Newspaper of The New York Herald, 21 Ağustos 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 21 Ağustos 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BBRKETT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ?moi N. W. CORNER OF NABBAP AKD FULTON fjT.-g, TKSMS, <pA <m a+*uv*. _ TUJC DjJlT HEM A LD, 2 r**U P*r <?!>?? r\ P*r ??. THE WBMKLY UK II A I D, i??? Sab'r^u, at d\? p?. ?Iff, srtBMromum.' lAt t.'urofMn allium. 9* ptr ? to flrikM*, ?4 </ <V MimU, hot*. *rauMrjjfr COHKK&rOttnKNCB eonta* important MM, wMrfUj /rtw?? a?v *** "orU~ (/ um< wiii 6c PM f?<<4 V ?" Ook Fokbibji (loutr Allls hmniuui R?xiu?rr?i) to h?AL all Ljcnr u ufD Paukaom Mm* w Volame XX . No. ?3I AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ^RE' Broadway? .4atii?ita?Tbi ItlBLO'H OARDKN, Brut/.*aj ? Ml. Borton? Jour Jon tn HumniL ?OWERYTHKATRR, B'jwery ? Wr.BHiR? Irixr amv nmm am Vn?M Mg'jwr*? I'mTAT* Bair. MmONUTAN 7,'HW.TRE, Broadway-Kir Vau Wu? i^i-m Rsntuchiar. VMM XINB^tlELR, MechanVct)' Hall, 472 Broadway. , Tbctdty, Augnit 81, 1855. Mkllf for Knrope. wnr tore berald ? edition for edrote. Tht Collin* mail fteanmhip Baltic, Cnpt. Comntoch, mill %Mf?l this port to-morrow noon, for Liverpool. The Kuropeas ?nailii will closo in thin city at half past -tan ?'clock to-morrow morning. ?mHbuiii (printed in Kngllnh anil Krench) will be (?bfished at ten o'clock tn the morning. .Single copies, ta wrappers, nixpence. Bntmcription* and advertisements for any edition of the Warn Tokk IIkraid will be received at the following placos fet Europe: ? tVmrooL. . John Hunter, No. 12 Exchange ntxoct, lAiit. LMDOn landlord It Co., No. 17 Oornliill. " Win. Thomim & Co., No. 19 I'atlmrine street fin Livingston, Wells i Co., 8 Place do la Hourse. the coutentn of the European edition of the Hkkai.d will embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at cfllce during the previous week, and to the hour of <V?blcation. The H?w? The Know Nothings are in the field with their laminations for city officer*. The various conven tion a were held last night, and the result of their #eBberations is as follows :-For Judge of the Ha me Court-E. P.Cowles; Superior Court-Murray 'lUBtaan and L. B. Woodruff; Common Pleaa jUwander Spauldlng, William M. Allou and R. fe Shannon ; Marino Court? A. It Maynard, B. L. Latimore and R. H. Meeks; Corporation Coun Ml? Louis N. Glover; Comptroller ? J. S. Giles; < Oonnty Clerk- R. Beatty, Jr.; Coroners-Doctors H-mpev. Wetherill, Hill and Perry; Superintendent ?f Repairs and Supplies ? J. Southworth; Oommia ntaner of Streets? J. 8. Taylor; Slieriff? J. H. Toone; dty Inspector? G. W. Morton; Almshouse Gover j G. Oliver. Every thing passed ofT h-irmom ?uly, and the Know Nothings are sanguine of sue 'Tccounts from Texas to the 10th instant state that there is no doubt whatever of the re-election Of Governor Pease, and the election of Bell to Con MrfW Gen. Houston, like many other distinguished aenthat have gone before him, seems to be with ?at honor in his own country. In Washington aoonty, his present place of abode, the Know No Mug and democratic vote was nearly balanced, and to Walker county, his former residence, the Know .Nothing ticket received only forty -eight majority. Baltimore was the scene of a desperate and bloody BMir? between several fire companies on Sa tattoy night, the particulars of which are given ?aftwwbere. It seems evident that the combatants wok prepared for the contest, as for some minutes <t?ere was a sustained discharge of firearms that vwld not have disgraced a battlefield. The fight tasted only about five minutes, during which time Ml less than fifty pistol shots were heard. It is ?wp rising that the results were not more bloody tfun the details of the encounter show them to have teen. This and other similar occurrences are attnbut odhy a portion of the nress of Baltimore to the volun tas fire department system, and a loud call is mode ?pon all citizens who would rid themselves of such fla mat violations of the peace . and a large amount of in tflnftinr"** to come forward in support of a paid fee department. There is no longer any doubt of the fact th.it judge Ruggles, of the Court of Appeals, has resign ed his office. The resignation takes effect on the Mtb of October. The judgment of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva ?te in the case of Dr. Beale, the Philadelphia den tfet was delivered last week by Chief Justice Lewis The Court tefured to grant the motion for a new toil), and directed that the prisoner Iks sentenced ac cording to law. Of the five Judges composing the Court but one dissented from this decision and ta wed the granting of ft new trial. A lew days since the hope was entertained that jellow fever at New Orleans had spent its luce, and that an improvement in the public health would soon be experienced. The hope tnrns out to lime teen a delusive one, as our despatch Orleans shows that the epidemic is raging with .n ar eased virulence, as many as 31)4 having lallen vic tims during the past week. Gloomy accounts continue to reach us from Nor folk and Portsmouth , Va. There has been no abate ment of the fever. Twenty new cases occurred in Portsmouth on Saturday. Meantime, ample sup plies of money are being remitted from different point* in iwid of the sufferers* Our Muiiich correspondent has farniAed us with Mi abstract of the important official report on tlic obolera, which has just been drawn up by order of Mm Bavarian government. It will be found full oi mw and interesting facts relative to the phenomena of tbe epidemic. ?The result of the Fire Marshal s investigation into rite origin of the recent calamitom lire at No. 53J Chatham street, wiU be found in another column. The evidence exhibits a very strange state <* aflbirs It will be recollected that six lives were sacrificed at the fire alluded to. The particulars of an attempt at highway rob berv at Hunter's Point, on Sunday night, by three 6?raans, who decoyed a Swiss watch pedlar fro a this Mty, are given by our reporter. The three miscreants succeeded in getting the pedlar down; hat he was too much for them, and used his knife with neb effect as to kill one of his assailants out, right, an.l wonnded the other two. One of the rob ken was arrested, and prompt measures were tiken tor the apprehension of the other, but wiih what hmtm we have not learned. The sales of cotton yesterday were limited to aome 400 bales, at about 4c. decline, noticed on Saturday ; middling Uplands closed at about 11c. Floor was dull and easier for grade* lielow medium and high qualities. Wheat w*- more plenty, and prices favored purchasers ; onmnion Southern red sold at lP3c,, and good do at lWc.; white was at 210c. a 220c. Rye was down to 110c. a 115c. Corn declined about lc. per bushel. Pork was higher ; new me*? sold at 120 25, and new prime at ?1H. Ileef and cut meats were also firm, l.ardsold at ll^c. for prime. Sugars were firm, and eoflee steady. Freights were firmer, but engagements *cre light. - A I.tttij: Too Fast. ? The Washington Vnwn is regaling its readers with a series of disser tations on the glories of the democratic par ty. The writer is a little too fast. VV hy can t he wait the results of the hard and soft con ventions at Syracuse ? Perhaps they will give him glory enough for one day. Now ih tiik Timk. One of the Irish organs In ttm itv says that now is tli" time for a rally for Ireland .?ohn Nfit' beil n.eantime ha tied in Ter TUfsrc. Political MoTtmenti Worth and BoothJlte A* vcrblng BUment and tkefonlMtof 1136. The national or bard shell democrats meet in State convention at Syracuse on Thursday next It is an important movement and will be the first antboritive action of the democra cy in opposition to the Seward Iloly Alliance and to the Order of Americans. It is easy to anticipate the result of that con ention ? to prc-onnounce the principles and policy by which it will be guided. It will sustain the Kansas act of 1854, denounce the Missouri compromise, the Know Nothings, the adminis tration and the Maine law ? assert the doctrines of popular (sovereignty in the States and in the Territories, avow uncompromising hosti lity to negro worship in all its phases, and ut terly to soft management and man. This con vention, in connection with the recent meet ings in Georgia and Louisiana, and that of South Carolina on the 15th lost., becomes ex ceedingly important. Having in view the is sues precipitated upon th? country by the Seward republicans? the restoration of the Mispouri compromise ? the repoal of the Ne braska htw ? the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, it is easy to see that the national democrats of New York will at once place themselves iu alliance with the great democracy of the South and West, and leave the latter only the choice to select for sup port either the administration or the true prin ciples of the constitution. The most prominent, as fur as the North is concerned, of these issues, and that which ex citcs the deepest interest, is that of the resto ration' of the Missouri compromise. It has be come to the negro worshippers what the polar star is to the mariner ? a point of general obser vation. It is a good time to look into the question. Now, what is its specific nature, its character and its office? It is Bimply a restriction upon and limita tion of the people in the exercise of the rigbtsof election and legislation within pre scribed territory; hence its restoration now involves the broad question whether the peo ple of Kansas and Nebraska, for instance, like the citizens of New York, are or are not sove reign and independent ? Restoration is point less upon any other bases. Either Congress, without. reference to the provisions of the con stitution, and by virtue of the existence of the government, is sovereign or the people are sovereign. Those who advocate the Missouri compromise act as a governing principle in this republic, deny that the people are the source of power. There is no half-way bouse to stop at ? no middle ground in this matter. Jt is then manifest that the passage of the act of 1820 was at least the exercise by Congress , of great powers, and the assumption of a fearful j responsibility ? of sovereignty, in fact, certain ly so north of a given line of latitude, and over a portion of our people. If it was competent for that body thus to act, there is an end to the boasted equality of American citizenship ; for while New York is at liberty to govern itself, to authorize or prohibit slavery, for instance, the people of a Territory lying north of a stated parallel of latitude are restricted by Congressional dictation from doing so. It is subversive of equality, because the people of one section of the Union are permitted to do that which is absolutely prohibited in another. The moral bearings of this species of legis lation and government are still more incon gruous and absurd; for if slavery is an evil, and Congress has the power to permit or in hibit it in the public territory, its confinement to geographical limit* ? a species of political qnarantinc ? is an act of casuistic folly quite incomprehensible. But the mittchicf does not end here. Say what we will, its restoration and the enforce ment of its limitations upon the people, is the subversion of the whole doctrines of American policy and the substitution in their stead of the monarchical canons of the British consti tution. It is an assumption, whether it la con stitutional or not, that sovereignty exists in the government and not in the people, as we have said ? that power is delegated from and not to Congress? in fact, that that body is a divine appointment, sovereign and absolute in its nature. Under such a construction of the powers of the government, the establishment of a territorial or colonial system, and the grant to and limitation of rights of legislation to its subjects, even upon the arbitrary and tyranni cal bads of a geographical lino, is natural enough. But if we reverse this doctrine, and lodge the sovereign authority with the peo ple make Congress a representative body, limited to the sphere prescribed in the charter of its existence, we must recognize the equali ty of every political community within the jurisdiction of the Union. It is the people, then, that limit Congressional action, and we hoar no more of the absurd proposition of the agent and representative dictating term-* to his principal. But again. The enforcement of the limitiv tious of the act of 1820 is utterly impractica ble. This is manifest, because it is seen to be impossible to interpose the will of Congress between the people of Kansas and the exorcise l y them of the ordinary privileges of election and legislation. If such privileges wore not inherent in them, prescription has set tled the question in their favor; for Con gress has never pretended to interfere with the sovereignty of its territorial citizen", and up to the year 183G, in the case of Wis consin. never asserted its right to do so. There is a wide difference in a popular government between the assertion of a right and its en forcement, as the States of Massachusetts, Veimont and Wisconsin, in the case of the Fu gitive law. can attest. But the question still recurs ? did the con stitution authorize Congress to pass the act of 1820? That body derives all its just powers from the consent of the people ? that is the law of the revolution, and the basin of our existence its a naiion. What powers of limita tion upon the action of the people in this respect, have they conferred npon Congress? "Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respect j ingtlic territory and other property of theUnit cdStates." "The territory and other property." Do. ? this mean " the people and other pro perty?" Ih "territory"' a synonym of peo ple? The Supreme Court of the United States hw decided that the government, nnder th? grants of the public territory from the States, and this provision of the constitution, stands in the attitude, and is clothed with the powers and no other, of nn individual proprietor. Does the conveynnee of a freehold estate in this country carry with it the right to govern j its accidental tenantry? Yet this is the ab rrtreme ;o r.h'-h no led by confer | ring upon Congress, under its authority to " make needful rata and regulations" respect ing the public territory, the power to limit the sovereign action of the people therein. It is much easier to receive and endorse the doc trines of governmental sovereignty, and thus to refuse to recognise the existence of any rights or powers outside of the States and Congress than to acquiesce in this ooastruction of the constitution. Even the claim to absolute government by Congress in the Territories, under the treaty-making power, coupling the right to govern with the right to acquire, is more plausible and satisfactory. The first rests upon a naked perversion of language to suit a political exigency, and is made to minis ter to the designs of revolutionary factions; ? be second and third areremuants of a consti tutional tendency on the part of many of our public men to strengthen the arm of the go vernment at the expense <?f the people ? an dea borrowed from England, to be paid back n attempts to bring Amorican policy into sub notion to British ideas. In the case of the District of Columbia, the grant is : " Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legisla tion in all cases whatsoever." Here the right is conferred by the -constitution, but it is clear in the case of the Territories no such power was intended to be given, and none was given. It is obvious, then, that the Missouri compro mise, upon which the negro worshippers have staked their gameof agitation, is neither a law, a treaty, or a compact. It has never been re spected as such. When California formed hor constitution, which was done by virtue of the sovereignty of its people, and wholly regardless of the powers of Congress, and applied for ad mission into the -Union as a State, the efficacy of the act of 1820 was directly put to the test, as well as the faith of the North, upon the question of her admission, without reference to the limitations >of that act upon the matter of slavery. Halt of her territory was situated north of the parallel of thirty-six and a half degrees of latitude. California demanded an uncondi tional admission into the family of States try virtue of needful numbers and the sove reign action of her people. The South then pleaded for the enforcement of the limitations of the Missouri law ; the North unanimously re fused such enforcement. The South asked for the extension -of the act of 1820 to the Pacific ; the North refused such extension. These were formal propositions and rejections. They tested alike the efficacy of the compromise and tue faith of the negro worshippers, and, as might have been expeoted of a bad law and bad men, both were found wanting. California was ad mitted into the Union, and rightly. Popular sovereignty was vindicated in the act ; the folly of Congressional limitations upon the people was made apparent. The treachery of the abolitionists was exposed. Thus the prac tical enforcement of the great principle that the people shall rule, has been attended with nothing but benefits to the country. It has overturned an unconstitutional law, exposed the knavery of the negro worshippers, turned the currents of emigration to the public terri tory, and will end by the prostration of the Holy Alliance of Abolitionists ? Seward, Van Buren, Chase & Co. Relief for Nonroi.it. ? The following note was sent to us yesterday. It speaks for itself : ? TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALI>. Enclosed please find fifty-Are dollars for the anfTerorti at Norfolk ? being the collodion at the Pavilion Hotel, Long Branch, S.J. J. R- K. We perceive that over twenty thousand dollars have already been raised by sub scription for the Norfolk sufferers; of which $4,500 were collected in this city. The fact is undoubtedly creditable to the people, though the amount falls considerably short of what Norfolk needs and what she will obtain before the labors of the benevolent committees end. "VVe know of no more gra tifying theme of contemplation for the lover of humanity than the success which has re cently attended charitable appeals of various kinds. Almost as soon as the first British sol dier fell in the Crimea, subscriptions began to be raised for the relief of the widows and orphans of soldiers killed during the campaign; aud with euch spirit was the enterprise carried out, subscriptions pouring in from every quarter of the globe from Ilong Kong to Canada, that an amount exceeding a million of pounds sterling has already been amassed, and the prospect of something better than beggary secured to eve ry British soldier's widow. In our own coun try, charitable appeals are still more success ful. We had occasion yesterday to allude to the names of several individuals who have signalized their benevolence by donations of sums, half a million at a time. The liberality of poorer citizens is as Btrikingly evinced by several appeals which have recently been made. No sooner does distress break out any where ? be it an epidemic in a Southern city or a famine in so distant a region as Madeira ? than donations of ten and twenty and fifty dollars pour into the hands of relief associa tions. and in a marvellously short period of time a fund is collected which effects what money can avail to heal the suffering. New York has always been pre-eminent among the donors on Mich occasions: a fact the more pleasant to retlect on as the name of New York is seldom mentioned in the smaller citie? of the Union with a sneer at the avarice or the selfishness or the dishonesty of its citizens. The Sitkmstenpexts of the Poor and the Board of Emigration. ? We publish elsewhere some resolutions passed at the Convention of the Superintendents of the Poor, at Utica, by which it will be seen that effect is about to be given to the complaints so frequently made against the Board of Emigration of toeing too local in its organization, and not representing sufficiently the general interests of the several counties of the State. For this purpose a com mittee of five was appointed by the convention to examine and report upon the subject, and their recommendations will probably be laid before the adjourned meeting, which is to be held at Syracuse on the 2-r>th of September next. We arc happy to find that some step" have l?een taken towards the reconstitutlon of a body which exercises so important an influ ence upon the distribution of the burden* fall ing upon the different localities throughout the State. We have always thought that a board exercising such powers should embody the prin ciple of representation to it* fullest extent. Without it, it can never be expected to work satisfactorily, or to exclude all opportunities of abuse and peculation. Let the movement t?e energetically followed up. and the question pressed upon the attention of the Legislator*, tleform i? 'he f.r-ler of the ,iny Km ?f Hm "Oerweo Free low Union"? VoorlfriniBttaMd to Pint XhrlnctplMU We pablished on Friday last, from a Wis consin paper, an article on a new social organi sation set up in that-gJjUe, under the sug gestive title of the "OereHo Free Love Union," ! embracing the substance of a report to amass meeting of the citizens of the neighborhood, from a committee appointed upon the sutyect. We have since reoeived a copy of the Ripon Herald, (Fond du Lac county, Wisconsin,) two pages of which are occupied by a report of the

proceedings of the mass meeting aforesaid, involving a mass of verbiage tnr which we have no room in our columns, Suffice it to nay, that this public meeting adopted a series of resolutions denouncing these free love re formers, their text books, and principles, al together and severally, as " vile and licen tious," "inculcating as a duty a foul system of prostitution," as " a moral plague" and " a blighting curse," and providing against them accordingly, " a Committee of Vigilance to watch and guard the interests of the commu nity," the people of the meeting pledging themselves to sustain the committee, "and se cond its efforts, until the blighting curse is removed from among us." The paper in which we find this apparently impartial report, in its prospectus at the head of its first page, " aims to be free, and to advocate liberty for all. Its edi tor believes that man is more sacred than in stitutions, human rights of more value than the preservation of any organization," Ac., and hence, it was quite natural that such a paper should become the organ of the "free lovers," and proper that any further support should be refused to it by the mass of the people at large. In the letters on the part of tho defence, which we publish to-day, we can recognize no thing but a confession of the horrible and dis gusting doctrines and abominations charged against the parties concerned. One of these letters, however, furnishes us some interesting information of the origin of this CereBco Socie ty. It is a FourieiAte establishment, reduced to first principles. It has thrown off the mask and the false pretences of the "attractiveness of labor," a "community of property," &c., and has boldly adopted that which our Fourierite phalanxes and organs have endeavored to hide from the public view ? the great ultimatum of *'fre? love," according to the free usages of the cannibals of the Fejee islands. In these disclosures we are admonished of the most remarkable instance of brazen effron tery in the history of public journalism. For years the New York Tribune has been an earnest and leading organ of Fourierism ? that identical Fourierism the logical developement of which ! is at length s? clearly illustrated in this Wiscon sin free love association, and its affiliated so cieties in this city and elsewhere. Yet this same oracle and propagandist of Fourierism has assumed to be a living model of decency and morality, denouncing our theatres as hot beds of vice and crime, joining the crusade of the liquor prohibitionists, and circulating "hot corn" literature with that air of innocent be nevolence with which a holy Pharisee would steal the sacred vestments of the church to serve the devil in. This organ of Fourierism and its kindred abominations is largely respon sible for the insidious diffusion of these hideous and fiendish doctrines of our "free love" phi losophers and their deluded disciples. The Tribune t labors in the cause of abolitionism spiritualism, the Rochester rappers, the wo men's rights women and amalgamationists, and all the other sickcning political and social or ganizations amongst us, of leprous fanatics and unprincipled knaves, come to a fitting culmination in this Cereaco gang of "free love"1 reformers. We ore informed that these "free lovers" expect to be driven out of Wisconsin, and that, having but little hope of success in any civilized community, they will probably follow the example of the Mormons, and con centrate their forces upon some distant and unoccupied territory, where they may set up a State for themselves. We arc in favor of this movement, because, in the first place, if fully carricd out, it would result to the advantage of society, in the removal of all this promiscuous infidel and " free love" rliT-raff from its mis chievous contact with a Christian community; and, secondly, because if concentrated into a self-supporting colony, removed from outside assistance, it would soon perish from its excesses, and become extinct. If, too, our " free love"' communists would escape a Mormon expulsion by lire and sword, wherever one of their con venticles may be detected east of the Rocky Mountr ins, let them profit from the experience of the Latter Day Saints, and move off in soa son. Fourierites, women's rights women, abo* litionistp. rmalgamationists, spiritualists, and their leaders and organs, all as a band of free lovers ? Blitck spirits ami whit*. Jilue spirit* anil (fray. Mingle, mingle, mingle, mingtc, You that mingle mny. But mingle and pack off, for the day of retri bution may be at hand. No Necessity for Alarm. ? Inquiries have been made of us in relation to the prospect of Ihe importation of the yellow fever into New York from the infected districts. We think there is no occasion for the slightest alarm. Our last visitation of the yellow fever was in 1821, at which time we had neither sewers. Croton water, nor clean streets; and the north em suburbs, now among the mo^t densely popu lated down town district*, were a succession of unwholesome pools, swamps, and 1'erment ng garbage and vegetation. Since that time our commercial Intercourse has brought us into contact every season, more or less, with vessels charged with yellow fever, from the West In dies or South Ameriea ; but the disease no longer appears to be adapted to New York. At this time, considering our comparatively clean streets, and the near approach of the cool weather of autumn, we feel confident that there s but little danger of yellow fever, or any epidemic of the kind. Preparing to Welcome tub Govervor. ? The citizens of Easton, Ta., have been making preparations for a ho?pitable reception of Gov. Recder, on his return from the "border ruf fians" of Kansas. On the occasion of his re ception we may expect another speech, and if Recder has half the pluck of Soul6 he will make the fur fly from the back of the ad ministration. Let Marcy be spared, for his organs say that he is innocent as a lamb of any hand in the remo\al of tb?> Governor. Send an inviution to Marcy. It IIavos Firf. ? The "republican'' abolition movement in Washington. They should call for advice at the State Deportment. Trouble en the Coii> Hou ? Dboidcdly Rich. ? We are Informed that there is consider able anxiety and trouble in the Goal Hole of Tammany Hall, coucerning the hard shell convention of the 23d; and that a fall soft committee of persuasion will be sent np from the Custom House to Syracuse by Thursday, to see what tbey can do. But this is nothing com pared with the trouble concerning the soft convention of the 29tb. We understand that there was an anxious meeting of the Tammany wire-pullers in the Surveyor's office at the Custom House, yester day, in reference to the platform of their Syra cuse Convention, Mr. John Cochrane acting as prime minister on the occasion. There were present a goodly number of city soft shell dele gates, and there were interspersed among them a fair sprinkling of the bone and sinew of the 44 rural districts." Mr. Cochrane, still faithful o his promise of the 4th of July, 1854, to 44 carry the President in his arms," proposed, aa a programme for the Tammany assemblage at Syraouse, the following schedule, to wit : ? 1. A dead set at the Know Nothings, in good i ound set terms, as perfectly safe. 2. An unequivocal, double-breasted demo cratic onslaught upon the new Liquor law, and all such despotic acts of class legislation. 3. A general endorsement, drawing it as mild as ponsible, but still some sort of approval of the administration, in consideration of its wise dispensation of the public plunder. 4. A judicious silence upon the Missouri compromise, the Kansas troaUes, 44 the border ruffians," the removal of Governor Recder, and all those bothersome issues which have sprung up with this new Northern nigger agitation. ,Mr. Cochrane, with the Scarlet Letter in the bottom of his pocket, argued the policy of this schedule with his accustomed logical acuteness and classical skill, and in a tone half confident, and half dictatorial, asked his country brethren if they thought that wouldn't do, and there was a very emphatic response that it wouldn't. A delegate from the rural districts, having no immediate interest in the cotton trade, and none in the science of Custom House politics, very flatly said that the shirking of the nig ger question wouldn't do. As for the ad ministration, the least said about it, perhaps, the better. He might, however, gulp down the bombardment of Greytown; but Kansas, "the border ruffians" and Governor Reeder were "fixed facts" which could not be dodged. And the soft shell country delegates would in sist upon a showing of hands on these ques tions; and upon a clean breast of it against the Kansas-Nebraska bill, the doing! of Achi son and Stringfellow, and the 44 border ruf fians," and the removal of Reeder. In regard to Reeder there were country delegates who would prefer him as the democratic candidate for President to any man in the adminis tration, or any of its recipients or aspirants for the succession. It was all folly to talk of silence on the Kansas question, when all the country is in a perfect blaze of indigna tion. And so there was no agreement upon the soft shell Syracuse platform; and the dele gates dispersed with gloomy forebodings of a precious row and an awful split in the soft convention of the 29th. The next meeting upon the platform, will probably be by gas light down in the Coal Hole. Will nobody send by telegraph to the Prince, in Virginia, to come post-haste to tho relief of Mr. Cochrane The Mexican Revolution ? Detaila of the Affair ok Saltillo. ? The news from the Rio Grande, published in another part of our pa per, fhows that, in spite of the attempts made to disguise the fact by the Dictator's journals, the revolutionists are fast making head in the North. The defeat at Saltillo is a much more important one than we were first led to sup pose ? two-thirds of Santa Anna's forces under Guitian and Cruz having been either killed, wounded or taken prisoners. The battle com menced at about eight o'clock A. M., on the 22d. and lasted until 11 o'clock A.M., next day, when the Flnza fell into the possession of the inhurgents. The remains of the government forces, consisting of about 200 infantry and about 2/i0 of the Dragoons of the Guard and of " the Guides, " iled towards San Luis Potovi, but were hotly pursued by mounted riflemen, who mccecded in completely dispersing them and in capturing about $60,000 in specie, be sides a large amount of stores and ammuni tion. Tho moral effect of this victory will be dis astrous to Santa Anna's arms. It will rally round the standard of insurrection all those who are wavering and undecided. The fede ralists seem to have men of energy and capa city at their head, whilst the Dictator's minions betray all the weakness of purpose and vacil lation which usually accompany the conscious ness of a bad cause. In such a state of things it U impossible that the struggle :au be of long duration. The government forces, instead of being able to aFsumc the offensive, are every where driven within the protection of strong holds; and too weak even to hold these against the valor and impetuosity of their enemies, there will Foon not lie an adherent of the Dic tator ;eft in the whole of the Northern de partments. As to Woll, his case seems hopeless. Shut up in Mutamoros with a force of only 1,700 or 1,^00 men, and rendered hateful to the sur rounding population by the unnecessary harsh ness of his measures, he cannot possible resist the overwhelming numbtrs with which Vi daiirri is advancing aga'.nst him. Should he be tuken, the nearest tree will probably end a carecr marked by but too many incidents of sanguinary brutality. Marine A (Thin. Mi ti\i <?? Board Tui: Uric. Ajibt Thai-toi.? About .1 0'bl< ek on Saturday afternoon, the crew of the brtg Abby Thaxtcr mutinl,- 1 and rrfu*ed to go to ?ea in the ve.?el The captain Immediately applied to the revenue cutter W.i^h : g'rn for af-Ntnnre. Iient. Richard B. Ixvke re paired < n l*><?d, with a rrew of mx men, anl upon ask irg tie reason <>t the mutineer* for not doing their duty, tlx y replied that the br'.g wa? full of vermin, ami the fc.Tpcantle in a dlity etate. I.ieut. I/v*e then examined the unie, and found It to be perfectly clean. The men i-ert- tin n ordt ri'd to t,.rn to, and upon refusing were P'Jt ui iron*. The ciew of the cutter then got the brig under way, ami accompnpied herae for ae the narrows. RccirBOcnT ill Vkhmokt.? The records of the Cngt< m House at Island Pond show very clearly the great effec t which the recent Reciprocity Treaty hit* upon the receipts of duties. In one month goods were received there, which before the treaty would haT e paid duties to the amount of $1^/100. The amount which they in fact paid was only one hundred dollars. More business is done at the Island Pitnd Custom Houre than at any other In the State. In the month of April last there were reoelved at that place goods to the value of $800,000. The principal receipts from Canada are flour and lumber. Immense qiutu ties of the latter are shipped to PortUud. One cftabli'hment at Pherbrooke, C. E., loads ten ear* a tiny with lumber, and eevenl others do a h ?fne*? jif.'ily eqna! to that/? H'intinot Journrl , sljg. 17 THfi LATEST N?WB. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. News Items from Washington. Wifdnvorov, Aug. 20, 1865. The United State* Attorney General has decided that every applicant for a patent right has the right to with draw hi* application and demand a restoration of two thirds of the duty money at any time anterior to making oath anew and proceeding upon the ulterior stages of in quiry, after an adverse report by the Commissioner. Ihe whole number of claim* under the Bounty Land law of March, 1855, received at the Pension office up to to-day hoe been 206,400, the number examined has been 41,800, and the number issued '.0,236. All the heads or the executive departments are no w here. Governor Recder'i Return. PhiulDElimiu, August 20, 1855. The friends of ex-Governor Reeder boid a meeting at Easton to-day to make arrangements for giving him a re ception on hla arrival there. He is not expe -ted there for several days yet. Kentucky Kleetlon. Cjvr immati, Aug. 20, 1865. The official returns from 98 counties in Kentucky giro Morehead, American, for Governor, a majority of 6,511. The five remaining counties gave Pierce about 300 ma jority, while it is now reported they give Clark, demo crat, 2, COO majority. Anti-Know Nothing Meeting at MUwavkte*. Mii.wai'wk, August 20, 1855. A large democratic meeting was held here on Saturday evening for the purpose of sympathising with the suffer ers of the late riot at Louisville. The Hon. A. J. Upham presided. Resolutions reflecting upon the Know No things were adopted. Good order prevailed throughout. Democratic Meeting at Kaston, Pa. EjBION, Pa., Aug. 20, 1855. The democrats of Northampton county held their regular meeting at the Court House, in this city, to-day, and the attendance was quite large. Hon. Richard Brodliead was the principal speaker. Resolutions were adopted denouncing the Know Nothings, and declaring that Governor Reeder had discharged his duty in Kansas nobly and manfully. The Death of Abbott Lawrence. Boston, August 20, 1865. The merchants of Boston assembled in Faneuil Hall this forenoon, for the purpose of appropriately noticing the death of Hon . Abbott Lawrence. Wm. Sturges pre sided, and speeches were made by Hon. J. Thomas Steven son, Robert C. Winthrop, Edward Everett, &c. It was resolved to close the stores on the day of his funeral. Other pnblic bodies have also held meeting* upon tho same subject. The Yellow Fever In Virginia. BALTIMORE, AuglMt 20, 1866. Intelligence received via Peteriburgh from Norfolk and Portsmouth, down to Sunday evening, represent* that there is no decrease of the yellow fever in those cities. Twenty new cage* had occurred at Portsmouth on Satur day. The collections in Baltimore for the sufferers now reach. ?9,000. Philadelphia, August 'JO, 1966. The committee in thin city for making collections for the yellow fever sufferers, remitted another thousand dollars to Norfolk to-day, making thus Car thirty-six hundred. Washington, August 30, 1866. It is said that over one thousand dollars has been sub scribed in the Washington Navy Yard for the relief *1 the yellow fever suffererg in Virginia. Yellow Fever at New Orleans. New Oruu.vs, Aug. 'JO, 1866. The yellow fever is (gain rapidly increasing in this city. The total number of deaths during tho past week was 617, including 304 from the fever. Relief for the Sufferer* from Yellow Fever. August 90, 1866. A fund of about 91 ,000 has been raised here for the relief of the sufferers from the yellow fever at Norfolk and Ports mouth. This morning Hve Ulsters of Charity left he*e for the infected districts. Resignation of Judge Haggle*. Ai.jja.vv, Aug. 20, 1866. The resignation of Judge Ruggles, as one of the Judge* of the Court of Appeals, is to take effi-ct from and after October 20. It has been filed in the offiec of the Secretary f State. Destructive Fire at Lewlston, Maine* Bohton, August 20, 1866. A destructive lire occurred at I .twist on Kalis, Maine, on Friday last. Twenty-six dwellings were oonsumed, and the total loss is about 9100.000. The fire commenced in the old tannery of Miller k Ran dall, on the west side of the rivnr, destroying every build ing on Main to Kim street, and on the opposite side ot Main street, from Mr. Ingalls' confectionery to Messrs. Gould k Co. '? building, comprising the greater portion of the business part of the village on the west side. Among the principal loser* are D. 8. Stinaon, dry good* dealer; T. Bailey, two stores and dwelling house; R. I erter, store and goods; IUll b Brlggs, jewelry store; James Go^^ store and goods; R. Peuley's store and goods; Small k Littlefield's bookstore; U. B. Reynold*' drug store; J. IHngley k Co., store and goods? loss about 910.000; Roak, Pickards k Co., shoe manufactory ? lois 916,000 ; 8. Woods, hat store; the ofloe room of the Ihmocratic Adoucait; tho counting room of the Auburn Bank ; papers and valuable* all saved. The insurance t* but partial. Dr (tract Ion of a Cotton mil by Fire. UtjCA, August 20, 1856. The Kirk land cotton mill at Manchester, about nlnfl miles from this city, was totally destroyed by fire yester day morning. It was owned by K. S. Drayton, of Utica. The loss is about 930,000. Insurance 920,000. Alleged Heavy Fraud*. Boero*, Aug 20, 1866. Two traders of Iawrence, Massachusetts, named Row land II. Hacy and K. F. Cushman were brought to this city to-day, on a charge of defrauding sundry merchants of this city of twenty-five thousand dollars worth of goods by fair? pretence*. Ihey were held to bail in fiv<- thousand dollars each for examination. Marine DtuMter. Bowtojt, Angu-t 20, 1866. The pilot boat Coquette, in coming up the harbor last nfght, was run into by the schooner Wyvern, bound *ut, and was badly damaged. Navigation of the Ohio, 4te. 1'mnuvno, August 20, 1866. The river Is now six feet two Inches, and falling Freight* are low? five hundred ton* arrived trom eastward to day. Wheat I* now carried forward very low. Movement* of Southern Steamer*. AKRVAL OV THE ACOU8TA AT SAVANNAH. KAVA<<<IAB, Aug, ist 18, 1865 The *t*nm*hip Augur" a has arrived here after a pa' sage of sixty-seven houra from New York. ARRIVAL OF THE KOCTHERNER AT CHARLESTON. Cjiarlwtow, August 18, 1865 The 1'nlted Stated mall -tcunship Southerner, Captaii Ihcmaa Kwec, arrived here at half-past one o'clock tir. f-aiurday) morning, from New York. Market*. Alt int. August 20?12:30 P. M Flour? Dull. Sale* 300 l>hls. new Ohio at 98 '?6 a M 1 lor ( cmaoon to choice. Wheat ? Quiet and scaroc. Hal' CO busl.fcls white Ohio nrt 91 W2, delivered, 1 jOt) bushel ed do. on private terms. 400 bushel* white Wisconsin ? 91 70. Coin? Ilea vv r.rd lower. Sales 30.000 bushe.lt a 7fc., closing with offers to sell at T9c. a 75>*e. Oats ? V ??!**. Receipt* to-day : ? Hour, 2,000 bbls. ; wheat, 20 100 bushels; com. 42,000 bushel*, oat*, 80,000 bushel Aluatt Aug. 20. 1861 Flour -t?edy. Sa!e? 1 400 bbls. Wheat ? No fate Com ? fate* 2i,000 bu?heJs Western mixed at 8.')S'c Mc. for damaged, and 86c. for sound, afloat. Receipt by canal to-day : ? V18 bbls. flcur, 40.136 bushels com. CnDRKTiov.- The telegraphic despatch published la ot morning edition y*?t?Tday, a* to a firemen'* riot on S? tuiday evening, should have bem dated Baltimore in?t* of Philadel| hia, the ooeurr-'ueo having taken place in tJ former cltjr. Piano*.? 'Horace W atsit' Modern Improve piano*, possessing (a th*ir Improvement of action ai ?<v*r-sti Ing* a power and oompa** ot ton* ~jual to U t ti nd j lsnos. Bole ag*?ey for T. (.ilberi fc IJo. a, IUll. I ti>m.ton's. Woodward a Brewn's, and Jacob fhicl" i g ? Boston |.taa?>* sod constantly in store piano, fni m me flv* of tb* best New York manulketorie*. livch u?sr s>*i.t guaranteed to give entire satiafoetion or purchs ? oi.ey retornad. Second-hand piano* of all varieties a f rat bargains. Prices from 990 to 9144) n<-w ocu j,.*i oh with iron frames for 91SO. Pianos to rent, ? r.-n' alk wed oa perchase. l u> no* for sal* on mo'atn ?a ments. Kil* agency for S.D, *H W. Smiths v fr*lrw<*ot,? ftnned th* canal or.misnt ) H0?A<* WATKBK, Mrm-i >j.