Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 21, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 21, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. 1AJIBI flOROOH RB?S***? PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ?mo m. w. ookmxb or kamao amp mrow art. W.lum* *??*?* AinjBEMENTK TO MORROW EVKNIKQ. BROABWAT THEATRE, DrcKkdWAJ - GutoUTOK-Tn* Him wim tas Miwi*? Fill- ? JflBLoH lUBDIIf, Broadway?Mas Pm-OlRDlRXLLA. ROBERT THKATRE, Bcwery?Dumb BhU?8lbautocol. ?enow, THEATRE, Chambers scrwt?SfKL WiHH RUSH Haw-Joan or Paris. fajiACK'B TTIKATKE, Broadway?Mas. JonifflWR? ryiSW?S AMC**0*-A PR*TT? PlICE or BCSUVISS. A7B1.CS SALORN, next door to NlbloN (larden?Coujits' Mmw Mi?<v.u.AN*ors and Oh .ractkhiktic UWvccbts. TVOOD'8 MINCTREL8, 444 Broadway?Gnuorrai P*a ?*ula*cb. BTJCTLBT>8 BDRI.ERQ' E OPERA HOUSE, 639 BroaA way?Bunutsaca Oi ska aad Micro MirrnuoAT. THE ALLR9BAN1A1IR abb Til DWBAMA OP TBI Ba* w Bvbiib Hilb?At MB Broadway. MECHANICS' HALL, 472 Broadway?Fiot. Macai.ubtxrh ?oiK?rr Mauiqvm. BHFIMS HAJLL?TWdk or Euaom?Snoa-or Kebastotw. Mew York, kwday, October Ml, 1865. Setter to Candldatei. Being desirous ?f giving a correct Hat of the namiN of oil the candidate* for office in this State, from Assembly men np to the highest on the ticket, with their politics und antecedents, we w&ild request the respective nomi nees to send ud Iheir names, together with the names of t he parties to which they are attached, in order that the Met may be ai perfect as possible. We desire to publish o correct list, properly classified The Sewa. ~* The City Hall was yesterday the foens of an im-, mense excitement, caused by floating rumore that the Grand Jury had found bills of indictment against certain public functionaries. The chamber i Of the Conrt of General Sessions was filled with anxious officials and others intensely cartons to witness the developemente. In the course of the afternoon the Grand Jury entered the conrt room, and, after the usual formalities, delivered to the court a paper, which set forth that knowledge had come to the jnry of corruption in several of the heads of departments sufficient to jus tify the presentment of the Street Com missioner, the Collector of Taxes, the City Inspector, the Commissioner of Repairs and Snpplies, and the Commissioner of Streets and Lamps. Recorder Smith, however, declined to receive the present-, ments, or allow them to be s-ead, on-the ground that their publicity might prejudice the pnblic mind, and thereby render it impossible to find hereafter an im partial jury to try the cases. After some conversa tion between the Recorder and the foreman of the jury, the papers were returned to the latter, and by him handed to the clerk, with directions to pass them over to the District Attorney. It remains to be seen what disposition that officer will make of the documents. A full report of the proceedings may be fonnd on the first page of to-day's paper. The silver grey whigs of Albany have publicly re pudiated the action of the late fusion State conven tions, and heartily approve and respond to the call for a State convention of national whigs, to be held in thie city on Tuesday next. Private letters received from Paris by the last Btcamer, state that Minister Mason's health was much worse, he being so feeble as to require to be propped up when sitting at table. Our correspondent in San Domingo, writing on the 11th of-September, states that a tremendous hur ricane was experienced there, which blew down nearly onertlurd of the houses of the city,tore up an immense number of cocoanut and other trees and almost,entirely destroyed the growing crops. Several merchant vessels were injHred, and two men of-war shipr, wrecked. Owing to the loss of the crops, the poor people were plunged into great mise ry; but the government was taking means to alle viate it. General Cazneau's diplomatic failure, the non-enforcement of the Monroe doctrine by onr go vernment, and the official assumption of the Consuls of England and France, had caused the people to Jhiuk that the rulers of the United States were cither very weak or very mercenary. We have some additional news from Mexico. The election of Alvarez to the Presidency ia confirmed. It is reported that San Lnis Potosi had been captured by the revolutionists after a desperate aud prolonged battle. Vadnurri had issued a sort of manifesto, defining his views and intentions,in which he warm ly disclaims being an annexationist. i-ate news from Texas announces the election of Ward (dem.) to Congress from the Second district. The trouble with the Mexicans and Indians along the Rio Grande continued, and there were rumors that large numbers of them had crossed to the Texas aide of the river. The citizens o" San Antonio had resolved to raise one thousand men for immediate servic e against the marauders. The examination of the parties arrested at the hall of the tree love brotlierhood commenced before Justice Osborne yesterday. We give a report else where. Mr. Brisbane was not present. Wc continue to-do y the publication of the pro ceedings of the cou.t martial in the case of Lieut. Haldemau. Counsel for the accused yesterday sub mitted their defence. It was very lengthy, compre hending a rigid review of the voluminous testimony offered in the case. The charges, with the several specifications included under each head, were taken up ar.d rt*j lied to trriatim, and a full acquittal by the court .tsked upon them all. Ob Monday the Judge Advocate will make his reply. According to the official report of the City In spector there wet e 341 deaths in this city during the past w?i , namely, 73 men, 53 women, 126 boys and flu girbeing a decrease oi 45 on the mor tality of the w >ek previous. The deaths of con sumption were ?8; inflammation of the lungs, 13; congestion of t]y lungs. 4; inflammation of the brain. 10; concestk n of the brain, 4; diarrhoea. 11; dysentery, 7; inflmpuntion of the bowels. 10; dropsy in the head. 14; other dropsies, 5; delirium tremens, 3; scarlet fever, 5; other fevers, 17; palsy, 3; apoplexy, 4; cholera infantum, fi; ronvnburns (infantile} 20; croup, 0; hooping rough. 0; nwrasmus (infantile), 31; at easels, 3; ami debility (infantile), 8. There were 16 deaths from violent canoes, 7 premature birth*, and 27 rases of stillborn. The Rowing is the classifica tion of diseases;?Po^es, Joints, Ac, 2; brain and nerves, 67; generative orgaiw. 5; heart and Wood vessels, 6; lurg', throat, Ac., 98; skin, Ac., and eruptive fevers, 10: stiH'twm asd prematnre bi< tH?. 34: stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 80; nor ertain seat and general fevers, 34; urinary or gans, 4; old sgc, 4. Of the whole anmber 42 were inmates of the public Institution*, The nativity tabic g'res 248 natives of United states, 47 of Ireland, 19 of Germany, 12 of England, and 5 of Feet lard. The sale* of cotton yesterday rca. lie-1 al?ont 3,000 1 rales, closing steady, without change in prices. Flour was qi*te active, and the market close! at about 1211 cents per bbl. advance. The sales in cluded parcels for export. Wheat was more active# bat somewhat irregular in prices. Good red was ia demand at fall rates, and in some cases a slight ad vance wa- obtained ; while common grades of white and inferior red and mixed Western lot* were without change of moment, and less actively in quired for. Byc wa" easier having closed at $1 25 a fl 2*. Barley was active at <1 30 a ?1 40. 1'oik was ahont the same, w ith some better demand for prime. Sugars were steady, hut sales moderate. The auction sale of coffee went off well, and exhibit ed ?n advance of .fe- ?*> common gr.*,'cs. Freights were steady. To Liverpool, 2n,ooo Impels gpain and about 1,500 to 2,000 halo of cotton we;e token. There was also a good flcmar.rt ter the co.ib in;t. The Projected Marriage of Prince Frederick William of Praaela to Victoria Adelaide of England. The view we presented a few days ago of the designs of Louis Napoleon, and the scope of his policy, in connection with the re-estab lishment of the Bonaparte dynasty is being more rapidly verified than wc had anticipated. Tbe ostentatious announcement of the Court of Berlin, some weeks since of the intended betrethel of its presumptive Crown Prinoe to Victoria Adelaide. has stirred up all the fire j of our trans-attantic neighbors. Perhaps in the present complications of Eu ropean politics it would l?e impossible to con ceive of a measure more utterly at war with the settled policy of the Western alliance, and more dangerous to its stability and its future harmonious operations, tban the projected alli ance of the young Prince of Prussia with the eldest daughter of the reigning Queen of Eng land. "We give place, in another column, to an article on the subject from the Londou Timet, which evinces a bitterness and an utter hostility to the measure?a fined determination to prevent its consummation, and a gcod faith to France, which clearly enough show that it will not be effected without a violent struggle. ?Tbc truth is that the alliance of England and France was absolute and complete in its terms and conditions. It was more than an alliance : it was a cordial union of the two Powers?a marriage?not merely a political conjugal, but a political conjugial compact. It ' rests upon the bases of the re-establishment of the Napoleonic dynasty; andthe union of the heir to tbe throne of England to the heir pre sumptive of the throne of Prussia would be a violation of its covenants and utterly subver sive of Its purposes. It is manifest that it cannot take place; and to prevent it, the power thatput Napoleon upon the Jbrone, and that which sustains the present syrifem in Great Britain, will be brought to bear against it?the popular judgment. It must not be forgotten that in Germany, more than anywhere else in Europe, the people have come to regard themcelves as the right ful governors of their States. They have built up a dynasty of their own, in the expansion of the human mind, in the diffusion of knowledge, and they exercise to-day more power than their king. The Prussian government is a tenant, aud not a landlord?it occupies the estates of the kingdom by sufferance. It derives its sole authority from the sympathy and the interest of its powerful imperial neighbors, and it will topple and fall when they withdraw their aid, as they will the moment it is for their benefit to do so. There is, then, but one point to be gained by an alliance with Prussia, and that is the certain enmity of France, and the almost certain contempt, of both the British and Prussian people. The popular mind of that kingdom, with the endorsement which the Western alliance has made of revolutionary action In France, gives assurance of greater permanence as a governing power than is found in the estates of the young Prince, who seumH to he seeking in advance an asylum .under the British constitution, and as a mem ber of its royal family. There would be just as much propriety in a union between the Co burgs and a son of the President of the United States, as in the marriage of the Princess Royal with the decaying house of Ilohenzollern. The integrity of the friendship between the Paris and London Cabinets will now be put to the severest test. We entertain no doubt of the triumph of Napoleon in this matter, as in othWs. lie is the very heart and lungs?the soul and the body?the centre and circum fereuoe of government in Western Europe. Ilis armies have conquered, and his edicts have rewarded. His voice is potential?his will is law. England not less than Russia lias surrendered to him. AtSebastopolhe avenged the downfall and imprisonment of the great founder of his dynasty at a single blow. He has won renown by the sagacity of his move ments. and, above all, he has won the heart of the British nation. Whatever we may think of his government, of his ambitious purposes, of the eiTects of Hie rule upon the condition of the human family, it would be tolly to deny either his ability or bis power. In the re-ar rangement ol Europe, beyond all question he is the moving spirit; and in this view, he is practically the director of the British govern ment and people. Now the projected betrothal ol Frederick William, of Prussia, with the Coburg family, is u measure looking to the pacification of the British people with both Prussia and Russia ; it is a projected family alliance, in fact, between England, Prussia, Austria and Russia?an alliance utterly an tngonistic to the Napoleonic dynasty?at war with the present policy of Western Europe, and which, when consummated, must inevita bly diivo the French Emperor into an attitude of hostility to the London Cabinet, while it will leave him on terms of cordial friendship with the British nation. Buch a movement, then, regarded with reference to its effects upon the presxnt state of political relation! between France and England, is wholly im possible. Perhaps the people of the latter kingdom have the leact cause, anl the least disposition, to disturb their reigning family, but it is questionable if the consummation of the marriage between the Prussian Prince and u/nl the Princess Royal would not end in the expulsion of the Coburge from England. Let us rettlw for a moment from these re pulsive reflections to the actual condition of things?to the alliance Itetween the two great .States cf the Vies', to their glorious victories in the field, to th?ut cordial inter-congratula tions, to the special care everywhere exhibit ted to equalize their it onors. and to their ia seperable union on grounds of absolute neces city Tit ' Belt, end -co if we do not find tncre cwnae to believe l!mt tin h<?ir prcsnmptive to tba throne of France, Prisce Napohion Bona parte, will ultimately lead to the altar the proudest princess in the world, than that she will I e transferred to the protection of a dynasty which in likely to crumble to the i^uat l?y the merest shock of one of those politii *?! earthquakes that may now be set down a* ihe' inevitable law of Northern Europe. The question for practical solution is wheth er the Homparto* shall re-establish their dy nasty whether it shall be extended to Naples, to Rome an/1 to Spa'n?or not. (t Is the old order asralnst the new order, the old system of divine tenures cguinit the new Napoleonic ?ystem ot popular tenures of Imperial estates ? a trial between the vitror of youth and the decrepitude or ape? and it is a little remarka ble that the test is to be made on an issue In volving the possible sn rfflce of one of the most beautiful and accomplished vnung ladies of England, on the altar of political necessity. Newspaper Correspondents?Tbk London Times and the New York Hkraad?Norfolk and tub Crimea.?We do not think that news paper readers generally give sufficient credit to newspaper correspondents. Recently, dur ing the pestilence at Norfolk, the Herald was enabled to give reliable letters almost daily, containing the most important intelligence in relation to the progress of the fever, the lzames of its victims and the wants of the sur vivors. We employed four or five correspon dents at Nexfolk, two of whom were removed by death. In one case the widow of our cor respondent took up the pen bravely in his stead and discharged the duties of her late husband with the most commendable fidelity. The thanks of our readers and of ourselves are especially due to this heroic woman and to her coadjutors. Theirs was no holiday task. They described no gallant actions in the fiokl, no brave shows, no splendid processions, no joyons gatherings, no soul-stirring efforts of oratory. They could not enjoy any of the poetry of existence in which even the newopa per correspondent may sometimes indulge? they could only recount the terrible story of disease, suffering and death. Their steps tended toward crowded hospitals and over flowing cemeteries. They saw only misery and desolation in every home?the grass grow ing under their feet and the mourners in the streets. They hourly expected the dread mo ment when the plague would claim them for its victims, and when they Bbould be summon ed to exchange the pen for the shroud. Those who fell nobly at their posts are beyond world ly regard or reward. To those who remain we can only offer our heartfelt thanks. The heroism displayed by our correspon dents at Norfolk is not without its parallel. Ever since the Herald -was established we have had an extensive corps of correspond ents at house and abroad. In the Mexican war we had a well organized bureau, the members of which followed our vic torious army step by step. Some of them participated in those actions whioh shed such lustre upon our arms?all of them were prompt, accurate, faithful and truthful in chrouicling the "battles, sieges, fortunes that have passed." In many instances the news papers published accounts of the important battles before the despatches of the com maudcr-in-cbicf had reached the War Depart ment, and the Senators of the United States first read the treaty of peace in the columns of the Herald. The rise and progress of the I gold fever in California were duly described by the same unseen but faithful Lauds, and many a poor emigrant has been saved from the clutches of swindlers by a few pithy lines from a Herald correspondent. At the present moment we have a correspondent in the camp of the liberating army in Northern Mexico, another in Nicaragua, another in Venezuela, two in Havana, and, in fact, wherever there is any war, any revolution, either expected or in progress, any danger, any peril?the ac counts of which would be interesting or im portant to the public?there may be found a Herald correspondent. The files of this jour nal will bear us out in the assertion, and it can be made with truth by no other newspaper ex cept the London Times. The moveable corres pondents of the last, named journal have done the world essential service. They are the true heroes of the war. Officers, according to eti quette, cannot write for the press what tran spires in the camp or in the field. IIow ex ceedingly valuable, then, must it be to the public to have men who will give faithful, graphic and particular accounts of all that transpires, and how the historian of the next century will drink in the contents of the Times Crimean letters. The reading public enjoy the letters, but they never think of the perils and sufferings of the writer. They never think that this correspondent suffered all the horrors which he describes so well?that he calmly made notes undeT the fire of the enemy?and that he received even less consideration than the private soldier, whose wrongs he so eloquently depicts. Yet such is the fact. One of the Times correspon dents fell ill in that very camp before Sebas topol, and the British officers, with a brutality only equalled by their shameful incapacity as soldiers, refused to admit him Into their hob pitals; he was carried over the hills under a burning sun, and died that night. Such is the fate a newspaper correspondent may expect. We claim for our Norfolk and Mexican cor respondents as much credit as is given to the Times writers in the Crimea, and the public will freely accord it. Newspaper correspondents, both sedeutary and moveable, have great influence and equally great responsibilities. They should be able, careful and discreet. They should institute earnest inquiry after facte, and then make them as agreeable in relation and description as the subject will bear. Our correspondence in Europe and Asia is extensive, interesting and ?valuable. On this continent wo have resident writers at every important point, and they arc re-inforccd by special commissioners upon emergent occasions. Many of our letter? are sent by telegraph, and we frequently re ceive a column or more of important intelli gence from Washington, Albany. Philadelphia, Boston and other places, over the wires. This news is gathered by our special correspondents and is published in New York before the jour nals in the city fronf whence it comes have hcurd of it. This fenture in a great journal is exceedingly expensive, but we think it pays We shall hereafter make it still more complete extensive, correct and valuable, and thu- ap proximate the realization of our intention, winch is that the Herald shall be a daily daguerreotype of all important events in every part of the world. I'MOHTFl'l. MtHniR AND SfK IDE BY A Ll'NATiC Apoutiomst.?Wo publish to-day, from the Richmond (Va.) Whig, the detail* of a shocking murder and suicide committed in that city by a lunatic abolitionist. We can account for these atrocities upon no other ground t^an the insanity of the (lend commit ting tV'in. His insanity, however, may be /*!rly charged to the pestilent doctrines incul , 'alal l y ?tr Northern abolition agitators and th yif orgara-. Most protaUy this unfortunate ^rjftifcad been a reader and a believer in the New TVf'a/nr, until, ahat with its teach ings o( sfr'rituttllfm. soi iuli-nt. free love, amal gamation. oejsifllity of all races and colors nrd sexes, .'nfalelify, and no hanging for nmr dcr. be had become little less than a raving cannibal. And h are the agencies of our Fourier philosop^f* to' 'he reformation of civilized society. *'py 'Mfr fruits shall ye kuow them." The Latest News from Kossuth and Maz zini.?Those pleusant fellows, Messieurs Kos suth, (Hungarian) Mazzani, (Italian) and Rollin (Frenchman) have perpetrated another of their pleasant literary efl'orts. It is a manifesto addressed to the republicans of Etrope, and the point of it is that Sebas topol, having been taken, Russia cannot re cede, but that war will be indefinitely pro longed, and that the present is the proper time for a revolution in France and Italy. Hungary being overshadowed by the Austrian army, can take only the second rank in the army of freedom. Now M. Kossuth writes too mudi. He stultifies himself. Before Se bastopd fell he told the Allies that it would never be taken, and that therefore the war wouM be "prolonged indefinitely." Now, when bis prophecies have all proved falla cious, he argues from different premises and arrives at the same conclusions. If peace were declared to-morrow, he would have an other manifesto, and would prove just as con clusively that the millenium had arrived. He must keep his name before the people, whether he sajs anything sensible or not. But the re publicans in Europe have already ascertained that the " man of the second of December" cannot fee annihilated by paper bullets, and that the manifestos of Messrs. Kossuth, Maz zini and Rollin are only very nicely written, harmless and amusing documents. Yorxa Africa in Convention.?We give to day a detailed report of the "National Con vention of Colored Americans," held at Phila delphia last week. The free colored men in the North have come out now upon their own platform, and have shaken off' the specu lating abolitionists and all the other politi cians who have been humbugging them for the last twenty years. They met in Philadelphia, and did pretty well, en .the whole. Fred. Douglass was the leading spirit, and he made a tremendous defence of woman's rights, on the question whether or not a colored lady from Canada should be admitted as a delegate. Douglass got her in, with all the privileges. The question of politics was not officially touched, and nothing was said about coloniza tion, which, as these men will find out even tually, is the only hope for the negro, bond or free. Our report includes some interesting statistics in relation to free negro labor throughout the country, and it seems to us they prove very clearly tha(, the race never can sus tain itself in competition with Anglo-Saxon en terprise. Liberia is the only place for Young Africa. What does George Downing say now? New Yokk Medical Colleges.?We publish this morning abstracts of three introduc tory lectures, or addresses, delivered within the past week in as many medical colleges in this city. The fact is remarkable, as tending to show the position which this metropolis is assuming in regard to institutions of scientific learning. Some years ago medical students would not have been deemed to have com pleted thqir studies, or to have acquired a respectable knowledge of their profession, if they did not do sain the .French or English capital. Now, all that is changed, or is fast changing. New York possesses medical col leges conducted with as much ability as any in the world; and from all parts of the United States, South America and the Antilles, stu dents flock here to take out their degrees New York has in that regard assumed to this continent the relation which Paris occupies to the old; and this is one of the very gratifying evidences of the progress which this young re public has made and is making in scientific at tainments, as in all other branches of human knowledge. Tm Joseph Walker Again?When shall we get rid of this Ship f?We learn that Mr. Jones and his men suc ceeded In raising the ship and pumping her out on Friday last, but owing to some doubt in regard to the strength of one of the trusses, they let her &ink again. Yesterday they had a steam tug boat in readiness to tow her out of the slip, and raised her once more for this purpose, when three or four police officers came down with a writ from an old contractor, charging the Jones party with steal ing a fifty dollar chain cable, and compelled the whole squad to march to the Tombs. The Joseph Walker had, oi course, to be sunk again; but we suppose that on Mon dr.y she will again be pumped ont, floated and towed away. Well, the public will bo heartily glad to got rid of her and the hue and cry that has been raised aboat her. The Jones ]*rty wore discharged on their own recog nizances, and the chain cable sent to the Chief of Police. What *111 A hie i man UeTrtck do when the Joseph V, aliser has disappeared from (he Dover street slip? The Oj-kra at Xiblo's.?W" see that Bristow, the com poser of "Dip Van Winkle," is to have a benefit this week at Mblo'e. If for no other reason, be should have a crowded house for producing the first American opera. FAfHEL'B Closing I'erforjianci last evening termi nated the season of the Hachel troupe in this city. One of the largest audiences drawn to Metropolitan theatre since the opening of the eeason was that which aseem bled last night to assist et its close, fhe rob ef Camille, in the trsgedy of "l-es Horaces," was that selected by Barbel to make her coupe in. We do not care to say now how often and with what effect she has personated this character since her advent on our stage; but we tbink we may with safety say that the last night outshone all her previous efforts therein. In the closing scene of tho fourth act, where she pours forth that flood of invective on her brother and on Rome, which is, perhaps, the most eloquent mcrccau in the whole piece Rome, l'unique objet de mon ressentiment! Lome, a qui vient ton bras d'immoler diod amant! 1 i roe qui 1 'a va naitre, et que ton cceur adore! Rome rutin que je bafs parcequ'elle t'honore I Pi i < je de mes yen* y voir tombcr ce foudre. Voir re.? msfson-en cmdre, et tes lauriers en pondre, Voir lc dernier des Humain & son dernier sounir. f'oi Fcule en etre came, it mourir de plalsir f She was transcendontly grand, and won the unrestrain. ed plaudits of the assemblage. It was the last scene, and tbe enthusiasm which she bad awakened knew no abate ment, until once and twice the curtain rose and showed her receiving, with becoming modesty, the homage whioh was so freely offered to her. The gentlemen cheered and hurraed, and waved their lists, and great numbers of the adies stood up and joined in the acclamations. It was, perhaps, the heartiest an-", most enthusiastic acknow ledgment which Rachel's genius had drawn out during her career among ns. Phe appeared afterwards as Cell mene in tbcthird act of Moliere's comedy of the '? Misan thrope," and at its close was again called before the cur tain, and made the recipient of like honors. Marine Affairs. Il.e I'nlted States mall steamer I'nlon, Cspt. Adams, sailed yesterday for Heutbampton and Havre. She took oc' fllty-'i* pa-sengera and k'11,010 in specie. The *e4un?hip F.mpire City, Captain Wimile, railed yes terday afternoon for Asplnwall, with the mails and a la:go number of passengers tor California. Ti e strum-hip Augusta, Captain I yon. arrived yester day morning from Savannah. We nre oi lige.l to the pur ser for papers. City Intelligence. Ftrr i* Ft. V<HK'r Purr ? Ye-terday morning. about ntre o'clock. a fir' br< ke ?nt at f'7 Pt. Mark> j.tase. Owtrg to 'he timely Arrival of the Seventeenth ward I dice. the Ore waa extinguWhe I with trifling damage. Sim0*11 Bau Room,?The nr' peratf inf for the coming -eeaon are now completed, end fhl? magnificent aalooo Mill fcoMa It* | Ut" a* tl.e mo?t popular ami flaabionable rea'tt in 'he y- Py lie nton of the opera h"n?* witto l) f Jell ti rm, ample a c rmnidn'li n* are aiTnrrled for ? irral?' n i ? ae tine and the arrarc?men;? f ' *? V* ">*?> lily txie?? ve mjO ecmglete aca'e / TH1 LATEST N I W9? BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. lutoNlUng ffrem Wuhlii^aii. SAKY AND THE T1IR1K MILLIONS DOB MEXICO? REPORTED RESIGNATION OP DON PI ATP?RESIGNA TION OF BBICk GEN. HITCHCOCK?CRITICAL ILL NESS OF JOHN Y. MASON?PROCEEDINGS OP THE COURT OF CLAIMS?IMPORTANT DECISION?THE JAPANESE INTERPRETATION OF PERRy'S TREATY ENDORSED BY OUR GOVERNMENT, ETC., ETC. Washington, Oct. 20,1855. There is a good deal of excitement here to-day with reference to what disposition is to be made of the three millions due to Mexico. Mr. Marcy bus had it under consideration for some dayH, and has finally r for red it to a cabinet council. The old premier has intimated, I un derstand, to those new Yorkers who have been here, and who are largely interested, that he would recognize the assignments which they hold from Santa Anna; but he having, now submitted it to the Cabinet, they suspect him of doable dealing, and that the move Is made for the purpose of killing it, as it is known that a majority of the Cabinet are in favor of paying the monoy to the existing government of Mexico. The State Department lias received no -intelligence of the resignation of Don i'iatt, Secretary of Legation at Paris, but it is believed here in nfficifl circles that some thing of the kind will be received by the next steamer from Europe. Brigadier General Hitchcock having tendered the resig nation of his commission in tne army, it has been accept ed by the President, to take effect on the 18th Inst. Private letters from Paris received by the last steamer, represent the physical condition of Mr. Mason, our Minis ter to France, to be extremely critical. In the Court of Claims, this morning, J udge Gilchrist delivered the opinion of the Court in the case of David Myerie. The Court say:? We cannot say that the facts set forth in the petition do not furnish any ground for rcliet. The claim must depend on the contract shown by the proof, and the power of the Secretary to make it. We shall therefore autho rize testimony to be taken in the case. We do not, of course, mean to express any opinion upon the merits of the claim. The Court decide, also, that under the fifth clause jf the first section of the act of CnngTORs, they have jurisdiction of all cases whatever which may be preferred to them by either House of Congress, without regard to the subject matter of the claim. No arguments were heard to-day. The case of John C. Hale, claiming a patent for the land on which are situ ated the celebrated Hot Springs of Arkansas, valued at one hundred thousand dollars, is set down for Mondfty. Hon. F. P. Stanton is attorney for the claimant. The celebrated case of the brig General Armstrong is set down for Monday week. Hon. P. l'hilllps, of Mobile, for the claimants. Jacob Barker, Esq., of New York, was sworn in as an attorney. The administration fully endorses the Japanese inter pretation of Commodore Perry's trea'y, and say that a commercial treaty was never contemplated by either gov ernment. It was only an initiatory step towards such a treaty, and a great national trluu^h at that. The United States Consul at I'ioMu will receive a com plimentary .testimonial from the department, for bis watshfulne-s over American interests in that quarter. ? Secretary Dobbin seems considerably worriel by the news that l.ient. Rolando was engaged in a desperate con flict with Chinese pirates at the very time that an impar tial Naval Board here was trying him on the charge of cowardice and drunkenness. While he was conderanod by the wisdom of the Board here as inefficient, there ho was the hero of the fight and foremost in the conflict. Additional from Mexico* CAN LL'18 P0T08I CAPTURED BY THE REVOLUTION ISTS. New Orleans, Oct. 20, 1855. A letter from Mexico, in this morning's Delta, contains later news than that telegraphed yesterday, and announ ces the capture of Fan Lais Potosi by the revolutionists. The National Guards were being organized throughout the country, to be in readiness to march on the city of Mexico, should General Yadaurri think proper. ELECTION OF ALVAREZ TO THE PRESIDENCY?COM MUNICATION FROM GEN. YIDAURKI, ETC. Baltimore, Oct. 20, 1865. By the arrival of the Southern mall as late as due we have New Orleans papers containing the details of late Mexican news, confirming the accession of (Jen. A'vare* to the Presidency. Alvarez received 16 votes, Cum.ufurt 3, Orampo 3, Vidaurri 1. Vidaurrhlias published a cmmunlcatinn denying the reports that he was an annexationist, lie also publishes accounts of several offers of assistance he received from Americans, which he hod declined, and says he recom mended some Texans who had proffered bim their ser vices to retire to the other side of the river, threatening them if they did not do so. Jose Santa Anna, son of the ex-President, has written a letter from the fortress of San Juan de I'lloa, denying the accusations made against bim. From Havana. 1 New Omkaxb, Oct. 20, 1865. The steamsl'p Black Warrior baa arrived horo from Havana, the 17tb Inst. ^he tilings nothing later. Stws from Texan. New Opjeanh, Oct. 20, 1865. In the Eastern Congressional district of Texan, accord ing to the official tote, Ward, the democratic candidate, is elected. Callahan had had another fight with the Mexicans and Tnditns, during which the town of l'iedros Negras was burnt. It was reported that he had returned to San An tonio for teinforcement*. There were rumors that larro numbers of the enemy hail crossed to the Texas side of the Bio Grande. A meeting bad been held at San Anto nio, at which it was resolVed to raise 1.000 men for im mediate service. Senatorial Nomination*. UtiCA, N. Y., Oct. 20, 1855. In the Nineteenth district the hards have nominated Wm, Dewey for Senator, and the softs, Samuel F. Davis. The whig and republican conventions (of the same dis trict) at Water town, on the lfitb, (ailed to unite. The former nominated John Clark tor Senator, and the latter Gardner Toune. No ml nation* for Assembly. STKACC**, Oct. 20, 1865. The republicans of Onondaga county held their conven tions and nominated the following candidates:?First As sembly district, Irvin Williams, of Baldwinsville; Second, James*trcet, of Onondaga, Third, Butt Burton, of Syracuse; Fourth, not heard from. Mauachuwtti Politics. Boston, Oct. 20, 1856. The Hon. Robert C. Winthrep has written a letter to the Whig Executive Committee, expressing his continued eordial co-operation with the whig party, and denouncing the fusion movement in strong 'erms. Yellow Fever at Norfolk. Baitiiioke. Oct. 20, 1855. The Norfolk papers warn refugees to remain away, as the weather is warm and unfavorable. Several deaths bave tahen place among those who have recently re tainer]. Fatal Affair of Honor. Baitisore, Oct. 20, 1855. A duel was fought near Savannah on Saturday last, be tween John Chapin, formerly a lieutenant In the Unite.) State* navy, and Dr. Kirk, hi* brother-in-law. The lat ter was killed at the third shot. Chapin was slightly wounded. Movements of Uae Southern Steamer*. ARRIVAL OF THg JAMK8 ADGRR AT CHARLESTON. < UAHUSfov, <>ct. 20, 1855. The United 8?ates mail steam.hip James Adger arrived here from New York *t 1 o'clock A. M. this (Haturday) morning. ARRIVAL OF TH* INOXVILLR AT SAVANNAH. hAVA.OUR, Oct. 20. 1856. The steamer Knoxville has arrived at this port, arter a passage of siity hours from New York, with all on board well. Departure of the Steamer Philadelphia. New i, Oct. 90, 1865. The sttamrblp Philadelphia sailed to-day for Havana. Market*. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. PmutimnnA. 'let. 90 1866. Stocks heavy. Pennsylvania Btate lives, 84- Reading, tf.V, I ring Island, 13 X, Morris Canal, 14*; Pennsylva nia Railroad, 43)tf. . Now n*i*A<r* Oct. 19,1855. Cotton unchanged. Pales to day T.ftW b^jales of the week, 29,000 tale*. Receipts of the week 38.000 bales, against 28.<io0 bales last year. The receipt, at this nort up to this time, I* excess of shose of last year, are lOH G(,0 l>ale?. The stock on hsn l is 164.000 bal-'s. Corfer?Bales of the week. 3,000 l>ags; stock in port, 31 000 bags. The ijuotation for prime is nominally lie. Ohabisbto*. net. 10, 1865. The sales of cotton to-day odd up 4 300 halve, at 8 i^c. for good middling. * Irrvaio, Oct. 20?It JO P. M Floor without material Ohaife Sa'e* 1,800 bb'*.,*t 17 Id a 87 76 for rr od to extra i 'bio, BPnols a*<l tnliani. Wheat ? shade e*s??r, *a I Vioii.-^ buyer*, sales 7,WO bushel* Illinois rpring, at $1 66 a 91 89: 2,30? * n Tir*" white do., on private twmn; 14,000 bushela prime whits Canadian, at 92 06. Corn dull, ati<l lower. Sale* 11,090 bushels, at 82c. 'lata without movement. Rye?Saloe 3,000 bushela, at 91 10. Canal tr eight t?U>jc. a 12c. for corn, 18Jic. for wheat, ard 5dr. for flour to Albany, lake importsyesterday?Flour, 8,818bMs.: wh. at, 50,866 bushels; com, 03.678 bushels- onta, 10,000 bushels; bar ky, 12,304 bushels; rye, 7,813 bushel*. Ibwnie, Oct. 8, 1856. The receipts of wheat, here for the week just cln.sotf have been over 500,000 bushels, and It Is ascertained by reliable data that there Is now about 260,000 bushela ailoat from upper lake ports, bound here. Aidant, Oct. 20, 1885. Flour unchanged. cales, 500 barrels, ilarloy?Sale* 22,000 bushels at 91 30 for two-rowed, ^nd 91 32 a 91 33 fur four-rowed. Corn?Sales of 7,200 bushels Western mixed at BOjfc. a 01c., in lots. Cats 46c., by weight, for Ohio. Bellgleos lnt< UlgMice. A discourse to young people will be preached in the Reformed Dutch Church, Twenty-ninth atrcet and Ninth avenue, this evening, by Rev. Wm. H. Vau Poren. Sub ject: " Ibe Earth a Sad Inheritance for the Young." ORDINATIONS. Rev. J. L. Jenkins, foruiorly of New Haven, having re ceived and accepted a call to Hie First Church in Ixrwell, Mass., was ordained and installed as paator of that church on Wednesday evening, Oet. 17. Mr. J. I.. Wtllard was ordained to the Gospel ministry and installed over the Congregational Church and Society atWestville, Cobn., on the 17th instant. The installation services were pet formed in the evening. Mr. Martin Kellogg, a graduate of Union Theological Seminary, was ordained at Vernon, Conn., on the 2d instant. * INVITATIONS. The pastoral relation between Rev. Ellphalet Rosworth, and the Presbyterian church at LyonajFarm*; N. H., has been dissolved, and he has accepted a call to Baltimore, whither he has gone. Rev. C. R. Clarke, lite of South Ottawa, 111., has ac cepted a call to Jefferson, Cook county, 111. lhe Rev. Joseph 9. lot veil. lute rector of Trinity church, Wolcottville, Conn., has received and accepted a call to become the rector of St. James church, Westvllle. He entered upon his duties on the 14th of the present month. Rev. Charles A. Smith, P. D., editor of the Kaanprlicid Magatinr, and late pastcg of a I.uthcrn church In Philadel phia, has accepted a call to the Western Presbyterian church in Philadelphlof which Rev. Dr. Gilbert was formerly pastor. Rev. Charles Packard his been called to North Middle boro', Mass. Rev. J. B. K. Walker, of Rozbury. has been called to Holyoke, Maes. Rev. George N. Anthony, of the last class in Andovcr, was installed at Great Falls, N. H. on the 3d. INSTALLATIONS. Rev. William W. Taylor was installed pastor of tho Presbyterian church of Venn Van, by the Presbytery of Geneva. Rev. Albert Bigelow was installed pastor of the Presby terian church in North Be.-gcn, N. Yd, by the Presbytery of Rochester on the 9th inst. Rev. J. B. Sheldon wa. installed pastor of the Presby terian church in Chatluvm, on the 2d Inst., by the Pres bytery ofFJyria. Rev. Bnmuel Hopley, of the Bangor Sominary, was in stalled at Prospect, Me., on the 13th ult. Rev. I.evi G. Marsh was Installed &iThomaston, Me., on the 3d inst. llev. A. H. Clapp, foimerly of IJratUeboro', Vt.. was in stalled pastor of the Peueflcent Congregational church in Provilence, last week. Rev. C. Packard was installed pastor of the Congre gational church at North Middleboro', Mass., on the lBtb Inst. DISMIHSAL8. Rev. W. R. Chapman has boon constrained by ill health to ask a dismission from his pastoral charge at Hauover, Mass. Rev. Robert Crawford was dismissed from the pastoral charge of the Congregational church in North Adams, Mass., last week. Rev. George T. Dole has been dismissed from North Woburn, Mass. Bev. Robert Crossitt was dismissed front Pembroke, N. ? H., on the 8th. RKHIfl NATIONS. Rev. Francis he Baron, pastor oi the Unitarian Society in Manchester, N. 11., seut in Iris resignation on Sunday last. Rev. Henry McClory has resigned the rectorship of the St. James church, West-.illc, Conn. DEATHS IN THE MINISTRY. Rev. N. H. Potter, pastor of the Cumberland I'rn-byte rian church of Memphis, died In that city of typhoid ferer, on tho 5tli instant. Rev. Tlios. KetcKen* died Tfr f suddenly from an attack of cholera morbus at Ills residence la Falrd-ld district, 9. C., a few days since. Rev. Timothy O'Brien, one of the pastors of 9t. Pat rick's (Catholic) church, in Lowell, Mass., died ou tho 101 b instant, at tl c age of 64. lie was boro in Tipperary county, Ireland, ac-1 came to this country when 24 years old, soon after entering the priesthood at Baltimore, lie was for a time pastor nt' th ? manor of "Charles Carroll of Carrollton;" he was afterwards stationed at Richmond, Virginia. Bcv.9aniuelL.Eakri.lge, an esteemed minister of the Virginia Conference, died en the 12th in?tant, at the re sidence of Dr. Here, In Stafford county, Va. lhe Rev. A. T. M. Ely, of the Methodist church at Nat cher., is among liio victim* of the yellow fever In that city. He died on the 1st instant. Rev. Wm. H. Enos, for twenty-one year - a member of the Ballltnore M. K. Annual Conference, died near ihigcrs town, Md., on the Glh inst., In the 60th year ot his age. Rev. Job Potter died on the 14tli Inst., at the residence of bis -on in Whitesboro', Oneida county, N. Y., univer sally esteemed and le-pecto 1 for the excellence and puri ty of a long life. lhe following is a correct list of the ministers who have died in Norfolk during th* prevalence of tho epidemic:? Rev. Dr. Jackson, of lhe P. E. church; Rev. Mr. IHbrell, of the M. E. church in Granby slrec , Kov. Mr. Chlshoim, St. John'* P. K. church, Portsmouth; Rev. Vernon Ksk ridge, M. E. church, chaplain I'. S. Navy; Lev. Mr. Jones, M.K. African church in Bute street : Rev. W. Cadogan Bagnnll, Baptist church; Rev. Mr. Devlin, Catholic Priest in Portsmouth. NFW CtHTRCIIEI. The new Baptist church in Romo, Ga., now nearly com pleted, will be dedicated to tho -ervioe of the Most High to-c'sy. A new Lutheran church was recently dedicated at Richmond, la., which was chiefly built by the liberality of a sclf-msde worklngman. A new Congregational church was dedicated lu Me thuen, Mars., last week. MIKCELLANT.OH8. There arc one Cathi He and six Protastaut churches in I Galveston, Texas, administered as f. llow.c?Episcopal, Rev. B. Eaton, Rector: ltothodist Episcopal Rev. C. C. Gillespie, pastor; Baptist, Rev. James liurkius, pastor; Presbyterian, Rev. 11. Daniel McNair. nastur; Go, mm Lutheran, Rev Wendt, paator: German Methodist Episco pal, Rev. Deter Moelliog pastor; Catholic, RUltop <M n, and Rev. Mr. Chamboldin. The following persons 'mborkod on the 13th f-om Boston, in the Nabine, for Ma inu:?Itov. Etekiei G. Scud dt-r and Rev. Jarod W. Hcudder, b 'th of India, *nd their wives, and Mies Louisa Scndder. who ii their sister. All are expecting to join tho Arcot mission, which now con aists of three cider brothers, witu the wives of the el lest and the youngest and an other sister. Tne usual religious services wete held prior to the embarkation. Dr. Water bury, an uncle of the ml-donerk', commending them in prayer to their covenant keeping God. The Son/Aon PreJ.ytrrian states that tour of the Pro* hyterlan churches in New Orients Are now vacant, ao,l that In the Harmony Presbytery, S. C., seven other* are vacant. In New York city there are *0 Episcopal clergymen; in Brooklyn, 28; In Philadelphia. 68; in Boston, 22; in Bal timore, 24; and in Charleston, 21. Rev. Mr. rest ing sit ! at his request dismissed from the pastoral care et the church at Groenhush. sad Mr. Evan* was appointed to preach there and declaie the pul pit vacant. On Monday last the most Rev. Ar?hM?oop Hughe* confitined 310 per-mus at Ht. Andrew's church, iha Arrbbishop ma<le so anprr.prix'e ad1re*s to those woo were appr< aching this holy otcrament. The Rev. Mr. IVlahnnty of this dlocos*. was among the number of those leaving this po.-t on the .oth i.uU for t-nn Francisco. Rev. J. P. Jones, who, on .he cl-Hng of the Aubnm Theological 9'eininuiy, in June of :a: t year, accepted n' an invitation to supply the Congregational church of Whitney's Point, N. V.. and who wa- desired to remain with thein, has returned to that institution to complete his studies. The St. Iamls ira-irr gives the foil )wing list of prelate* who compo-e the Roman Catholic provincial craocrl which assembled ir city on th"- 7lh inst:?The Mott Rev. Peter Richard kentich, p. P., Archtviabop of St. Iomi-, and Metropolitan. Tlra lit. Rev. Ma'hlos farraa, 1>. D., Bishop ol linburj'ie. The Rt Bar. HI-hard i-ltie Miles, D. I)., lii?h?p rf Nashville. The 1U. R-v. John M. Henry, I>. It., Bishop of Mllwank'e. i'hc IU. Kcr. Jo?e,?l? Cretin, I'. D., Bit hop of St. Paul. The Hi. Rev. John Lamy, D. I'., Bishop of faiit* Ic. The Rt. l!ev. Anthnoy O'Regan, I>. P., Bt,hup of Chicago, lhe See of Qulney, (Ul-ri is vanant. Tho Rt. K?v. John B. Uiege, II. P., Fish" p of Maviio rv i irtitus. and Vicar Ap'Otolic of the Indian Territory, East ot the Hoc1 y Mountains, has aloo a seat in the Council. The province or Nt. I/mis com prises the States oi Missouri, 1 iUnoC, WRconstn, Twines see. low* and New Mexico, and lhe Tartltor ?* of Minne sota, Konsw* and Nebraska, 'ogsthor with the ono-gan iaed terrlu ry east of the Kooky .Vto.,n aitn. It is greater in fstent than any other prcvlnce of tlie I'nited State-. The Bishop, save the Hoot he n Fjtfsrrfolim of thla month, ha* ofncisUy announced the deposition of the Rev A. I- Converse of this diocess. In conformity with Can -n 111?1866. Owr Havana rorrsspondsnee. lit vara, (let. It, 18A8. Spani Ji rioj/inrunuJn'fH tfc Hrralti?(Hsbrnion *, tkr. ^vsett's Rirthdaf .. Umgrii '.mlat-, y .% - K nf thr <' \yfa t ? (/ntrral In tA' Enplith cutd nuh Consuls? Ai find of thi /Trforsdo, dr., tfr. I see your jmrnal of ' A Year'* Events In rhe Crimen," Issue of the 28th ult,, very e : eu riw.-ly u-al, to Uie -etnag of much la' or by th. ?? a ?< are no" always p ovi.Wnt uf intcie-tiag <UU. and only two ca es ha.e fallen ? ;er my obeeitatlrn where ?' e r e''' h.ts no' t> ?< -.;i?cn. The Trw Prl'd. In ha?'y c. -i^oron* to lhe e ?^?oltnm, inndverUntly emitted to givr with it th' t oe of eredtt

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