Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 19, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 19, 1855 Page 4
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I/TEW YORK HERALD. Sinn* aoHoo* aie**BTT, fBOPRlLTUR AND EDITOR mimnot if. w- coum or ha^pav t>ii ret ton 8M rt* US. OM* <H .kh?? riK TtAiir aFMALD. iw ? ?w, *j ?w ??????'*. ruf ?>:**"/.?' BtiKALP, tv~ry tittur.kty, d -S!? in*. p? ?H m Nt pr ?um; :*>r W per mww <o furl .? ifriul Bruam. or U (?> <iny |?Jrl u/ lAr Wuj<W A <A tt^i iu.1-- p f>o<l? VOLUSTAHV CORXfiSPO.VDKSVB ouM.wi^ unporfrirt MM. /rout nmy tptarl- r of A? wur(i< ? , / hmI 10JI 6a 1 Bvwfty t'lft for. avilOH Fomkium 0?KHr*ltll?lllttTS 1K> I VMn>i'tii>i' Hfciti-iai 10 mi ku. 1 J?ri.*a a>ii f a,-*a..*? , PII G*. J CI AoTioo AMUSEMENTS Tlllh ETBNINfl. RIO A nw AT TRKATHK, Broadway- IIcin.lt? Wan >su w.6 MiM'TIIW- ______ WTfilA^P o \ RDKN, Breftdway Mls^ I'TUr? r^Cv-HTtP. or VHI Rtr.lKBHT. _____ DOffSHV THEATRE, Bowery? WNHfU?RATOM Boy BpRTOVS thkatrv. Chambers it-f m Watwr Rum n?^r? Wkdkkuhi Mr'TBt;.. fffilMCKf) THEATRE, Broadway? Game or I.oy? i lTAl?mU>'? W'CAVtE. ______ HW5UtPOT.IT AJJ TUEATRE, Brcadway-LA LMSE paolTit? Anueoo. W JWN MINiiTRKIA Mechanic's HuB. m Broad'* ?y, ?aCKl.KT'B -HCRLBSQUB OPERA ITOCSK, M9 Broad W?y--BtfSLWM)int OPEHA A.ND NliJUO MlHSrKKU"!. ?cw Work, Wxlnrfiny . 8cpcem>?er 10, INM. Mail)* fur Kiirope. VKW TOWK HEKA4.D? EDITION FOR BtTKOm. Dw ('ollini mail steamship Atlantic, Capt Went, will IMT* this pert to day at noon, for IJverpool. Vie European mail* will cloee in '.hid city at hull- past Mb ?'clo.k this ni'>ri?ing the TIwa'ji (prijrtL'J >n Fuglifh and French) will 1* yo^UjiUfvi ??', k'o oM ek iu 'he twitting. hingit copici, (n Wrapper", *tlpeiw?. Unbtcriptlon* anil idver, iwTnentP Ui any edition of the Mnr Vobk Ukraix will be rccelred at thy following' pl&coe to Europe:? Ja wfo 1. Jilm TInn+?r, Jfn, 12 ?lxi'hang* street, Kcst. Vommi ? '-andforil St l o.. No. 17 Oornhu). Fax")' t ivln(fst.,n, Wells & Co., 8 Place <le la Bourse. The contents of 'Uo Ruropean eiliiion of the Hkr.au> wl. I embrace thr rots roaelv>:il ty mail and telegraph at .ifilce ilu-iog the jrtv:uun lvtek, and to th* hour of yulMeation. MsiUh for the Pacific. ?HE NEW YOltK HEJt AL1> ? CALIFORNIA EDITION. The I'niied -toifi* rruiil ??.imnhip liliuoi.", will leave ttita port to-rciirrtw alietu' on ut two *'olock. for Aspin w^ii. The mails for California and other purta of the I'aeifio will close at one o'clock. The \kw Vork Wkbkia' Hwuij> ? California edition ? atntoittitif; the latest iiitclllgvi .c from all parts ul the w?rld, will be puhllfhed at ekvrn o'clock iu the morning. Fingle cepiep, in wrapper?, ready for mulling, nixponee. Agent 1* will plea*e send iu th' ir orders eai ly a>i poiwl krto. The Xcmtm. The steamship Baltic, which left Liverpool on the *tb inat. for this port, is now fully due. She brings one week's later news. We give elsewhere details of news from Mexico to tfce Sth iuet. Afiiiirs were Btill in a very nnsettlod atate. The government of Carrera was decided ly unpopular, and in Vera Cruz and Zacate.as Ito partizuns had been attacked and defeated by the ?opportera of the plan of Ayutla. Among the legion ?f candidates lor the Presidency, Alvarez appears U be the moat proiuiuent. At last account* ho was within twenty leagues of the capital. It wan re ported that Carrera had officially signified his tllepo ?dtion to deliver the government into the hands of Alvarez, and it is not improbable that, upon the meeting of the revolutionary chiefs, he will cany ?at his design. Newspapers luve multiplied with ?mazing rapidity at the capital since the llight of fcantn Anna. They are lilled with proclamations of the new officials. Every person clothed with au thority seems to impose such laws and regulations as he think-; fit. Carrera has issued an address to the nation, in which lie dcvelopes liis policy. He proposes to reform the army, establish the National Cuard upon a better footing, and lay the foundation > r a more desirable order of things generally. Gen Gadsden is the only diplomatic representative who ha* failed to visit the Provisional President and congratulate him on his accession t? power. The ?mission had '.utistd much surprise and commcnt. The steamer Nautilus recently arrived at New Orleans with dates from the Jlio Grande to the )sth tort. Gen. Woll came passenger in tlio Nautilus. Vandaurri, the revolutionary chief, was at Monterey. He attributes the evils that affect Mexico to corrup tion in the ;umy. A detachment of government troops ha d boeti defeated near Ileynosa. Gen. Castro was atMatamoros, with l.soo men, and it was ex pect/ <1 he would join the revolutionary party. Late accounts from Texas state that there is ? strong probability that Ward, democrat, i-< elected to Congress in the Eastern district, over Evans, the Know Nothing candidate. Heavy rains had prevailed previous to the 8tli inst., filling the rivers, and damaging the cotton crop cou lderably. "We publish in another column the official correspon dence of the Secretary of .state and Horatio J. Perry, Esq.. the late Secretary of Legation of the United Htates to the Coiirt of Madrid. The letter of Mr. I Perry bears immediately upon h'n .ii-mi --ul from office, Mr. Sonic V conduct, and the ( ) tend Confe rence documents. Mr. Perry ha- .. o replied, in nn rlaborately written U tter, to the criticisms and charge* of the Washington Union upon the corres pondence made public t ome month - since. It is an interesting paper, and we may liml space for it in our columns hereafter. One letter at a time npun this topic ismifficient, we apprehend, to *-ati f\ the ?"harpot appetite for >m h matters. Jud^e Clerkt, of the Supreme Court, has rendered an important decision in tiie case of the people nt the relation of De La Fignanera against the Justices of the Marine Court, argued by cx-4udga A. A. Phillips on behalf of his lormcr usso i.ites. The motion was for a mandamus to compel Ihc Justices of the Murine Court to vacate ail order made by them at General Term, modifying a judgment on the verdict of a jury render* d 'u .'awn of the r> lut >r The motion was nr. a do en the ground thi<t the Ma" rine Court had no power to hear appeals at General Term except on application to open default ; or. it was contended, if their power < xceeded th it, then only in such cases as the Supreme t unrt at (leneinl Term can lcar on appeals from the decision of n single Judge. .Judge Clerke decides tluii the powers ot the General Term of the Marine Court to hear appeal- are unrestricted and unlimited, and that tin act of Is.', 3 only prescribed the " manner" of taking the appeal and the " i fToct'' thereof; and before the party ? ?n appeal to the Common Picas, lie must t.v hau?-t hi remedy by appeal to the General Terra of the Murine Court. This derision i- import int to a numerous class of our citizens, as the act provides that all appeals from the Marine Court shall l>e taken in twenty days. In many c tses where appeals are now pending more tv.,n Ula! time ba, cl (p<t<.d What will become of them? 11 ,\0 th. parties lost their remedy? By this deci ion of the Supreme Court, sustaining the court below, the Common Pleas will be relieved from immen-e labor occasioned by parties appealing merely for the purpose or delay. A \iolen#galc raged at Milwankie snd Chicafo ye?terdsy. Tim steamer Seba-topol wi nt ashore near the mouth of Milwaakjf river, und it \*a? though', she would l>c a total loss. There were a large nnmber ol passengers ou board, but tliclr fate bad not been ascertained. There will be ,i meeting of the New York bar held this morning, at ten o clock, t a ex pre - s their feelings on the occasion of tho death of Mr. Henry H. Hodge ? member of the legal prof, *j0n. Steamboats arriving at N,w Orleans report flat boat* loaded with cotton agronn<l at tbr m0(.tb of the Arkan-as river and near Montgomery's Point. T be Common Council of Baltimore on M ikity adopted a resolution instrnrting the ( omnu.sWr ?f Benltb vf ttat city to address the Ho.. dtf li??itb of New York, to ascertain the cause of enforcing quarantine on vest*-!* from Haiti more, there being no frfckne?a at the present time in that oity. The sales of cotton yesterday were confined to about 000 buku, and the morke^losed -ter.dy with out change in prices. Dealers were inclined t<> await the receipt of later news, due by the liiltic. Fiour declined 124c. per bbl , all round. Wheat was In good d? miaul ar.d quite Ann, with sales at full prices. Orn was also tirni, with a fair amount of sales. Pork was inactive, while prices were un changed. Br gar* languid, with light sales at pre vious prices. Coffee was sold i n small lota at about previous rates. There was a Blight reaction in freights to Liverpool and London, especially as far us bieadftuffs w<>re concerned, while they closod at firmer rates tor Havre. Our Sea Const Defence* ? The Art of Fort til- J cutlon. The bombardment and reported destruction oi the Fwcaborg works l>y the Allied squad rons, hm e enabled n great many people to abuse the old system of defences and to thrust into prominence a world of undefined inventions and "improvements'' in the art of fortifica tion. Tin- public is inc lined to look with favor upon new theories. They are startling and novel. A failure of an old work is a signal lor condemning all that has been done in the past., without considering the circumstances. The Edihhurg Review gives nn elaborate nrticlc to show that the system of modern fortifications is unworthy of confidence; aud, without waiting for facts, our own press, on the strength of the reported success of the Allies at Sweaborg, follows in its wake and pro nounces wx great works at New York, Newport and other places (is unworthy of public confidence. It turns out that noth ing was effected at Sweaborg beyond the blowing up of some magazines, not proper ly constructed ; the burning of some build ings and llie destruction of a considerable amount of property; and that the forts aud oilier works of defence, arc in as good, or nearly as good, condition, at this very hour, as when the Allies began the bombardment. How happens it, then, it may be asked, that the gun boats effected even what they did? The an swer is by no means difficult. The Russians, anticipating nn attack from vessels of heavy draught, may have left some points unguarded, trusting to the shallow ncss of the water, and their infernal machines, for security. But the latter proved to be of little use, aud the for mer was no obstacle to the gun boats, which undoubtedly were able to take position where they were safe from the guns of the forts, but still could play upon the town. If the works of defence had been destroyed, or even much damaged, a landing would have been made; but this the Allies did not even attempt to do, W( 11 knowing that without an army and a siege train, they would soon have been forced either to embark or surrender. 1 he writer in the bvv<j Review, gen"rally j copied and adopted by our press, takes up many of the important operations of the war, gives us his views of the facts, draws his own inferences, aud then assures us with amusing boldness that new principles have been disco vered in the science of engineering ? insinuat ing at the sane time that the delay of the Al lies before Sebafetopol is, to a certain extent, attributable to the ignorance of the French and L'nglFli engineers, who apparently are blind to the new lights which Russian genius is developing. lie lavishes great praise on Monta lam tart's system, but tells us how it crumbled before the English and French bat teries at Uomarsund: aud lie complain- of the " ol'&tructi veness of the administrative de partment, because they would not adopt Fer guson's theory of defence, which has never yet received the sanction of experience. Montulambcrt's system when lirst published gave rise to much diseiu.don among the French engineers, and was never fully acquiesced in by them- ( arnot being the only person of emi nence who believed in its soundness. It lias since, to some extent, been adopted by the Germans; but the late experience at Boinar sund I' lis heavily again t it, and juslilie both the trench and -American engineers, who have generally followed other systems. Jt is not contended that art has exhausted it.-clf and left no farther room for improvement; but when it i- considered that in this branch of science how thoroughly every principle must be tested before it can receive the sanction of profound thinkers, and that two centuries have been employ olin perfecting the present plans, it is little less than absurd to pretend that a discovery Las been made which rightfully su pc rsedes the whole labors of the past. Even admitting all the facts as stated re specting ihe siege of Scbaetopol, is there no other way ol explaining why theRussiansliave been able to make so noble a defence, than by jumping ai the conclusion that they possess tome conccalcd art or fortification 1 There certainly is. und we have only to regard at tentively the clrcnm lances attending that siege to find it. In all ordinary cu>os the besieger* begin by j reducing the besieged to their own resources; and therefore it seldom happens that tlx* gar rison is large enough to repair even the da mages done, much less to undcr^pkc the con struction of extensive field work . Th-it any in w principle of engineering has Iwn deve loped 1 Tore Sevastopol, there is yet no good reason to believe; and w hile too much praiso cannot be given to the Russian engineers, ?their *ucce*s is <lur not to tlieir skill alone, but to th<' poss< - ion ol \ u ter resource than Lave ever before been plnced at Ihe commnud of other engineers. The value of eat then works hau long Wen ncknowledgi d. as w 11 a- tin important part they could be made to pla\ in defence; I ut tlie difficulty usually en countered b the want of hands to ex.1 cute them, and men afterw aids to man them. < )w ing to the absence of tenacity in the material of which they are constructed, they must have slopiug embankments instead of perpendicular walls. They are thus accessible without scal ing ladders, and although they may pof?.<*s great advantages, it Is on the presumption that they are well provided with men. They hould be regarded more in the light of advantage ous positions than as w orks of defence, a - tech nical fortifications. All fortifications arc not alike, nor does it follow because Uomarmnd makes n weak re Distance, that there is no rcliauce to be placed on other stone works. Forts, no matter how well planned, or how well constructed, offer a mere passive rcni; tnuce, nn<l their virtues can only be made manifest in the hands of those who know how to u?e them : no correct infer ence, therefore, can be drawn from the fall of one work and the successful resistance of another, without a full knowledge of ovrry at tendant fact and vircumstance. A San Juan may fall into the hands of &o enemy bccause j of the explosion of a magazine, but, notwith standing this accident, a vigorous garrison, in- 1 plead of capitulating, would have driven the French off, and not yielded up to them a work which, for all purposes of defence, was still quite uninjured. It in certainly a strange idea, prevalent as it may be, that " stone walU arc 110 matches for wooden ones."' In the one cane there is a massive wall varying from six to ten feet in thickness, and in the other the mere side of a vefpel. The guns behind the first are in every case placed on a solid basis, and can be fired with great accuracy, whereas on ship, board they are subject to every motiou of the water, and must frequently strike wide of their mark. Forts can mount heavier guus than ships. Whence, then, arises the great superi orly of the latter? Is it imagination, or is it fact, tbat by transferring the same gun from its earthen bed to one that is atloat, its charac ter is changed '! If so. it must be brought a>>out by magic, not by art, and military engineers will be under the deepest obligation to him who will bring forward an authentic account of a modern fortification, well defended, being demolUbed by the batteries of a ship. Stone walls cannot resist cannon; but this is true only where the' cannon are brought very near to them, and breaches, save in thin walls, are only made from just beyond the crest of the onter works. Whatever changes the future may have in store for us, of one thing we may be certain: that the gun boat has not yet been made, nor the floating batteries invented, that is to crush any of the worts erected for the protection of the principal cities of our seaboard. Their in habitants, therefore, need not feel any uneasi ness at the new theories advanced with so much boldness by an Edinburg reviewer, nor by what the English and French llcets can do agaiDst Russia's best forts. A Teak's War Operations in the Crimea. ? Over a year has elapsed since the Crimean Tar tars were astonished by the appearance ou their desolate coast of the French and English black rea fleets escorting to Eupatoria a convoy of one hundred vessels with an ariny of tifty ciglit thousand men on board. A year will have elapsed to-morrow since that army met the enemy on the heights of Alma, and gained a brilliant victory. The following week or fort night was expected to have witnessed the fall of Sebastopol ; and so confident were the Allies that this was the inevitable destiny of the city that it was looked upon just as if it were alrea dy in their hands, and even the cautious Em peror of the French had 110 hesitation in im mortalizing one of his brilliant reviews at Boulogne by the announcement that Sebutopol eat prise. But how stands the case ? This an nouncement of Louis Napoleon has bccom ? as famous as the motto of the great Roman, Car thago est ddenda- (Carthage must be destroyed); and the probability is, from what wo have al ready seen, that with respect to Sebastopol the tense is to be always future. It is impossible to iorm anything like an ap proximate estimate of the stupendous loss of human life which has attended the efforts of the Allies to reduce this now historic fortress, built and defended by a people denominated rude and barbarous. If we were to say that half a million of lives have been already sacri ficed by lire, and sword, and pestilence, and shipwreck, and the horrors of a Crimean win tor, it would certainly be below the real figure. Aud it a correct estimate of the loss of life al ready sustained is; impossible, how much more to is it to fix any limit to the destruction of life which a reckless obstinacy ou the part of the besiegers, and a much more rational obsti nacy on the part of the besieged, will involve! A daring coup <k main on the part of the Allies might have overpowered its proportionately I small means of resistance when its battlements fii stcnnie in sight. Now those means have been magnified perhaps tenfold; utid even the fiery valor of the Frenchman and the intrepidity of the Briton pale and quail before the terrific j dangers of an assault. The fact seems to be conceded on all sides | that the ln|i:c of ci year sincc the siege was un- j dcrtuken has not appreciably improved the prospccts of tlif> besiegers, even nlthough th> ir numerical force is increased fourfold, j I Sebasfopol, iu nil probability, stands, on the lf>th of September, 18.">.">, the some virgin fortress us she stood on the ime date ia 185 1. There is no doubt of its being better fortified and garrisoned now than it was then, and it would seem that it* important works of defence are as scathlcys as if they hud never undergone the terrific bombard ment* to which they have been subjected. The events which time mny have in store in con nection with it. it is not for man to predict, but if we may judge the future by the past we may take it for granted that still another year's siege of Scbastopol will not materially alter the idea ol its impregnability. Tjik Restoration 01 thk Missovri Compro mise Ri:im uiatm). ? The anti-liquor fanatics and madmen who set up business in Maine, have surrendered in Maine. The fusion repub lican negro wor.-blppers who started in Syra cuse?the very centrc of the abolitionists ? a city devoted to all manner of crazy free soil iniquities- have utterly repudiated ttic repub lican Seward platform. At a convention of their order for the county of Onondaga, held last week ut, Syracuse, their chairman, on taking his seat, said thai he was utterly op posed to the restoration ot the M L-souri com promise, lie would not restore a law that was opposed by Seward. Chase, Hale and his whole parlv. live years ago. The convention con curred with him. and the subject was dropped, in lour or five other countlca the fusionisf* have done the same thing. What is the mat ter'.' With the Mane law repudiated in Maine, and the republicans repudiated at Syracuse, it is not easy to see how the negroes are to be made any better than white people. There i certainly a screw loose somewhere, lias the Maine election affected the arrangements. What is the matter ? Women's Rioiits. ? According to Lloyd '. ir rison's negro Lihtrato?, " a Woman's Rights Con\rntion is to be held in Boston this day ; and I.ucy Stone Dlackwcll, Ernestine L. Hose, i'aulina W. l>avi?, Antoinette f . Urown, SaraW M. Grimke, Lucretia Mott. and Harriet K. Hunt, are expected among the speak( r-. Also. Kalph Waldo Emerson, Theodore Parker, and Wen dell I'hillips. A large attendance is antici pated," and considerable fun. It i -> to be hoped they will propose some plan of relief for their sisters at the (Jreat Salt f.ake. One husband for forty women 1 Let ihem male a dead -ct at Rrigham Young. Quarantining Baltimore Vessels. ? We pub lished yesterday a correspondence which has just taken place between Mayor Ilincks of Bal timore and Mayor Wood of New York, on the subject of haviug vessels arriving from Baltimore at this port, subjected to quarantine. Mayor Hincka is justly indignant at this ac tion of our Board of Health, at once palpably absurd and unju?t, and threatens retaliation on vessels arriving there from New York, un less the order be revoked. Mayor Wood vir tually acknowledges the justice of the com plaint, but "hows that the ordinance only ap plies in cases ?where yellow fever i? actually found on board. But even with that qualifica tion, he states that the precaution so timidly and fooli-lily adopted, as between Baltimore and New York, did not meet with his concur rence. If the order be persevered in, it will, without acting by any means as a sentinel to keep out yellow fever, have a very injurious effect on the commerce between these two cities. If a case of common bilious fever, sure to be pretty prevalent at this season, be found on board a vessel arriving from Baltimore there is every chance of its being magnified into one of yel low fever; and the vessel would in consequence be subjected to the usual delay for purification at Quarantine. This detention of vessels at Statin Island for several weeks would be a se rious loss to the owners and shippers; aud if that loss be duplicated by the adoption of re taliatory measures on vessels arriving at Bal timore from this port, there is no estimating the amount of injury which would be thereby inflicted oft ouv commerce. And all for what ? To appease silly and groundless appre hensions. There is no pretence that Baltimore is now affected by the epidemic. There is no pretence that it does not enjoy even a bettor condition of public health than New York does. And even if this were not so ? if Balti more were being desolated by yellow fever ? of hew little effect would these quarantine restric tions be while overland communication is unim peded, and while half a dozen railroad trains, conveying nineteen-twentieths of the umouut of traffic, daily connect one city with the other? Mayor Wood, like a sensible man, recognized the force of these truths, and therefore refused his assent and concurrence in the action of the Board of Health. The very fact of that non concurrence in the silly measure on the part of our chief magistrate, does much to relieve the city from the odium which this order is calcu lated to inflict upon it. But more must still be done. The order must be revoked. We do not here enter on the argument of the legality or illegality of this order, further than to say that the we understand that the Board of Health requested the opinion of the Counsel to the Corporation, and that that opi nion was adverse to the power of the Board to establish such a rule in reference to Baltimore ? an uninfected city. Tliey would have just as much right to extend its application to Bos ton at the present moment. Under all these circumstanccs, we hope that the Board of Health will see the propriety of ut once res | finding the order complained of. Tjik St. Nicholas Hotel and thk Foi;rh:r ite Oimian. ? ThcFouricrite philosophers of the Now York Tribune seize the occasion of the late bloody affray at the St. Nicholas Hotel for a violent assault upon that establishment; and they express their wonder ? their "special won der?how gentlemen of respectability and ele vation of mind can permit their wives and daughters to dwell in such places,'' Ac. Now, from the facts in the case, the aflray of Saturday night last was one of those personal collisions for which the proprietors of the house are no more responsible than if it had taken place in Sai Francisco. Nor has the affair anything to do with the general or particular discipline of the house; for it is hardly necessary to say that the St. Nicholas is one of the best, most orderly, refined and elegant hotels in this city or in the world. Its guests will appreciate at its proper value the malignity of its a^-ail ants, in their attempt to identify it with "drunken brawls. "and "the belching brutality of the rioting rowdy in every pa-sage.-' A maniac may get into a church and disturb tin pence of the congregation, and a desperate man may assault another with deadly intent even in a court of justice. The occurrence, therefore, of the one filing or the other, at a public hotel, where; thousands of citizens and strangers are daily brought into contact with each other, proves nothing against the order or discipline of the establishment. On tli?> con trary. we dare say, that in proportion to the number of its guests and visiters, there is not a Maine law hotel in the United States that, can boast of the uniform good order, quietude, and refined courtesies of social intercourse which characterize the inmates of the St. Nicholas Hotel The attack upon it by our Tribune philoso phers may be set down, perhaps, to an exaspe rated state of wrath, resulting from the late overthrow of the fanatical nigger and liquor fu sionists in Maine, and from the desperate '?trait ?? to which that election has reduced the same coalition of this commonwealth, touching the abominable law which they have given us, and which the proprietors of every hotel, sa loon. boarding house and private residence in tlii-city treat at a nullity and nuisance. But our liiiuor and Fourieritc reformers should not per mit their ra<re to carry them beyond the limits of sober discretion in their attacks upon their fellow-citizens their characters, their business and their property. The Maine Liquor law can never lie forced down the throats of this com munity by such disgraceful tricks of election eering. Better light the issue upon its merits, or <;ive up this Liquor law as an impossible im position in New York. Bi.eemvo tih: Navy List.? We give else where some interesting statistics relative to the report of the Naval Board. Our nrticlc includes a great mass of fact-, and contains the first full and complete li^t of the retiring o (Titer'' which haw yet been published. The telegraph made some blunders in the report published in the Herald of yesterday. The report of the Board has made a tremendous ? \rit< mi nt among the naval officers and their hundred thousand friends, and public opinion fccm* to be divided upon the matter. The Central I'akk ? lb mtv it run Report. TheCommis-ioncrs in the matter of theC'en Irnl Park were to have reported to the Com mon Council during the current month. We are now in the la-t lmlf of September; the ces sion- of thf Common Council are limited to a very few more, and yet we hear nothing of the report. Gentlemen Commissioners, do your duty ; Tiiky Comma It.? Tho devotion of the slaves of Norfolk and Portsmouth to their masters and mistresses, through all the severe trials of the late terrible pestilence in those citie?, excites the admiration of our Seward organs. His central organ at Albany con fesses it all, and argues that where there is such devotion among the slaves they may be safely trusted with their liberty and equal rights. But, alas! there is Jamaica, and there is IJayti ! Which would our Seward philan thropists have Virginia to be?? another Hay ti, or a second Jamaica ? And will Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe be good enough to inlorm the Duchess of Sutherland of the attachment of those slaves of Norfolk and Portsmouth to their masters and mistresses, us illustrated in hundreds of cases of this dreadful visitation of tbe yellow fever there ? Where the relations ol protection and dependence are thus beauti fully developed, there must be something di vine in the institution of Southern slavery, after all. It passes all human philosophy. IIarj> Pished ton Capital. ? The Albany Evtning Journal cites the imprisonment of the negro kidnapper, Paasmore Williamson, in Philadelphia, as one of the issues of our No vember election. Will he do for " a good enough Morgan till after the election?'' Per haps. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Later from Mexico. New Orleans, Si.pt. 17, 1655. Tlie steamer Nautilus arrived here on Saturday, with T)rownsville dates to the 6th inxt. Gen. Woll came pas senger in her. f.'en. Vidaurri was at Monterey. He charge* all tho evils that have altlicted Mexico on the army, and declares that there is now no army except* a revolutionary one. Generals Parodi and Cuitauhad been taken prisoner at Sun I,uig Potosi. A party of the government troops, numbering ono hun dred and forty, were attacked by the federalists near Key nof-n, and routed with a loss of 30 killed, o0 wounded and 40 prisoners. (icueral Castro, with 1,800 troops, was at M.itamoras and would probably pronounce in favor of tho federalists. Violent Galea at Mllwunltlc antl Chicago. LOSS OF TUB STKAMKK BEDASTOPOL, ETC. Chicago, Sept. 18, 1855. Puring a violent gale which commenced here this af ternoon, the brig Tuscarora, from the lower lakes, load ed with coal, dragged her anchor, and bad her mast sand rigging all carried away. Tho crow were saved by life bouts. The vessel will probably go to pieces before morn ing. The gale is increasing in fury. Several other ves sels are in sight. We learn from Milwaukee that doring a storm this morning, the steamer Sebastopol, at 8 A. M. went ashore two miles south of the mouth of tho Mllwaukie river. ? The latest accounts say sho was on the bar with the waves breaking over her. Men, women, and children were seen on board. She would probably go to pieces, unless the storm abated. Two men attempted to swim to the shore from 1lio vessel, but one failed aud was drowned ; the other reports that there H a large number of passengers on board. A later account from Milwaukie states that there is no cliuncu of saving the steamer Sebastopol, and that she had already commenced going to pieces. The Yellow Fever In Virginia. Raiximurk, Sept. 18, 1855. At Norfolk, during the 48 hours ending at noon on Monday, there were 48 deaths, and at Portsmouth, dur ing the same time, the number of deaths was only IT. There were but few new cases in cither of thecitie-, and In some parts of Portsmouth the disci- c had altogether disappeared The Rev. Mr. Chiahobn, of the Episcopal, and Mr. Rag nell, of the Baptist church, at Norfolk, were among the dead; also, Mrs. Jane Dewey, a wealthy lady of that city. Drs. Rosier and liriggs, of Philadelphia, were down \i ith the fever. BELIEF FROM CINCINNATI. s CmasxATt, Sept., 18, 1850. Thre<- thousand dollars have been collccted here thus far, for the relief of the sufferers at Norfolk and Porti mnuth. The Fever at New Oiicnn*. New Ori.ka.vr, Sept. 17, 1865. The iloulhH in tlila city during the pwtt week were 28~ of w liirh 150 were from yellow fever, Pit>m Washington. Wahbinoton, Sept. 18, 1865. Senator Pratt, of Mar} land, arrived tbia evening, and topping al Wlllard's Hotel, Senator Riiyard. of l?ebi ware arrived this evening, alfO Hon. J. C. Miller, of Mis souri. G'rnuil I.osice of the 0<lii Fellow* of the United Htntc*. Balxihohb, Sept. 18, 185ft. In the fir:. ml Lodge of Odd Fellow*, this morning, tUe T.egi?lntive Committee reports that though merging Kn campment degree* in'o subordinate Io>);-e -< is desirable, the time has not yet arrived for specific action on the subject. Went her nt Boston. Bokto.v, Sept. 18, 1865. At noon to-day the thermometer indicated 85 degrees In the ihade, A cool easterly wind rpruug up in the af ternoon and a bountiful rain storm '-ommi need, whh'h continued until sun down. Th^s evening there were in dicution- of more rain. Fire nt Clevt land. CutvtXAND, Sept. 18, 1855. Hie livory stable of Messra. Wells & Co., in this city, together with four adjoining wooden buildings, fit toon horses, and i-everal buggies and carriage-, have been de stroyed by lire. Itluilnc DlMitrr. Bounty, Sept. 18, 1855. A violent northeast squall prevailed here this after noon. Ihe ship* Revere, f>ir ("alioa, n 'id t'oli'ita fur Mel bourne, both atarted this morning and toot the gule out nide the lower light, and put back ? itli lot<4 of Hill*. Tlie Cabot* struck on Toddy rorl,-. in Nnnta.ket roads, w here she remained at Huniiet. with a td^ual of dlsti'i.-s flying. The vow boat K. B. Foibc' has gone to her H*-i*tance. Nbw Orulixk. Sept. 17, 185"). Ttie hbip Venice, hence tor Boston, wa damaged in the rh er on Sunday night, during a blow, <;nd must return h'-re for repairs. Antral of the Marion nt Charleston. CHARiwro*, j.t. 18. 1855. Tlje mail steam hip Marion, ('apt. Win. Foster, arriv 1 here early thin (Tin -day) morting. Markets. VHILAM.U-Hl A STOCK BOARD. I'luuDKLriiu, Sept. 18, 185"'. Money unchanged. Htocks dull. I'ennxylvania -tat" Ive" JW: Heading, 47'i; Ixing Island llailroad, 15 ; Morii* Ctnal, 15',; Pennsylvania llailroad, 45. Ciiarijoton, Sept. 18, 1865. Cotton b- much depressed, and tbe receipts are in creasing. Sales for th? last three day* -urn up 1,000 bales. Nice has declined '?c. a \'c. Nkw Orik.vn-o, sept. 17 1855. Cotton firm. Sales to-dfty, 2,500 bales. Middling fjur ted at Fair sugar-, 'I ,c. Flour, W 75. I-urd. n kegs, ln^c. AuHtrrin iiAt rtRmmo\s.? The New York State Agii cultural Society wifl hold Its annual exhibition at El ?niia,on tbe 3d, 3d, 41b and 5th days of October next. It will undoubtedly be well attended, and, as urual. Tery instructive. To-morrow (20tb.) tlio Queens County Agricultural Hociety will give it- annual exhibition? ngiicultnral horlirultural and an.mal? at Flu.-hing. Th* Society will gire ? dinner to its special gneet*. I'eri<ons desirous to attend can take tbe steamboat connecting wiih tbrHu?hitig railway, from Fulton market slip, at 8 p or 10 o'clock in the forenoon. The -biauty and tli* cbiTalry '' of I-ong Island wl 1 be well represented. NiW-o'* Cardes.? The nnprcpitlous state of the weather bad no effect on the atteu'lann at Mbl?'? last etening? the I'yne and| Harrieon opera company baring performed to an excellent house. Mr. Stretton, the cele brated Fnglish ba**o. arrived yeaterday. and will mak* h - Pr?t appearance in Oe rg.? UristowV n?w Aucrkan H*ru, wb.ch is now ia actttc j-ej; -at .n KRHorouT jt Tut TBK ? M'lle Rachel will appear to night as l"hihV. in Victor Hugo's drama of "Angelo, the Tyrant of I'adua." The pert' rm&ace announced to take place on 1 1 idajr will bo given on Thursday next. Thh# change has been made by the desire of M'lie lUchel, in eolsequence 'if Friday bcirg the greatest Jewi-ii holiday, and generally ob erved by the Hebrew people all over the world. The comedies played by thin company will bo published hereafter. Bjii ma. at we BfUDMO I i^k. ? We learn tli.it there in a pi'ul>?MH%r that the eminent French actre-s will five une or two reading-), probably at the Tabernacle, fur the benefit of many persona wlio desire to hear her, but who art u?t theatre-goers. M'lle Rachel'** le-son* u* declamation will be of immense value to ny public speaker. City Politics. REPUBLICAN MOVEMENT. The Committee of Mxteer. were In den-ion a?;.in yester day, making further preparation* for the IU publican Mass County ('"mention to be held at the Broadway Tubornacle. Th' full ijuo' i ofd legates from this county wis agreed upon after considerable discussion. rhe great trife yesterday was as to the names of tw ? persons r* delegate*, to whom objections were made liy ? minority ofthe committee. Everything points towards ..11 inter eKting and lively tiinr a ovy lie republicans this even inc The committee of ?i\ ecu have overlooked alto gether the claims I the Hi ate delegates elected by the ward organizations. The great contest was on this jwiut, BEl'UBLICAN GFVKRAL COMMITTEE. This comniltlcc met last evi ning at the Mercer Ho i 4 , Kit ward A, Stansbury presiding. Messrs. Wh"?ler, Car ter and Hallatn appeared as delegates from theSocond ward, and a double delegation appeared from the Twen ty second wrrd. A new election wai ordered. Tho Com mittee upon Holes and Regulations made a report. A warm and animating debate arose on a resolution to endorse tlie action of the Astor House Committee of Sh ? teen in nominating thirty-two delegates to the llepubli can State Convention, to be submitted to the Makh Con ventionat the Broadway latiernacle this evet ing. 6eu. Chambers, Sir. Blunt and others spoke at S"niO length on this resolution, und it w as finally carried. Some of the members dissented tn this action, and protested that the Central Committee an I the Committee of Six teen had no p?,wer in the matter, and were cuntldent that the State Convention would admit only the delegates chosen by the district convent ions of this city, pursuant to the amended state call, the lime having expired for the election of delegate* by c unity mass meeting*. Much feeling was mani'cstfd by the friends of some of the dele gates chosen to the J-tnte Convention by the district sys tem, and they all appeared animated with the resolve to attend the mass convention at the Tabernacle this evening, ami to pre-ent the claims of the several favor ites. The republicans of tholiistsnd Second Assembly districts and the friends of the ward clubs and organiz i tloni who have elected their delegates by district cou ventions, were particularly indignant. It is anticipated that at the meeting to-night, there will be ijuite n row ar d ^ome beautiftil exhibitions of union and harmony will he presented for the amusement doubt less ol' the performers, 'he public and the distinguished invite<l speaker-'. So look out for fun. WOItKlNfiMKK'fi PROVISIONAL COMMITTER' The Workingmen's Provisional Committee met '...st eve ning at the Cooper House, Mr. William Arbttthnot, of the I'ifth ward, presiding. They adjourned to met ng.iin on Saturday evening, when it is understood they will make their county Dominations. THK WUIO CITV CONVENTION. It i? understood that the Whig City Convention is soon about to be called together, probably for some new woi k ing arrangement. Whig City CVjimii. Nomination ? Forty-third district, I)r. Booraem. Di Mo' K atii* ' TV Oot'-VTL Nominations ? Eleventh dirt triet, Matthew Murray; Thirteenth distric. He bird Harry. TIIK CEN80S MARSH ALB. A convention of the Census Marshals will be held at O'Donnell'i, corner of Thi'd avenuo and Twentieth streets, on Friday evening, the ?.list inst., at 8 o'clock, for the transaction of important business connected witb the taking of tlie census. As Mime action of mi important character will be taken, none but marshals are to bo admitted. Marine Affairs. The .steamship Atlantic, Captain West, sat Is to-day at noon for Liverpool. We learn that she takes out abont> one hundred and thirty passengers. t he steamship Florida, Captain Woodhull, arrived at an early hour yesterday morning from Savannah. SinrattLDiNa IN Wiujamhwri:. ? Mr. Eckford Wobb has just commenced laying the keel of a three m.istxl -chuon er. at his yard in Greenpoint, for parties in Virginia, .??he will bo 142 feet long, 32 feet beam, 20 feet deep, and about 650 tons measurement. TO THK EDITOR Ot' Tnr. HERALD. The sfeamribip Ariel was spoken by pilot boat Edwin Forrest. abo it 160 miles cast of Pundy Hoot., on Thurs day, the l-'ith September and refused to take a pilot. The boat pa' ? 1 so near the steamer that the person hail ing from the latter \ cssel allied if the boat ?i&hed to get un downy The steamer proceeded ou to the Hook, where the took a pilot from tho pilot boat tfnehantress, the pilots of which boat are employed to take out steam ers, no mat tor who brings them in. The pil its think it ra ther a hard case that they have to crulsc to >ta at great i isk and expense in order to briug in vessels for the-e twu or three pilots to tuI;rout ? a duty which the vonngest and moot inexperienced piiot in the busiuesj is capable ot performli.g. Some of the steamers, especially those f. em the South, refuse to take pilots at any distance fie?,' the llook. expecting to find the Enchantress there, and in her abv nee are d> lined for the want of a pilot, thereby ra isiug delny, and consequently risk, and dis sat i.sfaotion uim.ng tho passengers ? and ? ho arc blamed . ? the pilots, generally. C?ni-t Onlrixlm ?Till* Duy. PtTTiCTix CorKT? <;?-ner '1 To. m ? Noa. -7 '-'1* 264f l.iio. 1,771, 1,068, -:77. ,07, 1.6<i.; 1,004, i,eof., 1/06, 1,1.17, 1.618, 1.596, 1 1,644, 1,844. ,vi ppkvk <'iit kt ? Circuit ? Nun. 1,007, 1, *17 ? , 276, 3H, 316. .116, .110 to .1-6. Oommov I'LRAH? No?. 656, 791, 831, 216. 33?. 677, 740, 637. 471. IFnfa wl)l(li arc llnta.? 4a<-iitlciuen ile?lrons c( an ? lecanl chapraur are fnvl ed to call on KSPESWHEIT), ll>> Namau Mr. oi, i.onr IJi-ekruun, where ?hev > >n ??ie^t frogj the bin hatx that arc made iu tliC ci-y of Nov Verk. l'rioo ?3 50. Wlint the Crllli * 8uy ? Putter* hy Profri ?ion may pr i!ae other hata, but they nil wear Knot *. M< lit, Hk" murder, > nn'i be eonrca:ed; ami thtu II la 'bit yon 6nd all graM jiid?CK of np!>roprl.-u..ii?\.? In bai? congregating at KNOX tttore 212 Broadway, corner of 1'uitoa ilreo', and 533 Brand v a> . C'nil mid i nri'haae one. Ttir rxlncidlnaty low pities ituit fai-ul ture, mlrriira, ca meling, pain liu'a Ac., ire old fnr.it Auc tion, ?' fl Ka.ido street, I? not tu.'ly known. t'.'ine 1K.? morn liic ?t IDS o< lock und ^ee an! "bart- tin- bargain*. The '(Uali ty . good. TUNIS MOK 1CKLL, Auctioneer. Madilnr Poi trnlf h of the Dn.uei-ri ot}|Wi nr<.->lit bnndreil drily for 28 ecuta, and 12 '-i per do /.en, l>y the American p.it?-nt l>rorr?H .-even y? h ? ????abU. n-.'d ?-IJi out competition. Artkta' <;iub, 2)0 Broad* \ Prlfflfdii Ji w<l? ? Niwh We t onatilrr tin JI.U;" - 1 "I Otir lilt-nib" H ? n tb . I.f - - ? I'.m. in > | io .. !.?? t i ? i 'it ni"Ui' lit In I.KWI8, ?l.? 1.1- tin- ?mlMi| * ?. an I daguerreotype in the i ity, at it. 3a. Pin noa. ? Iltron WiMl' Pla^m lla?lii| In i>rlr hnpron in. nta of ae:ion ?.. . i . ...ga . ?i*'k < t , #l? ind pet\irortimcc.|iial tn the -ra .l|H?iv> I < ' "t-i :-oa, wither without then t brown, and Jacob t hlrkertng'a ? *n<. ? < ? Ave hi he beat New York ranker*; re* #>4 i? u >?* | lor $1.V?, ??rend hand piano* of ail Tarkt'lea, at gnat bof|HM, price* from MO foftM. Ptntui- ... ' I i.i.i allowed oo pur ih.i*i\ l'lnpo< lor aalr on monthly payne-nt' Hule aganoy at S. I* A H. W. Smt'h'a n ? lodcona ft'in I lb* fial t?*.niiTa Meat.) Kaoh ln?txt|inrnt jo n aiit.-ei togh* enure Ra.i-.artMin ?r piircbiye icoiiey refundrd. lKUlAt'K WATKRX, .133 Froadwav. Piano*? 0' t-oml iiantl, $41, |Wfl, ?100 ami *IH>. Twenty WW ones (?amii make a< roniminileil the :'.m premlmi at do HorldM l'alrl, icm at IIAS^FORIVH UnWilntj romim. 003 Broadw?y, up ? 'urii. ?beet mu-c a ad a geii'i a a -onmnit oi uiuan al mcrcliandiac, utuc budding, dowtr ttalr?. Planofortrii unit illrlodi ona Tor Nalt very low, from (VDtoftTfi. Melial?.n- itdtablc fin* i iiurchei, rqiii) to an organ oi 5Miit, ior #.w. Purcbaaera aro tnrKed to mil. See M dun ii I World. COi.IU RN* A NASH, A?i ?ti 123 Broadway. Tile Nntlthaonlnn Honae, on tti? Rnrojwan P'.an, Broadway, rnrn"r nf Hon -ton atreet.? This n'w and arge hotel, newly rtirnlnlwd and in thorough orl^p, with aU b f eotiveulenee* of the blabaa' prb-ed hotela, o i?*riu> travel er? and the put He, Ini lodui famdieu. unatirpaaaad ai-eemino Utam* at lower rates than ran be auont. i by any oibrr ia-> ?Ja.-a boti I. SID.VKy KOl'HA.V Pari a IKIlilneiy, Urraa Cupa and Head r?rft?/.?,?>!KS. Lf.VI, N". Ill) Bletrkt't *'r^ near Broad wny, Invllea the aperlal a; ipMUm of 'hr* IkHch io hwr nnporb a* HI I |. . OI ? . m* |*e, hMcIi will bo dfffplaiyed on Thursday, ifrjt U lait. Snlln I><- I.alnra, Worked Dninaaka, Gill rorntcea, window ahadea. ,?i . ? KKI.1Y ,t FI'ROrS'iN. .u)l Urondv iy, have ju?t re< cl>ed per -'i ami i a apii-mUd ?!o^k ot the abo c sro.1" -nir? new- p.rtern?. % cry beautiful and r- h. Alar the laipe?t .'oek of winnow ?badea and orlair wiii'ln* oi tiaineiitain York Wr ? r? prepared to nU'er Inducement to pun ba " ? it ike ibove gondi<. 2"'l Broadway. Brodle'a Fall Clonlu. ? fteorg'' Brodle, \n. M Canal and 63 I<i*poMi d "{Mil baa now m atore a Urgi aaaornaent ot noroltii-a in rtfflHi cJotli and nuiie an'tque eliaik" nod niBiitiilai. to nbloh belnvliea the at i-nuon ot wbi..e aaie ca-h and abort time baj era. Moaqnlloe* w?rr new known Io rnminll i mh drpn'datiim- on the f'eltrigo ot ettl/f,!ii aa at the i.re?ent time; proter' TitRtirtTM aga.n-t tli? to abut your i-Matren and do not aulfrr them to be tor. ured wtUi thorn- pcau any naire ot allow t|i?m to kii'p >on awake of nkih;-. ,4.?p ,n pe i.iw which yea eoo do by naDIng oa W HTftATTOlf W) t'l .imiiera ?Irort, who la the ?ole asm' tor the IU-kio,' paten' in i ro?eit anopy and n" . a ?nre guarantee a^anut muaqulwea. tSreat Ba?*?lna In Carpeting? We hare now to afore a large atoek ot fall ImpodaiJona. romprialru- e?l ??? iapi airy, Br .??et?. tbrrepty and tnci aln earpeUne tu?< : t*Nitna, IHHrh wa art oflaflfig a Ta ? low raia? -or Rkk l!rue*e a7? and ?- laryar.: Mil II 4 1.01. N^Hk'tKV

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