwt?r o? Tme kouih. Von n>;,y d? a public to the Mercantile corona u nity and g?neraU) , by luformln* your reader* tUl <>r Um' of .tul>. ISM, r orxgr*'-' apedally nu >i f,a kr??, to wtt> t hap. l.ri#, fee. 2. ft It further enarto?l, Tl.at Vota rfc>H 1 ubiic be, and Uiey are lifrroby authori/M to taW< deposition*, and to do ?u<\h other act* In relation to *Ti denra to be unod ia the Courts of the l*nit*d Mite?. ia the Muur manner and with thf -a mo effect a* ?lonera to take acknowledgment* u bail ?n-l .ffi.Lariu may now lawfully takrand do." Ibero are ten NotaHn to < no Tnited ?ta?. ? ?iuacr, and a kn"* '<?')!? (>f th" ?bree l?w will of rutin* be U?r?W. W (1. ,

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