Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 13, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 13, 1855 Page 2
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tire United States Minister, but a feeling of justice ?ompete me to make the most distinct contradiction lo the slanderous reports as to his failing faculties, which, for some unworthy purpose, have been cir culated here, and which, for aught I know, may be instigated by the Washington organ itself, ashamed that all the rest of the Pierce person m l being so -cabby, one sound sheep should by accident have trept among them. It is hard enough to bear the afflictions that human tle.-h i? heir to, but it is still harder when men would rob us of what the Al mighty bus thought tit to spare ns. Through the chastening- of the body the udnd is sometimes puri fied, enlightened and elevated, and a gentleman of peculiar discernment, who last night was engaged ian a dose conversation of two hours with Mr. Ma son on the Dillon affair, assured me that ho believed that that Minister's faculties never iu his best days were so sound, healthy anil acute as at present. I enclose yon Marshal Peliseier's and General Kiel's despatches, published in this morning's Mom ftmr. They have much greater interest than the despatch sent by General Simpson, who has a good chance of being recalled. The order for the attack on Malakoff was given at noon, and so enthusiastic was the movement of the French soldiers, that in an hour after the French eagles floated from three different points at the same moment Malakoff being the grand resource of the RnB8ians was defended with great courage and their loss mnst have been enormous. After the M&lakoffhad fallen, the attack on the Flag Staff and Central Bastions was made. These, however, were not taken at the time, but were afterwards abandoned by the Russians, as being no longer tenable after the loss of Malakoff. On entering the place, all the houses in the faubourg were found to be in complete ruins? the eflbct of our shot and shell. The ground inside the line of defence descends rather steeply, and it is at that spot that the town begins. At the* bottom of the ravine are a small ditch and the boule vard, and then the regular wall built rendezvous begins, The Green Uonse, which has been bo far generally spoken of in the camp, is a very pretty chapel. By the side of it is the Bourse, a building with small columns, but not displaying any ele gance. Nearly every time the French soldiers stopped at a house, an explosion was heard?for al most all the houses were on fire, and gunpowder was left in all. Several Russian soldiers who had remained in the batteries were taken prison era, and, on being interrogated, said they bad been paid to set fire to the mines. A cor poral of the Foreign Legion took a man whom he re cognized as having belonged to his company, but who had deserted some time before. While the French were marching on Malakoff, the English at tacked the Great Redan. Yon know, says this French writer, for what the British army is so dis tinguished?that cool, impassable bravery which makes them advance against the fire of an enemy with the same steadiness as at a review. Nothiug can be more astonishing than its firmness, and it produces an indescribable sensation to .see so much calmness in the midst of a tempest of grape and shot. The English soon had the advantage over the enemy; bnt numerous reserves coming up, aiid a heavy fire of urtillery being directed against them they were compelled to abandon it, as we were the little Redan. With respect to negotiations, I have good author ity for stating that the propositions submitted by Austriu to the Western cabinets were so manifestly in favor of Russia that they were unanimously acouted. The semi Constitutionnrl lias accordingly come out with an article, which terminates thus:? "But it is necessary, in order that such proposi tions may lead to negotiations, that they ix presented under the form of preliminaries 01 peace, already consented to and signed by the Russian government, and offering almost a cer taintyof a definitive and satisfactory result. France and England, in fact, must not expose themselves to recommence the trial of the abortive effort? of the Conference of Vienna, That attempt at negotiation mnst recall recollections which must warn the public mind against anything which may either distantly or closely resemble an imitation of* that conference, t ho name of which has become so unpopular with the English people that the British government could no longer lend itself to resume fresh negotia tions foijneace under the same form and in the same place. We therefore think that the mission of the conference of Vienna is finished, and that if futnre negotiations for peace are to be opened, they will do to at least in another manner anu in another place.'' Another body of English workmen, to the num ber of 350, passed through Paris yesterday, en route to Marseilles, to embark for Sebastopol. Their mis sion, and that of those who preceded them, is to boild and repair the houses iu that town, in order to form good winter quarters for the army. Bbutie. Paris. Sept. 21, 1855. Mill of Sebaetopol and Slo ks?Rite of Urea l Prices?liar mar??Diploma! i-tn at the Te Drum? TV ArrhHihop and Me Emperor's Vnbom Heir?An American Voice for Liberty if Sjrrrh at the Statistical Congret? Fourth At' tempt to Assassinate the Emperor?Revical of Tit la of A'o It lift/?The Duke of Srharlopol. The illumination by which the Parisian* celebrated the ??pture of South Sebastopol. vu so general, without dis tinction of party (the house of M. Thiers, lor example, being us brightly lit up as that of hi? neighbor, M. Millaud), a? to marry the memory beck to the fete* of the republic of 1818. Oddly enough, at first sight, however, the Bourse h ,i when the fall of Sebastopol w as announced. The Bourse reee, you remember, when the result of the battle of Waterloo waa made known at Paris?but this was easily explicable then. And the fall of the Bourse the other on receipt of news of a victory, may be accounted far without difficulty by the fact that every broker had long held orders?especially order* from the provinces? So eel! oat as soon as such news -hould arrive. "."ebastopol has fallen," everybody said who met you last week, adding?" but stocks have fallen also, and bread has risen I" The fall at the Bourse was but tempo" rary. But the price of bread has in effect been raised; and although it ia unite probable that the highest notch has not yet teen reached, yet the public have murmured ?e loudly and universally that the government, as you will see by the Jfonifeur, has agiln had to announce It doae not neglect the old food i|Ue*tion?le ijourrrnement le yyriorevpr a juste titrr d la question toiijouri si grate lies suO rittanres. Well It may. "This business ol hungering." as Jean Paul called It, is a serious business, and rulers everywhere must take account of it. The absence of the diplomatic representatives oOeveinj States?Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, Bavaria, and Wur. temburg?from the 7b Drum, is explained simply enough by their absence from town. It really had no more poli tical significance than the presence of the Minister* of Prussia. Austria, and the I'nited State* of America. The whole affair is considered by diplomatists as a mare matter of form?of etiquette Both Prussia and Austria celebrated at St. Peteiaburg the first check of the allies before Malakoff. To-day they celebra'-d at Paris the success of the allies. " Hurrah for the victorsI" is always and everywhere their cry. Archbishop S-ibour hurried in from the eountry, to officiate in person at the Je Drum. In his newborn itn l-eriallst ie*d, this ex republican sent himself to the Don stitiitwuwl a copy of his discourse, in which he congratu lated the Emperor in quite poetical style, on the prospec ?f domestic Joy*, which, in the midst of public triumphs le promised by the " interesting condition" of the Em press. The doctors ot the church and of the Medical School do not aeaui to sgiee on till* Interesting point of ?oojecture. The Emperor has not manifested much gra tltude to the Archbi-hop for his premature cngr.ituln lations. The passage la question was published In th (kmttilulu ntol but its omission in the Moniteur is a} negative official denial of the rumored pregnancy o her Majesty. Qui riero orrro?h - that lives shall see. The Internatisnal Hatlatlcal t'nugresa terminated their abors on Monday laet by a visit to the Emperor in tha ?tunning and to the Minister who bad officiated as its President, in the evening. tin arriving in Paris the delegates to this Congress found a programme for the discussions alresdy p'-spare i in ths bureaux of the French ministry. This was an excellent means of restricting debate, but waa not at sit agreeable to the Run-Ian. English, and most of the lorcijfn delegate*, who had counted on something like eeriou? work. The tongresa was divided into sections, which were nominally to pre-eut report* that, like the prog amine, had been it I -aid, worked out in ad vanes. From one ?f the continental delegates I hare heird of an intere-'iug scene in one of these sections, where an a'tempt t*oii>gmade by an Austrian delegate to snuff out the light of inquiry, nn American voi- '?that of dentge bumner?was raised to vindicate the hlierty of discussion end the right* of science In the early part of the sr. ;,,n * member snggeste 1 the propriety of enlarging the ground of debate, so a? to bring in *s nuu-h InlornoAfc n as poi-lblc 1,earing upon (h- ?ubj ct. lie was stop,el hv the presiding official wad the Auetrian delegate, frightened *? much as his French colleague at anything wh- h Poked like disou* -lon, exclaimed. "bet m tale the greate.t c ire to keep if It ir the region-of pnre ?t*?i?llc* ? ? bewir,. t adfng or the dan sen, is ground < ( isPi-iral ec nonav, ?i. worst ?'.ij, ol politic ; let u? (to in ij his ivits-t's) look at * few columns of figures?<ayas 1 ttle as pos ?and go home. ' GeoyBumnarqt OBOt repllf<li Urat if thi. were aU the object of the Congress it wa* hardly worth while to have convoked enlightened men from .11 parte of the world, that the science of statistics was the special sci ence ol the statesman, that mere groups of tignres were of no nae, except as furnishing the means of knowing what was to be reformed, and what was to be main tained?what institution* were useful, and what perm ciottr?that the collector of Ugur?? might not always soe ~*T hearing, but it was impossible that a congress which, like the present was to indicate the special sub jects desirable to have investigated, t.hould not seek for all the aid political science and discussion by enlightened minds could offer. "It not," continued Mr. Sumner, "if we are merely to adopt, without dhcu-aion reports prepared before hand lor ue, we shall resemble the ancient Parliament of larie, ecu voted to register in rilence the decrees of the King." George fnmrer may well have been one of those fo reign speakers who are complimented by the Parisian journals as having surprised the Congtesa liy the fluency end precision with which they spoke Irench. He cer tainly surprised his hearer# by the boldness with which he uttered ebnt he had to say. It mud be difficult for my readers in the I nited suites to conceive of the restric tions which are here imposed on liberty of speech, if, indeed, we can properly speak of restrictions on what has ceased to exist, t'theiwise they would more fully understand why the remarks of Mr. Sumner are described as bavtug fallen like a bomb-shell upon the officials. The more effec ive from the quiet dignity with which they were de livered, they were received with delight by all the foreign delegates present?except, of course, the Austrian?and also by all the unofficial Frenchmen, and the object of enlarged discussion was secured, at luast for one day. My German informant added to his account ot this inci dent?" Hew much good an American has it in his power, by a single word, to do! for we all admitted none but an American would have dared, on this occasion, to defend liberty of speech.'' It tvns rumored last evening, that the Emperor was shot at and wounded yesterday, at St. Cloud, by ono of the Hundred Guards?the Cent Gardes. The MonHeur made this morning no allusion to this rumor: but It has been circulated quite extensively to-day, and a considerable fall at the Bourse has been attributed to it. The Jfessopcr de Bayonne says that ?' it has been assure! the marshal's staff will not be the only recompense of Gen. Fell-sier. The intention of the Emperor to confer tinea ol nobility on his most faithful seiTunta has al* ready been often spoken of. The title of Duke of Sebas topol should complete tho recompense due to the head of the eastern aimy." FIGARO. Psris, ffept. 21, 1856. Public Sentiment with Regard to the fh.ll of Sebastopol as Bridencctl by the Paris Bourn?Death of a Member of Louis the Sixteenth's Parluiment?The Difficulty be t "Yen Denmark and the Vniteil States?A fairs in Spain? The Drench Industrial Exhibition?MagnifteaU Present from Madam Brard to the Suferers of the Army of th East. A report that the Russian troops were retreating from Bakshiaerui and Slmpheropol to Perekcp, which came trout the Times' correspondent at Vienna, though having a certain influence in England, hu.l none here. On the contrary, a strong opinion prevails in the best informed circles that the evacuation of the South side of Sebastu pol was simply a part of a premeditated scheme, show ing that the Russian commander in-chief has no imme diate intention of abandoning tho Crimoa, and that ac cordingly much strategical skill and renewed examples of determination and courage will be necessary ere the fruits of this victory wili be liiirly gathered. Rend the state of the money market of to-day at four o'clock, P. M., and sec how exactly it tallies with this statement, remembering that the banners which com memorate the late victory still flutter on the public buildings, and that the ciorgy are everywhere exhorting the faithful to a general thanksgiving. Ihc Emperor left Paris yesterday for RambouUlet; Prince Jerome has gone to the Pulace at Mendon, his son, Prince Napoleon has relumed to Paris to resume Us duties as President of the Universal Exhibition. Baron rentier de Chsygene, the last member of the Parliament under Lauis XVI. has just died at the age of 89. We, who hud the pleasure of ffis friendship, have often spent many hours in endeavoring to extract from hira anecdotes of his life and times, but his memory was too defective and his intelligence probably never of that high order which penetrates into the core of events to enable us to glean much from him. There is a kind ofliatmess in the per ception of some persous which prevents the most startling events from inakiDg greater impression upon them than the ordinary occurrences of every day life. It is per feclly withering for one who has gloated over the record of the last sixty years, whose imagination lms tilled up all the blank parts of the cauvass, and who cur ries about with him a miniature tableau which lie is never weary of examining in light or in shadow, to stumble upon a living actor of the scene who simply wonders at your curiosity, and has no thing to give you in gratification of it. To have bcea a member of Louis the Sixteenth's Parliament?to have w itnessed ull the stormy days of the Bedol Justice?to bo in Paris at his surveillance, his flfght, his imprison ment, his execution, snd all the horrors which preceded scd followed that event?to have stood by at the re^usei- j tation of a country dn.nk with the stimulant ofrevola ti r:?to have heard its thunder at every gate in Europe, and seen an empire like that of Charlemagn > spring ng from its vituls, and not be a very treasure-house for historical research, seems almost Incomprehensible bu' such instances are not unfrequent, and it is certain thai events which Kir the life-blood to read of in the page of history, from the rapidity with which ihey appear to suc ceed one another, do not always equally Hffect the co temporary. The i.trikiog features of a yeurare compress ed in'o a single chapter?the mind Is never suffered to pau.-e in its breathless intei est?affairs and personages march regularly to their climax with au unwavering step; there is nothing to cool one's ardor or curiosity? no oscillation?nospecial pleading to bewilder tho under standing- but all is complete, satisfactory and logical as a perfectly distributed syllogism. Hence It it a "onsola tion to know, that on the whole, the generation which tollows has quite as much enjoyment in the record of excitable times as their lathers had in b ing eye witnesses of them, ami that those hereafter who shall read of the lite and times of Louts N'apo loon-how he ventured again and ..gain-how ho tailed, was mocked ami laughed at?how he rose again swept to the surfice by the Irresistible tide of . rents?how he grappled with difficulties, and Dually outrode the hur i?je\v ,h? thr"?t the power that had tie -n callod t?"' winding-sheet' of his progenitor, will derive as much pleasure trom the rocilal as our-elves, who have taken note of every cog as the wondrous wheel turned round. A banish journal states that in consequence of the mis understanding which has arisen between tho United State* and Pemmirk. the latter hax judged it expedient to send conri. erable ienforcements to the garrisons of the Dan If-h colonic* in tho hji&t Indie*. The Madrid journals ot the 15th have arrived. Tho Apnea again insists on the opportuneness of Hpaln making an alliance with the Western Powers against Russia. The 'lamer PubUm' confirms the statement already made that the proposed alliance will be the first question submitted to the lories by the government, on their re-assembling. D adds, that in the event of intervention being resolved on. the expedition to be sent against the Russians will be under General Zarald or < teneral Prim. The changes made In the personnel of the royal household, in virtue of the new regulations, had not been so Important as had been expected ; the Duke de Bayten helng retained ".. ."V0r ft""" *nd having been nominated keeper of Her Majesty's privy seal; the Duchess do Alba retain ing the post of camareaamayor; M. Martin de lot Herns, that of Intendant. 1 As the I ntversal Exhibition gradually approaches the term of its dissolntion Its attraction seems daily to In crease. rhe swarms of foreigners, of English especially, that throng ft* corridors and "long withdrawing al-les are prodigious, and we hear but one exprein rion of unqualified admiration, it is impossible, indeed, 11 ?nyr. deH,' 'iP*ion, to 'to justice to the perfection which after dragging Ha "slow length along" this won '? j. ????*?? of io'to'trial art has at length attained. And to the Inst the work of improvement goes on, fresh flowers are brought to bind the horns of the victim as It* Micriflce draws nigh, und the holder of a season ticket cannot be absent three or four day* without flndlng. on his return, fresh objects of interest. A disposition is evincing tself on the part of of the French expo nent* to devote their article* for the beneiltorthe wound ed toldiers of the Fast. Among the foremost of them is Madame Erard, widow of the celebrated piano 7! . r JS! j name, whose husband has lately died. The reader will peihapa. remember, that we drew bis attention some time ago. to a niano e*. hihited bj ?E Erard. tho value of which w?s estima !r! f?n,c!' 14 **" constructed after he feshion of the clavicle used In the time of Urals the 1 iltesnth and ornamented with the most Imautiful de sign# copied from the works of M atteau. Twelve thou MBd francsi for the painting only had been paid by M Fjretd, and from the elaborate finish and exquisite oo- , lormg ot the work, there is no reason to suppose the ?r tlst hid beet, overpaid. These beautiful tableaux are painted In medallions over the lid and side* of the piano the hotly of which Is pale green, profusely gildeq. The general appearance i* that of an instrument the ea?e of which is of tievre* porcelain. The mechanical part 1* in the highest style of Krardian manufacture end it* ton-* ss ellHted occasionally by some brilliant performer, sent to the exhibition tor the uurpo**, have brought down taj turous applause fr?tn the crowd* assembled round it "?II. this beautiful instrument hst been presented to I rim e Napoleon, President of the l/nlveraal Exhibit! m with the following touching letter from Madame Krard' given in ih'4 Afon%Utir ol thi* mo ruin#:? Monseigneur?In order to contribute to the soldo>e. font of the army of the Ea?t I requeat your acceptance oi a grand piano. In the style of Loui* XV., oyun-.M ..ti i 7'"'. FilJc<4 bronxe, which among other 1 ?'i ' '' ' P'acpd 'n the transept of the mar \c \}ri"'trW ""Wover beei.Hful thi* Inurnment wa7 that h^fTS*.th' lMt "J hu*hio ! l-sc tor which h-d^tl^T" * r 01 ,h8 n0'J,e P?r" Fr?T;i:!7n irn,;J p rrii founded close in-McUon l^Z ', ''""t"/1''"1' rmrrh ar#. . u II; moni ctrofnl sZ Frreg^^yre^iu'ng" fo?. W'" V" ***** faction that the tints- hi , when ."th*" '*''** H ligi.tene.1 ,-di.y, Fiance b* I t,l , ;r" om L'r'Tr rival, in thi. ?'s.v,,h:aW.4r; ciimpurwDoftM I*.'# hf mac! incrv At v . nd at Gala is. by ?ht-h It i- shown that, no , ?h-c.fdhS tie .f'?'t fit this fahri w,i ,n y ir ..... ^ , Ul, . . J tr n %? * | 1M ? wi t hut mtitt} li?. ,nfr h ?n >r r . ? ' ? ( r Ho |t- at.;, in a ;h? '? i <4 Calais and It# environ- are close treading npnn the beel- o! i!a forerunner. England 1h (till pre-eminent in ohcapne ??*, and in thU cose Nottingham sell* a third less thuu * alai", but tins u accounted tor in some measure by . the rr iem| t which the English manufacturer ehowB for | d?eigne, for which the Calais uiauulo-turer spare- nu expense. Kverywhere it is the same- While Manchester and Bradf.rd tarry all liefore them in the woollen manu facture of alpaca, the beauty of the French design* ia -utli that, though nearer by a third, the wealthy prefer purchasing them. The French nation takes heart ol frace at theee indications, and an nu rtone is left un 11 rued by the Kniperor, 01 by the Journal <lr; Veta's, to bi ing the French manufacturer fairly into competition with the murkete of the world, on the principle of unre stricted commerce, the i'arin Exhibition, though a cora nieiciu! feature in a limited fen*, may prove the starting | point of a lasting commercial prosperity. BERTIE. IMPORTANT MOVEMENT IN EUROPE. Tlie Coiitmaplntrd Change In the Italian Dynasty?Aitrrliig the Hup of Europe Italy Kxchanged by Austria for the Oauu blnti Film IpulKhH. THK STATE OF ITALY. [London eurrf *pondencc of the Mauehenter Examiner.] In the meantime, some politicians are directing their attention to Germany. particularly Austria; and it -eem* to be the universal opinion that, whilst negotiations wlli probably be resumed at the end of the campaign, the allies will still tind Austria but a slippery friend, in fact, not a soul out of Downing street '.eels any cunll deace in Austria's policy or Austria's engagement. Others are turning their thoughts to Italy, which, in deed, is gradually coining to the front in a way that promif os to make that peninsula exceedingly prominent in the eventa of the age. " The Italian question" is by degrees superseding the Eastern question in popular iu teiest, in every respect except the operations of the war. Italy i* clearly " drifting" towards a crisis, in spite of the efforts of all the powers to avoid it. One symptom of it has just broken out. The foreign booksellers here, or some of them, have within the last few days been ex posing In their windows a supply of rather a curious pamphlet, printed in Genoa, which clearly indicates which way the wind is blowing with respect to tbe mis governed kingdom of Naples. The brochure is by some anonymous writer, evidently a man of position, whose object is to turn the Bourbons out of Naples, and to make Italy too hot for them to remain in it. Its title is " The Italian pjuesti id, or Murat and the Bourbons." After having said a good deal about Italy, liberty, inde pendence, and so on, the w.iter draws a powerful com parison between the Neapolitan government under Joachim Murat, and the Neapolitan government under tbe Bourbons, with respect to legislative administration, finance, theaimy, public works, tho c crgy, the magis tracy, the cultivation of science and the arts, commerce and industry; and tho conclusion he arrives at Is, that the reign ot Murat was a reign of progress, while that of the Bouillon* is one of reaction. Uuder Murat everything went on well; under the Bourbons everything has gone bad. The author ther puts forward i'rince J.u cien A! uiat, who is now residing in t'ai is, as holding ex actly the sane sentiments as his father in favor of Italy ?as a partisan of liberty and democracy, and an enemy of the Jesuits. In fact, he is held forth a* the only pos sible solution of the Italian question; and the pamphlet winds up all with the following letter Irom the i'riuce himself:? Mv 1 kau N'mtisw?Since it appear, to me. as to you, that 1 am the < nly possible solution, I feci myself inter dicted from all initiative in it. That man isjooli-h who consider* thai he has only to be (s/.ti upon >h stepii oj' Ik throne, in order to inhtiii the crown; ami who consider* the heritage of a nhsdc people his own prupercg, jusi as he would the inheritance oj a flock of sheep. Let Italy call me, and I ?? hall be proud to terci her. I will even add, that I ay shall not tiDd any other who will serve her better than myself. Her enemies aie my enemies; and there is a terrible a-count to settle between us. But li Italy should make another choice, J shall not the less be devoted to her, and in order to help her to succeed 1 will give to her the last drop ot my blood. Happy that mau who shall oc the elect ol Italy. Ills mission will be very easy. Re member, uud also rendu 1 me of this truth, which, though old, is not the less excellent?Abblest* oblige. Ever yours, I.. MURAT. It is tube observed that the writer makeR no reference whatever to I'iedmont, or to the house of .Savoy. But in any scheme for the reuemption and regeneration of Italy the alliance of Sardinia would be indispensable. Nor dees the writer seem to have contemplated the possibili ty of any obstacles to his purpose arising out of what is called the revolutionary element. THE FATE OF THE PRINCIPALITIES. [From the London Uhrouicle, Sept. 10.1 * ? ?? * ? ? But the political interests which cluster round these fine provinces are even more important, than those of a military nature. Our readers cannot fail to have noticed tho circumstances mentioned by our i'aris correspondent the other day. that the Constitulionncl hud received an official caution for inserting a letter, the substance of which was. that the Austria us were detested in the Moldo Wullnchiun provinces, which the tortuosities of diplomacy handed over to their protection. Not content with this ollicial nutllication of the Imperial displeasure, the Man' tear has gone l'urtner?it has Inserted an article in whic it is stated, from authoiltatlve sources, that the ill blood between the inhabitant- and the Austrian garrison has been great !y exaggerated, and that the country is fast re turning, under Austrian rule, to peace'and prosperity. IItiier articles, evidently from official inspiration, appear from lime to time bo'h in Engli-h and French organs, all of which would indicate the state- ol these provinces is beginning seriously to engage the attention ol statcs mt n. Wide apart as the two countries lie ge graphically, tLerc does certainly appear to be some strange political connection between the Moldc-WalKchian Principalities and Italy. The affairs of both till up every Msara mo ment which the ndi ds of our iu)ers have to spare froi the more pi casing demands of the war; and tn-ir inte rests are, soniehuw. always brought up together. When ever we Bee an article upon the affairs of Italy in certaiu of our contemporaries, we may be sure that a second ar ticle on the subject of the Principalities will not be long behind. There maybe a difficulty in explaining thi sequence in accordance w ith the natural course of things; but a refticuce to the past and now almost forgotten 'sof the revoiuttooaiy period ot 1848 may perhaps tioid a clue to the connection. At that period, whe.i Austiia was driven to extremities, and had lost almost oltigether her gtasp on Italy, she listened with mii'-h moie calmness to a proposal lor parting with her Immbar 1 pofi-essions, which it seemed tlieu impossible she cou'd keep, Ihan she has ever done before or sin e. At that tiui ? ills well known a plan was under consideration, towhicu Austria gave a half consent, for transferring Isimba. dy to the Sardinian crown, seeking a recompe e in the Esst for the loss which she would thus suataiu a the West. The revolutionary mania spent itself, tl weakness of Austria passed away, and with it passed t consideration of those proposal- which up to that tiir were, to say the leaat, not rejected. Now, the course the war again brings the desiiableness of these chan? under consideration. The state of Italy excites ser! uneasiness, and no State h more aware than Austria that the whole arrangements in that l'enin-ula resen a bouse of cards?if one be touched all full Into cmfusi It a revolution were to break out in Naples therefore and the existing monarch seems bent in hit madness < frrcing his people Into rebellion?It would extend ov 'he whole country, and Austria, whose hold on Iaimbaruy was compared by Trince Metternich to be, in tbe best n times, as insecure as a man who holds a wolf by th ear, would be involved in all tbe dangers which surrounded her in 1818, while she could n expect Russia to come n second tiuie to the rescue. It ii .'Uf/osed, the reft/re, thai Austria wouUt listen compUuxntlu to any plan which woubt honorably.relieve her <fl the burtb , efgovininga country so turbulent, while she would find r. ? mjmiseition in the eriensivn and consul illation of her poic ? '?wants the Leu! and down the course of the. Danube, an which would at the same time atford an opportunity V reward the Kiug of I'iedmont for the promptitude wit which he has espoused and the fidelity with which he h maintained the cause of the Allies. We are for from afflrmlog that these are the schem' which at the present moment occupy the cabinets of E i i ope. But we do say they are schemes not unfamiliar to trie minds of politicians, and that there are not wantin - l ersuDS to urge that the principle* on which they ai founded should be carried into practical effect. Great difficulties are no doubt in the way. The first and mo>t obvious is that the transfer of the Danubian provinces to Austria would be a violation of the principles on which the Allies took arms. Tbe ostensible motive tor which the sword was drawn was to prevent the di-tnemb* rnent of the Turkish tmpire, and it would be diflic ilt > reconcile that profe-<-ioii with any act which should with draw from the rule of the NiUan two of his fairest pro vinces. It 1* argued, indeed, that the integrity of Tur key cannot be under-tocd in tbe same sense as tie plirsse would be interpreted of any other Europe.n kingdom, la-cause Turkey Is an agglomeration of races, dillrting from each other In blood, in religion, in law. and in tbe bonds which attach them to the Turkl-h rule, rom the hereditary I'acha ol Egypt, whose subjection > his suzerain is little better thian a name, to tbe Hoepo data of the l'rincipa'.itie-, whose away is dependent on the pleasure of the Nultan. but I* pia-tic-ally supreme while it lasts. It is said that tbe resolution to guaran tee the independence of an empire so bm-elv knit to gether as this innat be interpreted only in a large an 1 liberal rense. We are not casuists enough to resolve the difficnltv, but we are sure that the people of thi country will insist on that interpretation wideb is most In accordance with honor an<l g.rod frith. There is another reason against a premature arrangement of these gi are matters. The partitions of State* Iron mere Iv political considerations seldom prove lasting. 1 nl.-ss the will of the people be nj>-ulted?and nothing i* more likely to induce a lilghininded people to refuse their con sent than the suspicion that they are to be disposed uf according to tbe delll-eratiou* of foteign rule s?-he im mediate effect may be symmetrical ?n>! o.derly but. wauling all cohesion, the arrangements will siieedify fall into contusion and decay. While we cheerfully admit that it is the |?rt of a great statesman t*> gui.l" tha move ment* which he seems to follow, we are aUosatlvffed that it is empiricism, and not statesman-hip. to pr'- lpitate events which are not ripe. The affairs of Europe are a' rendy complicated enough. The conduct of the war re quires all our attention. In managing that, out state men will find that they have enough on their hand*. The Concerns of the l'rinclpalitiea can ahord to wait. The Brent Amanlten Srhwstopoi. [From the London lime-, Sept. -lb] In order to form a correct military e titivate of the gi gantic efforts which brought to a glori >u? terainAUon the siege of Sebastupol, remorse must be had to th* able report of General Nlel who ha- commanded the ? ngi neering department o! the French army-in e the death of General Wzot, and to the second report of Marshal l>lls?ier, which rearms- in a very e >mp1"t? and luc.d manner the incidents of the combined ss-.?ult and the general history of this extraordinary ?.eg'-. To borrow at once the concluding passage of this r*-p- t ??Thus,'' says th' Marshal, -terminated thi- memora ble sleg* during wh. h tb? relieving army va- twice beaten in the o|.en field, and tb? n.euns ,i d*f* n v and attack of which had assume*! colossal pr- p., tlons. The he.ieg'ne a-my luvl in ?? diff'-ront attack* c.b ui 80P ? mounted, which lire*1, more fhtn l.rsjo.ono round our at proaclie*. dug drying day , ..f n t.? thlongh ? ky c ? an ? . M English ir ?lc?,j we e ma-1* on , L the pia'U an*', w 'h Ini HI', oil's* ? y <j Pu-tig the - ogcTc . 're- n I ?? HDO gun* bions. 60,000 iaacioee, and nearly 1,003,000 earth bag*. The moit remarkable sieges in history have hardly ever attained to more thano tenth of these extraordinary pK^ portiona. Nor are the result* of the civ nalties of the army lew extraordinary. The final combined assault ooxt the French army no leas than 7,651 u? n killel, wounded and miosing; the British low on the same day was 2,447, no that the total lose of the allied a-iniet amounts to not less than 10 000 men on tlii- dreadful oc casion. But if to this number of victims bo added the large losses sustained by both armies at Bait klava. at Inkermann, at the attack of the 18th of June, and at the battle of the Icbcrnaya, be sides the constant drain of men by sorties and in the tien' hOH, ahicli exceeded latterly 100 ulen a day, we conceive that the losses sustained by the besieging forces

under tire canaot be less than 30,000 men. and probably surpass that number; to those must be added the still more unhappy victims of disease and privations, who were at one time swept away more rapidly than by the sword of the enemy. We are probably (at below the truth in estimating these losses at 20,000 for tho allies, which would raise our total loss to 50,000, and, only as suming the Russians not to have lost more than we have done, though it is likely that tbey have lost two men for every one of the allies, it may be said thai not less thau 100.( 00 human beings have been slain, struck duwn by disease, or wounded in the attack and defence of Se vastopol. The termination of this frightful slaughter and ot these exertions, which overwrought all the powers of human nature, is in itself a blessing not inferior to the success we have gained; and in the thrnksgivings which will be pntiied forth on Sunday next to the Almighty Giver of all Victory this thought will predominate in every Christian heart over the contending emotions of this dearly-bought triumph, that by the blessing of God this most fierce and sanguinary act ol the great drama is at length ended. Marshal Rellsaier's report gives us a full and accurate statemeit of the enormous means by which those results have been attained. tWtbe French works, the approach es on the left had been advanced to within 30 or 40 yards of the Flagstaff and Central Bastions, and to within 26 yards ol' the salient of the Malakoff Redoubt and the Little The French artillery had constructed 100 batteries, per fectly served, and meseuting !160 guns on the left and 250 on the right attack. The English engineers had been unable, from the rocky nature of the ridge on which the Great Redan was planted, to advance nearer than 200 yards from that work. Gen. Harry Jones had. however, brought no less than 200 English guns to bear on this point of the fortifications only. One of the consequences of the advantageous proximity of the French to the works they were about to storm was that the explosion of the mines which gave the signal of the attack blew in a part of the counterscarp, and showed the men they had little to fear from the Russian counter-mines. At the distance at which the head of tho English sap was still placed no such effect could he produced. The French left attack against the Central and Flagstaff Factions, under General de Salle*, was organized with as much care and with iorces as large as any other part of the operations of the day. Six regiments of the line were teld off for the attack on the Central Bastion and five for that on the f lagstaff, besides General Cisldini's Sardinian Brigade; 12 more regiments were brought up to act as a re-erve on this point, only, so that the left attack must hare been made by 10.000 men supported by 10,030 fresh troops. Nevertheless, this attack failed, from causes similar to those which led to the defeat of the British attack on the Redan. The hussian-t re treated behind traverses within the work and behind the Inuette, from which they kept up a fire of grape an I muskcltry, which biflled the o'?aihnts and at urn drove th?m lack to their tranches. Marshal Pellssier had. however, reserved the flower of the French army for the attack on the Malakhoff, under the command of General McMahor and General Bosquet; It was there that the Zouave* and the Chasseurs were principally engaged, and it is said that about 30.000 urn were brought into the trenches by instalments of one third at a time to act against the Malakhoff and tho Lit tle Redan. These troops were carefully provided with everything they could require in their desperate enter prise?trenching tools, spikes, and materials to complete the occupation of the great work, or rather citadel, they were about to attack. The hill of Malakhoff was sur rounded by works whieh had assumed the form and strength of a regular pentagonal fortress, of about the Minii- extent as the Citadel of Antwerp, intersected by wery kind ol earthwork, and garrisoned by about 3,000 men The diteh surrounding it was eighteen feet deep, the scarp eighteen feet high, so the defences to be scaled weie ihiity-six feet trcm the bottom; and "imilur works were lepeated within the first enceinte. With incredible rapidity and energy the French troops swept over these tremendous obstacles, overpowered the garrison, and then held the work for four hours against the repeated efforts of the Russians to recover the position. No great er or more difficult exploit is recorded in the annals of war, and the immense io-s sustained by our brave allies proves by what desperate ellorts this advantage was gained. Marshal TeluMer relates the action in the most becoming terms, for his language is entirely free from ex aggeration, and he writes a.-: a man impressed with the solemnity of the csntest be had j ist witnessed. Many of those most dear to himself, and especially his favorite nld-de-eainp. Colonel Cassaigne tell in the as sault, and it is to the honer of that stern chief of the French army that, in committing the remains ot these brave men to the grave on the following day, he showed the deepest emotion at the great and deplorable losses sustained by bis troops. The final assault of tsebustopoi has oust t) e allied armies 10,000 men. but its success has aved Ihe lives of 20,000 more; for the continuance of the siege thn ugh another winter, to be followed by fresh at acks in the spring, would undoubtedly have exposed the allied armies to the tolls aud losses from which it is now happily relieved. The movements, or intended movements, of the allied forces since the occupation of Hebastopol still remain ex rrn ely obscure, and several incidents have occurrid which we are unable to explain. It is positively sia'ed by some of the Eastern journal* that upon frinc - Goit schakoff's hoisting a win'e flag from fort (onsuan'iiie, a communication took place with the enemy, rnd that Captain frummond was afterwards sent to confer per sonally with the Russian Commander-in Chief. It Is also asserted by the Austrian official papers that considerable hoilies of 1 rem h troops have been sent to Kupato ria. which Would appear to indicate the expec tation of operation* on the rear of the Russian army. The statement that the wo ks and dock basins of Scbastopol were immediately to be de stroyed i* unquestionably incorrect, for ou this pou. the i.euerala now occupying the town doubtless referred to their respective governments, to de'ermincthe course of policy to be pursued. With re('eren?e to the occupa tion ol the harbor of .-'ebaatopol by any part of th" allied Utet, the fire from the northern forts might, of course, render the entrance of our vessels dangetous: but this is not the greatest obstacle. The harbor now contains the remains of more than 60 sunken vessels, includlug 18 ?ail of the hue and many frigates and steamers; aud it must be long before the navigation or anchorage can bo rendered piacticable or secuie. On all these point*, however, we must wait foi more recent information, for the intelligence we have received only brings us lowu to ?be moment wheu the allies (bit Uiemselvet in full pos ? rssicn of their conquest. The Defeat of the English at the Itcclaii?Tin Retail of CSen. fttiiipnoii Dsniaiidcd. [From the Ixindon Times, Sept. 2H. ] The honor of England must lie preserved at any cost to personal leeUngs. Th* safety ot the brave men she has sent out mast be a consideration superior to all notions of delicacy. Why should we not speck plainly what has been passing In the minds of ineu of all classes during the last few days 1" When the telegraph sent the first news of the fall of Sebuslopol, the words " Our attack on 'he Redan did not cucceed'' tuepaied the public for som misfortune, and mingled a gloom witb It* rejoicing. A lew hours more made known a loss of officers as great a,-, at InkeniMnn, and many a household hid to mourn a member struck down in a conflict which it anew was not i victory. Then, for a long fortnight the nation awaitc 1 wlb d<cp anxiety the arrival of uctails. Ihe official despatch came at last, brought by an offi < of the .Staff, as if such a narrative as it contained must ir mte the bearer's reward. It will be seen by last night ? Gattttt that Major Curzon has received the reward for 1 -i? Job's tidings. Gc rural Sim/iton't it yt to nmu, and. if c art corrr tly informed, Ike goctrnmenl art in tome ptr ylaUy as to ilt naturr. lie can I'll 'hem. lb doer-pet 'all. How meagre, bow ohscute that despatch was. will be testified by all who read it. But what it contained and what it omhtcd led io the saine conclusion. TV llrUith army kail bo-n bea'nr, awl le-al-n. il >cat r-tuona blc to ivp/xsw, thrnurih Ike incapacity of Ik G'- rural sofc-t ? mild tew I kome tuck a rfe.?;*t,'cA rn twk an occanon. Two days more elap-ed, and the full truth waa told I.The calumny was deeper, darker, more humiliating, thai. ' even ihe most desponding had feared. The story of tha' terrible day. related at such length, and with such power, in tnese columns, ha* been read in every eorne of the British Islands, and. translated into many lan guage", is now t>etore our friends and for*all Europe, what has be. n the feeling of the public durl-ig the last two days, l--t ? -ach man judge for himself. Let him aiao consider whether it is a time to keep silence. A compa lison of Gen. Simpson's account ot the attack with that given by our correspondent will show how tar the com mander-in-cbiel ua* informed of what actually took pi tee. it may be that British military custom requires a bald, i nadiirneu style, and that a general's d**pircli is to be considered analagoos to a royal speech. The full and interesting narrative# of Marshal l'*li??ler and General Mel show, however, that our allies lave not ar rived at this rigidity of etiquette; and even the Horse Guards must admit that a general's brevity ought not to exeu-e important omission*, ami that a despatch may be < ignifi* > without being unintelligible. The British tieneral led everyone to believe th.r only 1.600 were engaged at first at the Redan, aud state* posi tively that th.'?e weie ? supported to the utmost." Of Colonel Windham's repeats*, message* for help, of 1 jer-ona' return and interview with Jfir Edward Codrin, tun, of hi" permission to take the Royal", and of the uu happy rout which made thl* meagr.- a*-!- -.ance to- late ' he of any use. the Ooimander-in-Cbiet doe- not breath' word. The assertion that the a"*au!ting pai ty was ?ip ported to the utmost we know to be at variance with ti e tact. The number of men engaged i? nut state-; cl-x.l, pur is an approximate calculation of the i .s'gir- n. Ev of the duration of the contest the General i? ;gn rat He say* It was maintained tor "neaily an hour. We learn !>< ?m our correspondent and Iron, general to. timony that It laeled Iter nearly two hour*. I I ihat a Commander-in-Chief, with ail his advantage*. ? houM lie in crroi as to fhcts which straugsr* an l Tvll ians could easily ascertain. The Hod. I/ittiMr Cariw, the bearer of this obscure and inaoeurate despatch, is r?coUint*nde?l to Ix>rd l'anmure ss capaV.e ot giv'ng iu> re minute details than theC.en*ra! * self-impe"*?; Uni t" will allow. But, if the assistant mil iary Xejretary had ,,ny opportunity of learning tin true history of that ?ta) light, we doubt not that hi narrative will .onvic ?* .h* -ecret.-.ry of w ar of th- va'uel ?? nature A the dcou meat be brought. Why is General Mmpson the. b i#f and e-rone u* in his ommun.cations There is t ut one answer?4tv was ignorant of w .?t pa*- 1, ur des.rous to conceal it. W> believe the former. Hew should be > aware of the scenes era ?' ! to th' lle-lan H* -at in t t-'ueh. with his no-c and -ye* .1 ;"t r ing the talc tad dust, and his clow- drawn up -ver hi* head to pro * i him ag hn?t both. 11* mt>?" arrangements whig. :?< ?? ev*:y one to ex laim "Th" i- *n tb'-r 18th of June 1? chouse* the assaulting column trm '.be -n-onc. ?uc ?it? ? ns, for th* prepicter n th..' -hey bad t so ufteo ?ino so de.p*- ate-y *ng gsd nd wher 'he r^s.(jt lade, and whb hardly one man in twenty who bad fought at the Alma?are to advance to the deadly conteet, be ia content to go and ait uotionleea In a ditch. An unsupported colonel debt a the battle. We have a glimpse of a general of division, but It is only an bewildered and irresolute, and telling bis subordinate that, "if they were of any use, be might take the Royals." But we will enter no further into this shameful history. Examples ol? heroUin were not wanting, and that they may have ther reward we ear nestly hope. Bat to Gen. Simpson's opinion of individual merit the public will attach little importance. He will, of course, be nnable sufficiently to express his approba tion of all generals of division, while his warmest thanks will be due to every member of hU own stuff. But the men who died on that fatal day, or will bring homo wounds and mutilations as a sore remembrance of it, must If honored by their country thr ough information from other sources. There can be no doubt of the discon'ent and anger which rtign among the troops. Officers and men have lost all confidence id their chie , and the only difference is, that the private proclaims his opinion with more open vehemence. The incapable commander who has brought on England this last disaster cannot force his soldiers to look with envy on those gallant deeds of their ally to which their own defeat serves as a foil, but he can oppiess them with feelings of deep humiliation, of bitter resentment, of hopeless despondency. As long as he shall lead them there will be the conviction that the day of battle is likely to be anything but the day of vic tory. Now,- too, are approaching those operations in the field which are the test of generalship. Will the man who could not. attack with common skill a position with which be had been for months acquainted be capa ble of combinations and manoeuvres on on new and ever changing ground f Ihe conclusion ia not difficult. It is the duty of gov ernment to make arrangements for relieving General Simpson of the post he holds. It is generally understood that the present Commander-in-Chief accepted his ap pointment with reluctance. This does not, Indeed, excuse him from all responsibility for subsequent failure, for no solicitations of a Minister ought to overcome the resist ance which is honestly founded on a sense of incapacity. But the knowledge that his was only the minor fault of an irrcsolnto refusal must soften the iudgment of the country. Any honor or reward which his services may claim, or the position in which ho has been placed ren ders seemly, will be grudged by no one. but let him no longer command our troops In chief. A French Comman der-in-Chief, under somewhat similar circumstances, has been In this very campaign superseded, and he returned with true devotion and an admirablo spirit to the com mand of his division. Wc will not suggest airy course t > General Simpson or liis advisers, but the nation must immediately look to the government to provide the army In the East with a general who commands Its confidence and is likely to re tain it. It cannot be too often repeated that our anny requires a younger man. A statesman in either house, a lawyer on the bench, even an admiral in his comfortable first rale, may preserve his efficiency until an advanced age. for he is not under the necessity of bodily fatigue. But the commander of an army In the field must have phy sical strength not only for sedentary toil, but for riding, walking, bearing wind; rain and cold, together with all the personal discmforle of the camp and the march. These qualities are not possessed by ra<-n of the age of the British commander-in-chief, who sits In a ditch muf fled up in a el?ak when a whole army rushes to the as sault. Marshal 1'elissier wants, wo believe, one or two years of 60, and yet hla activity is looked upon as extra ordinary by his countrymen. He brought up the reserves in person when General Bosquet was wounded. The freat body of the French geneials are far below this age. snrobert is 46, Bosquet is 42 years old. about the ago of Eyre and Murkhum. tVhst is there to prevent the adop tion of a similar system in England!1 Nothing but the timidity of the government, the sympathy of cert^ta military authorities at borne for old acquittances, aW the superstitious reverence for those who have served during youth in the campaigns ol a past generation. If the nation is to preserve its rank in Europe there must be no delay In giving grouter efficiency to the army by placing over it men of adequate capacity. English men hardly appreciate hiw much their military reputa tion has suffered in the eyes ol the world even in this triumphant campaign. Their fame for personal courage is as nigh as ever, but how their government shouki select such men for high commands, and how the lice British people should acquiesce in the choice, are the wonder ol foreigners. The Rwruins my w ur arc an army of lions Ird on by ami. If the country ia to end this war with the reputation of foily years since it must be content with the chivalry of captains and lieutenants, or the stubborn courage ot the Highlands and Counaugli. We have no wish to rival our allies In the number of their troops; we are content to admit that in all joint operations their share in the toils and glories of the war must be the greater. But what the British army has to do It should he enabled to do well. little is gained by placing an aged officer of high standing over our troops, and keep ing up an affectation of perfect equality, if the French from superior numbers do nearly all the w->rk of the seige, while the small part allotted to the English is mat red by the incapacity of their commander. We know not whether, after ap|?aling to the public by their duty to their country, it may flot be a descent to ask thcin to consider the pri vate ties which unite individual families to the brave men whose lives depend on a general's judgment. But it Is an appeal to which human nature will give, perhaps, even a readier answer. By all that tlicy owe to the army, which has fought so long and so well, by their sympathy for those left bereavod and destitute through the recent slaughter, as well as by their love of cnun'ry and honor, we conjure Englishmen to brook no delay in placing at the head of their small bnt chivalrous army a man who can make its valor productive of something more than an honorable disaster. The Turf. UNION COFKSE, L. I.?TROTTING. A match for *1 000. mile heats. b?st three in five, in harness, came off on Tuesday last, between br. m. Belle of .-'aratoga and b. g. Chicago Jack. The race was won by the mare after five heats, she winning the two first and the fifth heats. The third heat was given to Jack on ac count of the mare gaining by breaking. The betting previous to starting was 100 to 40 on Ihe mare. B >tb horses looked to be In capital condition. The Belle Is a better breaker than Jack. When she leaves her feet she does not lose by the break, but with a jump or two ah' is on her trot again. The attendance was good. Urst Ural.?Belle of Saratoga won the pole, and led J ok all around the upper turn and a couple of lengths to the quarter pole, in thirty six ffhd a half seconds. Jack broke going down the backstretcb, and it was thought that he would be distanced. Time to the hslf mile pole. 1:13. Jack made a brush on the lower turn and up the homestretch, and was three lengths behind w hen the mare came to the stand. Time 2:32j(. Srroml that.?They w ere head and head when the word was given, bnt the mare soon shot away and led to the quaiter pile a length and a half?time, thirty-eight ,-cconds. Jack closed on the m ire going down the back stretcb: she broke at the half mile pole, but did not lose much?time. 1:13 On the lower turn Jack reached the Belle's wheel, but broke up swinging on the home stretch; the mate being the best breaker of the two raught first nnd got clear of Jack. Nhe broke again at the drawgste. and again Jack lapped her. He, however, broke at the distance stand, and the llelle won the heat. Time, 2:32. 7Air-<f //><!/ ?Good start, the maie took the lead and opeced a (.up of a length and a half to the quarter pole, in thirty seven seconds. The mare broke three times going down the backstretch, and each time gained by the bteaks, and went to the half mile pole In 106. Jack toekf on the lower turn and lost a length: he lapped the mare swinging en the homestretch. The mare broke at the drawgate and again at the distance stand, and yet ?ith all these drawbacks came in a nock ahead. The judges. however, thought that was too much of a good thing, and gave the heat to Jack. Time, 2:32. fourth Ural Jack took the lead, but broke before he got around the upper turn and came to a stand still, the mare was n distance ahead on the hackstretch. On the lower turn and up the homestretch Jack made a tre mendous brush: the mare broke at the score, and Jack won ihe heat bya neck and sh jnlders. Time, 2:18. FVjfA Hra'.?The mate took the lead and kept It to th< end. Jack was a couple of hngths behind at the quar ter pole In thirty-eight seconds, and to the half mile pole in 1:18. Jack trotted finely all the way. The mare won the heat by half a length. Time, 2:32. The billowing is a summary :? Tt wnxT, 'let. 9 ?Match, 81,000, mile heats, best three in five, in harness. P. I Wer named br. m. Belle of Sarah ga. 1 1 2 2 1 W. I'eabodv named b. g. Chicago Jack... 2 2 112 1 ime. 2:322:32~5:32?2:? 8?2 32. 11,e shove horses trot again on Tuesday next under the -addle, CFNTREVILLB COOtSE, L. I?FACINO. Tt wt'AT, <Vt. P.?Match. 82.000, mile hetts, In harness. George Fplcer named g. g. Hero 1 1 H. ttoodiufT named r. g. Bet 2 2 Time, 2:28?2:20. FCFFOLR COCK8E, t. Is?TROTTING. Tl.t RMi-tv, Oct. 4.?Burse, 826, one mile and repeat, in ha rness. C. Carll's s. m Miller's Pnm?el 1 1 J. (.'aril's W. in. 1-ady Sontag 2 2 ta ls b. Iu. Old dr. Time 2:62?2:48 Ns vi PaT.?Match, 860. mile heats, best three I11 five, in harness?owners to drive. G. Faywi's b. m. Ksty Barling 1 1 2 1 J. C. Bandign's g. m. Mary Jane 2 2 12 Time, 3:11?1.-0P?14)3? :0s. ILLINOIS. Bw.WTON Cnir?r. On:, aoo Oct. P.?Trotting purse tM.0. wi'h sn in ide stoko of (260 each h?i-e. beat three in five. " Blenls 1 2 1 1 B.efnd'-er 2 12 2 < hatauquc Chief 3 3 dla. Time, 2:3$?2:.'.5>t?2:77?2:36. WISCONSIN. Coin; Cot r>t. Oct. 4.?Burse, (.",0, two mile hears, in bsrn< ??*. ornirarkrr ?. 1 1 .rav Eagle 2 2 Nebraska Hill 3 3 Tim", 6:63?6:60 C?ilJ> Snuvt Coc Mr, "rt. It?Trotting purse. $.<0. inile heats. be?r three in five, In b?rne?s. t.rsyFagle 2 111 Pi'-k Tu. pin 1 drawn Nrb. n-'*? bill .3 3 3 3 Time. 2 60?2:60?2.51?2r(8. VIRGINIA. Bw. .n IV ? v Co' m-T? lump Pat, Oc:. 10 ?Jockey Club u-e. 86(iti. three mile beats. .nes Tally's eh. f. l.ucy Phillips, r?y sold, ny Tilly-II- dar "et?ty White, 2 1 1 Ma fir Iho*. Posvrel!'* br. m. Seltn*. 5 jears oM, by rpsii-in. d.' ) Beta, by 1 evu'h a 12 2 B .el- A. Ha 11 - g g. R*tt ?. * >? ar- . .. ty l.rg is???. dam !J" y, by T'chi i? 3 3 3 The Epidemic a t Norfolk and PortamowUi. ODB NORFOLK CORRESPONDENCE. Norfolk, October 8, 1855. "n looking cut this morning, the first glad sight that greeted my eyes was a fine white Croat. A few more such (by the blessing of the Almighty) and all yellow fewer will be at an end, at least for this season. All day yesterday it was quite cold for October; every thing around looked bright and beautiful; not a hearse or physician's car . iagw visible; the people beginning to walk abroad and look a little cheerful; a few churches open and pretty well at tended, considering the population, our resident citizens having not yet returned. After searching the town for news, I find there have been but two deaths since writing on .Saturday; there are still a few lingering caseathat must terminate one way or theother In a few days. The deaths 1 refer to are Mrs. James Cornick, wife of Captain James Comtek, President of I i mul Swamp Canal Company, and a small son of Thomas Gilbert. My messenger reports prospects brighter ing in the principal business parts of mi'1 . '' "ie wather continues favorable?there will be no danger in returning after a week or two. 1 presume physicians think that there is nothing more to tbu P^'lonce, aH moet of them who are not residents, with the nurses, have left, and some of our w.oo were compelled to leave to recruit their shatter ed health, have returned with their femiles. Norfolk, Oct. 8,1856. It is with a lighter heart than tor many a week that I now write to you, this morning. I arose earlier than I am accustomed to, and throwing my window open, I gazed upon the surrounding roofs, when a glorious vision burst upon my view. Frost had, during the night, gathered to a conaiderable extent upon tire surrounding housetopa; the white winged messenger had come si lently, and was waiting to be witnessed by man ere he took his flight. How like the dove Noah sent from his ark, when it had re-appeared to the lovely occupants of the earth, bearing a green leaf, that spoke more elo quently than it eould had it the gift of speechl I was in Portsmouth yesterday, and the appearance presented by the streets was truly distressing; the rank grass had grown over them to such an extent at to hide even a beaten path, ao few persons walk them. Among the new cases In that town 1 am pained to cite the family of Mr. George Bailey, tour ot which are down. There were five deaths Saturday and yesterday in that town, but the names I was unable to obtain. 1 hone in my next to give you a list of the dead in the Fourth ward?so that peraons who have left friends in tout part of the city may learn whether or not any are among the victhua. In Norfolk, yesterday, there were no undertakers open, which is as cheering a sign as could possibly be of the decline of the fever. This is the first Sabbuth for nearly three months th?y have been closed. IaV? haPPy to be able to inform you that Pro tTilliman aud Wright, who have been sick with fever, are to-dav much better, The former ih convalescent. I have frequently warned my fellow citizens to have their houses opened. The danger of keeping them closed will be apparent from the following :-One of our most i expectable citizens last week opened the house of one of his relatives, und though ho himself been sick, yet tne stcncli coming from the house eras so strong as to cause another attack, lie was unwell two or three days. The dav the house was opened was quite warm, and this, probably acting with the impure air, caused '.he sicknoss. Porn-ex should be opened on cold days. Supplies came yesterday to the Howard Association, via ffalilmore. Ihey were much needed. The Howard In hirnary is now without a patient. The only officer re mainlng is Pr. H. L. Van Cfeve, of Philadelphia. The rwiV'ug .^/'nce my last :-Mra. Capt. James Cornick. Mr. John Glbon, a nurse from New York, slave llil/'V 2* * ?1 slaTe ot WiH* Ihuinmund, slave of Josiah Hill's estate. Mrs 1>.ay, child of Mr. Jakeman Mis" Burning. UtD""' cblld of Thomas Gilbert, Mrs. There have been nine cases of fever on Dr. Bvee's f??' ?i'iWn M "Lilliput;" also, two on Thornton's '""n_ ., aL? ??w convalescent. The attending physi cian was Pr. West, of New York, who is winning tor him eelf many laurels among us. The weather is quite cool. NORFOLK Norfolk, Oct. 9, 1855. O, glorious sight! Another white frost, fine, bracing morning, and every prospect of favorable weather. The market carts are running along more briskly than they have been for more than two months; people are ro.iafnj up and stirring abroad somewhat as they used to before the appearance of the fever; those who left town aie beginning to return; the hospital*, both at Julapi and on Maine street, are broken up; nearlv all the non-resident physicians have left for their homes, and things geneially begin to assumo something of their loimrr aspect: not a hearse, except one, visible all dav an-a .ft arMwC*rry to the *ra,re tLe corpse of one who died the day before. I think we may congratulate our selves that the fever has at last been removed from among us; and we earnestly pray that Almighty God may never ' ***,n u"d cause to visit us with sujh an awful ?courge. rvcry family, I believe, without an exception, has | ?( en called upon to mourn somo dear departed ones. Many whole fit mil las have been swop' off at a sin gle blow. Sixty orphan i are collected In one House of l.etuge, with none to claim them, besides those who have i smoother places^ iu ?<*> '? Norfolk, Oc?. 10, 1855. I W e continue to have white frosts every morning, and the wise ones predict this a favorable omen, l or the first time in more than two months, we yesterday walked own Main street, and both there and on Market square several stores were open doing business, and many more were being opened; most or the dwelling houses through out the city were also thrown open for cleansing, ventila tion, he., and a general purification of the whole was be ing wrought. I was quite cheered as well as surprised to com lis re this state of things with the former, the dailv markets have greatly increased, which is another evi dence of returning activity in our community. There have been some few cases of fever in the country, a few miles from town, where the families have had no commn ni.cation for the last three month*. 1 hoard yesterday of two ladies who have not been to Norfolk in that time who have teen extremely ill, but are now recovering. There have been no new case* heie for more than a week, and Sutfi n ?f,,nrd*y; 0x9 few tb"t art> ?"* lingering nlai. Pr<'b?Ml"yr recover. It is terrible to anticipate the dl-tress of the ensuing winter, unless the ' Howard Association continue in operation. MaDy widows and oiplians are left destitute, many of whouf have Just to begin struggling for existence and scarcely know what to do to obtain a livelihood?even now they are suffering thi ugh they are willing to work, yet for the present there is nothing lor them to do?and many stout men who live i /?!ri ? * ,o " at other times are able to sup port their families in comfort, are thrown on public eha tity. It will be a lt ng time yet before all th"*e matters can possibly be regulated. Norfolk, Oct. 10, 1856. Another great man has fallen among us. Yesterday 1 was informed, by a gentleman from Portsmouth, that the Rev. 1. Ifevclln, of the Catholic church, breathed his last alter the second attack. From lioth he recovered. Chris tians of all denominations, and politicians of all political creed*, unite to do honor to the memory of this truly great sod good man. Mr. Ievelin had not fuliy reoovered from his first attack, when, unable to rwUt the call mad* u, on him by suffering humanity, he left his room to onee more do his Master's work; a second time did the archer bend his bow but the arrow flew wide of It* mark. Again be left hi* home to mini*'er to the want* of th* sick and dying. Many a bruised heart did he bind up to many a stricken spirit did h* whisper words 5 hope during the interim of his second and third ! messenger of death, foiled twice, j ?? to *trike next his blow more surelr snd when next he fitted his arrow, it winged course too truly to the bosom of the great victim B7 tots time his corse has bepn laid beneath' m has Jnst begun to be sung?iu I not** will ring on through time. On Thursday evening lust, the house of Mr. Davids was burglariously oiened. and rifled of it* most valuable eon JTu"'-. , j '""j* bT the burglars was heard by an eld lar y next door, stck with the fever, and alone their intent therefore, eould not be thwarted. 5 e*t*rdny on "Town Point," one of the most business 't .u "0r c,!f- ",orkr"en *ere employed in cutting down the grass that had accumulated there during the J .. T*? f f? M*ne 10 h* contemplated by one ao much attached to bl? native city as myself. 1 am happy to Inform you that Dr. Wllliman has full* 7,7'T "D,11,l,at "r- Wright is at ill mending; the lady of the former is now on her way to Norfolk, to join her Tli "tend* to make Norfolk his home. I .2 ,m5,rU"tr. from fever, to day, Is much leas than It has yet been. but three htre died since Ia?t even ing s sunset up to the time I write, about 12 o'clock?a w man o( Mr. Pandford'x, Mr. Cully, aad John Culley, sod or the late John 0. Colley, master ahlp builder in onr city I t'. iery well known. The weather continues cool. WBFOLK. From Kt. John, N. B ?We have 8t John papers ? f f'rtoeer 8. In rela'lon to the fishery coraniivfm the i-t JoliB Ctmritr says:? 'We understand fhat the commissioners have msde rrmldereble progress in tb*ir labor* on this coast the tic ent scar on, notwitbs'andine the time lost, owing to Gen. Gusbman'a delay in reaching Haiifex where the British commissioner and his staff awaited for Marl* a month the General's arrival. We are Informed that Mr I'crley | roeeeda westward by steamer this morning to 'rfsge in the dutiea of the commisrion on the cswSt* ot the i rlted States, eoninieucing with the harbor of New Ycik." Lieutenant Governor Sutton wan na'iing a tour ef > ? f Brunswick, and *?? met with formal reception* and ai'd re?s?? by the anthiriMes of the places h? visfted. < rent rejoicings were being had over the fit!! of -ehas tnpol. At Frederlcton, after the rec*]>tlon of the news the Mayor liberated every priaonrr confined in the Jaii ever whom he bad control. Ike I olymorphlan Association of St. John have mads nri a ngi nients for a geneial celebration of ihe fall of Se basioput on the 12th Init. A grand regatta, an eques trian pioceesion of the tribe in the costume ot ' rat', ns. and a torehligh* procession, with tli "works are it- msin featmea. Isitv Iiitcltlgi nrr. n i hi or Afivaif, Cet. mlog .igt. Power*. Ar ai.e... No. 81. Rr-ervid for October P. V,. 2'ft xrtWl'ztz ?: cubiri?tfrHj R V. Ifirks, rouo'ii? Vo ^ Vuneyer'. Smith, .'egued. Mr. John v .u iiurin tor ijyelleot