Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1855 Page 2
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iS. V w," 1 carrying hi* Hue f defence by the Ha ir" I i. "ar conir.tdw of the ft^llsb army of the will lhe assault of the Redan uitl ifte tentiul Basti* i. TWa is n general as*ault, a--iny kgalust army. !t it ..a iminen.se victory with wlujii the ??MV **>?* ofRran e : . tlii tty to he crowned. For ward, thi n, cr\/an< > Malakoff ami Sebastopol for us, and rlWM Krnj* irur. BO-Qt'CT, O nnu imler of the 2d Corps, accounts from the Crimea at the lltb September state that t.eii.-ral Bo#kju?t'? wound Is uot serious. The first urtai linients of the allied troops enteied the ej tern part J* Karabtlnafa suburb of Seb.istopol on the 11th ult., by ?niar ul (.eneral Pelissinr, and on <he following day the ?'T i having been previously mopecied, wj.1 ooaupied but ??v by small Us.ie.s of troop*. THE CZAR'S ADDRESS TO HIS ARMY. The following U the document in net, wttt, m published to the Outtian Invalid ^ The prolonged de/ence of ->ehasto|K.l, a defence almost anexrunpled in theannaU of war, has tlx. d the ?tt?? ti?? not only of Ku?la but ,( en tiro K?rope. Kr,?m very outset if placed the Uetendora of that city in the nuik of those heroes who have rejected the greatest honoi on .he couutry. For eleven entire months the garrison of .-ehas'opol disputed with their powerful ...em.e* every ,nch of their native soil sarrou.CS! i*h"l ?''? pac'1 ?' their operations was oignali^f 1 bv deeds of the inoat brilliant valor. K <M V A. terrible bombardment, four times renewed and th? ,erm*> 'n^*ai: it Mithir wa"rf ,mr f?rtilicattons, but cosl.l ?either extinguish nor enfeeble the leal and oooatonev of their de tenders. With invincible courage and an eadu ranee worthy of the soldiers of Christ, Xey repulsed tho enemy or fell, without thinking of HurTen.ler lh ,? impossible exists, even for her.Ts Hul lbe Sde Tf ^hr?' V"mrd on ?ovi?g over to the north iSSnedr^iL WD' t0 'he b08ie?er" onlJ hl"> IH.-ploring from tho bottom of my son) the loss of ho ?jany valunt soldiers dead in their country's cause u,ud miJl ti wh? h "? *? tbv <i'-cre? of tho Ai Sth vouchsafed to crown their exploits ?till complete success, I consider it a sacred dutv to take Itr: (zexprimin* to Th? aaetopol, in my own name and that of all Russia tho Mrfforrau"Sll T,"" f'", 'hoir 'u,'c'?" igable labors, l>?ve shed in defending for a wh<Je year tortiflcutions raised by themselves in a few vJ"r"*Dt0ri,"* int" lhe raak" ?r *1># army, tho.e triod Mroett. now lw,mp objects of the universal respect of Weir comrades, will doubtless continue to give fre-h thim . 'it , ?"'* Wur,i Wi,Jl ao.l like tn?in, sll our troops, with the same boundless faith in Jlrovtoence, the name anient love for my Melt and oar 've joil, will always and everywhere combat ? ene ?.es who attack aU tint we hoi/ saciefl. aT wel L the ?zrd nt,;g,rity ot.enr couutry ; and *he*ain^of Se naslopol, w^tch has ginned immortal renown bv its imieb endurancii, and the names of its defender? wifl 1 We for with the namel1 Til! "T"'* ?f '?tnKlo.l selves on tb ' H r n 7??"./Vb0 im""'rtali7ed then. n th* battle-fields of I'ulUwa aud Borodino. St. Petersburg, August ;'0 (>'ept. 11). STsX: "XT'tV <2^^.?S*SZ we Rrr in n ' 6reftt ?'??"i?n. We confess that ri?rtonH >om^l,e r Lre'' le. Vth 'ii,,tr"st th0 * for in siSe f wh'V,l,r"'10h through Vien ?p^b.r;atrrrn ^ ,:,ct '">m *> ?mtnenrei' ?n^ TtX* f r6trea,t must K~caa sz stsSrSH southern side of b., 1 hl^ou'lT.^Vn^V,? ".i JVtmea;an.l if this view he correst, the ovaeZt on of ^ a"fctfr?Ar1J:,ih0 ptionvff? .V P An uttempi Would probablv be raadfl .ohold -he position on tho Tchernaya, which Is forti lb d ii 's ?f the 8twyd Vth'f^m^'ande^ry^;1^ deTte'r who came ,n pave frest asHuranms of the extensive pre psr.iticns made for this action. The allies weie thus kent Sien7?ra !he VUi ?<*, '""1 the o,VoHuni\y wSs token to render their own position far more imnreffnriMe ?? ? >!ien ,>,V'v 1,,th "f . No attack! how u< fi ' ,rullJ<'. and the result seems to prove that in reality the.-e reports were only a IWnt to Tceife ,, .r SL m nH* t0 r!'a' lntentio"rt of Prince C jrtsc.hakolf ^fallofthoM i'lT^ m"<1, u' retreat, aud I!i^ eM. concealed that not a corp . could is se?i from our positions, aud it seemed to he i mat er f some uncertainty whether any considerable hodv f troops remained about Macke.uiVs farm ^ rckon has'n 'n om"' "Uc'' " retrograde movement on I'e M tit lTth ?ai1 Was known neon;i to ascert-iin wh?; ' ill"'0'"!'0" raore '"terost than ever 85 ??"??<- ? J? &<SSLi?ZZ%?*?Z pht^int' '"to Ihe town no furl lie r'tel"^ ^ri^r^v:"1"^' Th# "f the generuls at such V ? .i? campaign is not to ho taken as a nroor f iHR'tone. but rati, or that nothing c .? withtKi^tr .w cnml,lll,,'<ylted; and It is consistent Tr lh. , . ?Wr we should receive the lirst Intelligence of the retreat from the Russian agents nt Vienna. THE LATEST FROM SKBASTOPOL IS"4?? Crimea to the ltii, ?t S>ptomher i".1'"1'' |,y ,V11V of Varna. 11,, / l lbh i i?01' troops, which entered .sebasto.sjl .?i Sfshi^J 1 ^ ? rwn0ved- admit of the entrance rT""-* whit h ,ia 1 ""icUed Constantino rlir/e tlm? "'"nio, the Kngb.sl, attacked thc Kedan Anothw ? Ve three t,m?? repulsed. Anotlier account says: of t? M^,R|r"Si5r,?' " ,hVJhS Krench we" '"^terv hu the bl. 'L n, 7 ;? ,h*' A" mined ^?'?5.rxr^'sPsr&r,s a:? SM-wsst s. aslsr -k KUB81AN VIEW OF THE FALL OF SEB.VS TOFOL. The Xor<l. the Rnssian <'rg?n published at Brussels, ha." the following article on the fall of Sehastopal: ? Facts of great important have just taken place in the Crimea. We have a? vet but few indications whereby to appre ciate their significant . Am! ional general view of them , however, snices 1 how us that, de-pite the eclat whi h the recent de??ls ot arms have thrown upon the French ?nnj , the triumph of the allied aiinie. i.s mor apparent than real, and that, comparing the state ot things before and after the Mh of September, it must be acknowledg ed that it appears to be modified in the inverse ratio of victory, that is to ?ay, to the advantage of the Russian ?riry. And first, let it he said lhat the result of the as ault ol Jhe 8th of September has exceeded the expectation nay. that It, fo to say, cheated the hopes of the commanders of the allies. In fact, if we recall to mind the tenor of the Emperor Nape ileon's letter to lleneral I'elissier, a. well as the ex pressions in the telegraphic despat' h from that (General af er the occupation of the fortifications of the KoraiiofT bastion. It will be seen that the allied Powers ounte 1* m a defence foot by foot, of flic south part of the towu, and founded all their provisions on the lenaou > f that re sistance. The obstinacy of the Russian army wa- turned to their Advantage. (H'cimated by the more and more concen trated Are of a formidable artillery, that army Would have Vs'?n\i*.?l up in defending the heap of ruins prc-etit ed by the south of Seba-topol. The f?ll of the plac<", therefore, if 'etaide I. inust tiave come at last. But un ler the above circumstances it ear ned with it the lc?? of the arioy. Nothing is more natural thsti tiiat the allied generals ahonWhavede-iredsuohsres .it ?,ut the Russian Oun mander in-Chiet has known buw t.. :,iU tb ir caleula tiona. H?t?rmined to attempt everythuif to pt?vent the fall fif Bebastopol . hedouhtle*. made the direr-ion at Iratkir l.e displayed the greateet vigor in icpeUioff the a-s?ult; hut. ir^atitiine. he ha t pteparetl evevyil, ,w . able at a moment's notice to carry out the re-. tutiou h" had taken to pass to the north side and concentrate h ? .rss.ps there. The bridgs thrown over the hay, the activilr display | in fortifying .he north side, the i mvevance taittier of a portion of th? matrriel; linally, the promptitude and <u ?ler with which *he transit was ma>le prove that th> olun had li ng been prepared aie matured It w*? a >erious m?poosiblll?y which 'he Russ an '' >m inaAder In-fhief sssiuied in the teeth of public opinion in l'.ussU bnt all his scruples bad to glte w iy to iinpe rlous coasideratlons. f'ertainlv wl en -ei,,,.,.,^! Was atta?keJ it was for Russia to defend it t the utnv?t. n,r*"( \ vluabl. establish menu, h w,>. the ?r?dle of her navy, it wuuld luve been an infamy o give up that ssncf.,?ry with,. ? trUtng a blow for it. But. a year wiss?d . , ?> e idme and other e-tab Ilshment* h?d been *tt ' - hi 'j i>, <? , ?i l he (taut had (*l-s| peered benes'h the ,. ,, . u i plvinj tha wanta ot ?he defenee, Manv of 'be leave sai!-,.. theins?l/es. at their head h'ornfloff, Hnchimoll. 1st. mine, bad pai l for t'-eir Indomitable Courage with their glnrious lires. Ills \t> v already registered among mem irnl lo f,c.t- the herote gfJitaattr v( a fatiieon, wiU^^tv^-'uwu-, wit]) only s fcw blindages for shelter, to the continuous dis charge of the most tonnidable artillery, both in Amount and t*bb;f , ever brc tight against a town. That the honor of Runia was safe will be allowed by her wont Violent detractor!*; and it was, the.florf, time to place the real interests of Russia and strategical con ? .oera ionn above a fiilse point of honor. .tusaia continued the war, not for the preservation of a ?/ ru^na' but tor a principle, the importance of wnichfor .he independence of Kurope is on'y brought into bolder relief by the succet e? of the allies; for Rus sia once removed from the Held of action, where would be the boundary igaimt the verdict of limitation pronounced by the maritime Powers C Now, the defence of this prin ciple ought not to remain aoncentrated around a heap of "tone*; it could only be continued by a rational disposal of resistance. " n?i* result wan obtained by the concentration efTacted ca the 9th of September of all the Russia* force* on the north tide, with the right resting on formidable fortifica lion# erected there, its left on the Mackenzie ravines Ihe Russian aruiy keeps tliat of the ali.es hemmed in on the plateau of llalaklava and Sebaatqpol. It may thus await the undertakings of the allies in a stronger more imposing, and more reassured manner than before Ry (hi* uyuirtuvre Prince Gortschaktfr h.ia doubled the ? . rergth of his army in a strategic point of view, beuau.e concentrated, it has acquired a complete freedom of move ment; in a tactical point of view, by the advantage ot po ll m ^"U U,u ra"?e of "ieK? piecaa, and where Its new artillery assures conditions of superiority. We repeat it, then, by the events of the 8th and 9th of September the tinal position of the Russian army on the theatre of War .n the Crimea has simplified itself to its advantage. Such is, to our idea, the military bearing of these latter event*. What will their poK'ieal importance he 1 Are we to fie allowed to brli^ve that, from * sentiment of humanity, on one si.le they will bo satisfied with laurels, on the other with the respect imposed by the /strength of the new po sition and shake hands as enemies who respect each other ? Those are questions which it is not for us to decide. It would only appear to us that, if by the events of the 8lli and 9th of September Itussi i has got out of a bad military dilemma, tho Western Powers appear to us to hate cut a political Nordian kn >t which impeded them. It is a phase of a, crisis for both pailies. We trust that it mny prove to he for the advantage of the frien Is of jieace. THE WAR JUST COMMENCED IN ElTitOPE. rom the Ixjndon Morning lierald, <ept. 22.] M.i jor L urzon arrived in i/mdon soon after midnight, with the despatches of General Simpson detailing the e\ ents which accompanied tho fall of Sebaatopo 1. Kre we shall have concluded the remarks which we have thus commenced we shall in all probability have in our pos session t hote details otthe ?erribl? loss by which trie pos session ..I that loi tio-s has been pur. based, and which iv ill bring agony to mi.ny a home. The nation has not grudged its bleed in the contest In wliich we are engaged. Over the wail of individual anguish, mourniug private loss, ihe shout of national triumph ascends to Heaven, and. public rejoicing drowns the cry of many a widow and orphan h'iy ot'Uie 8th6' * the glorious but fearlul vie Nevertheless. the fuel, that so many of our countrymen have fallen in the bloody enterprise which it has pi?asod 1 1 Oft V en to crown with success ? the number of brave and devoted men by whose sacrifice this success |Us boon won?these things surely compel us almost invol until- ily to ask ? r or what have these sacrifices been made:' l'liuy tal?ose upon us the duty of sceinij, as far tts we cm, that they have not ho?-n made in vain. it is not for us to depreciate 'he triumph thai the allic 1 amis have achieved. In the column i of this jouru.il it was that the invasion of the Crimen was first urged ur.ou ,i timid nnnisi ry. i wo years ha? c passed since for d lys i gether we pointetPat Sebastopol us the place iu which a vital blow miglit be sti uck at Kim -.inn power with compara tively utile risk to ourselves. When men were dreaming of peace we repeated week by week, and day by d.iv the cry that Sehastopol must bo destroyed. It h n?f' then, for ub to lessen the value to tho allied cuuso of its demolition Still, we must caution ihe nation caiust exaggerating its Importance. With th- tal.iru/ ol' S,.i,ai topvl tlu itiir I mht in reality ivmmai'n. R<i?in i; not humUnt. Jler jau.fr it not bnk-n. Ifa- /fipaiUi ( Mil'* ulnurt unicathul. Her powers of aggression are, It mav alnioKt bo .-aid, unfmpnlred. Her bajbarian h jnle.i an- y I ill in tho reserve <?f her im mean urn bio plains, nmiv to be precipitated u|h.u Europe, whenever Kuropc is di video or weakened enough to be incapablo of redstanoe. iier fiontier Is still unassailable by hostile armies, and in the gloomy recesses of her Impenetrable domains her statesman still plot that dark conspiracy against th" lvi '.Y . V w,:rM i,h";h ls the Policy ol Russia. What Is to he (he next move ' Wo do not, now snei'i ?I manoeuvres in the Crimea. If there are to be such, y lut 11 ''tt'e longer protract the hour whan the alii" I powers must determine upon soino course of action very different from the storming ef a fortress In a remote an ffle ot the Russian territory. We suppose 'lie Russians <1 1 iv en from the Crimea ? we suppose the whole nonhnula in the undisputed iK.sscssiou ol" the French anj Kuglish hi nnert? what then ? The question nmy eem strange to those who be iteve that alter such disasters Russia will sue for peace. TTii* um tlu: delusion umer which lltit i our '" 'i'""".'/ touUi-Uilan. lA,rU Abertt-xn dream I , _a ''oiMtiftnUion? the appearance of a th^st in the I. nltie, the knocking clown a few tol erable walls at Bomarsund, or the shelling a lew housos at Odessa would bring the- Russian government to their senses. Mo,,?'./"''/ '/? /' ''' 'ha' <>' ? ymquM oj i},e Crimea, rtvn v.r, it comtMt lo-Mvro o, vu'l have tKr ?maUr.-t d)nl m Jorcing Htm a U> yiW.f. Most assuredly u will not. Iter strength lies in her enormous power of endurance. Rnstda can tolerate und irrow strong upon a thousand defeats. The burning of Moscow did not quell her. \\ e question if the d estruction of Si . Petersburg would do more than compel her court to re lol.'t i, I' 'S'' ^ i!l?,,n|^ "4?"> in w hich tho very dutaucc to foe protection r.giiust an invading I h.s may seem a disheartening picture of the contest in which we are engaged. We believe it nevertheless to he i!*1 11S ""H' """-when f'P Crimea it con ?jiuue?t, an?l makes no .sign ol yielding a safe an?l KnX. I p*c", '"e those Who guide the destinies of England prepared for the next move There lies Iij^ia strong in her passive reslstan~e. secure iu the very <?* leu t of her ter.itory. She may, or ahe may not, in tb" spi lug st nil down fresh hordes to attempt to reinvest the P"T' ""Ppu-'ng ??' hive taken it from her hands. We may drhe them back, but we areonlv at the point where ?<? nre now. It is time that we hou'ld pon v""? 'im-stion.-Ior what aro we to continue tho waiv I/ow are we to continue it. \e believe it a inerctlelusion to continue tlia* war in the hope that by any amount of success we mav gain we iVtl'e i .1 U'"""a V 1lle |pfms of a secure peaoe. This is the death struggle lor Russia's policy? a policy which she Will only surrender with her lite. It th? w . i. to )i ? jiursue.l at all, it must lie pursued with a ditlcreiit ob ject. We must take with the strong arm mat . 'rial guar antees, and with the strong arm we must keep th?m. , reduce the territory of Russia by war, and not by negotiation II -,ye possess the Crimea we must not wait for cond tlons of peace to allocate it. We must aise up a nation Irer from Russian tyranny. l?,ir uture idows at l.ussia must be actual separations ol in'lh Z r'n' h"l'!"''irc, ""!} e tfec live movement il!k i1""?. he to declare and make Finland frej Irotn her yoke. Really to assail her on the (bores of the fr n i i r , uf the Danube we must reclaim Iron, her to f.ee,lo?, the soil upon which we can erect a to Canf^fv?""1"" trllMH. If we assail her idnrS^fP 1^' ,murl Wln l)a 'k ll"r Potion of the ? ?i r ? 1,1 "ef,au''t' ?f i'cr armies make ?t Hut th '"iiii "f Warsaw an independent suite, liut ihiH nil! never )??? done in article r?t peace. It must be done by war and In war. <//? >" must U'om- rtalUut in 'Ac (nriun ial dittnh^iun of fcV ' "Iz- v r "j;fenr'"n' li,k" ,his our pro oo I ,,1 1 n ti'" " l'r"l?al'ly be many who will think us t<?> l ol l ,n thecuunciatioii ot these views. We are not 7" 01 Ti U;ri*l evp* u|wn I uj In out nt fore. that in the long run It will l?e found 'hat it is the only war wliich we can w age Un m Russia njjtli the slightest hope of Usting success. We e'Teetn'fi'i V" 'I""' m-ttations or the ' . of disasters in forcing terms of peace. So sneers. that mill ^ V?" M,0rt fro,n hor conditions that *iU leave hurope really ?atb from her ?ndrftious designs? we must seiie by force an* retain by tore;- material guarantees. The phr se by the wav sw el" ",lKU'; in Uh ittfntum she bei raved the ?VV?f. . i ?,lv?,,cei "n,i taught to Europe the ii iture of he only security ,|ie c ,n estimate. It was not by in sisting f.,r treaties, but by sailing on province, that her empire has bee,, exteude 1. Ry*, be 'same prVe her power must he driven book. * virls thr W m''y di-sent from these views, one question:? Suppose the Crimea in our po?c. te.' :'lnf Kus-ia still obstinately refuses JiUufe them?'li?^;Vrh"f' tLe" >h?uM "e :hp ""c'nv.eof THE PROSPECTS0P PEACE. 'N VIKXJ,V *ARI8, AND B1RI I V. ( I! * ( I1 correspondence of the 1. mdou Herald bv tl apo-itles are ?ouiewhat taken abac* to-day hi the intelligeuce which has reaclusl from I /.n on vern!il?r ? 'Toet that the Ilrltish and French g nff lin t, ; *r^LU\u disincline I to lisg.,1 U.'Trn i'.lti r ?lt "l'?l?'--dn|H, utile f?u, po|au ' re told at least, that the tv,.si#ni Powers intend to insist upon demands which will go tar lieyon ! (hose c on "wXB? " "f Ul,,.T,ic '"> "f slued arms at St .noi tll?t r ranee idiJ coo latently a4th?re to %uch a co i rnr ,t fhinif mysterious an?I one miglit almost hi ? .im .n.i ominous in this plei r of information I thin we 1| ! "* l-e " 'most justified in inferrimr from it list the W, tern governments have given the \iem,s Cabinet p-tty 11 y to understand ,h?t no maudlin <enii,nentalitr in tav , of the restoration of |teae? will is. allowed to iufl .co tl? ??tnre and chs acter ol those wt-i1 '^consider then, salve, fully entl.led un ie ?? Istlng circumstances an i that the rejection >f i ,!?. term- on the part of Ri.?s,? ?n4 her cove, t and o;,e lallie. w ill -imply b* follow. t up by , ,u?. r .utin , , . ? the \? a r. II this lie the true stale ol the c?-e ,,r j? ,?i. .. ? ords. tht practical interpretation of he latest current nUUigence above allude. I to, then Wo nn. ? on?is ? ilafe fM'nmcnu both up..n the W,?h>m a?d tt,e ' , ' " "Mh^ir r? ol'itioTm. \\ ,, t|?, ? ? the V.1 of l>e. ei?her ,.,n ?r ,M. ),r, ,(> one. i .'l is another question but sllr(.|v "'(??ramoont importance. general way l',l V,'*' i<>n'"m',tr *!']'* h?" ' i? in a I- i??!i.n,l _! . sustainetl b| the Ilusstsns at -e of roubles. l' r*rn th*t it exceeds eiglity millions I e?ters7i' P,n Ml!rinrT'"J>??f",c" l-ondon Herald 1 i? e revive.) hv w i t, '' % 'enna, of the I7.h an I l.Vh th< . gh stone ? I'm i . nn. o,?? 'J*" f''*1*1 ^ich al itia.ten,, n. u" ?"??*?*'?? Chartctwrtstic tulk of ki.ft*i?n ^enffertri . no lit v! ^erlla they r< \ive l negotiations The V!jT ,,h2r '*** '* i MdeN esa.und with hiMut!? fnua r?r< " Wil,Uni s> (if ferrio i f ei.eral ?,w?|t| aho ut laii' I,.tr?i,| inHar who I,...,, ,.,T ' ?*? Adjfl I ??? 1 t. 'het v tl, an., ,r ? '"7 V' i'r" l^it Biissia is M deUiininM as evn t.^u-'j I on the war with vigor. Pray teU <u, good courtiers of Potadftm, when in this new amy to set out? Ikiutinul rain* will soon turn the iteppei into a monuts, through whirh It is more than likely QrunwaJd, if he_go?s, will meet (iortschakoff plunging bia way hack. Tin world knows by thia time th? fatal character of evea an un molested march across Russian wills. Russian finances, too must be in a Had state. More paobable ii the Aus trian tale of a fresh note, which, concoctcd between the young Emperor and II. Buol at lschl, la to be forwarded to St. Petersburg in a few day*. The expenses of the war are to figure Li the new propositions, of which Turkey mist get a share ? a bitter cu?diUun, and yet an inevita ble one, for the Czar to (swallow. Uoen not the following language of the Pari* Chuutitu tionntl look as if there was a disposition not to prsss too hard on the Emperor Alexander? It Ss in reference to the Etaperor'g order of the day on the fall of Sevastopol that the follow ing words occur:? Nothing in his language closes the door irrevocably to conciliatory and moderate dispositions; nothing in it ex cludes ill possibility ofa future and even an early peao-. The words which a private telegraphic despatch placed in his mouth bad <|uite another chaise ter; as they indicated a desperate revolution, an invincible obstinacy, which left no place for the hope of peace. vVe cannot and will not prejudge at this moment the line which Eastern affairs may take. We said recently that the fall of Se bastopol had placed Russia between two alternatives, equally re-assuring for the West, for Europe, for Turkey, and for civilization ? to demand peace or to lose the Cri men. This situation still exists, and will do so tor some time to come, bef<m becoming clearly defined, one way or the other. But whilst confining ourselves to these remarks, we have considered it our duty to direct atten lion to the difference which exists between the text of the Kmperor's <>ider of the d*y, aud the language which was ascribed to him. THE EFFECT OF THE ALLIED SUCCESS IN EUROPE. (ilerlin letter Sept. 14, in l'ans Moniteur.J The impression produced at Berlin by the capture of Hebastopol was the more considerable as so speedy and especially so complete a triumnh of the allied armies was not expected. The consternation of tho friends of KussU, who are daily diminishing in number, and the exultation of all those who, in different degrees, have shown them selves since the commencement of tho war partisans of the Western Powers, prove beyond measure the importance attached here to this glorious victory. There are two distinct semiments, both of them equally sincere, in the .justice rendered on all ?ides to tho allied armies. The first is real admiral inn for the brilliant military qualities of whicn the allied troops have given so many striking proot'B since the commencement of the campaign; the se cond is a "atisfacf ion. secret with some, openly avowed by others, at beholding vanquished and humiliated thai i.uhhian power which had luoceodud in surrounding itsel in (iermany with an impenetrable pnxtiiit. Henceforth that prcttige is destroyed; this is a tact uot contested now by any one. Ihe Frankfort Pott GaieUe is informed, by a letter from Vienna, that ? A fresh attempt is to be made to re-establish pea e. A fresh note will be ent to Russia througii the medium of Austria. In this note the demand of the Allied Powers will be onco more explicitly stated, and tho proposition will be made for re opening negotiations on this hasis Should Kupi-ia not accept this proposition, the military conv ntion between Austria and tho Western Powers wl!l be immediately ratified. Uaepecting the demands if tlv Western Powers, the assurance 1ms been given that thoy are still moderate to an eminent decree. The original programme has been retained, nor has a single pom1 been added that is no' the natural cOu?equence of tlio military advantages obtained. Among these consequence! is an indemnity for war expenses, which will doubtless tlgure as the most important feature of tho new negotiations. A fr?"h treaty is spoken of as having been concluded b ? tween France anil England on the on. part and Turkey on the other. lis object i.s to invest the Western Powers with the right of keeping garrisons in various parts ot Turkey. (he points specified are Varna, Adrianople, Constantinople and (ialUpoll. Varna and Mnope would bo used as maritime stations by the Western Powers. INTERESTING FROM RUSSIA. Ti e following despatch from St. Pet"rsburg, September 11, has been reeeivod lit Hamburg: ? The Fmi cror lias issued nil order of the day to the ar my, communicating 1 he fall of Sobftstopol. His Majesty thanks the garrison of Sebastopol for the bravery they have displayed In defending that stronghold to the very last, and declares that he is convinced all the troop# of the empire are ready to follow their example in sacrificing life and everything for the sake of protect ing the religion, ti.o honor and the independence of Rus sia. The Emperor adds that he still relies with confidence upon 'he firmness and couragc of hi< faithful and attach ed soldiers to repel every future hostile attempt to viol:' to the sanctity of the Russian territory, whil" he excuses the recent failure at Hebastnpol by faying there is a line which is impassable even to heroes. The I'n-i Ami* Zcilung , a Frankfort paper, publishes the following:? We have to speak to-day of three Rusiian document: The first is analyzed by the Htu (a I'olish journal, pub lished at Cracow), of the 11th September. It is the last circular of Count, s'esselrode to the Russian legations iu tic. many. It rocals the combats which have token place In the north and in the south, in Asia ami in the Crimea: it shows the sacrifices the war has hitherto cost Fiance, Fugle nd and Turkey; it enumerates the defensive fovea* nt llu-sla, and then states that Russia will (iglit till sh" is completely exhausted, or until one of the belligerent Pun era holds forth a hand for negotiation. The tone of the despatch is culm and dignified. According to this despatch, the Turks have lost flO.OOO men, France 40,u00, and Kngland nearly as many, with out counting l<>ss in material, iic. Count Neaselroae does not speak of the Russian losses, but he asserts that Ris sin ^ti'l possesses money and men, and that her commerce gees on as usual. The second document is the despatch of the ltUh of .June, from Count Vessel rode to Prince Oorteehakoff, at Vienna. Various journal- have already given a summa ry of it. I he third document is au rvpoti of the internal condi tion of the Russian emniie. The following is the sub stance of if: ? I ast year Russia, suddenly attacked, could not bring h"r full force into play. Her troops had not sutticicnt time to act on the defensive on all her frontiers, from Archan gel fo the Black Sea, and in Asia. Htill less could abo take the necessary measures at home to resist a terriole attack on all her frontiers, and 79' she resisted. To-day Russia has all her troops at htr disposal. A uati ual rising lias provided licr, as if by enchantment, with ?u army fully equipped and organized 1o replace the regular regiments on those points where the presence of the lat ter was less indispensable. The patriotism of the Russian people csrae to the aid of the government, as well for the equipment of this new and consider able comingent as for tae means of tninsp ? ot the troops. The loan which HusrU contrac'ed ' year was completely *uccea*ful and is covered Alth > .1 the adversaries of Russia prohibited it, not only in th.-o own States, but also on the principal Exchanges of n. .1 countries, nevertheless the financial credit 01 Ku? a ? that thermometer of the resources of a count ry ? in <-d invariably at the same poiut, even on the Excha - of those countries who were at war with her. At the commencement of the war Russia might have entertained some fears for her commerce; to-iay she knows that she can suffice for herself, \ot only Has the blockade of her ports not had any of the consequences at first feared, hut this blockade has c> en been 1 proof of the greatnee- of .ut resources and of ilio iist.>Tii-tnng progress made by her oatieiml industry in the last few years, ("he Internal commerce has considerably increased and the external commerce li*s -ought new markets, wkich daily assume greater proportions. Russia, moreover, has suffered one of he most sad and mouiful events, which, however, far frun discouraging the country, has. so to say, .ununited i' with renewed vigor. A change of reign has taken pla:e; a beloved Sove reign has died .'eeply regret 'ed: he has let" to his son a sacred inheritance, which the lafter has neolutely ac ccpted? the defence of the honor of Russia, And for this Inheritance the whole nation has joined in one body; the whole nation wishes to participate in It. It endeavor* to niake the dlflii tilt task more easy to Its new Sove.-eigii, and shores with him the whole weight of that inheritance, Russia has done still more. Not only did she ptopare for a long resistance, hut she found it poatihle to take the often ive against an enemy which was the first to declie war against her, and wuicli is far more threaten? I to dav thau Russia hossla ha- actually recoiled upon herself to give a n?w impetus to all her means of resistance. She ?ill n lit thus, calm, resigned and resolute, until her enemies make her proposals of peace which she can accept with out giving th' lie to her history, or without dishonoring her future. If her frontiers are attacked her heart Is not. and her heart is so firm that the sharpest weaw as will be blunted if they strike at it. A letter from Warsaw, of the 13th ultimo, say.- ? As soon as Marshal faskie witch received Intelligence >f the taking of the Mnlnkoff he despatched his aide-do- n ip, ' >ilofr Temidntr to Sebastopol. It is certain that a <1 eat many more troops are to be sent to the Crimea besides the t.uards: especially the mill 'la of the Empire. A !iel 1 ambulance has lieen sent oveT from Warsaw . The 5?t. Petersburg correspondent of the //crlt'n .Vo\in<tl fia rttt. writes 011 the 10th of .September, that the price of salt has leache 1 an extraordinary height. Eleven of our fourteen sugar factories are shut up. The Trifling t; > . ratie announces now, in almost every number:? tor Ku, hcmji, linseed and other raw materials, no purchaser*. THE LATE RUSSIAN FLEET IN TH!' BLACK SEA. Perhaps a few additional particulars with referenm v> the once jiowerftil fleet In the Black sea may not !?? deemed undeserving of a corner in your paper. It cot -i ?t'd in 1*1: et three three-deckers, nine vessel* mount in* each R4 guns, seven 74'* ? in ait lt< hip- of the lin> ? besid' s -ix frigates, 11 corvette*, brigs and -c'i '.tiers -i\ steamer-: otherwise : llOgnn ships glin? 360 !? '-1^ in ships . 75a 7 74-gun slope ?? ftig JJ Total guns... I hey actually carried however in all 1 4''>1 : n Ho II .11 I- o| the thri'o Is ? west were the Twi Ive Apostles, the Ihrc e -alir and tlie Warsaw. There is only one larger ?liij t an these in the Russian fleet ? (hcRu-sia. 1 TO guns in the Half I.- H ret. Ha xtnausea, my authority, divide the Rursian Hisd into the Baltic and the Blick sea fleet" tlie fun ? ? ? n-isting of three, the latter of two division*, each < i ?hi h 1 onsiats ordinarily of one thi ae-<lecker, ei?ht two d? ckei - fsmongthe last two ships mounting e?. h 84 guns) -ix fi igacs, one corvette, and four smaller vessels accord ing tn wh" ii itatemsnt the iiiltlc fleet consists of 27 ships oftbeUne. lftfiiga e. and lft smaller vet ii< Thi-doesnot include t earner- the greater number of which are ol Kni li-h build. 1 he Finns and the Oo*sack - of the Sea of Azoff make the best -.iiiors Sailor* areeMaine I In |>art hy con s' ription, but those f|,>nj Klnland are ill voienteer*. After tear* service they ohuln |eriois?i.,n to leave the .en Ice, although many are induced to remain in the navy by the gie?t inc tease of pay which tbey receive and wbi. h, afti r a rertain tiuie. iak?- the form of an an' nuitf Each -hip of the tin onght to have a ,ew ef I lt/0 sai'. "-a end marines, .? complement < ulDelent to ei|Ui|> either? 1 A three decker an I a corvette a ce p ain -in -chief c? nurands the nrst, a lieutenant .?? plain th" second. 8. fir a fwi>-d< cfcer of W gun* an.l two l,-i#<r th" first c< mniandeil hy a *apt*)n in.phfer, tho two oUicre hy two 1. euU'?*nt-c? plain <. 3. Or ? two-decker and a frigate, the firirt ooamanded by ? eaftain in-chief, the second by & punt captain. ojm to the ships being built according to various model* they are difficult to manoeuvre, is in every llt*t, whatever be the state of the wind, there arc some which wall much worse than others. Th? wood used in their construction (with the exception of the corvette*, which are commonly built of larch) in oak; but, owing partly to the inferior quality of that which grows in the north of Russia, partly to its being worked up when in a green state, the ships noon get unfit for service. The best oak lasts from 11! to IS years in the Baltic, while 10 yearn in sufficient to destroy the inferior quality. My author dwells much o? the advantages to t>e derived from ves sels of small draught of water in the Baltic:? " Jutqu' a pritent," he nay*, " lex JU*tilUs a ramr* ont toujour! n ml u flut ilt imiM d la Hutnr iLuu It* boat* taux <f? la mir liultique '{Uc dtftiatuli wustaux. THE LATEST NEWS. RUMOR OF IMPORTANT PROPOSITIONS TO THE ALLIBH FROM AUSTRIA. [By Telegraph to London and liver pool.] f ltONDON, Sept. 22? 2:30 P. M. The meagre report of General Simp-on on the greet

affair of the 8th occasioned the second edition of the Tim -- and Daily JVftM to be looked for with interest to-day, bu' those journals appear without any communication from their special correspondents in the Crimea. There is no news to-day. The l'aris correspondent of the limn repeats lanartlt. The Vlfnni correspondence does the some. One of the Vienna journal# gives an or der of the day alleged to have been issued by Goi tscha koff after bis defeat on August lfith; but at Vienna they manufacture spurious docum^uts and intelligence, and this pretended ukder of the day probably emanates from the fame quarter as the one which the Prince was com pelled totally to disavow. The Cologne Oatrtit contains an iraportaut rumor. Baron I'rokesp (it says) b*s arrived at Paris; he is the bearer of tho proposition of .. n uUiiiuituniy which Aus tria, if the Western Powers will agree to it, is will mi; to send to Ht. Petersburg. Should Russia decline to accept it, Austria Is willing to declare war. THE CHOPS OF EUEOPE. Tbi Deficiency In France and Germany. [I'rom the Paris Monitor, .^ept. -O.J Tho government i.s v< iy properly occupied with the al v.itys serious question of provinons. It isthethhd tim" during the last three yearn that the high price of corn litis imposed great "acrilices on tho country. In tbi. difficult position of aifaira the goveinmenl Will nut tail to do itti <tu,y. Let us e*amine tho state ?f the (mention. France produces annually 82, 000. 000 hectolitres of corn. 1-et, us suppose that this year's harve-t produced only 76,01 0,l'<,0. fhere would be ft dulicit of 7,0>0,0'ki hecto litres. Now, as long ns theso 7,000,000 lie ;'n!itres are not replaced in 1' ranee hy foreign produce there are n human means for lowering iho prices. l'h? great point is, therefore, to import as soon and as rapidly as possible that quantity of corn from abroad. When received, if must do spreal as soon as possible over ev n-y part of the empire, ami not be allowed to leave it. rhis done, a full iu prices will be .he natural result. Which, then, are tho host means of procuring theao 7, 000,0b0 hectolitres / Is it, as is proposed, by au arti tic.ial reducticn of prices t Is it by forcing the holders 1 . soli in a certain manner, in certain localities, at.i certain Srice? Is it by giving a premium on importation ? We o not thin'* so. It by factitious moans the government was imprudent enough to lower tho average pile" or grain by causing corn to be sold at a lot.- ? it it should think fit to toko inquisitoi ial men ures against the bold | ers, those resolutions would load to a rflsul entirely the contrary of the one desncd ? a panic would setae upon nil coin holders ? it would disappear from tho market ? ii would be secreted rather than koIiI. and a purely artificial iaii of prices could not he maintained. Foreign corn, finding no advantage in our markets, would no longer enter France, and a famiue would be the inevitable re sult, for it is as impossible to impose a forced price up,>n provisions in general as to prevent it maintaining its market price. Hie lianous law of the "maximum," of sad memory, is a sti iliing proof of the ovil that may be produced by igno ranee iu political economy. Continence and freedom of trade are the invariable causes of the prosperity of com inerce, and, consequently, the causes of abundance. As regard* premiums on the importation of corn into France, Rome people imagine that the price of corn would fall to the full amount of the premium. A trial was made in 1810, w hich did not succeud. in fact, if the gov ernment were to offer a premium for the importation of corn, at the end of a very short time foreign producers and traders would increase their price to the full anioun' of the premium, and the measure would only serve to en rich strangers to the detriment of French producers and consumers. What in then to lie done? II in, an prescribed by the tip croe o?' the 8th of September last, to throw open for more than a year our frontier!) for all alimentary articles from foreign countries, to prohibit, exportation from France, t' facilitate transpoit by railway* and canal* by rendering i less expensive, so us to equalize a* much an possible th price of grain throughout the country; to eueoarng". ex cite and support purchases abroad: t" allow the no out I x-'i feci free<lom to transactions, acting at the "am" tiro" with vigor again*! any culpable manoeuvres, having son, i time* tor object tlie creation by coalition of urlirtcial rises, and to provoke public and private charity when bread in dear. Finally, to foster home labor by "very possible means; for if handiwork is rendered more sough for and consequently dearer, the workman will obtain . remunerating price, which would in some measure com pensate lor the high price of provisions. It must be own cd the low price of these articles is not always a si^n of prosperity. There are, for instance, countries where corn goe< for nothing, and yet where the people are in deep ini-eiy, liecause, owing toa want, of industry au l o' commercial activity, they cannot purchase insuffl-ient quantity the first necessaries of life even at the low pi icc at which they are sold. It is, moreover, an incontestable proof that an inc <e ol' the pi ice of corn alone allow* the deficit to be m le good: for, without doubt, foteign producers and trader* would not bting it to our markets unless theycoul 1 c<> mt upon a reasonable profit and completo security in their transactions. This is so true that an increase of the price of corn lias, at a propitious moment, given the alarm to commerce. It originated new and important orders abroad; and not only will the arrivals which will be the consequence thereof have for re-ult a reduction oi prices, but the simple knowledge of the fact will lead to the same conclu sion us s<mn us the French producers have been made a' quait ted with it. I.et the country, therefore, be reassured; the govern meiit, is vigilant, and especially occupied with the welfare of the most numerous class; it will Unv how to talfe, n t the anie time, the most prudent and efllcaclou* mi .i-ures, ami to resist all unreasonable demand*, with the st ength which the love of what is o 1 and the sentiment of duty bestow. [From the London Times, Sept. 32.] It is not to lie denied that in the mllst of the triumph aut successes of the last fe* days on the theatre of war, the public exultation is somewhat chucked by symptoms r f pressure on the monetary and commercial relation* of Western Europe, which remind us that the sacrifices of war are not confined to the precincts of the camp or the ranks of armies. This pressure is. moreover, ineroa el by circumrtance'. which are but indirectly connected with the present state of hostl itles, though it isrenderel more sensible Wythe additional burdens thrown at this time on the public resour>es. IKert is no rionlJ ihtU in Ihwv, nml in mot t <if tin eovniriet of central and .<?>?<, A n Kurapt , the. lab hwmt hw l*n\ Mow IK? tunfagt. utui that in this coutt'r y it tall* ahwl of !h> ?jctm'irrli IKtry awl lountyul Kavnst erf 1854. The prices of Corn and Of almost all th" tirst necosssrlcs or life are, theref< i e, very high, and higher in pmportioii Inmost parts of the continent than In thi* country. In Franc the failure ot the vine, from the disease which has Infest ed most wine growiug countries for several > ears, is an Immense addition to the prevailing distress, not only lie cause it has raised the prico ot the ordinary sort" of wine to an cxceulve height, and so depiived the common people of their habitual beverage, but also because it ha? exposed the peasantry of a very laig" part of the empire 1o the loss of their principal crop. Under these cireum stances, considerable uneasiness exists in many parts of France as to the means of providing adequate snbslstfi.ee for the people during the ensuing vear, and It is evident that *ome extraordinary efforts will lie required of he government to enable the population to pass through a peril d of scarcity. In this country the mechanism of the poor law adjusts Itself to the e circumstance*; the legal demand of th ? poor for r ? . is increased, the poor rate* rise till the ad ditional demand I* suppled by increased taxitbn .and we have the < ertninty that the necessities of the 1 >wer classes of soriety will be provided for at the expense of the community. But in France no poor la * exist*} there is no established legal provision lor the relief ol distress, and these emergencies must bo met by the direct Interfe rence of the Stole. As the Weslih and population of the country increase, it is probable that this state of tlilug cannot last, and perhaps one of the institutions which the imperial government may be led to engraft upon the present social condition of V t Mice ts a more regular ind liberal scale of allowances to the poor. The Month ur yesterday published an official article whh U i?s?rves attention from the frank acknowledg ment It contain* of the extreme importance of the -u ,, Ject, and from the sotutd principled of political eoon oy to which it pays a aomewliat tardy homage A'mui ,o years ago, upon the occurrence of the oetloient harv st of 15*53, tne French government adopted a didernnt sys tem, and It may be in the recollection of some of ottr readers that we protested at that time wllh some warn- h against the abeurdlty of condemning the baker* ol Paris to sell their breed at a fixed legal ptice which was . c know lodged to be below the cost price of the article, wl ilo the muuiopal funds of the city of Paris w>>re . indemnify the l al ers foi this sacrifice The plan was, however, tried, and tht* citizen* of I'*, is continued to eat cheap bread during a period of scarcity at Ihe expense ot the cor j oration, or rather ot their own expense, slco the loss had to be sunplbd by some .ther ?orto of taxation. We know n<>t how long the export in sat jisted. bnt we are happy to lind that it I . not to be re newed; *nd th" M'*iil-ur now lays down with authority the principles for which we contended on the former nr. C!i>i- n. Ine public in France are told that .11 artificial attempt* to lower the price of c .rn, ot to establl-di a ma*imiim of value, can only be 'itteiided with absurd and Injurious te nils, and that confidence in the treedom of exchange' is the only basis of commercial prosperity, and eonsequently of abundance. The deficiency in the wheat harvest ot Francf1 is e*tl mated at about 7 000.000 hectolitres, or rather more than V flOO.OOA quartets. Th" question is, firom what ?'"ir e ran this quantity ol gialn lie most onvenlcp i* supplied but as tlie .Voni/'s.rjo tlv observ< - in ori.'P |jjn? foreign suppUea *hooM be introduced Into the intrv it i ne cessary that th" pri'" should te;,n: "m.tii'Wb In the mirth of Furope the harvest lis U-u short, and the eom tr*d" with the most to.. . active oorn districts of the ?oath and east Is obstructed by the war. It it the Amerl- i rnn harvest ha- been splendid; an unusually great breadth of land he* been under wheat this year, and the crops have lo?.n ?i>ece^fullv g,,x in. The available surplus wUvpt is Mtitt#(ed at nbgut 5,000,000 quartern from the United StateH and CVotda ? * quantity which is mare than aufli'tent to cover twice the allowed deficiency in France. Of this quantity it is stated that about half will be snipped for Europe between the 1st of September and the l?t uf .VI*y; and ue have r'titon hi bditm '.hat wry tanj> ordert have already been trtiHtmiHal U> the other noe of the Atlantic for the H-mich market. Although the blockade of the bouthern ports ot Rus&ia, and especially of the Sea of A??ff, cuts olf ihe supplied ftdui an extensive and fertiledistriet, we see no reason t J doubt that measures may still be ta^en to open the na vigation of the I'anubeaud tha corn trade of tho IV.nct pidities. No part of the world produAs a greater abun dance of the finest grain, and the luuvcBt of the pant summer was no abundant aa to compensate the inhabi tants lor the suffering" ami losses attending the invasion ol the previous year. Had vigoroas measures been taken by the alii' d governments, eveu so Lite an last June, to re constitute a rational government in the Principalities, and to re-open the uavigitien of the Danube, which it checked < n one or two insignificant points by the onemy, we should ere this not only ha ve accomplished another important object of our political intervention in the Kast, hut we should reap immediate commercial advan tage* trom the emancipation ' ( the Danubian provinces. As long us Russia continues obstruct the Beasarabi.m fhore of the l>annb< 'he re-aiis of her recent invasion are not entirely removed, and there U no ground wh it evcr on which --he can claim to prevent the trade of neu tral ^hips with the Principalities. This question be comes dim of Europe an interest, :md it is a (?oint on which the Western Powers atd Turkey are entitled to require the active co-operation of the Austriau goironi merit, as that Power s in occupation ol the souutry. We entertain no doubt that, although the prices of grain will probably remain considerably abovo tne aver .ige duritg tho present year, tho-e prices vri 1 oomioaud an arnjile uppiv for thu deficiency of corn which may ex ist in the we-t of Kurope aud in some parts of (lermany. Put the effect of larg" purchases of oorn an I of large snd conftant remittances to ilie Kast for the wants of the army and the varied expenditure ol the war, must inevi tably lie felt upon the money market, both in London and In Paris; hence 'he the banks of England and of France have ac'ed w i ly in applying tho necens iry chock to the discount of paper; and it win better enable us to sustain tho etrorts necessary to bring this contest to an honorable con lu iou if we take in sail at a moment which must he one of some difficulty, though, from the healthy nature of onr commercial relations, we do not believe it to ha one of danger. In France the rase is somewhat different, for some t ingular financial experiments have been tried within the Uvst three year* in that country, which all ap pear to rest ttpr.n the assumi tion that credit can be per manently substituted for capital. These operations h ivo not only embraced a vast i|Uiinfity of transactions in France, but have i-ven Included a vast, system of relief to the finances of Austria. We can only repeat that thu prosent time Is singularly ill adapted to such hazardous flights, and that neither tho aspect of public atfiirs nor the course of the seasons is favorable to them. We should deeply deplore, ;ind we do not anticipate, any ud 'en -hock to the unlimited credit the present French government lias hitherto enjoyed, hat the prlco* of the public securities, eveu since the (all of Sebastopol, and the avowal of a deficient harvest by the principal organ of the French government, :ire strong inducements 'o act with great caution both in tho financial operations Of States and in those of private traders. I ai is Correspondence (8ept of London Times. The government has fairly and frankly admitted that theie is a deficiency In the harvttt to the extent of se ven millions of hectolitres of wheat to replace which there must be purchases made abroad. France will pro bably have to expend something like five millions s'erl ing on foreign corn. Exportation is forbidden, and tho temporary law by whi h the ports are open for food of all descriptions is prolonged to the end of next year. In order to alleviate the distress occasioned by dear provi sion-., public works will be kept up. and inlu'try en couraged ivy all powible means. 1'iit all this cannot In done niPunit money, and il\4 < uxy <v? <iujh t', iee ttuv. be for* lung there mtul In anotn- r luan. The ihmitiear does not fully dc' e.ribe 'lie nature of the deficieu' ies affecting the accessaries of life, an unpleasant duty which is left to the Owutitulionnel , according to which not only two thiids of the wine is lost, but tho apples and pears for cider and perry are gone, and honey, by which another substitute for wine used to be made in the shape of hydromel, is more than umully scarce. Thus the gov ernment, through its organs, Rta'es tho prospects of the country as regards the food and drink of the people to bo gloomy enough to requite the exercise of patience, pru dence aud forbearance. Some there are who are ready to -ugtiost that, contrary to customary habit, tho worst face is put on things, for sake of preparing the way for ac ceptance of conditions of peace of a more moderate kind than the country would, in the exultation of success, mingled w ith deep resentment for injuries, be disposed to ftvor. The question is one of those which cuts two ways, for, en the other hand, sacrifices cannot be exacted without an equivalent of satisfaction, as Russia and her abettors will llnd to their cost, if they do not make haste to otter a return of repose to Europe. I At us repeat over ?gain, that in order to justify further sacrifices, an iu sp iriot' principle must Is? offered to the hearts of French men, jml thai principle is already on their lips, in the -he pe of a call tor the restoration of Poland. Inauguration of Oom Pedro V. King or Portugal. [(?Km the Ix>nd< n Times, September 2.!. ] Although the accession of-Dom I cdro V. to the throne of Portugal, and the inauguration of his reij,-n. i- an event not immediately connected with the more exciting oc cun er.ces of the present time, we cannot pass over in silence a ceremony which commences, a* we hojie, a long era of prosperity and freedom to Portugal, and in=>ir.-s the maintenance ol the mint omicahle and beneficial re !ut!< u-< ltetwceti that country an I the ur.ited kingdom. It is (be singular good fortuno of the young I'riace who has just a , umed the reius of government that he in herits ail the advantages arising from a lung period of -ocial and political change without beiui in any way identified with the passions of (he revolution. He re ceives the crown by an unquestioned hereditary right, and he accepts it with a full rtc gnition ol the constitu tii nnl liberties of the nation. Hitherto the sacrifices and effort* of the Peninsular kingdom* to obtain the sub stance of free go\ ernnent. an 1 to establish a limited ami popular monarchy on the vuins of a corrupt and bigoted despotism, have foiled chiefly from the wan' of confidence between the crown and the people, and especially from the want of those qualities in the sovereign by which that confidence Is inspired. The King of Portugal undertakes the govern ment of his dominions tinder more favorable circum stances. The liberties of the people have not Ix">n wrung from him by violence or fear; and his own character and attainments qualify him in a remarkable manner to per form the part id an honest, enlightened, anj progressive ruler. Descended by Ids moth r from Pom Pedro, "the most popular of the Princes of the House of Hraganza. who>e nntr.e he bears, the young King is a Coburg by his lather's side, and thus brings ne w blood to restore the reputation < f one of the oldest families in Europe. He therefore adds the ties of relationship to the political boi ds which have so long subsisted between the Courts nf Portugal and Kngland; and, although this country does not aspire to e\erci*e nnv control over the independent destinies of lhat kingdom and lias renounced sponta neously the exclusive commercial system which formerly existed between us, we are convinced that an alliance not le~n secure and )>ermanent will be found in the iden tity "I the policy and Institutions of Portugal wi'h those of the Western Powers. We therefore wish well to the reign of Tom Pedro V. We have no doubt thin an in'el licent and active administration miy Incalculably in crease the wealth and importance of Portugal, an>fwe sincerelydesireth.it his government may fultil the most ?.inguitf ho| cs of his allies and ol his people. f) Mpnlii. amor I'ulHrn ot Madrid, of September 15, con firms the stateiiH nt already made that the proposed al liance with the Western Powers will be the first question suhmiiteil to the Cortes by the government on their re assembling. It adds that in the event of Intervention being resolved on, the expedition to be sent niralust the Kussian^ will be under <ien. Zavala or Oen. l'riin. 1 he changes made in the ptrt nncl of the r >yn I house hold, in v irtue of the new regulations, bad not been -o important as had been expected; the Puke de Hay ten being retained a- lirst major domo, and having been no minated keeper of her Majesty's privy seal, the Duchess deAlba retaining 'he post of camarera-maynr; M. Martin de b". Heros that of Intendant 4e. T1 e voluntary subscription* to the t"an of 23tVlHM).000 reals amounted to lft.S OOO.flOti. and were expected to reach lttft. 000, 00(1 or 170 iKXMXHI reals. A bill for securing the responsibility of public functionaries was in preparation. India and China. Die Austrian Lloyd's steamer Humility arrl?el at Trieste afternoon of Sept. 19. The Horn bay lefl Alexan dila on the 9th ultimo. The India and China mails were to leave Alexandria on the 9th mat., with advice* of ihe following dates Cal cutta. Aug. 0. Bombay, Aug. la; Hung Kong, via Calcut ta. .lulv IK. Ti e insurrection of the Sikh< still continues, and has assumed Important e. 6.0M) trooj have already been sent against the rebela. A party of Kohlllas heve pa-s..,l the frontier, and are Ci r. mitting ravages In the Bombay Presidency. Ib.in has t een -carce In India, and trade onse-mentlr dull. 1 3 The money market is easy. Exchange at Calcutta, 4s. 1 id. The pn e of opium had advanced in China. ? in 7th of August Mr. Secretary Grey communicate 1 the following to the Calcutta I'rttt: ? little information of importance has been received fi "in ti e disturbed districts l<r many days. The Moor sheda bad district i* reported to be perfcctlr cleared of fheSanthals. fb? arciiunt" regarding the Beerbboom district are con flicting. The most probable statement i? t imt the San , tloils have retired from the soath part of the district, but thsi they ire hovering about ?n large number.' n 'he l'ergnnnahs notth ol >he Mor, and threatening agrin to cro - i.at l ive to attack Na.,.re and other pi tees. THE I.ATKST DESPATCREII, Lu>noy, Sept. 18, 1855. The 'den, n inauguration ' f the re'iga of Don Pedro V. tool, pla.v ,..s n 'Tninp at the Cortes. Flis Mnje-ty di clu ed his adhtdon to the policy <>f the f> rtnei I .thii.et, . nd coaftliatd the ministers In their port folics. (In this uc e i , n, for the firat time, use nras made of tlie eloctti. telegraph in Portugal. Hie accc -?ion of the King was received wlib #athu>ia?M by the p?upl?. The Knglish ve??ds of war Sanspareil. Neptune and Rosamond arrived just in time to salute the new King. Bmti.v, Thursday, Sept. 20. rtlvate ta'sgrapM# despat h ha- been recelvH here fr.t i St. "eteisburg, announcing the departure or the Km pe for for Mo cow. It is reported that the Journey is to extend to Xlco ialrfT and the Crimea. Tt.< three Orand Dukes accompany the Emperor. Mai>*ii>, Sept. 19, 1856. T|,e Calecllla Tovanjt has been killed in a rencontre tb? cvwnanded has dispersed. It. Zayaa ?u officially received by tba Mexican government on the Oth of Angnat. flAnni-no, Sept. 20, 1866. We have good private intelligence from Vienna to th4 effect that Austria signifies ht-r willingness again to an* dertake the work of mediation, and jiropoae* new cou* ferencca at Vienna. France has Intimated a willingness to negotiate, but only at Paris. Market*. EABINQ JIBOTIIWKB AND CO.'fl CIBCCLAR. London. Friday, Sept. 21 ? 5 P. M. A fair amount of business has been done <luring t Uo week In the colonial and foreign produce marVots, with little change in prices. Monev continues In good demand. Consols leave off 90 a for money, and 'M% A 90 W for the account. New dollar j, 5s. Vl. * 5fl- VI- Bar silver, 5s. l'jd. Houth American doubloons, 75?. Ud. American eagle-*, 70a. 4%d. avkejca.n Mocks. ? Very little doing-, prices nominal. Cochineal continue* euiet. Ab<iut 630 ban have beetr publicly offered, of wiilch about one-third has beea placed. Honduras silier, 3s. 8d. a -la. 3d. ; black, 3 s. 10<L a 4s. Cd. , Mexican bilver, in. a 3a. 9d.; Ten'iritfe ?iiv?H, 3i. lOd. a 4m. Cot OA. ? 100 bags Triuii'ad have fetched from 44s. a 47 w. for good gtay to good red, aud 00 bugs Bahia 41m. Od. ; 120 bags Granada Bold from 48s. a 40s. 6d. Coma! la Arm. 460 casks, 110 bags ulantation Ceylon at auction have been placed at <!?>. a "Oh. 8d. for mid. ooiu ry; 1,420 ImgsCoitu ltiea, from 66a. a 67?. for flue to tinu tine ordinary; 130 pkgs. Mocha 81s. a 82a. for fair clea? garbled; 3,800 bugs ltio bought in from 40a. Od. a 43a. ; privately 4 '.00 bagH native Ceylon have changed hands at 51. a 61s. Cd., ai which latter figure the market dose* st lit'. Four Hoating cargoes of rii? have been sold, via; 2, 700, 2,-0<), 2,300 and 0 U10 bags, at prices ranging be tween 43s. a 4i's. fd. A1 the corn marl et on Monday there wnii a lair supply of new English wheat, which was placed at a reduction of 2y. a -is. on the prices <<f that day week. Foreign was held steadily. I .a- 1 week's average For English wheat waa 78s. I'd. u u D7.:i77 quarters returned. To day tho prices ? >? English were barely .sustained; in foreign there was ljttln doing. We quoto American white wheat 78s. a 82. ; red 74s. a 80*. t-'uperlor flour 40s. n 44s. per bbl. Dficra, .? The public aalos included S76 cases castor oil, chiefly placed at 5 }ud. u t( %d.; 45 bales Jamaica sarsft. parilla partly sold at" 2s. 8.1. a 2* lid., being ratlieir ileurei ; 27 bales jalap at 2s. 2d.; 92 eases China rhularb 5*. a 5h. Od. ? shellac 3?ls. aU"s.;gum olibanuin lower; Ope aloes 16s. a 34s. for ordinary kinds; Turkey opium 14*. all-. Hd.; quicksilver Is. 9%d. ll).Mr.? wt. l'elerabnrg dull at ?43. 1C0 bain Mamie were taught in above the maikot. 50 bales Bombay al.-o taken in ut ?2fi for good, t if 260 bales Sunn a small portion nold at ?15 for nud. .lute? about 300 bales were taken from ?.15 to ?17 for common to middling. Ikon. ? l.i'tle business d?uu in raila, which we quote at ?8 5a. IwdjUO. ? t'alcntta advices have not produced any change. The declarations for the next sale amount tcj 11,514 chests. 1 Aim. ? \Vestern, in kegs and bbls., 68s. a 60s. SrEITKB ?.23 10s. on the spot. Llad in active demand. Common pig ?36, vt'ii a very reduced stock. There is no Spanish iww on the spot. l.ivMcw, ? 0,486 (jrs. have been imported during tin) week, largo shipments from Calcutta, amounting in July tots<),0Ut <jrs., make buyers less willing to operatq. On the spot tin :e is a steadj business; Black -ea 74s. n, 7tis., 1 iiht Iniiia 74s. a 78 -. * Eapeseed. ? Uood samples of Calcutta >ell on the spot at 73a. a 74s. Ijsh Oi ('jut Und ready buyers. New York in bairel4 ?13 a ^13 6s.; Boston in bags ?12 10a. < ii5. ? in liu-eed a lair ex|?rtation bu?iness Is done it last quotiitlona. Heiined rape offers at 63?.; brown se'.l-l at 61s. t'd. In ti-li nu new feature. Cocoa nut 43s. 10d? a 45a. Palm 4 Is. a 4Cs. Kn i. is in demand. 1,070 bags middling white brought 14s. Oil. a 16s.; 2,600 bags Rangoon at 12s. tid., landed. Rim. ? 'iheie is more inquiry; strong I'etnerara Id. higher. The gotcmiitcnl hate taken In oontracta foe 100 ( CO gallons at 2s. 3d. a 2s. 4d. Cci')?N.? We have n? sales to report. SjkLTlTTHa is dull. A 1*3 baa b en made ol 4,000 bagif, 10 tn 12 per cent refract i m H7s. (id., T)i per cent 30s. fid. gpN w. ? 1'epper ? Black is ),d. a J^d. dearer- 700 baga in public -ale were partly disposed ot; : ingapo e 5,'jd. foe fair clean Sumatra; I'ennng white 8}*d. Isrnent.o. ? 1J0 hags fair quality suld at & ?*? , r|. a 6%d. Ginger. ? 490 bbls. Jamaica nave changed hands at 40s. a 85s. for -mall to fair bold; U00 bag-, rough African went from iis. >'d. to 24s. ^caJlKS.? The market remains very firm, and in soma instances ati advance on the ratos ot last week have been realised. The publia s&los comprise 18,4d0 < aiis Mauri tius, and 0,(10 bags Bengal, at rather higher prices. 3,;>t'0 b< xvb Havana bought in. anil afterwards placed at 41*. fd. a 4^s. td. for very inferior to mid. Biown, 43s. Cd. a 47s. for low to sup<'rior yellow: 709 hhds. U18 bbls. Porto Jlico at 4oa. Od. a 4fls. (id.; 500 hhds. Cuba Musco \ado 48a. tid. for mid. to 45s. for good grocery; 120 hhds. St. Croix at full prices, say from 45*. a 40s. fid. Thesalefl of W'est India tor the week ate 1,560 hhds. Privately, aootit 30.000 hag., u Delayed Manila have changed lutndrl at 37a.; 400 boxes Havana (Florettes) at 47s. fid.; 1,400 boxes ultto (No. 10U), at a near port, for delivery at art outport, at 18a. Od. Tliere have been -ales, afloat, of 4,000 boxes Havana (No. 11%), at 29s. fid. for Trieste; end 700 boxes (No. 12%) at '-Hs. fid., for the United King dom. The I'utch Mile litis gene off about 1 a 5 guilder* above the prices of July, Tea. ? We do not alter our quotations for common Con? gott, ol which there have been large sales. Tau.oW. ? 57s. fid. on the spot. 'it* dull. Straits, fine, 124s.; banca 126s. Trwrvrixi :i,000 barrels rough are reporte<l at 8s. fd. 8i.irits aie slow of sale, at 34s. for American in iiarreitt. A. DENNI6T0PN'S A CO.'fl OIRCTLAB. I.ivem'.joi., Friday, .-ept. 21, 1R56. Corros Maiikkt. ? The favorable accounts of thngioir iug crop of cotton, and the gl<K>my state of the money market have combined to product1 a very dull market, Bfcd to rau?e a decline In price* In the week of .'id. per lb. The =ales for the week are 32,750 bales, of which 6,l<Xl tittles are on speculation and for export, leaving 26,650 l airs to tlie trade. The sales to-day are ' 000 hales; mar ket rather less depres-ed. W# quote fair "ileansat 6JM.J middling, 6',,d. ; lair Mobile*. b'',d. ; middling, 6?1. ; laie Inlands, 6, VI. ; middling, 6 16-lOd. The money market has boen In a feverish stale, Owin? to it-ports of a continued drain on the bank, of the proba bility of a further advance in the rate of discount, and of the 'conditi) n of the French money market ? which ap pears to lie st ill more threatening than that of our owi* market, and where the rate of discount has been raised to the per cent ? hut the meeting of the Bank ttirectorM pa- e<t over yesterday without any change being an nounced, and the we? k closes with a slightly belter feel ing. 1 he exchanges have risen materially, lud all ex port tif gold for profit has ceased. Any drain for evport, which is now going on, ran only be for army or govern ment pin poses. Internally, there no doubt still is a con siderable abstraction of coin for payment of the hai vest laborers, as U usual at this season. We bave rarely known any change occur in the mi ne/ mai l>et of such magnitude which has product d so littlfj change in the state of ttade, nor have we ever known .? period when commercial credit in this conntiy was let* likely to be much affrcted hy dearuess or tightness of tho money market. There has been llttlo or no extension of rre.'.lt ?ince the pressure at the end of la-t year; ami tha pre-ent deainess of money. unlike any that has before occurred in our time, ari.-ns from causes over which com merce bus little or no control. H e Manchester market is dull, but without de-pon demy. At Blackburn full time is resumed. The Indian accrunts are not favorable for gotid*. Consols clore 90 Ci ?\ Market. ? "Hie wtather continues extremely fine, and the grain crops In this neigliboihood are warty all secured in excellent condition. Th'' market was quiet eitrly In the week, hut clo-es firmly at the nndernoted quotatitn*; ? Western canal su]>erfine flour, new, per barrel, P.9?. a 41s.; Baltimore and I hlladdphU do., 40s. a i bio do., 42s. a 44s.; white L". 8. wheat, per 70 lbs., lis. pd. a 12s. 4<).; red and mixed do., lis. -id. alls. 9d.; \ellow and mixed Indian corn, per 480 lb'.. 39". n CP*. Pd. : white do., 45s. a 47*. Asltn? 400 bbls. have been sold, at 35s. for pot , and 34s. 60. a ;;fs. fld. per cwt. for pearl. !<o*ln ha been in geod demand. The -ale.- amount to about 14,000 bbls. common American, at 4s. .'id. a 4s. 6d. per cwt. The l>et tt r qualities may be quoted at fls. a 8s. rid. per cwt. Tur pentine ? ISO bbls. have brought 8*. per cwt. Holrits of turpentine may be quoted at :;4s. per cwt. Tallow? A fair business has lieru done. at 60s. for Y. C., and 56*. a, t Cs. per cwt . for American. I ant ? 260 tons have brought; f0?. a uls. per cwt. Oils ? 1 000 inns palm oil have been sold on ihe spot, and for arrival, at ?43 a ?47. There i< a intii'erate request for pale seal oil at ?54 per tun, and for pale iapcat 02s. per cwt. Rice ? F-a-t Indian still continues in good demand; no sales of American artt quot ed. llyewood*? "everal parcels logwood h tve beer* s< Id at ?6 lor Honduras, and ?6 7?. M. a W 15*. for r*t. I omingo. About .100 ton* '/apote fustic brought ?5 a ?6 2s fd., 100 tons Cuba fustic ?7 10*. a ?8 1U? , 10 tonn Nicaragua wood ?13. and a parcel of lJma wood ?11 6s. per ton I.ATFST LONDON PBODP>'B MARKET. Lojrfw).*, f*ept. 22 ? 2 30 P. M. There is nothing of intirest passing to day in Colonial produce. Tallow I* firm at 57s. on the spot; 67*. rid. % 57s. Od. (or f'eeember and January, 57?. last tbreq months delivery 368 cask*. IVewa hy the Sfalla. T1 e cite o; Mr nfre.il wa? illuminated on the night of the 18th ln*t. in honor ot the succes* of tbeallled force* in the Crimea. It has 1 eon inggested that the last Tburs.lay In .Vo veniler th<- 20th, Is recommended by the (itivirnor* ot the variou* >Ute* a* a day of thnnk*giving. Th? ?entin.en' In favor of a thanksgiving as na'ional vs povi l leisn'arlv unanimous with the people of the I nion. The !a?t Tliursday of November has bean -elected almost; lnv?ria>ly heretofore and If the (.overnor* of several of the Mate' ?hmiUl mutiiallj de litnate that day, 'he chief nagistrates of all the other eta tea would no doubt je* pond. The monummt to eomniem irate tieneral Jackson and the battle ot NewUilean* is to be commenced shortly on the l-attle ground, and within a few rode of thil >tiaatsslppi. It will h? a simple obelisk, 160 feet high, and built of brick, covered with marble. A lew days a?o, a man who'o term had ju?t oxpirad at the rbarleitown Mtate prison Mass., was agtin imtarceraU e<! for throwing sonv tohaceo over the walls to hU former fellow prisoner*. The penalty for this ? troeiou 1 otfence against society, is iinpri*onm?nt In the fliAtrt pri-on or county Jail not more than two year*, or by fin't ot >600. The fealer of Weight* and Measure* in l*hiladelphiat ha* con-oleied It hi- duty to enforce the emitting law-i re.iuiring that bakers' bread shall be sold by wi igbt. Tln? act was pa??ed April 1, 1797. and ha* never t?en re pealed. It require* bread to be *?ild by the pound avordiipoi*, leaving the price to be r?>gtiUte.t by tho baker*. Mveral Instance* are la'ely recorded where person! who were in the haMt of reading much in railway c?r?, hml tiecome nearly blind, and an etpre Agent near Bos ton had totally loat hi* *ight it lieing imputed to tha* cause. It appear* the Jolting motion -an?es th? eye to at rain In catching the separate letter*, and makes thelr <#e<t ;eti??T?r; lJ>JMri?u?.