Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BB**KTT. PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. imua m. t, corner or wssif and fpltom era. TEKJIS Tub 4? tokxiiur. n * UAILY UEKAI.H. *TJ2L. 91 P^a*mum TUB WEEKLY B KHALI), terry &**rdtm, iU 8A? tmrti por mmmt ?r *3 t?r a hmmi i*? yuropeun Uitum, *4 per .hmimm, lo Br Jam. or titoon* part <y Uu OamtmaU, boa * VOLUt?TA$r OOKRESrONDEjrCB ctmfaMy Impor+mt nkcitfJ from a*y quarter oj Uu trorU?if w?l toiU be S^nlfi Miui "far. M-O0B Fobkiob OoKRnroiKmirni abb rimmu" Kb?di>tu> to out iu Lanui ud FictMia JW> AO TICK u/nm of awMyMou* oommimioiitoM. W? do not 'job rmjfTiya executed iciik neatn an, duapnem and Id VEX T1REMEXT8 rmnwd every day. .So. 9137 AMUSEMENTS T1I18 EVEN1NQ. HQAD117 TRRATRE, Broadway? Jocko? Divcbtisc ? ?i Rbd Unoit. ?IBLO'S GARDEN, Brotdmjr-CEnnuiu. ?OWKRY THEATRE, Bowery? Cabfbnteb or Roots? Sift? or THB Tobbh. METROPOLITAN THEATRE, Broadway-Mcnur Wins cr WWDBOH? Niw FOWU5. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanic's Ball, 472 Broadway. HOCKLEY'S BURLESQUE OPERA HOUSE, 539 Broad way? BQRLBS<tUE Ofbra aj?d Neuro Miwhtkblst. lew York, Monday, Aagmt #T, 1855. Malk for Europe. MBW TORE HERALD ? EDITION FOR EUROPE. Hie Canard mail steamship America, Capt. I*n g, will leave Boston, on Wednesday, at noon, for Liverpool. Tb? European mail* will close in this city at a quarter to two o'clock to-morrow afternoon. The HmALD (printed in English ftnd French) will be published at ten o'clock In the morning. Single copies, m wrappers, sixpence. Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of the No* York Hnun will be received at the following places in Europe: ? Litkbto >l. . John Hnnter, No. 12 Exchange street, East. IjO'.dom Sandford k Co., No. 17 Cornhill. ?' Ib. Thomai k Co., No. 19 Catharine (treet. Jaws Livingston, Wells k Co., 8 Place de la Bourse. 1 be contents at the European edition of the Mould ?will embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at the office during the previous week, aud to the hour of publication. The News. Our files from California, received on Saturday by the George Law, contained Home highly interesting extracts relative to the state of affair* in the Society Wands, American explorations in China, and the opening of a new port and valuable trude by one of ear ship captains, who ran from Oregon Territory to the island of Formosa, in that country; particulars of the late attempt of the Mexican authorities at Manzanillo to seize the American schooner Flying Dart, and of the imprisonment of Mr. Halsted, of Newark, N. J., at Colhna; with full details of the losses of life and property sustained by seamen and ship owners during the late gale at Mozatlan. We publish the whole this morning. We publish to-day additional news items from Australia, dated to June 5th, which will be fonnd Tfthtable to our commercial, and interesting to general readers The new made of replenishing the treasury of the colony of Victoria had caused much anxiety in financial circles. The gold market had improved. Flour ruled high at Melbourne. A large re-shipment of dry goods had been made to England. The latest Melbourne markets arc reported. Mrs. Dexter, the American Bloomer, had been lecturing on "Nothing." By dates from the Society It-lands to the 11th of Jane, we learn the old paralyzed King Tammat >a was lately driven from his throne by a fiery Anti bone armed warrior named Tamarra. a sort of elo quent Kossuth, whose excesses when in power so utterly disgusted his lute partisans that they sent a delegation to the exiled monarch and restored him, with the aid of a few Ameii ansand Englishmen. The native population of the Islund were being de cimated through disease and dissipation, both intro duced by foreign immigrants. Forty American arid English settlers, who resided on the islands of Rie ilea and Tahiti, monopolized the orange trade. The Islanders were tierce rum drinkers. The climate is spoken of as exceedingly healthful. Lum ber, tobacco, dried salmon, and furniture were lately exported from Tahiti to San Fraucisco. Captain Crosbie, of the American bark Louisiana, who lately sailed from the Columbia river, Oregon Territory, to the it-land of Formosa, in the Chinese Sea, has returned to San Francisco, and give i a ?lost graphic description of the explorations which he made and the new acquaintances which he form ed during his journey. He anchored in (he port of Taku,on the south side of Formosa, and had au agreeable interview with the mandarin in command. As Captain Crosbie was the first white man which this official or his people had ever seen, his appear ance excited great astonishment, as did his revolver, hia boots, and his mode of eating without chop sticks. Taku is a large and handsome city, situated in a couti cultivated and fertile as a gulden. Afterau audi eBceofthc head niaudaiin, at Tuyon, the captain obtained verbal poi mission to trade, in futnrc, at the ports of Taku and Kcleang. The lust named port is situated at the northern extremity of the inland, and here the United States squadron, on iis return from Japan, discovered a rich bed of coal. The expoits from Kelcang, Sam Sug, Tuk Lum, end Takfi are very valuable, and the wage for la borers in loading ships cheap. Mr. A. H. Halsted, son of ex-Chancellor Ilalsted, of Newark, N. J., arrived in San Francisco, iu the latter end of July, from a four months1 imprisonment in Colima, in Mexico. He relate* fully the tie.it ment he received at the hands of the Mexican au thorities, from the time of his lauding at Manzanillo In the American schooner Flying Dart, ti the period of his discharge through the exertions of Gen eral Gadsden, the United States .Minister. It ap pears that Mr. llalsted was induced to go to Colima for the purpose of purchasing corn, without a pass port, in order that tlie officials might have a pretext for seizing him, and thus confiscate the Dart, which they wasted, and of which they supposed him to be tbe commander. However, hy his vigilance aud ac tivity they were disap]>ointed, and Mr. Halsted was finally released, after having made a strong protest and demand for icparation. By way of Aspinwnll, we learn that Colonel Kin ney and his expeditionists found much favor in the eyes of the people at San Juan, where they were engaged in clearing land, laying off* lots and building bouses. The Transit Company refuse to take any letters from them to the United States in their Htenmets, but will pass any of the party up the rivet f the Nicaraguan authorities permit. Colonel Walker hud marched into Costa Rica, and after some negotiations, gave up his arms to the authorities, who guaranteed him protection from the ' Niearagnans. However, in a shoit time after the latter seized twenty of his men when the Cost a Ricans raised fifteen hundred soldiers , and seat a de mand for their delivery. It Is thought that this has produced a war between Costa Rica and Nicaragua The crew of the Knglish bark John Fatchett fur nisli full particnlors of the looses sustained, both in Hie and shipping, by the terrific gale which visited tbe port of Mazatlan (Mexico) on the 1st of June last, hix vessels? English, French, American aud Peruvian? lay off shore that evening, and abo it ten o'clock at night a slight undulation of the sea gave notiee of the roming calamity. From this moment the storm commenced, and before it terminated eight vessels were cither totally lost or much dam aged. Thirty persons were dr >wn?d, and about four hundred thousand dollars worth of properly des troyed. The Mexicans along shore, and even the officers, appropriated all the floating property th. y could lay hands on. Advices from Bermuda are to the 1 ith of ,\ ug .-t. Tbc Presbyterian Minister-' Salary bill had j.a?kcJ through a critical stage. A sergeant of the 26th regiment had murdered his wife, and then com mitted suicide, whilst in a utate of temporary in sanity. A new inspector of hospitals had arrived from the Black Sea via Halifax. A terrific thunder storm passed over the island on the Oth inst., but did little damage. Further particulars received at New Orleans from Mexico, confirm the news of the flight of Sauta Anna, who left the capital on the pretenoe of gell ing the insurrection in Vera Cruz. The office of the Univtrttl, and forty other baildings, had been de' molished by the populace during the excitement consequent upon Santa Anna's departure. The military interfered, killing forty persons and wound ing a large number. The Btatue of Santa Anna had been torn down and trampled upon by the people. Delegates met Ih the city of Mexico on the 10th inst, who chose Gen. Carro President for six months, and also ordained the liberty of the press. Oar Olympia (Washington Territory) correspon dent, writing on July 14th, states that the recent elections had ended, most probably in the triumph of the democrats. Great excitement prevailed rela ive to the discovery of rich gold fields at Port Col ville, in about id deg. latitude, or nearly two hun dred and fifty miles from Puget Round. A brisk trade was being carried on with the Sandwich Islands. The United States government was about to build an arsenal and other works of defence. The mail delivery was very irregular, as no steamer yet phed between San Francisco and Olympia, as pro vided for by Congress. A despatch from Washington states that Brigham Young is only acting as Governor of Utah until a successor is appointed, Col. Steptoe having virtually declined. From New Orleans we arc gratified to learn that many of the prominent physicians state the yellow fever to be fast declining in their practice. It is also stated to be on the decrease in the hospitals. In Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., there appears to be no decrease in the ravages of the ye How fever. In both places the new cases arc said to be very nu merous. The resolutions passed at the great free soil de monstration in Kansas, on the 15th inst-, will be found in to-day's paper. A Frenchman, named Jules Desprerres, committed suicide on Saturday night, at No. 2 Mercer street, in this city, by blowing out his bruins. The deceas ed had been for some time past out of employment, and in a melancholy state of mind, which, it is sup posed, induced him to commit the rash act. A correspondent in our paper to-day describes a dreadful state of aflairs in the Fifth ward. As he substantiates his statement by facts, it would be well for the proper authorities to give their atten tion to the subject. The nominations of a new party calling them selves the " American democracy," will be found among our city politics this morning. They say that they intend to run a clean ticket, and feel cer tain of electing their candidates. On Saturday the sales of cotton were 600 bales, and the market closed without change in prices. There was no material alteration in the price of flour, and sales were made to a fair extent. New red Southern wheat was sold at $1 80 for common, and $1 90 for good qnulity. A sale of 20,000 bnshels Maryland white was made, delivera ble in October, at $1 80. Corn sold to a moderate extent at full prices. Pork was firmer: uew mess sold at $22, and $22 12J was offered for 500 bbls., without Fellers, and 1,000 bbls. sold, deliverable in all the present year, seller's option, at $20. Other provisions were firm. Sugars continued firm, with a fair amount of sales. Coffee was also quite steady, j with moderate transactions. Freights were steady, with some engagements of flour and cotton to Liver pool, and wheat to Loudon. Highly Important ffrom Mexico? Probable Abaoiption of that Republic by the United State*. By the telegraph reports and by privfe let ters, the important intelligence of the complete success of the revolutionists in Mexico, the proclamation of their chief, the abdication and flight of Santa Anna, and the probable or ganization of a provisional government, has been received. These extraordinary and stir ring events on our southern border, anticipated in well informed diplomatic circles, have a pe culiar significance at the present time, even in connection with American politics. It is idle to attempt to conceal the fact that this revolution bears directly upon the fortunes and destiny of the people of the United States. The public mind here, especially since the Mexican war, has never been settled in refe rence to the fate of that republic and people. The present succcssful movement there, whe ther we regard its inception, its design or the scope of its influence, is not altogether Mexi can. It has an Anglo-American type, com plexion and energy about it winch indicate its actual paternity. It bus the spirit and the tone of our people. It briugs Mexico nearer to us. It opens the two nations to harmonious and concurrent action? and this is the head nnd front of American ambition .vnd conquest ? the work of peace, consulting the material interests of the masses, and not the fortunes of the leader. In this spirit, disguise it as we will, the signal overthrow of Santa Anna is the first great step to the absorption ot the two countries into one grand homogeneous republic. It has long been obvious to statesmen and philosophers that the continued existence of Mexico and the United States as neighboring republics ? the former constantly a prey to in ternal wars, and reduced to poverty and shame, and the latter, with no greater physical ad vantages. in the highest degree orderly, pros perous and contented ? is impossible under general luws of population and intelligence. Nations thus situated in a geographical point of view, must ultimately (ind approximate equality- cither the one must rise or the other fall. The absorption of Texas, New Mexico and California was an effort of Providcnc c to produce this inevitable equilibrium. In connection with this subject, and in view of the present revolution, let us refer to some interesting nnd curious events touching our intercourse with Mexico. The inside of histo ry is generally a very simple afTair, and so it is in the present case, l>y which it is easy to trace the overthrow of Santa Anna to the con quest of that republic by General Scott. The ^government of the United States over our 'Mexican neighbors during the conquest, was the Bccd of the present revolution. The administration of Mr. Polk, after the eity of Mexico had fallen into our hands, de termined upon the final overthrow and oblit eration of thut republic. General Scott had appointed General Quitman to be military (?o vernor of the city. In obedieuce to the more compit hen-<tve policy of the Cabinet at Wash ington, Quitman was made Governor of the whole conquered republic. Thus the old rule was by a single stroke entirely suppressed. Mexico bet ame a part of the United States. This was the settled policy of the Cabinet at Washington, and it had the sanction of a very large portion of the Mexican people. Among those who most ar?l< ntly supported the project of entire absorption, and the establishment of the Mexican >tat''?, to be <qucntly incorpo rated into the American Union, were many of I the chi-fs of the present revolution. From that day to this, the cause of annexation in Mexico baa had its warm supported from its most intelligent and orderly citizens. Had the policy of Mr. Polk been carried out, all the great evils which have since befallen our neighbors would have been avoided. In fact, there was an actual convention between the leading men of Mexico and Mr. Folk's adminis tration, by which the latter pledged our gov ernment to maintain in perpetuity its autho rity over that country. Gen. Quitman was sent for, to come to Washington to receive de tailed instructions upon the subject It was t fully settlefl that Mexico should become a part [*f thin government. Meanwhile Mr. Trist, without authority, and after his actual dismissal and recall, and in the face of a proposition alleged to have been made to General Scott, by which the latter was offered millions of dollars to continue as the chief of the Mexican people, thus evincing their entire satisfaction with the change of rule, made a treaty of peace, receiving certain territories, and agreeing to pay a large sum of money for them, and to light their frontier Indian battles in all time to come. It was called a treaty, but it should have been called a capitulation. In fact, there was nobody on the other side authorized to treat. Gen. Quitman was at the head of the Mexican people ? their government had been displaced ? powet had been trans ferred ? Mexico was a part and parcel of the territory of the United States. There was a double conquest ? that of arms in the overthrow of Santa Anna and other chiefs of the Repub lic, and that of example, with its attendant order, the protection of private property and the assurance of personal liberty, such as be fore were unknown in that country. When the treaty of Mr. Trist was announced at Wash ington, it fell upon the Cabinet like the roar of thunder in a cloudless sky. Mr. Robert J. Walker, then Secretary of the Treasury, de manded its prompt suppression. Peace had been secured by unconditional conquest ; but there was a vision of expense, a narrow, Jew ish estimate of costs and of possible European intervention, and of war on a broader scale, in which money and commerce would have to sacrifice its idols, and these were all on the side of the treaty and against the administra tion. Mr. Walker threatened to leave the Cabinet; and had he made the rejection of the treaty a sine qua non of remaining, that blunder of blunders would not now enter into the cur rent history of the.United States. Santa Anna would not have been troubled with his abdica tion and (light. The government of Arista, which fallowed, was little more than a struggle of the Anglo-American party and its oppo nents. The latter finally succeeded, and the flight of Arista left Cevallos, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, ex-ofGcio President of the Republic. Cevallos is an honest man, of great experience and talent. Santa Anna found him, on his last return, at the head of affairs. He at oncc offered him the Order of Gaudalupe, but it was refused ; he then sent him out of the country, as he had many others. The exiles met in this city, at the Me tropolitan Hotel, and consulted together on the state of Mexican affairs. Many intelligent Americans were of the party. After full con sideration of the circumstances, the plan of the revolution wns agreed upon. Its incipient movement was entrusted to General Alvarez, who has, with varying fortunes, in conjunction with his friends here and on the Rio Grande frontier, pressed it forward "to complete sue CCS8. This is the second signal overthrow of the opponents of the United States in Mexico, and the second signal triumph of its friends. The present revolution is a bond of union be tween the two countries ? a cause of interna tional rejoicing and thanksgiving. It is the mingling of kindred interests, and the glorious success of measures intended for their security. It is the transformation of a long line of bor der feuds into an interchange of friendly of fices and mutual courtesies ? the apant courier of ultimate annexation, of peaceful and harmo nious union between the two countries; and in the preset position of political parties in this country, the result of this revolution is popu liurly important. With the whole ol Mexico open to the South ? a vast country, peculiarly adapted to slave labor, and ready to be incor porated at some future day wilh the Southern Slates ? thus forming the basis of the most magrtiticent empire of the world ? the projects of the abolitionists become less aud less fear ful to all save the Northern States of the Union. Thus, in the progress of event* in the South and West, the conservative and thought ful men of the North may witness the end of their sectional madness. In this view will they not reflect on the consequences of the success of the abolition disunion fanatics at the approaching election"! Thk Coming Stri'uoij':. ? The Richmond Whig copies our summary of the next Con gress, showing that, in the event of a failure to elect a President by the Electoral College, there would still be a conservative majority of States, and says: ? Tlii* guarantees the detcAt of the Northern fttctioaints. M what pay* tho Humid to the < hrinrM of the " Amer ican jnity'' defeftticg nil the faction* before the poojile t C*n't the thinjf be doneV It I* Tory well to Iihto Con Rre?? In rf?erye? but it will be mnch better to do the work without it* nH*irtnnie. It New York wUI Mnnd firmly by the Conntltution, the ronitorT?tlve-i, in our opinion, ran xweep the hoard. What s?ys the IIcraldV The IIkrald agrees with the Whig in one point. It is most important that the conserva tives of New York should stand lirm, and it is to be hoped that they will be found united against the Seward factions when the hour of trial arrives. If such is the case, there can be no doubt about the result all the factionUts will get as sound a flogging as they received in aud '52, which will keep them quiet for a year or two at least. That things look a little uncertain at present is owing to the stupi dity of the administration in splitting up the democratic party. The Seward minority may secure the State offices in November, but this will render their defeat the more certain and sweeping next year. That's what the IIkram> i-ajs. , Conh.ht bktwkkn thk PowKRfl. ? Our young friend. Kainehameha the Fourth, King of the Sandwich Islands, is turning out to be a trump. On the 16th of Jtint> last he followed the bril liant example of Cromwell and Napoleon, and dissolved the Legislature. Tne Appropria tion bill voted by the House exceeded the r< venue about two hundred thousand dol lar", aiul the King refused to sanction di rect taxation to make up the detlcit. He has ordered a new ^lection, and Parliament was called to meet at Honolulu on the 30th of July. The young King lias evidently caught the" dictatorial xpirit of the age. Well, why shouldn't he have hi? little WVmiJ Our BdaUwi with Praiict-Thc Dillon Affair Settled. Many weeks ago, shortly after the appoint ment of Count Waleweki to the French Foreign Office, we heard that the Dillon difficulty had been nettled. It was understood in a general way that both Mr. Mason and Count Walewaki had made slight concessions, so as to meet cach other half way, and that the arrangement was satisfactory to the honor of both parties. We are now enabled to state that the settlement consists in the appointment of a new Freneh consul to San Francisco in the stead of Mr. Dil lon, whose exequatur is revoked ; the United States government agreeing to salute the new Consul's flag with as many gunB as French honor may deem necessary. Thus ends a diffi culty which at one time appeared pregnant with trouble for both countries, and actually did impede the settlement of questions of far more importance which were pending at the moment. There was, in fact, no necessity for any mis understanding on the point. If Mr. Marcy had been a man of experience in foreign politics, had he even possessed an ordinary acquaint ance with the rules of public international law, the affair need never have gone beyond the San Francisco newspapers. Even Mr. Ma Eon could have settled it with M. de Persiguy when the papers first went to Paris, had the

State Department forborne to interfere in its accustomed vexatious and blundering manner. But no sooner had our Minister placed the negotiation in train, and come to a .ver bal understanding with* the French Secretary, than Mr. Marcy interferes, as usual, and the whole negotiation is brought to an end. Yet a clearer case than this one it is not possible to conceive. Any experienced consular clerk could have settled it in half an hour. It has been suggested that Mr. Marcy refused to confirm the offer mode by Mr. Mason in the ne gotiation with Persigny, through an impression that the exasperatiou of the people of San Francisco would not suffer the execution of any concessions made by the United States government. This appears an unwarrantable supposition. We need not travel so far to find out the motives of the Secretary's conduct. He acted as we have related, in pursuance of the uniform line of policy he has chalked out for himself? a policy whose chief principle is never to allow a subordinate to manage a negotiation or conduct any foreign business of importance, lest he should make some political capital out of it. He would not suffer Mr. Sou 16 to conclude bis Spanish negotiation, becansc he saw plainly enough that it would have the effect of render ing the latter popular here; and therefore placed him in a position where he had no choice but to be stultified or to resign. He meddled in like manner with Mr. Buchanan until the latter was on the point and actually did threaten to return home, and lay the whole case before the country. And now we find him meddling with Mr. Mason, breaking off his negociation with Persigny, and only allowing him to conclude a bargain with Walewski, when the interests of the.. trade of California would brook no further delay. In fact, Marcy has make np his mind to be able to say that he is the State; he makes it an essential condition of office that all ? from his colleagues in the cabinet to fhe country postmasters ? shall be mere tools of his, the slaves who do his bid ding. We are perhaps doing politicians too much honor when we express surprise that men of any spirit at all should be fonnd willing to work on such terms. It is perhaps true, after all, that among the men employed by the pre sent administration, independence of feeling is too rare to be an impediment to the thorough accomplishment of the Marcy policy. Souls arc a drug in the market. As for the country, it cares very little how its servants distribute power and responsibility so their work be properly done. Whether Marcy is the Sultan of the United States and the foreign ministers the lacqueys who kiss his feet, or not, matters not an iota: but the people require that the public service shall be pro perly performed. And when they find that the ignorance and inexperience of the Secretary of Slate have protracted a conMilur difficulty for some two years, and narrowly eso&ped inter rupting our friendly relation* with one of our b? st customers nnd most valued allies, they may well cry out in the language of the chairman of the Hard Shell Convention: ? "To speak ill of this administration is like kicking a dead dog." Accwknts to Foot Papsknotus i kom Cars i kh8 Driving. ? The pressure upon our public thoroughfares, caused by the peculiarities of the site upon which our city is built, and the in difference that is manifested by our Corporation for its relief renders our principal streets ex ceedingly dangerous for foot passengers. How many accidents do we daily hear of arising from the overcrowded and almost impassable state of Droadway ? Take it at certain hours of the day, and it is a venture attended with no small peril to attempt to cross it. Until the procure of conveyances upon this huge artery of city circulation is diminished by some of (he numerous plans suggested for its relief, wc fear that these accidents will continue to be of frequent occurrence. In the meanwhile something might be done to abate the evil, by stringent police regulations, and by suing the owners of vehicles, by whom these casuallties are caused. There is a very common error pre valent ? that, as regards the centre of the pub lic causeways, foot passengers have no right"-, and that if one of them is run over in the mid die of the street, he has no remedy against the driver whose carelessness may have maimed him for life. Such is not the fact. The laws afford the fullest protection to the poor man whose means do not enable him to profit of the luxury of a conveyance. As an illustration of this we have only to cite the dictum of Mr. Jnsticc Coleridge, in a ca?c tried before him the other day in England, in which a widow, whose husband had been run over and killed by nn omnibus, sued the owner for damages. The learned Judge said that, " when passing along a street, the side pavements were for foot passengers, and the centre of the street was for carriages, and those persons who wish- 1 ed to cross were bound to watch their oppor- ' tunity ? to use due care and caution ? but at ' the end or corner of a street, if a foot pangen- j gcr wished to cross. it should l?e known that the centre of the '?trect belonged as much to j the foot passenger as to the carriage, and he j basts much right to t? 11 the driver of a car- j riage to wait for him. a? for the driver to make . him wait." It in important that the principle I involved in this decision ?hotibl be generally j understood, and avted upon. If a few et amplcswerf made of the drivers of vehicles w) i - 'libit -Hell rrckle?n?ss of the lives of ? foot passengers as we are daily in the habit of witnessing, It would have the effect of check ing, in a degree, the accidents arising from the causes that we have pointed out. New Irish Movkmrst -Look Oct. ? It will be seen by some resolutions and an address emanating from a body calling itself the "Great State Con vention of Irishmen in Massachusetts," that a movement has been set on foot by the Irish party in this country to establish a platform which will unite all sections of that divided race. The organization of this association shows a greater degree of administrative skill and prudence than is generally displayed by our Hibernian friends |n the management of their affairs. The system of representation seems to be strictly carried out in its arrange ments. Fifty-five towns in the State sent dele gates to the convention; besides these there were twenty-five delegates from local societies whose credentials were disputed, and twelve invited guests, representing seven States. The number of names enrolled upon the books of the association is said to be about four thou sand, so that the new association already of fers the semblance, if it has not the substance, of a powerful political body. One feature in its constitution is worthy of note, inasmuch as it shows that even Irishmen can learn some thing from the lessons of experience. The Directory of the new organization, who are all said to be wealthy and responsible men, are obliged to give bonds to return the money raised for the objects of the association to the subscribers, in case it shall not be employed for the purposes for which it is designed. We trust the guarantee will be found an effective one. The professed motive of this new organiza tion is to profit by the advent of O'Connell's long promised era of hope, "when England's difficulty would become Ireland's opportu nity." That time, it is contended by its origi nators, haB at length arrived ? the troubles and embarrassments of Great Britain appearing to have reached a favorable degree of complica tion. Without questioning for a moment the justice or generosity of such a movement at such a crisis, we may be permitted to express our doubts whether, instead of being at hand, the time has not already passed when reasona ble hopes might be entertained of it's success. We do not believe that the elements could now be found in Ireland to second any filibus tering attempt that might be made from this side. The circumstances of the country, the material condition of its people, and if we are well informed, even their political sentiments towards England, have undergone a sensible change within the last few years. They have lost all confidence in brawling agitators and red revolutionists, and they are contented to accept in good faith the ample though tardy concessions which the progress of liberal ideas has forced from the English government. It may be that the gentlemen of the Mas sachusetts convention are ignorant of those facts, although we cannot well see how any one can be so who has been an attentive ob server of Irish events for the last few years. If, as we suppose, they are as well aware of them as ourselves, it argues a greater degree of recklessness and folly than we had given the Irish revolutionists credit for to initiate a movement which can only be attended with disappointment and mortification to its leaders, and perhaps with serious injury to the cause of civil and religious liberty in Ireland. These results aro so evident to the most un reflecting mind, that on reading the pro gramme of this association we could not help asking ourselves, if under the cover of this visionary project, there did not lay concealed some practical scheme with objects having re ference to the position of the Irish party in this country. What a powerful nucleus such an association would form for an organization intended to control our elections, and to neu tralize the antagonistic influence of the Know Nothing party I We do not say that such is the intention of its founders, but it is no great stretch of probabilities to suppose that, failing in its professed object, this new association'may be easily diverted to mischievous interference in our home politics, and to the widening still further the breach which the agitation of such sectional interests has already made between the Irish and the native American parties. In any cane we require to be on our guard. General Cash on thk Know Nothings and Democracy ? We give in another column a very calm and exceedingly cogent letter of thiu distinguished citizen upon the tenets of the Know Nothings, and the duty of the de mocratic party. Having announced the con currence of General Cass in the twelfth section of the National Council of the Know Nothings of Philadelphia? his entire approval of that, in fact, only bases of the order ? it gives us pleasure to lay his letter, which we take from the Detroit Frte Prm, before our readers. Ge neral Cass does not oppose the Know Nothing organization, as a party. That is a question of little consequence. It is manifest that par ty organizations, whatever they may be called, arc uscfes# and mischievous except when based upon ,the constitution of the United States. What is wanted is the union of men upon a platform as broad as the country, ccuieuted by the spirit of justice and equality. TIIE L A T EST N EW8, 8Y MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, From W??lllnf(ton< lilt AC(Jin?!TION OF CCBA ? GOVERNOR OF UTAH. W.'.miiNOKtN, Ati?u->t 20, 18,',:.. Although the pulley of the government reapecting th'' requisition of Cuba in laid to be unchanged. it Is believe i bc:e that Minister Dodge'- recenUy reported movement, which (filled forth the declaration of the HpMUh offlcta garette in oppoeition thereto, wan not in a *;*-eifie form, the American administration well knowing that S)*in U now hostile to the cwilw of the i lml. Ilrlgbnm Young Is merely acting ax (inventor of I'tali t.ntll a ui ce-mr is appointed, Col. Stepuxs having in ef fret declined. The Kpldenilr at (he Dnntli. Ml LIKE OF THE FEVER AT NEW ORLEANS. Nrw Orixa.np, Aug. Uf>, I860. Mil ny of our prominent phynielans inform u? that tlie lever in fast decreasing In their private practice. It i also on the decrease in the honpntals. TIIK h EVER IN V1ROINIA. H.u.timhiu; Aug. 'J6, 1856. At Norfolk. during the 24 hours ending yestonUy noou there weie were 17 deaths from yellow fever, and during the n.nie time at Portsmouth there were In deaOis. Mnyor Wiodis. of No, folk, i.i recovering. I)r. Le\ itt I* depd. 'Ihr Btw i?if are xery numerous in both cities. Markets. Irdvidkok Augnit 2ft. 1855. 1 , 'ion h?? l?? ? > i" moderate iei|tieM during the week i.' i ncbatged price*. Wool ? II). market remains rather rjt.Wt, wiih bitn ptl.<*. ^ ah'#, "1000 lbs. Printing i ,, I, ?'Tn.k't it .< he. No . ]i.. ?? prices, ~-.il..., V. ,f 1 0 pieces, at la?t k's pri. e?. Mw 'mux*. August 2ft, 18 >.Y < oi t n I at i i" i >il ? ? .i ?,.(??? (o-iUy. 17 tO* lib Qu< iati< n* i ? *i n- . ictr (m? r ,.pj loe ; it "r.p. i\e. City Polities. WHAT THE CITY POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS A EE DOING. Tho politician* }unt at pre-eut are in boiling hot water, and the ferment will continue until the Noven.ber elec tion. The Know Nothings have opened the ball hand somely, and by nominating full city, charter and judi ciary ticket* they have takon the wind out of the sail* of the whig* and bard sheila, whose only course now is to adopt the nominees of the American party as their owe or to submit to an overwhelming defeat. It seem* that in this move the Know Nothing!! have completely outgeneraUed the wbigs, and have actually managed to operate so successfully on the Broadway House commit tees as to indnce them to call their city and county con ventions together after the Americana had completed^their ticket. To-night the Whig Judiciary Convention meet, ant from present appearances they will endorse the no minations of the Americana. 'Ihe other whip conven tions will meet during the present week at the Broadway Houfe. The bard and soft general committ?eH will meet during the present week to designate the time aud place for holding their primary elections for city and county officers. Inspectors will also be chosen. It is saiu that an effort will be made In tho soft shell committee to have the inspectors chosen by th? ward local committees ; but as this would Interfere with the arrangements of the wire pullers in the committee. It will, no doubt, be negatived. It is well understood that the inspectors, not the voters, elect wh< m they please. From facts that have lately transpired, it appears that an internecine war has sprung up in the came of tho softs, growing out of an attempt on the part of the Custom Hou: e people to control all the primary elections and conventions, so as to put their own friends in nomi nation. The most bitter feellug exists against Rynders, Cochrane, 4c., and the Post Office clique, as they are culled, backed by the local ward politicians, swear sav agely that the Custom Bouse shall not have everything ? own way. It is a well known fact that in every con ation of the softs, at least three-fourths of the mum Mk hail from the Custom House; thus, In the delegation W Syracuse, fourteen out of the sixteen are of that cllqtu. These feuds, together with the conflicting claims or so many candidates, will create no little fun aud lighting in the forthcoming soft shell convention. THE AMERICAN DEMOCRACY. A new party has entered the field, called the 44 Ameri can Democracy." Many of the members of this organi zation were formerly attached to what were known as tho "Practical Democrats," an organization of some importance. In an advertisement given elsewhere will' be found a full statement of their principles, purpose*, and plan of action. The following nominations have been made by them. They intend to run a clear ticket, and are sanguine ot success Comptroller Peter Cooper. County Clerk Stephen Vannostrand. Sheriff James C. Wlllett. Com. of Repairs and Supplies .... Daniel W. Norris. Street Commissioner J. Meech Henry. City Inspector Henry D. Johnson. Counsel to Corporation Theo. E. Tomlinson. (iov. of Almshouse Department. ..Wm. F. Havemeyor. CORONERS. H. N. Wilhelm, A. Foresche, John Brown, Thomas Whelan. senators. Dii. Dit. 1st. Daniel O'Keefo, Jr. 5th. K. A. Bailey. 4th. John Commerford. 6th. Alexander Ming. ASSEMBLY. Michael Ryan, John Cunningham, C. McCarty, Thomas J. Munday. Christopher Woodruff, Arthur Wood, J. Poynton, George Weir. Charles Smith, ?ALDERMEN. Ward. Ward. 4th. Bartholomew Haley. Irtth. William J. Haskett. Ctb. Michael Mclaughlin. 18th. Charles Partridge. 10th. Norman McLeod. 20th. John Orser. 14th. Michael Toumey. 22nd. Henry liebenan. Anotiikr Candidate for Repairs and Supplies. ? John G Seeley, Councilman Seventh ward, soft, hard and work ingman. FIR8T ASSEMBLY DISTRICT. The whig delegates of the First and Second wards met ou Saturday night at 11 Broadway, and unanimously selected Matliew C. Fordham, of the Second ward, to represent tho district In the approaching Whig State Convention to bf held at Syracuse; and Alfred Crooker, of tlio First ward, as alternate. TO THE EDITOR OF TIHC IIKRALD. Six ? I saw my name mentioned in your paper, a tew days since, as candidate for County Clerk. Permit me to request you to say that I decline the honor; and having received the nomination of the American party for the Assembly in the Seventh district, I feel more like serving my constituents than making money or political cupital for myself by accepting the gift of a county office of that kind. Respectfully yours, New York, Aug. 20. SAMUEL BREYOOR1. Sfarlne Affairs. Collision. ? Yesterday, at 1 A. M., the barge Ontario. Keller, from Albany, with a cargo of staves, in tow of steam tug John Marshall, bound to the foot of Jefferson street, E. R., when off Coenties slip, came In contact with steamtug Titan, bound to Sandy hook. The T. came bead on and struck the barge a lit tlo on the star board bow, staving her and displacing her cargo for about 16 feet inboard. Tho T. was running without any lights, and the pilot of the J. M. at Qrst supposed she was going in the same direction with his own boat; but to obviatt danger, immediately slowed his engine. The T. came on under full headway, and the pilot of the J. M. states that he hailed her with out receiving an answer. She proba bly sustained no material damage, and after backing out from the barge, proceeded on her course. The barge having tilled, w as towed around to shoal water, on the north side of pier 1 East river, off the old Battery wall. Ihe cargo of staves was consigned to Sherman It Romaine. New Hamphiirk Wat* Fair. ? We have received an in vitation to attend the Sixth Annual Fair of the New Hampshire ft ale Agricultural Society, to be hoiden at Manchester, on the 12th, 13th and 14th of September Since tikis society was organized it* exhibitions havt maintained u high rank, and we hare no doubt that thi ~ ycar'H fair will be qnitc equal to any that have preceded it. Kx-Oovernor Baker is President of the society. An Albanian to be Chikf Engineer op the Rithhian Navv ? Mr. James C. Thompson, proprie tor of the extensive machine works on Quay street has received an offer to assume the Chief Engineer ship of the Russian navy, and is now in Washington making the necessary arrangements with the Huh sian Minister. The offer is made for three yearn, at a salary of $6,000 per annum, with house rent free, and has been made in consequence of the reeigna tion of Mr. Chambers, a Scotchman, who has neld that position for the past eighteen years. Mr. Thompson was, for five years, first engineer on the steamer Pacific, of the Collins line, ana But recently located in this city. He is a mechanical genius of rapidly rising celebrity. The ofilce is a very lucra tive one, aside from the salary, M'. Chambers having had a most beautiful dowry settled npon him every year, and now retires immensely wealthy. ? Albany Argvs, Augutt 26. Personal Intelligence* American* registered at the banking huu?* of I.Ivings ! ton, Wells k Co., Paris I J. A. Reynold*, ?. Glow, J. A. Reed. W M. Abbau, M. O < Whiteside. J. Corse, F. M. Keichum, Hon. II. Wager, E. C. Moore, J P. Fellows, W. R. Man In, B. K. Beekman, K. Rowe. J. Van Nance and lady, R. Pell, J. A. Tsnber, J. R. Dickson. E. V. Haupbmont, R'. J. Moul'on nod ladv, H. C. Kde*, C. Kirkpatrlclc. J. H. Rogers, C. O. Tburroaner and lsdy, lion. M. Fillmore, A. E. Davles, C. H. Tiffany W. Henry and rurally, T. B. Merrick, C. F. Wads worth, K. SclileBlln, K. A. Martlne, J. W. Campbell, T. Rowe and fa mily, W. M. Gillespie, W. Clay, J. P. Kellog*. W. M. -Murray W. A. Moienberg, Hrsrhan A lady, W, F. MootL Jr., T. Pear sail, 8. P. Hurrhsrd, D. 1)., A. L. Lathrop, J. B. Klerster, J W. Cochran. A. D. While, E. J. Dickenson, C. C. Thompson. C. M. Thompson, J. Bloodgood. Miss llloodgnod, E. Wodff, C B. Cnrtiss, D. O. Bradley, W. T. Born, W. R. Klbbey. V Richmond. A. B. Moore, J. Anderson. D. Mesamore, G. Wld roayer, N. Kullivan and lady, Mrs. C. F. Llvermore, Mlsa M R Hunt, J. F. French, C. J. Camhrelong. H. fl. Osgood. Ne? York; H. O. I'nnurst. L. Andersold, Rev. G. F. J. Jager, W M. TWkara, Mrs. K Hornor, Pr. W. R. Be Witt, Jr., J. M. Wallace, J. K Thomson, W. H. Woodward,J. O. Brlncle. J. B. Newman, J. II. Blsyham, P. tlraier, W. H. Randall J. Rsnilall, P. v. Veeder, Mrs. II. Wilde, Mr?. 11. M. Andrew Q. W. White, J. P. Pawning. K. A. McHees. Petuifvlvanla R. Eppes. Rev. C. Mlnevrade. O. A. Pegram, J. M. Fishburn Mrs. /. Allan, Mr. J. Allan, Mrs. W Allan, P. Allan, D. R Oallcutt, Virginia. W. B. Warren, H. T. Warren, J. C Butler. J. Ullmore, T. Cohn. Gen. Palieir, J. Houth I). P. Jackson, J. Montgomery, II. Hondurant, O. A W<.k sir. J. II jarleh, J. R. Niir.onson. W. O. Rl> liardaon A. Iiharrel. E. Matthew* and ramllv, O. O. Noodman and wife M. T. Taylor. II. H. Hplegg. J. H. Wln<-bestcr, lxiulslana; L. J. Tonnele, Mrs. J. Tonnele, C. P. Crockett, B. Vandcrpool, A ("srter. Jr., W. Vanderpool, New Jersey: M. D. Fleet, B. F Bowles, W. K. Ratchelacr, O. H. Ilraslow, J. H. Beal, J. li Kelly, ?>. A. Mayer, H. T. Dalnnd. O. W .l?hn?on, M. F. Fow ler and lady, E. H. Puns, Ml?? Waiwvr, Miss Piper, K. P Tbulnc. B. 8. Low, Massai-husctla; J. T. Col, F. Jobn*lon, R H. Rnda, K'ntuckyjT. J. IJp? nmb.W. B. Ileyward. R Puhn. Couth Carolina; (1. J. Weihered. J. Lambdlo, J. W. Weibered. Pr. James Ileroey, James Hturnit, M. T llall, W. 11. Hliln' I.art, W. P. Finnic , Jr., Mary laud; fj. W. Hregaand E. T. Blake, Ptstric'. of OohunMu; .lam" Mar^h, M. ''arm llrk, T. A. hmlOi, ALibuma; N. Bros, J. II. Rutenb"rg. San Francisco. ARRIVAL.*, From Savannah. In sleanvblp Angunta? F/lwla En-!fsb A f'ochtsn. Jr F H Johnson. B N MUchsll, H J KrM?^>, W II Olcolt, O W Carr, B F Kuhn r d-on , W Tinker, John tjarli*y O B Ortttcnden. II K Brown, Mia B?i low, I) PaWlson. Mr? I W Holton, Miss Wadley, Mi?s J Wadley. fruncto Ch.mber., and 9 In the steerage. From Petersburg, Richmond A In ?'i*mshlp Ro.inoko_ Mis J E Htow and damhler, C.ipt A D Mk <V>I Jam? M OlUIsm, Joaepb (! Reynolds. Alex Brandt- r W C M -t'onn. It. James T Carter, J C Hirers, Henry II Tripp, T P J. nkln?, O ! L,r.U DC Iaeey, Wm M M.-Muil.n, t'apt !! " r."Cf J'"nes M Pabney, 11' nry H White, Mr O S IV>I in. Mrs M Kny!?* and datifhtfr, PnnW'l V Aikta, AkXABd^r MfDoOiM. Krr. m Mulapii .ind Adra (J?r>?*ln) In bark La int- fo** Jula Murtin di' (kniro, VI re D.npu! of S?ivann?h. Frc>m Wallington. K^rmudH, ?n bug Ponjjulo? Mr Olr??n-, Mr Ihcimftt, H and W Col. Firm Mobllr, In m*hooner John W Mhwr-Mri M J Fr<m Nf-w firlran*. In ?-2>ip Mediator? B J Orah."in ? f>, and is In (be ai< crugf*. Albrtt II. Ulc?l?y'? Regnlar Me ml-Weektv anctinn sale of stocks and bonds will take pla-e this day, Monday, at 18,4 o'clock at the Merchant's l x ihange. For further particulars, see bis advert i?rH . ni in another column. Catalogues can be obtained at the olbre, 11 Bread street. Dsgaeirrotn"" for Twenty-five Cenu, photofrfapbs fl; Collodion gln? portraits ?1 Here-. > copes tl, by the combination > f yoonjr Arr - ;c? ?n.t yi urg fngland, twenty- five members ol the V.-w Yo-n Artl?ts' Club, 2W Brf?d?ay. def*>t ' fe-onomi'sl pie* ,ri> n.plers for th? p^oj le.