Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 29, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 29, 1855 Page 2
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YtmrnMui of the Inst Supper. to take the cap fa) remrm 'fcanee of him, is reverenced by all cUmw of Christi-un. 'Wi elnpui has probably heretofore tarred hi* Pivtne Abater with meekness and seal, ?ud hi-< abthtiea have ilMtd hiin tt the head of u indue u ? ial journal. What ?at* thus dome rallied this man ? What filled hi* mind lidi vindictive and malignant passions' Wh?t drive* him ? the verge of blaaphcmy, almost to justify the shadding ?f Iris brother's blood* The law has turned hi* mind away from the principles and precepts of the religion he peolesseH, to considerations of toree an;i violence. Trie statute, giving him power over hi* leilow man, like Mhuriei's spear, touches the love of power lurk tag in all men's heart*, wl the evil -pint springs Sato fall force and stature. This unhappy case ha* it* parallel in prery community, anl a deadly blow i* thus struck ?' th' c*UBe 01 tempi ,-ince by making it* idvnoitM repulsively odious. AnotVr smtn eminent for hi" personal virtues, hi* 1 riiliant 1 lo waeiice aud hi* k.nd but uds'aken philanthropy, take i simitar 'view*, ind declares that inebriatug liquor* are like viper* which may be destroyed wherever fouud, And that the constitution ha Lothmg to do with 'he matter. The power v. Iiidh this L:w give* dues mi re than int( ?*te < >ne man cries for blood, and another see* uul -? pen ts coiling their loath, -ome fold* up' n the sacramental ultar, infusing their venom into 'he sacred elements tad lussinr amidst the -i.leninit.ei of the 'a*t -upper. I'hi* i* the v< ry delirium tremens of fanaticism, which ha ever been liital to temp anoe, religion aud liberty. let the advocate* ot ten.oerance see what spirit this enactment ha* eve I id. I* thi- th< d y of triumph for their cause!1 J'ersuasion requires virtue, ability and sin eerity. C'oerive laws ;tre bet t enforced by the > iolent. vindic tive and tese. Hence those are now th* Ic^d. Wiey even show a malignant hostility to tho-e who hue labo re<l long, and sacrificed uiucn for the objects they cdaiin to have in view; and when Mr. flelevin. after un tiring effort* and mo*t 'arnertt soli "tati'ins to induce me to sign the bill of 18M, conceded that 1 iielieved in the ?bjeetions 1 urged, objection* since admitted to be valid by the action of it-- advocates and bv judicial tribunal-) ? this simple act of courtesy and trutii wa* denounced as treason by men of equivocal habit* and unequivocal cha saeters. Those who engage in philanthropic effort* are apt to feel that they are the owner* in fee of the virtues they particularly atfect ; and that they have a right to stigmatise all a* enemies to their iftu-o who do not lot law their peculiar ruiea ol action in all that relates to their adopted virtue. The rerunning urged by the advocates of this irtatute is itue : ? "Intemperance is an evil. It is the duty of gov ernment to suppress evis; therefore, a coercive law is sight." The evil in conceded, and those who feel its Magnitude cannot and will not consent to any measure ?: whish increase it. Hut we must not stop with depicting these evil* in glowing and exciting term*. The great question is this; is coercion a rightful and effectual re i?tu_v ' This question i* usually overleaped in order to reach the denunciator exercise*. The remedy is either a aew one. or one which ha.* heretofore failed. In either eveei. its advocates are hasty in vilifying those who ileub: it? efficacy. The argument* upon which it is founded have caused most of the political, social am! re ligious evls which oppre*s mankind. Those who bold or usurp power, are wont to ay thai v. hat they deem heresy or infidelity, or dangerous hair ts of thinking freely, are evils, and that it is the duty of a -tate to re move evile, and, therefore, they may puni-h freedom of thinking a* well as freedom of drinking. In all thee eases the real que* .ion is overlooked. What are the right meditsf The tad effects of tl. is law upon its advocatos have been seen. Anathor objection is, that it creates a, spirit of re actance which increases the evil it claim* to root out. Thl* fact is shown by the experience i f dilTerint nations at ?tifT> -. ent periods' in the world's history. The use of particular narcotics amongst mod nations, ha-' been tientirmed by effort* to suppress their consumption by tsree. The dreaded Amurath punished smoking by death, and the Turk has done littl" else than sn. .ke ever since. The use of opium is p'Oscribed in Ciiinu. and has thus been made their peculiar national vice. An a Me official docoment shows that Chinese legislation on the subject has eauMd the most startling mischiefs. King Jan.' s's " Counterblast" gave a new impulse to the plantation* ?f Virginia, and the Maine law has domesticated the use ?t intoxicating liquor throughout New Kngland, aud ha? ?nade it a " pocket, institution. The constant change* la the law of Maine itself, give record evidence of the fail sre of the effort. Now provisions and restraints are ,1'ided year alter year, and i'. is confidently elaimed that each will perfect the scheme as tka dreamer of a perpetual notion Cmci"- another screw, ?r another pully will perfect his mechanism. The object will not thus be iv med, and in a little time the accumu lated tid< of objections, and evil* will sweep away the tarTiers of prohibition and the public will again turn ?heir attention to rightful remedies. The vital principle u the Christian religion is persua M?o?, in opposition to recti aints, It makes temperance wud all other virtues something positive. It aims to make men unwilling, not unable to do wrong. It educates ??like the feelings and the understanding, the heart and the head. All experience show* that mere rest r lints trim vice do not reform. Our pri-ions are the examples ?f the perfect system of restraint. Their inmates for a long series of years, are entirely prevented from indulg ing in intemperance or any kiudred evil. They lead lives ?f perfect regularity, industry and propriety, because they are compelled to do so. Yet few are reformed by thi*. Our instincts teach us thH^feced propriety of con duct gives no assurance of futalVJ|l?.ie:on the contrary, the very fact that they have been Tab;, ected to it, is by eourts and communities regarded as evidence of depravity. The very condition of restraint i- found to be a posi tive obstacle in the way of the influences of religious education, when brought to bear upon the inmates of our |?ris<ne. Are the advocate* of the MMipMM* liw will ing to place themselves upon the tooting on which tlvy utrive to placc other ?* .' will they give up their convic tions of duty and propriety ? surrender e\ ery positive ?virtue, and become temperance men merely because ,tliey cannot drink ? They will shrink from the application of * principle to themselves which they try to ajjdjr to ?>thers. They know that virtues wither and die cut uu der such systems. The law has and doe* lead away from a right remedy to a wrong. I kn?w that it is di/t.cult t > slraw the line "where persuasion should end ami coercion begin. This has ever been the problem which ha < ciu frarrasted legislators; but this w uo know, that the pro press fif flTlWzation. morality and Wrtae, has been ,r -k ty the extension of education and religion, and the contraction of coercive laws. We object, then, to this law, because it demoralises temper in i e men, making their, vindictive and violen' . because it arouses a spirit of resistance, incres-iu,' the ef intemperance hecause it is a step backward* iu emliza'ion, substituting restraints for education. All i.omi t tliat it is better to be temperate from liol,se. from theoght and resolution, than from coercion- Wl.odoubt" that persuasion ill win more than force f But it is said in a triumphant tone if tli" law will in erease hitempernnee, why do the sellers of intoxicating hquors ?.>ject to it t Leaving out of view diff?ren -es of opinion with regard to the propriety of their use as drink, this very law concede* their necessity lor mechanical, seily al and sacred u-es ? but while it recognises the le. gamy and necessity of their manufacture and t ile, 't ?drives to make both odious, dangerous and deg-. ad'ng i>ncl thi* i naturally ie-,i?ted by tneu whose objects are higher than mere ga a. and who do not wish to see a sjusmcsi pursuit or con eded neces-ity t'orc' d in'" the hanils of those indifferent 'o their right or to j obli : -ea tan? nt. 1 do not n>s.iil the motives of its adwa'es, but good *etives do not prevent the evil results of false pi inciplo . A good moti p (to save men's ?ou'si origin. tod ih ?ihve trad'-. The rame gisid motive kindled the tires of the inquisition. Good motives and wrong prim iple* have lain at the root of almost every eril wiii ?!? lias oppressed and afflicted mankino. It is gratifying that the great body of the 1 ? rgy reje.'t it. is union with the .-tute. They continue to pu ?? their Uith in the Christian and not In th< le gislative oi -pen-a lion Their less sagacious brethren will soon find where their lUtidel alliances w ill lead thein. W? have another phase ot this principle of inte . jreuce. Not a few of those who wish to have an inquisition iu ?a'h neighborli'sid. are apprehensive th Pope <? Rom", iour thousand mile* aw.iy. wi'l destroy o.;r liberties. Thev hold that the emigrants of the last centnry were mints and patriots. am'.Jhose of the present. Criminals and paupers. They thank fJod for guiding the first pil eriuis o\er the dangers ot ihe gie*t leep, and protecting them ,n their want anu poverty ; and they condemn go ?ersajent because it ullowa the pilgrims of this century te land upon our shores, and demand they should be -ent lack because they are In poverty and want Th- sul etance of their creed is that relief o( the sU( and wants of others 1* an i nju^t diminution of the bl< s-,iugs we enjoy. The propose to cure alleged bigotry by tierce intolerance. They insult the memories of the:r fathers ty reviling all of foreign birth. They claim to h ttc per secution in foreign land*, while th y vind.' 'tivelv pursue a minority of strange:* -cattered throughout cut own. Jhey hold that their own right? of conscience and religi ous freedom should be pre-ei >ed; but that the smoke of ctrta:n burning eburcUes would roll up an acceptable mi< rllice to heaven. What is this emigration that is thus denounced? Tt is th< victory of our country and it* institution-. It is a mighty achievement in our contest for superiority with the Old World. It Is a triompli ol peace. It is a glorious conirast with the devastations of w.,r. It nur.nal'y brings three hundred thousand ?? pilgrims," and trans plants their into happy homes, making them pros|>erous. isa our nation great, while, elsewhere, war sacri Ices an equal numler upon the battlefield and by lo.iihs.iniC dm ? aee. It is the manifestation of the superior power of (owinifrce ever mere martial strength. Vvhile great n i tlor.? wxhaust their energie . eiabarrass their finances, an<l ,'Ary misery and desolation into the homes of their peopij In trsnsporting their armies to death and di^ea^e ?n di^Lnt shore*, a li w uieri hants oi this city bring ? " .*t i?ui the broad Atlantic, and never feel iti uMNh an easy and familiar tr?nsa>'tion. u groat movement, the subj-it- of htaroAan dip)feiMk7ara,triv4al. Tliis i- the great c un hat wJUch Is \tuffx upon the .lestioies of nations, and the of thHkor.d. NOfJUaujsr or Cs-sar n the fU^rWinuue.tso*)* made ,'ii ha quisitiuns of I i?4j*jTata<ii bring- to u . tho->e wno are agnmst the cau?e of ti;eir count y in tliis contest, contend that ion brings with it destitution, poverty aid crime, trace these bands of stc^ng limmed 1 ut poor foreigners until tliey I lant themselves upon the hitherto useless land of the West, and see how wealth is evolved b> their very con trai t with the *olL Tliey were poor, snil vhe fsrtlM land was valueless, but combine thene two kind- of and the wealth, which alchemists dreamed of. i- mo nu. trigal result. Whence comes the mighty Toluine of pros perity which rolls over our land P whence the increase ?i! the j, rice of farms and b>ts and lin>a?ls untitled . in t- . which has given to so many of our citl/ens wealth an 1 prt'fpetlty What gives etnpli yn.ent to our car- i,nd boats sn'! -hips, trans|>ortiug armies of men, and ie :he products Of their labor? Stop foreign immigration to this i o intry, and thousands of those who gnorantly denounce the cause of the wealth they enjoy, would find their aboundant wrooperity wither and die away like Jonah - Gourd. There is danger 'ha; th.a eeurce of prosperity and fK.wer will be d.verti it el>t where. It d?'? not (low to our *b< res because we alone have fertile land?; thero are broad, unoceupied plains not owne<l ty us, In South America and Australia. Immigration seeks I re e ligioiis and political fre?*lora an 1 eijiiaUty. Will k do SO he re Jter, in view of late occurrence' Recent outrages have been perpetrated aptly for the purpo-e< of govern ment# who are adopting active measures to turn else where these living streams of population. British nat'i wc s ill (fcYO{ W 4'.' \'i < Iiir'--" OantlncnUl gawermneb la. under pretext el orde^ting the health af their subjects, impaae Ml? tiuOK and embarrassing restraints! upon our weeds en *a?ed m their transportation. The diiniiushod Dumber rfTmigranta during the past year shows the reault What makes New York the emporium of our country? Why are the productions ol every -action ol our Union brought here to bo . xchanged for the merchandise of other .-ouniries and climes/ Mainly because it is the only riort cn thin continent which ha* a return cargo for iw outward bound -hi] ~. liere alone the ex pense of carry irc abroad the products of our noil or akill is dimmiabed by charging a purt to the .'migrant visiting our snoros. Divert immigrations from our country, and you strike a deadly blow to the prosperity of thin treat city. wny are the farnjeifl in th?' interior of our own ano other f?tates, able to send the lruits of their toil to icreign markets? Mainly because the cost ol th"ir transporta tion 1b les-ened by immigrations. When wo trac- out all ,t? in dui uK'r i ernieatirtg every . ndustria 1 purpoMs we are amazed at the madnesa and folly that to-eks to divert it e! ewhere, and astan.-d of the bigroty aud ignorance which prompts the < ffert. The uhargesof pauperism and criminality made against our foreign citiiens are unjust. Their violations of law while they arc not fa miliar with our institutions, and when placed under circumstances of treat and novel temptation*, are no more frequent than the commission of v rimes by those of American lurth when removed from the conventional restraints ol kindred and friends. in California, or ou tlie shores ol the Gulf of Mexico or the Carribean seas. Absurd efforts aic made to trace all the virtues ot tie American character back to the early celonUts ; t? hnd the genus of our institutions in their urst acts alrer landing upon our shores, and thus to make a distinction between them and the modern emigrant. It 's assumed that the former were models of V irtue and wisdom, and that we get from them our ideas ol civil and religions liberty. Nothing can be more fallacious. The colony at l ly mouth was a religious as sociat ion who wished to enjoy their own jieculiar views, and to exclude all who did not agree with them. They made u<> preten-ions to religious toleration, lne early colonists w< re composed of good and bad, of the wise and ignorant. Of the forty-ono men who came over in the Mayflower, within seven months two were ?>unit*he<.l ior fighting a duel, and oue lor disorderly conduct, who w*ib subsequently hung lor murder. A contentious feeung was shown on ship-board among this handful of men, for it is given as a reason for forming a govcrnm* nt, that, "observing Home not well affected to unity and concord, hut gave acme appearance of tac tion, it was thought good to combine together iu one body, and to submit to such government and governors as they should, by -oaimon consent, sgree to make and choose." The same conside rations of religious freedom, or of personal advantage, which led the early colonists to the shores of thii conti nent, continue toaraw hither the inhabitants of the old, world. No one denounces the early immigration because there w-re criminals mingled among the good and wise. The Know Nothing idea that men will make better citi zens if deprived of politi-al privileges, is mon undemo cratic; that religious sentiments should be persecuted and denounced, is most un- American; and that homes should bo denied to the poor and oppressed in our abun dant unoccupied public domain, is most uncharitab.e and unchristian. .. _ , This disposition to interfere with the actions ol one cla?s and tlio rights of conscience of another, does not confine itself to local affairs. It creates a desire to con trol the political freedom of iar removed States and com munities. At this time, a party powerful in uurr.bers. resources and talents, in opposition to the earnings and entrea ties of the patriot whom the American people love and reverende. have entered into the pending political con test, with the determination of arraying one scction ot our common country agaiiist another. Its presses con stantly urge upon the public attention everything of past, present or fancied occurrence which i calculated to excite the prejudices or to arouse the passions or the North against the South. Blind to the pages ol history and deaf to the admonitions of the wise and good, heed less of scenes ot suffering, blood and carnage winch na tional pa'sions and prejudice- are producing in Kurope; unthankful for the progress, happiness and peace of our land, men of narrow prejudices or ot selfish ambition wish to reduce the boundaries of our great country down to the dimensions of their limited views or person al schemes. This treasonable conduct Is called a neces sary measure ol delence against the agg. es: ive power and political influence of the South. It is remarkable that the idea of the undue power of the -outli mainly originates in the New Knglaud States, whose united ter ritories are less than tho area of Missouri, and their ag gregate population les" than that of New York, and yet who are allowed six ilinos the reptesentation ol cither in the Senate of the United States. The charges of territorial acquisitions *nd of political aggressions to promote Southern deigns, have been made so persistently, that well disposed persons have been mis led. 1 call your attention to the following tacts, gutheied from official documents In 1700. the population of the Northern Mates was 1,068,456, and of the Southern 1,961.372. Their numbers were then about equal. In 1850, the population ol the Northern States was 13.507.104. and of the Southern 9,612,810. This great disparity lia- been Increased during the last five year*. The a nnual increase of the popula tion of the United States, including immigration, is abmit WIO 000. Of the natural increase, 370.0O0 bCiongs to the North, and 2!i0.000 to the South. Of the immigration, assume that 70.000 goes to the South, and 230.000 to the North and West, and it will lie -een that the annual in crease of the population of the free over th<; slave states is aiiO.OOO. By 18o0. the population of the North will ex ceed that, of the Siuth more than e'.ven and a half millions. , . . .. The political power of 'lie couc'ry has pn . nto .ne hands of the free s. and that power is increasing with startling :apidl:.y. The preservation of our nion d? rends upon the wisdom moderation and justice of tht North and yet at this time the party dominant in this State appeals to Northern passiuns and prejudices; it strives to array the majority against the minority; it tells the majority that it i- brave and bold to denounce and revile the minority; it stigmatizes tho.-c as cowardly ard U-e who stand up on Northern soil to - peak for their whole count iy. Tlii. tainted courage, wbich seeks a contest with inferior numbers, has studies the cfasus returns This iroi uted c^wardl>-e is the courage and pa tt iotism of all Uic good and the great our country has produced. . . ... * l ook at the result* of teiritonal acqtiuition"^ At th<> e tai.IMiii ent ot our government we had no lands west of the M is Bi ? ipi I. llv the purchase of Florida and the acquisition of Texas," New Mexico and California we have incre: s?d our country's area threefold, and extend ed it to the !'a, ilic. The purchase of Florida was more for the advantage of Northern comnvrre than Southern interest - \ largo |>ortlon is uninhabitable, and its po pulation i, les- th-'.n that of some ot our ioteiior coun ties. With Cubfl, it gave t,?. Spain complete control ot Northern crmm? rce -ith th? Onlf of Mexico; henc- the ne.-es'ity for Its acquisition. Tl.c purchas- ot I.ouisiana was made for the purpose of giving to the \\ estern and Northwestern States an open .hannel to th.. ocean for their productions. The Southe, u : -tates .11 1 not L neel tlii- they bordered upon th" Atlantic and <>ulf o .? x - co It also gavo to the North n imrnen-e regi.m. ex ceeding in extent ihe original thirteen State-, lying lie twien the Misv.s-ip i r.ver and the Pacific Oeein; a country watered by the uppor M.s'oun and Col imb a rivers ?nd their tributaries, with the advantages ot some of the ben barl nrs iu th'- vorld on the Haeitlc co'ist. This purchase was male by* Southern administration. This vast region is s. on to be tillc l with and active and enterprising population. A computation will show two- tlii ids the extent, and a vastly greater proportion ot the value <?! toe territories aciimrt-d by the t.nltel Stat, s have be -onto '?r will be-omo fret- -tales. The t eoplo of the North are uniformly opposed to slave ry not fr< m hostility to the South, but because it is re i.uiriiiiiit to mir^entinienti. in ronfcrmity with our view we bav sboh.bed ? '.ivory here, and hav ngexTCised our rights in Mir owr way we -li.'nld be wil ng to 1; ? o her ci immunities l ave ;tc same rights and privileges we have enjoved. We are !>ound to a.--- upon our !aith in tho p. im iples'i pe f-gov i nment. Wo have ugli do at tlii- time to cure gu>'<i troverni.ient lor New Yoia. us lcavt ? aoh Stale .it this .??.ni?-l-ia-y upon th- lngh an 1 honors bl^ ground ol v- constitutional rights?ma trying to ini.iro by assault nor to degrade by sympathy. I-e* us show our respects for the rights ol oth? rg ly respecting our own. and our di <ire '.'or good govetnmeut oisewhe.e. b> governing oursclvis Wisely and well. I*- u-truii that each < ommunity like our own, when left free .o a-t, will find out lor itself, and not through ..tht rs. wnat con terne its prop. happines- and go. d g v; nment . New York has an hist oi leal latere-: in ne doctrine of State liahU and local sell gove.ninen.. Ihere -.veie those in th* i otivention which furnud o r nut' nil con ?tltut ion. who wished to create a consolidated gov. ru mint, ii nd to giv- r prep nde-ntlm; lnatienc" to tne larg er sta'es I y tepresen- ative* based upon p"pulat na.on . Although a' 'bat lay, t- ample 'a riu-ry. its fe t;l' -oil and coi. iu..ndina po.ition gave assurance of future wealth, population and gi-eatnes-, the delegats" . oni New Yor* strinuousiy oppo-e.1 theses names, lin?.a serte the entire e. unlity of the several State- and tl;".r fovere'.gntj. !t was the only .argi State which too*. th:? position. .V majority of its deleg-.tes withdrew f in th convention when this i>erfecl eijuality was de-tioyed tiy giving to the larg- r Suite* .. greater repro.enta.ion in one branch ol the government than w .? to M en joyed by th.- smaller It adopted the constitut ion reluctant I* -ufe its lacgua*.'.' admit'e.1 if con-tru ? tion" ?ange < us to th'- light" of th state* Hill', its a'-ent wss acc?.mpsni' 1 by a resolut. in that the "constitution be latitted iu fall conHd.-n-e that the amen l-nent- prepared by this convention w I bo adopte.1." The amendments ? hi b tl.l? ~t.u- w .s chi. t'y in-trumental n j.r.?-urinp. shield the ?;nd property of our cltiten- agftin*?t unreasonarle searclies ano ?.iiure?. 1 y regulating cntr n*l proceei ins ..mi preserving th" right -.rl.i! '?y jury . opre \ scon-lro ti'.n or shu*. of ..etnan -d the amendment- whieh declare that the enumeration of csrtain r -hts siml! not b>- n-trued to d? ny o ? .:mpa rflge oth-r- retain <? 1 l.y tli* poople, and that the powers not dekgste.1 to the 1'ni!.1.' - tates by th* consti tution. nor prohibited by t to the Stat-s. are reserved to th- states re-p?tiv-iy." Theso article* con?'i re the grea' ??rr'.rrs again -t th- ?ticroachnien:s of the ge neral gov. rnmeut. and the principal ^Mn-es to t itlits and sovereignty ot th- vtat.-s and th- hber t * 1 1 our itiiens. The great prin-ipl*. whi h New York aa seite t at the period of the adoption of the con-Utut.on in behalf of the several -tat-, and of the rights of the people, she will continue to maintain and dee nd. h is obvicu" that agitation With respect to slavery in the -states, ie? for a .vac in? |>er.onal Interests under th of prowetive i?nff- . for j ro.use tur?s for internal improvements, for -h u, p< puhlie treasury ot dilT< ent schemes I" pun "te priva e Wealth and interests, hav. a < ? mtnon origin in m.-ta?. ;i v.ews of constitutional law. ? The here-..- ofcueicive temperance laws. Know otii iniMin and ?e.tionai am -atlont h?ve their origin in oi.? inioon error, a to n ? rt re with th? set. jr.-, ci Dselences an i allairs of ? tlier- "he moment the ilem crati- principles, th .1 men are 1? bele- al'me unless ?!iey invade he rights of. ther an 1 a;.s a .'????<?? 1 tog 'V ?? th'm-e v- ?re il?p;.rted from, tp know n it .nto ?h? vsgarie- an. ,n, n-.-'en i- ? oici.iunlties may i n. if New York mus- is- gitat-d by t> ?? no ic* > :' ? 'li-.' ' ?< iu munitle^. let ?? r.o. o-,. Wp the ft ,nd e-. ? .t.? ? o f c untry. and th" g-?-Ht \li?-ouri and Mi- ppi r.v?r?, to d?n uace the hardy pmneei s rugf ill g n-ivi thetria' and hardships of trontie.- Th'ise Who wish oei.g u 'h^ .m ? t.-ti*. ' n?s of Uo cendu t f ? h- - w.t..-u' w..u-.? . uf away to the rwso'.e rout h r - ih?n>- Ive- o the 1 We?tem prattea, can find U- ? n*ugi. ; .? ,... fci'.ft'J liBvj'Wtai tVfiVm- ? t>'ri s-,!} WrnS ,7n^k^ J political and legislative polic* nl?rf ?on8Kt*nt *?d useful to entir Into u 801 *hat should we think of men who should propose to organize a party agalnrt Massachusetts bt fh2!?? ? eouW I1110* tt"kt ?%he Paralysed our arms and lr n,a^T!l> "VVn, trfMt'n, "n,f al"?nce with our enemies nour last contest with Ureat Britain for ri*ht? e.?eu. ihe nnUr1|nat'Cnal exi8t#nce' dfnity and honor That she annually commemorates the lauding of the Pileriin father, on llymouth Rook, with UudXna hi thereS ??1 ntrgj which ljd tiiein to tly frum oppression ill Ke'r 'Y*! 'and;, that she offers up praises to the i'ro rfw n .nT^iC ^r1 tl,em 0Ter tbe dangers of the great r he ?* ot the year denounces government iini.i! ??r \. poor, oppressed and persecuted find a home in our abundant and fertile territories that utKMtsof her early commercial enterprlze, including Iho slave trade, and demands that the South Khali nuke immediate restitution lur the wrong* done to the negro; that she insists she will not gfv<> up the fugitive slave cerauso he is poor and oppressed, and yet sends buck across Iho ocean feeble women and children, to pori-h with the exhaustion and fatigue of the return voyage merely because they are destitute and weak; that "h" raises contributions to send her citizens to Western Ter ritories, and rends bank to Europe otuers boeause th"y have been thus aided; that she collects money and organizes bands of men to control legislation in Kansas, and is shocked at the violent inter ference of Missouri. It is mentioned among recent items of news, that a slaver sailed from Boston to steal Atiicans andcairy them into bondage; but this cir ' umrtancc will be forgotten in the iniig tuition urou-.d through puipit and press, by an unfounded report of a transit r ot .slaves in Kansas. It insists that the ueg. o of the . outh can and should govern himself. and passes a coercive temperance law be, ause she denies the ability ol its own citizens to inactive self control, .-he demands punishment lor illegal violence upon her citizens ky ?lis eonrians, and refutes restitution and remedy for outrages upon defenceless women. She is so much engird l,y lawlessness west of Missouri, that she cannot the blackened walls which tell of the outrages of mobs with in view of her seat of government. With laudations ot Webster, she practices upon the principles of his rival (.alhoun; she denonnooe nullification iii South Ctro llra and follows her example, and is at this time partic ularly engaged in seeing that tlse nets of Congress arc obeyed in Nebraska and resisted in Massachusetts. It instead of correcting our own abundant faults wc must have a sectional party, an Holy Alliaece, to inter fere with other states, Ft surely should be arrayed against those who have an undue representation in our -National Councils; who have sought, -4nd have obtained special legislation for their peculiar advantage- who have demanded tariffs and banks, and extravagant and corrupting systems of internal improvement. The democracy of New York can never array itself arainst the Mates of the .'-outh who have always stood by the right on all these grea'. questions, and who have never defter ted our country in the hour of its peril. But we deny the necessity of any sectional party. Massachusetts will soon recall to mind her betfer days and feel that it is unbecoming a State to become tru u lent and factious becauso tho course of c.ents has de stroyed her comparitlve conscquence. Let us stand up for our whole country, from Maine to Georgia; from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Ut us know no geographical destinations, but content ourselves with coriecting our own faults, and upholding sound nrinci ples of government. Thojc who are trying to form a sectional party found their hopes opoi: differences of opinion among democrats with regaid to territorial questions, and they expect to euaw some into their organization who differ from them in ninety-nine points because they may possibly agree upon one, and that one not involved in this election. It 1.1 true libit the repeal of the Missouri compromise waa condemned by many, regretted by others, and approved toy h third cIaph, Many deemed its repeal a great wrong* others regretted it as inexpedient; anil . th-rs again be lieved the only way to dispose of agitating question, dan gerous to th? peace of our country, was to leave them to the disposal ot the communities particularly concerned. I believe there are few who wish to contend for the restoration of the Missouri compromise. It has been the singular fortune of this act of Con gress to have been denounced at the North and ? outh at the lime of its adoption ; to have been generally condemned .luring (he period of its existence, and to have created a political convulsion by its repeal We are now trying the policy of allowing the people of the lerritorles to govern themselves. Heretofore the general government has exercised a control over their affairs Our vast acquisitions of territory could not be foreseen by the framers of our general government, and we are left upon these great questions to be governed by the analcgicb of the constitution, the principles of our institutions, and by weighty consideratinns of policy. J here are two tribunal* to which territoral questions may be referred? the general government or the people of the Territories. Many at the North and the South hold that the genera] government has jurisdiction and Is bound to exercise it. That it is a dnty which cannot be avoided. Those at the South contend that thev have a right to go into the Territories with slavery, and that Congress should pass laws for their protection while those at the North urge that it should forbid its introduc tion. \\ hile these two classes agree upon the tribunal tiey have also been alike dissatisfied with its action', other democrats prefer a reference to the popular tribu nal. 1 hey believe it to be most in accordance with the genius and spirit of our institutions. They believe itsde (islons will be htnest. intelligent and wise, for they will be made by those deeply interested in a right result? by those who know best their own wants and condition and by those who can be influenced by no cosidcrations stve those which w >11 advance tlio welfare of the society in w-hlch are involved their hopes and their fortunes, l'nev think the inhabitants of the territories are bettor judges of their own wants, with deeper interests in good go vernment for themselves, than those a thousand miles away, legislating under the influences of passion and prejudice, plunder and pleasure. That the ezerclio of jurisdiction by the general government may carry witli it by implication other and dangerous powers which the democracy of this Mate would be unwilling it should w''h 'hoee who prefer territorul tribu nals. The policy ol local self-government has been adopted, and I believe there is a disposition on the part ol all classes of democrat* to have it fairly testes! and it Is demanded with justice that there should be no iutcr leience with its action from any quarter. It is gratifying to the people of this State to feel that this policy will produce the result* ?hicli they believe v ill best promote the prosperity of the Territories. The la^s of emigration and settlement in our country are as kn. wn and as determinable as e.rithmatlcal propositi ms. r migrants go frmn States which are most populous. They go irom dearer to cheaper lands. The census of lFoU shows that ihe population otthe North exceeels that ?tfn ?1,000.010. Its annual excess of increase is ?<?.0.100. lis population to the square mile is double, atd the value e.f its leal estate, by the acre, is about llnee fold that of the south. The unoccupied land iu the fr. e Males is dearer, and in the slave States cheaper, than !? 'Ji? lerritorie.. In the -ltve States bordering on the lerritorM, the public lands, under the graduation . -? ?"n ,,e ho ught for lower prices than in the terrlto ? II , of these lands thus held at reduced rates, are of the I est quality. The population of Missouri, with an area greater than that, of the six New England States is -e-s than 'OO.OOOj and its rate of increase far below that of Iowa or Wisconsin. The number in Arkensas and I exa< is till less on each square mil-. No one c,in look at the-e facts and not bo satisfied v. hat the results will be^ lhe annual exre?. of the population of the North ? ver that of the South. Mtlleach year give three times the population required to entitle a State to admis- on into tbe I nlen while the South, under the influence of climates, productions and institution-, is imperfectly settled and lis -mailer number* Hre but thinly scattered over its extended territories. It may f c said that events in Kansas are inconsistent with there views. There is a vast amo unt of misappre hension with regard to occurrence* in that region. I'wo ela--e? ol imitators have concurred in their efforts to cre ate' the-e false views, fine at tbe North to produce the inij ressbn that a sectional party mu?t tie formed to r< ?i-t the -'ontb, whil" < ertain candidates for office in Mi sot.: I wish to magnify their servi es to the South. Iho violent nno ii.Hanimatooy articles of the journals of loth eas -o designed to stir tip violence and passion, are* re I"bli/hed with obviou' satisfaction, end thus the m ist ofien lvc sentiments are constantly kept bet ire the differ ent communities ti ey wish to ngitateand excite. 1hnt> have been 1 epe.tinent interferences In so-ne qnarters, and tru' tih ut outrages in others. it. is evidently i r.just that the conduct of tbe citizens of old Mates should be . Il?re.l ai evidon. ethat the people ,,f rhn r. rrit. rie- ate incspable of self-government. Tlie politi cal 'tii'f 'es in Kansas heretofore hive had r. ierenc mainly to the | owe ? of I iillding up towns by establishi the Sites ,.| the Capitol and county ?eats. Those who are earnestly ,.nd deeply snxleus . n the question of slavery "".UJ u' ^n -what surprised by a close and local iti qii.iy >uto the views and purposes of parties in Kansr. ir may le s.,id the numbers which have alien.. Into Kansas from Missouri show that its ' it,'"c . *?' trene.|*li.-e this territory. Hitlicr'o. 'migration there ha i.een controlled by a dc .re to secure town lots, When agricultural en - "rntir n cei ttncn'M. it ni'l be governecl liy rul s which pi evail elsewhere, itut t. w have gone (roni Missouri or other states to get form'? most expect to g"t cities Tnc trie pioneers w II -o,,n make (heir appearance: tlie men who till ti e ?. ,j] an(j subdue the earth? men of strong arms and clear head ? who know how to govern themselves, and who will direct their own affairs l?t r.ot all our virtuons indignation be poured emt upon the irregularities of border life. When yon go the sluiily 11 en who, in iidmn e Impr.n-ements, have chop pe . and herd, nu.t r'oughed their way almost across this continent. y.,u will find they have irene. rous and r.oble . ualitles. I,., 'not Hi. eu.r 1 1 rror et "nlawfnl act? upon those who are in a measure unprotected by taw-, ??.ml b. lor" ? ? nhat occurs in . ur own or neighls.r ng state.. More ?,1.km1 wa? spilled in a late p> litical c hit us* in I eittu. I.v th. 11 ^ any or ail of the eleoti ms II ... nitcries. In old "tates there none of the palliatloi wt ch grow out of the condition of the border life. >M- .1. e not fee. I (hat at this time (he rights of e i- safer in Kansas than io States which have h??r? ? ?>r th?*ir ciT liijition. refinement an 1 ?> ' I' W..I .oe.nle seen (hst lnterf?ren.e wi-h the rights < t those who have the courage, enterprise and vigor to | lai.t themselves west ..f the Missouri, will be tret with it 'ligr.atien and eentempt. They will vindicate their claim to public inspect and confMen-c. Itef?r>- an other year lias rolled round, their capacity for wi?e self rymment will I end concealed, and the suiii<vt will Kir" its | oil iral . onsequen e. i tl.i- period cf pecula'ite excitement in city lots an we.t, n Ian.:- we mu?( expert agitation when politi l"[wor -n tbe Territories gives controlling Influences fn mr.king (h? -its of towns and cltie., it is but a few J. hr? sin ? that M.ese consid* "ations bs| to oje^n vlo ence and destruction lyr fire of land offices in Western New iork. are, to b'( rwlshed in me of *h. .entral cotin fe. \ iolenc. iu l'.nn?as does not gr?.w out of anr power 7" l"' Territorial legislature which lias not alwsys teen conferred up. n similar boelies l.y act of (' n gr. Mi l while the tee, |. r.f New York are agitata about other l onionur.'.tle . wl.i/ !? the cotid.tlon of their own iiftair- Isy .w i \ i i re ii.r gowl gt.vernment else here by sefii g (. .. < i? .les than ly any amount of ?? '1; ""'n ?r- ? 1 1'.- ''..(inotlvt- <1 tfereuces between I ' M I - ^.ies In o. ii -tate are as marked as those mI . Ii . I - .i ten>e na'i. nal parti. * 1 am happy ,i . :be ftii ?j and li-.t stry ? >ir ru-e<ent Stat.i . fli ? . t i.. ill., e . ..ty no i .ndnstrv ?vill make fal-?* n?"rt.s < 1. 1 t.enefi al. The democratic pariy J < ?" 1 1 '' l'\ '?'*> -1 una-uai ktili-^f ju?4 in Jurrtrv wh* will administer tbe affair* of New Y?rk upon cornet political and financial principles. and their etoe tioo will do more to promote the interest* of oar BUte and nation than any degree of discord and disMaaion among democrats. It is said that proper regard has not l*en paid to public filing here, -lull we tain the re spect of others by local, sectional or personal controver j Do we dene i-ve that res pert until we i^ume the commanding attitude winch belongs to us >t right.' Uect, ax we, tbe admirable ticket we hare placed in nomi nation and New York will and must be ros|.ected. Her wirbon will be regarded and her voice will be he-ded. ll there is jealousy of her power, let that jealously be re buked, not gratified. , ... To every democrat who understands the prilitr al history of our country and the distinctive differences between partial, this is a day of outideuce ami strength. We Lave no alliances with the (actions of the hour, <>ur ??auditlates represont the principles of our convention. Our party is commensurate with tho extent of our coun try and represents all the truths involved in political ac tion Ou tin other band it is not only admitted. I it it is claimed as a reason fur a '-new holy alliance, " that no other party don more than represent local feehnK or particular. and partial sentiment'4. At th.-- wo L. -e .motlier involuntary tribute from our oppon-ct-. More than half of the public officers elected within ten yean* by ihc whigflj once acted with us*. and it their late coo vention they formally decidcd that, rescuant democrats are better men than consistent whigs. . Apainat all tbe errors, fanaticism and follies ot the day, the democratic party opposes its principles ot man's capacity to govern himself, and the rights of communi ties to control their own affairs. Wc are able, tnereforo, to present a single organization against the numerous fac tions of the hour. Our political opponents, witli all their abilities, virtues and merits as Rood citir?ns, ar- :n per ? etual discoad and coutu-ion. They arc divided 11. to dif ferent encampments, speaking different tongue, and re presenting different and conflicting viewn, feehnufl and national! tie-'. To-day they light a common enemy, to morrow tli-y may be charging upon each other. me duties of their leaders are of the most arduous charac ?er. Some active, energetic, and enterprislug men are obliged to attend and manage the conventions represent inff the whigs and fusionists, the anti-rentere, tho trienaa of law and order, the Muiue law and the liquor dealers, the abolitionists and the silver grays. True, some of them say that they abhor the principles of Know No thlngism, but from the character of thoir party, tliey are compelled to organize Choctaw I/idges to beal out Hindoo organizations. Some wise whigs see the folly of coercive )n?H, but they can only say so in private, ana oevise means for the embarrassment ot their execution.^ .oey tan not take open and effective positions upon principle. A review of the subject- which agitate the public mind, show* that a want ol' iaith in man's capacitv tor selt-go veran>ent lies at the root ol' every error with which we have to contend. This is the common centre fr nn which every diverging heresy always has and always will branch forth. It also shows that the instinctive and dis tinctive differences between parties never die out, al though they may manliest themselves under various as pects. To-day we arc discussing the very questions

which divided parties at t'ae very formation ol' our go vernment. All classes desire tho welfare of our country, but all do not pursue it aright. Parli"-; differ with re gard to principles of action, not v ith rcspett to ol ,r,^s. Federalists, bank men, tariff men, and tho discarded whig paity, meant well, but it is now Been and admitted that good intentions did not prevent the mischief or talse principles. _ . . , We reject legislative legerdemain. We have but one petition to our law makers ? it is, to be let alone. We have one reliance for good government, the intelligen t of the people; one source of wealth, the honest, thinking labor of our country ; one hope for our workshops, the skill of our mechanics; one impulse for our commerce, the untrameled enterprise of our merchants one remedy for moral evils, religious education; one object for our political exertions, the common good of our great and glorious country. While the Governor was f peaking the Seventeenth ward Independent Democratic Club entered with music and banners, and with difficulty obtained admission into the already over crowded hall. The speech was often in terrupted by applause, partially on tbe hits at Know Nothingism, the Maine law, and other ill -favored ' isms;" and at its close the eloquent and distinguished speaker was vociferously applauded. The Epidemic nt Norfolk nntl Portsmouth. OUR NORFOLK COltKESPONDENCE. Norfolk, Sept. 20 ? 12, 1 a o'clock. Hope for disconsolate Norfolk has almost assumed the guise of actuality. But a few wcoks more and we may bid our fugitive citizens to return in safety? the sound of the hammer and the trowel will once more be heard in our now deserted streets? the hum ol" business will re commence, and we will be struggling to throw off the incubus now resting upon us ? new men will -tep into th? ranks, and their future ? but we cannot tell ? we li pe the time will come again, when all will go "merry a-> a mar riage bell. Among the few new cases, we are pained to cite Mr. K. Dairy mple and lady. Mr. Dairy mple Is ft well known and wealthy master stonemason in our city. The lady of the Rev. ?. D. Armstrong is now vcrv low. He has lost lour In his family? one in Richmond? the re mainder are convalescent. A. .lakernau, reported dead in the Baltimore paper*, is convalescent. Those who have lied from the city and taken refuge in he surrounding country, are now feeling the effects of he sickly season in the country, together with the fever. I learn there liave been six cases on one farm? that of Mr. Do Bree. Several deaths have been mentioned of person# who have not been to the city for live or *ix VIJ11m Ann llerron, a well known patroness of ^t. Pat rick's church (Catkolic). Is at Ihtf time very low. Mr. Beyan is convalescent. 1 lime been requested by >ir. A. .1. i.ibb-, ol Philadelphia, to say he is not dead, re I orteil in 1he Baltimore and Philadelphia papers. He at one time was supposed to be dying, and given up by Irs physician, but he recovered, lie is the druggist of the Howard Infirmary. Thos. White, a policeman ol Norfolk, has th?* color of an orange. He has tally recovered. The follow ing are among those who have died during the last twenty tour hours: ? Miss K. Ventres*, R. I ci tes. Bet, ( buries, Mrs. H. Moore, Mr.-. Whitehurst, Mrs. Spangle!, Dr. 'idenburger. a 'lerinan re-ident of Augusta, and as sistant in Ludlow & Tunstall 's dispensary; lizzie Oliland, Mrs. Price. There were but twelve deaths yesterday. The following is trom the Howard Infirmary Admitted. P. Brown, Lewis Phillip; no deaths in the Inflrnviry for tbe last twenty-four hours Discharged, Kdwaid Kimbcr. John Francis. There is no sickness among either the r harlest"wn or delegation. Th<- weather con tinues quito cool. Our only tear is a change. Hemain ir.if as il i ? . and our day of deliverance is not far distant. e ' NORFOLK. Norfolk, Sept. 25, 1800. i Since the death of the gallant Ferguson, President, of the Howard Association, the disease has continued to strike at ' shining ma lis' ? John D. Oordon, the banker, a reliable citizen; Caleb Ben-al of the firm of Beusal ft Brother, millers, (the first Hour mill lately establ.shed under their enterprise in this city): Charles Be ale, formerly editor of the Ecininp Am*, and bettor known with you as tbe historian of the life of Miss Bunkley, the escaped mm. Richard Tunstall, K*q., of the firm of Lud low s Tunstall. apothecaries ami largest prescrlptionists in the city, (Mi. Tunstall resigned as suryeon in the I . s. Navy within tbe year). I have the unfeigned sorrow to communicate to you the deaths of these seveial valued citizens, this morning, as having o :curred since this time yesterday. Not a person of the Howard Association but w hat lia? been through the disease or fallen victims to it, except John K. Ijrngly, Esq., of this city. Thi, young man has earned a reputation by his uncea-inc attention to the sick and suffering, that time cannot efface or the : '' Ir'ed ever forget. Day and night finds him at bis po-t. administering to the dlj tressed and soothing them with his consolatory manner. The.di-ea-e Is no doubt lessening, but those that take it now are taken off with out delay ? It Is much more virulent in it* character.^ }>EW YORK LIQVOR DEALERS AND NORFOLK Sl'F FERER8. to tjif epitor or rur. mw ronx nnn?LP. Our attention has been called io an arrf' le in the Hi ' si o that rhe Astor House nnitbt have teen the hotel referre I ro as eontributing ?o large an amount to the liquor dealers fund, for tbe benefit ot the Norfolk and Portsmouth sufferers. We ilci m |i our duty to correct the above statement, as the on dersiiined called upon Mr. Coleman, and he declined con tributti.K tn ?lir *b<-ve fund. A lull li**t ol the Third ward c ntrlbulors will be found In anrcher colunin. P. O. M KY, JOSKIMI HARRISON, < ommlttee of the Third ward. It appear* by the list of subscriptions published in another column that the liquor dealers ol the Ibird ward qave contributed 1600 for N'orf .lk? more, it Is said, than aiy other two wards of the city have contributed. The committee have done well. Snprrmc Cotart?Clrenlt. Hefore lion. Judge Cowlea. TBE NIMH ATKKIE RAILROAD INJUNCTION BIS" SOLVED. Shrr. 27. ? Wrlmorr and at. c?. Star jr mo' n'.? Cowii*, J. ?In ? prerioui opinion read to counsel. but not filed, the conclusion had been arrived at which ii? "till retained, that the grant in question bad been locally Dade, but the opinion was also expressed tbftt for other reasons the injunction should in part be continued. I'pon that bianch of the case a re-argument wa? asked and ordeied. It has since been had, and that branch of the caw re. viewed. I'pon u more full consideration of the caee ' ,m persuaded that the ground on which it wne detarmln <1 to continue tlie injunction in rart was erroneous. Inat erTor I must feel no hesitation in admitting, and still ?< in correcting. In the lay ing down of thin railroad t' -If and i uniting earn thereon, the defen.Unts will act tinner an authority lawfully eonfrrred by the Common Council, and -auctioned, If such sanction were required ? 1< I ihink il ?a? not ? by tlie act of the Ix-jri-latur.' of Apiil, 18M. Ihe construction of the road will invade none of plaintifl.^' Tested right* of property ? for, a? mere ow i. rs of property fronting upon the streets through which the railroad in to paw. tbey poseess none which will be un lawfully token by it.? construction. Wliatevet inconve nience* iliey may suffer, there i* here no taking of pri vate property tor public nee, and would be none, even did ihey own the fee of the streets opposite their re I ? . iivc lot*. (Islington and Ohio Railr.-ad Company v?. Applccate. 8 Dana. J90.) (Will ianiA vs. New Jersey Central Railn ad Company. 18 Harb.. 'AS.) (Chapman vs. Albany and Schenectady Kailroad lompanv. 10 Barb., ( Hadcliffe's Rxecutors v?. Magee. 4 Com.. 196.) Tlie inc. nvenienoe* which plaintiffs are to suffer will re suit solely from the (act that tlii- new mode of u<ing thoee Itreeta will interfere with the extent and mode of it- present and former nse by them a? merchants doing bu-ine-s on the linn of the -treets. The same effect would folii w, however, were the streets blocked up by line* ?l ?, after the fa-hion of lower fl roadway. But the conttm plated use of such streets by the defendants v ill be lawful in it?elf an! the injury which the plaintiff* will thenhy suffer will I*' the consequential result of the ei.joyrrent by tho defrn .acta of a le^al right in a legal manner. nhMb tight ha> teen secured to them by the ci m) etei.t municipal authoiity. Su h an effect upon a party is a caie of mimnmm atmjw injuria. It is one of tbore inc. nrenien es from which all parties are liable to j offer, but for ? hi h the law gives no rigl.- of a?tion. lit j tij. :j le wLich g .v'.nw .a tfi> du- ?: el c*-tt is dews by Bacon ud is WiBtam* vs. the New York Cen tral Hailroad Company, n Barb., where, at page "HI, It is ?aid:? "The aid of an injunction cannot be invokel to prevent, nor will an action lie to redress a consequential injur; necessarily remitting from the lawful exercise of a right granted by the sovereign |>owr of tho State, or authorized by competent municipal authority." And in language atill more concise by Mr. Justice Bionson, in Hudcline's ixecutora vs. Mayor, 4 Oouist., where, at page 'JO*), he says: ? ??An act done under lawful authority, if done in a proper manner, can never subject a party to an action, whatever consequences may follow." l might, bat need not. multiply authorities to demonstrate the correctness 01' this doctrine aw a sound and well settled principle. Such authorities will be found referred to and examined by that accomplished jurist in the CMn last cited, He then points out the distinction in the conse quences resuming from the enjoyment of a right, or the use of one's property in a lawful and in an unlawful manner. In the "first of thin class of case-* no action will lie for an injury to another re sulting from such enjoyment or use. In the latter it will. Th<- case at bar falis within the former class of ca^es. The grant in question has been made in tlio form pre scribed by law. The propriety of allowing th<; streets to le ustd In this inauner was a subject upon which the Common Ouneil had full legislative power to act. A le gislative discretion exercised in the lorim* prescribed Oy law and upon a subject matter over which tin legislative body, whether State or local, has lull control, is not the subject of revision by this Court. Besides, if this Court coul'l, merely because it tends to increase public travel and tender apj roaches to stores ami places of business to load and unload goods more diflicult, inhibit the u-e of railroad cars in the public streets, equally inay It for similar reasons restrain the use of stages or any oth'ir vehicles used by the public which tends to produce liko r fleets, l<ower Broadway, within a recent period, lias, by the increase of stages and other vehicles in that part of the city and tlio annoyances connected therewith, been nearly "ruined as a place of residence, just as the plaintiffs complain that Greenwich and Washington street* will, by the running of these cars, be ruined as a place of busi ness. Merchants in lower Broadway are now far more obstructed in facility of approach to their places of busi ness with carts to load ana unload goods than the plain tiffs will be by Iho running of these cars. But there is no principle which will authorize an injunction in the one case to restrain the running of cars to relieve the plaintiffs, which w ill not equally uuthorize one to restrain the running of stages through Broadway for the relief of merchants there. This view of the case is suggested merely to illustrate the practical application of the rule of law which must govei n in both of these cases. The public streets, because those using them do so in the en joyment of a right secured to them by a license from tho proper municipal authority. The defendants in th > run ning these cars will do so fu the enjoyment of a similar right derived from the same source. If, in either case, tho result is injurious to those doing business on the line of thoie streets, this Court has no pownr to prevent the injury by injunction or to redress it by action. The de fendants must have judgment that the injunction be dis solved with costs. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. KOSET MARKET. Friday, Sept. 28?6 P. M. The stock market doe* not present any new feature The tendency of priced Is downward, but the bears are ratter -by of entering into long or large contracts on time. All the leading fancy stocks were operated in to day to some extent. Die cash tales are made principally by those who are for the time in want of money, and the purchasers on time are principally tho?e obliged to call for cash.. Although compelled to realize l'or the moment, they have sufficient confidence in the future to fill up their line again on thirty or sixty days. It will bo seen that the fancies have suffered most. Some of the good stocks hire sold in small lots at prices from one to three per cent below those current a few v\eeks since, but the sales have been to a trifling extent, and do not affcct the value of Mich securities generally. The most extraordi nary feature of the market is the firmness with whi -h Erie is sustained, under the circumstances, It has fallen about two per cent frcm the highest point, which is con siderably less than seme others on the list. At the 8rst board to day Louisiana 6's declined per ccnt ; Illinois Cen tral bonds. Canton Company. Nicaragua Transit. ; Hudson River Railroad, Harlem, yi\ Reading Railroad, Jj; Michigan Central, 1>4; Galena and Chicago, 1; Clove land and Toledo >4 : Chicago und Rock Island, )4'. Cumber land and Erie closed at yesterday's prices, with large sales of each. Canton Company was unusually active to-day. With the exception of Illinois Central, railroad bonds wcro not in demand, and State stocks were neglected. We have no doubt the outsiders will avail themselves of the present and future depression in the market value of certain sound dividend paying securities, to purchase largely on time, buyer's option, sixty days, si as to carry their con tracts beyond the existing pinch In tho money market. Sixty days will, without doubt, cover all contingencies, and bring speculators again into smooth water with fair winds. October will undoubtedly be a squally month in financial affairs, and it would be best to prepare for a pretty sharp contraction in bank credits. The bears will be sure to make the most of it while it lasts, and the probability Is, that they will not only extond their opera tions beyond the most stringent point, but will fail, while the opportunity exists, to take in their shorts, and there by lose the difference* which may turn up in their favor. The great difficulty with all stock speculators is, that they run on in the same tack too long. Th"y do not sc in to know when to change their course, and both parties eventually lose all they have previou?ly gained. After the adjournment of the board, the following ?ales of bonds and stocks were mads at auction by Simeon Drajier:? t-'i.OOO Virginia ?ixes Int added. 97 3,000 North Carolina fixes do. 0tMa a (KtJi 1" shaies Web-ter Fire Ins. Co 1 Also, on account of an original subscriber, the follow ing interest in the following companies: ? 2,094 shares Mahanov and ^hamokin Improvement Com pany, capital tl, 500,000; shares $60 ?eh, 4,91'0 shares Trevortc n and Susquehanna iiailroad Com pany, capital $1,000 000; snares $20 each. 068 shares Northumberland and t nion County land As ?< elation, capital $200,000; .shares $20 each. Sold in i its of 1 share ol' land, 3 of coal and 5 of Rail road stock, par value $270 per share $'J0 At th<? sec and board there was no material change in prices. There was not much stock offering. Most of the sales made were a shade better. Purchase*, buyer sixty days, appears to be the favorite way with operators for a rise, just now. and it is our impression that where I roper dis. rimination is made in stocks, all such con tracts will prove profitable. The Assistant Treasurer reports to-day as follow*:? 1 aid on Treasury account $96,853 71 Received do. 114,646 13 Balance do. 6.088,539 4'1 l aid on disbursing checks 18,388 18 The warrants entered at the Treasury Department, Washington, on the 25th Inst., were as follows: ? For the redemption of stocks $.122 09 l or the Treasury Department 79.142 23 For the Interior Department 820 91 For th<- Custom* 153, .'573 77 Warwairants received and entered 37.106 9:; War repay warrants received and entered ... . 5,078 34 I i awn, on account of the Navy 217,9.'>7 75 The Carthagenn (N. G.) Trib w, in speaking of the I National Bank of New Granada," to be located at Bogo ta, regrets that the charter was issued so soon (26 days) after the pas sage of the law authorizing the establish ment of the bank, inasmuch as, if sufficient timehnd b<en allowed, other companies in England and the I'nited States might have competed for the privilege, and per haps at a lower rate of interest than ten per cent, which is established by the government. The annexed statement exhibits the comparative pro ductiveness of four of our most prominent railroad com panies, for the present fiscal year of each New York CcmuL Raiijioad. Gross earnings, year t nding Sept. 30, 1855, official and Mtimated $6,200,000 < liberating ex] >n?es, estimated, 50 per cent $3,100,000 Interest on $11,100,000 debt, 6 per ct. 606,000 Do. 3 000,000 do. 7 per ct. 210.000 Sinking fund on $0.000,000, 1>4 perct .'17.500 Floating debt, Ac 200,000 4,24.1,500 Total $1,956,500 ? Knual to 8 per cent and a fraction on $24,000,000 of stock. Chk ai;o asp Ron* 1xu.\d Raiimoad. Grrss earning' 12 months ending April 1, 1856, officially reported and estimated $1,600,000 Operating expenses, estimated $800,000 Interest on debt 140,000 Bureau Valley letae 126.000 1,065.000 Net $530,000 ? Kqual to 16 per cent on $3,250,000 stock. Mi'imiA.i Soinimv axd Northern Indiana aj>. Gross earnings 12 months to January 1, 1856, < (Bcially reported and estimated $2,650,000 Operating expenses, estimated $1,300 n00 Interest on $4,500,000 debt 316.000 1,615,000 ?Net $1,035,000 ? Ei|ual to 23 per cent on $4,590,000 stock. The capital expended on the Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana is aboat $12,000,000. Of this sum, up wards of $3,000,000 has been expend?d on work not yet in use. The Goshen line, 130 milee, Is to be opened about January next. _ GAIJWA AND CBTCAOO RaU ROAD. tiros* earnings 12 months ending May 1st. 1816, oVclal and estimated $2,661,824 grating expenses, estimated $941,092 Int> rest on debt $132,790 Credit interest on surplus, say 42.000 90,790 $1,031,882 Net $1,629,942 -r#iki ;.o :< ?tt w> The trutfl or l&inMM of then* statements we have do [ reason to doubt. The offioers of the several companies axe men of the highest character, both tor honor and in. teiligence. They could not for a moment be supposed to be guilty of the folly ? to say nothing of the impropriety ? of making estimates which the end of the year might prove to be exaggerated. Assuming, then, the figures t* be substantially corrcct, we must say, they reveal some very curious tact". It will be seen that while the stock of these companies is selling in the market at a difference of less than twenty per cent, there is a range in the ac tual net profits of tome 280 per cent. Taking Michigan' Southern a* the ha.- in, and calling it worth 150 per cent, the stocks should stand as follows:? New York Central SO per cent. Chicago and l'.ock Island 120 " Michigan Southern anil Northern Indiana. . l.V) " tialena and Chi cago ?60 " Or, if we take Central at par, the relative position of the stockH, according to their net prollts, is as follows:? New York Central t 100 per cent, Chicago and Rock Island 200 11 Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana.. 250 " Galena and Chicago S00 " Why the New York Central, with its bare eight per cent, commands in market a price very nearly equal tc stocks earning double and even quadruple thn amount of money net, wo confess we are at a loss to understand* Wo should suppose that any person capable of telling the dilTerenoe between, eight, sixteen, twenty, and thirty-si* dollars, would not find it very difficult to decide where to invest his hundred. True, the Western companies do nut dicidt quite this amount; but they earn it ? and that is the great point for capital ists to look to. They do not divide all their earn ings, for the reason, wo presume, that they have a re mote suspicion that in process of time some portion of their property may by friction, rust, or other natural or accidental cause", wear out and require renewing. In this notion we are aware they are peculiar. They differ from the apparent opinions of nearly all other railroad managers. They w ill Insist upon increasing their reserved fund from year to year, in a ratio even greater than their increase of receipts. The stockholders cannot, however, be greatly damaged by this. If time shall prove that these gentlemen are mistaken, tlia' railroad iron, and ties, and bridges, and engines, and cars, &c., are not, likp other .-tuff of the kind, sxbject to dejay, the money "w ill be in hand, and can be handed over in the shape ot a n extra dividend. One would suppose, in view of the above table, that the Central, to maintain itself in the inarkc- so nearly on a par with the other mads, while its net earnings were comparatively eo very far below them, must have some peculiar and extraordinary advantages not therein men tioned. That it was newer, fresher, cleaner ? less worn and decayed ; that its stock had never been w atered ; that it was under better management ; that it had a larger surplus on hand; cost less per mile, was without competing railways and water communication? iu short, that it could, for the future, give a better guaranty for the payment of its dividends thitn the other roads. Pre cisely the reverse of all this is the fact. Central ia passe. It not only has the gout and the rickets, but ia compelled to carry ?? weight for age." The monster has been over-stoc!ced, ovor-burthencd, over-watered, tilt another drop would break its huge back. There ha* been piled up on this road upwards of $20,000,000 of stock and leads, not one dollar if which, was ear spent c n th '? properly Its track and equipment, notwith standing a large portion of the proceeds of the last years (3,000.000 issue of bonds was pent upon them, is old, worm-eaten, rusty, and rapidly decaying. No reserva tion whatever is made from earnings to meet the im mense depreciation of this portion of the property. By the skin of their teeth they pay their eight per cent divi dend, leaving the idea of a depreciation or renewal fund totally out of the question. The inevitable result of such a course must be another $3,000,000 istae in a very short time. Thousands of people hold on to the Central as they do to an old horse that has done them good service. There have been times w hen to hold it was a fortune. Ilea who invested a small sum found themselves in a few years rich from iat dividends in cash, and four or five times as much stock as they started with. Central has friends, and well it mny have. Twenty million of dollars can hardly be squandered on a three hundred mile road with out attaching somebody to it, from gratitude ? if not from the hofe of more. But Central has had its day. Its fine pickings, its doubling up of stock, its rich dividends, are at an end. Its dividends have dwindled to the poor paltry allowance of eight per cent ? a sum two percent below the ordinary rate of real estate investments. This is squeezed out with the utmost difficulty, and must soon dwindle to seven, six. and probably five per cent. When it reaches that figure we shall expect to sec the old fogies wake up and begin to look round for a better invest ment. The Boston Journal, in speaking of the depreciation ia railroad stocks in that market, says:? It cannot be denied that people have hi! good reasons for distrusting railway securities in the umortnnate ex perience of the last two jears. Mismanagement, failure, and frauds have had their effect, and it is not surprising that owners of this description of stock have becomo thoroughly disgusted and disheartened. (Scarcely a rail way in New Kngiand but which in some way has disap pointed the expectations of its friends, and one after an other lias diminished its dividends or Men forced tempo rarily to suspend them entirely. The NMM of ail this trouble will eventually benefit railways, placing them on a more substantial and reliable ba-ls. and bringing them under better management ; but meanwhile the me dicine is operating upon the system, and although the patient i' in a fair way to become stronger and healthier than before, the present weakness and prostration ia natural und unavoidable. A return to regular and better dividends will gradually restore the great bulk of railway securities to public confidence. And until this period ar rives. it is useless to contend against the current of popu lar will. Ot what avail is it to say that such roads as the Fltchburg or l'ro\idence, for example, are every day pr'pre- ing to abetter position, by the liquidation ol their debts, and ihe improved condition of th"ir tracts and equipments ? The answer is, " No dividends." and the argument is all-powerful in producing Meprission. $7000 Ind State 6'f 1500 Virginia 6'*... 97?i 26C00 do 97 V KOO T.oul-ian.i 0'n. . 92 1000 EriaCon Bs.'il 81 2000 H R 1st mlg 1Mb 100 1000 H R Sd mif Bds. 73 >; K9000 IU Ccn RR Bd? . 60000 do bflO 28000 do 6000 do hCO (.000 do If, 0(10 do MO bS Stork Exchange. .Nkw If USX. S<p:. St, 1855. 81V 150 *hs Kri# RR. . aiJO 66 f CO N York C O'a 6000 do 2000 N York Ceu 7 'a. 40001 II & A) I'd ing 1 1 60 -tin Ek Commerce. 84 84* 8:tJi 83 \ 8SV 81 91 !? 01 .'4 104 80 108 K ?m ('>00 900 -'oo 200 100 200 50 500 150 200 200 <lo , do . do., do . do . do . do. do. do., do , do. do , .blO .biO .. .c ..13 .too . ,b7 ,?10 12 Continental Bank 10(1 200 Canton Co. ICO 100 no 100 :>oo 200 100 do. do. do. do. do. do do. .WO .1)30 ,.MI0 ,b.'10 18 Penn Coal Co. 200 Nic Tren Co.. 50 8o0 100 200 400 ;ioo . <60 . .bfi .c.-'O 1,30 100 f'umb Coal Co. 1250 550 7C0 50 700 (?00 100 100 100 50 do. do. do. do do , do , do. do. do do do . h60 .145 ,t.?0 ,b60 -10 WO ,b.-iO . KM) :,00 Ward Coal Co.bl6 1426 Erie RR c 24V 25 . 24,'? 247. 25 24* 24^ 101 1?V i#V 11V 19 V If, 19 v 1?X 25* 2fl 25'.' 26', 2(i\t 26), 2 *H 26 25V 26 V 26 >4' 26 IV 56 ?100 Hudacu RR . . 200 do 1 200 111 Centra! KR 100 Harlem R!!....?3 100 do 200 do ... . 100 Reading RR 50 200 100 200 300 100 600 100 do , do. do. do do , do. do. do. ?3 ,b?10 .-60 .b-'JO .30 ,?60 b30 M0 .*90 300 Mich Cen RR loo d<> b?0 60 do b3 5 MieSfc K'n laP.R 105 do 106 do 5 Panama RR 55 V 55* 65',' 55 >i 55V 55 56 MV 54* MV if' 40 40V 94 20V 2?V 21 V 94 94V 94 93V 94V 94V 94 94V 03V 97 98 97 99V 99 98 V 104 60 do *60 103V 12 Sixth AT RR.... 77 16 do 18 200 Cler k Pitta ?R. 67 100 Gal k Chic R. .bflO 118 V 23 do 117V 1020 Gey k Tol RR . . 83 (500 do bflO 1.-.0 do e 100 do 200 Chi & l'.k I- R.*4m 15 do... 160 do... "2V ?2V 99 100V 100 81000 Ind State 5.'?. . 1." 500 111 Ccn RR I'd* 5(00 do b30 250 Erie RR....??0 100 do op* OO^ha Cum CI Co . ?60 00 00 do '60 SECOND BOARD. 82 650 ?h? Cum Coal Co. l'i\ 200 do MiO 2?V 200 do b30 26 '? ."00 Reading Railroad W1 % 100 do 93?f 100 Had Rt KR..M0 40 Si 300 do bfiO 40 V 83V 84 64V 64 \ ?V *V 25 V Family Marketing. RETAIL PRICE OF FARM PRODDCB IN WASHINGTON MARKET. Notwithstanding the great quantity of cattla recently brought to the city, and the consequently redmoed wholesale price, the market show* no difpoeition on the part of retail dealer* to lower their price*. Beef maintain!) the name rate*, mutton U lomewhat eh' aper, but Tenl is Tery scarce and dear. Poultry and fish are very little, if anything, cheaper. ?hil? battering eggs have advanced "lifhtly. Vegetable*, of wh. -h therft are a great i|i)antity in market, maintain about the muaO rate*. Fruit of all kind* hare advanced in price. CITY TRADE REPORT. Fhdat, (*ept. 28? ? P. M. A-nr? ? Sale' of 30 or 40 bbls. were made without? change In price*. BHUMITO*. ? Flour?' Tlie market was witho it ' hang* ol liniment, the up*ard tendency being rbe'ke.l by tha f.TUKi a Ac ??>?>?? I'm t?** tiunnwai