Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. J A BIB I GORDON B1RIBTT, PROPRIETOR AND BDROB HVICI K. COBNBB OF HAMAD AKT> TOLTOH STB. TERMS ttuh m achaM*. THSVA1L Y HER ALP 2 prr <opy- W *?*????? THE WEEKLY HKRALD, r wry Sahni' t\ /XT ?m*, or til fx* n?inw; (A< ?ur?fvtM W prr hmi>? tu y 6r*al Britain, or 16 lowiy part ?f Uu iW.inaf, faM *Voi. uJtaSy coekespospence. <*?p0r?n MM. aeXnfctl from (Mif Iwarirr 1/ tSr tcorW 1/ u? *i wiU fie Mber ?%fMMd /'or. M-Odh Ko?WU!? ('OMRMMUnr jim arb Par MCVLAII1.V BcQblhTED TO SEAL iU I.imtKS AND PACKAGE* Volume XX ? B*. 970 AMUSKMBNT8 THIS KVElfINO.~ ~ 1I0APWAY THKATRK, Brotrfway -Harlst- ?andrr ?JMI Ml.N6.iiBL. WIBLO'S fl ARISEN. Bro<xlw*j? Vihtag* or Xerrs?Tbr ?ajuuaub or Oeokubiib Okabhorr or Malaga. BOWERY THKATRK, Bowery? Lots ajid Lotaltt ? Next Poor Neighbor. BURTON'S THKATRK, Chamber* Karert? Lor* urn Rbabon ? Still Wateii Rush I)irr. WALLACK'S THKATRK, Broadway ? Gakb or Lot?? In Btoct Yoc'bb Qrttw. VBTROPOI.IT AN THKATRK, Broadway? Horace? Lb Chai baO D'e.t Houlooeb. WOOD'S MTNBTBKL8, 444 Broadway? EmoriAX Peb VMULAHCI. BUCKLEY'S BUBLB8QUB OPERA H0C8B, 539 Broad ny-BCKlXIOCt OntRA AMD Nuiro Midstbeldt. APOLLO ROOMS, 410 Broadway? Tu Hiiebma, it Hn. 4mi?pg Gibbs. D,0Bi^ or ?? Mew York, Monday, October H, 1853. Blalla ft>r Buropr, NEW YORK HERALD ? KDITION FOB EUROPE. Hie Cunard mail steamship America, C?pt. 1-aiig, will teaTe Boston on Wednesday, at noon, for Urerpool. The European mails will close in this city at a quarter *0 two o'clock to morrow afternoon. tbe Hkrald (printed in English and French) will be published at ten o'clock in the morning. Single copies, to wrapper*, sixpence. Subscription* and adTerti*ements for any edition of the W*w York Herald will be received at the following place* to Europe:? Hunter, No. 12 Exchauge street, East. LOMDO.n Sand ford & Co., No. 17 CornhiU. r"U8 livings ton, WelU ft Co., 8 Place de la Bourse. The contents of the European edition of the Hkrald will embrace the new* received by mail and telegraph at *? office during the preTiou* week, and to the hour of publication. The New*. The city in full of rumorft relative to more indict ments against men in office. The Grand Jury now in session, it is averred, has indicted a Judge, one ?r two members of the Common Council, and several policemen. Names of the indicted parties are freely need. We choose not to publish any of the rumors, preferring to wait the official public action of the Grand Jury. It is expected that the presentment will be made this morning to Mayor Wood, in the absence of Judge Stuart and Recorder Smith. The Court will undoubtedly be crowded with anxious and ?iterested spectators. Hats off ; walk light. Our special telegraphic dispatch from Elmira in relation to the proposed abandonment of the hard ticket has called out an indignant denial from the small hard Bhell organ in this city. We have no cause to doubt our special correspondent's state ments about the matter, as he has been on the ground several days. The matter is patent all through the southern tier, although the organ has not heard of it, and was first informed of a meeting cf the Hard State Committee by the Herald of Thursday. If any of the hards in this city want to hear more about fusion with the Know Nothings, let them take a trip up to Binghamton, Elmira, or any other of the towns along the line of the Erie railroad. They might hear some news alio at Rotbcster. G. S. Holmes, Esq., U. S. Consul at Cape Town, (C. G. H.,) who arrived at Boston on the 4th inst.| succeeded previous to his departure from his post! in obtaining from the Colonial parliament and exe cutive some important relaxations of wharfage dues and other port payments hitherto made by Ameri can whalers, which renders the matter very interest ing to parties engaged in that trade. The laws for imposing duties customs were about to be revisod in March last by government when Mr. Holmes made a very timely application, pointing out that our whaling marine should be permitted to land in pri vate bonded stores surplus provisions, stores and other articles, free from wharfage dues either on landing or shipping ; that they should be allowed to ship all stores they may require as stores out of bond ; and that they should be allowed to bond all eil on board required for transhipment to the United States or other ports also free from dues. It will be seen from the copy of the act, which wc publish that the parliament passed a law giving effect to Mr. Holmes' patriotic suggestions on June the 8th and alfio from the Secretary's proclamation that the' measure went into effect at once. A special despatch from Washington this morn ing states that Gen. Cushing is much unnoyed at the success of Col. Kinney, in Central America, and insists that something shall be done in relation to the matter. A number of Vew York politicians are reported to be in Washington making extraordinary exertions to secure the vote of New York for Pierce in the Cincinnati Convention. Another despatch gives the facts in relation to the striking of the fluff of the United States Consul at Matonzaa, aud the subsequent return of Dr. Worrell, the Consul, to the United f-tates. Our Washington correspondence contains some important public documents in relation to the sup preseionof (Jen. Cazneau's treaty with the Domini can republic by French an.l Knglish interference. The details of the news from Mexico, which we publish this morning, will be found highly impor tant- Among our extracts will be found the mani festo of Gen. Carrera on retiring from the presi dency, ihe tariff of Ceballos that has been restored, and an account of the new commercial privileges provided. We have news from Utah to the 2f?th of August The crops arc likely to turn out better than was previously anticipated ; those in the north promi<ed well, and corn and potatoes throughout the Terri tory gave prospect of a fair yield; so the saints will not be starved out by the ravages of the grasshop pers this year. John M. Bernini had becu re-elected delegate to Congress without opposition. A rich, racy and characteristic discourse by Brigham Young will be fonnd among our extracts. Captain Hrevoort, of the schooner Brontes, has handed us flies of Kingstou (Jarnaici) papers to the 17th of September. The Hon. Doweli O'Reil ly, for iweiity.fnur yeare Attorney General of Ja niaica, died on the 14th ultimo, and was much re ? i'CVi Uwin' 8 wel1 known abolition mt was also dead. The island press advocated a re taxation of the tariff. The Ugislatare was to ??? on the 18th "" "*?? '"J"1' >???<*?. A tut tea meeting had been held, and the Jewj, an """ ?'*> ??? "C. The Qincnwr b?4 rone on a country tour. Juvenile va,[ran, v wa' rife. Torrents of rain had fallen in Domini, a, an^ the young sugar canes were slightly injured The mgar crop had been nearly all shipped. In St. Lu cia fine weather hid been succeeded by a heavy *onn, which damaged many boats. A severe hnrri cane swept over St. Croix on August 24, which oc waioned great damage. Many lives were lost. ()u the south rfdc 0f ,hc island the French bark Con an,! 8,1 handB Pushed. Sne ftaln^T had SL Croi* ? healthy. ^rT^i r o'T*^ nt 8t Thomas. Oar files of Bahama paper*.? from Namma (N P.) to September 19th. on the 17.1. ( . wt?.m r?i rj "i !uz' vrr1 ?h. ?h cnp rd. About 40,000 bushels remained^ ?n Ln7 *1 Athol i nland has bean purchased by the English Kover.Bment for a hospital site. News had been re ^'/edatNassao that the British schooner Lady 'annennaa, laden with mahogany, had been cap tured near Yucatan by boats from the Moaqaito shore, and the captain and crew taken prisoners. The schooner Galvanic was chased by a war steamer near the same place, and only barely escaped her. Prom Bermuda we have advices to September 26. The weather was very fine, and invalids were much benefitted by its mildness. The farmers anticipated a most louiriant crop. The legislature had voted ?1,000 in order to encourage immigration to the inlands, and it was thought that many of the dis tressed inhabitants of Madeira would be invited to labor there. The Assembly had passed a law lower ing the tolls on foreign steamers carrying mails, to the following standard : ? For every packet exceed ing six hundred tons the sum of threa pounds, and for every packet not exceeding six b ^wred tons the sum of one pound four shillings ijft^Eh time of her arrival at the islands. A report of the dedication of the new Presbyte rian church in Thirteenth street, between Fifth and Sixth avenues, and an abstract of the sermon of the Rev. Mr. Bnrchard, pastor, on the occasion, wifl be found in another part of onr paper. Dr. Baird delivered a lecture before the Ameri can and Foreign Christian Union, last evening,, on the regeneration of Protestantism and the resto ration of pure Christianity, a report of which will be found in our paper this morning. A full report of the proceedings of the conven tion of the new temperance party, held on Saturday evening last to nominate candidates for city and county offices, and a list of their nominees, will bo found among our city politics. The Legislature of Tennessee assembled on the 1st instant. Colonel Chatham, American, was elect ed Speaker of the Senate. The House on the first day failed to elect a presiding officer. There was much excitement in breadstuff* on Saturday, with large transactions, chiefly for export to the continent. Flour advanced 12}c. per barrel for good common and medium grades. The sale.* em braced about 15,000 a IS, 000 bbls. Wheat advanced some 5c. a 10c. per bushel for prime white, in shipping order. The sales included prime white Canadian at (2 20, and fair to good Southern do. at $2 06 a $2 12. Southern, Western and Upeer Lake red were also firm. The aggregate sales for the day, including parcels to arrive, approxi mated to about 150,000 bushels. Indian corn sold pretty freely at 88c. a 89c., which was a slight ad vance. Pork was dull. Sugars were inactive? deal ers were waiting for the auction sale of refined su gars to come off on Tuesday, the 9th inst. A cargo of 11,700 bogs Rio ooffe sold at private terms. Freights were firm, both to England and to the continent. Owing to some more room to Liverpool grain was engaged at slightly easier rates. The value of the transactions made in breadstuff Satur day probably surpassed anything heretofore wit nessed in this market since the famine year of 1847-48. The Anglo-French Protectorate of St. Domin go? Important and Rather Startling Offi cial Correspondence. The official correspondence on the affairs of the republic of Dominica, which will be found embodied in a letter from Washington, which we publish to-day, is well worthy a deliberate perusal by our readers of all classcs and par ties. We would, however, especially com mend this correspondence to the attention of our Custom House democracy, who were bold enough to venture the endorsement of the ad ministration, at Syracuse, for the masterly manner in which it has sustained American | rights and interests in foreign countries. Gen. Cazneau, our late Ambassador to the republic of Dominica, was sent there, as we understand, for the express purpose of making a treaty for the establishment of more Inti mate and commercial relations between the two countries than those already in existence, lie undertook, accordingly, on his arrival out, the fulfilment of the task assigned him he framed a treaty, and had secured the consent ol the Dominican government thereto? in short, the treaty hnd become substantially a compact between the contracting parties, when Schomburgh, the English Consul, getting wind of it, proceeded at once with his ally, the French Consul, Darass, to quash the whole business, and to send Gen. Cazneau back to Washington with a flea in his ear. The corres pondence of these allied Consuls in the very outset, confirms all that has been alleged of the wide scope of Lord Clarendon's " balance of power" in both hemispheres. The proof is here that this French and English alliance in volves particularly a policy of active hostility to the North Americun policy of the United States, which is the Monroe policy of non-in tervention on the part of the European Powers in the domestic affairs of the independent na tions of this continent. Air. President Pierce, in his inaugural mes sage, gave the world very distinctly to un derstand that thenceforth the Monroe doctrine was to be the living law of American diplo macy. The American people hailed the de claration with pleasure as the announcement of a new cpoch in the progress of American opinions, institutions and commercial recipro cities, from Cuba at least as far down as the Isthmus of Panama. Hut, alas! though Mr. 1 iercc lias fallen short of all his fine promises, in none of them have we been more egreglou. ly humbugged than in his high sounding re production of this Monroe doctrine. His Cen tral American diplomacy dispelled the illusion of the inaugural before the lapse of a year. It prepared us for almost any degree of submis sion to British pretensions, though we confess tlint these St Domingo revelations do some what exceed in passive resignation our ex tremest estimates of Mr. Pierce's amiability. A\ hat is the result of Geu. Caznouu's mis sion to Dominica? He was authorised to make a new and enlarged treaty of am.! v and commerce with the republic. He framed such a treaty ; it was acccptcd by the other side; but, being confronted by the threats of England and Franco, the poor Dominicans were compelled to retract it The worst of it is, that on being informed of the proceedings of his nmbassador, our Secre tary of State becomes alarmed at his presump tion, and without delay undertakes the delight fill tafk of appeasing the rising wrath of the allied Towers. Thus, at liberty to dictate their own terms, the English Consul Schom burgh, and the French Consul Durass, put their heads together, and lay down the fundamental law of the Dominican republic. Their requisi tions make her. to all practical intents and pur poses. a dependency of the allied Powers ; and the cream of the matter lies in those stipula tions extorted from the Dominicans, that in all their diplomatic engagements hereafter there bc no ^Unctions of caste or color con ceded to any foreign Power, and no admimion of any colonizing adventurers from other coun tries, armed or unarmed. Tt is manifest that these exactions can refer to no other country than the United States I and to nothing else than our Southern institu I tion ol flavor/, It wiw the policj Jtr. Cal boil*, when Secretary of State under PreBident Tyler, to strengthen as far as possible the Do. minican republic against the Mack empire of Solouque, at the other end of the Uland of Hayti, under the belief that the destiny of slavery in our Southern States was largely in volved in the ultimate issue between slavery and emancipation in the West India Islands, lie believed that those Islands must ultimately bccome a confederation of free black estab lishments ; or that, where emancipation and i African independence had been tried, they must revert back to the old institution^ of African slavery. lie understood the abolition designs of England, and foresaw that with emancipation once established throughout the other West Indies, Cuba would soon follow in the same channel. From this point it was easy to foresee that a more active and direct war fare against slavery in our Southern States would be the next proceeding, all with the great object in view of breaking up this for midable American Union and its fast ap proaching naval and commercial supremacy. Hence the object of Mr. Calhoun was to make of Dominica a nucleus against the abolition West India policy of England. The official letters in these columns show how bravely this policy was attempted, and how pitifully it has fallen through under the auspices of Messrs. Pierce and Marcy. We should not be surprised, with these dis coveries before us, if we were next to be offi cially informed of the formal consent of the administration to the immediate Africanization of Cuba, notwithstanding the terrible threats of war, havoc and desolation which the cabi net organ at Washington has heretofore so re peatedly uttered as warnings to England and France. Read this Dominican correspondence. Thus closes another chapter of Pierce's inter pretation of the Monroe doctrine. Tlie Intuit to oar Conanl at M*t*n* a*? Con ch* and Blurry. The return of Mr. Consul Worrell from Matan zas ? having demanded his passports because of some disagreement with Captain-General Con cha?brings up again the exciting questions of Consular jurisdiction and the rights of our citizens in Cuba. -We have not received from any well informed source the particulars of the quarrel between the two official gentlemen, and we see that the Havana correspondents of the press generally are disposed to cast slurs upon the conduct of the Consul. With all due deference to the judgments of these gentlemen? which deference would have been much greater had they told us more of the particulars and less of their own opinions in the matter? we are disposed to believe that the Consul has acted under a sense of duty towards his own country and the rights of its citizens, until wc have some evidence to the contrary. In this view of the case we unhesi tatingly conclude that Consul Worrell is en titled to far more support from the govern ment than he is at all likely to receive from the Marcy and Pierce administration that now mismanages affairs at Washington. The question is not a new one, it being whe ther the American Consul or the Probate tri bunal of Cuba shall administer upon the per sonal effects of an American citizen dying in that island, and has been lopeatcdly urged upon the government for settlement. We have no space to-day to examine the question as laid down in the treatises on international law or existing treaties. In support of the view taken by Dr. Worrell, we will cite the fact that Nathaniel Cross, Esq., while acting Consul for the United States at the same place, remained in prison there several months be cause he refused to give up the point to the Spanish authorities, while the administration was too busy with other matters to attend to an imprisoned Consular agent. Wc believe al?o that General Campbell, for several years Consul at Havana, aud now in the same office iu London, repeatedly and urgently requested the government to instruct him on thU point, as one of great importance. But our govern ment seems to have been too busy catching fili busters during the late whig and present ad ministration, to take up the question, and .so it has remained in abeyaucc. We ore informed that the Consul has gone to Washington to see the Premier, confident that kc will be sustained by the author of the Koszta letter ? the principles laid down in which have been his gospel in the proceedings relating to this matter. We fear he will find nothing but disappointment? that with the Secretary of State preaching is one thing and practice quite another, with which he has nothing to do. Will Marcy dare to open the record of our consular intercourse with Cuba, even for a few years back only? We do not believe he will, and therefore wc will cite for his view and that of the public a few of the cases it pre sents. \ Mr. Cross, acting Consul at Matan/.as, recog nized by our own and the Spanish government, was arrested and thrown into prison for seve ral months, for putting the consular seals upon the effects of an American woman who died there. Mr. Sewall, appointed Consul at St. Jago de Cuba, was refused the archives, seal and flag of the consulate by a British subject, with whom they were deposited, and the Spanish Governor sustained him in the refusal. After some months of vain effort, Mr. S. retired from the conflict, and a new Consul was appointed. Althou^h-be carried a positive order from the Secretary of State to take the archives, seal and flag by force if necessary, still they were not delivered, the Spanish authorities at St. Jago refusing to compel the delivery. Mr. Wcst.Consular agent at Sagua la Grande, was arrested on a frivolous charge, and subjected to great expense and long imprison ment, the chief motive for which can only be found in the fact that he was the American Consular agent. Mr. Thompson, Consular agent at the same place, was arrested, tied upon ahorse, and car ried with great indignity prisoner to Havana, because he would not take down from the wall of an inner room, In fifteen minntes, the arms of the United States? they having hung there for two years. Wc need not cite numerous smaller insults to our Consuls In Cul?a. The principal cul prits are enough to vindicate the law. We ask wbnt will Marcy do? It may be that he cannot understand the reason of Gen. Concha's vio lent course in relation to Dr. Worrell, after he, Marcy. has done Concha such good and dirty service during the past winter. Wc think we can inform him. About the time of the difficulty, Concha was called upon to hand over $50,000 Tor the Black Warrior aflair. This reparation waa calculated to give the Ameri

can government some Utile prestige in revolu tionary Cuba if not immediately counteracted. So Gen. Concha sends the $50,000 and an in sulted American Consul to New York in the same steamer. Reparation is made, and the dignity ot the Spanish hidalgo sustained. Concha relies upon his friend Marcy. What will Marcy do? We shall see. Archbishop Hughes and the Prophet Brio ham Young ? What a Contrast! ? We publish to-day the late speech of Archbishop Hughes to the Benevolent Irish Society of Newfound land, on the occasion of a complimentary din ner to " his Grace"' and the other prelates of the Catholic church ; and we also lay before our readers, in these columns, certain extracts from the latest ecclesiastico-political speeches of the Mormon prophet, Brigham Young, at Great Salt Lake. What a contrast! Could anything be imagined more at variance than these speeches of these two conspicuous men ! Mark how they run. The speech of the Archbishop is full of pease and good will. He is pleased with almost everything. He can find no ground of re proach against President Pierce or the demo cratic party. Could the benevolence of even an archbishop go further than this ? Nothing of reproach ? all right ? Mormonism, Greytown, hard shells, soft shells, short boys and all. It will be great news, however, to the divided democracy to hear from the Archbishop that Mr. Pierce is worthy of the office he fills. They are divided upon that subject ; but now they will certainly unite, unless it should be con cluded that the Archbishop felt bound to en dorse Mr. Pierce, being in a foreign country. He could hardly do less under the circum stances. This speech at Newfoundland, in fact, should not be considered as a democratic speech for home consumption. It was not in tended to rally the Catholic vote in the United States to the support of Mr. Pierce at the Cin cinnati Democratic National Convention. Who could think so? Nor was it intended to bring the Catholics of New York to the sup port of the soft shell ticket in our November election. Nothing of the sort. The Archbishop was in a kindly humor at Newfoundland, the result no doubt of a good dinner, including fresh codfish, genial spirits, a cordial welcome, and general good feeling. How else could he, have treated the Know Nothings so leniently ? What a fine opportu nity he had for tearing them to pieces ; but mark how affectionately he deals with them. The Catholics will not leave the society of their American Know Nothing friends ; but if the latter wish to separate, they cau go. Is not this about as far as Christian charity could be exercised in the premises? We should like to know. Now mark the contrast between this affec tionate peace-promoting speech and the latest pronunciamcntos of the false prophet, Brigham Young. Take the following extract for a sam ple. He is speaking, of course, of Joe Smith, the Mormons and their saintly institution of polygamy:? Up to tliia time we have carried the world on our bucks. Joseph did it in bis 'lay, beside* carrying thin whole people, and now all Ihis ix upon my back, with my family to provido for at the same time, and we will carry it all and bear off the Kingdom ot God. And you may pile on State afler State, kingdom after kingdom, and all hell on top, and wo will r?U on the Kingdom of our God, gather out tbo need of Abraham, build the cities r.nd temples of '/.iou, and establish the kingdoaa of God to btnr rule oyer all the earlh, and let the oppres-ed of *11 nations free. I hare never yet talked so rough in these mountains its I did in the United States when tbey killed Joseph. 1 there said boldly and aloud, 1 ? If erer a man should lay bin hands on me and say, (on account of my leligion,) you are my prisoner," the Lord Almighty helping me, I would fend that man to hell across Tots. I feel to now. Let mobberi keep their hands off from me, or 1 will send them where they belong; I am always prepared for such an emergency. This conveys the idea that the Prophet car ries a revolver, and from some other extracts in another part of this paper, there is some danger that he may be called to use it ere long in defence of his monopoly of ninety-six wives and two hundred children. Briefly, while the whole tone of the Archbi shop's speech is that of Christian charity and pcace, the whole spirit of the Mormon Pro phet's iB war to the knife. And yet if the Archbishop is right, the prophet of Mormon dom cannot be fur wrong, for he is Governor ol Utah, under the authority of Mr. Pierce; and the Archbishop tells us " there is no ground of reproach against " his administration. In this sweeping approval of Mr. Pierce, the pro phet is eudorFed by the ArchbNhop, and thus we leave all three together. Mexican Complications. ? We give space to day to much interesting and important matter which wc have compiled from our la*t files of Mexican journals. We have already announced the fact that Gen. Martin Carrera, who was appointed President mi interim, after the flight of Santa Anna, had abdicated the Presidency on the 12th of September, having held power lor hardly a month. The causes which in duced him to resign are set out in his official proclamation to the people, a translation of which we publish to-day. In it he modestly and manfully avows is consciousness of inca- 1 pacify to cope with the situation, disclaims all personal ambition, asserts that his aim and ob" ject was to restore peace and prosperity to the country, and throws the blutne ol his failure on the chiefs of the revolution, who repudiated the authority under which he acted. Disheart* cned and sorrowful, he resolved not to hold a place in which he had not the confidence of the people, and therefore resigned, placing the military government of the capital and district in the hands of Gen. dc la Vega. This officer and the chiefs of the garrison in the capital had proclaimed their adhesion to the political revolutionary platform, known as the plan of Ayutla. Alvarez, Coinonfort, Vidauri and the other revolutionary officers of distinction were daily expected in the capi tal, and until after their re-union the republic would be absolutely without an organized civil government. In the meantime, however, Vidauri in Mon terey, and Comonfort in Guadel^jara, had is sued new tariffs. That of the former was a modification of that already existing, but its precise terms are as yet unknown to us. That of the latter was the Ceballos tariff, with some modifications, which wo have reported. For instance, according to this decree, on all goods imported into any of the Pacific ports there is an abatement of duty to the extent of twelve per cent; the duty on the internal transportation of spccic is abolished, and the export duties are fixed at? silver coin, three per cent; silver bul lion. eight per cent; gold coin, one per cent, and gold bullion five per cent. For the in struction of our mercantile classes, we pub lish a literal translation of this decree of Co monfort's, and also the original tariff of Ce ballos. Tho news which we give under the hetd of Mexico will be found highly instruc tive to all interested in th* condition of that riven and JetolatcU repuliij. The Grain Chops and tub European De mand. ? The extraordinary movements in pro duce on Saturday, embracing sales to the ex tent of nearly half a million of dollars, is cal culated to provoke the minutest inquiry into the causes which are operating npon buyers. A few days ago were published from the London Tima and the Paris Moniteur positive declara tions of a considerable deficiency in the grain crops in both England and France? in the latter country to the extent of seventeen mil lions ef bushels. We were further advi sed that considerable orders had been sent to this coun try to supply the demand in France ; and we arc now informed of an alarming deQciency in portions of Germany. Our Berlin correspon dent says that orders from that country had also been sent to the United States, and that the government had determined to supply the army from our productions. See our market report in anther column. It is now certain that there is a very marked failure of the crops of France and portions of Germany, and to some extent in England; and that there is a large surplus in the United States. The first effect of deficiency in Europe is already visible in the movement of specula tors who have extensively accumulated the stocks on hand, which they hold for higher rates. It is quite probable this fact may account for the large orders sent to this coun try and the extraordinary activity of our grain markets at the present time. Granting our surplus to bo fifty millions of bushels ? the amount we long since estimated ? it seems now probable, since the Danubian productions are wholly locked out from the army of the East and from the demands of the west of Europe, that all of it will be required to meet the deficiencies in the three countries referred to. It should be borne in mind by American producers that an alarm in the old countries upon the question of food may be stimulated to some extent by interested opera tors; and in this view it is quite likely that prices may range as high at the present moment as at any future time. Those who have operated in advance, who have large stocks on hand, are apt, standing behind their own immense accumula tions, to underestimate the stocks of others. To some extent this is the case in our owr country, where means of acquiring informatio on all subjects is limitless. In Europe the pul lie mind is still more liable to be misdi rected. It is, therefore, not unlikely that the present moment is the very best time we shall have to get rid of our surplus at good paying rates. The movement of grains upon the exchange market must be favorable. There is one thing to be thought of in this connection, and that is tlie effect of the war upon the manufactures and commerce of Europe, and upon tho con sumption by its people of our cottons and grains. It is quite impossible that there can be anything like ordinary activity in the great ) ranches of industry in England or France. If no other cause can be found, the immense derangement of the money market, the diver sion at short periods of the disposable re sources of individuals in what is thought to be safe and profitable stock investments, to carry on the operations of the war, will, of itself, raise the rates of commercial interest, and re strict and cramp the movements of trade and manufacturing industry. In Europe, far more than this country, all the branches of labor are linked together, and share, to a great extent, the same fate. If the great cotton works of England arc seriously affected, it will he because grain is high ? be cause the rates of interest have advanced ? be cause commerce is paralyzed ? and as we are the chief producers of the raw material, it is quite likely that we shall witness a limited de roand for that kind of production. This fact should be considered, in connection with the activity of the grain trade, in estimating the probable effect of the general markets upon our foreign exchanges. Again, in reference to the shipment of species it should not be forgotten that the great money establishments of England and on the Conti nent, in consequence of the war, are liable to be driven to extreme measures to sustain them selves; and at such seasons we may look to the overthrow of all ordinary laws of exchange, in o' edience to tho forec that shall be used to w ithdraw from us a portion of our precious metals. Abatement of h.e Pestilence in Norfolk ivu Portsmouth. ? We have received tho deep ly gratifying intelligence ? for which we refer to another column ? that the pestilence which has so fearfully ravaged the two seaport towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth, has at length ex hibited unmistakeablc signs of abatement. History lias few parallels to the mortali ty which has been witnessed 'luring the rag ing of the fever in those stricken cities. It will remain recorded as one of the most terri ble instances of the effects of the plague. But we desire not to enlarge on the subject, it be ing a much more plea&ant duty to inform our readers that at length the desolator has begun to desist from his death-garnering. We published in Sunday's Herald a full re port of the proceedings of a meeting held on the previous evening, in the Metropolitan thea tre. to devise measures for the relief of the or phans made so by the pestilence. Though the rain, which fell incessautly all day, materially interfered with the success of the meeting, still its movement, which was there initiated, will, wc have no doubt, go on and become an emi nently successful one. The noble charities of our city cannot be evoked in any holier causs. The Pytie and Harrison (roupt also devoted the proceeds of their performance, at Niblo's, on the same evening, to the aid of the yellow fe ver Fufferers. As one of the speakers at the Metropolitan theatre well remarked, these ma nifestations of sympathy ar?. stronger bonds of union between the North a id South than any mere conventional or political ties. The North has acted generously towards these Southern cities in this their hour of affliction. The contri butions which poured in from New York, Bos ton. Philadelphia, and the cities and towns in this section, cannot have fellen in the aggregate short of a quarter million of dollars. And the South will not, in its chivalrous nature, forget this Northern manifestation of sym pathy. Canadian Rkjoicinos at the Fall of Se bastopol. ? We transfer to our columns to-day a report of the illuminations, feuz dtjoit , rlng of bells, firing of big guns, chanting of TV Drum, and other outward manifestations of rejoicing which the good citizens of Montreal have been recently indulging in, in honor of the victory of the Valako? A perusal of the doingi on th?t ocoasion -rill prove highly en' ^ tcrtftining. The following paragraph we clip from on? of the Montreal papers ?t Sew York, we learn that upon the reception of th* tbe *t the Metropolian Hotel and Aato House were hoisted at half-mast an a token of grief, i , Canadian resident there declare* ty, though deslrot* . of Illuminating hi. house, he did _ not dare to do so, 1 erf | he should hate hi* window* smashed. ^ The gentleman who supplied thv above pitft> of news was, perhaps, in too excited \ conditio, to make inquiry as to the matter, ,x elge ho r would not have rushed into makiry Bueh ^ statement. The flags at the Metrv,0litau ? Hotel and ABtor House were on the 'ay in question certainly displayed at half-mast But that signal had no reference to the fall CSe bastopol, but rather to the death of a respetcd old citizen and hotel-keeper, who was bone to his grave that day. This was the late Mr. ? Preston Hodges, whom Mepsra. Leland of tit Metropolitan succeeded in the proprietorship of the Clinton House, and to whom Messrs. Coleman and Stetson of the Astor had been near neighbors. As to the declaration of the Canadian resident, that he was afraid to illu minate his house, we have no doubt that he may have had the apprehension he speaks of. But if so, its only foundation was in his excessive timidity. He might have illu minated his house from cellar to attic, and the crowd who would gather to sec it would feel perfectly indifTerent whether he was re joicing at the fall of 8c bastopol or the fall of Gibraltar. If this apprehensive gentlemau will create bugbears to frighten children with,, he should not make such a fool of himself ae to put them in print. We recommend him shower baths. Something New Under the Sun. ? The la dies' riding matches which have lately taken place at several Mate and country fairs are really refreshing novelties. No less than thir ty-eight of these exhibitions of female eques trianship have been made at the various fairs in the Union w ithin the last month. Y oung Ameri ca gets very much excited about these matters, and we see that at a country fair last week, where a fair equestrienne was ruled off the course beoanco she did not reside in the coun ty tin lady rode "on her own hook," and nile population made up a purse of se dollar -.-? lor her as a token of spontaneous, . cuniary and unaffected adoration. They re very interesting and harmless amusements, these matches, and ought to be encouraged. Elsewhere will be found a full account of the Sate Fair match at Elmira on Saturday. These are stirring times among the women. Bring up your horses. ^ _______ TBI LITEST N B W BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Interesting ftom Wnrtilngton. ANOTHER SPANISH klFFICULTY? 8TRKING OF TIM FLAG OF THE UNITED BTATE8 CONSULATE IN Mi TANZA8 THE REASONS WHV ? BENERAL CONCHA ORDEBS A VIOLATION OF THE SEALS OF OFFICE? THEY ARE BROKEN BV THE SPANISH ALCALDE? THl, UNITED STATES CONSUL PROTB8TS AND LEAVES OUR REPRESENTATIVE BIGHTS. Washington, October ?, 1856. Doctor Edward Worrell, United State* Consul at Ma tanias, who arrived In New York by the Black Warrior from Havana, in In thin city at present, seeking an inter view with the State Department on the subject of the recent striking ot bin flag and his subsequent departure from his post. 1 have not yet seen htm, nor am 1 aware If he has had an opportunity ot submitting his case to the Secretary, but I understand that when he doe* so, It will be found to present some very dell' ate points both of treaty interpretation and international law. 1 hear that about three months ago, an Air.ericnn cltiien, named Hatfield, died In Matanxas, when Consul Worrell proceeded, as bonnd by his duty, to place the seals ot the consulate on his effects, in order to seek out probate, so as to render th?m available to his heirs. After a short time he was directed by the alcalde to re move the seals of office, in order that a government in ventory of the property should be taken. This he re fused to do, standing on the ground that the United States, by treaty with Spain, was on an equality with other counWe*. France for lustance, and that when citi zens of such countries died, as Hatifield had. in Cuba, their personal effects came at once Into the possession ol the Consul representing the government to which <le c ased had been subject during life, and that In 1- ren-h cases no such inventory as that then demanded was re quired. However, the doctor offe-ed to have an intcrv ew with the officer of the Spanish government, when he (the Consul) would remove the seals, so as that the inventory of the property should be taken in hl? pro^ aence. This was declined peremptorily, and the doctor's key* were demanded for govern ment use. He refused tj give them, and -then said he would not even remove the sc*U. < n this the alcalde reported to the Captain General, wlo, in reply, instructed him to perform the work of removing the con sular seals by force, if necessary for his purposes. Tl.n the latter proceeded to do, Dr. Worrell protein*. When replying to the alcalde, General Concha wrote to Consul Worrell, and I am told that he stillty denied to the Doctor the right to assume any jurisdiction ovor the -North Americans" travelling in the Spanish dominion*. He meant, it is supposedly "North American'," Am-ri can cititens and their properties. Dr. Worrell having firmly and ably resisted the outrages of a government violation of the seaU of our Consul's office? a thing whiih would not be haiai Jed In the ease of I ngland or France? struck bis flag and left, and now will as I am informed, place a glaring national grievance be "ore Secre tary Marry. It is said that he Is a man who -ill attcno to bis cafe to the last. We are anxious hero to know how the Premier will act. The treaty of 1705, between Spain and the United States, expressly *T*;? " OoMul* (i f T. 8. Consuls) shaU be reciprocally receive! with the same power and privilege of the most favored na tions." This is what the treaty says, but what our government will do Is another question. COL. KINNEY IN CENTRAL AMERICA ? ANNOYANCE 01 CUSHINO? NEW YQRK POLITICIANS. Washington, October 7. 1855. The success of Col. Klnneyjin Central America i* a sou re of great annoyance to Gen. Cushlng. On two oooMk>ns he has Introduced the subject in cabinet meetln/s. Ro'ii times he has been foiled. At the last meeting (Thurs day) he manifested great indignaUon at Marcy anl Pierce because of their refusal to act. "t'nle" there i sometblng done," -aid he, to the old Premier, ? Kinney, Fabeni k Co. will be back here in an official capad'y, and God know* 1 would rather nee the devil and all hi* <mps than that unscrupulous man Kinney and hi* a?< ciatcs." Marcy finally assured Cashing that -?>methlng should be done. There Is now here quite a number of leading New York politicians who invariably refuse to regiater thei nam ?s. who, Immediately on their arrival, ate cloeeted wuh. Pierce and Marey. A gentleman Informed me to-day bat these politicians, office-holders, were m 'ring heaven and earth to secure the Empire State fir l ie c t the Cincinnati convention. Georgia Election. COLt-MBIA, 3. C., Oct. 7 18AV Robert P. Trippe Is the only Know Nothing certain)}' elected to Congress. Messrs. 'Seward, Warner, Cnbh, I.umpkin and A. H. Stephen*, democrats, are certainly elected. Two district*, the second and seventh, are stilt in doubt. Johnson's majority lor Governor Is large The l egislature la decidedly democratic. Ttwaeisn Lagislatart. Baltimom, Oct. 7, 18A.1, The Legislature of Tennessee met on the 1st iost. Tiicr -enate elected Col. Chatham, American, Speaker, Th? Hotiee (ailed to elect a Speaker on the Ant day. We have received no mall south of Savannah to- la) Market*. Petmeevii, Oct. 7 m*. Cottca baa beep 4?l> doriaf the past week with small'