Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 2, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 2, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JUKI GORDON IEIH1TT, PROPRIETOR AMD EDITOR. iirnci n. w. cokkkb or nabbao and rex ton bts. amtbexents to morrow evening. BROADWAY TBEATRE. Broadway? Tec i'ArTIVE? Mah Bkotuuh?Mjuu: Piix*. NIBjLO'S GARDEN, Broadff*y~DAroBtLR of the Riot MKT. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery? Macbeth? Ravi* OF TBI Tcuud BTRTON'S THKATRE, Chamber# mrceu? Breach of Pro miss? Kim? ui the Da**? Deaf as a Post. lfKTROPOI.IT A N THEATRE, Broadway ? Les Droits he L'UOMIts? LlS HORACES. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mechanic's Hall, 472 Broadway. BUCKLEY'S BCRLESQUE OPERA HOCfiE, 539 Broad way? BtrKLtjyrE Opera asd Neoro Mihstrelst. Hew Tor It, Sondajr, September a, 1853. The Hews* We give elsewhere additional evidence taken be fore the Coroner's jury with regard to the railroad catastrophe near Burlington. It will be seen that the employes of the Camden and Amboy Railroad Compa ny and the passengers give very different versions of this melancholy aflfcir, the former alleging that the proper signals were given while the train was back ing up, while the latter could hear no such warning. The conduct of the engineer after the disaster, as testified to by a respectable witness, should be suf ficient evidence on that point. It appears that functionary exhibited great remorse, and in em phatic language chargcd himself with remissness in not blowing the whistle or giving proper warning. The investigation was resumed yesterday, and much interesting evidence adduced, of a character to throw suspicion on the whole conduct of the investigation. One of the jurors rose in his scat and charged that persons who owned stock in tlie Cam den and Amboy Railroad Company were acting as jurors in the case, whereupon a scene of much ex citement ensued. One of the jurors admitted that he did own stock, but denied that it would in any way influence his verdict. Another juror admitted that he had formerly a free pass on the road. In the discussion that ensued it was frankly acknowledged by Beveral of the jurors that all Jersey farmers were interested in the railroad company, as it paid their State taxes. The case was continued without set ting aside cither of the interested jurors. From present appearances the verdict will be very mild on the managers of the road, if it does not exonerate them altogether from blame. It will cast a stigma not easy to be efl'aced on Jerscymen if they let these wholesale homicides go free. The Cubans of this city and their friends met at the Tabernacle last evening, to commemorate the execution of Narciso Lopez, the martyr to Cuban independence. We give in another column a report of the proceedings and speeches delivered on the oc casion. Gen. Wheat and Capt. Rynders addressed the audience. The latter defended the administra tion of Gen. Pierce against the charge of truckling to foreign despots with characteristic impetuosity. The President and Mrs. Pierce arrived at Wash ington yesterday afternoon from the Virginia Springs, after an absence of fifteen days. The steamship James Adger, with the Newfound land Telegraph excursion party on board, arrived at Cape Breton, on Friday, took in coal, and left for New York direct yesterday. She will be due at this port on Wednesday. The party were all in good health. Judge William Cranch, eminent as the author of the Circuit Court Reports, died at Washington yes terday afternoon, at the advanced age of eighty-slrl He had been connected with the judiciary of the District of Columbia for half a century. The letters of our correspondents at Paris, Daden Baden and Madrid, published in to-day's paper, contain a great variety of information npon the po litics, literature, finance, poetry, fine arts, theatri cals, travel and cookery of Europe. Onr readers may post themselves up upon these matters, either separately or collectively, by glancing at the con tents of the letters referred to. The GazrtU of Silesia (Germany) says that the United States government intends to address a cir cular to the European Cabinets relative to the Sound dues. The government of the Union will manifest it* intention to resist the payment of these dues, and will call npon the Continental States to follow its example. We are glad to learn from Norfolk and Portsmouth that the yellow fever has within the last day or two assumed a milder form in those striken cities. A sufficient number of physicians and nurses had ar rived from Charleston, Savannah and New Orleans to take proper charge of the sick, and a rapid im provement in the public health may be looked for with confidence. The health of the city continues remarkably good. The official report of the City Inspector gives 54H as the total number of deaths during the past week, namely, 77 men, 61 women, 102 boys and 218 girls. This is a falling off of 37 on the mortality of the week previous. The principal causes of death were ?consumption, 39; bronchitis, 6; congestion of the lungs, 5 ; inflammation of the lungs, 6; diarrluca 46; dypentery, 35; dropsy in the head, 25; conges tion of the brain, 9; inflammation of the brain, 6; inflammation of the bowels, 5; cholera infantum, 95; convulsions (infantile), 39; croup, 7; debility, (infantile), 7; maramus (infantile), 69; hoop ing cough, 17 ; scarlet lever, 8 ; all other fevers, 11 ; palsy, C ; and from violent eanses, 15. There were nine premature births and 19 cases of stillborn. We observe from the re port that one death occured at the new hospital from yellow fever. One death from cholcra is also reported. The total number of deaths in the public institu tions was 43, including 14 at the emigrant hospital The following is the classification of diseases: ? Drain and nerves, 100; generative organs, 5; heart and blood vessels, 5; lungs, throat, Ac., 93; skin, Ac., and eruptive fevers, 13: stillltorn and prema ture births, 28; stomach, Itowels and other digestive organs, 267; uncertain seat and general fevers, 30; urinary organs, 2; old age, 3; unknown, 1. The na tivity table gives 443 natives of the United States, G4 of Ireland, 17 of Germany, 10 of England, 6 of Scotland, and the balance of various European coun tries. We complete Unlay the publication of our specia' report of the proceeding* of the Soft Shell Democra tic State Convention, which has closed its session at Syracuse. The debates and incidents are extremely rich, and will afford an appropriate fond of light reading for the The sales of cotton, yesterday, embraced about 1,000 bales, an<l including the sales since the receipt of the Canada's news, n mounted to about 6,000 a 7,000 bales, a considerable portion of which has been made in transito. The market closed at about 11c for middling Uplands. 11 Jo. do. for Mobile, and llic a 11 Jc. for New Orleans do. Floor was heavy, nmi declined 26c. for most descrptions, and on some West era grades, in rather full stock, from 37c. a 50c. de! cline was submitted to. Southern red wheat sold at 11 72 a |l ho, and white, prime, at #1 92 a $1 95, in cluding 4,800 hnshels for export at #1 95, and a small lot James river at II 92. Corn closed at 87 c. a 87Jc. Oats were heavy, and sold at 50c. a 540. for State and Western. Pork was firm, witli soles ol new mess, for ea?h, and fifteen days, buyer's option, at #22 37 a 122 50. ^ugars were |c. a .Jc. higher, with sales of 1,200 hl?ds. Coffee was in fair re ?joest, without further change in prices. Freights were higher for Liverpool and 1-oudon, which h.i<! y 'cd'nry to check engagements. Tbr Removal of Jndyc EInorc of Kiniu The Power of the Executive Over the Ju diciary. We have already announced the removal of Rush Elmore, Esq., one of the Associate Jus tices of the tsupreme Court of Kansas We re ceived yesterday, the subjoined note from a member of the Kansas Legislature, accompany ing the opinion of the Chkf Justice of K am** upon the removal of the capital. Here w the note : ? J. O. Bmnnbtt, Esq.? Judge Lknore will reswt, or rather content, the right 01 tLe President to reiuuTC tain from office, upon the ground that he Ua? been apjxriiited tor four year*, and "5<S0 ??woyed until that time expire*. The great question irt now waxing rery warm in thi* part of the Lnited states. The pro-Javery men are fully determined to carry the question in thin Territory, wen at the point of the bayonet. There in a much more be riouH condition of aBairs here than the people generally imagine. I "peak from a certain knowledge of the fact*. We areprepured to defend ournelvea in every way Uiat < lrcuuittanoea may require. Your*, W. H. TIBB& The alleged cause of Judge Elmore's remov al was some speculations in Indian reserved lands, in which it is said he was engaged with .Mr. Reeder. It was done probably to satisfy the North that Reeder was not removed 011 ac count of his free soil proclivities. This was the old story of the ostrich hiding his head in the sand, and believing that his whole body was concealed. Nobody believed it, and the Judge denies the right of the Executive to touch the judicial ermine, unless the wearer of it has been proved to be guilty of misbehavior in office, and then only after trial and impeach ment by the concurrent appointing power? the United States Seuate. We believe that the President Jms stepped beyond the bounds of his power as they are fixed by the constitution and the law ; and without regard to the personal matters involv ed in the case of Judge Elmore, we desire to show that he is right in the position which he has assumed. the first place, we are accustomed to look to the judicial bench an the fountain of sound law, pure justice, and opinions unbiassed by par ty prejudice and political corruption. This confi dence in the judiciary is nothing new. One of the complaints in the Declaration of Independence against King George the Third, is that '-he has made Judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices and the payment of their salaries. ' And it has always been held both by the law and by unanimous agreement of public sentiment, that a Judge is to be con sidered as holding his place by a tenure en tirely different from that of an ordinary office holder. Let us examine the facts. The ninth section of the act passed in May, 1S54, to organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas, provides " that the Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and two Asso ciate Justices, any two of whom shall consti stute a quorum, and who shall hold a term at the seat of government of said Territory an nually ; and they shall hold their offices during the period of four years, and until their sue- I cess ors shall be appointed and qualified.'' This is the law under which Judge Elmore was ap pointed; and we hold that it is not in the power of the President to remove him until the expi ration of his term of office. This question has been bro'is-ht before the I nited States Supreme .Court several times and it has never been decided that the Presi dent had power to remove a Judge. In fact, the contrary has always been held to be good law. In the celebrated case of Marbury against Madison, a mandamus was applied for to command the Secretary of State to deliver commissions to certain persons appointed Jus tices of the Peace for the District of Colum bin-thoy holding office by the same tenure as Territorial Judges. The question was fully argued. It was decided that some point of time must be taken when the power of the Executive over an officer not removable at his will, must cease. That point of time must be when the constitutional power of appointment has been exercised. When the President ap points a civil officer he may revoke the appoint ment at his pleasure. But when an officer is i not removable at the will of the Executive, the appointment is not revocable, and cannot be annulled. It has conferred legal rights which cannot be resumed. The appointment of Judge Elmore was made under the conditions last named. In all such appointments the dis cretion of the Executive istobe exercised until the appointment has been made. But having once made the appointment, his power over the office is terminated in all cases where by law the officer is not removable by him. That is the law which applies to the Judges appoint ed by act of Congress, whether for the District or for Territories. And as the law creating the office gave the officer a right to hold for five years, independent of the Executive, the appointment was not revocable. Mark that the appointment of Judge Elmore, according to a settled principle of law. announced from the Supreme bench before President Pierce was born, is not revocable. The rights ac quired by Judge Elmore under his appoint ment remain to him during four years, and they are not remimable by the President until the expiration of that time. The appointment conferred on him a legal right to the office for the space of five years. We further hold that flic President ha*< not tbc power to remove a Jinlffe, because no such power is given to him by the constitution and the laws ; whereon, special acts of Congress have been deemed necessary to give him power to remove civil officers employed under the se veral heads of departments. They hold their offices at the pleasure of the President; but no such clause appears in the commission of a Judge. The President Is a lawyer, and we keep a le gal adviser for him. Their united knowledge of the law should have taught them that El more's decapitation would be a gross blunder. They should hare remembered that our govern ment Is one of laws, not of men. The Attorney General seems to have slidden back to some of his old federal doctrines, according to which all the power was to be placed in the hands of the Executive, while the President seems to have forgotten some of those pure democratic prin ciples which were instilled into his youthful mind by Captain Benjamin Pierce, in the White Hills of the Granite State. In the case of the Judge of Minnesota, wliich tbc Attorney General will probably remember, it was declared from the bench that the Presi dent ha* no more power to remove a Judge than to repeol a law ; and that it would be in consistent with the principles of our govern ment for the Judges to be subject to removal by the Executive. Inconsistent, becausc If it were the rule th.?t ilie President could remove a Judge the brnch might corrupted, and any civil or vr DiinaJ d'.cid^d (icvvfding to the ?will of the President, no matter bow great a villain he might be. Already the administration is in trouble in all quartern on account of Elmore's removal. It has failed to satisfy the squatters in Kansas or their friends at the North and South, and we see that a resolution denying the right of the President to do the act, is under consideration in the Kansas Legislature. The Late Session of tub American Scien tific Association. ? This body closed its annual teseton a few days ago. The papers read and the discussions they elicited are among the most interesting which it has been the means of producing. We noticed many of them in an article which appeared a week ago; those which were read afterwards need not detain us long. Pttobably the most valuable astronomical paper read before the association was that of Professor Alexander on the lost planet be tween Mars and Jupiter. He pretends to have discovered its form, orbit, and conditions. It was, he says, a disk ? not a globe, like the ?thcr planets ? being only eight miles from pole to pole, while its equatorial diameter was seventy thousand miles, or nearly nine times as long as that of the earth. Rolling through opace with a .rapidity hardly excelled by any of the planetary bodies, this thin sliee of a planet could not long hold together. It burst and split into fragments ? some of which, thirty-five in number ? we have discovered, and christened by various heathen names. If Professor Alexander's discovery be confirmed by the calculations of other astronomers, his scientific rank is safe. We ought likewise to mention among the members who endeavored to throw light on this branch of science the Reverend Mr. Jones, of the Navy, who, during a cruise in the South ern Pacific, made the first recorded Southern observations on the zodiacal light. Mr. Jones' theory is ingenious and plausible; it received the general approval of the association. The elder Silliman started the vexed question of meteors once more; which brought Mr. Law rence Smith to his legs, and he informed us that meteors were parts of our system, though not parts of the earth. More evidence ? and that of a more decided character ? will be needed before the scientific world will regard the question as settled. Finally, Professor Alexander placed on record a very careful olrfservation of the eclipse of the sun which took place on 20th May, 1R3L It does not disclose any new phenomena; but as an accu rate and nice observation is worth imitating. Geology was well represented towards the close of the session. Mr. Blake unfolded the fruit of long and not useless labors in Califor nia. It is a field for the geologist that can hardly be excelled, and no disrespect to Mr. Blake is meant when we "observe that it is, comparatively speaking, virgin still. Mr. James Hall read a most useful and interesting paper on the geology and general telluric ap pearances of that most desolate portion of our continent, Nebraska and the mauvaitea terres. We were aware before that the latter might compare with the most hopeless deserts of Africa. Nothing grows there, hardly a tree or a tuft of moss. The traveller who starts from Fond du Lac or Superior City to make his way to the Mississippi Valley must provide himself with everything beforehand, for he will not meet game on the way to support himlelf for a single day. Mr. llall confirms the worst that has been said of the region which the French voyagcurs happily described as let mauvaites ferret. They are, says he, a per fect desert, wholly incapable of sustaining the life of man or beast. We had supposed that whatever was the condition of geology in the Western States, New England had nothing to reproach herself on that score. But it ap pears from a paper read by Professor Guyot, that the geologist can find plenty of employ ment there still. Except the coast maps, says the Professor, we have none on which we can rely. Who will volunteer on a voyage of discovery among the natives of Massachusetts and Rhode Island? Tapers on various scattered branches and twigs of science were abundant. Moses G. Far mer says he has invented a new telegraph, or combination of the Morse and House lines, by which from two to twenty-eight messages can be sent over the fame wire at the same time. Professor Rogers explained at great length the merits and peculiarities of the stereoscope, 1 but added nothing to what wc knew before. Lieutenant Hunt showed how sods from salt marshes can be used on slopes and other in clined planes where the common grass sod will not grow? a very useful and timely discovery. Professor llolton, whose dreams are disturb ed by the prospect of the Centigrade thermome ter superseding the old Fahrenheit, read a warm plea in favor of our favorite domestic instrument. We think the Professor may make his mind easy. Fahrenheit has his faults of course; but until nature adopts the decimal system in her freezing and boiling and melting operations, it does not seem imperative that we should. The Rev. Charles Brooks read a paper of useful advice to young men about to marry. The point of it is that they should not marry their grandmothers or their cousins, and that if they live on an island they should cross over to the main land and choose a wife from thence. The reverend gentleman appears to have investigated the subject with assiduity and care; and it is clear that his arguments will produce a profound sensation among th'j inhabitants of Martha's Vineyard, for whom hey seem to have been chiefly intended. Altogether the session was a useful and pleasant one. It has added much to the mass of our scientific knowledge, and in after years may be contemplated by the members with an I honest feeling of pride and satisfaction. Re-Opening of mn CnmnrEs. ? One of the first signs of cool weather is given to-day. in the announcement that eight or ten of the fashion able places of public worship will re-open for the season. Religion, it seems, like amusements, does not flourish with the thermometer up to ninety degrees, and so the pastor and flock seek the springs, the sea shore or the mountain, and there worship the goddess of fa-hion. In the autumn they all get devout again: and we may expect soon to hear of a general awakening on the subject of religion, and a large number of con version". Wo hope that if the subject of the late railway murder is touched from the pulpit to-day, it will be treated properly. It is idle cant to call the re?ult of man's carelessness, cupidity and criminality a demonstration of pr^tidf.ncc. The WUI of iMMtt Uwrtn?-l?ttUlgMit CkwMjr. The late Abbott Lawrence completed a ca reer of beneficence by leaving by bis will a sum of fifty thousand dollars to be expended under certain conditions in the erection of model lodging houses. According to the provisions of the will, this sum must be spent in the build ing of model lodging houses on the most prac tical and best esteemed plan. Each dwelling when complete must be leased at a low but re munerative rent to a reepec table nfchanio'sor laborer's family. It is calculated that all the I lodgings will be occupied permanently, as on no other plan can so much comfort and well being be secured to the tenant for the same amount of money. Proper persons are ap pointed to receive the rente ; one-half they are allowed to expend in keeping the lodging houses in repair and building others ; the other half is to be laid out in judicious charities. Such is the scheme. Now let us see how much good Mr. Lawrence intends to do with his fifty thousand dollars. If the ground is carefully selected, and a large economy practised in building the model lodg ing house, it will accommodate one hundred and twenty-five families or ftve hundred per sons for the next fifty years. These people will

enjoy the great blessings of cleanliness, health, examples of morality, and' respectable society. They will not be taught idleness or depen denee, for they will have to pay their rent just as if they lived in the vilest dens in Boston ; but their landlord will not regard them as mere money paying machines, they will not be al lowed to starve in case of illness, and they will be encouraged to respect themselves. It is quite certain that the two children whom we have allowed as an average to each family will have every incentive to industry, order, clean liness and virtue, and none to vice and ruin. Allowing that each lodging changes its tenant every ten years, which is probably only half as often as would really be the case, the lodging house will have been the saving, physically and morally, of twenty-five hundred persons. Twen ty-five hundred souls, we say, will have been rescued from the fangs of vice and crime by this house; twenty-five hundred bodies will have been lilted out of the gutter and cleansed and made whole by the same cause. This is just twenty dollars a head? for soul and body together. But the good intended by Mr. Lawrence does not stop here. In the first place, the repairs to the lodging house will not absorb fifty per cent of the rent. The latter will probably ave rage $5,000 a year ; of this, perhaps a thousand dollars may be laid aside every year for the purpose of rebuilding or enlarging the house. In twenty-five years, this fund will bo large enough to build another lodging houft like the first, and before the end of the fifty years two others on the same scale may be built. I or as there will be no one to live on the interest of the deposit it will accumulate at compound interest, and the first lodging house will in course of time be the mother of a village. The other half of the rent?say two thousand five hundred dollars? may be given in chari ties. If the distributors of this sura are judi cious, it may be a godsend to no less than five hundred persons. There exists a class of people? each of us can call to mind some representatives of it ? who hardly ever spend three consecutive years without undergoing the extreme of human misery. They are the thoughtless, who live from hand to mouth. Either they fall ill, or they lose their work, or they happen a bodily accident, or some such mishap befalls them ; and as they have made no provision for such disasters, misfortune takes them unawares, and strikes them down at once. For a time the pawnbroker and the small auctioneer come to their aid, but these resources last but a short while, and then they stare hunger in the face. Now it is not a quarter of a dollar or a few cents or a loaf of bread these sufferers want. Such alms would cost them more in self-abasement than any temporary bodily relief could repay. They need a small loan, five or ten dollars, which will give bread to the family while the father is recovering, or seeking work. Such a loan they can only get from a charitable institu tion, for they can offer no security, and the chances of its being repaid depend entirely on the character of the borrower. That it would be repaid, and gratefully, in many cases, no one who has studied human nature can question. In some cases, of course, the managers would be deceived by plausible rogues ; but a very large proportion of the recipients of such bounty would lay Ly their very first earnings to pay so sacred a debt. This appear to be a very proper and likely manner for the $2,500 a year to be distributed. If it is so disposed of ? or on any-analogous plan? something like five hundred heads of families will be relieved every year, and in all probability a fund of large amount will be col lected from the sums returned by those who have received aid in hard times. Should some such plan as this be adopted, Mr. Lawrence's fifty thousand dollars will be the means of rendering a vital service to one thousand persons every year. One thousand persons each year will have cause to bless his name. Now, compare this system of charity with that which is practised by so many of our rich men. who give fifty or a hundred dollars to soup kitchens, or charity concerts, or calico balls, or this or that religious society. The point of the latter order of charity appears to be the principle that benevolence is a dis graceful propensity, of which a man should be ashamed, and which he should endeavor to conceal under a cloak of some kind ? by call ing it a ball, or a concert, for instance. The point of the others is that no one ? not even the poorest ? should be allowed to imagine that his poverty gives him any claim upon his fellows ; but that if he is aided in his hour of (rial he ought to repay it in his hour ot plenty. The one plan teaches dependence and idleness, the other manliness and self-reliance. In the one, the cloak costs as' much as the wearer ? the disguise as the charity ; in the other, the charity becomes self-sustaining, and the longer it lasts, and the more it gives, the greater grows Its capacity for doing good. We are amply provided with materials for a choice ^hen tho next hard times come. CoJ-onkt. Kiwky in* the Fibld.? The Texas Ai ttttt ValUy and Corptu Chrirti Advfrtinr nomi nates Colonel Kinney for the Presidency, on the presumption, we suppow, that he is to re volutionize all Central America between this time and next June, and then to como forward on the question of annexation. What say Senor MarcoleU and Colonel White * Are ibry r?ftdy f Wuitk SixruiR Declarations. ? Mr. Presi dent Pierce, in his speech at the Virginia White Sulphur Springs, to Captain John Tyler, took occasion to say that: "Let it be remem bered that whenever in a State or Territory, from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast, a single citizen of the republic is deprived of the right guaranteed to him by law, there is a blow aim ed at the constitution itself. It matters not whether that citizen be so wronged by evasion or violence. The whole framework of our sys tem, to a greater or less extent, inevitably feels the shock.'' And the Albany Argtu says that "the functionary who utters these fine phrases baB the whole army, navy and police of the Union at his beck. And yet he stands by and sees mobs lynch peaceable citizens, control elections, usurp power, destroy ballot boxes, and condemn men to death for pretended offen cce? and lifts not a finger." And a member of the Kansas Legislature says, that the reason Mr. Pierce has done nothing to establish order in the Territory is that he is a coward. Lei the aforesaid Kansas Assemblyman read the Presi dent's White Sulphur speech and tremble. A Bird in the Hand Worth Two in thb Bcsh. ? There never was a better example of the truth of this ancieut Baying than in the case of Mr. George Cole, the City Surveyor of Buffalo. Mr. Cole wanted to be State Engi neer. He was nominated by the hards, and declined, fearing that it he accepted he would be injured with the softs. But the last named politicians are a slippery set of fellows, and were committed to nominate Mr. Ilatcb, of Buffalo, for Secretary of State. Of course two persons on a State ticket could not be taken from the same county, and all the efforts of Mr. Cole's friends to kill off Mr. Hatch failed. So Cole has gone down to the tomb of the Capn lets, where he can take a calm survey of the state of politics and reflect on the entire ab surdity of putting one's trust in princes or conventions. We hope that Cole is a philoso pher, and that he will console himself with the very nice thing he has of it in Buffalo. Erie is a whig county, but it turns out an immense number of democratic office seekers. The Hard Shell Oroan on the Soft Shell Platform. ? It Won't Do. ? The hard shell or gan of this city thus briefly exhibits the Syra cuse platform of the softs, or the administra tion, and the slavery question. He is speaking of the soft convention: ? First, it laid on the table all resolutions relating to the Kansas quest'on, on motion of a Custom House delegate. Secondly, it took up nRuin for consideration the Cassidy resolution denouncing^ he Missouri emigrants Into Kan sas, but discreetly maintaining silence as to the Massa chusetts free coil emigrants, and the associations by which the latter has been sent out. Thirdly, it adopted the Cassidy resolution with some amendment, and in connection with it. the Van Buren resolution ? which is the Wilmot proviso resolution of Field, tabled in 1447, as we have already remarked. Fourthly, it adopted a resolution endorsing the linan ciul policy ot the administration, but is silent as to all other merits or demerits. With this much the dejected and out-manoeuvred Cus tom House delegates were forced to rest content i Now, we hope that without any unnecessary delay, the Cabinet organs at Washington and Richmond will give us their opinions upon this platform of the New York administration fac tion. They stick to their Buffalo principles. Is th3 administration satisfied ? Does Mr. Wise, of Virginia, still adhere to our soft aheil democracy, with " all his head, and all his heart, and all his might ?' ' We should like to hear from "Only, near Onancock," upon the subject. What's in the Wind Now? ? Our elder Se ward organ says that "Governor Seward is an able and a patriotic statesman, whose past career has been a noble one; but there are others equally faithful, equally deserving. If the action of the whig party were really im pelled by the sole desire of making him Pre sident, it would be melancholy indeed." "Whig party 1" What whig party? And why "melan choly?" We fear that the "little villain" has been taking the wind out of the sails of its uncle, and that the venerable philosopher is accordingly casting about for another idol. Let Master Seward beware of Wilson, Chase, Hale, and the rest of the coalition philoso phers nearest to Tammany Hall. Fkox Port At' Prince. ? Capt. Graham, of the brig Vir ginia, arrived yesterday morning from Port au Prince August lfi, reports It very sickly when he left, parti cularly amongst the shipping. City Politic*. BKLEGATB TO TBE WHIO STATE CONVENTION. &ro.n Afwkxri.v Dwnucr. ? The Whig Assembly Con vention of the Second district, (Third and Sixth ward*,} met lui-t evening at Patten's Hotel, and organized, on motion of Owen W. Br en nan, of the Sixth ward, who no minated George W. Williams for chairman and Charles B. Foote for secretary. It appeared that the Third ward wns contested. Messrs. McMullen and Costa spoke in De half of the rival delegations. After this hearing they with drew, and the Sherwood or College place ticket was re ceived by a unanimous vote, the same delegation having been admitted into nil the conventions held at the Broad way Houre and at the Senatorial Convention. On motion, Mr. Otis H. CoMeigl). of Sixth ward, was admitted an u delegate at large, .lames B. Taylor, of Sixth ward, wan then unanimously chosen delegate to the Whig State Con vention. and Sheridan Shook, of the Third ward, as alter nate. The Convention then adjourned. DELEGATES TO THK REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION* Third Asunntir District Rkpi huca.v Co.wbxtio*. ? A preliminary meeting of the republican electers of the Fourth ward (Third Assembly district) was held la?t evening at the Shakspeare Hotel, D. McLaughlin presi.l ing, and M. Jones acting as secretary. It was decided to meet at the ?ame place on Monday eveninr, to elect > le h gates to the State Convention to be held at Syracuse. workwomen's maps meeting. The Park Committee held a meeting recently and re solved to take action immediately against the contract system, and other so called reforms. In order to enlist the working men in their cause, they have determined to hold a meeting on Tuesday evening, at Hope Chapel, as will be seen by an advertisement given elsewhere. The Turf. tTNION COURSE, 1m I TROTTING. Two trotting matches came off on Thursday last, be tween b. f. Billy Button and b. m. Rlixa l ogan. mile heats, in harness. James Whelpley drove Billy Button, Hiram Woodruff having charge of the mare. The first race was for >600, the second for $400. The odds were on lliram's mare before the start at 100 to .10, snd he was distanced the first heat. Not satisfied with his de feat, he matched again for a single da?h fi r $400 an I was beaten a second time. The result of these races show the fallacy of the opinion that it it the .kill of the driver snd not the power of the horse that wln? the rice. This prevalent Men has led many men astray to their colt. Thone who have suffered in the pr?aent in stance will have lrarned a le?son they will not soon ferret. The following is a summary Tltl WDAT, August 30.? Match, $500. mile heat.. !ie?t three In five, in barnes.^. James Whelpley numed b. g. Billy Button 1 H. Woodruff named b. m. Kliaa l/>gan dls. Time. 2:4U?<. Sam* Pat.? Match, $400, jingle da?h of a mile. James Whelpley named b. g. Billy Button 1 H. Wocdruff named b. m. FJlxa Logan '1 Time, 2:44, V SimniT, Sept. 1.? Match, $1,000. two mile heats, n harness. Wm. Whelan named br. stallion Kossnth 1 1 H. Woodruff named idk. stallion Ticonderoga 2 2 Time. R:*9-5.M. Murine Aflkln. T *rxcB ?Mr. Abram C. Bell launched from his yard, foot of Stanton street, on Thurs<lay morning, about eleven ' o'clock, ft fine schooner of aboot 400 tons, called the I Thomas Holcombe. She is to be commanded by Captain I R. W Go?!ee, and Is intended for *t?at<>n k Tsll THE LITEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Waalilugtou. Waskivoto*, Sept. 1, 1855. BETCBN OF TBE PRESIDENT AND WIFE ? DEATH Of* JUDGE CHANCE. The President, wi'.e and suit# arrived here this after ooon, after an absence of seventeen days at the Virginia Springs. William Cranch died thin P. Id., at the age of M years. He has served as Judge in the courts of the Dio? trict of Columbia for nearly fifty-fire years. He wa? eminent for hi* learning, for the soundness of his opin* ions, and for the purity of his character. He received hU appointment at the outgoing of the administration of the elder Adam*. Judge Cranch was the nuther of thfl Circuit Court Reports. The Telegraphic Exenralonlsta and Mbrn^ rtne Telegraph Cable. Haukax, (N. S.) Sept. 1, 1855. The steamer James Adger ami party arrived at Sydney, Cape Breton, yesterday, where the steamer took in coal and would leave to-day for New York direct The party were all in excellent health and spirits, notwithstanding the unfortunate termination of the attempt to lay down the telegraph cable to Newfoundland. Wo have been unable to learn the paacixe cause of the failure. Thq Adger will be due at New York on Wednesday. Kansu Kewii JUDGE ELMORE DEFINING HIS rOSITION? GOV. 3HAN'? NON'B ORTHODOXY ON THE SLAVERY QUESTION 1J? DOUBT. Chicago, Sept. 1, 1855. Judge Elmore has written a letter to the Hon. Caleb "^Pushing, dated Shawnee Mission, Aug. 23, in which ha states he has not violated a single law of Congress oc order of the department, and that he is satisfied that hb> ease is prejudiced, and that liis removal is decidedly on the grounds of policy. He also says that, by the 27tb? section of the Kansas-Nebraska act, he holds office foe four years, and gives notice that he will resist the action of the President through the Courts. The last number of the Squatter Sowraffn doubts th? reliability of Governor Shannon in regard to the slavery question. HaiMKliBMetU Politics. MOVEMENT OF THE KANSAS AID SOCIETY, ETC. Boston-, Sept. 1, 1855. A meeting of the Kansas Emigrant Aid .Society wa4 held last evening. Addresses were made by the Rev. Edward E. Hale, of Worcester, Q. B. Emerson, Rev. Mr. Wilcox, a resident of Kansas, and others. Three com mittees were chosen ? the first to consider and act on tha best method of making all tho ministers of Boston life members of the Aid Company; the second to correspond with the various religions societies of Massachusetts on the wants of Kansas, and to invite their contributions; and the third to raise by general subscription in thin State a fund reaching, with the other contributions, $20,000. The Hon. Geo. S. HUlard, of this city, was nominated for State Attorney General by the late Anti-Maine Iaiv Convention without his knowlodge or consent. The Yellow Fever In Virginia. Baltimore, .Sept. 1, 18 56. During the twenty-four hours ending ai noon on Fri day there were fifteen deaths from yellow fever In Nor? folk, including amongst them Dr. Thomas Na' h. Cftpt. Win. Starke, and his wife and daughter. In Portsmouth, during the .sumo time, the number of deaths wag fourteen. The dlnease wan assuming a milder form. An abundance of physicians and nurses had arrive' I from Savannah, Charleston and New Orleans. The Cnae of the Boston Slaver* Boston, Sept. 1, 1855. Jacob K. Lunt, the pilot charged with obstructing a. legal process of the United States Court, in piloting tba alleged slave schooner Mary E. Smith to sea, has beei* held for trial. He gave bail in five hundred dollars. The case of James E. Simpson, merchant, charged with fitting out the schooner as a slaver, is postponed til? Thursday next. The Ba?klo and Brantford Railroad. Bt'FTito, Sept. 1, 1855. A meeting of the directors of the Buffalo and Brant ford Railroad was held to-day at Brantford. C. W.. to consider a proposition of the English first mortgage bond holders to lease the road. The proposition was accept ed with but one dissenting rote. The terms are to pay the interest bonds now due, to finish the road, and to keep it In good condition. Conviction for Murder. Concord, N. II., Sept. 1, 1855. Cornelius Haskell and Sarah Ann A. Brown, hia re puted wife, were convicted to-day before the Supreme Judicial Court, in this city, of the murder of Stephen C. Washer, at Hopkinton, on the 31st of last May. Haskell is a mulatto. Sentence has been deferred until Monday. Mortality of Boat on. Bom?*, Sept. 1, 1856. The deaths in this city for the week ending to.day were ninety-Bix, showing a decrease of twenty-nine lrom last week. Arrival of the Augusta at Savannah. Savannas, Sept. 1, 1856. The steamer Augusta arrived here from New York at five o'clock this morning. Markete. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BORBD. I'niLADiLPHiA, Sept. 1, 1855. Money unchanged. Stocks dull. Pennsylvania Stat** fives, 87\; Heading Railroad, 47Jf ; Long Island Railroad, 16; Morris Canal, 15%; Pennsylvania Railroad, 45. Br rtAvn, Sept. 1?12:30 I*. M. Flour? Fair demand, and 25c. lower. Sales of 1,100 bbls. at $0 75 a 97 for common to fancy Ohio and Michi gan. and (7 26 for extra do. Wheat ? Sales of 2,00Q bushels Chicago on private terms. Corn favors buyers. Sales of 23,000 bushel* at 75c. Oats? Sales of 1,000 bushels new Chicago, afloat, and to arrive, at 30c. Canal Freights? 10c. for corn to Albany and Troy, and 12c. to New York. Ijtke import* yesterday ? Flour, 0,156 bbls.; wheat, 27,200 bushels; corn, 22,975 do.; oats, 28,006 do. Canal exports same time? Flour, 1,870 bbls. ; whca?, 33,625 bushels; corn, 77,401 do.; oats, 14.680 do. Naval Intelligence. The i'uited States sloop of war Falmouth is still at (juarantlne. It is thought that she will be released in a few days, and go to the Navy Yard. It wa? more alarm than reality, in the idea that the Falmouth was infected with the yellow fever. It is the l.evant that is fitting out at the Navy Yard. Personal Intelligence. ARRIVALS. Ai ihe Clarendon? Hon Amos Kendall, Washington; Mr Car ter, Virginia; O Ferrer, New York; Wm A R'isf, Iki-ton; T B Field, England; James Hodson. do; Cspt Granger, (j H Aj Mrs J C Brune, Baltimore. Smithsonian Houae? Rev J Plllle, Maryland; R Sommerville. New Haven; J O lloleman, liSN; Rev It M Tbomp-on, Port Age, Wl?.; II C Barntim, Albany; Jos II Oake?, Charleston. S C; M R Moore, Philadelphia; Dr Lyons, Louisiana; K A Starr, Boston; W R llaynord, Florida; G Roblnaon, 8C; Col Robin ton, Augusta, Geo; R Stand, Panama; L Roe, Jamaic a, W I. From Liverpool. In ship GoMttcer? Mr P L Gill, of Boston; J Booth, of Ohio; F Smith. ladv and sinter, of England From Liverpool, In ship Webster? Francis McCarthy. DEPASTURES. For Southampton and Havre, In the steamship .Vorth Star US Fearing, N. V.; Rev Jame> Stephen*, Ireland. Francisco r?r*e, Mr Podd. family and servan', JtJoet*. MrC Holland, wile, twocMldren and servant, Montreal; Miss Plncent, J Elwards Clark and lady. Northampton, Mass. J Wagner, Henry Bernard I nd lady, .Ve w Vork; J O Alexander, Hon. Sydney Smith. M P P, wile and sister, Coburg, Canada West; John Pavld Snil'h, Joseph Streeler, Smith, Port Hope, C W; T Yrnaga lleinitndci, A Miranda, Cuba; Loul* Ro- 'O, New York; Hnl? lllnlely, Leopold Vlllotias, Havana; Carlo* K fler p*. R Can I JO, C Ramos, A P Chamberlain, wife and two ?on?, A Charlatn, New York; J Van Ryi kerersal, New York; Ml?< Ijinndle, F Concbcnnal, M Csntadnr. C HoraB?, -V Y; Rev W Hoffhasn, Baltimore; Ma> E Kerney, Mr P O Laehalse, NY; Charles Todd, M Louis; B Riley, Joi Roes. Jacob Hogar, NY; Mme Welperke, John Mmmotis, Indiana; J Reran, Mtesisslnpt; Amllle Newgass, A P l?ett?. Jnllm Langorltr, Mons Pallle, Mm' Pallle and mjo. F Hornggar, A Hettieberrr and lady. Dr Kutnlvall, Niagara Falls, S Y; OF Hartng, John Meess J F Blgnurt, Alex Mackey. Roliert Wolf, Augu?tns riny, Mr< Kilmonstlnc, Mme Llefler Felix. Chas Bernard and lU'igbter, A B Jscot, Luis (ianlky, H Perroul, J Fastet, E C We?lek)?d, I' A Porter, Mrs K V Hyatt and 2 children, NYork; James l' Mnlgraw, Illinois. Jules I>e*pest?-r. Cuba; Oscar W Near. H York. J ode II Vanther. Me>l rn. F A Oatbey an<t 2 friends, O Lindsay. Geo Hermann and wife, NYork? Total, '?! For Charleston, in tbe sleamer Marlon? G E Wood and lade. M C Wllktns, W II Schioeder, J Klinek, Thos Pollen, H II Wll llam?. T T W Indsor, K Onn?ti od, J as Preston, F G Burrows, G Bf Johnson, II E Nichols and daughter, Ca Cbrlobolm, II M B. arh, J Me P Crrtuhtoii, J T Rivers. Miss E S Rivers, Mrs Burkett, II Penning, lady snd 2scrvan*s; Mr* M A Morris. Mr I'nlllsn snd tsmlly, A Isaara, c F Qnalfe, George Brown, ft Davis John Grti-e Mist Hepfn-tall, MUs Norton, Miss ffender son, C W Smith and lady. Tlios P Smith, John McStravIc, H Ml >harp, Geo F Prade, Jus Stratton. For Old Point, Petersburg snd Richmond. In the steamship Jame?town? Luke Tnvlor, I?r A Teer, A J O'llallnn, R H Tally, forty and two children; P Johnson awl son, Mrs Winston, Thomas reniherton, Thos I) Qnark-s, C Robinson, Mr Fisher, anil M In the storage. For Kavannah, In the steamer Alabama? MB Wright, Oe<? A Wrljht. Miss Eliza Bourne, Kdtsln Scollay, E II Harris MIm short. Mrs R t: Foulkrod. Miss Virginia Foulkrod, A l,ewl? W T King, George Mnrland. Win M Post. (Juries New***. I) P Wilcox snd lady, Ml-? llamlln, Mrs Bradley, O Carletoo, Martlir Wi ndelkln, lady and rhim. H W IXxt and lady, I) Bryant, John Be, 'man, John P Boxman, M Asplll, E D Foote. M tJslto her, P llavden W A Thomas, Jarob Mraus and .ervant, J II Kpragne, Mrs Nelbur and three rhllilren. O H Cntlln. M Mmlth, ? harks O Httwart, J Wit JUktmao, Jcr<m?ti B'ickley, Jqbu