Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1855 Page 2
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IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. Abdication of President Carrera, and his Manifesto on the Occasion. Adhesion of tbe Garrison to the Ayutla Platform. The Cebatlo Tariff Kerf orrd -Sew Coroner, rial Provided. Ad., &c., &o. We have received late t'-lo.-i of the rrait & Union and ntfcer Mexican (apers. From th'-m wc translate the manifesto by which the President ad interim, General Oarrera, made known the surrouder of his post. It is m follows MAKT1M CAMREBA TO HIS COrNTRYMEN. In dhrteting myself of tho l*vetdd?noy of the repnblio ? deem it my duty to present an idea of the motives which have forced me theie.o. au.l .o prr ent at the -,am? time an idea ot th. acta of my administration. As you are aware, I was, in consequence of the politi eel movement effected in the capital on tho 13th of last month (A'igiist,) naired Prestdont on the 14th, and took the oath of on the 15th. Well-meaning person* ?obtained me in the idea that this act would, without any violence, direct to a Ci minun centre tho interest* of the revolution, aud those interests which, without being op posed to it, wore not acTertboWufi comprised therein grave interests, since they constitute a considerable part utlnat which torms our society. Horn ) persons took the hberty oi indica ling that it was not intoiests, but politi cal passions, which it was nccessary to commingle and contour d, pretending that that which should disappear ?na that which eame to be regenerated, formed l>y tneir accord an imiueible obstae'e to the devolopmcut of the revolution, tor my part, 1 could never become con ?in cod ol that, and 1 Hold to the beliel Unit If any thing is J? be done for the common profit, if wo ought to strive for anything which does not compromise the independence of the country, it ought to on tho basis of that fusiun of sentiments and interests. As it was necessity for tbe realization of an object so mportant ? of ilie only object. so to speak, which influ enced me ? that I should have the cousent and co-opera tion ot the chiefs of tho revolutionary forces, I invited them to meet at Dolores, expressing my willingness to conform to their pleasure ami with so much candor of purprse, liiat iu the very words ol my invitation I said thai "tiiey might not iu any way take my individuality wto account." 1 have n- ver been ambitious. 1 knew my incapacity, and I had weighed the circumstances. But 1 was ai mated by a puro intention, that, namely of re nulling tho elements of the society which were di? perseii vil leutly; and of warding off tho evils resulting Item a change, in which a multitude thought they h id wrongs tn avenge. ! was at the same time animated by A firm i evolution, which would have beeu carried out if I anJ not met so much coldness among some, and a posi tive resistance atuoi.g many others. .Some d? narlinents Terjtved my idea, and recognized the government estab lished at Mexico, others did so oiilv by half, cornpli ca ipg affairs; i-.nd at length the chiefs of the e.-rly rcvo tuiii nary force# refused my invitation, binding them selves to the decision <,f 11, s Excellency, <..-uerul .'uan tl'uda.reidy, asi.houU have done, applied to that chief t.y no^ee, and by commissioners ot whom he eon d entertain no suspicion. Alter the lapse of such a lai;lh ot time, 1 l ave ai yet had no otiicial response, and the i manifest ill will contained iu p-iva'.o lotters which ?e lias ad tressed to me and addressed te others, force tne to believe that h? will not support the combination which I proposed to htni, and whic'i I consider proper for the *ke ot the revolution ; t.-??l'. if, as I desire, it would pro mice taluiary and durabl - fruits. in tl-e meantime the necessities or my government were Increasing, and the ?o.*ans ol supporting it had been exliaustol. Every ene comprehends more or 1 ss, that public administration cannot be sustained a single d.-y without resources, rho J, est government, a you are all aware, left an empty treasury. Jly position, it. elf transitory, was still more ???' .VtuJr bf5*"fe ,J" "n,! side a" opposition which I am not afraid to pronounce bystematij, was made to me, and because on the other side, no person, on account, or my exceptional position, couJd ai me with pecuniary It i em. lined to me ' n!y to seek funds by means of iMierouH coutracth. but I b*.vo bceu aiwayi resolved not UIV j've my -ell in that way. ?od gI ant that those ? bo succeed mo may have the same conviction and may avoid hi bottomluts a'iyss which opem- under the toetof him who makes 'lie step In that direction. As to my cour ec ? poluy I veuture to affirm that it has Meu in contonolty with the revolution. I have dispersed the cletieut- which could long oppos. it, thus providing tnat i?tl< clion and patriousm should preside over the eourens and over tl.o rosolulion which migh be deUni "vely taken. I have opened the piison doors of tho-e who were confined lot puUtioal ?,ff?ncc4; I have restored totheir families th<Wo who had been far frmn their neri tn stones; 1 have permitted the most absolute ljee d?m of the press, well knowing, nevertheless, that 1 ?soild be i'ii first Victim: I hive abolished tb.> bat bar jus conspiracy law. which cast to the ground individual irnar f' s, 1 have also obolished that lew wliteii scandalously t'ft unpurlsh.'d .-peculating einphyes; I hav ? restored to tbclr oilices those whom the former administration had violently deprive I of them ; 1 hav.' published tne act of convocation for the a?--emMy of a constituent Congre-s which is the paramount idea of th" plan of Ayutla; nod to guarantee projer el. cti. n, 1 have ai tho'e points which successively tecognlzml the g veru.n' nt, potiti al autiibrities Meitgin'r t ntiioly to tho revolution: aud I have pan iculaily taken "are to separate i?)litical com mand frem military c. rninand. Tliat which 1 have not d me, is ot !y that which mlffht be delertfd till i? might be .l/in?' the liottor, <? th ? : whteh evidently placed 'ho vi-ry levolulim at st:ife with it own well calculated interests ind with the public repose at least o I have sincerely ;.nden.too<i it. 1 have, there fore, given myself entirely to th ? r*v?lution as respects ita objects, and cntm ly to the nation as resppjts Its in terests. But, Levertheles , and the contrary. It is judged " at 1 am an obstae'o in tbe wiy , and so, laitli ful to my premise to retire as soon as 1 should perceive that to be the case. I n->w lay down ill command. jJeiicans, in withdrawing from the I lesi iency and ITcm all poll Ileal inflttenee, f that yen will render i m? t'ie justice to acknowledge tint, p -cording to my 1 promise. I bave not caused a tear to flow: that, tar f'oin interposing an Impediment .to the revolution I leave the j aplieie of it enlarged; that 1 have not created in any of Hie branches of public admh i-tration, either embarrass miDtor interests which might render the path of my ?uecessnr more difficult; that I have left intact the saen>d Uenont c< n;ide<l to me. without having, f>r the purpose, either vexed or op(ire-"ed anyone: and that, iu One, 1 lia>e lulUlkd mv ptomlse to retire as so>m as ^t would be nr longer possible for me to conciliate the g.'.-usral wit! in mvtavor. Ihere aro for nations solemn epochs, in which the greatest captcitif # are utterly powerless, and in which nations can only lie sared by the co-operation of ?n cntue | eople at the same time that they are particu larly aideo by |'roviden:e. It is through one of th?se epochs that tbe unhappy republic of Mexico is this day pajwirjj. 3 i'ubhc order and tranquility aro contidcd to the brave ?uid home, able <;?neral-(n Ct.iet, Ihunulo Kla* de la Veja. Governor oi the lHstrlct and Commandtut With jovraid and that of the garrl-ou ? for 1 believe you unit ?1? they will be pieseived intact. I hope it will be s-> for your una >aki aud for your own honor, and because in uus manner you can, without alarm for tho future de mote yours. Ives, (on.o to your bu-iuess. others to the de finitive organization of this unhappj country, and all to contribute tutu credit, its liberty, and its greatnew M?ion, Sept. 12. 1836. MAIUIN CAUKUIA. Tlie 7rni' d'l'nion, in c immenting on tills act, says: The fore-een retirement of fieitoral Carrera has sur prised no "ne. The art of adhe i n of the garrison to the plan of Ayutla unaltered, has i aused m -re sensation because It was less expected, and heej?'i "lt has more important conseijnences. We did indeed consider \r. Carrera's attainment to power as a relative pledge of order aid ot tranijuilfly. To our view tho danger lay In m imminent ruptuir between the people and the artnv. Uy the very circumstance of his nomination, by his charac ter by his position, the I're iden' it'l interim seemed to us as a neces-ary mediator l>ctwe?n the two elements of disorder; we therefore feared? ar.d many partook of our apprehension ?? ? that his separation from powei would heci me the signal of strife. The act of adheH|..n of the gati. -on to t tie plan of Ayutla has removed all our ?ppr< hen-ion.i. Ah one of our "onfrerrs says, there Is no longer even a pretext for division, ^oldieis and citizens proehtim the same principle. Poubts still remained, hut they ate ex) la ine 1 frankly, covdially. Mutual confidence tt es aoitshed. l et it but continue, and the revolution will 1 ave made an immense step in the way of order and ? re-organiiiition. Jf we may rely on certain rumors, tins result so desirable, was at one time in much danirer. The plan iif Sun I u is bad warm partisan* among the eht?s of the garrison. It was a question once whether it should not be proclaimed, but grave considerations pre VMle.!. The adoption ofthe plan of Sen Lots would.havo J>e*n civil war. The proclamrttion of the plan of Ayutla u is i long stride In the thorny and difficult path o! union and i or.cord. -??. P1 "?'-?ation by the garrison of the capital Is a terrible blow for the San l.uis movement. We expect Jiat Mr. ilaro ti left nowhere. There are very contra LUm"'H I" the result ofthe hostilities ro.-'iifst Is tl,e ^""ps ofMeisrs. tlnrza snd Vamdt. It fitHstii.n ^ ?f "P'0** arrived this morning, and the tin' 1 ? n1 * new has he brought? Some pretend rubers ,hC "f k'r. Vldaurrli' foroes; doi! all tfc?n;,,n that nicorling to his re to the > ' r , cnernl 1'arrodi have erosse.1 over Mnder. ,L 7*' ^n'' "'?? "le part of the wunt of combatenlr "Hn l4,U th* htt" c<*?rd for However things may turn out. f.'eneral de Ia Veui b'v tCU' h,"f "f ,Vhe,wliote '?3SSLi in vt: Hson e? 'h,. K^'ofSe umb-'r* "j, J""1 ^ ."r. . S I,,1! m*J theretore. act without fear and ble evi'no |e , i ?i'r ) T ^ . aecnjiag to the lauda elple Ofthe r.vl' A0lni'Il5,r,',W ' luu*ppl,ed 'he prin li V. t? i . '""r ???'? eourageously in J, del,,, t . k ' ?' ? biefof the I'istrlct will not r?< a,m .i aeeoiaing to hi . v-w. is, dispositions to VN1" "tuaiion and public opinion ?Wi,',"^n,f""nthe tr"k d'ln*"n' that on the re "I 'I e aCV (!* '* Vr"a ?f official notification bhal In 1 11 ' ""sident Carrera, the former asscui Imfart ^ ehM' ?" information, and to require them to ^m-Chlef, his functions, which ii?g iialorally wilh the ' ' ? ' ' ' ' Ao'u"t '**'? Pn''' de I. Veg, -engraM.ln>,,^, j"*l/,;T, rnr'V,nt litm and dignified oondua whl*' ^ t' ? *rmjr ol, i,h'' ?a lngthesh..rt adminis ratem 1 ' ^ resist ,ng alike ni'naces and e-> I, ' *rr,,ra> the hope of seeing tbeni prr-erve th: ^ ' attitude. ? e at.l honorable niinie a new emanated fron f?en. Jo.^e Mnrf? in *jidj oi the cafitsi, tliaU. J Uvn. ?!? )? v g th?r .jj ppioiun which ho bad conceived or their respective corps, and declared that the chiefe of the sune corps had al ready muds to tho nation a manifesto, couched In then* terms: ? Ihethlefsof the Corps which Compose the Garrison of Mexico to their lello f-Utizenn: ? V o, chiefs ul the ccrps composing the garrison of this capital, > 01 m it cur duty to munifeat in a loyal manner to uur fellow citizens what are the principle!! which have I'UHtni, and which will guide, uur conduct In the present circumstance*. AVha'ever inay have Ixen the facts which have brought about Iho prennt. situation, v.e, a* fcoldiorB, rccognise only ik strict ubligutiou to obey tho government which the nation choose* to adopt. Iu the same way that we have sustained his Excellency Gen. Martin Carrera. w? will sustain the Gcneruliu thief who is to-day at the head of the army; and we will alto sustain the President wb<> ? ill be chosen by tbo Junta of representiuivea which will en aimte from the n volution. Our military duty i* to preeerve the publie order, so that the j, upie, legitimately represented. may form the cor utilutlon which Hill best suit the principles of the republic. Anxious to dissipate the error into which the people have fallen, and of levelling the injurious imputation made upon us, in regarding the gun iion of Mexico a- a reacthcary element, we, the undersigned, make this frnr.k and sincere n.anifcstath n of the seutimeuts which animate us, and of the resolution which we have wain tu in d ai d do maintain tp contributu to the safety of the country. (Mgned by all Ihe chief oHicers of the garrison.) Mexico, tept. l'l, 1846. After having lead 'his document, General Uhando a-ked its insertion on the minutes of tlie meeting, as the concise and faithful expression of the ideas il the gar rison. On a new invitation of General de le Vega to proceed to the nomination of a new General-in-Chief, Colonel I'einetiio thaiero proposed that tho election should take place vita i we, and so (.enorul Vega was immediately acclaimed and recognized us General- in Chief of the gu - n-on of the capital. The foregoing manifest of the officers was extensively placarded on tho walls of the city. To the pure pro gressists, however, there was some ambiguity in its terms; and so a committee waited upon Genoral de la Vigil to ask explanations. He assured thetn, for him self and the olfiecrs of the gar rison that they deemed tho plan' of Ayut'u the most acceptable in present :ircum itunces, ami were resolved to observe it and to sustain it in all its parts. Tho committee having also expressed its pi efercneo for General Jose V. Miuon, as Governor of the district. General Vega promised to nominate him. General de la Vega in assuming llio responsibility de volved upon him liy the retirement of I'residcut Carrera, issued the billowing PROCLAMATION. The eitiien Rotnulo Liaz de la. Vega, General of Division and General-iu-chief of the foiees ot tho district of Mexi co, to his fellow-citizens : ? His Kxcelieney General Martin Carrera having re nounced the Presidency of the republic, and thus given a new proof of dinntoiostedness and patriotism, I find my sell ? after having had the honor ot being proclaimed by the people of the garrison chief of the movement of the lUtli ot August, in favor ol' the plan of Ayutla? charge I with the duty el preserving public order and guarantee ing the riphtj of property uuiil the chiefs of the revolu tion come to create a government and to put an end to the heiidlors condition in which the nation is now found. To fulfil this sacred duty 1 reckon npon tlie co-opera tion of the loyal troops which ganison this capital, and who are disposed to obey the national will, In never being converted into an instrument of unarchy. I also reckon upon tho wisdom and the morality of tho people, who have given in these critical moments so many proofs of patri otism and love of order. I'ellow-cltizens, as a soldier of the republic, I will fulfil tho duty which circumstances impose upon mo: an I all my eflorts will tend to v. aid off rtc # disinters and to de liter up the capital, trail j nil ami intact, to the chiefs of the revolution, who are to-day the only hope of the country. 1 afliiui to you thai your liberty is assured ? that per sonal rights will be respected ? that property has nothing to fear, and that I will spare no effort iu favor of your tranquility and of your well being. To attain this patriotic object, to guard %ga(nst fresh obstacle** to tho revolution, and to facilitate the work of regeneration which tho country expects, 1 reckon upon your corporation. Your fellow citizen, ROM1JLO DIAZ J)L" I.A VEGA. We learn firm the Trait d' Union, that by an order of the liith September, Gen. Vega, deeming his first duty under existing circumstuncos, to bo to preserve public order, by lemovinjj; every m'.tivo or pretext of attacking it, and apprehensive that the anniversary of the national tudepcus'ence J'ilft might be sullied by some reprehensible acta, hud, in virtue of the i>owere vested lu him by Ihe plan of Ayutla, commanded that the celebration of the national solemnities of l&th^nd lttih September, should be postponed until after 1bO instalment of tho govern ment, which 1s to rmrnatc tiom that plan. Hut several members of ti e patriotic committee having gone to tho G"iicial in-Chief, and given Mm positive a1 tirancc in rc--l gwd to the orderly spirit and pacltic lutontious of the population, the onlor Ji ad been revoked. .The files were, therefore, to ha\o taken place on those dayr The plan of Aj ullii i w hi -h we pnbli bed yeMoVday, in n> i xion with an cditoiial article), provides for the re vtabllsliincnt .it the tariff of Cebaflos, enacted July 24, which is as follows; ? Miguel Mn tin de Arca'ato, retired eolooel and governor of the federal district, to all its inhabitants, to-wit: That, fi ctn (ho lie j artnient of the Treasury has been addressed to me the tolt< wing decree:? llii I xcelltecy the I'residen* art in.' run of the republic las been rm ni to uddress tome the decree th it fol lows: the I re blent ad interim ot the I'nlted States of Yrxico to the Inhabitants of tbe republic: ? Know ye that, in iidir to it eienee tho dcclded will of the na'ion, adopting; :.l! thrne reforms for who'll it ha. pronounced ? eonaideiing that among them one of those which admit of no delay Is that of establishing uniform regulations according to which commerce should bo subjected to the payment of duties, protecting its interests without ncglectuic at (he same time the {renernl Interests of so ciety or ihi?o of the treasury? 1 have determined that, whilst we are proceeding with the general reform which the tariff requires, tho following regulations, which, be sides removing prohibitions, equally provide for the re duction of duties, slnll he observed in the maritime and frontier custom hones, wi'h the understanding that, us regards the permission of importing provision", the government may determine, even lieforo tho new re formed tar ff shall be Issued, to discontinue the privileg?, should it be thought convenient tsi do ho. 1 l.inen and cotton textile*, plain, white, an\J un bleached, of one vara in width, |>er vaea, 3 cents. '2. I Jntn and cotton textile", bleached and unbleached, ferge like and striped, of one va>a iu width, per vara, 4', cen". .'1 1 ',nen and cotton textiles, white colored, and dyed, satin-like, damascened, plushy, velvety, embroidered, worked, and tinted, of one vara in width, per vara, 5 cents. 4 On cotton textiles colored, known by the name of calicoes r r chintzes, of one vara in width, p< r vara, 4,'i cents. 6. Cotton handkerchiefs, colored, of one vara, each 4 cen's. 6. White handkerchiefs, wi'h white or colored border, one vma lu width, each '> cents. (All these textiles and ^tuff's, although thov have a mixture ot linen, hemp, fax, vegetable tilimerns or their tows, sliall pay the -ame duty a-i if composed of cotton in their corresponding clam.) ". Spools of cotton tf about .')00 yards, (American,) per dozen, ti cents. 8. On cut ton yarn, colored, provided It h.?s the r|nal! tten speciRcd in the ,17th secti m >f the t?th article of the taiiff of October 4. 184.V per ltit> lbs., $00. H. Raw cotton, per 100 I js , $1. Id. fait, on tin fionliers of Chihuahua, introduce] through the custom homes of h.1 Pa-o and Presidio del Norte, per load of 14 arobas, .i0 cents. 11. ^ngar of every quality, per 100 lbs.. 50. 11!. Hour, j i r barrel of eight a^obas, 203 lbs.. $!>. la. I lutter, li.O lbs., $5. 14. Tbe importer ia reuponsi'de for the whole e.m >unt of duties, as also tor the one and two per ceut ece.itcd by the laws ot March 81, 18.8. and October 2ft, 1842, which coi respond with the ten per cent on the amount, and for \l.e municipal duiies which c e now exalte 1. I.1. All the above duties, as well .is the international duties which shall lie collected a.s heretofore, shall bo pnid in ca h at the ports, allowing sulli'dent time to effect settlements which shall not exceed thirty working days. irt. Thirty day* deposito In warehouses is allowel to commence on the payment of si < nnd a h'i if cents per day for storage. 17. The export duty on coined silver is reducixl to four percent, the duty on that of circulation remaining at two per cent, which shall be collected at the places whence issued, by the bureaus of the republic which may be there cstn'oltsned. 18. Ihe obove. mentioned general tariff of October 4, 1845, i e dified on the 24th N'ovunb r, 1SI'', with all it.s TeguUtiens nnd exjxi'ltions. shall remain In fall tore *, so fhr a* shall not l? incori'istent wi'h tbe present decree, wlii. h -hall lie con'li ei e 1 as in force from the day of its publication in each port. For this reason, I direct it to lie priuted, publi ho I, circulated ami fhithfully executed. I'alaieof the fede ral govern nent of Vfcxicn. January 24. 1?68. JI'AN HAUTK^TA CKBAI<I<<M, A. lb MANCKl. MKIUNti. Tlie Trai' il'l'n 'on, however, complains, on 15th Sep tember, tha* at the capital the above tariff is not yet made to apply. A)<j r"]*u thereof, il sav i : ? "Huce legitimacy ha* re|dsco<i lllegrlmvjr (rasantng sln:-e l> Is Vega ha* so ?.(?ceded Cnrreraj, we ee thit a decree has lieen made and de'eated, and nothing iu ire. The Hltfrty of the piesa is still only tol*rate 1. The taxes on door* and ? induws? all the vexati us imp "ts an I excise duties elsewhere abolished by the revolution ? still make the ornament of the flnan<-ial ?ystciu of ih? capital ol the republic? Qnutqur ta'xlm ?" And again the Trait d' (' ititm says ; ? '? AVe had fori.ieiljr thu tai iff of 1813, the Avil i* t.iriiT, the Ceballo* tat Iff. and the Haro tariff. Wo hive now the Vidanrl ?arlff, and this is probably n it the la it. I nch of the por?* of the republic majr eh ? its o#n tni iff and the thing would ho only in on atuuoaj. If it l>e true that umiii springn from uniformity General Cumonfort has is*ne l the following decree at Guadalajara: ? Isinaho CoHovrnitT, Oeneral ln-Cliief of t i e divnion 'if the Interior of the liberty restoring aTiy. to the Iniiabl tants of Julisco and neighboring department- Be it knr wn that ? Art. I. Tlie Ceballo* tariff, decreed 2tth January. IS'iJ, is declared to lie in foroe, and will cotnmcuoc to oiierale iir.n.ediaVe'y in tbe port* of the taci'ic ?hl -h will have recognised this Quarter (ieoeral 8' n ceinr* of unity. Ait. 2. The collection of the rights or imp > ta of ci tation on articles of luxury, professions m l luc.atire emnleyment*. and the tax on do?rs and window, ce^-e. Art. 3. Ihe g vomers of departmou's abject t > this Quarter-General will re?)<o ,ivi pUus a* soon as possible, ami so aomi < tU-y *iiall hj put Int i e^erutien the collection of th? annaa ,ip'i a *n l v ei'C t ies st all cease, conformably to li e jl.ttof tbe roilutiun. ? Art. 4. An a>atement of 12 ps>r eon* on he a'ei fix .? I ly tlie Ceballos taiiff i< made en ??(Tects In'p . >e.l Inlet the p rts nt the I'ac.fle. and to me chants who s!inll intke a . Vance# on 'aid duUf for tJhe p-e<co' nee'- of the li be rating army there shall be made a dad action of SO per cent on what they nhall advance . Ait. 6. The objects not included in said tariff, and which will bo iutrodiloed through such porta, will be esti mated by tfao collectors and viewers ol the maritime c?u t< nil* in company with two merchant*, and on 'he total valuation IV }< | er cent will be levied fur import duties. Art. t). Ihe duty paid at present by specie iu iU circa In ; ion fr< ui the interior to the porta la abolished the de vice* in force iu respect thereto being consequently repented. Art. 7. The existing prohibition on tho exportation of gold anil hiher bullion is also repealed. Art. 8. 'Ihe eximrt duties to be hem-elorth paid <br pre ci< us metals will bo an follows: ? !-ilver coin, tliree per ci nt. Cold ortn, one per ceut. pilver bullion, eight por ceut. Gold bullion, Bve per cent. Art. 9. 'lie movement of precious motals from the In terior to the ports, or to other point* i f th? coasts or frontiers, within a elicit inference ol tlirty leagues, will be made b) escorts tout by the administration ot revonue, ctnfoimably to preterit usage; the >unn forwarded with out this foi ins llty are liable to i-elzuro. The lomittunco may be madu by lomii'Ciai or indvpeueleut of nnuUu-ta ?. Ait., lo. Per*, us who, in ' ontraMutlon of the lawn iu fi rec up to the prcreot, have actually silver or gol 1 l>ol ion in the ports of the Pact! : must go be'ore the mari time custom oilioers and unite a in?:.i?s? of the ?) uuntity which tlicy i omh a.', wit], In eight days, und pay iu ad vance, anil at the time of tb? art, tho export duties cs tabl.i-fced by the present decree, if tl.ey wn-h to enjoy the privilege* which it concede*. Art. 11. All national | roduet.' and elfe> ts, with the ex eeption of precious metals, are exempted troni export duties, iii- they w? io at the moment w en the reform u< i tulilii-hed by the Ceballo* tarill was decreed. JcoinprUijg in that exemption the woods which at present puj an ex port duty to tl c Ministry of the Interior. Art. 12 The exemptions contained in the four'h and eighth articles inclusively will cue at the eul of the pi escnt year, If not approved or ratified by tho supreme government ot the republic, which will be established conformably to Ihe plan of Ayutla. IUNAC10 COMONFOItr. Pernio Ckuzo.v, Secretary. Qr.unrK-Ci^EiuL, (Ji adilajara, Sept. 6, 1855. Conformably to the fourth article of tho plan of Ayutla, Genet al dc la Vega has appointed the District Council cbargcd with the duty of establishing the organic sta tute. This council Is compohed of Messrs. Jose Maria lafragua, Mariano Yaflez, Joa'iuin Cardoso, Valentin Grmez Kariar, Itlanucl&ilicco, Guillermo i'rieto, and Fran cisco de P. Ccndejus. Mr. Cardoso has been charged with preparirg the project of the organic statute, and Mr. I'rieto with the commisrionof finances. The Kipullitann denies in thtve terms the statement made with respect to a loan from the clergy: ? -'evernl journals have said that General Carrera has contracted with the cleigy a lonn of *.'iO,UH), which was to be de livered m< nthly in sums of $1U,000, and that to procure it all at once ho had made a ruinous contract for the treaty which would only receive $42,000 tniead of l.'tO lOO, That Is fatso in all points. General I'arrera < asked KC0,(JC0 from the clergy, und to receive it all at once, as tho wants of the government were urgont, he made a proposition to the merchants who might havo goods in the Custom House, to advance the payment of the duties i n which he would make an abatement of live percent. Ihe contract was not utado, for the simple teason that Mr. Current abandoned power at the moment when It was intended to be realized. General Marcial I-opez Lazcano having a brigade of 2,010 men and three pieces ot' artillery, surrendered at discretion 1o Colonels Vlllalca and Garcia on the hanks ef tho Uexcnla. Alvotev, earned l azcano to be shot, on the ground that previous to hi* surrender ho had cause I thirteen guns to be spiked. At t'hllpaueingo some five persons, hostile to the revolution, were arretted, among them one of the editors cf the Tencedor del Coquillo, aud were all shot by oroer of Alvarez. Inspecting Mr. llaro y Tamariz who ^ot up the San Luis platform, we learn that Gen. Garza joined him, and proceeded to Monterey to try and gain Vidourl over to their side. Gen. Garza, however, found a pretext to hai k down from his agi cement, and Haro was unable to gain him over again. Garza's forces atticked San l.uia, and Haro sent out against him a brigade of over a thou sand men, with six pieces of artillery, all under the com mand ol Gen. 1'arrodl. Tho military commun 1 of San 1 uis was in ti e meantime cenferred on Gen. Canlona. the former commandant goner*l of Monterey, overthrown by Vldnuri. A probability of an arrange went between llaro and Comonfort was spo!<on of. Com infort Is said to have sent Gen. Torres to San Luis tt> confor with Haro, and that at tho end of these conferences an interview was fixed to take place at Lagos on the 15th of Septem ber, between llaro, Poblado, and Cotnouf jrt. Tho hope is <"xjn 0Het<l that tho Interview will teruiin ito in the aohci ion of Ptin Luis to tho plan of Ayiltle. Several per ;( ns have been exiled from >;.n Luis, naiong others ]>r. Meats, un American. The sympathies of tho city were tor YiJauii. Vidauri in a letter to Comonfort declared himself to he positively and absolutely opposed to the plan of llaro y Ti.msriz. in another communication to Gen. Garza ho announces that he can come to no understanding except with Gen. Alvaiez. A decrce of \ Id turf, dated August flX, declare ; tho plactatii n and sale ol tobacco free In the Slates ol New l.eoit, C<'iihuila and 'lamuulipas. lie has aUo pulillshel a tariff at Mi nteiey on U'-'d August. It is a nndillcation of that of 1st of June, 186U. flie papers bofore us do not contain a cpy. i roro the commencement of Iho administration of (Jen. I.ombaidinl in to tho overthrow of Santa Anna, he c wr-te issued no loa< tlmn 12,400 c,.nimi Jsi'in-i in the lexical! army. Add to these the number ot offlearrt ?l ? cad v in connnlhsion. and it trill appear that there is hardly any need of common soldiers, u< the ofBocrs alone would toim a very ri | < ctable army. Ihe MinUter of Guatemala, as dean of the diplomatic corpH in S.'eiico, l:,is uddtessed a communication to Hen. do la Vega in whii h it Is stated that in a meeting of the dlphn.atic c pH, held In cou.-e<?uenco of tho renuncla Hen of President Cnrrera, tluy had notified foreign con suls to make known to the revolutionary chii*f? that every pjury lo the rights of fuelgnsubjectawouldhe tlieobj'Ct ot a icclamatioii, on the part of tlie diplomatic cif|u, to the txisting government, (leu. Vegii replied that he had ulrtady taken measures to gua-d au"iln>:t complaint* or lecleniationri in that leaped ; that ho had t very c inddonco in the modetntion of tl e people, but that even in <ueh an event, the right of reclamation would helnng on'y to tho minister of the na'ion of t lie foreigner injured, and no", to the joint diplomatic corp?. The Diaiio (itf'cuil hail ceased to exist. Comonfort, in depai ting from Guadalajara en yon'/ to Mexico, wrote to Cen. C'arrera In roply to hi Invitation to meet the revolutionary chiefs at Dolore?. In this com- ' muni. atlon lie deploiet the pi evalonce of personal aspira tions v.hich he sees evinced on all hands, repudiate-! the leg-ility of Carrera's ass umption of powor. declare* anar chy to be impossible it ti e plan ot Ayutla is only purely and simply observed, and declines to act on his invita tion. Ot'B VERA CU.VZ CORRESPONDENCE. Vwu Cjiuz, Sept. 21, 1855. The OomH'itm of M-sico ? .t.V. - ? i~hr tit \mon h in the Ful'l ? The H^iinninj of thr En ' ? Mexioan Kno.o Xothingt? The $1,0.10,000. The pieseut condition of Mexico It anomalous ev? n f'" Mexico, anil I will endeavor to picture al fre?x> and cu - rente raftimo, (not a "current of calumny,'') a fosr . these anomalies. Hut tho difficulty it to get at '-the t uth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth," an 1 very body knows truth to he tho strangest sort of a thing ? i straDger than fiction." In other countries " truth Is to be found at the bottom of a well," and is occasionil'7 drawn np by buckets full. So, too, In the land of " <>,> i and liberty" truth lies at the bottom of a well ? an ar tesian well at that: the spear of ithuriel couldn t reach it. This broad republic is again in Its normal condition which is a state of revolution. The great harlequin the age, (the '? Grand Master of the national and disU.i gui-htd Order of Guadalupe,") haviug Iwltod, tho " '? mirers of liln fantastic tricks remain completely Habbw gasted; and like so many asses endeavoring to Imitate ih" tri;ks of the monkey, are proving themselves to he a moat incomprehensible pack of ninnies. I have studied the Mexican character closely for these several years, i.nd confound mo If I can penetrato the recondite labyrinths of the Au-iee mind. Though u '? nvlon of botes" themselves. 1 defy the most Indefatigable Yankee k> penetrate their ideas upon government. The ''Grand Ma. let '' has been absent from his "plan tation " only ono short month, but there have bee.i m -re shini ies amongst bis overseers, drivers an 1 field hands tlmu even he could shake a stick at. But to he serio is. (atrcra (who Is but a - ort of ballilf to the groat bindit) has caved In. lie couldn't stand the outward p sure. The result is, tho entire country i.? n ^fula, (headless,) without even the shadow of the form ? f li general govern ment. Iji Veg? remains as Military Governor of the dis trict of Mcxi .i, and controls the f ?? tro >? got t> .jo.iier there, In the )? >pe of jires-rvinir o ler; b it tho e is n ? ministry, no revenue, no authority, and, in fact, nothing that constitutes a government. Meanwhile, there are no* three distinct pirties riivag ir.g 'he country, and 'Lking to dev mr eaeli ' thor. Pi ? Euros, or regola unmitigated .Tmon-l'nro I'lan of, i Alvart z-plat! inn re I repii'dic iim. ,\"Xt, the .n ? I ? t doe, or geod-fcir-to-middliii? liberals," a' they -tyle them-el. e.s, who want a pafeinsl g v rnmetit, witbii; h congitKs, but ?h i know about ai rauch of a r-'i. > dl-at form of government as the - nv thit life s eve, jr othsr m' nth kn< trs ofthe peftatlou of an elephant. Tt.i- lly, the high infallible Church and State i ei e-. id or s. wh ? go it, neck or no hing, u|?in n central dupntiun and i re opposed to all lit-orty of comclet-s, o the press, or even i fspeech. This last Is nothing inor? nor less thin a rfactiotia'y movement in favor of the return of the ab sc tided dictator. Ihe othe. partle arc iu favor of then ? elvr ? every man for himself, and the devil take the hindmost. Tr the at>ove may l>e added the independent tn ivment of Vidaurri. in th'1 northern provinces, lie i< a puro, Imt as he I* going it alone, and determinet to iet up Ui: him srlf, is e-ntitied to special notice. \ Idaurti has with hint a large force "f frontier mea, or "boriier mfflans," as father Greeloy w ml I "ay, several ex oflicersef the United St,-te.i army, and al1 her, the most forniiilablo force uuder arm iu tite republic ? u the repubUc that was. He is now marchmg upon San I. ds Potosl, and already we have rumors of lighting between his forces and those of llaro y T.unari*. Ihe le ol r of the conservadores. Vidaurri'a object appears to lie tiie utal i xtlnrtfon of the central p"Wer in Ui northern States; and III* cstahllshufn' ot the long I i Ik" I o' -i 'I i he republic. Ills plan is an extremely ii!ietal em ?. U-t hiw ao ahead. The real liberating arnar. under the ' old i i?iual T ?wnsend." Ik.n J' hrt Alvarez, is at t o nava " lift v mlli s from Movlco, while one . t hlsiieut'ti ? , >n tort |s carrying ill before him iu i-nanijtta'i The g: eat ma-s of tin- people thr ighont f ft" tnt-y sym pethlre with the .llvare/ movement, n; that i?' a" all the world knows, the gr< nt l-vsr by wl, e old r te ,'ant* Ann* ? wa?' pryed off Ids seat and si; ived ou' of tl ? r ountry. tie tfmwH ndi rs? 'oo'^rise t' c "ni|re ehtirch, most ,f the old army and all t;,? biinVn< ;n:ider ers. (?nai'ebi plans rt (4 MIM fiH'", ' ."t .lng a'< ul the oapHai and leige towns. Ihe no derado? are t. oi l. ip of the ,11 ni ends of , Vth parties, and are neither "fi<h, I h or fowl, nor good red barring." They sing small at P1**"*!1 ?"*) *?{* to st?p in ultimately and carry oil tbe prizes, leaving th* more active disputant* nothing but broken head*. Ana ^jitw'Xat does a 1 this tend to? Who run ^? hi^ w^y through the cloud* that lower upon our house? be balls <i( UonteiumaV What is to become of the national ex istence'/ How long can the disti acted country stand this xtiitn of affairs? What ought the United Slate-s to be doing in this cririUv tic.. Sic. These are questions Whlca 1 propound Tory fiankly, bat which I shall not attempt to am-wor. You uiay try your baud at 'cm, my detr U dipus, but 1 assuro you they are beyond my ken. You any child can ask questions all the philosophers in t lie wuild can't answer bat i-.factorily ? is 1 heard ti Uni ted plates Consul fay once, in cudgelling his brain# over State Uepartment circular*. In tho meantime, It strikes nic as a ll'tlo peculiar tho full-blooded "lnjines"? who constitute four-tlfths of the popular ion of the enttro couiitry ? don't rise and glut . I ibeir ire- fir it's a fatal mistake to 'Oppose iliere i-i no such iiicliuaticn at the bottom of their oemin,; patieneo and oocilhy. One lias only to real tho hiitocy ol the I revolution of 1310 to g?t.ner that error, i'he terriblo ? xcesees committed under the leadership of Hidalgo and Moielof? both full blood* ? are too well known and too fie.-h in the mind-, oi li> ing men not to j 'Hilly som ) such apprthemion. 'i he common Indians have of late yon ? bud full as much cause for bloody revenge upon the whites a.; their (a tilers had when they wroatad such sig nal lotnbution upon the Spaniards. The only thing wanting is a leader of their owu caste, a mm at once bold, ambitions, crafty and well e lucaicd. Such a man exists. Uo is the son of Moreloe himself, lie has resided many years in the linited States, and is there now. *'or" Innately for Immunity, ho i-t of a gentle and uohle impo sition, und more luckily still be bar lately seen bo 'much ol native or "Know Nothing" outr.igca in the United Stutcx must have dit-gusU^l him witli the idea oi liber atinir bin | eor le in that manner. I do say, however my dear Diogenes, that if you and I were regular Mexican natives we would bo Know Nothings to the knife. In Vera Cruz, matters are progressing most i-atlifacto rilv, Governor 1 a Uate still uteroly r ? fuses to reog n?*e any of the authorities at the capital. Mo took up arms under the Wan tf Ayutla and whl not ley them down un til that plan shall bo carried out to Its full extent ? or as far as practicable. Although he has some very orrect ideas en the subject of State sovereignty It h*"_ never oc curred to him thet be is now the Jt facto, and (some or us think) the de jure ruler of the independent republic or VcraCru*. llo soems to doiei altogether to Alvarez ami Comonfort. That Is all very well in its way but thore are lew Mexican* who would do ?o under tho circumstan ces. He has resource!', troops and a navy. He and Al varez bad better make a partnership concern ol u oi aw a curved line from Tuspan (the concavity towards Mex ico) across the continent to the northern part of (.ucrrero, and declare all Southern Mexico un independent confede racy?with the capital at the valley ot naxaca, or on the isthmus of Tchuantepec! Next tu inviting an American protectorate, this would be the best thing they could pos There in much tallt here about the #3 000,000. The bankers In M< xico who negotiated it with Santa Anna, at fifty cents on the dollar, apeak as composedly of It as though they had tho money In their pockets. How is this? 1 thought tho inexorable eld Kentuckian? ^nthrio ?had laid the rude hani of power" on the cash, it paid under the swindling operation referred to, it will have to bo raid over again to tho new fodoral govern ment ? if one shall ever be established ? or divined pro rn/aanmnc the new sovereignties when tbe vfes.iilla boun dary " shall be surveyed, marked and established. To settle any dispute as to which parly it shall be paid to, I would recommend applying it to wipe out the claims ot American cltUen" against Mexico, accruing since the ratification of the Gadsden treaty. Oar Havana Com?poiidt>ict. HiViU, Sept. U8, 1855. Ajppronrhing Anniveriary of the Qwen't Birthday? A Grand Military Review Prtpnttd? The Volu nt^rs t.oni tn cnce to Stand J)m\? Clival Cuiv \a an I a Chantc Ftre? Summer Gambling and the Puliie? Moixinert! of the Sjiani.'h War Skips? A SI not Life Assurance Com pany ? Th >? liank, Theatre*, ??e. There is to be a grand review and sham battle on the 10th of the ensuing mouth? the anniversary of the birth of the Queen of Spain ? in which 'ho bravo and loyal oo hntarios are to take part. Many of them ore, however, to my knowledge, already beginning to hang back, fram ing excuses for their intended non-?ittenoance. Ihcre appears, too, to be good reason for their doing this, an the following . ircumstanco will explain:? The making of the blank cartridges for the occasion has been entrusted to tho members of that worthy fraternity the chain gang, and some of the cartridges already manufactured liave been found to contain a certain circular piece of lead, vulgarly called a bullet? of course in ad lition to the gunpowder. Now, these bullets, although perhaps not manufactured with the exactness loquiiito for a Minnie nUe ball, yet, at a short distance, if propelled by a due quantum ol that compound of which the villanous saltpetre l? one of the chief ingredients, would a* cer tainly send a man to kingdom come as would the most carefully .-ast ball in tho world; and as the volunteers are chiefly humane men, who diead shedding a single drop of human blood, they are nnturnlly auuiuus to avoid the ri?k of doing .*>0. Would it not. however, hen -Ingular coincidence should oneofthfso aforesaid bullets chance to come? by a-ci dent, of eour-e ? into collision with tho cranium of his Excellency, General Concha? Hind you, I do not antici pate there is any l<?ar (or hope) that such will be the cate; yet the coincidence would be a Strang" one, should it happen. Would it not be? I remember, last winter, at one of the giand reviews? (the one at which the Kng li,h A lmirul was present, if I mintaio not)? beh tiding Cenerai Coach* tremble like an aspen leaf, previous to tho tro,>ps being passed in review; he looked, too, Ire member- as was noticed by many persons? a ^ tii JUfh lie I monientaiiiy expected to hear the click of the lo;k of the inusket v h> se leaden messenger waadastlned to send Wui to his long home. Wei e there a sou here (old enough) <<> the tnurdei ed l!amon l'into to do duty as a volunteer, Then I confess, there mlgh' lie a pos?iblllty ol the occur rence of mcb an event as that above alluded to; but as there is not, and as the majority of tue presont race ot Creoles aic such a down-trodden, traven, despicable set ?1 fellows, there is but little probability of ?nch an oc currence taking place. The women. 1 am happy to suy, aro generally esouipt from tho fallings of the men. There are son. e amongst them as noble an I as high minded as any women in the world. 1 have in my mind s eye. at tbe prosent moment, some hall" down of them, who have all the fire and patriotism in the j thai had the women ot the old French Rev olution, or those that lived in the day* < f our owu glorious War of Independ ence. . , . , Winter, nlwavs a stirring season here, is approaching; ^nd who can 'tell what tho coming winter may hi lug forth? It is possible that some of the Creoles may have perused Montesquieu, who somewhere -ays? 1 quote memory ? ??Qunnil let Murajri tie la L >uiw* reul n' ntiirdH fruit , ib cni'i'-ru I'art/re au pied, 'i cueiilttf fruit; i oila le gourrrntment de'txi'i'i'f." But 1 change my "theme; not that it is exhausted, but because it is not prudent for a writer to exhaust hi" subject. Turing the past snminor gimblin? has been car ried en fn this city an 1 tho towns in its immediate vici nity to an extent perhaps before unequalled eyen hero in Cuba, and the police have, to say the least , winded at It. There havo been ?overal gambling homes open each cveuiug, which must have boon as ?ell known to the police ar. they were to your corresponding AMinan? bacoa, too it Is notorious, there were too or three monte I anks constantly doing a large business, and nt which more than one young man ha-i been ruined. Recently, however, our police havo token a new fit in'o their" heids, (they do everything by lits and starts here.) and are a' lra-t making Mie pretence or being ex tretnely vigilant as tho relation of the following circun stance will sh. <i :? A low days since a youne Creole, who resides with hisfctlier, was seited with rather a severe attack cfcoUe, which was supposed by his family to be the rli.'letn. A medica' man was sent for, and a< is muiil here, thr> e or four of his cousins and immedia'.o friends assemb ' 1 to i coder their assistance. Thore were, 1 be lieve, lour of the'e visiters in a room adjoining that in which the nick y< uth was, and rine downsUirs. when In marc! ?d the Commissary of I'ollce, followed by his tela dor and a pos-e of Salvia guardians. Bach of the visiters was compelled to cive his nunie, and the ciuso or his beimr I ie-ont. I p to yesterday nothing more had been he, lid Of the matter; It was, however, understood nt the time that seeing "?> large a number of persons (five or six) ent?r one house in quick successlin, the Salvia Guardians on duly in the neighborhood snsp cted ther must have assenible.1 for the purpose of gambling; heu:e the visit of t'enor Commissary. It would appear the Spaniards are anticipating a hur ricane I lav b.fore yr?t' rday I observed the Spanish Ad^ miral's busily ensrsged In making signals, which, of c mrsc 1 did cot understand. Yester-lay morning, A sail In the harbor, I noticed tho various Spanish meii of war had be n renin ved from their accustomed anchor ii ces Further up the harbor I not! ed they were all moored in the mo-t .. cure positl .n this excellent harbor illords, inanv of 'hem having their topmasts struik. Tlic French steamer of war Acheron again cime into this h-rti ir ? sterd iy, f on, *s is un Uistoo 1, Wra Ce it. \ sui t you havo seen a copy o< the llrst number o'. the QtUral A > -ri an, which was brought her^ yesterday hv he <ieo go hiw. from A< pin wall. Considering tUeclr < um lauco- on ler which tbe first of tbe C air. il lmni>an w*s g nut. there hsv n^ been but nn? r guUr tvn i ft vonth from Jamaict, as U stated, enp; aged upon it it'nally U a very erodiUble sh 't remarkably cl"?r of literals and othe- tyi" giarhioal errors. X'rtk d" EmMr* company for th?? wu-aal ism ran e or the lives of slaves apjiears t?> be going on wim 1,1 ThMollowing is a lis' of tbe directors, appointed at a .neetins orthi -ubscrtb'rs, held on the Jl t Inst :? Oen Miiruel de I mbil, Director General; Kxclno IH?n Ignacio ("res on sencr l'..n Miguel de Hano y Vi-ga. Senor Don l . inWo ti. oe Aroiaiena, Senor Don .Iris.. de lVdr>s >, -etinr T- u Antonio M Mora,' N'nor Uvn Aujnstln I , arte Senor Don Hafael de Torire?, Sflr.or Don Krancifo talleron, N-nor IVin Ana-tasio Carillo, w?nor Uerquis I n yuesne, Senor Dm Simon de < Carders* senor Mar.|ui' de Alemendan s, S. n ir Don Lflnes Martinez. Senor Don Krancls- o Arango y yue?n la, Senor Dfn Auguslin Medina. Senor Dou Man tel Balties. .1 "-noor 1'on Vtlauei deC?rdeDa? y Chavsz. tiian whom a inme re*; ? table b ard of ?'.iiector^ it wott' l be .iifflcult to fn Iheie sic I notice, in the published II ' (which is not vet concluded) 460 snb-' tUK rs to this institution, which t.? the wmv I may mention, is called La Pro ' In- ia. Ilrero was to h-tve been i mooting yes'erday at the rntaro of the Itai"' holders of the new bank, the', it to b\ Uiexamu. iu.o tlu opinl us of the boiy who liav ? pre (tt , ( . it .?.? af t'." sai l b.u.k, so i-ad heno'.ice In Or ( i'c ' ' " y, . i. i ?? g t. tT,* amer I* 'ignal ;J(. , i: mu.'1 >??? il.e Bia-k Warrior. I M?rt .?>" ?ra* agon -t It-rt. to ?" pe-rormel last .'Tentng. bat I kno>y o : ' f the j*^."tn?BC# "r the ?bovr nx'ting ca?? o'f. B. irthbkfcop Hi|kM M Knew-Martlngll DINNER Olf ThB NEVrODXDUMD BWNBVOLKNT IRISH SOCIETY TO TUB ASOHBIHHOr OP NEW YORK, AND THB BIBBOPB O* TORONTO, A HI CHAT AND HBW BRUNSWICK. [From the Newfoundlander, "ejjt. 17. 1 Tbis up tndid banquet, at which over one hundred and sixty gentlemen Were preseit, c inm off <m Tuesday last, the Hon. laurenco (J'B ien presiding, m<] Uio llun. P. ?? Little occupying the vice-chair. *???? ? 4 * The tosst of her Majesty wan next drank. The 1'realcent rose and said : ? the p.iicy ih it guide* the Federal Union in the periodical election of its ruler, in too ci m; lex (or any person not Intimately couvraant with the motives which influence party movement;! to comptchcnd. Hut experience hat already ma.e mani fest that the democratic principle is always capable of p> educing 'be light man for the light occasion. spring iug from the lame common oiigin, we honor Americans ami their constitutional institutions, ns scion* of the old stick, branches or ?p routs of the old oak tree. 1 give you The President of the United Stales. His Graco Archbishop Humus of New York, again rose, and wss greeied with loud and prolonged choeriug. As kx n as t ilenco ensued, his Grace said It was to be re gi cited that ibero whs no one present of the s-cular rep icsentafives of the United States to respond tltly to the teat! which hail now lieen given, and was so well ra reived. The compliment which the toast conveyed was not diminish d by the fact hat it was given iu close connection with that of her Majesty the Queen of i'ngUnii, and hesd of this great ami almost universal empire, (heem.) lie was aware that the compliment to the hiel Magistrate of the United State* was intended a i a compliment to the nation itself. (Cheer*.) As a .i'uen of the l)nl eil States, he, therefore, fait called nron to io S] ond to the honor. An a clergyman and a l.ishop, he could not forget that the spirit of our church is the spirit of peace ? peace In socie'y, In provinces, in commu nities and between nations. The church, in her minis try asks of God the blessings of peace. Catholic clergy ir.en always, in their ministrations, invoke this blessing of peace between the nations of the earth. It is goods especially between those which occupy such conspicuous positions as Kngland and America. (Great cheering.) War is a great calamity. It is said to bo sometimes necessary : and, perhaps, It is so. But, taking it for granted tint it is sometimes necesswry. under peculiar circumstances anil combinations of events, still the cultivation of peace between nations should be regarded as one of the chinf blessings among men. War it is true, gives occasion for alliances: but why should not peace have her alliances too? (Cheers.) Why should not the (teaceful and kindly feeling, which do honor to human nature, prevail among nations, and especially between this part of the British Kmpire and the Republic ot the United States, to whl ;h it lies in such close proximity? (I/>ud cheers.) The distin guished individual who now occi pies the position of Chief Magistrate of the American nation is worthy of the ollice be tills. He had the honor of knowing him, and ho was proud to pay that there was no ground for reproach against lii-n, or spainst the party with whom he acts. He adheres to the general, universal, impartial principle of freedom on which the constitution of the nation pro fesses to be based. (Tremendous cheering.) He (the Archbishop) was well aware that parchment constitu tions are of little avail, unless the principles of them are written in the human heart, ; and in the United Suites the principles of the Constitution are ill the hearts of the people. (Cheers.) Class legislation ? creed legisla tion. will not bo tolerated there, (loud and prolonged ? heerlng;) and if an attempt should be made to carry out such legislation ? If even a law should be carried in (.'un dress with such an object, he had confidence In the Presi dent that be would refuse his signature to it. As an American, and pleased as he was at tho warm reception which had been given this evening to the name of tho President of the i'nited States, and to the nation itsolf, lie n ight, be thought, without impronricty, indulge in a little self-gloriflcat ion. (1-aughter.) However, ho would not do so; especially as lie should have to s pen It of pro ceedings which had been lately hid there, and which were disgraceful to it. Hut, it should be observed, that whatever limits the Americans may hare, t'f would not. 6c right to take the conduct arut yro< ceding* of cr'ain da '?< > or parties as indicating the true if public feeling fit the nafion. One might be led to believe, from the tone and writings of some of the newspapers, that there was .a revulsion in tho feelings of the ncoplc, tho great bulk of the people, and that they would rejoice to see all of us. Catholics, walking out from among them. That, however, would be a great mistake : ? 'hey woiUd be very torry to tie us go. (Loud cheers.) They are not so forgetful or re gardless of the natioual interests as to desiro such an event; for they have wise and able statesmen among them. Brides, thi-y do not forget tint they themselves are the offspi ing of emigration. Their ancestors were not of tho aboriginal tribes who swayed it over tho soil ere emigration began; but thoy were emigrants. So they do not with fur separation; they would be sorry to sen us leave them. And (continued his Grace) I teli you this, we have not the least notion of going. (laughter and cheers.) And I further tell you that \f theii hav: an.:/ with fur <t s'jMtralion, hi them pack upas quickly as th>;, can, and go. (Roars of larghter and immense cheering. which continued lor several luinntud, and in the raids l of which hist. race resumed his feat.) Bermuda* FINE WEATHEB? IMMIGRATION VOTE PARSED IN THE ASSEMBLY ? ' TIIF. M \1L STEAMER VOTE. From Bermuda we have files dated to the -6th of Sep tember. There is no local event of general inteiest to report. The weather was exquisitely fine and pleasant. A northerly Mind plays blandly over the inlands, and, from its coolness, affords rejoicing alike to the robust and the ?invalid. The face of tho whole country was beautiful from The seasonable rains that had fallen. The gardener surveys the luxuriance of hli crops and anticipates a bountiful leiurn for his labors in the field. The resolution prodding CI, 000 to encourage immigra tion i" the i-ianOs passed the House of Assembly on the 26th ult. Tbero was a dramatic entertainment at the Garden amateur theatre, st. George, on Wednesday evening, 19th ultimo. Iho perfoi mors, -who belonged to the band of the Cameronians, acriuittol themselves very creditably. There was a largo and fashionable assemblage present. II. H. M. steamer Ileimes, Commander Cory ton, dve days from Halifax, had arrived. In the House of A^cmbly, on September 14th, the resolve relating to foreign mall stejm packets, was read acu passed as follows ; ? Resolved, That the Rscelver General be and he hereby is authorized to exempt from any large tolls, under tb" act pasted In the year 1914, "to maintain a light house," ardthe act in amendment thereof passed Tn the year 1848, all f' .eign steam pa kets arilvinj: at these islands, between ihe present time and the Hist day of December, 186ti, which may bo carrying mtils for the government of ihe country to which they nuiy belong, upoiv payment of the following tolls ? that 1 1 to say, for every such foreign steam packet, exceeding six hundred tons, the sum of tlireo pounds; and for evorv such foreign steam packet not exceeding six hundred tons, the sum of one pound four shillings for each time of her arrival at these islands. News front the Wilt Indies. COLONIAL TARIFF ? DEATH OF THE ATTORNEY OF. NRRAL OF JAMAICA? BELIOIOUd FEASTS ? OFFI CIAL MOVEMENTS ASD APPOINTMENTS ? JCVKN1LE VAGRANCY- I.EATII OF AN ABOLITIONIST ? T1IE WEATUER? INTERCOLONIAL NEWS. Our tiles of Kingston (Jam.) papers arc dated to Sep. tember 17. The local press still advocated a relaxation of the Co lonial tariff on imported merchandize. The Honorable Dowell O'Heilly, President of the I-eci i laiire Council, and Her Majesty's Attorney General for Jamaica, died at Torringtou House, ncarKingston, on the morning of the 14th ult., after a painful ond protracte I illness. Mr. O'Kcilly had held th? office of Attorney (Je neral for the space of twenty-four years, dining which time he was no less romat liable for hi- forensic eloquence than for the zesl and abil ty with which he performed the onerous duties of that respom iblc office. A Baptist tea meeting had pusaed off very satisfac torily. September 13th being the Jewish feast of the Xew Year all tne places belonging to this class of citizens were closed. The emperor Napoleon has conferred the distinguished honor of Vice Consul of France in Jamaica on W. B. Morris, Fs<|. Ills I.tccIU ncy the Governor an 1 Lady Rarkly left Spanish Tow n, 12th iust., for a visit to the parishes of Cli-readon und Manchester. The Kingston hamter of September 13, says:? As a proof of the rapid increase of Juvenile vagrancy in the city, on" needs only visit the public wharves, where scoie.sof mi-erablc creatures prowl about perpetually. Nothing is safe (rem their long Angers. Hie Governor had issued a proclamation, calling the l<Cgi>latnre of the island to meet and proceed to business on Tuesday the 10th ot October. It was expected tluit the 1 xecutivo Committee will meet with great opposition both in the legislative Council and in the Assembly duiir.g the session .. Israel is vi Lewln, Esq., a zealous abolitionist, died at Montego liay on "d ultimo. The equinoctial rain- were very heavy. In Ikimii.ica the rainy season hn l fairly set in an I the clouds literally poured torrents. The land is completely saturated, nu I tears are entertained tliat ?ho yo ing enm plants will be alTccted thereby. Notwithstanding the quantity of rain which had (alien, the atmosphere ?ms anything but cooled thereby. Tlif ?"igar crop bai, we believe, i>een taken in, awl marly all shipped. At St. I.ucia, September 12, the weather changed some what suddenly, from a bright sunshine to rain, thun i r and lightning, a westerly wind veerf-g towards the south, with a short rough sea, capping the wharf. The different boats and pirogues were obliged to be drawn ori shore to pievont their being injured by c intinually striking sgainsl the side* of the iiuay. From St. Croix we loam, by the schooner Cameo, ("apt. Tewmsley, that a sevi re hurricane ?as experienced there August '24th, which occasioned considerable lUmng" sul loss of life. The Kicnchbark Content was totally Tost on the south side of the Island, boun 1 from Martinico t > Marseilles. All hands perished. A smnll vestigo >f the ill fated vessel only drilled aslmre. It w is very healthy at St. Croix but at St. Thomas considerable smallpox was reported. MARKET. KitOflTOX, Jamaica. Sept. 10 ? The market since our lsst Issue has been, tn a tiitiing degree, more sctire than we have been able to report for sime tirno pist., and we would suggest to those across the water, a- the only way to increase its activity, to limit their sap; lies to our wants. Bevsl Intellljfoiiee. The Pensacola Drmn rat of the 27th ult. ?ay? ? The U S. Steamship Fulton, Meut Mitchell c< inman.ler now Ivlng in this harbor, hat been orderel to Ilo.tou.' She will probably leave to-morrow. Troops for the Plains.? It h stated in an extra from the feavenworth /legit r, that Col. ^umner wiiul l rave Fort Is-avenwortli, on the 20th Sept.. for the Plains, with ?even cowi|anle?of Cnited States another con pany to follow in three days afterward*. This move ment of cavalry will be 300 strong IatcrerttBg Fr?m the Cape or Good Hope. IMPORTANT SO AMEItlCAN WHALERS ? RELAXATION OV CERTAIN WHARFAGE DUES ? LIST OP ABT1CLM EXEMPTED? EXECUTORS OP THE UNITED STATES CONhUL ? ACTION OK TBE COLONIAL LEGISLATURE. The burk Springbok Captain Hard, wlilch trrtrtd At Boston on the 4th instunt, with advices from ibe Cape of Good Ilope to 15<U of August, brought m pa-scnger G. 8. Holmes, Esq., United 8t<riea Consul at Cape Town. It will bo seen trom tlie subjoined correspondence whlcb that gentleman had wi-h tho officers of the government, and the act* of the Colonial r.egislature panned ki conse quence of it, that ur. Holmes has succeeded in obtaining some important concessions of wharfage dues te ouc whalers. In the first place Mr. Holme* addressed the following letter to tho Secretary of tho Colony: ? U. 3. I'oMtl'LATO, C.-Aim ToWK, March 18, 1969. Sir? Having observed through the government Gdxettf that a revi?i:>u of the 1 1 -,v< regulating the management of and for imposing the duties of customs, I* about to take place, and fueling raiistio, mat the government would confer privileges up -nuny mercantile body where a cor responding benefit wot, Id be derive<l. 1 have taken the liberty to ask i hut. the follow ing exemptions may be made for the American whaling marine that may touch at ports In this colony whine bonded warehouses have been established : ? 1. To he allowed to land and place in private bonded stores, all surplus stores or provisions, or articles shipped on board of other vessel h tor their use, free from wharf age Jut on landing or hipping. '2. To be allowed to ship all stores they may require out of bond to be used as st. res. 3. To ho alio wen to Is ml from and trausbip into private bonded stores, all th'' oil thi y may have on board at the time of touching at this port, tor transhipment to the United States or other ports, fiee from all wharfage. It may be asked wbeio will he the corresponding bene fit to the colony V Ans. The whaling community of the United States feel that a large sum of m-ncy is expended in time consumed on the passago to and from their whaling ground. It le suggested that could they be allowed the above exemp tions ana privilege-, the wlialeships sailing from the t'nited .Mates to the Indian Ocean, with two years' provi sions, would at once proceed to the Caps and land, toge ther with the oil ta^en ou the passage, one years' provi sions; then proceed to her cruizing ground until the years' provisions was expended or the vessel full of oil; then return to the ? ape, land and tranship the oil as be fore stated, roll' ship and take in stores for another cruise, and so for a third cruise if desirable. Now, when it is remembered that a large portion of a whaler's outfit 1m of articles tlit growth of 'his colony, such as vegeta bles of all kinds, and flour, whioh could he kept but com paratively a short time, I 'hick It must be quite evident that the benefit to the c .lony would bo mach greater than to tlie vessel, besides the frequent shipment of Cape youths on bourn ?hese vessels, who, in a short time, would be-ome export whalemen. This plan has been adopted in the I'aciSc. so the', many of our whalers re mnin five or fix years in tjjoee seas, going to the Sand wich Mam!.- for repairs ;>.nd to refit, tho merchants fre quently shipping copper for re-roppcring, so as to retain them lien- the t!old oi iteration. Secondly: All Ametlcun vessels to be allowed to ship, out of bond, stores, as such, where such vessels arotrodiug; beyond the bounds of the colony, and thus stop the temptatii n to evade ih? law as it now stands, by declar ing the articles for a f reign port when they are act nail J Intended or stores thirdly: Whit faciii'ies would be allowed the American naTy, provided this port, or Simon's Bay, wore made a navy depot. Trusting that the c exemptions askcl for the American whalemen will be considered by His Excellency as mutu ally beneficial to all concerned, and have his recommen dation to Iho rarlinmeitt that the honorable body com posing it may there >y appt ove, and tho result prove ff great benefit to this colony and the whaling Interests of tbe United Slates, is the wish of your most obedient servant, 11. 8. HOLWEri, United States Consul, Cape of Good Hope. The Honorable Rawed* W. Rawbo.v, Secretary to the Colonial Government. In consequcnce of this very timely letter, the following acta were paried by the Colonial Parliament". ? AN ACT To amend Ordinance No. li, of 1833, entitled an Ordinance "For the genera! muta:enent and regulation of the Cus toms In die Colony of tbe Cape of Good Hope." Whereas, It Is expedient 'o permit the shipment of stores from Oic bonded warehouses tor the use of vessels visiting the porta of this Colony: 1. Be it enacted by his Kx<-elleiiey the Governor, with the ad vice and com ent of tbe l.eKl"la'ive Council and House of As sembly, that It shall lie lawful for the proper oillcers of Cus toms to deliver from any of ih ; bonded warehouses In this Colony, any aUlcies whatever, duly ware!, used thereto, being original l ucka^cs i. Imported, to be shipped tree from customs duty, as stores for the tire of any vessel not being then on any voyage from any cne port 'o any other port ot this Colony: Provided olwajs tha. such delivery and shipment shall beun der ?nch rules nnd regulations as tlie Collector of Custom* -hull direc': and any such arlleles shipped as stores contrary to such ru'es and re filiation* shall be tor ltd ted. an 1 shall b# dealt with in t He same manner as is provldod In the Ordlnjutco No. 6, of 1F3> in re"i rtct of roods torfelted, or liable to tor fell ure, for breaches of the Customs laws. y. This set "ball cotur-ienco and take etfcct Irom and alter the promulsadrn ther* of. ? liven st Government House, this 8th day of June, lo&o. By . on iiiand ot Ms Kxcollencv the Governor. KAVi'.-'O.n W. BAWSON, Colonial Secretary. AN ACT Kor Exempting from Wharfage and Cranage flues certain ar ticles landed I>otn or shipped on board Whilmil Vessels. St hereas, by Ordinance No. G, of 1861, entitled an Ordi nance " Kor regulating the rates of wharfaite dues In Cape Town and Simon's 1 own." certain wharfage and cranage dee* sre payable upon lite landing or shipping of the ev -ral arti cles set forth 'it the sehc lu'e to the said ordinance; and, where as, it Is expedient to ex.-mpt certain articles from the payment of such dues: , , 1. Beit enacted by his Excellency tlie Govornor with ue advice and consent of i he Legislative Council and House ot Assembly, that the. followltit; articles shali :<e exempt from the payment of w hurls ft a ..nil cranage dues, npon bcln^ landed or shipped In 1 able Hay or Sfmen's Bay. respectively, that Is to say. all surplus stores or provisions for die tiw of whaling ver?els: all wbalebone, \. bale head matter, and whale or fbui oil, landed or shipped from or on ??o ird of whaling vessels, or from or on I oard of any other veaael convoying such whale hone, whale head matter, W oil from or !o any wliallng vessel? provided that such whalebone, whale lieau matter, or oil bo not entered for cclonlal consumption. 2, litis act shall ? iniuinnce and take effect from and after the promulgation thereof. Given at Government TTonse, this 8th day ot June, 18J5. By command of his t-.xceileticy the Governor. BAWSON W. BAWHON, Colonial Secretary. News from tlie Bahiunm, THE SALT CHOP AT UUM CAY? ITS ALMOST TOTAL 1.088? LATIST TRIORS ? PURCHASE OP AN ISLAND - AN KNGLItjH SCHOONER CAPTURED OPK THB MOSQUITO SHORE? ANOTHER SCHOONER CHASED BT A WAR VESSEL. Our files of Nassau (N. P.) papers are dated to tho 16th of September, and contain some intoresting items. The Bahama If- raid of the 19th ult. says By tbe arrival, on Sunday morning, of the brig Victoria, from Bum Cay, we learn that the heavy ratns continued, and that the salt prospects for this year are entirely ruined. About 40.000 or 60.000 bushels remained on hand. Wherr the Victoria left, the American bark A. J. Harvey wa< being loaded at 16 rent* per bushel for cash. Athol Island, wit.iated at the east end of Hog Inland, has been, we sre informed, purchased hyiho English government for $800. It is in contemplation to bulla an ospital there. lfic Excellency the Governor loft Nassau on the lDtti inst., on an excursion to CUarlottevllle. CAPTURE OF THE SCHOONER LADY BANNERUAIf. [From the L'uhame Herald, Sept. 19.] The eaptain of the schooner Plar, which arrived oa Monday morning, Inf irma ns that the s hoiner lady l'annet itian, recently built at Ahui o. while lyint at an chor near Yucatan, on tbe Mosquito shore, was boarded by two boats and taken into Yucatan as a prlxe, and the captain and crew made prisoners. Tho B. had oti board some le^s ot mahogany, which It was believed had bten taken from the shore. The captured vessel waf owned by the Me-' rs. Huberts and Saunders, of Abaco. The schooner Galvanic was chased by a war steamer ott the same coast, but managed to eseapo from her. Wearf told that the G.'s mast is sprung in two plooes, oocs sioned by a prvw of sail in running from the steamer. Superior CenrMtenrrnl Teres. Hon. Judges Oakley, iHior, Campliell and Boswortb. THE SHERIFF IN A FIX. Oct. 0 ft. tinuie tvt. Augiulut U. Bin A/.? Ap plication eailieg upon tbe Court tj direct the Sheriff to exceiite a writ of possesion. It appears tint the parties lived on adjoining lots, and plaintiff suod defendant for encroaching a lew inches on his Jot, an 1 obtained ft writ for the sheriil to put plaintiff in possession of that part on wlneh defendant had encroached, and insisted that the Sheriff should take down a WsU which formed part of the dlr| "to and was part of defendant's pre mises. The premises stood so close to each other tbat the Sheriff roul 1 not execute the writ without tres pa-ring, and injeting one or other of the parties, to which neither pa ty would consent, and the Sheriff being in stteh a 1x <'.e. lined to taVe down the wall. The Court raid there would be great impropriety In their directing tbe she; iff how he should act In the matter srd denied the motion, without cods. Charli Vtw>lrrvf*.rt n. JutrpK C. 1'almrr. ? Order af firtr ed. Apf > ul dismissed. J hi mat iirffuQtU r.?. The JVe u> York an I I'ri- KaUroad (i.mtnnf. ? Motion as to cuts denied. Iii c(e sr. Smith. ? The hart been executor of a. wan who had depositeil money iu varlom Saving* BsnitK in the city under various nim? s. lis* had stfxl those hanks to reeover the deposits, and had employed the pl.ilr'lff as coun ?d In pro-ecutltig th? snit<. He suhse ?luently iefu?ed to pay the plaintiff for his tervi^ti on the grounti tbst be was executor and not personally respon sible, and that Kn?t? should look to Ibe estate tor reim but cment. Foote accordingly sue<l tlie defendant for the amount of bi< lees, and the question arose whether an executor could relieve himself from responsibility under the clreumrtances by pleading his exeeutorshlp. At the trial of the cause a verdict wis rendered for th>? plaintiff, and a m- tion tor a new tiial was subsequently made utSpeclsl Term. C. J. ? I know of no prln c.lple of law alloalng an t xecutor to take this course, and tl?i not see why the j laiutlif sh >uld not rec iver th? full amount of the verdict. Motion d-nied. Court of Common Ploes. I'efore Hon. Judge Italy. ACTION FOR personal iNjtmr. I XT. 0.? Frantit tiarUnir en. 77i. Cum/nrlr o>- l Cr m in nu. ? Action for damages for Injuries snstaioe.1 by the plaimifl in the )Hrfoi man e of his duty as fireman on irtiard Ute propeller Murtln Hoffman, a vessel of which the delt ntlan I :< are owners. It Hppemed that when the vt ??el was about to be put underway the second engineer ordrtrd tbe plaintiff to start Ute engine crank-wheel, ami while doit.g so tho serond engineer ommsneej to eotk, and cruilieil the plaintiff's tiiumli. In eonse.|tiense of which he was confin' d to the hospital tor tw-i m<>ath>, and has been out of <ni| loy ever slnee. JA ! len -a was \ i dueed by Mr. P. MeMa'ton for plalntl f. and Mr. I. R. Varsh on be halt ? f defnndants mood f,r s i. m s-ilt, Whi. h, af er arguJn lit, wa? denl >1. The Court charged th> but they were uiuble to agree? Uv!?, It Is old weie n fasor of a verdict for dKfi'udaats. and *srni joi ft* Ing $1 (X? dsuMfe to the plulntlff

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