Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1855 Page 2
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that doea a grest leal of mwtteii Miaie rifle. You have heard it spoken of In high terms, but 111 value M an mctrument of war ham never teen spoken of In terms too high. We lose * great maBy men from them; ami these French kn"w so well how to take advantage of every lit tle rise in the ground to make a rifle pit. Four or lite of them get in here, and one shoots while the others load Ibr hiin. and they do a vast deal of executtgn to artil lerymen. Tbe-e pits are thick all around the city, and you may -hoot at them with a cannon, but with little ef fect, for an (toon as he fires hi* rifle he dips down In his hole, and you see nothing more until you hear the crack of his rifle n gain and they are pretty sure to get a m*n, Mad tho balls. which are conical and very h 'avy for a Sib generally go through and through, You novr find est lodged without they had struck a boa" which is ?are to be broken and shattered in every direction, ren den eg amputation necessary. But Russia has the best soldiery in the world. They have no fear about them in this particular. They are different from the soldiery ?f all countries. It in impos sible to get up a panic in the Kussiau army ; they will stand with the stubbornness of a mule, and be shot down by th< usaods, and never think of running, without they are ordered to do so. They know nothing but to obey. You might oider out a thousand of them against a mil lion and t? H them to stand and light ; ll they had an offi cer with th?-m that would stand, 1 believe tho last one might be shot down, and you would never nee tho least movement towards running. Although we lose a good many men, I do not think more than the enemy when they make an assault upon ns ; then we rake them down ? yes. by thousands. I have seen two assaults made with the attempt to take the Malakoff hill, or tower as it is called, (the tower that stood on it lia ; been knocked to pieces some time ago. bat it is now fortified with bastions,) on the 15th or Juue. Yon have long since read accounts of it in the newspa pers. They made two desperate attempts to take it, dur lag which their loss must have been truly immense. I never witnessed such a sight before. <mo of them took air1 "fi fi 'in n't rn 'high it was as dark as mi'i night. We rather got them though, drove them back ever their dead, which lay in heaps nil over the hillsides. Wiii must have been a bad day for them. We lostagreat Ktany men, but we can afford to lose a hundred where France can one. The Kussiau soldiers are like flies : kill ODe and ten ? ill come and take his place. By the sinking of the ships, thereby forming a barri cade, we have no use for but two of our fortresses, those nearest the ,-ea. Hy thU means we can take the cannon from the others to fortify from the land side, which we bave ilonc: but the cannon of the fortresses are most too heavy is the only fault one could have to using them on land. But, although we have taken a great in.iny can non from the fortresses for this purpose, there is enough left here to sink the whole of the iinmanso fleet that is lying out here if they were to attempt to enter the har bor. The fortifications for this purpose, I think, are on a scale too grand. You can form no idea from engrav ings what nn appearance these line fortresses make. A rannon ball makes but little impression ou them; in fact, none of impoi lance. On the n or'h title <f the bay u aha a mxettion of hi lit, tom< of which art very high, in- 1 running in eoery direc tum. l'cu find on th< m all IxuliotU faxing in, ever jf direc tion. The*! b<ut iom and redoubt* extend up the bay for a milt or so from the city , and tome of them art. very effective, pouring nearby a evntinual ttream of batU acrost the lay into the enemy's battery which tt nearest the buy, I think it very d</ub(/iil whether the French would be a'de to hob I thit city for any length of tiau if they could fie' posiession of it. from the fact that the bill.; on the north .Hit- ar taller thoMthoteof the south, and tin city and the batleri <? on them , t think, ? mild force them to leave it. In ihe main they have been attempting this from the land on tho south side. I will finish this by saying that it. is the best fortified place 1 ever saw. There is no a hill or mound where a cannon could be placed with advantage but you find thrill. A man nstnrnlly feels a little lonesome here when he it by himself in a place like tins, w ith no other Ameri can. I am the only man left. Those who have been here are either dead or left for home. When 1 arrived here I found two American physicians, hut they left soon after They were not well pleased, and before I saw anything ?f the benefits to be derived by being hero they preju diced me a great deal against tho place; but I tear it was taelr own fault ; in fact 1 know it was, if they had Anything to complain of. It is true things here are not as one could expect to find at l'aris. Everything is very dear here-, you pay twenty-five cents for every plate or portion of your soup, your beef, your bread, mutton, butter, &c. Coffee and tea every time you order is twenty-five cents. They pay a man, however, enough for htm to live on the cheap scale and to make his dinner olf of two plates; but an American must not do that. The olllcers of the Russian army are the nobility, and, although they receive but little pay from the government, (hey Bpend a great dual of money. And Huother thing, they arc all uducated men. Yon find scarcely any of them Who do not speak fluently two or three different languages besides their own. In this ret- pect they are superior to us. Tue Polish officers are, if any thing, . uperior to the Russians. They speak *11 the European languages excopt the English. 1 cannot account for this fully that so few of them speak Uuglisb. There is one Pole who occupied a bed in my room that ?peaks well six different languages. For a description of Sehastopol it is impossible fir me to give you It in full. It is a very pretty place even now although it has had a shower of bombs and balls poured into it for the last ten months; but you know that this would alter the appearance of any city. One of our cities Would have long ago been In ruin*, from iho fact that we ase s great deal of wood in the construction of our liruses. which Is not the case In Russia. 1 liave no idoa there is a bouse In the place covered with anything mode of wood Tin and brick are lined for that purpose alto gether. If it was otliorwi-o the pin ce would be burnt tip in a day; for when the rocket tails iu a house evtry thing ot a combustible nature goes. There are some beautiful buildings here, both private and publU; some flue churches, one magnificent one. The library building, which is situated on the highest point of the city proper, is a beautiful odlflce. It con tains manv valuable things, model- of vessels, Sic The took* are all taken out at p.esent, but yon find them in most of the newspapers of the d?y. The liaison Nobliijue is another beautiful building, situated near this port. It is a kind of assembly or club building. I roomed In it lor a while. The buildings of the place are mostly made of a kind of stone thai abounds here to a great e&teut ? a white soft stone that resembles marble much, and Which can lie dressed up very easy. Sehastopol is situated on three hills, or rathor covers one hill and the sides of two others, and ?? the south ride of the bar or harbor, and about two miles from the N>>. The hsrbor is about a mile wide, with several in lets, one of which runs out between the two hills and se parates Karabelnai, as this portion of the city is called, from the city proper. Across this inlet is a temporary bridge, a little south of east from the marine barracss, and about a verst. or three-ipiarters of a mile from the n, is the hill on which stood MaUkoff tower, and which Is now defeuded by a bastion on a grand scab*. The Maison hnildings arc situated, as It were, at t lie foot of the hill, and from them to the tower is the portion of the city call ed Karabeluai. A ridge runs down from the MaUkoff hill to the bay. On this ridge we have two excellent bastions; hot the ground where tney are situated Is considerably lower than the hills fronting them, whlsb are held by the French, and on which they have some excellent guns. From the Malakolf tower, running all round the city, Is a succession of smaller hills, those immediately adjoining the city being held by ns and the others by the enemy. We have ten bastions heshies the MalakotT tower on this ride of the bay. These form a coinplote semicircle, or encircle the city on this side. Important Diplomatic Note from Count Set MllWle. The Frankfort corresjsiudeut of the Indipent latter Brlf$ gi?f? the following us h full analysis of the last Ku-wi in circular. It mas Addressed by Count Neiselrode, under date of 16th June, to 1'ri nee (iortsch.ikoff (Russian Aro bansador At Vlennn), In reply to the communications made to the Goremment* of Europe, aad Consequently to the Imperial Cabinet of St. Petersburg, by the Austrian Government, after the rupture of the Vicuna Confer tacd ? " Tht> despatch refew to the communication* of Count Ksterharv, Austrian Knvoy at St. retershnrgh. which Consist of two despatches: the Brut relates t o the cir cumstance^ which led to the ruptoxs of the Vienna nejo Uttlowi the second Mnei the actual position of Aus tria. The ntptmi of Count Buol did not require any reply from Russia; nevertheless. to satisfy the wiah verbally a*pres*ed liy Count E?terha*y to know the impression made by his communications, the present dispatch un dertake* to embody the reflections which the hmperar of Russia ordered Count Neaeelrod* to communicate to 1'rince liorWliakoir to serve a? a rul<> for hi- language. The actual attitude ol Austria confirm- the conviction Of thp Emperor of Russia, founded upon assurances re ceived directly by 1'rince Mortschakoff from His Majesty the Emperor ot Austria. It is a moral certainly that the causes of di?airreem<nt and complication are set aside in a manner to as-iire the maintenance of the pacific rela tione bet" fa the two countries. To characterise ths position distinctly taken (nrilemeHt prit ) by Austria, the despatch quotes Count Buol'l despsWh in which ft is stated that the Emperor of Austria does not even admit the thanoe of a provocation which might force it to ab wi den that attitude. Russia approve* of this, Hhe test!* fies to the complete unanimity In the sentiment* of the two Monarch* a* regards the conservation and consoll la tion of the diiect relations ofcood understanding an 1 accordance between the two nations. In this moral con riction Central Europe will be safe fron the viciseituds* ?f th* struggle which the Wes'era I'owoni prolong with an lmpl;<c;iMene?? whi.'h did not even diinini-h during the Vienna deliberation*. These hostile disposition! of the Cabinets of PaHl and i f London nejes??rily led to the failure of the attempt at I MM cation. On this point Russia -hares the sentim mts f regret of Aufttla and appreciates the Justice With which Count Buol In hi- despatch of the 10th June, de clare* on whom the responsibility of the rupture of the tonferen-es must fall Count Neseelrode dwells on this point, that Count Buol has rendered full justice to the act* of i'rince (tortachakoff in fact, Count Buol sai I in hi* despatch, just quoted, that the efforts of Au tri.t failed in consequence of the procl'e Instructions of the nenlpoteotiaries of France and Rnfrltnd. Those of Russia, said Count Buol, (we are too Jus' no' to admit It, eren If they had been willing to enter in'o * deeper examination of our proposals, 1 were p ?raly #1 by the unconeiliafflrjr manifestations of the other members of the conference. That Judgment of the causes which lei to 'he rup' tre of the negotiations agrees with that of Russia. [' also re volts therefrom that any new steps tsk?n by Ru- <la to overcome the obstacles which the Ctblnetsf Parl< ?n I oflxmdoB opposes to a pacific arrangement would (>?< fruitless. And each proof of a conciliatory disposition on the part of Russia would only embolden au I inciei th? exaction* of th* Maritime I'owers. Th ? truth the |>?v- - is only possible If Trance an I England will ! lyally ?? incur in ft was well felt by the Cabinet of Vim it, which in the despatch of the 10th June, depiorei th it the interpretation of the principle". which -e m1) jus* and eqtntaMn to Austria should hare nee >m? t 'ne signti for taeabrupt ntcrrnpti >n of the deliberation", an ! that fhat cirenm'tan -e pn-ven's a*,t i?llv the practical da velojment of the ,d? wbi'h niana'el from Austria. Count Buol added, the <he aabltwt of Vienu* i > toe ust n -.hi- state of things to .W| from luwoae wIioiom. ? vera precise engagement c,n the j th,t i aderatanda that the moment must he *w> ' 1 w'i? i all fll? bet 1 liferent I'owers wllmeet Cosily ! isedticame t i a serious nnderstan iing. Count lfe?selrode says that this >ppre- >- n of ",e it nation agree* #?t!r?!/ with hUoarn ' Ti ? ? unneoe*?ary for him to examine the contested points. Be adjonrnt such examination to the period when the Wes tern Powers shall manifest a disposition, to quote Count Huol'S words, favorable to a serious understanding. Moreover, Austria is thoroughly acquainted with the idea which preolded over lhe instructions of the Russian Plen ipotentiary; this idea, which belonged in principle to the late Fmperor Nicholas, traced the line followed by the actual limperor. The four guarantees as interpreted by Russia continue to form the tiasis upon which a general pacification may be founded. The first two have, accord ing to Russian viewe, been ncquiri d to the work of jiea *>. The engagement taken Irfthis respect, and which results from a mutual agreement previously established, as re gards those guarantees, between the interested parties, will remain in toree aa long as Austria ana (Jerinacy take no part in the war. As regmds the third guarantee, Runsia, pointing out again that the rupture of the negotiations Is due to the Western i'owcr, reserves her liberty of decision. Like Austiia, she will wait until these I'owers, whose int"n tions Russia cannot prejudge, shall show themselves fa vorable to a serious and loyal understanding. As regard < the fourth guarantee, Russia counts upon the union of the efforts of the two Imperial Courts to bring this grave question of a general interest to a large and efficacious solution, as stated tn Count Bool'* despatch. But Russia forcseos difficulties which this solution may present. The last Parliamentary debates have given ft the proof of thr. repugnance' of the parties Interested the Ottoman Porte) to touch upon this point of dis cussion. lit nee also the refusal of the plenipotentiaries of France and England to exainlno confidentially this question m proposed bv Prince GortBchakoff. after the sixth conte renco, until the expected replies had been received. The despatch express* s Russia's convictions that, even should an agreement have been come to, respecting the revision of the treaty of 1844, the fourth guarantee would have of fered new obstacles. As long as the Western Power*, the hostile intentions of wbl h the Rujsian despatch qualities ?? indicated a in persevere to this line, opposed to tu? ntircst ni a general pacification, lhe Cabinet of Ht. Po tersburg must renounce the hope of exercising any influ ence In their policy which is beyond the limits of any sound reasons of Stato. Agreeing with the opinion of the Court of Austria, she will await the favorable moment to resume a negotiation so abrubtly broken off to-day by the Maritime Powers. Prince OorUKhakoff') GcneralaUlp We havo seen a short sketch in the Paris IMtali ol Col. St. Ange's analysis of the despatch in which Prince tiort schakotf explains and excuses his late defeat on the Tchermiya. The gallant writer does ample justice to the conduct of (ien. Head, so unhandsomely dealt with by one who, plated by accident or favor above him in the military system of Russia, was surpassed by him in every qualification of a commander. Colonel St. Ange says Prince (Jortschukoff throws all the blame of his wantot success on General Road, comflaander of the ild coiw d'arm&e, who was killed, and cannot now defend himself. According to tho getieral-lu chief, <?en. Read ought to have established a numerous artillery before the bridge of Tvaktir, to command the Kodulthlne hills, whilst an attack was made on Tclmrgoun, and to havo deployed In line or battle under the protection of his artillery, but not to have attacked tho positlous before recolvlng orders. Could, however, Prince Gortechakoff reasonably imagine that, on hearing the cannonade the French and Sard in inns would remain in their tents? Has all Initiative boon ever interdicted to the general of a corps il'armti of from ?26,000 to CO.OtlO, who, when in a sltuatijn to appreciate favorable circumstance#, cm seize on them and profit by them V Moments lire precious in war. Prince GortuchakoiT was then at a distance of two kilometres m, miles) towards Tcliorgoun. General Head consi dered the moment opportune for attack, boforctlie French were fully prepared; and, besides, by marching on t!ie Mamelons, his attack accorded with the plan of the gono ral-ln chief. Head, in fact, might evidently havo possessed himself of the Mamelon, slnco he obtained the summit ol it. It was for the general-in chief to support that at tack, which was n brilliant one, although repulsed by the Impetuous bravery of our soldiers. Re.'.d returnc l to the cliatgc and tiie general-ln chief did not cause him to bo supported with sufficient forces. General Ouscliakoff al.-o redoubled his efforts against tho othor Mamelon, but there also the gcneral-in-chief adopted no decisive mea sure. Instead of making a diversion on our right, by throwing the corps d'armee ot General ljpranli against Tchoi conn and Basiort (the key of the battle), he allowed ?it is not known why? his left to remain unprotected, in order to send, but too late, one of the divisions orGon. Uprandi to the support of the attacks on the centre. Pis posing of a reserve ot 30,000 men, ho made no use of It. though the moineut was one of those crises which serve! to decide victory, or to disengage compromised troops. Finally 1'rince Ijortacliakuff possessed an immense artil lery, but he only made use of it as a demonstration, and it was the artillery of the allies which liorrlb'y doci mated his columns. By his indecison lip left them to be crushed, losing more than 5,00? men killed or wounded, amongst whom were eight generals, three ol whom ex pired on the banks of tho Tchermiya. lhe general, in fact, showed himself, as it wore, completely disconcert! on seeing the affair tnko what he call- an unexpected turn as If a general could always count on infa'llbta success, and as if it were not tho duty of a general in chief to provide Tor unforeseen incidents. Ilo triumphs at the French not having gone toattoci him on the other side of the river, where ho awaited them, he says, for four hour?; hut lie feigns to forget that we have another to fulfil? the siege of Sebastopol. It is for him to cause us to raise the siege, if he can with his relieving army. The day will arrive on which the allied army will be free in itii turn to'give him battle in the heart ot the Crimea." Tlic Hal tic Cawpnlgni [From the l.oiidon Press, Sept. 10.) The operations of the Baltic tteot are concluded for the season the campaign of 'ft3 is over, auJ it is proba ble that in a short time Admiral Dnndas and his liners will return to England. In summing up the operations of the fleet, it is impossible to avoid expressing the utter disappointment felt by all classes at the futile and fnvv lous result of the campaign. With an enormous flee', with a vast profusion ot means, an I with the whole e<p2 rU nce of '54, both tho Admiialty and their admiral have contrived to achieve, in a four months' cruise, at b "st but one partial succe ;s. The triumphs of th'* year com prise the solitary bombardment of nn arsenal, the burn ing of a few balks of timber, and the capture of a d .ze.i or two small trading vessels. It may be that the home government are seriously to blame for neither supplying mortar vessel., in time, n..r for providing the ue;assary reserved of artillery and ammunition. Rutin .li" . nin, fo ment ot the campaign. and particularly with regard to the attack on Sweuborg. we had a right to expect ironi from Admiral Dundas successes more proportionate to the vii si force at his disposal. It is now no longer doubt ed nor denied that the conduct of Admiral Bundas was reprehensible to a degree in porsonally keep. n:; out of the fire duiing the bombardment, and in de lining on the second day to attack the fortress. The h'n or of the service and of the country imperatively demiud a searching inquiry into conduct so unbecoming a British admiral. Of all faults in a cnmminler th? least excusable Is timidity. There may have hoen cir cumstances which rendered necessary su h excessive caution. If so, for the honor of the flee', and tor die sake of his own reputation, such circumstance! mint be made known or never again can Admiral Dundas re hoist his Hag. With legird to Swcabo.g th;- gallant Ad miral cbservts In his despatches that "no attack was contemplated against tho fortifications ot the place. But in the name of common sense, for what purpose was he placed in cororoind of that va.t fleet, If not to destroy every link of that chuln of fortifications stretched by Russia alon>r the slnres of Finland and the Baltic? The preliminary bombardment, he asserts, d-ntroyed^ bud I ings, burnt stores, blew up arsenal < and tfommiUe.l every hivoc. If stich were his impre'sion. It w is (jlearly his duty t*? have brought up tho body of the lloet lyin^ Idle out of rauge, and at least to have attempted, if n ?t to have achieved, the complete destruction of the fortress. But hi- ,,ole object was, It appears, like that ot Ills name sake in tho lilack Sea, to keep with his liners out of fire. It is not even stated that to Inspect operati ons he onca during the action -hifted his Hag. like Selson's com manders at Copeuhagen. Admiral Dundas lay off ou> .of range during the bombardment. Wtien the work was half done, he retired to Nargcn. This Is, we believe, about the llrst time? and we hope it may be the list? n the naval history of our country, that a British A lin ral was ever known to retire with ?n uulnjored lleet Iroui before an attacked but comparatively uninjured onamy. What would have been thought of such contact by .fervi", Nelson, Syduey Smith, Kxmouth or any of lhe heroic men whose glories yet shed lustre upon our c nuitry .' \\ nil I they ha e believed lu It ? Was this th? c induct of Nelson at Copenhagen? Of Sydney Smith In Bgyptr Of Cochrane at Martinique? (If Kxmouth at Algiers? in the pre sent day the dread of atone walls ami granite batteries slis like a nightmare upon the inin Is of soin ? of nor na val commanders in-chief. Their main olijcct appears to be triumph without ri?k. Hunger is deeui 'd an a.n l ? plea for inaction. Their attempts at engagements and atMilories for victories seem intended in >re for thi in ? tructiou of our enemies than for the destruction oi tin ir strongholds. We correct tlielr errors rather than punish their enmity, for we neither complete what we have undertaken nor foil w up any advantage w* have gained, sir Ihirles Napier las! yea- dismissel from nls command because he hnd done less than it was be lieved his nienns enabled him to do, butcau it bi perm.' ted Admiral Dundas to retain his fl ig in the face of the dilatory, indecisive, and paltry results of Ills campaign ? The la?t summer was the period for deaislve measures and bold action, even on so easjrMin opportunity asSw '#. borf. Ilie application of means to an end does not ap pear to have engaged the attention of Admiral Dundas. Hut we must have more decisive an f tmm liatu res ilts from the tremendous forces we place at the disposal of i ur Admirals, or we must have some satisfactory rcasoa a (T.i, led us why those results were not obtainel. lhe nation would readily forgive a darlug error but It will never pardon timid indecision. We say with great pain but very deliberately, that it i< imposaible long er to intrust our fleet* to the commanl of men who ^eem to look more to the shot of the enemy than to the honor of our arm. and their own reputation. Di sere' ion is an excellent virtue In a com van ler when comMn"d with the tnn e aetlve and enterprising qualities; but s comn n l 'r all must needs cut a ridicul mi figure. If the present system is to la-t we sbill neel* new nomenclature for our naw, and fir sue!! nanus a' the I '.i ring Kurv Terrible and llulld ?/. mint "ubsls'iit" t'ne milder terms of the DD rretlon. lhe Caution, the IVn den< e and the Cur. We do not srant comtnin '.or ? si op presse'l by a sense if t li ? ? i r re-i> ?u-<iblllty as to shriuk from that noble daring without which nothing great In war an W n -hieved. All I <onl?n lately witnei.ed wah emotion Mr. Stanfleld's fine picture of the Vlrory, o f (ilbi ''ii r, l? p , ' i,ir tl .. dead boly 0' N'e'- i. i'he -hs' tercl s!,ip toll of the deadly ?trif" which won ths hero's "rioi:ipb .'..i' h ill w. i- a spe ? * icle for linrb -hm ni in look on wi'h swelling hearts, If with tearful eres. I l< ?li othe. g- that we -hall re/a lthep.iish 1 ! of 'be retnrnln* Italtic >lifp<. Tli" contrast will be as gr?-ut as VetWe. n ttie sen'.imetit felt 'or 1' iuli- 11 v ng ?a V I- oil de <d. We ? ? , . at. we I ive no deo.e to ju l< the A' ndral unheard H. ? con luct may adml' of satis fy eto-y cxplanatloa. Hut a" p-esent nnr publle cwtio! under-. and whit l? the ent at Hffe en -e b"iw? a t tie guns of Hweaborgand the guns of Copenhagen and Algiers, ill*/ are impatient to learn wb' ther that m ir'??d con tra t b?Wi en the n. vsl tactic* of thelut in I the pre annt mr t? to be attrltint?d to a eliante in the relative Value ?f the fofs's employed altogi*tli' .' iav irabl*' mi *1111 ? e or t? t' fl 111 re -el i-aution of our Admiral '. This Is a ie-' on to te ttbrolftM to the decision of a court tuir- | Relation* mt Anrtri? w>th tlM Belligerent [From the Vienna Correspondence (Sept. 6) of the ton don Times.] The Wanderer of the 5th contains an account of the political xit nation which in well calculated to inialead the public, as it U, to my certain knowle dge, wrung on mure than one important point. The Vienna paper tell* us that the relation* between Austria and the belligerent Powers are ''on the whole'' what they were when the Conference* were interrupted in the month of June last, bat that the Western Power* and Russia are now exert ing themselves ''to induce Austria to lay aside her policy of expectation and proceed to action." England and France would naturally be well pleased to have Austria for an active ally, but their dignity would be seriously compromised If they continued to urge a I'ower to action which ha* recently given mich an unequivocal proof of its resolve not to take part in the war. The British and French governments are not exerting themselves to ob tain the active assistance of Austria, and the Russian Cabinet I* not attempting to force her to break with lier allies. The Wtmdertr is also mistaken when it states that the Western i'ower* have communicated t? this government their intention to make. the countries on the l.ower Danube the theatre ol war a* soon a* ??feasts ml is token. We are told that the reply of the Iiu;>orial Cabinet to the communication w**. that after the full o Sebastopol the third point would necessaiily again be discussed. However, it Kngland and France nho.ild think lit to make the lower I'ttnube the theatre of war, Aus tria could raise no objectien, although she should main tain her own right of free action in as far at she coild so do, without violating the conditions of the treaties con cluded with Turkey and the Western I'ower*. At the same time, continues the Wanderer , the Imperial (iovern mentdoclsicd tha*. everything would be .lone to induce Germany to ndopt the lour points wttli the interpreta tion given to them by Austria. We are next told that Russia is endeavoring to bring about an understanding between Austria and Prussia, in order tjft^when united tbey may wlu over France. " .Should tl? plan ?u<iceed, Russia would not ?be disinclined to conclude peuce, as it entertains the conviction that the interests of Russia, Austria and Fiance may easily be reconciled." The foregoing communication, wc arc told, ?' were made by Russia to Austria in the most friendly tone." It is pos sible that Russia may have made aoinn communica tion like the foregoing to this (Joverament, but still person* who ouglit to know something of what is going to profess not to have heard anything about It. That the Russian diplomatists are as active as everjis certain, but their eloquence is not likely to produco any great ellect on the Austrian government whe so great object now seem* to be to keep on decent terms with both parties, and to persuade Germany to believe that her Interests on the I/iwer Danube and those of Austria are identical. The Fremden fflaU, which prides itself on its Russian news, states that the St. Petersburg Cabinet lias nmde new propositions for peace, "though In a most confidential manner." Nothing of these proposals is known to ine, ami It Is very doubtful whether the Rus sian government has done more than repeat in a general way its desire to see peace restored on the basis t-f the four points. The Austrian* are so extremely averse to the interven tion of Kngl and and Franco in the Internal affairs of Moldavia and Wullacliia. that one is almost induced to be lieve they imagine they have already acquire I a sort of vested right in those Provinces. Several oft lie Vienna pa pers have expressed their disapproval of the suggestions which were recently made by the Tim < Tor bettering the condition of the Danubian Principalities, but the OesUrri'. Zeilung is far more violent than its contemporaries, an l raa^es an attrck on the hohor of tho representatives of England in the countries in question, which is too direct to be passed over in silence. After observing that tho march of Austrian troops into Moldavia anil Wallachia was something more than a simple promenade, tho Oesterr. /t illing says : ? '? The popularity of Austria in the Principalities Is far greater (meilmweit erheben ubir) than that of tha F.nglisli agents there. Among those agents are gome who are highly paid, whose private character is such that they deserve to be expelled from all good socloty, and whoso mode of life, both as private persons ?ud as employes, is well calculated to call for the application of tho criminal code {iIcls Strafgctuix gcgen st'e zu allarmirrn). The Hos podariate ought not to ho an eyesoro to those gcntlemon, as in former times it always managed to settle matters with them in hnrtler IFtfse. (Tho three words quoted cannot be translated literally, but their meaning Is ? in hard cash.') The present Hospodar has been gnilty of the crime of depending more on the firman of the Porte and on tho Austrian army of occupation, under the pro tection of which the Laws stand, than on the easily pur chased support of the English agents who draw up their reports according to the fee they receive." The Lust Expedition Agolnit Petropanlowikl. EN (J LAND ALWAYS " A PAY TOO LATE FOB THE FAIR." [From the London Times, Sept. 12.[ FngUml daring the whole of tliis war has always been ' a day too late lor tUe fair." Ca-sar male It liis con stant boast that he arrived at hln dutlnatl m aitfe up-cta him diem ; we an; equally proud of thu digulfl d pace which brings us to tho spot th? day after. A calm an i philosophical lcUure has dlstinguishe 1 our procee llnga in nil places and times, and under all circumstances. At home nnd abroad, in our offices and our dockyards, in the Halt ic and the Black Sea, under sun and frost, by sea, by land, in the tropics and under the arctic circle, it Is always the same. When the occasion requires the ut mos' secrecy aud despatch, when half-a-dozja men at the nlimt iriluuUl kuuw ts and wflkjU it is *nrl? a race between ua and our nimble loo th?P7wenty -four hours are all important, wo proclaim our dire intent marsluil a solemn procession, march across the earth or ,-ca with drums boating and colors flying, and l!ion ? are too into. What an affair If this at Potiopaulowskl! The failure of last September was bad ennungh, but .is th'1 admiral had evidently lost his hold, and as his ex traordinary Buioido very naturally caused great confusion, wc could only dcploro tin result. But that wis warning enough for both sides. It was the signal for a race across the earth, between the Russians by land and the allies by sea, which could reach the devoted capital of Kam.schatka first? the Cur's messengers over Siberia or ours on the ocean. There was one thing evidently In our favor, an I that was 1 the severity or the winter, which retarded communica tion i.vor the lind, but interfered little with movements over the seas that lay in our way. In justice to the British Admiralty, we are bound to say that we have no information of the time when their order* were trans mitted to the squadron m the Pacific, or when or whir# the Conuhauder-iu Chief received them. On these points the despatch which Informs us of the remit i-i silent. We only know that on the 17th of April Inst, while 1h"r ? lay within a few miles of Petropaulowskl two British war steamers waiting for more ships nn 1 the Commv.iler-in Chief, the garrison of the threatened tortress quietly em barked with guns and storm on board five sailing ships, and without Jrt or hindrance sailed to another position, where tlioy are held to be safe from our guns. The fleet which effected Its rendezvrns with su promptitude anil teal on the coast of Kamtsoha'ka, tiv > weeks after the bird had flown, consisted of the steaine ? Encounter, 14, and Iiarracouta, (J; the f rlga'e Preslden IW); the I'lque, 40; the Trincomalee. 24; the Amptiitri I; the IHao 18; the screw steamer Brisk, 14 ? in all, 1 runs. The t rench squadron consisted of four ships a' 1 >4 guns. Here was an immense armament, capable ? i. ing anything that the thinly peopled Pacific could g've them to do, and tpeaklng much tor the immense streng' h of the two na'ious thai could detach such dec's on ho dis tant a service. The French squadron consisted entirely of sailing vessels, and coull not bo expected to tuko the lead an<l set the time of the expedition. That lay w;th the much more eflectivo British squadron. Our remarks, theiefore, are conflnod to oar own nary. We wish to know whether this Is a fair sample of the servico to bo expected from our war steamers, with their co;tly en gines, their vast consumption of coal, and th>ir Ion; gun*. Are they meant f imply to steam race< agalns, time across the Pacific from one latitude an 1 1 >ngi' ud" t > another? Unfortunately, there is only too fair a sample of what is d?ne generally elrewhere. We could never understand why It wus impossible to prevent tho Rm sians from collecting thclr ships from Swesb irg an l other secondary ports Into Cronstadt la the Interval between the season 01 1854 and 185S, and ? hy thoir Sailing vossels could move freely about ivhnn our steamers coull not. What Is the use of steam it it must always be bovte.n an 1 if it serves us no better thin sailing vasiels? Hal these pompous and abortive operations provoked a censure wo might hope for Improvement, but the le< our offliors do the more they are praised, and if tHo Birracouta. with the Ktteoonte', had stearasd straight, opt t> Pet.rop.i V >sv ski, and compelled the garrison to surrou ler heroin mander could not hnve been more pralied tlunh^ ha l>een for losing the Russian tb'et, ana accidentally fladtn himself within sight of Petropaulowskl after the Kussiaus had gone. The Danish Sound Dae*. [From the l.ondon tlazette, September 8.| We have before us nn official copy ?t the last agreement between <! Britain and Denmark re<pnctlag the Sound does. The agreement was signed at Kldnore in August, 11. and ratified at Copenhagen in the month of Ostobe illowtng, The termi <>f it are, th itthe tariff of Chri, I ,,ano|>le, ettlcd in the year 104'>, Is to remiia in full lorce for the space often years, and further nn'U the end of twelve months after either of tho respective govern ments fliall have given notice to the oth ?? of Its Intention no longer to abide hy the agreement then etiWe | into. Thus It will bo s.?>n that in the m >nt| of November, 1861, her .Majesty's government might Iwe given nitice to I lenniark of the inton*ion ol Kngland n? longer to abide by the treaty of 1841. and in 1852 such tr?aty. as hetw -ea Knglaml and Denmark, would have lieen legally an 1 for mally at sn end. The mercantile Interests of this conn try have a right to n <k why such a no'.lcs was not given, and is bnt ill content to receive as an answer from our gi'vernmcnt, that sure a notice was notg'^en " because Denmark Is liarra -sed by domestic feuds, snd her exche quer Is low." We have no de?iro to be hard upon JVomark, in ich less any desire to be unjust. Although we do not admit that she has such a vested right in the Imposition of the Sound dues, that she can claim by ensttm and prescrip tion what she has hitherto secured bf treaty, y.;t we houl I advice, in any arrangement heinf entered into for the entire abolition of the .Sound dues that her claim should be impartially considered, and. if found to, compromised with no niggar'l hand. What wo ptln i

pally complain of in the conduct of Denmark is, the bad faith with ahlch she ha* always entered into negotiations in reference to lier claims? a striking et-'inpllli Mtion of which is presented In her treatment of the overtures of tlM United St .itee. It Is l>ecause we coupler the 1'nlted States, previously to their notice to abntrat* their treaty with lfcnmark, to have taken all means fn their power to come to a talr arrangement with the Itasish govcmm?nt as to the dues, because year after year they bore wl'h pa tience a vacillation which they must hate ?e>-n through; because the United States were always honest an I ear nest In their negotiations, nnd Denmark was al*.%ya Insincere In hers; because the notice vhlch the United States have now given to Iienmsrk, though harsh and im perative, 1< Just anil deserved? It la for these reasons 'tiat we do not teel inclined to step in to th# rose ie of Den mark rather th?n lustify the policy of the Cabinet of Washington. The last thing Denmark ought to htv* C' urtel, if fhe wished to iet*ln the Dnei, was an ngi la tum hy st;clt a power as th# Un'ted State* as to the leg ?|. it/ of their Impo-itlon. Now the government of Wa ih ingu n has taken up the qne<t<on. It will not be suffered to rest until the claims of Denmark are fairly sifted, and tier right to shsekle the navigation and cnmmi"-ee of the ?"rld proved or disproved beyond doubt. No middle e<.urs.> i? ' |.en, snd we h'>p? n > eonipr m se of the main question wlil be accepted. Let it once tor all be aecer* ?a ned what are the claim* or right* of Denmark, If she baa as;, if any such claims can be established. or rights t ared to the satla&ction of the powers interested in the <|i:?rti'a, and assembled to din pone ol' it. then let them ba fairly acknowledged, and, in a liberal spirit, eompronvsel ai d put an eud to forever; but, whatever may be the is>ue ot the inquiries that are entered into, let not the present opportunity b" lost of relieving commerce from the imposition of a tax which has ho long and ?o unju 'tly impeded her freedom. Fashion* for September. [From I* Foliet.] The month of September U an epoch in fiahlon, Mid also in the customs of the beau monde. In >iepteinber we must begin to renounce the zephyr dreeees of summer? the grenadines, the muslins ? those light material* we have worn with so much pleasure ? for taff'tas d'ltalie moires: in a word, for tissues more solid and comfort able. For the name reason we see bonneta of aa'in, trim med whh velvet, replacing those of lighter material*. The skilful modiste, instead of using crape (lowers with gauze leaves introduces those which, although not so Tight, are euually, if not surpassingly oeautiful? ">f velvet ami wax. l:iack lace will lie much employed In trimming*, both lor majtelets and dre.i.-es, mixed with velvet. As to canezous and ve?tes Algerioes for indoor dress, they are already boggling to resume their place in the f*vor of their fair werters. firming, at the same time, a com fortable and elegant addition to the toilette. There is an etfort to re-introduce the large square shawl*, trimmed with a very wide chenille fringe; but this, we think, wil srurcely be accomplished at pre tent, a i the weather, al though occasionally chilly, is Ear too much like summer to make us willing to assume a garment which, however graceful, is too winterly for the jre vent bright season. Velvet mantelets are, however, beginning to be worn in the carriage with good taste. For the promenade, mantelets of tlie greatest elegance and variety are displayed, due of great richness was composed of three flounces of lcco in medallions; the edge nf liy;e, which w?? very deeply scaliopped, Was trbnmnd with narrow lace fulled on. These three flounjes formed the ma&'.le. Kound the neck was placed a ruche of lace. The medallions arranged in three rows, one over the other, were surrounded with a narrow lace, to match that on the edge, and also fulled slightly. Real straw bonnets have become this year a fiction; and yet one sees many that are so called. They arc no > longer the straw bonnets of which we heard lormerly, but straw is only an accessory to the tlowers, lace and ribbon of which the bonnet is formed; und very elegant creations tliey are. I'pon the bodies called Medicls, three ruches of lace or bouillonne* of blonde, or trimming of the same material as the (Tress, arranged in fours on each side of the front, and enlarging towards the shoulders. The waist has a rounded point in front, and no basques. The body Is closed in front by buttons ol rich passementerie. These buttons are tither oval, square, or triangular; small bells, acorns or banded fringe is suspended from most of them, and they increase in size gradually towards the top. Sometimes they ate placed between the ruches, making thus five rows upon the chest. The sleeves are triple sabots, each of which is cut out in such a manner as to allow three puffings ol tulle or lace to be seen; at the extremity is a button similar to those on the body. At the bottom of the last sabot, which reaches to the el bow, is a wide trimming of lace. Round the throat Is a ruche of lin e. The back of the waist is made also in a rounded point. We have seen a body of this description made of rose colored moire, white blonde and pearl but tons; the skirt was of iuoire, inado with three while al balas, covered with flounces of white blonde. On e tch side of the skirt these albalas were drawn up by three bows of ribbon, forming a tablier on the front of the skirt. Evening dresses claim some attention, from their ele gance as well as simplicity: of those which we have seen, one was of plain white grenadine, double skirt. Abov the hem, which was about an inch and a half in width, was a wide baud of moiie antique, cut on the bias, and edged with a moss trimming, so full that It resembled a feather trimming. The band on the top skirt was a thir l narrower than that on the bottom. These bands wore placed in the front en (atJC r, and between them the saino moss trimming was placed in echelles, very clo-e to each other. I'pon the boily, low and square, was a ccinture lire telle, composed of bias of moire, edged on each side with the moss trimming. The ceinture was very wide on the shoulder, entirely covering the sleeves, and brought quite narrow to the waist, where it was joined under six coques of moire ribbon drawn very closo together and edged ; as w ere also the two wide ends which came to the bottom of the first skirt. The coiffure that accompanied this charming dress was a resUle, composed of small lilac flowers, lilies of tlio valley and heath, fliese rcflUes are so made tliat the flowers are fxed upon threads as fine as hair, and of the snmo color, thus giving tho effect of being merely sprinkled over the liuir. We have seen the same make of dress in roso-coloroi organdi. trimmed with moire, of tho same color; but in stead of the echelle trimming in lront of the skirt, were placed five rosettes ;of moire, trimmed with the light mossy fringe. Embroidered muslins are still greatly in favor. Bank of England Return*. ISSfE DEPARTMENT. Dthil. Crrdtt. Notes Istued....... ?27, 686, 003 Government debt.. ?11, 015,109 Oih-r socurltic 1.... 2/N4.9.M (lol l coin A bullion. 1 3.668 ^005 Silver bullion nil. Toal, .jLor UiUi,oo*. BA.NKt.XU IlEI'ART MK.NT, D-l-il. Oft lit Proprietr's capital. ?1 I,553,n00 Gov't securities ? ?13,031, 0-W Ren 3,637,340 Other aecariUe*.... 16, 637, 287 Public deposit* 7,591,337 Nulon 7,525,909 Other deposits 19,970,383 Gold A silver coin. . 5-19,3; 1 Hevcn day A oilier bilk 991,936 Total ?37,743.686 Total ?3 7,743,58} Sept. 7, 1865. Market*. J/ixpon Money Maukct Thursday Evening, Popt. 13. ? The Bank of Kngland to-day have incrcasod their rate or discount fr<>m 4 por cent, at which it was fixed on Thurs day last, to 4 % per cent. The stop has taken the public by surprise, since, a! though H was known that the demand during the past week for discount at the bank, as well as the withdraw '? of gold, had been much greater even than was antiu fated, it was assumed that the recent saie< of stock sup posed to have been made by them were intendod tempo rarily to obviate the necessity for ft. Wit bin the last ten years there has been only one previous instance of an advance of the rate in two consecutive waiks, an t tint was in January. 1847, when the threatening-) of the npproaching panic were suddenly becoming plain. Between tnc too periods there I < no resemblance, for at the present moment the trade of the country in a< sound and healthy as at aiiy_\jp? on record. Neverthe less, there is quite enough <B^stify a repetition of the unusual course. Tne Gazette returns of the last an I pre sent week will doubtless exhibit diminution* in the ..mount of no'es unemployed and in the stock bullion, calculated to excite anxiety, but for the knowledge now afforded, previously to their appearance, that a vigorous check has be?n applied. IJttlo question seems to bo en tertained that the instalment of ?1.000,000 sterling paid yesterday on the Turkish loan will forthwith be out ia sovereigns to Constantinople, and that durin? the next five months the remaining ?.1.000, 000 will bo des patched In a similar manner. The Austra lian arrivals, moreover, are still delayed, only ?176,000 having beon received ont of ?800,003 that may be considered due; and, finally, the extraordi nary firmness of the corn market in the lace of a satis factory harvest at home and of nn unusual surplus in the United States and Canada has disappointed all ex pectations, and led to the transmission of large orders, accompanied by specie, to the Danube and elsewhere. I nder the?o circumstance, the bank had no alternative in deciding upon a further and immediate rise, epecialiy ?i there was not the rem itest prospect of Its sudden ness causing panic or even inconvenience in any quarter. Although commerce lias lately assntnel increased activity, there are no signs of undue specu lation either in the manufacturing towns or on the l.ondon Stock Exchange, and the news of the fall of Kebnstopol lias imparted a feidiag of confidence, the effect of which will be much more [powerful iu sustaining trade than that of the present notification iu depressing it. There is, consequently, no reason to depart from the conviction that everything will go oa smoothly, and that, even if further measures shou<d be requisite, tbe^ will not produce any disturbance. Sonn persons are disposed to believe that a return to five per bent will be adopted before the close of the vear. but the drain of specie just witnessed has been so sudden, and has so evidently resulted from a combination of uniisunl causes, that it *ill be against ail experience if an carlv reaction is not witnessed. Consols opened this morning at the improved prices of last evening, but the market was not strong, and a partial relapse occurred before the fresh rise In the Bank of r'lurland rate ol discount vriw made known. Aftewitrds there was a further slight decline, and heminess prevailed uo to the ter mination of business. Unexpected a? the measure was, it produced, however, nothing like agitation or distrust, and the general truusactions of tho day were not Important. In the stock exchange tlie demand for loans was less active. The first quotations of con'oll was W0?, to %, for money, whence they went to 90 to Tne notite from the Bank, which was rather late? the resolution of the Court having apparently been preceded by considerable discussion ? then caused a fail to 90)^, and from Ibis there was no alteration. For the account the la'est ollicial bargains were at 90 ?, to but af er regular hours some operation* were entered iuto at a re covery of an eighth, i ininium close I at -i to <4 premi um, and India stock. 230 to 232. The unfunded socnrl. ties were not much affected, and India bonds werequ > '23s. to 17s. pii-mium . Exchequer bonds, 100 <4 to K; a& ' Exchequer bills, 10s. to 14* premium. Foreign securities opened with firmness, but snb? quently there ?a< a general tendency to decline. Census of New Jerwy, Cc, untie*. 1885. 1851. Atlantic 8.608 8,96 > Bergen 17,771 14, M Burlington 46,442 43,2k,, Cam len 29.160 *25,422 Cape May 0.483 Cumberland 18.90? 17,189 Emm. 05.190 7;., 944 (?'loucester. 16,261 14.155 Hudson 41.828 21 819 Mnntcrd..n W l"0 '28, 981 Mercer - 82,722 27. MR Middlesex 82 401 28 rtj4 Monmouth. .... 34,978 X),.8! Morris :H),l.m Ocean. 10.541 10,01 J 1'assaic 21 r.24 22.M2 Salem 20,220 I'?.4fl7 94 inerset 21.022 19,661 2-!. 470 22 988 Warren 25.44 2 22.368 Total M19.4W 489,381 From Moyd's forthcoming Steamboat Directory we lenrn that since the application of steam on the v?e-tern waters, there ha v? b. ?-n ,19,672 lives lost by steamboat d1?a*t*r?. f81 bints and cargo's lost, and 70 boats -erl ously 'injure.! . am untlng in the aggregate to the eoor Bi' us stilll of $i'T 000 000 WBI6 1ND ABOLITION STATE CONVENTIONS. AMALGAMATION INTO AN ABOLITION LEAGUE. Solemnization of the Marriage Ceremony. Feelings of Horace Greeley and the Sride's Friends. Creelejr, Culver and (he Temperance Hen Repudiating (he Maine Law* How Some Young Aspirants Had Their Gas Shut Off. JOE IlLUKT THE VICTIM OF PETTI LiRCEIY. ABOLITION AND MAINE LAW SPEECHES, Ac., Ac., Ac. THE WHIG CONVENTION. FIRST DAY? AFTERNOON 8E9910N. SraACTBE, Sept. 2d, 1855. The convention resumed i# session at one o'clock. Mi. Hopkins, from the Committee on tho Conte tc<l Scat Irom Rensselaer, tnade a report In favor ol' allowing the seat to Mr. Flood as tlieir regularly elected delegate. The committee, also, upon the contented seat from the county of Steuben, made a report in favor of all owing the seat to George F. Swift, as the regularly elected delegate. The Committee on the Contested Seat from Oneida, re ported in favor of allowing the seat from the Fourth dis trict of that county to Mr. Bates. The reports of the committees were severally adopted, and the delegates admitted to their seats. Mr. Dattow, from the Committee on remanent Or ganization, made a report, recommending tho following individuals as officers of the convention:? 1'nsiil'tU. JOHN A. KING, of Queens. Vice Pretidenti. m Moses IT. Grinuell, of N. Y. J. C. Hurl but, of Saratoga. A. S. Murray, of Orange. \V. H. Sherman, of oaeida. I'tter Crispell, of Ulster. W. E. Lansing, of Madison. Walter L. Sessions, of Chatauque. Secretaries. W. H. Cbubbuck, Madi on. 1.. 8. Wilson, Albany. John H. Kimberly, Gcneesee. P Mr. Hopkins moved that the report of the committee be adopted. The motion was agreed to, and Messrs. Monroe of On ondaga and Dodd of Washington were appointed to con duct the President to the chair. The I 'resident, on taking tho chair, addressed the con vention substantially as follows:? Gentlemen of the Convention ? I hardly know in what terms to express to you my sense of the honor which you have conferred upon me. I am an old soldier in the whig ranks. (Cheers.) I have endeavored to be true to whig principles, to do iny duty whenever my fellow countrymen have thought proper to trust me. But I am now. late in life, honored as the presiding officer of this body ? a body of intelligent men, who thiuk, reflect, compare and decide intelligently, and with a view to the best interests of this great republic. 1 am, therefore, truly honored in being presented as your presiding officer upon this occasion, and I return you my thanks, my best and my dutiful acknowledgments. \Vo are assem bled here to perform the dutie< which fall from time to time upon the great parties of this Sta'c in the nomina tion of its State officers. This is one of those occasions. We shall perform that duty, and we thai! do it, I trust, with intelligence, with liberality, and with a proper Bencc of ihe condition of things which cxwt In tho coun try at this moment. Having discharged that, duty, wo have yet another great duty to perform ? which is to ex press the sentiments of this great free State, of the mighty people of this commonwealth, intelligent and full of enterprise, upon the great question which the national councils have thyugnt proper to present to the peoplo of the United States. (Cheers.) It is, therefore, in connec tion with the ordinary duties of a whig convention, that wo have to pronounce upon those measures which wo think wrong, and which the free people, not only of this land, but of every land where freedom is, denounce a* a great and unmitigated wrong. (Loud applause.) The legislation of Congress has forced these queetions upon us, amHliey have been parties to the violation of a great, time-honored compact of the people of the United States? a compact made in 1820, nnd which, though forced upon the freemen of this land, they have honorably, on their Bide, maintained. Thus it stoort. and we turn ft one -what we to vindicate the rights of that compact. I belonged to the people of that day, who did not think it best to have a compact upon that question, and that upon the ad mission of Missouri, was the time to make this issue. (Cheers.) He whose blood I inherit occupied that posi tion, standing in the national councils under the resolu tions of this great Slate, in the performance of a great duty upon that occasion. New York, by lie.- resolution of 1 820, which is unrevoked nnd unrepealed at this mo ment upi n the statute book of this State declared that it was the duty of Congress, a? they had the right, to refuse the admission of Missouri, unless she came in free. (Cheer*. 1 A compromise was the result. That compro mise we linve dene our part to maintain. Now, then, we are solemnly called upon, aa the repreeentative.1 of a great portion of the intelligent and thinking mon of this great State, to say * hat is proper and right for them to >io in reference to this great question, we are to speak not only for ourselves now, but for those who are to come after ns. We are to put the seal of New York upon the sentiment which agitates and which has controlled the election of *11 the free States of this Union, and to declare whether our independence was achieved aud our consti tution established for liberty or for slavery. (Applause.) And we are the men to do it. (Good, good.) It is by virtue of that constitution that we liare become what we are, one of the great, if not the greatest States in this Union. We sre a liberty lining people. We abide liy the privileges of the constitution, and by its compromises. It is our duty upon this occasion to say, out snd out, like freemen, what we think, what we would have, and how long we would stand by it. We have now and then among us freemen who forgot their duty, who are oblivi ous of their obligation , and who sometimes depart from the faith we desire tliem to walk in. Those are the men, and such the sentiment. which have brought these i lanes Upon us. If the free men of the free States bad asserted lor themselves, and in their places, as representatives of Ireemen. those doctrines which belong to freemon. wo should not now be called upon to express our sentiments*iipoii the outrages which have occurred in Kansas, and which have been the re sult ef the violation of a solemn compact. I am not the man to invite you to do w hat is rash. Iam too old for that, and 1 trust, too wise. It Is not necessary. We who feel and enjoy tho blessings of lilverty can m ike some allowance for those who are not as well off in this great; confederacy as we are, hut we owe it to ourselves, quietly but firmly *o assert the right of ihe free people of thin nation to a proper representation of their opinion and sentiments in the national councils, and in tho gene ral government. fAppIause.) We have had but a small share and portion of the inheritance which our fathers fought for, and we must now quietlv and firmly take our stand; we must now put our foot down, and s.ay. thus far shall yon go and no farther. (Cheers.) What Is left belongs to freedom; what you have got, maintain. We will not touch it, bnt don't ask to take that which l< consecrated to freedom, to desecrate it to slavery. You have got a large and fertile portion of this great coun try . Y'c uhav now one-halt of one branch of the coun cils of the nation. Be content with that, but what re - mains is lil)cr1y's, and belongs to freedom. We shall be wanting in our duty to the true sense of New York, If we do not say that we stand by that question, so long as New York has a vote to give, and declare that liberty shall prevail and slavery shsll have its limits as it now stands. Every man who hears me must ngree to the sentiment that slavery is a curse, that i is a blot upon the fairest country, and the noblest republic in this world. All good mm regret its existence and desire its extinction, lhat eannot, perhaps, l>e accomplished; but we have the power to limit it to where It exists, and that is the doctrine I desire to assert. In order to attain this (.-real, n >ble, snd beneficent object, we most use, not < nly our own strength, but w? mn-t ask the co-operation and aid of all those who agree with us. It is the great and the Overriding issue before the people of the I'nlted Stat"1!. It Hppeals directly to ovary man in this convention. He is a conservator of all that belongs to liberty. Its com merce, itf manuf ictures, its agriculture appeal to you to "tand fast upon this question, and that you should not swerve from your duty. If you leel as you should, yon will unite with all who are right upon thi- great ques tion, in order to rescue the country and the eon-titntfon trom the further encroachments of slavery. Upon all other questions I have nothing to say. I reject men who honestly hold opinions, no matter what they are, adverse to uiy own. I find no fsnlt with them and wa ge no war. It is not now the tim# to linger up <n any ques tions other then those involved in this great issue. !/>? it stand out in all its length and breadth: let it stand out as a pillar of fire to light us on our way. 1st every true disciple come tip. and stand by and protect it; 1st other Issues stand on their own merits- upon this let the bone and sinew of S'ew York ? its whole Intelligence and power ?come in aid of this great question. I have but little mi re to s?y. But for this question I shoo Id not have been In this convu|tion. 1 d>d not want to come , I thought I was not the man for tho eernelm I thought there were abler, but not truer men. who should liave been In my place in this convention, but as 1 am here 1 will go through it. an I will stand by yon in th< -e grent principle* which I have indicated, which my own fathers have bequestbed to me. HumM< as I am. I am i rood to he the representative of those noble ?en*i ments, and so far ss 1 can, I will m mrnnnl.ate them to every man in the state of New York. 1-et your course he tight, and the country will stand by It. ('ireat ap plause.) The i'Rwnrrr then announced the presence in the convention, of a committee from the Republican Con lentlon, which doslred to make a communication from thst body. <>n motion the committee was sllowed to communicate, through it* ohalMnsn. to the convention wherenp >n? Mr. Gopwi.v. frnm Westchester, annriunco.Jthat 1h" He publican < 'onvention now assembled in this c'tv. conceiv ing there might be a suit clent CO nciden e of opinion be tween them selves and this body to enable th-m to form either a 1h dy of prin< i,>?, r ' election ? f can llSat. - for "0M, ruiv? a Committe# of to meet a Select from this h..dy. if it -hall -on eur In their action, nnd th* t they had appoints Mr. -herwo^sl and h t. V>: .> a * o b ? com t ittee of a Committee of Sixteen, to communicate the action of that body to thin couvention. Ob motion a Committee of sixteen, two ln>m each Ju dicial dlitrtet, was appointed to meet such committee of the Republican Convention, vl*.:? lot district. Messrs. Ortnnell and Herrick; 2d, H*nn. Murrav and Jenninp"; 3d, Messrs. Crlspelland School craft- 4th Messrs. Foot and Uohara; 6th, Messra. IJttlo olin ami J A Sherman; ?tb War*. Chorohill and J?. laud 7t h. Messrs. Hall and blcklnson; 8th, Messrs. l> retired to meet the committee of the KenubHcan Convention, and, On motion of Mr. Da*to>, the convention took a recess ""reconvention resumed it* session at three o'clock, at W ucil!l,l^fT7oi!\ of Oswego, frntn the Committee of Con r M i^tXd that such committee had Instructed fcrence "I t thttl t)ie committee on the part their chairman to re^ri i?a^mittw ^ ^ partof ^Rep-bUcau ^ventlon^andlt^ mously agreed that a plan be aubrul , of Slx e*ch convention should appoint teen, two froii. each Judicial district, u| . and and another comiolttee of thirty-two, Senatorial district, upon nominations. . , The leport was received with great applause, and *dMr! Hoi?Iw,TfUWHHhlogt(.n, moved that the commit tees be appointed by the I hair. . . Mr. Ri'.E, of Cattaraugus. moved to amend so as provide that the committees should be appointed by thedelogaU's from the respective Judical and Setatorial districts. Considerable dhicusslon ensued ou the amendment, " Ylr Brows, of Lewis, moved to amend the amendment, so as to provide that the Committee on Nominations be annotated by the delegates from the respective senatorial districts nn'dthe Committee on Resolutions by the Chair. Mr Rid accepted the amendment to Die admendinent. The amendment, as modified, was theu rejected, and thereupon appointed the following com mitter .? Committee on SominaiUmt. Llrk) ,ii,trict N. I). Thayer; 2d, James Humphreys; J JamM B. Vaylor; 4th, K. W. Morgan; 5th, John J. i ll Moses H. Giinncll; 7th, John 8. Wamlle; 8th" Albert Van Kleek; Pth. A- M-rmy: 1? ^ rnoV- llih John L. Schoolcraft: 12th, 1. A. riooa, i.iin, HwdWtU c. (lark; 16li?, B. Usher; 16th. Harvey I'ooUttle; 17th, H. Buckley ; "U^ Wm. Corn stock; lt'th, J. A. i-hearman: 20th, u ?llth' C. P. Granger; 2'2d. Allen Monroe: 43d, 1 . H. McGraw, 21th, 1 K liose' 2&th, 1*. 0. Scott; 2ttlh, A B. Dickinson: 27th, g. P." Allen, 18th, It S. HUl; 20th, Chas.Colt; 30th, Martin Butts 31st, Christian Mctz; 3!d. A. S. Pilce. Committee mi Ktwl ulvmt. Virst district. K. 1). Morgan ana Chas. S. Tappan; au, T. 11. .Icnnings and A. Ha. Men; 3d, A. M.^ Vedder and J. M. lia'rorny 4tli, C. Schuyler and H. ioot; 6th, D. W. 0 1 ittleiuh'n and E. A. Bro ?'n ; Oth, 8. A. Northrop and A ?;Th B F. Hall and 'W. Clark; 8th, E. 0. StWfluKw^ee, moved tha; a committee of two be appointed to notify the Republican Convention that cinniinttecs have been appointed bv this cou'cnUon in purouanje to the rlan propose! by tho Joint towmit te ThV ^notion ^was*agree 1 to, and Messrs. Foote of St Lawrence, and l.Utlejohn, of Oswego, were appointed such C?Onniotfon of Mr. Moshhf, of Onondaga, the following communication from the secretary of State was rea-1-? Bvraousx, Sept. 20, lb55. Trt Tttr CuAlTlMAN OP TIIG WHIO STATK CONVElfTION:? &s??t^E2^SS festal ions of confidence fcnd regard. nimnunt impor feS3?55??^S| tinn aiid with fetiliDKB ol Uic war moat interest tor tho iuccesa of Ih'e ?u*o ln wl>!? they are engaged. ^ wto^wmy name from the pendiog canvwH. jin<l to leave the conveouon w?tun liberty to m*ke such choice of ? candidate to succeed me as Khali under exlHtlnc ctrcum?tance?, seem beat a?Uipted U> ?e rure^he great ob>ci? tor wlneh It is assembled. \ remain with scutlments of'tl.e hlghe^respe^our^eiUe^MW^ E G. SPiOiDWO, Plate Troasurer, remarked:? I take ^ occasion to say tliat 1 agree with the sentiments contain cd in the letter which Tibb Just been read from Mr. Lea venworih, Secretary of Si a to. I am gratified at the una nimity of sentiment and feeling which prevails in this convention upon the great and^ramount quesHon whi.-h soitates the public mind. I feel deeply the importance of carrying forward this great movement to a successful termination. I agree in the sentiments expressed by the Secretary of State, and, therefore, desire to place myself in the same position he has before this convention. (Ixiud ''S^c'muxbs, of New York? ThU convention has re solved to fuse itself wilh other than whiff. In justfceto my constituent* 1 desire to offer a protest to such action. The protest was read as follows :? We ihe undersigned, members of a Whig State Convention, iTt wyb?isr STST& n pi Inst the Ifbnmlumnent or deatrucUon of the whig party, "The TT?y 'H-^Xl^andV'.tbiter wbitfs of this 8^ have refused al? coalition or aotkm with aboUvlonUta for the LrnvearH and we prolan a?atoJt a coallUon with them now, mm rrl have aiecmUled to nominate a whig ticket of well known , W In our belief, no mer? sectional party can , '?"jf country, or ougbi to exist, and we potest, ^erefore, agatost rhanelng thflrwklg party this 8taio into, or tranaferrmg it over to any party whico is not, nor cannot, from { ' \ e a nat tonal part y . But .. a msjortty as^mbled ln UjUco^ vei.Uon seem desirous tor an abandonment rather than the well being of the whig party, we respecttully decline an) rur Uicr partlcliiailon tn the doings of this body. HK.VRV C. M1M.ES, delegate Fifteenth district. BKX1P1CT LKWIS, Jr., delegate Twelfh distrlot. CI1AH. 8. TAPPAN, delegate Fourth district. WM. II. SPARKS delegate Third district. M. C. FOltllHAM. delegate First district. Mr. Sewions, of (Tiataui|ue.? Aa that, is a very im portant communication I move that It be referred to the committee ha>ing charge of Governor Hunt's letter. (Great laughter and cheers.) Mums H. (ituxumx, of New York. ? I second the motion mode by the gentleman on the opposite side of the rooin. J do it as a citiien of the city of New York. While those gentlemen were nominated to come here to a wing con vention. l>?forc that protest should have been presented, they should have had the magnanimity at least to wait and see what kind of nomination# should be made. gentlemen, time Is too precious to us. The tide i* roiling with us. Amen ! and let them go. (Cheers.) I hope tho name of Mr. Tappan, of New York, will be stricken from tills committee of sixteen which has just been ap pointed, because he is no longer a memlKsr ol this con vention. He was placed upon that committee, and he now rises here, or rather places his name upon a p?per to be pie ented here, protesting against the action ol this convention. Why, sir, did he not do a manly act, und withdraw from the convention quictlv, and way, 4*gen tlemen pursue your own course. I belong to another party." 1 move that the name of Mr. Tapjian be striekei* from the committee of sixteen, and that taere be substi tuled the name of some other person who irf true to the principles of this convention. (Applause.) Mr. T.\ptan? 1 desire to say one word to this conven tion. I was Informed, when the list of names of that committee was read over, that mine wa? among them. I iiioiiircd of several members if that was so. ana I wa? told by them that 1 was mistaken. Hud 1 known the fact, I should have got up and declined to act upon that committee. 1 desire merely to say this, that I msv b? put right upon the record, and thai it may not be insinu ated that 1 was desirous to got upon a committee when 1 was < p posed to the action of tho convention. Hie m> lion of Mr. Sessions was agreed to, and tne . name of Mr. Tappan was struck from the committee. The President thereupon appointed Moeei II. (.? ilnnelt, of New York, to supply the vacancy. Mr. fV'"TE, of St. I^iwrence, from the committee of two appointed to nalt upon tho ltepublican Convention and nnnouncc to them the action of this eonvon'l.m, reoort ed thai they bad discharged the duties imposed on them, and that an invitation was extended by that convention to the Nominating Committee of thin convention to me<'t their committee at their place of meeting, and that the republican Committee on Re?olutlolu will meet the com mltteeof this body at this hall. Messrs. Joseph A. Itlunt and Preston King, as a oim mlttee of the Kepublic?n Convention, then announce-l that committees had been appointed by their body, in pursuance to the recommendation of the Joint commit tees ol the two bodie", and that those committees were ready to act. ... ... On motion of Mr. Mojtbob, the coaven'ion then ail journed until 7 o'clock !'. M. KVKMNrt HBfldlOK. The convention resume.', lis session At 7 o'clock. Mr. (ioodwiv, of Madi'on, nMtluM the convention, upon the rail of the President, and said:? I set m to he called upon to fill up a space In the pro ceedings ot this convention, and would enileavor to Jo by calling attention to the great question which will soon be presented, especially to the people of Now York, for tl.eir decision . From bis earliest youth and en trance Into poll t leal life, ho had Wn a whig, and un !?r thuf ho ha/1 alwiys fought, whether in prosperity or ftdmnity. A portion of the prlatiplM opon wbia j iirty formerly battled hare for the pre?<nt i>a-sel away, and he wan now leaiy to uuite with any cum <f men who agreed with him in principle, and can stanl U[on the Mime platform and hat tie in behalf of the same gri at political creed, and "not that he lined Carter lea*, hut that he loved Rome more." In considering the poatuon which the F.mplre State wa* to occupy in thin contest i' was well to look to hixtory, and carry the mind back through the corridor* of the put, and see what iahrma tion enn be pathored In rajrard to t ho*e great isiult now forced njiou tliem. They had to do with actual and living principle*, and laauaa <>f the present. It is true the com promlse oi 1820 baa been violated, but history will show tliat there ha* l>een a grimier violation ot a still more *ik red compact, and which date' fnrlher back than the Cfinpact ol ltl* ? aad that I* a comprnml?e on which the very comtltu'lon itself wa< haaed. and by virtue of which it wa* called Into being. When thl* general government wa* established the frtvoral ."tate* posseeaed certain pub lic domain and territories, which tliey oeded to the gene ral government, and those territories constituted th>' only and *ii>!? po?*e?*ions of the geueral government. The founder* of our free in titotlon had no Idea of acquiring additional territory. There was no provision in the con - Kltufli 4 ot lawa for It. Wben I/voUiana wn> *equlr?d bj | or. hisc. Jefferson snl.l that it wa* done without the p?;i of the Constitution. '' our lathers embraced the Idea that we bad all the territory we were ever to h.tve. The v) < al er then proceeded to show that a ?olemn com pact un* entered into on the formation of theconsiltu tier uli'.-h Itiulr had 1m on vloWt>.^l. There w.n a marked ? nil dinlnct understi' ndlnc an l c.i operation hetwwen the Cong ? which enn to the Uw (or the governthent ? >! the northwestern territory and the convention which Iran d tb' ctmftttntion. in IM7, Mr. Welx'er in tbo 1'nltei'. ^tate* .mate ileclaied there wa' -o opera Mori and unity of aetlon hetw?en tlioee two hmliee. Mr. OlUomi declared the same tl.lnc and the re nil ot that ttnd< i -landing was that slavery should be f. ever etcln* d?d from the northwe.'. rn territory, which *#? all the gircrement noe? lor ev?- to p. .'is; and the South g-'t in tetiirn the rig it of slave repr ? ? i-.uion, ?nd 'be reciajaati .n <> fugltfVM. .i fori hmj* 'efrrence to all "be t' .nt .y which it w.n erpect "