Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW TORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. ??84. MORNING EDITION-FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS. ARRIVAL OF THE RELEASE AND ARCTIC. SAFE RETURN OF DR. KANE. ABANDONMENT OF THE ADVANCE IN THE ICE. TOME W TOE 1ANE KXPnMIMR LOST. Highly Interesting Narratives of Dr. Kane, Dr. Hayes, Mr. Sontagand Mr. Donseil, Officers of the Expedition. THE GREAT OVER-ICE JOURNEY. Splendid Soirees Dansantex in the Arctic Regions. BEAUTIFUL GIRLS IN BEAR SKINS AT DISCO ISLAND. Bountiful Coal Mines at liar* bor Island. Interview Between Br. Sane and Mr. ZX. OrinnelL DISCOVERY OF NEW CAPES, BAYS AND SEAS. Iccbwfi Five Hundred Feet Blgh and Eighty IIIUcm Long. The Efforts to Discover the Northwest Passage. The Atmospheric Phenomena of the World, Ac., Ac., Ac. The Hartstein Expedition, consisting of the screw steamer Arctic and sailing Teasel I'.elease, which left this port four months ago in search of Dr. Kane and his party, returned to New York yesterday ufiernoon and anchored off the Battery. It Is gratifying to add that the expedi tion was successful in tts mission: Dr. Kaue and his sur viving companions were brought safely home by Cnpt. Bart stein. The Kane Expedition left New York, in the brig Ad vance, on the 31st of May, 1853, under the command of I)r. Kane. U. 8. N., in search of Sir John Franklin. The names of the gallant officers ?ud trew of the Advance were as follows:? Dr. Elisha K. Kane, Passed As-lstant Surgeon of the United States Navy, in commsml, having been detailed by the Department for this specinl service. J. Ball Wilson, sailing master, United .Hates Nary. Henry Brooks, first office', do. James Mc'tarry, second officer, do. Amos ltonsall, third officer, do. Dr. J. .T. Hsyes, surgeon, do. i Ohli Christian Onlsen, carpenter. August fontag, astronomer. Henry Gonkfellow, assistant astronomer. Wm. Morton, steward. Peter Sliepard, cook. George Stephenson, seaman. Jcffeisoo T. Parker, do. George J. Whittel. do. 'William E. Godfrey, do. Cetrge Filey, dto. C. Blake, do. The only public letter received from the expedition 'during its .absence came to the office of the Xiw York Hekaid. at, I was dated in July of 1853. The Hartstein Expedition, in seatch of Dr. Kane, left New York on the 4th of June. 1865, under the comman of Lieut. H. J. Hart.itoin, D. 3 S. This expedition con sisted of the propeller Arctic and bark Release. The names of the officers and crew who so uobly volunteered their services on board these vassals, were as follows:? ON THE HELKAKK. >hi>i>AY, June 4. 1856. Commander or the Expedition?I ieut. H. J. Hartstein, ?of South Carolina. Ftret J j'?ut. and Acting Maetur?Wm. 3. Lot ill. District of Columbia Second Lieut.?Jereph P. Yy'Sr Ohio. Boatswain?V. B. Hall. New York. Captain's Clerk?Charles lever. New York. And thirteen seamen. ON THE A Ft ( TIC. Lieut. Commanding?C. C. .?inm??, <tf Virginia First iieut. and Acting Master?Watson Smith, New - Jersey. Chief Engineer?Harmon Newell. Pennsylvania. Assistant Engineer?Wm. Johnston, New York. Boatswain?Samuel Whiting Mictiigan. Carpenter?Wm. Richardson. Punter's steward?John Vandyke, And sixteen seamen. New York was thrown into a state of considerable ex -cltement in the afternoon, by the safe return of Captain Hartstein, Dr. Kane, and their gallant comrades. The whole tosrn, indeed, were delighted. Our news collector thus briefly reports the arrival of the Release end Arctic:? THE NEWSMAN'S REPORT OP THE RETURN. The United States Arctic Expedition, composed of the bark Release and steam brig Arctic, H. J. Hartstein, Lt. commanding expedition, has arrived. They left New York Hay 30, 1855; arrive! in Leavely, Isle of Disco, Greenland, July 6. Coasted along the shores ef Greenland from H li st einburg to lat. 78.38 N., touching at Leavely, Hare Island, Upernavik. Hakluyt Island, Chpe Hatherton, and other places on the coast. Were twenty-eight days boring through the pack in Melville Bay. Thence crossed Davis Strati; went up I An caster Sonnd as far Admiralty Inlet, where they were opposed by a solid pack, which entirely stopped their progress. Thence they proceeded down the Western cnest, examining Possession and Pond's bays. Were Cast In the great middle pack for several days, to all appearances for the winter. In lat, 00.30 N\, Ion. A3 30 W.. spoke English whale ship Eclipse, of Peterhead, bound to Cumberland Inlet: had taken three fish, all well. Arrived at leavely on their return trom having entirely circumnavigated the Northern waters as fa- as the ice would permit. Sept. 13. Found Dr. Kane, (he having abandoned his vessel in the tee.) and his associates, excepting those who had died from exposure, vis. :? Christian Ohlsen. carpenter. Pierre Schubert (Shepard). cook. Jefferson Baker (Parker), seaman. Found st leavely the Danish brig Marianne, Capt. Am mond-son. loading tor Copenhagen. Bailed from LMvely Sept. 18. On the 10th, boarded Danish brig Bsldur, 37 days from Copenhagen, bound to Laavely. On the 27th spoke English schooner Stella, from Sandwich Bay. bound to Plymouth. No trace whatever bad been discovered of Sir John Franklin's party. The last winter in the Arctic had been unusually se vers, many of the natives having perished f rum exposure and starvation. Had been eomielM to eat their dogs, the extreme cold having prevented the usual hunting ex peditions. The vessels are In tolernbly good condition. They have been in collision with icebergs, and severely nipped in the packs. THE KANE EXPEDITION. HIGHLY INTERESTING ACCOUNT OE THE EXPEDI TION, AH RELATED BY IIB. KANE TO MR. HENRY OMR NELL. As soon as the vesael* came to anchor off the Battery, Dr. Kane hurried ashore, and proceeded at once to the Aster House, where he was warmly welcomed by a host of friends and acquaintances Every one crowded to see him, and for a few minutes be was so completely sur rounded and beset by eager Inquirers that It was with the greatest difficulty he could make his eerape. When he st last succeeded In gaining the street, he. in com pany with a friend, got Into a carriage ami drove up to the residence of Mr. Henry Grlnnell. In Bond street His arrival had been expected by Mr. Grinnell. who re reived Wm with such a welcome as only cornea from die very depths of the haart "I Lave no Advance with mc." sail Dr. Kane, sl iding to the loss of his vessel which, as we lave stated, e was obliged to abandon in the iee. ??'Never tn'Bd that "jdltl Mr, (v.-unf' 1 nyv you are safe, that U all wf care about. G?mc into the purlor. he added, "and let uh hear the whole atory." And Pr. Kane proceeded at once to relate tho atory ot hi* second voyage to the Arctic regions, the porlla and dangers to which he was exposed, his wonderful adven ture* and still more wonderful escape. We give it as nearly in his own words aa possible, sotting, however, at his request, that hia official account will be publiahed as early aa practicable, and that any nrrors or inacoura cies will be corrected in it. lie was obliged, be aald, to ubandon the Advance in latitude '8.15, after having pe netrated as far as Sti.bO, which wa i further than any other navigator bad gone, with the exception of Captain I'arry, tvho reached the latitude of 8.1.15 While here he saw the l'olynya or open ?oa, utieching away off to the north tartber than the eye could reach. This point he had reached after travelling eighty or ninety miles over the ice in sledges; but as an Immense xoii" of it intervened between him and his vessel, It was im| ossible for hint to prosecute hia investigation farther northward. For two winteia the Advance was completely hemmed in;nnd as it became evident to him, Irum the condition of his men, that they could not survive another winter, he deter mined to leave her and make the heat of his way to the neatest settlement. He discovered about eighty new capes and twenty bays, and found laud up us far as he was enabled to penetrate. The extreme northern boundary of this he named (irlnncll'a Land, in honor of Mr. Henry tirinnell. The hardships they endured were of a fearful character, and at one time alx out of their party of nineteen were so low that it was thought they could not survive. Of these three died, and tho rest were saved, after the most unremitting care and atten tion. One of these was Mr. Alston, the carpenter, who died, while crossing over the ice, of lockjaw, super induced by the intense cold. The other two wore frost bitten. The lockjaw, Dr. Kane said, was very prevalent. The party, after making their way over thirteen hun dred miles of Ice, arrived ut leviely or Godhaven, and bad taken passage in a Danish brig, named the Maria, when the Helease mnde her appearance. Their joy at meeting their countrymen here can better be imagined than described. Ihev lost no time, it is almost needless to state. In tak ing their departure, and after a favorable voyage arrived within sight of our shores, where they were hailed by the steamship I'nion about sixty miles east of.Haudy Hook. ADDITIONAL STATEMENT UV Hit. KANK. The expedition succeeded in crossing Melville Hay ami reaching the headlands of Smith Sound a-r early as the 8th of August, 1853. Finding tho ice to tho north com pletely impenetrable, they wore forced to attempt a tem porary pmsnge along the coast, where the rapid tides? running at the rate of four knots an hour, with a rise and fall of aixteea feet?had worn a temporary 0pitting I'revious to taking this step, which involved great re sponsibility, aDd which was, in fact, equivalent to sa crificing the vesAlI. a Francis metallic boat, with a canoe of provisions, was concealed as a means of retreat. The penetration of the pack he was attended by many obstacles. The vessel grounded with every tide and hut for her extreme strength would not have been able to sus tain the shocks of the ice. She was twice on her beam ends, and once on fire from the upsetting of the stoves. Some idea of this navigation mny be formed, from the fhet of her losing her jibboom, best bower anchor ami bulwarks, be sides about t.OO fathoms of warping line. They were cheered, however, by a email daily progress; and by the 10th of September, 185b. had succeeded in gaining the northern 'ace of Greenland?at a point never reached be fore. Here the young Ice froze around the vessel, and compelled them to seek a winter asylum. ef The winter gave them a degree of cold much below any previous registration on record. Whiskey froie In No cember, and for four months in the year meraury was solid daily. The mean animal temperature waa live de grees below zero aumzari- and wiu'.e, 'iirliulsl TAm without a doubt waa tho gieatest cold ever experienced by man, as the seat of their winter quarters waa naares the pole. The scurvy was readily controlled, but the most nove feature of thl* winter was a tetsnus, or lockjaw, which defied all treatment. It carried sway fifty-seven of their best sledge dogs, and was altogether a frightful scourge. The operation* of search commenced a* early a* March. The first parties, under the personal charge of l?r Kane, crossing the ice at tem|>erature* of minus 67 below zero The loss of their dogs obliged them, as an only alterua tive, to adopt this early travel. Many of the party were fro-t bitten and underwent amputation of the toes. It was by means of these efforts that, the expedition suc ceeded in bringing back their important results. The parties were in the field as late a* the 10th of July, only ceasing from labor when the winter darkness inade it im possible to travel. Greenland has l>een followed and surveyed by Dr. Kane towards the Atlantic, with a coast line fronting due North, until a stupendous glacier absolutely checked their progre-s. This mass of ice rose in a lofty precipice, 500 feet high, abutting into the sea. It undoubtedly is the only barrier between Greenland and the Atlantic?it is an effectual barrier to all future explorations. 1. This glacier, in spite of the difficulty of falling bergs, was followed out to aca by rneana of sledgea, the party rafting themselves across open wster spaces on masses of ice. In this way they succeeded In travelling eighty miles along its base, and traced it into a new Northern land. This glacier is, we believe, the largest ever discovered by any previous navigator. 2. This new land thus cemented to Greenland by pro truding ice was named "W ashington." The large bay which Inter' enra between It and Greenland bears, we believe, the name of Mr. i'eabody, of Baltimore, one of the projectors of the expedition. This icy connection of the old and new worlds seema to ua a feature of peculiar interest. 3. The range of the ale<!ge journeys may be understood trom the fact that the entire circuit of smith's Sound ha* been effected, and Its shores completely charted. 4. But the real discovery of the expedition Is the open Polsr sea. The channel tew ling to these waters was en tirely free from Ice, and this mysterious feature was ren dered more remarkable by the existence of a belt of solid ice extending one hundred and twenty-five miles to the southward. This sea verities the views of Dr. Kane, as expressed to the Geographical Society, before his depar ture. The lashing of the surf against this frozen beach of ice wa* impressive beyond description. Several gentle men with whom we have conversed, speak of this to on* of the most remarkable sight* which they observed during the rxpedition. An area of three thousand square mites ha* been seen entirely free from ice, and wa* named after the Hon. J. P. Kennedy, late secretary of the Navy, under whose auspices the expedition was under taken. The land te the north and west of this channel has been charted as high aa 82 30. Ibis is the nearest land to the Pole yet known. It beara the name of Mr. Henry Grinnell, the founder of the enterprise. THE WINTEK OP 18.14-65. The extreme aeverlty of the previous aeaann made It evident that tl>* brig could not be liberated before the ?lnt?r net In. She ?u f*?t Impounded In tbe centre of a large field of Ice. The proTmloB". although ahundun* were not calculated to reeiot -curvy, and tbe fuel, owlrg to tbe emergency of the previoue winter, wee .le fleient in oukntlty. Voder these elrrumatanee IT. Kane, with a I*ity of volunteer*?on en attempt to reach the mouth of IancaaUr Hound, in of meeting the Kngiiah espedlon, and thua filing relief to hia aeaoclatea?passed In en oj?n boat over the track of Baffin'' travel, Hillng out a heavy gale They tound au uninterrupted barrier of ice, ex'en.ling in one great boreeabi* from junti to Murehlaon'a Hound and were forced ater rariou" rccape-- to return to the brig Turing the winter which en nod thejr viop'ed tbe babita of the f.a<|niniautt, lletng upon raw Walrua m>-at ami aurrounding thetnaelves by walla of moaa. In apite of these j.recantiona the scurvy advanced with ateady pro gre-a but by the aid a aingle team of doe< It. Kane aue ceeded in effecting a comnmnicati'.n with a acttlcm-nt of E*v|aimaux aeventy mile-to the southward and hy or ginising a bunt ielieve.1 the pnrty. At one time e-ery of the eijedttlon excwj.t Dr. Kane and Mr. Ronael were confined to their bank* with acurvy; but hy a pro*Id o tlal lntarpoeltlon Uie party eacaped without a 'bath EEC APE TO THE EOt'T If The grrat belt ofiee n??de it clear that na relief erjie dltiona from the South eouM reach tbe j.erty in time to prevent tbe imprisonment of a third winter, which, wit their def rtroctc- of fuel, would hare proved moat dlaa troua. If not Iktal. 1 nder these cir> umaUace-. IT. Kane wleely determ'ned to abandon hi* brig, and attempt to i 'I -ii -U&M :'i 1 ViUtA-?l^g 4 ?'*-> sledges. Iu accordance with this view they loft (he brig o& the 17th May, the temperature a', that time licing tive degrees below xero. They cross.-d a li-lt of ice eighty one mile* iu diameter, d.agging the boats behind then, and carrying four of their aick comrades by means of a dog pledge. After an actual travel of ilOl miles, they reached <'a|>e Alexander and embarked in open water. Their gun* supplied them with an mat food no provi sions lieing crrrled in the boat, cxseptlng breadstuff* aud tallow. From t'ape Alexander they travelled to the .Soutliwurd, sometimes over ice aometimea through water, ahootlng duck and peal and cAllectine, enough eggs to keep the purty in good condition. At Cape York they burued up their spare boata and sledge* for fuel and left the coast, striking ? ut into the open sea of Melville Hay, steering for the North Vanish settlements of Greenland. Here they were proYid.entially landed on the sixth of August, in vigorous health, after tlieir travel of 1,1100 miles and 81 days of constant exposure. From Uperuivik, the largest ot these settlements, they took pasaage In a Danish tra ding vessel for England. Uy great good fortune they touched at Disco, where they were tnct by Captain ilnitsteln'i expedition. ThU searching expedition having found the ice of Smith Sound still unbroken, but having communicated with the Esquimaux, had heard of the departure of Dr. Kane, and retraced their steps. The expedition has to mourn the loss of three of Its comrades, two of whom perished by lockjaw, audonetrom abscess following a froiett extremity. They may be said to have fallen Iu the direct dl-rliargr of their duty. Their names sie acting carpenter Christian Ohlsca, Jof fersou Maker and Deter Shubert, volunteers. BTATKMENT OF DR. HA TEH AND Mil. B0N3RI., OFF! CEHH, AND Mil. SONTAO, OF THE EXPEDITION PNDKK DR. RANK. We left New York .list May, 186.1. The puup to Baffin * Hay was without Incident. We stopped at van ouh Danish colonies in Greenland to provide ourselves with furs and Esquimaux dog*. Reached first Ice in MellvlUe Bay letter part of Ju'y. Without difficulty forced our passage through iu (our days, being ? remark ably quick pannage. Got Into open sea on 3d Augu.,t. In latitude 78, on 6th August entered Smith's .sound. Made henry ice next morning. From thia time forth were constantly in Ice. Worked through in a northeasterly direction till the end of August, when we had reached latitude 78 45 ; we found this coast so exposed that we had to retrace our steps for a short distance to And & secure wrtutor harbor; on the 10th ol September we housed oyer t he ship, put gnlley stoves between decks and anchored near .bore; this was on the coast of North Greenland; during thi time a party of sledges was sent out with provision* to the northword for the purpose of making deposits for navigators and Tor our party, which we intended .euiiug out it the spring to prosecute the search for Franklin this party travelled about 400 miles In a northeasterly direction, reaching latitude 80. and at last found ii glaxier whitV fcrmed the shore line of Greenland to the north; the party travelled along this glazier for about fifty miles; the dsnolutlou of this latitude cannot bo dc sribed with the pea; thia party having made their de posit returned to the ?hlp about the middle of October when other parties were sent out for the purpo e of ex ploring the coast. The mercury at this time was 40 degrees below zero mat constantly frozen. The cold and darkness were Increasing, which put an end to our sending out our exploring parties. We lost the sun entirely in the middle of October. We were n >w cer tainly in a dreary situation. The >un we knew would not return till the tilth of February, till which time we had total darkness. We had coal Ores all this thne, and on board ship gained a comfortable temperature. NV thing ol moment nun -eauevedsrt. rtwrerj set in again exerting all our dogs died but three or four, from a spasm peculiar to the climate. The loss of our d >?* wa severely felt, for upon these faithful animals we were to de|?end to draw our sledges. In March wo again had twelve hours daylight and iri this month we started out another exploring party to the north, but from tb. neavy, rough Ice, they were not alT.e to proceed over for ty miles from the vessel, when the party returned agiln to the vessel. This was March, 1864. On this execution some of the party were frost bitten, and two so severely that they afterward# died One was named Peter dhubert. the cook, and the other linker. Two others of the party had their toes cut off. I was in this expedition, ami when thirty miles from the vessel,myself and two others the ouly ones of the party who could walk?retained on fiiot across the ice to the lessel to report the condition of the party to I>r. Kane. Dr. Kane, with a strong party immediately set out for the relief of the sufferer-, but did uot succeed in giving succor till after the pirtv had g?.ue through suffering the most perilous and Intense. 7he next explotlng party from the ship wa- in Ap'tl. and headed by I?r. kams in person. It coast-ted of two sledges?one drawn by dogs and the other by men. Thi .party wa* out only eight days when Dr. Kane was taken ill with fever, ami found it m-ces-ary to return to tb ? ve> el. In May another exploring party wis formed under the command of It. Hayes, sb succeeded iri cro, log to the westeily side of .smith t Larinei. a distance of eighty miles from the ship. This party suffered greatly from snow blindness. The party running short uf provi sions here was obliged to return to the ship, which they reached after an absence of twelve days, and having in thia time travelled three hundred ami fifty miles. With the dog-, the explorer can travel iifty miles a day. Dr. Hayes, on his return f. oin this ex pedltion, travelled at this speed, hi* dog team being fed on nothing more than an old boot lor breakfast and par! of a pair of Esquimaux pants fur dinuer. Directly after the return of Dr. liay-s. during the month of June, another explotlng party was fitted out under command of Bon-el and McGoary. 7 he object of all these parties was to ascertain some traces of Mr John I ranklin it possible. This pnrty took a northeastern di rection to the western ?hore of Baffin's Kiy. A bran a party from this, accompanied by au Esquimaux driver, continued the search along the eastern roast, finding Smith Sound terminating in a large bay. A? the b ittoin of this bay ws 1 the glazier of the shore already men tioned. from this point, a new channel w*. discovered, extending doe north. The party travelled up this elian nel along the nonet until tbwy weia up by open water. This open space was entirely free from ice and abounding in animal life, such as foul, fish, wslru- so l -Cal. A nortbrily gale lasting two day*, brought no Ice down, proving that a large opao sea was beyond but whether thi* was tha great Polar Mm or not 1* |ue*Uoa able. It Is the opinion of Iir. Kane that thi wa* the open i'olar r*a, that Is never froien over This party made a chart of the court as lar n irth a- lat eie syg . o ?the most northern point of lan-l ye', discovered. Iu July this |-arty returns 1, and thi- dosed the o|*-rat, of the year 1854. Eoon after this it became apparent to our whole ;<\r*v that the ship could not be liberated from 'he lee. We all lelt that we were doomed to spend the winter iu this latl tude. unle-e relief came from Hir Edward Belcher, with whom Dr. Kane tried to communicate in perch#- Mr fdward wa- at I*eehy Island, wdkich lay 700 mils - to 'h ?outb and waat, ibe attempt to reach Hir Edward was fruitless. Dr. Kane in the attempt to reach him. to- -0 t-mith Hound, w'th a crew of fire men, in a wbaleboat, and reaches) Jones Hound, where they met the heavy pack be of Jons s, lsmeasts r. Whole and -mlth x.unt forming l#>g*thcr an iinpenetrsM** pas-4t of ice ranging rrom five to thirty Teet in thickn#*- They skirt.d thi* pack to the eastward, nsasing re pes ted iff to hore through It. This effort ecslangarlag their boa upon which their lives depended, was U' sf i rvacliing the east coast of Baffin '* Day or Wbals M au 1 Ilera other off .rt? were made to bora be ice wrh nt r ; e*",t|- The party then . eturnsd totlie .hip / road' up their n ..el* to spsnd tii* winter old lb.res This winter was spent as the w oter before on thlptoar with the except thai baring ?y th.- time r, not. a!! of our coal, w- were obliged to burn all \.e spvc wood work sif the ?nlp, and confine ..tir.elre# to't ?malle-' jart of the ship to' h" purps,-e .1 econami# g the fuel. Tlnngs at thi* j-eri M war* extremely |tr? During thi* winter, to a 14 D> th' >t!ier horr . < <u our I situation we were all atla. kel with sen ry a 1 at ???) time Dr. Kane aosi Mr. fp.nsel were the only parson* aW* to ms/v* atesu' and attend to th* detp-a . f th# hip sad nnr*e the slrk. The ?enrry gradually di-ar ? earel w i> the v'nrnof the son and the Increased w* soth. W? owed our recovery to the .ree >me ?f raw fr-.?e-i *a,r fee' IV* r*d ft m toe wild E'lulmsitx to r? isij wbeb We gere Jsr.UalTc., new! Is., p#ps-e sits Meg ewt.t-.-g tw Wss^' of spiing, it wmi j evident that the ship would not bo liberated during t ha year, and it was known to be impos sible topeud anther winter in her, .*? the provision* liad given out, and the fuel was all g'tie, excepting the bulk of the -hfci. After mature com-ultaliou it w?? de termined to abandon the ship, and endeavor to tnak? our way to the aouthwarii by means of boat-. Three l> -ata yet remained to us. I here, together wiili simply a change of clothing, about 150 pound* of pork fit t',00 pounds of bread, and 100 pounds of Bcrdoua meat bU cult. which we found 4o be an invsluabloarilcleot loud, we tran?|iorted over the ice, a distance of .'ISO miles to open water. We took farewell of the ship in lier ice hound prison on the kOlh id May, 1865. We game i open water near Cape Alexander, and turned our bows southward nud forborne, our ch-nres Isdng despera'e a:i l vgvinat us: but with stout heurta and full of hope, never for a moiueut thoueht of deapairing On the 21st of June we were allnat and giving three ehec for home, every oar did ila duty for the south. During thie journey vre were in constant ba'-tle -dm the ice until w reached I'pernnvtk, the most northern Danish colony nn the western coast of <ireeulaud. We wore many times com polled to carry our boats across the ice from on" pool of winter to the other. We travelled a distance of 1, <00 miles to reach I pernavilt, subsisting most of the inue on game, such as biids ami real, procured by our trusty fowl irg pieces. We reached Cpcrnavlk on the t'.th^. August, when our hardships were over, ai'il we all, for the first time, dated to feel that we were perfectly safe. In the meantime we had beard nothing of the expedition sent In rOnrch of us, which mutt have pas*cd or encajH-d us in Melville Buy. We often discus1 "d among ourselves the probability of an expedition being sent for us. and it was generally belitvc". that t'ncle Sam would ex'aud to us

this succor, and consequently a watch was always kept up for friends hut our expectations were never sulll ciently strong to Justify us In remaining bv the ship in waiting for this relief. Our separation from ourshlp was an act of desperation, and our last stake for life. At I'peinnviU we took passage in the Danish ship Mariana, Cnpt. Amondron, for Copenhagen. To Capt. Amondaon we are much obliged for many civilities, aud ft r his generous succor. In this slilp we readied Disco or (Sodhaven, and in twenty four hours more would have been on our voyage to Europe when we first learned that our trietiils from home in search of us were uear at band. Godhaven is known .as Deavely also, and here I have remaluel until the 18th of September last, re ceiving while we stayed the kind und generous hospitali ty of the Junes. To Inspector Dlvie, of North 'Ireenland, and to Governor Anderson, we arc grcat'y Indebted for their kindnt -s to us. It uiuy here bc >'ded that on the wty to t pernavlk from our ship, our carpenter, Christian t'blseu, who wa mm h respected aud beloved by all his company, died, fr? mn strain occasioned by too hard labor at the boats in getting through the heavy ice. lie was burled on idttlet. n Ulnud. where, perhap- he will ever repose. THE HAKT8TE1N EXPEDITION. THE PRIVATE JOI'UKAL. OK AN OFFICER OK THE KELLAHK. May 20.?VtVot into commission ntnl hoisted Bag an! j euuut at NaT Yard. Mat,?Dropped down to Qua ran' inc. On the 4tli of June got under way and started on 1ht> expedition; too! the Arctic tn tow on tho 0th and towed her for several any a; gut clear of the Haul* of Newfound land. t.n the 14th very heavy fog on the banks. On the ltith of June made the ttrat icelicrg at ft o'clock in the morning, a large trerg, and created aome -eaaaUon among the uuiniiiated on shipboard. Juno 17.?Passed throi ghagreat dealof small U-rg ice, June 18.?A l?w mi iris's after midnight tan Into a Held ' t t)'? ice. "he A Ale :n *ow, by the end lea st'Spping ol our ship. Hie Arctic ran iuto u tearing away our etern ornament', but doing no dangerous Injury, got clear of the Aictic and bored through the held arid got into clear wa er ; a' 41, o'clock A. M. ran Into another Held of Ice and sprung the bowsprit and tarried away the bobstaya ; got through this Tery well, The fact Of no much ice lu this latitude, 61 I degree*, and longitude 61, It w* < considered an in Ilratlon t f a severe tea .,n, which wan toumt to Ik> enrre-t. Tin tee here uiade it necc?*ary to unship the wheel an I use the tiller ]>urlmr the struggle through the l'-ir, < a*t ott the Arctlt aft.; liemg run Into, and the vie bored through in another dire tion. Ytiuli joining again. June It* at noun ? Spoke the Arctic, but found the ire hndnotii jv d her In the least. This 'lay, aim, pes-cd through tun. U Ice latitude U. Jl, longitude 61.'J, dropped the Arctic, and hoisting all nail, stood to the uorthwa. 1. Nothing of note till June 22.? When the e was no occasion for light in binnacle or cnbVi, it being daylight for twenty three hours. This was In latitude M.l longitude 60.66. the same place in v.bich the Rescue and Advance, the vessels attached to the expedition under lie liaven, founder.-.! liefore. June 88?Very Uttte Ice; only one berg; at 12 o'clock at night about as dark aa twilight; on this day diro ore red laud; it sa.r found to be the high lan l above llesolati in land?an awful (dace. June 111?Tlii* day discovered the eoast of (ireenUn 1? a bleak, dreary coast, was n< w two hundred miles above Cape Farewell; the old Arctic cruisers observed that there was more im w here than ever obse v>-d before i.bich indicated a n ost -evere ses.on; here di.covered vatiou- beautiful bergs, in all shapes and sires among other*, aw what ?v named f.rnc* (Tiurrhie-rg being so called from its tcomblance to the celebrated liroadway erlilice; all the oBicers called up to .ee it; th |ce In all kinds of figures, anil beautifully brilliant. From I he '24th of June to the 4th of July saw s g"-vt number of whales, also saw ail kinds of Northern ? ?! theee Greenland ducks rts? In elou'ts two of the .itAcvr*. on a gunning expedition >g ? hoars .ecured tw.-ire hundred pounds whirh was t)i? amount br' ught on board, bat only about one-third of the mi >unt kllrt July 11. ?T1 i day llie -ura de ? ended ts> within Its dl-r of the horiion and then -use again. July 6?Made Krotiprins ULm ' Ids . !? land l:t g'.t, crew all well and in good spirits no ?icknc??yei nor ii . oursg.nient anchored In Ismvely harbor, Disco I?Wtid the Royal Danish ipsppctor, Mr. OIHo came on boa..I aid oflered the hospitality of obi North (.r.-enlend to ,1 n tmard; leavely is a town of about 150 inhabitant composed of about one dori nlVnBs and the res'. I' If breed Koquilitre. staged here live days and had n 'mil every night, bunday i .eluded; all enjoyed themselves the girls very pretty, tb" inhabitants an lnlu-triou b' nest people, and very hospitable, two of the 'aughtsr. of the augU't house of Droterg M!j?r* N.pM.i -md Mtrfa, visited tho ahfp one evening ami were en Coin ed with a .upper and dancing and other am?-"ment> as strange as It may appeu these gtrl? deo-e with a 'kill and grace that a IP on tear belie rmrrht envy; Imagine 'b novel sight of a lot of ballet dressed ;n '?'al skin b'e. ,e the young men sre fpsel perforruers op"U the vlr n ami .ancing and balls are the main s'rro omenta er. ryth. ng waa novel to the uninitiated. July 10.?left this por* Itn'h tee.l. vtandrr ' t to s?a, the Air Ac toning the Release. - sal out of he bar bor for M'sygat straits for a new supply tg pal very I ggr; >ew a white whale l/.ng .lea I upon ;he lewct v.s grounded here, and n' t bsdi g able to gel .<1 die at this spot going through Wsygst Po ind ept fi.-iog g :ns for each ses?e|'s In-'ruet ' rw aa to the where,, is 'so he other. AU ut the 14th. mode Harrow Island on this *y . o ??ned a teat eonilrg t'.wsrd us. which we sop' .s?t jo It Ksr.e s party , In greet delight we beu>?t our wind and ?'noJ (or them found the party to he the ve nerable f st>e, Mr,, one of the i,.rv.?n..? ? ,, there rM.ern regf u. of course 'his was worse'long an rveri' the meeting of anyone be rig worthy i u in such I la ude liovernor Cetera, n took tt<'< Kai'ow I-land wl.ere wt t>?k In our st pp'y of ca) rem met Is found In great (Usn'i' ss 'his csni e>cei>, ^ Rapt. Har'vtein himself went Into 'hs mtie? art??, a ? V aie and woike. itke a man, stayed here a day ami s ha'f wind blew ? ha ret cane July 16 ?I bare.; Waygu' boat sye he tw ? ebsie-. who -aid they ha vainly 'rle?l t> gef tor ^pfi sf.-> lie Bay they towsdeeod the prsspeuts tor the ?vreditu a very bad. July 16 ?Arrived at f penav.k, went t?W. t , p is ? here winter clothing an. g-* 'tjlfsrenr kinds >4 si:u. 'he ' M era OS' ded the heigfits near I perMVtk an ' s< f.r as the ere rc ill revh null see > Hb,rg b.,t p, a gusvl bed for the wipedr uwi tsov I'eVreor. su Lsre our Interpreter the pes.pie hare .appor.d tor evpseV t W ; Hi" oa'ty ?8f frs?'l? fs1';' '.If tn? esee v. ??-. ?*.? / , Usup ? IS' SsV "V,' ^1 ^.e.-s when thereerertainrd who we W'T-. am* day g t Into the Ice ajCM r> end within eight counted two lmod:c i >ul fifty of the largest It in'l of I'* X* perfect moun'.iliu of ice Tlie *ten>- b-r* exceed* nil Mlrfj tlorem r IVtn ???> family llied horn, umt the hu?fi?ud and lather being away ?i h It. Kan*. they wi re v-ny anv ou> atiout htm, tliey bad hcurd by whalers Umt lie hall g"<ro to I ugla*.: and got morn*, ago in. We were now compelled bore through the Ice, which we were engaged ?' tor Mroral tiny* ; we were ?ttil 141 ttttr Voyage for Melvillebay; still kt-|>t a vigilant search fur the lost navigator*; tdnerved an bMO oflhem nlnng.uir journey aolar, the ?iglit ?a? in tin greatest degree eubMm*. from thin time ? ontinued our jourrn-y uorthwerd tw 79, HO north latitude, to Smith's Sound OH* wa* farther north ward than any vetisel bad been befcu" here we found trace* ot Kane's party usb as tenia, rati . 4'* the n* tive* their name* and uni't they had lie n thwi e but had two month* befi?e grm* southward In b>a!?: wo tiled to tnake I'-rach Island to put up the loiubiioae that l.*dy Franklin bait entriwted tlie pnrly with, fouud It lmj)"?*ib!e tnget to fteerl !>'auil on a- count of the Ire; wo then gave up the I lea of reaching Iteuch Island. and now for the Brut time turned southward to I'umi's Hay, in rearch of Kane, cruiexl here for 11 month and a lielf and then staited t ir t'pe*r*vik found it impossible to reach there; we then rontiuuod ou our eon rue noutli ward again to Kruvely wlie.e we arrived on September loth.?Here, a? noon en we caine Into port we saw a lioat coming oil to tin which prwved to In- lb Kane. He had arrived at 1 .early a tew dayn u?. f or months, or nlnce leaving 1'ond'., liny, we liwd seen traeen of him and knew that hla part i ?o ahead of un. It finally appeared that Hr. Kane, on hi* way aoulh. had panned the *X| edition. Till' mooting chii In, more eerily imagined than dencrtbed. Me remained at leavcly a few daya before we ntnrted for home where wv went through the ball* and duucea at whi. h are had previously enj .y... 1 ouraelven on our wny northward. September 18th.?We ell rejoiced at the *uc*"? ? f our expedition, and ret rail for home. Our journey ho ne ward dm" not vary in lucideut from our journey north ward. SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND SERVICES OK DOCTOR KANE. Wo cnn 'Ider thl* ? particularly appropriate ttim- to gD? ? brief aketoh of the life of Dmjtor Kane now that bo I* I .eh, re the world in . mora ciiaplenoiu tban ho ha* ever oocuplod Ho *?, |?,rn in rljlU delphia, on tho U.I of bVbruary, JM2, no that ho Ik at pro ceo' about thirty -three year- ol?l. In lHda ho graduated, aftar a ?or.-n year*' course of studies, at tho I'ennayh Taiiln Medical l oircr-lty, unrl anon after be entered the Knifed Stale* nnvy a* ??ei*t.,nt surge. n. While acting In thl* capacity be wa? appointed a* phyalrtan lu the flt*1ttiiil>a-*y to China from thla country. Ill* naturally adventurous dlspoattlon le?l him to project a rtall to tlio Interior, but tho difficult!*-. w*re *o ntimornue that ho could not accomplish hi. purpose a* fully aa he ,te.iro.|. Ho. however, *uceeed.?l In traTelling over a large aeotton of the country: and bofure hi* return he rial ted the I'lillipplne*. Ceylon and other Hand* In that re gion. and even succeeded In penetrating lnt< the Interior of India hi* trav. J. through which acre full of adventure. and ? hut peril, to a man of Itoctor Kane'* temperament appear only to have the effect of making them more attractive. Wl.ile In India, he deacenrled the crater of the Tael of I erv/in, auapended by a hatnhoo from a projecting crag which hovered above the lute.lor ..coria untl d-'brta, "Ter two hundred feet. Thl* act of during nearly co.t bun hi* llre for the uatiTe* regarded it a- a ??orl!*f|. u< act, which could only 1* effaced by (!u. d-m, of thv " offender. Doctor nana, knmwr, eluded their plou* vengeance, and afleiwaril* U, th* Sandwich I land* with th'- celebrated Itaron lew ofl'ru-ala wt.ere he wa* allocked by a whole tribe or the *aTagc luhabi taut* of th. *.% Irlaud* Against the * he *ucce?*fully .1* ? fended himself but the hardahipe tie and hi* companion ?abaequently underwent weie more than the latter eould endure. and he sunk under them. Dr. Kane alone pa-?e,| over U Egypt, ascended the Mia a far a* lb* Confine, of Nubia and remained during a whole aeaaon among the ruin* of ancient Egypt, In authpiarlau research. leaving Egypt, be t l.itcl Hreece n**l, which lie tiarer*edoa foot returning to the I nlted sure* in IHdfl When bearrlTie! bl? lore ? f adventure would not allow htm to remain inactive, and he applied, ulumet Immedlataly after hi* return, to the government for a commissi)? to Me*|,-?. I ailing to obtain thla, he aecep'ad an appointment on hoard ot ? t uited State- Te?.el. hound u. he Afrhan coa*t. ArrtTlng there, he could not reaiat the tempt*tion to ae.. 'he-lave mart* ofWhydah, hut wa- met In hi* Journey by that terrible enemy of the white man, the African lever. He wa* brought home in a ?t*te of eat rem. Ill health an.' emaciation but although almo.t unable to move hemade hi* way t*. Wa.hlr.gton, from I'hlladeJphJa, again.t the ear. neat cutreatle.. f hi. family presented hlmaelf with .haven head and tottering limb* to l'r?*ldent l'o.k and demanded what had before |>een I him, a con .ml# .ion to Mexico, The 1're.ldeut could not deny hi* r*<|ue#t and entru -tei] him with Important deapafchea for the O.m mender iudlnef. (ieneral Scott, lie wa* given a* ao e? rort through Mexico the riotorlou* company ?f fv.p n?d IV minguex, Who ?tarted With hlrn from Vera Crux. A* they were approaching \opaluea near I'uebU they were Informed by a Mexican tha* a large body of Wexl tan *oIdler* were on tbelr way to Intercept triem and at that time w-re but a abort <il?tanee off flomingiier ra fti-<d to proceed any fur her ami we* at-,ut retreating when D:. Kane eouiinunded him to -emain with bin, threatening the mmffaanco of hi* government .f hi* cm pany should leave him Having -..receded In preventing b rn from turning hi* back on H>* enemy, he finally fori'iced htm to attack th'-m I'lsring himself at the head "f hi* aaaort lb. Kane t>*,k ?g- ?f ? vj,,,,. ground to ?aeep d. wn op.,n the Mrtir.n* Who were then thrown Into eonruaioo by the In "epldity of hi* charge. Rallying, however th-y made a .tout rebalance ,nd It w*. ??t unyj tflir a ?erere *kirnil?l. the' they ? are d. lea ted and the prlnrl pal part of them takei, |.t i? tw-r. Th-?# ?-nnlatod of a nuiote r of dl.tingnl.b.d off,era in the Mexican army wh, w-re on tneir way to J.,ln the.r , < torn and*. Am ng them wa* fieneral lonejim wt,o le<i th- cavalry a' iluena Vlata rnd Major I eneral Ant' ni< ?,? ,na ami b,a .on i The latter wa* .Ungeroualy w?.ode by I*- tor Kane, "ho, In a personal encounter ran hlrn through the body with hi* tword. M'kan th*-kl mi-', was over the I v.. tor fir.dirg that hi* antagonist w?- seriously lnjur?l had r'-c<-? r-e to hi* .I.rgir* ekiU t>. ear- lit* I- sod th- r- J ? ult proved that it wa- of no or-',,.,*ry eharawter with | no other Instrument than the b*0t pr r.g ,f * f,?k ?ri^ 4 place , f packthread he Me-j op an artery from *h b | the (lie Of the young *. 14,-r wa* fret ebblaw aod placed him Ir. a coodith* that be would be 1 ,, ovcyed -a'e'y to i ueh.,. K? aoouer howWTer had >,* concluded thi* humane a t than ha wa. Inform*.: by t.'.rg I,A' r,* tha' t.e 'Verheard Is-mlngg-i *ay ^ would take the :|te of hi- father haraurn ha hod at or,, '.me put him In priaawi l?r. kao* toetoody interfere! ; *ce-t ), rr.eeIf between hi* nwuart aid big priaosser. and th ratened hoot the hret man ah., a'tempted tha of Major tiaona .ei homn-e .nfurlaawl orferad I .met. to cbggga but .p, gf? ?f u?, e?pwf. PaUeeac* tall b?h ra to# t.ra >4 In. Kan# wha I h.? re.01 er with fa'ol affe. t ?prn all w>. * rwme a|ih it* .-each With a -evere l?n.a wotiiel >? l.ta 'hlg'. he' t/> k.< p then, al Ijay aa-l *ar?1 hi pr.e-r.-r. fern their fury uatii l>e arrived to a ' ere they aere plneo> im charge at I 1 ... . In Kvr.e, at >?e wo-i' d* were re* r -artow- wa* . t.alneg L? a ' r outny day. do'lag wld h If ra* attewlod **d win-*'t with the n,i it ter. ,e? ra.e 17 the family ,< Ma )? t t.n t i who V. <*.? ai ? nf th- nv?: ardaa' frtm-ta r I admirer* rd v-ir a>.hie and gifto] c at-yinm Thar* I* one thing n Ihit n o aat * agvewtar* wu.rh we >h .If r,.,t-mil t- mention In Kmne 1 '.'Ought and etiU thinh* I"r,r. <1 th' rhB' ? ahf h. 4 -played at tl,?t ahlrU.krb t an M h -aj^ ."ng ti.* (? ?< ?*/. or defend tag Uee. ft. u. 'h* traa ury - f hi. *w> rt THE kMEi K AH KXFEIHTIO.Vw a*D wTMO~l'?lKliIf I'llb NdMKN A. xr c itittd It b r- ? ??*'?ry ?",li.i 'la-e th* Am-t-il Xr ?,r ?rf?d)'l'-. r W ? ? iwat f |i?.. ,e.,ed fi. in ar-t. I? - t Cur the /'. tar -a# .*.?,?? h ?l^ rT"?? '? K .ue T}.e i,,y ?-/.,^rit I h?-> -eea . f the *? evpir-tor veae.1. )? I ha' of th* r t-'ug *'*<*eu "U Ue 'tr tuo o*?. af>ef -ai g 1 a 5^- f* ,1 b u CV J. > ben th* p- lev Are* ?> tow -? t * rail ??#?! f-luaea iu "? 'w ?- ee rem./ the f-e?l I>f. Mom aafla-l fr?oa J?*w Y ?? -? >h. dg,. tin ?' bae tbe-e'nv* ua* as**u* t* y*ar., *>?? net. id leer fan ? , a , I . . ??? i?tan*e ? i> Kdwarf her c-i-mander .g the knglbh espedltbin fli? ikmA d I*!* ? '?? A- 1 4ar "?H'- t r is ,1 [,?< ?nd M-* I'll*' ' mr 'if June IftM. aey? tlu *hii< fi> IK\ -'H T?? iMudjr <<MI ?inkshiKiiii to minimum MM. *?' o >'i* M <1' below aeiol .,,,* I...itcl., wh-1 u'iti' Imn loan nil.,; it.- deled .? ?- ?. n,i.-1 11 br ?ufx the latMt l<-m|?r?for? 1.,. .1 tmlnw aara, aa# ninety n re sr.. I Ave tcnti>? lusher 41'e fre#404 point of j al.ieni.eit l?r Ha* ? uirr. <1 IB l*W-:,i ?I Xepuiae III ays 'tin- wmt* (? . , rev Htm I) " A4 my pleor t4 ? iin i,;i-? I'hfgbt* tin- whatm mild ' _ fa > un.par n* fbeae mewmramls mfth 1 ?* reror I the ?#/JT r\1rk<ji..!iiaiy II"T ?llMBIJl it*' til' III ft lu t' ii'? the Af-*tit toU the greater Aire flow id the f -Wr Hur tee Jour 1,! present* f U"W tng (Wli MVMtM wllb tk? Ire ArrfU ? I 4 _ Ratope vaaatlaritred at th p,,rt * "few VotU la thrv year MM which reported meeting ?r1 th U in fusing tin Atlantic piter t< I amiuua u m*t ? 's?r, ?n I this on met re ID 111. muniII ?f May. :u h-". or- w. laid tin gles t lie ilrlfi ruiiiii 91.. <?.' and e.iatliiucu' 'tilth* month if Oetnbir, INi Tb? fnllowtcg are lb* n<mibaraffn. tela rrpotlad u> 1.. li irmnth T.r. IWaai W, ? Janua ry,'; keomary. 4 March, t. A|,,|. 4. n.y 74 J11 li# AT July. .'17, lufist W, -??ptimo.-r H. lud ? w'.ohre, 7? ti'ta-' tin-** h n I wd nod forty ream l?? fla ? KM* nuiuliar reported in the twelve year p?" tag >1 alio get her four bundled and llfty loaf iN-tugl.ut IMnmiein tar. I VP year* than fnr tti' single Jrlfl uf 1** ?n-? IsVf Mdm and groat fltmnggi In IHp ttnfiera ? ?"* oI thr atitm-phei* in winter ffwtures lini bad la* 11 'loa I r* collect the r. 1J Friday of January lu, IHl'i. 1 an th*a In can.p in a northern wIMertmaa. iti? fpinpint tera af Thurwlay tl.p fkth, ?n? 40' Ptjnii'. alincp Bern awl rala fell In tiiany |i!acaa O'Tlh of 41 ilagraa. nt liUttiilc. la tl.p t'T.-nlnit "I Hint ilny n huiMpii acl aioet aauai>i<ifcvaiy ?'tiBDfi' look place the coin herein* Intaaiw, . vt th ticrie'lhe frost <111MIlyf Hip whole nifflit cr*'- eC. ?biH ?pMt with the fro*t Tae ?l< b>iiatlou? were tun'-peai like the illnrhaiifp of iiiiOi'eM>lTf toUey* ol imm.- 'ry. ,o.l ntwiul miiUllirlit 11 tr' iaen'l'iu> eijlleeloe wr? hear.l 1 (iriBel in lie the riankinp of the lee "f a tele a few nil ? dtiinnt; the rent wa?*a?ernl nnli ? in len*t4B nail m-n ?i* InrM* wlile Mercury, on Ibe ntorniup of thi IWih, bacam* aoUd, aai1 tn aumo plnrx, tin ?|ilrll llie? Btr ineU': > Inillcnti'il * tanperatur* of Ml ilei,w?e? i?ln ? n ri, Till (freut ami ettranritlnary rlmmr* erre no diiultl -lull.'il nti h conaCCtMl Willi in multii|ii:_* It la each . lmndi s with ilo ? :trtlll)U*k*? with whitb Uiey are cotirierliil th?' may ba tnastimail tn baee pra iluii"1 thepiaat drift of Arctic b ? in lr.1t aid I If. t WbUa Ui ut. I'e Haw0 w-.i u the Ai Ui aaaa hie made limnly thciannni'tnoal ? beervalloa* for tnc iin n*ferrtii^ tr. hlr Journal the nrtflim 1 f wtikti 1 lo w haw I Hue the lowmt tcnipeiviliirn nbaeread hy litin wa?, altar tie run had ranp|<r*red air" ? tin- kMl*>n TUt of irUrn ary, IS..I (lfty-two dtfrw> hvloa tern Iliat day at?d the day prei-rdlnf the tempcratire on Brooklyn llneliir row to hi and 6'i dcerre* ahovi- the warmant day* m tha'month, ifie cnldaat day In Hacetnbar ISMf, In the polai e?a?, war the ft rat day of the month tr?w|>*ra4ura .14 degreae lieh wr tern tin- ran.e day and the eauoeat lu that moiitli Ho ti'ni|ietiitu'e war Ih diyitii al . re lerw. thus It ia reen, hy our nlmairttbiai on llri nklyw Helfht*. nadeatnl recoulrul owiy slaty uitnute>. ww *ia ?nabled tn detaratlna by thr tetupetalure batathi t?m peratnra on the jiolai reaa tor th* nuae time Ue it Iki ilaren, on the same pages of the reeerd* ol temperature, also maile nirmorand* of the drift of the trwe-rU then riding I oni"wnrd oil the Ire and hy both 1' am rare* that, al1 bough the oolil w? sufSrlent to r ogi ni Irk sll?er, the tee drfft contlfiued notwith-lan'Ing llie CdM Imrlng the (r.lar login of Ik.i) and tall, wlilrli I anted nhout two tliouramt hours, th" lamperatare at three dtf fernat periods In t)areiiit?r and Jaauary, rnae ah. ee ,ero, and ? arh of lliesn w?? Immediately ted with ami pnredsii an eai'lo| ale Iwtwio-n'be |s.|# and the ' -1 u? 1' 1' ( 01 i,j 1 ,nj tb' Art c fcrape at ore of tt>e winter of lift# and ls/il,egp?heaeo<l lJeut lteltriven, wl'tithatof 1W.J- .14 a? ei| eili'tice" hy I aid hlr K/l?vrd lleo '.i r we fin 1 a vpry great dUference. i ? n.iuimuiii. ol lWs.1 M aieilcvrii and five tenths dagrees iretTO thau that <4 llM-'U; and Iwyond all Ull* the er.ld term. In 1 *ftt Wei" long, while fhoee ol IN##- II were of sunt durathm The winter 1 f lkfti-'lft wasserere a' our place of obeer ra'lon on Brooklyn Height*. Tbr temperature Irere oa the nth ? f K?d>i nsry. Utlro ltd' to# degree- Iwtloa rari>? the lowest teiupwrei'ire recorded lo re In a iiertod of atnty ??Ten ronaeculitre yean which Is the number entered by the record * of tny ofltc*. lu Vetmont the lemiwravure lell to dft degre. lelirw /?r> Thle low tetii|>eialare l.eloi g. to is ruld term it three hut-dred ant sitly iiM0) c nserutlve louirs. entnnieaclna "n the UUtb at atniaiy and and ng ? 1, the I lb ot lehruary This cold teiniliad within It lu i?y th Oder storms in he tsnli Mieam on the 1st of lehruary, during wbhli ? raeseJ en- struck hy Ightnlng; *'?- ere thiind. r alarm) on the Mil, I# latitude Idtl'l n rtih. I< .gtlud- Td, < udug , h rk two re.,el. were struck l y tightn!ng' on lh' Mis s ship, In Uhlan* <4t north |>ongttudi 'Wt s?i ?s si neb by lightning un l tretircyad on the Sib In latitude .'ll.M north, longtiude 73.10 west a lightning lorm was art ire at,d tha rama .lay a thurelei atnrw rUlta t olun, ta " ' . Tlie 1 art!,'|uakr. lept rompaay with 'ha iightn. 1/ 41 ring tlds extraordinary oo'd term a* will ha saea by ll.e taal lowing ertracta fra tn our jnurnal ?' 01 Hie lat of > ebraa ry shocks of evrthoual e were fall al ts.a 1 ma and also af the city id Mttslao and othac place ? in bal dUtrbe uf country Vd Kaifbi|tnsfce tal' it I'lsrksrllle H'y!-n>urf, I'-lnce 1,'ward HahlaS sod ??i#r*i ?? her place. |0 Vlr giuia 'be oaitli'tuakes were again fell 111 V era f ? us a ad 10 M' a loo city throwing d wn -? 11. r , hi wails aod split ting the a<|Q' 'it-In many p.s"s 3d esawial abooaaaf marine aarthnus ,| at OtaM doing into I, damag- aaaemg th* shlpp ug r.ih lartlu|uakas fallal Klmi*rT,oofc aad Haugeitirs S V , ??'ompnnlaii !?> a l.caej r n>l.l ag noise resamhllng dlatanl thunder ? the ground ")?om tlirte Inrhes ai- al Mpr.tgfleld Ms a* during which the walla , f tha file shop of the 1 a!tad SU *. afii.rary Wi-r, racked tth hbi^ks of ear'K ...ska tn h, ra >oti* and ill ??*' 1 at tosins of Uta Plate of Maine lUlh At Naa talan r (he aarth'^uakew eontlnu* 17th. r*rrll.- earth rju.ii e In th- Saw /calami t? aada, In tha eoulh"ra nrrnle; Irere THE EPFOKTK MAPUTO DIHCOT1B A NORTH WEST PAKhAf.H. Tin* kl'rujit In ? " ?or a 0'i"lbw?! pa ? -**' ?a* nkfta bjf k fl/rtufli"* o?. ti- O tt.k'" u' A. I' Ibuu. It ?k> ntifis|i('<l fcf tli? i-mlik'i n 1 ikd lb*- j>ri)?r\ waagrraMjr (Mi uaH iif Uirt* W aWlk m tAM, la wblfli jr*?r u >?? lupabji war ?? AM Ik Lm4m, ?i Wki c?ll?'1 tin* *'i. < rrabip Uit thr I. tny ?I thir N?rtbw*?t PaaMgc T i* !n ?? ?? ibg ??*?/*? <IA tb ?I* ? tir n ??(? uaAartkkca u ???:<? r Bfi .?but A.i.c.-i ?ti nn ? MTkt'i . In tn# ?(?(? r *?;,?<.'.If a. 7 >UI*. - Wp Hugh Will?i?j(bby m li 'liii?n ri)iw*"1 ; ?? igki' I'hln ??. i -! 'n.fri *>.? rharnOa W.. "J) 11'.| Hr M?ri un froMabar*! iitmgi i/i lid a aarwvxl IkMw toCblM.,. ...... IA;4 Captain I'itV* *so<ill,l?n ' 'inI - ?? ?V.w* ? {"*? m> im Brrntl'i rtpmdithm IMt W??nv'uih aiKi IUMO imp.' Ilu'lxi. ? ? lb* .-I takifk ... 1*14 Kir TV rn >? II Mali'* 1*12 r??k'. . Inl* ruta * noMllUaa .MB [A Mmli'r iA ??<''r; ? i ?u4?'akab M VkrWu* t?nnt (? .< ?*?1 111"! '?'? o ? ?i|? -Ulr">i . .I7#t M' "'<? IB"! 'olttl ? I'M )l*air>' ? latxl H|?"l I! n ITbP ('?tilkln Pbipjm ?f?rw?r"U 1/ r l Mu'f ?i# hk rip*. mkm im 0*| ?. i. < ?-v n ib? at ? ?n! I . (tr Jmf, IT7* Ma.k.Lrl** ??|>'i7IMoa. I7M (kpltlt Ikir.. nr. > rot kf? l!M n?" \At'?ry Captain Vin??uvtr ratarn*' '"an a tvyug* >4 tarvf arc! 4I*i "fry >n <'.? r,.,'tl,w*.! r. *a t of Aoorten ivp*. 24 ITM IJout h' t??l. j" ? ci I4lb (?)!> I, It, lit," >r,.| nit r I IgMIUi il b ih' li.-f".i> n ?4 Tumi ....MM ' kj'nln K> ?? ??4 I I* t Pi > la ifca lain aid Almaicl" ..ttl* tJ> > Imaau l ?r?i aixl I 4<l">r. In 'b? fl?l* arv' par **?? i*i * T7i?? ralnrn In 1?i Ih ... ...... Mmt I IWt I ?[' I'urrj ??1 I jn i . In '<* Ify nn> Mo* ? **7 *,!?*! fan) ? n il"", ?iji-li'??. ?1'l> ? Il? '? Mil 1. 19M > ? fHa J'.n. ?m4I7<? ?f'" ba-taf iiVminVA ? Un ?i|?-liii'<o *c? ' l?"> l2?" ? !? 1*. HiA I ?(rtkir. I'kffJ k<r> '< l. tb? H? i Mil* '? *? '?*4 i?..: Ji MT A?4r?4u>n>. '**' * 1*47 i' kt Ha <?? Im* K>>ik I'-nikM urtM'igkl < an . ok**' t'itt ymr* kk ! alw n k !.'?;* of k ? r*' ?' ? ba4 b?*?i n?%rlg kl*W. OMi " ?? Ml CkplkU Ik km. - Il?k > ?* tlthM at l.?(|. '<<? I, ? r ft ,? MtU' i-ipa>: li>ni a/tcf i no:t.(r ' ? *' ' 'b? r'?k Hoar, xv4 m an. icA |i??. ro? lo Iba > ilko ? II A Ik I. II*. * .?"??! frnmi 'bklAkkr nr. ?>(k-l?'. <4 ;< ??>? ?u!p I-' -"'. ' I. an trlrk* t ? ? . Wmg*l r.Ttt < kfrUn llvk In l.k alb . Iwn.ior, IKUi ?n mi. M bji u. i^fi pkKk. I ?? ?'*, tk* klkg ? inau. I * lu< *j 4m*. .<> m ate! a? '??((?.?? Jam '.I I* ta" inl I ??)k. ? I |ir>>* llx !?!?? o- Of .(?*? MHotoa im . ikM/tnlM of V." ?? ?'|4 I'kfrf. ?-r4 ??<ki.4rb tbnt 'bo?k Ik k Ik?? 'a ?k?? |awkf* 1* :' Kt A" III) 1 rki.k.m a*4 ? *|A> i. i t? k ?;. ?I. . 1?""i Mm I mi *' M Ml' I kfp ? k Kr?# ikliarnoA tr? <. kk .in ~ fc.r.po i u m Uk ??%>'.)? ?f frn?kila. '**? An- 'bo* ?|ik? i ii /(Mxtl o' ' / ?<? 1 a?i u '6 ??'!. .1 ' J nil" ? ' f ?" "" tnlMt'r<*a ft* *?f lk'*? An?*b" ? n*.'.o* I'nj.l Mr*7c wb ' ?*?A*#k4. 7 la r4 >MI?g a IfkMH 'Mr 7r?*a !? rrkkk Mi ki?" iMt (tin Mr IMrt''! Mi lobar............ IM' An*'bar (.?'?# >< ?' **???*? A*o?n?o III v. . .r ikatkUjIfk ' ?+ Mo lb* VM'frc* la Hot*? i.i -n- ? ' ? V r. imrn.ral ??4 0 ..... * *? ? ( >?,? I *|v4 , Mr . ? i n..ol of lA*-.? A* Mkoon .*!>**> m ?>*? 17.7 l?'P #'<ll K*?* * I '** *>?kr^? Mar i 1 *' . ik" W*" *?(-"'?* 1 ' *g 4 ">? re*. ."I AO*'** n4r* !i? I Hbl^Mn v l*'.i A?1 tatmrm .....MM. tt 1Mb f.? . may potna m/. ?? %t ? ? >. aV ??, w.-i l? *. i I* a*bk (aklaib I - (. .. k *y* tb? Tad. wim c??r?*H, i. i ni?fTiv7 fMMrt.M II ?V,? b N.MM ? '?*J Xttt ? ?!? , ?. . .