Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 13, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 13, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. J1MBI eOBOOS PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ?nioi *. W. CORNER or NASSAU AND PULTON Tm'p'j ttV HERALD. 2 per copy, SI per MMn. THE WEEKL y HERALD. entry Saturday.at 6>i rem* per ?mm. of$3 per imnum; the European edtHon, J^4 per annum, to iSpmrlo/Ureot Britain, <#$& to an.y part of the Conimmt, fort y. CUKKESPONSKNCE, containing import ,aticiudfrom <my quarter of the world?tf need will be -jpr _ ~ Iffrrr" f '"' "rtt FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT*' ARK J?A?*>unlaw.* Riqumted to Seas, au Lkttbrs ajtb Pace |OP MKT HA. NO NOTICE taken qf anonymoue commynicatUme. 'We do at return than rejecUd. JOB fRlSTINO executed uUh neat nee* t cheapnma xndd-e ADVEjt T1SEMENTS renewed x-eery day. *?taun? XX. ffo. BSt A M L'H KHENTH TIH6 EVENING. BBOADWAV THEATRE, BroaAwa;?Pizarro?? ? Paris and Rack for L600. KIBLO'B GARDEN, Broadway?Miss Fm-Bv Van WatiM. BOwkRT THEATRE, Bowery?Kmo or thi Ooeaorn Fobtunl's Frolic. BURTON'S THEATRE, Chambers street?firm. Water iOM Dur?Daughter or tbe Regiment. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway?Lavater??400 Re ward?How Stoct You're Girrut. NIBLO'S SALOON, Broadway?Dramatic Readings?Bt Mule Rachel. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, 444 Broadway. BUCKLEY'S BURI.ESQUE OPERA HOUSE. 889 Broad way?-Burlesque Opera and Nbobo MumntSLsr. APOLLO ROOMS. 410 Broadway?Tbn Hibernia, it Mas. Amkandkk Oibbs. THE AIXF.OH AVIANS, and the Diorama or tbe Battle ?t Bunker Hill, at Academy Hall, 663Broadway. HBOHANICS' HALL, 472 Broadway?Paor. Maoalustmi's SrhiBES Mauiques. Hew York, Saturday, October 13, MAE. Tbe Hews. From Washington we learn that no messenger has been sent to Denmark, bat that instructions have been sent to Mr. Belmont to postpone the action of thin government in regard to the Sound dues for two years, in order that Denmark may be enabled %o extricate herself from the difficulties with which ?he is at present surrounded. It is said that a des perate effort will be made to induce Mr. Marcy to pay the capitalists who hold Santa Anna's assign ments the sum. due them out of the three millions due Mexico on the Mesilla purchase. Again the Grand Jury have presented the public with another butch of indictments against a few ?tore of the city officials for malfeasance in office. Judge Stuart, Justice Connolly, and policeman Mul hollaud, of the Tenth ward, are among the number who have now come under the displeasure of the firand Inquest. The iHrst named of these officials is indicted for discharging a prisoner from the Tombs who had been fully committed for trial on aharge of grand larceny. Justice Connolly is indict ed for not entertaining a complaint for assault and battery, (instead of so doing he held the party to bail for future good behavior.) The police officer in question is charged in the indictment with taking moneys from parties arrested for burglary, given to him for his trouble in procuring the requisite bail lor these prisoners. The receipt of this present without the sanction or permission of the Mayor, constituted the misdemeanor. Justice Connolly gave bail in the sum of (500 last evening to answer the charge preferred against him. Bench warrants lor arrest were issued in all of the above cases. The trial of Wagner, charged with violating the ?eutrality laws by enlisting a man named Cook for service in the Crimea, was commenced yesterday in the United States District Court, before Judge In gersoll. This is the first case tried for this offence in this city, and is a looked to with great interest. There is a great array of counsel engaged for the defence?Hon. Ogden Hoffman, Attorney General; ex-Judge Beebe, Sir. Carpentier and Mr. Fullerton, and Mr. Charles lfdwards was in court watching the proceedings, as standing counsel of the British Con sulate in this city. The District Attorney, Mr. McKeon, appeared for the prosecution. The report will be found in another column. Nothing of any moment was done last night in tbe Board of Councilmen, The evening was taken up by the third reading of bills. The only point made last night was accusing the Board of Alder men of want of courtesy, in refusing to confer with the Board of Conncilmcn in the matter of making an appropriation for the Norfolk sufferers. Mr. Thomas Francis Meagher lectured in the Broadway Tabernacle last evening before an au dience of fifteen hundred people, on the Life and Character of John Phillpot Curran. He portrayed, with great force, the early struggles of Curran,from the moment he left lya native town of Newmarket in Cork; his career at the bar; his professional tri wnphs, and his senatorial services, concluding with a pathetic description of his appearance on the night when the independence of his country was voted away by the Act of Union. Mr. Meagher was loadly cheered at varioos points of his discourse. In the United States District Coiut at Philadel phia, Judge Kane yesterday delivered an opinion adversely to the petition of Jane Johnson to quash the writ of habeas corpus in the case of Passmore Williamson, pronouncing her to have no status in oeurt, and that the records of the court could not be opened for a stranger. We give the decision of Jodge K. in another part of our paper. The letters from onr Paris correspondents, and the extracts from European .journals, given in our paper this morning, contain much information, and will prove interesting to the general reader. Interesting lettere from a correspondent in the camp of the liberating army of Mexico, giving a foil statement of the condition of things near Mata moros, arc given in our paper to-day. From Norfolk and Portsmouth we have news of the most cheering character. At onr last accounts the fever had almost entirely disappeared; the weather was of a line, bracing character, and busi ness men were once more rousing themselves to activity. The speech of Wm. H. Seward at the republican ratification meeting in Albany last evening, occu pied two hoars. In the coime of his remarks he formally dissolved the whig party, stating that it was broken down, and proclaimed himself a repub lican. His speech is stated t > have been dry and argumentative, and to have called forth but little applause. A powder mill at Gorham, Me., owned by New hall A Co., of Boston, took fire yesterday morning cad blew up, killing seven men and wounding seve. ral others. The miil had been very actively run for some time, past both night and day. The market for flour was again heavy yesterday and closed at a decline for common and medium grades of 12$ cents per barrel. Wheat was dull, and prices unsettled. There was a good show of samples, both white and red, on 'Change, but buyers mostly stood aloof, being unw'.lllng to meet holders at the prices asked. The difference let ween the views of buyers and sellers varied in some cases as much as 10c. a 15c. per bushel. A lot of Delaware red sold at 11 95. Hound red was nominal, at about *1 80 a tl 96, and white at 12 16. Corn was firm, with free sales, at 94c. from store, and 95$c. afloat. Bye again advanced. Sales on the spot were made at 11 40, and 2ft,000 bushels to arrive in November at II 45. Chicago oats sold at 48c. Pork advanced to 123 50 a 2i for mess. A cargo of 3,200 ba -s Rk> coffee, per Gambia, was sold on private terme There was rather more tone in the sugar market. Freights opened easier for grain in the forenoon, with free engagements, but they again rallied and dosed firmer in the afternoon. The sales of cotton reached aboot 700 a 800 bales, while prices were steady and unchanged. Tables of statistics have been carefully kept for a number of years, by dealers in the trade, showing the influence of the weather oa the yield of the cvV ton cnrp'crstbe United States. It has been found that the magnitude of the crop has generally cor responded wife the date at which the plants produce their first blooms in spring, and the advent of frost in autumn. It is clear that the blooms or blossoma might appear in Louisiana and Florida several weeks before their appearance in Carolina or the upper sections of the cotton region. By close observation it has been ascertained that, taking the average pe riod at whcch blooms usually appear.it extends from the last week in May to the 16th of June; hence, the nearer the blooming approaches the one or the other of these periods, in connection with early or late fraat, will be the yield of the crop. Early blooms and late frosts produce large crops. Late blooms and early frost, on the contrary, produce short crops, <* such is the theory. The growth of one year's crop is concluded in the statistics up to the 1st September of the following year. Hence an early frost in 1862 wonld appear in the statistics of 1863. In examining a table extending over a pe riod of nineteen years, we find the earliest notice of a killing frost on the 7th of October, 1*38, when the crop wus only 1,360,100 bales. The latest'date at which it .appeared was on the 10th December, 1848, when the crop was 2,000,000 to 2,100,000. In 1851 no frost occurred nntil after the full maturity of the plant to injure it, when the crop was 2,355,000. For the nineteen years we find an average occurrence of frost to be during the last week in October and the first few days of November. These observations have been drawn out by the reports of frost having pretty generally occurred in the cotton region of the South?if we except Lousiana, Texas and Florida, and probably Sonth Alabama?on the 7th, 8th and 9th Inst., at Columbia, and near Charleston, in South Carolina, and at Macon, Georgia, &c., which is the earliest period on record since Oct. 7, 1838. Though its advent is tiuus early, and must inflict considerable injury, we most still recollect that there was more planted, and that the weather in the late midsum mer was moiw favorable, and that the season hes been good for gathering the yield. The crop grown last year (1864) was a small one, amounting to 2,847,339 bales, against 2,930,027 in 1853, and 3,262,582 bales in 1862. Hence we have every rea son to suppose, frost or no frost, that the growth of the present year (1855) must exceed that of 1854, and which has been variously estimated at from 3,200,000 a 3,500,000 bales. There is no doubt but the occurrence of the,lute early frost may cut off, to some extent, what is called the top growth of the plants in considerable portions of the cotton region, and hence the circumstance has imparted more tone to the market here and at the Southern ports, irre spective of the European news. Chase, the republican or, fusion candidate for Governor of Ohio, has a majority of 20,000 in sixty six counties. Qor Minuter at ParU and the AdmlnUtra tion?the Te Ueiuu<Blfflculty. We published yesterday a report from Wash ington that Mr. Mason, our Minister at Paris, would probably be recalled, unless he could satisfactorily explain his attendance at the Te Deum, at Notre Dame, in honor of the fall of Sebastopol; that Marcy has long wished for a pretext for superseding him, and that it is supposed this will be sufficient. By a singular coincidence, simultaneously with this report we receiv.od the letter from one of our intelli gent correspondents which we publish to-day; and as the testimony of a dispassionate witness in behalf of Mr. Mason as a reliable and capa ble diplomat, we deem it worthy at this strange Conjuncture of events, of some special atten tion. It may be that the administration has been somewhat disturbed by the attendance of Mr. Mason at that Te Deum; indeed, it must be so, from the article in the Washington Union, to which we adverted the other day; but what can be the motive of Marcy for the recall of Mason upon this pretext, or upon any other, it is not so easy to divine. We can only account for it from a desire to make an opening abroad for Mr. Horatio Seymour, or some other de mocratic leader believed to be standing more directly in the way of our Premier than Mr. Mason. We have no doubt that to a conside ration of this kind the country is indebted for the retention of Mr. Buchanan at London till the spring. There he will be more out of the way of Marcy's manoeuvres for the democratic nomination, while the presence of the great Pennsylvania candidate here would interfere with such movements very materially. Possibly the broad hint of the Cabinet organ concerning Mr. Mason and the Te Deum, was rather intended as a proof of the innocence and the rigid neutrality of Mr. Pierce on this Eu ropean war than as an indication of the recall of our Minister at Paris. It does not appear that Judge Mason Ills asked to be relieved ; but it docs appear, as we are gratified to state, that his late sickness has not in the least degree affected his capacities for the full discharge of his official duties. Our correspondent testifies to the ability with which he managed the set tlement of the personal imbroglio between Louis Napoleon and Mr. Soul6, our late Minis ter to Spain, and the entangled case of the French Consul Dillon at Sim Francisco. Wc might also advert to the well-timed efforts of our Minister to France to sustain the com mercial rights of neutrals pending this Russian war, and to the general prudence which lie has exhibited in avoiding the filibustering red re publican programme of the Kitchen Cabinet, notwithstanding he was entrapped by the special emissaries of the administration into the Cuban manifesto of Aix la Chapelle. But it may be that for this very prudence in avoiding any unnecessary filibustering quarrel with the French imperial government, that Mr. Mason bos become distasteful to the Kitchen bureau at Washington. Our readers will re member that the original diplomatic chart of Mr. Pierce's administration lor Paris, as drawn up by Mr. Dudley Mann, was a policy of the in tensest red republicanism, and that the ridicu lous circulars of Marcy, prescribing bis linsey woolsey republican court costume for our Min isters and Consuls abroad, was but the opening of Mr. Mann's revolutionary outline. Those circulars have fallen into disrepute?the whole of that radical programme seems to have col lapsed with the Ostend Convention ; but still it may be that the conservative and common sense policy of our Minister at Paris is,dis pleasing to the Kitchen Cabinet, and that they have a more pliable man in their eye to take bis place. Meantime, the Cabinet organ having called for an explanation from #ur Minister at Paris concerning his attendance at thn 7*e Deum aforesaid, we must await his reply before we can finally pronounce upon this question of his recall. It is a small nffair, to be sure ; but we must remember that the spoils of the adminis tration arc well nigh exhausted, and that our democratic plaee hunter" still infest the White House by night and by day. Let Mr. Mason prepare himself accordingly for a confession of the curiosity which carried him to Notre Dame, and for a humble apology, or proceed at once to pack up his trunk for a speedy return from the gaieties of Faris to the sqljtudes of the via Fvauuvu. ImportMrt Valttw of ?MMM In HorojM? B?i ilUblllllowrt oT th? Volley and Dy- I nuty oT Um Orctt Napoleon. Our advioee by the steamer Canada, in re ference to the attitude of Affairs in Prance and Europe, are of the most important character. Perhaps the most interesting political problem of this or any other age is now being solved in the re-establishment of the Napoleonic dy nasty. Its rise, near the close of the last century, in the person of the great Emperor; the combination of all the Powers to obliterate it from the face of Europe ; its fall; its pro scription at Vienna; the death of its founder; the poverty and disgrace of his heirs; their imprisonment; their resort to the United States as an asylum; the republican revolu tions of 1848; the election of Louis Napoleon, on the principles of democracy, to the Presi dency of the French Republic ; the coup <V6tut; the restoration of the Empire and the Bona parte dynasty.; their prompt recognition by every sovereign in Europe, except the Em peror Nicholas: the alliance with England; the war ; the signal exaltation of France ; the debasement of England ; the position of Rome, of Naples, of Spain, of Austria and Turkey? all these wonderful events and signs, chiefly the production of the last three years, present a problem for solution of the most Btartling and interesting character. That they look to the single point of the re-establishment of the Napoleonic dynasty, on something of the grand and comprehensive scale of its great origi nator?to the extension of its power beyond the limits of France?to Spain?to Rome?to Italy?to portions of the Austrian, Russian and Turkish empires?and, perhaps, to a family alliance with England, as the seal of the new dispensation, few careful and thoughtful ob servers will question. It will be borne in mind that Prince Napo leon Bonaparte, the son of Prince Jerome?a young man about thirty-three years of age?is the heir presumptive to the throne of France. In the event of a failure of male issue of the present Emperor, on his death young Na poleon, under the Gallic law, will assume the imperial robes of Btate. His marriage to the eldest daughter of the Queen of Eng land?Victoria Adalaidc?an event by no means improbable, and, indeed, most in har mony with the present attitude of political affairada the two countries?in the possible con tingency of the death of the reigning sove reigns?would be a union of the crowns of England and France in the persons of Na poleon IV. and Victoria II. This is one phase of political affairs; and although it is buried in the future and may never be realised, it is entitled to weight in explaining the remarkable amity and concord now subsisting between the two governments. It would fortify the titles of the present incumbent of the French throne. England could certainly contribute to its strength and respectability; and although tlieir systems are widely different, it is probable they would, in time, so far assimilate as to assure a cordial co-operation in all matters re lating to international politics. The ad vantage of such an arrangement, at all event1:, to France would he most signal?for the Napo leons thus sustained might defy the world. The grand object sought by the great Napo leon, and which made him act solely on the defensive up to the peace of Tilsit?an alliance with England, with a view of fixing his dynasty in the public statutes of Europe?in the event of the marriage alluded to, will have been fully accomplished by his illustrious nephew. Thus we have an interesting episode in the movements of the present Einpcror. His purpose is to fortify his dynastic title-?to strengthen the doubtful tenure of his political estates. In this work he first effected a breach between the ancient enemies of his house?be tween the parties to the Congress of Sovereigns of 1815, who made his family outlaws in Europe, and who specifically covenanted never to recognize the dynastic titles of the Bonapartcs. He withdrew England, the controlling naval Power of that Congress and of the world?the acknowledged mistress of the seas; and in effecting this great diplomatic triumph, he utterly paralyzed the arms of the Austrian and Prussian monarch?, and placed Naples, Rome and Spain at his feet. This is shown in the position he previously occupied in the gov ernment of the Pope, and his very re ception into the family of sovereigns. In regard to the latter event, it will be remembered that the Emperors of ltu^'a and Austria and the King of Prussia, imme diately after his assumption of the impe rial CBtates, consulted together upon the ques tion of the acknowledgment of his govern ment. They agreed upon receiving it into the family of States, but expressly determined not to recognize the dynastic title of Napoleon III. First, they had covenanted at Vicuna in 1815 not to do so; secondly, there never hud been even a colorable Napoleon II. In accor dance. with this understanding, tho tbrm sovereigns determined to despatch envoy- to Paris to carry out their conclusions. .1 fter wards, without consulting Nicholas, tl other two authorized their ambassadors to acknow ledge the full estates of the new Emperor. This bit of history, in connection r.ith tin* present position of affairs, and the viJont <i - sign of Louis Napoleon to extend he infiuen o of his family in Europe, and to fie forever his dynastic titles to the empire, bos . vrnarkatde significance. It explains to a greet -xtent the object of the war with Russia, and throws upon us a flood of light with respect to : j reliable duration. That it will be continues, tow that success has crowned the allied , the Crimea, so long as the contusion Europe can be made advantageous to the n. neh dy nasty: that it will end when that dynasty has effected its objects in Spain, in Italy, n Rome nnd in Turkey, we hold to bo crtain. In thi view of the great contest in the East, with which should be Considered the chronic policy of the British government in connection w ith the growing naval power of Ru?-ia in the Black Sen. we are able to comprehend the rea sons which have urged the Cabinets of Load m nnd Paris, at suth immense sacrifices, to un dertake to cripple and paralyse the Rnssiau Empire. What Napoleon wants is there-establishment of the Bonaparte dynasty, its oxtcn ioD into Italy. Rome and Spain; what England wanted (for her purposes are accomplished) wm th" lc struction of the Russian navy in the Black Sea, and a substantial guarantee that the Muscovite shall never become her commercial rival upon the ocean. It was manifest that as Rns-ia should sink, France would rise. Tho former was the soul of the league that overturned the empire of the great Napoleon. It is the only thrvat in lit*; w?rl4 lirailj against ? "the vicissitudes of revolutions, about which there are no ?questions of title?no rival claim ants; it was, therefore, more likely to resist the Bonaparte movement and to be feared t>y Louis Napoleon, than anyether. Thus the humbling of the Russian dynasty was regarded us the only means of building up that of France. There is a certain mcasnre of consistency in all great and successful enterprises. Both the elder and the junior Napoleon rode into power years ago, on account of its illegitimacy, it in volved the country in a measureless debt and a long and frightful war ; that have compelled even the Asiatic rnler of all the Rusaius to coalesce with the middling and the lower orders, and confer the chief places in his Cabi net upon persons of those classes, in order to defend his government against the aristocracy of the Empire?we repeat, that the curious reader will not fail to attribute these wonder ful events to the influence of the institutions of the United States. All these changes, it will be remembered, have taken place since the establishment of the American government. If they are coincidences, they are certainly very remarkable; for every step that has been taken by the rulers of the Old World has been in the direction of the institutions of the New. The present dynasty of France is an authorita tive recognition of the doctrines of popular rights?doctrines now almost universally ac quiesced in in Europe, even in palpable viola tion of the statutes of the Congress of Vienna of 1815, which were declared to be the "unal terable law" of the States represented in that body. The emigration to the .United States, and the intimate manner, through that agency, in which we have become linked to the Old World, by its reactive influence, is enough of itself ulti mately to effect a complete revolution in Eu rope. Tims we have a view of the interest which the governing classes on the other side have in destroying the federal Union. It is their only remedy. They cannot stop the work by proscribing persons. They cannot localize or individualize the principle that is warring upon the tenures of absolute power. Newspa pers may be interdicted, personal restraints may be imposed, the public voice may be sup pressed; but there is no power to prevent men from thinking or ideas from circulating. There may be aristocracy in government; but there will ever be democracy in thought. Wo have thus, then, to fight in the coming Presidential election the combined aristocracy of Europe and the combined abolitionists of our own country. Arctic Exploring Expedition*. return of Dr. Kane an J his party, safe, naturally leads the mind to dwell upon the general subject of Arctic discovery. Three hundred years ago the problem which so many Englishmen lost their lives in endeavoring to solve was the discovery of a passage to China It was in searching for this passage, as every one knows, that Hudson sailed up the river which bears his name, and that Baffin explored the bay by which he is remembered; a list of gallant namep, beginning with Willoughby and stretching down to Foxe and Smith, proves how many there were in that day who were ready to sacrifice their lives in the cause of discove ry- After the colonization of America, and especially after Lasalle's voyages on the Mis sissippi had proved that no passage existed through which a ship might sail to Chiua, ex ploring expeditions were diverted into a differ ent channel. During the eighteenth century no one made a distinct attempt to sail to the northward of the continent. Towards its close. Captain Vancouver's voyage in the Pacific, nnd his ^discoveries in what is now Russian America, once more stimulated public curiosity. As before, Great Britain took the lead. One of the first expeditions which sailed with the definite object of passing to the north ward of America was commanded by the great man whose bones have long since bleached under the Arctic snows-John Franklin. Then followed others of scarcely less note-Itoss. lurry, Lyon, Back, Crozier. In 18:30, the ex istence of a Northwest passage was abundant ly proved by the journey of Dcase and Simp son, who walked from the point reached by Ross on the one side to that reached by Parry on the other. But science was not sati-fficd nor the explorers tired. Again sailed Sir John ?rauklin. on his great, last journey, in May 1*45. From that time to this, every expedition that has sailed to the northwest has had for its chief object the rescue of Franklin and his companions. Accidentally, the operation per formed by Pease and Simpson in 1839 was re psatedin 1851 by McClure, and this time, the J -i ltish government was very glad t0 put an end to the voyage, of discovery by acknowledging tho P10'lem was solved and the reward won. But the chief thing in view both in the /'flush and American expeditions which have 8,'Dce your 1848, has been to find ? ine trace of tho fir.-t of Arctic navigators. Three expeditions liuve sailed from the Ifiited Mute:?the first, the Grinnell expedi te/) under Lieut. Dc Haven, which sailed in Hay 1850, and returned unsuccessful; the se cond, Dr. Kane's expedition in the Advance : aud the third, the expedition sent, for his rescue in the Release and Active under Lieut. Hart stein. Tho last expedition of Kane has led to valuable di-covcries in science. The United States may now claim the honor of . aving .'rst sent a ship to discover tho great open sea near the Pole, as they have the honor of having given birth to the men who first dis ? . vered the Southern Continent. IVliat u?e these discoveries may hereufter prove to be. no one can yet conjecture; but, as they have cost *o little, one cannot but rejoice that they have been brought to light. Science rm.yposdbly Ju-ivc some benefit from the curious meteoro logical and graphical observations made by Dr. Kane, it is well to know that the north con I of Greenland has been mapped, and the coasts of .Smith .Sound surveyed. In other points of view, the researches of these bold men into the gloom of the Polar night may not prove wholly devoid of profit. At the same time, no prudent man will re tain tVom reflecting how different our feeling would have been if Dr. Kane had shared the faU of Mr John Franklin, and his family and friends .nd our own impulses had now boon railing upon ns to send more expeditions i? .earch oi him And how little was wanting 1?, r ? ?10 CW: 11 U 'D'ite doubt! ft.l whether the population of the United Plates 11, sufficiently dense, or good men plenty enough, to encourage expeditions to the North Pole In search of Greenland icebergs or Polar seao. if th?y are to cost every now and then A MU M PwiVl Jinac, Tub Mayor and the Joseph Walker?A Flash in the Pan.?There never has been a more unfair or absurd proceeding, even on the part of our Board of Aldermen, than the ac tion of th<> majority with reference to the rais ing of the ship Joseph Walker. The circumstances are yet fresh in the pub lic mind. The ship was sunk, with a cargo on board, at her dock, near one of the most popu lous districts of the city. It was represented to the Mayor that there was danger of a pesti lence if the wreck and the partially decom posed cargo were not removed. lie took the initiative steps in the matter?wrote to several contractors to ascertain the probable cost of the removal, and summoned the Board of Health. The Board ratified the contract which had been arranged between the Mayor and Mr. Walter It. Jones, and payments to the amount of $7,500 were made on account of the work after it had been commenced. In this action the Mayor was justified by the laws of the State, and his conduct was endorsed by the Board of Health. The conviction is ir resistible that he acted from what he considered to be the be3t interests of the city and the pre servation of the public health. At this time the Board of Aldermen was equally divided in its political complexion, but soon after the Alderman of the Nineteenth wnrd?Mr. Ilerrick?went over to the whig side. He had been mortally offended by the refusal of the Mayor to appoint a pet of the Alderman's as Captain of Police. The Alder man's influence in bis ward was almost ruined, and he joined the Mayor's opponents, led by the Alderman of the Seventeenth ward?Mr. Ely?who may be Mayor himself some fine day. A desperate onslaught was made upon Mayor Wood?he was charged with corruption, with making a job for his friends and sharing in the spoils, and an organized attempt was set on foot to ruin him with the people. A special com mittee was appointed to investigate the affair, and after a long interval they have made a report, signed l>y two of their number. This report has already been given to our readers. Its salient point is that the Mayor acted ille gally in initiating the proceedings for the re moval of the ship, but no charges arc made against him. He stands to-day unimpcached, even by his enemies, who could find nothing to report against him. The report is very care fully drawn up, and endeavors to show that the contract was illegal. It says nothing about the State law w hich gives the Mayor the power to remove nuisances which endanger the pub lic health, and although it states clearly that one contractor was found who would do the work at a less price than that promised to Mr Jones, it carefully omits another fact, that this contractor made it a condition that the city should guarantee to him the ship and cargo, unincumbered. The city could not do this, be cause when the vessel is raised she becomes the property of the underwriters, and the con tractor has only a claim for salvage. In con clusion, the committee report a resolution di recting the Counsel to the Corporation to com mence a Fuit for the recovery of the moneys already payed on this contract. This is absurd in the extreme. No such suit could be enter tained; and if the resolution should be adopted, the city w ill only have the satisfaction of pay ing a bill of costs. So much lor the report, on its own merits. But the individual action of the committee will receive universal condemnation. There port is signed by the Aldermen of the Seventeenth and Ninth wards?Messrs. Ely and Voorhis. But the third member of the committee?the Alderman of the Twenty I'.r.-t ward, Mr. Varian?protested against its reception, on the ground that he had no time to read it. llis protest was overslaughed, and the report is now put forth in an unfair man ner, and by a body against which there are many grave suspicions, and some positive charges, intimating that its members are guilty of (he misdemeanors which they have tailed to prove against the Mayor, While all these things are going on, the wheels of reform are stopped, and the city is disgraced before the country and the world, instead of a wise, prudent, practical govern ment, (he legislative branch is made up of a set of politicians who are eagerly scrambling for the spoils of office, laboring earnestly to defeat the efforts of the Executive to cause a thorough reform in all the departments, quar reling about petty contracts, while thousands are being wasted on political partisans, and occupying the public time with such investi gations us that to which we have alluded above. . bach is briefly the state of things at the City Hall. The Mayor is almost powerless to do good, the coining election engrosses the atten tion of the Aldermen, and the public business is utterly neglected or grossly mismanaged. W. H. Seward in the Fiei.d.?When W. II. Seward takes the stump there must be some thing in the wind. Heretofore he has been the invisible arch-agitator, never seen anywhere, but working everywhere, through the agencies of his big and " little villains," runners, tide waiters and pipe layers. Like the old rat in the fable, his policy has been to keep out of harm's way. liut the present agitation has unearthed him, and lie turned up in propria jxrtma at the Albany black republican rati tlcation last night, and made a speech on th>* occasion. We have a brief report ol it, indi cating that it is but the repetition of the old story, modified for the exigencies of the day ? a sophomore speech, not a spontaneous stump speech, fresh fr~m the heart and the lips of the orator, liko that of Gen. Nye, but a deliberate and carefully studied speech, adroitly avoiding the full exhibition of the cloven hoof, but In sidiously instilling the elements of sedition and discord from beginning to end. Perhaps no public man in the United States can speak so long without raying anything asW. II. Seward; and yet in hla vague abstractions and sophistries his partisans find all the essentials to them of wisdom and profundity. We learn that this Albany speech of Master Seward, like the President's message, was in print at head quarters before its delivery. We aw ait Ms production for the further enlight enment of our readers upon such special pe culiarities as may be worthy of general atten tion. Of one thing we may be assured?that when the nTcb agitator takes the field his stakes are directly involved in the contest and there is some doubt of the result. At the Criminal Court. St bonis, on the 28th alt.. Trstf Xrritet was indicted end held In 12,000 ball, fur challcnr iPR a gentleman of that city to fight a duel. Court Calendar?Thfa Day, Oman* ruuuv-Part 1.?Not. 11RK, 120a 1212, ur 1220, 1 an. 1VM to 1137. Pari 2?11-*. 1202, 1203, '.014 1210 to 12.3, 70S, 1028, 1020, 11.2. 1008, 1224. Bit tbbvi C'tut', ineUop* and dadiutM THf L A t cgT NEWS: BY MAGNfK ftMD ofBNTINB TELEGRAPHS. Fioui Wadiln?ttB. THE SOUND DUKP? NEW YOKE CAPITALISTS AND' TI1E THKEE MILLIONB DUB HXX1CO, ETC. Waebinqton, Oct. 12, 1686. There ere at pre*ent various opinions afloat ax to what course our governnent will pursue with reference to the Sound dues. I uave it from high authority that thia government has md sent out a messenger to Denmark, but that instructions hare been sent to Mr. Belmont to postpone time lor 'wo years, in order to give Denmark an opportunity to cat'irate herself from difficulties that overwhelm her on all -ides. Another delega.um t'roea New York arrived here to flay, among whi in e Messrs. Axpinwall and Barlow, l'riucc John is e:; ei ted thia evening. 'there will be a do-1 mat? effort made, I understand, to persuade Ma-cy t? ) money to those who hold Santa Anna's assignment-, which includes a number of New Yorkers. The Pre iJout lias ordered the name of Capt. Reynolds, Assistant t.'uartei master, to be dropped from he United states army from the 8th last. MnM Repui>)lean Meeting at Albany. SPEECHES IS IT WM H. 8KWAXID AND GEN. NYE. Albany, October 12, 1865. The republican mass meeting at the Capitol callid out a gathering of about I V" hundred people. Vot. H. Seward addressed the meeting for twu hours. Be alluded first to the foundation principle of our gov ernment, the equality of all men, and then to the exist ence of a privtledged class that threatened to degrade our republic to tin aristocracy. That privileged class, he said, was the slaveholders, established upon a special foundation, with special guarantees and growing stronger continually. The President he styled the deputy of thia class. He traced I he eggressions of the slave power and the continued concession* of tho North up to the crown ing actr?the fugi'ivr slave bill and the Kansas act. He concluded by denouncing the American party a? preset ipthe and opposed to the principle of universal equality. The sefts and hards he gave a passing notice, and declared the slug patty a thing of the past, and that the republican pa. ty whs established upon the valuable, permanent element of the other parties. He was not certain that they could carry the coming election, neither was he sai gt iue that the objectsol the republican party would be accomplished during his own lifetime. He said nothing concerning tho election ofChase in Ohio, neither did he advance any opinion upon the prohibitory liquor law, or any other whig measure of the rulers in thia State. H1b speech was too dry and argumentative for the audience, as was evidenced by a want of applause. He was followed by General Nye in support of the re publican platform. A series of rest lutlons, re-affirming the Syracuse plat, form and endoriing the nominations made there, were then adopted, and the meeting adjourned. The State Election*. PENNSYLVANIA. I'lIIIADELmiA, Oct. 12,1865. The following additional democratic majorities haw been ascertained :?I.ehigh county, 898; Carbon county, 400; Monroe county, 1, -00, Northampton county, 1,300. OHIO. Cincinnati, October 12,1855. In 06 counties hoard from Chase lias a majority of 20,000. To the 11 gi-lattire. as far an heard from, there arc 26 republican -en.-tlor * and 60 republican Represen tatives elected, ai.d 5 democratic Senators and 19 demo cratic Repiesentntitex. The New Hampshire Lrglilatnrr. Concord, N. H., Oct. 12, 1868. Lieut. Governor Fletcher received the oath of office to day, and took hi* scat as President ol' the Fenate.' C. H. Chapman, of Ludlow, wag chosen Secretary. Mr. Power#, of Woodstock, bac introduced into the Hou*e a hill lit amendment of the present Liquor law, which is said to he the most stringuut yet framed. Doubt* are expressed about its parscge. Powdc rmlll Kvploslon?Seven Persons Killed and others wounded. Portland, Me., Oct. 12, 1865. The powdermill at Gorhum took fire this morning at ten o'clock, and blew up, killing seven men and wound ing several others. The (Ire took in the pressml'l, which was blown to atoms. The mill was formerly owned by Oliver Whipple, of I/oweli. Massachusetts, whose brother and con a.c among the killed. The present owners aro G. G. Newhall k Co., of Boston. The names of the killed, as far as ascertained, are rrankliu Hawkes, of Windham, George Whipple, James Whipple, Famucl Phinnsy, and John Facet. Tlic mill has been very actively employed for some time, running night and day. Illinois Stole Pair. CmcAfiO, October 12, 1856. It is estimated that .10,000 people visited the fair grounds yesterday. This afternoon a series of resolu tions were offered condemning all Georgia currency, and pasted by acclamation. Senator Douglass is now making a speech. The fair closes to-morrow. The Suspected Murder at New Haven. New Haven, Oct. 12, 1855. The colored man. Randolph, arrested on suspicion of the mu:dt r of bis wife, was carried to prison this morn ing to look uputi her mutilated remains. He showed some emotion, but soon recovered himself. He denie# all knowledge of ti e crime, aud says that her brother lrad threatened to take her life because she did not invite him io her wedding. Rnllrond Accident. Cleveland, Oct. 12, 1866. A portion of (he emigrant train which left Erie last night was tbronu off the Iraek near Kingsrille, in con sequence of disarrangement of the switch. Throe cars were thrown oil, and three or four persons badly hurt. The America Ontward Bound. 11aLisas, Oct. 12, 1865. The itcamsbip America arrived here from Boston at three o'clock, and sailed again for Liverpool at half-port four o'clock this morning. Markets. FUiL.' DKLi'HIA 6TOCE BOARD. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 12, 1865. FLuts dull. Pennsylvania Mate lives, 84, Reading, 47' 11 r?r I-lar.d, lJJa'l Morris Canal li%, Pennsylvania Hailnrd, -hlf. New Ohxa.nh. Oct. 10, 1865. T e fnrnda's trews w.i< received to day and published In the evening editions of tbe associated press. Her ad vicr s depressed the cotton market, anil weakened the prices. Fries to day 2,500 tales, at easier but not quo tal ly lower prices. Baltimore, Oct. 12 1856. Flour dull and held at 88 76, without buyers. Wheat declined 6c. _____________ Mi.it ? iS'UTAN Tiivairc?M'ija Racwb.?" Polyeucte" wsa played lad evening for the second time, and M'lln Paene] completed the sixth week of her first engagement in New York M. Rrphsel Felix made his <fc6?f in tha part of 1'nlyovcre, and was cjnite successful. His read lng ?n correct and scholar-like, his bearing graceful ar.' digi. r.eh, and bis action full of rmprr,<>?nvnt. Wo have already noticed M'lle Rachel's Pauline. M'He Ra chel gave the Marseille!* after the tragedy, much to th? del/ht of the wry large snd appreciative audience, fin M< tsi'sy she will take her benefit and play Jeanne d' Arc. M a v.Ill set every night n?xt week, and on Faturday afteruoon. M'lle Rachel will appear at the Boston thea tre on Tuesday, ittd lm-t In " Horace." I fiDRirn Kni< at the (?nt*A.?On Thursday ev? ning, daring the performance of Mr. Brlstuw's new opera, "Pip Van Winkle.'' at Vibio's Garden, tbe atten tion of a part of the audience was soraetimog diverted Irom the stage to the parquette, where sat Washington IrTlng. the illv.itrious author of the legend upon which the play is foundeJ. Mr. Irving was highly delighted with the opera and the artist*, and after the fall of the vurtain he went upon the stage. Miss (Arnica Pyne, Mr. Harrison, Mr, Bristow, and the other artists, were presented to him, ami were highly complimented. Mr. Plough was the ci'emwtc of Mr Irving to those mysterious regions behind the scenes, and the veteran artlet awl manager performed his pleasing duty with that gentle mauiy ea-e for wbicb be is so eminently distinguished. Board at Council men. This Board met at their chambers yesterdsy afternoon at 4 o'clock, the President, P. D. Conover, In the chair, ibe minutes of the laat meeting were read aad adopte<l. Ibis was the ivrning fm in" third reading of MUs. None of importance were acted upon. t etition* were next In order hut none worth noticing were bended in. Councilman llRAtT offered a resolution asking for an *1 prcprlaMon of a blank sum of money, fi>r the proper ce lebration of Rvaeuatloa day. This was referred to Orov mit-ee of the It hob-. The report* of committees were next In order, all of which ?? soon ?? presented, were referred to Committm of the Whole. A irp. tt from the Committee of Conference api,oint*<l soma - >n e ago to confer with the Board of AM. r men udob ?he p.optsed appropriate* to lit Narvik inflerer. was

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