Newspaper of The New York Herald, 27 Ağustos 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 27 Ağustos 1855 Page 2
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NEWS FROM AUSTRALIA. OnuirrcUI Item*? Mew lro|?rU-T?i?Oon la Victoria ? A New Tariff ? The Gold Market, &?., Sim. By w?y of Callao we ha v.' news from Australia, dated ?t Sydney on June 6th; Melbourne. May 30th ; Adelaide, May 17th; Hathurst, Juue '-'d. The Rydney ?inj>(re of 6ih June, lias the following com wwrcial notices. The caigo of Hour by the Ocean W?? hit* been purchased by one of the large millers, which keep* thi* market in the same hand* an-1 the sudden rise *ri>in iM to JUJ may be in purt attributed to tliia circum ?rUnce. Among new articles of Import we may notice some par cels of Aberdeen granite in broad flags, suitable for (taring purposes. Already portion* of the footpaths in our prin, clpal streets are formed of this imported material. Mr. Charles Newton effected a sale of teas lately ex Aurora, Facilique, Blair, and other vessels. The majority ?f the teas were damaged. The pricos, considering the rendition of the articles, were good. A lot of Cape flour, i bout 80 tons in bags, was also disposed of on May 41st., 1 1 ?37 10s. per ton. A parcel of Albertis' tobacco realized rom Is. 'id. to Is. 3j?d. per lb. Messrs. W. Dean & Co. sold on June 4th portions of the i orgo, ex Brilliant, Walter llood aud other ships. Tho attendance was fair, but there was a want of spirit. The lollowing were tho principal items:? 1 inch pitch pine boards, with the 4th added, 36s. 6d. to 38*. fid. per 100 feet; doors, from l'.'s. t'd. to 24*. each; galvanized and tornigated iron, Krt. 22 gauge, ?JS lo*. per ton; do?, 120 sauce, ?34 10s. do. ; 1 j inch rough boards, per super ficial inch, "23s. tid. per 100 feet: 1 >4 inch do., -'<ls. to -<is. M. ; white pine board.-1, tonguea and grooved, 31s. 0<1. per 100 feet; assorted ileuls, "20s. to -0s, 3d. per 100 superfi cial feet; batteM, 0}i x 2>i, 7 x 2>?. and 7x3, at from 4d. to 4*4d. per running loot; Itomau cement, '23s. to 24s. per cask. Melbourne jiapers of May 30th say: ? Tho value of the ten ports into the port of Melbourne lor the week ending May 20, as declared at tlie Custom House, was ?196.<WI!l; that of the exports for same period was ?130,407. The amount of revenue received through the Customs for the same week was ?14,306 13s. 4d. By the Eagle, cleared at tho Custom House, Mell>ourno, to-day, for 1 jvorpool, a large quantity of soft goods was >mhi|iped to England. The matter oi greatest interest in Melbourne is the proposed financial scheme of the Victoria government, *y which the public debt of the colony is sought to be paid oft : ? First, by a now duty of ten per cent on all hu iwjrtcd articles not now subjected to taxation; second, by th? establishment of a system of stamp duties; third, by increasing tlie rent of crown lauds. The Colonial Sec retary liad expounded this scheme to the legislative Coun cil, and it was received with au appearance of support. On the following duy tho subject was brought under the notice of the Chamber of Comuneroe, at considerable knglh, wlieu tlie following resolution was adopted l>y that body:? "That this committee have again to protest against fro ?jnent alterations in lineal taxation, as they necessarily exercise a most injurious effect upon tho genoral inter ests of this colony, iu its commercial relations." [From the Melbourne Argus, May 20.1 The chicf topic of converi-at ion iu mercantile circles during the past two days has been tho Colouiul Secreta ry's proposition of an ad valorem duty of ten per cent on all imports, as one means of xepleaishiug the exchequer. Until (he bill is before the public, an 1 it is known on what articles a fixed duty will bo imposed, and on what a xunn ng ud valorem du'y, only general opinions can be elicited. There is a largo class in Melbourne, with whom, at tho first blush, the measure assumed rather a popular form. It burst up in iho burden) d holder* of heavy stocks of gi. oils, f : the uio>t of wl.icli the inarke. is only now beginning t> improve, like tho consummation of a hope "ho if deferred,'' and, in effect, they were prepared to| oad linle more in the preamble than "A bill to reward the perseverance of holder < f unmarketable merchandise in Victoria, with a bonus of ten per cent." The reaction to this appears to be, however, a very general feeling of opposition to the bill. The grounds of this opposition are several. The evils el co at iuual alterations in the taHIT stand foremost ? in volving, as every change is sure to do, a temporary dis ruption in the system of trade in the articles concerned, and a renewed distrust iu tho minds of the homo mer chant as regards our market. It is assorted, and we seo little reasi u to doubt the assertion, that the credit of this colony has suffered a severe check, especially in the European markets, during the past year and a hall', and that the legitimate trade which it is our undoubted in'e reat to foster witli the maikets of the old world, is not likely to bo revived and encouraged by continually shift ing and clanging tho fiscal charges on our import". Ton nage, p.lotage, uuties, postage, ha\o all undergone one alteration, at least during the post twelve months; and goods in largo quont itlcs have frequently arrived here, on which tlie -liipi'er hn* based his calculations of profit en a ctnte of fiscal charges lliat was reported to htm as permanent, but which has been >-iu<;e entirely f wept iiway by acts oi the government ami almost forgotten kv the macs of traders. Another groat objection to tlie bill in the amount of the tax. The exjierience of New South Wales and South Aunt raiia here, ami ol' the Cape of Good I (opt- and colo jii<n in other purtri of the world, appears to havt) fixed live per cent, us the highest possible nil valorem duty Uitt can be practically Imposed. Five per cont Is held to be the smuggling poiut or colonial nil valorem taxn ti?n on "all articles not hitherto taxed." Brandy, to bacco, and other usunl stocks in trade of fiscal legisla tors ere so surrounded by a sort of " preemptive right'' to notice, from Iheir creation through their various Ft aged to iheir annihilation, that smuggling in these ar ticles, czcept by some deep laid scheme, involving r vital, time, and convenience, can never bo carried on i ? any great extent. The Aryan, of Tuesday, May lift, makes a favorable re port of the gold market, it says: ? The gold market has opened for the weok with a brisk business; the buying price remaining at ?l 16s. (Id. to ?3 los. 9d. per ounce. Several transactions of large amount took place yesterday; the buyers shipping by one or other pf the vessels about to -ail for London and Iiverpool. The brokers complain of the great hindrance to business, caused by the working of the Gold Kjtport Duty bill. A parcel of gold sent down by the diggor, for sale in Mil bourne, is almost In effect, locked up out of the way of purchasers. Access cannot l>e obtained to it until an entry is posted at the Custom House, and even then the gold cannot be removed, except for the purpose of being taken on tsiard a ship. The bargain between the buyer and seller Iiub to be struck at the Treasury, Instead of at the broker's office as hitherto; and the time occupied In complying aith the forms required by the authorities is 6f its?lf a serious item in the ixpen ? for which the seller will "utter In the long run. The ultimate eff"et of the measure will undoubtedly be to teduce the transactions in the metal in Melbourne, the escort fee being, in fact, a protective duty of Oil. per ounce In favor of the broker at the diggings. Mr. hhull says, ou May ?8, the quantity of gold re ceived by escort, for week ending 30th, has only been ex ceeded once in amount this year, and in comparing It with the escorts within tiie months of May in the pre cl ans three voars, it oxcods any one of them by 10,000 ennces. fhis is somewhat consolatory in tho midst of our R resent colonial financial difficulties. umber of persons, arrived 1,006 Number that have Jeff 2.">ti lecture or Tnr k.i moith amkric \n d loom ph. [I rom the Melbourne Argus, May !il.] On Tuesday evening last Mrs. IK xter delive. . lec ture at the v"hool of Art" on " Nothing." Tho lecturer eoinmeu'.d by observing, tlat although her choice ef a ?abject would preclude the possibility "t disappointment ?n the part of her hearer-*. ;i ? they had come professedly to hear nothing, yet ?h" would endeavor to show that the subject was by no means so barren u? might at ? 1 i first glance be supposed, and that, In fact, somethut, ;ht be made of it .-he gavo some humorous definitions of 4he term ''nothing." and mentioned Instances in which men had wasteo their energies In the pursu t of trifles ending in " nothing" ? as that of the well knonn orator Thelasll, who suecee led. after laboiious research, in de termining to bis own satisfaction the prod-" day. hour, and locality of Crxit'i landing in Pr.iain. The lecturer then Introducod remarks upon the gener.d oha. er of nothingness ol'the literature of the present day, and the inutility of the plan pur-tind by many of reading at a alining rate a number of works on d liferent subject*, hout at the same time reflecting upon and under Standing the ide n .-utei'ained by the authors. Many persons, she continued found " nothing" in eve. bin*; which uid not coim-iile with their own particular views; und mesmerism had i>een declared by ?ome to have ita foundation on "nothing," hut she was glad that a con viction of its truths was dally gaining ground, io ?plte ?if the Joutcry which, in thi-< s? in all other ages, was raised against new and -tattling rtlseo?aiii?t. The vehemence and hostility whichf had been displayed to wards the early promulgators of truths (now universally acknowledged), as Anaxsgorns, De<cartes, Galileo. Har wey, an t in later times to Thomas Gray, the originator of the railroad system should teach us "the le?eou that Wc vhould be cautious before we* ridiculed, or denounced ai ftilso, all new idea*, Including among the rest that of the eflrlt worlds ? the subject which she had choe'-n for her next ieeture The lecturer afterwards proceeded to Illus trate, tiy appropriate <; notations tiom Shakspear", Dry den, l?ck". Baron and others, the various meanings an 1 uses of Out word -'nothing," which In one sense ?he run sidered wm wrongly applied when it wa- ?ald that a man sprang from nothing, n-'-.ming that he had taised him elf by his own abilities and t.ict without extrsneons asalst aucc Hie lecture which wa- well attended was heard with great, attention, ami Mrs. letter, at the r.?m luslou ?T her di scours", was greeted with s round of applause. FINANCES 01' VICTORIA* It is estimated by Mr Halm-, the Colonial secretary of Victoria, that the deficit in tl- public ex|>en llt.ire of that colony fir the pre?^nt year, with the aeScit of last year brought forward, will ls> J'.tiOO iiOO. ' l'hat iu ?y fairly be stated to be the debt Of the e< untry," ^iy? h> and he has laid beBire the Legislative Council a scheme by which the government pr.ipo ies to do something to wards discharging this debt, by reconstructing th ? Unit, by creating a new specie - oljaxation. aad by raising the wutt . ha-g<d for pastoral lands to the squatter'. WMTKBM DIKTgft'M. [Troui the fla' htir't Free Press, June -.] * *n?--ting et th.ffhurch <A England parish iauery ?.i? *>el<l In Ail Saints ? liurch. on Monday evening, to con '?}" '*"rts whVh hsv. been made to erect a school " "Pfs-sred that about 1SS0 is at once available and it w?? proposed that if from ?-00 te ?eore can be ra ^sl l>j pajdle -uliscrlption, th? remaining mm leqnired shoufl be obtain, d 'n io'.n, eo that ao farther d"fc> may lake placa. Subscriptions were made mrth* purpose, amotiriting to b?'we. n ?.100 snd UUO. On . UBdav, May * lie 20th, two sermons were preached to the Wesleyan Chapel, It ithnrst, ?.V the Kev. Thomaa Adams, a returned Missionary from the PriewUv Island' ' n behalf of the Wesleyan Missions, and on the follow) rw <?y a mot f spirited m.etlne w.i? held in advocacy of the caini^of fh? Instl'eti. n. The Rev. JosepL Otm^ r,n?| the report, which contained a concise statement of the efforts and suceess of the society, and earnes'ly urged upon the meeting increased effort, especially us the Weslejan Church In these colonies now stands in a new ecclesiastical position, having been recently constituted a distinct church from the Bri.ish Conference, and will becx|>ected to sustain all the Polynesian minions, and the nmive missions in Westorn Australia The amount collected was ?6:; Ob. 6d., which with the collections on the Sunday, and the Min.-ionei y boxen made ?103 18m. 8d. On the following day (Tuesday) a mee'ing wan held for the aame object at Macquarie Plains, and a sermon preached on the previous Sabbath by the Rev. J. Oram. At the meeting, Missionary boxes were placed on the t&ble, which contained ?98 tis. 8d, wqlch, with the collections and proceeds of the Tea Meeting kindly provided by the friends, made up the noble sum of ?112 15s The collec tions at Uuyong und at the settlement, with the Mission ary boxes, amounted to ?72 2a. Id., and at Orange ?21 Is. Oil., so that the sum realized from the above services is ?i <W 17s. 8.'4d, MELBOURNE MARKETS. Mbjioi rnk, May 28. ? Compared with March and April, May throughout has been a dull month In town: and the stoiekeepers on the diggings have complained tnat little impression has hitherto been made upon their heavy stocks. The roads are still good, cartage remains low, and supplies are forwarded; but should the present ruins continue, storekeepers will reap their rewurd, and the merchants in town will receive remtltances on account of their heavy advanced. Already the rainy weather has begun to tell, in relereuce both to the quantity of gold dust and coin, the amounts of which received by escort iu tlie present week are very large. Flour is very tlrra, at last week's prices; the demand has fallen off, but the arrivals have been very limited; the millers have advanced their price, and the bakers have raised the price of bread; it is ill ely that we shall have a very firm if not an ad vancing market for some months. liquors ? The prise of the bed Burton ale is reported to be ?11; supplies are pretty ft eely coming in; bottled beer is rather declining at present. Cordage is still in good demand, but the larger sizes have rather declined in valuo. All kinds of suitable ironmongery are getting scarce, the demand for the diggings being steady and great ; cooking stoves, shelf hardware, well assorted hollowwure, and grates, are also in fair demand. Provisions ? Cheese, ham. bacon, pork, butter, pearl barley, split peas, and rice are still scarce, and likely to continuo so; some arrivals ol' butter are report ed. but they have hud no effoet npon the market. Tim ber ? Notwithstanding the late arrivals, this article is held (Irmly. Tobacco ? Negroheod and No. 2 Manilas have rather improved. Sundries ? Three bushel bags are in better demand. Candle* are still very firm. Blasting gunpowder has been affected by recent arrival* Pickles, in pints, are advancing; also carbonate of soda, sulphuric acid, uud turpentine. VISIT TO vac ISI.AVl) OF l ORUOS.l. Interesting Incidents of the Trip ? Yankee Enterprise? Opening of another Chinese Port?The City of Taltn? First Visit of 'White men? The Port of Kclcaiijj"- Kind ness of the Mimlnriiis. [From the Han Fraaci *co Herald, July 28.] Through the kindness of Capt. Cros'uie, of the bark Louisiana, we have been placed in possession of the fol lowing particulars of n recent voyage to the island of Formosa, iu the China sea:? Formosa, according to the Canton Iltyiater of 18 tS, is us island In the Chinese sea belonging partly to China, between latitude 22 deg. and 26 deg. 30 mln. north, and longitude 120 deg. 36 ruin, and 122 deg. east, about eighty miles from the Chinese coast, from which it is separated by the channel of Fo-kien; and one hundred and seventy miles north, Luzon, tho chief of the 1 'hi Hi pine Islands; brendth in its centre about eighty miles; length north to south, two hundred and fifty miles; population uncer tain, but perhaps between two nnd three millions. Captain Crosby sailed from the Columbia river, Oregon Territory, with a cargo of lumber to Canton, Ironi whence he proceeded to Amoy. Here he fitted out und sailed for the island of Formosa, w hich lies direotly opposite. He first made the port of Tayoti. Hero lie sent his inter preter on shore to communicate with the Mandarin, and received a message in return that he c >uld not enter, but that he could go to tho port of Taku, which was further to the gonth, and where he might be allowed to enter. Capt. Crosbie accordingly made mil for Kaku, and in a few days undo that port. This he found a very different place from that laid down in the charts. The entrance to the harbor i< formed of perpendicular roel.s from five hundred to one thousand feet high. Hie entrance is only about one hundred and eighty feet v ide, in consequence of a sandbar which ex tends on both sides of the coast. In the immediate front of tho harbor, the sand breaks from each side and leaves the inlet nho' e mentioned. Captain Crosbie anchored off Ape's Hill and sent his interpreter on shore in n fishing boat . Before his return, Capt. Crosbie had en tt red the harbor .which he found to Ire abou' thirty miles in length by six In breadth, and anchored in six fathoms of water. The mandarin of the place, attended by an escort, paid him n formal visit end was much surprised to see a white man, and both he and his attendants for n long ! time doubted as to whether the color of his person cor responded w ith tliat of hi- face. He was obliged to r'dl up bis sleeve- . and when the Chinese saw the whiteness < f hi- arms they wen' very much surprised. Boots they never saw before, nnd when tho captain pulled up his puutulcon and showed them how high up they cxteude i, and fcx] lulned to them that iu rainy weather the panta loons were worn inside the boots, th?v were very much struck with the excellence of the inven tion. fireat was their astonishment, however, when he took a revolver and comraencod to shoot. They all started buck wilh fright, and for a long time could not be induced to handle tho weapon. Capt. Crosbie says that they have no firearms, and though they form an integral portion of the Chinese empire, the;- have no know ledge, with the exception of the Mandarins and other high Functionaries, of any place except the opposite ports of Amoy nnd Fu-chau. They were greatly taken with a sword and a watch exhibited to them by Captain Crosbie. They had never before seen any such things. They speak a different diulect of the Chinese, and but few interpreters can be found comjietent to translate their language to foreigners. After remaining on board for some time, nnd Inspecting all the curiosities which were exhibited to their wondering gaze by Captain Crosbie, the Mandarin remarked that guards were stationed at every point on board the louisiana. The fact was tliat Captain Crosbie, having already become ucquninted with the thievish propensities of the Chinese at other places, had taken the precaution to protect himself from being pil fered. Tho Mandarin, w hen be observed the guards, re marked "that there were no beggars among bis people ? that every one on the island was well off ? that thieving was unknown among them; and that, if any one should attempt to steal auyt l ing, to let him know, and that he would take off hLs head." Captain Crosbie theninformed him that his object in visiting the port was for the pur pose of trading, and received every encouragement. Next day, Captain Crosbie paid a formal visit to the Mandarin, on shore, und was met by that functionary with a long retinue. A sedan, with four Chinamen to carry it, was assigned for the conveyance of the Captuin, and another sedan for his interpreter, with two China men. The town of Taku is situated about fifteen miles iu the interior from the head of the bay, and as the pro cession passed along, the crowds ?t every step increased. They passed through several villages on their way. and the arrival of the procession was the signal for the turn ing out Of the populace en maw. The roofs of tho houses, the trees and the walls were crowded with them. Some times they rushed on the sedan in which Captain (Yosbie was conveyed, and placed their fingers gently on his face or his hands, with the intention of discovering whether the color Would come off or not. Before they arrived at the gates of Taku the crowd which followed the proces sion Lad i welled to a vast concourse. laku, Captain (Yosbie describes to be n large, hand some city, containing about .'100, OKI or 40'l,000 inhabi tant-. It Is surrounded with a granite wail twenty feet In height nnd fifteen feet in width. The gates were of wood and were strougiy constructed. From the gntes the procession moved to the palace of the Mandarin. The windows and housetops of the streets through which he passed wete alive with spectators. At the palace of the mandarin he was reeeivi-d with every mark of ho nor. The servants, numbering about forty or fif ty, were stationed in lines, through which he passed to the Mandarin who received him in the most cordial man ner. A bountiful repa-d was immediately spread before him, ci nsitting ol f owls' meat of several kinds delicate fish, rice, nnd a great variety oi luxurious dishes, but the Captain, niter he was seated, found that he could not do Justice to the grxst things with which the hospitable board of the Mandarin wns spread, with the chop sticks, which be accordingly laid aside, nnd taking out u large cla^p knife w ith genuine Yankee coolness, commenced his dinner. .All were greatly surprised at this strange proceed ing, with the exception of the Mandarin himself, who re marked that he knew that foreigners used knives at their meals, nnd be rigietted that he did not have any such articles in his e. While Captain Crosbie coiitinied at table, the attendants continued to pile on his plate those articles of food which he appeared to relish the most, and ap) "ared to tldnk that he was capable of eat ing any quantity. In the course of a conversation after wards, Captain Cn -d>ie mentioned that he would like to have an interview with the Mandarin of Tuyon, win Is the head Mandarin of the island, in order that he might make some a. ranfrements with him for trading in future. He wa* informed that it was two days' journey to Tuyon, but tha: he < the Mandarin of Taku,) would send a mes senger theie before them, in order that the Mandrin of Taj on might meet thnm at a place half way between the twocitks. Accordingly, la a <lay or two, Capt. Crosbie. accompanied by the Mandarin and his retinue, proeee led to the place appointed for the interview with the head Mandarin of ill' inland. Hp deacrlbea the country through which hf pa ? -ted ?< a beautiful garilon. A- far us tlip eft eould takr in, hun dred* upou bundiel* of ncron of rico and ?ugar w>ue ?ti?tcb< u out. Tha peonle appeared to drv. to their at tention almost exclu-ivi ly to agriculture, and appeared to be happy and comfortable. Cattle too wit# *een in great abundance. He WM recel red vent kindly hy the head Mandarin, who informed him ?? that hi* e.ti .In for refusing lilm entrance at Tayr n i n lii fir?t vi?it to tlie if land UILX that hl? arrival tli?re might be r'portpd to the Mandirin who presided OTBI till departnu-nt ot Ki> kleu of which diipartnient the wland of V' rraona w.m a province. and that by Uw latter it would M reported to the Km|*ror and that thu* he w->uid be in dinger of l"?ing both hia position and hi* h?i'l; bat if he would Tinit the port ?i ikku. to tiie ftiuth, no incouvruliuce Would reault. u* the Mo tularin if that place would report to him, ano Uiat 1: would be all right, fkpt. Croible alao .i?k..d for a puvilige to trade at t?e port of Keloang oa Hi" ?? rthern miemlty of the iftland, at which point the Ainei ?:an xquadronoa their it turu from Japan diwovered n rich bed ol , Tlie Mandarin told him that he might trade t h? ? ? ulao hutiefiiM'd to give a written privilege, M It ' remarked. ' if he did ?o, <5aj>t. Oro?bie would *how it to otlo ?. aud ht might therefore bo broii((ht into trou hie." (u a Kubn-")?ent onn vernation, the heiid Manda; in irx|nlmd what ?a< the nam* of the King of Americaf Anil on being iuftirtaed that tli? American people had no ling, he va? v-ry much -urpi(~?,d; but more ao when ho learned that f ur chief r arbitrate only received a salary of Hr? nty five thousand dollar < a yenr? hla idea* about aneli maltem l.avii < probably been derifi 1 fn m the re port* or tr.e pnort sou- an.oontu paid hy the Ki-crlleh peo- j 1 le tct tha fopj^rt Of the ejtpeomt bauble culled royalty On his return to Taku. Gapt. Crosbie at first thought that he would not be able to trade with the natives, as they refusal to deliver him rice or sugar till It was first paid Sir, alleging an a reason that The junk a of their own countrymen wbiA had been laden at that port, fr<>quent v ''?"led off without recollecting to pay for their cargo, laptain Crosbie represented the matter to the Mandarin, by whom he wan Informed that it wus all right, and that ? ?nyone acted wrong to inform bim, and that lie would rut off bis head. An agreement was then entered' inW) between Captain Croebie and the natives, by which tlie foi mer was to pay half the price of the number of sacks contracted for with cach individual, before the rice wait beaten out of the paddy, and the othsr half on the de livery of the first instalment. This plan Captain Cros ble found to work rery well; and during his eutiro inter course with the |*ople, ho was never cheated to big knowledge out of the value of one cent. In regard to the price of rice at the port of Taku, Captain Croibie could not, consistently with his own interests, inform us, but stated that the part of the cargo of rice and sugar with which he there leaded, turned out to be a mere lucrative speculation. Kggs, he says, could be bought at the rate of three hundred anil fifty for a dollar, an.i pine apples at twenty-five cents per hundred. La borers can l>e procured at five cents per day, to aid in louellng and unloading vessel*. The people of the island have a mint of their own, and the medium of exchange is Spanish and Mexican dollars In concluding this arti cle, it Is but just to say that most of the information re ceived from Captain Crosbie agrees with the accounts, meagre though they be, given by the best navigators of the it land. Ihe following is a list of the principal ports on the eastern sido of the island: Kelearg? exports rice, Coals and sulphur; SamSug ? axports rice and sugar; 'i'uk laim ? a shoal water harbor, and difficult of access, ex ports rice; Fug I. um? exports camphor and lice; Tayon? expeuts sugar, i Ice and indigo; Taku? exports rice, su Etr, indigo nnd camphor; Tong Kow ? ex|iorts rice; Sing ow? exports very little rice. Captain CrosMe luU only to | Ay the Mandarin of Taku $100 as dues, A per evpry 100 bugs of rice or sugar, and SO cents upon each hale of opium, a enrg.. of which he brought to the island. On his an iva I iu China afterwards, he sent the ship Archi tect to Kclenug to lead with coal. INTERESTING FROM MANZAWTT.T.n AND COLIMA, MEXICO. Attempted Seizure of t lie American Schooner Flying Doit ? The Incarceration of Mr. A. H. Hoisted. [From the Alta California, Angust 1.] It will be remembered that, about four months sines, ' we published the fact of Mr. Halsted's arrest and impri sonment by the authorities of Colimn. After an incarce ration of more than four months Mr. Halsted was liber ated on the intervention of (Jen. Gadsden, United States Minister at Mexico, and reaching Munzunillo, w a1 re ceived on board the Nicaragua Steamship Company',! steamer Cortes byCspt. Burns, and taking passage for this city, arrived here on Wednesday. \VV> have been favored with u visit from this gentleman, who is a son of cx-Cbancelior Halstcd, or Newark, N. J., nnd who gives the following interesting details of his adventures since leaving this city, in addition to those published in the Alta us abi-ve mentioned. The schooner Flying Dart sailed from this port on the 26lh December, 1854, for Mnnzanillo, with the Intention of purchasing a cargo of corn in the interior. Hesides Mr. A. II. Ualsted, there was Mr. reabody, who also liail an intoiest in the fchoonor and ber cargo. They arrived at ilanzanillo oil the 14th of February, and vvero boarded by the Custom House boat, and the papers of the vessel found to be in accordance with the established rules and commercial requirements. Mr. Halsted went on shore and engaged in conversation with the Custom House < nicer, who invited bim to accompany hlin in his boat. After Inquiring with regard to the prices of corn In the interior and the condition of the roads, the otliccr as sured him that he could obtain all the corn he wanted and advised him to proceed at once to Colima, a distance of about seventy-five miles, sud enter into negotiations with merchants there. Mr. Halsted made particular in quiries as to the legality of his proceeding lo Colima, and wus assured that no trouhlo would ensue. Ho applied for a passport, but the official politely replied that it would be unnecessary, as none Was repaired; the Admin istrador was a mvy bu>n n jclo, &c. liio oflicer even in ?terested himself in procuring animals and a guide to fa cilitate the movements of tho stranger. Mr. Halsted was somewhat surprised at the statement of the officer that no pubs port was necessary, but upon his asserting with all vehemence that bu could go to any | art of the territory without, Mr. Halsted proceeded on his way, accompanied by a single Indian boy for his guide and servant. He ariived at Coliina o\er n level n ail on the following day, and calling upon Mr. Scliotz of the German house ol Schotz & Co., to whom ho had letters of introduction from Mr. Oldmlro, a' Manzanlllo he was kindly received and hospitably en! ortaimd. Aboul ten o'clock that evening, while converging iu tho house with his host, he was arrested by order of the General-in Chief of the territory of Coliina (Don I'on-a do I .eon). Mr. llulsted proceeded with him to tho house of the General, where he explained to him the object of his vi sit and the icason why he lmd no passport? Inning been assured by the authorities at Manzanlllo that such a do cument was unnecessary, and being refused one when required by him. The General seemed rati.-fled, aud Mr Ilal-teil leturned to his house. At ? o'clock ou the fol lowing morning, however, lie Was arre-ted again by An tonio Moetezuma, Chief of Police, nnd conducted to the cuartel, nnd iu answer to his repeated enquiries why ho wos arrested, ho received but the very equivocal re sponse: "JVo hai cvMailn; manana Itndrtu tuUbrrUul." 'ibis was the emly explanation he could obtain. After a few days; during which he wus left entirely alone with out bedding, clothing or fond, except what he procured by Ins own means, he was ordered before the Supreme Judge Roclin, aud his declaration taken, after which he was returned to the jail and again left to provide for his own subsistence. On his first arrest Mr. Halsted surmised at once tliat the object of the seizure of his person was, supposing him to be Hie captain, to obtain possession of the f lying Dart I which wus ut anchor at tho port, and with which they | designed to replace the loss of a Mexican wur schooner which had been wrecked some time before. He imme diately dispatched a boy courier to Manzanlllo with in structions to the captain to get under way at once and stand oil, and on the harbor, and to sei.d by the bearer a few articles of clothing and somo money, ns he was in the hands of the authorities and would possibly be detained and unable to transact business for several days He added however, that the object of the arrest whs to seize the schooner, and ndviscd tne cuptuiu to lose no time in getting under Way. Ihough closely guarded. Mr. Hal sted succeeded in getting the courier off who arrived at Manzanlllo about an hour before the government courier who was the bearer of instructions to the commandants at the port to seize the schooner ut once. His tilling to effect this laudable purpose so enraged the Genera! in IV Uma, that he was sentenced to three years imprisouient which was afterwards cs minuted by Santa Anna. Mr. 1'eabody came on shore on the receipt of the news to make some arrangements in :>id of Mr. Halstead. but was arrested nt once aud conducted to Colima, w here after a rigid examination, he was sent buck to Manzanll lo; but the schooner was then gone, nnd it was only af ter sufering the severe st privations? destitute of cloth ing and money? that he finally reached Acapulco ruin ed and dispirited. Here he forwarded the news to G. , Gadsden, and, after waiting for some time, in hopes of obtaining some redress, ho proceeded to this port where he now i?. mined aud crushed by the infamous proceedings we have above described. M< autime Mr. Halsteel, not anticipating a lengthy im prisonment. and conscious of the great wrong which had been done him, made constant applications for release and re-dress, but to no purpose, and five wi-eks having r?"?ed away without relief, he f.mllv addressee) a lette r through the house ol Sclmtz k Co. to' General Gadsden at Mexico, who at once interested himself in the affair. Hp deniarled the iuMant release of tlie prisoner. And in one of Never* 1 letters *hich he addressed to Mr. Hulste-l on the subject, ho soys:? -1 have already interested myself in your l>ehulf upon declaration, and' have super added a remonstrance aud protest, holding the Mexican K-ernment responsible for the injuries they have done Mr. Halsted remained incarcerated all tlin time until early in June, Mr. Foster. Amorloan Consul ut Manzantllo arrived at Colima, and through his intervention the liberty of the city wus given the prisoner. He remained in the place, under guard, until the i!0th of June, when a document of release arrived from Mexico? procured through the instrumentality of (ien. Gadsden. Hie pri soner now demanded some explanation ol this treatment, but do roa?ou>i were given. HU relenae was hastened by Dip rumor which had <>b Uiinpil in the country Hint h? had recently forwarded in formation to the United states government of thr>*e abu?es, an I that an order had issued from the Naval l?e partment directing the American nquadron to proceed to the Mexican court and demand the r< lease of all Ameri can prisoner*. Mr. H.ilstod mates that in several In irtancea American m umcn arc confined in Mexican priaons ali.iig the coast, who* ignorance of the proper forma of addressing the t'nlted State? Minister prevent their being liberated, Tliei r cases are n?t knowu t" any American foreign representatives. Be u! -o heard that it was given as a reason fbr his arrest tluit lie might belong to the Al varex party, and hod arrived at t'olima to mane a recon noisance of the ilelcnces of the place. The real object, howerer, ?as tlie aeUure of the schooner. (Jen. (ia<U den says, In ore of Ids letters to Mr. IlaMed, that though he was unfortunate in being Arretted, he was peculiarly luokv in saving the schooner, which, when once aelwd, wi uld never hit M>g> ne out of the hands of the Mexican government until some summary process was adopted on the jiart of the United States to force them to deliver her. Tlie matter bus been taken vigorously in hand by the I nited State* Minister at Mexico, and we trust thai Mr. HaMed will make such reclamation as will teach the Mexican (roverttment that, whatever lnte?tine broils they may be dispneed to foment anmiig tliem-olve*. the pro I ei t v and lll>erty of American* m u - t not tie the leas re spected. It Is only by touching the iKKketa of tlie im poverished governments that lml it i af re*|iect to oxlstluR treatie* can lie enforced. Ama* the numerous loiters Hiid <.ocumenta Is-fore us in r( latinn t< this matter, we Iihvo only room for the protest ot Mr. HalxtcJ, of which the following Is a copy: ? I, A. H. H.ilsted a eitiren of tlif United State* of Ame rica hming been iletnined a prism, r in the city of Ooii ma, Territory of (Mima, Republic of Mexi o, by tbegov err.ment and antborities of said place, for umre thin tour months past, do make this my s'lleinn pretest to all and every act. ahnse and detention from my ligitlntatn busi ness, to which I have been (ubjected dunng tliat time, in contravention ot existing treat!. s between this and my government, holding the anthoritics of this plaoe. toge. th. r with the Supreme government In Mexico, responsi ble fur all and every damage, loss abuse and detention, hereby profiting in my own name and In the name of

my f? vernment. as represented by the I'nited State-" Cc mmercial Agent at this plane. I'XITKD t'T.ATlH (V'WVKlli IAI. AOK\T, 1 CtHJKi, June 27, UM. / remonnlly app< a red l*fore me thi/ day. A. It. Ha MM, known to me to lie the p?r*nn rcprp* ntr<l, and did eater tliia aa hi- meat solemn protect, to which I have given the real of this Commercial Agruy the day and rmr j* hove written. w*JI. FWTEK, THE CUE Oil TIDE MEXICAN COAST* Additional Puttanluri of the I*??? Veeecle in Port at MM?tUn-Comm??? uu nt of the Storm-Over Thirty lave. Vomt ? Uet of Wn*k?. [From the Alta California, July 17.J On the night of the 1st of Juue there were lying in the port of Masatlen the following vesaet,:-The kngltsh hark John Patchett, Cap*. Win. Stapledeo; ship Benjamin F-lken, Cupt. Ijuigley, an?l Tartar, Capt. Wm. Porter, e French bark Mauctte. Cupt. Mouard; Mio Peruvian brig Miguel, and the American brig F. Copeland, Capt. Jack. were anchored about a mile from the shore. About ten o'clock on the evening of the 1st ^t. the w^ther wai mild and calm, the sky unclouilctl and a bright moon iliii iiiinaling the sen and land. The night being excessively warm, tfie crew on board the John l'atchctt turned ln^n deck. In half an hour the slight undulation in the ocean roadstead changed into a gradually increasing swell, nnd the captain ordered thirty fathom, or chain to be hauled up and given her. Betoro this could ?>e accomplished the swell suddenly grew ? heavy sea and a strong gale commenced blowing f rem the southeast, which is a very ^Tivl bhm thia season of the year, the Beaton of theneavj diow* rarely commeu Jngyuntll well into July. The combers in half an hour became so alarmingly heavr that bofti anchors were let go. This had little effect however, as the bar k commenced dragging inland. Whtte WryeW tion was being made to save the vessel, Our informants had an oDDortunity to glunco around them to observe the condi?Fon of the rest of the fleet. Bv this time the swell was tremendous, setting in with tall combers and roaring far inland over the bar With a frightful "''un'1-. Tl.eir attention was directed to the l r0"cl*!^k uette of Havre, which vessel, after ft few heavy surees, had parted both her chains, and was drifting swfldy towarils the roaring line of breakers to leeward. As she drifted she went broadside on to the Bigllsh clipper ship Beniaita Hkin, and a scene ensued which bailies de S"n As the crew of the Eikin saw their danger thev cutaway the three masts, which was scarcely done when tl.e two vessels met, with a terrific crash. The rollers were so heavy that at times the hulls of the two A. fl|to i !,> fffim view. The noise of the collision and the cries from the crew arose plainly above thenoiso of the combers. Kails, decks, and all the upper works of the two ihiui were quickly smashed to pieces. At . ? a*, vikiii wuH entirely upon the Man< tte. The scene was such as can onl/ be' truly imagined by tl ose who have witnessed similar ones. Hnally thev separated, and the KIki.. hoisted the remnant of a sail and sheered away. Meautime the ? F. P*" laud had purtcd both her chains, and. being n??f?? ready for Fea with everything in readiness aloft, hoiste 1 ; Vr" ail and endeavored to get in over the te into the inner ha rbor. In doing tills she got ttul of {?? chctt. of Liverpool. Our inlormants then had the r hands too full willi their owu concerns to observe the tateof the rest ol the fleet. Home idea of the tremon dous force of these ocean rollers may lie obtained whun state that the of the Copeland wa i at one time over the foreyard of the Patchett which it earned away The seas washed entirely over both vessels and in the crashing of spars and ripping to pieces oi t t hulls all older and presence of mind seemed gone. Xh? cables of the Patchett s'.ill holding, the two vessels diag god together to leeward. Hnally they took uponth bar tbo breakers upon which extended from point to noint a distance of eight miles ? one unbroken line iol rollers which appenro.1 to tho crew the most fomidable they had ever witnessed. They passed ?'J0"^rtnh,IH lm%PllefbAbeBifor^y'thde se?^ " They ^re ^ncar for nearly an hour, utterly helpless ; at one time high *' T to'tirt fl# tSSTtSS ground ftt 12 o'clock, and the Copland sti ll furthe, to the northward. White thi. was going on, the French ship broke adntt from the KU in. and went down head foremost ln twcivo fath. wn? M water caDHlsdnir as she sunk? all hands, twenty kSSSkm scarcely better. As soon as she cleared her- ell lioui ui other wrcck all hands were put to 'hcpumps,the ship drifting in shore until she sunk on the Masatlnn bar. Our informant, an old ?Uor believe. ^nevor -^, o hen vv rollers as were on this bar that night. Ii? anXr oene of disaster was being enactc. near by to brig Miguel, of t'allao, and bark Tartar, of Liverpool (for merly of Loudon), got foul of each other, and after W inff each other io piices, both being dismasted, they drilled <n to the bar, capsized and suuk, the sea "^'"8 a clean breach over them. The ?'">uWers c?mmenced( in thiitcen fai homs of water. Theciew of the fa ft in the rifting part of tho nlglit, and boats came as near thm astnejr dared from the inner harbor and took some if them off The captain of the Patchett having reache the shore, he hastened to the signal bell on the teoko^ Louse, and soon its startling tones wero ringing through the town. The captain of the port, the < .ove rno r an< I a aieat crowd ef the inhabitants, ran to the cliffs andgar.ed upon the sad spectacle. One after another ot those who csespcd found their wuy into the town to repeat the . tails. The losses aie as follows:? THE I1ENJ. KL.KIN. ship lost her chief mate, a seaman and a boy. When tho I Ikin and Manette came together, the Mi p lain of the t'oimer ordered th>- boats lowered, and two were let down from the tackles. There were three "up In < nch. The I'.rst roller capsised the smaller on<>- J1'1 nil but one succeeded in reaching the larger boat, ih h'-wever was washed away from alongside, an 1 as diiltcd past the Patchett. an attempt was made to throw a coil ot rope to her, but the motion of tho bark was so great that it failed to reach her. Tlieysuc^ evcr, in getting hold of the vessel's chain, and here t bcat caj.ited. The chief mate and a cabin boy were di owned, and the rest were dragged on hoard the la^k. Shortly after this the bark came in colllsionwlththe ? Core land, and went ashore as al>ove stated. This v? el bad aU l.ei baled and manufactured ' but there was stiU a quantitv of iron in the hold. . ^he had already commenced taking In " f of 1![ wood, the was an Aberdeen clipper built ship, ol about 600 tons. The loss was about >40,000. BAB* TART AH. , . litis -vessel had not commenced discharging her valua ble cargo of manufactured goods having arrived only the dav before. !-he was a u- w bark, of about 000 ton register, built in Plymouth (Cat IVown), Fngland. The enrire cargo and vessel, ft total loss, are valued at $120 000. When she struck an attempt wss made to get the long boat out of the chocks, when, the! giving a heavy plunge, the boat went violently to I' ward. in ?.tanllv Killing the chief mate; his head was completely smashed to pieces. A seaman was stunned by belng tin own violently to the deck, wh? re he was drowned, the sea breaking entirely over the bulk. The second mate and a seaman, who were tied in lho, were drowned in the surf, the body of the latter b ing the only oi e recovered, and which whs buried the follow ing day in Mavatlan. KRKNCII SHIP MANKTTF.. All hands ^excepting one who was sick on shore in a French house) were on board tlil-> ship when she went down. Four -aved themselves on spars ?d pieces of the wreck, which drif'ed on the small rocks to the noith ward of the town. The rest (eighteen in number) were drowned. The ship was from Havre de Grasse, where she w?s owned, ^he had taken in part ol a cargo of wood at 1-a l a?, and came to Masatlan to complete her cargo. She was bound home. Ihc loss by her was about $100,000. Hie was 100 tons burthen. TBK JOHN PATCHETT. fill Tttw! IO0t none of her pftW. Ai bM ? 4(H) bftkl Of dry (Md0, vslnrh MM to ehsnred tl.c following iiay. The vessrl waM about t?-n yrarH ohl tons burthen, an?l built in Harastable, Iievor.shiie county. F.ngland; with her cargo she was valued at about $40,000. BHIO r. COPELAXD. Before this vessel struck, four of the crew, affrighted at the tremendous ronr ot the breakers uud?the lee, de tein.ine l to take the chances of a small yaWl boat, an 1 endeavor to pull around a neighboring point. Before 11. ey hud i o* ml ten yards the bout was caught by a comber and i oiled over and over twenty times. Not a fragment of the boat or her occupants was ever seen afterwards. The I ?est whale boat could not have lived a moment in the surf. The rest of the crew clung to the wreck until morning, and, as the sea went d >wn, were taken off, greatly exhausted. Hie Copetand was a Boston built li ig. and has ben in the Pacific coasting trad? | two or three vuirs. Mr. McCarty and lady, of this city, w re on board. There w ore also Ave native passengers, Ismnd to San Fiancisco. for which port she was toliave sad.-d the next dav- Ali were saved. Mr. Pahner, hersupei cargo, was aahors at the time of the disaster. The loss by tlii- v< ~-il Is supposed to be about tlo.000. BBIO MIGURL. 1 ho Miguel was about half loaded with the produce of the country, among which wa* a quantity of beeiwax and c ocoa. !-t c wax about 260 t<m?, American built, and the loss is eatimated at about $20,000. No llres lost. LOHfi OF TUB WATEH WITCH AT ALTATA. In addition to the scanty item furnished in the memo rnntla of the Meaner Kmilie, in yesterday's AUa, we hare the lotlowlng from Pr. Oilier, who came p???? nger trom Fan Bla*. Ihe Doctor received a letter at Topic, from Capt. Hummer. of the Water Witch, dated Jane 2, the day following the disaster. He had been to Han Was, and dischaiged the freight frum thin port and thence procee<led direct to Altata, a -small seaport with an ojien roadstead. about 200 mile- belew Mazatlan. where he commenced at once loading with Brazil wood for Nee York. Mr. Bigelow, of thin city, wan in Tepic when thin letter arrived. It states that a tremendous swell set in with a heavy gale on the night ol the 1-tult., the name ' our leported in the ubove accounts, Ilie crew wa* m ? 'ly nahoie at the tiaie, many of them having detert* I. in ;t0 minutes after the combers begl n to sot in from m award the ship was a*h"re. and in less than an hour so tremen dous was the surf that she had broken entirely to pieces. The men lielng ashore, the captain could Dot let his nnehora go lu time U> save her. "lie chip was auchored about half a mile from shore when the gale e tmnenced. ('apt. I lun mi r thinks that about a third of his crew were drowned. The ?hip had been loading with wood for srveral dny?. The news went to the ( astnnas. who <ts ted that the wetting of the wood would ruin it should any ol it get ashoic from the wreck. t-Hie would probaMy Im1 sold lor a trille to Uie above 6rm. At the time the letti i was wrlten, Capt. Plummer was doing -very thing in hisfpower to ssve some portion of the wreck. The gale came en without warning, Ihe aliip wa* injured for *62,000. ."lie was 12*>4 tons register. LOHX or TKE 'irmEEItO. The Mcalcan war -ehooner Guerrero drifted ashore at Mamtlun, en the 29th ol May and was* tot* I loss. Iler commander attempted to get un<leiway in the morning, and the wind being light she < ould not counteract the liitiucnce of the surf. As an instance ot Mexican ?eaman ulilp, we learn that the aehoi ner'? anchor* were let go alter she was on the rocks. The holding ground in thin i oadstead is aaiwly and tiim. Ot'TBAttE* CPON A untie AN CITI7.KNS ? ROBBKRIEfl BY THK INHABITANT!* We learn that Captkin Jack and the chief mate of the Copeland were robbed bv the M.ldiery at Maut lan. tlic officers refusing then all protection. Ol ?aaklng some comjlainte, with the usual amount of nantleal curses, they were r?t upon by eight or ten Mfliian ("MiiWs. and the nutte nangwrousljr ?l?b>>*d with a bayoret, Tbef were loth badly be?ten. and the he*d of Capt. Jacks seriously bruised. The above (acta we ob tain from an eye witness. Wc have no room for further details in relat ion to this subject. One officer, however, who was placed on guard to prevent the crowd of people (who came from twenty leagued inland) from stealing the goods which floated ashore, was seen to strip himself and wind himself into a roll of velvet, a soldier holding on to oue end, and the officer revolving on his own axis until the whole piece was wound up around his body ? he then 1'Ut on as many of his clothes as he could. Men. women and children were seen dressed in the gayest silks and satins, and small children were engaged in selling bottles of wire at half price about town, which they liad stolen bom the cases floating along the beach. Nearly every other native in Mazatbin was drunk, and the disaster si emed the lasis of a general bacchanalian orgie through out that tectlon of country. The shipwrecked mariners were provided for by the English Consul at Maiatlan, there being no American Consul there. By an arrangenient between this gentle man and the American Consul at Tepic, the English and Americans were shipped in the bark Serene, to this port. She sailed from Makatlan on the 16th or June. They number with the French about forty. NEWS FROM THE SOCIETY ISLANDS. Local Politics? Restoration of King Tanima tea ;to Power? State of Affair* In TalUtl? Lin at Report from Uneaten. [From the Alta Callt'ornian, July 21.] By the arrival of the schooner Queen of the Isles, Capt. Chapman, in forty days from Raeatea, we have advices frsm the Society Islands up to the 11th ult. Among the passengers by the Queen -was H. B. M. Consul at the So ciety Islands, Mr. B. Toup Nicolas. We are Indebted to 'this gentleman for some interesting facts relative to that secluded group of inlands. The Queen had the northeast trades up ns Tar as 35 N., since which time they havehad light winds from the N. N. E. and culms. Mr. Nicolas states that the Society group, exclusive of Tahiti, is divided into tbrec separate kingdoms or govern ments; first, ltueatea and Tahoa; second, Huahine and Miou; and third, Borraborra and Mauplte. These gov ernments have existed for fourteen generations, and though the islanders have frequently made war upon each other, invading each others dominions with canoe Beets and driving off their prisoners In the true anthro pophagous style, the hydra head of rebellion had rarely dared to display itself. But the convulsive throes which in the last ten years have overturned European kingdoms and dynasties, was at last destined to reach over these peaceful littlo dots on the ocean. For hundreds of years had the ancestors of the good old King Tuuimatoa, of the united Kingdom of Kneatea a ad Tahaa, reigned with undisputed sway over his ob< dlent subjects, but in December, 1853, a seditious Hotspur of a Chief, named Tnmarrli raised tho standard or revolt, and be fore the islanders had well rellected upon what Ihey were about, his ,-pecious eloquence had seduced thuu Into his rnnl,!-. Old Ki?g Tamraatoa was ousted from the throne mnid the hurling of fishbone pointed javelius and tho frrious blowing of conch shells. The old man (:i paralytic, ngej S'J) hastened away to a n< Ighboring kingdom, accompanied by a few tru ly re tainers, where he remained in masterly inactivity until about two mouths since, wheu the liccntious abuses of the usurper having disgusted his warmest partUans, a secict delegation was sent for the dethroned king, who landed, ana. as is usual on the landing of all new mo narch*, wl.n mouths full of promises, was received with shouts of ccngraulatien. Several hotly contested battles ensued, in which, notwithstanding the remonstrances of Mr. Nicolas, some English and Americans took part, (what meddlesome filibustering fellows these Yaniees and English aiel) and had tho war terminal d in fiivor of Tamarrii they would assuredly liuvo been put to death. I.uckily. however, the fortunes of the day were v, itli the hgitimatf] descendant^ of the old line of kings, and al though TamarTii protested that he was fighting for had nwilril, (a constitutional government,) he was regarded as a falling star. Everybody deserted him, and li<* was obliged in turn topaddlo his light canoe to an adjacent island, f-'o Tammatoa is agnin seated in tho bamboo halls of his fathers, and peace reigns in the kingdom of Rhe* tea and Tnhnn. The Society I-lands he about south southeast from Pan Francisco, at a distance of about O.tiCO miles. The jgradusl increase of foreign population has been at tended with the usual growth of dissipation and disease umong the inlanders or the entire group, though tho ef forts oi the missionaries have done much to ameliorate their condition. There are now re. i ling on Raeatea nnd Tahiti about forty Americans and English ; at out fifteen on Huahine. and five on Horaborru and Miupite. The orange trade i-i n< w monopolized by these resident-!. Mr. Nicolas states that the native* are now being deciimnated by disease, elii' lly produced by the introduction of tlia vile<t rum and other rpiiits from Hydney an 1 California. The islanders use no discretion or moderation, hutdrink bottles lull where others would merely take drams. The conse quence is the most terrible forms of delirium tromons. 'lhls liquor is exchanged for fruit. Somo choap cloths nnd other articles oi trade are also exchanged for cocoa nut oil nnd the few simple products of the islands. The climate he represents to be the most delicious imaginable; the IherinonKter varying from Cd deg. to 90 d< g. through out the year. In t!ie daytime the mercury ranges from 8- to 84. There has been no naval vessel at Kaes tef sincc the F-nglisb trigate Alnpbltrite stopped there, in 185J. For merly tome French schooners used to eoir.e down from Tahiti to observe his motions, but latterly they have ceased to be jealous. The news from Tahiti is unimportant. Since the French took possession of the Island, (or ra'hT a-sumed its protective right) in 1842, t hey have rapidly improved its appiaruuce. The garrison hns constructed a splendid road entirely around it. and considerable attention is Is ing paid to the moral and intellectual condition of the islanders. By the bark Sophronia, which cleared for Tal Iti on the i8th inst., there were shipped 75,000 feet of lumber. 40,000 shingles, 30 packages furniture, 40 cases tobacco, 50 bbls. salmon, 73 bags beans, '23 chests tea, 10 packages drugs. 2 boxes books, l'JO bags potatoes, 20 bags onions. 2 cases and 2 bales prints, 100 ea sk s bottled ale; total value, $0,571. It will thus b? seen that, our trade with the group is not inconsiderable, as such clear ances arc becoming qui'.e frequent: while thr character of the cargo shows that wc are supp'ying the isiuuders with many of the most important necosaner and luxu ries of lilc. JItwi front Bcrniad*. THE PRESBYTERIAN MINISTER SALARY BILL? A 9E BASTOPOL ,HKBO? MCHDER AND SUICIDE ? THE WEATHER? A TERRIFIC STORM. Our diet frotn Bermuda ore dated to the 15th of August. The Ikrmuilian of that date lias the following: ? The bill providing a stipend in aid of the support or the min ister of the Presbyterian church in these inland*, came up for its second reading in the 1 .eglslative Council yes terday. and we ban now the pleasure to announce that the bill passed through that critical stage, the number* being, u|?fin a division, 5 forthe second reading, and 4 against it. There was an animated discussion in the Council on the bill. Vnanswerablc obsi-1 vatlous In sup pr rt id the measure were made by the Hon. Mr. Kenno. dy, the mover; and by the Hon. Messrs. Hull. Smith and 1 ?(igo. 'lhe Hon. Messrs. Butteitield, Tucker and liarn 11 s| oke ngainst it. Among the pas-engers by the Merlin, from Halifax, was John Kces, Esq., I eputy Inspector of Hospital Rial Fleets, who succeeds Doctor Hlldftch iu the medical oharie of the Royal Naval Hoeptlal at Imn UhAi, Doctor MM ha* recently returneu from aetiv- service at the seat of war in the Black Sou. and he has 1 < en an eye-witness of some of tbose'eallanteaploits in battle which have marked the ellorts of the allied forces at Se'tantopoi. The Signal Station at Glbbs' Hill was on the even ing of the Tth. the scene of most revolting ar.d frightful event. ? the murder of Loui. a Wilson, and the suicidn ol the mnrdeuT, herViwn husband, Sergeant William Wilson, of the 28th Cameronlans. The verdict of the f'oronerV Jury was, temporary insanity, under the infiuen :e ol which the sergeant had taken the life of his wife and then committed suicide. The H'-rnwdinn of August 7. *aysr? The weather ha* been oppressively hot during the last ten days, notwith Mantling the prevalent- fornmro than a week of a -feady breeze from the northwest ; and thi- too, it Is woithy of remoik, 1? a most unusual owtinwiw hc-e during the Summer months, southerly and westerly t ir> being tike rule from June to i (ftober. last niicht. a few minute-' before teno'clock, a thunder storm of terrific power passed over these i .lands. It was ushered in bj a violent gust of wind from the west ward and a brief but heavy loll ol' rain. Then came the lightning awfully Beroe, followed by thunder of the grandest volume: "pesl ..n p-al contending clashed" for lhe space of tweuty minutes, one of which, at teno'clock. broke alarmingly close over the town, shaking a' -mst every house within the circuit of a milo. We have heard of no daronge from the electric tluid beyond the shutte, ing of the rnaintopm.uit of the schooner (ienernl (Irant, lying in this hftrt>or. The atmosphere is now, we are happy to say, delightfully cool an t clear. The Klnmy and Walker Expeditions. [From the Aspinwall Courier. Aug. T.] Kv the arrival of the W. I. R. M. steamer, y ester lay, at this port, we leai n that Col. Kinney and company had fully litgiatlated themselves with the people of ^nii Juan, of nil elasses; that the agent of the Transit Coro,a.y had agreed to allow -ome of the pany jiaxsage up lie river, upon their procuring a permit from a "i-flaQed repiescn: alive of the Hlearaguan gorernm' nt, of whose authority no one was bef< re cognizant? but, tliat the Company had ntterly refused to convey any letters or de>|?tche? to the Dlitcd states on their -teamen for any of Kinney's isrty A person connected sith th" exp"dition arrived here in the lhiti-h steamer, from whom we learn that Col K. and men are clearing land, laying out lots, and building hou? s. The most of the accourH of thiir wreck at Ttiik" Island Is aonflrmed by the gentleman aforesaid ? as well a> lhe to'l that the ileesn Wave and another ves sel atesup]osed to have left the United dtates for San Juan. Our informant also says, that Col. Walker, wi h the t ree with whieh he has already been reported us Mng In Nicaragua, had a battle and killed one hundn d Nicar uguans, losing 11 men himself ? that he th?n crossed Into Costa Hlca. There lie was .told to give up his arm- ur tight? he enoso the la'ter alternative: but, after further negotiation*, the Costa Khan* agieeu, if he would give up his arms, to protect himsell and force from the Mearag i an government. Shortly after their arms wore given up a I*ny ol Nlcarnguans captuied some twenty of Col. W.'s party ? whereupon, the Co?ta Hlcan- rale .<1 fifteen hun dred men. and sent word tn the Nlcaraguan authorities who had the prisoner* that if they did not deliver ilu tn up they would make war upon them immediately. Since the receipt of this intelligent nothing farther ha* t een heard- but It was supposed that llirhiing between the two States had commenced lhe Kinney party have already prepare' and plant* I considerable ground, an I all hands were nt work? s>>m< at lumbering *<me at tili ng and some at bulUlIue We understand that Oil Kiunoy ov|icc?* con i tnrable ?eces?lon* toh!* rarty bv ??ir!y arrivals from the l n .1 -<ate> Honimnry of Foreign Ifews Pablbhtd 1 1 Sunday's Herald. The Herald of yesterday morning contained a v?r of most Important foreign new*, a brief mumt of wl we publish tc-day for the benefit of such of our reader do not take a paper on the Sabbath. From Russian America we learn that the garnto. Petropaulowski, in accordance with orders received t headquarter* in Siberia, had evacuated the place on 17th of April, and taken all their munitions of war, i two war vessels, to the new settlement on the river Am. lu China. The Bnglish blockade was skilfully evaded, and chance of distinguishing themselves thus taken fi the commander* of the Allied Pacific squadron. The i from the ships destroyed the fortification* of the pi and erected a tablet in memory of their brethren \ had fallen in the assaults of hurt year. The fleet* mi away, leuring a few American citizens lu po^teaaion the ground*. The Russians are forming an eastern Set topol on the Amoor. They had not rfbundoued Sitka reported. An exchange of prisoner* had tu place between the French on board the Trincomalee and the Russians. A portion of Allied fleet had arrived at Han Frauciaco. The Fre: had a good many seamen sick. A grand ball was giver board the Fnglish-ship Monarch, ut which British, Frei and American officers were present. Baron Bulow, Engineer-in-Chief of Public Road* Costa Rica, ofliciallv invite* mechanics, laborer* : t mall farmers to emigrate to that republic, under g rantee of plenty of work, a secure laud tenure, religl . reedem and cheap living. Hi* letters were publisher lhe Constituent Assombly of the new State of Panit had met and passed a most arbitrary shipping law, In ho of filling the treasury by the taxes imposed on tra it waa mere likely to impoverish that portion of > (iranadn. by driving commercial vessels from its poi We gave the bill in nctnuo yesterday. Panama and pinwall were connected by electric telegraph on the 1 lnst., when messages were sent across, and the rep received, in thirty seoond*. A series of masquers had tak?n place at Panama, in which lieorge I .aw \ represented prominently. Full report# of the late ra ges of the cholera on board tlio steamship Siera Xev; were given. Advices from South America dated at Valparaiso July 14th, and Callao on July With, were also publish Mercantile, educational, and banking affair* went satisfactorily in Chili. Bolivia and Peru were yet agit ed with the Presidential canvasses. Trade w.n lang at Valparaiso. The two houses of tho Sandwich Islands I-egislati having coine to a " dead lock" on the question of an proprtution bill, Kin;; Kumehameha went don a to House of Nobler, and, in a spirited speech, dissolved 1 arlinmcnt. sending the refractory members about jth business.' lie explained his reasons to tlin people i proclamation. Sunday's IIkruji contained the 10 speech and proclamation. Lt'licr from Gen. Cos* on Know Kutlilngtr and Ui? Power of Congress in the Terrli rlcs. [From the Detroit. Free Press, August 23.] Detroit, August 22, 185") To TfiE Editor op the Free Press : ? Pni ? The public journals contain n letter dai July 24tli, written by Gen. Houston, which has j met my eye, und in which he says he perceives, the papers of the day, that " General Cass has : proved the platform of the American order, as ]) claimed to the world by the convention at Philai phia." 1 had observed the statements to wh lien. Houston alludes, and had let them pass i noticed, for it would be a hopeless task to endeai to correi t all the misapprehensions and misrepre? tations to which it is my lot, as well as that of other public men, to be exposed in these days party strife. And, indeed, I could not suppose t! such usserlions would deceive any one who l heard or bud read my remarks in the Senate of t United States, ou the fifth of February last, up the presentation of the resolutions of the Lcf laturc of Michigan, instructing the Senators thut State to vote for an act of Congress prohibiti the introduction of slavery into the Territories of t United State* Upon tliut occasion, while declini to comply wtih those insti-uctions, I took the opp tunity to express my sentiments in relation to ! new political movement, which sought to acqu and exercise power by secret combinations, bou together by the ^auctions of an oath, which, it said, made it the duty of its members to surreal their Individual convictions to the expressed will a majoiity of their associates. I then observe "Strange doctrines arc abroad, and strange orga zatious are employed to promulgate and enfoi them. Our political history contains no such chi ter in the progress of our country, as thut which now opening. The questions of constitutionality a policy, which have been so long the battle cry of p lies, are contemptuously rejected, and intolerance, ligious und political, finds zealous, and it may they will prove successful, advocates in this mid* of the nineteenth cetitury, boasting with mo self-complacency of its intelligence, and in tl free country, founded upon immigration, and gro* prosperous and jiowcrful by toleration. * * * VVc want no new parties, no new platforms, no n> organizations, and the sooner these dangen eflOrts are abandoned, tho better will it be fori and for these who arc to follow us in this heriti Of freedom." 1 might well suppose, after the expression of thi views upon the floor of the Senate, and under e cumrtauces of peculiar responsibility, that any f titer ac tion on my pait would be unnenessary prove my consistency, as a disciple of the school Washington, and Jefferson, ana Madison and Ja< son, in the rejection of a dangerous innovation, consistent with all the principles those patri< taught, and which, In effect, aims to transfer t great political duty of an American citizen from t light of day, where it should lie exercised intl land of freedom, to mh ret conclaves, as unfrieni to calm investigation, an to wise and patriotic de sion. Bat the extract from the letter ol <len. Honst has shown me that these reports have received me crtdit than I had lielieved, and this considerati has indnced me thus publicly to notice and to <x trudict them. My opinions, indeed, upon any si ject are but of little comeqnenoe, except to myse but if they are worth referring to, they are wor the trouble of making the reference a true one. 1 have no sympathy with this plan of political < ganization? none whatever, neither with the mea it employs, northe objects it t<ecks to attain. 1 sccrtsy, its o, itii bound obligations, its control the ballot box, it< system of proscription, strikii both at political rights and religious duties, and i inevitable tendency to array one portion of t community against another, and to carry dead feuds into every corner of the land, of which * have Just had u teri iblc proof, written in characte of blood, and are doomed to have many more; if tl movement goes on, for this is but the tirst lw?t meat of death, and how many others are to folio and to what extent, and when the last is to be pai and after what lamentable vicissitudes, is knov only to Him who foresee* events and can contr them? these characteristics mark it as the mo dangerous scheme whi< h has ever boon introduc* into < nr country to regulate its pubiic action or I social condition. It is the Orangeism of a republi scarcely belter in principle than its monarchical nr lotyjie? of a republic whose freedom and equal! justify as ilttle as they invit** the introduction of machinery whore operation is concealed from pub! observation, but whose consequences are as clear i they are alarming. < >en. Houston gives credence to the report that approve " the nlatform of the American order, t proclaimed to t ue world 1 j the Conv? ntion at Phil delnhia." I uni aware th4 changes have been mad lioth in the ntitne and in-some of the principles i this new organization. But these changes do n< remove my objections to it. Its spirit of exclusic ?nd intolerance remains, and with it, its evils an its dangers. It is n book to which I cannot I recom iled, whatever addition, whether the new or or the old one, in offered to me. Th'ro is, indee< one principle laid down in that conventio which meet* my concurrence, and that is, the dec I. ration that " Congress oncrht not to legislate upo the subject ot slavery, within the territory of th United States." I regret, however, that the bod which thus pronounced against the exercise of th power did not also pronounce against its exiatenci rat carefully pretermitted? to use its own words the expression of any opinion upon that point. Stil 1 api*n>ve its a< Hon upon the sul^ect, so far as i goes. It is a step in the right direction, and I *houl< rejoice to see it followed by every political party i our country. It is a step, too. towards the securit, of political i ights? this op|?osition to the legislatioi of Congress over the Internal affairs of the people o the Territories, and, among others, over the rein tion of master and servant, or that of husband an' wife, or parent and child; for th??e matter* of do mestlc policy are snlije. to which should be lefttotb' Tirritoiial communities, and to divert them o the power to regulate tlicm Is an act ofnnmiti gated despotism. The negation of all power o interference' by Congress in the internal govern mentofthe Territories is the true constitutions doetiinc, and the only safe and practicable one, aiK I am rejoiced that after years of opposition ? of ob loquy, indeed ? it is fust establishing itself upon im pregnable ground. The misapprvheusion whirl prevail* d upon this grave subject is among th< most extraordinary political events of my time. One would naturally suppose that in this country thi dogma of the right of internal government by an ir responsible legislature, over a distant community unrepresented in the ruling Isxly, would find but lit tle favor, and that the |>ower to establish and put in operation a government might well be defended while the power to control all the concerns of human life w< old is* left without an advocate. The differ rnce is broad and practical, and should be tbedearci fo us, as it was the very consideration urged by oui revolutionary fathers In their contest with the mo tber country, which began by argument, but ended by arm". It was averted as early as 1774, when ll?. Continental Congress do lared that th< English colonists "are entitled to a free and exclusive jiower of legisLi' *<>n in their several provincial log is lti'tirrP. wher thor ri4,ht of rcprv^ntation can