Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 10, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 10, 1855 Page 4
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JTEW YORK HERALD. Jllll GORDON aeiilfCTT, fHOPRIETOB AND iCI)JT)R auric* ?. w. <joenb? op f *saatJ and mros *? TftiMsi, tm* w jtinuMo. rvg daily h m:A i. w, s p.T ?ru. *> v ' m r?l WKIKir U KHALI), mtry *u.r-C,< U o* ??" *" 10 yxr MMHitt, lAm ?uriMu*iA ti<h n f-' )?' ' J? #?% fxirt V 9rali BriJtUJl jriilo tW!/ firl H / **" ** r> imirhuln p ~ Atuir WiLUSr.Ut V (XtKHESt'OypENre tmlaMy "nfrMM (Mao#, mtliciltui /nun amy (tw\r*-er oj the *ot ?*#-*? ?r?u w i Hi ? 11% yuui /'nr. M-tHni MWW> C"? UltarcMWBM f? ark PabHUOLiiuy TO ui. LiiiiiMS AND ' AiHAOia Vahuic CT ,, .... So. 15 1 AMDtiKSDLVT8 Tills KVHNIKfe ?ROADWAT rREATRK. Broadway? T:?.iit Roi-e? Diana ?Mtuw PlUJ. JTCBLO'S GARDEN Broadway? Mum P t s v>-C i *mi r.e ! .a. ?OWBRT THEATRE, Bowery? s? Pi-,kkbs or Osimo? JjUM Sbefp a ho. ?CRTON'S TITK \TRR, I'lwTnbwH Ft-? V N'tur Wiv to Pat Old Dmts? Mh. BchtoVs AuTA.viciifc.-s in Rciu. ?KTROPOLIT *N THE AT BE, Broadway ? JL? Dbtit \moc ?Bra? MaBIE 8TC UlT. WOOD'S WNOTRELS, Mechanic'* Ha!\ C2 Broadway, ?UOKI EY'fl Bl'RLESqUR OPERA HOCSB, 38# Broad way ? Burlesque UrunA a?d Nkgro HmBTntuT, ?ew foik, Monday, September I?, 1655. 91 alia for TCurope. NEW TORE UKItALD? EDITION FOB ECROPE. The Cunaid mail bi-vuiship Canuda, Oapi, Stone, will Iww Boston, on Wivlnc?ilay, at noon, for I-ivrrprj.']. Iba European mails will ''lose in this city at a quarter to two o'clock to-morrow afternoon. Tka Hum (priuttol in Euglub and Pr'n h) will bo ^ahtinhed at tea o'clock in the iBv:iiiu<. copies, fci wrappers, sixpence, Babociiptioua au<l advertlsciccnts 'sr inv MjUoa o'tho IT. Hk-uu, will rtt Mi 6ttrep&!*? iiVBRPO)].. . John Hnntor, No. 12 Flrchnngn 'treet, East. le^DON Sondford & Co., No. 17 Oornliil'. fAHm , , , ..Livingston, Wolls A Co., 8 Piaco ins .c. Bourse. The contents af tlie European edition vf the ! 1 nuu wOt embrace tho new* i ^onivo.i by mail and telegraph' ?t I the office during the previous week, and to the hour ^ ymNication. The Our Washington uesjtelcb slates thul .\f>\ Hu ?hanan, out MtL Inter 'at London, \rtll not retnra liorac ?A the 1st of October, certain 'iro pliratioua with tefercnCTs to Central American affairs rendering it aecwanry for him to prolong hia term of service ?Judgu Bcarborongh, of the Court of Claim", Itan ar msA at the capital. | A statement appears in the Jell'ers?jn (Mlsnoori) Examiner, of tbe 1st iust., to the effect that tho Legislature of that State had held a session, and on the 30th ult. re-elected Hon. David R. Atchison to liie United States Senate for six years from the 4th of March last. This statement is a hoax. The Legislature of Mi.-souri meets biennially; but when tite joint convention broko up in March la-:t, after having failed to elect a United StaWs Senator, tliey resolved that the J^egislatore should meet again in 1856. There will be no election for members of the Legislature this year; consequently the body wliidi will organize on the last dcy of the pre-ent year will be composed of the >Mme men who sat at Jeft'cr. son last winter. The ballot on whi,-h Atchison is reported to have been elected wo* as follows: ? Puvid R. At'hi^on. 28 The w*a? H. l!?nton 10 Snnv"lil Woodson M. M. Maniiii luko On the 81st of January lart the Legislature en ?rc<l upon the foitii th ballot for Senator, with the following result: ? Atcbiso.n &9 Bviit on .J7 JDouipban 57 The election was then poKt]viU''il i.ntil the 2d of 1 March, at which time .i I w iueflV'ctiud efforUwere made u? anive at a oh ice, r.ud the legislature finally adjourned on the 5th, after a session of only three days. The Pierce 8'lrainistratioa in such bad odor dotvn Ln Poitlaiid, Me., that tho people there held a publi'' meeting on Saturday, a n > I nominated an in. dependent ticket for repre>entii! .es (o the Legisla ture, embracjug whigs and dejioerats opponed to ifae spoilsmen at Washington and the abolition re publican orgaJiizati: n. The value of foreign go^ds imported into U wton during the week euuing 7th iiwt., anioimt d o $756, K91. We have shocking news from Norfolk. In addi tion to the yellow fever, which continues without abatement, tho loathsome 'uir.ii;io.\ made its appearance, andou Saturday ten persons were t;\ki-n down with it. It is stated, also, that the fever is ?preadiD? throughout the country adjoining Norfolk. The epidemic in New Orleans, in on the ile -iiue. One of the Havana papers informs ns that the oltra Hpanixh journal, formerly published in New York undev the titli of Ln fronira, and whieli re oentiy succumbed to an exhausted treasury, i-< about to be resumed by iN old director, San Martin, its Unancial dilticuitics having been regulated. The iflforence fr<>m the paragraph is, that funds fur the pnrpo-e have- been -upplicd by the >|).nii?ih govern mint. We give elsewhere a detailed account of the catas trophe on tho Camden and Amboy railroad, near Beverly, N. .1., ><n ' aturday, a brief notice of which appeared und-r the telegraphic head in yo.^tt rday'i jyaper. Mr. Holland, the engineer, whose injuries were so severe that amputation became necessary, iied in about two hour- ift> r the ojn ation was p<T fcrmeil. Thome, the tire man, though badly hurt will pvobably recover. None of the passengers w ere iejurer?. On Saturday the ales of cotton were confined to about H00 bales in lots, which indicated a decline of Jc. a ift. per lb. on lower gnABI, and uii'itit jc. SB the higher qualities, though the market co'ild not be Huid to have fairly o]iened siuoe the l?i<t news ; heuce the pric?| were somewhat irregular. Com mon and mediwa grades of (lour advanced about lit cents per barrel. Among the sales were 0,000 Hticks, equal to about I ,.'>oo KarreN' flour, received irom California, made from wheat grown nud ground in State. Its quality, however, wax probably affected by the long voyage It had etidnred in the ek -c hold of the ve?s? 1; and hence it mt'v ranked wih infeiior State, and sold at ?7 per hbl. V bout 41,000 bushels of California wheat, here and to arrive, (it was reported,) also sold at #1 K? a tl ''S. Hi<ntheni red wheat sold at ?! 7"> a $1 >-'2., and white wheat at #1 9H a 12. Corn sold at ssc. a !'le., chiefly at s:ic. ? !tv. Bye sold at Ulc, a 111c. There was some specula tive f< rllng ln pork, and unties were pretty freely mud*' on the ^pot, and for fntare delivery, buyer's option, at ' 12 i'i a 50. Other provisions were also tVrni. ^nrar? ajr*\in advanced 'e. a ^c., and the Mb s reached al-out 1.2CU a 1,400 hhds. Cuba BHUCO v?<lo, l-'iO do. New < >rl. ;? n? and about 2,000 bo.\p?. Owing I" the w..-ito! full >,.ppll(? <if flour and , tain and iiu; i m prio ficv lit* to Kn .'lish porta (vrnfijed Arm, l ot, ergajo nerds were moderate. Tlw-re were fi''?t offer* for ?Li , iir cr t< in OctolnT at ?;d. forgr.iin to Liverpool nud Unui for I... costracted for at Us. j.t i barrel. K i \ Co vvus ri'iss wn M on.i . There feem- to he no hotter nnunls in Kan i- than in V'ew York and New Kneland. The cotivemion n"hieh nominated fien. Whitfield as tin' canili da V- for rungre<? of the extreme party South upp-V:'Ned a committee to wait on him, inform him vf his nomination, aiul request him to clear ?!' some muddy phu j in his character. Th? (i fflftttl promptly acccptetl the nomina tion, re ?erving to hinwif suv ereign power over J?i? r''pu Hie faet i-. the candidate i-t just now t .tiploycd in clearing up a farm, and it v., both "Ui reasonable and unprecedented ;n the political' nnnal- of the country to re rjuin birn to clea T "p his character at th?> K\trjo iine. Besides, it W?ould probably impair his atrenKih it tho clcctlv^O" TH< t'rops The Speraitlan, Prodocem and Price*. Flour haf: fallen one dollar in a week; pro duce of every kiud aud of the finest quality is in the market ? vegetable*, beef, pork, mutton, neviir bettor- never more abundant; butter, milk and bay equally so ? and we turn down a leaf liere and stop und rest, and inquire into the reason why, in getting clear of the famine, we cannot ged rid of its pries. There is very little use of Hueh abundant o unless it is held at corresponding rates, It is marvellous that, having -o much, we are selling so high, llere we are the greatest agricultural people in the world ? our crops are lavishly excessive ? they look like a special Providence ? a reward to the American people for keeping rut of war, and attending to their own peaceful avoca tions. And yet wo are compelled every morn ing, in fact, to think of famine, and to foel that want is near us by tlie little we get and the much we pay for it. The truth is Ameri can producers have becomc speculators. They have got rich and arc able to hold their pro duce. They have a benev olent fancy fo f sup plying only tljonC who ure in great need. But in candor, we Lad better look this ing form of Umndanco fnlly in tbe face, rtnd ! give her credit for just what she intends to do, and what she will do. ^he came nmong=t us to give us the blessings of all the good things of the earth, and she intended we should have them at very moderate rates; and -o we must and so we will have them. We have a right to tbem under tbe provisions Oi tb<; laws of sop, ! n\v and deuuudj and although thcr* 'may k0 delay in the enforcement f,e these laws, they will nevertheless lu< enforced. y'jtf, let lis look into this matter of the crops flbd tkfe prices. Everywhere, in tins country and in England, France, in Germany ? all over the world, so far a-: information has come to u- there are promises of an abundant yield. The allegation that it cannot be so, aa many hundred thousand men have been withdrawn from the Ileitis of production to the armies of the ?reat Power?? thus performing the double service of cutting oil' supply, and providing consumers and increasing demand? all this is very plausible: so plausible as to have capti vated a goo'l many minds in this country and in Europe but is entitled to no weight. Tt is one of the props relied upon to sustain the pre sent enormous raK'.-> for produce; but in truth it has no earihly vitality -the slightest amount of test pre sure w ill crush it. Population in England and every part of Europe has been for many years crowding oa production. There have been more people than were required to cultivate the earth ? and e\en more than (tinder existing laws? unequal of course in their influence upon dis tribution between capital and lalior,) could be supported. The removal of such excess of population has had no influence on production, while it has taken away, wc may suppose in all, some two million consuming stomachs. The immediate effect of this would seem to I Ik? to relieve Europe and lo cut off even the demand which we have had for our produce in that direction. Hut it is answered to this that the vast armies maintained by Uussia, France, England ami Turkey, in actual war, and by Austria and Prussia, and nearly all the other Htates in preparations l'or war, must now be led out of American granaries: as Europe at best can no more than meet her own de mantis at home. ff thi were all true, the conclusion instil! forced, that wo are to pro vide the supplies. It happens that the world is witnessing the most gigantic trial; ol brute strength which have ever tlisgrau .nl t!tu annals ol" hittory. It is not too much to claim that there are now four millions of people in Europe engaged or reserved, or iu some way set apart, for the field of battle. We grant that this is withdrawing from the agricultural elates large numb, rs, but it happens that they had them to spare without affecting produc tion. Well, notwithstanding the war, the commerce of the world is going on as regular ly as ever. Not a t ipple is seen upon the sur face of its broad waters. War is upon the land, and not upon the sea. The armies arrayed against rat h oth^r are in Eastern Europe, on lite very comities of Asia- in the \ cry centre of that fabulous region ot production which has been lite wonder of mankind -incc the days of the Patriarchs. The fact is obvious that while the Western Powers are defending Turkey they ale providing a market for her productions in Europe, in Asia, and even in Africa. The great armies of the We?t have been sent to the Mast to consume the wheat and corn of the Ottoman people, and of those neutral States in the north and south of Europe which "have enough and to spare." Ltd us t u in up this matter iu a few words: The year lSj."i has produced more subsistence I for man, in all parts of the world, than any of its predeci'?ors. (Inmting that lour millions of men ha\e been withdrawn from tlieir places and from agricultural labor, they lmo is manifest, caused diminution of productions in Western Europe, while they have been transferred to the very granaries of the East, and bccome the coiisum. rs of its Ion ; hoarded stores. How. then, are American fiiruwr* to find a market lot their va i -urplus at anything like present rates in this country.' We nr ? pre cis -ly in the cotidkion that we were in I s:i8 ? ouis is the highest market in the world for those articles of which we have a greater ?up ply lltiiti an> other pi-? ? j ?lc. We know iv isdit licult to pass from a year 01 scarcity and hii(b rates to ouc of abundance and lower prices. There arc many cb tinli to om t i? in reaching our true j" ;iii>n. Tho- r, ho have large applies on hand ptircha d at high rat'- the ;.iv, t; n... sol prodm i who in terests nrr !. II? rxi*t-<m ? of vv,i?. in which all the great Powers ol Europe are in v aired, directly or Indirectly the wealth of our farmer ?. < pec' .lly in the W> and <1 Mr ability to hold their produce- all ihc-e eon ??iderationfl ilwtruct the operation* of tin- law j of supply ami demand, and. for the time being, inislt .ol lite public judgment. V .m while the truth i- u iking i: n v.. y to 11 j.' lit ? npplb s are great r than the d-maud prntiiet 'w Tm>re anxiously in the market, and t'lallv in!. to the le\el of e >n sumption, by which it" real value must 1> de termim d. We ate all inlere -ted in under -li.ndinx "'iimn position. Prices dispropor tion^ to suppli* ait. ,k public evil, extremely unju*t and < | pri -i> all mcchnnical em ployments. M? anwld|e, th' -il e ' r ,? of uionrty, tii general pro-j< ity of ,ttl el, - -? ?\. ... ti.Uy of c ommerce, end the ente-prise of o*ir people, a.-?>ure lair i- inuio i at 'Ik rai> s t'<<r - rytli >g. Thce< w ill liuvc u tendency to uwiu,uu price*; but they should be regarded as inci dent*, and not laws? something that may help us, but not absolutely reliable. The City Ccmmt and ibe City guhnriw. There is an air of alarm in the ranks ?f the people, because thedast five years have added only oue hudrcd and eight thousand to our population. We sec nothing extraordinary in this, and nothing which is not susceptible of ea?y explanation. The increase from 1810 to 1800 was two hundred and three thousand, I which is precisely equal to the entire popula tion of the city in mo. The alarm is caused by the fact that the percentage of gain is not a* great in the last live years. This is so, in the face of confident predictions that it would j be nearly double. Well informed persons re garded our population as likely to exceed eij-ht hundred and fifty thousand; whereas the figures reduce it to G2 1,179; and this is looked upon as an alarming fact. Hence inaccuracies, and blunders, and carelessness, are freely charged upon the persons entrusted with the enumeration. It is one of tlW wisest and best ordinances ol the day, that of periodical returns of the number of our inhabitants. + 18 ? book and the dead reckoning of th? fore the discovery of solar computations. - a such is the estimate of the public; for an ap- I parent falling oft' in our population has alarm- | ed our sensitive property holders? as we tb^ J f?r no ream Witlioul an accurate cen sus, no well founded estimates can be made of the worth of real estate, and its improvements, which in thie and all'other rapidly advancing cities, is fixed upon an ascending scale of va luation. A landlord regards his rents and the appreciation of his estates as a part of his in come? a buyer comes to the same conclusion; and although wc must find the end of this i\ay of settling values, it is certain that we have yet discovered nothing to indicate an approach to it. To a great extent the large fortunes in this city are the results of appreciation of real property. That is the chief element of wealth and the basis of very extended ope- j rations, in which there arc employed va-rtsum* | of money. Perhaps to some extent values may be influenced by the peculiar configuration of the city and the points at which its chiel I improvements were first made. For instance, from the Battery northward, extending to the East and Hudson rivers, and np as high as the City llall, peculiar commercial advantages are enjoyed? the eft'ect of which is to concentrate there the most active and wealthy of our busi ness men. Real estate within that range has gradually but certainly risen in value up to the present time; and it is remarkable, as illus- I trative of the effect of crowding population upon real property, that it is most appreciated precisely where it is most uselessly employed. I For instance, in Wall street it is higher than in any other part of the city. The actual pro ductive uses of that street are not equal to those of any good butter-farm in Orange couuty. It is a large hive of speculators, aud they are so elbowed in with each other that property has become minutely subdivided by I their pressure, aud auy price can be obtained for it. Precisely the same law of supply and demand governs vulues in other parts of the city. The question is, whether property is needed for business purposes? It is manifest, for instance, that should the union of the States be dissolved, and tho constitutional free trade now t-vi ting be followed by restrictions upon commerce, the adoption ol a high taiill by one, and a countervailing policy by another, at least one-third of the business now done in the city would be lost to us. One-third, oi I somewhere in that proportion, of the inhabi tants would be thrown out of employment. In mechanical pursuits the proportion would be somewhat greater, becauso there would be little use for the hordes of carpenters, cabinet makers, ship workmen, and many others, who would?the population being reduced so much ?have a supply of their productions on hand for ten or fifteen years to come. That the effect of reducing business would soon be to reduce the number of our inhabitants no one will question. We allude 1< > tlic subject in this light for the purpose of showing the importance of being accurately ported by the ccu-ur, Atd also to impress upon our people the nature of the tenure by which, in fuel, they hold their estates. New York in to a very consideiaMe extent a political production she owes hor metropolitan strength to benefits derived from the political union of the States. In regard to the returns of the Census Mar shals, we have a word to say. Wo see no ground for charging them with neglect of duty or inaccuracy. The time has come when we should begin to estimate the population of this city in connection with tlwe of the surrounding suburbs* towns-, which in reality constitute us much a part of New York as the hands and feet, the arms and legs, lVre a part of the human body. It is the heart of the system, and sends out to the extremities whatever of life and animation they possess. How else do we maintain seventeen oreighteen ferries in connection with Brooklyn, Staten Island, Jersey City, HobokoD and other point*, and perhap* us many steamboats whoso busi ness it is to carry New York passengers to and fv??m their residence a short di-tuuee in the country ? If we add to this the Hudson River, the Harlem, the Flushing and the New Jersey railroads, all of which do an indepen dent business in connection with hop -on city passengers hack and forth, we shall have some idea of the thorough ?am< nej- of New York and it- suburbs, t or instance, it is esti mated that tw enty thousand peopl- cross at the Fulton ferry from Brooklyn ewv morn ing betw< en th" hours of -even and ten o'clock. 'I hose who huse lool* d into i lie ubji el regard the whole number of persons en^a^ed in busi U'--inN w Tork . nud re?idin: out of t ho i" y. as < needing 200.0O0, The rapid rise in tlie \alue of prop* riy ?io\vu town within the last fivo years, has driven out i< m<1< nt-. They ha\e gone to the surrounding title-: and this account* for the striking lull ing off of population ill the First and .Se cond wards. The rapid hnprot in the upper rart d the city have hsd tie ??m< ? i feCt, by rui in;j (he pr i? ?? of rents ami in. i i - ing distance from biisin -? point* below, in other word- from the p<>culiar Wed;. ? like eon. figuration of the city, and the imp ? il>i lit v of acQOttffllOdatillg its ilililierr e population wili'i out removing tin ni too far frotii tl-ii bit-due* an equilibrium ha bt< n produc >J bei en New ^ ork and its ->tbnrl>an to ? n-. M rt municipal ?rgantaatioes and names have had od influence upon th* people. Iheyluuc gone toUNRkiyti, wJtenit wu- th*. ir interest. I Many have gone there to avoid the payment of personal taxes upon their property, which they succeed in getting rid of by the confu sion attending their residence jn one place and their business in another. But it may be said that all the ferry and other communications with the city existed live years ago. That is true; 1-ut within that time New York has ex tended northward, property has risen down town, and adjacent city lots have come into comparative requisition. This city has run off so far that our neighbors arc brought near. Another fact may be mentioned in connec tion with the census of this year, which is enti tled, perhaps, to some influence: The work of the' marshals was commenced in June, but did not eud till the close of July. During the lat ter month a very large number of our citizens and fumiliea were in the country. Many of their city establishments were closed. It is highly probable that thirty to fifty thousand have thus been lost to the aggregate number returned. This, however, in the face of the explanations we have given, is of little com parative consequence. It is mauifest that an accurate return of all the persons whose chief interest and business is in this city ? who re ceive their letters here, do all their correspon dence here, who hail from New York and are New Yorkers in every conceivable sense, and a' <tfl times when not a sleep ? would show at Jejist eight hundred an*} fifty thousand. We are now so extended up town that kereafte* safe and prudent men will give greater weight to neighboring cities as competitors, and make less extravagant estimates of the increase of New York proper. Confined and accommodat- 1 ed within narrow limits, we had no rival, and could have none ? extended, we bring other points into use, and this will have great influence upon real estate in the npper wards, and of course w ill continue to secure its ap preciation in the lower. Brooklyn and Jersey City, and all the surrounding country, contri bute to the value of property at the latter point and to depreciate it at the former. The Pestilence at Norfolk ? A Hint to New Yorkkbb. ? Our latest accounts from Nor folk show that the fever is on the increase, and we trust that the material aid for the sufferers will not be allowed to diminish. Be not weary in well doing. The Baltimoreans have acted nobly, in sending food, medicincs, wines and other necessaries. Another important gift, two hundred tons of ice, has been sent from New Haven. New York hasdone well, having subscribed about eleven thousand dollars, out of eighty thousand, raised so far. But Phila delphia has done better, and our amount, there fore, seems small for the centre of business, wealth and commerce. We would suggest that our business men should contribute of their stock of articles of necessity, food, grain, fiour, ?Vc., and that a ship load be sent down from this port to Norfolk. This sort of relief will be better than money. If we could fit a ship with food for starving Ireland, how much more ready should we be to help our own coun trymen who arc perishing for the want of what we can readily spare out of our abundance. The meeting of Saturday was a very interest ing oeca ion. The committee were requested In renew their efforts. The sum of fifteen hun dr< d dollars was ordered to be remitted at once to Norfolk. An offer was received from Mr. Henry I.iidlmn, offering to take to Norfolk any contributions that might be oli'ered. Here, now, is an opportunity to carry out the idea sug gest d above. Articles of necessity should be contributed, and in such shape that thoy can lie made useful at Norfolk immediately after the arrival of the ship. Those who will not give money cannot refuse a barrel of flour, a blanket, or a bottle of wine. Mudemoiselle Rachel's donation of a thou sand dollars is highly creditable to her. It pro\es that she has not imitated other artists, who lnive given charities in advance to hum bug the public. Ifer position could not be improved by it, and the act must have been suggested by the best motives. 9 Or k Summer Rbsort&? Closk ok tui. Fasuiox .\BI.K Sk.XSON* IN TBI CorVTRY. ? As the lu-t of the season, we publish to-Uay a batch of in teresting letters, in the way of li^ht loading, from the summer resorts of health and plea sure and fashion seekers of the mountain*, the lakes und springs of the interior, and the f?ea shore. The fashionable*, who have returned to town by thousand^, will find these reminiscen ce* of the places they have deserted somewhat refreshing, with another "heated term" upon us, threatening to atone a* far as possible for the general coldness of the summer. Short, however, as the season has been, we are gi .1 ti lled to state that from our abounding crops and the fair prospect of "a good time coming.*' all our watering places have done much better than was in the outset expected by any of them. Next summer, if Mr. Marcy and his man at Madrid, Mr, Dodge, keep us clear of a war on the Cuba question, we may anticipate a splen did American fashionable campaign at home and abroad, mixed up with the rno-t uproari ous Presidential carnival in the history of the United States. For the present, let us rejoice that the fall trade, the church - and the theatres are again in full blast- bui-in .* fashion, religion and folly have returned to town, and that Alderman Ilriggs i- resolved to solve {hone mypteries of the dog pound) the black trunk uud that piece of black cloth, neck or nothing. AimtCATiox hi I)emo?'H.w * is M i-s v< mi -i.i is. The administration < ustom House democracy of Massachusetts hare abdicated in favor of the liquor candidates. K- inooracy then, in the Oi l Jlny Stat'- is fairly jugg"d. It hap been of con > ? it ic nt dimensions for that kind of use for many years- a retail concern the suttlers and camp followers of the old Jackson and Polk ports or perhaps better said, on the retired li-t, with lull pay. "We trust now, smiled up on by (??n. Pierce, permitted to < nter the so ciety of the resectable liquor denlcrs as ?er \ an is end dependent", sustained by the federal r it;, ;i?l i-rd and encouragtd by Gen. Gush ing, they will make themselves useful. They have no longer the care- ol a distinct po- 1 Utical organization their number; ahout cijual to their ofliees, th< ir friends scarce, their intimates few, and grow'ng "-mall by degrees and 1 eaulifully lew ' day by day. they may be said to he the very "ul of good luck. Their i. olnt'oas are orthodox, their ritual and cm d thoroughly and purely democratic. They go for Kansa--. for popular --overeignty, for non-Intervention nith slavery, for thcin sehe*. for lh' administration, uud against the re-toration of the Missouri compromise. Gen. Picrcc is cvrtainly su-uiued iu Massachusetts. Tub Softs Hardened avd the Hards Sorncv kd. ? Tbe softH are made very hard by the Jour nal of Commerrt; but it won't do, gentlemen ? it ?won't do. The efl'ort to turn the uationul* and the conservative Know Nothings into that "valley of (he shadow ot death," at present oc cupied by the administration soft democracy, will prove au utter failure. The soft .Syracuae resolution against Kaunas and the extension ot slavery into free territory ? the old "corner stone" of the abolitionists at Buffalo in 184m ? and in favor of the Missouri compromise, can not be tempered into orthodox nationalism by voting at a public meeting in this city that "it was expressly understood as the expression of an abstract opinion only." John Van Buren in the convention took good care to rebut this presumption by declaring that the New York delegation and the people of New York were practical men, and hated mere ab stractions. His free soil-anti-Nebraski-Mis souri compromise-Seward-republican platform, which was adopted by the convention, was made a "corner stone and foundation" of his party; an article of faith, and a saving ordi nance at that: and the General Committee are open heretics, dissenters, Protestants, outlaws. They have gone over to the hards, and their effort is to elbow that order of political saints out of their temples ? and it is a hard ca<-e all round. Tub Boh deb Ruffians. ? The convention in Kansas of the "border ruffians," which nomi nated Whitlield as the pro-slavery candidate for Congress, was composed of all classes and Conditions of men. The "ruffians" did'nt have it all their own way, for as a well informed correspondent tells us, "the biggest fools had as much io say as anybody." This shows that the negro worshippers, the Emigrant Aids and the republicans were there, and were per mitted to speak, and did speak as much as any body. __________ THS LATEST NEWS, BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Front Washington. MR. BUCHANAN NOT OOHINO HOME ? THE COURT OF CLAIMS, ETC. ETC. Washington, Sept. f>, 1855. The state of negotiations at tho Court ol' St. Jam or i(4 ?uch that the public interest will require the con tinuance of Mr. Buchanan longer in London than lie or his friends in this country anticipated. His e<vinection with that mission will not, therefore, terminate nt the timo heretofore announced, namely, the 1st of (I'tober. It is presumed that his detention has reference to the Central American question. Judge Scarborough, of the Court of Claims, arrived here this morning. He will remain for some time, a there is a vast quantity of business before the Court to dispose of. Senator Hunter, of Virginia, also arrived this m< ruing, and is stopping at Willard's Hotel. The Yellow Fever nt Norfolk and PmU iiiouth? Sail Account*. Baltimore, Sept. 0, 1856. The Norfolk boat arrived here to-day, brings tho awful tidings that there is no abatement of the yellow fever, and that the small pox has also broken out in Norfolk, of which there were ten cases on Saturday, Tuo nurses from this city are dead. l?r. Bvy&nt of Philadelphia is dying. The lever is spreading to tin- adjoining rountry. At Ni.vfolk, on Friday, there were forty doa'ts from yellow fever, and on Saturday up to noon, there had been twenty-tire deaths. At l'ortsmouth, on Friday, there were twenty-t.vo deaths and fifty new ' Uhes. On Saturday, up to noon, there had been fifteen deaths. Or. Morris, ot this city, was siik. l)r. Marshall to Hying. Seventy -ix tei ts were taken '!<>wn from he re onFi .lay. to Norfolk, uqder direction of the Mayor and Councils of this "'ity, which were pitched on the site oft Id I'oint, a beautiful and healthy -<ite. The America n l!ag wh- raised, and it was expected a Rteambeut load of refuge-* would land there this morning. To-morrow a stc.uner will take donn a load or provis ion* 101 the c;>mp. A small supply wa? lukeu down on Saturday. Vi Haw Fever at. Sew Orleans. N?w Ohuunb, Sept. 7, 1855. Ikt yellow ferer Is sensibly abu'ing in tlu? i-ity, und the week's returns will doubtless Kow ,i gratifying de crease in the number ot deaths. Republican Movement tn 1 s. firantuniOD, Sept. 9. 1855. Several hundred citbens of Springfield, compose I all the old parties, assembled at Hampden Hall, on Satur day right, to appoiut del"gi>te-i to tho Kepubliean t ui<<n ConV' ntlon at Worcester, on tin 20th inrt. Harmony and enthusiasm prevailed. George Bliss presided, and eloquent ri eeches in b?-luiii' of union again-' any more compromises with slavery, or any more lavev t it< - were made by Mr. Blis.-", Wm. B. Calhoun, Oliver B. Morris, Jir. i haffee, Henry Vo te, Kul'u ' Kline r, < ie. Weiker, and F. A. Barstc w. Twenty-four of our leadfcg lliiens were appointed tit legates ?l?1 substitutes for the n. <oi natin/ convention, and between 200 mid;>0<) were s#Joctod to attend the mass meeting at the same time, "th-r towns in tlii* State are rc.- ponding to the cull- foi union conventions. Aiiti-Aiiiniiilat rutlnn Movement In Maine. Puhttami (Me.), Sept. 9, 1S65. A Inrge n-ceting of our dtiient wa? held lant e. oing, ? t whMh a was nominated for State Refrania Uvea, i mbra.'ioi? whig* and democrat* ?p\.oar.l to tho present .idminUtratlon, but forming an ofganiced coin l*n.iti..n H1 ainut the republican niovewyit. Auothir Rnllroiut Aeeldent. Wahhixhton, Fept. 'J, lt l'l. Thf tmin from Baltimore laat night rnn ? v r a bull near Anuapolto Junction. an 1 throw th? 1 i ri off the tr.ick. Ihe mail, !w '.-ngi and smol insj jn ?. re aaniahed. The latter wai full of pa-aen'Br0, tn nil mi - raeoViualy i? -aped without tho ' u->t injury. u,- j, n. yer- tinned t.ere at 12 o 'clock at u.gbt. I)<*ti n< (Ion of n Cotton Factory ?>j F?? e. hrnt.M twj? (Ma s*pt. i'. ' 5. Ho r>t(cn factory of the (;rtirw>Mv!!l<: i . .? fnv. at Olornlm Franklin < oi.ntjr, vrm dcatroyed bj >? -a unlay morning. Lom, $40,000. No inturun ?; ?. The Wi#(!k r In Boitox. It--riiv, \i. 71.' weather here t"-<lay sra? moit opp.e-?iv?ly hot, with but little air * lining. At en? o'.tUi''. I'll ?.ft> r ne-n the tliermonxt'-r ?t<x>.1 at 90 d -roc* la tho -lu- 1?. Market*. NrwOnrtAjra, Sepv 7 1?:>.V O-r market ha< urolei-gnai' no v. r, '? Th.. ? m1c? jr. unlay icuchi d li.SOO (ml- ?. I'i tvhu:n r ep>. R, 1v">V ('< " ti ha-< b" n in ?l? r.'ly demand dating the u t . with kiI< of ubout 1 ,r.- 0 U c . Wool ? ;i.a nur??t < <1 with a n nre ?t live ilfiimnd, anil at r.ilhcr I; ttW prloea. hale* 1W OOn lb \ 1'rlntlng r!..fii ? Tliomar.irt baa li-'ea mi n animated. i-ad at the d<>., w re take n in lr- ly in ante i|*tinn of a ii it supply la con Ii.uen I I I 'lie drought. are tu.ining lesi Han h .It their machinery f ir thi want of w.iter. u ' nithoot heavy rain* occur won tli"v will have to i-!n*e i litiidly. 1 be tuch on in very In. lit . -?l'~ 41,000 picce,*. Pel VXiaU Intelll fenee. Owrror rrieo, of 5lli??ourl, I* in Waahlngton fur the purj.o*? f perfecting Ihe title of the Wat-" to the swamp inda donated In MM. and to transact otliei important busine** for the State. Hon. P. V. 1 irkln?*i arrived In tlie epy ye terday, and will remain u few day* at the Metropolian 11. tel. ARKI VVl.K. \i il.i Vriropolltan HWe!.? il. ^ IMov nd P I r. ' I' V. v t v 1? ni-M f1; Jodg*' I'*'*, ^nii'lvvi n IsUihIh; \ kirl^ UfliloWi U. > 'hkl.i*.lcti>ht?i , i '*l>t ? ^ A.; A. (}. H?an.?u, Wi.ahlii 'ton; Col Wni. W. .vo'l.i, I mi'!.*, Mayor Ilow, h Lutitai Conn'. VUlamoa Ira, llav^n*. t ol. I)el?a4n, t'uh?. the Finfh-orlan Hen?e ? K F'v.e. Vlrtlnla; I', Vanba^K, I W. Illna no, Albany; ?> Xhidl, I'. H A., R.-v, T. Koaiviln, to.: Poetor Klower, Ittl'a : tliaile. ,.r (i hrarl oeourh. K y. : Daniel Holivi 1 . Hi. Paul, M:nfiei*i>tii; R#.\i. K T. mler. 8. C.; C ap'. J ? f. - i ifm-t Bin' k W?rr1.,r: [In . J. Hlii'liy, OMoi Wm. r??, hiiiiaIi, (?a. I rom Hi Ja*odn < "uba, ln? John Caatncr? Pedro Canbl. Antonio Ma<iian, 1. Maio?, J H Warni-r. I rem Oilcaw, ? abtp Tmmtiuj? J X U.acUMu, The Tellow Fever In Vtrgtivlu. OUR NOUfOLI COKKE8PONDBNVE Nobkoi*, Sept. r, 1866. I have heard it frei(oently stated that over one thou sand are sick with the f?ver tu Ibis city. I made inquiry to-day, ana find that there are over nine hand red under medical treatment, tiesides those who wore waited upon at home by their friends and relative*. Tiie number oi deaths since the commencement of the plague i various ly estimated at 600 and 1 00. I think tho corr?;.,i amount to be about 650 . The Association and the dooto.-s here have s? ni off after more nur-es, and in eight or ten dfcys we may expect twenty or thirty. A majority of the moot eminent physician- bavd lott for home, but we have a jroodly numlj?: of young prac titioners yet, wl#o appear to render very efficient -orvice. Among Ihuse who huve kindly volunteered to ieavo home, friends and ease, to nurse the oiclt here in this pestilential city, have crept in scou udrelH of the deepest dye, whose lite would disguice a prison. An in .dent I will roiate, which cair.t under my notice a >tay age: la one ot the bouses of our cill/ens where then- w?ro seven deaths, a nur>o very kindly ('/?) olTered himself, and when uo one was present out loui little babies pilfered a irunkof a set of diamonds and other costly jewelry; !>ut for tunately they were nearly nil recivered. The liMwnest fellow? whose name i* Mailt/- ? was requested liy lome of his friends to leave, which advice he happily followed. Had he remained another duy the citizens woiud ?ertain ly have lynched him. How a man can rob the dead if a mystery to me. 1'erliaps this Is but one iiihtain-e of many that is carried on every day, for in the honaeslof the sick everything is neglected ? everything exnoeed. The following is a list of tlwif o admitted In rbe Woodfei Hospital since yesterday morning.? Sardine, slave of l)r. Andrews. Mr. Mcbwain. Mr. Augustus Chandler. Mr. Kd. J. Mallory. The deaths at Woodis Hospital sincc yoster.Ia. were A3 follows : ? James Welch. Mr. Solomon. Mrs. Wilson. Tarby Kelly. Names of those who huvu died 'he city since yesterday Mr. McAnslly. Wm. P. Burnham. Mrs. Anna Kutnbam and son. Mrs. lionnet fiedout. Mrs. O'Vrinn. Mrs. Washington Camp. Master Noland, aged 11 years. Avon street. Child ot Mr. Komcrman, Main street. Child of Mrs. Usher, Town Point. Caroline GiUmoie, 34 years, Duke street. Mr. Simmons, Queen street. Mr. Robert Hosier, 86 years. Colored woman of Mr. Sylvester, Rank htrev ' . Wife of Tlios. Owens. Wife of Wm. T. Whitehead. Mtb. Meitnwell. Mrs. Ferrett. Master Kerrett, dying. Iam happy to statu that the number ol icatha aro much less, and evidently on the decline. The sky is overcast with some appearance of rain< Weather mild; wind from N. F. ; thormomcter at 75. The boats from Baltimore stilt continue to bring provi sions for the poor, and means for Howard Association. NORFOLK* THE ItELJEF FUND* New York .... $11,600 I'liarlestown N.Ynrd $1,500 Baltimore 17,600 New Haven 1,025 Philadelphia lf>,500 Lynchburg, Va 1,000 Richmond 4,600 Fredericksburg, \a. 700 Washington 4.:>00 Brooklyn Navy Yard 1,003 Norfolk 6.000 .Augui'a, Ga 1,000 New Orleans 3.391 Mobile 1,000 Phil. Navy \ aid.... 2,?!0 Georgetown, D. C.. . 1.00(1 Petersburg, Va 3,000 W. .-sulphur Springs 1,000 Savannah 2,000 Other sources 4,000 Boston :i,000 1 Total 180,418 AID FROM BALTIMORE. ^ The following articles were sent to Norfolk n Blmi more, on the 6th Lust. -Ttie people of Baltimore con tinue to make their conliibul ions in aid of tie people o? Norfolk and Portsmouth, and three times per aoek sup plies are sent down. The toliowing is a lift ol the siyi plles rent down on Saturday, Tuesday and Wodii.-day: 16 barrels flour; 1,400 loaves ol bread : 70 barrel crackers; 3 barrels do., a donation from Walt & Son; :i casks rice; 2 hogshead I bacon, 0 bbl . pork . tl bhls. beef; aurtort fresh beef; 2 bbla. dried beet; 1 bbl. sausage; 4001m. but ter; 1,176 lbs. lard; 15 sheep: 25 cheeses; 50 W.XC* her ring; 15 doxen chickens; ltt boxes mustarll; 3 bbU. coffee: 6 keg? tamarinds; 25 bags nn ul; 75 bushels jiouitoea; 8 chef ts black tea; 4 chests giecn do.; 17 bhls. tugar; 1 <ask cooked hams; one eask brandy, one cn*k nine; 8 dozen wine: 2 boxes oranges: I'M) cots ; 100 mattresses; 150 pillows; 200 cotlins; 2 doctors' buggies: 5 kt lis salt; 2 boNes lemons; 100 l ag- oats, and 20 buddies >1 bay; 10 liox.'S candies and 2 pieces dried beef, a donation from a lady. lie- ides the above, there were 600, ;tlanj'l quantity of medieincs and cupping Instrument*, c"UC bundled leaves of biead lias o been oedered tor V t, irlay.? Thre wu also :J4 metal burial case- sent down yesterday 1 o mi order from one of the undertaken. T) i '.ir about; $10,c00 have lieen expended, and there rerr.ii Ins in tho hand* of the treasurer about $1,000, which I! soon ho xhausted. City Politic#. A OoHBtCtfox. ? !il our report in Friday' k IU'.uU) <if a meeting of the Maul Bhell I'emocrutic Stat- UauilttM, at ill* Ai '.or Hom", we sahl Mr, I-ewla V. Oliver officiat ed a* Hecretary. Wo ha to irce learned that. ibe necre tftry 'if on tiii- occ? lion ?u Hi n EnttmW. 'it ivvf^aiwl not Mr. lew is N. (Hover, the nomlnoeof the Kim* Noth iug< for Corporation Coun-el of thu oity, who ? ics not be long to the | arty. TO THF, KUrtOR OF T11E HV.B VI.D. Is tlie Huumilf Thursday. taut you publi?h -ny m'.nit ami i g the "denii cratfi" aspirants lor office. Hiea-e to correct the error hy saying ilial I am now, a I hav.' eyer been, a whig of the old scaool Dr. J. w. KANNEY . Marine VfTnlm. Ih( travelling public cannot but feel pll\c0') that tha fine steamship Eri raaon has been put upon the Bremen line to touch at Poutlampton. -'he 1* un?. ~pa-**d in h'T arrangement. s for the comfort of her pr K-Mtigori*. nn<l will give -nii.-facUcn to all w ho any nroee tha Atlantis tu her. -he is the i.nly r.teamer from thU pji t lor Kuropo this v. . cfc. Iar.vcins,? On Saturday morning, from the >)tlpyai<l of .V' -t-. Wf! Iters and Stewart, on Petty'. 1 ? land , *?j ltanclii'd a batidaonw liark, tailed the Davi-?<>. Wilson, of .'.00 ton- btirtben, which went oflF rery handsomely, to the great delight of twine 2,000 apectatora. This hark l? Intended fur the New (trleana trade, under the com mand of Captain I eacocb, who i? well and favorably known ax a iea traveller. Mr. Jimes Hon f e of Richmond, al-o launched, l<uti? day. .it noon, a fine hnrl?. called tit* Denrti- Kelley, bnr ?hen .">">0 ton , owned by Messrs. fferon an<l Martin, who intend her 'or the New Ork'ani trade. under coumtaA0 ?if Captain Con on. Ilotit of tneae vesaela are a eredltTo Pl.!la<lelpMa n.echanlcn, for tin taste, "kill and lini-Ii displayed in tlx ir construction. Pro p< -i n l.EWVJti or la On tw: a.? The journal former ly ptibli?hoil in this city in the ?panlsh lengtge, under the ti'le of (<? rtxt i ? w . suspended aome mvuthtt liuM on account ?.f n txliiuisti >u ot funds. The following pa ragraph from the Havana paper In 1'W". proml*nr It4 speedy revival; ? Vf.- h.tV- jn-t been a -nr.. i that nil the difHeultie* hav ing been ltmovid, which influenced or oau-od the sur wn ion of la Crvniea of New York, a jouina which haa lent ? ' ;i. iny and Mich Interesting derrick to the holy can e of , ur raii inaliiy sin e it* eiitabH*bni?i t, it ^ pub lication i ut 'o i f ..,i? reuewc^d, atill 'inu.'. the >tl re.-tion of the inJif.itixatile and lealimj writ ? , Don Au tocio V 'viiT do .-an Murtin, ?o well tnown uKontr ui-'i" ?i rig. r nit aj en rgulte in deli nding the rights of Jn? to ,tiil tlui tutiite ot our race, and hn\ iug <io tnacli aympath) f r t-veiy one: having a r?allj fnanirh au<1 nol le ' cart. Wc are ileli|?hl?d at thie, und impatiently cipcct th- day on which, re. knotting the b. ken thread oi ?? in: ti :ingand patriotic labor-, he will return to i< n' h; , i'.v ?*."t u 1 i. i tt.iico to the agiee?Mc mwdon of pr i. illy linfuiling and liiinly -ustaiuiiig tlic illu'trlou'f llag ? -. tilt in th ? foreign legion*. Mt. pl en II. ITri.iif li'ii Bxplnniiilone. ro fill: EKITO* Of TUT HI'RU.D. ? t* e ! :. e tnt ?? ?n i I'rhlaylftst, M* M i\"ll*c In li.i t hiarl It. i I h:nl a piece ot tho clotU .illicit ?a I ?< in ' irg ornperr in the Common Co n c' I O niter at tie' ?<|i.iex of H"nry I lay, *lto-?j neii 'iry i-imnand r igran'. in erery be it. Mr. Ho Killari in." p! ? I . at t)i?i ln\e, ligation, end I i e be ? itlv n 1 ' I thi? as tr. ft holy [ l?? ei.ntiy. I t na rrm h a- b" iillorctl it. untl' r oa'b. ai?>' t*a<pi i all. Iln I'. 1 pr??nuv i -houkl r? f('ind ti it. I tins rir<? olt .inly declare, ije'nre th<? 1 t? -er o| ' >e tliat 1 did not I ? e the cloth in ni.tvli ktid ha' all t know Bl> ut It !? fliat I heanl from ? *'? t.l. t.liiiCK-et at p,^ t?e< ding Ini. ligation* of the corn til e i V, .?! -ot n 'nil ttuan Mi?-n t-r- j?e tho pill of il e pica' Kent - kian, nd wore it at lielr daily garb, and now cry xtop thief in order to rli\.?rt Ml* pub lic tiller.' n at- 1 ?Kn.*'ioi froin tbeuMeh-'. toiibl H'my <1ay ' \ . cpem i! hi- urn J' thly ej M ? , 0 'bem a* II, ey . hi r - ??<> hi >>n. foil i. one glniKi would havn ? mtti .itl ' rulturr* to the >*?th, never to . I. . tfutt/, MKPJ1ES II. HltAN?1l. Ot>! (BUi ?y. Pev. K tf i-r" Kr- rj i ?<. I., wh- . r ttbhan* in urn. t t. . ;<y. ?a. rn in thUeity. !'? r v> netaiiv ho Plied * pr. f "nr'i <-h?ir In <;*or|fetown < 'oiler . r-nd nob eequently in tin Co Liny c of ,he Ihly l'ro?-. Worct-xtrr. Kr> t.i l l eu ? I e wax -''nt on It . mi- -loll to M line. wh"ro he died ,t the early at" of tiiirty-ievii year*, lathe feld of hi la'i. r? amou.< the Indian* The plely an<| naaetlt v r f hi life in.'oai. 1 hhn to all ?n?t gained tit him many coa?ert?. Kx-tifiv> if- I'nMivt', of Alabama, dlcl at Bailey'* -pring-* rn the v**t h ult lli< dlseaao wj- choiara iiiorbtin. tinrernor folller wn? for ?< re.-nl year* a lodge of th' -u - pretne 'Viurt. fr> m *lo |i pot Ion he ? a- 'lanf-rrid to tbe t bief I xei-ntlre office of the f?t?tc. In which h< ?"'r"d two term- lie wa< a m. n of good abilitieii a true pa triot . ihI an tmniM* I'hr Utlaa. He fi-id'tj at Tu^ca loe?a. where hi* fkmlly itlll r< main. PltTfB I't sMVittan. Ihe mad '.arrier li^'weep Ikali, Va.. and ft. John-, 'IIihI lait we< k. lie ?u? an Irichuian, and fou 'lit under Wel'ingt n at tli hattl. f * terlo<i. Potatoes are m lliug in WoodsWIt, Va., fi i SO cent* pe ? bti<h<l. 1 ariy in th' -iitnmer tb?-y a? >i.c^ a? tl /. t p? r hnahel. Apples bring i*n> - per bu heT7 ''ameotli Vj to ;5 ccn'?. and peachen j0 cetits.

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