Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 1, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 1, 1855 Page 2
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to the back of the neck aud In the small of the baok in the Utter the knife penetrated the lung, and also broke en* of the ribs. This wound may prove tatal. la the arlee Cfesey's pt-tol was taken from him. Hr >u heard to exclaim, "6ood God, don't munler me; I will tight you MM J WSJ." fUttlry, it Is wiid, had pulled his pistol out several time-. during the day, aad once before on Casey. l'he following persons were arretted: ? Daniel Harrington, Jaiura P. tiney, Henry Derrick, JameN Hennessey and John Lynch. Mr. t'uohing *n? also taken to the City Prison, and Doctors Sholden and Unwell immediately at tendcl to him. He requested to have a priest sent for, which wan complied with, and then wished to see Mr. fWeey. When he came he said he hoped Mr. Casey would have no hard fueling toward* him. Mr. ifcgley was taken to hii room on line street, He was formerly a aeiuber <>t the Assembly from thin county, and wis late .y elected Clerk to tlio Board of Supervisors. Mr. Cusli log formerly kept the "Crystal," * boardlng-t?onse lately destroyed by tire on Hush street. It is hardly necessary to add'that the p.irtien have l>een at enmity for dome time en account of local political differences. More Tumble with the Indiana. [From the San Francisco Herald. Aug. *2.] Kor several years past, a deadly t'eud has existed be ween the Indians residing on the frontiers dfthfl Ameri. < an and English settlements on il>e North I'aciflc. The ndians residing within the territory are known as the "King George ' Indians from the fact that they believe that the celebrated personage whose narno they bear still liven and sways the destinies of North Ameri ca. They call 'bo Americans residing on the frontier "Boston men," end look upon the Indians who reside within the same territory as their allies. Fights Con stantly occur between these Indians when the cano?s cowv hi contact outside of the common Ushing grounds, where both parties generally fraternize and spend the time in feasting and merriment. Outside of the charmed eircle of the common fishing grounds they are deadly enemies, and wage a war of extermination against each other. Kecentlv a party of Indians residing within the territorial limits ol the United States, went on a fishing excursion, but were wrecked upon the northern shore of Vancouver's Island. They were immediately seized by the King George Indians and mur dered, sixteen in number, in cold blood. Both parties are now arming for a war of extermination, and bloody doings are cx)>ected. It is supposed that white Inlluenre is at the bottom of the whole affair, and that no oppor tunity has been lost by some badly disposed whites re nding among them, to loment a ouarrei an J kindle it general war among the ignsrunt Indian*. We are in formed that tl.e United States sloop of war Decatur, whi< h is at present undergoing repairs at the Navy Yard, is under orders for Vancouver's Island. It Is rather strungo that wo have not received news of these proceedings by any of the recent arrivals from Vancou ver's Island. Wo are disposed to place every reliance npon the souVce from which the above information is de rived. and are therefore at a loss to account fur the silence maintained hitherto in relation to this matter. Mlacellniteoua Items. EAKTiigt akk in San Fium'wio ? About twenty-five mi notes past 3 o'clock yesterday tmrniDg, this vicinity wan visited by a plight earthquake, which lasted about twenty seconds, producing considerable alarm anil confusion in aome portion* of the suburbs of the city. The shock was ?)?ite perceptible in the lower portion of the city, but was most severely felt at the Presidio and the Mission Dolores, atui along the hills intervening west ot the line of Jones street. A family residing in Ht. Ann's Valley were started from sleep by a violent shaking of the house, which caused a general commotion among the picture frame.- hanging on the walls, and several articles of fui niture were moved from their places. At the Presi dio barracks (he inmates were all awakened by the Hhock; and at the Mission Dolores the Inmates of every house were awakened, and in Mine instances the people rushed into the street in alarm for thoir personal safety. A ruinMing sound, as of a heavily freighted vehicle passing over a brii'ge, accompanied the shock. A gentleman who arrived here last night from a (arm situated near the Coast Kangc, about six miles south from the Mission, eays that trie shock was very severe in that vicinity, and in view of this fact, it is not unreasonable to conjecture that the next arrival from the South will bring us news of a heuvy earthquake on the lower coast.? .Sun Fran i so Herald, , Any. '29. Kan Frajkiwo Pours Statistics. ? Whole number of arrests during the month of August, (667, as follows: ? Murder, 3, arson, 1; assault with intent to kiil, X; grand larceny, 2t; |ierjury, 1; riot, 4; mayhem, 1; assault with deadly weapon*, 61; petit larcony, 21; burglary, 4; re ceiving stolen property, 2; forgery, 1; drunkenness, 145; assault and battery, 97; breach of the peace, 23; threats of bodily injury, 1ft; vagrants, 2?; disorderly conduct, 79; misdemeanor, 14; obtaining money under false pre tences, 1; insane and violating city ordinance, 2ft; com mon prostitution, 11: malicious mischief, 22; counter feiting, 8: false imprisonment, 1. Total ? 857. Dis charged, 310; fined. 90; sent up for trial, 23; bound over to keep the peace, 2; sentenced to coufinemvntiu the city prison, 127. SriuiiE of thk Mi'Udkrks ok Sheriff Pinbnix. ? An Ame rican had been arrested near Sonora who had confessed lo being a participant in the bloody butcheries at Kanclie ria. The Mexican who shot hlierilf l'hoeuix, of Amador county, and who was well known, had been surrounded; but just as his pursuers were about seizing him, he drew k pistol and shot himself dead. Mr. Dimon, who was so desperately wouudel in the Kancheriu tragedies, and whose wile met with such a lamentable fate at the hands cf this baud of Mexican savages, has so far recovered as te be able to attend to his ordinary busifcesi avocations. Navnl Ntwn. The Vnited States steamer Massachusetts, S. Swart wont. l.ieut. Commanding, sailed from San Francisco on ilie 26th August, for the Mexican coast. She is ordered 'o visit Acapulro and other ports in Mexico, to inquire Into the late Injuries inflicted by Mexican authorities on persons and property of American citizens. She goes mlly prepared for an active cruise, and with the necos tary instructions from the Commander-in-Chief of the iquadronln the Pacific, to enforce the liberation of all American citizens who may be unjustly detained by the partisans of Santa Anna. She will probably return to this port next spring. The following is a list of her offi cers; ? Lieut. Commanding. Samuel Swartwout; i.leuts. Reginald Fairfax and .1. U. McCauley; Acting Master, A. A. Semmes; Purser, C. F. Cutter; Passed Assistant Sur geon, William 1). Harrison; fused Midshipmen. Jonathan Young and Dulanev A. Forrest; Second Assistant En gineer, William A. K. I attimer; Acting Assistant Engi neer, Edwin Sutton . Third Assi-tant Engineer, George W. Tennant; Captain's Clerk, P. R. FendaU; Boatswain, Alexander Tyler; liuuner, A. W. McAlpiu; Carpenter, K. V. Ckssidy. Marriage* and Deaths. MARRIED. (n San Francisco, on the 10th of August, by Hev. II. Brierly, Mr. John H. Stans, to Miss Henrietta, daughter of John F. and Harriet Miller. In San Francisco, by tae Hev. Mr. Thurston, Mr. Hen ry Murat to Mrs. Catherine Stolyenherger. On ihelHth August, by the Most Hev Archbishop Jo eeph S. Alemany, Charles Welsh to Miss Elizabeth 0. Roach, both ol San F'ranciaco. in San Francisco, at the residence of Ceneral W. II. Richardson. Vnited States Marshal, by the Kev. l>r. Scott, Captain Richard I,. Whiting, of the mail steamship tsonora, to Miss Josephine P. Finntll. On the 4th August, Mr. William Board, to Miss Mary D. Hamilton, both ot Santa Clara. At Santa Clara, August 16th, Mr. John Tower, to Miss Charity Holmes. On the 10th August, Mr. Jacob Grave, to Miss Marga ret Elizabeth, daughter of Jonas Statler, all of Santa Cla ra county. In Campo Seco. August 16th, Mr. Charles Barlow to Mrs. N. M. Clinkinbeard. At St. Mary's Cathedral, by the Rev. Father Gallagher, Mr. James J. Ayrea to Miss Mary O'Brien, both of San Francisco. In San Francisco, Sept 1st. by the Rev. Dr. Scott, Mr. Edward .Kelly, of Calais, Maine, to Miss Elizabeth McClay, of Salem. Mass. In San Francisco, Sept. 1st, by the Rev. Mr. Wyatt, at the l'me street F^piscopal church, Mr. Charles Nevelles to Mrs. Eugenia Verbrughe, all of that city. In Oakland, at the residence of Mr. S. Heel, by the Rev. Dr. Eck matin, Mr. A. ileinelierg to Miss Regtna Davidson, both of San Francisco. DIED; At New Almaden, August 15, after a short illness, Mar tha Jane, daughter of Thomas and Mary Bryan, aged 5 years and 11 months. In San Francisco, Samuel Moss, Jr., late of Philadel phia, and for a long time a resident of New Orleans, In the 38th year of his age. In San Francisco, of scarlet fever. Julia Eiiia, daugh ter of Marvin and Lucimla J. Tifft, aged 7 years, 3 months ami 26 days. At Fort Point, Aug 2iith, Mrs. Sarah Ann Ashley, wife ?f Mr. S. J. Ashley, aged 24 years. On board tiark Uve Yankee June 12th, on the passax" Arem llong Kong to San Francisco, Douglass M., sod of 1). M. Davis, aged 15 months. Aug. 17th, of hemorrhage. Mr. I)ani> l liarr, a resident of Santa Clara county. In San Jose, Aug. 15th, Don Juan Soto, in th? 88th year of his age. The deceased was a native of California, of old Spanish descent, and in early life, at the breaking out of the Mexican revolution, was a soldier in the royal ?ervice at the presidio of San Francisco. At Fore?t City, July 2Bth, Susan A., wife of Dr. R. 9. Werton, aged 33 years. In Nevada, Aug. llrth, Samuel G., son of A. and C. Y. Br>gg?, aged about 2 years. In Mariposa, Aug. 19th, Mr. Hinckley B edford, for werly of Vermont, a^ed 26 vears. In Columbia An* lfitb. Mrs. Uuie S., wife of Mr. C. Monroe, aged 18 y?*rs. Charles K., infant ?i,n ot John C. and Sarah A. King, aged one year, tbiee months and nineteen days. On Imard the schooner Forward, June 27tb, H?ory Williams, aged 43 years. In San Francisco, Sept. 2d. at the residence of the fam ily, near the corner of Folsnrn arnt Third streets. William Jrederick. sged 12 months, only ehiU of James P. and Amelia A. llerce Of Small pox. July lflth. at the resides? of Jam?e WvHe, Esq., Glasgow, Scotland, Ml?s Margaret Howie. In San Francisco, suddenly. Mr. George Thornton are i 30 year?. In Oakland. Alameda county, on s'unday. the 2d in?t.. Fannie lsiuise, youngest child of Thomas P. and M. I Hamilton, aged one year and two days. Market*. S?n Fraxhsoi Sept. 4. 18M. rt ???.- .lobbing sales 4(0 quarter sacks Santa tiara at ?7; 150 do domestic at ?7 37 W: '.'60 do. Green Vall-y at $7 50. 400 do Chili at ?7 26; 260 do. Yreka at ?7 26; 300 lio. Magnolia at $7 50; 460 do. Golden Gate at $7 75 200 do. sleira N'ewta at i7 37X; 26 e?. Suffolk at (12 60; ?00 quarter sack. A?hl?y's eelf rising at ?<? *0 100 do. Golden <;ate ,|0 at t? 50 per 200 lbs. ; and 110 bbls. Q U UfO and Raxall at ?l:t ft o per bbl. Wi/t^T ? Sales of 1184 sacks choice ?t %%t. ; 4.10 do. do. at 2 l-1?e. ; MO do. do. ?1 a 2 ?c. , 806 do. |roo?l at 2c. ; and A3 do. inferior at 1 ?>.'?. per It,. ?A*t*v less firm. Fains of California include 1,180 Mek*. in lots, at IV". . and 242 do. at 1'ie per lb. Oats.? fale- of 226 sack. Calif , rnla at ?1 aft 500 do. do. at tl 76, ami flOO tio. Eastern at tl ftft p. r 100 lbs. B*ass.? Pal" last evening of SO sack* t/alif ,rn|# Davos ?t7>tfc. porlb, Owirms, ? Sale* of <!0 casks at I'^e. per lt> faeaiOR" ?Me off) h?gi at 1 i^c per lb. r'otAtoBJ? Saleg of 160 lacks at $1 7ft; TOO do. atfl 87W; 283 do. at $1 85. 600 do. at ?1 87 X a $2; Mid 200 do., very choice, it VI p er 100 lb*. Pom ? , -sales of loo half bbls. old Gear ftt $18 per hftlf bbl ; 26 bbl*. rump at $26; 60 bbls. mean (last evening) at >27 ; and 60 do. . to-day, at $28 per bbl. Hw ? Kale of 46 bbls. Chicago mem at $22 per bbl. Laju>? Kales, last evening, of 86 cs. in 10-lb. tins at 20c., and !0 do., private. Hamk ? .-ale, last evening, of 300 tcs and 24 hhds., in brine, private, ami to-day. U5 do. at 18c. per lb. t-TBn*? Sale of 300 keg* hast Boston at 74c. per gall. Bham>y ? Sale of .00 gall's Sazarac at $6 50 |>er gall. Tiu? Sale of 50 bxs, Oolong at 46c. per lb., and 100 bxs. Congo, private. The sale of 0,000 cs. Green, reported in onr steamer review, should have been 000 on. Hewn item the Plaint, MAJOR HALLAR'S EXPEDITION ? EXECUTION OF FOUB INDIANS. It wiD be recollected that a company of immigrants were massacred by the Indians last year under cfrcutn* stances of [ ecu liar atrocity and barbarity. Major Hallar wan -eut out with Borne of the military to punish the In dians. The Oirgtmian publishes a letter from one of the expeditionists, dated Camp Wpley, Gun mas Prairie, July 29, 1865, from which we make the following extracts: ? We hud no incidents of any consequeuce after leaving the Dalles, until we arrived at Kort Boise, where the major held a tea tea with the liannick tribe of Snake In dians. While holding the confab, four of the Winnass band (which is the tribe by whom tho massacre was com mitted) had the temerity to come into the council: they were known to the interpreter, wh'> signified to th> Major that they were in camp as spies. The Major did not intimate to any pe.?on his knowledge of their being there, until the wo. ua was over, when he had them ar rested. They were tried next day by a military com mission consisting of three officers, and the first one on being tried confessed all, both the share he himself had in the massacre, and nl-<> that of his fellow prisoners, and even went so far as to promise to take the troops to where there were more of the murderers, a promise whieh he evidently did not intend to fulfil, as circum stances which transpired afterwards proved, for while the (entry over him was being relieved, he made a spring from the tent the court m holding its session in, threw off his buffalo robe, and bounded with tho speed and agility of a deer for tho river, which he would have reached in a very few springs; and if he hau, his escape was certain, for they are tho beat swimmers 1 ever saw. The whole camp was now in an uproar, officers and men running for their guns and revolvers, and hallooing to shoot him. Sergejmt Kellihard was ser geant of the guard, and was relieving the sentry over the prisoner at the time he jumpod ironi the tent: he drew up his musket and tired: and fortunately (fori consider it only a cbanc* shot for him, although only a few steps off) hit him in the back; ho made one spring in the air, and fell on his face, and in throe or four min utes all was over with him. The whole affair, from first to Inst, did not occupy more than two minutes before everything was again quiet. The Court proceeded with the triiti of tho others; they were found guilty of par ticipating in the murders, and wore sentenced to be hung over the graves of the murdered emigrants, a sen tence which corresponded with the feelings of all pre sent. Accordingly, next day, July 18. we took up our line of march for the massacre ground, which is about twenty- live miles from Fort Boise, on the river of the Faroe name, where we arrived about noon, and immedi ately set about constructing a gallows, in order to carry the sentence into effect. lieut. liodges was detailed with a party to bury the hones of the murdered emigrants, the wolves having dug up tho bodies after they were buried Ust full. The gkl lowg was erected immediately over the mound the bones were placed under, and on the spot where the immigrants were shot. Everything being now in readiness, 'hociti lens and soldier* attached to ^^^cpedltion were paraded at sundown, the prisoners pvV in a wagon and taken to the gallows, and their sentences having beeu read and interpreted to them, the ropes were placed around their necks, and at the idgnal tbe wagon drove from under them, und they swung into eternity. They were told by the interpreter what they were to be hung for. they said it was right and just that they should 'tie on behalf of their tribe, to satisfy the Sockt Uy-tyee and the Hus tons for the murders committed l>y their tribe, so that the whites should not molest any more of their tribo, but let them alone. In this opinion they were a little mis taken, for if any more of their tribo are caught they will lie served in tho same manner. The bodies were left hanging until sunrise next morning, when they were taken down and buried at tho foot of the gallows, which was contrary, I believe, to Major Halm' instructions to Hallar. which said if any were taken they should be left hanging, as a warnimr to the other Indians; but the offi cers would not stand it. it being uncliristianlike and bar bare us; and I believe they were right, for I think, with them, that instead of being n terror to the Indians, it would have been an incentive to them to commit worse acts of barbarity. The gallows was left standing, which Is warning sufficient. Niwi from Oregon. Ill'' news from Oregon is up to tho 'JTth August. Tho Colville gold mines, lirat pronounced a humbug, are now well spoken of again. Mr. Hauton, just arrived across the plains, reported a tecriblc Indian massacre of emlgrantH this season, at l'evil's Gate, on the SweetWater river. A train of 1100 men, women and children, were at'acked by the Chlen nes Sioux, ami 150 killed, and all llieir stock, provisions, he., captured. The remainder of the train reached Salt Lake City in a starving condition. Among the slain were Gen. l-iiue's brother and family. It is reported that TO whites have been murdered near Fort Colville by the Indiana. Lt. Derby has just com pleted tl>e surrey of Iho military road from Salem 'to Astoria, a distance of ace hundred miles. From a copy of the Portland Standard, received per Republic, we learn that there has been quite a rush fur the Colville gold mines, some fifteen hum ired or two thousand persons having left for that region. l*argo numbers were leaving the Willamcttce Valley Tor tho same digging*. A letter from thenco stated tho writer to be making $10 to 912 {Mr day, and advising others to flock thither, large quantities of mining stores were going forward for the use of the miners. Mr. O'Neil, the agent of Wells. Fargo k Co., was about starting an express for these mines. Some Indians had brought in some Of the dust which they had dug. Two of them said they ha i dug two days and carried their dust to tho priest, who represented It to be worth $80. The vicinity of the Itolles is said to resemble Sacramento in 1849. Latrr from the Knaslnn Possessions. [From the .San l'rnncisco Herald, Aug. J.'.] H. B. M. frigate Amphitrite, Capt. Charles Fredericks commanding, arrived trom Ayan and Sitka, Russian Pos sessions, yesterday morning, and anchored at Saucelito ? all well. By this arrival we are informed that she arriv ed at l'etropaulowski .lune 11, after a passage of 30 days from Honolulu. Sailed trom l'etropaulowski for Ayan, Amoor river. June 14, and arrived there July 9, utter a passage of twenty-six days. Was live days lying at anchor in the channel leading to the entrance ot Ainoor river, during which time she was engaged in sounding. Found the town of Ayan almost entirely deserted. It is a neat little town, built of wood, contains a neat wooden church and thirty-five houses. While lying at Ayan a Russian iron steamer was blown up, at the fame time proclamation was issued to the inhabitants of Ayan that all private property would be respected and spared ?everything, with the exception of the steamer. We al?o learn by this arrival that the brig l>cvcrett ar rived at Ayan, having onboard Messrs. Hnan and Clif ford, who, it will be remembered, were acused some time since of forging whalemen's drafts to a very largo amount, and who escaped from Honolulu. Tho I<everett sailed to parts unknown ; Mr. Clifford sailed in her, and Mr. Swan in the whaleship George. Both vessels sailed from Ayan July 10. The Amphitrito sailed Irom Ayaa July 16, and arrived August 8, after a passage of twenty, four days. There was nothing new at Sitka ; all was quiet. It will be recollected that, alter the second visit of tho allied fleet to Petropuulowski, Information was obtained that the Russians were in strong force at tho mouth of the Amoor river, which iise: in Mongolia and falls into an arm of the Ochotsk sea, (Gulf of Saghallen,) opp"?ite the north end of the peninsula of the latter naui<r, tho peninsula extends north and south about one hundre I and seventy leagues, connecting, according to the best navigators, with the main land southward from tho mouth of the Amoor, and thus forming with the main land the Gulf of Siglialien on the north, and the Gulf of Tartary on the south. It is thought by some that Saghalicn is an island, an 1 that vessels can sail through the Gulf of Tartary to the Gulf of Saghalien. ''It is not absolutely determined," says Kind lav, '? whither. --aghilien be an i -land or peninsu la, but as all evidence ceitainly tends towards the latter opinion, that appellation has been retained." The following tacts will tell what is known respecting it: ? 1m Perouse expecting to find a channel through this to the Sea of OchoUk from tho southward, penetrated as far to the northward as his vessel allowed, but the depth at last decreased at the rate of a fathom a mile. He then seat two boats to sound, but they only advanced three miles into six fathoms. He also was told that a sand bank. overgrown with sea-weed, connected the two coasts. There was no current observed, and therefme 1 41 Perouse concluded, from these facts, that if there wss a channel it must lie very narrow an I shallow. To the north Kiusenstern found the water to he nearly f;es|i and of a dirty yellow color. As soon at he had doubled Cape Maria (the northern extremity of Ssghalien in the Ochotsk sea ) and in the channel -epa rating Saglialien Irom thecontin"nt (Gulf of Saghalienl the water, undoubtedly from the Amoor, was quite fresh. Captain Broughton advanced nine miles farther than I? Perou*e from the southward, (Gulf of Tartary) and found the channel clo-e I on all sides by low sand banks, without the smallest appearance ot s passage. It must thei nfore be considered thtt Sag halien is Joined to the continent by a Hat sandy ne;k of land, over wblch it Is p'>s?i >le the *ea nny wash when the strong southerly gules which occur here drive the waters to a higher level, and that this isthmus may be of comparatively recent date, an! still on the increase from the deposits from the Ainoor, so Ihtt the old " Chinese charts may be correct." Hut to return to the ex pedition of the allies to these region-: <>o the 7th o: July the Amphitrite, the Pique, and another Knglisli ves eel. tho name of which hi- escaped onr m-mory, afte a cruise in the <>cho*?k Pea, anchorel In the (M Ssghalien, opposite the Amoor. To the it th" town of Ayan, to which a Tl?it was first pstd but ss the town was tlnwt deserted, and as it had no fortifications or arsenals. It was -pared. Nothing was destroyed but the Russian iron steamer which wss found In t lie bay. In this connection it may be proper to Mnt< 'bat Swan and Clifford, the S*n Iwich Island p>r g"rs h?'1 brought with them a considerable qumtly of ?lo?ds to thi , place with the intention of sdlioi 'it fin I ng no > ii)i r? they .leeraed It proper to decamp to s one other oat of the way place. The Knglish vessels-o;.w ?r then pr. <-?,>, ,t to the mouth of the Amoor, hut were una ble to enter in eonses]ti>iire of a sand-bar running asross. H< at* were seat out which advanced considerably uu the mouth, but no fortifications, Rut-dans. or Ru??i'?n ships of-war could si)p where be discovered. The British vei eels remained in th" Gulf <>f -?ghalien for a few lay <, while soundings * ere Wing made, an I .,n the ISth of July the Amphltiite sallod for this pirt. and the other tw>ve< ?el. toj.dn Admiral sterling - fleet from Chins in the Gulf of Tartar r. where it Is expected that t >? R<i?itn T*.?.i?-..f.war wiu he found. It i- probable thst Admiral ?'fsrlin* was under the Imnre-ston 'ha' -aghsll. n i- an Island and that he could j.dn tie Allied Bert of th Pac if! ? ?t the mouth af the Amoor by -ailing up through th? Gnlf of Taitary, and tiiis accounts (>r bis pre-en'-e there. What :heHu ?lans have one with themselves and their vee- 1 Mb of war, we are at ? low to eonjeoHw. IT Um Alhed few!* of war could not water the uwatb of Um Ainoor in conaequence of the sand bar running aeraaa, t i* evi dent that the Russian# could not have gutted Ukeir tee Rein across, and that they are now anebored in some ot the bay* in these region* ? probably in the Gulf of Tar tar)'. The Russians are a strange people, and their ways are almost pant tindiug out. They may have taken their vessels of war to some secluded bay, burned them, and then retired to some of the Russian forts high up on the river, or probably Sibeiia Itself. The English lleet n w lathe (Jullof Tartary, under the command of Admiral Sterling, If very strong, and consists of five steamers, among Which are the Styx, Harrucouta and Encounter, and two fifty-gun frigate); ? the Winchester and the Sybil. The French tleet is also large, and is composed of some five or six vessels. Newi from the Paclfte Iitaudi. By the way of San Francisco wo have advices from Honolulu to the 28th of July. The Mtueiujer, of Tahiti, ot the 16th of April, contains a decree of the Governor, Monsieur du Bouzet, dated l'ort of France, New Cale donia, declaring that island part of the colonial domain of the French empire. This decree was issued by orders eman, itirg from bis Majesty the Emperor, after receiving u iHVorable report oJ the be t .ty of 'he ports, the mineral richness ami the resources of the island, by Monsieur the fost Captain, lardy de Moutravel. In the same paper appea-s a notice on the part of Mr. John Kigord, formerly Atto ney General of this Kingdom, of his intention to leave Tahiti, on or about the JStli April, and it is known that he subsequently loft for Japan. His late Majesty, says the Honolulu Polynisian , feel ing the importance of support from France, and know ing that she looked with a very jwlous eye upon tli? high duties imposed upon her brumliea, recommended i epeatedly and earnestly to the legislature, theredu; tion of those duties to such a scale as would prove satis factory to her. He may have had his own opinion of the extent to which France would be benefitted by the change, but he recommended it to remove a source of disagreement, and, as everybody knows, recommended it in vuin. His successor has boon more fortunate, and if the first session of the legislature under his reign had done nothing else, it would deserve to be long re membered for hating renounced what we must call a prejudice with a view of obtaining a substantial benefit. In the removal of that stumbling block to a rc-arrang ' ment of the treaty with France, we see a happy though a recent change. On Monday, says the Polynttia n, the dedication of the new Hall of the odd Fellows took place. The ceremony was of the most dignified character, and the decorations of the room reflect great credit on all who designed and executed then, 'i he singing was good, but tho address was indeed worthy of an oruer instituted for such high purposes. We will say that when we discovered it to bo the production of one who also pulls an editorial oar, we felt that our "craft" was not in danger. MHMhUtH OF DIE liOl'HC OK REPKKB1MTATIVE8 EUtCTKD ON HIK 10T1I 1.VST ? Oahtt. ? For Houolulu ? <i. M. Robertson, S. P. Kahuna, W. Webster, ? Naome. Ewa ? I. 1). lilair. WaiaUu Keawehunahala, Kuolaiiloa ? l{. Moflit. Koo-Koolaupokc ? It. t;. l'avis. M< n.i. ? Hani' ? Mr. Maui. I.ahaina ? J. W. Austin and Kahooknne. Wuiluku ? H. Kuilielani. Makawoa ? Jn>. Kuhardson. Kaanapali? IK Kaaawai. Molokai. ? llev. S. frwight and Kamaipelekani. IJai'Mii. ? South Kona ? II. L. Sheltou. Tbv Turf. CENTREVILLE COURSE, L? I. ? TROTTING. A trotting mutch for $1,000, rnilo heats, in harness, came off on Thursday af:ernoon last, between the famous trotting nags Taconey and Mac. Taconey won. It was a capital race, and closely contested tnrougbout. Tae attendance was not as large as wan anticipated irom 1 10 character of the race and the fame of the nagi engage 1. Taconev had the call in the betting and the odda ran from 100 to 80 to 100 to 70 before either of the horses came on the track. Warren Peabody drove Taconey, Mr. Spicer taking charge of Mae. The horses seemed in capital condition, and it was hard to tell which looked most like the winner. Tacouey's gait was too fast tor Mac, and that carried him through successfully. first lhai? Mac won the pole. The horses dashed off at a gallant rate with the word, Mac half a length ahead to the quarter in thirty-eight seconds. Going down the backstretch Taconoy made a brush, and took Mac iff his legs. He passed the half nule polo a couple of length, ahead? time, 1:14. On the lower turn Mac made a gallant effort, and reached Jaconey's wheel. They were head and head coming up the hmnestritcn, but Mac broke at the two uiile heat distance, and Taconey won the heat by two lengths. Time, WUK. .Second Heat.? Mac was halt a length ahead when the word was given, but Taconey soon passed him. He broke coing round the- turn, and agaiu nearing the quarter , ,1,1c lime, thirty seven seconds. Co:ng down the back stretch Mac was half a dozen lengths ahead; but passing the half mile pole and around the lower turn, laconev made a tremendous brush, which reached Macs wheel. Coming tip tbe homestretch the horses were lapped and doing their best. The brush had been too long for Taeomy. and Mac won the heat by a neck, lime, Third Mat. ? Both horses hating sweat out nicely and dried up well, a desperate heat was Kntictimt?d. 1 tie liiends of Taconey still offered 100 to 80 that he would win. Mac was a neck ahead all around the turn and to the quarter pole, in thirty-eight seconds J.oing down the bsckstretch Taconey passed him, and led a couple ot lengths to the half mile pole, in 1:13>?. Mac could get no closer. He broke swinging on the homestretch and Taconoy w< n the heat by three or Tour lengths, lime, 2:33 %. The following is a summary :? ..... Tin rj-imy, Sept. 27.? Match, $1,000, mile heats, in harness. i .> i Wnrien Peabody named ro. g. Taconey l - J G. Sticer named br. g. Mae " Time, 2:82*i? 2:33X? 2:83>i. A match for $200, mile heats, best three in five, to wagons, came off on Saturday afternoon, between ch. stallion I'lougftboy and r. m. Prairie Maid, which was won by the stallion in three straight heats. The betting was in favor of the mare before the start at 100 to 40, and two to one aftor she loetthe first beat. The attenl ante was small. I'loughboy Is a fine promising B'ft.-k ItKwk colt, and will make a fast one to time, lie is rather email, which is his only fault. It was thought by the frieuds of the mare that lie must win, notwl'hstand ing she bad but three legs to trot with, ^0 ,>t ier *' "; iiuite lame, Plorghhey was never headed but once iu the race, sod that was in the third heat, when an?.n aller getting the word he broke up and the mare led 1, i around the turn, lie passed her on the backstretch where she broke up. and won quite handily, ill *:4?. The following is a Mimniary : ? HjtTfM'AV, *-pt. 29.? Match, $200, mile heats, I j i hrre in five, to wagons. _ , . 11. Woodruff named cb. s. Plougliboy i ? | C. Wright named r. m. Prairie Maid.. I l - Time, 1:52 ? 2:58)4 ? 2:49, The famous old stallion Washington trots this after noon at the t'entreville Course, in a match for $2,000. against an unknown gelding from Newtown, h. I. Wash ington has produced s< me of the finesl stock in the conn t," Kose of Washington being one ofhi* got. It is ru men ed that Washington will aatom.-h the ua'ivos thi alternoon. Messrs. Johnson and Conway have aUo a match for $1,000 on llie same track. UNION COURSE, L. I.? TROTTINO. A match for $1,000. mile heats, 1-cst three in live, to wagons, came off on Friday afternoon, between b. g. Jack Potter and blk. ni. Black Bees? Jack Potter to carry 75 lbs. more weight. Jack won in three heats. This was a capital race but it would havo l>een much better, and the result probably different, had not Black Bess been lame, she having plckcd up a nail a f"W ?lays previously. It will be recollected that these nag" trotted a match, rigged equal, about a week since, Ja k rotter winning handily. The betting wa. 100 to 75 on Jack. The attendance was larger than usual. fVr*< Halt . ? Bess won the pole. Ihe fir*t t me th" came for the word it was given. Be-s broke soon af the word was given and Jack led her a couple of lengths around the turn. She broke again passing the quartor pole? time, thirty-nine seconds. Going down the ba . stretch the mare closed up to Jack, but broke at the lulf mile pole and then Ml back a length? time. 1 :20. She fell off more on the lower turn, but coming up the omestretch she made a brush for Jack and reached 1 wheel She could not stay there, however; .he agaiu left her feet and Jack won the heat by a length and a b .lack went away with the m.iru lapped on bis wheel, bnt g"lng round the turn he "book her off and led to the quarter pole, in forty aeeon is. Going down the baekstreieh the nnre lapped him an 1 trotted finely until neat ing the half m.le pole when she ma le a break and Inst two or three lengths? time, 1 .3. <?n thi* loWtr turn ?he made another break Hint time or four lengths Whlnd. Jack trotted finely all the way up the homestretch and won tb* heat in ^:4'.)<. ihirtl Ural Jack broke twice going round th? turn, ?be mare lapped on hl? wheel. Hts breaks sre rather an advantage tlan otherwise. Thev went in this manner t ? the quarter i ole In forty-one seconds Going down the baikstietrb the mare would occasionally get to bi? a, idle and then fall .-IT again. Jack pas^ the half mile pole with the mare la|j>?l on him, in "n the lower turn the mare fell o ft a csuple of leng-hs which -r,.t her the beat. She trotted h r best und?r the Cir cumstances. but a lame horse Is not a reliable one for a isc* Jaek Potter won the heat by a leng.h and a hal.. Time, 2:42 *. Ttie followinf l? * aummary :? I k r * v Sent. ?Match *1,000. mile b-a's, best three n five, to wsg ns? Jack Potter to carry 75 !b?. mora weight. Iliiam Woodraff named b. g. Jaak Potter Ill Jaa. Whalpley BMned blk. m. Rack Bess 2 2 8 Time, 2:40? 2:42*<? 2:42J<. VIRGINIA. New M.irkpt Cf?rrj>F? 1 r-'-t Bar, aept. 25 ? r^tstake.

two mile he?t?, >100 entrst ce Wb. H tiiblions' b m. 1 hilo, by M rlner 1 1 O. P. Hara s b. b. Michael Ang>lo, by /. nga ee.... 2 dr. Time. ;t:5*X. PlflPSftpAY '-?(it.2<V ? Sweepstake, two mil* heats. Taller an>t Cheatltam'" b. c., by Tally-Ilo 1 1 Wb. H. Gibbons' ch. f. Mi"? Julia, bv Glencoe. . . . 2 8 Tim" 0:47 X? a:4d. TmM> Bat, ?ept. 27.? Jcckey Cub parte, $500, three Wm. ll.' i'ibbons' b. m. Ph'lo. 4 years old. by Mail ner lain Cassandra 1 1 Mai. Tbo?. DoaWell'a br. m. S< 'one, 5 years old, by Fp'llon, dam Bet* 2 2 James Tally's ch. f. 1 ucv i hi'.Hps. a years ol 1, by Tally-Ho, dam Bet-sr white 3 ' John (te . her ? br. b Peak- <?' ' t er, 4 year* aid. by ChiWe Harmld. dsn by Warn 4 1r Time, EUROPEAN AiFAIRS. ftftiittiml Mailt and Specotattoas Regarding I tfc Fill rf Sebaitopol. OUR FOREING COBBESPONDENDB. Ac., &c., to. I Our Purl* Correspondence^ J l'ARi:", September 13, 1855. I j\, mi of Mbastopol ? No tartar tki< Time? All Paris Cone Mail? Effect ?f <*< aL lhf Bourse? Opinions of tht Paris Press? The Tt Deum? Mockery of These Reli- I pious C,ht; rations over Hecatombs of Slaughtered Vutinu ?The fhll of Sebastopol no UarUny rof peace? Europe I Entering on a 7\n Tears War. I The fall of Sebastopol has driven no all mad. At first, when the telegraphic despatch arrived, "mernar temporis actl " men shook their heads Incredulously, bat when I anothor and another followed in rapid succession, and the whole truth grew and grew till it stood before their I eyes in all its colossal beauty and proportions, they fairly I gave themselves up to that intoxication and delirium with J which the triumph of success fills every human bosom. Every one.laughalat the distinction of Northern and South em Sevastopol; such distinction is considered simply absurd. The Sevastopol which, day and night, has hnun1.- I cd nien'i ideas and dreams for twelvo long months past, J was situated on the south of the bay and comprised the docks, arsenal*, storehouses, dockyards and all the resour- I ce? of the maritime powor of Russia in tho Black Sea. Such are now one vast heap of smouldering ashes. Strong forts exist on the northern Hide, it is true, but these can | be regularly invested and taken with unerring certainty in a given space of time. They are isolated fortiflod places, and no more; and a very general opinion prevails J that the Russians, true to their ancient policy of retreat- | ing from, and destroying what they cannot keep, will not attempt anything moro than a temporary defence of them. But "audi alteram partem" was tho best of the I ancient monitions, on which principle it is only fair to I make the following short extract from the Russian jour- I nal The Nord:? After tho capture of what many persons will persist In 1 calling the MuliikofT tower, tho Riis?iaa commander-in chlef came to the resolution of evacuating all the aout'i- I era cart of ?ho place, and of concentrating his forces on the northern side of the Hay of Sebastopol. i ho determine- I tion wus to be anticipated. In the present situation, the tanison of Sebastopol would havo worn itself out in use less efforts to preserve a heap of blooii stained ruins. Russia would have sacriilced the best of her blood in her I attempt to hold a position which was no longer tenable. The decision of (ion. GortschaUoff gives proof of the eoercy of a groat captain, it save; Russia trora the weak position in which a false interpretation of the point of h< nor would have placed her. Tlio Russian army, cou- I centrated in the northern p<rt. will henceforward pus- I that unity of action which has hitherto been wanting to it. The Sebastopol of the south is replaced by the se- I lipstopei of the north ? a formidable position, bristling with innumerable pieces of cannon, and which will be I henceforth defended by ail army solidly united together. I Impartial history will speak of tho deduce of sebastopol as well as the attack on it, in giving alike to the besieged and to the besiegers their proper idiare of abnegation an t of coinage it will render justice also to the resolution bv which t.en, (lortschakoff, In making a momentary ? sacn- I ftce ami avoiding a uflfllesa effusion of blood, n&ii known I how to preserve to Rnjsia an army inured to warfare by I a year of contest unexampled in military annals, and to 1 place it in positions which will enable it to be masters of the situation. The general sentiment of joy and congratulation can- I not be overstate!. It does not assume nulto that nol.iy I attitude which we hear of in London, hut every one Is greatly pleased. Tho lion's share of the French in this affair has delighted the national susceptibility. Thopns- I pcct of the war? assuming that there is no clianco of I peace? taking a character more in accordance with th'dr 1 anci< nt traditions, with the dashicg, romantlo chivalry of the people, and of a nature something inoro consoling I than the repetition of last winter's horrors, is hailed with I unafTected satisfaction. All the public buildings have been illuminated ; the I'aris Exchange has been in a fever- j ieh ferment; the pUce where the Bourse stands has been sometimes impassable; and though there has not been I that rise in the funds which many anticipated, the amount of talking, gesticulation, vaticination and ama- I teur dilettanti generalship has been prodigious. There is an article in the Pans, from which the following is an ox- I tract, which is thought to put tho position very fairly:? 1 All tlie fortifications which have fallen into our pow- I er are so many works of attack, which are ab >ut U be I directed against the bulwarks of the Russian town. The I lino if the extern|l fortresses is at 1,200 and even at I 1 fiOO metres ithe metre Is a yard and three Inches, I about) from our present lines. 1'nder these comlitious I the vigorous blockade, which was in principle irapracti- I cable against the whole town, becomes perfectly feasible I against the fortresses, and if at a given moment tho I communication may be interrupted t>eiween the I garrison and the army of l.lprandl. tha hour of I Ihe complete surrender of the besieged troops I may from the present moment be mathema'i- I cally indicated, according to the rules of a nor- I mal siege. But wo should not be astonished if the | Russian generals, who are all essentially versed in strate I gy and who never defend except what can be defended, I we're to regard as we do this eventuality. and retire from I the place before it fatally falls into our hands. They I would, doubtless, onty leave us ruins, tor it Is also their I invariable system to burn and destroy what they can- >' I Veep. But the result would not be tho less obtained, a; I the proud Sebastopol, the bulwark of Russia, the sword I suspended over the liberties ot Kurope, will not the less I havo ceased to exist. What intluence will it exercise ou I the resolutions of Europe, and on the attitude of the I great power of Russia V With what determine t ions will I it Inspire the Court of St. Petersburg Will there spring I from it one of those sudden illuminations which ??nllght>n I the path of duty and of truth .- It will, at all evMtl | place our army on the highest step in the admiration of I 1 1 ; 1 1 i ? > 1 1 ~ . and give additional glory to tho grandeur of our I country and its policy. I (in the first announcoment the guns of the lnvaliles reared their terrific thunders through the still atmos- 1 phere, and produced a sensation of lutouso excitement iver the capital. Sebastopol had fallen! Was it a mis ? ike this time t Men were slow to believe. Impe- I rial messengers Were seen galloping to and fi" in red hot haste ? freak telegraphic despatches arrived, and the walls were everywhere placarded I with them: all could not sec then at once, and one m m rend aloud for the many. Tin* ne\t day tho Mo n' i announced that the Emi eror, Prince Jerome, the grand functionaries of State, the ministers, marshals, admirals, generals and constituted bodies, would reniir to-day J ( Ihursdaj) to the cathedral ?f Notre Iteme to celebrate d " Te I'euni" for the glorious neivs; that in the eveninc 1 nil the public edifices would be illuminate I, and every theatre In the capital thrown opon to the public gratui I tously. All the accounts from the departments speak of I the enthusiastic ? manner in which tho news wa? received. At Rouen, the despatch was read at the theatre amidst I vociferous cries of '? Fine I'Bmpereur," " Viv. VArmhe," J and the houses of the town were illuminated. At Amiens, I there was a similar enthusiasm. The house of General I Tlioitns. who was wounded at Alma, was seiiel u|Min, I and covered with banners and laurels: and alien the I wounded offictr appeared at the window, the acclaim- I tions of the populace were loud anil ince?-ant. I ?i o'clock.? I have just come in from attending the so ??- I vie* st Notre Dame. The Emperor's passag- to the c I thedial was a perfect ovation. A dense crow I of persons. I which reminded us of the l^ueen of England's visit, lined 1 fhe <|Usy s i n either side, who reut the air with their cries I as he passed. I never witne- od such pcrfect una- I nimity ; an<l in tho cathedral, when the solemn I music -welled up tlnougli the fretted vault, and t. e I Emp< ror and all his marshals, ministers, an 1 grand fun<".- I lionarii s, ro.e up, together with ttie audience, to retu i I thanl.s for the great victory ( had vouchsafed thet Itwaartally a maenlficent sight. We know all this U but one of : he shams and mummeries of the age. and I ?? ? aps, are ant to think there U a certain I degree of i pliemy in thus personally mixing up the I Mine of the All Wise in those results of the t>rule pa ? io,,. of man. . a lle<t victor!.- ; hut the spectacl- is Im posing. nn.t till man becomes leally more huuiinij.ed ami more spiritualized, wo must accept the shadow lor the nubManc?. , In the midst of sll this, no one thintis of the attempt* ed as-assinntion. We l.ear that a c >mm(ssi?n ot mede-sl 0MB 1 1 h \ e pronounced Bellcmarc mad, and that ho has been sent to ISiceHe. I l ave left my i elf no space to advert to the political view which. In high diplomatic circles, Is taken of the present vl tory but in few words I may -ay, that no one I have spoken to l? inclined to infer that we are one whit nesr< r the termination f t this eventful struggle. On tlio contrary. I find ev?iywher<- a strong opinion that the r(,B) war? the ten years' war, which the far seeing h"' - fort l>ode<'? will only commence from this epoch. BERTIE Our Augsburg Correspondence. Acoranui, Sept. 11, 1855. }y-,rt <r Ih' \ewt from the Crim-a on f*imany aivl lh fittf t,f f.'ur. ? H'\i/ A i tt t in Mil iVo' Pight, an-l II I ? Af.ip Indue tier to Ih> So?Uw Agxinst Rasn i-1 S.andih"tian Poxpers?Prolnlle Chawr? in "<? r<-U'n Mop <f Even? ? H ' hai A nstexa May l*t' awl Oain?Sh*. fv, i'rs no Jeale-my ? So hiit' c mi nt Ki uj I <m oj /'? < r Hungary? A Unied laty?Pisfion of !h Cnit' l ,v ( : 'ej \>r tti 'j tf Prmitnc and Fhrhearanee?A Bad CmstrlUi'i?n in Politief?Bn't or Indifferent C? fui?7},K Potato Rr-t?Th' Fleet! Ling-r in the Baltic? Why; The effect of th*1 news from Sebastopol in this and all other i arts of < ennany has been electric. Though some (noi all) of the princes ?f Germany h ive m ire or le^s < < pon?ed the cause of thei'iar, the German people, with the exception of a ?mall portion of the noMl lty. have always been in favor of the allies. It Is impossible that a people SO well Informed, and schooled as the Germane aro should le mi?t*ken as ?o which of th" belligerents In ch res towards liberalism. The great and coinmoo enemy to all constitutional government"? to every representa tive form? is the immovable Caar of R is. is. From that , natter every liberal effort since 1815 hat '>e.'n crushel t wa? from St. Peterthnrg that the c .nstitutionsl a??em I lies of Germs oy, France, 'taly, Spain and PwtBftl bad been eterthrow*. *ven republican Switierbmd had bc?a threatened b f Rum!*, and it *u but the fear of that eokwMl powwr which kept down the very idea of NtMMM A battle has since been waged between the democracy of France (for France has been educated Into a demo cracy as the only possible condition of her existence), organized under an emperor, and the aristocracy of Eng land nnder the lead of the bourjnitie, on one side, and Russian autocracy on the other, in which, after various m si see, France and Kngland ? the aforesaid democracy and aristocracy ssIM appeal at last to have met with tolerable success. 1 1 the telegraphic despatches in formed us correctly, *nd this tlmo the Russian telegraph corroborates the news of the allied, one part (the southern) of the fortress and town of Se bastopol Is in the hands of the allies, and the probtbility is that they will .-oon liave tho other. The Russian lieet in the Baltic will undoubtedly be destroyed, probably by the Russians themselves, to prevent its being seized by the enemy. Sebastopol is in allies. Should these successes he f<#>wed up, then it is al most certain that the politics o( Germany, as well as that or tho north and south of Europe, will suffer serious changes, which may in the end be decisive, either for the speedy pacification of Europe or for an extension of the theatre of war, commensurate only with the continent itself. The moral effect of the fall of Sebastopol will be terrific, and this not only from the enormous means em ployed in ita attack and defence respectively, but from the fact that Kuasian diplomat* all over the world havo represented the undertaking of the allies as altogether chimeiical? as an enterprise certain to involve thoir ruin? as a siege in which the besiegers were truly tho besieged party, without the power of eicaplng total de struction. These assertions were repeated In the Russian presses, and in all other presses on the continent which are either in Russian pay, or so frightened by the revolu tionary tendencies of the ago that they look to Russia as the only protector of civilized society. The fact that the besiegers have after all succeeded In selling a part of tho fortifications and the town, with a fair prospect of getting all, is now producing a complete revolution in public opinion, and the old mot of Priuco Metternlch, that Rus sia, with all her power, is but "an iron colossus standing on wooden legs," bt gins now to bo verified. Tho posi tion of Russia is now pondered upon? her strength dis credited. The moral effect on Germany will doubtless tic tremendous; for parts of Germany were almost Russian provinces, so completely were the priucos identified with Uussia, either by family ties or by congenial senti menlB. Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Wurtewborg, and perhaps the drawl Duchy of Baden, did not share theso sentiment*, and to these the news will bo comparatively aereeuble. Austria, I'rom the commencement of the war, has been anti-Russian, though she has never had the coiirnce and certainly not the nvans, to express more than her sympathies with the Western Power*. Hor occupation of tho hanublan Principalities, which hat, by Homo, becu construed as favoring Kussia, was novertho le-B a demonstration against that power; for it Was ac companied with the raising of a noworiul army, and the 1 lacii g of lhat army on the Russian frontier. That army and the occupation of the 1'rincipalities enabled the allies to attack the Crimea: without it, the very attack would have been an absurdity If Austria has since disbanded her army on the Galiclan frontier, it was because that aimy, which cost $400,000 a day, wan really brinjin? her to the v< rgo of bankruptcy. Austria has everything but money had Kngland ami France been willing to subsidize her army it might have continued to render the allies important services by the mere fact of its oaiistenco. Jast as the allied fleets in tho Baltic have hctpod to spread alarm throughout Kuwifl, and to divide her forces by an immense distance which renders their co-operation en tirely out of the <(uostion. Of late, great efforts have been made to render the" alliance of Austria with the Western Powers a more effeetive one than it has hitherto been and 1 should not be surprised to loarn that, for the guarantee of a new loan by Franco an 1 EngUnd, Awtria would assume specific obligations toward the-io Powers, not in the least acceptable to ilussia. You wero quite right in a late editorial, which I saw hero a few days age to shv that the moneyed power would at last prevail in the present cou'.ost. Kngland and France, tr they ma nage to avoid a defeat, will certainly succeed in enlarging the league against Russia (for such it is, already, at tins moment) by the accession of 1he Scandinavian kingdoms; and If Naples do not join it, it is now more than likely that a demonstration will be made against that hypothe tical power. The English and French presses are already foreshadowing events of a most serious nature in that ro gion, which It requires no second sight to foresee when ono lias the meant of computing cause and effect. Again I repeat, if the Vienra conferences, which, no doubt, will be re opened this winter, do not lead to a speedy peace, the war, with the beginning of the spring of 185?. will be a general one. Spain. Portugal, Sardinia, Swo len and Norway, Austria, Turkey, and a portion of Germany, will take pari in it, and it may be that before its clo<e the |iolltii-nl map of Europe? perhaps that of Asia? will suffer an entire or partial change. Powers which now exist may entirely disappear, and others, which may noiv bo considered insignificant, may rise into Powers of tto" first And here 1 would also add that after all l have seen and heaidat Vienna, I have no reason to change an iota I have written you from that pla -e. Austria is undergoing a wholesome revolution within her own borders, under the immediate auspices of the young sovereign himself, and It is moie than probable that nho will also undorgo an external change by an enlargement of her territory. II Austria is wise? and I can hardly doubt but that the experience of the last few years his taught her piactica) wisdom ? she will be unite wil ling 1o dispose of the kingdom of Lombardy, if not of Venire remaining satisfied with Dalmatla and lllyria, aud the pert of Trieste. Thi< would lie sufficient for her Eastoin trade, and -die might be recompensed for this act of acneroiity towards Sardinia, by the acquisition of the Panubiaii Principalities? i?erh?ips by a domineering and powerful position in tiermany. Such a change of territo ry and dominion wonld be most salutary to Austria and (.ernmny, to which Italy lias always been the heel of Achilles a vulnerable, unnatural and expensive append sge, which weakened tho power of the German empire, in stead of adding to its strength. There aie enough histo rical reminiscences in Germany to assist Austria in a movement of that sort, and the power of a Unite 1 Ger many would not he threatening to France, If It wero counter-balanced by a united Italy and a fraternal league of the Scandinavian Powers. The establishment of the kingdom of Poland hardly enters e eriously into the proirramme of the Allied Powers. The Poles themselves are of Sclavonic oriirin, an I as such allied to lUssia. A league between Poland and Russia would be much stronger than the power of Russia and Poland united, one as the master, the other as a provin cial dependency. 'Ihe satrc may be said of Hungary, with its four or five millions of Magyars and as many or mor? Slavonians, Germans and Greeks. These kingdoms may not be re-established without ffivlng birth to another holy alliance between Russia, A istrU and Prussia, the three I owers who shared the spoils of the division of Po land. Resides, the Allies have no interest now to weaken any power which may stand between them and theCxar, and e-pccially have they now no Interest to weak -n Austria. As soon ss the fertile regions of the East shall lie opened 1o the trade of the world, Au-tria must, from her geographical position, become the rival of Russia. Tlie material interest- of the two Powers are diametrical ly opposite, and If Austria becomes German, she also forestalls the Czar- in Frankfoit-on-the-Maine. The mari time possession of any important point in tho Mediterra nean by Austria, need not excite the jealousy or appre hension of either Kngland or France: tor Austria hss at tained her full growth and can merely keep, not extend, whatever she may acquire by the next treaty of po ice. The subscriptions to the Spanish loan are not g >ing on very rapidly, and it Is plainly visible that recourse must be had to the intervention ol France ami England, in the shape of a guarantee. This will, of course, give to th? Allies a mortgage n f'oba, which, in the hands of the Kinperor of the French, is an important document. His feeling! towaro (he United States have not been cultivat ed hy the emlaissy of Mr. Boole, and have scireely Im proved since the advent of Mr. iHidge. Che decided antt English. anti-French, ami pro-Russia tone of all the docu ments of our diplomatic agents abroad, the unfortunate (istend Conferences, the pouting of our Ministers In l/in don and Paris, have ail contributed to give us In the eyes of the world, and especially of Europe. a porillon scarcely compatible with the duties and obligations of a neutral Power. The Kngllsh and French consider us almost as enemies, and where such sentiments exist trifles suffice to produce a real rupture ? perhaps ae tual hostilities, let the pettifoggers in Washington reflect upon it, ard above all let the American poople be prepared for It. so that the catastrophe, if It must come, may not find us unprepared. As a general rule, it is always those who are most clamorous for a war that are the first to back out of it. Whichever wny we look, the political horizon Is o'ercast with clouds, and It Is apparent that nothing but the utmost prudence nc the part of the government, will prevent tho United Slates from being exposed to n storm. These considera tions are more important ju?t now than Know Nothing ism, and tbev override, in the eyes of sensible persons, even the consideration of slavery. If we are doomed to meet the shock, let o- at least meet it as a unite.! people; but If we can avoid it by prudence and discretion 1-t us by all means try to do so. and above all things, let us have our 'quarrel just." There may not be a constella tion so v^avorable to us for another century. Is-t us 1 I arc another decade's healthy and natural gmwth,lot us wait till time and circumstances have weakened the Anglo French alliance, and let us be united at home, and we may. In n just cause, defy the world. I>et us profit i by the example of Russia, instead of sharing her re'pon : *fbi 1 1 ties. 1h. crops in the central States of Europe do not seem o tnm out better than avetage. especially the rye crop, wldch is of the greatest importance toGermany.Rtisda and Poland. The potato rot has also appeared. an?l threa'ens to destroy the second crop ?f |H<tat<ie?. This la the i?a son wl y prices of grain have not receded. Hut no mi" ter how rich the srain crop, may be, If potatoes have failed breadstuff* will continue dear d urine th. winter and during the next spring and summer, rill there Is another hardest. It's for this reason tlia' the I m| eror < f the Fiench has ex ended the po nod for th; introduction of grain free or duties till, 13 The crops In Poland and Hungary are said to be even be low the average, and the aame is now reportod from the I'anublan Principalities If. as It may be suppo-ed, Ihe crops In P< uthern and Northern Rus-ia are In the arne ratio *n'. the pr 'ato disease shoi, M extend also toth i" country, ben the victualling of a la rj>? Rus-iin army In the Crimis. wi'b the loss of Sebastopol. and without iiny aece s to the sea, mu?t become * matter of extreme difficulty. The a'.lied fleet* in the llaltic it la believed me ditate a blow on Revel, whither the Grand lluke fonstantire has gone. to prepare things for luch an sver 'nalitv. 1 believe, however, an I perhaps fro n very f .,.1 reason, that the object ol the allies is to oce-ipv the . v of the Ru**i>n army on the -hor** of theP-nltl' ro I leveLt 1! e|r \?! g ssnt to the Crir-ea in liino f'-r <!e. ei'iv* action. These troops. if atterwarda sent to tlH Crimea, will have to feve the peninsula again In KeH ruary, to be rw-lj for action in the Baltic in April- ? promenade which is not calculated either to improve tlieH ?trength or efflcieoey. Things, at present, certainly [ml favorable to the allien; but who Khali say what the oe^| morning may bring forthf Austria still holds the baiaiiiH of power, but her antecedents reader it imposidfcie I'H her to use it in favor of Russia. K. J. <J. ? THE FAIL OF SEBABTOPQL. ?/ th. Attack? Ita Is meets? Uemral Alt>>oii:m tome time must e'apso before we can be ? nl ei and more elpociaily of theprecjpiUto retrea t ot uM graphic SSSSU "f VM allied ge^raUaud K1 report of Prince Gortachakoff that when the (Hien? withdraw bodily in the night of the 8th and 9 h <d . ? t ember from the town of ,-ebastopo and the karaWn. ? suburb, he cannot be Raid to have been driven out o * H place by dtliet force (it VMU linve been more honora >>? t o the Russians if he had), but the evacuation was roH solved upon from a moral and physical inability to con? tinne the defence ot the forties*, and probably in purstM ance of a pre- arranged strategical plan. The position of thH town and of tho Russian army afier the fall of th" UiiUH koff Tower ?U very had, but it wss not nuito desporati? nor was the danger of an immediate character. Marihi? i'elissior, to whom we are happy to give on this occtsioM the title he lias so gloriously earned at the head of ' ? French army, reports that " tho multiplicity of tliH works ol defence and the material means applied to theiH far exccrd anything hitherto seen iu the history of war.? It had repeatedly been asserted by the Russians IhnB even after the fall of any of the great outworks of Seba <? topol the besiegers would tlnd every street converted in? a mine aud every house into a battery. Nor WtM boast an unfounded o..e: Buch was actually the state <? the place; yet no attempt was made to prolong th? r? sbtance of the garrison in those la-t intienchmenU. Tim Malakoff Tower was the key of the position, and it wa? oecupien hy theFrench troops, but some day* imust havH elapsed before this work could have opened a decl-ive tirB against the other parts of the town. All the other -lor ? and bantionl remained at nlghttuli on the 8th in the handH of the l;usMans. The Malakotf itself is but the outwork <? the Karabelnaia suburb, and no part of the towniiruperly ?? called, to the west or the Great Ravine and Artiller* Harbor had been entered by the Allied troops, Genera? 1>? Snlles' attack on the Central Ristlon failed altogether* and the Cardon naltery, the Flag.datf Hattery, and th? Quarantine lottery still protected all 1hi* portion ortli? works. Ill fact, by a peculi iilly which distinguishes th? result Of this siege from all others in history, the AUiuH took the place at last without ontetiug it, for the RusB sians were across thu water twenty four hours before I ? Allies had passed beyond the walls. liven after t<. ? French tlaa was waving from the commanding cinim-ncH of the Malakoff tower, tho victorious troops do not a pB near to linve advanced beyond that position, partly )?>? cause they would have had to storm the i second llne^B the enemy's defences, and partly because it was suppose* that the Russians had extensively mined tho groun? from which they had beta with so much W Wd| phed. At that moment, thon. at nightfall on tlie 8th <>? September, it cannot he said that 1'rinco (.ortschakoM was compelled to fly with precipitation from the scene <>? this terrihte contest; but as he adopted that coursiH without hesitation, we must look for the motives -? his conduct to some other facts, which have coine to OOM knowledge. We have reason to believe that eves WmJ the close of July ,1'ilnce Girtichakoff had reported to thfl Russian government that his position in Sebastopol wariH rapidly becoming altogether untenable, and that a great effort must be made at any j.rico to relieve the place, oi that h? must abandon It. It is easy to conjecture that the increasing exhaustion of the garrison, the and unceasing consumption ol the stores culty of obtaining water and wholesome food, e?I*cial j since the destruction of the supplies from the sea of A*o0 the discontent nnd despondency of tlio troops, and th steady approach of the works of the besiafters whose ver tical fire now fell with ten Ibleforco upon the city, ail con tributed to make tl o Russsian General feel his position t( be most forlorn and hopeless. Under thine circumstance a council of war was held at St. Petersburg, andfteopin ion of the highest military authorities was talien by the Emperor. After considerable debate, and some di(lerenc? of opinion, (for we understand that Prince 1 askiewitsh and General Osten-.^acken opposed the by the majority ot their ctlleagvioa,) It was determine"! to attack the allied forces on the lines of the Tchernaya. Confident hopes weie entertained that the fortune ol that .lav would repair the disasters or the Alma anl lnkermann, and compel the invading army to fa'"? l'ie sieae. The battle of the 16th or August, in which our brave Sardinian allies bore so conspicuous a P*rt, Mid which was decided by the uncompromising ""J" divisions ol the French arm>, had been Rn*'cIpated w h the deepest Interest at St. Petersburg, and in many other l arts ot the empire. It ended in a calamitous defeat. Within three hours the whole strength of the Russian re lieving army, with its rclnforceuwuta, was overthrown, aud we believe that the enemy lost on that occasion no less than 8 000 men, tither by the artillery of our guns 1 y the bayonet, or in the waters ?ftheTctoerovyo and the anal. ^ e must be permitted to say that of all thefaults ommitted by the Russian csmmandora in this war, the ttack on the Tchernaya was by far the most extravagant It had no chance of success. It was utterly deteated in three hours by a small tracllou? not .'. -.'.v, of the allied nrmies; and so confident were the Britis i , roop, who were brought up ln rcserve of the r?s ilt of such an attack on our 1 r cnch and Sardinia allies hat while tho battle wan g?>in* on our men di Ipnot even .tand to thelr arms. The battle of thejrcherneya waa in act a dee iterate effort, and from the moment of that de feat we Are satisfied that Prince (o.rtschakofT had resolved 1o desist from so tatal and ho| class astriiggleayw^M a successful attack of the enemy < n the worssof ^has. topol (rave him an excuse to retreat. He began to pr> i are his bridge across the Groat Herbor? a work, be it bservwl, which does crcdit to the skill and energy of the dockyard workmen. Tlie harbor of Hebastopol we ><?? lieve to be at least 700 or 800 yards across and to lay such a bridge of rafts, sufficiently strong to provide a secure means of retreat for a defeated armv, is a remarl k - able proof of the resources of the arsenal. This bri.ljre afforded Prince Gortschakoff the goto means oT saving his army. Ha<l It been destroyed by a chance shell he would probably have been reduced to capitulate, for his commu nications with tho fielbek rai<ht have been intercepted by the allies. Henoe, no doubt . his extreme anxiety to avail himself ol this resource within the few hours ot dark ness which followed the capture of the MalakolT Tower; and It must be inferred that an attempt to prolong th? resistance of Sebastopol, by holding the second line ot delence and (he forts of the town, would hare ?^pyed the Russians to the danger oi having their means ot escape entirely cut off. W hatever may have ?>?? ?? effects of the continuation which raged during the night succeeding the battle, and on the following day, it '< im possible that a few hours can have sufficed to das' In J the works and masonry of such a place M ^wp* '? The guns and heavy stores of war must remain, though | the magazines were blown up, and accordingly we learn : from Marshal Pellssier's despatch that an i|?'???'? amount of has fallen into our hands Thesa con siderations appear to us to prove that the Russians evacuated the southern side of Sabastopol principally on strategical grounds? that is to say, they acknowledge.) fromtne series of defeats thev hadsusUineilttat t bey could not prolong the defence or the place without risk leg the total destruction of their army in the Crimea, and thav withdrew from the fortress in the hope of saving som y, portion of their troons. If this > lew be correct, our success Is due not only to tUse invincible columns crowned the unbreached ram[>art of tha Kornileil Has^ tion on 1he 8lh of September, but al? tha ?srii , t measures which have marked tho suoces il p<*>p . the campaign? the destruction of' tuc auPJ"'*' , J, Sea of Azoff. the increased dlflicully of Ma reinforcements Into the Crimea, and the victcjttj Tchernaya, which cut off tho last clian-e of^Hj therefore argue ftom these factSj th* noi % topol a raptured city, (for its deience migh. p^MJ been 'till more protracted.) bat that th- ItinWBR. in the Crimea are a beaten army, tnd Miat t?* cause of their retreat is their mori I ami pMWI. hllity to encounter the supeiior troo ? ot tne At?M is said that Ru?aian soldiers baar s lveslyiMfl and even defeat, with a more stoic i inii>D-^|KYI any other troops; but wo boliove it to b< any army nhould hare ?u??tain?'d ?ui h a of hardships, of deceptions, and of ham. tU|H, out being profoundly d seourag. d ajd vn. or?l?*| enthusiasm of the Russian armv l? *? J'J M bottle, and its discipline is maintar.,ed by the these aie not resources which can sl^0 after being l?aten.or restore ?" ? further Inference (n be drawn fro.:i tfcis stat' f ? n? is. that if 1'rinco Gorta. hakoff felt hi* mshiht tain his position in SebaatopoL wheiJ be mous means will find b.msei' 'A ' toH, less able to hold a position In an, oi er _ Crimes against an enemy flushed w -h vie manding supeiior facifitiea of tra; spor . Tbs , tlon ot the north torts may onabb 1 tm '? 1 forafcwdays after the late strt.ggb th? sreof inferior strength to those he b? l._\ ' not comprise the resoorcea of an arstia' > Wa' and they are supplied with wa . r^ ay V> _ ,u.?. , i,y take the final dcstiuction of the '?""{?j1 ,r o( )ll4 I'rince GortsehakolTs order to I* afuitha Intention to pursue his retrrat ; ?\h*LwVjL^ tha might ha\e teen sheltered for ^h^ tlma ^ large northern batteries. But from ?l fan* wa conclude that the present obJact of RoaaUn _.t. t. _ n s ni v tn ii>f# the remains 01 their ar ny , au^ ? the strategical ouestion which remain, to be determined h. the skill and vigor of the respective belligerents, is whither t? aWledoirees will not prevent that object. GKNKHAL 81* QKORflK BROWH OH TH* CAPTURE OP RtBAfrroroL. The dinner to 'ieneral Hi fleorge Brown, by bin Ml nr. townunrn lo I l*ln. cam* < tf on l'uaeday, Sept. 11, with gT?*at 4rtat . Nearly 300 of the mo?t influential n?bUmen rnd gentlemen In the niTth of Scotland were preeen'. Provont Crant. the chief ma|i?trtt? of th? burgh, in formed the duties ol chairman: ao<l amongat the company were hi* Hl*hn?<? th? I'rinw fiiward of Kane Weimar, the Huk* - f Richmond, the Earl of March, Admiral Ihilf, ?r Aleiander !'. Cummin*. Mr. Cummlng Rruc*. M. P., tlie lion. T. C. I'ruce, the Hon. Ijewli (.rant Colonel Maraball. Captain Mal-Und, Ac. After the uaual preliminary toaate, the Chairman fare the health of Mr (ieorge Hi own, In acknowledging which the arnllant f.'e neral aald : Mr. Chairman and (ientleman? I rl?e, I at Dare yon, with (Trent din.denre, because, jnwitively, my friend here did appear to me to greatly overrate and exaggerate my ?er vlrr ? (\o, no). I a#?urv you, gentlemen, I have don* n< thing more than carry out the ordnra and lnatrnetion4 conreyed to me by a much abler man; and If I ha?l failed to do *o, I abould have failed In B?y duty. And more than that I ?li. /old hare failed lo my duty to the m?t kind and considerate Mend I erer had upon enrth? .eh?er?). Lor.V. n?e)?r? I'applanee)? W*? alway* ?o kind and con-i'terate to everybody and particularly m> to me, he to..k me a > much into nl* confidence, and treat.d me in ?uch a Way that ! wvt l'l bare been nomething woree than a <nwar>l If 1 had not done my bent to obey hla command*. I think, however, gentlemen I may do better If 1 lent* namS < ne alone, and believe that through tne yon wi?h to pty