Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 24, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 24, 1855 Page 2
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Yellow Ptwr ?n Vtrglnta, fhe following am'iuDt of wooey has %lr?*,iy been -MJ?ed to Ui? cities named, 'or the relief of the ? t.Uerera by yel k-w Itwi In Norfolk, Portsmouth and Gosport Mew York *1,500 Norfolk $3, MX) Baltimore 10,500 Richmond 4,500 r t.U'H'tj hu? 1. 000 Lyashburf 1,000 Petersburg. Va 1,500 Other aource* 4,000 CJ?.rteftonXttVjYard 1,500 ? RKLIKK FROM THE BROOKLYN NAVY YARD. The mechanics ami employes of the Brooklyn Navy Yard are now engaged in raising among ihemaelvea a ?oin of money to be appropriated lor the relief of the sufferer* from the yellow lever in Norfolk, Portsmouth Mid <ir, sport, Va. It N eipected tbat the amount raised will oot be less than $1,000, which will he transmitted to the "tiflerer* in a lew daja. OCR NORFOLK CORRESPONDENCE. Norfolk, August 21, 1865. Notwithstanding Sunday and Monday were very de kghtiul days ? the wind from northeast ? they were the ?M >-aJ and sorrowful ones to our citisena that h&H yet been experienced during the prevalence of the yellov fcver. 'the number of deaths have been (ar greater. The earnes ol the victims, as tar an 1 have been able to learn, ar* uh follow!) .? Urn. iharlotte Friedman, aged 2? yearn. lira. Samuel Drunuxond, aged 46. Jlr. William Wallace, aged 40. Miae Maria Hughea. Miaa Mahone, aged 17. Miaa Amelia Allnwnd, aged 26. 1 a. Miss Etoelinc Allmand, aged 19. I v ?hild of Klua Sutton. ' Child of Mrs. Gibbons. ? ?hiW of lin?. South. ?Two children of David Keeling, formerly proprietor of the Nat|oaal, Ma* tOitvmi. <ii Cain's Hotel. Man servafl^tif T. It. l ee. Wilham tireWw >od. Mihs A del I,e ntf?, ua>ter of her reported yesterday. Mr. Wilder. Mra. K. V. Murfey. Horatio Moore. 'lo'.al 19. three deaths at the hoapital. The Cashier oft h <3 Kar mor'a llank received last even ing the following, by mail : ? 1U.VK ok Rmuur, New York, Aug. 17, 18i5. K. H. Oiaaii', Esq.:? Dun Mr ? I hand you $'J,ft00 <?n account of collections being made hi're, lor tbe relief of the sufferers in Norfolk tutd Portsmouth. I'lease hand over one half the amount to the proper authorities in your city, and the other to tbe MLme functionaries in Portsmouth, to be distributed a?n<-ng the needy during the present alokne-H, in your ' place and vteinfty. More will follow in a day or two. Very truly, yours. JAMKS T. SOtTIGR, fr. W. 11. Freeman, late of the West Indies, so kindly tendered ua by the Pbiladrlpbians, has arrived in our city and entered upon his duties Tbo weather is v*n-y w.irm to-day. Much sick ne-s is prevailing iu the surrounding country. l>r. Stone, of New Orleans, wbo has been with us fo: ?cue days, left Portsmouth last evening in the cars for the South. Ih'. Thomas PenNtoo is still here. Tho poor In nor place Are no longer in waDt. As soon as it is ?jade known t?> the Howard Association that persons aw without food, lh<y are immediately supplied. NORFOLK. (CoiTMponde&M or the Baltimore Sun l I. ta iDj indeed in the a if ?wrv day wore Sunday, and nith the excentfonTf thi riDpiDK "I Church Is lis yesterday we could Mt havn r ffafluished it from any other dTyfor we^k I he seivnil thuuder storm on Haturdity afternoon ???? attemM with Booda of rain, whieh c "ntinf.ed "w h" out tntermij* ii.ii during the uiirht and uiti. u ?i. "?r^f Mxtv-e!''i 1UT ,?Ulp<;rt,;lu."' wa's 'educed to an av"rg ,i y- Ifehl degrees, ft in .still cool, unusually ho W>r the ijeanon, and bids fair to continue mi for this da v at rifn ir f8, l" a lllankt't was decidedly eomfo- table TTie effect of pu':h weuther upon the fever Is t oueht tn ' fc'sstt'rssr'' """ ? ? *ss#s ; X'-'n't;1, 1';,r,;!y v ,hpir aHrr.'l.Vl '.v "l'3! ar;iviDtr "JUL-h relief has been sssyjf ? &A5?nss?s "r*'" ritv .m.iwftiii.1 . a e uwtributwl about Iho 'ann"1 t""'p! "ttowiance. Hi* unease was (jastrir fever, and though U kTit i' fc?ftr!TD7 ir""' 01 ?ver fm- ah^ut wr'ly tours Si, feyer then broke, and he ha, In-en mend n* x?irs^z? lfi"Ah- r "p ? " Ftaiing this. because I see if reported tl,"t Unt?R l "i the prevailing fi ver, and was v v lI T^ ' ssis.vra 'ssvs tsS? ~ v1 - ^^f^r^sssss&'^B ?ley which I l now to be f?Ue; for. *pend "JnTuehor' ,v time at the room, of the Howard Association, I there . ,,"e 'lr y a,l our physicians during the course ofe i. h ,Liv j.ud from them Bnd out. the truth Besides , hav, ?' :2 "{A *"???. (aIl,a'n Kott ileii ainonj^ the lo learn I hi- dietresK DOW prevalent in nnr nit? it. distress of powertv ciclti?iTe of th.v or-as??uH by Jk o? M_one hns only to attend the rooms of the Howard v^r ,?n >o lime- Tho anplioati., , "oT , . fef i.,e M> numerous that the member, of the as^e a ,'ar'"iT WH the numerous order*. You have ? ontributious all ,,ua, ters o?tb? 1 v aro n i' -J. in by every mail, the, have' Tow S0t/e"h.PZ' Visions so generously forwuiUe.1 troru your city a larw (?urn in ready u?h i,, t ?iruv. 1 , 1- ? ? '??R? |>re.-i?lent, y/.r^r vT^v'b IV,' Ti kdefctignble in the cause, nudTsV I .f'fiTCui * un en. e.g.- ur. Not to mention the names o 4?tbc*r member*, huiidicil^ of iiLTnrtv -?tr'tii.n ?#? ? BHteH will long chcrUh the memory of his kin lne??' i!'< eonlbj sympathy *ith their di,lrej. u" 1 ITbcaick are being removed ?o the hogpiul ?, f,,? fw^sihle. rhei e will he ten sent down to L fuovi-io, possible, uiHln the circumstance has b-ei'i mode, am! will continue to l? ?aUe f..5 then c .un'ort and innny j.erson- in good eircunielatices w .u|.] t? C|?,I ? "re - klc n t ? hy^1 01 WillUn, Jl. Wihe.n T ??"?*"> OOBTfll. .rfolc. uai L'iv.' 1,1,1, M.nn. in it way Unit Wj? not tote inisUken I,. . V*r* mat U- olayrd. 1 1?. ,.,|?r. Wa. ^ r| 4 1 unruly inmate went to work with a will and it wis v ^ I d through the t ,,ubh,h,neut th- st n t .^l inl n ' ? Mint (<> l?f i itiorrril. 1 h#- ops will Him ?u. reh. ye.lo ,??eh .IWaptoeiihl- ,|?:y. ,n,| , nn no ? ' of the , e el th |?'U|(H wi 1 "r <K.obt less say,. 4 |,y their . . r. ful nur.sitig ' " J el^' v!" In r ! ' ???" ".'His to be no de-eas, jf lev..' In I' Many ? (he p?,p|(1 hive . tu. neo lor vrnnt ?i mr. n. ,?p(K,r. tll^.ln ,i ??h ?fier fl te.nptinu nnnk for VWIoiVk STdieve ih!. ol av. i nge numbei < .f dent lis there i incl idinir i . ritcesilc ? , nsi'li rubly that u, this 'iu * I fire yon I, . low the deaths sine- .uy l.i -t ? lane' It f. 'iZ-.-Xy'h \i" Si *"'"d. ?t,wr. MiiU 1&ri^Tn,.wi' street Miss Mahone U? l * ' ,h"r" i he ol Ho.ittii lia?** not vi*t iiirt i. -wi ? ^ ? Uww'n',1"'4, *,lh,"u: ,he; " l",r' I 'hiuk' though to.1 "his ho" r. <lur:Th ? ",h"UC" tLf '??'?" """"- o. to nJ "^'T1 ,IBV' I""1 '?*>?' r.l Of the de.tli, .t Hi t Hevpitnl, etl's^j Midshipman \y,lt..r H. jO0?.s I s v Norf' k,'1!?*^, 'I?" UM:t "r " p,,Vml" ??'. mm' pe^JTo^I'Vi "?U aUl """? 1 ' m? ",1 "* e home, f h"ar ol n?? rw. i, I me L: 1 "n ?J""''' ly oceuiring nrotinl ia yet bi^thii? V^Vku'/w 'h/ I* C" th" fixhnme. ? u,*,.,, ||' .." ac " ^ lb" ?????? huiiding him ills, .vflm #a*t evening. Isn, [.,, "'a. ..f n..., t.? I nan.e? of the irk wo?ut t... to )tt?e lln ??ne- half I have hoard o> I none to l.? m!"! " 'lav or two, if J and my UniDv ? . . ,',i . ,' ,T" ;1 nlctbfl om hour amad. ' *" 'annot i'. P.? Jennings is dnnd. S'oloinun fherijr. J. I> Thnrit..n !>? i iron'!. K On y, .aptslu of tl.o wntrh. ItoU t'lth*," < ?"" fhnmBioBd, T. (Vtrprew < aptain |2 , T y. ??ta Harbor, colored, ami m.u. are ail - ,-k with tl .. t. V Ihrrr a ro tWrtoen etu+*. ivhiU- nod Mack ihi? kick at Portflm*uth un Joim f ?,i; .4 v , ?? Mfaupm arwf <?. Hofh'lay . Jh/" ir#iiM Horn tl* Norfolk in,,, *""??? The ,,mx, leaving tbl ,^, * ?' .11 Its iM1|.,. '!r ^ I (more boat) u?. I, (<?"' lk?l lull sp#ed, with l,er*ie>l . . "V''* "l jojon? one. H|?# # u* ? sions, and other suits '/'J, rr0Tf* tote, sent by (he -hut lUbhP'p,-! le n r r IM ","1 ^ of the Howard Association T, ^ IsrnM, and the Hociety give^ n..i, * " M* *" 'I.Vincs. k.ujh., *r , ? ill h, furnUI.e.! vision tore h*^ b?en openo,) .tThe w .r?h ' "r' 'ifc.ore ^tesm Packet Company, eowr of w",u u- ,W' Ne? t_^Bst|e streets, ' ' w"'" *?<?' and ;im js'barusj"" - - " AeBcwa/d A-^buop * :?nowle.ire ifce re?.ipf |>rrn | rbubb ft Hroth?m. of Win hingtn, cf 1280, of which i mount $25 wore <W|K>Mt?d by Kunkel's opera troop? ; U>~ 50 by ihe Comptroller's office, and tl'28 50 by the Navy l>epartineot, ( lerku and betwls of bureau*.) from IU it inn ft Co., ol l'*iti*io?e1 $200. Such practical and substantial sympathy and generosi ty are ilnlightfui to contemplate, and it cheers us like a lieautiful 'tar of hope ind brightness beaming down through the sombre cloud of gloom that angrily lower* over our recently active, healthy and happy, bat now atllictedcity. There will he no want of money and provision*, though there is a deplorable deficiency of nurses and attendant*, which money cannot alwuys procure. A of sickne ?* I in s?'tDetim<'H left unattended to in due time, for the want of a mesecug^r to go for a physician or procure medicine ? hence It is liable to be neglected till it is too late. Our townsman, Mr. tleoige Staylor, now in Baltimore, hearing of our lamentable situation, write* to a frieud of hi* in thin city: "lie kind enough to subscribe $V!6 lor the beneflt of the suffering poor ol' our city, which 1 wili pay you on my arrival." Tuit Baitim.ikk Steam Paokct Comtant. ? It will be grati fying to our citizens to know that the Baltimore Steam boat Company promise to run their boats regularly, to kring provisions and such merchandise as our merchant* require. They will bring all goods for the Howard Asso ciation free of cost. Their donation to the association was *500, and the individual members of the company contributed $420 more. Such liberality is truly admira ble. ?> Tiik Pahic ami FucnT.? 1 The appearance of our city is really gloomy. Host of the stores are closed, aud the streets are almost deserted. Nearly half the white popu lation hare gone off. In all the epidemics which Nor folk has passed through, from 1798 to the prosent time, we haw seen nothing to equal it. The writer of this re member! well the nivagva of the yellow fever in the years '98, '99. 18<)0 and 1801, when Norfolk always hud a trans ient |*ipulation of 1,500 or 2, 000, composed of emigrant ship's crews and strangers connected with the c omineroe of the port, and when it was no unusual thing tosoe thirty to forty buried in a day. There was not a store closed on account of the fever in either ol those years. The merchants did not halt n moment in the regular rou tine of (heir business, and the citizens never thought for a moment of moving out oi town or out ol' the infested district. The old residents had their bilious and inter mittent Wers, from which they seldom failed to recover, a nd the mortalitywas chiefly among strangers and those not acclimated. These were really go-a-head times, and aien did not allow ''Yellow Jack" to interfere with their business or pleasures. How things have changed. Now, with a mortality the highest range of which has not ex ceeded twelve d( aths in a day, in a population doubling what it then was, all business Is ?uspenf!ed, mid the alarm is so great that hall' of the white inhabitants have left the town. A> Ai t ok Cocrt?-v. ? Pui iiig the storm on Friday night, the lighter used for the purpose of transporting the sick from the city to the hospital at I -ambcrt's l'oint broke loose from the wharf and drifted dowu the river, 'ihe accident was discovered liy persons on Ihe L'nited States ship St. l.nwrenee, aud a boat was immediately I manned and put oil' to the rescue, under the command ol lieuteuant Maury, by which means the lighter was recovered and securely fiisteued, and the city saved a good deal of inconvenience. A Sad Spi;CTAf ix. ? The plague boat (a lmrge which the authorities have litted up to convey the sie.k to the tem porary hospital at the race course) lies in a ?lip close to our vessel, and yestc: dny I crossed the dock to take a look at the arrangements. Large mattresses are spread cii the bottom of ihe boat, and an awning is spreau over all. in the boat were two men, three boys between the ages oi eight and ten, a little girl about four years old, and an empty cofiin. Two of the boys were orphans; their father ?li?-<l Ihe day before, and their mother that morning. The little girl sat lieside one of the men, who was probably her lather. As he rolled and tossed with the fever, his hat was displaced; hhe picked it up and endeavored ttt replace it, but he seemed unconscious of her uttenlions. Once lie opened his eyes and gazed vn Oiintly at inc. then closed them as il' the effort was pain ful. 'ihe Utile girl sat there so unconscious of danger ami death that I felt as if she was .safe. Her innocent, guileless countenance ,-eemed in pleasant contrast to the sail iinl anxious faces 1 meet at ev ery turn. I loft specu lating on her probable history. Doubtless her mother is dead, and her father dying; will she look bask in after .years to wish lliat she had died in that hour, or rather to bless the God oftho fatherless.' ? iMttr frtnH Norfolk. A letter from J'orlsmouth. speaking of a \ isit to the Tr<ivr> ripl printing office, say : ? ?'Iwent up in the office, and there found Fiske. our Mayor, alone at work at the press, and throwing the numbers off as fast as he could. All his hands are gone. Maupin's, Bilisoli's and Neville's, aie the only groceries open. We advise you, by all mcanti, not to return hero." The Richmond Dispaklt learns that Mr. Stephen .lames, an old citizen of Portsmouth, was buried on Saturilay. Two of his daughters were il) with the r?ver. Among the dead at Norfolk arc said to he Miss Chris tian, 1*. F. Heeling's child, George Summer's child, and two colored servants at Kane's Hotel. At I iedei icksburg over $o00 have been com vlhuted for the fuflersrs; 9180 at the Red Sweet springs, and $70 h) a few citizens of Petersburg at the Alleghany (Va.) flings Kcw? from Uucum Ayrii. commercial retrospect? imports and kxport* ? TUK SLAVE THADF? POLITICAL HEVTEW ? STATE 01 TUE CONFEPER ATE PROVINCES' ? YANKEK. EX PLORATIONS IN BOLIVIA. W e have nceivad nor files i>! Buonos Ayrof papers dated tu the I'tli of Juno The Patlcl of Uia dut c linn the following:? Ai rifpiid* manufactured gnoi'- ?c have nothing cheering or Mitls-fkctorj to report. The demand lor the interior that enlivened the latter half ol April, proved limiled in ex tent mid transitu*, m its durutiun. ? mi expectations from the Con t'odr rate Provi nrs have proved mi fallacious. thai we hardly venture to lunko them the pedestal of a hope for the future. We may have anticipated tuo much, and Ihi* we believe to be the grand error committed, and the origin ol the crisis in which we are involved : and now, that a revulsion of feel ing hn* taken place, we nre perhaps in danger of pausing to tin* other extreme, and committing a fecund error in I lw ie, tiliiution of the flint. In the meantime, there tore, it is the wiltr course for the foreign ni.iuutacture ? and importer to forget the existence of these remote and Ecmi desert Provinces, that require time to dige?t the surfeit they have received, nnd to call into healthy ac lion, we hud almo-it said existence, the return resources they uni|UCr.lionubiy pOMeOM. Fortunately, importation* ha\e latterly heen rnt a mo derate wale; and with the exception of given nrttel >s, to nuike up general assortments, they can hardly be too limit i d for >eveiul m> nths to come. 1 lour maintain* a high prteo, and ;heai rival* from the United Mutes have hitherto l??n too smell to atfoct the general market. The Legislature aeeras a* apathetic on the oubhi t of dear 1> 'end. as the government or police und nothing ha* yet been heard of the expected hilt to.' -n- l-i-in] ug the import duty on loreigu wheal. Altogether thf niiuition and proape ta of our export maike' nre gloomy; and ' n reference t" our marine lift it will 1* et-en I hut it large number of ve 'bis have cleared out in ballast, the tuo i oonclu si ve argument thai some thing i? wrung nee'! or can l? adduced. >1 caking ol liic politirjil ieLi lions oil he executive with the Conleilrrfite 1'rovincee the paper alda^?Mnco the treaties oi ftereinbi r and .Innuary last, we att not a?are that any ptogtosa has Iwn made in the great enterprise of national reconciliation, on the contrary, we And in the i res- <.i Km re Hio- and Suita I e, unuiistakeable symp toms ol ? hostile and * 'imuaion* npirlt, notdirecify ngain-l t he administiation of Buenos Ayres, but n^.iinst Individuals and in one ca-e, a public functionary of high *t? tiding In: 1 1 n. l pi aee i the most that ?ail be r.xpce ? .1 ; ami, judging from the tone ol the ? ire penitence exchanged bet wen the gen* fnl gi vernment and lint of (he province ol Corrientes, on tin- occasion ol the late iuvssion. w* must sav that there i. an evident l.i I, ol cii diality. and tewei guarantees of prolonged p?a < than could bo i|e?ii ed. V iih iln i xceplion of i ntre lUoa, Con ien'ies nod Uon ilorn. ill the rther jnovinces are nearh stutlona ry, n ? the point where the battle oft ^meros found lh< iii. Aftet a series of vicUsituilea ihai we nee l not atop to enumerate tin Oriental Republic ha- dwindled do wn to the k>wi -i s!a<e in which ? national entity can be re-ug i i ed; her population drcimatod, her resource* exhaus' ed, or mther annihih e<l ?nd hrr cniiimen'tel aituatlon and pi'i'*| ect hie- k > thI nnpromi-inK .11 tiuey cli 'iue to depict them. What i?mlm Is the ?oil, si present romparallvely worthies'", from the w.mi of live slock to tin ii it ti' account : and the only rhnin o wo rim si c of its reeasrltation witi^u a mude: iti term, touid In the re |i4irtitMin of i's hind- among Jsfri' ul!u; ,il Mttlers, for wh eh il i> admire I>1t adap'.ed. Tin m-oounts of party drifts and r.iWl w*r that reach ii ? I rem Bolivia Im hid n tiy hope of a pi ofltable comoier In I inteteoii! & a,-d .i recent law eatabliahiugnn Import duty of seine forty (ii ci nt on x.?d< i u ' rodnced from the Ar gentine prorinoe-. t- tuliiBMiilit to a -uspi n-iuo ol the trtilBi rtw impoitant trade liitbert ? maiutaino l frimi Nilta cad J-ijui with the llollvisii f ?oiler, may l>e cor shirred ?s at an end, ta the mutual pn jiulice ol the pa t ie- directly concenicil ri d *'-u of the importers into tin Itlvet IM-ite It i? a Mm tb tcoiil l have Isien di? |iens<-?l wtth at the p^-esem iiinuii n:, nbi u our linn/, in i* miIHi leatly turbid tii'in i th' i It is t r tr an adve nturous Vaoke< i- now xph rinjf the BrrMtJo, and perhaps President lieUuex|aet- a ill net i ?'uitnui.i aimn i-? :*itii .New Vo. k an I or Isverpool and ntoi,' ?. At all i Tents he ini.-ht have oe liyed the p ohlhi'ory im|s><t until tlu- ,,i ? c?l ilii\ ?t the Hue wa- laitly I'eni'in-trat^t. The ?'r<ipp i\ Canada West. \c??rding tulhv Tortmlo (XUmitt of the Hlh iaat.. the m. in poi ii<m ef the w bent crop in < nr.. ta Wr?t. nvtwithstaiMting th< preva lence of very unl.i vordtio ? . .-aher at tbe fce/inn'n* ul the haivest. ha? In -en Her n red in gutsl Miditi ?" ITie prSeiei 1 pal loss to the wheat ? rop, either from tin tie --me m or frroi the rain, lias hes^n in ih. w.-ts>re p.. ti,,n ?f ttie I 1'rovin "here sutni of the wheal li . U<rn badly j spioutort. fei the central eastern au<l nortbs rn portiw. wheie the grain did not riisoi so euriy, (he dantafe ln t no! 1 sen o great, and ft is b' lieted tb.M i,n the wh In. 'he en !? will I* uwire than an average The ha > efep lti* t*? n exicnulv ly damaged tiy the rain*, n*'*. lul1 ui enni, potatoes and ? >i rtiiji-* , give promt*' ef onusitsQy -iIiuihImi' i. 'turns. In regard to the quantify nf ifrti'n ?bet Canasta will have for export tin* oeasoa the (Umi'ii remarks that the ammint exported from tbe Province fur the three past tears, In wheat nnd flour, astimai uu ? nib I'Siiel >4 I'umr ss e.|tml to ftve bitshel- ol wheat was for Hu.'h U i "A.", IM8 . n.f?r,s?i 1M4 4,<H?1.077 ? I'rr^nniiiiif tie < rip ?.| ij*r pie-ent to reach of ex i eed *<>,W^t,ta''0 of bu-lii'lN, and allowing eight huatiels fiir each Inhatdtant for -hI and domestic u*r . there would l?e a snrplu* pi o<l uce '? - 1 ? xi oiutti n ot ten or eleven | millions of bushela '? rhia, " nays the ' Wo?? , 1 is j, o Isibly an over estimate but we glee it at U ,ng ixm?i lei a- I lily under other* tliat have bee i maile." The Common Council of Kocha-der have | m??l a ri oa I nrdinanee for the ereetb n of a wire ii-pe-ismf |r; | uvsr l.ene'et Ht the I OW ft f, i|w Ow EMton CtrmponfcBct. Entro.N, Pa., Aug. 22. lto&. ! County J tat* Mxtnup, Democratic and Am ricau? Ike Rutl-r Jfewwwiit ? <To* lUer-blatt of the. American Party RtpuduUvMi of the Liquor Law on All 8idr<, Jr 'Die people of thin borough have been in a ?tate of ex citement for the paet two day* consequent upon political manoeuvring* for the fell election. On Monday the de uiocratn assembled in rnawi meeting and flxed upon the time ot electing their delegate* to the County Convention, which body iv to meet on the the 17th proximo, and no minate candidate* lor county officers an<l members of the Legislature. The impression having been created throughout the county that the meeting was to be in some way connected with a movement for a grand reception ol ex -Governor Reeder, a large number of country people pushed their way into town, and the meeting was fully attended. It was even very generally believed that the ex-C.overnor would be present on the occasion, and ex plain matters in relation to his dismissal, anl many l>eople prepared themselves to see the administration cleverly skinned, only to meet with a disappointment in attending a common place old logy democratic mass meet ing. The belief that a reception was to be given Mr. Feeder extended beyond the county in which the rumor of hit being OKpectcd was designed to have the peculiar effect o! swelling the numbers of the democratic meeting, nud found its way, over the wires, even to your city and Philadelphia. Everywhere the matter caused I an interest, and has been the means of drawing hither quite a respectable representation from the couutry round, your correspondent among the number. But the meeting of Monday bad nothing to do with ex-Governor Reeder or his reception; It was simply a democratic meeting for county purposes only. Hon. Rich ard Brodhead addressed the meeting in his usually able manner, and was listened to with marked attention. He went through the usual routine of democratic armaments, touching lightly apon Kansas, slavery, and the adminis tion, of course. Mr. B. studiously refrained from all al lusion to ex-fiovernor Keeder and his troubles in his speech, and used his Influence to tho utmost t 1 smother the endorsement of that gentleman in the resolutions. When the Court House was found too small for the com fort of the meeting, and a motion was made to adjourn to the open air, Mr. Brodhead saw the Reeder leaven at work, and sought to neutralize it by striving to have the meeting continue in session in Ihe house. Butin vain lie tried. The |ied|>le were determined to have Keeder in seme sltape or other, and rushing pell mell from the Court House to the square passed a string ot resolutions to the following effect:? Resolved. That wo adhere to those republican and con stitutional principles under which in the Htate and tho nation the democracy have so often achieved u victory, and which have made our country the pride and wonder of the world. Resolved, That secret societies or organiratious, gotten up for political purpose#, arc at war with the genius of our American institutions and the true object-! ol repute lieu n government. Resolved, That we know no Northern, no Southern, no Eastern and no Western democracy, and that we will hupport no order, association or pavty, excepting the jircat democratic party, which, unde1' the constitution, know no North, no South, no Kast and no West, and tluit as citizens of one great "common1' country 1 we will fiown upon every attempt to alienate one portion from the other," imd every attempt to array one citizen against another because of his place of birth or his ' ' Resolved, That we disapprove of all laws which tend to abridge or interfere with the private rights of man, and deny the right of any legislature to force upon their con stituents u law which they had rejected ?t the ballot box us unsuited to the wants and wishes or a free people. This is a dig at the liquor law. .. . Heicis the music for Keodcr, and the cut for the ad ministration whi.h Mr. Brodhead wished to stave off:? Resolved, Tbut the manly ond fearless conduct ol An drew 11. Keeder, whilst presiding in the gubernatorial chair of Kansas, in resisting to the extent ot his power all encroachments upon the rights of the people or that Territory, in endeavoring to pre-ervc the purity of the ballot box and enforce the principles of the Kansas and Nebraska bill in their true aud honest sense, meets with our entire approval, and entitles Uliii to the thanks ol every lover ol light and justice. , , . , . Kcsolved, Thai as democrats, who have fought el.lo by side and shoulder to shoulder with ??ov. Keodcr, for the great principles of the democratic party, and as neigh bors und lellow citizen", who have long been associated with hini in every relation of life, we retain undiminished confidence iu his* personal and political integrity, and wilt gladly welcome him bock to our midst. Resolved. That we are in favor of the compromise mea sures of 1P50, including the Fugitive Slave lnwr, anl in favor of Ihe Kansas Nebraska act. which repeals tho Ml< souii compromise, and wbich provides for the admission (il ,niit Territories us States, - with or without slavery, us their constitution may prescribe at tho tl in# of their admission," it being the ??true Invent and meining ol said act not to legislate slavery into any Territory or Mute r.or to exclude it therefrom, but I o leave the peo ple thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their do nioti" Institutions in their own way, subject only to the constitution of the ITnlted State .. The resolutions embodied a COT dial response to the no mination of Arnold llumer as Canal Commissioner; an expression of approval of the course of Brodlioad and l acker in Congtess, and of the representatives in the legislature from county, und a sweeping condemna tion of the acts of Assembly increasing the pay of mem bers from $'t0o to >500; abolishing the tonnage tax on tho Pennsylvania Railroad, and creating banks througii oiit the State. , . the following is the characteristic ? Hiding up or the report of the Business Committee:? Resolved, That the committee* appointed lo hold the deli gate elecilons lie instructed, in addition to the usiioi credentials, to require i\cry man who is chosen a dele gate to sign th' following declaration, to be presented by the delegates from each township to the Couuty Oonven tion:? , , , ? The undersign, d having been regularly chosen as d? legates to tliedeniooratlc (ounty Convention do hereby voluntarily declare tliot we belong to no secret or publ'c politic;. 1 organization, other than the democratic party that we liave uu connection with the so-called ?' Know Nothings" and do not Intend to have. and we further ex press it a* our deliberate opinion that any man woo will sign Ibis declaration, who. at the same time is a memlier ot that Order, Is unworthy public confident and deserve* the scum and contempt of every honorable iftan in the community." , . The American party held its mass meeilng yeiterrtay In the square, and attended by a large number of entbusia-tic. patriotic and bard working farmers ol the county ?nd mechanics of the town. A more intelligent, respectable body ol men I have never seen together. B. 1). lleren, K?q., i f l.ower Mount Bethel. was elected Pre siilmt. ami It. K. Morn and .lolio l\ Gummier. Secreta l ies. Tli? following resolutions were I'ffete l and una nl Pdtiily adopted: ? Whereas, we believe that the American party lias n risen in response to lire a i- lies ol the poopl", and is an rn lsi'lie' rea' lion tt"tu the corruption and selflshi>cs.s of old lilgacizatiuns; and whereas, we lully accord with the le.-.cling prim ipl-s of rill Ihe platforms wuich have been publlfhed a- the exponents of Americanism, a? "Pi"'/ ? 1 to Ihe controlling foreign element in the other partio?; therefore. . Rev ived, That we adhere to the principle-1 ol ihe Aiee* lean |sn 'v . und shall continue to battle for them until on- office shnll be cleared of foreign Incumbents, and 'Anif-ricnns sliall rule America." Resolved, That while we accept, with filial reveron- e, the admonition of the Father of our tounlry, "U> be wine ol .(clionul parties," we will also jealously cherish the warning of Ihe immortal Jeflersoa, t? watch narrow ly the encroachments of foreigners t ho: r lusldious design- upon our government and its Institution . Resolve.'. That W< adopt tlie language ol rheums .fet ferson III .1 Icltei to ,lobn Jay. in 17W, as follows.? Na live eiti/.tDs, on 'cvoml valuable accounta are prefera ble to alien* or citizens alien l>orn. Native cittaeos p<i h sS on r language, know our laws, rust mis and cam nierce . Iiftvt general acquaintance In the I'nlted State giv. Is tl? i sallsfa^ lion, and are more to he relied on in p, lnt of I' .'el i 1 v To avail ourselves of unlive cltiaen* il apM-ai-s to me advisable declare, by Standing law. that no|er?on but a native eilizen shall b* capable ol hol l ing the ollice of consul." Ite-elio.1, Thai the l.ouisvill" Imged. isaneloquont c.mii.rnt upon the necessity and objects of our party, and tl at American blood shed by foreign hand* upon Aincricsn soil . alls loudly for ? more i ig.lant gnai dianship of lh> ballot bix, "amla dele. mined resistance to ?ll similar liitcrlopwce* with the right of sail rage. Resolved. Hint while th< American party was not in stitutiilto support s?>ctlonal latere t?. or to advocr t! auy pi inel|ic* apart from lho?e strictly nstlonal, yet, vain Iok ?> we do the | ermine no. and int.yuty ot t tie I'nh.n of our common country, we do not h'**itale lo pronounce the repeal of the Missouri ("niapi oiui*e a ae.-t Hagrant violation of a -ob-mn ???mpsct, di-giac.lul to its origina tois and nb.-tlors and u slaio upon the r.-iguiug ad ministration. lle-olved. 'IIjiI wliiU- drnoaaei' the out. ages that have grow n out or to |?-?ege ol Oie Kan*a< un l Ne 1.1 1. -Iru bill a? a legitimate eoTi?eq?ieniv ?>' the ? d(,r. trine . fp< ptilai sovereign' > advocated by the <Tenioer? ti.- isirly. VI t ?e a* promptly condemn !'i id. ut fierce I, his linii vim; timidity and want el "bar ktM ne." R.-solfi-il I'lial as inemlH'r ol the An*riean party of l*eiiu?ilvai?!a.we ane in favor ol tbf iio'asOi. t< *?le ot th pnldi< woiks, at i?p? price, rather thao t. h. ! I then* <*t.i'e iu?lilulion? fra "flieial corruptloo **? the sUpp..rt of iidminW ration i^n t.-ans. iV-olved, That ii .su u> h as the !axe? ?: out rate are . ,n,M on-. Ihioegh the Jong misrule of the de,nu, acy and gimt Inequality I?ists m the raising of theu., ?o that nntsinrr.queii'lj a mortgager and mortga^e^ure ?*s?v..^l lei l< -nine money. re<'omiuend sih-Ij a nelieal ? liangr in the oiuani. law. regsi "3 " * iftin. thm tlurr rim no of imi?n |?vi tl?f JUllC fkb|*-e t . | R. ilv.d I fiat we indignant!].' repel the r,utl...r?Uip ol tla> ? .lug l?w " msde by .iiir euemles: that It i no part i ..f ihe AiiH-ri. an platform, and ibat we are ? nteat to j le,.v. the entire question to tlM "iff. age o llie peotile. the meeting ??? addressed l.y ?r. Sinltli, of I'liiladal- , pl.iii wh" srs'i* neaily lhr> ho irs, ill s mi>-i plea-ant ueal efl"'.i?e ?tr?in. In the ev ntng there <?a? anetb*r iiM?'ting, which was largely ittoafi'd by la tic.. Hie efi. st teis jruly. i-iigh'tul . but ? c?un%i '? | ? rn Ion li. Hi. *?-?'tiiig hrok? up t U-vt i : pi I one, c? | |- ?' depr 1 1 ing ellh ? ' mini tion P h? up and dung in the . i us> n ? ..-i s 'id out * .si In th.s ortialy the Ans -mt- i v a h avy ibne'iatlc nv.jouly i?> ov< r-ouie t.*< .dtf/ougii tie m?r. i-|. .nd upi.ill tliey do wot .pi- ,. ?. be ills ? , . ?| Tl.ey r*e' quite -angu tie tli?* :l,ej mil ls> i,b e to c.. i ry tlieii tb t? : at t! ? en-mng .?!? 'on ? l.o;# th"! will not Is* dl-1. t l?irtod. -I 'ill t ii.-r he, 1 am ., they have grit to ? ry ..gain. A - I have before Inr miate.l, th. ? - i, u i ? : <n' . it Mr I. filler 'sdM rTjsyteil here is all a sham A letter reerntlv 'e?fved frow lilsprl'ale -rotary ? on'a tie I ib?' stall ment that Mr. Ree<ler wonld not l-ave the Terrt'orf until erme lime in 08l'?b<*r " the worst*, until iin-e 'ire ?? *?cti>l>ee;" ??re era?cl; fnd <U w? ?J ? mediately" subtrtitutcJ, making the announcement read : "the Gowraor will not Wvvve the Territory lramo ?liati'ly." Ilis friends here think ho will remain in the Territory, he having expressed something like a deU>r mi nation to do mo and tight out the battle an a private ci'izen which he began a* a public oCiclal. Ka.-t-on is truly a beautiful place, n i h its "Hummer harness" on, and a pW a-unt report to idle away a day or two. It is smart and active, too, and exhibit* that de gree of "soap" which gives evidence of future prosperity and importance. In appearance it remiml-i me of a pocket edition of a larger work, resembling Philadelphia in "on* horse ness" of style, primness of manner, construction of buildings, and general tout enmMe. But I have not time for particular*. S. St. Nary*! Church, Burlington, N. J. Insertion him been requested for the following state ment. in reply to an article in the New York Herald: ? Certain persons, seven in numbor, two ol tboin not paiishioners, addressed a petition in June last to the veetry of St. Mary's Church, alleging, in vague terms, the existence of rumors injurious to the character of the Rector, and requesting them to procure an investigation. At an informal meeting of the Vestry, the petition was referred to a committee, who, having satis tied themselves that the Vestry had no power in the premises, stated that conclusion, by their chairman, at a regular meeting of the Vestry called by the Rector. last week a paper was presented to the Rector, re questing him to "institute" an investigation of the ru mors alluded to, or to resign the Rectorship. It bad twenty-five signers, of whom sixteen are females. Of 011c hundred and sixty families, ten are represented. And this after several weeks of canvassing and calumny. No charges are brought. It is an allegation of tho existence of injurious rumors, certified as above. It calls upon the Sector to do what there is no provision for his doing. The alternative which it proposes is bis resignation. From the flrrft he lias put himself in a posture of defence, and snid, if you have charges bringjtheui. Their- attempt is to forco him into a proceeding which it belongs to thein to institute. He replios, like one before, whose arms had been demanded, ' Come' and take them." As to the signers placing "their absence from church in its proper light," it may be well to say that the church i? quite too full to lmve their absence noticed. And as to the church "Inngi'ishing," the New Yobk Herald is "the only paper that has the news." It is not known in Burlington. In the year ending with May. 127 were baptized, 101 con tinue.!. A PARISHIONER OF ST. MARY'S CHURCH. Birij.vuton, August 21, 185S. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. MONET MARKET. Thursday, Angast 23? C P.M. As wan expccted, the market was lower this morning, and the sales limited. As compared with yesterday's transactions, Erio fell off J; New York Central, J; Reading, Cleveland and Toledo, A; and most of the other fancies in proportion. Nica ragua was steady, and Cnmberland a shade better. In the bond market very little was done, all the orders per Pacific ? they were not largo or nu merous? having been filled np yesterday. Money is as easy as usual, five to six per cent being the current rate for demand loans. Exchange on London ranges from 100.J to 110. The following were the operations of the day at the office of the Assistant Treasurer of the United Btates:? I'aid on Treasury uecount $13,952 "8 Received on '? 156,038 33 Ralanceon " 4,231,560 06 Tuiil tor As >ay oflico 3,109 00 l'li ill cm (iinbur-ing checks 29,297 31 Alter the adjournment of the board, tbe following sales of bonds and stocks were made at auction by A. H. Nicolay.? >7,000 Toleilo and 111. It.H. 1 it mortgage, Int. added . .8.1 4,000 Cayuga and Su?pii'hunn.i !(. It. ' " ,.78^a79 3,000 Hushing K.K. " ?? <59 1,OCO Milwmkio and Watortown R.R. " ' 81 2,000 Cleveland und Pittsburg dir. 74 1,060 Col umbos, lh|uu ud inOiuua Kit. second mortgage, " o.'U4 4,700 Crawford Co. RiU. 6'*, 1674, 773* 3,500 MeTcer Co. (I'a.) 6'?, " 77,'.j 9 shares Colon Bank 120 & SO " Hull's Hcud Haul. 95 l,' 40 " Now Amsterdam Ins. Co 92 18 ?' Rcekman Fire Inn. Co 85>., 10 '? Williamsburg City l'ire lus. Co 99>i The annexed statement exhibits the average daily movement in the leading departments of the banks of Boston , during the week preceding Monday morn ing, August 20, 1855 : ? Ranks of Roarto.v. Ba flit. Jjntiit. (,'itvui'n. Atlantic 6823,055 $50,82.1 $262,078 $148,068 Alius 870,918 42 245 244,290 141.4'.".) fllaek Horn* 1,316,322 34,439 439,768 283,058 L!o-lon 1,000,008 112 738 044,685 216, (Ml BojUton 800,804 -8,519 311,049 212,074 Hronlwuv. 197,880 0,012 28.230 49.651 Cltv 1,447,996 51,917 292,881 131,06a Columbia ii 1,218,088 39,534 394,830 159,472 Comuieire 3,133,470 232,332 679,002 if 1,:il4 lagle 1 261,091) 90,841 488,918 179,716 Hiol 913,218 65.580 192.060 1 12,090 Fxcbr.nge 1.087,843 109,92:1 013.917 343.013 Faneull Hail 994,868 62,413 437,053 204,801 >'rwn:#nV 803,564 28,365 887, 354 18 1,2 <8 lilobe 1.072,164 137.826 305,812 103,362 Oranite 1,302,440 Hi, 916 304.004 107.210 Grocers' 1,228,483 81,980 .109,115 208,939 Hamilton *0,179 00,826 341,436 108.171 Howard Bkg Co. 828,113 48,537 202,254 175,831 MM 1,034,120 49,191 2.10,310 1411,281 M?s?rhuaot1>... 1,078, 030 78.010 31o,8ii9 124,511 Varerirk 0'.iK.254 22,522 145,087 196,019 Mechanic*' 430,087 14.839 130,244 129.281 Merchants' 5,790,989 262,883 1.464,277 194,325 National 1,079,271 60,(101 948,766 104.018 New England.... 1,484, 646 19,320 281,669 142,267 49,5119 367,467 158.831 North America . 1,161 ,919 84,089 372,938 171,714 Hh**mul 1,198.870 46,052 288,077 172,74 1 shoeaud U'a.l'ca 1,750,1>06 11a, 330 303.943 180 104 Stale 2,656,114 153,208 621,047 177,227 Suffolk 1,008,210 391,163 1,248,642 449,207 Trader*' 1.173.119 1,3,771 273,238 151.010 Tremont 2,OC9,0.'3 144,347 O11.07 5 296,939 f'nion 1.610,071 61,017 314,326 1 11794 Washington 1,190 082 54,(86 317.295 170,8(8 W*b?ter 2,493, .130 141,901 7"0.r.2l 388 510 Total $51,001 ,535 3,153,880 16,071,306 7,236,042 Tls: ?i>ove aggregates, compared with those for the previous week, exhibit the following result: ? A lift. 0. A itf) 13. Capital >toi k $';2,7 10, iKK) $89,710,000 V.> change. I nati.H anddi.i 51.490,482 53,001 535 Ini $111,053 Specie in I .am 2,989.978 3,163,886 Inc. 1*13,908 1 oe fri.Tu 'I'h.rr batiks j, 429,420 7.5o2,9lo inc. 7.1,490 Dun to other tank*. . 6,030.427 6,814,469 Doc u;, ?> .s I?epo?it* 14,758.471 15,071,306 I no. 312,811 < ircuhiliou 7,319,301 7,2!16,042 Iter. 83,719 11"' r< port of tlw hanks in South Carolina I'o, July, shows the foil' i wing aggregates of liabilities and roHoarces: ? lliM.s or Pin ? CaRoicn. Li nl.HUi Cnj.lvil, . $14,005,928 ? in illation 0.001,958 I ml folded profit* 1 437,777 !:?'<? other ImnkK in South Cnrolin.i 1.7.,8,;ifi" I'u" tanks in other utn'e? 679,672 Hue -tad Treasury 3,007,710 le.|*.*it? 3.230,000 Tolal 6."1. 201. 918 Hi l"i 'l rrt?. Spfieoii hand $130'', 730 Real 4 slate 587,012 BHI.ofothe. Mu 596,666 Rue fi'in other hank*. . 1,705,130 Uwt.. 12,642,624 P<.meiob bill- of cxchaiigt 6,280.903 Fuieign do. do 077.4^7 Pemls 1,822,133 Stocks 1.907.852 S|i-pcn,lc.| '2.019.042 i 'it from branch)- l. 603.090 Miscellaneous 320,941 louil 681,261,618 According l<i thin .-mtement tin su-qicnded debt ntuonnts to nearly one-seventh of the capital. The reniarks wo mmJo a tew days since relativi to the niuiuriu I condition ot the ( lereland and To ledo Koilrr?ul Company, hus called out numerous communications ?>u the hubjert. all of which agree with u-. in denouncing tlie company a< ao extravt g ant. i>aiikrupt concern. An immense amount o. money bus been *iuiindoretl in the construction o' the road, and the managers have rMortod 1 ? aii s<u-^ of tiiuncicriog to ki ep ap tbeir credit 1 mg enmjgfit?i m?k?' all the loans that may l<e re^nlred to carry out tlielr plan*. The st xkb'ddrTM are ver? little considered in (be-e fluanciul 0|<erali0n-?. It i* *o much m -re profitable to huild r.wi- tban it is to operate them, that the attention of Hie projectors of new line* Is dovofcul entirely to contracts, leaving the road, when completed, to other liamN to make the no>st of. My tl*e time tbe road re.i lies the liaivls of tlwvi- eh" ted by the st'n-kb'ddcrs to mio age it , the atnotinl of m may rej>i*.Ht nted by ?to' k and bond* i* so great thai the total not earnings in mn.-t itwtances hardly sulllc-e to prevent the accumu lation of a flonttnir deht after paying interest on funded debt, looving dividends entirely onl of the rpMsthn. Tbe nnnexed comtannication pla tin1 Clev? land and Toledo Railroad liaforethe public in a i learr r. plainer light than it has heretofore appear ed, and it is Mceasary for tbe jmtection of tlio^e who have been derived by the company's reports that such an Jaould l? given (be most ex tended pol ili' ily: ? Wfj.-nutv RoiaoAD Bt sulks. >->tncfii ibe ?c?t?rn ni ntuok" *re n*w innni" I T*ry much l^ond tb'-lr fine value. A? an in-tan'-o of Ibis, ? few ('???i* regaid to one of lb> in? tbe IVvc l|Atl i C'lfd' ? ?'?/ he of jg ?? r?-J, IV rej<o/; ijf road, made in 1R63, state* that the whole estimate! c ut of the two parallel roads, 2frt miles In li ngtli, forming the Hevelii nd and Toledo, including equipment, is $1, 600 000. By next vear's report it appears tfcat tbecostha I already run up to ?6.;.f4,7'.'U. By thin year's report, which has been kept buck -eve nil wei'ko beyond the usual time for fear of affecting the price of tho stock, It will be seen that another million has been added to the cost and debt, and at least a million will ho needed to finish the road ? thus adding at least $'1,000 000 to the cost a* Climated aud vtatea tor the two roads in there port of lfl&l. In April last a dividend of ten per cent was made in bonds, which, however, was not earned, $106,000 paid for interest on bonds being fictitiously net down an net income. TiiU in sharp practice, but in accordance *iUi financiering anio.ig Western railroad companies. Two railroads, parallel and close together, have been put in at a fictitious advance fan to one of theui) at 50 ier cent on its cost to make thin line. The business of the two roads is no greater than tho businesiot'one would have been if tlie other had not been built. It in subjected to the cost of keeping up two gushes, two sets of hauiln and two equipment! to do the business of one road over two roads. The cost of one these roads is, therefore, simply no much dead loan to the company, and the running ex penses consequent on keeping up two roadn for one bu siness are at least sixty per ceut instead of forty, an stated in the reports. The receipts of the road are exceedingly small for a road of its length and cost, averaging in summer less than $50,000 per month, and not over $800,000 for the year, while other Western roads of the same length arc taking nearly $1*00,000 a month in summer, an I over $2,600,000 lor the year. At present, thoreforc, its re ceipts on a capital and dobtof nearly seven millions, noon to be increased, barely cover interest and expenses. _ 'I lie road hits to contend with five distinct competitions, which must always be fatal to its revenues, in addition to the original swamping process of building two roads^ to do one business, and pt ting in one of tnern, (the Xor walk and Cleveland.) at a fictitious advance of fifty per cent on its actual cost . It has to compete, first, with the broad gauge Canada line, which, in connection with the Michigan Central, now taken tho largest share of the bu siness; second, for seven months the competition of two lines of first clans steamboats from Detroit and Tolodo to Buffalo; third, a new railroad lino just completed, from iSt. I/iuis to Cleveland, by way of Vtnoennes, oighty-ltvo miles shorter than the Toledo route; fourth, the prospec tive competition of a now line, equally short aud of bet ter grades, nearly finished, from Chicago to Cleveland, by way of Fort Wayne and the Cincinnati, Columbus and Cleveland road. Under these disadvantages and competitions it is utter ly impossible that this line, with only one road to sup jltirt, could be worth par. With two lines to kcop up anHjupport? one id'them u dead Ions ? it clearly is not worth lialf as much ah with one, by reason of the waste and increased cost of doing one business over two roads. Yet tliis stock, including the Peter Funk dividoielot April last. lias gone up exactly 100 per ccnt, or from 52 to 03, dividend off. This plainly shows that tho race of Hats and the greenhorn family are far from being extinct ? tho old pi ice of 52 being far beyond its intrinsic value. 'Ihc substantial accuracy of tho tacts liore Atlted, will not and cannot bo called in question. The trick of declaring dividends out of nithing In per formed in this way. Annual receipts say #HOO,OOJ; run uing expenses and repairs. 45 )>er cent. $360,000; interest on $1000,000 of bonds uud lloatlngdebt, $'280,000? Total, $i',40 000. Net receipts, $100,000, or only 5 per cent for the whole year on $11, 000, 000 of stock. Hut this state ment is fallacious and far too favorable, simply because Ihc running exfieiiHi s and cost of keeping up two roads is actually over CO per ccnt, instead of 45, as grossly un derstated in the reports, and, of course, tho uet earnings are just nothing at all. The next step is to sell bonds enough at 60 or TO, or some other enoimous .sacrifice, to pay 1 1 m s e delusive and wholly unearned di\idends, and no\t year another million of fictitious capital and cost figures in the report. Thus the bubble is swelled up until It suddenly bursts, and leaves the glorious army of flats with their heads sti"king in the mud and theii heels helplessly kicking in tho air. Thus the Pittsburg and Cleveland Railroad went on m ik ing l'ctnr Funk dividends of ten per ccnt which wore not earned, until the fungus burst and the stock wont to Ho. Yet the receipts of that road of one hundred miles, in July. wer? $15,000 greater than those of tho Cleveland anil Toledo of over two hundred miles in length. The Tolodo lins si ill fifty miles of road to build, namely, t'r.wu Ota ft on to Cleveland, with a bridge, twenty-five rallo; and from the Junction to Swunton, twenty-five miles more, custiug in all over $1. .00.000, besides good de pots, which will cost some $200,000. It is, beyond all doulit, the greatest and emptiest of the railroad bubblos, even ofthe West, a region prolific in -ucli bubbles. I am gla l there is one paper independent enough to speak the truth about these roads, and not join in the base game of puf fing tliem, to the cieat loss of the public. CIVIL ENGINEER. The following aiticlc on mining in general, aud copper mining in particular, from the Boston Pott of the 14th but., contains matter of iutcrcst t) all who may be utock holders in productive or unpro ductive companies. A very large capital has been invested in this branch of industry, and the time is not fur dittn nt when we shall sec it in a condition as prosperous as in any other part of the world: ? t'< Ti'KR Mmrxo. The supposed risks attendant upon mining operations, unil the positive mismanagement of very ninny miniug companies, have succeeded in proventle}? our caution* nmi solid men, fur the must part, from taking any inter est in the iwdiiynawt of the wonderful mineral re source* of this country. It In true (hat a considerable nuinlci of energetic. far teeing, and enterprising peo pie l.nvt* fur year* been eufrMgod. for l*v;tnncc. in copper mining on Ijikc Superior, ami that those gentlemen, huv log once informed themselves thoroughly upon the sub ject, haie confldcntlv held their shares, nmld all the fluc tuations of tlie market, for the ultimate profit at which thP> orlglnully aimed. It in true, also, that this number of persons Is steadily increasing; but, nt yortheless, the '?copper shares" of the Boston and New York markets have i*o often been the acceptable food of meie specula tors that, in tpite of tin accumulated and constantly ar riving fiicts respecting their real value, most people even now. are apt to consider one who speak* in favor of them as rather lucking in Judgment and ci|ierionei\ Hut "the truth is mighty and will prevail." If time and money are needed to open n mine properly, bo it ever to rich, and us faTorahle or unfavorable l.ict* of condi lion or iniinagvincnt are known in the stock market, and as money is tight 01 loose, the copper shaves, like ( very thing < l-e and like all non-dividend property more par tlciilnrly, *111 go up and down, be they ovei so well field, nnd he the confidence in them over so Ann. I'nj after day the work of developoment goes slowly, hut i-u rely on, and tbcre is now good ruason for believ ing within a twelvemonth there will be quite an in cicuseintlie ntiolitr of dividend-paying copper mines, and that thereafter the roost cautious ?Hl not con-idor the wonderful nnd admitted success of the Cliff and Min nesota mines to lie the only two prize* among the many Idnnka in the lottery of l ake Superior. In the meantime the friends of copper mining, (not of Copper excitement and copper speculation,) mnst keep such facts as can he gathered before the |n?ot'!c. Tliey must obtain the truth, and nothing hut. the truth, from their agents nt the take. Rnd they musl tell the truth to those >\ In m they -et k to convince of the great value of the Clipper legion. 'II e copper product of lake Superior th's year will not Is. le?s than tons ot puie ? opper, worth m ire than a inilli' n and a quarter of d<llar*. The ''Minnesota," that earned and |uiid la t year uuhidewl of 1 10 per slime. Iia- thI-< yeat incieast I i's pro'luct i!ti per cnt above tl.i.t ot ih> oorroint mJlug mout lis of ls??4. Tue ' t 'liP" mine ( i'o.-km and littabuig) has Just declared a semi-annual diiidcnd of eight dollars per slisre. and its average n .onllily product since Jannuary 1. 1K5, has cx eceileii 100 tons ot roi ^h eo| pi r. In litis mine the inln rs are now exjMMil g me ; 1-ge t ma-- of virgin cop^r ev-'r discovered in the wori 1. It is .00 ieet in length. and is ? -tin. ati d to weigh ."tto ton-. In the lollf i ' mile . al -O, > * nnss has Is- m lountl ot first tsr. con sidetlng its small distance from the sur Ikce It U not Vet entirely exposed, hut the lowe t e-ti mate of its weight is liOtonx. and it is p uoal.l" thai ii wefghs mi. eh more. Hie bj I esoli t?l stamp- at the 'loltec are now in t ill operation. Tin y are engage t upon tl.i teiu - 1 e IV taken neat tlifl surbtue. Hint which i- now ob!uin<sl is of a very rich quality, nnd the future monthly prnduet of the Toltec, in mass. barrel and stall. |>- work, of all qui lilies miy be s i tely ict down at ??0 tons. I he produ"t of tlie year MM) will largely exceed this. It is c n i Icre j that "ilmut #to mm per it it ii u in I* an ample sum to work a tolerebly licb and wi ll equipped mine to a moderate ex tent, >ay to the pr?diictioB of .MX) 10 500 tons 'f rough metal. A mire, therefore. like the ? Toltec," that ean now pioiiuct' 8t'0 tons o| rough copper per unnum. Is really eamtnr s dividend of Iwo dollars per -hare, nl though that dividend may be d' f"i ed for n season by the difficulty of xelting I he nietal to market , ami by the ne cessity ot taking the avails theieof to "finish up" the mine, in lieu nl tailing upon the proprietors for further assessments. Of coui-ae. the expenditure ot a mine in ci ? ase* with the product, but if tin v> in be rich in barrel work and ?i??*os. nnd the mine systematic ill; tlevi lopeil. the |?r o ntagt- of im na-r in i*; eii-es is cnin|iaratlvc|* light after a product of '.00 lon? or Jini.Outt is nb.aiiieii. Thus a mine producing Wtnr of oi . h copper per ao num would prolably male .?? net profit ol MO.OOO oi shi. Ii is < t, make an exart edtiuate ol mining | roflts, ?ta<e the quality of Mck v.-.u is from that of all others wldle there are various ?yst?m. ot mansgrnteiit and numbeiless digrees ot exoeileiier. Bat we tieli. ve our Tguic are lather within than without th? truth, and iiiilcni many ol t hose who should I?e?t in formed upon the matter, will comidcr imr e.llmites ol proltl u |; I gcihei loo -mall. fhe acMiol shitments el the ? Tolti this <eas.n will ? Xi f<i| . no hundred ti m About <ixiy tons have al etvly Is en Nfeived. Kf '*ond to noni oi tiie non-dividc mi mines, in p odm-t rnd in prosi ei is, i- ihe l-le Koyale." i'ver n this riin was tirct di-cover isl m.iny Imv.- p:e iicied thni it Wi tiki r-jsidd) "irin out. Iliey dr laicd it wi u a bcl, und not a vt'in ul ell. It has n..i jret is'i ii ex i -ted, hi'Wi vi i ind tli" third level, as apnea rs |,v reeent letters iniu the snperint ???dent, ?? quite as rfi'h ? ? anything sin ?i i',. Sixteen hand ot stimpt lui^e been in operation ti i fiitne mnitths. and eight heeils addtllomil are now limning. By the < ml ol Angu't thirty-two he.ids will ??' in full opention, >lne? the np?nin(f <d navigation i t, rs cf otigh copper 1 nvi lieen received in IVis'on liotn tie 1 le i.'oju'e.' Till- quantity 1, now in tha hands of flu i'evete Copfer Company foi smelting and solo. The suf i inti ndem promises fhtrty ten* monthly Willi the ctose i.t iia vija tii.n. I lie actual product of July. w. tli but one week'- use of s?>tein heads of starups, *?!" thirty tun tons. I hi '? Isle lloysle ' ts working ou a v ry Wide, hut rather irregular vein, In pouit of ev< nn -ss ground . 1? Is Intersn r ^5-1 with hi n. h< s ofc ipperof gient ?lz? and r,cl ness. "Uwe Jannarjr, the directors have settled a. ci un(? With tl* fomn r mpeiin endent ami the oorapaliy |s res lly tlYOOO io M0, M0 hotter off tlr,n it waa state<l to he in the animal report. Hotlt the Toltec" o?l the "I?le Koi?l?" I'/efMIM will ?lr?-nn pu?ly tn le.ivor to get alot c withont further astes'on n?s. although It l? not ini - j)iM*?tbW with 'he itlrers accidents and delays Iqenleut to a iltstniit tnisine-s a ino leratc anm may be repaired to mriy them through the .-oming winter. Hie "f? llee" vein is of great lewth. richoe?- and regn lariij . and I" ? prime favorite of all the visiters to the copper country The ' Isle Boy ale." iu additfrm to the i r ii "!W khi?h i|tr camfiaj ii pu? workup, ha* , the turnout) "Portage" rein running parallel to the ''lute Rots to." The "Forest" mine has disappointed many people, in ? onscqut of its Urge expenditure ?B'i its delay tn dividends. Tlie treneurer, however, writes us that "it In his opinion, niter a careful investigation of the mine and its resources, during a visit of several weeks, it only require* the stockholders to be true to their interest in the vigorous prosecution of mining work to brin^ it to :i highly profitable result.'' ^team power has recently been substituted for horse power with great advantage. The treasurer writes that "all the requisite machinery and surface improvements, which have neccsfarily involved a heavy outlay, are now completed, and the whole working force at the mine is applied directly to mining and stamping. The produce of the mine from the 1st of January la?t ti> the month of July, amounts to 206,291 lbs., made up ot the following descriptions, viz.: ? Mas,,es S.8A3 lbs. Barrel work 76,761 " Heads, or cover work 42,661 " No. 1 stamp work 03,785 " No. 2 do 18.346 ? 1 beg to call your particular atiention to this classifica tion of the yield of the vein, us there is an erroneous im pression abroad that the Forest vein is dimply a stamp work vein ? and these facts now gives you will refute that impression. The proportion of mass, barrel and cover work, as shown by sis months' working of the mine, in cludes sixty per cent of the copper takon from the vein. The National Intelligencer of the 14 h instant given the annexed account of the cost of transport^ tton on railroadu and common roads: Cost oy Railway and Highway Transportation. If there be any man in tlie country who has not made up his mind to believe in the utility of railroads to an agricultural district at a distance from market, we think the subjoined table, which seems to have been prepared with great care and accuracy, will relieve hfm from all further hesitation or doubt. It is so long since we cut it from one of our Western exchange papers that we have forgotten to whom the credit for it should be given; but it will not be the les.t interesting either for its age or our ignorance of its origin. The object of the table wan to show the comparative value of u ton of wh'vit and one ot corn at given distance* from market, as affected by the cofl of transportation by railroad and over tbe ordinary road:? Railroad. Ordinary Highway. Wheal. Corn. Wheat. Corn. At market ,?4!) 50 $24 76 >43 50 $24 76 10 miles 4'J "5 26 60 48 00 23 LM 20 " 49 20 24 45 40 50 21 76 30 " 411 00 24 15 43 50 18 75 40 " 4'J 00 24 15 43 ;>0 18 75 50 ?' .48 75 24 00 42 00 17 26 ?0 " 48 50 23 85 40 50 15 75 70 ?? 18 45 23 70 39 00 14 26 80 " 48 IJO 23 55 37 50 12 75 PO " 48 15 23 40 33 00 11 25 100 '? 48 00 23 25 34 60 9 75 110 '< 47 85 23 00 33 00 8 27 120 ?' 47 70 22 95 31 50 6 55 li? " 47 55 22 80 30 00 5 25 140 ? 47 40 22 05 28 00 3 76 150 " 47 25 22 50 27 00 2 25 160 " 47 10 22 35 25 50 0 75 170 " 40 95 22 10 24 00 0 00 180 " 4tt 80 22 05 22 50 0 00 190 ?? 40 06 21 90 22 00 0 00 -WI ?' 40 50 21 75 19 50 0 00 210 ?' 40 35 21 00 18 00 0 00 220 " 4? 20 21 45 16 50 0 00 230 " 40 05 21 30 15 00 0 00 240 '? 45 PO 21 15 11 50 0 00 260 ?? 45 75 21 00 12 00 0 00 2(0 " 46 Of) 20 85 10 50 0 00 270 '? 45 45 10 70 9 00 0 00 '-Ml " 46 30 20 55 7 50 0 00 290 " 45 15 20 40 0 00 0 00 .'(00 " 46 00 20 25 4 50 0 00 310 " 44 85 20 10 3 00 0 00 320 " 41 70 19 05 1 50 0 00 aw ? 44 r>5 19 80 0 00 0 00 It Is thus rmtde evident that a ton of corn , if carried 170 milc.i to market by the ordinary means of transporta tion by wagon, will not produce one i-ent more than it has actually cost thr grower, its whole value being ab sorbed by its conveyance to market; while if transported the same distance by railroad the net proceeds of its sale would be more than $22. The transportation of a ton of wheat, by the ssine calculation, would exhaust its Value at the di-tancc of 330 miles If made in wagou, while by the railroad It would be worth more lluui $6 beyond the cost of gettiug it to market. These arc stubborn and striliiug Ihct-, which no Ingenuity of reasoning Can over throw. They are sufficiently plain to be understood by every fanner, no matter what his distance from market rruiy be, and they will no doubt have their Influence in determining his derision when called upon to subscribe to the stock of a railroad compnny passing within conve nient reach of his own granaries. This however, is but one view of the practical benefits to be derived from the extension of railroads to the states and Territories of the Union that have no navigable si reams lending to the great marts of the Country. In a political point of tiew it might be readily shown that the advantages would be still greater of multiplying such means of intercommuni cation. but they nre too obvious not to rtrike the atten tion of statesmen without a word further from us. ?4CKI0 Keut'y 6V. . .. 1HK) Ind J-'te 5V. . . . 17500 Virginia fi's . . . 4500 Calir a 7'c. '70. LOCO Kric Cv IV. '71 (?(100 F.rie Bda,'76 b'i 3000 do '83 * 600 111 C m RBBd*. 15000 do b80 5000 do C 6000 111 Fret Bh.IhS 9000 NYCI1R1I*?3 1000 do lO 3000 T II *A1 lid M B 1 00 N Y Con Cert . 500 (1 k Tol I)iv lis 6000 LK W&.-LLI Mm 1000 liar lilt Mtg It* 10 shs Ilk ofCou>.l>3 110 44 Ilk of Republic.. 125 10 Ilk of \ America . 25 Corn Ex hk 2a O lift-* Til Co.. 150 Canton Co... Mi" 100 do c tW>0 NU Trans Co. . .c 1(H) do *80 300 Cutu C. al Co...e 200 do MO 100 do s.t> f>0 N Y O n HK 50 do BR.... do Stock Exchange. Wkdvk-dai, A ii/ml 23, 1855. 102 8f.?, Of) 87 Ji Rd 91 X 101 87J?" 8K 87% 91 ?i 01 % 91 % 64 m; 85 83 91 ij 100 sliw Erie I Ml. 100 400 50 100 200 110 20 100 do., do . do., do. . do. . do. . do. b.10 . *30 . h3 ,r20 .nfiO ,b30 . .s3 MO ..*3 .biO lofi 10a 150 Hurlein RH. 200 do 200 .ii btM) 50 do 2<H) llud It Kit 200 Heading RH e 150 do 100 do -.tO :ioo do :i77 Mich Cent KB... 150 do MO loi' 200 MSJtN I BR bGO 104 110 do 104 5 M S k N IaConat 98 'i 5 do 98'i 50 <;?l it Chic Kit. 03 111 100 CI h Tol KB . HtiO 80 54 \ MJa 54 M)i 51 'i 54 '? 54 54 63 29 291. 2?V ??a 98 ?4 08 98?,' 98* 10H4 f50 Kri< 100 10<i vim 50 i (Anton Co do boo 50 do ?fiO 250 Nle lians Co. . e HOO do 1>?4I Ml do . . . MO 10 I 'on n Coal Co... 40tiCum Coal Co. h<Ki 100 do 100 do bM to N Y Cen RR . . . . - 1 4 27 20 V, 20 J* 28?J 29 % -8? 1>30 102* ?10 1C2K 54 bid 54>4 BBCOND BOARD. c 27 JOO iih? Kri MU) .b?0 200 I i 100 KR. do do, do . 27 ?.'01, 20.U 20>4 10' <, mi ?.8 ? 102 J, fcs'-i 100 100 ;ioo 100 25 do 200 do . . . Uri 20 Ch b HUM Itil. KR..* M 100 do 21) do 100 HI Cen 20. tol ?tk 5 Mich Cent KR. . . 100 Reading RR..i>3 800 d<. bflO 400 do b3 100 do 010 100 do b'l 1?) do I.'tt 5" 126 III Cent KR..,.h8 5 Gal h C'bic Hit. . ? 53 50 a k Tol KR. . WO b3 5 \ 150 do 80 89 89 ?? 89 v 80 if 80>i 08 \ 53^ 53 1, 53 >, S5& 101 V, 98 98 08 97 Ji 97 \ 9R 07 110,* 84 88'.. ( ITY TRADE REPORT. Thi BSDAt, An*, ti ? 0 M. AsIiIh ? ^'innll mlc- were mad", without chunge .n price#. H*K.*i.j.-n >r*. ? I lorr ? The mnrkot wns rather more tic tito without any material change in pricne. flic trnn? n.'ti. na tinbrac d about 8 'iOO a 10J100 h'lU., including c. mmon to good tntc ' $7 87 ? f 8 25 an I l;incy. with extrn, at $8 26 a >9 25; Wo tern common to "xlra, $8 5<' r> 59 50, and extra ( > n. .ee ku-. ut 410 75 a 912 50 ?<n.oi'g <he ?ule i ueri '.'.1 00 or 3,000 btilx. .'.munoo, inont ly at ?7 87. Kii.l to have been made for ex(<ort to I iietpool, l.r>ndnn and the ltriti.?b proTin.*^. Canadian wac in light Btippljr. with nnuvll calcs at pr.-vioii" raU'?. "ouihetn w u s in bitter demand, ?itb -mtoa of atmut 1 5G0 libl*.. at pri. o* Tanging from *0 25 a $10 fur th( whole >aog>'. Whoa* ? Th" market wa* ca?icr. Hie ?alo^ .?n.brmfd about 10,f(Kl a 12,000 I'mdioU Southern, includirg Kouthi-in icd, ut *1 90 from tlie dock, lo il Hi'., delivered *1 95e. for amlx-r colored, and 12 a $2 10 tor white. Corn was bettor, with Hale* ol about 1^0,000 a 65 000 bu-hel* We>torn mixed at 88c. for in'ci lor tr 00i . f. r irK'd -ouii.l i|uaUly, bat clc?>d rAthni dull at the higher flrnre. Rye ? Akh-i. of about 1.600 biifbeli wore made at 91 0":,' k nnd tt 04 a 51 06, the latter bring en outside figure. Cat-' were ncarco, with moderate ?ale? at 6fie. a file, for .Mate and Weitern. Cornmrwl wnn ncaice, and held at .*4 75 for Je^ey Coirw. ? Tin market wh* firmer. Sales were i?o lorate 500 bugs ol Rio Bold a! 11 V- ? ll>i?e. , 300 do. I agu.i_\ ra. at lie. Corro.x. ? The market wi- ijuiet with sale-i of alioitt 400 a 500 bal<*?, bti?od upon middling uplande at about 1< V a 10*,e K*M' hi?. ? There \iiii more olTei ing tor 1 jterpool and l.ond. n. To the foiin. r ,.buu! 20.000 btiNbel" of corn, in >>ii lie . ?ero eiigaged at 3,S|C. About 5o0 ba't-a of coin pre ?e<I cotton at 6-Pvd., and about 8<j0 a 1,000 bbl? Hour at 15<1. To lonlon, 20,000 lb*, whalobon' i^eio engaged at !,d.; SOU bbla. .lil'-ake at 15.1. 15 iciih camwiiod, at 15' . and a oon*i.ler?bl? lot of Hour at pitrnte termf. To Antwerp 7,000 bnahel- of corn were engaged ut 15e., 14 ton* measurement g.>clt at 25<.. .' 0 hbd*. toboeco at SO'., and a lot of ocdar wood at 25?.> h to Havre were ? teady, though without -hange ..f moment in rate- lo California tbty rangi d from 32 '4< a 3 to. I er foot, and at : 5c. a 40< . for A'i?.trjlia. Hat ?"nail ? .)<' were making at 70c. ?? InoN ?Scotch pig in raall h't ? w.ia at 5i?2 f 12 50, si> niinth?. I mb. ? The movement noticd pr>Viou?!y wa? eon tlniiod. and within two .lay* the aak< :.?v reached about 900 a 1 00? ton Including in part foreign, Kngh-fc. nnd Soanifb at fl 18<\ an.l (ialena atfiXiO. The market cl"M-d ijid'e firm w.ih lilghet p!.ten?i..n- on the pa. t of h< l.ler? MotAfFW ? Th? m.itV?' w,i? firm, nith i mall aa!e? ol Vew Orleans at 3*v Savm. ?*TOH>3i. of 200 hbl?. spirita were ma le at 41c., and 500 bbl?. tot- ii!.t$l 72 ^ J>er ^10 lbs. , deliv i ed. I kovwio** . ? I'ork ? Ti e market ?a? 'xeluvi and active the Hnle? embraced about 2.000 bbla., lncl.'dlng iew miw> which opened at 920 70 and clo?ed at *21 5'. New priip.' at 918 50 and old me- - at 920 50. Heef? fhe taloa . mbraeed 200 a .100 i.til including onntry nie.? at 911 75 a *13, and 911 lor jiumcd ? ( hi. ago i<(w kad wa? at 915 75 a 916 25. Cn; mia'" ? >-nlo< aeie ma.l? of50hhd> dry nailed ham at 11c. Ja:d? ;n?i a 40t> b.d were ?..U| at 11 V B 11 Sic- Bottoi wasonihai^', while -rho"^ Waa oiling at ft' a 9>jC. Bi. K ? Hmall i-ales weie making at ? *,? a Smsabs were active and Arm the ?, 1. embraced al?>ut 2.000 hhd*. Oiba muaooiado ?t i.', -. ? 7 '4c., In e|mle?l tn whieh w?? a lot of Porto Be n at 7 <, *. W n anrv ? Hair s of ro bbl?. Stat, prison < -re ira<le t n arrive, at 42c., 100 do. 'ifcioat 4tc.,60do Vew Jerv?? at ***?> ^ws^a at tic.

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