Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 13, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 13, 1855 Page 2
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Obi Ncbrxki Corrupondciicr. Fon-wnxllb, Dodc.i Co., N. T., Aug. 27, 1866. Jh*#H 1 roiMa ? .Vcuw from the VoUin u*r SWi'm of X& hrcuka ? <Soen<? and In i'lmU ? The Settlers and their Pro JMi General JVrio? of the Itrr itory. I Write you still from a warlike camp, And from the top ?f % drum, and my hasty effusions from hence may justly be termed ' ? drum-head notes from the frontier." Yes terday our little garrison of fifty men, (volunteer sol fern, ) were the jfui tntv, owing to a report reaching ?a through the Secretary of the Territory, T. B. Cuming that some four hundred Sioux Indian* had crossed the Mleeouri river at Sargent's Bluffs, some eighty miles to the northeast of us, bound hither to tight the Omaha In dians and settlers, if the latter interfered in the " free fight. '? The probability was, they would roach this place, wher?' report said they expected to find the Omaha In dians. either yesterday or to-day. All the live long day the boys were waiting to give them a hearty reception with their rittes. So indeed we are now, and I know not bow soon yeur "Nebraska Correspondent" will have to ?eve his table to call the first and second companies to action, amid the yell of a few hundred blood thirsty Sioux Indiana. So, for fear of such a contingency, I'll write taut and brief. To-night both companies are ordered to lie on their arms, and sleep only when exhausted nature requires H. In our immediate vicinity even now there is a scout ing party of Indiana, who were flred upon a half hour since by one of the young men who Lad gone to the wing tor water. The number of men here in active ser vice now, in both companies, is but about sixty; yet we imagine ourselves t ufHcient to cope with live to one. P. A. Sarpy, the old Indian trader of BoHcvue, X. T., spent last night with us, ia com puny with T. B. Cuming, ?ur secretary. Mr. Surpy is commissioned (}uarterma? ter-<icnernl, and his experience on the frontier and amongst the Indian* is doubtless superior to any 0110 iu the Territory. His ideas concerning Sioux depredations coincide nil h my own. It is generally Known, I presume, that contrary to the intention of our government, as stipulate d in treaty and otherwise, the Omaha and Pawnee Iniiians are now quartered, the former surrounded, as it were, by while settlers, and tho latter just at the border of civilization, upon the lands purchased by the Ottoe Indians. Btfth of these tribes are at constant war wiih 'he Sioux Indians, and, indeed, on terms of the most bitter hostility. Both the Ounhas and Pawneee are weak and cowardly, jointly numbering but about bOo fighting men. In troublesome times like these they look to the whites for protection. 1'resuming, therefore, upon the interference cf the white* in a free Sght with their common enemies, the enmity of the ro>ux to tho vhiies arise*. Indeed, I feel quite well con vinced that should this expested war party of the Sioux Indians pass us, attack the Om.ihas or Pawnees, and meet with success, on their return Hushed with victory, they woukl commit some depredations upon us. Remove the first cause of their enmity, to wit : the Omaha* and Pawnees, and 1 do not anticipate quite as much danger to the frontier settlers as now. But we cannot expect much action from their agent, Major Hepncr, who Is en gaged mostly on his farm over in Iowa, and who really knows nor apparently cares much for Nebraska settlers and their protection. Strong efforts are being made here for hi* removal from bt? agency, and 1 think they should xncet with success. I firmly believe the day is not far distant when th" fron tier to the we.- twaMl of us will be rifo w'lh commotion, and oil the energies cf our government will bo called into action. Even now the Mormons at Salt i.aUe valley, numbering some 30,000 fighting men, armed, equipped, and well drilled, are not only courting tho favor and winning to their support against the Vnited States all the tribes of tho Plains they possibly can ? missionaries are busy amongst tho Sioux Indisns to this purpose. These are not mere idle reports, hut are vouched for by those who come here from tliero. A war against the Mormons and their Inuian allies, in two years or one year hence, will he one of far more importuiKO than you settlers of the states can imagine. The effect of the present Indian excitement in Ne braska. (and amongst us all over the Territory it is the whole topic of exciting interest), will !>e strikingly evi dent upon tho census, which will commence being taken under the supervision cf Deputy U. S. Mat shut, J. IV. Pattison. on the 11th of next month, and I somewhat fear it will not reach last year's enumeration. Upon this enumeration the basis of representation for tho House of Representatives for this winter's session is fixed, last, year ;>y was the basis ? or rather 69 voters sent one man to the Lower House. Gov. Irard is still absent from the Territory, an 1 will perhaps visit Washington on business connected with present affairs in tho Territory. No news of the arrival nere of 1. & troops has yet reached us. They are wanted, and 1 trust the call will at last meot with some response. Owirg to the protracted spell of dry weather this sum mer. the crops ot the Territory will come in late. More anon. IKE. The American Reaping ami Mowing Miu lilnm nt tlio Purl* BililMdnii. TB1AL OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES'? TRIUMPH OF AMERICAN INOKNUITY. [From tlio I'uria Constitution^'!, Aug. 7.] The second day of Augu:;' having been appointed f- -r -ibc&uil trinl of #11 the reaping and mowing machines in the Exposition, the trial secordlugly came off on tha' slay. There were ten machines in the k.x pofl I i? >n ; nine of tbem were sent out by the Imperial Commissioners to the place of trial, n liouf forty miles distant. 11 may Iieie he remarked that the machines were sent out and re turned free of cunt to the exhibitors. On the groun 1 of the trial there were thousands of people assembled to witness the novelty of th" dsy; larg.> louts had been previously erected, and a large supply ot refreshment t Sroeured for the occasion. The d.ty was pit , tan* . and ke excitement uf the immense concourse of people in tense. The police were in attendance upon horseback. The militia were in requisition with guns and bayonets to keep the the crowd of e.iger spectators h-om oil the grain, stakes were driven into the ground and ropes drawn from utake to stake, until the entire field oflfi acres was com pletely surroun led. This was a Held of an ordinary growth of oats, and standing up well, and wbleli was divided into lots or pieces of about an acre each, by swathe being ent through at a given distance, parallel with each other? each piece being numbeied. and <>nc ni tchine allotted to each piece. At the beat of the drum three machines ? tatted off together. J. 3. Wright, of Chicago, ill., mnmged by liU agent, Mr. Jewell; hit Bell's machine, by Mr, Fourent. and a machine from Algiers' "JW mncLi'""; Were cae^'^M i? i ??n raking by mochl?l?ry. Wright's TrtatWM f ut his piece hi twenty-tour inlnufnt; Bel".- In sixty-six minutes, and the Algiers machine In seventy-two minutes. Th" Taking or discharging of tho grain from all of the three machines was badly anno, the grain bein.; much scatter ed in it# delivery upon the ground; Wright's doing much tlx* best. Ihe cutting, however, was well done. Trie me chanical movement of the autotna ton rake: of Wright's maebine was truly wonderful. The operation of the ma chine wits highly successful. Bi ll's machine, by Foureut, did the cutting and githoriug of the grain in ,i very neat manner; the gt a lit ?as delivered freely to oae side of the machine for the binders. After the jurors had carefully noted the trial tints fir. the signal again was given, and off started three other machines ? J. II. Manny s, of Rock fi.rd, 111., managed by Mr. llr.bii , Bell's, by Crosklll, anl a French one horse reaper. Manny's cut Its piece in twenty-two minutes; I Jell's by Croeklll, and the one horse French reaper, both tailed to cut their jaece i, while Manny's did its wotk in the most ejiiul ?ite mnniier. not leaving a single stall; un gathered ; and it discharged the grain in the most perfect shape, as if plated tf hand f r the binders. It llnislied its piece most gl viously. The jurors themsehfei could not restrain their admiration, but crltd cut ?'Good;'" ''tvell done.'' 'I'he people ap plauded and hurrahed for Maun, '. American reaper ? ''That's the machine." Again, eftet the jury had taken further note" of the trial, tlie signal was given, an 1 three other machines started o tl' on the contest ? Hussy's reaper, by 1 'r ay McCormlck's, by MrKenxie; and Hell's by Perry. Ilussy's mechii ? cut its piec In thirty minutes McCormlck's in twenty t:.lmite? and liell'r toiled to finish It piece, llu**y'i; machine lid Its w irk remarkably well, cutting clean tut smoothly, anl leav ing the grain in the track of the machine In good condi tinn ror thebindets. Tit is tnaohii.e wa ? wnieled to b too heat* and laborious for tiio team. and If .!nj the grain in the track of the machine wa ? tiund i > be an objection, a it neoe- -arily m ede ' to he hound and re moved as t'asl as the machllK did Its work in order that the machine could pas a round a.-uce ding time; yet this machine is unquestionably a go l ntje and it may be used to gieat advantage a.s it would likely prove <1 tre ble, being re; y strongly made. lloAjruiidt's machine pertOfmed its tafk wel., cutting a closo ani even sw th, but the raaer or attendant, who jtorfortued the libo. ?f discharging the grain setmed to be icry m'icll strained befLg ob iged to ride backward upon the machine, at 11)' cud of tl.e reel. le. ving to r. ?eh tally a roes the entire tvitllh of the machine ivi'h % 1 mg handled rake to gathet the grain aid lay it iff of the m, chine. The hir.?en on this machine were nitich trouble I 7 a strong Initial pressure .gain, t their shoulders, " ?nslened bv tlie t?.nj{uo t f th** machine. This ri..;>er. on the wb. le I. much too cumbersome and heavy f r two horses. lb wevcr. I' lias proven itself va tly svp -lor to any 1 4 the Invention* of tho Old World, and from th- fa t of it> tuccess heretofore, particularly at the I/oudon ex hibitwn in 1P51, it elicited a good deal of admiration an 1 curiosity. The cor. test w its now fairly uarrowed down to three machines Manny's, Wright's anl McCormlck's. But on starting, Wright's again broke down, and lelt tho ?IrngRle < xc'usivi.ly to the two machii.es, Mauny's aud MeCoriitl-k'". The two machine were then to be changed in pre enco ?f the juror- from the oapaeily of lecping to that of Mowing. Manny s made the change in one minute. Mc OormleYsi n twenty minutes with thi ?" men. Each na chine made one cut tbrt ugh 'l,c field ? f grass an I b 10k, Manny' s machine doing tie bet of the two. Then tin rhauge w?< made umm f. r roa; int; and In the s*m? time reepi-ctively as before. Theu both machines wer* taken Into a whmt field. Mttttnt s nwchlue cut theee swaths, and with an ease of aetejn and perfection ef work which fcirly placed it far bej >n l any fur'her eenapetitl' n though McCnrmick's rentier cut twu ? "ith?. and In a worknuinlike manner liven If th ? two vivhiu** wire ei|ual as to the quality of work, yet U. w ,, .sc.' -1 Manny s would heve the advantage uf belnj the in > t t?wiact, le?p enmbersome, and of uidsln< weight tl . Me*>irinic,li'?. and io Manny's there i> no lateral (c < S?lo"t the hor<. ?, n< by VeOorniick's : al <0 of Ixi' g mu h f Ugh'est ilraft ,iiid n ore c?sil f adju- ahl# to do!- ? tit feeiglua of cuttb g, and mt re easily convert! lb fir the two purpoees of reap.ng and mowing. Tit. t seemed t i b* U?e only machine l4a,n?t wh'-h the e cool I be no oM<v tion urged W, c? M gtv.. ,, letter evidence of th? f . nbore -hon the la. t thm Mr. v.- hv l, upon the c -i rlnelin of 'he lib ? vrml if large o'f. i for the pa tents of the Duo hire two of w| /-t. V( heard f>r Krance one offer was 1UO.OOO fran s ,nd one ! l j.' OV) W e haTt since learned that nrrangnoteats I.. ,, bamtHklC f-r 1h? maniiftictute of one tho .sand . ? hlne- ia rltv for the It' *t har re t. The deei'icn and re.ert of th' ary w!ll not be pnb ?shed antil fie bi'ter f.art Pf October yet II ' ;,s lati' ' ^e are fr?< to confCM, hare I teen glowingly . i , riean ar I this a" Uierenien ' eacnot be 1 k( \ lie a ^ tb ?dim tenee, a, it but pLvnly toreAftdows th? ui'iirjite der'kiy ? f tie New World. Political Intelligence. TK.XAB ELECTION. Tho vote for Governor in Ten*, an fur a* received, loots up aa follows; ? fcln-li M. Pease, dem 10,101 I). C. Hkkrtou, K.N 12,787 Pease'a majority 3,317 The returns ore unexpectedly favorable to the Ameri can party. Although the democrats bare re-elected Gov ernor Pease, hi* majority is reduced to probably less than 3,OCO. In 71 counties be leads I'iekson 3,317, with 20 strong Americau counties }0 hear from. In the same counties, Pr. W. G. W. .lowers, the American candidt *o for Lieut. Govrnur, has 261 majority, and his election is regarded us a fixed fact. In the Second Conrreaaion district, Peter H. Bell, dem., is elected. In the Kirst district the return* us fur as te reWed show the following result:? I,. I> Kvans. K. N 7, '278 Mat Want, <!era 6,301 Evans' majority 917 Seven counties remain to hi ar from, whirh will broba bly increase the majority of Kvans to one thousand. The legislature is yet in doubt. The Seaate is proba bly democratic, from the large number of Senators who hold over. The House may or may not counterbalance the Senate. We have returns of the election of twenty Americans to the House ant' twenty-three democrats. VERMONT ELECTION.-^rOTE FOR GOVERNOR. Counties. Jitn/ce, f ref toil. Clark, <ln*. Scat. Addison, 10 towns.... 1.680 366 132 Bennington. 11 ?? .... l.OrtO 643 320 Caledonia. 1ft 14 .... 1,328 1,242 904 Chittenden, 11 " .... 2,304 744 16 Ess.*, 0 " .... 10^ 313 21 Franklin, 12 .... l,8l>8 1,012 7 Grand Isle, 2 " .... 138 71 1 ?1 auioille, 11 " .... 1,087 581 28 "Orange, 17 " .... I,9ti2 2,00t> 554 Orleans, 14 ?' .... 1,424 ,r>54 274 Nulla i d. :'0 '? .... 2,680 748 180 ?Washington 18 " .... 2,?t?k 1,184 21 Windham, 22 " .... 2,47(1 H83 421 Windsor, 23 2,410 1,0'.?3 1,221 Total 204 23,869 11,500 4,099 ?Complete. REPRESENTATIVES ELECTED. Oovntic*. Whin thfuAt Dt in. K. JV. Addison 16 1 2 Bennington. 7 2 2 Caledi nin 7 3 3 Chittenden 12 2 1 I'ssex 6 2 0 Irani lin 0 3 2 viand l.-le f, 12 0 U..uoille 7 2 0 Orange 10 3 3 Orleans 8 16 Rutland 11 2 8 Washington 12 2 0 Windham '.... 19 2 1 Windsor 16 1 3 Total 140 28 31 THE MAINE ELECTION? MAINE LAW MEN IN TUE MINORITY. The returns, as tar as received, indicate that no choice of Governor has been made by the people, ,n 100 to .van. the. vote stand' ? Mori ill, Lit. 105, (fusion arid liquor Law;) Wells, (dem..) 26,092; Reed, (wLi#,) 0,292. l'he vote in the State last year was: ? Morrill, 44,8?2; Vurrls, (dem.) 'J8,a06; Reed, 14.U17: Cary, fanti-uquor law,) 3,424. Morrill lacked 686 of an election by the popular vote. The Legislature was largoly republican, and Morrill win chosen by t hut body. The losnes for Morrill are large; and the gains for Wells are ai-'o considerable, but not enough to pivo him any ehanoe of an election by the peo ple. l.ted's rote is about the name a* that of last year. In twenty-two towns iu Lincoln county, Morrill'.; luaa is 2,(WR. As to the Legislature, upon which tho choice of Governor will depend, the rej?>rta nre that there will probably be a majority of liberals ? meaning opponents of tho 'Maine law ? whether democrats or >vhig.s. In Lincoln cotmly, a union licket (conipoged of democrats and whi','8) for Seuitois, la said to lie chosen by 600 to 700 majority. A tiuiilar uriiort was effected in other counties. F carbon ugh, an old democratic town, which last year went tor fusion, now gives 102 democratic ma jority. lymrn, 70 democratic; Lllot, 76 demoergtic ma jority. A despatch from Portland renders it quite cer. tain that no choice of Governor has been made by the people, and that tho legislature, In both branches, will be opposed to the Maine law, TI1E FRO-BLAVEKY TMtKITORlAL CONVENTION IN KANSAS. Ihe convention organized at Shawnee Mission on < 20th of August. Mr. llees was nominate 1 as Preside r i I the n.ectii.g. Mr. T. P. Johnson road the following ter from Mr. Isaacs:? SnAWxm Mission, Vusnst 39, 1 llon. R. R. Ri.is, President convention lu s,';sion Uls j place to nominate a candidate for Oougre**: ? Do ir Sir? As much dlflicully set Wb to exist in your bod," o. uojuluatlrig a candidate for Centre- ... and a.s I do not v '? .? be the 'noaaj of <lisc.nl or to enable my enemlea so to ?. I hereby re quest that in v name shall oe withdrawn It -,i t convention. The only wwn I lisve to i xpress In this mat ' ' , that the con ven'ion shaH nominate Its candidate on tlieslu'.ery question, and tliat he --hull be requested to mult,: tho '-.amass solely ou that b"<ue. 1 am, sir, very respectfully, your o'ocd't sen 't, A. J. ISAACS. Critp of "good!" "good!" 'good!" and three liuti cheers were given for Mr. Whit Held. Mr. Marshall said tie had only been waiting for an op portunity to uta'.o that Mr. Whitfield wished it to b? un deislood that if ho was nominated, he would run asa pro NftWf i.mdid'ite, nud tM if he were allowel live min ute* to address them he would put himself right, and re fute the slumleru thu' had Rvn circulated against him. Whrn order was restored, Mr. Itees wis elected Presi dent ? Messrs. Johnson and Waterson withdrawing. .luilge lliilderman ? Mr. President, I more that John W. Whitlieid be nominated as the candidate of the pro sla very parry in Kansas, by acclamation. (Cheers.) The speaker then brietly . tatei thut, Ijor reasons satistaetory to himself, he had hitherto opposed the nomination of Mr. Whitlieid. and earnestly supported the claims of Mr. Isaacs. Since, lor the sate of promoting harmony, Mr. isaucs had resigued, he would now exeit his utinn rt ener gies to secure the election of General Whitlieid, and checrtully i ally to his standard. (Cheers. J The nomination was seconded by scleral lolegatea. Mr. Reet ? Shall the motion bo adopted lioruinating Oen. Whitlieid the candidate of the pro-slavery party in Kun>?s as a delegate to C?pgrc.>s ? A tremendous shout was raised? Aye ! Mr. Koc- ? Tho t opposed to the nomination will signify X>T Wylng 10. None responded* Three long a> <1 h(?dacho-creating ? liter1 wore immedi ately lained lor the KUCI eHnful candidate. Mr. HtrkUer of the council, moved that u committee of one be appelated by the chair from oaoh council dto trict, to prepare an addrena to the pro -davory party of the territory, and a platform of principle*. Wr. Kalnton (< f Indo) endonee. Mo.), moved that three gentlemen he apr>' inted immediately l>y this convention, to ailv'xe 'Jcnersl Whitfield of the fart of hU nomination, and to rei|> Mm to uddrtaa them "Hoar me for my came said the ^txaker. "1 regard lien. Whitfield an u klauderod un<l iiotely tried and persecuted man. 11. ? ?> ijfhl to be heard in lii~. defence, and if allowed tire minute. iie we u Id l>e heard and applauded. Lot u* hoar bim."? Adopted. Mi w. Kalstnn, fi. J. lohn'on aud Judge Kreeland ve ? appointed committee. Judge Ilalderinann- -I do not ?< c the no-o^ity of form ing a platform. W' hm# one already, unl ere.y pro alavery man utandii on i*. Mr, there i.i a platform in I lit" mind and underitantli ng of < Terr pro lavory man in t h?* territory, and there if no reed of any other. Crioii of good I that's o ' ! that'* my idi.i ! 1 1} ?r. Hiingfellow rnggroted, in modification of Mr. Plrlckli r'a noil Ion, thot uia delegate* from oaeh < mncil dtatrict nominate the' cominilt"c to pirpare an aditrOM, lOateed of 11 o rhuii. Adopted. WISCONSIN ItUrUBI.ICAN NOMINATION?. The following in the ticket nominated by the republic curio i I Wii r< i t-iii : ? I 'or (Jovornor ? la.hfonV t or lieutenant t?>v;?-oo ? C. Scliole'. For Hcretary ot 1 tn'< ? . I>. Havtlng*. Kor Attorney t,< r.oinl ? A. W. ltandall. " I or Mate Trent unr? t liar lea It' eaer. i'ii ^uperinii'Ditcnt 1 ubllc Instruction ? f. l?. Mi M>nn. Kor rank Cm |-1io1Vt ? K. 11. Wen. 1 "r i-'ti le I'ri tm Oonniasl liter ? i imes Gidding*. the ?r>;. by whl'h Governor Hi rstow, ot \vl >n-tn wan nominated iu the convention for rennutlon, w*- 108 !o i8. MI?CKLI-ANnOlTS. !-Mm< n P. Cli.ise, the republican candidate fur f?ov ernia ol Obi >, it 1. aid, lias written a letter, in which he fay* be in favor "fa prohibitory Mquor . iw. If elected (lovernor, he will, of coui -e, rejouitnend it t j thi t? vmablf eoi?i<leratk>n of tbe Ugl 'atuie The C.?ri??>n Ixi.jfuo.iaro osgnnizing thno ghoat tiie tate to give Mr Chase a large vue. A democrat ic ns < meeting Wan held in '"'"?eland. Cliin, on tbe Mb Inst. which wa* ii Idres v 1 b 0 'Mimr William lUdill, II. t>. A. V. Kdgerton and II It Riyne. A m: M meetln<: of tl.e frlen lj of Iridium will beheld in Buffalo, en 1 riilay next, tbe 14th inst fhe call is ? Igned by Upwards iftbree hundred persons. The coineutlin of the AmerlaM party, fir the hSrhth C( rgr> . i i"! ii ditttk t of (ienrgio, neve nomilVi'v'i Ooi. laftjetie Ui ?r it liucoln, u the candidate of the (*rty loi Ci ngren. A Know Kotiitng coin, il at Weymonth. M bait refueed to go into fusion and !"erit ? letter to the ,-v sre t*iy of the State O nncll demanding that an American Mate Convention t e called. "lhe Alhany Jtiumal pnblinhen a e*ll, atgn ed by aNint two hundred eiUiena more or l??- f.?i a I' unty Cnn?en fi. n to 1 e hi Id in th i t city > n the 'Jd iint., t >r the pur pi. e I.f opi.ifiitiig ielcg; ten to the Rrpubllcku v't?te Oon vent. on at Pyficu*#. The American lync.hburg (\'a ) Omvr. ti. n called for the 18th in?t., has t?-"n p -tf ne.l to the 1 9th of <>? tiler The Americana h?>l<l a ma-? tneotl g at Ito'difitei n the 18th. IVnirl I I! man and S. It. Lu<hi; #r. U , are announced among the *p*alveri". Thk Rkckvt Railroad AccmrNTS in N'ljfr .Tkb 'in. ? >ini te n milieiei ? dill remain at Barlintrton with rot any t ! aa^o fi . tlli wome and torn* ?!<??? mait v-t lapre hi fete i ny ef then can be Wiwrtd to th-i' bi n e? nit'.i ?if. ty. 'i'.ie b'kl/ of Wr. <HI? FI* w?e re m< >f l "ii ; turdar. to Oonnectieot, nhe.-e ha leave i a wi' aril tfi cV.ild-en. Mr. Waywfcfd, of rt iatii tt'ar.-lina l a ot,. h m Tin wu?l)'!i 'I ii-malniiw aro Mr?. .il 'f o ?. M,. and N'ew? <ld, Mr- Riilxorrtan, M Doj ' .. lit r? ! ; it'g'o. and Me?r< Kflley, Vinley. O'Kane !>??,! <?_. I .yli ,, Mr*, i'ln Ipi, an.1 the e ant girl t'axio iie. Dr. tlcnlk n, it it Itllwl, lut i ?? t h a ( L i i. nt J > i ?, r ii , bor-et, an I tho ? i r reiard to !! . .. ill i .ft t, ? , . r.illUpto i- deal, o an fa; e in it i*y rtapi ? I. It; k jeiallr c needed that John lid 1-ind, tl i eiig net . o. tb' ' nn tii it ran i)T the tra k at Hetrerljr, eti -aturdnt ?i.ed h Uro* of nuunr of tlM no? *e; gi ?*. by r tnalnlor at hi- |M ^t a tbe j?e, nf hii life, lb leaTea h wife ard three c'ol'ren. lietng in Camden. A ' il rriptien fi't the r'!lcf <t hi* wldeir and or|.h >-ii ! w? i taken ip aw ng the pa*?ong?r? yielding ab-.ot lift.! Mr. Ijkngdoa T). roi the uieman, ii iKUig nuarkaUy IvpAtaiit Halt of the Government Ajfaluit (he Ex-Collector of Cnttonu at California for on Alleged Balance of Money Becclvcil. UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT. Before Hon. Judges Nelson and Betts. Sett. 12. ? J%e United State * m. Janus Cullyer, UiU Col lector of the Port of San f ranci* n. ? The f.tcts in thin ease, relied upon by the government, areas follows. ? Congress, by act of March 3, 1849, extended to California tho re venue lawi of the United Statea, constituted it acolle; lection district, by the name of Upper California, created San Francisco a port of entry, directed the appointment of a collector to reside there, and created certain ports of delivery, with a deputy collector for each, among whi h was Monterey. The act pi*ivided that until other*! u directed, "all violations of the revenue laws committed within the Maid district, shall be prosecuted la the Di > tiict Court of Louisiana, or the Supreme Court of Oregon. The fourth section provided that the colloctor shall be ul lowe<l a compensation ol $1,MX) per aunum, and the ft e ? and commissions allowed by law (Oth vol. stat. at luige, p. 400) James Collyer was appointed uuder this oCt.aud entered upon the performance of hia duties on ud Apt il, 1840. He continued to act as such collector, under such appointment, until the 14th January, 1S51, v/.ien lie sur rendered the Custom House to T. llaller lvin0, wiio wu appointed collector of the district ot l-'an Frawisco, uu li : the act of t'epteniber 2?, 1800, organising California as six collection districts (9 stat. at large p. 508.) (Ju tho 14th Fefcruaiy. 1850, Congress adopted a Joint re olutlon that the restriction upon tho amount of . alaries lu Cull fornia and Oregon skull l>o suspended until Congress shall act upon the subject. (9 Stat. at large, 5(0. uu tla .n'h September. 18.10, Congress divided California into six dis- ! tricts, and directed the appoint mcnt of a collector for euoli. Tho second section of this act provided that the collector of the district of San Fran. Uco .shall lie allowed a compensation not exceeding &l.-i,()00 per annum. Salaries were alloired to the other collectors. The third section ol this act directed that the provision- of law in relation to the payment of expenses incidental to tho col lection of the revenue from customs existing p.ior to act of March a, 1849, be made applicable to the st . e. al colic tion districts. The fourth section authorized the Secre tary of tho Treasury to prescribe rules for ascertaining the lacis, und if in his opinion any tine, penally or lor feiture that had occurred, or might occur, In thoso collec tion districts, miis incurred without, the wilful negligence or intention of lraud, to exercise all power conferred up >n him by the act of March, 1707. ( tat stat. at large, p. ?06.) He was also authorized by the same section to ex tend relief to the owners, kc., whose goods or vessels h ivo sustained damage by any improper seizure, confiscation or detention, by any officer of the custom.! in the collec tion districts ol Ur per California. This action w.is hi ought to recover from ..'am s C-dlyer the balance remaining in his ha'tids of the moucy re ceived by him to the use of the United State-. AapeUi verdict was found at a former term of (he Court, contain ing nil the facts necessary to a re-adjustment of the ac counts, it any error should appear in them. The points in dispute, and the material fact i oonnecte I with them are: ? l- irvt ? 'I lie defenlnnt claimed one half <d' Slfl.OO re ceived for addith mil duty of 20 per ten: ad valorem, un der the 8th section of the tariff nut of July o0, 18lo. This claim has been finally determined againjt the de fendant tinco the trial by the Supreme Court iu Hioj vs. Maxwell, 17 Howard, p. 147. Seccaul ? lu hit account* rendered to the Treisury De partment, the defendant charged himself with $8,110 2J received hy the reputy Collector of Monter y. This mo ney, in point of (act, never came to the hands of the de fendant personally, but wasstoleu Horn tho deputy with out default en his part or ou that of tho deft ndant. His liability tor this sum is a question tor tl.o court. 'ihin! ? In couse<]uenco of the impracticability of pro curing .judicial condemnation, except at it cost exceeding their vahie, the defendant sold certain liquors seized by him for violation of the revenue law?, anl n.itizedas not prooeeds tt'9,8.' 0 80. He claims one half of lids sum ? being $114,1*15 49. The claim was disallowed. In each care he obtalm d an informal consent or abandonment from some person connected with the pr ?perly; and he made periodical < til rial returns to the Treasury of hi.: ae t ion In the proud es, to which no Objection was made during his official term. The Secie'ary of the Treasury, acting under the first branch of the 4th section of the ac. ofFept. 28, I860, has. since the commencement oftbis s uit awauled and allowed cer ain sums o the owner* of the said seized liquors. Tho sums actually pai 1 over amount ed to $47,601 29. and tho fuither jura of $1'.',970 72 has been r.llo?e<l f. he pain on local demand; and further re i tarnation* are un<1nr consideration. 1< Mb? T'e defendant seized certain vs^elj for ' ? '?<?<! tho roven ,. laws, vnd delivered them up to i ' i - , ? r eci hlng bonds, submitting tho legality "f ei;.ure to the Secretary of the Treasury and ngrco nbidi his ision. The sum secured hy these ends wa i24,H#0. lie returned the bonds into the trea sury, but nothing further hn3 been dene io ,lie prem; os. >!c claims me half of this sum. The claim was disal lowed. Tiiili ? Hie accounting officers of the treasury all ) we 1 the defendant a salary at the rate of $3,000 per annum from the Commencement of his official term until the act of September ?8, 1850. They also allowed him to retain his tees received during the interval between the Joint resolution of February 14, IK.'O, and the a^t of Septem ber, 18(0. They also allowed him a commission of three per cent on his collections during that interval; and they allowed him a salary at the rate of $10,001 pi r - annum, fron, the act of September 28, IS.'iO, to the end of his i IB cial service. Ho claims to retain all these allowances, and c.ll his other fees, amoutin? to J 9, 750, and also a eomiiiission of 3 per cent on $1,080,(125 07, Icing the aggregate amount of his collections before the joint resolution, and after the act of Sept. 28, 1850. Sixth ? In addition to the balance stated in the account of March 7, 185H, the government claims that the de fendant rhoold bo eh. .pod with tlie above mentioned sum of f0.75u, for official fifes received l.y liim before the joint re oiution. and after the act of September, 1850. interest on the whole balance, as it inay apinar. is also claimed from January 14, 1851. Payment* amounting to $118,646 06 were made by the defendant's securities and himself, on the 16th September, 1853, since the com mencement of the suit. The government cltlm* that if thise payments, or any of tlieni, form a proper credit in this suit, then the aeconnt should be statoa, with intoroat added to the date, and lhat interest should be all iwed thenceforward on the balance. The argument for the defendant will he submitted this (Thursday) mornirg by Senators Daniel S. Dickinson and John A. Collyer, brother of the oxColbctor. British Rwrnltlng In lilt llnltnl Suite* mid the Foreign L<eglon. TO THE IfclTOn OF TDK N. Y. HERALD. Mr. Max K. 0. Htrolwl deeirej me to answer t lie iiato incnt of '"An Intelligent German," which, under the abore heading, appeared in the Ukiuld of yesterdiy, and which contain* a direct attack upon hin honor >ni<l hon esty, in the followiug Ling nag At t lii.-t juncture a Mr. Ktrobei made a proj.oltioo to the Fngliuli government to furnioh S K) recruits in the co? so of throe montlu. if they would give hiin mi i t vn.nC of $'20,000. Thi* offer w rap rrly accepted, m I Strobel ICceiTed the Coinmis.-ion of a captain. Strobti went to different part* of the Unit el States and ( anaJi, but ?|n nt all the money reoehred after i few mon'.hs, dut ? ing which time he furnished only one hundred recruit*. When bin money was npunt 8trooel returned l i II lifax; he WW charged ifith robbery and disraU-el Willi con tumely. Tl.ii fact wu? instantly i' I. & uphed 1 the < :> i cul at'New York, and when Stroi.el *f.e: wards eaine t.. the Consulate, he wa- turned out of door.s liy him. Mr. ftrobfl is now iu this city, prepared to 'in.W' r .-ny intern (rations from a proper n'tarter, on thii ilij'" 'J and to repel all attack* thus made upon him by the etnl* *mie* rr agent - of a foreign government directly li ' til ? to the United States. In Halifax, End at the pe . ! d t< > which the allegation of this article re'ers, he w? ? <? (nail randy and auxiius to m ike such an explanation ? neither wan tie accused of robbery. Mr. Strubel azures nv: tin ihe amount received by 1 im from theltriu<h g -iv r.irrvit for the pnrpow ef cult ding aoldiers tir foreign *or. -v within the juii*diction if tlie I'niled s'tate* vr ;? ? t.W2'!, a inf i e pencil aged the amount uimeiby th>' I:. l!ig. nt tier man." Healso inform* mo that l.e i; prepare 1 1 . provo by II e afhriaTit* of responsible witrie^os that thi Min ?M properly appliid by him to the us* of tlial give.m ment. And on arriving in X.-v/ Yoi k, so lar from Un ving l>een turned out < fplir d >or" ef the Ilritiah Consu the emtni?sarie? of the rritl-b Con*ul hat* rcjioatedly ?ouglr hii> intimiicy. i -re no teuron to doubt the statement of Mr. i Iroled. He became known to rue during hU conn, tion with the lacitie exploration* us artist aid draughtsman, lie crossed the continent ? iili Krcmont iu his Hi ? cTent ful w inter's expedition, lie ctij..yel the iv.ntlionco 'if thut distinguished exjbutr, and has hl.uflclf u t?l an! mtleied tor America in tliat national ualerUking. Me i. lieartilj aahamed of hi* connection wi'h a , < i l.iraign roii?| irncy to break the law* of ihe raited S .iios. Si iar lr< m ?eoe;i ing *'20 i 00. lie ret nei Irom HultUi In a iK'nniiw >cittiiiltiiiu;;rt lie i? still in aeoniition to re'u- - ill ifbh gold, and lo do hia duty to l.ui adopted < ><untiy When properljr directed. Mr. Mroliel h.t? e ldn- ei ill" editor of the L'oston Jf rnal to um rta u tlie nam .t t 2e individual who has thua araailed hi t. 1 hehcrc the a'. ,.iek ur.Uir, ungroi. tided nud un?ui*laiiti?'.e 1 by | ..'per (?r<iof. I!ut a It api ears in your itti| taut paj#r with out a .?.igi.utiire, and is widely circulate I. n?y f be2 To i

to insert this ?nsv. er'r 1". W. f .AN i iKK. N?? Yok ... sept. 10, 18S.">. C0MM1T*I>TB IN BWHtO? SaTIVB AST" Kit RtTi.v. ? ll.e Itiitlul" A<! ??rtin' give tie !'iil >*inj a'T!' liatics of the n'tt iber < f j er?on? A*n?ri *r.? an I tojeign ers, committed to the ivotkhoiv**, and e.inflnet n h" eountv jail f< r h?' (.a^t four years. I If per-? n* cmuiit ted to the workhoure Matter. ]b'n\ 1159 -44 T'H tw: is:. : i no lk.r>4 M4 S.l l,m IW6 (11 tnonUn) **0 1.022 1,>S2 Cknccs or Cniraoo, Im..? The foll iwinp taMc Id. ?! w. li e population . f the cfty 0f Chicago nt .lilt 0?>lta.iry . >|r .tmC. Wa?itwiTT x, wi.l<-w of :ti? Utr T hn Au s? Wa'hlng:< n, of Mount t nu n, ui-d at M;.i?ely. fetTeri n count* Va., on tb? Mb !??' , .4 -i ?9;(?r?. Aiutnal Met (lug of the Ami rlc&n Board o t OnBmlNloncri fbr Foreign MImImi. [Correspondence of the Commercial Advertiser.] Utica, Sept. 13, 1656. FIRST DAY? AJTKRNOON SK88ION. The fnrty sixth anniversary of thU groat benevolent institution began in this city yesterday, (Tuesday.) at 4 o'clock P. M. The Board assemble*! according to ap is int me ut, in Ujb First I>resbyterian church, and wore greeted by a large assemblage of their friend*. Thin building iK a large ami tasteful one, erected during the last year or to, in place of the one which wa.? destroyed hy lire. * The Hon. Thsuikwe Frbunuulysbn, President of the Board. Prayer waa offered by Rev. Dr. Po.nd, of Maine, followed with hinging by the audience. Ihe announced the following an the commit tee of arrangements for devotional exercises, vh: ? llov. i)rs. Fowler, Fisher, Cannon, and Knox, and Q. W.JWo jd, En. The report of the Treasurer was read by M. Gor don, the Treasurer, and referred to the following commit tee, vir: ? Messrs. P. l'erritt, Genertl William Williams. W. W. Chester, L. A. .Smith, M. 1)., John Kingsbury, and C. T. Hubbard. An abstract of the annual report of the presidential ci inniittee was read by the Iter. Dr. Pomroy, one of the secretaries These reports embraced the following interesting sta tistics Four corporate member* have died during tho year, vu : Key. llobert H. Bishop, I). D. of Ohio; Thomas Fle ming, Esa.t of Pennsylvania; Hiram H. Seelye, Esq., of New York, and fjabtiel Hcnenor, Esq., of Ohio. Int?l ligence has also been received of the death of seven mis sionaries aad Ave assistant mi -sionaries. Kev. Nathan Dole, editor of the Journal of Missions and Youth's Day rprinr, after an illness of -ix or seven months, rested from nis labors on the 10th of June. Miio mistionaries, one missionary physician, one male and i ight female assistant missionaries ? in all nineteen ? have been t-entout during the year; anil there are now ?ixteen mii-Moriu: ios, one missionary physician, and twelve female assistant missionaries ? twonty-nino In all ? under appointment in this country, and the project for morels unite encouraging. 1!11,;100 copies of the Missionary Herald, 357.000 copies of the Journal of Missions, 327,600 copies of the Youth's Duyspring, 16, "00 copies of the Extra Journal, 0,000 co pies of the ann .;al report, 3,000 copies of the annual ser mon, and some other publications, have been issued during the year. No change has occurred in the agen cies of the Board. Tlie receipts of the Foanl from all sources, during the financial year, were *310,427 77, while; the expenditure') for the tame period were $.318.803 18, h aving a balance agninst the Board of $8,465 41. which, adiled to the ih'bt of the previous year, makes the present indebtedness of th'1 Board 920,007 00. The labors of tho deputation to India have been pro tracted beyond their original expectations; so that the report of their doings cannot be laid before the Bjard until its next needs g. The Urst annual report of the '?Turkish Missions Aid Society" line been received, from which it appears thit their receipts for the lirst year were ?1,854, of which t.1 121, in' more than $5,000, wete paid over to the mil lions ot flio Board in Western A-i;i. The society has hail ii: any difficulties to contend with, hut Is still strong in heart, end intends to prosecute its work with unabated ice! 'ihe prudential committee take grett pleasure in expressing their sincere thanks, and they doubt not the hem t felt acknowledgment of all tho friends of the Board in the cunntry. for the uid and Christian sympathy thus ^onerously ottered to their missions in the Turkish impiie. Tho present state of the missionary work under tho care of this Boaid, may be gathered from the following -uni ina r y >? MleSJO.VS. , N u mber of missions 21) Number of stations 120 Number of out station? 59 IASOKBR8 Dm IuVID. Number of ordained mi-sioiwriea (0 being phy sicians) 155 Number i f licentiates 3 Number of pliy.-icians not ordained 7 Number of o. her male assistants Hi Number of female [..sslstants 20.! \\ hole number of laborers sent from thii country ? >83 Number of native preachers 4?> Number of native helpers 230 Whole number i t native assistant? ?282 Vthole number oi laborers connected with the mis fions C?"i TIIK ITiKSS. Number of printing eat a hlishment* H 1 ages printed lau.t year (in part) 25,822,780 Tin: uirsi ills. N i mber of churches (including ail at the Sandwich Islands) 115 Number of church members (including all at the fc'tindwicli Islands) last year 26,801 Added during the year ^excluding those at the fcandwich T.-Unds 615 Hlll.Vno.NAI. DKPAKrMKNT. Number of seminai ies 11 Number of i ther boarding schools 10 Number of free schools (412 supported by Hawaiian govt i nment) 787 Number of pupils ui the seminaries (80 sup I orted by Hawaiian Ar>\ eminent) 4'J0 Numbers ot pupils in tho boarding school*.,. 5!>J Number of pupils In the free schools (10,705 ?iij ported liy Hawaiian government) 20,655 Wl ole number in seminaries and schools,... 21,578 lie Foard, attcr the reading of these reports, adjourn ed till the evening. The number of clergymen and other s t! angei s is giea-.. KVKNING SESSION. A very laige congrega> ion assembled in tie evening, in the First Presbyterian church, to hear the annual ser inop deliveicd by the Key. Nuokmuh Adams, D.D., of Boston. In eonneeiion with the usu.il Introductory exercises, jirayi r was offered by Rev. i>r. Wilkw, of Montreal. 'Die prcacl er announced for his text, Gal. 2:20? "Who liividns nr.d gave himself for u?." The ulseourse was listened to most attentiuely fo' an hi ur and a-halt by the audience. Prayer was offered by theRiv. Fr. Wifsxkr, ot Ithao.%. New York. Tho con gregation then united in -ingiug a hytnn to the tunc of '?Old Hundred." and the swelling sti.iin u>?e as though it were a heart-utterance of the multitude? *n accepta ble offering to ti e Governor of Nftli ne. The exercises closed with the benediction by tho I lev. Dr. Eddy, of Newark, N. J. Female EqaiililaiMhlp In Clticlnnatl* TIIK HAMILTON COUKTT FAIR. [Krt'in ihe Cincinnati Columbian, Sept. 10.] Shortly before four o'clock, the Indies who had entered to contend for the prizes came np, mounted in front of the entrance gate. There were five competitor*, each ac companied by her Mends. Wo aha 11 plain tb?m in our report as they uttracte 1 our notice, giving an account of their drew and palfreys. 1. Mita ruber, mounted on a aorrel charger, a fine ani uiU. I)res?? Black <oft frit hat, tastefully trimmed with Hk k satin ribbon; unali white collar, white chemisette, brown ;-Uk velvet basque with tW" m?.< of button* down tin - btcaat; long l.leck meiino skirt; tine doeskin iMing glovei ot primroee color. 2. Miss Vooi he?f. mounte<l on a dun mare. with bl*ck u:,-ine and tuil. Pros-? black 'Ilk velvet cap richly trimmed with braid; tie white ribbon, white chemisette, With Mm k merino habit; akirt long an i bowing of same material; hair braided; kid glove* ot lavender shade. Mi: n i ii'ke. i,-.ount#*u on u lef'y g.ay charger, wi'.h long weighty tail and mane. Dree ? Black l??\or ha*, trin mcd wiih l>. k illibon, plume of Mack Can the.*; tie, i ivirlit i it. I. on: white cbemlsctte. with email white collar ft l.iirg over il.e Up; black mei ino habit, with two rows < f Lvjttoiih di .vn t fie l.iea-t; akirt, black lustre; kid glove.- and dark hade. 4. Mm. McGrnw, on a bob-Ia!l"d chestnut rob. lire-.?? black beaver i.. ? cl mtth inouuted wi h blank satin rib bon; lie plnl c It., i- Vhltecainbric; chemisette, wMti and full in the b.ia?; . iiut.it ot Mack meiino, trimmed plain; ekii t. black n.i rino: gloves, Mack kid. >lif. Mett, seated on a strawberry dan steel. with s*il rh t n i !; and white bin re In his face. Ihea* ? 1'r iS b? i ver bat, trimmed with tatin ribb. n, of s i . ' M. ... plume failing graceful^ over 1* ft side of ha blue ?atln ribbon; wdiHe chemisette; li?bit , ad *?? ' Mack rocil;.i with Ci unce or liill extending r.i ? ! bel- w the wai.'t. end tiimtn'sl wilh gte. n t raid glove* I ... t kid, oi Cae texluie. "Ihe fir t r< und of the track ea<1i wn? accompanied by ngtr.'linian ail-de camp, mounted Mid a- iboy m veil round at a al .? p.ic? WO < nvied them tlieir position. n I we could under- Land in the ?ontence- we heard falling from many yoi Eg ti ieuds around that, we were m t alone in ou; feeling . V. l'intt, wlio displayed more of the jockey qualitl ?:? tii t? thmi a ?v i tio other*, took the lead from tin- ttr?t. and kep*. it nil "tkrough the eont?M- Mi*a VouHioei act Vis* 1 rako (eouOd a?l third alternately, na 'hey cunl 1 get their ?teed* to work pleasantly ; Mrs MeG raw fourth t.ir the first and ** cond r und, bu* closed ty> t< a t*-t'?er po?i?,on b. for# the we w.ia over: and Miw F slier brirg tng up the r. ar a c<.i.. ti!era Me distance behind, but Hit ting on her palfrey "?i'h the grace nd elagaM* of the liniahcd L- r ? woman ? at 1 h" miim time cool aud c .Heel ed *a the moat practical ? j ek. ' Second roui. I ot tin track the pace was faster, but none of the lioi -e? worked well, with the oxctptlon of Mr*. I att'a and Mi?. Mctiraws. rhe former went as steadily us the s'n ain of our own i* Hello river, aud the Utter i.fl nvt^l handsomely, but showed u" apeta, it# gait being rather "f the character of a tr .tting l.orse. Mi t Voorr ee- rode w i* t* tnui'b g! aoe and sle>we*l con-i l.-rable [k.ll in in.insginK h< r I'.o iuaste. at tlTiea urging her a pent hilght ot rpeed, but she. briry< rather hard on ttie Mt for a tuir lady's palfrey, would hrea'i up or 'low uj fi< to her pace iii spite of her fail ride.-. Thir i round? The pace was Mill (picker, each Li ly U'girig het h"r<e gallantly on. Sir*, f'iatt reaching the judge - stand ? roii UeraL'.e distance ahead of all ? the i elan. e c n iiig up to the goal in ub- ut the po.-i ion o u pied !.) them in tU ai cond rouud. After rea< ? inn the inner ring in fiont 1 1 the Judges , the fair equeatrlans in torn rode their 1 oi?. at their diffeient gaiu in front o tl' judgta. ti became rrident to all that the eonteat for tlie blue Wvesth l y between Mis* 1 >bcr and ill** Vo?.rhee?. Al ter lo g ? onavltation between or aun.ng the j i tg..?, ti,e tair | artv \>ere agrii reiue-ted to make another rlrcail -it iie gi'.nudi . aiid o(T they posted, Mrs. f'aU taking t.ie leal. Tl N ?ft- d? ?-l?J< dly the beat. p. t',.. mcd heat ? the ho: ? e- were all warmod up and eag?r f. r the f.sy, v-e.u ing to partake of th" >pirit of theii fii- riders. Mi. li h< p ..frey ! o.ind a off with the t 1 ot a g?. making better time an t showing him e'fant fall rUier V*. (.irat advantage. Mi. a Ve i.ee- to.,:? ti..- 'ruok wi'h l.o -j r?'l of an Arab cba'ger, . ud Mis# i.?rak' '? WMnoim.ich bs-hind either. Alte, again making aorne b> n<t me ev. 1 t n-" v'lb their horsw is fro?t of the Judge'* *anl, s!l t.iucd up t) elr apirlt?d ?*oe?U ?n front of it. ar.d :h' vii crowd if ?per tstors ? ?re rach specula'.lrg on the ic-ult and t.e< ring fot their fovonte a* opp r'.i.nlty offered for them b evince their feeling- ? It was Bowdfoeov-ied that Mi'? Fi*her d.d not belong t* Hamilton eon nty and thereiV n wai- n' ' ? n' 'led '<? coin pe'e. dl.e r refidentot 'he < "ci :t mi ii" the aanov.n ement, arid at the -an" time -imp Rented ti>.- fair telle t.t ' Utk county, in this Wat?, ic,r her gra ful h?-?euva efci) , after whleh. a-id arnidat th? uta ot th<u'tni'. "t ;<tgm t, Mr. Jud ' ! "J p ?n| the wrea t: nwunte wi h t h.e. .1. 'h? '? T hands <t Jd \ ji.bee?. winter if the trst prixe? Mi** Drake receiving '.he n^-rlet wn>4th and second honors. We cannot oiult noticing the good natured, and name time, dignified grace with which Minn Fisher receive! the announcement of the judges, and when there was a cheer called for by the apectatora for Miss F., (which wax heartily responded to,) and aathe soft, fascinating blu?h mantled her bur cheek, while hhe gracefully waved her fairy band in acknowledgment of the compliment, oar o*piration? were, ''Would we were a boy again.'! Loo* of LIA at the Ffrrici* TO THE KDITOK OP THK HERALD. Brooki yx, Sept. fl, 1855. Noticing a communication in yesterday's Herald xug geating that to prevent loaa of life at our ferries, gates should be placed at the enda of the bridges, I beg to state that 1 differ with your correapondent aa to the ad vantages of his plan, as it would prove a regular nuisance, both to the com puny and to those who cross regularly, for the gate would have to be shut before the boat starts, and therefore many would be compelled to wait for the next boat; aud I assure you it would be anything but pleasant at a late hour ? say twelve or one o'clock at night. Now I propose a much better plan, end which, if adupt id, would oe of very little inconvenience to the company or passengers, and save many a life. 1 propose to have a wire net or basket sunk to the bottom, and extend across the slip, and say twenty or twenty-five feet from the ' ridge, with sides three or four feet, high und the end towards the bridge to come above the float, and then if a person gets overboard, the net can easily be raised and many a lifq would be raved by it. A. J. HICK& Theatre* and Exhibitions. Broadway Tbkatrk. ? 1 his evening is the last but two of (iabriel Ravel, the Martinctti family and their excel lent ballet hvupe. The grand fairy pantomime of the ?' Magic Mi la," the pantomtue of " Robert Macs. I re," and the amusing sketch called ?' Le Fete d?Dune?," are the selections for the evening. The Broadway being always ah!y conducted, and having recently selec etl an accom plished gentleman us the stage manager, who ia well known to be one of the be it comeulans in America, must do a prosperous business during the wintor season. N iblo'8 f-AKDKN.? The I'yne and Harrison opera troupr continue to draw large audiences. The "Bohemian Girl" is announced for thiB evening. Those who have witnessed the Arline of Miss I,. I'yne will be sure to visit the theatre thiH evening. Mr. Harrison ai 'Ihaddeus, Mr. Borrani as Count Aruhelm, llorncastle as Devils hoof, and Miss I'yne as the Gypsy Queen. To-morrow evening the old and beautiful piece called the " Beggar's Opera" will be played. Bowery Theatre ? The "Flowers of the Forrest," a very interesting drama, is announced tor this evening ? the part of Iahmuel by Mrs J. Prior, that called Cynthia by Mrs. W. Ward. Mi s I.a Folle will dance, Miss F. Dcnham will sing a favorite ballad, and tUe amusements will clote with "Joe iu Loudon." Mr. J. W. Wallick, Jr., appears at this theatre on Monday evening in tlie character of Hamlet. Waldron ia doing wonders for his patroca of the Bowery. I<et htiu receive proper support. BvBTOS'fi Theatre ? This old and favorite resort con tinues under the able management of Barton to receive large patronage. The company Is vory good, connecting with it the name of an nctur who is one of the greatest favorites, and in his line the best actor in the clt.y-? we mean John llvott. The new piece, "Still Water Huns Deep," and ttie farce of the '? Warn lei ing Minstrel" are the pieces selected. Burton appears in two fino charac ters. Wallack's Theatre. ? The new f'.vo act comedy called "The Game of 1-ove," has been received with tho greatest success. Lester, l'lacide, Brougham, Holland, Mrs. Ver non, Mrs. Hoey, Mrs. Stoveus and other artists of the highest > haracter in the drama are to appear this even ing. The pieces selected ate " Tlic Game of I.ove," aud "Mother and Child are I'otug Well." From the great tulent connected with this theatre, its winter campaign must be successful. Metropolitan Thrathk. ? The comedy In two acts called " Is Dtpot Amonroux," will commence the entertain n.ent. After ?which will lie presented tho celebrated tragedy of "The Horaces," iu v.lilch M'Ue liachel will sus tain tho part of Cainiile, supported in tho other characters by a very good stock company. The representations of this distinguished actress have eo far been crowned with success. Wood's Mi.nstreis continue in a r ireer of great suc cess. The bill for this evening i very attractive? negro minstrely, the "Double-Be ded Room" and other amus ing featuies. BtfKLKY'R Minstrelf.? ' This establishment is crowded every evening since the return of the company to the city. To-night neg; o ,-ongs, the grand Ijutlr <|iiec.f "Jul Htn's Orchestra" and the burlesque on the ltuliau Opera singer*. Mr. Geo. C. Cti.vnt.K3, the popular Irish comedian, will commence an engngemsnt at the Front street the itre, Baltimore, on Monday next. Sir. J. H. AuXH. ? Tliis favorite actor is to commence an engagement iu the city in the course of a few days. Tut? Hirzp.ma at the Apollo Rooms.? This new and In structive entertainment will lie commenced on the 24th inst., at the above nAuied rooms, by Mrs. Alcxaidur Gibbs, formerly Miss Gn ddon, of the theatres Coveut Garden and Drury lane, Lond >n. K?w Patents leaned. list of rnlentu is-t.ed fiotn the United States Patent Oftice for the wee* endirg Scptemberll, i856. each bear ing that date: ? J. W. Pocage, of Cypress Mill J. Ark., for improvement in machine* for cutting standing cotton sUilks. C. 11. IHittertleld, of South lj?ncaster, Mass., for im provement in lanthcrn gna-ds. John Cochrane, of Baltimore, Md., for improvement in machines for sawing marble. (ieo ge H. Ootey, ot ftwton, Mats., for Improvement in tie method uf securing lieyn in c >nnecting rods, 4e. John (lark. of Cambridge township, l'a., for gelf-regu la'.ii g vr.lve for ventilation. John D. Elliott, of Leicester, Max p., for improvement in machinery for folding ant' measuring cloth. Kotiert S. Rarthuin, of Blanchester, Ohio, for improve ment in saw- mill carriage!". John E. Heath, of Utneva, Ohio, for improvement in harvesting machines. Ceo. K. Hooper, of Boston, Mass., for lifu preserving lieds for .^hips. ?lofe Johnson, of Washington, D. C., for charger for Bre arms, kc. Francis Grace Mitchell. M. D., of New York, N. Y., for improvement in hernial trasses. Jonathan Neshitt, Jr., ana Thomas Cosley. of Clear Spring, Md.. for Improvement in hominy machines. Christian E. (iffhimc, ot Newark, N. J., for improves lotary ete*m engine. Freeman l'lummer and (Jilman B. Rollins, of Manches ter, Ind., for improvement in seed planters. John J. Speed, Jr., and John A. Bailoy, of Detroit, Mich., for improvement in conical p'ale railroad car springs. .). B. Terry, of Hartford, Conn., for improved Midline for rrimi ing paper for sticking pin-. O. S. Woodcock, of ConnelSTi'lla, Ind., for improved method of operating recii rotating saws. Henry J. Weston, of butlalo, N. V., f..r improved con st! viction of beds for shingle machine*. Wm. Wilbur of New Orleans, la., for ira) rovement In cotton seed hollers. Wm. Wilber. of New Orleans, La., for improvemeut In st'*n m aijtara'v.a for extraciiig vegetable olK Wm. Wilber, of New Orleans, la., for Improvement In grinding rotten and other seed tor tuelroils. lh< mas J. Yampert, ol Mobile, Ala., for double acting force pun p. Amos AldK.lt, of Manchester, N. If., for improvement In horotneters. Patented In England .September 20. 185*. Walter k Jona> B. Aiken, of Kriraklin. N. H., etfignors to He rick k James B. Aii.en, ot w.tuo place, for improve bi< ft in kniiting machines. Ar.'i r A Swift, of K'oicnce, Ala., HSfi^nor to him elf sad Sn tin. t! I? Hill, of sum place, for improvement in machinery for trebling a single thread. * Jtt-iitvei.?J. M. I h.itch( r, of Jersey City. X. J., for improvement in air-l.enting stoves. Pate a ted March 29, 1162. John Massey, of New Yoik V Y.. for improvement in gialn dryers reteuted Api U 1", 1RI'1. /> Htm i . ? Ed ward Olen-oti, of Uorche-ter, Mass., for deci?;ri foi tanle carters. James Andrews, of fbiMllrhls, Pa., a-'sigtinr to An dnwr k Dixon, of name place, t r design for j-arloi grate*. James H Oonklin, of Perl skill, N. Y.. ass'^mr to Semi. P.. Sexton, oi Iliutlmore. Md., for design for btovo-. T hi: laqroK Law in Illinois? What rnit Pn | Hiununsn it a \ i P> ?? ? Ju fgt llteese. at '.tie pte-ent tern of tlie Mm i :on ' i'< nit < ourt, de idei that the Ww of th* lasi session of tti? Legislature. ? nthled -an act r >r llit r-'jppres/ion of in i em pe ranee, and to amen ! ehapte .' 0 ot the Herifed statute" " re| ealed all iaws snt'i vtuiuif the granting of lieou*- -? for the ale of splitting liquor* in Illinois. This prohibitory Ijw ?s- sul mint * to the 1 e< pte of the State, frf their uce ptuncc ? r rtj ctiin. it a leer ,t election, ai.d t!my rijioiiJ it by a Uig majority. It seems, however, that thai portion Of the a?" ?hi-h r?|ealedi.ll laws authorizing th? issuing or granting of licen if, in nt into Unmet! ate ? peretion after the passage of the art. nM wa? lot aflt-cted by ti" ntgaliTe V'.te of tt.i ) eople. au ! now the largi it liberty is allowel to all wh > wish t" 4*11 liquor. Tnpri: i ' i Hfo n s Burned to Diatu in New Jk | n v.-? Tli ? wi-!lin/ l.ou^o i n the farm belonxin^ to the estate o( Jj-ei U Cooper, deeeased, fitu.ite in iiemiluin tt.whshlp. Atlantic county, N J., and in the oecupaney of Wr. X.estiy \? insman ?'?" discovered to l>o on file at-nil thiee o't lock, this rnoinii.g. Die InmaU" were a deep a; tie t n e ard before they could be aioured and named ?I "htlr danger, the Hairn - had spread with -,icn fearfal rtrii.ity tba'.neaiiyalichai.ce. of escape w. ic rut off. A- it vas a fenrtui' lo?s ot life occurred. Mr. Aluert Atkley a msfon, wf.o was employed in repairing the hoti" . and two ?on? .f Mr. V innsmaii one ruuted l.uie gi 11 jnr. . aim another name.1 Sumnel, aged lOyears, were bu' nod to death. A y mug rr.an, occupying the .aire ,<? ;:i ?lth Mr. Ackley, narrn >?ly e?ca;ie-l miming ?> ileuth by jumping from tiie -eoond st.. y wiieiow. Thi oi tii in ei iiii lire was uu^.i.own. ? Ui i 'grtuwn, X. J., I'kro nu ir. fhft. 8. Ten. in Missipfisipi'i.? We learn frnm the Yic'ts biug It h,fl. of the 00'h i It., that a dm-1 wi?? foufht on the .Sth "j po-lte \ ickflniK, by R. B. Jlaje e iitor ot ^s eo I l?y Hon vt. and A. M. llarb.w, of thr [><? s?i. ml of the fame place, growing out >.f a p< lllle-il cis ursion. Tl?e weapoas um". were liMc-s, and the ilistance f rty |are? At the tlrft fire Mr. Mnjes. reeelvrU a .tnnti in Ihe ir.fi hi east, rhe ball justed throujili the mie sim breaking ?oth bones, and then li.flicte-1 a nit^ht ! * our.il In th* ufper part ofltiie brra?t. Mr. lis. low was . eel i?>Djrrg i?rty. The wound of >'r. Mnjes. a.th. ai;b j , .atiful, if.n- 1 llkeiy tj prove icrlous. Tr^ Ui votTrriov in NowruveN M'xico.? Th^ /, rtt n learn.' trom a friem' wboba* ee. v <1 a pit ;. .. letter fr<<m < ol- l*?W berg, dated I'ie ,ra: v??ra -. Snjnsl 14, It . * tb? ri volri'iem?||. nr.- r<-rc ? il'V '? ">o.'h e. n if xi> ? . and the a ea.it m. b ,sr h.. aliesdy be?n npen t d ' |>f o'l'i l'a -?nil the 'ntm .e.u is U give aU ., -til.ie 'ae I it<e? t.. t.s - betwt?u the no ?' inlni wKeli fcl.S Si 1< r?g l -*T ? ntl, to li' rn.s?t (if u ? . FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. ?OUT IAKKKTi Wednesday, Sept. 12 ? G P. M. The stock market was weak and depressed this morning, and the stringency In money matters is visible in prices. At the first board Illinois Central Bonds fell off 4 per cent; Nicaragua Transit, j; Cumberland Cotil, A; Cleveland and Toledo, |; Erie Railroad, |; Reading Railroad, 4; Hudson Railroad) 4- Galena and Chicago advanced 4 per cent. StaU stocks were quite active to-day, without change in prices. A moderate amount of business was trans acted in railroad bonds, generally at lower priccs. At the second board there was a slight improve* ment on morning's prices. Cumberland went up 4 per cent; Chicago and Rock Island, U; Erie, j; Reading, A; Galena and Chicago, 1. We look for a growing tightness in the money market, and as un favorable effect on the poorer class of stocks. Tho banks will probably before they grt through make great changes in their loans. The line of discounts will not perhaps show any important variation, but call loans will be reduced, and the amount put into legitimate business paper. The steamship Canada, from Boston to day for Liverpool, carricd out $311,000 in specie. A. H Nicolay's regular semi-weekly auction sale of stocks and bonds will take place to-morrow, Thursdny, at 12$ o'clock, at the Merchants' Ex change. The Joint Stock Association of Wells, Fargo & Co. has declared a dividend of five per cent, paya ble on demand; the Phenix Fire Insurance Compa ny, of Brooklyn, a semi-annual dividend of eight per cent. The Assistant Treasurer reports to day as fol lows: ? I'uid on Trearury Account *16 164 44 UccelTod on Treasury Account 19*2,781 OS Balance on Treasury Account 5,903,178 28 I'aiil for AHKoy Ofiice 121,702 94 l'aid on 1'i.iburitiDg Checks 11,420 04 The receipts to-day include $60,000 from the West. The receipts of the New York uad New Haven Railroad Company for August, were: ? Pusppngcr* 47(1, 387 60 Freight 10,000 00 Totnl MM37"5 I'uid Harlein road 6,011 63 Total $79,376 1? August, 1864 81,720 71 Poerease $2,350 65 The receipts of the Virginia and Tennessee Rail road for the month of August, 1S55, were, for Passengers, U.S. Mail and Kxpicss $16,730 97 Freight 12,667 24 Total $^8,687 01 ? Being an increase of $7,632 18 over the receipts for August, 1864. The earnings of the Cleveland and Pittsburg Rail road for August, were: ? August, 1856 $64,164 37 August, 1864, about 36,000 00 Increase $20,000 00 The business on the Pennsylvania Railroad for the month of August, and for the year, to Septem ber 1, was as follows: ? Kecciptfc for tlic mouth ending Augu?t 31. . . $397,628 00 t'erac mo:ith lust year .MM. 068 64 Increase $1)1,969 45 Rcctipts from Jun. 1, to Sept. 1, 1866 $2,655,606 80 Pome period laat year '2,431.017 21 In-, lease. H-!l,58.i 69 We unilers-tand that at a recent meeting of the stockholders of the Texan Western Railroad Com pany, the Hon. R. J. Walker resigned the presiden cy, owing to his resumption of practice in the Su preme Court, in Washington, and his inability to give it liin whole attention. Ex-Governor Dimond, of Rhode Inland, waH elected iiin niccessor. We also understand that efficient measures were taken for the prosecution of the work. Ou retiring front the presidency of the company, resolutions were adopted unanimously by the stockholders iully ap proving the course heretofore adopted by Mr Walker. We ventuied to remark a few days ?ince, that the " railroad family" so celebrated for the success of its railroad enterprises, had no interest in the Cleve land and Toledo. What little stock or bonds they held were sold some time since, and the treasurer of 'he company is, we believe, the only member holding at present a dollar's worth of any clase of securities. While these shrewd capitalists have avoided the Cleveland and Toledo, they have invented hundreds of thousands of dollars in the Michigan Southern, Galena and Chicago, and other roads of that de scription The treasurer of the Cleveland and Toledo is probably one of the most sagacious finan ciers in the country, and if that company had pos sessed any of the elements of success or productive ness, he would before this time have developed them. We have great Confidence in the whole family, and they have identified themselves with some of the Lest paying railroads in the United States. There is not a better road than the Michi gan Southern, and it will ever be a monument of their enterprise and foresight. Its geographical position is superior to that of any other in the Wes tern States, aud it must ever be the great highway between the Hast and the West, and a most produc tive security. The Cleveland and Toledo is beyond the power of good management. It cannot be made a paying road in the hand* of the best men in the country. It is in good hands now: aud if after the in* dustry, the perseverance, the energy, which has been exerted in the admiuinistration of its a Rain, it fail* to earn dividends, there is no hope for the future. We do not think the management are responsible for the non-productiveaess of the road. The best talent has filled every department, aud their efforts have been fruitless. It does not follow because the Michigan Southern is a good road that the Cloveland and Toledo al be good. It might as well be argued that a Die amiihilator was equal to a Jenny Mid. The circumstance? are totally different. The one is a good card, while the other is au " annihila tor." The sue< ess and productiveness of the Michi gan Southern Railnad has si7cn the Messrs. hitch field a refutation of the highest chap ter through out the country. Thoy pvo bally are re ore favorably known in the railroad world than any other capital ists in the Union, and their name connected with *ny p reject ( reatcs confidence at once lu the paMic mind. It is, therefore, of the most vital importance that tl-ey should not, directly or indirectly, identify themselves *ith any concern not pt~ ?? -4i?g at least a few of the elements of productiveness That they have invested immense sums in the Southern M.rUI gtn, the fialena and Chicago, and other Western ro; (l? ( f Mke ch nrter, speaks volumes in fsvor of these r "Is, und is a puarautee that they are the choicest railroad investments of the day. That there gentlemen nevt r were holdv of Cleveland and ToUdcst k or bonds to any extent, i* conclu sive that they preferred the securities ol other com panies. The Harlem Railroad Company lips failed to nego tiate the proposed loan of 11,000 .(Vm. pni porting to ls> enired h> ft -<conrt mortgage on fl.e entire rcid. It is not peneratly known that this ?eeond mort gage. and the first mortgage for 1 3, 0 00, i. 00, are not liens upon the entire road from this city to Chatham Four Corners, as tley piofess to be That portion of ilie road known the A lliany Extension. 1m ing more than one thir 1 of the whole road, cannot be mortgaged by the company, a* th<s If(4rtl title to that portion of the road is not now hcid by the C"mpor.y, nor was the h ga! title to it held by Uie empty at the time of making either of the sahi mortgages. The New York and Harlem Rail road Compary did, by deed dated 3'st fKrt., I*4?>f "onvey *.o Sh'pherd Knapp, Morris Ketch am and A. H. Hollo; , in trust, all that part of their ro.ul bcjriu nlng at Dover end endiny at Chatham Four Corners, {>? secure the payment of two millions of dollar* i-onds l.'in.? I hy the ?aid company or lei their cor porate i*cj1 to the bniid? r* of mIJ road, le'nomiriat fnp *aid bonds "Albany Ftf-e jion bonds," and the tit's u. alwvh rvad is now be Id by the scid tm?tet}