Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 15, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 15, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JX Jf K S fiOROOS BRSSBTTi PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. K. V. COIKn OF NASSAU AND FUTTON Hl> TERMS, rruh In ntlvanrr. THE DjJlJLV HERi/.P THE tVEEKL V HERALD, i>al?rtl??v, to 6\? fetor per ? ?rti wr ciim??i, Euruprtm nl tuin, 94 prr lumutrt tu "?*' lft ^ <{???, Boutin, or U to '"V J?r< 0/ the Continent, MA rftLlJxTAK vCORRESPUSDESCE. -onlainintj important new ixJlrithi "'rom <?V luurtrr <>/ (A? tcrub?il' uenl teiU be tiber mRnenul tor. ' BgnOVH PORCIGN OORHIAFONDEim iHI Pek nCOLAILT Rl^CVfTtl) TO SEAL ELL LETTERS EXD PeCKEGU Vtlwit XX No. XStt AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ?ROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway -Mctemore?T?* Wendlking Misbtkll. MIBLO'8 GARDEN, Broadway?5C38 Ptnb? Rir Teh I Wmmix. ______ BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery?Jews Sbobd?Catseiuhe eke Petrccuio. ?CRTOJTS THEATRE, Chambers street?Tee Serious Fewlx?The Toudlus. j WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway?A Ledt is Dirrt ?SLiiaa? PbktttPiSub or Boa.reks?bf?TELriau?'WKEVEu. metropolitan theatre, Broadway?le petit* Amoheux?Jeenak D'EKC?Le Merwexeise. NIBLO'B SALOON, Broadway?Collins' A't.w Mutest?e NMNJS END CUERECTERItft 10 < ONCK.TS. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, 444 Broadway?Etbiome* I'es ?? CAME* CI. ?UCILKY'S BURLESQUE OPERA HOUSE, 439 Broad Way? Bcelesoce Ore he end Kegbo MiNtrssiflT. THE ALLEGHAKIANS, jtrn TBI DiOteme or tbCBettlb WtHonbik Hill?At GGS Brood way. APOLLO ROOMS, 410 Broadway?Tea Biscbnie, sr Mia. AvaXEMDKR Giais. flew York, Monday, October 15, W53. Tile ifewe. By way of Ban Francisco we have important news from Japan. While the representatives of France, Bngland and Rossia have been engaged in ne gotiating treaties with the Japanese, the Governor of Simado has issued a proclamation denying the Tight of Americans to reside in Japan, except in cases of shipwreck or distress, thus practically re pudiating the treaty entered into with the United States, and reducing the rights of oar citizens to the mere privilege of visiting the ports of the king atom as harbors of refuge. The documents con' tabling a history of the events which resulted in thi9 determination of the Japanese authorities arc given in to-day's paper, and arc highly interesting. We publish elsewhere details of the election for State officers in California, received by the steam ship Northern Light, which arrived on Saturday with dates to the 20th ult. and half a million in gold. The democracy of California have sustained a dis astrous defeat. Gov. Bigler has been beaten by Johnson, the Know Nothing nominee for Governor, about five thousand majority, and the Know Nothings have aiso carried the Legislature, thus securing to that party the choice of a United States Senator in place of Dr. Gwin. The question of a prohibitory liquor law was before the people in the canvass, but the returns received up to the departure ?f the steamer afforded no oorrect indication of the result. Returns of the recent elections in Georgia, Penn" sylvania and Ohio, have been received to an extent sufficient to demonstrate to a certainty tho political complexion of those States. In Georgia, Hersche1 V. Johnson (dem.) has been re-elected Governor by an increased majority, and the democrats in the Legislature will outnumber the Know Nothings. B B. Overby, the temperance candidate for Governor, Las about 6,500 votes. The democrats have proba bly elected five out of the eight Congressmen, the Know Nothings two, aud the whiga one, as fol lows :? Pvt. /Hit. 1?Jrmea L 5eward, dem. &?lohnH. I.umpkin, dem. 2?Martin J. Crawford, dem. 6?Howell Cobb, dom. 3? Robert T. Tripne, K. X. 7?N. fireen Foster, K. N. 4? Hiram Warner, dem. 8?A. 11. Stephens, whig. Pennsylvania has gone largely democratic, and by securing a majority for the next Legislature there will probably be no difficulty in electing a United States Senator next winter, in place of Mr. Cooper, to suit the views of that party. In Ohio, Salmon .P. Chase, the fusion free soil candidate for ?Governor, as far as the returns have been received, vtands about fifteen thousand votes ahead of tiover nor Mcdill, the democratic nominee,-with some seven ?r f.ght counties to hear from. Ex-Governor Trimble, the national Know Nothing candidate, has polled from ten to twelve thousand votes. The Legis i Mure will be about two thirds republican. Wc gave yesterday an account of the total loss, in U ?e North Pacific ocean, of four wbaleshipa with it eir cargoes, viz.: the Kingfisher and Enterprise, 0t New Bedford, the JcflerHon, of New London, and Ite Edgcr, of Coldapring. The Kingfisher luid on toot rd about eighteen hundred barrels of oil. Under tlie maritime head to-day may be found the particu lar* of the total loss of the brig William Penu, in the > tmoor river, near the Russian fleet, she having cn be W at the time one hundred and eighty of the ?,(fieri > and crew of the Russian frigate Dwina, which, aa cut readers will remember, was wrecked at Japan togt wi oter during an earthqouke. Durii >g the storm which prevailed yesterday the brig To) mz came in collision, off Barnegat, with the schooner* White Cloud, with such violence that the tong sunk in about half an hour. The White Cloud lost ber jib-boom and bowsprit. The crew of the Topas was taken off by the White Cloud, and brought up to the city last night. The United States frigate Potomac, of the Gulf r, vquadrou, and the sloop-of-war Saratoga, from Bos un, arrived below this port last night. The ceremony of confirmation which was to have "m*o performed yesterday in the Catholic church in Doxnc street (lid not take place, in consequence of . the ^disposition of Archbishop Hughes. The Herald of Sunday contained some interest' Jng a ws from the Sandwich Islands relative to the *'owvo?'ving of an extraordinary session of the legis lature by the King in order to have the money ap prowl-.tion bill passed, full rqxirts of his Majesty'a p?cch and of the addresses of both houses in reply, w iib. a totiie of the ceremonies which took place on tin ' ?APJ*'on *he the comer stone of the W.pome at Honolulu. Additional detail ?dated to tl * August?are given to-day. The f-egia taturv ' I,aw*d a fair appropriation bill, and the rxira aasfi ?n was ended by adjournment. King Kamek **"Cra IV. bad officially announced the death f his predecessor and his own accession to the turone.t "en Victoria, and received a royal sin ?terly P?1 * 'xb reP,J- 11 waH to erect a 'jnerument tmeharoeha III. Napoleon III. was /<f'd to ^sBunvption day. The crater of the ttO. voleano' at-Kilanea had become active during wh?m Aoods of boiling lava, with about g ty itoim'nse jet* of fire, were thrown forth. New ^ h?d ?l"o taken place near Hilo, the effect . iki-J. was most daz/liug ao?J awful at the same ? m ?fc* Trade *iw rather duK at Honolulu. nab ^ of foreign goods imported Into the port ?r riL ^ during lh* l3th instant, t, ,71H.747. "rmhatn 1*P tbe of coUon r?".hed about 1,000 ? i* lue. * "?pon mid(i,iu? nplandt at al>out !>|c., u, \ fie do a *nd NCW ?rl64n8 do-Wc. Ksti nf .hp . of the crop grown the present year are premat ^ options widely dlflrr. While ?iin. i.se V ^ h ,nsy mcb 3'"M'000 bales, think tha * * wi" *'*?.?* ? S.OOOjOOO. The la. ** C0DU,!* that I*?*'* have grown more gr. ** *** *** th? ,Mt- ?d taw land has twen pis. c<"on' Time alone ran provq who is the',**?'* "Vht. Flour was Arm, without change in* prices, while sales were nor* freely made. There? was rather more doing in arheat, and with mow stability in prices. Southern jwd brought t'i a t'i <A; fair to prime white, 12 10 a 12 25, and Weatern red, *1 ?0 a tl &2. Pork m* firm at 123 50 a 124, antf lard at i2c. Freig'hte were in better demand and rates c!<wed with a better feeling. Several < ba.nei? were ???le W. H. lemifl IfMth U AMuy-Tk?. Vtiled Praphrt Showing bli Fact. We put upon the record of the Herald, to day, the speech delivered by our arch-agitator, W. H. Seward, at the black republican ratifi cation meeting tk^ other evening at Albany; and that our readers may be assured of the genuine article we copy it from Mr. Seward's central organ--the Albany Evening Journal. Heretofore-, though universally recognized as the hetj of the Northern disunionists, and though ^ell understood to be driving at a dis ruption of the Union, our wily Senator has studious dy avoided a frank and free disclosure of his abominable principles and purposes, lie has wouglit to cover them up in chop-logic and the sophistries of a mock philanthropy?in the spe cial pleadings, technicalities and quibbles of a pettifogger, aud with a mountain of perplex ing verbiage and rubbish?thus repelling all except his devoted followers from the labor of pursuing his tortuous trail of sedition. But in this Albany speech he 3b singularly perspi cuous and honest. He stands revealed like the unveiled Prophet.'of Khorassan, to the hor ror, let us hope, of at least the majority of his deluded followers. The strongest prejudices among the masses of our people are those which they entertain against anything assuming, under our re publican institutions, the shape of a grow ing aristocracy or privileged class. Our arch agitator accordingly opens his harangue by an assault upon our Southern slaveholdlng brethren, as a specially protected and rapa cious aristocracy, or privileged class, in the general community?as a class to whose un reasonable and insatiable demands the legisla tion of the government and the resources of the national treasury have been almost exclu sively devoted. Upon this assumption, our seditious leader of the new Northern anti slavery crusade proceeds to show that, from the adoption of the Constitution down to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, all the acts of Congress, territorial or otherwise, in volving the question of slavery, have been exacted by the threats and menaces of the slave holders, or" privileged class," from the servile dofigh-faces of the North, until " the slave power" now demands the monopoly of even the Territories which it had conceded to freedom. The frightful schedule of grievances which the North arc thus called upon to redress, and the slavery compromises of the Constitution, the purchase of Louisiana and the outlet of the Mississippi, the purchase of Florida, the Missouri compromise, the annexation of Texas, the Mexican war, the acquisition of/Utah, New Mexico and California and its gold mines, the Fugitive Slave law, the repeal of the Missouri compromise, the doctrine of popular sove reignty in the Territories, and various other concessions to the "privileged class," insuffer able and no longer to be borne?including the surrender by the North of liberty of conscience and liberty of speech?this is the list of the oppressions of the " privileged class" legisla tion and sectional outrages which the black republicans are called npon to avenge. Next, Mr. Seward proceeds to tell us how this work of Northern vengeance and retribution is to be carried out. He say3 that " slavery is not, and never can be, perpetual. It will be overthrown, either peacefully and lawfully un der the constitution, or it will work the sub version of the constitution, together with its own'overthrow." This is enough: this is the cream of the whole matter?this is what we have wanted for some years past, but have never been able to get till now?an official, authoritative and honest interpretation from Seward himself, of his metaphysical doctrine of "the higher law." He has heretofore said " there is a higher law than the constitution;" and here he informs us that it is the extinction of Southern slavery, peaceably if the South submit, and by bloody revolution if they dare to resist. Such, at length, is the avowed ultimatum of the black republican fusion programme so deliberately declared by Seward himself, the leader of this treasonable sectional coalition. Tbc arch agitator has thrown the mask aside. If we can crush the institutions of the South peacefully, under the constitution, well; but if force shall be required, then, says he, substan tially, perish the constitution, perish the Union, come bloody war and fierce anarchy, so that we exterminate this Southern institution of slavery. People of New York, this is the test proclaimed as tbe ruliDg issue of our November election. Are you with Seward and his conspirators, or with the Union and the constitution?the rights of (he States, and the common glory and pros perity of the whole country? Let us hear. Pr.ixiE John Van Buren?The Day and the Pj-ace.?Tbe following letter from the Prince, John Van Buren, explains itself: ? To Tin FprtoRK < r nm Evxxino Will you bo gool e nough to announce that I slmll a-lil rem a mooting nl rtcini crata, to be halo at ('anion, In Ft. Ijiirrcnre county, ooTuenlay next, the ltit&i in?t.V I dMlrelt published also, bcrai KC I loam, Troin wariw on which 1 rely, tb.it it in the intention of (lie l.ito whig*. tinw c.illrd lepublicanol tbatcfunly. to park h n>F?Urg upon me which will ile Bounce tb? itrmocraUc ticket. If n rtirtieuliy nhnuidun f> rtvna'cly (hut to | ruvofced. ! ui?h publicly to protect myself against reepon: Utility for the conaoqueoccs, by staling that It is n meeting of democrats we in'c td to he'd I reeret tc add that the courae ?,f the Pont, and ct| eciallj the jcsistant ntf cprcseniation of my actUn in li e F'a'o cnnientlon lea>e? me n > room 'o doubt that by ptiblitili itu* thfa n tc you will luy nie undr-r th? iu inaed obligation that one otpas lo a political npponeit lor a pitted favor. Respectfully yours. J. VAN WREN. t tilts J'uT, October 11. Iff.Y "Oyster Bay!'' Ominous of oysters on the hull shell! And he is to be over at Canton, in St. J.owrcnce county, to-morrow, the ltith! lie is apprehensive that the Mack republicans w ill lo down upon him. and calls upon tbe democrats to come to the rescue! We hope they will, hards and tofts. Wc also trust that the Prince will be careful on the nigger ijues tun, lest in firing too high he should over sfeoot the administration, or that, in aiming too ow. he should stiike it between wind anil water. We shall wait with anxiety some re port of this opening of the Prince to-inorrow in eld St. Lawrence. Perhaps the fortunes of the whole democratic family may hinge upoa that speech. Who can tell ! The Yf.ma>w Fever atNorfouc.?We puMish to-day a letter from Mr. Pickett, going to prove the fallacy of the idea tfmt the yellow fever was conveyed to Gosport by the steamer Ben Franklin. He denies posUively that there were nny cases of yellow fever on board, and ?dates, moreover, that she discharged no cargo there, unless that term can apply to some heavy articles of passenger*' luggage. He think*?bat the producing causes of tbe plague must be sought for elsewhere than la the visit of the Ben franklin. We trust that further advice* will corroborate most fully thote wc have already received a* to tU abatement of the lever. The Ohm ?f Um AniVem la Jaffdv-The Treaty AollUled Already-. Wc publish elsewhere an interesUng corres pondence between the Governor of Simoda, in Japan, several American citizens temporarily residing at that place, and Commander E >dg ers, of the United States surveying expedi tion. Some months ago, the American vessel C. E. Footc sailed from the Sandwich Islands for Simoda. After arriving there, she was chartered by a Russian Admiral to convey home the crew'of the Russian vessel Dwina, lately wrecked in that port. On this, II. 11. Doty and two other Americans, with their families, landed from the C. E. Footc, and took up their abode at the Yokusheu Temple, one of the buildings set apart by the late treaty for the "temporary residence" ot foreigners until hotels shall have been built. After re maining there unmolested for several days, on the 23d April last they were notified by the Japanese authorities that they could not be j allowed to reside there. Mr. Doty and his friends appealed to the treaty, but the Japa nese refused to listen to his reasoning, and only j granted as a favor that he should be suffered to remain where he was for "a reasonable time," in the hope of the return of the C. E. Foote, after the expiration of which period he was to be shipped off on board the first ship which paBEed that way. The Americans appeal ed to Commander Rodgers, and that officer communicated with the Governor of Simoda, arguing that the clause of the treaty guaranteeing "temporary residence" to Americans in Japan would be violated if the Japanese expelled Doty and his companions. They replied that, according to their views, the "temporary residence" conceded by the treaty ought not to exceed a period of from "five to seven days, or at most a few months." In fine, after a long discussion, the Americans were forced to leave, having incurred heavy losses on the goods they had taken with them, ami seen their plans frustrated by this unex pected decision of the Japanese government. The point at issue between them and the Emperor of Japan is very simple indeed. Ry the treaty of Kanagawa, article fifth, it was provided that " shipwrecked mariners and other citizensof the United States temporarily living at Simoda and Ilakodadi shall not be subject to such restrictions and confinement as the Dutch and Chinese are in Naugasaki," &c. This article has been interpreted in this coun try as implying a permission to American citi zens to "reside temporarily" at the places men tioned; and the word "temporary" has been understood as covering any indefinite period of time. The Japanese, on the contrary, seem to have meant, when they spoke of temporary residence, that the Americans should bo at liberty to land for the purpose of taking iu coal, water or wood, and remain on shore long enough to perform these operations, but no longer. It is obvious that the former acceptation is tbc oniy one under which the treaty would possess any real value to the commercial in terests of the United States. It appears that ship storoB- such as heavy chains, cordage, tar, sails, pork, beef, and most of the articles comprised in the term ship chandlery?are not to be bought in Japan. If American ves sels are to trade thither, these commodities must be sent to Simoda and the other trading ports, and held there for sale; and bonce there must be Americans residing there for a long consecutive period of time, to sell them. This is too clear for argument. The gentlemen whose mercantile schemes have been so unexpectedly foiled have re turn ed to San Francisco in no good humor with the Japanese. They accuse them of wantonly violating a treaty which they made in bad faith. If any charge of the kind can be sub stantiated, it will be well for the government not to let slip the opportunity to teaching the Japanese that the United States arc not to be trifled with. At the same time, it is due to justice to say that the treaty is fairly suscepti ble of the interpretation placed upon it by the Governor of Simoda. Reading it by the light of the histories of Japan, it would seem natural to construe it in the most restricted scuse. We cannot take for granted that so exclusive a people conceded a hair's breadth the more than appears openly on the face of the bond. It, therefore, it should appear that the recent difficulty is nothing more than a misunder standing, and that the Japanese never intend ed to allow Americans to open stores at Simo da, the work lately achieved will have to be commenced anew. Another Japan expedition will need to be fitted out; and it is to be hoped that the duty of concluding u new treaty will he entrusted to some one who will not perform the work in so slovenly a manner as to leave room -for misunderstanding on so capital a point as the residence of commercial agents at the Japanese ports. The Russian government have just conclud ed a treaty with Japan. On behalf of the government of Great Rritain a treaty has been negotiated, anduowawaitsratificatiou. French agents have likewise opened negotiations, and are in a fair way to conclude a satisfactory treaty. Thus, through the bungling of the personage to whom this government entrusted ihe mntter, instead of being the first, the United States will really be the fourth nation to commence an intercourse with Japan. "Whatever is done, should be done quickly, ir the Japanese have been guilty of wrong, tbey should be sharply held to account. It should be remembered that tenderness on a small scale is certain to prove the worst kind of inhumanity on a large one, and that we had better have a brush with the Japanese now, thuai a war with them hereafter, when we have aibh*1 their armies with our pistols and rifles. 1 b< iv-nevir was a war, in all probability, so ucklc-dy unjust and unjustifiable as the opium tva* waged by Great Rritain against China; buttle benefits of that war to the Rri lisb, to theGblnesc, to commerce, and to the w orld at lurgie, t annot possibly be exaggerated. Mr. Ww: ;Prtt:rAitKi> for War.?lion. Henry A. Wire, in answer to an invitation of the Hot-ton abolition ista to deliver them a lecture acme lime this winter, on slavery, has written then a characteristic letter, which we publish to day. "The particuWr phase of the subject'' that be presents them is, that he will light them if he must. If sneb be the humor of the Go vcrnor fleet of Virginia, let him come on. Considering the desertions t'?fim those peculiar democratic favorites of Mr. Wise?the soft shells?of such men as l'restoa King. Abijah Mann and Gen. James W. Nye, to the Seward abolition league, our poor softs are sadly in nerd of a fighting man at this cri?is. Let Mr. Wise, therefore, eonte up and tackle the arch ogitator^-W H. Sew ar<??without further de Jay. We bat e only a fortnight or so to spare. The Destruction and Evacuation or Sebas topol?The Women and Children.?"A Lady" inquires of us, what became of the women and children of Sebastopol, amid the horrible scenes of (hat final bombardment, and the last assaults upon its defences, and particularly with the blowing up, the burning and evacu ation of the town by the Russian army ? We can't exactly answer. The French, English and Russian advices from the Crimea are singularly silent in reference to the women and children of Sebastopol. The resident popula tion of the town four or five years ago, was fixed by Count Demidoff, in his valuable work on "Southern Russia and the Crimea," at thirty thousand. We presume that in this aggregate there were the usual proportions of women and children. As late as the eighteenth ot June last, when a part of the British storming party of the Redan got into the suburbs of the city, they found both women and children in some of the houses which they entered ; but Hincc that day, with the tightening of the coils of the siege around the devoted city, and the in creased havoc of the shot and shell of the Al lies, it is probable that all the non-combatants of the place were removed by the Russians to Simpheropol and other places in the interior. It is not likely that the women and children would be longer retained, when, from day to day, every inch of room in the town became more aud more essential for the active defen sive uses of the garrison. Nor have wc seen any mention of women or children among the Russian killed and wounded left amid the ruins of the town. We must conclude, therefore, that except the attaches of the garrison and camp, all the non-combatants of Sebastopol had been previously removed into the interior of the Crimea, or perhaps even beyond the penin sula, for safety, and on account of the neces sities of the Russian army. Know Nothing Victory in the Back Dis. triuts.?The California election, it seems, has gone all one way?the entire American State ticket being elected, and a majority of both branches of the Legislature. John Bigler, who Las twice been elected Governor of the State, and who was very popular, ha? been beaten and can condole with his brother, who met the same fate in Pennsylvania. Gw'n, Broderick, Denver, Herbert, and all the other democratic politicians, have gone the same way down to a I political tomb. All the cities and large towns I went democratic; but the mining districts polled hardly any thing but Know Nothing votes. Thus j the administration has been rebuked wh^re it supposed itself impregnable, and the men who have been quarrelling about spoils, and divid ing matters as if they owned the State, have been quietly laid on the shelf by the will of the people, expressed through the resistless bal lot. The American party, after being flogged ( all round, gains its first victory of the season on the other side of the Rocky Mountains. Let the leaders tie careful how they use their power, if they would escape the late of their brethren in other States. What does the Cus tom House democracy think of Ohio and Cali fornia? Let us hear from the " sonorous Coch rane." Colonel Forney in Town, Harmonizing THE Democracy.?We understand that Colonel For ney called together at the Astor House yester day, (there are no Sundays in revolutionary times,) a joint committee of hards and softs, to see il they couldn't be brought together on a half shell democratic ticket, and it is thought hey can. The softs are afraid that the loss of Preston King. Gen. Nye, Benjamin F. Butler, and others of their big guns, will so weaken them that it will be bad policy to run a sepa rate soft shell ticket. They are, there." >re, sup posed to be quite ready to shelter themselves under the wings of the birds, so that the weakness of the unfortunate administration softs will never be discovered. Hence this mission of Colonel Forney here, from the Kitchen Cabine' at Washington. We shouldn't wonder if some sort oi a democratic re-union were affected upon the ticket of the late fu sion liquor conventions at Syracuse. It seems to have been gotten up. In part, for that pur pose. Of all things let there be a democratic re-union. It will never do to betray the weak ness of Mr. Pierce and his Van IJurcn branch of the democracy in New York at this crisis. Never, never. The Amazon Steam Navigation- Company.? Biennial Report.?We publish to-day a trans lation of the biennial report recently present ed in Rio Janeiro to the shareholders of the Amazon Steam Navigation Company, by its President, the Baron do Maria. This brings the operations of the company up to the close of 18.04; and as there is probably a large amount of stock owned in this country, we think it right to give the report in full. It seems that the profit of tho enterprise, including the subventions received from the governments of Brazil and Peru, amounted for the last two years to $471,097; that dividends of twelve per cent per annum on the capital paid in have been declared, and tiu.t a sum of $">1,437 has been placed to the reserve fund. The number of passengers travelling in the first line?from Belcm to the city of Barrr in the mouth of the Rio Negro?was in 1833, (191, producing a revenue of $18,111, and in 1864, 1,343, producing $29,G01. The freights in the first period amounted to $12,575, and in the second, to $21,420. The business of the several other lines is not given in detail; and there seems to be some thing rather suspicious in that fact, when taken in connection with this other one?that the re port commences with an excuse for being pre seutcd so late, and ends with another excuse for its dearth of details. Warned by our re cent experiences of the management of rail rood companies, we might be justified in en tcrtainiug suspicions as to the squareness of this biennial report of the President of the Amaztn Navigation Company. A Wicked Libel.?We reprint the subjoined letter, utiich appeared in the Herald la?t week:? To n r 1'r.ne a o? ret Hnuto?rn<l?r tho heat! ?j (ttj I'oHti'i. I* today ? iutie. my unn apro-ar* a? ran ilidatf for Conlulinian of tho Thirty .ironih dlntrlet. I Iwjr leave to aniwo my frlenl, of tho t'oiirtoonth war I tljit I am t!Dnrqn?Witod with tb>' source that It emanated fr<?n and l.eliere tt to have boon dona for tho oipro<? pii rj. no of injuring ?*>. ITen.e giro thi< publl 'ity. au ! <Hige jour ohed.ent ? rT?at. WM. KAINCT, K4 t,rHnd ?tr??t. N?w Yobk, October V, 18?5. We trust that all of Mr. llafncr's friends in tlx Fourteenth ward, ami elsewhere, will acquit him of the foul accusation, lie should take summary measures against the ra?cal who stsrlfd the report that he (Ruinerj was am bitions to obtain the (at present) rather equivo cal horor of a seat to the Common Council of this city. We maka lo Mr. iiaimr all th > reparation in our power, and say that we con sider him a respectable citizen, who has no de sire to get into bad company. The announce ment was more libellous than if we had called Mm all sorts of hard names; and we feel grate ful that he bad respect enough for the press not to bring a libel suit against us. We shall be more careful about such announcements hereafter, in respect to our own pockets and the feelings of onr injured fellow oltkens. Recognition ok tub Services ok Dr. Kane and ins Companions.?We would like to see our intrepid Arctic voyagers, from the inde fatigable and bcientiflc commander down to the taitbful tar, honored and remunerated for their services by the representatives of the nation. And we have no doubt that this tribute will be paid to tbem. But they will have some time to wait for that recognition of their ser vices. In the meantime, why not have expres sion given to the feelings of our citizens in their regard, by a public banquet? A corres pondent in Sunday's Herald made the sugges- \ tion, and we do not see why it should not be acted on. We hope that our merchants will set the movement on foot, and give at an early day a grand banquet to those noble fellows "who are lost and are found.'' Let the fatted calf be killed, by all means. THE LATEST DiKWB BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. From Washington. COMPLAINTS OP THE RETIRED NAVAL OFFICERS? THE RECALL OF MINISTER CRAMPTON AND OTHER BRITISH OFFICIALS DEMANDED, ETC., ETC. Warrington, Oct. 14, 1855. Some of the officers retired by the Naval Board have in effectually complained to the President of the injustice of the action of the Board, especially as they exhibit letters from the Navy Department (previously receivod) attest ing their capacity. They and their friends are making extensive preparations to operate on Congress, with a view to obtaining justice. The attendance of Mr. Mason, our Minister at Paris, at the 7k Deum, in celebration of the victory of the allies, is regarded here as possessing no political sigolilcance, but is attributed to mere cariosity on his part. At the commencement of the recruiting of troops for the Crimea, Mr. Crampton had in'lmation that he ami certain British Consols were violating our neutrality laws; and under this aggravation of the cise, it is now said that onr government will refuse longer, officially, to recognise them, if, after the additional representations Mr. Buchanan has been instructed to make,;they are not recalled. The Union of this morning publishes Dr. Kane's official report of his Arctic expedition. It does not differ from the newspaper accounts previously published. Three thousand six hundred land warrants were issued last week. Bon. N. P. Banks and Hon. R. 3. Rockwell, of Massa chusetts, arrived to-day, and are stopping at Willard's. Lou of Lake Steamer Louisiana. Chicago, Oct. 13, 1855. The steamer Louisiana ran on a reef at Groeo Bay on the night oi the 7th inst., and at last accounts her bow was five feet out of water, and she was in great danger of breaking up. Her cargo consisted of one hundred and sixty tons of merchandise. The Southern Mall. Baltimore, Oot, 14,1855. The New Orleans mail of Saturday, Sunday and Mon day of last week came to hand this mcrning, but the papers contain nothing of interest. Markets. Charlesi"*, Oct. 12. 1856. Cotton?Sales for the week, 10,000 bales, at a alight decline in prices. Receipts for the week, 1,800 bales. Stack on hand, 16,000 bales. Rice has advanced an 'sc. Sales of the week, 2,600 tierces. Flour and wheat higher. 1'ttOvniKxr*, Oct. 13. 1865. Our cotton market for the past week has been un settled, and the sales moderate. Wool very ilrm. with large sales, amounting to 143,000 lbs. Printing Cloths Market active, and prices firm, with an upward ten dency. Sales for the week 65,400 pieces. Dramatic and Musical Matters.. Doctor Kane brought a northeast storm with him from the Arctic regions, and the theatres all suffered thereby during the past week. None of them, however, have done a positively bad business, except the Academy or Music, where the audiences have been distressingly thin At tiik MmnrouTAX TinutRt, Mile Hachel has finished the sixth week of her performances in America. The house was rrowded to excess on Monday, full on Wednes day, and respectable in numbers on Friday. On Thurs day evening she gave a reading to about a thousand pious individuals at Niblo's Saloon?a bad place for such exhibi tions. Only a very small number of the audience could got a view of the reader's face, ihe pre sent is the last week of M'lie Rachel, t-he gives way to the unterrified hard shell democracy, whs have a rati fication meeting here next Monday night. To-night Mile. Rachel will play "Joan of Arc," first time here, and de claim "La Marseillaise.*' This is her first benefit in America, and the prices are raided, as will be seen by the advertisements. Mme. la tirni.ge volunteers and sings the la Voet, from the "Puiltam." Mile. Rachel will play every night this week, and on Saturday the perform ance will commence at three o'clock P. M. She has every reason to be proud of her success. She lias triumphed over all the difficulties which beset her at the outset, and her triumph is beyond the expectations of her warmest admirers. At the RboadwaT Tiieattif Mr. Forrest has commenced his fail engagement, and has played Hamlet, Richelieu, Rolla and Othello, to full houses. We regrt t to notice that Mr. Forrest has suffered from a se vere bronchia) attack, but we are glad to announce at th'' same time that it has yielded to treatment. We have nothing new to lny about Mr. Forrest's acting, except that it l? as highly colored, as fiery and vigorous a? ever, while his position in tho affections of his audience is much stronger than tho Malakoff, because that has been taken. To-night there will be a great rush at the Broad way, as Mr. Forrest plays ' Metsmora." The piece has 1 ecu gotten up in good style, lletster has painted se veral new scenes, and the dresses appointments, Ac., have been made expre?-ly for this occasion. The cast of snl ordinate characters is very -drorg Including Mr. C. Fisher, Mr. Ianergf.n, Mr. Fenan, Mr. Whiting, Mr. Fsndford, Mme l'onisl, Miss Harding, Ac.. Ac., and th< whole produced under the careful supervision of Mr. W. R. Blake, the ^toge manager. F.very one will go to see "Metsmora," The afterpiece is tbe " Wandering Min strel," with Mr. Chapman as Jem Puggs. At WauatVe Theatric Mr. Brougham's comedy, " Die lints of Love" was acted on Wednesday for Mr. Placid*'* benefit, and then withdrawn for tho present. On Thurs day Mr. Oharlcs Wah ot mude his first appearance |hs Lavater In a piece by Pisnche, called ?' Not* Bad Ju?lge." The honse was crowded. Tbe piece is an eld Olympic favorite, and too well kn wn to need criticism. Mr. Wal cot's 1 svster is a quiet, clever performance, and much relished ty the audience. Miss Kate Saxon also made ber dtiut here in the same piece. This evening we are to have a now two set comedy, " A Lady in DifficuUios." with Miss Mary Aid Uannon and Air. Lester in the prin cipal parts, the nice little ,*rce, "A Pretty iieoeof Ilnai ners. " with Bri ughsm and Waleot in their original parte, and " The ^p.italfleld* Weaver," with Mr. H. Hail. At Bi RTo.v'i Tiimtb*, this evening, "?!ill Waters Run Peep " and *'The Daughter of the Regiment." Burton. 0. Jordan, Miss Durand and Mr. Iyter appear. "John of Paris," drama tiom Doildeau's opera, is underlined fer Wednesday. At Nieto'r, the new American opera?by Rrirtow of "Pip Van Winkle," continues to crowd the theatre l ightly, and wiD be repeated every evening the present weik. The popularity of the Tync ami Harrison troupe may he inferred from vhl* being the lundred and twenty fifth owning of their operas lieie. Their engagement will terminate on tbe 3d of November, after having per foin.sd an unparalleled star engagement of six months, after wb.ch they will proceed on their Southern and Western tour, first visiting Boston and Providence. At the Bowrnr Tun hub, Mr. J. W Wall*, k. Jr., has elated a long aud profitable engagement. He will be'suc needed thi? evening by Mr*. Duffleid, net Kate Wemyss a r?|Pal actie??. The tragedy of "Jane .?hore," and the comedy " Katharine and Teiruchlo." will he performed. Mr. J. J. Frior, Mr R. Jal nsVn and Mrs. Ward support Mr?. Ib.ffeld. Mr. Cou ?e, the Iri-h comedian and vocalist, cvm nr.fce- hi- enter la.'nn.en:* at Mblo's c'alo^n this eve i ing. He will be aaaisted by Mia* Georgiana Stout, at other popular singers. The entertainment will inelui gem* of the opera*, popular melodies. Irish ballad scene* from popular fareel, 4c., 4c. In tttx sort thing Mr. Collins is perfectly at home, and we ha1 no doubt that he will delight, his audience. Macali tt-TKR continues his pleasant ivirici at No. 4 Broadway. Go, k'you dosire to be astounded astonish# and confounded. It is a groat deal more wonderful tht the spirit rappers. Mrs. Gibus announces four nigli' < more of her lirfsli e tertainments, at the Apollo Rooms. Excellent bill* are announced for this evening, i Wood's and Buckley's Minstrels. 1'IIIIADI UUIIA.?The Marsh Dramatic ^Company cor mence an engftgemeut here tfcli evening. They for a company for comely and burlesque, and inelui twenty six children, win *have been trained to the stu, with much care and expense. We have no doubt that 11 novelty will take. Thoy play at the V.'a'uut str? theatre. Mr. E. L. Davenport concluded it su tces-ful e gngi ment at the Walnut on Saturday. The City Museu is doing a good business, with a new piece by J. r.. Dui T8gc, . ailed ' The Watchman." It will shortly bo pi due ed in New York. Boston.?At the National theatre they ere vunning piece called '-The War lu the Fast," by J. I'ilgrii Mr. and Mrs. VandcuhotT (Miss Makeah) have sail for Europe. Mrs. E. G. Bostwick will give a concert he next week. Miss Eliza l.ogan plays Evadue at the M teum this evening, and Mr. and Mrs. Barney Wllllar commence the third week of their engagement at tl Boston theatre. A writer in the Journal, who signs hii self "Boston," says:?" I know upwards of one hundr gentlemen, who intend to spend at least one hundr dollars each for their families to see Rachel at the Bost theatre, 4c." Richmond, Va.?Miss Annette Ince hud a benefit he on Friday, and played Lady Teazle in the "School I Scandal," to the Sir Poter of Mr. Ciippcndale, late Watlack's. Detroit.?Mr. and Miss Richinga are at Masiarlan' theatre. Woodstock, C. W.?Mr. Pavidgc has been playing h< to good houses. Cincinnati.?Miss Kimbei ly had a beniflt at the N tlnnal theatre; she played Ilamlet, and recited 1 "Marseillaise" in French. I'ittsbvrg.?Miss E. Bridges Is playing here. Ft. Loi is.?Mrs. Farran is playing at Dobar's Ibeati and Mr. E. Eddy at the People's. Chicago.?Mr. Murdoch is playing at Rice's theatre. Louisville, Ky.?'Tho theatre opened last Monday, w Miss A. Robertson as a 'star." J. G. Hanley is the lei ing actor. Milwavkib, Wis.?A new theotre lias been opei here, called "Van Liow'a Varieties." C. J. Fmitli Is I star. The bill announces that an engagement has tx made with the celebrated nigger dancer, Charley I'ayi who will appoar. and dnnco his celebrated Imperial jig Baltimore.?Mr. J. B. Scott played on Saturday ni| last at the Museum. Mr. and Mrs. Florence are at Holliday street, and Mr. and Miss Charles at the Chai street theatre. California.?Mr. McKeaii Buchanan made bis dtbul the Union theatre, Feu Francisco, on the lOtli Sopterat 1 he Times says:? Massinger's play ol tho " New Way to Pay Old Debt was brought out, in which Mr. Buchanan played the lekrated eharucteg. of Sir Giles Overreach. I be ho was crowded to excess, and contained a greater nrraj beauty, fashion and inteiligcnco, than has been si since the first evening of the Union, under the mana merit of Miss I aura Keenc. Mr. Buchanan* debut I been quite as successful, if not more so, than *ny m actor who has yet appeared upon tho Calilornia boar ? * ? When the curtain fell, cheer af.er ch went up until the successful d?bu,'en/e appeared. B qucts fell from the boxes In profusion, and althoi seemingly overcome by the fatigu'-s of the play, Mr. I channn delivered a neat and appropriate improwi speech, couched in terms ot gratitude. Mrs. Stark, 11 Woodward, Messrs. Phelps, Wilder and Dunn,(suppor Mr. Buchanan with more than usual ability. The Metropolitan Theatre, alter being redecorated, I has been opened under Mr. E. A. Biker, once promp at Mitchell's Olympic. In the company we notice names of Mr. Wlieatlelgh, Mr. Hann, Miss I .aura Kee Miss Mowbray, Mis. Foyer, Mr. J. B. Booth, Mr. Hat ton, Mrs. Hunt, Mr. 'Ihnyer, Mr. Lovott, Miss Paul Mrs. Booth, Mrs. Wheatleigh and Miss Entmel, with Mi Modilaiiir and Fsplnosu as the ballet. Boch.a liae covered his heal h, and,; with Mme. Bishop, gives m concerts. They w? re soon to sail for Sydney. The Mb Gougenheim were pitying in Sacramento. Rlslt troupe, with DTvatii, the coutortionist, have conclu a series of performances Di Faerumento. " During week," rays the Mixjueluinne Hill C7,rontclc, "an ex lent dramatic company, under tho management of John S. Potter, have heen giving a series of stand plays at Zubcr's Olympic Theatre. The principal pi were well sustained by Misses Potter and Grey and Warwick." The Chapman Family are giving lram. representations in Ficr.-a county. The -'an Francl Minstrels nie in the northern mining towns. A spier theatre has been completed in Fac.-amento, on J stri between Fecond and Third. The Sta'.r Journal s it is the best arranged building of the kind in Calllori Eithei in architectural beauty or interior finish, it is in advance of either tho Metropolitan or the American Fan Francisco. Fvcry word uttered on the stage will distinctly heard in every part of the house?an advaut that frequenters of dramatic temples will appreciate, theatre will be opened, ae understand, In about thi days. It is said that its completion has been dtdayed "financial crisis." The National Borne and .Cattle Show?This affl in Boston, commencing on Tuesday, 2dd in>t*nf, i probably be the finest affair of the kind that ever V place in this country. Stock will bo taken on all i railways at half price and returned free of expense. I announced that Messrs. Everett Choate, Winthrup t Sumner will speak at the banquet, on Friday. The nan of the gentlemen on the different committee* show tl the " solid men of Boston " are taking an int -rest in I affair, and tliey will make a fine thing of it. A great union cf farmer*, breeders, 4c., 4c., Is expected. "Death to the Tnrk."-1TUla was the Wi cry of the Greeks, but KNOX Is death on Rmslun sables, mines, marten Ivniwi, end all animals whoee nirs aro va. hie. By going to Knox's, 83.1 or 212 Broadway, you can' ifce finest amortmem of furs ever imported, and che.i(>er u usual prices. Call In and eiamlne. Gen in'a Wholesale and Retail Fur Ki porlutn, 214 Broadway ?An assortment of choice furs, m up In the various s> vies, which are announced In Paris as ruling Diodes for ihe approaching season, will he opens, this establishment on MomliiT, the 15th of October. The s a III be found as r.markable for ita variety as for Ita ejt and beauty, comprising vloir.ine*. clouts, mantlea, itpp. mutVa and cuffs of roval ermine. Russian and Hudson's I sable, marten. Chinchilla, fitch, mink, Ac., together with gloves of every description, l'he ationdonot the public la spectfUlly Invited to these superb furs, which, having b< purcbared under peculiarly udv aatagooua circumstances, be-old al very inoders'e prices. . ilKNlS 214 Broadway, oppositeBt. Pan s churot Mhftvt II. Mcolny will hold lifa Rcxnl 'd-ri i wnhfitvl<n. flftta < ' "*n.-kR nnd 'his dai, ( vf TIIlbWttWl??"' "wu wi' .......... ... ?i. < dny.tat lT"?W<:o<lud| tb" Mercharta' Evcbsng- Ior| ttcuLr* m o lia ailvMBkm'-nt tn another e-itamn. ' '.unog ' at Be ofli may be obtained at He office, No. 4 Broad sireeL Casnen?Dagn< rreotypes?Williamson's, 4 fniton ilrnt, Brooklyn. Photographs. Ainbmtfpti and D*|Ufrr< > at BEAD*'* Ni " ~ B tl?M It BKADrl National tiallery No 36i) llrond stay, ?r IbcmprOD'f saloon. An Expreaa and Tremendous Sale ot Bono ribbons. cloak and <lrt>* trimmings. Thibet shawN, Ifnrua, Udnea and sllka. mar.tl'.ii. and bonnet Trivet*, bombasines ? uble d*roa?k(. n III take place on Monday nod Tuesday A HOOLF.Y rt. <7 Nassau street. A tesr ca WARDLAW of the Lancaster <|Ullts on uand. Evtna' Clothing Warehouse, Woe. Bdand Fulton streetIIne fashionable cloth oosta, lb, bine dr coats, ft-, rasetmcro pants, black and taney, trim S2 tip war splendtd black cloth overcoat*, till. Ac., Ac. Kdwarda an the Law or BnllmenU. -TaJ of content* ; chapter 1 Bailment* ; Chapter 2. DcpoS Chapter S. Gratabou* commbstm,. or m*nd*''?; Chapm Gratuitous loans; Chapter S. Pledges or pawn-, Chapter Contracts for hire; Chapter;, Of Innkeepers; t h.rter K. IX, own carriers and carriers of passengers. The above ckapa are treated very full, making a book of 067 pages. Prion Id Just published and for vale by BANK*, OOVI __ ;li> a oo., : Nassau street, N. V., and <75 Hruad* vy, Albany, N. T. College of Phydrlatu and Surgeons, No. I Crosby street. New York.?The regtilsr course of ? * * tores lor'Be ?e?*lon of lHM-'.Vl will ooumence on Tun a <>r\ If., ?pd continue un'tl the middle of Ms en The mi dudocy address wilt be delivered, In the College Hall. by I" tetter I'alton. at 7 o'clock. on Ii;e,ilay evening, IS'h In The prnie??lon and the punHc arelnvlted to alters! ROilKRl WAl l H, N. I) , Secretary ot the Faculty CI teat Bargains lo Carps tings.?We row In store a large ?>'oek ot fall Importation*, rompr<*lnjr ? el, tapestry, Brnssrls. three ply and Ingrain rrpwing. fa ore',el ?, Ac . which *e arc . "enns at very k)?t rate, fore*. Kk-h Jtiu-sois, 7a and ha. per yard ^HMujaUBUUlKr, OS sr. hNlTH A LClNSHKltitY, !?'*> Hroedway, near Grand Gifts and Prvsvntt?IttM Revrtved, and It sale at reduced prices, the cbot'e.' selection of fancy tax to every variety if u\%. ;i>- rd ard 'iM.-rimed del ind alfw t,-.~ 0 ? , I ?...r, _ _ game, of smu'-cnient for ehtld no, Ac., at Btlf,l.Rh' faecTk ?aar. Mil Broadway. a I Wilson's Dandelion Coffee?A Truly Vain hi,- remedy tn nil caaes of dyspepat*. tndlges-len. ?*-k eie remeuy in ? i'**?-* ui tijvpeysia, mtnget'ten ,t-k bra schc and all bilious and Ivar m, plaint*.' Sold l>? Harem., ibark A f*f)? F. V. Rush'ou and a*l respectable drnggto* tbe Cn.'tcd tta csaiid'lansdae. Dvflsr fc SalsioaNdrr No Tea ? Robert 1|, P* RICH la the.o* manu'*.'nrvr In 'he t*?Hel *t*fes nf u atwr* celebrated safee and r*-crt powder pmefd/t .new tort ai d mm bare. I>a; ot 1W Pea s'resc out do r he;, , tg*iO lane.

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