Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 25, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 25, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. Jilll KOHDON BKJXKTT, PBOPBI*TOB AMD EDITOR. ?rrn k. w. cob.vbb or sxsesv isv ttxton sts. Wit DAILY HEMALD, 2 emit ^ ?ofW. 9! P" fil WEEKLY UERALD, nrry Sgwdog, at ?'4 <??"*? |*r ?mm. i/r fS Mr atmum; ihe European eilitoon, J4 Mr ?wiwkw iSf parl ^^rtal Brtlam, or ?? to any part qr lAe CoHtmet*, Mfc "rOLrjfrART CORRESPO y DEUCE oamtaimimg imfawjml K^u-ifcvi from am* quarter 0/ the mirki?if mmt ml !*) jgT^n, uHii for. 4V> Odu Fouxigh <'obii*spoi?i>?!?t? are FJwtvxvj.iu.t Rcuuutzd to S*al iu Lcnsu ajid Fmuw ?55 \\OTlCE iikeu of anonymous coinmunitatlont. WtdoaoC return (turn rmeeitiL JOB }' RUSTING executed uith neatnem, c heapnem and <|g? *"l5> VER TIKEMMNTS re netted <x?ry day. TtlUM XX Ho. #35 amcheuents this evening. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway? J cdcwmt or Pins ? ttwicvL Kmektaismbkt? Wbxbtlsb*? Oiiu Mosstkh? Tn AecmsioK. HIBLO'H OARDEJT, Broadway Mk. Bcrtox? Deaf as A Ton? Wh. BvbtomIc Aovbstbuks is Kcmla? Wakvchiko Mmtrrwu. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery? Iwsu Liox? Isisa K-vow Struma. MBTROPOtlTAU THEATRE, Broadway-It if Tin Wix Win T ? it Kbmtvckus. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hal), 472 Broadway. Hew York, Saturday, Aagwt 99, 1855. Tlie New*. We publish to-day a fall report of the first day's proceedings of the State convention of the national democracy, furnished by onr special reporter, and likewise a report by telegraph of the closing pro ceedings yesterday. A list of the names of the de legates present, of whom there were one hundred and nineteen, out of one hundred and twenty-eight elected, is also given. The following is the ticket for ^tate officers nominated by the convention: ? Swrotary of State...... Aaron Ward. Comptroller Z. B. Mitchell. Treaourer J. M. Lyon*. t*. iial Conunijsioner Frederick F oUttl. ftat" Vrieon Inspector t'ariuH Clnrk. Attorney-General ........ .Tosiuh Sutherland. State Engineer George Cole. _ , , _ .... 1 I.ong term, ?. ?. SeMen. Jndgex of Court u. App< a Is . . . ^ ternli John Wiliard. Greene C. Bronson, Charles O'Couor, Samuel Beardsley, and George W. Clinton were chosen as delegufces at large to represent the hard shell demo cracy in the National Convention. General Cass has published a letter in a Detroit paper, defining fully and clearly bis views upon Know Nothingism and the power of Congress over the Territories. He has no sympathy with the Know Nothing organization, none whatever: neither with the means it employs, nor the object it seeks to attain. The steamship North Star, which left South ampton on the 11th instant, arrived at this port early yesterday morning with one day's later news Iroin Europe. It was reported that the allied fleets had commenced to bombard Sweaborg on the even ing of the 7th instant, lly way of Vienna we bear of increased activity on the part of the allies in the Crimea. Large reinforcements of men, giuis, mortars and gunboats, had left France. In Asia Minor the Russians were preparing to iay down their first parallel lines for the siege of Kars. It was said that England and France had notified the Austrian Minister that they would not renew peace negotiations on any terms, but trust the shaping of future events to the chances ot war. Pius the Ninth had is-ucd allocutions on the po sition of the Catholic chinch in Sardinia, Spain and Switzerland, and in each case he censures se verely the conduct of the secular governments with regard to church property bills, marriage laws and general interference with the clergy. Earl Grey had made a most Important speech in the British House of Lords in which he deprecated the Turkish loan bill in all its provisions and warn ed the peers of ulterior complications with France ?o account of England endorsing the solvency of such a corrupt, eflete and tottering government as that of Turkey. It could not exist, he said, as a kingdom for forty years. In his opiuion the war was demoralizing the people of Great Britain, and its consequent taxation would force the people to emigrate and thus aid a commercial rival beyond the Atlantic. < The letter of our Curacoa correspondent, pub lished on the eighth page of to-day's paper, gives i .fcope account Pf the difli^ilti^s between the United BtateB Consul at that port and the ^I'^mal amj^ri Jies. The revelations are important, aud will no doubt attract general attention. Our correspondent at Rio Janeiro, writing on the 7th July, states that the ''glorious Fourth" was cele brated with great iclat both by American officials, private individuals, and many native Brazilians. Shares in the railway undertaking were at a pre mium. Great disappointment was felt by many at the mode of their distribution. The Supreme Court of the Second Judicial dis trict has rendered a decision in the celebrated lager bier case, tried some time since at Poughkeepsie, in which the defendant was convicted by the County Court of violating the Prohibitory Liquor law. The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Court below, and ordered the discharge from arrest of the defendant. The derision places lager bier in the list ?f non-prohibited leverages. The particulars of the murder of a man named Henry Bloomer, by a Pru-sian named Robert Bulius, in Elm -trcet, near Canal, early yesterday morning, art- given in another column. The prisoner did not d*>ny the charge, but frankly m^erted that he had rkl the world of a villain. The sales of cotton yesterday wore confined to a few hundred bales without change in prices. There wore no large lots pressing upon the market, and heavy holders were indisposed to accept rates under 11 cents for middling uplands. Flour was unchanged with a fair amount of sales. Southern fair to good red wheat sold at $1 90, and white ranged from 12 a 12 10 asked. Corn was firmer, with less doing, and closed at 'Jl a Oi l cents. The market for pork continued to be ex cited and the aggregate sales reached about 5,000 barrels, including new ntess at 121 73 a 121 87; 300 do. deliverable In thirty days, buyers' option, 122, and about 2,000 barrels were sold, deliverable all this year, sellers' option, at $20, and brokerage^Fu gare were firmer, with sales of ahout 900 hbds. Coffee was active and firmer, with sales of 6,000 bags Rio at terms stated in another column. There was more doing in freights for Livenool and Lon don at rather stifler rates. The following routes for the transportation of merchandise in bond, from one port of entry to another port of entry, or delivery, have been author ized by the Treasury Department: From the ports of Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore, to Pittsburg, Wheeling, Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Lonis, Nashville, Natchez, Evansville, New Al l>&ny, Burlington, f (Vermont,) Sackett's Harbor, Rochester, Oswego, Lewiston, Buffalo, Ogdensburg, jPlattsbnrg, CapeJVincent, Erie, Toledo, Sandusky, Cleveland. Detroit, Michilimackinac, Chicago, aud Miiwaukie, by canal, railroad, river, or lake, wholly or in part, na the party may select in his entry. Also, from a port or pons on the Atlantic to any other port on the Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, or the Pacific, or via rerta , by such route and conveyance as the party In his entry may select. Also, from the port of New Orleans to any port of entry or delivery on the Mississippi and its tributaries, and by such con veyance and route as the party selects in his entry. AM, from the ports of Charleston and Savannah to the poits of Knoxville, Nashville and Memphis, by nut h conveyance and route as may be designated on the entry. Whatever mode of transportation may be adopted, whether by land or water, or partly by land and partly by water, the route is required to be ivrUi mi particularly tkacrital m the eutry. rut ItntStopWtlwOriwtaittWirftO'** National Party. The national democracy, at Syracuse, whose resolutions and address we published yester day, have taken the bull by the horns, and ex ecuted the trust reposed in them with a fidelity and honwrty worthy of the days of Jefferson and Jackson. They are now fairly on the La zarus Bide of the gulf. They prefer the con stitution to the expedients of faction? they deride and spit upon this faithless and policy bound administration? they reject fusion or contact with the scarlet hordes of Babylon who infest the CuBtom House, the Kitchen Ca binet, and that sink of assignation, Tammany Hall? they repudiate the Missouri compromise ?they endorse popular sovereignty and self government in Kansas, and the Territorial acts I of 1854. Thus the national democracy of New 1 ork present themselves to the country. In all this there is neither evasion or equivocation. . It is tlie iuBue QX disunion? government or dissolution ? order or anaivhy ? peacc or servile war. We regard the pro ceedings of the Syracuse Convention, in con nection with the Seward and Garrison republi can movement? the disintegration and decom position of the old parties-the re-formatiou of new ones? the severance of that of the Know Nothings at Philadelphia, and the adoption of the twelfth section, or national basis of action, by the majority of that Convention, as ol the highest importance to the country. It is the nucleus around which may be rallied the pa triotism of the whole Union. It is folly to attempt to overlook the fact that the old parties have become radically tiuctured with opiuions and ideas which are incompatible with the successful operations of the national Union. The constitution has been invaded by factions, and these factions have been courted and adopted by both the old parties, until one of them has expired in their grasp, and the other is but a sickly remnant of its former strength and integrity. They are 110 longer entitled to the support or the coun tenance of orderly and well disposed people. For instance, Franklin Tierce is at the head of the old democratic party. The statement of this fact, in connection with his servile de pendence upon the negro worshippers? his re wards for their treason to the constitution his proscription of the faithful representatives of the great Union party which elevated him to power, is of itself the severest commentary which can be made upon the treachery of that class of men who heretofore have been fore most in public estimation and confidence. While this is matter of history, it is still unde niable that in the rank and tile of the democra cy in New York, and all over the country, is to be found the noblest sentiments and the nio^ incorruptible integrity. "W e have reason to hope that this class, constituting the very heart and lungs of the sound judgment and common sense of the American people, were faithfully represented by the htate Con\ention at Syracuse ? their views there uttered and their principles avowed. Never before, in the history of American politics, has it been so evident that old leaders could not be trusted? never so ap parent that there muBt be a union of patriots all over the country, and from all parties, into one grand homogeneous organization, looking solely to the constitution of the United States for the basis of its existence and the guide to its action. The prominent evil of the day? the threatening clement in our system of government? is to be found in the studied pro pagation of sectional ideas and action. That has been the unpardonable sin of political his tory, where treason first hatched its brood ol disunionists North and South ? where the seeds of permanent disaffection were sown, and are now ripening into the fatal fruits of servile war. The remedy for all this exists in the patriotism and love of union of the American people ; and the question presented is, whether RYftUftVle iu tho organization of a great party, drawing its sup port alike from the North and the South, and from every shade of economical belief. Men have heretofore been divided upon questions of internal policy and administration upon the effects of legislation ; they are now separated upon the radical question of uniou or disunion. Thus driven away from the old organizations? their linos obliterated, and their creeds and rituals abolished? what sense is there in longer separating tho?e who agree upon this cardinal platform of the constitution against fanati cism. The Syracuse proceedings, at this point, aie of peculiar significance. Laying a-ide all questions of policy, hazarding mere temporary success by union with antagonistic political elements, they boldly denounce, by a vote ol ninety-four to ten. all coalition with the rene gade Custom House democracy of the negro j stamp, and trust their cause to those only who embrace it for its devotion to principles. They utterly repudiate Gen. Pierce's plan of carry ing on the government by a system of com pensation. Following the example of the Bos ton liquor dealers, they will have nothing to do with the administration. Its votes are by no means sufficient to reward them for the pal pable discredit of such a connection. The American or Know Nothing State Coun cil, to sit at Binghamton on the 2fcth instant, have now before them an opportunity, In con nection with the proceedings at Syracuse, to achieve a noble service to the whole country. They have only to adopt the 12th section of the National Council of Philadelphia, to aban don their discreditable tenets upon the subje t of religious opinions, to remove their unju-t prejudices against foreign birth, and they stand identically upon the platform of the national democracy. Let them do this, and the great work of forming a party upon the ba<is of the constitution will have been done. The sof. j.hcll or administration branch of the demo cracy to meet in Syracuse on the 29th in-Unt. will have no alternative but to slide into their ranks or go into that of the republicans, with Seward and Garrison. The result will be the.r ! dispersion, and ultimately, to a great extent. | their amalgamation with the national l? rty. The v. ork goe- bravely on. MtfBK LiTKiunr Gkms. ? The Trihunt grow ing more elegant in its diction every day. Yes terday, in a leading editorial, anent the demo cratic convention, we are told that -they (?) got off the ti-nal ga? about civil and reli gions liberty"? pa**<td " dough faced resolu tions;" and thai the ??proposal of Dau Sickles' to give the softs half the State offices is cool, considering the splendid "iglit the hard* have to fill those fame office*." it nlso calls cx-UouTiior lluut uud liw supporters ? rene. mous renegades." It is precisely such slang as this which lowers the preae in die eyes of all sensible persons at home and abroad. The Tri bune should learn better manners, and study Lindley Murray. Its publication office should be removed to Kansas, among the "ruffians'' tshom it so earnestly belabors. Mormon lam? Progress at Home sad Abiaid Latter Day Mate Llterstsw. We have lately received several documents emanating from the presses of the Latter Day Saints, which contain many facts full of interest for the present, and warning for the future. We have published the immi gration report from the Millenial Star , by which it appears that in about four months nearly four thousand converts have sailed from Liverpool en route for the modern Sodom at Great Salt Lake. This foreign immigra tion, added to the recruits which arc pouring into Utah from the Eastern States, will givfl aj increase 9( fly? <?r thousand t* itg popu lation for the present season, and hasten the time when Brtgham, with his twelve stage loads of wives, will knock at the door of the Capitol asking for State rights and privileges, unless the swarms of grasshoppers drive them from their home and scatter them over the face of the earth. The Millennial Star, the principal foreign organ of the Latter Day Saints, is published weekly at Liverpool, neatly printed, and edited with some ability. There is also a French paper, called the Etoile du Detent, organc de VEglisedc Jesus Christ des Saints da Dernier.', and a Welsh hebd< adal Udgorn Scion, (Zion s Trumpet.) which latter publication has reached its eighth volume. These periodicals are very cheap, and arc circulated by hundreds of thou sands all over Europe. In addition to their journals, the Mormon elders have issued a large number of cheap text books, such as the Book of Mormon? that precious piece of trash compounded by Jo. Smith and Sidney Rigdon? "One Year in Scandinavia: Result of the Gospel in Sweden and Denmark;" "Latter Day Saints in Utah, with Bill to Establish Territorial Government, List of Officers, &c.," at t^ree pence; "Assas sination of Joseph and lfyrum Smith, and History of the Expulsion of the Saiuts from Nauvoo;" "Key to the Science of Theology,"' by Parley P. Pratt, one of the Twelve Apostles, ( mirabile dicta !) " Divine Au thority, or was Joseph Smith sent of God,'' at two pence ; the " Italian Mission and the Prussian Mission ; '' " Reports of Missionaries to Archbishop Young, *' and many others. Nearly all of these works have been translated and published in the French, German, Italian, Danish and Welsh languages. The Danes have an organ of their own. the Scandinavian Star, edited and published at Copenhagen, semi weekly ; and the Germans are favored with a book bearing the pleasant title " Fine Gott liche Offenbarung und Belehrung ubcr den Dcstand," (Revelations of Marriage, and Pa triarchal Order or Plurality of Wives.) The Welsh have a large number of cheap works, written by native authors, and by the report published elsewhere it will be seen that Wales furnished more converts, in proportion to its population, than any other country, Denmark, perhaps, excepted. 1 Nor is the muse of poetry lost sight of in the sharp controversial and theological strug gles carried on by the scribes of the Latter Day Snints. We tind that Brother John Lyon has written a series of lyrics, called " The Ilarp of Zion,*' which is sold from six shillings down to three, according to binding, and a hymn book can be had in morocco extra for four shillings, while the last number of the Star is enriched by the subjoined poetic gem FAINT NOT. Air, ? " lsive not." F.Unt not ! faint not ! yo Saint* of Latter liny.. Though tribulation* may upon you fall ; Trust in the l/>rd, your prayers unto him raUo, He will support those who upon Htm call. l'aint not 1 faint uot ! Faint not ! faint not ! should <le*tli himself dr.tw nigh, Our God unto 1 lie uttcrmoat cau Rare ; Let us, then, on Hit) promises relv. Whose power extends beyond death and the grr.Tf. l'nlni not I faint not 1 Faint not', fsint not ! nor think that Uod will change lli* promises will stand for ever sure ; And though, at time*, appearances be i-tran^e. Blessed are they who to the end endure. Faint not ! faint not 1 Iuint not! faint not! but prove that you are Saiuts, faithful unto the eotenauts you've made ; Fulfilling, without murmurs or ??omplaints, All duties which upon you may he laid. Faint not ! faint not ! GMLIT S?t Uke Cirr. HENRY MAI BEN, This is not quite so good as the original, but wc have no doubt that thegifted authoress (the lion. Mrs. Norton) will feel highly delighted with it, and much obliged to Brother Malbon. The elders seem to have been highly suc cessful in Scotland, Wales, England, and Den mark; in the last named country wc read that the Saiuts were put to sore persecution, but the "blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church," and the Danish converts, encouraged by the promise of numerous concubines in Dcseret, remained firm in the faith. The French seem loth to adopt the Mormon doctrine; although they generally run after every thing new, good or bad. they seem to be disgusted with Joe Smith's transparent platitudes. At the late Manchester convention some fifteen hundred converts were present, and one brother from j America, us wc learn from the ; Star, "made a stir ring speech upon the 'rough side' of Mnrmonisui, which caused the saints to think about Yankee doodlc-do-doing it." That last elegant expres sion is. we presume. Manchester slang for im migration. The "P. K. Fund" referred to in the Emi gration report, is thus explained in the Shir, in answer to a letter from a per.-on who announces himself as a -clergyman of the Church of England : 1 lr-t. Von a-k wb. lb ? ?. ol ih to hi >';? -Maniing j lite ' at.er I'ay tun pm < I- sppropr ted to a~?i*t destitute nv inbers t'. i uhc m . Yr- .mii e *w h }ei""iis sre ?.i<o.tel very year? about i veil hendr. 1 1' f p" year. At a i.er.' laM ? nli r'ucv In id ai ?? rf.it ti ; i l.tke City, \ .V l et. I Is.v i'lii t V > >eni * nltfi _tMi> rivM ol the fir>t I alter I'sv S:iin'< in tin i* prlrotti'e . e?'i'>nj, the n l je< t of helping the poor t" .??? her emigrate to that plan- ?m introduced , uu.uiiui.m< vote w.?? taken to rni-e a fond for that piu-po'C :>nd a nimlttee ?at ap ? > i.inted to ai " in"n<v lie th"uvnd dollar* ws* Ipii'lv ntril.uted rbf -<ime -.i-hi an s?>nt wss ?i n' t" f'< nr. I MIhH- t'ottawali toie < oeoty loan. I'. P. \ . with mi an- to hi ? ig, >!ui ;ng ti e !? llo \ ng summer, tl*- poMr Saint* from that place many then resided tli'te who were I iren fr??m Sanvoo when the Saints wee th- noe '.l?d by tnob foce Hetioe ,,r ..?e the IVrpetos.1 KiuiH' ? 'X 1 "no. In March, 1S60 'Hi' fund was introdiie'd . -V -aint? in llritaln. and dona'' >n< rxere inrntedUt. ly e< -nmeneed. This fund is appropriate Iv tinned "p. ipetual lor tfce foliowisg reasons: ? II \?a. ,.i'.;riiiat' .,m\ i ? -oipported l.y Toluntsry d ?nation-'. aT,,i |,v,.ry person -i'tfd by it Mil'] . him-?'lf t'i tefoiid tbr .nieutit e*pen<b"l for him at ? lie eirliest opp^tnnl.y ' t h;- siriTal in <;?eat Salt l?keVall< v i where- e pi.u lie II headiiua' ters of tha .hnrrU The objuct of * he* f' III. In a ntnp .'henUve view i. ?..?t Mi tie ?e '.tit- 'tho need ??-?l-'anes to gather to the I, ..,m of 'he i | j,, .^i, !op." ?- there i? one -,iinl left sin n* the na I i In ii dheingg th.rol. The inteie*l> m( I . ' m r bv th, "IVrpttnalGrolgrstiiig ( : rh; Ii Hrlgl' im i'oang i? I'ra-idi-iit The | ,u m-iii. of th* fumt is wholly under j the .'lilt' of '1 fir" oeiit of the e,1Ui[i?uy. | 'ih lO' * M* on* d I 1 the tund th? HrltUh Ntes. j , I \ . ""fr i oMiai pa<>< of tlus heutis rhere. op to the preeent tin*, is something twr *0,000. Id J usir; aad February, 1863, two hundrwd and #rty on. peraona emigrated from this port under tbo au? pit.n of the fund, arriving at Great Salt Lake City. via New Orleone end 9t. Lonla, early fta September follow ing. The number of pernona who enakrated from thia port through the fond, in 1863, 1864, and the present year, respectively, i" 490, 1,073, and 1,127? making, none the commencement of the operation* of the fuad in :hi? hemiepfcere, 2, Ml persons. The above facts do not need extended com ments. Every sensible man must see frop them that the doctrines of the Mormons are daily being embraced by numerous mis guided people, seduced from their homes by promises of a paradise in the Eastern world, hardly inferior to that promised by the Koran to the good Mussulman who fell fighting for God and the Prophet. The Mormons go a step beyond Mahommcdanism in sensuality, and it would appear from their progress that the nineteenth century is not quite so enlightened an age as our orators and authors would have us think. What is to be done with the Mormons ? The territory of Utah is daily increasing in wealth, j power and population. President Pierce has given it up, and Col. Steptoe has gone to Cali fornia in disgust. Consequently the?e is no despotism in the world more complete than that exercised by Brigham Young, who is " Governor, in spite of all the Powers of the earth.-' What shall we do with the Mormons ? Will the grasshoppers drive them to the four quarters of the globe ? Municipal Corruption' ? Humbug Investiga tions. ? The daily papers yesterday contained reports of the proceedings of two investigating committees of the Common Council, which be gun and ended on Thursday. The first was an Aldernianic committee, empowered to ascertain the facts relative to the statements made by Alderman Uofimirc against Alderiuau Moser. When the complainant came before the com mittee, it was found that he had no charges to make, or, what amounts to the same thing, he refused to specify them. Alderman Herrick refused to proceed unless the charges were specified, and Alderman Ely claimed that the committee had power to make a general inves tigation into Alderman Moser's character, And so the committee adjourned; that is pro bably the last we shall hear of the matter. Now, this is not justice to cither party, and Alderman Ely ought to know tliat it is the right of Alderman Moser to demand a copy of specific charges made against him. Alderman Hofl'mire charges him with ofilcial corruption, and then fails to substantiate it. But the stain is not taken from the city, or from the Board to which these gentlemen belong. The next ease is that of Mr. James Furey, Commissioner of Streets, who is charged with taking a bribe for a contract to build a ter race wall on the shore of the East river, near Fifty-first street. It is alleged that Mr. Philip Policy paid live hundred dollars for the con tract. There have been two or three stories about the same transaction, and a committee of the Councilmen was appointed to investi gate the fact?. In the meantime Mr. Fohey has taken himself off to a farm in Michigan, and there is nothing but hearsay evidence? and not very good, even, at that ? to substantiate the charge against Mr. Furey. Only two wit nesses could be found, viz.: Alderman llcr rick and Mr. S. D. Moulton. The last named gentleman was supposed to be well informed on the subject, because he "kept Mr. Fohey 's accouuts, and knew all his affairs."' All he knew was, that he had heard Mr. Fohey say that he had paid five hundred dollars to get his plan of the wall accepted. If the money was paid, why could not the accountant say to what it was charged, and when and to whom paid t Mr. Herrick knew nothing important about the matter. The above cases arc by no means singular. Almost every week some one connected with the city government is charged with corrup tion. A committee of investigation is raised ? some stationery, as well as good humor, is used up? and, after a great deal of talk, there is an adjournment to Dclmonico's for broiled chicken and champagne, and then the matter is dropped. But the people of New York, who place these men in oflice, are not satisfied with thiw shuffling. Many of them think that where there is so much smoke there must be a little fire, and they demaud that all such investigations shall be strictly tarried through, and that even handed justice shall be done to all parties In the Mosor case, lloff mirc should make his charges at once, and if they are proven, the oftending Alderman should be expelled from the Hoard which be disgraces. In the case of Furey, he is a can didate for rc-elcction in November, and if he is a rogue, we all desire to give our votes for an honest man in his place. Let us hear from llotfmire and Fohey. Abolition ik Kansas ? A State Constitu tional Convention.? We perceive that the free soil clement in Kan?a* is already at work, and that a convention of delegates of this stripe is to be held at Big Springs on the 5th proximo. The election of delegates, five from each re presentative district, will take place to-day. This is a sort of coup d'ital of the Garrison clique to get control of the constitutional con vention, or rather to have it entirely to them selves. Furthermore, the free soilerH hope to make out population enough ? sixty thousand ? in Knnsas previous to the adjournment of the new Congress, to demand admission into the Union as a free State. Extensive prepa rations are being made in New Englaud to increase the population of Kansas, in order to help the free soilers along. The majority of the next Congress being against slavery in Kansas, the free soilers think there will be no difficulty In getting in with an abolition con stitution, which will probably be made at the convention above named. The national men have heretofore beaten the abolitionists in Kansas in every election, and it is very possible that the movement now in progress may turn out differently from what has been expected by our amiable friends in New England. Garrison ought to go out at once and take some "fusion'' along with him. We are further convinced that the free soil ers will not be able to carry out their plans, by the proceedings of the Kansas Legislature on the 14th inst., when ? In the Hoti?e. Dr. Stringfcllow offered a resolution to the effect that n reinvention 1>? railed tn fminea rouititu ti?n. pil?r to K*ih.i? luioK admitted Into the Union. It ? el? the fir-t Monday in October ik the day ou which the poll" xlirnld lie opened, and the people are to vote ' con vention" or "no convention" on that day. This resolution wn< referred to a select com mittee. to report next day. The resolution will pass undoubtedly, and another collision mutt take plncc between the opposing forces. There'! not mucb hope for the abolitionists. Resclts of thjc Census?Tub Next JLsseh* blt. ? Not the leaat important result of the census will be the new arrangement of the As sembly districts, which is rendered imperative by the changes which have taken place during the past five years. The census has been completed in twenty two counties. Annexed is a table showing the population and number of members of the State Assembly at both periods : ? , ? Populaiion ? , ,-.Vo. of Jfe-iiihrr*-, Counties. 1860. 1856. 1860-66. 1856-rtO. Cayuga 65.460 63,702 3 2 Cortland 26,009 25,262 1 1 Cattaraugus 36,066 30,810 2 2 Chenango 40,311 38,871 2 2 Delaware 39.834 39,931 2 2 Franklin 25,102 24,740 1 1 Fulton 19,171 23.288 1 1 Genasie 28.488 30.046 2 1 Herkimer 38,244 37.650 2 1 Madison 43.072 *3.m 2 2 Monroe 87,660 96.H87 3 4 Niagara 42.280 46,143 2 2 Oneida 99,666 107,054 4 4 Oawego 62.010 69.601 2 3 i inondaga 86,890 86,343 4 3 Orange 67.146 61,307 3 2 Putnam 14,138 13.985 1 1 Rensselaer 73,363 80,174 3 3 St. LawTcnce..., 68,617 80.002 3 3 Seneca 25,441 25,395 1 1 Wayne 44,932 40,726 2 3 Ya&s ...20.400 19.407 1 1 New York 515,646 024,179 16 24 Total 1,548,488 1,713,744 03 68 The above apportionment represents 1,713,000 of the population, which leaves sixty members of Assembly to be divided among the remaining 1,6*32,000 of the inhabitants of the State, in the other thirty-nine counties in which the census has not yet been completed. The population of the State in 1850 was 3,097,000 ; present population, 3,375,000. The basis of representation is one member for 26,300 population, by which New York city gains eight members for its increased popula tion. This calculation is based ou the esti mate that the total population of the State is 3,375,000. The city, as it will foe seen, has grown to be a very important power in the State, and it is to foe hoped that our country friends will t.tke a good look at the figures before they attempt to press any more Maine Liquor laws upon us. THIS LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, Vermont Know Nothing Convention* Bosto.v, Aug. 24. 1855. A State Convention of Know Nothings was held at Bel lows Falls, Vermont, thin week, ai which Governor Royce was nominated for re-election. The Convention was con siderably split up In opinion ami Ur iron; harmonious. The Yellow Fever In Virginia. Norfolk, August 23, 1955. Tie number of deaths from yellow lever in this city during the twenty-four hours ending at noon to-duy, was t-ixteen. There arc now over 300 cases under treatment here. In Portsmouth, during tlo tweuty-four hours ending at noon on Wednesday, there were 27 deaths; and for the twenty-four hours ending at noon to-day, the number has been 22. About four hundred cases are under treat ment, and the number is daily iucrea-ing. Relief for the Sufferer* nt Norfolk ami Port#" month. New Orixa.vs, Aug. 24, 1805. At a meeting of Virginians in this city, to-day, it was resolved to raise a subscript ion to defray the expense s of sending ten nurses to Norfolk and Port-mouth. They will leave for 'hose places to-morrow. Pini-ini.tJ'FU, August 24, 1855. The collcctlon taken up in this city for the Norfolk sufferers now amounts to over ten thousand dollars. Nine thousand dollars hare been remitted. Several of our physician* leave for there to-morrow. Railroad Excursionists. Oswego, Aug. 24, 1855. To day there has been quite a festival going on here, attending the reception of over three hundred excur sionists from Hamilton and Toronto, C. W. Speeches were made by C. J. Bridges, of the l.'rcat Western Rail way; F. II. Bond, Mr. Littlejohn, Mr. Beardsley, of Os wego; and Mayor Mctiill, and others, of Hamilton. A great ball comes off to-night. The Will of Abbott Lawnnce. Bonos, Aug. 24, 1855. The will of the late Abbott lAwrence donates H0, 000 to the Boston Public I.lteary, and 160,000 to the Law rence .Scientific School in Cambridge. Hi? other bequest* hare not yet been made public. Death of Or. Simon. St. Locis, Aug. 24, 18Vr>. Br. Simon. Army Purveyor at Fort Riley, during the cholera there, recently died of that disease at Fort Leaven worth. Army Intelligence. Wjminotik, August 24, 1855. First Lieutenant 3. C. McFerran has been appointed Assistant Quartermaster of the l"uited States Army, rice Major Ogden, deceased. IJeut. McKerran is now on duty in Sew Mexico, but will be ordered immediately to the Upper Mi-ouri. Mortality of New Orleans. Ni W OtUUM, Augusi 24. IMS. The semi-weekly report of interments here, in six out often cemeteries, snows one hundred and ninety-six deaths, including one hundred and sixty-four from yel low fever. IMPORTANT FROM CURAC0A. Ottr Curaeoa Correspondence. CfRAooA, July 21, 1855. IHfirultia Between the C. S. Contul and th- Colonial Government? On/rag' a ??<( Intuit* Offered to Him? flit Life Menaced? Intufflci'nry of Protect urn for th> Rightt of American Cit U-w ? Xcrtti i/ y for Energetic Action on the Part of our Government. I embrace the opportunity of the sailing of the bark M. W. Babbidge, to place you in possession of the facts rela t Te tn the outrage committed upon the United States Commercial Agent at this port by the authorities of the island. Mr. Young's course as Cnlted States Commercial Agent at Curaeoa was very fully noticed by the press through cut the United States when he was obliged to leave the Island last year. The circumstances of the present diffi culties, and the interference of the authorities in his rights as an officer of the government of the Tutted States, will probably receive the prompt attention of the gorernroent at Washington. It appear* that the course pursued by Mr. Young, as United States Commercial Agent, has not met with the approval of the greater portion of the mercantile com munity of this island, who are chiefly Jews. Ihe vigilant exertions of our Consul has materially in terfered with the views of the merchsnts, so far a< the American law regulate* the importation of nurchundi-rf Into our ports. In consequence of these facts Mr. Young ha> the mortal hatred of this portion o< the community of Curaeoa. it is the custom of the Jew merchants of this island to e?tabli?h bouses in New York and Boston for the purpo.e of currying out their mercantile operations. As citizens are often made in a few days in the Plates, the Curaeoa mer chant, so soon as he becomes a naturalised citizen, takes the money famished by his brethren and purchases ves sels in the ports of New York and Boston, and sends them here, under the American flag, to be controlled by the Jew who has furnished the menus for the purchase, and claims ownership as soon as the vessel arrives. The effect of this system of registering veeeels In the United States, places our Consul in the position of a di lapidated building, the waUs of which fall, for want of support, with the first blast that drive* against them. The crew have no rights in which lie can sustain them, because the government of the Netherlands does not re cogntee Consul*, although a great ileal has Wen said rela tive to the Belmont eonaular convention, ratified by the two governments some months since. I eannot see why the American government should ?end |their Consuls abroad, and allow the ship owner to tell Ulm that hemu?tnot Interfere with the master or rrew. A* his authority over her as consignee (calling Waiself the owner) will be sustained by the Netherlands government, in violation of *11 his rights under his com mission, his instructions fall powerless to the ground, tints placing st distance his authority. The >n?ejlc?n bark Rlewt, Nlles Farrnp master , cn terei this pTt on th" 21 -i du y ot June, from ?a\ anu.ib, baring on board a cargo of lumber for the per-.m who claims to be her owner, jnd who figured in the <li nicul ties here last year relative to the importation of Invoice*. The connnanJer i- well known to the Custom H.m-c offi cial* in New York. It appears by the testimony, which the Consul hus bj hiii vigilance procured and placed up in the records of the consulate, that the first officer of the vessel had been in the habit of beating the crew, upon the voyage, with loaded canes, and slung shots. The crew has had 110 op portunity of Uying their complaints before the Consul, except in one case, when the Consul boarded the vessel and demanded that the crew should be heard; on that occasion, although the uia-ter defied the authority of the Consul, the crew appeared at the consulate, aud re corded their testimony relative to the treatment on board. The Consul explained the law to the master, that he mist either discharge the seamen who entered the complaint, or discharge the mate. He refused to discharge either, and Mr. Young at once discharged the mute out of the bark. He then informed the master that he must procure an other officer for tho vessel; but n" attention was paid to any of the despatches of the Consul by the master. On the 15th July thet'onsul addressed a note to the master, in forming him that he wished him to man his boat, (the bark lying over a uiiie from the consulate,) as he wished to pay an official visit on board. The Consul was informed that he could not go on board of the bark in the sbip'H boats. No efforts had as yet been made to ship i mate, or to procure one from St. Thomas, the regular steamer having left here twice and returned again, also two sail ing vessels. There are at all sea- on* shipwrecked officers At that port; but the Jew who cont rolled all tho move ments of Cuptalu Karrup had dutcrmiued to ship a Dutch citizen as mate, in the lace of the solemn protests of the crew. I should liuve remarked that, our Consul, finding it impossible to see the Tew at his office, repaired on board of the ves- el, and found that the crew were deter mined not to proceed uj>on the voyage with foreign offi cers. The government of the Island require the crew list ot all foreign vessels, in order to clear them out of the port, this being the only ship papers which the Consul is al lowed to hold in his possession, the regUiOr being held by the government. The Consul refused to produce this paper, in confluence of Captain Karrup not having complied with the laws regulating the rights yf seamen. Mr. Young then laid before the govern ment his prottst against clearing the vessel; also, the protest of the crew against proceeding upon the voyage; but no attention was paid to these protests bear ing the seal of the United state' ; but gave the con signee and the master (11 naturalised i >aue,) n Dutch crow list, iu the face of tip.' protests vf thv Cyusul ami crew. Mr. Young, nothing daunted, and being deter mined to Rive the crew their rights, then addressed a summons to Capt. I'"arru p, under t up seal of the Consulate, to show cause why the vessel should proceed upon the voyage against the solemn protests of the crew, and his own protest against her clearance, contrary to American law. At la-t the summons was respected. While ?l?r Cva iiil Will i'wiii'K Uiemlfst vi [tie vfo* to iu Misidr, tha latter used the most insulting language to him; wheroupon the Con- ul ordered him out of his office, aud roftaing to go. the Consul used nil the means in his power to oblign him to do so. in tlie meantime the consignee hud ap peared, to help Capt. Karrup resist the authority of the Consul, being v. ell assured that the authorities would take no notice ot any acta he might commit, although the treaty states that the rights of the Consul and the Con sulate shall be sacred, liut what cares the Netherlands government tor treaties r 1 only wouder that the Consul, with his usual decision in such .'uses, did not shoot them both down. For this reus ,n Mr. Young has been dragged before the courts of the Island, and tho King's Attorney has a*ked lor threo months' Imprisonment for him, for defending his rights again-t the course of the govern ment in clearing the vessel. The Court found, after u long and tedious examination of the witnesses on the part of the government of the island, that no proofs had been produced to sustain the King's Attorney in prosecuting/he cause. After the ex amination of Captain Uabbidge. who was one of the witnesses summoned on the part of the prosecution, tho King'" Attorney rose aud addressed tho Court, Informing them that he had every reason to believe that Capt. Bab bldgehad taken a false oath, and that his testimony was of such a character as to warrant him in commencing an aetion against the captain for perjury. Tho replv of Captain Habbidgc was characteristic of the American "bud the high bred gentleman? viz., that he had not b> en brought into these courts, contrary to all law, to be in sulted by the court; and entered hi" solemn protest, as an American, ngalust the action of the King's Attorney, in even summoning him into court. Are Americans and American citizens to be trampled upon in this manner, by tli? Netherlands government'/? is ourConsuI to be dragged into their courts for oheyiug his instructions, aud actiug in accordance with his rights, under his commission? Several attempts have been made to assassinate the Consul since the difficulties iu the case of the bark Ricot. 1 understand that our Consul has called upon the proper authorities for protection, as an American citizen, under the treaty between the two governments; but no notice has been taken of this communication. Are our citizens to he tn ated in this manner by the Netherlands go vernment, in violation of the most solem treaties Y Kor what reason is Mr. Young left here w ithout protec tion from his government y What Is his commission to him but a disgrace, if there are no powers uuder his com mission. Why was he sent here for American seamen; he can do nothing for any outrage committed upon American citizens. He cannot even raise his voice, protests have even been rol'ured from him, bearing the seal of the United States, and he has I teen told that they inust be placed upon but eh stumped paper. This, our Consul has refused to do. The tea party in Boston harbor, ?ome years *lnce, spoiled the face of stamped paper for l uited States government protests. I beg to know why Mr. Young's exequatur has uot been forwarded to him, ere this; or has Holland in ide a. consular convention, to do as she pleases under it, and to place us iu the s?uie position we were iu previous to tlio so-called Belmont treutv. , The se are questions w bich call for the serious conside ration of our government, and It is to be hoped that im mediate action will he taken at Washington relative to ibe action of the Dutch authoiitles of this Island. In a ?onversatlon with the Consul to-day, he said to me that tie had repeatedly called the attention of the .Secretary of ttatc to the lact that it Would be uselus* for him to Iga in return to the island, unles-i a government vessel sras sent here. If no respect is even paid to the rights of citizeuship by the Holland government, then let us pur sue England's course, and compel her to do so, giving her to understand that she can protect her Jew citizen* in their rights, if they have any, but at all times must respect the diplomats- agents of our government, whether she respects the treaties acknowledging them or not. The hlcot sailed from the port on the '21st. The seamen hav ing refused to proceed in her without thoir crew list and under I hitch officers, the government placed on board two boat's crews from the Dutch men-of-war In the harbor, aud took the vessel to sea; but I bave no idea that the crew will do duty, aud the probability is that ere this she Is at some port in distress. What course our government will pursue in regard to her in Amsterdam, is yet to transpire, as I am told that she will not return to the United .States, but is to be kept running from this port, as an American vessel, to Holland. The American brig Abram sailed for Amsterdam on the 30th; she carries out a memorial from the Jew merchant* to tbe Colonial Minister in Holland, praying liiin to ask for our Consul's recall. The Babhidge also carries a me morial to New York, to be transmitted to the Dutch Min ister at Washington, to use all his influence to procure Mr. Young's removal. Mr. Yonng remains here, regardless of all conse quences. He hu? frequently said to me that he is deter mined to act fully up to his instructions, and as Car as lies in his power to enforce them, but I fear that he will not be able, unless strongly supported by the governmeot at home, to maiutain the position be has taken. But you may look out for another Glbnon case before matters arc settled here. VHNKZHXA. Gentlemen's lint*, Fall Fsahlon tfor 18.19, will be introduced by B8PENSCHEID on Saturday tho 23th Inst. 'ientlemeu arc solicited to eall ami examine this superb fabric at 118 Nassau street, near Bevkman.| White, Loader ind Infrodarer of Faskimii for gents' bats, will introduce his All style of dress hat en Saturday, the 26th Inst., superb in every point. WHITE, leader and introducer of fashions. 321 Broadway, opposite the Broadway theatre. Davld'i Fall Style of Gentlemen'* HaU will be introduced on Saturday, the 23th Inst. Sales rooms 301 Broadway, second door from Ihianc street. Fall Style of Ilnta? Th?! Moat Brantlfal hats, only S3, exceeding In t>e*uty and durability those sold elsewhere at $4. Kelt hats of the most splendid colors at the lowest possible prices, at HOOPER k CO., 102 Nassau street. Aaebrotypes, Photographs, Daguerreotype*, at BRADY'S, 369 Broadway. Pictures in every style. Largest gallery in th* world? over Thompson's saloon. W Cent Daguerreotype Depot of Art. 4M Broadway, enlarged with additional skylight for 'he $1 photographs, aud more extensive machinery toe taking 800 portraits .laiiy. Secondhand ACollan Piano*?' Two Very fine second hand rotian pianos, at great bargains. One e?*t $326; will be sold for $210. One all round e,,r. ners, frel desk and fancy legs, tost $400, for $275. New pianos to rent, and rent alfrwed on purchase. I'ianoa from ten different manufactories, at prices which defy competition. HORACE WATEHh, .133 Broadway. ?? The Faworlt* Aatharta or the Raath. ' ?ec advertisement under " New PMUoation*." Men In Clothing? We beg to ln??ra oar Seatkern and western merebanta and clothiers, that Hi stock of Call and winter slothing Is now complete, ??tracing the fine and elegant styles of garments for aMefc our house la s* well known ; as also a large stock If law priced clothing, made to represent our finer de Mriatiens, at as low prices as any house in tbe trade. D. DEVON k 00. , 268. jw and 290 Broadway. Conta? Bran* haa the Handaontrst A**ort> nient of frock c onts of every shade and new style that can be found In New York. Ills <dght dollar coats are all the rage. Tine blue dress coats, ten dollai s. F. EVANS, M and Ml F ulton street. Fine Fashionable Clothing. ? Al/Yred ?*e A Co.. Ho. 411 Broadway, sre now offering rve<JQH eboice styles of seasonAM* clothing for gentlemen jnso, ternlsliintr goods of etery description : also, a superb variety of hoy's clothing of new and desirable styles. Ne deviation from m:irk< d prices Ladle*' best Kid Olovr*, at K) cents per t pair.? We will op< n this morning, "00 dozen of la*l**' superior I'arls made kid gloves, some ofwbl'-h are * lif. | tie spotted, snd will sell them at 4s. worth 7 A', o, ? I tsige lot of linen cambric handkerchiefs, a, (emeu's silt ersvats, at *rr? at l?rgains. r 11 l.F.At'fil ATKRIfCn 347 Broadw <y.

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