Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 21, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 21, 1855 Page 2
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?K>re wnght if ileotruark bad uot mi long ?burw<l ikH posi tion by swelling beyond tneaaure the taxes of the Sound, and hy indifylt g thi-m arbitral ily, and so frequently as fo dei ango commercial calculations. " '' thus that thin Power has brcvttl a storm, and ha* raised all against -i fell which, if it had boon established svf.h more modern til o and ce> tain y, woul 1 doubtless have oonUnued to be paid without opposition. Tho Mtmiteur [rabllsbsd without comment on Tuesday, <4tb instant.) a translation of the reply of Mr. Scheelo, the Danish Mini. ster ?f Foreign AHuin , to Mr. Budiugor, United States 1 uvoy to Denmark, who had com-uunic&tod to the former on the 1-ttli of August, the 1 denunciation by the President of the Catted Stated, of tho treaty concluded April '.6, 18-ti, between Denmark and the United . tute- for a space of ten years, and for twelve month* utter denunciation." Two columns and a halt of the -Pajfi, Journal </e I' Umpire, are devoted thin morning (Sept. 0,) to thin question of the Sound due-", which threatem to complicate the Eastern question quite eerii usly with a North-by-Westeru one of no slight liu" portunce. Tho Fay* exhorts the United States, espe cially in view of the existing state of thing! in Europe, to nettle their difficulty witblienmark amicably, (5 I'ainialke.) It regards the free torn ot the seas ? I tic logical result of the protest of the I'niled states against these tntllng but arbit rat y taxes ? as more glorious and desirable in the abstract than easy of speedy realization in this particular case. Exhortation and malediction, coaxing and threat ening, are not likely to be spared the I'nitod States by ho '? European diplomacy'' ? that is to say, by tho Vrench and English governments. Whether or not they ?will ventute to pledge more material aid to Denmark ou condition that she joins the Western alliance. it is more probable that the oll'i r will be (or perhapc has been) made, than that it can be executed by them, or even ac cepted by her at present. The pains of French journals to pro* o " taxation no tyranny," because it is ancient custom, are " labor lost," at h ast, for American rotd ers, who are no: in the habit of admiring abuses as vene rable because they are old. The discussion of the Sound dues has raised a chilly northwester, before which the hist lingering (lowers of rhetoric, so profusely strewn by I'atis journals along tho path of the departing Queen, have disappeared. The Sags and triumphnl archcs that lent such a festive air to the Uoulevards, have been consigned to the girrets of Mr. Godlllot; C hinese lanterns and Bengal tires have been extinguished, the cannon of the Invalides are silent, anil there are ''lodgings to let," even in tho "English quar ters.'' As the Austrian Archduke Maximilian does not ?en e to Paris, this description of I'aris as it is. will pro bably answer until the arrival of the Iving of Sardinia, or of the news that Sevastopol is taken. Tho Queen's visit already belongs, so far as the daily journal! t Is con cerned, to ' ancient history." Hut I may refer to eno in cident which the Mimiteur did not chronicle, and to another whi? h it did ? sins of omission and commission. Mr. Macon, the American Minister, had requested Mr. Matt, the Secretary ot Legation, to join him at. the Eh/si;- . on tii* morning of the Queen's vi>it to that palaco. When the hour arrived for leaving the^ legal ion, Mr. I'iutt was told by a high functionary of the United Sta'es Treasury, and hy a member of Congress who chanced to be with him, that it would ne impossible to find a carriage disen gaged. "AH Pa: is is on wheels," they told him, inviting him to ride in the back (voiture <fe place/ Which they had been lucky enough to secure, it wits a queer looking vehi do, this back, but it was by good luck only that ui.y kind of vehicle could be obtained on that, day. It was so queer looking that Don Piatt, although decked out iu ail his court toggery, had to show his card of invitation before his "hack " was permitted to p:i?s the lines. At length lie arrived in safety, and thanking his friends tor their kindness, left them to return, whllo he entered the palaco. lie had taken up his place in the -dlpl< malic corps, and was pationtly walling for what would come next, when quite an unexpected mes sage reached him by a tall valet, who informed him that let gt-nt f " his folks ") were in trouble, and insisted on ?eeing him. On reaching the court he found that an ex press order had been given that letffcru of tho diplomatic and otherwise distinguished guests should remain until the royal ? '.-it to the palace should terminate; bis friends, the Congressman and tho Treasury man, had been forbid den to depart, and directed (as well ns they could under stand it ) to stay with the crowd of fat calves in waitiug. The Congressman was inclined to make the most of such an unlooked for chance of " seeing the Queen," but the hackmnn apjienled strongly enough to tho Treasurynnn's financial tense (urging that " ho should lose several faros" if obliged to remain there) to secure tho intervention of Mr. 1 tatt, thinks to whom, they soon went on their way rejoicing. Who ahaQ say, after this, that American Ministers and secretaries of legation are of no use ? espe cially when they know French 1 The other incident to which I alluded abovo. was tho visit whlrb, it is positively affirmed that Queen Victoria did not make to the tomb of Napslfon, alter tho review on the Champ de Mars, notwithstanding the full ami pa thetic account of it which was published in the Mimiteur. But is this the first time that this journal has exposed it eelt to being called, by way of u pun, tho Menieur Ujll cut? Ihe Evangelical Alliance closed on Saturday last a se xto* of meetings deeply interesting to the Protestant -World, hev. Dr. Baird and Kev. Dr. Patton wore among the American members of this religious congress. Tho Vitally important question of religious liberty was quite fully discussed, without let or hindrance, 1 am told, but, as 1 presume, not withiut due caution. An appeal has been addressed by the Evangelical Alliance to the Em peror of the French, the British Queen and the Sultan, n favor of religious liberty in Turkey. You will suspect that an ap|ieal of a similar kind might cot unnecessarily be made to the Emperor of the French, ia behalf of France Itself, when I inform you that a work In two volumes, entitled ?'Mystical France, a Picture of Beligious Eccentricities of the Present, " has Just been Wiled. The author, the printer and tho publisher are indicted for "having outraged und turned into derision the Catholic religion." The case will he called up day After to-morrow, before the Tribunal of the Correctional Police. I do not know if any political motive can be as cribed to this prosecution, but the author, A. Erdan, was frrtnerly imprisoned with the sons of Victor Hugo, as co editor of the Etenemeitl. He has lately been connected with La Pri ftr. The recent serious troubles at Angers are attributed mainly to the clearness of provisions? but the influence ?f the secret society, Im Marinnn <?, may have been felt in them. The raniiiications of this society all over France excite the attention ? not to sny uneasiness ? of govern ment. But her Majesty, the Queen of England, saw no thing of the interior of "the volcano" on which she and her imperial ally danced last month. FIGARO. Our Mndrld Correspondence. Madrid, Sept. 1, 1R55. Statu Quo of S/m in ? The Pnjie Unthi riral ? McmiVicn of Ptmii* f rom the PrrwincfMShrpnmei nf Stntefor Sejitem her ? Mmrvu-nli of People in the Palace ? Laugh <xt>n\U that liur.iniM of Yucatan ? CarlUt Tenth ify ? Tranquil Slerjt of Mr. Pi.tlge ? bmis Naooleon u-ith hii A 'one Swell, rl?( 'fmsjrirary in Fiuttr ill Warm's. The condition of Fpaln i? About (he nunc it ha* been for sonic weeks pant. Espartero, the chief of the liberal party, U wearing away his prestige uselessly, little by Utile, ami the impulse of the revolution is dying out by inches, because the government has not 1>een able to establish it in a stable manner and give force to the rule of law. I'verything goes on in the same state ? the ex penses ure not reduced, nor are the receipts of the go vernment increased, unless by new taxes upon the peo ple ? useless forms ami establishments continue to be tolerated ? unnecessary offices ? employes lazy .and travel ling for their pleasure ? salaried exorbitant and scan dalous in the pre cut precarious state of the treasury ? and a general overstock of dignitaries and high oilicers and useless sinecutes. It is said the Minister ol Finance is about to resolve the problem of the direct taxes, the customs, and the diminu tion of employes; but there Is no particular lensonfor believing that his Kxccllency is going to do anything, any ?lore than his predecessors. The partuans of the government overthrown in th" revolution of July, 18.V4. and the defenders of absolutism, who confided In the rupture with the Tope, may now ?bandnn the hope of a counter-revolution, or of any change for the present which will be favorable to them. The sale of the lands of the clergy, released from mortmain, gvies od rapidly throughout Spain, and with c\?n better results than were anticipated by the government. Many Mtates have been disposed of as high as three-fourth parts advance on the estimates of their value by the go vernment officers. The management of Uis Holiness, put In evidence In the independent orcsj. has done him considerable da mage. The l'o|? loses his prr-ti^e visibly, in the very country in which he most conOded. His exorbitant demands upon the credulity and pious superstition of Spain? ?<> much greater than wiist lie is content with in other countries ? have turned already against himself. The Spanish government has in this the clearest proof how much the country Is tUiposed to e> cry kind ol radical reform. l'ubllc opinion is undoubtedly for rapid progres*; but, nntortunately its realiration depends too much u;?..n the xnen who are actually at the head of public alfaii *. The Amission of the products of the new Kian or anti cipated tax Is taking place from all the provinces, and It is supposed thai ab"Ut half of the sum ? $11.IHW,000 ? will l?e taW^n voluntarily. The remainder will then be Imposed upon the great contributors or taxpiyerj, by force, according to the terms of the law. The disbursements for Septemlier amount to about ?6,100 ,000, according tc\ the estimates. I'o the royal family alone ?140,tSi0 nre paid for the month. Some officers have lie^n removed from the palace for attempting, as is allegi d. to inlluence the mind or the Queen in favor of the I'ope and against thl people. Tho Queen has put up with this pr>e?iing, iijlinso ma the interior arrangement ol tue I'alaco is completed, other officers will be dismissed, a- not oartial to the i< tnal state of things. By the flrst ol October the C ouit Is expected to return to the capital. The revolutionary efforts of Mr. Soule, who, *c under stand, Is at work now to seise Yucatan fr .m Mexico, for the purpose of establishing in that peninsula hi? encamp ment for the war he means to continue agiinst < ?ha. excite the derision of our press. That gentleman will never tie anything mure than a source of trouble t.. the country In which he lives. Tenacious and perlldious is the Oarlist party in its wild scheme. Hardly is a little chieftain at the head of a handful of followers destroyed In one |>art. when another appears in another >iuartef? and always in th? North, among the mountains. wh?-ie (hey are not easy to catch. The little columns of troops aud national militia mar -h to and tro in all directions through >ut all tliat country, and from the very |s>rs?>vi>rancc of thnsn partis ins, con stand y pursued by the Sapnish and French authorities, one is forced to believe that they are operating according ?o some vast plan, and that they have plenty of in<>Dcy. ^ 'is Is confirmed, also, by letters and important docu Ji nts taken from some captive* and by the Information i ?>e government has receive I of th. operation* ,n fivor of the so-called King, Pon Carlos V] . at Pa0, at Cayenne aud at i'aris. Tbe new* has just come in tbat ft party of the Queen'* troops bag been Hurpri-wl by tlie partisan Borgea near Jevida. at the bead or a hundred nieu, aud tbat they w?re defeated. '11:6 cholera id doe leasing. 'ihe press calumniated the American Minister when it said he vhi) cotisj ii ing for the seizure ?t Cuba. Ho H eating, sleeping and riding nut, at the Kscurial, Tery tranquilly. Between the Minister of State that we have and the Minister Plenipotentiary .hat you have Bent to me< I him, there is ample material for the most complete tranquillity between the two countries. TI.ey nay that our neighbor, Louis Vapoleon's nose swelh d ap wom'ei tally, (m Spain, when a man U disap pointed or vexed at tht failure of auy project, they ray his noso swells: something an we say that ue has a tl< a. in bin ear,) when he saw we were docided not to send Spaniards to tho Crimea. Jmt in that way It hap H ned to his uu< le also, when we turned out Joe llotttQ-i (vulgar nickname for Joseph Bonaparte la Spain) with the toes of our boot*. 'Iheie are people who gay that the nephew in capable of rending ub another Joe, ami I say ulso, we are capable of getting up another '?M of May fur his reception. We are satisfied already with the domination of French bearg and monkics, and 'ho Spanish people wish to re cjver nnd preset vo their independence at every cost. The first of October the Cortes will come together, and you may bo certuin they will vote against the expedition to the Cr itma by an overwhelming majority. The fi tends of tioneral Narvacz, supported byLooto Napoleon, are at work secretly to procure tho return at Nurvaez and act up a dictatorship, for really Napoleon hates the liberals; but all will go to pieces on the iirm rock of the populai will. Oil). What the Allied Fleet* Have Effected In the Baltic. [From the London Times, Sept. 5.] The years 18u4 and 1855 will be memorable in naval history for the two grandest illustrations of the art of lolhos that a great nation ? we are sorry to say, two great nations. ? could possibly supply. That we were wholly unprepaied, 1hat we started with no ships, no cr?ws, no stores, and no Idea of what was to be done, is not very consistent with the almost forgotten (act that on the 9th of August, 186.'!, six months before our part of tlie war began, the British nation ? that is, the Queen, l<ords, Commons, Admiralty, and everybody of any considera tion in the country ? presented to the Russian Arch duchesses, then sojourning among us, a spectacle of un paralleled magnificence in the shapo of a nival review, comprising manoeuvre .4, a general engagemont, and an action with gunboats, pronounced at the time to be a very smart affair. The sum total of the work done this year by two im mense fleets, costing how much to work and to maintain them would be difficult to exaggerate, has been confined to keeping a very few Kusslan men-of-war in harbor, cap turing seme craft with fish, salt and market goods, burn ing some storen of timber, fish and corn, firing some towns and villages with move or less success, and laying wnste the arseiial and magazines of Sweaborg. For every pennyworth of actual damage our ttoefs have done to the Russian army and navy, wc believe wo have spent a shil ling ourselves. If anybody can make out more by throw ing into the account all the boats and cottages burnt, all tho sheep carried oil", all the planks shouldered by our sailors, and striking a fair guess for all the possible mis chief done by our shells ami rockets thrown blindly among trees and outhouses, wo shail be glad tofincrcase our estimate; but we believe the proportion of damage done is much as wlien a gentleman has a fight with a coster monger, and spoils a pretty face and a five-guinea coat, without doing auy appreciable barm to the physiognomy or garments of his antagonist. And when this Is tho sta'eof the balance ? when tho operations of our fleet have lieeu generally so abortive, and apparently so child ish and mischievous, that one is po; ilively ashamed to read the uccount ? tho next intelligence is that the season is over, that nothing more is to be attempted, and tho Baltic fleet is coming home. This conclusion, indeed, was hastened, and a full month lost to the very brief season in the Baltic, by tho fact that the fleet having very early resolved to stako everything on distant bom bardments nnd vertical fire, took out just u score of 13-inch mortars, neither more nor less, capub'o of firing on the average about 230 rounds apiece. As a H inch mortar costs, dclivored, about ?125, it appears that tho great Baltic fleet, tho mero maintenance and pay of which, for tho time it has been in the Baltic, has cost not less than ?30,f)00 a day, has Issen [ brought to a standstill, reduced to utter impotence, and rendered a laughing stock to the enemy, just for want of ?'J,600. about as much as a man of taste in these days gives for three early Sevres vases. Not to go f urther back and exhume the errors of past ministries, it is now considerably more than half a year since the ordnance wag handed over to Lord Panmure, nnd he appointed his own storekeeper. We conclude that Sir Charles Wood had then only to state what be was like ly to want, and the storekeeper would have takon care to have a supply ready for him. Between that day and this it would have been possible to obtain 500 13- inch mortars properly cast nnd bored, and deposited on any snot in the hands of the allies, or delivered at any longitude or lati tude in the Black Sea or the Baltic. Yet, for the want of ?2,600 worth of iron, we liave cut short our Baltic season by at least a quarter. So the season of 1866 is consigned to the same limbo as the season of 1854. We are to be patient, and look to the season of 1656. We will be patient; but we must, nevertheless, take tlie liberty of looking forward. Is any head in the ministry who can imagine the possi bility of the fleets in the two seas doing any thing next year, and having consequently either to re pair a reverse or follow up a success? Is there anybody who ran tako some sort of provision as to what the fleets are likely to want in either of thsse emergencies, which, like a 13-inch mortar, cannot be made in a day? Let the fortunate possessor of those provident and calculating powers beset to work at once, while there is abundance of time; let his estimates be checked by the authorities concerned ; and let not October 1st pass without all the orders being given and tbe contracts made. If, as our correspondent at Kiel intimates, tho cast Iron of this country isl very bad, ate I therefore it is that our mortars have failed, let some provision be made against this, either by better iron or more mortars. Ijet us have the .00 gun and mortar boats promised by Sir Charles Wood, 10O for each sea. and relays when wanted, l^et us have treble of everything that is found by experience abso lutely necessary, and that will have to stand the brunt of the war. As for the big ships, it is clear wc h:ive enough of them. Number, not inaguitude, is the order of the day. Queen Victoria and General Canrobert. The following is an extract from a Parts letter of the 1st instant: ? Her Majesty, the Queen of England, gave every token da ring her stay with us of the admiration she entertained for the nolle array of France. Of theaenone was more graceful and gracious than her beliavolr to General Can robert, in whom her Majesty saw the representative of the army and the old generol in-chief. General Canrobert, who had only arrived the day before the entry of the Queen, was detained in his own apart ments by fatigue and fever, and was unable to accompa ny the mrUyi that went to meet and cucort her Moje t.y , nor could lie in the evening repair to St. Cloud. The Queen deigned to remark hi.s absence, and to express her regret, tin the next <lay (Sunday) the General received an invitation to din" at St. Cloud by order of the Empe ror. lie was waiting tn the drawing room with the other aides-de-camp and guests of the Emperor when the Queen entered leining on his Majesty's arm. As soon as she perceived the lieneml, she advanced towards him, and experssed to hito inthe most handsome manner, how hap py she felt in being able to tbank him for the (food under standing he had always maintained with her army, and to congratulate him on the great achievements of the French army under his command. When the guests passed to the dining room General Canrobert prepared to take his seat near the spot where he happened to be; but the Queen made him sit on her left hand. During dinner she conversed a good deal with him, and seemed eager to learn from his lips any details respecting the state ot the allied armios, and the management and probable issue of the war. 1 think I am abintestate that General Canrobert, though more alive than any one to the difficulties of the enterprise, entertains not the least doubt respecting the success of the allies before Set>a?topol. On Monday General Canrobert was Invited to the apartments of I'rince Albert at St. Cloud. He had been there some time, in conversation with the Prince about the war in the Crimea, when the Queen entered without being announced. The General prepared to le ive, but the jueen detained htm. She sat down, but aecngthat the ? It neial remained standing she graciously requested him to be seated, she then ton him that with the sanction Of his Majesty the Emperor she had conferred on him the (?tanil Cross of her Order of the Hath, as a testimo ny of her gratitudo for the services he had rendered to her army. In this Interview, which the Queen deigned to prolong, she again spoke to General Canrobert with the utmost kindness respecting the merits of his indi vidual command, and of the fine conduct of the French army. (?n the day of the Queen's departure General Canro l>ert formed part of the mrlrpr that accompanied her Majesty to the terminus of the Eastern railway. On his return he was recognized in the Faubourg St. Items, nnl received a real ovation. The enthusiasm of the people assumed such a character that an account of it wan given to theFmperor, who said "they have acted quite rtgfctl" Political Aapcct of Ilixly? lustiln? Her Power and Oppression. [From the I.ondon News, Sept. 6.] What we most fear for Italy 1- a premature explosion The Mate > f ti e l enlii.-iila most, Indeed, be intolerable to every right minted Italian. With tlio Insolent ind brutal military <>| prcsslon of Austria in the north; with the mad. fantastic misrule of the King of N'nples in the south; and with the imbecility ol the i'apal government in the eci le. it I- .irccly p<? sil>le to endure mil -'i long er. still, 'he blighted hopes of the great movement which lieran in 1R47 ought to teach the Italian patriot* caution. When l'io None ascended the I'apal throne, the reformers of Italy, ( is contradistinguished from the revolutionists) were lua.-'ei of the Held. Inthe States of the Church, and in . i < r.t, ll.ev we.e laying nrely the fo in I I'lon of great improvements. Their example was followed In many of toe minor Sutes The sen-e of a Com mm na tionality ?as revived and strengthened by this com muni ty of purpose ; anil an Italian Customs Union, and even a federation of Italian States, begin to be talked of. So far nil went well. Hut then came the scientific meeting at Genoa ? at which more politics than science was discussed ? and the heating of men's minds by eloquent declamation. Thcbnating out of disturb ances in Sicily excited a contagions spirit In I<omba;dy and the Venetian teriitory. Ttie French revolution of 18-iH tired by Its example; the movements In Germany and Hungary, by distracting the attention of Austria en courage ! to immediate ..ctlon. All Italy rose In arms. Time bad not been allowed to concert combined action on the | art of the people, or to ascertain how far the I'rlnecs eo?M be trusted. Delusive hopes were built lipou the expectation of aid from France anil England. The conse qui was. that the Poland the Neapolitan and Tuscan governments rlrew back at the most critical moment; that dissensions broke out between the monarchical and re publican parties; that F.ngland stood aloof; and that France made common cause with the Pope. Among the reports that are now dally pouring in from Italy, there are -nine that ap|>ear to render It expedient to ti viv' tl < se rer. lleriions in the mln 1* of the Italians. In the Two Sicilies h> j** appear to be built npon alleged misunderstandings i-et we> n the French and \?apo|iun governments an I the provocations offered tn the > ngii-h Onbassy at Naples by the latter. The obvi >us anxiety J of the Austrian* in Liombardy n attribute! t > a popular excitement awakened by rumors of the statu of *.iair-* at Naples. lo short, there is too much i eason to fear that the Italians may again allow themselves to be precipi tated into premature action, by vlii ins of foreign inter vention. fcow, the truth cannot be too earnestly im pressed upon them, that their independence, their cman cipntion, niLi 1 mainly, and above all at tho Outset, -be achieved by thoir own efforts. Franco has a - ye' given no sign : and, 'f It bad, what benefit ban Italian liberty derived from the French occupations of Ancona and Route f 1 be Jnon omut (edited by a member of the pi went Bngli h ministiy), and the Times (reconsiled to the Pahnen'ou Cabinet tiare the accession of Mr. U>we to office), appi*ar, Indeed, to bo intent upor blowing the coaK of Italian Ui content.. Hut what was Italian liberty houellttc 1 by 'he t pcclous sympathy of Lord Alinto's rauMiott ? If the lift ? ians, under the stimulus of spontaneous emotion and ?elf-tonned resolve, can combine among themselves, and make good their ground for some tlnm against Austria and their indigenous tyrants, France and England will probably offer their good oflieos to stay the effusion ?l blord by insisting upon the recognition of Italian inde pendence and liberty ; and such an offer, if made Upon teims consistent with the integrity ol Italy, may be honorably accepted by her. Hut no country or people who do not show themselves strong enough to Ik- worth onciliaiing, can rely upon the sincere and effective gj'?l elliceN of foreign govern nenfs. Now, there are symptoms in tho present state of Italian and European polities that warrant a confident hope that, if Italians combine re.-olution with caution, the time is near at band when they may stiike an effective blow for their liberties. Tho resources ol tho Peninsula are gi eater than lias been generally imagined. In thc-e days a disciplined standing army is indispensable to the assertion of the independence >?f nations. A fatal mistake has been engendered by tho victories of the earlier revo lutionary at inies of France. It has been imagined tHat theso armies were composed exclusively of enthusiastic volunteers, new to armies. The facts are ovoi looked that a la rge proportion of the old French army had f atemiied with the people ; that the revolutionary armies were or ganized upon the framework of the army of the monar chy; that most of the goner 11 Is, who are said to have risen from the ranks, had in fact been trained iu the military schools, ard entered the army as privates, with a view to push their way by dint of talents and knowledge. Keeping t.hen> facts in view, it is im possible, in calculating the chances of the next movement of tho Italian patriots, to overlook the admi rable Sardinian army. That is a nucleus upon which an Italian army could easily be formed.' There U another Consideration that ought not to be overlooked. When the emancipation of a people Is achieved by an army, that army is apt to insist upon governing. The General who possesses its confidence to tho greatest extent is apt to assume the supreme power. This was the case in Ftigland in the seventeenth, and in France in tho eighteenth century^ Now, the Picdmontese army is officered by nicn who have lieen accustomed to submit to a constitutional sovereign. We do not shut our eyes to the fact that tf the King or Piedmont were to succeed In establishing the liberty of Italy, he would, in all probability, insist upon being recognized as King of Italy. And we do not hesitate to avow our opiuion that <he Italians would lie who to accept his cham pionship upon such terms. There are no doubt re publican traditions in Home, Venice, ami a i??f other Italian cities; but the great bulk of the Italian peoplo have been accustomed to the rule of princes and to detercnce for an hereditary nobility. In the actual stato of public opinion in Italy, an Italian republic appears to us to be an Impossibility. The attempt to establish one would either superinduce anarchy that woul l expos? Italy to be reconquered hy the foreigner, or would oblige her to purchase national independence by submission to a military despot. The condition of England proves that the existence of a constitutional monarchy is compatible with as ample liberties for the citizen as can exist in a republic. And the dynasty of I iedmont has proved that it can respect and conform to tho restrictions imposed upon a constitutional monarch. On those grounis we hold that It would be the wisest policy of the Kalian fatriots to aim at tho incorporation of tho whole of the enin rln ? or, at least, of the whole of tho Peninsula north of the Neapolitan frontier ? with tho territories of the Pubalpino King. I!y this means Italy might bid de. fiance to Austria, which is involved in financial diflicul ties, and threatened by troubles in other quarters; anil without the suppojt ol' Austria, tlio minor princes of Italy aie powerless. The Dnnlxli Sonnil Dae*. POSITION OF TDK TAKTIKH INTERESTED. [Paris (Sepf. 6) Correspondence of Manchester Guardian.] One or the very interesting questions of this present moment, is the position of Pcnmark, internal and ex ternai? its position as regards the roorganl lation of its internal government, and its position as regards the diffi cult (juegiinn of the payment of the Sound dues, at this moment resisted by the government of the United States. 'I he l'aris papers have liocn for the last two or three days much preoccupied with this, and in the Dettati of this morning, there Is an article, the substance of which is too remarkable to admit of my not analysing it for your readers. I give precedence, therefore, to the internal situation of the country, and will afterwards cursorily examine how Denmark stands in regard to America and the payment of the Sound dues ? a question likely, per haps in the long run, to bear upon the various complica tions ol the existing war. In the first place, according to the Jmrnal <lex DcMt, it is very premature to announce, as the official papers here have dune, the definitive rosults of the deliberations of the Diet upon the constitution; those results fceing, in fact, but relative ones, and exposed to modification* by the number and variety of shades of parties in the nation. The Omittiutumnd had been, it would seem, in rather too great a hurry to proclaim that Iienmark had ac oepted absolutism as the future form of its government Jt is probable that the matter wiil I>e discussed again mor than once before sueli a result becomes definitive. Bat now how are to be classed the various political parties li Denmark)' There uie reven. Tho first and most impor tant is the so-called Kyder party ; the one held asth - national party /xir rxctllatcr, and which counts amon| it. members the greater portion of the eminent men of th ' country. This party opposes all idea of the Danish king dom extending beyond pure Danl-h limits: It would boun ! these to the south by the Kyder, and In the moat forma Way rets its face atrainst ar.y commixture of the German element with itself, excluding, conseq iiently. the duchies, as i hey are termed, namely, l-aiienlmrg. Holstein, kc.. entirely from its community. This party has all along held tho union with these duchies as a permanent cause of embarrassment for Denmark, and a cause of danger to public freedom and national privil' go*. as tho accredited champion of which It stands Ostensibly forth. Th? second party entitles itself the friends of the pea santry, meiely because its war cry is the liberation of the soil, they change in the tenure of farm lands. This Is the democratic party, aud naturally is composed ol nearly all the lower orders, peasants and w orkpeople of all sorts. This pnrty is numerically very strong and well organized. Its adherents are In every village down to the smallest localities. Next comes the absolutist party, which needs no de scription, its tendencies lieing everywhere the same. The 1.0-called "German" |mrtie< are three in number; one devoted to the interests of I-auenburg, one to those of Holstein, and one to those of the Get man population of Sehietwlg. It must be remarked that, wrlth very lew exceptions, the interests of these three parties are dia niet i ically opposed to tho Danish interests. We may see here six parties, but there is yet a seventh t,, enmc? the Scandinavian one. of this the Jwmial <h.< Drlxtt* makes. I suspect, somewhat too light. It speaks of its " recent origin and slight consistence." Now ' this is somewhat exaggerated. In the llrst place, it has been writing and preaching for the last thirty years at least, and I, for my own pari, can affirm that, for the last ten. every fifth book you took up in no ma'ter what bookseller's shop at U'ipsic, Bremen, Fruikforf, Berlin or Hamburg, was likely to be a ponderous treatise in one, two or three octaves of 6<K) pages, ujon the sub ject ot "l'anscnndinavism " 1 do not mean to say thai the question of the reunion upon one head of the three northern crowns, Sweden, Denmark and Norway. as in the case of the great Queen Margaret, daughter or Walde niar, in 1367, is a question for which the l>anes will ligh?., or make any vast collective manifestation, but It is a question that lies at their heart of hearts; and the re verse of what says the Jmirnal rlrt ZM ii?, it is not a Swedish or a Norwegian idea, but eminently a Danish one; the dteam of political greatness of tho clever men of Co perliagen; and I use this expression because it is a fact admitted on all hands, that as a centie of intelligence Copenhagen is, in tact, the capital of the whole Sc a- 'I navian peninsula and is as superior to the rest as l'.i ' is or I/ondon may be said to he to Madrid. Now, says tiie JhlaU, justly enough, a 1 these parties have, in fact so weighed against the new constitution, thr.t the council of the rea'm has been only able to adopt it by aid of such reserves as in reality are equivalent to a protestation. Ihere are evident reasons for this, which a fow wonls will show. The Fyder party Is opposed to the new constitution, because it persists (1 Mean the Fyder party) In reclaim log a separation from the ductile*: but the Kyder party here joins with the peasant party, because the mad project, in fact, restores absolutism, aud confers, ia certain coses, dictatorial power on the ministers. ??n the ether hand, the < orman parties opt.ose It, because their duchies are insufficiently represented In the council of the realm. In truth, you will observe that in this council, formed of 80 member* Holstein >?ly mimesis. Schlcwig l;t, and I jiiienberg two; the tires together coming to ;i3, whilst Iienmark counts 47 de puties 1 The absolutist pirty even. wBo, one Woal I think, ought to he satisfied. I* not so. nod says the lew project is nof a sufficiently national one. Nor is this all in tin may of complication. Be?i|cs objections to the constitution as a whole, strong objec tion* are made to the electoral law which is iti ftectm puniment. What is this las A council oT the re Jin is composed of 80 deputies, as I said before ; the King names ^0. the diet ; 0. the other thirty may l? ch<*en among the electors; hut to the elector, the payment o laves to the amount of .".oof, or the enjoyment of an in ci me ot ;;,Gt<Uf. must he p oved. Kememlver that thu is to take place in a country which has till now practfced univei sal snlltage Middenlv, therefore, tho new p Jed would reduce thr electoral rights of the pr q.Ie to h tare tori let h of what they now are ' 'flie Diet convoked on the Ilfh of last month ?# to pronounce en the point- above mentioned; and th-tev cons itution will only become tha' ol the n ilm 4i n ?be legislative body shall have ratified It tor the tilrd time. lhe Immense majority of the present Met Is complse 1 ot the Kyder party ..nil the parly, and if-* first nets have l-een acts of opposition. Its Pre-ddent mid Vice-President* have been chosen the ultra prof es sistojinion. and one of the latter Is that very U?tiop Mi nrad who framed the I anlsh charter, and was palish ed for his psti iotic 7Cal by the loss of his bishoprics .1 1 a land and ialsteln. Here thi n we have a slight st-tch of the Dnnlah International embarrassments; leij co exist cut wl'h them is the American complication iti of dooi? a complication which may end by giving /'? "fnrlt and h<r tcanilinarian nn<ikl*ir* lo t'? a* alfir*. an tff' i n/j Amn-irn to mil If common crtu-' u-iih lb C:ar. [I ari?(Scpt. a) Correspondence of I<omlon Tlmwl It was menti oned the other day In the Intlipfjl- nrt. /;, /, r that the IHrnish government hail applied to ranee to enter into the alliance against Ru??U. on coiflitlon tha' it should lie protected against the I'nlted Sties of Amcr c*. in the event of unpleasant consequences result tng from the dispute about tne passage of the Hoind. I am assured that the whole statement Is Incotrott. No such demand ha* been made. Denmark will probably follow the jolicy of Sweden, and the svmpathiif ol -we den arc declared to be with lhe allies, but a g?ol deal is M j done before either can openly do" are Uerselt, If erer the lime come for them to do ho. [From a Hamburg letter, Aug. 27.] Bince the United States of Africa have officially an niuiicid to Ileumuik that at the expiration of thulr treaty of con. nierco iheir sliips would refuse to pay tho Bound due*, the question of the legitime y of a duty of the mine kind levied by Hanover upon all mer:liantm?n which pass at Blade in going out of tho sea to on er iu one of the ports of the Kibe, bus been agitated in different quarters. According to a correspondent, several newspapers hue stated that an Anertcau ship, boum' to Hamburg, had already refused to show its hill* of lading at the Ha I noverlan teoeiver'i oflice in t-tade; tliut this ve^ol had gone forward without paying the due < : and that se\ erai cannon shots had been tired upon her from tlie etui tottery. . The fact Is that the master of an American merchant man entering in the Elbe, and not aware of the eitab In-lied tolls, had not delivered at the Hanoverian office of Btodo the manifesto of the goods which he had on board, the dues of which are levied ac ording to tlie Hanoverian tuiilf. The captain, however, when hu entered the port 01 Hamburg, hastened to send the manifesto to the office of Staile, t.nd the lolls have been paid. In 1844, d( legales ot all the Orinan Btatoa bordering on the Elue, assembled at Dresden to regulate tho duties to be levied in future upon the merchantmen which should navigate upon the < iver, across tho territory of either of iho^o States; those dutiei which wore differen tial anterior to 1844, have since beea equalized and no tably reduced in view o. favoring the interior navigation. Hanover, which was rep esented at the Congress ot Dres den, has approved the treaty and lias bound itself n'>l to fnvor any nation in the regulation of the duties levied at Blade. Those duties are considerable, and bring annually a large amount to ihe Hanoverian government. France and 1 ngiand, which import large quantities of goods in the ports ol Hamburg and Altona, pay the largest share of these duties. England has several time-t made repre sentations against their collection; the political compli cations which have arisen In Europe since 1848 have prevented any results. But tlie complaints of the British thlp owners having become more pressing and mure general, the Cabinet was renewing its proteits to tlie Hanoverian governme it, when the Eastern war occurred ?ml prevented any further action. The question of the right of Hanover to collect these tolls, is perhaps more interesting to all maritime nations than that relative to I the Bound dues. Obituary. DEATH OF FEAROUH O'CONNOR. The London /Hominy Pout, of September 3d, says: ? This gentleman, so well known to the public fur many years in connection with his singular and deplorable de lusions about land schemes and the rights of labor, dlo I on Thursday last. Iu 1863 Mr. O'Connor win declared, by a commission <lc luna/ico inquireruli to be of unsound mind, and by the kind interfet ence of a few friends, he was placed with l>r. Tuke, of Manor House, Chiswiek. It apjenrs, however, that Miss O'Connor, the sister of the deceased, took some objection to hi* remaining in Dr. Tuke's establishment, and about a week ug'>, accompa nied by some friends, she proceeded to the asylum and effected his removal. Mr. Feargus O'Connor was born in 1706, at l'argnn Castle, county Meatli, and was the second son of Mr. Roger O'Connor, of O'Connorville, liintry, and who became subsequently tho last tenant of Dargan, the celebrated seat of the Welletdey family. The deceas ed was a member of the Irish bar, and was well kuowu as tlie editor and proj t ietor of a now defunct newspaper called the Northern s tar . lie sat for Cork county from 1832 to 18.', ft, and, al ter a general election, was unseated on petition. In 18;I6 he unsuccessfully contested Old hum. He suffered at least a dozen governmont prosecu tions for seditious speaking, and will bo remembered in connection with the Chartist disturbances of 1848. He was returued for Nottingham iu 1847. Market*. LONDON MONEY MARKET. FElTTjiitKit 7 ? Twei.vk o'Clock Noon. ? There was great steadiness in the English Mock market to-day. with an improving tendency, consequent upon the imprei-don, generally entertained, that the present advance in the rate ol interest by the Bank may suffice to meet the busi ness wants until tho termination of the year. Consols opening at about the current ratei of last evening, were soon alter quoted at the advanced prices of 90.4U a 90# for money, and a 91 for the l'Jth October. Two o'clock, P. M. ? The English Funds are not quite so buoyant. Consols after bargains at 90% for money, and r0 % for time arc now quoted at 90 3^ a 90 for pre sent transfer, and 90*,, a 90V for the lv'th of October. New 3 per cents wero llrst dealt in at 92^. and are now 9- . in Exchequer Bonds there were some transfers at 100?*. ? FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. MONEY MARKET. Thursday, Sept. 20 ? 6 P. M. There was a very active market this morning. Prices were not bo well sustained, but the specula tive movement continued with nnabated spirit. At the first board to-day more than four thousand shares of Erie were sold, opening at 564, closing at 562 > cash. There is probably a more powerful combination formed to carry this stock up than ever existed in it before. The street has already absorb ed an immense amount of stock, and buyers appear to be as hungry as ever. Reading continues about the same. Chicago and Rock Island is taken out of the market in small lots of about fifty shares each, and going into hands for permanent invest ment. That is the only legitimate way to ab sorb stock. Those who get this stock at current rates, will not live long enough to regret it, if they look to a steadily increasing income on the capital invested. Galena and Chicago was steady at 120 per cent. Nicaragua Transit closed firm at our quotations. We understand that the passenger and freight list of the company's steamer which left port to-day amounted to more than one hundred thousand dollars. Harlem was sold at lower prices. The Court of Common Picas rendered a verdict against the company to-day for $27,153 47, in the suit of Drake for'a loan made to Kyle, the compa ny's agent. A report of the case will be found in another column. The variations in prices at the first board to day were as follows: ? Erie bonds de clined 4 per cent; Illinois Central bonds, J; Nicara gua, 1; Eric, J; Michigan Central, j; Michigan Southern, 4; Cleveland and Toledo, 4; Chicago and Rock Island, $; Harlem, J. Brunswick advanced J per cent; Pennsylvania Coal, 4; Harlem Rail road, j. After the adjournment of the board the following sales of bonds and stocks were rnude at auction by Albert H. Nicolay: ? >2.000 Flushing H. R. 1st mortgage 7'* and int. 70'^ ?4('i0 Two 7 per cent bonds of tue St. Cluir K. I{. and Con! OomfUff and int.$'10."> $6,<00 l.ouisviHe k I'oitland K. R. 1st int. 6's, do. ...69'^ $6,000 New York and Harlem It. R. 1st mt. 7' a, do. . 89 $4,000 Chicago and Rook bland R. R. 1st mt. 7's, do.99 47 dwrM Morris and Essex H. R 97 % 6 do. St. Nicholas Rank 98 New York and Harlem Railroad deferred interest war rants an follows: ? $70 00 due January 1, 1853 ' S3 10 duo July 1, 185.T 35 00 due January 1 . 1854. afi 00 due July 1. 1864 85 00 due January 1, 1865 35 00 due July 1, 1855 50 ahares Knickerbocker Stage Co 81 60 do. American Oal Co., of AUegbany Co $7 At the second board the market for some stocks was a little heavy. Illinois Central bonds fell off 4 percent; Galena, J; Hudson River, J. Michigan Southern Railroad advanced 4 per cent; Harlem, 4; Brunswick, I. There was not mnch activity. The Assistant Treasurer reports to-day as fol lows: ? Raid on Treasury account $87,714 0.'i Received on rreasury account.,., 97,670 00 Ralance on Treasury account 8,888.353 31 I'afd for Assay office 6,850 59 Raid on disbursing chocks 31,068 72 The warrants entered at the Treasury Depart ment, Washington, on the 18th of September, were as follows: ? For the redemption of stock* $tl 217 77 For tbo Treasury Department 28,051 46 For the Icteiior Department 40,094 81 For the Customs 13. .(32 7(1 War warrants received anil entered Hi*. 137 17 War repay warrants received and entered 69,.'ld2 17 From miscellaneous sources 51 45 From lands 71 60 The Shoe and I)eather Bank has declared a semi annual dividend of four per cent. The Chicago and Rock Island Railroad Company have declared a semi annual dividend of five per cent, payable on the 10th of Octo!?er. The return from the Rank of England for the week ending the 1st September, gives the following re sults when compared with the previous week: ? | Public deposit* ?7,957.069 Inerease, ?206,111 other deposits 11,098,018 increase, 676,811 Rest..., 3,628,728 Increase, ; >01,37 4 On the otjier fide of the account: ? Government securities. . .?18,061,088 Increase, ?26,924 Notes unemployed 8,208,883 Dtcreane, 411,170 Other securities 15,691,986 Increase. 000,768 The amount of notes in circulation is ?20,104,630, being an increase of ?62,415; and the stock of bul lion in both departments in ?14, 03!), 118, showing a decrease of ?606,fifl9, when compared with the pre ceding return. It has been offic ially announce that the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad Company will pay on the 10th of October a semi-annual dividend of five per rent. This fact must he decidedly satisfactory to every stock holder who looks to |>ennanent value and pro ductiveness in his investment. The net earn ings of the company on the 1st of October, for tho six months ending that day, will be equal to ten per cent on its capital. It divides five and re serves the balance for gene nil depreciation, contin gencies, Ac. This in tho aouudest, safest policy to pursue, and we have a RuaranU e in the character of tlie men who manage the ali'uiiu of the Chicago and Rock Island Iiailroad Company that it will l>e strict ly adhered to. We trust the example set by thin aud the Galena and Chicago, in this particular, if in no other, will be followed 1 y other companies. This in the policy we have alwuj h advocated and in sisted upon, and we will ne\er concede the not earnings as stated by any railroad company to bo correct until it can show that it has reserved a sufficient sum, over aud above its current ope rating expenses, to cover its average depre ciation and provide for extraordinary coi.tir.? gencies. There are Tour roads in the country that do this, and the stor k of each will command a premium long after all others have sunk to the lowest points in the list of fancies. In these companies, where the future has been amply provided for, we note it with the greatest pleasure, as we have not hesitated to condemn the contrary policy in other roads. The contrast between the Chicago nnjl Rot k Island Railroad and the Cleveland and Toledo, is peculiarly striking, and we hope it will be observed by every holder of stock in each. While the former earns ten per cent and divides but live, the Litter earns but two and a half aud divides four. It is possible that some of those interested in Cleveland and Toledo ? those who hold the stock at present prices and pre fer it, at 86 a 87 per cent, to Chicago and Rock Island at 102? a 103? think that it is a poor rule that will not work both ways, and do not stop to inquire which is the best. Let us see if the statement made relative to the net earnings and dividends of each of these compauies, is not a "gross falsehood." We do not wish to annoy our contemporaries with any inaccuracies, and have, therefore, carefully revised our figures: ? Chic \auo and Rock Island Railroad. Gross earnings, mx month* ending Oct. 1, 1855, (i-ept. estimator! $150, (tCO) $721,061 Running expenses 60 jier cent $300,786 Interest ou debt 70.000 l ease Bureau Valley Uoad 62,500 >'et earnings, six months $228,27rt Surplus alter paying April dividend 93,000 Equal to 10 per cent on tho capital stuck $321,276 October dividend, f.ay 6 per cent on $3,260,000... 162.600 Surplus Oct. 1, 1855 $158,770 and Toi.roo Rails run. Gross earnings, six months endli % Oct. 1, 1855, (Pent, e tinned $65,000) $".'.18,530 Running expenses, 66 percent ....$210,191 Inter est on bonded debt 122,500 Mnfcing fund, six months 17,500 Floating debt, financiering, fce 20,000 370,191 Net earnings, six months $10,339 Surplus claimed after paying la?t dividend (after charging $105,000 interest on bonds to construc tion account) 61,000 E<|Ual to 2>4 per cent on capital stock $70,"~>9 October dividend, .- ay 4 per cent on $3,000,000... 120,000 Teficiency, Oct. 1, 1865 $49,661 These results are perfectly overwhelming. There cannot be, in the minds of all sane and sensible men, but one conclusion. If the Chicago and Rock Island is worth but 103 per cent, Cleveland and To ledo cannot surely be worth 8t5 per cent. Look at both stocks as investments, which is the only true light for outsiders to consider them, and there can be but one opinion. We have not in the above exhi bit compared the cost or capital of each road. We here give it, to remove all doubts, if any still exist, regarding the comparative value of the securities: ? Cleveland and Toledo? Capital stock. $:i, 000, 000 lionded debt. 8,600,000 Float g debt . '.00 000 $6,700,000 Chicago & Rock Iil'd ? Capital stock. $3, 260.000 Bonded debt. 2,000,000 6,260,000 DMTercncc in favor of Chicago & Rock Ial'd .$1,450,000 Tie Chicago and Bock Island in a finished, com pleted road, and its construction account cloecd. All extraordinary expenses of every kind are pro vided for in its largo surplus. The Cleveland and Toledo is an unfinished road, and its construction account is not closed, but, on the contrary, is rapidly increasing. It has a large floating debt, and that is also rapidly increasing. The above table of receipts so clearly shows the actual productiveness of each company, that any further comment is unnecessary. It appears strange to us, in the face of such undeniable facts, that any mun outside of the speculative cliques of Wall street can be induced to hold Cleveland and Toledo stock at anything like its current pricc. It is well known in the street bow the market value of the stock is sustained, and it is also expected by those who have the most experience in these things, "that a fall of three, four or five per cent may take place any day. The stock is sustained by the heavy pur chases of speculators, and they are nearly loaded down with it. We have a strong desire to save, if possible, those who were induced, by the declaration of unearned dividends and doctored reports, to pur chase at high prices ; and the only way for them to get out without heavy loss is to sell while specula, tors are compelled to buy, with the hope of getting out themselves before the grand bubble burst". By-and-by the cry will be, "lauve qui petit." stock Euluuifr. Tih rmut, Sept. 20, 1855 85000 dbio fi>, TO.. lOM^ 20C0 Erie bd* of '71. 83 1W CO HudR?ktmtb*.c 76 60C0 in Cin BR b<l*. COCO do 86*-? 6000 do . . ,b?;0 H6\' 7000 111 F bs with pr 8(1 1000 N York Cen UN 51)4 1( 00 N York Cen 7'? 104 10 phatik of America 114% 20 Ocean Bonk 8(> 4C0 Nic Transit Co. .c l!>'-? 1(0 do *10 10 s, 100 do. hi, Oaf 10 ICO do. *30 of 10 ?WClim Coal Co.... 200 *hi Krie KK. M 880 300 50 200 100 50 800 , . M bJO 1.10 h'H) bLO ISO 100 10O 20 ?.00 10O do, do do do do do I >30 6 I!ump.? cCoal Co. '.'CO Brunrl ityl andCo 100 do 100 Cnrd'r (.old Mine 4f0 Ward Coal Co . . . lfO Canton Co .. . ,b3 bun byo 19, *4 l??i 27 27 !4 21 X 27 27',' n a 10 5 <4 6*{ l!? I y, -r,X 2ft Harlem Rll . m do.... 235 Panama RR. , tioo Reading UK. 10O do .... 660 200 400 880 coo do. do do. do . do l>3 ?>'?0 beo 80 X 5H1 66) fill .'a B?> 5.H 26X 26) 107 88* 86 99 *3o ?5 Oft 43 4:1 43U 100 t'fnn Coal Co.b30 1021 160 do. !0 do. ISO Eric BR . , 1. fO 600 181 100 loo . *00 ? lifO bio 102*4 102 V 60^ 66)4 86*4 66% r.?H ft 7 66* 200 Hud Kiv Kit .slo 110 do 100 do.... biiO 100 Mich Cen RR blO loo' 20 do mx 100 Mic So Az N In RK 101 V 80 do boO 108V 80 do btJO loa' 6 Cl( vc, C A; Cin . . 109 62 flat k ChiRR... 120 200 Cleve & Tola RK . Hrtv 20 do 86 100 do bSO 8C,)4 SO d<? *30 86 SO Chi ft U l-i RR sflO 108 do . do. do. do. b30 103U . .. 103 102? was bl SECOND BOARD. *U>ro 111 On RRb.!.?. 8.1 14 650 Reading RR. 16000 do 100 xlis Nic. Tr Co. *60 loo do WO .'0 do blO 60" Cum Coal Co.b.'O 200 do n 60 2ft Panama RK 1( 0 I'runst ityl jtndCo 10O do 1,60 7o Cnl fc Chi BR.... 20 Mich Po*V la KK 102 W 60 Haitan RR T 8rt 1!'? 20 1914 27 ' - 27 107 Vi 119)4 SO Hud River KR. a.1 k60 ftO 100 700 300 50 ft 100 100 do. do . do do. d... do. do. do. . blO . b'fl . *60 . h60 . .*3 96 Oft 42 ft Mi, ?AV ftfU? ft'' J4 5> V 86 iv 56 "J CITY TRADE RKPORT. Tin rshat, Sept. 20 ? 6 P. M. AfiiEP ? The falea embraced 40 a SO bbl*., withou cKirgi in price*. BKh?'.r*Ti ns. ? Flour ? Tlie maiket **< firmer and more actl?e. "llio nilea embroced about 10,000 a 11 000 bbl?.. including ninimi n and straight State. ?t $7 87 a $H. and t8 a f 8 26 for extra grade* of do. Western mid at fs a ?8 "7 for (rood to common extra*. Included in the sihs were considerable lota of State brand*, deliverable next wiek, at ?!". Canadian wo* In better demand, with *ile? of aboat SCO a COO bbb. at *8 a $0 25 for ?u|?'rflnc to ex tip Southern sold to a fair extent (about 800 n "00 bbl?.) a' ?8 a $9 62 for food to fancy and extra brand*, l ie floor was steady at $.*> ,10 n 8<> '-ft. IVirnmnal was nncbarged. Wheat? The market for all of good tmind .|??lity wa* flimer. and eloMd at 2 a .1 cent* |>er hu-tliol a<lranee, with a good export demand. The -ale^ em braced abotit 2ft.0t?0 a >i0,0o0 bushel*, includinfr lair to prime Southern red at 81 80 a |1 (ty. ?,?) 82 04 a 82 10 for (rood Id prime Southern white The Mile* al*o included (time re- 1 We-tern of fair ?juality at 81 SO a 81 86. Corn? The mi lea embraced about 40 0< 0 a 6O.OCO buahal* Wenlem mixed, novtly ?t H7c. 'a 87)JC.; the transaction* included parrel* for cxjk. t. lire wa* be'ter, with Kale, of 8 (.00 a 10,000 bushels at fij* a II 20. Oat* were in fair demand without change' in ptkn*. fUSMM Ct Tho markrt wag utendj with xoIf? SCO lag* Wo at 11 )?c. ; ?0 do. Sa van ilia atlO^c. ; small lot* Jamaica at 11 ,^c, and 400 do. I-aguayra triage ox] private term-. Ctxiof ? lhct?ln' *nii onflned t<i about 600 bale.'*, about i re-l'atf M which weie taken by -pinnsrs. Tho mutket war* umet'led. H> Mera Btood out Tor previous rates without Gndiug purchasers, and the market closed ?lull. Kbbgcif Rerm t? Liverpool and London wa* mu?li reduced while there was a good (.hipping demand, with n:< r? doing. To the former j'ort. about 26,000 a oO.OOO b(,.<hels ol grain wi rc 1: en, about three-fourths ol which, w;ts win at. at ?d. in chip' < bog#, and a portion of wheat wa- ttiUcu liv the broatlnaoght clipper ship at 9){d.,and about 2 COO bbl*. flout at 2s 64. a 2d. Od. Cotton wis afc 0-lt'd. a Jfd. atked. To London, about 8,500 bbl*. flour were ci.jiiig' d at 3 s. ? <1. , find 500 bbU. oil eake at 3a. ?<!., and lto t. uh do. at 37*. 'd. At the close 4(J?. was de manded lor oil -ake. A u'&sel of about 000 ton* wm chartered io h ad w.tlt oil eake for London at ?1,700, and negotiation* wei e on foot for another at about ?1,500. To Havre, flour wan engaged at 75c. , grain at 15c. and eotton at %c. To Bremen, heavy goods were engaged at 35*., and measurement guol.- at 26*. Hate* toCalilornia were without ehange. ? there was m< re activity owing to increased re < elpis. and gome n rice i ion in price*. Leather continued to tell it odtraiel; at iiliou' hi t week'* quotations. Hay was steady at 70c. a 75 c. Jk'in !-<'otch | ig ruled at about $37 a >37 50. I-K/D.? The market was firmer, on account of the 'orcifin news, with tales of about 200 pig* Spanish at C)ic , which wa- an advance. 1 die. ? f-aies of coinm< n were made at 95c., and lump lit 'Ac. Molapw. ? The market ?a* firm, with *maii sales at nil prices, inciu'ling : 5 bhls. New Orleans at 38e. Naval Mi hi*.? 4-niall sale* of spirits turpentine wera made at 47c. I'BOVIFIOnS. ? Pork ? The market was easier, with mode rate transaction*. i-iilo* of 260 bbls., deilveraido within a mi nth, buyer'* option, were made at $22 25, and 100 i'o., i.n the (pot, ai $'.2 12}?. Prime was at $21 37 a $21 fO. Beef w as steady, with saie*of 100 a 200 bbls.. with* out ehange in prices. l.aril wan unchangel, with sales of : 00 bids, at llj?c. a 12c. Butter wau .steady, whila cheese was in fair demand at O^c. a 10c. 1!kk was quiet, and sale* unimportant. Sin b- ? :.fi0 mat* cassia were sold at 30c., and 500 lbs. nutmegs at B2^c. Sugars There wa* some bettor feeling in tho trade, while the sale-, of Cuba were coniined to about 400 hhd*. at 7>a'c. a 8c., and 50 do. New Orleans at T}$c., and 000' boxes brown Havana at 0>?c. "W HtPKKV. ? The market was Armor, with sale* of 300 a ?100 bbl*., including Ohio at 40%c. and State prison at 41c. JJfFRTISKMKim RENKWE1 STEKT MI. VlNA-NClAJb. <&t?nn nnn -money to loan on diamond?, ipUUU.UvU, watches. jowclry, dry goods, sugars, in., or bought for c.inh; stock*, note*, mortgages, .to., negotiated. Business conftdotliil nod prompt, liy THOMPSON .t CO., bro kers ami commission merchant*, 101 Nassau street, corner ot Aun, room No. 2, second floor. <^^^7 nnn T(> LOAN? ONWATCHM, DIAMONDS. I t\ >yj jewelry, segars, and every dencription i* valuable property , or bought for cash, by J()S, B. 1SA.AO, basement ollirn, 11 Chambers Ntreet, from 9 till ij. Buslnesn prompt anil confidential. Old gold and silver bought. N. B. ? No bufdncs* transacted on Saturday, <?i7 1 nnn T0 WAN, AT 7 per cent, ON BOND iPl T,UUv and mortgage, on Improved or first eltisu unimproved real estate In this city or Brooklyn, In sums from il.DOfi lo $15,000. Ali o, $4P,000 to invest tn ino purchase ot mortgage*. Also, llvo small sums of $600. toGO, $7W, (800, J'JOO. Apply to J. K. COOK, Jr,, No. 6 Wall St., olUcu 11. <fc 1 n nnn TO WAN ON DIAMONDS, WATCHES, if)":! U.U" 'U jewelry, dry goods, und every description of property. In large or small amounts; entirely djderentui other oflices. The full value advanced If require I. or bought out lur j etish. Apply to59H Houston street, one block fromBioadway. Business piompt und confidential. H, MYERS, Agent, <jttin nnn To wan, on oood stocks, fori vXvivvv abort period* In ?tuna to rait Also, mining I and mauufocturing slocks '.'ought and sold on commission. W. h. HA8KIN8, 34% Pine street, room No. L dtrnn ?WANTED. A FEW ENTERPRISING BtJSI ness meri with thlH amouni, to engarn In an exclu sive agency buf inessln Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Ac., of a new und highly Important article, which must bo used by I all business men ill pay from $300 to $600 per month. Ap ply from 10 to 1 o'clock, at 221) Broadway, office 8. At sight, valuables, merchandise, seouri ties, and property of value advanced upon In sums to I suit; nl.-o, Northern, haste rn , Western, Southern and European I bank notes, foreign gold, s'ilver, gold dust, Ac., bought at lies) | rutes, at the Specie and Bank ,Noie office, 4fi2 Broadway, op poMte Pacific Bank. JOHN UQQPE * ADAMS. ANT AMOUNT OF CASH LOANED, OR PURCHASED] at sight, for fair prices, on diamonds, watches, rich jewel-" ry, plate, mere hundlae, and valuable personal property gene-L rally, by K. WOOD, 09 Fulton street, second floor, front room, I from 9 A. M. to 6 P. M. I Bank of the ohio savings institute, tiffin.I Ohio.? The paper of the above Institution will be received! at 1 (one) per cent discount by the undersigned. W. CLARK * CO., No. 4 Hanover street. Chicago and rock ikland railroad com-I patty's dividend.? This company will pay a dividend of II vu Jer cent, on lta capital stock, tor the six months enulng on the st of October proximo. The dividend will he paid at the office of the Company, No. 13 William street, over the office of thd Corn Exchange Bank, on aud after the 10th of October next, and the transfer books will be closed from said 1st to 10th < October. A. C. FLACJU, Treasurer. New York. Sept. 20, 1855. DIVIDF.ND.-THE U. S. ANNUNCIATOR AND BELlJ Telegraph Manufacturing Company, have this day de clared a dividend of five per cent, payable to the stockholder at their office corner Centre and Canal s reeta, on the 22l^ Inst. The transfer books of the compauy will be elosod till Ui^H 241 h Inst. THOB. CHALMERS, Prea'tT^ New York, Sept. 15, 1855. Money liberally advanced on houseiioli furniture, pianos, watches, jewelry, plate, guns, plstola^M hardware, nan ical, surgical and musical instruments, dr goods, horses, wagons, harness, and all other descriptions i personal property, left to be sold at aucUon or bought out fc cash. Apply to McGAFFRAY A WALTERS, 20 fathering street. Money advanced for short periods on reaiI estate, diamonds, watches, jewelrv, plate, pianoforte.* | dry gissis, hone*, carriages, and every aeacriptiOB of proper! ty, by the responsible Empire Loan and Agency Compauy. C.' WILLS, Agent, 333 Broadway, opposite the Broadway theatre. Money. ? GASH LIBERALLY ADVANCED, OI| bought out M sljrht, goods of every description, at tfii| Agency and Loan otllce, 41 Howard street; corner of Bro.idl way, over Halves' bakery. The Btricteet confidence and houo | may be relied upon; aueudance prompt. P. Q. NEILL, Agent. Tower mining company.-the voter of thlI company are bouiiht at one per cent discount, hv GEO. M. BOWJCN, Broker, 70 Will street. Rose hill savings bank? no. 251 third avf| nue, one door above Twenty first street, open daily fror I in a. M. to 2 P. M., and Wednesday and Saturday evening* [ from 5 to H o'clock ; interest at six per cen' on sotn* of $600 au under, and five per cent on sums over $600. WILLIAM H. PLATT, President. JAS. R. KKELER, Vice I'rea'L n. Looraonnows, Secretary. COPARTNKKSHIP NOTICKS. djin nnn ~A partner wanted. -the i?tve> VlU.UuU. tor of a very saleabl" and profitable arUdi is desirous lo form a partnership w ith a man who hits abot flll.UOO ai commund. He has at present a largo manttfttctor; ' but Is utialde to supply all demands; he, therefore, finds nece*sarv to establish another fsetory. The aflcle pays at ? per cent. By addressing E. T., box 907 Herald office, wi meet wllh attention. $9 Kfin -PARTNER WANTED? IN A PLEASAN' respectable business, located In this city, whl< has paid a net profit of from $4,000 to $7,000 per annum for u pasl four years. A full explanation given upon an Intervlev All rominunlta>lons with real name will be cousldered strici. confidential. Address B. B. B,, Herald office. nnn OK PARTNER wanted.-th ?JpA?vUl? subset |l>er Is In want of a partner wilii ti at o\ e capital. In the business of manufacturing corks and 'oi soles. lie has a long cxiierienee In 'he business, and all U tools necessary to em ry ft on. with a good siluaUon for It. Ai person th*t would like to Invest a small capital In It Is sure a profitable return. Address Cork Cutter, or call at Oti Cot ai.dt street, comer of Washington, up stairs. <i 1 nnn -partner wanted to take the k gPXsUUU. lirechat s'e of the otll ie department of a man is ct uring business In ihtscltv, whi. h is now paying In lUwt< J6.IXX) profll per annum, anil will D?v $",l*W per y ear In t! citj. Au lutlve yottug man preferred. Goud references i ijuircd. Address Partner, Herald office. (Jj.-nn TO H.OOO.-A PARTNER WANTED IV stiRlvhlf"r?ard, leslilmatp, down town (mains that Villi pay two energetic men $2,tXX> tn $t, 000 each, yean and r.o risk. The business Is dotin entieeW fi?r cash, and secu ty at all times for money Invested. HOWES A KROBI.-HI M Nassau street. (|>rnn ? A GENTLEMAN HAVING A LIGHT. PL* vt/"v, snot, and i rofltahle cash mantxia: Qiitig buat .?? which Is done entirely lor rash. Is desimus ol proeuruig a tier with the above c*;,|tAl. actual value is received for m ti invented 1 he business u wholesale and rrL, 1 1 aitddoo" ? merehan s and business iro n generally . down town At plv HoWKS A FROBIhllKK, *4 Na>s*u streei &QKn ?PARTNER wanted IN A genteel m nutiv urini! business, done stiietly to, f? large profils; buslnc-s requires driving, and can b? titwle pay two men handsomely. Apply at M Nassau at., room I" A GOOD CHANCE WILL BE C.IVKN TO AV KNT' JY prl?tn^. Intelligent man who has at command ?ocne r"? i a>h. Ui join the adveru?er 111 ? sale #enieel and proatahle I Iness, as partner, lies' locauon in tlie eiiv. x s'ssi and r? ; 1 1 man will be pr< farred. Per parttenletl apply at s4 .V au street, up stairs, firs' fi-or, back office. TJARTNKR WANTEIV-GKNEEAL iiR SPK IAL, W J. can turnlsh fn.uoo lo $10,(100, In a regviar hn?lncs? for c snd short time. The advertiser can reter lo nant?s ?>( hls'h tpinablltty; cuatiitm rs roadi to wiii.m ?>?> u, f.sii?si, be sold. Address W.. box 151. Herald Ollc-s. A PARTNER WANTED? IN A LIGHT RESPECT \B cash business, Uu en year* eeUbtWied; a man with * 01.50(1 can make a safe and profitable Inrestment; h > will hi large of tins branch of the bualtiesa. with privilege Ot p Bering I' For lull particulars apply to S. FKRKK. m l>oi treet, two doors west of Browiway. It Is a oteoce *eld met wllh. rtRHlTlIBEi QKnn -A TOUNG MARRIED COUPLE WISHINtl ?. give up keeping honse, will less* 'hsir bona* sell their fiirnldire. whldi Is entirely new. very low for n or wonid lake ad or part payment in board, if seeiirity can flven; ai"o, a va'u*Me library for sale *t auction prices jcnng couple wishing to commence housekeeping, will the *1 ove a rare opi orotnKy. The location is .tdimratop k< i plug boarder*. Kent low. A<Wre*s lmme<1lately, John* 1 ox 17^ Herald oBiee. post paid, with real name. flOTTAGE AND FANCT PURNITURK WtREROoV I a' 514 Brosdwar opposite the St. Nicholas ll-U' MATHEWK * HTACKt otler lor sale the mosi extensl.n sornent of fancy, rot I* re, ernatn>lled|and French turultur the i'r.tied KUiies, at reducsd prices. Every variety ?.( . tre?ses, paillasses, pillows, bolster*, Ac., at manufacta/ price*. IiURMTURE FOR HALE-WILL SELL (ATA LIHi" 1 rtisenunt. If s.,'d soon,) a superior lot of te.iwhnl | c,, lie furniture consists of rosewisal. o.ik, walnot *n I . , wsre. ni*de to order lasi Msv. amoontlriif In aSI *i n.m <t W$l.iW. Address f. E. J . Herald .tttlce.

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