Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 7, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 7, 1855 Page 2
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tfiemselves during a whale evening #* fourpence or six Ce. Alt travellers g.:t ficeoed everywhere 1 have yet I do not consider the swindles practised upon my eelf and others here as a matter worthy of comment. Neither - h*l I I seek to astonish the verdant, ax U iho almost universal custom witli scribbling tourism, by giving elaborate description* of the public buildings, ex hibitions, Ac., of every place hey visit ? copied almost word for word from the handbooks which can be pro cured iu such pi ofiuion for a tritle everywhere you go. As one of these descriptive books contains a great ileal more information about a single structure than auy man could possibly acquire by his own observation ami Inves tigation* in a whole month, if any friend ol mine U spe cially I'esirou* of knowing all about lliu history and do tail* cf any particular building, institution, or other mat ter ol interest laying in the direction of uiy travel*. and will so notify lue, 1 shall see that lie is furnished with the desired Information by the next mail. The duels, which extend for miles, ore enormous mas>e? of mast nry, but one is at a low to conceive the object of i he high fort-like walls which surround them, utile r-s it is to shut out the view anil ref eshlng breeze of the river from the staoct and people These docks are all owntd by one gigantic monopoly culltd the Dock Com Cy, ami immense additions are again being made to in. Though a ship is Mile enough when in one from everything but fire, the job of hauling her out U a most tedious and annoying operation. 1 JSeit to the docks, St. (.'eorpu's Hall and the depot or the London ai d Liverpool Railroad, opposite, are perhaps the most worthy of a New Yorker's notice, l'ho Brut of these is a noble structure, but is so miserably located that it U invisible from nearly every pnlut until you are direc'ly upon it. U is built ? through a most glaring and inexplicable blunder ? on the side ot a hill, which lg itself overshadowed by others that rise towering above it. It i* a very chaste and imposing structure, but even if In a proper position to be seen, on immense dome of some aort seems indinpeuslblo to relievo its present squatty ap pearance. The courts moot here, and I have been much amused during mj visits while they have been In session. The barristers, as they style themselves, and the judges, wear gnat c.luinsj white horse-hair wigs and long black clerical looking gowns, and white neck ties, pre ?ituly like those worn by our Episcopal clergymen, but in all other respects there seemed to be no estellti il difference between thorn and our "Tombs" and small civic court pettifoggers. The same awfully impressive?' ''Remember, sir, you ire now testifying un der the Isarful solemnity of au oath, and that unless you confine yourself rigidly to ilio tcuth, you nt?y jeopar dise, aye, even ruin, your immortal soul'" ? ''Do you wish, man, to lie understood at swearing to thai?" ami so forth. There were one or Iwo fellows wbo carried this sort of business to a most ridiculous extent, while another till, pug-nosed cliip exhibited marked perse ve ranco and caption ne*s in splitting hairs about the merest trifles. 1 should gladly have parted with a few guineas for the pleasure of seeing our I 'i ter M ul V ay handle 'his parly In r an hour or twn, on bluffing ml technicalities. J'etervoul l soon take tho conceit out of ?hi m. At the adjournment of the c urt there is a sud den mustering of some twenty or thirty individuals, drcsfid in knee breaches, long, dark coats, and capos (aced with red, and hats with gold lace bands, '? nd orna mented with cockades. They have been hanging about the neigh bur boo I during its session, and all strangers have taken them fir livery footmen. Each one is novr armed with a king spear or halbort, fr im the upper part of the stsll' of wliiqii two or three big red tussels are dargling. t'u inqulnng, you ascertain that Ihey are the high sheriff's b, dy guard, and presently you see thvui conduct th it important personage to his carriage. Thus it is that the governing power in England clings with sn absurd tenacity to countless expensive absnrc'itie i which have long since survived the vile ne cessities wbi-.lt originally called them into existence. This body guard, which in the day of its Croatian and for years alter, doubtless inspired awe, now only excites ridi cule and merriment even among the chill 'en. The railroad depot is distinguished as being that of tho first railroad on which a looomotivc ran Its immense ?uspended roof U unaui passed, anil the tunnel which rum under the city for more than a mile, with an olevatljn at its outlet on Edge hill of more thm l'-O feet, has be?n a ?work of great skill and immense labor. There are two other tunnels of equal length, which c une out at tho same point from other parts of tho town, and the cars and allure drawn nut with ropes by stationary engines. There is nothing else about, the building worthy of note. Ihme visited Cit. James' Cemetery, and the Necropolis several tan s in my explorations of the localities iu wnich lhey ate situated. The firs', is iu the heart of the upper or southern cud of the town. It is somewhat larger than our distributing reservoir, and the beautifully shaded embank men*, which furrouud.tit rises considerably hi, Iter above the hollow in which the graves are than the reservoir wall does above th" water insi.le. It cati be said with great propriety that any chap deposited here has been "shoved uudur." The Necropolis is ou the rear of the town at the top of the Bruns wick road, and even this is otily about live actor, hut it ir surrounded by a wall apparently high and thick emu4. l1, if pierced for gnus, for the defence of the town in that direction. Even in tun home of the dead, you aro again reminded of the utter contempt in which tho poor toili.ig meul .l is universally looked upon 111 this benighted land of well fed negro pUiets. The first thing which meet* your eye on euteriug is a huge sign, notifying all that, * No dogs or nursemaids are allowed in this Necropolis." The bills of marly every public cxlu iltion illustrate the same ides, by adding afti 1 the words price of admission, "Ladies anil gentlemen" -o much, 'Working people half 11 ice. ' After taking a tour the other evening through the vnri cus hour es iu the vicinity ' Williamson and Queen's ?quarts, I verged off to s ards Scotland road, to see what was going 1 n in hicLmond row and vicinity. Most of the thot ougbfarrs called roads in Liverpool, it must be re menibettd. ore densely populate 1 streets. Keeping on through Scotland road until 1 cimo to Bennington Bosh, 1 turned dow n, and In 11 ^hort timo fonnd myself in I.I n 10 kiln lane. Here my atten'ion wis attracted by th# bois terous spouting of a powerful lunged individual a. short distance ahead. < )n pursuing my way in the illrajtlo i of the sound, I soon arrived opposite a very dirty, dingy looking house, in the window of wliich wis a thing intended to 1 0 a transparent siyn, informing all wh?m it c nccrned that tho " Mutual Improvement Society" were then and tin re in session. Crossing over anc msVing my way. as well its th" ditnnejs of the d irk and rickety stairs would u linit of, up into t'.ioh'ill. I found the owuor of th' bolstet ous voice s'ltl in full bl ?st about tl.e ' rights of tho \ird v-orkiog hoperatives," etc. lie was .1 stout lm:ly lookin* Mioir, ?nd having observed ma nod tny lien,! approvingly scver.J (hnos dui ink* h's peri ration, ho cont e .ended at its . lose, nttcr just taking time to receive the congratulations of his admirers, to come and >1' along side ot me. Perc Ivlng ! was an American, he asked me how ha made out, nre Burning, of course, that I Ind be '.rd every word of lil> rhapsody. It is needless to say that I assured him i' was tme of the most brilliant and unanswerable efforts 1 li.id ?ver listened 1 1. Kn m a little printed bill which was handed ine I lemnoil that any ths questions to be ilis ?ussed by the society were the following : ? " Dots the human race spring ftom one pair t" "Would the . pread of education tend to dlmlnsh crimes" " Is tho faculty of ie?on confined to man!** " Are the people politically prepared for an extension ?f the Mitrraget'' The latter was the one then tinder consideration, and ?ay sturdy lunged friend who liad just sit. doWn had l>een sustaiuing the affirmative sMo of the ques tion in reply, as I lcatnel, to a tall rVotch tailor, who was smoking a pipe on the left of the chairman. A little, shrivelled fallow, with a keen eye, and armed with a mo.-t formidable pile ot documents and elaborate notes, nest eutoied. in opposition to the oxteti aion. He had evidently read a grest deal, but did n >' Mm to n ulerstsnd his subject. Nearly all his illustra tions, though seemiugly ooneioaive, were "aslly turned agninst himself, and after a very tedious discourse in which he made tho most sweeping inis'atementi against our leople and government, he closo<l by saying that al though fully conscious that hi? positions were unassail able, he should have uo ? bjectlon to hearing his strange friend (referring to me) make the attempt. Accepting the invitation, I arose and was greo'ed quite warmly by the almost despairing friends of the sullrage, and beiievo me, if ever I came down on any "no with deserved and withering severity, l did so on thu occasion. As 1 pro ceeded ourside became gradually tlusbei with exulta tion. Scouts were sent out to bring in the faithful, und ere I bad got through the whole ball, stair-way and lane te front, were filled with at tenth e and eotiiuslastlc lis teners, and as I closed, such a shout ? ?o long and so desfening ? was never before heard in the region of I.lme kiln lane. Even the old w iadmill 1 re-echoed the prolong ?d cheer of tiiuniph which rent the air. Finding all o\ cuses utterly useless, I accompanied a large detachment of my delighted adherents into a tavern close by, nnd, much against niy will, emptied so ne half dozen pots of the worst beer 1 have tasteal in England before 1 c tub] getaway. 1 am uowjust on the point of leaving f?r I/m oon, from which phee you will hesr from me imme diately. MIKK WALSH. LETTER VI. JKfcr't Magnanimity Wwrth lb H'miVing Sf.rfp.ini? Hit Joumry to London. nnd it* ImprtH >iu? //ii fill uir TrareJtrrs anil Their Fcculiaritir$ ? Scotch loyalty al a IHtcouni ? Maternity awl lit Carrr?Trickt upon Trtv l trrt ? Mikr fhllt into I'Un anl Company? How I! O^t On Among ft Ov Latui ? /fi< ArritiU in tht " Ur-at Mr trvlcpu*" ? London Uti* ami HotrU. Lonxiv, September 8, 1856. At nine A. M., on Saturday tbe lit Instant, I left the North W<.itcrn railrotw) d pi t, kn Urorpool, fur thl* al inoet bonndleaa ma** of amok* and coa! du?t corared fcriek and wortat. Prerlou* to tearing, I again met a couple of the recruiting officers to wbum 1 handed n crown, with which tor them and the bnya to drink my health. I believe I omitted to atate in my Uxt that I ft^iorntlj rlalted their nuartvr* on Shaw'* F.rau, and returned the drlnka which the Skipper and I had at th'lr ex pence while they were *'> indu?lrl<iu*ly <>aga^c.l In en deavoring to enllat n< under tUe bautier of Victoria. Da ring tbftM rlalt* ?* at length got to be quite go<i.l friend*, ?ml the faytr-iplrited portion of them uaed to la igh heartily over tlie Joke, whloh at flrat Weighed rather hearily on their pocket* and pride, but, through thl* libe ral return on my part, turned out in the main at Wait a* profitable a* if they had aucc.'dc l in entrapping m? the ?dot* particularly ao a* (he amount they ahould have received on the capture, would, doubUen*, to the la?t copper, liar* be. n apent In the aame manner. The whrle r<?*?| through a finely cultivated oountry, ami everyu.iiyj nbout the manner of IU Ci>? ?tructiou and man n?'inont strikingly contraata with thore of onr own. u, car,, t, m?rt of your reader* are I j.re-ume, by fcla time aware. Instead ?r being lot* and ?,p.n at (twl ,ik# ouw are -eparate cr*ch?*, holding eight milium ?l'.e I paraone font front and fenr Kvck. fl.* ^en?ra face ?ach "I her, and wl?*a their thigh JolnU are rather short, which la not usually the raae In tht* country ? r[?!,1 an,J after a whil" almoat intolerable atraigUuuinj ?r your ??lrea, or a general interlacing of kn ee-, I- ltieriui,l.?. It la alu.oai needle- a to aa j that under nich olre j?h i*anc-. > a friendly familiarity *000 springs Up bctvwnaUwbs tie not too atupid to keep awake, or too morOM or conse qnential to join in conversation. It givw you no oppor tunity of looking through the train for friend* or ac quaintances ouly at the stopping places. This 1* how ever of little consequence to a stranger, and if you get into a disagreeable party on starting, yuu seldom find any difficulty in changing your quarter* at the next sta tion. 1 had four companion* in 'he carriago in which I was at first located; a (at, greasy, bullet eyed Jerusalem or C lint hum street looking feiliw who called himself a ? travelling merchant" ? 1 he self- assumed term u?ed here lor o?t-< oor drummer* to business tlrim iu London of questionable reputation; in cla iadical Scotch lady who had not much moic affection or repect for kings, queens nobles and oiher pestlfcroua leeches than my-olf her < aughter , n m.e buxom y.ning lass , who, tnough sheevi , ].v disliked to disiig ee with me, occasionally en trauicfed t.ie old bi.ly rather flatly, m.l a 1011 ? bony, he-ish-lo?king woman with one of ihe bug' di& brown flats bow bo much worn for the moment in Eng land, and whoi look veil enough ou liyTrs built young girls, bet give to such long, angular, gunnt, monblod nondemipts in petticoat* as our nasociato traveller a truly hideous a;? rsnce. She loo^od exactly like those persons of ratber%uii>>tiul ?a who Bgure conspicuously at our woman's rights and aWditi n conventions, and eorseqventlv I nut her down at, sli>ht as one of t\e Rxeter iiaJl fraternity. Tho coitwIdow of my judgment wm ***?? ^ by tl? rievctopementa of a conversation which was soon instituted b'tween her and bullet-eye, afler goveral ineffectual attempts on her part to draw out the old .Scotch lady, who evidently held both her and her stereotyped slang in equal contempt. As 1 had antici pated her by some pretty severe stricture.! on the impu dent and drivelling hypocrisy if certain notoriety seeking m< uulehanks of both sexes in Knglaud, I was entirely saved from her advance*. At Ibe lirst stopping we were reinforcod by a French gentleman with a tremendous pair of whiskers anl mous tache, a a< uJ# old chap on crutches, wi'h a soro leg, and a jolly hlaeAtyed woman willing aliout 2A0 pounds with two stiapping children. Tlic Frenchman, the old ."ootch lady, her daughter and myself occupied tho rear seat, and tl.e others that in front of us. Our .side was full and the other was ho uncomfortably jammed that it folk all tl.e talk out of tho he-ish wo man. 'Ibe fat lady was trying to manage the I two young ones as well as possible previous to the train agn.ii starting. For this purpose she gave each of tlioin ft la:ge fresh ration of soft taffy. <>n looking around for a peix n to quarter one of them on during the journey, I ?hfUJL 1 i?^-"_? Me, her ringltng me out In her mindas th( very individual most certain to volunteer for that purpose, and lest I should catch her eye and at the aame time her meaning, in such a manner L to be comjXl out of common decency to do so, I put my head out of the w indow in pretended search o! some friend. I should desired ^ IT' "r ?T#n boU>. were it not for my let eve A impo-ed by so-ne means upon bul nhmif 11, i w ro"'arkr lrom ,lira. 'jy way of kttliug time, about their being 'such ,lue looking chiMron," gettloj !?.'u!"4,n0HS T?ie young lis* who sat next tome, instinct e y Interpreting tl.e full purpose of my movements no rn.V'Ue Vr,1'ar,iCdthat ro!?ht relieve tl.e ladyo'f one of them. J here being no alternative, hu will rather a sad grace complied, ami 1 shortly resumed my seat. The youngster, who wan quite a vigorous chap, and all he gmea ?ed with the taiVy immediately commonced UW f"n57 annoying liberties with his new gua-1' r. to the inlinitc (!( light of tho young Scotch girl and If. This so far fiom being cheeked by the placid tempore i lArllf' ,ei;'!.lci1 a,lmiration and elicited from i ' 'facj'rtiark, that the chili was "no full of life and funny S^cks that she did not kuov what she would or could do without him." As if encouraged by these haniSlj'^H.'t"1^ thi? .Uttle fe""w m"5c ft furious ilat handed dash at an intrusive lly who had iust then -?tr^??n lh? C'f in" stlfly "torched shirt I) "sum of the sv. ,"K merchant," leaving forcibly imoriuted thereon in dissolved taffy his while palm and f>ur fingers and thumb. A general roar of laughter ensued S" which even the gouty gentleman and tho masculine ^ tiie deep and lliy-.upp. es^d mortifl cation of he ~ho was its object, and the great joy ot his juvenile tormentor. The moher, who hid he liands too full with the otlier one ? a little cirl to sec leetV. vf lhe,dHn>W her opinion on the sub \ Rftcr ?he ha?l sufficiently recovercil from a 1, catty and prolongod laugh-'- Well, He Iw rd, you 1 W y?u <1(1 hall? you will be your father hail over, wh*n you gets to be a big lad." On arriving at the next statfm I got out and procured some left esbments. and observing that the carriage n?>xt t v^L r'n' h.a'l,'lCly ? e,;UP,e of civalry offices and , ? Bgioeable looking ladles in it, I in-juired if thoy had room for myselt and a couple of ladles. Tliev rephod nftinnatively, and said they would bo pleased to I communicated thi.s agreeable inte ligcneo to the Scotch giil and her mother and gladly accepting the invitation which I tendered they 'T to!vl,lt t??ed oat one of the in.it agretablc, lively and eutertaining travelling na.-tie- I ever had f he good fortune to geAmongst Udiel ?M .,i , eni '?? 1 R.UC? H"TOr''1 ,im s "n'> bal imbibed a gi cat. ile.il ol tho buoy ar.cy anl grao? of that extraordl llary people; and the s< Idlers, having seen service, and bciiiK sensible m< 11. bad outgrown the idea that Kn-Und eonipuse.l within herselfuil that was great in art arms and progressive civilization. "man, arms The balance of the journey passed so pleasantly by noli 'i ?J j d on reaching i.undon that w had another hundied miles to go before separating, it was about 4 I . 11. wbtn we nrriyod, and in reply t'.< the u'm't'i i i "S i1" ithV ,':,1 ;icuIar I'l *ce t.u which I w ished to be driven, 1 told him to drive ine at a moderate gate Ihiuugh tbe most t*siiionable parts of the ci'y ind paiiicitbtrly tbtough such stieets ?% were .peclally'ce" br.it eU for tie very best priv;.,te hotels. As j, cartalnlv ought to have anticipated, from ray very extended and n!ni"'i know. edge of the fraternity at home, the driver 1, 'J m"r<' 'aithful to his own interest than to my in wl irt lT; al ,lrivi"!f m- "bout for a while, during ? i tB'>n'o;;a ..fn.. insurniountaSle objection tS uu\\. I1! " ,4<,x,l"'i?rr! tt"y 'i?sirH to select, the at length pulldl up in tront of a very fair looking hou<e and in ?ormed me in a loud voice, tbe UnX.d came out t? greet his new guest, that this was the niace ... .. ? !" extravagantly eul .gtzing. Tiie civUi1dM>",|n hV? '",lJ *crQP!De. ?nl sUii-Ootyped indnh-t d ,?|Whic" '16 propri'tor m,t byishly indiil. d while e otting nie in (.romptly ronp.'d a suspic ion Mat. af'e- all my pi ...auf ions. I i al not be' n i'hiiV^rt I'l Ut*|iP U>?*ele li,>n *t I ?' first suppose 1. sort of copl antic, bogus politeness is to me alwavs moreoffen iv.-, 100, than ?ven absolute rudeness. Mv su-oi i umH "f" strengthened in-o c-nvi .-tions by some "b'spoiing and pantomimic ln-i.liv v;hlc'i s.ibs.? oueiiHy pa sed b, tween him and the c.i brain on the st rip Here as everywhere els.., the rules ieg, dating the f;>ro ' ,s' c'"?.cli<'?, and other public conveniences ivie ox. recdingly Tipl.l and pro, -r, but there they end. M, mttu 1 ? ?Urf<,M th0 "monot to which he was I gilly liTrdlo 1' f i presume he m.,rc than doubled it on the h^ndiord for bringing me. As repre cnte l on it* c"rds "vered thsVth?mrti,?lrttbI* r^l'1"ncr'' hut 1 ??'" b^i i? 11 1 toadying annoyanees or the landlord arid landlady most he taken like the white matble fmUt sLbi l?^. Ht in ^ f^fngton, as the only available sibstitute for its promised aul highiy-taxel thouirh diii ofe 'r',a? ?n7 co,",ur'fv ?!'? mail 1 shall studied a va*t"eah 'it ZinLn SnSSe^S Nrw Puteiit* laaticrl. U*t of pi tout" imuoi! fnim t lie I nlted State* I'atont Oflicefor the week ending Oct. J, 18fi& ? each hearing that date: ? 1'eter Arneiuin. Jorgen Pedereon li H<ns Itce*, of New York N. Y., tor imp! oyoinent In preparing material* for hat bodie*. Peter Anereon, Jorgen l'edor*on k Han* Reea, of New York, X. Y., fur improvement in machinery for manu facturing liat I odic. Pcrnnid Coertx, of Philadelphia. I'a., for ltnpro?om?nt in corrugated reflector*. Jarre* Harrison, Jr. ol Milw.i ukie, Wis., for Improve ment in sowing machine*. Jon. Hyde, of New York N. Y., for Improvement in rcrew wren'he*. Soth C. & Weetei W. Ilurlbut, of Boonviile, X. Y., for improved feed motion for planing machine*. Che-. Moore, ol Trenton. N. J., for improvement iu ftteam boiler*. Henj. K. Miller, or New York, N, Y., for improvement In chimney *tack, Jos. Powell, of Waterbnry, Conn., for Improvement in knitting machine. Samuel Pearn, of ev York, X, Y., for improvement In nhlpa l ump*. K. K. Reynold*, of New York. N, Y., for clock ?tcape ment. Henry Fitter, of New York. N. Y.. and KHsha Stono of l-owell, Mae*., for apparatu* for opening and closing hatchway*. Wm. Seller*. and Tn*. Walker, of Hnciuniti, 0., for Im provement in moulding e r.*nlar and under cut wjrk. Hiram At J. din C. Taylor, of Cincinnati ?>,, for coopers' rroiingplane. (ha*. C. Reed, of Philadelphia, I'a., n?sljrnor to liimjelf i>nd Wm. t*. Koinert, of same place, for machine for pro paring rattan Ac. 0ui.1avu? Wci*semborn, New York, N. Y. nJ-|ignor to Epe* W. Sargent, of name ] laee fur tliermo udorio (liter, patented In England, Nov. 17. 18M. Humphrey M. (Jllnea, of Maneheater. X. H. . a^iignor to John M. fc Mroon I". Stanton, of ?ame place for improve ment in machinery for tilling ?elne needles. Kbmh ? I luMj y. ng-. ni Millwaukle, Win for machine for ?aiving lumber. Patented Jan. 30 1855. Succinic Ckiminamtt.? Jamc* firiffin, n nun about thir'y eight year* of a*e, a red lont ;'or mtnyyear* of the nelghl.orho.Ml of Lewinburg. in thin cunty, but more recently of the rein' : h - >d of Wa-hingt >u. w*< arrested onilu -d*y < n * dir. r<e of raj.e up .-? hi > ?> rn daughter, a very pruty young woman, "f eighteen year*. The d? ught( r wan | rcmatureiy delivered nfac'iiM (which lived only a >w mlnu'e > on tb.' -7th of July last, n:id then di-. lo-ol it* pa'eriuty; but the awf il nature of the outrage wo* concealed, perhaps out of a not improjor sympathy for the daughter, until a lew day* -ince. The tatbrr *a ? trM on ye.- tor. '.ay before I.- j .i ei .-?? I ion and Artu?, the Fumlning Onurt? at thn Instan e of the ac cused. and in compliance with a apodal provision of the Revi-ed Statute* ? *itting with ci -ed .1 ?r?, Ahaut 5 o'clock r M. th.- i oort a-'journod to t hi-' momln t,> hear U.e regaining witneoie*. It wa* evi l?nt from the larxe crowd that hail o. nllnoed around th- ('?? rrt all day, and other i ? > i-iuh.'m, that a popular ? ;tl., ik ?j expected. IV. re :he p. <se < i oBl-ers, with May. On byna at their hen 1, h ..I procee led ti ry yard* with the ac cused t n the way to jail the ..(fleer* were *eiied, m l a de*peiateo' rt oad" to tako the pi L?iner from them ? If, having l?.n ''-veiu.iniHl to drag hi HI to * no pilv.t'e place and en a*eulate him The < tieer* maintatoed th dr ground imly and although pinlol* and knlve* a-ore drawn and violence fe?red, they mi -c?-e tod in making a foot race of if. -nd beat the crnn.S to 'h ? Jail, wh"re they lodged Uie prisoner *af. ly. Th-1 elcl'emout continue.', high during the niclif, altho igh the crowd re'lred Imme diately ftoni thejall; an"1 thi- morning, wo ^lieve. the public genially, in their *ob*r f%:oud th>iugh', are *.itl* lied that the prl*oner wa* kept r ut of th<Tr reach, aaJ are Willing fiv the law to tako Ha eourae. Pie ia>pro?*ion I* gene al lh?t the prisoner la guilty Iho I x.mi.uag tfcuTf Ihl' m'rtilrg efmrnltte"'. htm to thejall, in default of$a ,000 ball. Ill* trial at the Circuit Cour' will . o ne off. probably, in two WWl*.? Mnj/tvilk (.% C.) E*jl, l*f4. 27. il AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our London Correspondence. London, Sept. il, 1853. The Ptac* Question Xo>o ? TV tuU Ar* the ChamM of a StULmenlr ? Kff'ictt uf Ike Will of Stbastcpol on Partj Politic* in En .jlarul ? TKt I'retenl financial Aspncl <\f Che H'or ? '/V Drain of Sprit from th* Hank* o J Knglwt ai.d J-Yanct ? Its Conicqueiwct in lhn/un!urn with the United Stuht. The public mind here h.n nettled down, after the extra ordinary perturbation into which it was thrown by the exciting news oflaat week. The apprehension* awakened bj the obstinate end unexpected resistance olthe earrison at Sebostopol are allayed, and there is not only a convic tion (hut the w. i nil] not bo prolonged, but even that peace is not very fur distant. It in certain that the Allies arc more than sa'isticd by a success far bey<?I Die i r Loj>os, and that they would like nothing betier than to renew negotiation* to-mor" row. The difficulty now will be to induce Hun da to lay down her aims, ai' cr receiving ?o .evore a blo-v ai her cvacual ion of Southern Sebostopol lias entailed uiwm her. To continue the comest with England and France will cost her heavy Mieriticcs, uud her utmost ft.Torta nan in dure her no advantage over thcio. if Mbe ehoo>es to abandon the Orimek, end loll hack within her natural borders, she may, without any great loss in men or ter litory, prolong the war iudetiniudy. Thil might lead to dfrioua consequencos for the Allioi<, for it would likely bring on a general war in Europe, with all i^ incalculable results; and amid the u niver-u' confusion an<l exhaustion that would soon ensue, Kun-ia might recovi : , both In prestige and fact, all that she ha* so fur I it. Napoleon 111. entertains proj' >' aggrandizement for France that war would nablo him to gratify, but still there are rifks that he might prefer avoiding. Ihcre m no doubt that England would gladly make peace, as her interests, both commercial and political, imperiously dictate it. You may see, therefore, from this brief view of iho situa tion of Europe, that all is in suspense. A consultation is, no doubt, going on at this moment amongst the half doxrn men who control the destinies of Europe, as to the best course to be pursued under the circumstances. Nesselrode, Manteufel and Meitcrnbh are unquestionably laying their heads together and deeply revolving upo. a final cour-e of policy, ''^hall we go on," they ..re ashing each other, "year in and year out, il Louis Nupolcen is overthrown, and the middle classes have supplanted the oligarchy in England? Will tuis policy be most tavoiable to iho monarchical piineiple in Europe, or not?" This is the viial Jioint, and you moy depend on it that the celcbr.ued trio have just named will turn it over and over before de ciding, unlets ibeir minds ere al.eady made up. It is protty fafe to infer that, if we do not immediately hear of pence and rumors of peace, war, and nothing but war, is the settled policy of Eastern Europe. Meanwhile, Louis Napoleon and Lord l'almerston and the JYmes aie wailing, watching and discussing amongst themselves. "'What's best to b" dom ??" i, the all im portant query amongst them. "Miall we do all we can to concilia'e Russia, and get out of this war expenditure as last us we can? or shall wo go the ' entire animal ' and snap our fingers at t lie consequences ? Shall we over throw every dynasty in Italy, save that of Sardinia, and put our own men in their places t Shall we put an end t? the intriguers ol tho palace at Madrid, and send an other Bonaparte to manage them, it' ho can. Shall we diswienribfr Austria, and throw Germany into revolution V Shall we hatch a new empire in the I'anubian Principali ties, that will protect our commercial interests in that quarter t Slmll we prop up I'urkey, and be d ? <1 to it, until we can blot it from the map of httropo ? shall we do all this, and more 1" inquire tho last trio I have quoted; " or shan't we?" lhe future of Europe and tho world you perceive, is in the balance, and it must bo cousehng for us lucky Yankees to know that, kick which beam It may, xre can lose nothing, but must gain, if peace comes, but still more if the war goes ou. All the knowing ones here are laughing at the awkward fix into which Mr J. Graham, Gladstone and lord J. Rus sell have got themselves, by turning round, at tho last moment, .ind opposing the very war they had begun. They did this to upset I almerston, and get back into their places. Ihey never dreamt of s'ebastopol being taken before Parliament met again; and In that case they would have ovorthrowu their rival. The fall of Sebistop.il has defeated all their plans, and left them ruined in public estimation. The Timts denounces tb"m, J'tiwh ridicules, and the public blesses them the wrong way. I.et politi cians at home tako warning. 1 could nune some of them who will be worse off than Ulilstonc a year or two hence. The hanks of Ingland and France are beginning t > feel the effects of the drain of specie to support the armies in the Crimea, and are obliged to curtail discounts. It' this goes on. the commercial world will begin to feel it. A tear is entertained here, that instead of gold from New York, you will be 'ending them tiour. whicn, for the pre s?nt, thiy could dispense with. in lluatiical matters, nothing very new. Kenn closes his theatre on the 15th, with tho 1'Jftth performance of "Htnry VIII.," and crowded to the lint. He is the Na poleon of managers. J. R, Anderson is jdayiugwiihgreat iuci-ess at two Loudon theatre. on alternuti* uigUt quite c novelty in i is way. lhe well known Wizard of the North has taken the Lyceum theatre, (where tho Iegerd?main of poor Charles Mathews couldn't save him ) and vast crowds of the curioux of all clasac- nightly con giegate, to be ?? perplexed in the extreme'' by his in om pnrable feats. London has reached her apopeo of dulne.-j. Even Albert Smith has shut up shop, and .Mont Blanc is momentarily lelt at pcace. Col. Seaton, of Washington, is here, and though over sevmty. is rui ning about London with the /e.il auil acti vity ol a young man of twenty. Hewn' to the country house of a Yankee nabob, near Loudon, lately, and bagged a dozen brace of partridges in a few hours. A man must 1 avo -tout leg--, its we.l as editorial experience, to go through such exercise at seventy-two. Mr. Buchanan i- hard at work with Isird Clarendon at an Important negotiation, and though I know the sub ject ol it, 1 must not say a word, ev-u to the Uk.:ai.i>, for I am bound to sccrcsy fir the present. All iu good time. A NEW YORKER. Our Pnvls Correspondence. 1'ak:9, .copt. 13, 1855. Thr Attempted A Mifti nation of the Kmperor ? BtUemare Premounccd a Luna'.ir by a M-iU-al Board on I S nt to liiretri ? Health of the F.mpreft ? The Prtienl Potition of the Jtuttians in northern Sdxutopol I'lUriK'.'tU ? 1'lte K joicings at Parii ? Arrival of Abd-d- Katler ? The Kin/] of Sardinia Prperteil in th> ? French Oxpital ? Dri'.h. if M. Hiiieait ? The Interna' imal Statisli'a ! Congret ?. 1 he last attack on Hcbastopol lias succeeded. The las t attack (in the lite of the Kmporor has failed. In these two sentences 1 run up the new* >,t- the week, the liuto item of wbich line. however, been quite forgotten in th niportance of the former. Of both you will hare full <ie tnils by tbe ordinary channels. 1 only supply such ad dlilonal pa i ticulurs an I apprehend may not 1mm o renchcd you. The "assassin," as he wns in the first instance stylel by the journal*, is now pronounced to be a maniac, a i he in accordingly to be consigned to BIcetro for the rc<t ot his natural life. An American or FjiglUbman will be somewhat astonished to learn that in this nutter no trial nor any other species of public inquiry has taken place the man having been declared a lunatic, after a priva examination by two or three physicians whose intende decision was known before hand. The solicitude shoo by the Fmperor In keeping back the news from the Em press Is accounted foi by the delicate and Interesting state of her health, which is such as to render hot the obit ct "f the gieatest caie. She now but seldom ap pears In putdlc, and It. was remark od with surprise and w ith regret (for her Majesty is deserve Uy popular) t lint flie was unable to a'tend at the V Detim which was per formed to-day at Notre Tame in honor of the taking of PebaitopoL This time theie it no mistake about the matter. This is no rumor from Mucbarest, no romance from the imagi native bruin Of an imaginary Tatar. Dm KaUkoff has I -eon taken by assault, the town has been evacuated by tbe Hunsians and Is n?w In possession of th< allies. All that I* known beyond this Is that a lar^f amount of am munition and artillery has fallen Into the ban Is of the allies, and that nn Anglo-Krench commission has just |,oeu appointed to estimate the m.ue ?.f tbe materials of war wbich the encn.y have left behind. The Russians hare re'lred to tbe north of ?bastopol, where, however, with defective means of warfare, almost without food, and quite without accommodation for their enormous but now dcmorallr.ed army, they will flu J it Impossible ?according to the conviction of the allies ? to maVs any proh nged resistance. You will see from the Eng lish journals (to the bles of whb'li I refer you for details) that Prince GortsckakolT is ex pecbsl to make a hasty retreat from the collection of forts, magv tines and barracks, which are spoken of as the ''north" ot .-ebastopol, and which before Iho commencement of the siege had scarcely any ciitence. Independently of the Infantry and artillery who have boon acting in tbe trenches, and who. by the capture of .-sebastopol will, to a great extent, be left unoccupied, the English have three thousand cavalry, all of whom have served iu India, while the French hare a still greater nuuibe ? of the same '?aim." lhese soldiers have bit her to l-een unoc.-upled. (If we except the affair of the Knglisli at Iklaklara.) and are said to be most anxious to exhibit their proves, so that I'rlnee Gortscbakoff's retreat, if meditated, would !>*? most seriously harrassed, If not rendered impossible. <fn the other hand, if the Kasslans continue for even a few days to occupy Sebaitopol, they will run sn excellent cliattee ot bring starred out and forced to make an unconditional su i render. It In taking Febastopol tbe losa on both sides baa been enoimous. The English alone hare had 2,'KW men killed or wounded. The Trench General speaks of the Kren ?!? losses as ??very considerable," and It ap;*ars from the M' nitrur de V Annie and from telegraphic rae??ages. tho content* of whl*h have not yet been made publicly known, that an unusual number of general ofticers have suffered. Genera) rellsser Is made a Marshal of France, by a decree which appears in to-day's Mmi'eur, and it U ex pectcd that some signal mark of tavorwiii he c onferred en General Bcjuet who led th- assault on the Malakoff and who greatly distinguished him?tii' both at Alum and Ink. i man i*. This m< rnlng. at tbe 7> /Vow, which was colcbraifd at Notre I>me In honor of the victory, the Em per r and a brilliant c*? lege, of general o&i:ers were prevn!. At ton I s . I fi m tbl oalnedral is tiie hosp ??! ... \ ? , p,,, , and while tbe cannon was roating irom the Invalides and the brilliant militaiy procession was entering the place of worship, there was otnetbing suggestive and touching In the abearance of the hundred beads . ?<ku>r from the place of snlTerlng, for If toe tii imph of the m< re fortunate minion* was represented o? the one hand the si.ffeilngs of nine thousand were ?nOlclently indicat ed ob the other, Tb'? afternwn ftatuitoas re^re-enta tiona have been given at a!) the theatrea, which bare consequently been crowded to suffocation.

Abd el-Kadir boa arrival in 1'arla. Die Kingof Sardinia is expected here on *b? 10th, ho that a fr<:?li scries of fitu may be expected. Brnvenulo will have to be substi tuted fur welcome," otherwise the old (laga will do very well for the new occatinn. J. Bineau, late Minister of Finance, died on Satur day. 'ib<* International Statistical Congress Is holding its meeting* under the presidency of the Minister of Agri culture, Commerce and Public Work*. Anions the Ame rican ui< ill ticrH of the Congress arc tlio Hou. Mr. Kennedy, Supeiintenrient of the lute census of the Unitnd States; Mr. (illraan, Secretary to the American Commissioner* of (be I'nWernal Exhibition; Mr. W. W. Maun, and Mr. Geo. : mi.nur. KIGAKt). Our Berlin Cvrrccpondcncc. ? Bkrii.n, Hept. 18, 1855. CcHtrHWP of the fall of ftoattopol in Berlin?Thai Event Onuidtrei tht InaugurCion of a L-nuj European War? /low it WW Aff** Ou Policy of I ha European Co lintts Generally? Craetn Conduct <J A, ulria,? Prussia iitii Still Hold to liar System of .YentralHy ? Preearwiu Health oj Frederick William, and the Prince lin>jal~P, o jceted Ro%al Marri^?The Sound Oucs?lhi Crop * an. I Corn Markets? PrutiW, Alout to Make Large l'urchates in the United Stcdet, etc., tie. litre, as well an In tlio rest of E'irope, and probablfr in Aioeilca, the great events in 'ho Crimea are the theme ul general conversation ami comment. Although looked forward io for the lust twelve moths, tlio fall oi'Sebasto polhas been delayed so long that it has come upon us at last l.y surprise, and the public can hai'dly believe in the reality of a catastrophe which they bad begun to eon (.ider unattainable, lhe partisans of Russia assert that Prince Gortsehakoffand his array will make as desperate a resistance in the northern part of Scbastopol as they did in the south, and thit it will require another pro- j tracted i.iege for the Allien to become masters ot the en tire city ; but the provatlng opinion in that the Mvwco vites w.ll speedily abandon tho north torts, and perhaps the whole of the Crimea, as, after the destruction of the Ueet, arsenal and niarino establishments, which were the chief objects of their solicitude, and which they have defended with such dogged tensity, they have no mo tive to remain shut up in a cul-di-m\ where they run the ri.k of being cut off from all the'r communications and starved into submission. In that ca-e it la not ira po^iblo that the allies will allow them to retreat unmo lested, a an autumn campaign in the interior of the Cri mea presents almost insuperable difficulties, r.nd the pre sumed superiority of the enemy in cavalry would give them the advantage as soon os they e.nergp from the mountainous district into the vast prairie nor'h of Se bustopol. A very few i ays must decide which of these hypotheses is correct; just at present even the comman ders of the two armies may not have come to a final re solution a* respects their future operation1 . which are likely to be influenced in a great measure by political motives. It is a remarkable fact that both Russians and anti Russians agree in the conviction that this event renders the prospects of peace more remote thau ever. At one tinio it was imagined that the fall of SoUstopol would terminate the war, and every fluctuation of the siege had a corresponding etlect upon the money market. Now, on the contrary, the funds have beeu going down evor sinco tho momentous intelligence arrived, from the very natural reflection that the demands of the allies will nse with their success, while it is apprehended U?t Bu?la U not yet fufflciently weakened to surrender at discretion. The fate of Iiurope depends more than ever upon 1-ouis Napoleon- if ho says peace, there will be peace: If not, ihiMlecsoi war will continue their grim career. Ipto the present ir.oment ho has not given evidence ol any pa cific tendency, nor is he likely to neglect so lnvorablc an opportunity lor icalialng the ambitious hopes which he has cherished under tho most adverse , cirjuinstmcca. , Dreaded by his enemies, lookod up to by bis allies, res pected by neutrals, he is now in a r?.,it!?? ?f?n.d, 'i enough to turn tho strongest head, and to jnsttfy the most e- travagant dreams of conquest. Besides, the failure < f a second attempt upon his life has undoubtedly con! rmod him in the idea that he is the chosen instru ment of 1'rovldcnce, and mast not stop short till lie has fulfilled tho mission entrusted to him. and raised trance ocomore to that pinnacle of power from which -he was i hurled by ibe disastrous campaign of 181 'I ho policy of tho other European cabinets cannot rail to 1'0 more or less affoctod by this sudden turn of fortune. Austi in is tiying hard to mske the allies forget ner U.o tergiversations, and the "chivalrous l.mperor, alwa>s faithful to the stronger party, has congratulated Louis Napoleon a second time on the fall or the g.eat Bt s-lan fortress, as he has done once before, by anticipation on the: strength M the i Tartar l om t)n Prussia it has hud a vi<ible effect, she will Hick to 1 er system of neutrality as long as i'^lc- and not having entered Into any engagements with the West ern Powers, tliey have no plausible pretext for urging her to coir.e to a decision. The King'- health has rather improved lately, though subject to occasional relapsos; however he is hufllciemly rccoveied to undertake a j >ur rey to the Rhine, which had been p. stponed t.ne dvr, and which hi si tout on yesterday morning, lis brother up.l heir apparent, the Prince of Prussia, lias wen se riously ill too, ami some people think thst the King, who is not quite two years ills senior, 1' likely to sui tivj- h.m which would be a bitter disappointment to the liberal conservative" party here, who, lor some rcaions be^t known to t hem-elves havo chosen his 1-oyil tlnfhnea. for their especial patron, and expect liiui I . inaugurate a kind of political miltenluui. Th? Princess soo, a young man of four ti.il-twenly. who, like most of bls/amiJy, re joi -es in 1 he name of Frederick Will Urn, is said to be the destined husband or lhe youthful Princess Royal of 1 nalnnd. and is now on a visit to Que n Victoria, at Bal moral. He has probably gone to 1 .ok alter hm intended biide as theie was some tain of young Jerome .Nap >leun, the ei-'-Prince Montagnard,'' having cast an eye upon her, and tho Prussian might well feel apprehensive of teuiR cut out by so formidable a riTal. The difficulty between the I'nited t tales aul Denmark about the Round dues, excites a good deal of attention in lhe political and diplomatic circlos of this capital. There is a report currcm that l'.nssia lias offe-ed her mediation, which has l?en accepted by both parties, and that the t our's Mini tor at UerUnistobe invented with the ne cessary powers to bting this lywsfto itsa/a to an amicable termination; Denmark giving way in principle, but the i'nit'd States consenting to naive their claims till .tic conclusion of the war. wlicn the fVmnd dues can be in cluded In the general settlement, if this rumor should prove corrcct. it will lie another master stroke if Russian diplomacy, binding Denmark to them by the strongest lies of inter est and ? latitude, and cementing the friendly r< latious already existing between them and the I ni ted ' ''^"account of the wot and chingeable weather wo have hud throughout the ivimmf, the crops ot the va iions sorts of grain have lieen deficient in these tery little of the new corn has been brought to market, the farmers are still engaged in harvest work, and as prices huve been constantly rising, they are in n<> hurry to bring their produce to town. Of late years, this m?r ket has been supplying several provinces where the crops failed, or were short. In consequent ) of the facility or water carnage fr- in the eastern districts of I russia l.y the liver Oder and its tributes, as well as by canal, great iinantlties ot' wheat, barley, oats, sc., w^re convey e<1 to this city, where they always commanded a ready sale, In the ttrst place for the consumption of a large metropolis and Its population, and secondly, in con sequence of orders arriving from remote districts. All tlus lias constituted Berlin an Important grain uiirket; but with the extension of business, a race of specula tors has spi ung up who buy and sell bread-stull* on tim - bargains, the same as public tumls and securities are sold on ihe Stock Excliango, to deliver Id one, two, or three mjnths forward, the seller h wing no grain on hand, nor expecting any, and the buve: not intending to rectlve his purchases, but only paying or re eivlng tuo r.iffeiences at the settling day. These sjHvculations, to gether with the short supplies, have contributed to raise the prices artilicislly ; and perceiving the constant move ment upwards, it is not to be wondered at that the far mers keep back their stocks of grain, in expectatlon of still higher quotations. Thus the market is but scantily supplied by land carriage, and although there are ac count* of tolerably large shipments which may be exact ed tier rirer and csnal. these are likewise bought ui y speculators before they arrive at their destination. The latest advices from the e? stern provinces of 1 rns sb mention that wheat, rye and most of the_ othercereals^ T.elci onlv half a crop ; #o there In not much to be looked &r fVom that quarter. It has been reported that govern, ment Intends to purchase at New York and other ports of the I'nited States such quantities of grain as are want ed for the army, the prisons and other governmcnt es tabllshments, which no doubt could be effected at lower rates than in this country'* markets ; but as the sol diers' bread is all baked of the lowest quality of ryo (with mo?t of the bran in it), thequestfon remains whether sufficient quantities of that description of gralu could be purchased In the United States, the hrea-lstnffs grown in America being chiefly wheat an 1 In.lly. corn. Tlie po rulatfon of Prussia snd nearly all Germany are generally fed upon rye, wheaten bread being considered a luxury . a -mall quantity only is baked lor the breakfcst table, and hardly any consumed at other mesls, excepting by a comparatively limited number ot persons, who are not partial to mahogany, and at the hotel, and pu ilic din Mrs. In the meantime both wheat and rye continue to rise to fsuiiue prices, the former being worth from ?J &8 to *o 7ft- the latter >1 80 a bushel. *his Is higher than was ever known, and o(.ena but a poor prosnect for the ?Inter. 1 am abald the sufferings of fhe lower orders will be intense, aggravated as they are by the stagnation of trade and the uncertainty of the future, which pre vent capitalists from investing their money in under takings of public utility, and, in tact, paralyiu the whole labric of socicty. ? , , ,. , lhe cholera Is paying ns its usual annual visit, and though the caaeaare, peihaps, less numero.is than in former years, they are dlstiDguishe?l by their excessive virulence, the number of ca-es being very trilling In comparison to the deaths. Vp to the pres. nt rather mors than a thousand persons have been attacked, of whom near seven hundred have succumbed to the fell disease. Our Madrid Correapoiuloiic e. Msurip, .-'eptemlK>r 7, 1865. rroyrrt* of Prmcrai-y in Spain? Riiki <f (A- Thro -v.? I\nrm e Th' ? Tauti* Clat*et"?X'ut School nf Agri rvHttre TV Loan? CarlitU?A'h-uy: to th' Poj^xm Chol-ra ? frnor AV ula'il'. Print ten or twelve years since in ''pain n .body ever heaid speak of democracy ? r republic, and nobo.ly ex orpt .cme half dof*n. who Were very much advarowl In poli tical therrlring. cverthoughtM tho po- Ibility of creating a democratic party, which the monaichial spirit of the country repelled completely; and the* mrn were looked upon by the rest m tnrbolent (flrlti, and their IdNI u dream* of vMouihi. Those twelve jicui have paused. A miserable tyranny ha* weighed upon the nation, having Its basis la the tlirone, and already that compact and sole opinion for the Ibonarehy has born broken lnta fragment!. Already it is no longer a rldiculoun fancy ? the supp>sition cf the fall moic or less proximate of the throne. Not only do Spaniards write and talk already of the possibility and the expediency of the triumph of the democracy, but thto ntw political gospel, had in the Peninsula it* fervent apostles. It Li worthily represented in the daily pro*s by its organ called the Rational Socarriffnbj, and the halU of the eeattitacnt Cortes have, resounded mora than once v it h bi I Uiant discourses of democratic deputies, expres sing opinions the mo.it wmtrary to the monarchy, spoken without wincing or hesitation before the great majority, which jiolds to tie opposite faith. l'o da* the district* of the country are various where the opinion" of the lepubiic find an echo. The province of Huctcti, a part of Arragon, tjaragossa, Barcelona and Various towns in Catalonia, Valencia, Andalusia, and even the pacific and poor (ialicia may be mentioned. In other pi ounce.', whoie, by th>ir especial circumstances, ly the characteristics Of their inhabitants, or by the greater or leis influence of tho clurgy and royalists, re publican opinions do not find so many partizau*. Xe \ erthfless, it eaiMOt l>e said that they <lo not exist. The great centres ol population, such as Barcelona and Madrid, are whero the question of the republic is particu larly agitated. and where the throne hts most onotnlei. t is true that Madrid ? whore inhabitants aro in great I art employes of the government, tho titled and the rao i ey ajlstocracy,and peaceable traders and shopkeepers ? s not absolutely lor a revolution so violent as would muse the instruction of tbu throne; but it is not leu rue that the numerous poor classes, and the greater I art cf the middling diss, supcrahound in republican it on*, HevenyeaiaiT taxation and pillage, committed under the shadow of the throne, and the scandals and Miles of thut thmne Itself duitng that time ? scamlals end immorality which will live in history? have caused it to lot e great part of it# anciint prestige. It is a mistake to suppose that tho Spain ol' our days is that Spain ?.f the time of its absolute Lings, ita friars and Its Inquisition, although these still have their partisans. ih.s country has learned something by experience, something in the school of Its past adversity; and the proof that the throne la not so undonbtiugly reverenced by the people, that its prestige is fading, is that the Cortes constituent thought it necessary to put the throne to vote and to holster it up by a new declaration or oath in ils lavor. But there were nineteen deputies who dared to vote against the institution, and their vote) stani re corded, and themselves walk and talk and write freely, and nobody makes them afraid. 'What is the signilkation of those associations of Cata lan workmen who-c dissolution the authorities have de cried? Why s i much intimidation? Why so much agi tation of the operatives? We are told that their insur rections arc based on the demand of Idghnr wages; that they are no more than what in Ameri ca Is called a strike. But it Is beyond a doubt that the great mass of the Catslaa operatives is Impelled by democracy or soriulihm. The government is this vc.y day adopting repressive measure) in some pro vinces, roi ause it fears a movement in a democratic seme. This very day the operativo clais in Madrid :igi tatcs and murmurs, and is heard boldly to apostrophize tho throne and denounce the government for its pilicy, which Is not so progressive as they wish. And this very day, in fine, there aro not lacking military chiefs who are in understanding with the democratic loaders and the de puties of thin faith. Tho democrats of Madrid wished to b irn 'he concordat and the effigy of the Pope In the streets of the city, not only because of tho feeling tovards His Holiness, but abo to manifest their discontent with the moderation of the government on that question. They demand that tho nation shonld be respected, and not made tho plaything of the Roman fee. They demand that it should go for waid. and not stand still ; and it is cer'ain that the dr. niccmcy, fortifying itself little by little as it goes on, will finish by producing a revolution whose resul . may be the downfall of that thione already rotten enough, I will not say that their triumph will bo lasting; but you may he sure that, in this matter now, '"the present is pregnant of the future." The Cabinet is giving -ome signs of life ? stirring gen tly. '1 he Minister of Finance has presented various de crees in which he proposes the suppression of various of fices. Considerable sums have boon distributed also fir public works. At the end of last March tho passive classes, as they are called, or those who enjoy a salary or a pension from tho treasury without being in actual service, civil or military, amounted to the number of fifty-two thousand and fifty-one persons, and their monthly pay amounted to 13,206,^21 reals veilon, or ($810, Ml. 05-100) more than six hundred and ten thousand dollars. A new school of agriculture has just been established at a country house and farm of Queen Isabel. The loan of 111, 000,000 Is being taken up voluntarily, with a good deal better result than was anticipated. It was predicted that nobody would cone up to the rail of the government of their own accord, and that the whole loan would have to be forced in the form of an impost. Half, at least, will be taken voluntarily. J he Carlists continue to bo active and bold in Catalonia and among 1ho Pyrenees, but the persecution tbev sutler does not allow them to thrive, and they are obliged to bury themselves among tho rocks of the mountains and in the forests, or fall Into tho hands of thn troops mid the militia. Their efforts break to fragments against th" sen timent oi the country ? which, taught liy a -aJ experience, abhors the Idea of a civil war, and the brigandage of past factions. it teems that the Pope is preparing a solemn answer the meuioiandum of the Spanish government. People It Madrid advise hitn to wii'e it in Italian, because his l atin has b?n I luglied ut by the graduates of Salamanca an 1 Modtid, and he ought to proceed carefully, else his dis charge of spiritual thunder may come out at the breach and not at ihe muzzle. The cholera i-i generally diminishing, but it has left Whole towns without inhabitants. When this letter reaches you S*flor Escalante, tho new Spanish ropre: cntatlve, will have arrived at Washington. Nobody in Spain expect* anything will happen in conse qucccc. C1D. Msdbid, ?ept. 14, 1855. TV Cnlinri Waling fyi ? The Hoard of Admiralty ? Ihr Loan ? Th> floating IkU ? The Ilorne Interest ? The Sal of National Property ? TV Democrats? The Queen in !h - fhmily Way ? Hipartero Sick ? Ch'ltra ? Carl iris, <?c. if J H e Cabinet is getting itself out of the natural indolence and apathy which characterize it. Some few decree* of pt.bllc utility and material reforms have been issue.], al though nothing comparable with the needs i.l the country, which Is prostiate in its energies ? rather from lack of government than lack of means. A decree hag been published of considerable importance, concerning the navy, reestablishing the old Board of Ad miralty, under whose direction the nary may jmrhajn re gain some of it* old splendor. The stupidity and folly of bygoue governments have made this loard of tho public service a by-word. To such a point have they risen that we have many times seen at the brad of the nary, as Minister of Marine, poets and 1 by inciters, Lawyers, journalists, or literary gentle men of ?< ry mediocre ability ? persons who havo never been afloat and knew nothing of tar aud cordage but the nones. It was time to givo a glance of intell'genec and true protection to < nr maritime affairs, and we are .-onfl ilent that the now Board of Admiralty will Institute re forms nnd improvements and inspire new life into the Spnoi'-h navy. Ibis board is composed nf seven Generals, [it will be re membered that instead of Admirals, Commodore*, Ac., the higher officers of the navr, in Spain, arc called <;pu? nils of Mailne, Brigadiers of Marlne.sc.,] thres Briga diers, sud one Chief of Bureau of the Navy. The Minister of the Navy is the President of the Board. This hoard will dedicate iteelf exclusively and inces santly to the improvement and increase of the navy in every form. The loan of the two hundred nnd thirty millions of res Is Is being taken up voluntarily, better than was expected. All em! v one hundred and forty-five millions ha e been subscribed, or about $7,260,000, and the prospect now is that It will perhaps beunneressaryto force any part of it. The floating debt, or debt not fnndeJ, amounted on the first of this mouth to $:'.0,302,lflfl 86. The government owns altogether 212 full horses, 189 of Spanish blood, 4 Arabians, 4 I ngiish lull blooded, and 15 (<crman. Ihe^e horses are distributed In 28 districts, and f etve to bre? d from 87 792 mares. This is th* provision made for mounting the Spanish c.ivnlry . and improving the race of horses in the penin sula. and it mnst be allowed that this arm of tho Span ish rervloe Is well attended to. The sale of national lands, or the prodnc's of tbe late law of release froni mortmain, proceeds with rapidity and give* excellent results. By the end of the year it is calculated that there will have been sold property to the amount of some twenty n.iliions of dollars, hut only twenty per cent of It is payable the first year, according to the terms of the law. The d( raocratic movement goe? on. The 0[>erativM of Madrid have addressed a memorial to those of Barcelona ar.d those ol Spain in general, inviting them to form a petition to be presented to the Cortes for the concession of the right of free association. It is believed to lie a fact that tbe Queen ii In the ft mily way? and it is said that the Court will >-etorn to Madrid by tbe 20th Inst. (ierersil Espartero has been quite ill, and better again, and at the last accounts worse. It seems he Is suffering tr> ro nn intermittent fever. ( lioltra continues to decline. The Carllsts are constantly pursued by the Queen's troopn snd the militia, but thev on<tantly reappear with a decision and a devotion worthy of a better cause. No thing fights better than religious fanaticism and i*no rnfcce. So long as the clergy can maintain the bands there will not fall to be fonnd In Spain fools enough to fight tor them, and for the pleasure of being themselves shot at list. !-pain goo* on in her slow way on the road of progress, anc nobody has any right to quarrel with her for being Spain. *? 01 The Irish Element In ?*? Unite* Mates-The Hopesof Bassla. [Prom the London Tim*, wpt. 12.J Tho time which muiit o?c*fiuirtljr ?top*' !)??? r* ceive ft.ll intelligence of the great events In the Crimea gives leisure to Tnooire Into many tbmgs which, though Important, were ofr minor interest as long aethe honor and even iho future safety of the empire were In sus nense The greatness of Rigiand must depend on her own exertions and the proof she gives of power and of the determination to use it In defince of the principles adopted by tbe government and the people. Vet the fee ling* of other communities, and their views respecting our moilvts and policy, cannot be unimportant to a na Men which more than anr other is universal la Its rela tlotis nnd may find friends or ffiee in ever; quarter of ?he giobe. Ihe new association formed hy the un<iniet |rj.)i emigrants in the t'nited States, and the tirade sgainst 1 ngland which farms the staple of the nominlt tee's sddiess, would of thems?lve< hardly excite notice w tbi? country, where we a n full / aware of what Iriah j combination Is likely to K|ialieI and what ii uiulljr tils result of this tumid MOqaence. But the fueling with * hi eh the birth of the bow society hai been received in Amei ica is a mafer of interest; and many who lamented or wore irritatcu by the anllj>athy to England disclosed of late will be surprised on reading the lemarks of the moat widely circulated newspaper in the states, and re joice to observe that, though no strong affection for the mother country is Uiplajed, yet the d.'signs of theae vaio and noisy enemies are appreciated with common sense, and justice rendered, perhaps somewhat unwillingly, tr? the .-acriiices ot thin country for humanity and civilim ? tion. The association haa been formed by the Irishmen of' Massachusetts, and its " Great Stale Convention" duly met, attended by delegate* of flfty-flve towns. A " plat form," or series of resolutions, was adopted, aM, haT" ing thus determined what wan to be done, the delegatos Issued an address, exhorting the Irish of tlie states to aid in its execution. The precise objeot* of the society are not stated: that it has in view the liberty of its na tive land, on which the band of the oppressor is heavy; that the good time of England's difficulty haa arrived, and with it Ireland's opportunity? and that the Irish nation is to be rained up to be a glory to humanity, are matters of course, but are hardly sufficient to distin guish it definite); fn m the associations, national, provin cial, civic, and parochial, to which Irish patriotism has ; iven birth ?i liin ihe last few years. The " platform" contains three resolutions, with the first of which we heartily concur. Irishmen are desired ?' to unite in a bond ot union, forgetting the causes of past dissension and bitterne-s." Should this desirable harmony arrive, we shall rejoice, although in the opinion<of its promoters it is to give " that opportunity for which our fathers pray ? d. and wanting which they suirered glorious martyrdom." t is then resolved, secondly, that the co operation ol" all' other societies already formed is cordially invited; and, thirdly, that a convention shall meet in New York for ho purpose of carrying a united system of action hrovgh the Union ana the colonies, and to adopt an ad less to the Irish in Ireland, assuring them that their 1 rethren in America are < up and doing." Where prac tical resolutions define so little, it may bs expected that the address, no doubt intrusted to some flory genius, will soar still higher above details. There Is nothing lit it that has not often been beard before. Irishmen are to remember l.imerick ? to remember Skull and Sklbbereen. Fresh disasters, distress and difficulties press on their In veterate foe. The moment is propitious ? the means are in their hands. 'I lie Irish peasant spurns the ''Saxon shilling" which is to turn him into a recruit, and "waits impatiently for the moment when the trumpet of insur rection shall summon him to the rebels' camp." There is only one piece of practical advice in the whole docu ment, and it has probably been derived from the teach ings of experience. Subscribers in each locality are re commendtd to choose responsible men as their trea surers,- and to keep exact accounts of the money paid In. It may seem by no means wonderful that a people so discerning as the Americans should fail to be deluded by such empty demonstrations; yet a to v years ago the " Emigrant Irishmen of Massachusetts " would have re ceived the confidence of a large party and inspired sym pathy among many who doubted their prudence and their prospects of success. The real political power wielded by one extraordinary man, and gained by appeals to the passions of the ignorant, led even a community which sneaks our language and knows ho much of us to believe that Irish combinations must alwuys be tenible to Eng land. At the same time, whatever was real in the griev ances of Ireland was exaggerated to excite the repablicai? sympathies, while its fancied woes were made popularly interesting by orations intended only to extort a place, and melodies written to bo admired in London drawing rooms. An Irish party in the States had enough show of reason to obtain the good will of toe people, and enough semblance of power to com mand the courtesy of politicians. At all tunes, however, it has appeared to Europe more powerfu 1 than was really tho esse. Its members, endowed, like so intny of their countrymen, with a certain amount of literary talents, became all over tho union the editors, the reviewers, the magazine writers of extreme democracy. Their attack# on England were continual and violent, and, as violent attacks are always int creating to the subjects of them, these articles were duly transcribed in tho English jour nals and the prefaces of English travellers. They repre sented America to Europe, and even in some dcx -ec to Americans themselves, who, with that terror of tat pub lic peculiar to the Slates, hardly dared to refuse accord ance to what seemed so universal a sentiment. However, famine wasted Ireland, and her peoplo threw themselves by my myriads on the American shores; and not only the people came, but their alleged leaders ? those leaders Whose names were supposed to be a terror to England and a watchword of hope for their downtrodden land. Hoy they were greeted we know. Presidents hastened to do them honor, corporations received them, and they received corporations. The fair sex was con spicuous in enthusiasm. Locks of bair rewarded a fa vored few, hundreds more had to be content with the patriot's autograph. But a great change was soon to take place. The exiles spoke, wrote, displayed their tolly and malevolence, were detected, disgraced, and forgotten. Two millions of Irish stood on American ground. They were titrcng uiuugh to influence every net of tho Union, and by an abuse of the clLzeusbip ? which is, perhaps, too readily granted? they soon made their povcr felt. Fducated Americans pay that their power has not been exerted on the side of humanity and liberty. The church of Hi mo has raise i" its views, relying on tho numbers an<l obedience of Its votaries. Slavery has been supported in a manner Utile cot ? intent with the cliaracter of men who speak of having tied from oppression. The party callcil ' Know Nothings" is the result, and thousands who do tot openly join in the exclusive views ot tho native Americans, yet sympathize with the feeling* which have led to 'heir combination. The Nsw Voita Hkuam> some j ears since would ha c been eager to support the Massa ihu^etts Irishmen merely because they were opposed to 1 ngland; now tugfond receives a tribute of approbation ecause those who Imeigh against and threaten her are rut L men. We believe that It is beyond a doubt that the Russian government ba- hod its hopes greatly roused t?y the real t r seeming sympathy of America, and of this I riih ele ment in paiticular. Although the Americans have little commerce with the llaltic, something was expected frotn the possible attempts ol their traders to break the block ade, which might end In some casualty, and lead to in ciea>ed 11 will towards the allies. The Americans might he supposed to argue that, they did not care for our old "jus ffliKusi," to which they had never subscribed, and that Ihey would go where they like. This hope was not unreasonable, yet it haa lieen disappointed. But morr'stravpt it thf wm rktri*hs<l by the I'll- ( 'ear, and tail to be shard in by his mrteitor, thai an actual rising could be rffrctfi in Ireland through th>: medium t>f the emigrant* in America. The scheme, it appears, has been enter tained by *be Rus-ian Cabinet, and endeavors have been made to carry it into execution. The fact shows how inaccurate is the knowledge which even a well-informed and subtle government has of tho state and institutions of this kingdom. From the now convention and its committee the Ciar can hope little, and we believe that even such dislike as exists among Americans towards the present alliance and its acts la fartooweakto produce any practical effects. Putting aside the old fcel.ng again* England, the positive sym pathy for Uusaia rests only on some supposed analogies between her position and their own. Russia is a new country; she is a great one. and will be greater; ahe has nn Immense territory which she is peopling, while popu late n in Western Europe is stationary or actually decreases. She has a decaying State on her south ern boundary, of which she has taken much and wants more. A few year* ago the Americans selzed^a province of their weak neighbor; an alliance of France and Eng land was prr je 'ted. which, if carried out, would have involved the Uuleft in a long and dangerous struggle. The Russian* < ccupied a similar!) si lusted territory; the alliance was completed, is most powerful, and may lost to interfere in the affairs of a trans- Atlantic Turkey. We believe such Mens as these influence a large class of American politicians. but they are obviously too imngin ary to be the cause of more than pamphlets And oration*. Russia may be sure that we have not a Poland at our side, nor an earnest enemy in the great community we have founded. Awfnl Conflagration M Fort H ml lit, Ark* ?.*>0,0410 Worth of Property Deetrojred. [From the Kort Smith, (Ark.,) Herald Kxtra, Sept. 8. J fin Thursday night, dth instant, ?t about 10>; o'clock, our city ??? vlailfil by a rery destructive fire, laying nearly one whole block In ashes. The tire waa discover e<i in seme stacl.s of fodder in the alley near Garrison avenue, between Orark and Washington streets. The tire soon communicated to the warehouse of Mr. R. Osrnikon , and the building* around being all frame, the fire spread With rapidity, burning down the large build ing coot aiiiing the dwelling and grocery of Glotlieb Bol linger, the tailor shop and dwelling of John P. Hang, and the store of Levi & Co., thence spreading nn Garrison avenue, burning down the store of Mr. Bollinger, the grocery of Krancif ?odlna, and the silversmith shop of f. Marchiind; then crossing the alley, caught the store of .l ,?ejih Eberle, in which was the Post office; thence up the street, burning the brick store of Mr. J. Striker, oc cupied by Messrs. Brooke k Latham, end two stores be longing to Mr. K. Crarnikow, and the law office of Messrs. Cuvsl a King. A few of the good.? belonging to Bollinger, Ilaag k Levi were renioi ed to the street, but caught Are and were nearly consumed. Br< i.ke k Latham, Eberle k Oiuirnl kow succeeded In saving a pert of their good". The flr* burned down ell the warehouses in the rear >f the stores on Garrison avenue, and by the exertions of our cit Irene the ftte waa puvened from spreading in that direction, and the new brick store of Mr. H. 0. llieken, on the cor ner of Garrison avenue and Washington street, was pre st rred. which stayed the (lame* in tnat direction. the large frame store occupied by M?-s?r?. I'ennywitt k Co., belonging to John Gardner, on Washington street, was prevented from taking 8re by great etertlon on the Brt of onr citiiens, and perhaps much is owing to its ing covered with tire proof paint. ThU building stands immediately opposite the large brick block, occupied by Geo. T. Griffith, druggist, button, Griffith k Spring, aaSr hants, and Bennltt* Walton, merchants. Also, It stauds near the large brick block, and on the amc side of the street, occupied by Spring k Clark, law ? ere; Dri. Bum ford k Shumard; Johnson k Harlan, Mer chants; J. Bat tirsby, Jeweler; and Willb.m H. Rogers k Co., merchants. The last named building was in imml nent danger several times, and had the frame s'ore tilrm fre it would have been saved with great difficulty. In the meant line the Are spread from Caarnikow's warclx use, where the Are caught from the staoka of bid der, snd caught a dwelling house belonging to ' sarnikow, thence to the stable ?>f tlie fit. fliarles hotel, thence to the confectioner y of C. Cumnaguion. thence to the groce ry store of M. Henry, burn log all 'he bull lings to the ground. It waa with the utmost difficulty the tire waa I'M rented fun, rjossing Orark street. Ibe house ot Charles A. Btrtiie, opposite, was on fire two or three times, and the house of Anton Nei?* U u also very rear taking Art-; the turpentine was drawn oat of both these house* by Ibe beat. The St. Chart?, occupied by J. K . McKentie. was saved with great diffi -tilty and mueli exertion. It was on fire two or three times. Hie furniture wss all removed from the house into the street. The Si. Charles, and the grocery store of Mr. Henry, *Hch was bnrr.nl down. * re owned by ?lr. Asa f lark. Mr. Benrv mred a portion of his goods, but lost about ?*_> (?on in btdw. The danger of the adjoining block from the oonflagra tlon wss si;cli that Msssrs. Weaver V Qneionbuary re moved their go? d?; also Messrs. M. Meyers k Brothers were removing good* from their st >re, a* all tore tearful that the entire hloeh would be destroy* I. And a great many other* ?'is moving go *i> ? but It is impossible for u? to give a thorough detail at this time.