Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 24, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 24, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES OOHOON UECNMKTT, PROPRIETOR AN I > KIHTOK. trr?'U'ic n. w- ooKNBti or n assap and rtrLTON sts. 1 MJ. MS. f iKlorlfx*. rHt I JJLV ItriiAI.n rml* prr ??fip $7 p>r MP M * tk L I HKHaLD, rtry ^dayUy ut t'> '? nmu prr vpy rr %tmrr tuui 'm; Ou Bwufxnn aHhmi. fa ptr Mmum, fci ??* r<Hrtnf Html tin but. .<r $."> i? 'Uiv o/ CA? HtnHnnU. hnlk to ptrltiur.. VOL C/A TAK Y Ot)KKf!SPONl)F.X('E ' OAltnninti important rl, *< Aicilttl "1H a?v iptuilrr o) tfie uurkt?i/ uml will he ally paid for. BtrOv Kcnifciuw OomtEgroHciBirre abb P A Hlli L'UAKLV KkUUUTCU TO HEAL ALL LUTTKKS AND PACKAGES ?XT C'H. .VfJ ftOTlcF. Uikrn cf anmirnoun oommunicalion*. We do not ftftarn tht?* rtirrUtt. JOB HHIKTING mrculni with nnUtum, cJuapneM and AmV?J Li h il< VEBT1SE UEXTS rcnrutd retry day. T?lnmr XX No* 834 AMV SEME NTS TT1IB EVKNINO. ABOADWAY TREATRE, Broadway? ThI Tdhee-FaCBD JlANSLTTE AND JEANNOT. HIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway? Hiss Prifl? CiifDBBtlLA. iOWEKT THEATRE. Bowery? Ihkland AS It Is? III AKD C?Tf OK PLACl? IHIBB Know Nomina. METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Broadway? Mehkt Wives ?t WisisoH. HOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanic'* Hall, 472 Broadway. Hew York, Friday, Augiut !J4, 1855. The New*. The proceedings of the National or hard shell De mocratic State Convention, which assembled yester day at Syracuse, may be found on the first page of tn-day'u paper. They embrace tho details of the or ganization of ihe convention, and the resolutions and address adopted as the platform of the party for ?he ensuing campaign The resolutions reaffirm the adherent e of the national democracy to the princi ples of '4ft and '62 , insist upon the principle of non intervention with the domestic institutions of the States, denounce the Know Nothings, oppose the ?oe reive liqnor law, .and invite the soft shells individually to come into the fold of the inflexible^. Au attempt at fusion with the softs was most unce ?eniocioaply treated. The address opens with a brief history of the democratic party since the free ?oil defection in 1S44, animadverts upon the existing state < f paitics and the administration , and clearly ai d in reservedly defines the principles, both of na ttuiul . nil State policy, that guide the national de mocracy. The Convention aijjourncd at midnight. A despatch from St. Louis states that the free soil torn of Kant-as, to the number of six hundred, held a li.i'ss convention on the 14th inst. Of course, the Cee*iugH and opinions of the meeting were in direct ?ppositicn to those entertained by the dominant party in the Territory. It was resolved to hold n contention on the 5th of September, for framing a ?emtiti.tion, with the view of making immediate applicati< n foi admission into the Union as a State. President Pierce, who is at present in Virginia, is said to he suficring from a severe uttack of chills and fe^er. i Advices from California to the 1st inst. are now fcliy di e at this port. The Census Marshals of this city have concluded Heir lali rs, and the result, so far as the number of Hie population is concerned, in given below:? Warns, 1830. 1840. 1850. 1665. hvr. D,cr } J 1. UV7 10,629 19,751 l:i,'Jf>3 ? 6 507 * 8>-02 P^'18 6 i' 5.1 3, -.'40 ? 3! WHS J ?.e?? 11,581 10,355 9,131 ? 1-04 ?f 1' ,705 15,770 23,-50 23,660 400 ' ? i 171^2 19,150 2"i.686 21661 105 ? 13.417 17.199 24.699 23,639 ? 1060 I 2'..i Co R'.'.tV.iO 8a)r,06 _ 181 ? B UR-; 1.3 34,612 3-1 150 ? 450 * 24,795 40,t,57 37' 059 _ 35118 JJ 16,138 29,093 23,316 25,304 1 988 ? ".J1"] IV" -l.'iT.'.S 53,: 34 9.570 ? f;; ll.flfR 10. 151 18,461 8,000 _ h l-,?55 18,516 '.8,246 26,298 1 018 * 14,870 .0 '.'30 26.106 20,912 1,716 ' _ " ? 17.769 22 5C>4 ,.,3.776 1 212 J* ? 22,275 62,882 40,680 ' 2 202 *' ? J8,0J2 4.1.7* 3 00,952 17.189 ' ? ? ? 31,646 89 861 8,306 _ ? ? 18,406 18,814 379 ? 2f (n?w5 _ ? _ 46,926 ? _ nivvw) ? _ _ 20,476 _ _ ?22 (ww) ? _ _ 23,073 ? _ Total. ?03 20. 811 lucjfase since 1850 lC8,'i34 It appears fr< n t is tlntthe population comprised within be tv.cnty two i\ardB, in 1S55, amounts in n-ui d numbers to six hundred and thirty thou sand, and the increase in five years to one hundred aiid rine thousand. \s we have heretofore re II nked, tLc IrcreoFe i less 2 linn was generally an ticipated; bat the result exhibits a steady advaucc anciimj uid ? I. proc? ding periods, and is, there toe. quite t; irctery. Ceurcilmaii Horatio N. Wild was chosen on Thursday night an the Know Nothing candidate to rcpiesuit the I i:th Senatorial district in the Stite Sena'e. The struggle in convention innst hive been h hibi.riouf) one, as it whs n"t un' 1 the fiftieth ballot tlii.t ri( n.ination win < ffected. It rn.iy be iiapoitanl lo the law-abiding citizens of tiiis n ttropolis to know thai there aro just six per nor- within the boundaries 01 Mnnha tan Island who an- crrdly authorized t'> di^p.'n-'o ardent spirit-i i t with the provision* 01' the Prohibitory I.iij"er law. Sue, i- tile in t: and we give elsewhere an in'ein-tiiig account ol thebo.-int is operations of the- e half do7.? n licenced dc.-ers, including their tr.iiiiof pricc-., anil -oine statistical information de Telqin-r a lament. hie state <>f public health i;i the v>- M'y 0/ the ( :rsc )i '. i.'ue ii'juor shops. '/???? > nimiitce ol AlJeiuion r:. pointed U? investi gate tb<> clmivesof corruption brought a ainst Al ?-u:ui! M ser met yesterday. Uderma-i ilerriok re*"fd to cnt< r rip>n the inq iry nn!e?8 specific C'1 * jii'e.erti d. m l;c? ciju^n. after some oon \ei-e' . ?:> whiih i- del ailed 1 your raportei in an otmT co icn. I lie , inmittee adjourned. 1 he c< nip .tu :? of Coundlmen char ed with the *v.>ti-R, on of certain charges against Column sioaer 1- ure.s n.t y ester, (ay, but eli ited l.ttlo of im po:' "!ice. 1 lierc icems to he a disposition to keep L. k Ustiiai j in rtvi reuc- to this matter. ( oan eil-rau i'ineki ey astonished the audience by inform np thrm that ihe member? of the C'.iininoi Council are very hone- t ni ,i upright men. Hi cnos Ayrcs pspers of June !t have been re ci'i' ed. ,\'j lurih. r p.- ??^r? ,-s had lieen made towards a political rrconcili; tioi, with the confederated pr v vii.tis. A high in port duly on the part of ll-.livla had ^impended trade with that republic. Busiueas mi manul'nctured go"ds was very dull, and likely to flontinne so, und foreign mannfaet irera are advised to hoid ok - hipmtnts for a time. Flour ruled iiiKh, with email c<iusignMents Iroia tiie United States. An i rterprisirg was busily engaged in expior'np the liuimejo river. Ihe ieitei of our correspondent at Belize. Hon duras. will ! ,1 inu-re."! iujof. A system of popular education similar to th '? of Se t York w.ts about. 1.1 ii,t. du -i.'d by the government. n \<ilow li*'-r at Norfolk, Portamonth and New r. ins ^'dlnnes it; ravai-es with unabated Heve elsewhere 'kUils of ilH l"-og'-css are given ' '' ^"'faphic ileapntch from Halifax winch sta-e- that communication wa, open between that place and . and that the Newfoundland lelegrapl.i,- excursion p,lrty had no orrived there up to the latest ac. ounU. The sales of cotton yesterday wereeonflned t?i 400a bales, based npon mlddiinn upland* at about lojc a Ifi'r. Flour was native at unchanged quotations among the salen were 2,(?00 a 1.0W bbls. common **tate, tak. u for exyrt, psrt at f l 87 a ?*. Wheat Vn . ca?ier; Southern red soM at II !?0 a #1 t|, and i' t"-.-' ' U'' 1,4 a H ft"",cr colored ?? \ *' *' { ' rn fldvimed lc. per biwli' l, havir J soM f'i e'y at *?? ?. n ;oc.. hehdLng lots for ' rt ' ' m"r'K,,t war- e\cit,<d; jf opened at fie 7"> for ,vw 1, ,-,.,lht<2I.0 ^|>farB were artive ^ ? I firm, w,th , nf ahnf]t 2 m lit fulip ires. C "to firmer, with light sa,*. IP. re tr. 's-; ? , , . J I - don, while rates wM" T ile ?- .v. r.1:h soDit> I tct.dcn y tow.ird.^ Improve '*<? Fwneh OnaorahJp In Sew York on Ameri can Nuwqnpm In IS 11 rape* The London /'met the other day, in view ot' the great controversy between the W ostein and the Eastern Powers of Europe, ami the position of the United States, or rather tho acknowledged sentiments of its people upon the merit* ol that controversy ? the value of their friendship, and the possible expense of their enmity ? thought proper, as a salvo, to condemn the practice of British enlistments here for the army of the Crimea. The Tuna | was touched by four points on the Ameycan side and one on its own ? the sensitiveness of our people, their obvious sympathy with Russia, their laws on the subject of foreign en listments, the preservation of their neutrality, and the interest of its own and the other allied governments. These were viewed as important considerations, and were pressed home upon the British Cal?w._-t in the spirit of selfhood with the usual force and sagacity of that jour nal. The Times thought it easy to make r.u enemy and very difficult to make a friend. This was the word to the wise, and it was enough. We have now to add another fact connected with the present rule of Western Europe, and the iuterests and dignity of the \merican gov ernment and people, for the consideration of the Allies, and to demand another abandon ment of intervention in our affairs. The sub ject is far more vital and important to the pre servation of a good understanding between the governments of Western Europe, especially that of France, and the people of the United States, than the question of enlistments referred to. We allude to the vexatious detention and entire suppression, at times, of the New York Herald, and other American papers, in l'aris, and at other points on the continent of Europe. An investigation into this subject has resulted in proof of the establishment of a Freuch Cen sori-hip of the press of the United States in tended for circulation in France, and other parts of Europe, in the French Consulate of the city of New York. M. de Persigny, in reply to interrogatories, has informed the American Legation in Paris that his government em ployed persons of that Consulate in this city to read all the New York papers as they were issued, and to mark and send Out in advance by every steamer such as had articles that should be suppressed in the French Post Office. The subject is one of grave importance. It cannot be measured by the mere inconvenience to which Americans in Europe are subjected by it, or 1 y the interest of the journals which arc the subjects of its arbitrary interdictions. It assumes at once a national aspect. It is a violation of the comity and good understand ing subsisting between this government, and that of the French Emperor. There is some thing among civilized States besides a fulfil ment of tho treaty obligations subsisting be tween them. However widely they maybe eepni atcd in their forms of government, they arc in now ise relieved from the courtesies of good neighborhood, the offices of friendly in tercourse, and the duties of forbearance and mutual regard for the opinions and habits of" each other. Tbe light of a State to do many thiugs, which arc equally oppressive and unjustitiable in the absence of treaty stipulations, cannot he questioned. It is competent for Louis Na poleon's government, in this view, to declare I ho marriage contract between persons coming from llie United States void; to discharge seamen from the obligations of their shipping papers : to prohibit commerce with his people, mid niuny other equally absurd and irrational things ; hut there is no presumption that ho will i-o act any more than there is a presump tion that lie will maintain agencies in New York, in violation of the comities of inter course between France and the United State*, to sit in judgment upon the matter that shall he pi>>>li;-h< <1 here and circulated in Europe. This act of Franco-American censorship, l>y which the French government instead of con lining themselves to their own soil, and to the agency of their own police, have transferred the exercise of the most arbitrary powers over American journalism to their olllcials in New York and on American soil, is, however, some thing more than a wanton violation of the mere comities of intercourse between the two countries, 11 it is not in contravention of the lav of the United States, it is because a libo ml people never supposed a case would arise In which it would be necessary to prohibit the offit ials of a friendly State from exercising mch anomalous (unctions in this country. Bill tie ciim does not end in the possible want of power in our tribunals to exact the suppres. !-ii n of the practice. The French Consulate is directly responsible, and through it the Fiench government, and the Pre :<1< lit of the United States, by whom the incumbent is ad mitted to discharge his duties and to exercise hie legitimate functions. Among th-sc can not he ranked the censorship of American newspapers designed for circulation in franco and Europe ? the power to mark for reception and suppression ? thus transferring the duties of tbe I reneh police to its Consulate in the city of New ^ ork. No pn.per has bc? n more liberal and gene rous to Louis Napoleon than the Nrw Yoiii IIi.uami; y< t Its large circulation in Era rice nnd Europe is frequently entirely su; ircf d, without came or rea-on. It is thus ??< .? that I m< re local intrigues, servility, ignorant e, rna levolenee. or some unkindness toward the Hek.vld here, may induce its utter suppression in France, wholly regardless of tlie natter published, and in violation of the spirit of the constitution and laws of the United States. It, is obviously the duty ol Congress, if the President has not the power, to intervene and regulate the French Consulate of New York, and utterly to prohibit it^ preseut practice. All this is clue to the French government, because its agents here seen to be controlled by mere caprice, ignorance or folly to be moved 1 y motives which caanot sul serve the deigns ol Louis Napoleon, nor be supposed to enter into his policy. The question of British enlistment, though in violation of our laws, was by no nwun-< to important as flits exercise of censorship. One of the tenets of the government of the United States is the assurance of the freedom of the citizen, and it carries with it the repudiation of the European doctrine of expatriation* It Waves the American to go and come as he pleas*-, in peace and in war ? to tight for liberty or despotism at will. The matter of enlistment ?as a mere form. Th<? freedom of the American pre. s. and the hatred of every fjief 't's ''' ''onsorship, and especially one of foreign control plant* d on American "oil, are 6 Ttiele? of political faith the violation of whk'1 to submitted to. J The IntrigM* or the Allies In Spain. It is quite certain that Genera) Zavala, a pumper of the Spanish Cabinet, did meet Na [ okon III. at Iliarrits, and discussed with him the leading features of policy to be panned by loth countries. It is also certaiu that Za' vala, on It ehalf of his government, agreed to make Fj ain a party to the Western alliance, and to send a contingent of 25,000 men to th _? Crimea; in return for which the Emperor pro mised, on his own behalf and tltf* of the Bri tish government, first, to guarantee the terri torial possessions of Spain against any and all assailants; second, to use his influence with the Pope to induce him to consent to the fair execution of the concordat, and the sale of the property of the Spanish church; and Ihird, to endorse the securities by means of which Spain expects to raise a loan for the mainte nance of the war contingent and other State necessities. Of these facts, there can be no reasonable doubt whatever. The international convention is not yet an accomplished fact, though at first blush, it appeared from the news that it was. On the one side, though Zavala, after great exertion, has succeeded in winning over O'Donnell, Es partero and the Queeu to his views, the tem per of the Cortes is by no means certain. Some anticipate that there will be found bigotry enough in that body to repudiate any arrange ment involving a sacrifice of the Pope's digui ty and of the church's estate. On the other hand, it is positive that thus far the scheme has not received the sanction of the British government. It is doubtful whether it has even been proposed to them. To become a reality therefore, it must in the first place be ratilied by the Cortes of Spain, and, secondly, meet the approval of the British government. It may readily suit the Cortes. Of the tem per and character of that body tho world knows little and cares less. Of late years it has been chiefly remarkable for displaying all the pride and impracticable obstinacy of the Castilian grandee, with very little of the com mon sense or high-souled loyalty which were ali-o his characteristics. But it ^hardly seems likely that such men as Espartero, O'Donnell and Olazaga would conclude a bargain of the kind without a very fair prospect of its conlir nmtion by the populac .assembly; and notwith standing the obstacle^ t*Wth may be raised by the adherents of the church on the one side, and the followers of Senor Martinez on thj other, the chances of its ratification seem very considerable. W hether it will be as fortunate in England is another matter. If the British government have at heart any one principle more thau ano ther, at the present time, it is that peace must lie preserved with this country. Nor is this unnatural. The analogy which ex ists between the United States and Great Britain, the general and growing adm - ration of our institutions by the British peo ple, the strong conviction that if matters cam ? to the worst, England could call upon thi* country for help, and would not call in vain ? in line, the alleged sympathy of the American people for Russia ? all render it a matter ot vital importance that Great Britain should not by any act of her's disturb the friendly rela tions whieh now exist, nor offer an opportunity or pretext for a <f?urrel. Perhaps these con siderations arc more influential that those growing out of the fact that we happen to pos sess the very resource which Russia lacks ? open seaports ? and that Russia and America united might defy the world. At all events, whatever be the origin of the feeling, we know that it exists. We know thut the English are deter mined to remain at peace with us at all costs We have seen how Palmerstou instantly coua termanded the rccruiting operations iu Ameri ca, and almost apologized for them. We see how very friendly is the tone of all the British periodicals, without exception. We read how desperati ly uneasy Parliament becomes wh.;u measures are taken which may 'ue expected to alarm this country with regard to if.s rights a u neutral. At the same time, it is perfectly obvtou that Great Britain, the people its well as th ministry, ure aware of tho .situation o;c>ipiod by this country iu refercuce to Cuba, and rba they know also Low promptly wo shu iM r"s^ . any revival of the Tripartite alliance vdi a . Indeed, tliere are few leading organs of ilri opinion in which we have not Keen, d irin ; i . hut feu months, a < t> .di<! condemnation oi t.i policy avowed by !.? <1 ? I Run- -11 ia hiscor respondent, and an avowal, under great ;? .? less restrictions, of a readiness on the p irt o England to see Cuba annexed to the r.ii'i Slates. Jit has plainly '???? argued in tin: lea 1 ing organs, of the predominant scitool ofpol.* ? economists that the annexation of Cuba won he a gain to England, inasmu :h as the liner , tar! 11' that would he established thereby Am ,\ can legislators would double the British t 1 with the island. The question is, now, arc theso opin'ons t.? pr? vail over the obligation.- resulting fro.u t i French alliance? Napoleon let us say, writes to En land !?. Fay that he lias secured a new member for th alliance, with twenty-five thousand fiv !i tn.ops; al! hut is necessary to rat fy tii ? lu pain is to give an endoration, bully the Pop' and f.iiitiautee the Spanish title to Cuba. C.i i (in at Britain for the first time refuse to folio-., the . ad of its ally ? Mot easily. As it is. Na poleon is carrying on a war, which, in on. j'o'n;, of view i; wholly f>r the advantage it Englund; yet he furnishes four m n to 'ia., land's oni ; he risks a campaign on the RVtue. villi the po-sibiiity of a -econd march So l'.t,1 , lingland pf most, r'^lv* the loss of a few men an 1 a few pounds. TLc leu- 1 that could Ih> expected when Mich are the inequalities of the coutea , is, that England will not refuse to enter into diplomatic nrt lagcmuuts which in.iy lighten Trance's load. Hitherto, the British Cabi.iet l ave obeyed the French rimpi r^r; ''an they choos? this moment ? when Set astopol is not taken, and their armie are wincing under U world's sarcasm: ?to wi' lid raw from th ?> alli ance ? Not ly? -not eu'ily. Whatever may b? done, it is clear that the position of the United State* remains the same. It appears quite as certain ax ever it did that the bland of Cuba must, a; some time or other he Incorporated with the Uniou. It Is quite certain that no foreign guarantees could dial, j the confidence of the American people in the coming of that event. But France and Eng land. as protectors of Spain and sponsor* for Cu) a, would occupy omewhat different por tions. To the acts of the gentleman who hap pens to occupy the imperial throne of France, the p? ople of this country are not in the habit i>f attaching deal of important. Napo leon uiight fcuajaatco tuba without disturbing any one's peace of mind here. For, oh it in quite cettled that we tbull not run out of our way to fcize the itland, bat shall wait patiently till necessity thrown it into our lap, it would lie futile to quarrel with ephemeral opponents, vlio, in all human prol a> ility, will have pa*ed away and teen redueul to nothingness long b? lore they f-hall have had an opportunity of jutting their opposition into practice. Where at1, if Great Britain should guarantee Cuba agaiuft uk, the act would at once lie regarded at one of the highest importance, and amount ing constructively to a declaration of hostili ties against us. Let there be no mistake in Knglui>d on to grave a matter. Mr. Eve;ett rather underrated than exaggerated the popu lur feeling in recpect to Cuba. Bvery Ame rican citizen conceives its acquisition to be certain. lie will regard all attempts by foreign piwers to prevent its acquisition as the oif

t-pring of a mi an jealousy of the United States, ui.d a jetty dihlike of their expansion. As suih, he will resist them; when and how, he will decide for lrmself. Certainly, if the con vert-ion of a latent, vague, and sparse sympa thy into a practical otlensive and defensive league with the Czar were certain to be fol lowed by a clear settlement of this annoying Cut an question, it would be worth our whilo to reflect on its expediency. Whether it Is worth England's while to compel us to do so, for the Fake of her new friend the Frenrlv Em peror and 25,000 ragged Spaniards, is u ques tion for her decirfon. Tiie Progress of thk Revolution tn Mexico. ?We have been disappointed in not receiving by the last steamer at Now Orleans t'rom Vera Cruz our usual supply ot' letters and other news from the City of Mexico. It is true, some of the newspapers of the capital were traas mittcd by private hands, but the mails contain ing the letters were stopped on the way. Now. it is certain that the newspapers from Mexico contain ouly such information as it is agroea bleto his Serene Highness Santa Anna to im part to the public; and at this time almost all the newp Is particularly disagreeable to him. consequently it is not "ventilated ' through the public press. The correspondence received from Vera Cruz, however, partially supplies the absence of direct information from the interior. From this, it seems that Santa Anna has been unable to check the revolution in Morelia, and his troops have returned to the capital in despair, leaving that rich department in the hands of the federalists. It is with perfect truth, there fore, that the Diario Ofieuil in form" the public of the return of the government troops, -'as pence and order have been restored' in that port of the country. Generals Alvarez and Comocfort have now the undisturbed posses sion of the two States of Guerrero and Morelia (Mirhoncan). By the last accounts, Oomoafort hud attacked the government troops at Zipit lan, in the State of Guadlajara, and routed them. Another version of the news is that the army of Santa Anna bad fused with the forces of Comoufort, and consequently thai rich State was now subject to the government of Alvarez. The statements which have been received by private letters also enable us to comprehend the position of the conducta which recently left the capital for Vera Cruz. Jt is the cus tom. every ninety days, to send ihe coined sil ver wliieh arrives in the City of Mexico from the mines, to the port of Vera Cruz for expor tation. TL i- treasure, generally about two millions of dollars, is strictly guarded by a large military escort, which is called the con ducta. Recently this military force has been met by some federal troops at the National bridge, some thirty live miles from Vera Cruz, and compelled to halt for reinforcements. The family of Fanta Anna. Including the new Mia istcr to the United State*, availed themselves of the protection of this cscort, and wore on their way to the same destination. In conse quence, however, of this chcck, they have had to return to Jalapa until the road is cleared of the enemy, lljnce has originated the assertions that the troop of Alvarez were about, to attack and plunder the condnca of the specie. Ilut the tact. seem to be, that the revolutionary amy is w.-.'.ling to rout the <-scort only, without a.ty "n'ention to plumb r the treason', which beloag to in t chuMs and others, who are all, or nearly ail. inimical to the government of Santa Annv and in feeling are with th friends of Alvarez Should any cash, no'.with- 'anding, be found which beloag "> Sa.ita Anna or his parti aus, tin re is v doubt of its s .izure as a lawful prize, it tray rl: o rctt?onably ' ?e >nppo*td that '!> ? i ' derul t ps Will en(f i* '? a* to pi ? \ mi . t i A mi tv and hi.- family from leavi.ix the coo iiiy. as it is the intcni'-on of tie revolutionist to fend l?im tefore a court m trtial on the iia , cf treason. This was the nnwer of Geteval Coroonfort recently, o:i a personal interview with Hrnnco, the Min . r of W r <ent by Santa Anna to propo*. me,, ur > of compro uii-e. On th" northern f:ou?i >r o?' Mr.. >, the fnun try nii'y be '?aid to be completely la tin- pos si.-f.on of Ihe frderali sK The governaieut S'anta Anna do' no' p >v-e?s the shadow of nttM or i t y in that ''cgion, ex. v. t i'.t Matanor where Gea. Woll still hold on* in or I r to i, ak?' t< rms .'or hine-elt and follow rs. Tl. . reinforcements of \avrican* w'tieh have crossed tl e Rio Grande to join the revolution ury party, c.lthoujjh qu'to numerous, have not improved the pro poets or added stre.rrth to the ettiise of Alvarez. In truth, if Santa Vnua wcrenot at this time unpopular on all :udes, ttnd lii> government impotent, the fact of Toxins joining in tin revolution and proelaimiug 't? prin'-ipl" of American protection to ih> north ( rn Mexican States, he might still seir.?- hold of this; obnoxious and impolitic dt chr. !oa to rur'evc his recent disasters. Alvarez had very udroitly charged Santa Anna with troa-ou io his country, in alienating one portion ot M <ci can -oil by the Gadsden treaty. Now, the re volutionary party may be charged wi'h invit ing in Americans to seize upon Mexicau States to separate tliem from the republic. There is no doubt that the incursion of the \inericans has brought some confusion a id di-eord into the councils of the revolutionary army on the northern frontier. Carvvjal hps withdrawn from the campaign, ami mm y other influential chieftains are disgusted. T'.u A'u ricanihave interfered where they were not wanted, and after their services might have been of some importance. They only joined to the ]. rice of cotton coods, and have issued a pro lumntion dec:dedly obnoxious to the Mexi cans. It does not require the gift of ton jne* . prophecy to foretell that they w ill meet the fate of yJJ Interlopers, in Icing elbowed oat of the Mexican territory with ? polite hint that tht-y were not wanted. And then we may ex pect to hear af Mexican ingratitude to bruto m? ii ^ bo went to tight the battles o! an op ] res?eu poodle. We h,tv gome hopes the placo where they have lmri<<l their dead will not be a very extensive graveyard. Fboi-oseo Oo.vhoudatiun op ruu Tei.eouvpii Lines. ? It is said that a scheme is on foot to consolidate nil tha telegraph lines in the United StateB into one association. A new company expects to control the Morse and House pa tents hy October next, and also to be the owner of the lines already built north, south, and east of tho city of New York. Should the project be carried out, th* company will tiud it to its adv&ntage to own all the lines in the country, and to b illd as many more as the in crease of traffic demands. It will likewise be for the interest of pn ent owners of lines to hand tbom over to an association which will obviously be able to defy competition. To tho inland network ot lines, the new company adds the interoceauic line, and will thus be the telegraphic agent of the whole American world. Jhi any other country than the United States, the prospect of such a consolidation, and so vast an aggregation of power would bo alarm ing. It would be proper to set the public on its guard against the erection of a monopoly that would be dangerous to their liberties. But in a democracy like this, such apprehensions may be safely d'ccarded. It is easy enough in this country for a great association to absorb sole control of any particular branch of in dustry; but it is easier still for the State to break it down if it abuse its power. It is com monly a characteristic of democracies ? and not one of their most advantageous ones ? to be toleral ly reckless about disturhlag vested rights. This is pretty well known to the pub lic; and in reliance thereon, we may safely allow the great telegraphic company to mo nopolize the telegraph lines throughout the country. If we had, as is projected, a building like the Exchange in Wall street, or Chambers street, divided off into rooms appropriated to each particular line of telegraph ? north, south, oast, wot, and transoceanic ? with rooms for writing messages, and a comfortable reading room to wait for answers: if the whole of this with all the lines in the United States were under control of one concern, managed by good honest men, it is probable that the tele graphic service of the country would be better, safer, and cheaper than it can ever be other wise. Seward Movements A mono tiie Know No thinus.? ' The Scwurd men are again alive in view of the Know Nothing Council at Bing bamton. The success which attended their etlorts last year, when the Know Nothings met at Odd Fellows'- Hall, and found themselves, they knew not how, mixed up with and con trolled by Seward men, has encouraged th?n to renew the attempt. On this occasion no scheme will be left untried to pack the Couu cil. In some parts, we hear of Seward men ? that is tor say, men who are followers of Seward and nothing el?e ? being chosen as delegates under the impression that they are Know Nothings. Elsewhere several Know Some things have full confidence in the success of their sclu mes to wriggle into the Council. Altogether it is plain that the Know Nothings have a double fight before them. They expect, of course, to meet the enemy at the polls in the usual fair way; but they do not expect ? at least they do not seem to expect a battle which is quite as certain ? the battle for the control of their own forces. They will need to fight for tin' management of their own party. Ou the last occasion, when it was important to de feat the Know Nothings. Seward defeated them I y swamping them with sham deserters. He will do it again at Binghamton ? it may be taken for granted ? if the Order allow nonde scripts aid recent converts to be chosen as delegates. W \ kino n* tiik Torpid Wiiioh. ? As (he spring weather I rin^s out the bears who live on their paws all winter, so does the approach of a I'i evidential canvass re-animate the ancient politicians. Lately, some of the respectable i-ffl wlii).s l ave Imd an attack of letter writing, tu.d it 1 ds fa r to become an epidemic. It is tl ?? yellow ft ver of pol t cians, and it will not yii Id to mild treatment. So we are favored with half a doz' n columns from Mr. W'a hing icii llrnt of thi- hiate, Mr. Franklin Dc\t< r of Massuel.ti -etls, nd Mr. L. A. llenjaniin of Loui ciana. ell igaimt any fusion of the whig party wi ll : n\ of the numerous fungi which the late irl' ive 1 at of tl: ? politic. il atmosphere has I rcugbt out. '1 bis i* the first sign of animation ? !iov n lytic Union wliigs for a long tinv*. Where is the rest of the parly, r do the above named gcutl* men constitute the whole of it I'koohksh oi Mm < atiox. ? Yvo see by the pa per thai t!"' pcoplo of Kentucky have voted I y :i ldrte itn'orHy, to impose on themst lve-" a new Kale tax fur the support of coiunviu sfhools. This is only one of many rv ;nptom nl ill* i?rogr?':s wh eh education i.^ in ssantly maklnp. !? is rbmbiftil \\ !i tli< r the world eon tains cilucnth imi In -titutioiis fr.uncd on nper lecl a sv-ti ni. :id < ond acted liy so able teach ers as iLofc ol this city, some of which will l>e f ind mentioned it ihe beginning of every fall in < ur ,i<!vert: ing column-. Th :y are one ol the in >st admirable fruits of the free work ing of thought in ibis forhin.i'e land. Vrnti ..IIT.IN TlnuTU. ? Mr. Hn -ken i* giving a ? ric< <?1 j.offormanoi -i at tlii* hon?? which nightly attract Imp, nn'1 *np?*ei?tive .tu'lionce-i, A* Mr Haekett will n<"' proUMjr i l?y In ew York for ft long tiiim it*"'. ? hi* pre ? nt iei.*on had <4o?e?l, hi* thou of admirer* tdinuld not fnil to ; eiro upon Urn pre?ijnt opportuuity of *?ciBg hiin in hi* popular rq rrhirt. Marine Affairs. Som. 8. c'. T?wn (truck by lightning yesterday af'rrroi t), ab'ut 6 o'clock, which carried uwny her r.. intra' t ami ir>*ln'opma*t ImmMm dointf other injury. lie i ctitninjr into the hold by the mainm;.rft and 0' I the fore hatch, near which one of the hand* wan fitting, who, with the re?t of the crew, eicapcd untn jurel. Items from Ttu*. The t'*n Antonio Liiurr. of the Jfd ln?t., any*:? <n the jOlh ult., Mr. Da?i* arrived iu San Antonio li m the frontier. 1 e iiifoim- uk ;liat thirty mil** thli *id* of Eagle I ik n c? mtnny of forty Indian* in, cb?t,(e of ? cabnllo of l ot ?k i a**ed htm. At the time h? naw ibeni hi>n<a ;.r. t '11 tHP'C frem (lie m*in rond, anl had a line ricw. li< uttfrer remark* that the Indian* had .> whirman I* ) ed to one of the harass. Dr. Ihiri* returned immo 11 . u'y to l-ort I enran und gn?etl.>- iiecpi<?a-y 'Ot'irmatl .n. ai' iromi-ed wt'ti a ?mall n imber of oldiern to brin.* I arl ti e hor-ei* and rescue the man, but they were up nt.Ii to render any a*ei*tanee at the Kort, and of eource l! e nilian* went on their way re| iring. lie Sin Antonio Isr'gn- learn* from an official notirce <l>?' tl e ant 3 hesdnuarter* will [.o.itively 1>? e u: li*l>cd at tl a* place by the tir?t of lictoh-r next. ? < l?r j* icuirn* hare heen r?ee|f?d) there ii> * Inr? n r. rity n fkVor of *cc, p^in* the Tcxai debt bill I f i -?t t ale ol r.ew cotton wt? reteirsl u: il'mtua " n ibe tth iur.t. THE LATEST NEWS, I BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, Kiwk Tata Kiiiim. FKFE FOIL CON VKNTION I OK FOKMINO A STAJ CON TITCTION, ETC. M. Louis, August U3, 1865. A ma: ? meeting of fn'o Boilers wa-t heM at Lawrenct Kansas, on the 14th inst . at which over 600 person wire present. Cieneinl fchuyler presided, assisted 1 the Ubi al number of vice presidents and other officer.' ?timg retolutionii weie passed denouncing the electio cf theltthif Ma ch as a great outrage; denying tb legality of the Legi-lature now sitting, and its preteo ? it us to enact lawn, ami pledging themselves to resist it authority: tec mmendinn the election of delegates to convention tor framing a State constitution, with a viei to an immediate Hate organisation, and application t the next Cong e-s for admission Into the Cnion as a Stau He i.lutiuiiH weie aLjo pas- rd thanking Governor Reedc lor his admiuistiation of the governmental duties. It wa mbi equently unai imously resolved that, ogre* ably to ihe above recommendations, tho Territorial Fre State I.xecutive Committee call a convention of Ave dele gates to each representative, to be appointed in the seve isl districts, < n the 6' h of August, to meet in conventio at Big Springs on the &th of .September, far the purpoa ecommended, and to take such other action as may b deemed l ece.-saiv. Q The Excuisloi.lsU to Newfoundland. Halifax, Aug. 23, 1865. Our line to .-ydney, Cape Bre.on, U in good order, bu as yet we ha\e no tidings of the James Adger party o telegraphic excursionists. Our latest dates from Cap North, ('lie point where the telegraphic cable is to b brought ashore on this side of the Gulf,) are to Tuesda last, at which time no information had been received c tl.e Adger. Ihe rrgolar steam packet between this city and New fitindland, left ht. Johns, probably this morning, an will touch at Sydney on her way up, to-morrow, whft we may htive tidings of the excursionists. Tbe Yellow Fever at the South. AT NORFOLK. Norfolk, August 23, 1855. Turing the 24 hours ending at noon to-day, there wen fifteen deaths fiom yellow fever throughout this city and two in the Julappi Hospital, and three in the Navu Hospital. AT PORTSMOUTH. Turing the above period the number of deaths fron the fever was 20, amongst them Capt. George Chambers ( ( n ':mandor I'arron and Drs. Schoolfield and Parker ate n i* out of danger. AT NEW ORLEANS. N?w Orleans, August 22, 1855. The yellow fever in thiH city rages with as much sereri ty as during last week, and the general impression i that but little abatement cau be looked for much befor the end of September. Tlie KText Pilgrim Celebration at Boston. Boston, August 23, 1855. Hon. W. n. Seward, of New York, has accepted ai invitation to deliver the oration at Plymouth on the nex anniversary of tbe landing of the I'ilgrhHk The weather to-day is oppressivaly close ami sultry with occasional rain. Ulnesa of President Pierce. ~ Washington, August 23, 1855. Prescient Pierce, who is at present in Virginia, hoi had an attack of chill" and fever similar to that frou which he suffered la t year. Civic Courtesies. l uiijiDELPmA, Aug. 23, 1865. The City Councild unanimously passed a resolution to i day, extending the courtesies of the city to the Mayo , urn] Common Council of Km heater, who inteud vlsitlnj j Philadelphia on Monday next, coming via Williamsport i Market*. New Oruu.vs, August 22, 1855. j The demand for cotton in moderate at unchanged price? ' Sales Ici-dny cf 1,7C0 bales. Kair sugar. "\o. ; Hour a tri lie lower? sales at $7 C2>i; keg lard, 1'2>? a )3>?c. BALT1MOKE CATTLE MAKKKT. i'ALTIMUKK, AUg. 23, 1855. Eight hun<lred head of beeves were offered in our cattl market to-day, eighty seven ot which were driven east ' vaid. and t) e remainder sold at $7 a $.t net. llogs scarce ( t nlcs at $B 5<J. I Personal Intelligence. 1 The Chevalier .S. T. de Macedo, who was Brazilian Min i ister to Ih's country In l851-'3, and who lately occupies | the same position in hog land, ha i been re-appointed u the I niled, s rid vv ill hortly re-ussuuie the dutie , of the legation at Washington. I ottis H. 1 . d'Agi in , t.-i|., arrived in the Union th other day from Kio dt Janeiro, n* Consul -General of Bra 1 zil, tn re. iiie in New York. It will be recollected tha Mr. d'Aguiar ably tilled tho same offico several years ag > fincc which time he has been Consul at Montevideo. llr. A. W. Gri wold, long a mail agent between thi city and Washing', on sailed In the Fmpire City on Mon ilny lust, in charge of tne California mails, weighing abou twenty ti ns. Her In correspondent v rites that several American ? mechanics and ne ileal mc: -had parsed through tha city en roite for Ihi- ia. lather Cavszii wtites to the CrmaAcr that he wll leave I iverpool on the i5th of August, for New York. Hi ixpdsto he ben- ? n the 5th ?? eptember, and will staj uo longer than November. Jiiine Alldei dice, Kiw]., agent for Handford's ludepen dent line i f > i w \ork earners, has t>een anp. Itited bj Gov F'< dlock one of Ids personal stalf of twelve, with th' r; nl. <11 ieuter.ant-t'clone!. Kru. I.ucj .? ti Le H!?r ?; *ell, the woman': rights lectur ti, I.i.m lii icharcd t i i.r la m on 1 x river, ii short dis tiinc ii' ove < eilar hej ii ,1 W l-coneln. RIVSIAN NAVAL OFFICERS IN VF.W VOUK. [I o. te.-poudeuce ot tbe Mate of Mainn.l Nkt. Vottx A .gas I la. 1855. TI ce iro several officers in the Ku'Sian s"rvico of iiigt trail- r o-i in tl is el j , : nd of tl em o mltiiy curious re p .1 live h ? n sp "id U.nt 1 tl.idk it II to give t!i< << -'ict new-, n? fiom a personal acqv.aiutanco witl t-iml i >? nil. I .< e po- itivo siiremcnts. V t i n o r lis it. gut lie 1 cl i n W. H. Webb, Fjoj., re ;ri tn llus- la? ? hi e he b id a personal Inte. view villi .In p.e-i .ii lints*' ir 1, -n G ind I Mike Alexander I t L;>d 1 i ? ciei! an . rirj$?.!i> ni fur build' ng, equipping at..' d. ?:?. Hi g t" th.- l;. uu gov. rotnent :? liundr. g. n seiew tr.i n-i.fw. i- ? eommi; i n of officers of higl , ai k appointed t? vUl' thi- country to soperinteiu tins ?-uk, na" t be g verrtr.cnt mull! l.e a sured of tli< f,i*c Iliy wi h * 1 ii Ifectel chiel - ?t t ! . I oiniiiisri.ii has son.- 4n.i since returned to J-'t. 1'eters bti ? k . rifrean i,. <v hero Cereal .Mexis En- taphieve, ti Coi.vul < ? neial. wi'h no e-|.e. lal interest in this opera tic i'. ? ?]..!. n .'. I.. < ?t ::\ltch i 'he higl>est in ran., o. II i ti.. terrsili r^r. I'e i s Cv-ack hy birth and edu cftioii a ?! mil -| cdal f. ii iui of the i"jn|>eror, who put gr. i cctitMiii e*ln I. n^. I to is a h?*nvy framed, broad fl.i ? ?!? ed, rnMier cl in y t mil of nn apparently lethar ? r tn jeiar. nt. 1-it who e p<riillarly shaped blnci fit. mis i pete rvit.. eh that when rot ed he has fire ? : ? gy .'i. 'I is cap .li. .? i.i a ni ?' il ggeil resis ance. ho* ; e. Hi ai.'C ?? :ents well jo-tifythi> ? fjea i t.i e. lie has s'laiglit, black hair, a sm iothl) ?I av d bri ad. <?r. . -kinn. ' face, haracter'zed liy lugl il.eekbi'tiC rl he A-tntic cut of coantenanc. lie i rtii l to lie a j: an r f tXCf U' nt edu -atlon, but as he ?peak hut little ! . jr'lsii and I?*-s Irtnch, his education is ? litth- avail to ice. who alas ! have only this double forke t< Jit lie. t .iptglr A ley-: i l?r col.r inlT Is n genuine Tins- an d. firing si' i setki r ti. appearance frotn his assis'.ant. II tj | ?? is r ... . . oi t!.<> f ? ci'.;?li i ast. Taller than the lo i < . hi I el more hgii'1) I- nit. His hair is a indj eolur. otd hi* romplexTon iorie |/'>ndingly light. 1 rrainn too, I ? is vivacion? spe?l,lng i'jigllsh. Kren :1 and s< tie itner t< rguei with oas- and consider able free i . i" i f e- j,i - ii. c. j/. s. ,.i i.,n is an engin e.- in thi linpiiisl t ,'vy ? tLe n*y u?ng Hie chargeof the short detente. ? a. d h" I a dUiiig Uhed himseli by'iilMiin re ot i he j i tn. Ijal forn e?-ej ot the Cronsta '.t f irtlflcv ti? ns. Wl in tl I work was finished It was bombari'nl, si ? mentis <4' -Ji' g Its efliC'ency. hy 'be government vessel ??I war. Ihl? 'Hal cont and. were It nnwsary would of il elt enti.e!y discredit the detracting fabriejt th ii.- re-pectirt the J.u. -Ian defences, clreuls'-d so ?? sldi i usly by tb? I nglish prior to the siege of iVbastopol ( n| ' .li. N l-ideff esme 1" this r < n ry before the ? ? n m<n< id, having previously resided !iir a eon dderahU w-rliit in fnglaid. Cspt. C. se saviteh h.i? h en h ti i.r months only, havin? been npp. :nted by ?he prasen' 1 ro| eror to ibi- pe?t. lie cami through Hamburg t? 1- 1 fclaud, remaining one day e: a hotel, where ho passe foi a *-psni?h gentleman, and th?-n hy a Canard teaincr to this i ountrjr. Prth gentlemen snticlpat* returning In the fall, an Ji Inlng in the aethe defeure of their country, ot par-;t.g to their homos in Siberia, which they 'epre ?>n' ss a dt light fut country, and one to which they evldentl) wot 11 t'e ve.y gla l to tettirn. t aj 'ain tern hton. and one other of le?< rank, recentlj anived fn ni ha n Krsnclseo. compose tbo remain l?r t this corps. AHH1VAI.S. At 'h? Metropolitan Tlixe,? Hon. Robert M. Mel**n. 'a fl T H. Mini* ir 'ot hina; Mr. ^'ockcl Knsslan Mlnts'er-. I'ol. .1 r I r< n ent, VI a-biiut'oti. J. t'. Palmar, Sun Frsnewcr, Coi. J V 1 AMion. honil. Carolina. W. W Lincoln and tain r, .suvhu nsh. t ' or ire r Strontt, I'. H. A : n*m Kenor Urlke, t'ulia; N I n-. ??! I- a ?-n Tiltoitsd ?> t ;il . I Uaverllard. ' .'ml, . Klvers. : cu h t'anillna. At th<- Hmlth-onlsn House? Fr?d Volieml-'r, tavvtnah W I.0'sslwln Savannah: Bt. Oeorire froean, (aii'itrki (1 M I top, Couth Carolina; O. X. I.sldwtn, ?'nU-airo; H i 'rltt." I He l.ents. ?' II Morusn. Ris^helle, Mr. ifisw H i'h Curo . i V< t \t ... : l F l'< I'ln. id.-'j 1 I'l I K' V i,i v lis* lonl, Han Franelwo. Hamti"! H Hnw?-n I'harl 1 1 . ; |t tl Itl h liufls i Kev W N Irish, s' I . n'i. y . . . v. II V. Denison. I^mtsvllle; J. Ps??ni'.'e, W's'iiiiiifc jit. .t.lovle Flew Ot 'III- Fro .1c I'. JI' i , I'.r.m .?, Finds, Mlseo art; I' W, Weh?ter, Cubs. At the Ct. Mct' Uotel? UvB. A. J. lU.ik', ll'^s* on , Ju- 1;