Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 16, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 16, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

HE ABC TIC EXFEBITIOJV. The Official Report of Dr. Kane. Tto followli g ii a copy of the official report of Dr. Knor, . ?nrmanJing second Grinned expedition in seaxob ?t vix John Franklin, to the Secretary of the Nary Our Utile party have returned in health ?u?l safety. We reached the Danish settlements of I'pernivtk on the tilb of August, after an exposing travel of thirteen hundred miles. During this journey, which embraced alternate rones of ice ami water, we transported our heats by sledges, and sustained ourselves on animtl food exclusively by our guns. We entered port after eighty four days exposure in the open air. 1 haie the honor to subjoin a hurried outline of our ?perations and results in advance of more detailed com aiu mentions. My irevioue despatches make the department aequaint ed witn our arrival at the northern settlements of Greet lar.d. Thence 1 crossed Mrllvllle bay without accid nt, and reached Smith's Found on the 5th of August, 1851. Finding t ape iislherton, the seat of my intended beacon, shut out from the sound by the more prominent head land ot I ittleton island, 1 selected this latter spot for my tarn, erecting a Hug-staff, and depositing despatches. To the north the ico presented a J. if ting pack of ihe heaviest description, the actions of huuinio,-king having in some instances reared barricades of sixty feet in height. In my efforts to penetrate this drift, being driven hack and nearly be-et In the pack, I determined (as the enly means of continuing the search) to attempt a pas sago along the land where the rapid tides (here of twelve t? sixteen feet rise and loll) bad worn a precarious opening. Previous to this responsible step, a depot ot' provisions with a metallic life boat (Francis) was care fully concealed In a large inlet in latitude 78 deg. '26 miu. The extreme strength of the Advance enabled her to sustain this trying navigation. Although aground at the fall of the tides, and twice upon ner beameods from the pressure of externul ice. she escaped any serious disaster. After a nu n! h of incestiant labor, cheered, however, by a small daily progress, the new ice so closed around us as to make n further penetraiiun Impossible. With difficulty we found a winter a.ylum at the bottom cf a bay which opened front the coast in latitude 78 d-g. 44 min. Into it we thankfully hauled our battered 11'lTo brig on the 10th of September, 1853. From this point, as a centre, issued the explorations of my parly. The winter was of heretofore unrecorded severity. Whiskey froze us early as November, and mercury re mained solid for nearly four months. The range of eleven spirit thermometers, selected as standaids. gave tempera *ares (not yet reduced) of sixty to scveoty-flve degrees below zero, and tne uieuu annual temperature was 5 deg. 2 min. Kahienheit, the lowest ever registered. This extreme cold, combined with one hundred and twenty days of absence of sun. gave rise to an obscure, but fatal form of tetanus, (lockjaw.) The exertions of Dr. Hayes, the surgeon ot the expedition, had readily snbducd the scurvy, but these fearful tendencies to tonic spasm defied our united efforts. This disorder extended to our dogs, flfty-sevdh of which perished, thus com pletely brenkiug up my sledge organization. The operations of search were carried on under cir cumstances of peculiar hardship. We worked at our sledges as late as ihe 24th November, and renewed our labor in March. Much of this t~ave) was in darknoss, aud some at temperatures us l.,w .is 50 deg. The earlier winter travel was nudcrtaken by myself in person, but the aid of a single team of dogs, anil the zealous co aptation of my officers, we were enabled to replace the parties as they became exhausted, and thus continue the search until the 12th of July. It is believed that no pro vies parties have been so loog in the field. Messrs. Brooks, McGeary, Bonsall, Hayes and Morton successively ?ontributcd to the general result. The men worked with fidelity and endurance. I briefly detail the explorations of our party. Smith's Sound has been followed, and surveyed through out its entire extent. It terminates to the northeast in a gulf 110 utiles in its long diameter. Greenland has oeen tr need to its northern face, the eoast tending nearly due east and west, (F. 17 deg. N.) Its further penetration towards the Atlantic wae arrest ed l>y a glacier, which offers an impassable barrier to fu ture exploration. 7his stupendous mass of ico issues in 40 degrees west longitude. It is coincident with the axis ?f the peninsula, and is probably tho only obstacle to the insularity of Greenland. It rises BOO feet iu perpendicu lar face, and has been followed along its base for 60 miles in one unbroken escarpment. This glacier runs nearly due north, and cements together by an icy union the eont.uental masses ot Greenland ami America. It explains the broken and permanently frozen charac ter of I'pper Smith's Hound, its abundant Icebergs, and, to a certain extent, its rigorous climate. As a spectacle, it was one ol the highest sublimity. The northern land into which this glacier merges has been named Washington, and the bay which interposes between it And Gieenland i have named after Mr. I'ea body. Pcaboily bay gives exit at its western curve (latitude 60 deg. 12 mm.) to a Urge channel, which forms the most .ntercsling geographical feature of our travel. Ihis channel expands to the northward into an open and ico les-i area, abounding in animal life, and presenting every character of an open Polar -ea. A -urfa ?" of BOO squat e miles was seen at various elevations free frotn ice. w ith a northern hoi izrn enually free. A north wind, fifty-two hours in dutatiou, tailed to bring any uril't int < this art . It is with pain that I mention to the department my inability to nuvigate these waters- One bundled and twenty-five miies of solid ice. so rough as to be impassa ble to beats, separated them from the nearest southern laed. My personal efforts in April and May failed to con vey one of ihe smallest India rubber bouts to withiu bj miles of the channel. My party, including myself, were e< mpletely broken; four ol them had undergone amputation of toe- for frost bite, marly all were suffering from scurvy, and the sea eon hail so far advanced as to render another journey im possible. To the north ol latitude 81 deg. 17 min. the sho es of the channel became pre ipltous, and destitute even of pus. age to the sledge. IV i, Ham Morton, wh >, with one Esquimaux and a small team of dog-1, had reached this spot, pushed forward on foot until a mural rape, lashed by a heavy surf, absolutely checked his pro a-Is of this se i that I luol hoped to find traces of the gallant martyr.- whose search insti gated 1his expedition. The splendid effort- of Dr. Hay? oi wr first known to me?would have given -uch a travel a merely geographical value. Reviewing oonscieuti iu-ly 'ho coioitiun of my party, it is peihap- providential till)' trn t'iiilpfl !r? tlin ! nf ii.n tba- we tailed in tho em bar., at 7fce land washed by thi- sea to the northward and west ward ha- bei n i bailed us high as latitude 82 deg. B0 miu. and longitude 78 deg. This forms tlic nearest land to the ?d. pole ye- discovered. It bears the honored name of Mr ferinne!]. Ah iho season advanc-dit became evident that cutr brig would not be liberated. Our immediate harbor gave few aigis of breaking up. and one unbroken ice surface ex tended to ihe aound. It was now too late to allempt an ?scape by boat*; our fuel was deficient, and our provi sion*, although abundant, were in n> via calculated to re?l?t scurvy." At thi* junctuie I started witli live volun teer* on an attempt to ranch 'ha mouth of Lancaster Sound, where I hoped to meet the Kngli-h expedition*, and afford relief to my associate!. Outing tlii* ji rney we cros-ed the Mthernmost track of William B.iflln In .but finding a solid pack extending from n*-' Found to Hakluyt Islan 1. wi'li difficulty regained th ? b ig. The second winter wa one of extreme trial. We were ?bilged, as a mensnre of po.i'-y, to live the lives of the Esquimaux, enveloped In wall i of in-vs. burning lamp*, and eating the raw me-it* of the walru* and boar. At one time every member four party, with the exception ot Mr. It.n all and my-elf. was pru-trnte witli u vy, and unable to leave hi* bunk. Nothing aved ui h it a rigorously organized hunt, and the aid of dog?. in pro curing walrus from the Esquimaux, the nearont sett le nient of whiah people wns eveety miles distant f mm our tailor. W ith these Esquimaux?a race of the highest lotere.- ? ?we formed a vtluable a'liin-e, ?!ug our resources, tnd mutually depending upon each other. Tliev were never thoroughly to be trusted, but, by a tithed course if intimidation and kindness became of essential service. I have to report the l>*- of three of my comrades? brave men who ptttahed in tlio direct discharge of their duty. Two of these?acting carpenter Christian Ohlscn and Jefferson Baker?died of lockjaw; the third. 1'eter Shubert. of ahseess lollowing amputation of the foot Mr. Oblsen was a valuable adviser and pe*onul fiiend. He acted in command of the brig during my al one upon the sledge Journeys. Knowing that a third winter would he fatal, and 'hit we were too much Invested by ice for in OXpoditl n from the Sound to liberate us in time (or the present *ei-on I abandoned the Advance on the 17th of May, and com menced a travel to the south. The sick?four in nut tier?were cor.veyed by our dog sledge. I h*d to sacri fice my collection (''natural history, but sored the dc ? men's of the expedition. The r rganiiatii-n of this journey was caref lly ma'ured to meet the alternating contingencies of ice and water. It consisted of boats cradh-d upon wooden runners, with ?es?er "ledges for the occasional relief of <-arg" With !h< ?xrr ptien of reduced ailGrWances of powdered broadstntf snd tallow, wo depended upon out gun* for food; but a small re-erve of Borden's meat biscuit was kept unuse l for i mergenr-les. Onr clothing was rigorously limited to our furs. We walked in carpet moccasins. fhir gieatesl difficulty wa* the passage of nn extensile rone ol ice which Intervened between the brig and'he nearest southern water. Al'noughthis liOll ?i< but eigi ity one miles In linear extent, uch was the heavy nature ot the ice, and our dffhcuitlM of transportation, that its transit c d us thirty- a, days of labor, and an actual tTavel of thre, hundred and sixteen n.iler. From Cape Alexander wadvanced by boats, with only occasional Ire passages at th> base of claviers. At Cap York I erected a cairn snd pennsnt. with despatches (or the Information of vessels crossing Melville bay; and then, after cutting up my spare boat f-r fuel, embarte I Ior the North Greenland nettlament*. We arriverl a' Cpernlvik (as before stated) on the firh of August, without disaster, and in excellent lo-alth and spirits. Tnroughont this long journey my companions behaved with admirable fortitude. I should do them an injustice if 1 emitted to acknowledge >heir fidelity to my self and gallant tearing in times of privation and danger. From tpemivik I to-k passage for England, in n> Banish bilg Msilanne ; but, most I- -tunately, touching at ttodhaven, (l isco,) we were met by our gallant eoun. try men under -Capt. Hartstein. They had fltaad the i tf Smith's Sound still unhroken, hut, bavin/ met the IN. qninisux near Cape Alexander, had baxrd of our depar ture and re: raved their steps. They arrived at Mac ,. t.afe twenty four hours before onr Intended departure for England. 1 nder these circumstances, I considered it eV iigatmy upon me to withuraw my eont.rae|*f<>r p* ?- -> re in th# Marianne, and return with the Release and Arctic. The pre-ont season is regarded as nearly e-iual .n eve rlty to its predecessors. 'Ine ice to the north Is feir'ully extended, and the en- ape of the searching sqinidr n f - ? i -basetment is most providential. The rapid advance of winter had already closed around them tic y mng ice, and but for the newer of the steamer and the extra ordi nary exertionaof Cant, liar'stein an iaourlammtwoul 1 have been inevitable* Not only Smith, but Jonti and Lancaster sounds ware closed wfth su tapxnc'rah'c pack: bu', in .spite of these difflC"ltle?, tkey achieved the or lira cireumnavigation of Baffin's hay and reached the Psulsh settlement* by forcing the middle ice. Post Omct Department? ArporNTMEvr op Form Acrvm Mr NltW Yoaa.?Jaioe* 1- Clark in p.* e of George Smith, resigned, to run between Rochester an I Niagara Fall*. Henry R. Palmer In place of Byron fit Pe * resigned, to run between En.Lra vIa ('anaadaigua ?-.d xitRogsfOWtt. Omr Havana Correspondence., Ootober 8, 18ft5. JHatrita of (Ac lhario?Itt IKsquintiom on Jfuorj?Th. Lockwood Damage*?.Vcw folux JUicU? Wharf Jm jrovemerrt?Jho SjninieA funk?Fruu in th. ItrjrxL Lottery. We are very much disturbed that the recent disquisi tions of the IHario d? ?? Marina upon the scion* of the Spanish race in San Juan de Nicaragua have not been verified?that Walker did not run away a* stated, and that Colonel Kinney has been declared Governor by ac clamation. There .h some hope now that the dissolution of the L'nion may not take place this winter, as the pro phets have proved false, and have called, with Balak, upon Balaam in vain, "Cur-e me ths people!" from the airy castles of Spanish pride. The most delicate sneers which are occasionally found in the columns of the same joiufknl, do hod with erudition most profound pxppendent from the elaborate labors of the "Holy Apostle %fer.'.' tb'dr northern scribe, in relation to "civill/si tlen " and "(hristilniiation,'' conte with exceeding grace and good taste from that quarter. They can rym p .ihize with the poor InUan, driven from his home be fore the force oi improvement and intelligence, forgetting the c<Jd blooded, brutal and needless murders of the in offensive Invlians of Cuba. They have a tear ready for the boy-murderer who ex piates crime upon the gallows ; but, alas for Africa an' the th< usunus sacrificed to their lust of gain, dragged from their homes, committed to Spanish chains to make sure of Spanish Chiistianlratlon ami the culture ot Cuban cane field-. Of this present evil they have no time to think?it is the mote in their brother's eye that attracts their attention and ascites tl.eir very sensitive pliilan thropy. Wiih Kinney and Walker, and the race, thoy n member no more the private polacres and brigs titt so out by Spaniard - in the ports or Cuba for murder and plunder upon tbe high seas. Air. Look wood was here last week; he received the f SO.bGO damages sustained?the line of $6,000 was re turned previously?and, I am free to confess, this was done through the determination of Spanish intelligence, integrity, honor and justice at Madrid, which could not endure the gross stain brought upon th? nation by un worthy officials, and would not condescend to cover it with further fraud, as had been at einpted, in conceal ment of the facts by the IHario. The steamer United States arrived last evening, and there was tremendous excitement to-day. Heiiauj at hand with full ndviccs?no other paper received. Ceneral Concha seems always to bo Interested in our police regulations for health, public security, individual convenience and tho general economy, and he has just ?ubliehed new edicts, which are to be effective from the st of November, probably as important, for the general welfare of the community, as any which have emanated fri m the pali ee during his second regime. <>tir public improvements proceed with regularity?not in too much baste?and the work is always well done. The wharf roofs are nearly finished; the large building for public offices of our harbor employers is going aloft wilh its third story, and <)tiincy granite blocks are find ing tie length of our priucipal thoroughfares. We are " going ahead," and Yankeedora may look out! the stock of the "fpanlsh Bank'' has been taken by about Sift .m ividuals and representatives of commercial bouses with other more speculative inhere it-, 6.000 shares?$n,C00,0f0?and the subscription closed by order of funeral Concha on the ftth inst. The Royal Pottery drawn on Saturday, distributes its favors?$00,1.00 to No. 18,524; $20,000 to 10.380; $16,000 to 20,263; 8,000 to 21 867. By superior edict, the next lottery is composed of 32 COO tickets, at $8 each, $25(1,000. Prizes to he drawn. $102,000, leaving for the government bankers of '.he game, $64,000 to meet expenses and f ir profits?a thing repeated every days makes a tax up? n our industry nut easily calculated. Havana, Oct. 8. 1855. Xttcs from MaCiii'?Otmcha'* Vnlunt -r System C>m Military Ruth?Drink* All Round?Arreit of & nor Morale* from New Yuri:?flii Trial a^d Sen fate?A Government R?ji*irati?n of Persons?Tit' Bank am I Executive?Steamvthip Capital?Saint*' Days? The Opera i New Orleans Sufi'ultrr. T can let you into a little bit of a State secret; but you must not be so inqttial ive as to ilesire to learn how It CMne into my possession. I/et it suffice, that 1 know the Ministry at .Madrid have expressed their disapprobation ot the conduct of our Captain General in keoping the volun taries of this island armed and equipped for horrid war. The Ministry appears to be of opinion tlwt now. when war's nlarv.rns hare ceased, when everything '.ike lilibus tetlsiu'n the Cnited States has been done away with, when even the gross Black Warrior outrage has been settli d by the pnyment of a comparatively small amount of money, and a receipt in full obtained therefor, th it it is worse than utcleea to k< ep simple-minded, loyal sub iects armed and accountred. as though the island was threaten* d with invasion, and this would appear to be a vtrv ratio nal view of the subject. General Concha, how ever. thinks differently: nnd we now only await the ar iivr.'. of the next steamer, with the mail from .-pain, to know whether the voluntaries are to continue being drilled ibis winter, or whether they are to be disbanded. If the former should prove to be tne case, then a more brilliant uniform will have to be procured, because I am aware that several of the officers are audibly grumbling at not having the rv'rit at the Palace, according t > their rank In those days when there is a Itetamanos, kissing of hands there ami from which Jhey are only debarred by their pi cent blue-stripe 1 Mouse or coat and continua tii ns la n.g con-idered tlt.-hal.HU. Wi itirir on this subject reminds me that on the evening "f the 1st instant the voluntaries of this city turned out in full force, and were .hilled at the tai .po Msrte. I happened that evening 0 have taken a drive iu the volante ol a friend, an l nail stopped ot Escaurtzas (which you know is a restaurant oil tt e corner opposite to the Teatro lacon) to light a so por. At tt at eery moment the Voluntarios were dis ini-'s <1. Sii<h ft rush to the bars and calls for hot?t mixture ot beer, water and syrup, and of agrai, n sour, but insipid sort of orangeade?1 never before witnessed. If the I or fellows, I could but think are so thlr ty after a couple of hours' drill, how would ihey manage to do a whole day -hard fighting ? It would -urely to requisite to live a . hanCiir well mounted with each company, | aud then they would have to get accustomed to some thing ?' shorter " than el'lier l-u< or opt a-, or they would become so pUtfed up and swollen as to be unable to figli', or even to run away. A rat tc of \h\* inland. n.\med. I understand. Morale-, who came pnsecnger en the Cahawbs, in her last trip from vour city, was arrested men a'ter 1"- landed, and a iarg.' immber of "op.ies of I.a Verdad, a paper printed in New York, proclamations, and other documents subver -i-.o of the present order of things in this island, were found in his possession. He* was incarcerated in the Cabar as, kept in.-omunlcad", and. last sr'niilay placed upon hiu trial, bef. te 'he mi'itary tribunal. A- a iu.itot J cour-e he was found guilty, audi le?rn sentenced to ten years in the chain g.rp. One can scarcely pity ft Iran who could, be fool enough to bring -itch paj ere to this island, at 'he present time, when everything Is calm and', and when no possible benefit could rcs-dt therclrom. . . , , , . l.v -he Geotla of Saturday last we arc nf. rmed h all pcrs. n ? rc Ident in this i-iafi i wt.l he -.impel "1 to make ?i 1,-iort or roturn < n or before the 16th unb-r , nh. of the ir profession, business pi a e ??!' re Ideuce, &?.. See., an ! obtain a ertific ite therefor, under a ' ne ct $10 or J?f. dhi* "f com-e, does not "C< ?i'a my unci-. n(..a ccr i-errv b ? ne-i is a perfectly legitimate on", nud I h. but devote my leisure momen's iu wilting yo . a rUum. of pa ?ir:g event--, as tiny tr inspire hero without v u.tent of casting ridicule r-? nb n.; t upon th-an theti ies r-1, Hand .r her fnhabitan -.anion.'-' wh m 1 have many very 'ear ?ud valued fr-ends. Ci rti.iu v.ea*. l'.y C.-olCs anv>ng-t . thc.s h .v.i.g C -me to the te-cue the tbrie million dollars require t for tho capi'nl ot the Spanish Bunk of the Havana has sub scilbed. . nd a meeting was to have been boh! this day, 8th ? coler t npp'Uit a body fmi am ug th- vharc 1,olders wlv ar" to name the pre r.t .f the ban!:. V. o, g the c.eole- v hns. are p ublished as ?ha e hoi,) r?, i Pen .'ulinn I Alfonso, for 100 -harts. Sh< tlld ,1?. time overcome w! en revolution brinks out iij Cuba, then it will be -eon tie omn'j dent g. vt.-ni.iein w .' i h? its hand op on all tl ?* capita! of the HiuV., ai.' -ay ' tit mite." I thcoght. in perusing one of our daily papers, the I'ren 1 believe, a tew days sir. . . that tbe.e was .t glin n.ering of liiat 1 rt of thing in iew, ' the 'ufg* ? tion was made, tla' among th? "tut ite- of'he ,ar.k there -honld 1* < ne !-;irg the largest am unt that any on" n diild ml Could he ban >1. I'erlmpi. however, it was ,,uly my too vivid inragina'. n that irn.ucoi m to -uppose'ue w iter in 11 e v?i er "smelt a -at." , 1 beard a merchant, a -hnrenol. ?r n the / angnnls'etV line ot -leaner-, com pi. inimr a mw ec n.n.s ago that beard the ..the- -harehoMors had been dend e<l a to w ha* would ' ? tl'.e coat of the ?te 'i'W. , ail I ' u.' rnu.'h heavier en'!- had been mad up n them than h i>. ?een -ta'e.l w aid be th<- ? ???' ' r ha I been anticipate 1. lor his part he said.- he w Id not a Ivan e a d'-oir in re rot,at h as'. until it was pro.ed t * him 'hat t * schfuie was itke'y to pr vc .? paying one. of ?hi Ii lie at pr? rent saw no pri' ability. Th.* 6tli m-t. wa .'e-civd as the Saint's ay ? f I Kraucl-co lie Aais. ' the l'r-:f<t <?' th..' days ntain-l J several column" of t ? ttry go. si. bad and ivtl'fwonr ai dres-'ngin pbrreo*. ry .vrgnag* v ? "?* 'nd-ihul wheo I'hrl-tiuii names w r* "ithei i'rar. i- t'. iic ? or Frances .all of whom kept the !.ay as ?' "ir - ut'- day " I There we ? M ??*t?n<:vc pr ?? *mh of t int. y * ti dsy ir rnlng. follow ii g a tr.vp ???' Jan.-era. wno f. 'owed the cot p-e of some .ft cer of rank ? i tha'coris an! !isr evening thetewi" " rite a lengthv reHgou proc* H m wi'h milltaiy music ':c from the ' h ir, li -' I'.n up., who was n brothcro' 1 an i'*e and up-*n 'h-'lr 'ev ? ?! -alms' days there .-an interchange of fraternal t!-. . T' 4> el.'ifh of s*. I'1 mingo was ye'erday very b. a ly lighted up. i.ccorsto.1, an.i a soldi :> ighmi- p. M?-i? that is the correct t? tin?th rein. "ur fallan'dp era Compauy's -evnn f c-r ' ? ?" !n?t . crfoimsn.e I-, howemr to be g ven '? . ? .'.*? nlr.g. fer the benefit of the tenor. Tib-riii who . - * *?? end. I hep will have a oumper. Verdi * ir t" be petmrmed. if tibciioi were to g* t int > go .il ha who would teach him to ? xc. Ise ?y-'hunt sir u i ,? an injuring his ".pan I v-rity ,. eve to won., mi'" :cri r orpnal to c'aht in his be-t days, Cr to Mar.-*, or ..By.'* that ilk. 1 ju-t rem' nber tt *t 1 m!"e?l to Inform y >n 'list w la.) ivi-.t renc'T fin. ?? in- "lo ' cuc'eg fr. n -' ? Orleans, wb . !? b. i'V-d be .- - "indie-. H" had w him what h# rspis-ented t.i l ?> e tifiec *es 'if <l?p "ire of the Bark i f the state ? New York, fur nearly thirty thousand ?" iar . 11 ? e ?? ,.eu iy . ( ' *1 f ? t o f rg<. er. f-'. !i.l r , 1.. ? i ? t.-g ? g any fthem, alth kit . ?? ? ' ' ? ? r > .?? o. n^ji t however >? '"a u <? m ' ? . o inc f. in i filTv voiri g mc" wl h ' f' hi ? p ? , a : Ibe cert!flc?tes for tw "n?y-flve h .ndf* >1"!!. " n - turned to Saw or'eane, end h not sin ? 1 -n h ?.. f This cert ideate I forw .r' by 'he , ?"?iu"i t . my ,.?? a in yo-.r r.'y. si *1."* 'h. * I nk . ?he .-tv'e of New York may be made a*a-e of 'he man and th" des n o: i'p?r h* 1 ,,, dear ring to p f into : ? >n. He rly x feet big'* rath, r ate t, and short'." I. '>..t p... ?? -mg rs'f. ,*? Ct t i ? '.'T ;? *"?'! of segars to be man ufaeturad at Caburgaa, for exportation to Liverpool, and for which he promised to return, but has neglected to do *o. The United states steamer from your pert arrived here la?-, evening. 1 hear she brings the intelligence of the fall of -ebastopol. I have not, however, been out since to obtain the particulars. The Russian has inane a good tight and is not yet beaten. B Court at Brhtral Sessions. Before Recorder Smith. AQRANDJCRY EMPAN.NELLID?RECORDER'S CHARGE. The room of the General Sessions was crowded yester day morning at the opening of the court, it being generally known that a new Grand Jury would l>e empannelled. The Recorder took his seat upou the bench a iew minutes before 12 o'clock, when order was called for, and the fol lowing gentlemen sworn as Grand Jurors * Henry Krben, Foreman. 1 ewis Atterbury, Jr., John A. Currier, John C. Bayles, John lie aham, John Flanley, Uriah Hendricks, George H. Loop, Henry A. Hurlbut, Alex. L. McDonald, Jr., Ldwin M. Hamsou, Lorenzo Moses, Rufua K. Mclntyre, Henry Olmstead, Win. McAnthon, (>0*611 C. Adams, Edward Prince, John A. Appleby, Albert tr'miih, Anson Brown, John H. Sprague, Gerard T. Bcekman, Benj. H. Talltuidge. The Rect rder then charged the jury as fellows :? CHARGE. Gk.ntie.ven of THK Gham> Ji by?The duties which de volve upon you. If honestly and judiciously discharged, aie of ihe greatest importance to the interests of the community. If, on the contrary, they are recklessly ind carelessly performed, instead of the community deriving advantage from your deliberations, you will bring your time honored institution into disrespect, anl excite pre judice against your ucts, and thus weaken instead of strengiben the administration of judlce. T\ie proceed ings of your body are secret, and as the spirit ot our in stitution!:?and 1 may say the spirit of the age?is adverse to secret rt parte investigations, where lite, liberty, property, and, more than all, reputation, are involved, it bebuvea those whom tho law selects to exercise the functicnsof grand jurors to act and investigate with the greatest possible care and prudence, and with a single eye to justice, and that alone. They should remember fhat before them the accused cannot be board: that while their inquiries ara progressing he remains unconscious of any proceedings atfecting his re putation or liberty; and therefore, gentleman, as you value liberty and fair fame, go Hhould you guard it against unjust assaults and malicious accusations. Kach juror should feel that he was a sen'lnel to guard the citizen against unjust attacks 'bathe was the citizen's advo cale lather tliun his accuser' and not until tho evidence clearly pointed to the guilt < f the party charged, should his lair fame be sullied by your acts. Your duty is to phield ihe innocent us well ad to present the guilty for trial. Ku?, gentlemen, where the evidence points to Un accused as the guilty party, no matter how exalted may be his position 111 tho commuuity: no matter what intlu <nce he may possess no matter what tie may circle around him; no ma'ter what desolation his fall tn iy ocua slon?thetolemn obligation of the oath whish you hare just taken, and which you should keep in constant re immbr-.nce during the performance of your du'i-s, re quires Hint you should make no disci iinination be i ?een tl e highest and lowest in 'he land. We have no privi li ged classes. The same p-o.-ess and forms tor ascertain ? m; and punishing the guit y apply to all alike, you should find no indictment against an individual unless ihe witnesses to sustain the charge are lieforo you; and if in your examination of witnesses you discover (which di'Covety, if the tact exist, Is easily made) that the wit ness is h'istile to the accused?if you have reason to be lieve that the charge is prompted by malice, or that other objects and motives than those which actuate the good citizen In liis efforts to aid in the enforcement of the laws by exposing and punishing crimo, you should act with the greatest possiblo caution, else you may ren der your institution a great evil instead of benefit. While, therefore, it is your duty to shield the innocent and to protect all from unjust accusations, it is equally your | duty to ju cent all who lime violated the law, no initter I upon win m the ?ford of justice shall fall, and without any i eg,aid to the consequences that inuy result from your pre-entment; and any violation of this duty is a violation of your oaths. l'efoie fin ing any Indictment, yon should be satisfied tbat upon 'he evidence before you against the accused, be w ould be convicted il the evidence was unexplainoil. This mle, gentlemen, should be inflexible. Gross injus tice often is done by deviating from it. Let me caution you also against outside Influence?against po pular clamor?against public rumor affecting indivi duals or bodies of men. With such outside influences you iiHve nothing to do. Your deliberations should be calm end dispassionate?you should bold the scales of justice so even that nothing but crime should sway thein. Ky tuttors reputation may be injured; by popular clamor improper Influences may be exercised. It is by a strict aohertnee to justice, uninfluenced except by purity of purpose, that gi and jurors can perform their duty so as to protect the innocent, present the guilty for trial, and by that means aid in maintaining and sustaintDg our po litical and social institutions. With these preliminary remarks I will now proceed to call your attention to those statutes which the law makes it my duty to refer to specially. By the laws of tb'' State nil lotteries are unlawful, and all persons engag. J in ihe same, directly or indirectly, are liable to indict ment. lie law regulating the rate of interest, prohibits the takirg mere limn seren per cent. Any vlolaton of this law is a n iidemeanor punishable by fine and impris .n uient. It has long tcuialned a dead letter upon our statute. I have nevcrknown an instance in which it tag bstn enforced. The law for preserving tbc purity of our elections. Any violation of this law- subjects the oflender to indict men! and to severe penalties if convie ed. The import ance of inquiring into the violation of this law Is f?lt by eveiy citizen. 1 he 'aw to punish extortion by public ofllccre ?' taking fees not authorized by law. is a niisdemtanor which subjects the offender to imlic'ment. The law pasted by the last legislature entitled "An act for 'ho suppression of intemperance, pauperism and ? 'iue,'' I Bin slso required to call to your special notice. iuIs law has already leceivcd a construction from this court upon some of its important features. This court has decided that imported liquors are exempt from tiic opcrnti? n of that act. It lias also decided that the Grand Jury have no right to entertain complaints unless the charges lave b?qp sent to this court by the Court of f-'pcrial beselons at the request of the defendant. TheSu preu e Court of an adjoining district, composed of gen llcrum of eminent ability and great legal ncq'-'-e mtn's. l.ave decided the act to be unconstitutional, and while that decision remain* unreversed thia court will regaid it as the liw controlling <11 cases ailsing un .or this act It will therefore, gentlemen, under this str.'e ot facts, beufeloss to prefer indictments for selling liquor without the license required by the act. as 1 should consider It rnv duty to order-uch indictments, if found, to be quasbed. By statute-it is made a misdemeanor f >r you to disc'" e the t ndiltg of an indictment in all eases <f felony, un less the Hccmcd isincus'oly. The Importance of this law jou will tendily perceive. A disclosure migh' i".v bio the i a.ty to e*cape. and thus defeat the en-Is o: ,1 ? - ti. e. 11 i- 1 e-' that all your proceedings should b" k.^t strictly sicret. No good can result from the disclosure of ar.y matters fhat transpire bsf 're you. If a charge ; J a a esn 1 d.i-n.i--ed. the ic-re' ifcngB linilln withfOFi ] for the s:ii)|'e charge nay roriously effect tho r pntation id' tie person chat ged. Another th to which I consider it my duty to call yo,._ at en:ion is ihe tact attempts an oft n trade to tampe- wi:h grand jurors; to give fhern in 'iimatirn outside ti.eir ji'-ty room; auvico as ' wl at tl.ey-hould do in this ease?what they shot I in do in that. Now gentlemen, any Bttem, to taiupr: with you :n the fearless dhehug" of your d i is a high mi-demeanor; and it is a duty which you ? to your-elve?. as high-mlnled, honorable men?1-1. white 11 J< u owe to y.ur tellow -itizene. uhn-elnteri re eutiustrd to to'ur keeping?that any such atterr; li-iuldbe in?tan'lv expos.-d. (n order that prompt ...-.-l vero mea-nres n'mv t.e takeu to putiish tLe aggre-aor. Ir. 111 ca-es the District Attorney is your leg.?; ndvi-i and whenrve; you sro in doubt as to the law of a cue. , is your duty to call to y.u.r aid hit leainiug and ' In ea-e? of false pretencet, you will I in tlcnli.r'.v fnd the benefit of Lis advice. Not one case of 11 i- nat ireiut of twenty can be -ustair.ed. an! it It ufe!e-? to . r.cumber ' ur ic ? -rds with e*-e? tha* must rc stiit in acqui'.taN on technical grounds Y< ? t' rcinan. from his loDg ex|ierlence a- a member ol the k'rnrd inquest, i* ft ol.lni with all your duties. He lia- 'l.o |- wer to exc >e any one of your number for :h> wtuh- ry portion of the term. In order to find a bill file!! 'ii. 'lit<t i- re-e -art 'hat twelve of your num ber should mm nr. After a >111 ha- t>een ordered It re r-uite- the -nine number to di-ir-i" or {consider It. bixtten con?tl'ute- u qooruin. and without that number ytu nniiot transact br ine s You ?? number must at no time ext red twenty-three 1 Hi,era will be assigned you fir tbe >ot vice t fpi o and wii1 t.e constantly in attendance. You will now prore.-d, gei?tlsm"n( t-> the discharge of your .'title-, and in'he discbarge .f those duties con stant'v bear in m ml are worn to mab.e "true jire-entu i nt . ' all such matters and things a- shall he given y u in charge.'' lhut y. n are -worn to keep the cov.n-e'. f r the j -q e of thi-r-tateandycur own a?cret? f. u sre .".un "to pretet,t no one from envy, ha'red ? r trailand to ? 1- nve no one tinprceented through ?ear, favor affection ot hope of reward," nd that yi oath > Inds you 'to present ill 'hing truly i s :hey e ? i.o \i in Ir * edge, act' rdicg to ' e 1 est ot y. iron! ?n. it'g. ' , lb' jury then ret'red t" the. rr ms. to begin their woik. TRIAL OF ROBERT IU'UrS FOR Ml RRER. IN 1 su ?!? jiejr ?s miysnnell-d. ant id r"Mre?l. its'. t? j", i'p nfi, vi.. c'a1'"d ? c .in vehul ,, Hep; tn . nay. called u the c?f o', | a 1 i. . ? n. r. cbc-'g-d w th Ho murder of Henry Slum* I" lu -t 1? t. i^ib. counrcl fir the defen, el that the deiemlant w:,.i imai-c. aud ifshv-sl iha' th - quest ? ti be tru-d before be as i it nj on his trial for murder. I his was granted, i-d the 'V we'" charged tbat they were only to jt*s? upon the prfsoner'a -anl y. 11 ? i.i ? wi'ae- ?? called Waa I'r. I'etmold. who >ai.l he Bid i | acii-ing phyai I.i n tor many pears: h- had v - t"d 'he ptisoner ?tnce his arre-t 'or murder he con. M" hi. n mot i maniac; h? ?ald th?-e was a i?y?i s-v to -c'n lilio; t' Is consjdra f 1 eg-'n in Germany. >ml l r. i now ? ? irebefc: he did n t know wroit f m -ao' when

i tojii him he wci.l i he ' ng, he said he ha 1 a light to ?! i or h.s < inspirators. I'r .-'chilling 'as he'.<?*?. witness . a'.ad?He a# the pel tie at the Tombo; lie rensidcreil bint in-ino y, n<l a .'outii l'i aid he snot a man because l e conspire ! gaii 'hm ard he idbe W "lid -boitnt'.rs alio be ? he ?rs ?,bilged fo kt'l his eons|,ira'or?. i bi i Is s Hoopel, deputy kve;er of ttio city prison, ? i:_1) ? pro. ner was mderh's ?! . ge in the Tom' s; I,. . d nr . r ?'i e vedanyth'ng in hl-action* be el by the i'e. whr n I Mh a vitalic 'nt to the lu pet'y easy' financial and COMMERCIAL. I ? OSBV ?ARK*** Monday, Oct. 15??> "? M | There was quite a buoyant stock market at the cpen iBg thin moruing. The leading stocks, both "^stantM Ja t&nciea were in demmd at better prices, and a, .he close the tendency was strongly upward. Kr,ejho*? a ??r<,neuoward movement! in fact, every stock on the 11 thows an^juprovement. At the flret ??***?* advanced 1 per cent; Vi ginmb ?, ?= ur ' a/* UUn'ols Oentral Railroad, 1; Panama, H; Galena and rVeaM ^ Cleveland and Toledo, 1. New York ^utral v rTilf V per cent from th. opening. The improve ment in Indiana, Virginia and Missouri State.Ml. J decided to-day, with sales to some it-o -J 0 rentrai bonds and stocks were in very active demand to day at higher prices. Cumberland has taken am,, er ,tar't The financial arraogementjust made by this com pany i* a very important one to '33*^holder, It re Lses tie company's lands from the mortgage, and a por tion of them can now bo sold if necessary. This irnm jo estate has laid dormant about long enough. ! szjzr.'rL?-I ZT en^re1 ryegH.n dluivc teenXed up but now there ^Le chluce of their being brought out and divided beTmade eaV S L S. loan prevented such a judicious arrange rent but as that has been removed, we have no doubt P?me of the numerous offers heretofore made for a por S Of the company's coa, lands wh. ? | Reading advanced a fraction, with large vear of tliifl company \a nearly closed. _ , ? , retUvns for t?n months, show ing a net income $?'007 440 41, against $1,500,020 60 for the same time w year The net income for the entire fiscal year end tog November 30, 1651, was $2,010,438 21, a sum corres ponding nearly with that lor the first ten months of the ..resent year. The net income for the remaining months will, therefore, be so much net gain on thei to.a of last year. In the two months (October^and Nov - bcr.) last year, the net income was $420,418. It wU about the same this year. This, added to that forth first ten, will make the aggregate or the presen fiscal year, ending November 30, 18 0 $2,427 758 The company made a dividend in July last of four per cent, and it will probably make another .n January of fen per cent, part cash year the dividend was ten per cent, all >n stock. Bu the company's floating debt, the stockholders would gt V \ A_4 ;n beside tbC btOCk dlVl in January ton per cent in cash, dcsiu dend which comes out of the fund. All the Western railroad stocks were in ^^erate denDind to- J at better prices. The most prommen. railrcad to the mark-t, as regards price, is Galena and Ch'Cago. l earnings for the present month-October-will fo H up at least $275,0C0. For the live months ending fcep em > CO, the gross receipts of this road amounted to $l,07 ^1 , i . ?a?o ail fur the same time in 18 >4, *^io,aio m ll^and $206,009 in 1852. This increase as enormous as it is, is but a beginning in the history of this road will earn gross, this year, more than one hah o. its en tire capi'al?a productiveness greater than any othe workof internal improvement in the country can show The New Jersey ^^Cttd Soil Amboy, New Haven andI totford, are au ^ ^ ^ 14() percent butnot'one of them can compare in productive e m% i-finiial with the Galena and Chicago. After the adjournment of the board, the following j*. of bonds and stocks were made at auction by A. . Hushing do40*1' Ciii ' $00 ffiS ?&?& IrtmorT. !. <?? j 3.000 Chicago and Rock I'd Kit. 1st mor ^ X03?,'i 2;060 Panama ltH.'2d issue...do_ ;;4 1 0C? Cinn., Peru and Chicago Kit. iu s. ^ 10 shares Third Avenue Railroad 10 a" Galena and Chicago Union Kallroad.. ..IKS 20 do. Bull'. Head Bank 100 10 do. Oi iental Bank *'r.' 84 50 do. Peter Cooper Fire Insurance G ;0 do. National Insurance of N. J. . "53 ,io. Mechanics' Fire Insurance Co 1.000 do. McCullock Gold and Upper - 8 012 do. Vermont Copper Mining Co...... /? Simeon Draper's regular semi weekly sale of bou^ a? stocks will take place tomorrow, the 16tli ins ., a past twelve o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange At the second board the market war steady. A mode rate amount of busloe-s was transacted in the leu... g fancy stocks, without any change in prices. I At the meeting oi stockholders in the Nicaragua Tiand Co tX it was stated that the total l^nes. ? I rs? jsausr- - mwVlO OOO. AciwdiW tbi- the ?t?l w ?r'h ? ?"v rp,w.'" year were e.tual to six per cent on its capl.a . i derstsndlha.more thsn $-.00,000 of the company sin- I flebtfdness Is representOd by coal ou hanu at the different depot*. As 'his is used the debt wiU be reduced by the appropriation of earrings for that purpose. The arrange Trent between this and the Pacific Steamship Company ye-y favorable for the Transit Company. Its expenses a e so much less than the other, that it must un lor any circumstances make m- ney rapidly- Ti e two companie cecums a routes, and can com man.. have now a monopoly of the rot . , r< w- see remunerative prices toir a *Ni ' Transit Com; any no good re". " J,.,, l, t' y meal d.videnils on "le I a tuU^.T0lt.h:?ock?rtIt certainly can if its affairs ere li, nestly administered. , lie -a.nings of the New York and Erie Udlrovl septemherwereastollow.:- $554,507 50 If55 sn'sfiS 95 1 ? #37,035 55 Ihe 'earning* 'of'the'N-'w Albany and -alern n? lroa-1 for September were:? #rl 07 37,'174 r~ Freight ? 1>837 3 Total too,746 64 Karnings in September, 1964 62,0-J-" '1 Increase... 11,71 t The Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad en - ings for September Were:? 1856. Increase $1.',102 01 The annexed statement exhibits the average daily mo. ement In the leading departments of the brnks of this city, for the week ending Saturday morning, October 13, 1855:? Nnv York Citt Basks. Loant. Spirit. ('in.. fkpi.fiU. Sert York 83,501,472 *436,377 $240,04312,712,901 Manhattan. ....4,027,106 548.904 376,101 3,301 Oil Merchants' :? 013.044 1,106.506 '201.081 4,203,263 Mechanics' 4.020,726 084.148 415,288 3,286,361 Inl-n 2,366,238 824,009 902,134 2,186,327 -America 4 069 124 822,011 77.8-15 4,480,362 Phenlx 2,221,825 364,929 101,061 2,163.075 (itv 1 057,4(19 108,850 50 817 1,130,273 North Rlv-r 1,113,642 110,007 181 285 935,838 Tradesmen's 1.401,988 78,102 259.8U 098,523 Vulion 1,506,610 170,927 142.848 1,232,261 Chemical 1,472,214 271,475 879,917 1,183,200 Mercljawta'4 x ,,2,597,907 1,821.830 145.747 1,797.445 Natii nal 1,518,063 211,682 191,000 958,655 Butchers' 1,646 100 88,838 68,440 1,085 783 Merh. k Traders' 749.787 56,706 121,586 501 102 Greenwich 636,190 82,632 12,818 577,099 I 'athcr 1.802.708 145,872 203,(9)7 1,408.888 Seventh Ward.. 1.114.643 142.456 215.889 598,793 Stat# 3 304,045 339,958 504.472 2,604,763 American Inch.6,240,264 696.817 314,878 5,700.137 Bkg. Association. 1,128.215 72 822 194 418 810.' 06 Commerce 8,318,247 1,013,980 '2,131 6,534.380 Powery 1,056,192 69,098 181.107 831,310 Broadway 1.469.473 60,524 201 122 1,220,T3i I'cean 1,.'.08,766 85.981 142,877 767.2-0 Mercantile......2,190,001 232,833 88,:.72 1,559,072 1'a- itlc 9( 0.717 76,668 114.7-6 042,267 Pepablie 3,082,176 415,008 106.926 3,136,206 l hat!.am 609,946 48.284 126,080 .158,934 1% OLic'a 8(0,470 61,592 151 789 567,019 Notth American 1,616,638 132 590 00,472 1,289,'38 Itan-.Tcr 1.298.210 08.153 111.278 000.429 living 519 007 48.O50 110,904 49",008 Metropolitan....$.144,770 545.778 106,721 4.649.83.", f it liens' 763.270 74,637 169.593 614,896 tir-csr#'. 686,571 106 277 91,026 571,059 Nassau 1,089.873 81,8.(2 120,240 910,661 Tsst River 440 088 $5,213 96.865 "01,711 'arket 1.111.000 87,848 118.8'3 883 817 St. Nicholas ? 83,246 55,'.9 01,999 399 ;oi 8hce * I-eathsr. 1,064.842 39,170 108.400 760,769 0 n ax bang .. 1,721,611 138,460 82.967 1,073,819 ? '?ntinental 2,924,442 266,204 70.404 1 820.2,2 C-mmnn wealth.. 1. M7.150 112,716 101,944 1 040.159 Oriental 572. 97 36,526 97,902 372,J?!7 Vsrli.e.,,,,.,,,. 766,876 40 245 93.-86 669,712 Ulan' ? 618.224 60,747 97,.",04 400 876 N and City : 80.4-3 33,461 90.106 194 053 1 ry finch 401,401 23,723 70.308 141,68$ N.'Y. 210,072 10.691 124,63$ 18v.03'J Bull's Bead 261,063 16,663 109,648 141,222 tf. York < i-uaty.. 224,739 10,876 50,919 117,: 05 Total =95,067 42011.108,878 7,840,114 76,015 808 ? txsmxo H"t*r: Trav*A'.Vi-xs. Fx hirgc tor wiek en-ting Oct . 8 8126,330,819 Hrh,?ge fir mrck ending Oct. 15 119.902.432 Ba'ance -r wck en-' ng <Vt. 8 $0,427,189 Ft i. s.'?xwttkt?ii"i?v, J5 *?n,m The annexed statement exhibit* a comparison of the leading departments of the banks of this city from the flirt op to the last weekly returns;? New Yobs Crrr Ban is. Loam. Specie. CircuVn. Fnctitr. Dee. 20, M..$*1,863,631 12,076,141 7,075,830 62,828,020 Jan. 6. '55.. 82,'-'44,706 13,506,06.1 7,010,082 64,082,158 Jan. 13, >55.. 83,076,081 15,488,526 6,686,461 67 303, Mod Jan. 20, 55.. 85,447,908 16,372,127 6,681,365 60;647,618 Jan. 27, '56.. 86,664,657 16,607,200 0,639,823 70,136,618 Feb. 3, '55.. 88,146,607 17,439,190 7,000,786 72.023 317 Feb. 10,'56.. 89 862,171 17,124,394 6,909,111 73,701,:142 Feb. 17 , 55.. 90,850,031 17,339,085 6,941,606 75,108,686 Feb. 24, '55.. 91,680,604 16,370,875 6,063,662 74,544.721 Mar. 3, 55.. 92,386,126 16,6.31 271 7,106,710 75,958,344 r. 10, '55.. 92 331,789 16,870,069 7,131,9-98 76,260,488 Mar. April 14, 55.. 94,140.399 14,890,979 7,523,528 77.282,243 April21, '55.. 93,632,893 14,355,011 7.510,124 76,744,921 April28, '66.. 92,605,961 14,282 424 7,610,985 75,219,961 May 5 M>6.. 93,003,'243 14,325,050 8,087,609 78,214,169 - 12, '55.. 81,642,498 14,585,626 7,804,917 75,860,592 May May 19, 56.. 01,676,500 16,225,066 7,838.630 77,351,218 " ? ?.. 91,160,518 15,314,532 7,480,637 75;765,740 May 26, '55. June 2, '55 . 91,197,663 16,397;674 7,555,009 76.343,236 June 9, '05.. 92,109,097 16,005,165 7,502,608 77,128,789 Juno 17, '65.. 93,100,385 14,978,568 7,452,161 77,849.454 June 28 '55.. 94,029,420 14,705.729 7,335.653 79,113.185 June 30. 55.. 96,577,212 15,641,970 7,39 i64 81.09'' 966 July 7, '55.. 97,852,491 15,481,093 7,74.1,069 85 17.249 July 14, '55.. 98,415.432 10,563,756 7,515,724 85,616.033 July 21, '56.. 99,029,147 15,018,999 7,407,086 82,079,590 July 28,'55.. 99,083,799 15,920,976 7,4- t,498 81,625,788 Aug. 4, 55.. 100,118,6110 16,298,358 7,642,903 8-1.279,090 Au(p 11,'55 100,774,209 15,280.669 7,714,401 83.141,32' Aug. 18 ' 5..101,154,060 14,640,245 7.610,106 81 948.671 Aug. 21 5.. 100,604,604 13,32" 373 7,582,095 81,178,558 Sep, r 1, 55. .100,436,970 12,852,823 7.620,178 8i;057,210 -ept'r 8,'55.. 1(10.273,733 12,091,625 7.861 143 80,442,478 < -'ept. 15, 55.. 397,009 12,213,240 7 721.825 80,610.306 -ept. 22, 55.. 08,581,784 11,665.391 7,710,402 80,105,147 Sept. 29,'55.. 07,385,225 9,010.124 7,724,970 76,818,109 Oct. 6, '65.. 95,515.021 11,110.687 7,853,217 77,582,620 Oct. 13, '55.. 95,069,420 11,138,878 7,840,114 76,615,807 The last returns compared with those for the preceding week, show the following variations during the week:? Loans and discounts decreased $455,601 Specie increased 28,191 Circulation decreased 13.103 Deposits decreased 066,819 The most important variation is in deposits. The de crease in that department forces a contraction in the line of discounts. 1 ho deposits are now loss than they have been at any time since the 2d of June last, at which time the discounts were but little over ninety-one million, about four million less than at the present time. Tbo increase in specie last week was a mere bagatelle. The returns are not, on the whole, so satisfactory as antici pated. The movement is towards contraction, both in discounts and depo-!ts. The Assistant Treasurer reports to-day as follows:? Paid on Treasury account $67,894 57 Deceived " 94,016 96 Balan-e " 7,107,296 19 Paid for Assay office .. 2,537 60 Paid on disbursing checks 12,780 41 The warrants entered at the Treasury Department, Washington, on the 12th inst., were as follows:? For the redemption of stocks $4,531 90 For the Treasury Department 31.654 11 For the Interior Department 34,432 03 For the Customs 7,132 00 War warrants received and entered 5,690 21 War repay warrants received and entered 2,380 11 Interior repay warrants re :eived and entered.. 255 70 From Customs 821,441 29 From miscellaneous sources 130 50 The Washington Union of the 13th lust. gives the fol lowing information regarding land warrant*:? Interior Department?Boi-ntt Dams Warrants.?An abstract of tho busir.e-s of the Pension Bureau under the net of 3d March. 1866 to tho 18th inst.:? Total nutnhor of appl'cutlona for bounty land re ceived 2-0.900 " " enveloped, briefed, Sic.... 205,114 " " acknowledged 109,832 " '? examined or re-examined. 75,757 " ?' allowed 42,067 '? of warrants or certificates Issued ... 40,613 During the past week 3,628 land warrants have been issued, r.veiag'.ng over t'OO per day, aa follows:? Warian's calhtig for ICO acres each 581 " 120 " 2,400 " '< 80 " 582 41 14 00 " 5 Those for CO-acres are issued to soldiers of the Devolu tion, or their widows, who have heretofore received 100 arret ??? h, under the resolutions of Congress of Septem ber, 1776. Eighty-six cases of this class have been al lowed. The Albany A rpus of the 11th inst. contains the fol lowing article relative to tho New York Central Railroad and the grand consolidation sch?meof 1863:? fur New York Central Railroad and rrs Assailants. The New York Herald of the 8th inst. lias an attack upon the ten'ral Railroad, and upon all those indiscri minately who have any direction ut its affairs, which for bcld falsehood and reckless malignity has seldom been equalled, even in the colunms of that journal. With those who understand tho influences which prompt this and the kindred assaults upon the same road, which ap piarin'be Herald, no explanation of their motive is necessary. To others, and especially to tho'C who are not posted up in all the rascalities of Wall street, it may be well enough to ?ay that these systematic attacks in that paper are simply tho tricks of stock gamblers to turn an honest penny" by depreciating 1he property of their neighbor". These gentlemen would not steal the investments of widows and orphans. Oh, no! They are ? lion cable nun!" Rut to induce them, by fraud and falsehood, to -ell them at much less than their actual value?that is " a tair business transac tion." The worst that these harpies, who scent thtir prey. through the columns of the Hkraid, are able to say of the New Yoik Central makes its shares a reliable dividend paying stock at the rate rf not less than eight per cent per annum, with its road and all its equipments kept in the highest state of repair. This most persons whose teeth have not been ?huipentd by -ervice in Wall street, would deem pretty -atistsetnry. Nor does it render New York Central le?s valuab.e by contrasting its dividends with the Western road", which gladdi n their stockholders with a larger per -rentage. It only shows that those stockholders, if their investments continue, after enduriug the test of time, as remunerative as at present, are fortunate men. Rut a stock perfectly safe, which regularly puts in the pockets f its owners an interest of eight per cent per annum, ?a'.iMir." the desires U rno-t men. whose laudable love of gain has Cot bees s imulated Into grasping avarice by Wall street operations. The onslaught of the Hkraid upon this road, on account of matters connected with the consolidation nearly three years ago. only exposes the malice of the assailant., without reaching the object of lii" malevolence. We certainly shall not undertake to as-ert that no censurable things were done in connection with that reinsure. That the measure i'self waa one de manded quite a* much by the public interests ashy those of the several corporations, wo never doubted, nod that tho managers of the latter wet e actuated by an enlightened appreciation of the prospective business wants of th? c mm unity, in harmonizing upon a union of the several roads bet e-n Albany'and IlutTalo into one continuous line we think i- now quite clear. Would public opinion at all tolerate a return t,i the old system, with its change of ar?. its failures to rutke connections, and its other manifold annoyancesIt would not be endured for a single month. The New York Central Railroad, long as i? its line of railway and vast as are ita concerns, is, nevettheiess the most perfect and the best managed road on this continent. Its immense business is conducted with a system and precision worthy of all imitation, and which, we voutnre to assert, is no where in private, cor porate, or public administrations, surpassed. Its nu merou* trains, during the past season, have been run w 'h a regularity and precision which have excited th" admiration of the trrveiling public. Their arrival at any station on the line at the precise minute Indicated by the time table, has c<me to he relied on with confidence. The m< n In charge ot ihe Central Road as directors and officers, rank in all tlie element- < t character au-1 business capacity among the very best men in the Ptate. No service In th< country lias the advantage of a higher grade of intellect or Integrity. The attacks allowed to be made through the m- niy article of the Ukraui upon such men are of course impotent, but they are not for that rsa?on any the less shameless. If fhut paper has any regard for its reputation, it will cease to allow its columns to be thus made the vehicle jf rapacity and malice. We havo not lteen in the habit of assailing that journal or of Imputing to It the character which some of its coteinporaiies have given it, but sueh a prostitution of its columns as it lias allowed ii. this rase, will, if continued, soon make it ns odlou* in the estimation of fair and honest men. as Its worst enemies could desire. We have not the slightest interest in the stock or securities of the Outral road, and never had, and have no relations to the compnny or nny of ita managers, calculated to influence our opinions; hut it has seemed to us that a sentiment of justice should Indue" honorable men everywhere, to rebuke such vile assaults up.,n some of the most estimable citizens of our Mate. Perhaps the matter does not deserve the atten tion which we have given it. For the sake of identity it i* necessary to inform the reader that the above aiyum/yitum ati Itominitm from the Albany long the special organ of a clique o j olitlomoney operators anil toll gatherers of tha' city, is the semi-official reply which the Ne.v York Central Company has thought proper to make to the com plaint* "f it# stockholders, and the bill of particulars we furnished a few-lays ago in their behalf. The defence of the .4eoti.< is remarkable for its studious avoidance of the facta alluded<0 by us. It is certainly a very had cause that cannot be successfully defended by such testimony a# the Arput presents, premi-ing of course that the pub lic Is silling to receive It as conclusive. !.et us look at the cafe a? it stands. Rumor for more than a year had hem busy In circulating stories concerning the origin and conduct of the conndelation, which reflected upon Its managers, either gro-s carclessres* or fraudulent conduct, rr both. rb**? rumors bad reached the ears of the stockholders, as their effects had their pockets, and nine month- tge they appointed a committee, consisting of .lolin If. r-w lit, < baric* Stebblns and Joseph Rattelte, to investi gate their character. That committee up to this time has made no report ar.d ft is now ?ald will not do so till the next annual meeting of their principals. Meanwhile, the subject being ?ne of a strictly public nature, we sub mitted th> material p'lnts of Inquiry; In other words, we gave a specific fo.-m to reports generally circulated In the community, and which were more or less credited. We stated, among oth'r things, that the Central concern, w L .2 .Lc". h. . Ci l "!2t t>t,' thud Ova imtiwa, dollar'', -lands charged with about thirty nine million#. There was certainly no malice in thin; and there la no evidence in our stating it that we Intended to cheut " the widows and orphans" out ot their stock, as the Argus asserts. It is not sg clear, however, tliat the widows an.? orphans have not been cheated by somebody. The inves tigating committte took their interest in charge, and they alone were possessed of sufficient authority to ascer tain whether their legal trustees. " the "Ulcers and di rectors," whom the Argus ranks " tha best men of the -date," were really worthy of the position they occupy. "What the public want Is truth. We want to know from the "business capacity" of the management how It has come to pass that tho greatost thoroughfare in the United Slates?one wliicli produces such Immense re ceipts?is still unable to keep its works in repair and re turn to the stockholders half the amount which other roads less advantageously sltuited, with vastly less tra vel, less freight, less proportionate capital invested, coa? trixe to pay their stockholders. We concede it to be no gocd argument in itself against the value of the Centra stock that other muds produce more protits. unless It Is made to appear that the former has made expenditures tn the construction of. Its works, running its cars, and. paying its favorites, in an extravagant and unlawful way. This is precisely the point which the investigating eora inittee undertook to clear up. Meantime persons inte rested have a right to bo suspicious?a right which ia now compound, springing from tho naked fact that the concern cost thirty-nine million of dollars, when by any iair means it should not liavo cost half that sum; that the managers have been indicted by public rumor; that the committee to investigate the subject sleeps upon it* post, and their organ interposes the absurd defence only that "the directors and officers rank in all the elements of character and business capucity, among the first men ? in the State." The truth is that the New York Contnl Rill road, like the Bank of the United States aud its endless branches, iiss become, as General Jackson called the monster, " a political machine." Its innocent stockholders are mere conveniences, subsisting on public confidence, as iheir subsistance Is wasted away by theprolligacy and manage ment of their great financiers. It is the nucleus of po litical and tinan dul Intrigues, having their centre at Al bany, and running through Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and several other States. It is worthy of notice, in con nection with their financial capacity, that, though ear liest in the field through the whole West, and haviDg a choice of routes, the road- under their direction produce less profits than any of the great works controlled by others. We make no warfare upon individuals, but we can not svoiil referring to the subject in this connection, to il lustrate the "rank and business capacity " of the men whoni the Argus pompously parades before the public as a de fence against what is believed to be the most atrocious fraud ever practiced upon unsuspecting stockholders. If thera bas been an honest management, why do the c-.mmittee fail to report? If the stockholders are likely to be mis led by our statements, why do not tho committee coma to their rescue? It has had the amplest time to dis charge its duties; it became tho special trustees of tha " widows and orphans" whom ihejlrgus fears may be induced to sacrifice their stock?perhaps, tho same widows and orphans who persisted that their interests in the Bank of the United States, tlion the sufferer from " cruel rumors put afloat by stock jobbing journals," would be good in the end. H.w long will it renulre the Amorican people to learn that politics is a poor element to mix up with business? 1toe New York Central Bailroad had a political origin. Ib was baptized in the muddy waters of our State politics; its sponsors and godfather were politicians; it has- been reared under their guidance, indoctrinated with theic morals, and its fruits muy be gathered in the general blighf which rests upon all their labors. The Argil*% which comes to their rescue, has long been their special organ. It is their political mouthpiece?utters their views, speaks their language; and now, when the sharp edge of private interests Is cutting away the covering that hide* the hideous mass < f peculations and frauds which fill the inner temple of the Central Railroad Company that pai?r thrusts forward the respondents as " among the best men in the State," In answer to charges which they cannot refute, and which they dare not submit to tha ordeal of an honest investigating committee' Stock Exchange. Monday, Oct. 15, 1855. 810000 State 5's.. .s3 81}/ 400 shs Erie ilR.. .b3 56 lOfllO do s3 81}/ 360 do s3 56 30CC0 Ylrg. 6s. ..teo ?7 100 do s3 55'/ 17600 do 06 H' 200 do s60 55 ?/ 6000 III Int Imp '47 102}/ 200 do s30 56 10000 Missouri 68 100 do b'.O 56'/ 3(000 do.... bCO 89?/ 300 do b30 56?/ 20000 do 88}/ 600 do b30 56 }/ 10000 do b3 88}/ 100 do bfiO 56'/ 5COO do.... bl5 80 600 do b60 66}/ 1000 Calif 7s, '70 .. 85 400 do b60 58}/; 10000 Ilarlst M BsOO 89 100 do b3 56 10000 do 90 100 do 060 56?/ 1000 HRivlstMBds 100% 100 do s80 55?/ 1000 do 100'/ 100 Harlem RR 25'/ l: 000 111 C KR bds s3 80?/ 400 do 26'/ 10000 do S3 81 400 do btSO 25'/ 5000 do sOO 81 1220 Reading Kit., .c 96 6000 do 81}/ 400 do 95 5C10 do.... bOO 82 600 do s60 95 7000 81}/ 600 do.... at 00 95}/ J000 do s5 81!/ 300 do b?0 95}/ 6C0O do .... stO 81"/ COO do s60 95 5000 do S3 81 >/ 160 Mich Cen RR.b60 98 5000 111 F b? wp bt',0 84 5 do ........ 97 500 shs N York Cen 7s 103 90 do 97 >/ 500 do ..102'/ 60 Mich S It N Ind R 99 4500 do 102}/ 12 do 99'/ 16 Dtl & Hud Ca Co. 125 10 MichSIt NIndC'n 96 6 Bk N America... 104 5 Panama RK 103 5 Metropolitan Bk.. 108!/ 15 do I0d>? 150 Uoronee Joint... }/ 50 do b60 105 100 Card Gold Mine.. % 25 111 ConRI* ...s30 94}/ .00 Nic Trnn Co..b45 19 300 do 94}/ 300 do 18'/ 50 do 95 20 do c IS?/ 150 do 95'/ 100 Cum Coal Co..s90 '27' 50 do s3 95 1C0 do bSO 27!/ 31 Galena It Chic RR 122 300 do c 27'/ 100 Clev&Tol RK.slra 82 100 do btw 27'/ 100 ?lo s4m 82}/ 100 t>3 27'/ 50 do b3 83 ?200 d< b60 27}/ (50 do s3 8) 245 Erie RR c 56 1(>2 Chic It R laid RR 94 360 do blO 66 20 Clevn, C4t Cio.. 105?/ SECOND BOARD. ? CO shs Nic Tr Co.! <0 19 60 Mich Cent RR... 97!/ 100 do 18?,' 50 do.... . .a10 98 200 do bid 18'/ 100 C'umb Coal. . . siiO 27'/ 200 d" slO 18 -h 350 do 27'.' 200 Reading UK..bOO 96!/ 100 do.... . bl5 27'/ 100 do siO 95 200 do.... 27'/ 100 do bO 96 160 do.... . U30 27'/ lf.O Harlem Rlt 25'/ 100 do snwk 27'/ 1C0 Eiie 50 24 Mic So & N la RR 99'/ 250 <o s 30 56 200 do.... . b30 99'/ 200 111 Cent RR .. si 0 05 50 io.... 99'/ 60 do 95 CITY TRADE REPORT. Monday, Oct. 15?ti P. M. A.-itsm ?Market unchanged, with small transactions. Pkk.iDpti us.?Flour?The market was Arm at Satur day'* rater, ssitli a fair demand. The salon reached about 7,000 a 8,000 bbls., including common to extra rotate, at *8 50 ? $8 02>4. Western mixed fancy and ex'.ra grade* at 88 50 a 88 87 U, a$0, a 80 26. Canadian was in mode rate demand, without change of moment In price*, which rangnl from 88 02 a 89 76. Southern brand* were firm, with sales m about 900 bbli. at 88 76 a 89 37X for mixeil and choice bland*, and at 89 60 a 810 60 for fancy and < xtra brand*. K.xtia Genesee Hour ranged from 89 26 t<* 810 60. Wheat?-The market wa* rather heavy, and tended to lower pi ices, especially for common and medium qualities. The sale* embraced 12,000 ? 16,000 bushel*, among which were about 4,00(1 bushel* prime Canadian white at 82 26, and 0,00(1 bushels Western red at 81 90. Southern whlti* ranged nominally from about 82 10 a 82 26 for common t<? prime, and good red do. at 81 90 a 82 00. Corn?Th* > ale- embraced about 30.000 a 36,000 bushel* Western mixed at 98li n W4c. Ky? was more plenty, and dull, with small Mies of prime quality at 81 30, though soma bidders of pi ime Northern asked 81 36. Oat* were la fair demand at 47c. t 48c. for State and Chioogn. Corny.?the market waa >|ulet, and beyond a few hundred bag* sold to the trade we hear of no transac tions of moment. O tton.?The sale* were confined to about 400 a 500 bale*, the market closing firm. FREionT*.?engagement* were moderate, though rates were without material alteration. To lirerpoiil, about 16,000 a 20,000 bu?hela of grain were engaged, in ship 4 bag*, at 11 Hd. a lid.; 600 barrels Hour at 4a., and a few hundred bnle* of cotton at ?d. To I<ondon, 2,000 barrel* flour were engaged at 4s. (hi. To Havre, moderate and fair engagement* wi re made, at 81 for flour,lc. fur col li n. and grain at V8c. Another Teasel was chartered for Marseilles, to load with floor at 81 60, and with grain at 31c. A vessel was chartered for Antwerp at ?2,500. To California, rate* ranged from 40c. to 60c. per foot mea surement. Fai rr.?About 20,COO lbs. of currants were sold at p. t., and seme 10 bbl*. at 24 'ic. Hat.?The mirket was firm, with salo* (or shipping at 76e. a 60c., and 81 per cwt. for city u*e. MoiAeeBi.?Final I rale* of New Orleans were mule e*i 37e. Naval Ftorw wet* quiet. A sale of 300 a 400 bbli. spirit* were reported at p. t. fWOTWIox* ?The niaiket wa* without much animt tlon, and rather Irregular. The rale* for the day footed tip about SPO a 400 bbl*. mess pork, at 823 75 a 824; piirr.e. at 881 a 821 60. Beef was in fair demand, with rales of about 160 bbl*., at 811 60 a 812. and mesa do., at 813 a 814 for conn try; beel hams were in fair demand at 818 taimc mesa was at 8'sO a 824. Lard wa* firm, with no prime to be had under 12c.; WOa 400 bbl*. were sold, good to prime quality, at 11X a 12c. Put .sale* about 130 cask* were reported at 5'4c. \ &Xc. for prime. ?r?AlLs._lhe maiket was quiet and rale* limited. They rmhraced about 200 bhds. Cuba muscoiado. chiefly at 7c. a 7Xc>. ?'*'? ? ""CM W of good fair quality, at 7Xe. a 'He , and 130 boxes Havana yellow, at i',e. a IHe. W His**T.?The market wa* moderately act!re. Tho ?ales included ."00 a flOO bbl* Including bio ? IP'.-, and K *wc *