UTEREgmc vmoa 1MWIW MB RBIHi. THE BIG SPRINGS FREE STATE CONVEN TION. ronyention organiied by the appointment as rreui>*i?(i. W. Smith, E?.|. , rue-f'rmid-nli? John Fee, J. A. Wakefleld, Junes Sala h?ry, Dr. JL Hunting. . _ . Secretarir*? R. G Klliotf, D. Podge. A. O. A<lams. Tbe following delegates were in attendance ?.W. Smith, J. H. John CurtiM, J. bjHT, John ?totchiceon, Turuur Sai.,(>?on * B. Q. fclHoU J. U. Barnes Wm Yates A. SuU, H. Barricklow, H. W. Miller, W. Dtwcau, James McGee, J. M. Tut on, J. A. Wakafleld, A. ?n-*tin? II Y Baldwin, II. Bursoii. William .lessee, Samuel W alker T Wolverston, J. C. Archiboid, Charles Wright, W. Y Roberto. Wm. Jordan, A. O. A damn, James Cowles, 8. Mewhlnnev, J. F, Javlns, K. G. Scot', A. J. Miller, W. M<?ore, A T. Wvckotf', Jamoa Unborn, James M. Arthur, D. F. Park, Uiu.' <7. iNlehola, Dr. R. Oilnatrlek, G. W. Partridge, I aaac W oJiard, Charles A. Fouler. James Todd, Robert H. Brown, Kite# Slioti, William R. Vail, Knot Strawn, Hamilton Smith, John Hamilton, James Johnson, F. M. Morris. P. C. Hchuy Jer, Geo. Hrafoii, Dr. J. i). Wood, Dr. A. ttowen, E. Flak, J. H. Uuhenick. Daniel B. Illatt, 8. D. Houston, Wm. S. Arnold, Jamen P. Wilson. Luke P. Lincoln, Dr. Hunting, Wm. Pen nock. J. B. Pennock, J. H. Byrd, G. F. Warren, P. Dowlln, R. U. Phelan, D. Dodge, U. M.Hook, .Ja*. Salsbury, K. Castle, J. Parrott, John Wright, A. Guthrie, R. Riddle, M. V. Conway, C. Jankins, Jus. Wilson, John Anesworth, Nathan Adams, N, Ool tans, John Fee, P.Loughlin, N. Carter, Geo. W. Bryan, Henj. H. Brock, Wm. Poepges, II. Hardlug, A. Grooms, C. W. Stew art, Wm. Oosby, H. J. S'out, J. C, Ridge way, Elijah Pierce, M. Kendenhail D. W. MenUenhall, G. P. Lowry. The fulJowing resolutions, reported by the Committee on a platform, of which J. H. Lane was cha ruian, were Adopted unanimously:? Whereas, The. free State party of the Territory of Kins as about to originate an organization for concert of political action. In electing our own officers and moulding our insltutions; and Wfcereaa, expedient and necessary that a platform of prln ? ciples be aaopied aud proclaimed to make known the character cH our organization, and to teat the qualifications of candidates i and the fidelity of our members; and whereas, we find our I selves in an unparalleled and critical condition ? deprived by superior force of the rights guaranteed bv the Declaration of Independence, the constitution of the United Suites and the Kansas bill; and whereas, the great and overshadowing qties lion, whether Kansas shall become a free or a slave State, must inevitably absorb all other Issues except those lnsepura bly connected whh It; and whereas, the crisis demands the con ?ert and harmonious a<tiou of all those who from principle or Interest prefer free labor to slave labor, as well as of those who value the preservation of tiio Union and the guarantees of re publican Institutions by the constitution; therefore ResoWed, That setting aside all tbe nnn?r issues of partisan polities, it is incumbent upon us to p roller au organization cal culated to recover our deares rights, and Into which democrats and whigs, native and naturalized citizens, may freely enter without auy sacrifice of their respective political creeds, hut wlthou' forcing them as a test upon others. And that wheu we shall have achieved our political freedom, vindicated our lights of self government, aud become au independent State of the Union; when those i sue-. may become vital as they are now dominant! it will be time enough to divide our organiza tion by these te.-ts, the importance ol which we fully recognize tn their appropriate sphere. Resolved, That c ur true interests, socially, morally and pe ctineal il v. require that Kansas *hould be a tree State1; that free labor will bt si promote the happiness, the rapid population, the prosperity and the wealth of our people; that slave labor is a curse to ihe, master and tl.e community, If not to the slave; that o ir c. unrrv 's unsulted :o It, and that we will devote our energies as n paity to exclude the institution and to secure for Kaoha- the eonstitution of a free Mate. Reto.ved, Tliat in so doing we will consent to any fair and re:.f? . . :i mi regard to i he slave* already in the Territory, which shall protect the masters against injustice and total loss. Resolved, That It i the opinion of this Convention that the admission office negroes or rnulattoes into !h*? Territory or fu ture S;.' e ot Kansas w ill beprodt.nive of evil to the people of Kami . and dangerous to the Instituiions of our sifter State; and .ha we will opp< e their a'imlf-sion into the Territory or lUtiire Sta c of Kansas now and lorever. A commltttce on ]< gislttive mutters in Kansas reported the following resolutions, through Mr. Emery : ? Besolvcd, That ' he ho'ly of men who for the last two months have been p.i-sing lawstbr the people of our Territory, inovud, eounrellcri nod dictated toby ill" detnsgo. ues ol Missouri, are to us a foreign l c.iiy, representing only the lawless invaders who elected them, and not thu people of the Territory ?that, we repudiate their actions as thu inonstrons consummation of an art of violence, usurpationaud fraud unparalleled tn thu history of the Union, and \\ orthy only oi nn u unlit t"d tor the duties and reg miles of tin- responsloliltles of republicans. Beaolvcil, That this imsealled Legislature by their reckless disregard of the organic T erritorial act, ami oilier Congressional legislation, iti expelling members whose title to seats was be yond their power to annul, in udnihtin;; members who were not elcctnd. In altering Uie pre-emption laws and the natura ll?tlon law.-, and In legislating at an unauthorized place ? by their ri lusni to allow the people to tolect any ol our officers ? by Imposing upon us their own appointees down to the most Insihuilicant oflices, many of whom were unquestionable resi dents of Missouri at the time ? by leaving us no elections save those prescribed by Congress, and therefore beyond their power to abrogate, and even at these imposing restrictions upon in requiring the payment ol one dollar as a tax, selling the right of still ruse at our'hallot boxes to any non resident who chooses U> buy and pay for it, and the taking nil oath to support a United Stales luw Invidiously pointed out, by stilling the free dom of speech uud of the press, thus usurping a power foroid den to Congress, ltave trtumph'd under foot the Kansas bill, have del.ed the power of Congress, libelled the Declaration of Independence? violated the consiitutlonal Bill of Kriglita and brought contempt and Cdlsgraces upon our republican insti tutions at home and abrond. Resolved, That w e will endure and submit to these laws no longer than he best Interests of the Territory require, as the least of two evils aud will resist them to a bloody issue as soon as we ascertain that peaceable remedies shall fail, aud forcible resistance shall furnish any reasonable prospect of success: aud that, in the meantime, we recommend to our firteiidx throughout the Territory th.\ organization and disci pline of volunteer companies aud the procurement aud prepa ration of arms. Resolved, That we cannot and will not unlet ly submit to sur render our great "American birthright''? the elective fran chise ; which tirst by violence, and then by chicanery, artifice, weak and wicked legislation, they have so effectually accom plished to deprive usol, and that we with scorn repudiate the ?'election law," so called? and will not meet with them on the dav they have appointed for tho election, l.ut will our aelvr s Ax upon a day tor the purpose of electing a delegate to Congress. Several motions were made to amend, hut was finally adopted with but one dissenting vote. The Committee on Congressional Delegate, reported through Mr. Lowry, Gov. Keeiler's secretary, the follow ing, among other resolutions: ? Resolved, By the citizen.-" of Kansas. In convention assem bled, that an efe< tion shuli be held In ibe several election dis tricts In (his Territory, on iho second Tuesday ol October next, under lite regulation prescribed for the election Of the SOLh of .Varch Inst, In reference to the places and manner of hoidlinj Uie same, and Hie manner ot milking the returns, us well as all matter* r> lailmr to the formula of the election, excepting the appointment of officer* and the persons to whom returns shall lie made, which shall t>o determined by thin convention, for the purpose of electing a delegate to represent tliia Territory in the thirty tuiirdi < longress of die lintted States. The following report of the debate in the convention is given by ihe editor of the l'arksville ipru-alavery) I)i nv> crat. ? Colonel I .a tie, formerly of Indiana, addressed tho con veution, saying that they had placed themselves in it re volnttonaiy position ; tha' he thought it impolitic to urge this resistance; that Governor Shannon was ciothoil with all l lie power* of this, the s'rt':k' est government in the world, to resist and put down thbi revolution; that he had declared in a speech, which some of thom had heard, ihti! lie recognized the laws passed at Shawnee Mi>?iou as legally enacted, and pledged himself to ste that that they wore cxcceted. Ho said that he knew Governor S.. and knew that what he had sai l he would most certainly execute. You li:ivo repudiated the Lo (iihtnie antl molvrd pot to auhmit to Its enactments. The only way to settle the question is by admitting San aa* as afree Mate. The North has a majority ot two in the Senate? some with pro slavery pro< livities? but that situated as iioughisis. he would do auything to get Kan sas in as n free Mate; that on the passage of the Kansas hill, not a Northern man had the remotest idea of its ever beiug admitted us a slave State. He continued: We have hud down a platform t'.at is to strike terror to the hearts of our opponents. [We did not understand th? nature of the platform, but a-; there was much gi^iug abwt reihrtauce and war, we suppose it must have been hu-ed upon tliis idea.] Make your re.-olve to form a constitution, send it to Congress, and in twenty days after it reaches there we will be ad mitted b* afree State. (In a horn.) Judge Scni'YiXii advocated the measure of electing a dclegs'e, outside of the taws, and sending lura to Con gress with the tacts in the case. He thought Congress would do something for them. He said he was angered and humiliated to hear Governor .-tiannon remark on the course lie would pursue. Angered and humiliated to Ree ? man appointed from one of the Northern States, come and throw himself in with another State and resolve to use the power with which he was clothed to execute the laws passed by the Missouri legislature for their govern ment. He con'iuued ; ? Oregon will be seeking admission as a State. No two free States can he admitted at once. If two States are admitted, one must be slave. Which would it bef He did not think Kansas would bo ad mitted ; that on this theme of Kansas must rest the next Presidential election. The committee had reported that they considered the idea of f< i tiling a constitution premature; and Mr. Touton had something to say about it. He was from Missouri; he ivas born there and was glad ?f it. He was a true Southern man? born 700 miles south of where be then stood, but was opposed to slavery. With all his powers, iu all its bearings. ( Applause.) He continued: We have a President, and Missouri, Hushed with victory, and a legislature, just adjourned, tooppose iw. But f<<r one, 1 will never submit to those laws ex cept in death. Mr. thought it was unfortunate that the question of forming a State constitution had lieen iprung in the convention, and that the only proper way to dispose of it would be to i nilorse the call of a convention on the 10th. to consider the propriety of forming a State constitution. He was in favor of forming a constitution but did not think It would be admitted. The Kansas bill, which lie was always opposed to. guaranteed all that he could ask. But it had been violated We have flung off the Territorial government ? fire n>w tinder no government ? shall we ask for another? He be lieved Congress would sympathise with them, aud make appropriation* to defray the expenses. Mr Hoi vr. ji thought that step would weaken the cause, that numbers were opposed to paying the tax thst mint fotlow, ami in that emergency, woui.l vote with the pro ?lavery party. After a | rotraeted debate, the report of the committee was dlspo-ed of by endor-in^ the call tor a convention to fee held at Tecumseh on the lftth. ReOder was then nominated, and this precious set of mtechlef-makers and law-breakers adjourned. THE PLATTF. ITHOUsH. rFrom the Leavenworth (Kausas) Herild, s?pt. 8.] Much to our astonishment, we tlnd published in many of tlM leading Eastern papers? the N v.v, y ,,,< Hump among the number? a |>ara graph purporting to hsve j keen taken from this paper, statlug that a project has been started In this Territory to purchase the wh.de of Miseouri known a* the Platte Purchase, and annex it to Kansas. We have never made such a statement, nor have we ever published a single line relative to lue Platts Purchase. No ucli proposition is enter'?iio d l>y our cltisens not v? any such annexation desired by the pc< pie of han-as. Dut even were such an annexation de aired, buying the country would not by far effect its annexation. To effect annexation, ? two things would be absolutely nec->s~ary, more than the naere wi-h of the people of Kansas, even if they owned every foot of the *oll of the i'latte Purchase. The f/gielatur# of Mi souri wonl I have to consent to give in mime thirty thousand other population, and to part with her juri-dic'ion over an area of some four or five bun (red miles? which it is not at all probable it would be willing to do, and the Congress of the I nlted mates woul I have to assent to the transfer? which is equally improbable to snppoee. The bonndaries of Kan a* are fixed by act of Congress; and Platte county could not ls> included ex aept as first acquired by the United state<, ?? | tbon in cluded by law within the limits ol the Territory The report of such a project la wholly and unequivocally false, and we hope the different papers that have imputed to the Kansas Herald a statement (to false, absurd and preposterous will do ub the justice to nuke the correc tion. INDIAN OUTRAGES IN NSB1U9KA. [From the Nebraska City News, Sept. 8.] Not long since the quietude or our frontier settlement was disturbed by the report that the Sioux or Puncas had murdered two of oar citizens near FonteneQe. Immedi ately a company was raised to afford protection to that exposed settlement. We have not yet heard of any more difficulties transpiring in that quarter. But again, on day before yesterday, our people were aroused by the arrival of Col. Manners, who reported that his party of government surveyors were attacked by a band of l'awnee l imps, who broke up his camp and endeavored to steal hi - mules. In the luray six of the Colonel's party weie separated from their companions, which six have not yet been heard from. The cook at tached to the party when last seen was going full speed on a mule, followed by two other mules, and was hotly pur sued by several of the Indians. But the Colonel and live of hi* men escaped and arrived safely at Nebraska City. The excuse of the red skins for this depredation is that '? Washington is no good," " that the government has no 'ight to send men to survey their land," whereas we have the authority by our Hide, showing that a treaty was made in 18515. by which all the country soutli 01 the Platte, claimed by the 1'awnees, was ceded to the United tates. This is a paltry excuse. It seems that they wished to ndnlge their thieving and murderous propensities, and have that excuse as u shield to protect them against the vengeance of the whites. Our ritiiens have raised a company to go and endeavor to recover the stolen property, aud learn the fate of those nun who were left on the prairies. 'Ihe survey was progressing finely; seventy-two miles of tlic Guide Meridian and seven of the third Standard Parallel had been run, when the party was molested as above described. If such disturbances are not stopped, the growth of our young Territory will be seriously re tarded; for if the government surveyors cannot proceed Seace.ihly, of course settlements would be checked by lose incarnate fiends. MECHANICS WANTED IN NEBRASKA CITY. During the next six weeks over thirty dwelling houses will be erected in Nebraska City. We know this to be a progressive fact, and that the said dwelling houses are uow under contract, and that the gentlemen building lliem are men of capital and taste. This will be a great improvement to our young and growing city, and we can then boast of being more than twice, if uot thrice, as large as any other city in Nebraska. Kverybody is wideawake and hard at work in Nebraska City, and we are here illustrating the liict that energy and industry build cities much taster than gubernatorial patronage or legislative enactments. We want now, this day, at Nebraska City, one hundred more laborers and mechanics, to whom good wages and steady employment will be given. Let our Eastern ex chargea copy this for the benefit of the thousands who are uow starving in the great cities of the I nion lor the v.si>t ol employment. Anil let everybody who can work pack up his " duds" and strikes bee line fur the empo rium of Nebraska ? tbo outlet for Laramie, Keirney ;ind California? the place of all places this side of the Rocky Mountains ? Nebraska City ! Piutlculnrs of the Fires In St. .To till, X. I], [From the St. John News, Sept. 14.] On Wednesday eveniug the whole of the northern end of the city am eared to be suddenly in a Maze. The neighborhood of the new Catholic Cathedral was the scene of destruction. The lire was seen to issue from a ha rn owned by Mr. Whealin, which soon commuuicated to other outhouse-i, also his dwelling ? all of which woiu destroyed. Insured for CMQ, The neighboring houses were soon enveloped in llamc-i, anil fell a prey to the devouring elements, as follows: ? Three houses belonging to Mr. Brundage. A dwelling house belonging to Capt. Akerly, tenanted by Mr. I naerhill. A barn belonging to Mr. Bowyer. The house was saved. House belonging to Mr. I.ongmuir. Houeo belonging to Mrs. Clawson; also, a house tenant ed by Mr. Campbell, schoolmaster. House fronting on Lxmouth street, belonging to Mr. limit, togotlier with workshop and outhouses; another, belonging to Widow Smith, and another owned by Mr. Kicks. The Bmall house owned by Mr. Mitchell, comer of Waterloo and Richmond streets, was saved with much dif culty, although'soracwhat injured. There were also half a dozen other buildings destroyed, hut the names of the owners we could not ascertain. The buildings on the opposite sido of Waterloo street were very much scorched. A man named George Peacock rocelvea very serious injuries. Cnpt. Thomas M. Smith was severely injured. ANOTHER FIRE. Yesterday morning the carpenter's shop in Germain street, occupied by Mr. Harris, was enveloped in flames. The residence of 1'r. Livingstone being near by, was also soon in flames, which, together with barn and outhouses, were totally destroyed. The doctor lost a valuable horse and cow. The dwelling was insured for $760. The origin of the fire is a mystery. Tho residence of Mr. Thomas Crozler was partially de stroyed. Mr. C. whs insured. The workshops belonging to Mr. Me.Kim, marble cutter, and several Bheds, were totally destroyed. Mr. Crcar's brick building, at tho north of Dr. Living stone's residence, arrested the progress of the (lames in that direction. Tl?e Hnsslnn Pacific Possessions. [From the (Jazette d'Augsbourg.] It in already known that Russia has lately peaceably ac quired the mouth of the river Amoor. Two hundred years ago the Russians had taken possessiou of that territory, but torty years afterwards they abandoned it, and as the Rus sian government did not then appreciate the importance of that possession the inhabitants of the country recog nized the authority of the Chinese government. Empe ror Nicholas was the first to appreciate the importance of settlements on the northeastern coast of Asia. Du ring liis i eign tho population of Kamschatka rose to eighty thoutand, and the capital of the province became a strong place of twelve thousand inhabitants. Ochotsk, tho principal place of the Territory of Irkutsk, came next in importance. This city numbered one thousand inhabitants, and was 0,550 versts (about 0,370 miles) fioin St. Petersburg. Ochotsk was. however, 3, COO versts (2,330 miles) from the month of the river Amoor. 'the Emperor, therefore, ordered not only an emct survey of the part of Eastern Liberia, situated at the east of the Sea of Ochotsk, but also ordered several forts to he constructed at the mouth of the Amoor. and sent steamers to sound the river. It was In 1851 that the plana conceived about this subject be gan to be put in execution. A great number of peasants belonging to the crown, and from 'hose regions heyond the Paikal, were in fact sent on the Chinese frontier as mili tary colonists. Three years afterwards 5,000 could be mustered, to the astonishment of their Chinese neigh bors. When, in 1864, all the regular troop? were withdrawn from Siberia and the Burlates were sent to Irkutsk to succeed the Cossacks of the line, a sufficient force was left at the capital of Kamschatka and OB the Amoor. The fortifications were strengthened, the settlements were increased, and the Russian government took advan tage of the embarras'-ment of the Emperor of China to obtain three hundred square miles of land by a tre.ity of rectification of the frontiers. A well fortified Russian city is now in course of construction at the mouth of the Amoor. When it will be strong enough to resist the attacks of the Western powers, it will become the nu cleus of relatli ns which will probably tako a large exten sion. IJrtv Patent* Issued. list of patents issued from the Vnited States Patent Of fice for the week ending Sept. 18, 1855, each bearing that date: ? Albert Di?bee, of Chelsea, Mass., for improvement in steam gauge cocks. Samuel W. Brown, of .Lowell, Mass., for improvements in machinery for cleaning cotton. William Burgess, of London, England, for Improvement in mowing and reaving machines. Patented in England. Aug. 16. ISM. Newell Cleveland and James J. Johnston, of Alleghany, l'a., for improvement in heaters for smoothing irons. Joel Hensuiorc, of Bloomlug Valley, l'a.. for improve ment in feed -water apparatus of steam boilers. Thomas Durdcn, of Montgomery, Ala., for machine for felling trees. Rensselaer P. Granger, of Philadelphia, l'a., for im provement la corn and cob mills. Wm. (trover, of Iloljoke, Mass., for Improvement In cutting wire. Wm. V. Gee, of New Haven, Conn, for Improvements in looms for weaving suspender webbing. (J. W. B. Qedney, of New York, N. Y., for improve ment in brick machines. Dean H. Howard, of I yonsdale, N. Y., for improved sawing mill. Amos P. Hughes, of Philadelphia, Pa., for dove-tail key cutter. Horace Harris, of (iorham, N, Y., for Improved plane bit. Daniel K. Winder, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for improved card pi iirting press. James 11. Kelly, of Rochester, N. Y,. for improvement In lanterns for locomotives. Ante-dated June "M, 185ft. Richard Kitson. of I /t well, Mass.. for improvement in machine for picking fibrous materials. fcdmund Morris, of Trenton N. J., for improved seal and stamping press. John S. Morton, of New York, N. Y., for pianoforte action. Wm. W. Marston, of New York, N. Y., for improvement in lire aims. tied. Newbury, of Albany N. Y., for improvement in revolting fire arms. ifohn M. Reeder, of Nashville, Tenn., for improvement in mifrty appsratusfor strain boilers. John Stinson, of I'anville N. J., for improved instru trni ent for determining latitude and longitude. John M. Mgonrney. of Watertown, N. Y., for iuprove mcnt in cooling cast iron car wheel*. Clark Timpkins and John John-ion, of Troy, N. Y., for Improvement in knitting machines. Sami;el W. I owe, of Phibidclpliia. Pa., assignor to him self and Jacob M. Beck, of Hamburg, Pa., for preparation ot metallic plates for printers. I'eter H. N'iles, of Boston, Mans., assignor to Ralph C. Wcb'ter . of Watertown, Mass., for improvement in cur tain fixtures. Ante-dated March IS, lSiifi. Jt lm Van, rf St. Louis, Mo., for improvement in cook ing stoves. I e-igns ? fieo. W. Chambers, of Troy, N. Y., assfgn r to I ster A. I a liner, of I-eroy, N. Y., for design for oiens for cooking itovcs. J H Wilson, of Chesterfield, III., for design for cant Iron monument". The corne- stone of the public library in Boston was laid with becoming ceremony, on Boylston street, on the 17th in?t?i.t, in pr< enco o> the corporation of Boston, the official persons ml nee ted with the library, and a l.i rge concourse of bulb* and gent lemen. Among the distinguished gentlemen upon the platform were Hon. ld*ard Fverett, Hon I'enjsimn Seever, Hon. Jonathan Phillips, Ceorge Ticknor, Esq., Dr. Wlaslow JLewil, and Dr. N. B. frburtiel TIM tmr tinnftlimi mt Mnr T orfc. Onici of ihh Mnr You Skats Coaot, 1 Auuht, n. Y. j Bbothfbs At a sped*! meeting of the New York State Council, held in the city of Rochester on the 31?t of Joly, the Council being informed that the State Lodge of the Order of Know Something*, was also in session, on mo tion, a committee wan appointed to confer with that body npon iuch principle* as might be entertained in common hy the two organization*, and to take such steps a* might be deemed necessary to secure the success of those prin ciples at the approaching State election. Upon receiving notice of the action of the New York State Council, the Grand Lodge promptly appointed a Committee of Conference. Tho two special committees thug i-elected held a joint meeting, and after a happy and mutual interchange of their individual views, ami becom ing satisfied therefrom that on all the prominent political measures now before the people, the two organizations entertained essentially the same sentiments, it was finally resolved that the joint committee should recommend a union of the two Orders, having for a common platform of principles the resolutions adopted by the Know Some things at Cleveland. At the session of Jnne 14, the set tlement of the details of this union was deferred to the oint meeting to be held in the city of Syracuse on the 1 6th of September iust., but it was decided immediately to hold an informal joint meeting, for the interchange o( sentiments. Ihe i eports made to their respective bodies by the con ference committees were promptly adopted, and in ac cordance therewith a meeting of" the delegates to the Grand ixxlge and to the New \ork State Council was im mediately convened; after a temporary organization lmd been effected, a committee wns appointed to prepare and leport resolutions expressive of the sense of the conven tion. The committee reported the following, which were adopted by Acclamation : ? Whereas, the great practical issue of national policy now before the people is, whether freedom or slavery shall dictate tho action and shape the accomplishments of our government, whether the progress of freedom or of slavery shall be arrested: and whereas, the issue has been forced upon the country by this unreasonable de mands and unw arrantable aggressionsof the slave power, aided by the votes of representatives who were recreant to the true principles of their constituents; and in view of the recent outrage upon freedom by the national Con gress, in the repeal of the Missouri compromise; by the lawless pro- slavery men of Missouri in their annual in fusion of Kansas, their brutnl crushing out of the sacred right of franchise, and their present attempt to force their fellow Invaders upon she people of that Territory as an authoritative Legislature; and the final consum mation of that outrage by th? President of the United States in the removal of Governor Reedar, the only ofheia1 opponent of the Missouri invaders ? for that anil other unenumeratod reasons ltesolved, That the aim of national and State legislation should be, on all occasions, the advancement of complete Civil and religious liberty, and to circumscribe, restrict, and ultimately annihilate the system of legal human b< ndspe. Resolved, That we will, in every lawful manner and to the utmost of our ability, oppose the admission into thU I ni( n of any more slave States or of any slave Territory whatsoever. Resolved, That, Inasmuch a>i man cannot hold pro perty in man, we will labor for the repeal of all law 1 which compel the subjuga ion to the condition of chat tel* or slaves, of any person found within the jurisdiction of a tree State, whether there voluntarily or involun tarily. Resolved, That Intemperance is a public evil, perilous al Ue to the best inlerests of society and the stability of the republic, over which, as such, the legislative power of the -tale may be legitimately exercised; that past ex perience demonstrates the efficiency of prohibition in its suppression and we will, therefore, firmly maintain the 1'rohibitory law now upon our statute hooks, nor con sent to any amendment or modification thereof, except such as shall manifestly tend to strengthen and perfect its efficiency ?nd power. liesolved," That (principles and character, not Wrth place, should he the test of admission to citizenship; that, in guarding against "the insidious wiles of foreign influence," wo hut obey the recommendation of the im mortal Washington, the father and preserver of our re public; that, while wo welcome to our firesides the oppressed of all oatlens, we aro admonished to protect those firesides from the intrusion of the dopraved and prejudiced; that, though inviting the intelligent and up right to participate in the blessings handed down tons by our forefathers, it is our duty to maintain, in their full purity, the institutions vvbijh they bequeathed to us; that any politico-religious interference in temporal affairs which tends to the "union of Church and State" is at war with the fundamental piinciplcs upon which, alone, a free State can have a lengthened existence, and that in the selection of public officers, t ho-<o only should have a voice whose education will permit them to exor cise their judgments regardles of priestly dictation or re ligious prejudice. Resolved, That the subordinate councils and lodges he ergently requested to labor diligently and harmoniously for the selection and advancement of men who will firm ly, consistently and warmly labor to carry out the prin ciples embodied in the foregoing resolutions. Resolved, That this convention recommend subordinate councils and lodges to act in concert in the selection of delegates to conventions called to nominate candidates for the various offices to be elected by the people in No vember.'oext. Rerolved, That when this convention adjourns, it ad journ to meet in Corinthian Hall, in the city of Syracuse, at 12 o'clock, M.. on the i6th day of September next, and that each subordinate council and lodge acting un der the jurisdiction of the New York State Council and the Grand l4>dge be instructed to appoint three delegates to said convention. Brothers ? You are familiar with the reasons which im pelled the members of the New York .State Council, in October last, to dissolve their connection with the Qrand Council of tlie State of New York, of whicli James W. Barker wan the President. Wc shall but briefly recapitulate tliem. We felt then that in ignoring the great issues of the day ? in refusing to give utterance to any expression of their views upon the question of the extension of slavery ? the suppression ofintemperance, and the fostering of our internal Im provement? ? they were virtually yielding up the birth right of every .American: the right to canvass public measures according to his own understanding; that tho iteration of a sentiment was not 1ho profession of prin ciples which every intelligent American expects from a political organisation; that the nomination of men on the fume ticket that, if elected, were to lie entrusted with the management of Stato Interests, whose antece dents were in direct conflict ? one a pro-slavery and an other a free soil democrat, a third a pro-slavery and the fourth a free soil whig, and the demand that members of the Order should, by their votes, recognise and endorse such Inconsistencies ? was insulting to the intelligence ?f every honorable nnd thinking American. That the pon Btruction of the obligation which required members to vote according to the dictates of a few leaders, was de grading to any man, and unworthy of any organization professing American sentiments. These reasons Impelled our action then ? wo feel that tliey nre as strong to-dav as they were on the day we first gave them utterance. There is still the same disposition to confine the American party within the narrow limits covered by the sentiment of exclusion from the rights of suffrage and of holding office, of those of foreign birth. Hu'V would craiup It down to these dimensions ? we seek to elevate it to the highest standard ? to give it tho cha racter and force and vigor to which it is entitled ? tho vigor which should bo the charactoiistfc of all that is truly American ? tho (nice which should animate an asso ciation of freemen ? the character which should be the pride and the strength of every republican. We demand your attention t<> t lie principles which are embodied In the foregoing resolutions, confluent that they embrace and enforce the views of the great mass of (h'>. <i who are enrolled in the American register. Wo feel as sured that they respond to the sentiments by which you aie actuated, and that they will meet your cordial and de termined approval. We ask now your aid in securing the election to officii of men who by their antecedents may be known 111 th" faith fnl opponents of slavery ? the friends of a wise, eco nomical and honest administration of public affairs. It we are ti ue to ourselves, such men will be placed in no mination ? if we are faithful to the State ana to the prin ciples we profess to advocate, such men will be triumph antly elected. Is not such a result worthy of such an effort? does not the end justify us in devoting to its attainment a portion of our means and our labors* We have full reliance that we shall not make this ap peal in vain; It Is an appeal to your patriotism, your in telligence, your conscience; which you may not resist without dungor to your country and dishonor to your selves. Seiretart's Omc* of tiik New York State Council, 1 Ai.heny, Sept. 2, 1855. j Bkjtbbe ? It becomes eur pleating duty to inform you that a sjiecla! meeting of the New York State Council, held In the city of Rochester on the :11st of July and the lft of August, 1865, through the action ofa joint commit tee of confercuec, consisting of eight members of the New York State council, and eight of the state Iz-iguo of Know Somethings, a basis of uuinn of the two bodies was unanimously adopted, to take effect on the siieond Wed nesday of October, 18M), at. which tltno tho officers of each of the two orders having resigned, one set of officers will 1 e chosen by the united body, to hold their respec tive rffices for one year. The resignation of the president of the New York State Council, on account of the impossibility of his p tying that attention to the duties of his office which their import ance demand ? was accepted, with appropriate thanks for his past faithful services, which lesignation will make It nec' H-ary to address B. F. Romalne, Secretary, Albany, N, V , on all matters pertaining to the Stale Council. In vtcw of the Indebtedness of this Council to the State . ecrefary f?>r services, pi inting of over ft, 000 books and . ircnlars, and current disbursements, in the sum of tee 5 ',8. it was recommended that, a tax of five per cent 1 e levied on each member of the order, and that each uborilinate Council remit the same to tho Treasury hrough the State Secretary ? which recommendati in of 'he Mate Council, it it confidently hoped, will receive Im mediate attention, as nothing will more seriously Impede tutute advancement than financial embarrassment. It was further resolved, that in actordance with the entlmeuH of the platform hereinafter given, which ie ign.ies the riglit to membership of every citizen, with out reference to the place of his birth ? each deputy ar. I Coiincil lie instructed to erase those portions of the con stitute n and ritual which draw the line of separation betwein native and foreign born, ia order that all citi zens may lie united with us in fraternal relttiou.>hip and action. Notice is hereby given that the New York Stale Council adjourned to meet at Corinthian Hall, In th" city of Syra cuse, . n the 2Mh day of September, ut 11! o'clock, noon? to wl,l? b convention each subordinate Council i.s author ired and requested to send three delegates, independent of tl e county deputies, who are standing delegates. T1 e time tor Immediate and united action having com", each Council is urged to a double diligence in the enroll ment i f now members; and the deputies are solicited to engage with energy ami perseverance In the work of form ing ii<w Councils, the charter fi? for which has been re duced to three dollars, thus rendering the expen-m of or ganization lese burdensome on the charter members, and wherever deputies cannot, hum any cause, act as such they aie earnestly requested to give notice of the fact to the State Secretary, and indicate the names of men worthy to su?c<ed them in office. Yours, fraternally, B. r. KOMAIVF. Slate Secretary Albany. N. Y, The Fertile nee at ilorftlk and PniOMath. OCK NOBKOLK COKKESPONPItNC*. Nokkouc, Mept. 19 ? o'clock. It 1b with feelings of a moat painful nature that I chronicle the death of I>r. 0. L. Upshur. This field marshal of the serried columns of health fell after doing battle manfully with the invisible foe of our doubly doomed city. Many an eye dimmed with a tear this morning, when it was announced that this truly great man had fallen. The faces of our citizens wear a fur sadder expression to day than yesterday, for though the death may be no more, yet the archer seems to pick his vic tims, for onr best are falling thick; indeed, it seems that for the past two or three days, more prominent persons have fallen than for any one week before. Dr. Gordon, Health officer of our city, is reported dying; he has a severe attack of black vomit. We have just been in formed that John Tunis and Josiah Wills are dead. My God ! when will calamities cease I These two estimable gentlemen are well known In the commercial world ? two of onr noblest and best. What a loss to poor unhappy Norfolk I ('has. Beale, late editor of the Daily Smut, is suffering from a relapse but little hopes aro entertained of his recovery. Miss I.ydia Headren, daughter of the Rev. Jeremiah Hendren, is also suffering from relapse. Both of the Org. Tunstall are now sick with fever; recovery doubtfal. Benjamin Quick, of the firm of O'Brien & Quick, was taken down yesterday. Ho lost his partner in business a few weeks since, and Sun day he lost his partner in life. Wo trust he will recover. Norfolk cannot lose him now. His lirm, together w'th that of Salisbury, have done effectual service, being the only undertakers in Norfolk. 1 aui pleased to announ -e Jereuiiuh Hendren, a Biptist minister, convalescent; also Frederick Clark. I am at O'Brien and Quick's now, and orders tor Coffins are coin ing in very fast. The following ? a report for the last twenty-four hours of the Howard Infirmary ? l have just obtained APM CITED George Beid, bookkeeper, Mrs. Wallace, Mrs. Vellia, Mrs. Seiman. Dr. Caffrle, PEATBP. Mrs. Hugglns, A. D. Victor. DIM.1UBCKD. James Ward, Samuel Norman, Mr. t'herney, Mrs. Dorcey, John Clark, Canute. Tlin following is the list of those who have died throughout the city during the twenty-four hours ending to-day, at the time we write:? hei'jaroin Watllngton, tlrni of WaUingtah & Bro., com mission merchants. f Miss liurcher. Mrs. C. Butt. Servant of P. W. Ilinton. Mis1 M. I'arr. Dr. G. I,. Upshnr, Surgeon to T7. S. Marine Hospital. John Tunis, 1'rcfident of the American Insurance Com pany Jodah Wills, President of the Branch Bank of Virginia. ('apt. Collins Thayer. Mrs. Murdcn. Mrs. Cupps. Frances Cordon. Mrs. Waller. H. Drewry. Miss Vackinder. Miss Susan Selden. Negro woman at Mr. nardy's. LATKR FBOII HOW.' KD INFIRMARY. The Manager of Howard Infirmary gavo me this morn ing the following: ? Most cafes entering the Infirmary are nurses who have been most zealous in carrying aid to the sick. Among tho number we have to cite our worthy friend George Iieed, nnd his father, both of whom have most zealously labored in tho work of allaying tse sufferings of the sick and dying. Fortunately for the Howard Infirmary one of Its members, who was for Borne days on the bod of sick ness, lius once more returned among us to participate in the arduous duties of superintending the Infirmary. Mr. H. Myers arrived among us yesterday morning. The weather to-day is quite cool. A light drizzling ralu is falling; wind blowing strongly l'rxn northeast. NORFOLK. THE VICTIMS AT PORTSMOUTH. [From the Baltimore American, Sept. 'JO.] We huvc been furnished by Dr. Powell with the follow ing list of adults who have died in I'ortsmouth since the commencement of the epidemic, as far as ascertained: ? Mr. long, Mr. Marton, Mrs. Oappg, Ml*RKIng, Mr. Davidson, Tar Grant, Mr. Harriett, J*eter O'Donal, Mr. Swller, Mr. Florid, Mrs. L. Cock, Dr. C. Helntlsh, Martha Livery, Mrs. ISeo. Butt, Mr. Marshal, U.8.N., sirs. Tougnaa, " Mrs. Aclove, Mrs. Geo. Dill, Mrs. Sarah Potts, Mr. Bowen, M1?k Iirown, Mr. Reell, Miss Laitimore Cnpl. G. ( hampers, W. Wallax, Jas. W llllams, Jr., Mr. Harrison, Mrs. K. Prlchet, Mrs. Tolaud, Mr. Roadca, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Rlclierson, Peter Gallalec, Miss M. A. Beaalcy, Miss KllzaJarvis J. Levering, Dr. Lovett, Jnmes Anderton, Mrs. A. Williams, Mrs. II. Perks, J. Whiteburet, Wllley Behzon, Win. Handy, MIssC. Stajsay, S. Jones, Miss Boss. Mr. Hardley, Mr. Hutchinson, Miss 0. 1'ukcr, Mrs. Smith, II. Gwynn, Mrs. Falcon, J. Wlllte, Francis Fowler, Miss J. J. Money, O. Bowers, Mrs. Foater, Mr. Baker, Mrs. O'Brien, I). Godw in, Mr. ('amp, Mrs, Whiuiey, .lames Foster, M. Lynch, Mrs. lluulvan, Mr. Sncad, Jcsf? Oakley, Patrick O'Donald, Mr*. Relly, Mi s. Marklln, Mrs. Lester, Mrt. M. Cocke, Miss Talin, Jas. Williams, Mrs. Cherry, Mrs. Davidson. MUa Williams, Wm. Ford, Mrs. E. Clierry, Mr. Moore, Mrs. F. Herbert, Mr. Belchnm, Wm. P. Blticnham, Peter Gnllee, James Powers, Mr. Cary, Mr. King, Mrs. Randolph, John Oalluloe, Mr. (iraves, Joseph Dun ton, Miss Moore, MtsaR. lkiutwcll, Miss Lnereas Hobs, Mrs. Hundley, Mr. Wilson, Mrs. M. Williams, Miss Ohio, Mrs. Simmons, Mrs. Robinson, Miss Hops, Mrs.Cortllt, J. Malioney, P. Williams, Mr. Gales, Miss Hentley, Betsey Herbert, Mrs. C. Myers, Moses \\ lllinniM, Kicliard tiodding, Mrs. Atkinson, Luther llarrott, J. Mesley. Ann Black, Mr. Files, P. McGuIre, Mr. Godfrey, J. B. Wilson, Miss Wilson, J. B. Davis, 0. Hnpper, N. Maiming, Mr. Shepj'itrd, John Eurle, Mrs. Cochran, Win. Wmton, Miss Ohio, ('apt. C. Oissell, Mrs. C. Blllisoly, Mrs. John I.iu!i, Mrs. Bullock, Mrs. Mlc'al S iillivan, Mrs. J. I). Cohen, Robert Cocke, Mr. Bullock, Miss F. Williams, Margaret Bobbins, Mrs. Reed Mrs. J. II. Hodges. Mrs. M. Sullivan, Wm. Kelly, J. T. Powell, Lawrence Kearney, Obaa. Blilisofly, Miss H. Kolllusou, Mlta L. Kdwariia, Mrs. Fisher, Mrs. Dangherty, Miss Bevlln, Mrs. Yeatcs, M. L. Bohannon, Joshua Morressett, Mrs. K. Cherry, Samuel Harwood, Jno. Nelson, Mr?. Jas. Avery, Mrs, John Cherry, Mr. ( berry, Mrs. Buchanon, Jacob Miller, Mr. Holland, Miss Vermillion, Susan Johnson, Mr?. II. Cherrv, Samuel Harrala, Darby ( lark, Jos. BilllsoUy, Geo. Taylor, Rob'l Buckson, Samuel fMchurdson, Thug. Pcarco, P. Churchill Mtchacl Hutley, Wm. Jones, B. F. Burtee, Miss O'Brien, Mrs. Martin, Mrs. J. I.uian, Mrs. Brent. Mr. Ashion, Mr. Mattross, Wilson Williams, Mr. Gwynn, John Myers, W. Camy, Morlnu Lactuuiee, Mrs. Spratt, Wm. (Jolllns, Mrs. Davis, George DU1, Mr. Allen, Dr. P.irker, Mr. Chilton, Jane Bracey, Mrs. Alman, J. HailCOck, MishM. Woodhouse, .Miss M. Dues, Tbos. Green. John Laniort, Wm. Heed, Wm. singleton, Geo. Barber, Wm. Cook, Sr., D. P. Dansherty. Rev. Mr. Chlsholm, Rev. Vernon K.-k ridge. Dr. Marshall, Dr. 8mlth, Mrs. Penn, Mr. llea'Icy, John Dart*, Mr. Chlit.v, Rlrhar.l William?, M. Lynch, Or. Nicholson, Mr. Fisher, Mrs. Pulling, Mrs. Dunaton, Miss O. Bnokner, LeviC. Winy, Mrs. Miltean, G. Wells, Jno. Land, Michael liarke, Mrs i o'emun, M. Godfrey, Jno. McGiiire? Mrs. Porch, Win. I 'reek more, Mrs. Brannamon, Mrs. Jas. Williams, Leman liean, M if-s Webb, Miss Simmons, Jos. George, W. B. Collins, G. Chambers, John Nash, J. W. Collins, Miss Eliza Rand, Ml". Pi ,.i|i . Mrs. Toterdill, Mr. Bullock John Denison, Joshua Grimes, Mrs. Hudson. Mrs. Cushlng, Mrs. J. B. ) la vis, Mr. Mcphadden. Luke Perks, Mrs. Kilton, Jas. Toterdell, Joint Wbltoburit, ( apt. Taylor, Cor. Coleiuan, Mrs. Lane Jordan, Mrs. Sarah White, Bain'l l'arker, John Vermillion, Robert BalcuUm*, Miss Martha I'otcrs, Wells Cowpor, Mrs. .1. AcclneDy, Miss Kth r rage , Mrs. Keyrolds, Mrs. Brickley, ..... Mr. Ilricklry, Mrs. 1'. C. Thomas, Mr. llritlenham, Mrs. (1. Toppln, 8. Brewer, Roberi McDonald, Mrs. K. K. Brown, Richard Kskndge, Mrs. Gamble, Mrs. C. Myers, Miss Mary .Ncvill, Geo. Brent, Miss Dunham, Mr. llarryham, Mrs. l'etes' ii , , Miss S. Bmgly ('apt. Sam' I Torbe M. W. Febworth, Malice Williams, Jno. Woody, F. Land, (J. W. c.eorce. Mrs. Tbos. White, W. P. Allen, Mrs. Boulwell, Wm. Woodley, W. T. Owens, Mr. M. Rosier, Mrs. Bm bam. Mrs. Porch, Mrs. Richardson, Samuel Creeknmre, John Hodges. Joshua Balentine, Wm. Broekoll, Mrs. Wm. Ross, William Burton, Mrs. Buchanon, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Rand, Miss Soph. Gwynn, Miss Mag. Manning, Mr. Cook, Miss Miteham, Mrs. Susan Gwynn, Miss BUllsoily, Mr. Bryant, Miss Morressltt, J. I). Cooper, Tlios. Build, Mrs. Mattross, Mrs. levant, Geo. Hope, Wm. Fay. R. Churchell, MOVEMENTS OF THE LADIES OF MOBILE. The ladies of Mobile have formed an association for the purpose of collecting funds in aid of the sufferers of Nor folk and I'ortsmouth. They call themselves the Mite So ciety. The following resolutions were adopted at the first meeting: ? Resolved, That we, the ladies of Mobile, feeling the great neccHslty ot affording immediate relief to the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, do here determine to use our utmost exertions for obtainiug and affording said relief. Ht solved. That we request the ministers in this city, of the different denominations, to leceive funds from any of their flocks who may feel disposed to aid us, and that tho-e amounts be sent to our Treasurer, Mrs. C. r. True heart. to be by her forwarded to some member of the "Can't-Get-Away Club," of Mobile, now in one of those cities, for the relief of the sick and the destitute. The Ahikl Case in Charleston? On the open. ing of the t nlted States Commissioner's Court. yesterday - th'- di ens-ion was lesumcd as to the proper m do of pro ceedings, and nearly all the counul enraged took part. As 'his di-iussion would only be intelligible to legal readers on a full report, we omit it and simply note tlio results. The chief i|ue<ti in of importance was as to the present legal posi' Ion of the three parties implicated in the proceedings liefote the Coroner. It the-c were con sidcred as under preliminary arrests ill in ih ? i? an I for purpose of enaminatlon the full rights and privileges < f o| en examination und attendance attached o them; if, on the other hand, they were held under final and p" sitiTe commitment, the examination as regards them was precluded except as to the single question of mate riality of wit neases. To select and detain, as by lawful prot'e-s, such witnesses as ^uuld I?e deemed necessary to sustain the case as Instituted against them, was the duty ot the fnitel Stales Patriot Attorney, and could Ii? discharged by him at discretion. The Commissioner de cided 'hat N. W. Ijtkeman, George Anderson, and Henry Giraud, were tinder final commitment for trial, and that this case accordingly could only be continued or reviewed as to the single point of marshalling and securing the evidence. As to others of the crew nor <l??ncl genet ally *" witnesses, the ra?e was before tlio Commis sioner rfe fi' tv. and it was wt'.hin his duty and juria4ic tl< n to issue process for arrant and Comniltment agjinst nry who -houhl be implicated on good (rounds. It was decided to rcntinue ihe eininina'.ioii in private.? '.Vol '7r? ten < owi'T, frj t. 12. Interesting from Mexico. OCB VKKA CKPZ OOKKKHPONDENCB. Vni Cwa, S?pt. 8, 1865. Condition of Mexico ? Decreet of the De Facto Gamernm>"nt ? Call to the Chief t ? Counter-revolution ? Plain Ttlk ? I/i Llave and Independence ? Jteturn of the. Iturbide? Incar ceration of the Commodore? three qf Example ? Mysteri ous Appearance of Muting Mailt ? The Future. Singe writing you on the 4th inst., via Havana, mat ters and things have not improved for the better. 7bc country in unequivocally in a very unhappy condition. Carrera still holds on to the government of the Centre, and has been recognised by several of the States, or De partments. It is evident he (Carrera) is acting in con cert with the fugitive, and means to keep the neat warm lor another "recall from the sweets of private life" by the time the exhausted treasury shall be aufliclontly re plenished to stand again the phlebotomy of the great po litical gongrado. However, to give the d 1 liis due, Carrera has done a few good things? or rather attempted to undo some very bad ones? no thanks to him, though. 1 They wore too llsgrant to be endured a moment after the ilight of the Mexican Dictator. Among other things, we find most conspicuous a decrco abolishing the 'National and Distinguished Order of Guadalupe," as well as the title of Most Serene High ness, or JU>*a .S'u Serenisima. I am sorry for this; it de prives me of the immense satisfaction derive*! irom chro nicling the sayings and doings of that illustrious "Or der." and from writing H. S*. H. There is ti gcnenil amnesty lor political oITences. Ill? freedom of the piena iH restored. The secret police In abolished. The contract for two steamers is annulled, and the contractor has been forced to disgorge a halt mil lion of money. The famous bonds of tliar distinguished ' operator" are also declared invalid. The detention and violation of correspondence is also terminated. All ihese things are merely the clean sweepings of an old brioui, or, as the natives say, " 'Tis only the same old syringe with a new stick." Carrera lias railed a junta of the chiefs of the revolu tion, to assemble at Dolores Hidalgo, Sept. IB; but 1 do not think any of them will respond to the call. Comon fort, Alvarez, Degollado and Vidaurri seem to be still oe ncuerdo; hut Haro v Tamariz and others have bolted the track, and >et up for themfclvee. The correspondence between the two latter is rl?h. Vidaurri speaks in wh it mav be called "plain Inglish," though, of course, the medium Is Spanish. Ho fays, in bidding defiance to the I spurious revolutionists:? "Down with your gold lace and embroidery 1 Stand bark, and let (?sq the modest hunt ing shirts, with their artillery, rilles and revivers." ^ ow. doesn't this smell furiously of Northern barbarians? Vet Vidauni protests, in the very same letter, with all tl.e vehemence of outraged virtue, against the "frightful I accural ion ot having foreigners and filibusters in his rucks." Ah. Vidaurri 1 Vidaurri I That, will do to tell ti;e mar ines or the .Mexican:!; but j'ou can't convince an outsider that any Mexican band penned the above ener getic words, or that you would loom so extensively had you not u few gentlemen from over tlio border at your heels "agtfgrav.atio' " you ou. llowevnr, 1 has e only to say, "go in and win." li'us stands the alfair in Ihe interior. ^ Meanwhile our new liberal Governor, 1 it I. lave, recognizes the ( ontiai usurpation only just so far as suits his convenience, which is n< ! very in i . The (VUillos tariff you hn>w. is on, claimed here, without moullicatiin. and is now in ioice. I.a I lavr holds cow the key to the republic, and with the posses ion of the point whence ilow in one-hnlf of tho levetiuof, San Juan de Clloa gar risoned by his adherents, the navy availing his orders, he will he an innocent, indeed, should he not set up for himself and go it al >ne. Since business in thisSt ,to has made me a looker on here in Vienna, it will bo b ird indeed if 1 do not attempt modestly to indoctrinate him en there points. Wonder il he ever heard of the ' ?resolu tion of '?8"f Perhaps not; but there's nothing like^ try ing, So, after watching his tendencies and nroollvities. and taking particular note of the set by which ho is sur rounded, lor a day or two longer, I thiuk I'll just take a turn at him. ,, ,, . The Iturbide has returned from Havana (to the groat astonishment of everybody) and tho commodore ol' the fleet which carried off the golden fleece has been east into pri-on. As to the Guerrero, upon which the old laml null si a pirate has gone to St. Thomas, we never expect to *eo her again. Tho commodore Is chatged, too, with being an accomplice in the robbery of the navy depart ment, here practiced by a cashier thet eof, who, in Imi tation of his illustrious predecessor, has sloped to the United States with some $40,000. Let the Wall street gentry look out for him? he will have funds to invest. What a pity there should be no extradition between the two countries! Among the ahsquatulators to N'ew Orleans was also tho Inspector of Hospitals. Immediately after his depar ture vast amounts of mail matter, long mysteriously missing, turned up. Tho United States Consul here, with scores of mercantile houses, received tiles and files of newspapers a year old. The Consul is partic ularly indhnant at tho non-appearance of various official and private letters from the United States and else where. He swears it is a rather hard case, thegovrrnm-nt of the United States should pay all the expenses and per form all tho service of communication between the two countiies, and submit to have the mail of its own officers systematically robbed by an officer of a frieo^ly govern ment, appointed lor that special purpose, -ot sufferance Is the badge of our tribe abroad. l oor, down trodden, unlortuiiate Mexico! What is to become of her? The Niobe of nations! here she stands, Childless and crownless In her voiceless woe. An emptv urn witliiu her wilher'd hands. Whore holy dust was scattered long ago. Indeed, these lines appear to have been written ex pressly for this modern Kome. licet on one hand by aggressive Northern barbarians, tiam] led on at home by her Neros anil ( aliictilis, rent asundoi by "fell ambition pois'ning his brother's cup," what is to become oi her indeed? I see no practical solution of ths present im broglio. The people of the capital might indeed ? pro nounce," if they had only arms, and kick out the great man's great man, as they did the great mail himself (only he didn't wait for the Iti-hman's hint.) But nn bono! What then t It would only be to let in upon the devoted country a swarm of flies still more hungry than the present blond suckers. And so it would go on, until the carcass would lose what little vital iluid may re main. I don't know what to suggest but an American protectorate. Self preservation and a common humani ty dictate it. Besides, it will give the 1 people at Washington patronage unlimited knock the Kuow No things, abolitionists, Women's lights, el iit vmne ymu*, into eternal smash, and secure the succO-sioti to our friend Kiank beyond all doubt. Give us a touch of your quality on the subject. Census of Boston* [From the Boston Transcript, Sept. 15.] Wo are indebted to Mr. 6eorgo Adams, the Superin tendent of the Census, for tbr following result of the census of Hoston for the present year, caraparod w ith the city conBus of 1850: ? 1855. 1850. Population 162,929 138,788 Males 78,132 C?i,07 Females 84,407 72,7 ltl FORCONEKM, (Including their children under 21 years of age.) Irish 69,233 6^, Oil German 4,586 tuber countries 1:1,611 7,877 Colored 2,220 2.085 The population by wards is giren below. It will be ob served that there Is an lncreaso in all of them except ward four. In the section of the city included In tlie li mits of 1hat ward, htores are rapidly displacing the dwelling house*. The wards of Boston aro divided on the be.- IV, of the voters, instead of the population. Kast Bost< n bus made a grand increase since 1850. and n.>w has a population of 16.852. in lRfO, Cambridge had a thousand less population than East Boston shows in 1865. South Boston now contains only a thousand ies inhahitants than Salem had Htc years :igo:? Hard. 1850. 1855. 1 lrt.Hi!) 19,204 2 9.851 15.8.V 3 11.798 13,175 4 8,578 7,912 9,756 10,428 10,224 11,697 17,104 18.4:10 8 11.479 1-.H00 9 8,1(27 9 541 1 0 10,45:'. 12,653 1 1 10.480 13,264 1 2 13,:,09 17,92:; Totals..... 138,788 162,629 Fr< m the above statement it is evident that the increase has been nit inly on tbo part of the foreign population and the children ot foreigner*. POPl't ATION OK BQtTON AT DrVfTRKM PtRlODS. 18:o 48,899 1826 68,^77 Increase 14,979 per cent ,T4. 59 18."0 61,392 " 8,116 " 06.34 1886 78,n03 " 17,-11 '? 38.03 1840 85.000 " 6,397 " 08.12 1846 114,360 " 29,:i(KJ " 34 54 I860 138,788 " 24,422 " 21.U5 1865 182,629 " 23 811 " 17.10 i lie enumei ation ofl865 Includes ''Washington Vil lage," foi rnerly a |art of I'orchesjer, but annexed to Boston the present yejir. This section contains 1,319 in habitant*, which, deducted (roni lti2,fi?9, mntos lb' actual increase of Boston for th<> last live yean 22.622, o, 16.22 per cent It will be perceived that the ratio of in crcafe for the last five years is a little less than for Ibe five or ten preceding years. This is not owing, how ? rer, to any diminution in the comparative progress and increa e of the business of Boston; for farts are abun dant to prove a steady and rapid increa -e in the business and wealth ot the city, ?|ual to if not greater than any former i erlod. Dur i.g the Ia>t five years many dwelling houses have been displaced in or near the business sections of the city by immemo warehouses. These noble stucturea give evicienre of 'he enterprise and prosperity of the metropolis of New England. Vuit'- large numbers of railroad and omnibus season tiekets nre sold to persona residing in the nelghboriog towns, hut doing bo-iness in Boston. It is a (net well known, however, that many wntil 1 return 1o the ctly, and make It their hi me If tenements of e * nvenient size and moderate rent could he obtained Latsr from El Paho. ? The fcnnta F? mail, in chaige of Caj t. Jnmes tiross, arrived at San Antonio on the 26th ult., In thirteen days from EI i'aio. The San Antonio Ln'grr says: ? In the absence of the regular election returns, he re ports that there were from &00 to B00 votes poll" I, out of which the Know Nothings, by dint of perseverance, Obtained live. At 1 lecb'io del Norte the ei:i*en^ organised, and 110 ri tes were also polled again-t Know Kotntafism. lion. R. !'? ane was elected ,-enaior. snd Hon. J. Crosby Representative foi 11 I'aso county. They will probably be iWrwn neit mail. No Indiana w> re si en nn the route, no doubt owing to the prompt action ol Lieut. Randall. The StonlBgton Hellraafl Oleaster. The Railroad Ctimmuu-ioners, who made an Inquiry into the circumstances attending the disaster upon the Hton ington railroad on the evening of the third instant, have prepared a statement in reU'.ion thereto, and the follow leg are the concisions to which they have arrived:? It ig l lie opinion of the commissioners that the first *all|re mored waa not properly fastened; that three spikes were wanting on 1be inside at the end, and one at least on the outside; that any om.s*ion to pat two spikes in each sleeper? one on either hide of the rail?Is contrary to the usuul practice oi read masters, and that a road is not consideied in perfect order where the rail is not spiked and alt the sleet ere Bound, especially where the ran rest* partly on a bridge and partly on an enbankment. That it was possible for the rail at its northerly end, on account of the want of proper fastenings, to have been thrown out of its place by the action of a train, and that the last train before the accident being entirely light would have been more likely to produce this result than a heavy one. That said rail was out of Its proper position at its north erly end about five inches towards the centre of the tracic piev'oiiji to the accident, and that the marks on the rail were made by the forwai d truck wheel of the engine, to wit, the abrasion on the upper ouler edge of the rail was made by the inside of the truck wheel of the engine rub bing ayainst it, and thnt there was a corresponding mark ou the suid truck wheel. That the mark on the h wer Uange of the tail wa:> made by the truck wheel i unniug along upon it, and that when the truck wheels were about two feet from the southerly end, the rail was i reed towards ihe centre of the track, when the wheel lipped off. I. ptiu lhis fui jiosition ail the phenomena may he accounted lor. But it i?. said that the aVirasion and mark on the rail might have been made by the same force that made the luurk in tl<e ccnt-e ot the track. This wo think could i ot have been, liecau.-e the maik through its whole dis ance of two rods or more, v. an continuous, and the mark ad the same appeal, unco where the rail Liy that it id i& other places, fc-o that it is highly improbable hat the break rod or tiansit bolts would have made the maikson the tail and the marks on the track at the same time. The roadmaster testified that this portion of his section of eleven miles and a half was in the poorest re pair ot any part of it. That he had six men employed on the section, and sometimes eight. That he might have en. ployed mere men t< advantage. That there were sets of rails whore one, tw>' and three sleepers were rotten. And by other rcadmaslers it was testified that on % new road a man to a mile should be employed to keep it in repair, ?nd an old one more. One rcadniaster on an other road testifies that he had sixteen men to ten miles of tiack, though there weic other rails to k?ep in repair than those on : ho main track, but that on the main track more than one man to a mile was employed. From the nat in e of the ca-n, the commissioners can not be certain, but they are forced to the conclusion that the acci'iont ?a< occasii n"d by the want of repair of tho road. They mo unwilling t< > presume a nefarious design on the part of any individual, especially as no motive has been disclosed, ai d no testimony ha- been adduced, or is known to exist, to favr such a presumption. After the accident, the officers of the road (and espe cially Mr. G< orge H. Smith, the conductor,) exerted theui m Ive: to the extent of their power in providing for tho wounded, and bestowed evory attention that was possible under the circumstances, they have also offered every facility for this investigation. Woman'* Right* Convention. [Frt m the Bonn n Traveller, September 10.] A Woman's Bights ( i nvention commenced a session at the Melodean this forenoon. There id a large attendance, including a respectable representation of tho "sterner" ?i x. Tho me< tint, ?> at t 1 ened by an address of Dr. Har i let K. Hunt, In vliith llio objects of the convention wero stated. The organization is *? follows: ? President, Mrs. Paulina Wilght Pavls, if Providence. Vice Presidents? CaiolineH. l>all. Susan Harris, Harriet Castluton, Coro line Severance, Mrs. Jackson, JI. D., Mrs. Hildreth, ami T. W. Blggineon, Secretariat ? Miss Carletgii, of Dorches ter; and Mr. Wm, Fish. ol Hopedale. The President on taking the chair made a lenjfthy ad dress. In which flip slated the advance ot the cause, botli in this conntry and 1 urope, quoting instances of the ad vi lit of 1< molt s into the mercantile, legal and medical Gelds, and Mating, among other things, that a Mrs. Cat ncau, from 1'niiKe had 1aken the diplomatic field In St. Domingo, while at fet. 1 eursburg, the President of the Academy ol" l ine AH s dying, the Emperor appointed his widow to fill the vacancy. As to (heir future course, she said that there should be in every State petitions circulated in favor of the in vesture of women with all the rights of citizenship, as ii an alone cannot pass laws suitable to the wants of K-rnales; they must also protest against unjust laws in respect to the sex, and should be willing to suffer and die rather than to submit to such laws; they should also i.giiate for ihe election of females upon the various town school cr.mmiHees, where now acts of tyranny and op pression are ofnn made manifest. In conclusion, she urged a more gencial recognition and encouragement by females of those who ware laboring for the acknowledg ment ot their rights. A business committee was appointed by the Chair, aa follows: ? Mrs. Severance, Dr. W. F. ('banning, Wendell l'bllUps, Mrs. Young. Miss Thayer Mrs. Marjoram, of Boston, and Mrs. Caroline Doll, of West Newton. Mrs. Dull, from a committee appointed at a previous meeting, read a long dissertation upon the rights of women in Massachusetts at the present tune, the advance made in tho passage of acts upon that subject by the Massachusetts legislature, and i ow far laws are still wanting. In commencing, the alluded to the protest of I.ucy Stone and Henry lackwell as pointing out about all the objections o the present form of the marriage covenant. As o Ihe la?s of the State in regard to women, she saul hat she did not know that they were oppressive, or hat they refused to a female her rights, as the chief rouble was the male interpretation which was given to i hem. The custody of the wife's person, given by law to he husband, is oftentimes the occasion of much cruelty, which in seme ca>es quoted, the law falls to redress; other matters, the guardianship of children, Stc., Ac., were al luded to; she ihen addressed tho young men present, ask . tig t hi in if in their wive# they did not desire reasoning end sensible beings rather than dolls and playthin<s, and ? ailed upon women to aid the cause of female advance ment by making themselves better. She answered the argument that the leader* in this movement toil In 1heir home duties, by declaring that so lar as the knew they wctefree from reproach in thig re siitct, being good housekeei ei s as well as good mothers, she quoted as noble examples in their cause, the I 'resi dent of the meeting, Mrs. l?avis, Mrs. Hunt, Mrs. Hrown ing Mai ga ret I it Her, Harriet llosmer and Florence Night iii^n !e. She said that speech-making was tho lowest duty in tl.eir cause, a eloquent speakers were not so much ni cried as eloquent lives. Inirpardto conventions, she thought them rather ft masculine invention, perhap in the commencement neces sary to make their enterprise knows to the public, but which might be said in the bands of the men to liave changed the i?i j i.jmli into the nv tluibnli , instead of the me iJt i. In conclusion the urged them to he modest and ef dent in uha'tver station they placed themselves. P\en if they assumed to be sen enptalus, there was no hum n why they should be drunken or profane. L08B or Lift, on MorNT Washington. N. H.? The following particulars ol the melancholy death from ex posuie on Mount Washington, which was mentioned a few days tince in a iclegiapliic despatch, have boen commu nicated to the B< ston TmnMri/il; ? Mr. Bourne, of Kenne l.iinfc, Maine, w it li his daughter and niece, left the <>len e ai about lhiei- u'dm-k on Thursday afternoon, in tending to ascend .Mount. Washington, anil remain there i ver mght at the Summit House. They doubtless thought they had ample time to j erform their journey bemro night. After they had reached full four-flfllis of the route a thick cloud ran e up. and the wind increased to a gale, the ladies became exhausted, and the air was so cold that they were chilled through. They lost the path, and wan ? dcred about a^ long as ihe strength of the Udies would allow. Miss Bourne, the niece of the gentleman of tho party, was unable to walk alter about 8 o'clock In the tvering. To protect her from the cold wiud, a pileof stones vat raised, and si e ?a- placed under itsshelter. Her cousin and uncle did all in tl.eir power to a rouse her spirits. It is thought thr.i sbe expired at about 10 o'clock. Thesurvl tors waited and watched through tho long and tedioun hours ot the i.ight. and as soon as the morning light ap |iaied. Mr. Bourne started for the Summit House, ami found it to be but a short di- tance from where the party had parsed the night. The living were well cared far by llie inmates of the Summit House, and the lileles* body of the young lady wa.< brought down Ihe mountain path i n a litter made for the purpose. She was the only daughter of Mr. E. E. Bourne, and was in the 21st year of her sge. Her remains were taken home on Satunlay. It is said that Mr. Thompson, of ilio (ilen House, was not . ware that this party starlet fur scch a journey sa late in the day; cf course he would have prevented so haraidous an undertaking had it been in his power. 'I his i? the ?-ecotid instance in which lite has been lost by thi -e who have ventured to attend Mount Washington without a gnide. Ihe first victim was a young Englishman, who perished some six or seven years ago on the south fide ol the grrat range: be refused to hate a guide, and fitti lbutrd t f>e uig< nry of Mr. Crawford on the subject to the fact that money was the only object in view. These melanrhidy occurrences should teach all tourists the nincb needed lessi n, never to venture among the moun tains without a gi ide and In all esse* consult the resi dents of tte locality in regard to the prospects of tho weather. Tite Nfw York Puoilists in Buffalo Although no dlstutbauce occurred on tho grounds during the pugilist encounter on Monday, at Point Ablno, yet ?fTtral knock dew n" affairs took place between parties Connected with the fight, in Ihe evening, and In one com* ? ns cf the flghtr rs did not come off ik> well as in the flr.t ?'-et to." This w?.- Flynn, and the aflalr . eeurred at the 0 ntral Tallroad depot. Flynn was a little elsted with hi* succe-s in the ring flght with Davis, and was brag ging rather loudlT of lils abilities, when a well known rt.nner. who had lost some money In betting against him, ? let fly" at him risht and left with a rapidity of blow* which did not suit Flynn or bis New York backers, an'f -o ihty buttled bltn off Into the cars as soon a* thay were able. Klynn was a little drunk. Another affair took place at one of our lending restaurants, wherein a pugfHst by the name of Sweef man received a few "dry knocks" t Mch left their maiks. The fight, at one time looked ? dftle serious, as several of the sporting fraternity, who were altogether ''liqroring up," were In. There wera two or three others i f asimilarrharacter during the even inir. The-esffisys all grew ont of the flght between 1 Irnn and l'avls Tavis hat ing been considered much th? I etter man, and consequently considerable money was l?ist en him. As this is the first thing of tbe kind in thlv vicinity so we hope it will be the last. Puch affrays aro brutish at the best.? finals Courier, Srjyt. 18. Hulled States Commissioner's Court. l'efrue Joseph Hrldgham, Esq. Pfrr. 19. ? Sa rag* At'iult. ? A man named Wm. S. flsrsrd ce< k of 'be brig Frances, was brought before tho Commissioner, charged with biting off the n >se of Captain l!ay. " nm atider ol that vessel, in an alter, atlon which occurred at sea. Ibo defendant was held to answ er. The Uuffalo Crmrirr states that the shock of an earth quake was felt on Monday morning, 17th inst., In the ti wn* of Fldred. Ceres and Olean, CaUraugus county, N. Y. The shock was sufficient to shake the building, ind in one instance a chime cy top was Utfown off.