Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 25, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 25, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. <5997. MOURNING EDITION-THURSDAY, OCTOBER 25. 1855. PRICE TWO CENTS. ADTHRTlSKMfcim RhNKWhifi BTERT DAY ma UdOOR OEU.KHH AID THE COff STIiriJTlOVA L HltiHTH PAUTV. VPHK NOMINATING COM VKN HONS. 1 The following are the place* appointed for htlding 'tin Aaaembh Gouveadoua, to .indorse or nominate candidate* for Aaacinbltrman In accordance aid. the lollottrlnc fourth article ?of the platform, adopted at llvu Liquor Dealer*' State Cooven Uon held in the ctty of Syracuse o toe Hth (lay of vtigu*t laat which expreaMv prohibit* tint nomination or any eaudidate or candidate* utile** for the purpnae or defeating some eaudidate ?or oaadldale* nominated In opposition to our cauailtulton and personal right*. "No State, County, Town, Village or Ward Contention or organization *hall nominate candidates for office. or eudorae any of another party, unlets it sluli be uocwsarv to defeai the election of candidate* noniUi.t'od in the party of'eorrnlrn pro Nibltlonlata, or thoac In favor of their principles; la wnich case, the atroogcat eaudidate* who may beoppoaed toaitv prohibitory liquor lair whatever shall be nominated or emloraed without regard to tug party politic*." Those designated for the Assembly are In those district* which comprise one or tuoro ward*. aaanioLT (Which meets on the evening of Friday, the 26th Inst.) First district?No. 16 Heck man street. Second distrlatr-No. "7 Robinson street. Tenth district?Burnham's. Fourteenth district?MlUctnan'e Hnli Hlzteenia district- H. Suilih'*. .. The ldquor Dealers' Central Gonventlon will meet at .National "Hall, oaThunday, the asth luat.,at 7X o'clock, P.M., for the tourpose of endorsing or nominating candidate* tor cottuty office* and the judiciary tor the cl'v and county of Ne * York, In accordance with the fonrth a*ttele 01 'he aforesaid platform, to be presented to the Liquor Dealer*1 octety for It consideration. neprcaoBtc w v pH11jp W, ENQB-G hair man. P. (1. MOLONEY, Vice Chairman . Cbsistus W. ScnarrcK, hecreiary. LIQUOR DEALERS' CENTRAL CONTENTION THIS EVKKINO. Every member I* reqtv ?'ed to h<> In attendance this evening, ns business ot the utmot .u, ortance, and bearing on tin- inter val# and p-manency of tfi. -*>-iefy, will require tlielr notion. A full etteudenoe or those directly Intereeiedln ihx society Is necessary, at nominations or endorsements will lie made for the county offices and judiciary. It Is to be honed thai every member will discard Political bias and all personal preferen ces. In order to preserve the consistency of the society, as any deviation from the fourth article of the platform would prove disastrous to our prospects. Let your action be governed only by a desire to promote the objects for which the organization waslns'liuted; use that self denial which is necessary, but do not, In snycase, permit politicians to divert you from that calm, dispassionate consideration for every movement of the i-onvun Hon which is essential to preserve your interests as liquor dealers. ocr nominatinTi CONTENTIONS, We call on all liquor dealers to tie punctual and unremitting in their attendance ut the nominating conventions and the meet ings of the association, it la only by the strictest vigilance that we can preserve our organization frotn the etfect of those per melons Influences which have corrupted other paries. A continual recurrence to the rule established by our Stale convrutlon la necessary to guard ua against the insidious ap proaches of those who seek to divert our organization from its legitimate purposes, and transform It into un Instrument to ?unserve personal alms. We should liave nothing to do with politicians of any party. We should form no alliances with any other parly. Wo have tangible and Important objects tvhlcu require all our attention ami energy. We cannot too often eu force the Idea thai onr organization Is not designed for the ad vancemmt of any individual, or lor the aggrandizement of any particular polltioal Interest. Our nominations should be made without reference to personal i artlalldes or previous party affinities. All such influences, however hard the struggle may be-sbould be disregarded and repudiated. We must alwayB remember the basts of our organization, as exprested In the resolution of the state Convention. "No State, County, Town, Village or Ward Convention or or ganlzitlon, shall nominate oanaidatea for office, or eutiorse any of another party, unless It ahull be necessary to defeat the elec tion of canuidaics nominated by Utc party of coercive prohibi tionists, or those In favor of their principles; in which i-a.te, 'he strongest candidate who may be opposed to any prohibitory liquor law whatever, shall he nominated or endorsed without regard to his party politics." The slightest departure ft out the principle laid down in this resolution must be productive of evil effects. We cannot too emphatically warn all liquor dealers to reals) the smallest drvi otfon from inln rule. It would be dangerous, perhaps U al. It would Introduce dissension Into our ranks, and give a promi nence to personal ambition and personal Interests that would change the whole character of our organization. ASSUMPTIONS OF THE PROHIBITIONISTS. la arguing the question of prohibition, we shall generally confine our> elves to Its legal and constitutional aspects. This is our vantage ground. I' is our citadel from whlrlt we can not be driven. We are willing to risk our came on that Issue. Vet even the facts upon which the advocates 01 the Maine law argue 'he necessity of prohibition are not established la such ? demonstrable form as to command the univer-al nsien* of the scientific world. They repe.tt. over and over again, ns If repetition were a teat of truth, that liquor is not food?that It is etscntlal.'y hurtful?that It Is of no use in he animal economy ?that It Is a poison. We might admit ill these assertions with out also admitting that they jus by the principle ol coercion, ?or of governmental Interference, lint, as we have before ?old. even these assumptions are not hated on establtalied Acts. They are admitted by many ? dentin - investigators and denied by others. Indeed some of the most celebrated cheat ists of modern times, some whose nauo s give (he greatest weight to their opiulon-, tske jus tie opposite ground No one pretends lo deny the Injurious eflrcts of the excessive use ol' spirituous liquor*. Ye. because aucb excessive use render* them delotrrlous, w e cannot logically assume that they are essentially poisons. Bv the same rule almost any ar ticle of food might be in tide to keep company with arsenic and prussic aciu. The abuse of anything Is btirlful lo the hu man system. Many painful and often fatal complaints arise from dyspepsia, which, we are told by physicians, Is Induced by overeating. Yet uo one has ever asserted that all food is poison, and very few have desired to abolish the u-e of meat. Mutton choi s and beefsteaks will doubuess continue to be ar ceptatde to a hungry man, and he oonaMerOd lar lieu danger . ous. even though a little loo rnu'-h of them may occasion a fl' of Indigestion. We do not. of course, Intend ut overlook the eilsiencc of that class 01 persons who have been zealously la boring to convince society that the use of animal too 1 Is contra ry u> good morals and Injurious to the system. Perhaps a much baa been written on that subject as oa the evil eitectn o liquor, thougb we will do the adherent ?< of the theory the justice . to admit that they have not ye' attempted to Impose their re ximen upon the community hy fort? ol law. The vegetarian doctrine has not become silfliclftntiy popular lo exercise tiny pellnml influence, and Its devotees h ive generally contented themselves with a temporary !lln> traUon of Its virtues and ben . eflu. Scarcely any article ol human consumption nan be men tinned that might not he denounced as a poison, If we argue from Its abuse rather than Its use. Men bat e been known to ?dead In the streets from the etfeetsof drinking cold water, Charles Matthews, when be beheld through a microscope, ? the myriads of anlmalculM' that Inhabit a single drop of the crystal fluid, shuddered at tbc dangers to wbtcn he had been exposed, and declared that he would never again drink water without brandy, "lor then," said lie. " ir the monsters are not dead, they will at least bo dead?-drunk." In fact, everything we eat or drink, may, In one aspect, he considered a poison. The crystal water as well as the ruby w tne; the air we breathe: the tea and coffee we drink?everything la a slow poison. Death Itself Is but the euiistimmutlon of a continued and Inevi table process of poisoning rendered more violent ov occasional excess, when we reflect on the ease with which the human system adapts Itself to these omnipresent poison*, and combats them for so many years, sometimes even tor a century, we must believe lhat every person rarrles with blmas antidote, and can claim a theoretical descent from Ml Ihridatei. We do not mean lo deny that alcohol I* all that It* foe* have ?aid of it. It la not necessary for us to contest trust point. Vet. as we have before staled, many eminent chemist* hold a differ tint opinion. TVyyt- say that alcolm! Is actually food?not food In Ihe restricted s^..., aiwtUy attached to the term? but because it is olieti necessary to tar. xyu'ern, and furnishes that vital force which we are continually expending, more rapidly and more certainly than any other substance. This is a puts! which It Is nol fbr tu lo settle, though we may hereallar present the foots and arguments on whlrh the ..pinion I* based. Hut we contend that before tho prohibit! ml its can he permitted to ?rgue the question of law, they must first prove conclusively that their premises tire correct. It they can do that sailsfaeto rlly, thev will have advanced at least one tep In the argu ment, which is certainly not the case now. THE ISSUE. The question of prohibition Is a vital Issue. Maine law men and anti Maine law men alike coufenti it? importance. In the great material Interests It Involves In Ibe msgnluide of the principles II enlorre* and attacks, it must be considered the most weighty question upon wh.ch the people ol the State of New York will be called to decfi'e a: the ensuing election. The supporter* of the measure protons tuat in their rlewtt Is the moat neressary and the uio-u beneficent that has ever been pre oented for popular approval Indeed, a charitable construe Hon of their motives cannot allow tut to ascribe the zeal and a which they display to any other cause. In every In every etty. township and ward, they nre thoroughly ed. They are determined, If possible", to elect judges favorable to their view*, and pledged lo maintain the constitu tionality of the law by all the authority of the bench This purpose liss been frequently avowed, and. If crowned with ?tiecess. we may eyect * speedy commencement of the relgu of aweurl-m and terrorism. When we recall the scene* of Portland, the excited popnlaee, the mm listed carcase* of slaughtered citizens, we may be only Imagining a picture which may anun be pre-ented to our own eyes. The adversaries or the law profess lobe no I est animate J by ? tense of the magnitude and Importance ot the Issue. In the ?nrcetsknl enforcement oftbe tuesyure In all the odious *e.ve *Wy of Its conception, they behold the ruin of great material tutereet*. an Invasion of individual rights and liberties, and an Infraction of the principles on which our government and -our Institutions are founded In common with the other op ptmenls of the Prohibitory law we shAre these convictions to their fullest extent. Hat we eon-lder the question to be oT more Importance than any other, we consider it more presMng, more danger no*, tit her* oti the contrary, gtie It only a aeenn dory place. Though they acknowledge the Justice of nurcause. Ihe soundness ol our argmnc-i ts ami the Impregnability, of our poidtMus. they suffer themselves to be governed and led away hy party affinities, and part hum motives. Let al such persons reflect that the qneetiun ot the Maine law if the on,y practical question of (state po! cy to b- decided at this election, and dial the contexts of parties and fictions, as now waged, have no vital ooject. Let them consider plainly ihe position of aflhlrs. and the convlctlen must force Itself npoe I hem t hat the imtf Issue ut "prnhiM'ion or no prizhihttlon." All OKS-e WL. wwffincerely opposed to Ihe Maine taw must. If they are consistent lit thetr oppast'ian. and wish lo give I' any Affect, vote for the Htatr ticket nominated by 'he liquor dealers, and also for the other candidates endorsed by the organization. A concert of action on the pert of the liberal men of Ihe atste |* re rule red im|icrsUvely nneewsory by the concert that exists among their opponent* We therefore toll on all who agree with ua on this question to discard arid forget minor dlflerences. ?ud unite wt'h ua upon the common putiorm of opposition lo despotic sod unjust legislation TOUMAN8' BBftAY ON ALCOHOL The Tribune refers us to the letter of Mr K. L. Youmans. addressed to Mr. 11. K. klelavsu. as a complete summary of Ihe arguments In fsvor of the koine law. Until that Is an ?wered In general and In detail all questions on Ibe iuh|ec ore to be regarded as Impertinent Youmans has the Arid, and until be Is driven nff. no presumptuous Intruder must dispute his honors. But we muss protest against this styie nt hutting the responsibility ot the combat on a person who evidently lias no wish to undertake It. W? cann-rf regard Mr Youmans * six solid columns as an argument on the Moioe law. We have no doubt, at least wc do not wish to doubt, that his facts are roal and hi* authorities reliable; hut they have no relevancy to ihe ?Wane. Hsd he entitled his produ-tUm, "An Kssnv on he Mtructurroi Man. a# IllutUnue.l by Fhvslology, Manifested by Pbrenologv ami Affected by Amm, together wt'h Moral Re rmton* on the Bad Effort* of (iet'lng Drunk," we rn'glf hare Been willing to loncede Its maris sod to rw--?mmend It for general clrculaikm and Rtinday reading It I* certainly a very interesting dooument (aod deserves a more attentive perusal (ban we have yet been ohle to beslow npon It. We think l? would form a vers good contribution lo 'he pages Of some medical review, where It would doubtless' receive much more orm*idereiion than IS the column* o. 'he Tr,b-1rie. The first pert of the essay Is derotcd 'O s description of die human structure? at least, so 'he heading informs us. We might, perhaps, ge' the same InlormatWrn 'rum 'he work.- of Msg entile or Dungllson. and we th? refore do not e?te?oi otir m-lve* untie particular obll?;aUmi* to Nr. You'll*us. But in addition to this, he favor* u* wt"t h..* I ews of the p'. r[nee Cite brain. end Ha funcisine. slowing hlrase f a ti ne ?Ittnple of flail and Hp SI Ik !? He tells us. as" 'ha some persona have large brains end some ha< e small brains?'ha' some are talented and a me are tdfiSa farts which the Maine law eon trwversr ha 1 made StUftrteutly evident before :tey weirds by Mi Yo'iatnDi. Ucco.dtng >?' 'he : gotfffi hi essay, certain dieadful effects if? produced oo the bratoby the u*t ol Xln.uu u atmu)'<u.U>??o a largo br*h? ami a MWr! man, * gr? at eBVc ?on a?m?(; liram aud a simple man. ? te? rfecf. Now, wo submit. lira' wfe cWSnut all be geniuses?wr cannot all aspire lo be ssvon. or physiologist* phrenologists or chemist*. II We are willing lo leave U>? duty and Ihe privilege of en lightening mankind, and of wrtdng eo<mitltlc raaai telhe pee pie Willi large brain*. wc tlilnk we wtonrsuonly baa*;.of amtel one* might. without gr"at injure lo twlety, be permitted lo la dulge In a (I im of wine or even an occasional punch We could, al leant, nerve the useful nirpoee of llliistrattnfrlho dl? ferrnee be vi ta large and ninall core mat developeinnnts. in dwd, conceding the correctness o* Mr. Veutuana'* theory, we could have u> better way of letting Uin relative mental bower of different lndlvlduala than by nb-ervln;'. Ihe i ett'-ct produced upon tin m by a good s'llf glass of brandy and water. Persoo. ctirloua tin thi- subject would do well to read those-port'ona ot theessay eutlt.ed 'Law by which agants act upoudlllerent paria of the cotiHlllnUon," ''Alcohol attracted to the nervous syslim?it 1* a briun disorganizes" and '? the da>ot catiuer ol the mind's organ a al*o n disorganize!' of th<' trsnd liself " Mr. Youmans toll* un that liquor inahe* people crazy that ihe " atatiatlrn of lunatic aa> luma show that from tei twenty and In tome caaen oven titty. per cent of all the ca.- recorded were directly traceable to the tine of alcoholic liquor*," H e have no doubt of Ute'ruth of theoa assertion* Otvr in vestigations lead to much the name result. Hut did Mr You man* ever take the trouble to Inquire the caintcs ol'the ee malnlni; ninety, eighty or fifty per rem of the rases (if Inaa:., tyt Ma* he never dt .covered that tht abuse of any fnnrtlon, and the undue evr '.oion ol any (acuity, will condrcr to In aaultyt Nothin hotterknowu than that str ing rc'lgloii* c\ cltement me c. ihe mont frei|Uenl cauc * of lunacy. Would Mr. Yntimiui'e, therefore, pemoatle tut t abolish cn'up tnevt let:* and churches, and even religion it.-i-llf PoUtioa nwne timc. make people era must we therefore abolish pcliilcai organizations by law? It *o, we are vegy much afraid that the prohlbltlou party would claim the llr.it attention cf tko Le gislature. Business reverses lut -e nenl tboiisaails to Uio mad house; I* It, therefore, the duty of go.ernment to lake every tnan'i affairs In obarge, In order lo prevent hta going crazy or to prohibit trade an a provocative of liuunltyr Wo imagine that lunacy will never be finally extirpated till raeaoen*e to have any brains al all, or until nnclety la reduced to that dead level wblch would preclude the iHMkibillty 01 any intellectual excitement. We repeat that we have no denlre to enter the arena of celentlhc ilt-cssslon wl'h Mr Youmans. We have no wish to deny the truth of all hla ntati-mnnla, or to combat liln taeorle* of physical organisation and mental operation*. WV have no objection Ihat he should convince the witoln world that drluking liquor Is a very bad thing, aud getting drunkoulv a hula worse. We cannot object lo his tel'lng people that 11 they drink they will get crazy, and It they do not they wUi remain sanr Hilt we do object to he so Kiimmnm; sent to Bedlam. If we refuse to puan the Maine Liquor law; and we decidedly object to viewing the Issue involved In prohibition its a question of ana lorny and phrenology, rather iluin a* a question of constitu tional law. "WINK AND BRAN DY FOR THE OFFICE HOLDERS? FINES AND IMPRISONMENT FOR THE PEOPLE." A late number of the Albany Atla* discourse* under this caption, on the consistency untl singleness- of purpose which laavehitherto characterized the advocate* of Ute Prohibitory Liquor law. We commend thle exposition of the new platform of the leuipcranoe politician* to the consldt ration of the Tri bune:? A year ago the temperance m?n organized on a pla'form that pledged them to support friend* of prohibition who were per*onaliy total abstinent men They elected Oov. Clark aud Lieut. Raymond, ant a Maine law Legislature?nil ol whom falsified their pledge, and used their power as mere whig poli tician*. The executive and legislative power being thus in the hands of Ihe whig*. Htwnrd wa* re elected, large levle* were made on Hie treasury for Ihe suppo't of parlixao*. and the Health Officer, llarhor Masterflilp Ac. were dlvUlod among ihe faith ful punitins ol the whig leaders. Democratic temperance men whose votes were obtained on these pledges ol ot tl ahsil nenre, were Ignored, and a platform of 'tree drink" erected. The canal officers arc now seeking to be reelected. They are neither trlrnda ol prohibition nsr abstinent In their person al in*tilts. Considering the pledge of la*i year and the neccs*: Pes ot this, this l* emoarrasslng. They have called upon the Tribune, and the Tribune ha* invented a new plallorm, >>a which II thinks the whig* aud temperance men can unite this year, viz., rum for the otliee holderi snd Ihe Penitentiary far tho people. Thl*pl*tform. (ireolcy think*. Is Urge enough to hold all who love to drink tiisineMee*. and all winy deslra lo send tin :r neighbor* tojall II combines ihe lwo gieat privi leges ot urllntlU-d Indulgence In persecution audio potation*. It will tliua reconcile the differences In the ranks by allowing toall theb peculiar taste. The platform pleaies the official*, den. Chambers approves It. (ten Mitchell approve* u. The Astor House poHflclaos n*.ei:i to It freely. The legislators who figured at tnn public festivities In New Yolk ayear ago, approve of it. Tho Humor Vaster* and the Emigrant Commissioners In New York like It. The grocers, distiller* and sellers of drinks, whom the whig* want to put In nomination, hall It wlili satisfaction. "For the first time," *uy these thirsty and ambitious soul*, "Qreeley I* a practical philanthropist." Bu* It Is smusltig to see how the grave deacons of the tem perance paiiy take the new doctrine. How, ib?y ask, are we to reconcile ft, (bus to send one man to the IVnltoudary for dr'nk, and another to the State Houre at Albany?lo tine one $10. and to give the other $ff.S00? llow are we lo say to the magistrate* " You may drink," and to llie people, " Vve have nrgamze<l a parly against drinking, intending utterly to exter minate It!'" 'Ibis la, indeed, ? question that haa puzzled the gray heads of the temperance ranks. NEWS ITEMS ON THE LIQUOR QUESTION. The agent of Ihe Otaego County I'arson League is extremely todlgi Bnt at Ihe failure to enforce the Maine taw In hla county. In a r* porl oi prncet dingsfurnlsned by him to Ihe Albany Pro hibltionlat. he aays I? "Tin: OBiitu .Iiibv.?We hare a Court of Sessions this week, and dun ungual body, the Oraud Jury, (twentyour out ot iwenty-lbrce ol v.hom happened lo be antl Malue law mea.ire fused 10 find bills under 'lie law, notwithstanding a number of lair cases weroprestnied, choosing rather to take the constitu tionality of the law under ibeir supervision " He further repor s thai hut one lawyer can he engaged to support the law to that eounty. and he Is an Individual po* sensing neither social or political slandlng In the comuiuulty. The Indefatigable Hawkins Is slumping old Herkimer county on the temperance question. H* Is ss radical and coarse lb language a* ever, and Is understood lo be hl'terly opposed to the course pursued by the fusion part* on Ihe subject of the Maine law. " Iu union there is strength." MR. OOt'QH AN1> THE MAINE I.AW. The Huston llhreDicle, of Tuesday. la adverting to Mr. dough's lectures, made the following appropriate comment* on lb* subject of moral suasion Kverybtsly ba* beard of Mr. dough, th* Demo ithen** of tern perttre, who** eloquence nun given htm a reputation abroad a* well as I.ere In Ibe country ol bis adoption. It pertiap, may not be uiilntrri'Hiiiiit ut our readers to learn that thla able aod : ea'ona champion of the temperance cause la an ttucompm ml*lug opponent of prohibition, or. In other words, of the Maine law. This fact speaks volumes. snd cannot he without Its street in hastening the repeal ol the doomed statute, which was con celved In folly aod baptized la bloodshed, riot and conspiracy. Mr. tlouuli. tfce man ot bruins, and Neal Dow, the fartailc,dUTer as a matter 01 course. Mr. dough under, lands human nature, lie uses reason and pet suasion as Instruments of reform, while h s Portland ilval, the matt with tie- tiloi?l> hand prefers iron grates, compulsion, und a tile ol musketeer*?prefers to copy in a t>ehle way niter the great Napoleon III, and fusillade his fellow citizen- into a due regard for the principle* ol morality. Neal Dow has the disposition of a Spanish Inquisitor, and Is tond of racks and thumi.lklns. (lough. like the ilerinan re burner, l.u her, appeals to man ?* a rate nal l>eltig, ?nl brings persuasion and argument to hear. In place ot whips a ltd so raws, Dow ought 10 hove been born In Spain, under aome gloomy, supersttuous. bed ridden Hourbnn king of the last century. W hat a familiar of the Holy brotherhood he would haro mude. " tempera'sci i.E vn." Time, which always firings down to a common level and de stroy all advent! iim.i distinction*, has expose I to public view the hypocrisy, '.he uiter worlhtnwrieM and demoralizing etfeoi* of tbu Maine law. This the people ol Maine have seen and felt, numan blood has been shed upon their aoil under the working) ol thai law In the true spirit of freemen the people hav e determined to maintain aiul enjoy their rights. Thev have plai oil u.elr sesl of eternal reprobation on U>* law, and have sent into mertled and dtagraoeiul I r'ln-inent the dishonest au thor.- of that abominable arid oppressive system ol legislation. 'I he people ol Malm were ilie Ural to tee! the power of fans! I Cta) and hypocrisy, clothed with authority, and united agairut the right- and the liberty rf the eltlren; and they were also the Itrst who have decreed the unconditional repeal of ih* law, and thereby have, probably, prevented the rold blooded murder of uutnybytiie infatuated mid unprincipled Dow und his aubor ilinale tools. What nil he now do with his "temp* ranee lead." which he has "always relied on In the I Set extremity!" Where are the "Ualtcra" tti.c he and the Rev. Mr. Mlnei recommended In" winter ' should be applied to the necka of the wildest colts lu the liquor traCler" lleauti fill humane anil t.'hrl- lan weaptn.sl Moral, jilat and perleet law which they were to enforce I Hut such art the natural weapons III hypocrisy and fanaticism, and heal Dow ant Mr, Miner have secured for themselves the immortal disgrace of rCcnmmeiatUig the use of such infamous means for th* enforce men! ol an unmoral law upon amoral, law-abiding and pa trlotlc people. The prop e of ihl* Htatc are soon to pas* upon the question whether'hev are ready to he deprhttdoif their iiainr*l tight to buy and use a* a beverage a alass of wine >r a tumbler of beer by the employ men of such high-handed lad repreben *thle mean-. If they are they will oppose the rejiesl of the Maine law, and thereby approve the use and applleation of Miner's "halter" and How's "temperance lead" in carrying forward rise cause ol eremite lempw ranee, as It Is defined and practical'? Illustrated hv hypocri-y and wicked terglver-auon. Aiming to estabush impo-sibllltics. and ba?*d on Idas* utterly Inccmpstlble with the eJlsienr c of constltuilonsl freedom, lust statute Is as wicked In Its details a- It Is vicious in Its chief purpose. There is bard ly an Individual rlghl which II does not violate I here is scarcely an maonsl-tency that i- capable of getting Into a law that does no' appear in it. Tne right* of persons, 'he rights ???{ properly, and a'l the rest ot 'Is* * tilings ror which Englishmen and Americana so long struggled, and which li was though' so Important a matter to have established, are as much disregard ed In this most nefaibm- of statutes as ever they were lu the most tyrannically governed countries ol am lent or modern tiroes. No Jesuitical eahal ever proceeded mora thoroughly on the principle thai the end justified the means than So ibe men hers of tfie coercion faction 'lhay have adopted the most odious of those Ideas which In all ages have heen In 'be mouth* ot despots and oligarchs lo excuse snd justify their rood net; snd 'heir profilers?llluetrsted fir "tenipsmnr,- lead '?have been in perleet unison with their Ideas. the., know, or ought to know, that upon the observance of the rights ol property dep> nils the welfare of society, sod the advancement ot tne.i lu knowledge and happlneas; sua yet th*y do not hen are Ui mak* war upon property |q the rnnal scan dalots manner, and to render It- possession as unsafe as would be a man's pun* in a den of lhle.es. They are. or protend to he, th* e-pccial champions of personal rights, and at* very much enraged whenever a negro la seized up ri as a runaway slave, while Ujey would disregard every right of a white man who Is stilllr of being "inspected" of holding to ihr heresy that the Mam* utw la not the perfection of reason. or thai Nest Dow Is ? knave or a tool. They are the g re ate*' sticklers In th* world lor the right*of Juror*, and Krsktn* hun.ed csuld not have teen move emphatic than they are on the subject of trial hv jury, yel, with s-ieh views, and pledged over and over again to a contrary course, they are "pruned to allowing fair truils to men charged with violation of the Maine Uw. Th* next proposition Will he to abolish all jury 'rials, ami to allow a court composed of temperance spies ami ronaiahlaa to 'lertde every caee ourli conduct would "lily be u, carry out in full those ideas upon which th'- r hate acted for four years a-t going from bad to worse with a rapidity which always tlnanlsl es the action uf men deprlt ed of their ?euecs, s'ruek, a* If were, wl'h judicial blindness Hut ttwlr hour would seem to he neat si hand?the hour, we mean, for their punuhtnen*. Hie people are now again*) them The reaction is at Its height, and nothing but a wan) of union on 'he par) of men of liberal views ran prevent the fanatical eoen .ooisis from being a* completely overthrown here as they have been In Maine?ih*' Rtatr Which originated "hsi'ers" tor th* uaheltevtog, and "lemperau'e lead for the heretics of Neal Dow the First I ? IICWIPAFBIU. A OA 1N UUROtP I Ilk HI'NDA V MttiTRT Will oex) runday be ihe largeet hree cm' paper publish* 1 hi th< world, lb* mV.Ri l"Hx will <ontatn maid.on a the r* markable epi-udk* HU<TOiT or tnr NEW tore re my fiot 'iR. Hv Joua Neirif Jn . or All ? ? i \ The commencement of one of the most deep,', interesting Mo* rtea of DOMKnTIC Uf K AND LOT* the world hev ever rwl. and a the other ahraeii us i>f a 3rd fUs- 'ami y psrer. neeeral -bouaand rt'-s wire- w*2 Vg Dublabfd Vdve-. Users wtli pteas* ba-d la'heir (hv-/* vol Meu ? ihe'ro-t* a* rsrty at ,-oaMMg. ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. War News Unimportant. PMtKOP AND ODESSA THREATENED BY THE ALLIR ACTIVITY ON THE DANUBE. A BRITISH FLEET ORDERED TO ITALY. PfapoBCd Congress on the Sound Does Question. OKIE AT OF TIE TIIIS IN ASIA. Consols 871-a. A LOT A PANIC IN THE COTTON MARKET. SLIGHT IMPROVEMENT IN BREADSTUFFS, Ac., As., 4c. Halifax, Oct. 'J4, 18M. The rojat mail steamship Africa, Capt. Harrlaoo, at iiv.il here thi- for.-aoon at nine o'cli*k, ami sailed at half-punt ten lor iloatan. where she will lie due ou Thurs day afternoon. The dales from Ijvorpool are to the 13th hint., one week later than t.io.o received per the Atlantic, at Near York. Til. steamship Hern, nil left fhiuthampton for New York on the 10th inatint. with a lull complement of pas sengers. The news hjr thin arrival, lu a commercial "Ouse, in liiqlily important; Irat otlierwU., therein hut litt-o of in terest. Affairs at Seba.to|)ol had undergone no chang". and except uj occasional interchange of shots everything was quiet. The nl'ios were threatening Perekop, and were a! o manifesting mim aotivity ou the Danube. News of the bombardment of '*le?aa by th* allied lleet was daily looked 5>r. A slight engagement had taken place near Kortsch, and resulted iu favor of the allies. A letter from Vienna states that evernl bankers there give credence to the rumoi that Iius-ia is contracting a loan in North America, au l that the negotiations aro likely to be concluded. Marseilles advices of the 10th state that the Minister <>t War was still using every exertion to i elnforce the army iu the Crimen. From Asia the news is unimportant. The Turks still hide out at Ears, although closely invested and itus h distressed for provisions. 1ht cotton market had exhibited rrrsat depression, amounting almost to a panic, and prices were fully one thrilling lower, while in some cases forced siilo* hnd been made to even a still greater reduction from tiie quotations ud.lted per the Atlantic. The week's busi ness was restricted to about 81 000 bales, of wliieh specu lators took hut a very sniaii proportion. For breadstuff* a fair demand existed at the extreme prices of the week preceding, and in some description* u slight ndvance had taken place. Indian core wa- iu moderate request at former rate-. I'rovisions were steady at about former rates. The London money market continued very tight, but the Eauk of Englund had not farther advanced the rates of discount. Consols hnd ihown considerable variation, but finally closed at 87for money. THE WAR. AFFAIRS IN THE CRIMEA. But little ban occurred st the neat of war beyond the fact that the allle* were threatening J'erekop, and that their advance had for a time been checked. Kirnch troops were beiDg ronrentrate<l on the Itanuhe, nnd Odessa was expertod to be Immediately bombarded by the allied lleet, which we* before ita wall*. Gen. Simpson, in hi* last de-patrh, dated Sebastopol, Sept. 2?, says that 0 500 men were employed dally in making a road from Bal..klava to the camp. I'atigue |<ar11c*in the town were engaged in getting timber and other material* from the ruina, in order to get abetter for the tr?.<>pa ere bad weather ret in. Ibe Russian fire trom the bat'eriew on the north ide canaed General Simpbon aome Uttl? annoyance, but lias not prevented work being carried on. By iht' explosion ol a kind of internal ma iilne, number of which had been dug up in various parts of the town aud around the balteriea, an officer aud nine teen nun were wounded. General Simpson reports a trifling engagement, in which the loth liuaiiara and the Cluareuri beat buck the Co.sacks near Kertacb. A letter from Hehaatopol, In the Frankfort state* fhut the sunken Russian ships can be raised

without difficulty, a> the hu* bins close.) Uixin in eveiy I art but one, and attached hose to the hulls ?o that the water aan be pumped out wrhen required. 1 charier and Simp on. according to the /bitty Afcu i, have had a meeting, with a view to picv.-nt wliot they consider indiacre. t revelations by new -paper c*'rre?pon denta, military and civil. General Marmora declare in an order of the >la v that lie will severely punish the authors of any letter* . hlch may have (sen found, informing the I'.us Uns of the movements of the allies, to have injure! the position of the latter. A letter from s'ebaatopol In the Marseilles Journal says that one of the ordera which ha* been executed by the troops, with the greatest pleasure is that of filling np th- trenches, it I- stated that the troops regard their prospects so favorably that a great number of the sol diers of the class of 1847, who may now quit the service, do not wish to do so. THE EXPEDITION AGAINST ODESSA. The allied fleet, which, aee.ordlng to the last news, sailed on a erret expedition from Ssbaitopol, anchored off Gdessa on the 8th day of October. I'rlno* Gortaehu kofT reports that the fotr- consists of eight hips of th" line, twenty-seven steamers, and one other ve* el. No news of the bombardment had been received up to the latest dates but was expected Immediately. Oiessu, sinie tl.e destruction <ffthe e< m ports in the H?aof A/off, has formed the chief, if not th'* sole mentis of support of the Haitian army in the f'rimea. The Kmperor of Km. eia and auite arrlveil at <<de-sa on the *J3d of Hepteraber, hut left again the next day tor M laieff to attend a couucll of war. THE BALTIC. The Russians are repairing .-weal-erg with the greatest activity enlarging the barracks trel building batteries Ac. Further accounts from Riga, though meagr-, of th bombardment, state that the batteries at tie* mouth o buna had suffered little, but the battery at Balien iia considerably. <>n the 25th < t September three triples anchored a the mouth of the r>ver hubs, aad the boats' crew* set fit to ten vessels. Rear Aomlr.-'l reniud Voribing the expedition to the t.ii If of Boil.- is. < Ft?neh corvette vnd two Fog Ibb strainers, s . . ? I ven Russian vessels anchored r ff Buran, a nrall town or. the I1nl*h roast, wrre . sp tured also eight other small veesels, making the tonnage captured 2,500. THE LATEST. pr.MON8maT!ON or tiik slum rpos rtnuor. A dee patch from Prince Gortsehakoff date) 'rctohe* Pth. received at St. I'eter*burg states that the si lb-* had advanced from Kupatcia, threatei..ng I crekop hut hat retired on meeting the advaaeeo posts of the Russian left flank. Flxfeen hattali- us of the Russians were thrown Into disorder. nrropTF? FmitEirjiJtr or rn?: gp>~uw>. According to the Fransfot t /Vt 7a i! a no, tn< 1 ?ty ' the t'u ? an army had been withdrawn ficua the pta??*nu on the nor*h ride of ?ebastopol towards the tmtghts of the Reibfk. Only a "hw thousand men a> ? garrison t..e . B< ''.Her- ! :'*. to b? 0 jVotl"?- ,f N>* J'eff -JV 1 ? ? S) -3?a Mt concent.at.'(I, 5*,0C0 or whrrn belong to the newly raised military. WMIAN l.OflHKS AT HIBABTOPOL. The Iwlide Jfuss-' g ve# a detailed account of the lo**e* of t'.e Russian garr'son on the 8th September, a* follow*:?Kilted '1,684, wounded ?,0*8, cnutuaiona t,*?, ml*?ing 1.7M?totat 11,701. The same journal elate* that the Russian* tnat 1,(4)0 men on the 10th of Auguet, and 1,000 men jer day every day up to September r?th. Thus It would appear that the loaee* of the g.rriaonfbr the laat three week* of thenlege amounted to 80.700 men, irrespective of disease. AFPAIKk ON THE DANUBE. According to the Constantinople Journal the com manilrr of the Turkish army on the Danube ha" received Inetruction* to provide ration* for forty or fifty thounend French troop*, who ere to arrive at NllUtria about the end ft October. A telegraph from Constantinople *tato* that the Anglo Turkish .contingent hae receded order* to proceed to Hchutnla. DEFEAT or TH* TrRIS rN A?IA. (ion. Hours vtei.U ha* forwarded to St. Peter..burg a re port of a Kurcowful engagement, in which the Co*?acka, militia nn<l dragoon*, nommanded by 1 Jeutonaut-Generni Kovalrr*ki, defeated a detachment of 1,800 regular Tur kiah cavalry, and 1.080 Haabi Itazeuk*. Tlx- Turk* had about 400 killed. Ali Pasha. the commander who took pari in mo?t of the laa*. war* of Turkey, wa* made prisoner. The Turk* lo?t ail their gun*. The garri.ou at bar* *tUl hclda out though reduced to great extreme*, i'art of Omar P**lta'* three waa ad vancing front Bat outn to attempt to rai o the blockade. The Turkish force now at Kiui number* 10,000 men. MEDIATION. In a circular aildroniiod by the Austrian government to it* representative*, it Is (ntimatflf that though l'ruH*i& is at liberty to act a* mediator between the belligerent Po?era, the pro*ent I* not * favorable time for auch mediation; that, in fact, the \Vextern I'owcr* muat fol low up the adiant igr gaiaed, and not treat with Bu??ia when they have cjpelled them from the Crimea. The manifesto assert* that the mod perfect understanding existed between Austria and Franco. A DKITIHH FLEET HB.VT TO THE HAY OF NAPLES. liti Majesty'* ships 1,oni on Rodney Albion, l-eamlar, and Wu?ji, have received order* to proceed under the command ot Admiral Stafford, to the eou*t of Italy. They will begin their minion, it !* "aid, in the Hay of Naples. tireut llrtAMln. Thureday, the 10th inxl., wa* th" weekly board day of I he llaltk ot Kngland. A protracte.l discussion took place, hut uo change a** made in the rate of discount. A meeting of the creditors ol Delist* k Janvrtn had lifcn held, ami the atatunii ut ol their affair* was very satisfactory. Km nee. The Jf.vtf'eur announce*, officially,. that tho Umpire l aa enteied the tittli month of her pregnancy, and that her health i* excellent. An alliance between Prince Napoleon ami the Princes* Royal of Fiigland. it i* stated by the Unlet cot respondent, is tutnored in political circles. Ornmaik. It i* announced In iue of the lsmdon papers Oust the Danish government L?* invited all maritime power*, In cluding ihe l otted blalo?, to mce* In Congress at Copon hagenln November, to settle ti e iiuetton ol the Mound Due*. Denmark, it 1* said, propose , a capitalisation and redemption of the due*. (Irvrce. Tlie ministry have rcsigued, < wing to the resistance of the King lit refusing to have any Intercour-e with (ien Kalergi. Minister ot vVar. The King accepts I the ve*ig nations. ami a ue? mlnl*try ha* beed formed. Conitiirri Inl tntc-lllgt-lii-r. LONDON MONEY maiikein ?lhf Minimum Bank of KngUud rate of dUcount nmi tiout-K 6>* i>er cent, at which rate money has boan in great rtquivt tlus week, bnt the demand oomewhat (lackeued at the clue#. Couxol* quoted on Friday at 87 '< a tlft to? money, and I7X f"r account, ilex loan dol ltire, 4*. 177^.7.; h*r tillvtr, Sx. I.tyl,; American eagle*, ffefc IMk amikii x.v mat-mnan. American atoek* remain unaaleahl". an may tie aup poaed in the preacut elate of the money market:? Maryland Marling bond* 1)2 I eiinxy Ivwolri inscription* 77 \ Irglnia a'erllng flew 8?l Cnlted Water elian, IBA'J 101 i'enna. Central It. K. bond*, 1 at mortgage ?1 1)0. do. do. 2d do 81 Fentmylmrln aterling bond*... HI New York and krle Hit Illlnol* Central 71 Michigan Central 88 LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. Mr?ii>. Brown, hhiplay (*?.'? Circular any*:?The cotton market during the j.ait week halt exhibited great depremiion, nlm.ixt amounting to it pnnic. Tlie preaoire ha* mete immediately fallen upon I [ land* and Mobile*, which have glv n way at fjd. a ','d., ?hll t tic." icionally forced ante* nave been mode at nearly 1*1, per lb. de ?dire. Hie muiket cloud today with ft little more -te idin*.. in r. inaeq.ienee of the ll.nl. of Kngland n?t having yet further advanced it< rah- of diaconnt. The rate* tor the WW"* are extirpated at .'Il,0.'i0 ba'o. peru t tot* tnalrg 1.400 and exporter* .'i.d-O 1ml"*. Friday'* bueineo* I* called 0,000 bale*. The f illowlrig ire tha'(no tation*:? Ortl'niry to fl'ir. Miil'fttng. ft**! ird'y. New Orlean* njj & Mi.bliee fl>4 5 7 10 1 plandu 0 h'i Inferior, I ? 4 . Total *t*ick of cotton In port, 6.15,000 Imlr* of whleb i02,tt<(0 la American, import f.r th" week 4-i,a94 b*l*?, Including American, "".,400. Menxr*. i enni'toun'* circular -ay* :?; h? cotton mar k* t hn* been depre-?e | all 'he wee*, an I ha* further de clined fully t?d. per lb. 77ie market w t* xlwdlcr ?t thu elite. LIVERPOOL BREADHTtrmi MARKET. Mature. ltecni*toun K Co. report art citenelve bitdae * doing at a "light advance In orf em Thcr quote a* fol lutn:?Wextern c.anal flour 4')*. a 42* : Ilii'lrnore and l'h.ladclpbin 42c. . 4 a., ihlo. 42 . a 4.1.. White f. s. wheat, II*. I'd. a 1.*. 3d. rid and mixed, lli. 3d. a 11*. ltd. Mixed corn, i!V*. W. a 40*. Brown, rOilplcy A Co. x?y tlicre had la-en a fair demand for new wheat arid flour at he extiemo price* of lent ??-ek, while old whe?' I* 2d. dearer. Indian corn I* in moderate demand at form- tat'*. Their quotation i are:?Wnita wheat. 12*. 2d. a lk*. 8<1.; red 11*. Hd. a 12* W. -te n cartal flour 40*. Id. a 41*.; "hin, 41*. a It- hi Canadian ll>. a 41a. 0d. White Indian corn, 41*. a 4..; yellow, ?10- /a 40*. fld. LIVERPOOL PEOVIRION MARKET. Mr or-. Htglxnl, AthyaA'.'o. r?-poit no nul'erlal change In provl-lori* lb i f we* dull. and |* rk Arm l*trd quoted at ?.<*?. a 87*., with a -mail bnxiriex* doing. I.iu*ecd cake ?Thin oblong "old at CId. Tallow mltancad: tin. N irtli merican worth 64*. No ?U*k on h.ni'. V. C. wild at 00a. od. a A3*. Liverpool rnovccn makekt. (From the Broker*' Circular, be.] A*hc* in moderate demarid, at about la*t wc-k ? pri*?ui. T'i.|cntlj:i ll/m. Ho,-:u to graid demand, at] 4a. 10?L for cotnn.'a to 8*. for fine. Fplrit* of tur|j**iitine vlv* iced ,o 40*. I'll*?1,1/00 ton* paint an I d on tha ?pot audi* trrlt" at ?44 a ?47. i'ala *ea! and rape in fair reqtjeet, at ?51 10*. f.r tha former, and 81* for the latter. Rice dull, iljewr**!?20O ton* I I g?ie?i ?A I at ?'. 10*. for Jamaica, and ?7 a ?7 15*. for Compearhy. ) ustic ?710*. LiT Cntia. LONDON MARKET-' Co!fee?Public xaie* allowed a decline of fld. a 1*. per . wt. Wheat?A tail auj.ply . I new kngoah aold at pre lii.n* pilce*. For old taglixb and forei/n of floe qua lity 'here aa* mare demand ?' ?tltf'-r ratn. tin Fdday there wa* a firmer (eeliag arid higher pri"-? were axked whit.- American, 80* a 82*.; red, 78* ai'x*. per inarter American H .ur, K'l*. a 4L*. per I bl. \ parcel oI new red Amtrican wheat ho* been r<.p| to an-ir* at 76a. yr guar ter. Cotton Ik-maivl rierlcat" ale* for the week, kale* at decline lard qotet Wee tern In keg. c-iierep market roatlnne* .(uL-t ?' I'd. rdiu v rU an ?42 a .'.43 if, bale* Bombay "1-1 at aneli n at Lj) for fair quality. Manila, -urretit <|uah'y ?.'17 a ?'?* Jute U flat. irnn?iiODiaiid m<*lerat*, maker. ?en?ra!ly Arm rxli* ?b; bar* ?*a 18 6e., free on board in W?le? h rag 76*. a 7tt*. 6d , for mixed nnmoer* on the Cfyde. |*o**ad? li'tle'kmr hne aampie* at T?*. a 74*. ??!. I4'i**etnaix I ' r and gixid. American bag ake ?1 . on the ft*it, and *.iai*, ?13 f*. a ?13 10> f. r arrivi4 parcal*. iU*? flat, and M. lower. r?it|i tre firm but n.'t aetlux?Iboigal to ,rrlre ba* leen w.ld at 8* f> r five per cent refra-'ti - ?gar quiet?e?l. a 1/ per rlkt. decline In oom* sm llarina brown, 41*. a 41*. Cd., Porto Kjc., 4 ;? a 4*1* Id. ?palter Arm at ?24 2*. Cd. on the *po4. T?*?iiniim (wcgou hrm at '*<? per IL. Tm witbout change?' not nion hbeka, IZt* , hank* 124*. reflned, 127* ban 124*. a 126* . PtroJt*. l22a T'ifpenMiie a.tvan <*1 c*n>*| leraMy?-Bale reported at 10*. ild.. *pti u Km a M>*. LivvRi'ont. rr.Rfunv marekt. Freight* t*. the fnitel "ta*. ? biv- a d varied roach thi" week, but tha rat* are rather irreg-itar. tc -,.g eax - nger i continue icao-x Th" price of pe?"%g to S-w Yor* ofalw.ut ?3 6a. VretgM* to *?? VixrkTM waSfht, 12*. Ad par ton Anagood*, 12* tVI a 16*. 4d. hardwire 12* M ee.rtbenw.i>e 8* freiyhf to Iberia, dew." we'gh*. 'JDo. a 21*. M. per too foe go>!?, 2Dx hard wa ~, 13a earthenware )n., Vretgbt to IlisUVI.hia, d wugh'. 17*. M a 80*. per floe J8. hardware '5* earthenware n> I .eight tn Hat" ? * r:cad weight, 1ft*, a 23* 8d ner Dei. An* gat* 30a bai tea'* Jib" earttiraware, in. FvetgM bo N??'ir | loi.i Aead we ght ln? per ton, 4a* p.*ti LV ha-1 watt 12* 84., eid||*nw*re t> ftatt or tp cfig *.* M*!rftrr*nr* Tke (Mthntu nttto^r/atiuM IN, at tVot f twr I r?'' . NEWS IHBKCT PROS THE RUSSIAN CAMP. Highly Interesting Intelligence from the Interior of 8ebastopol. ItBIMIUHBCRICnMnEIOinNK. THE PERSONNEL OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY. The War PeeUnr Amen* U? Bawdaa AeMlerjr, Ac., Ac., Ac. Among tha p?*-vngern who arrirad at thisport onTue*. day burl, by the prli* ship I'nivaraa, from Liverpool, wat Dr. Davagv who come* direct from the Russian camp at labaetopol, where ho served in tha capacity of aurgaon in the median! staff. We paid him ? rinlt yesterday, nod iu the course of ? genera) oowveraation on the war in the Crimea, nnd the rendition of the contending pertiea en both aides, ohtairitd the following particular*. Dr. Davega was nleren month* in the Critnna. ? considerable pottion tf which time was spent immediately in the camp, wbeiche liad an excellent opportunity of becoming acquainted with the character of the Hon*inn aoldlera, and the men by whom they are commanded What he atataa, therefore, may be regarded aa reliable, although it Will be found widely at variance with many of the ec count* published in th* hog I i ah pa pare. At the time of hi? departure Irom tlu* Kuaaian t ainp, which waa about the middle of laat month, the Alltea were in poaaeaaion'or the aouthern aide of rWhaatopol, the Russian* under t.o, t ohekolT ati I retaining undisputed poar#??ion of their strongly fort Mai poaitt ? on the north aide. Thi- part of the city, lie slntes, It atil) atronger than that which they hare lout, or, more properly apeek jig, than that which they have abandoned, a* It now ap pear" they did not Intend to bold it longer than waa news, aary to give thorn time to remove tbei hrwpltaU, their gun- huiI whatever elae they conaiderod tndUpeimahte. Their forta command story part of the aouth aide which Ilea holow them, completely within range ol their gunr, at n <l*pth ol at least over one hundred (cot. It la en dent from thi" that they are in a Mtill better position than they were wbeu they had poaaeaaion of the whole city, a* they can trndci that part of It which la in the posse ion of the Allien altogether untenable. ThW la ao well knoan to the Allk'" that they are actually tie ginning to regard their late successful, hut dearly purchased, triumph aa Tory unprofitable if not worn* than weteaa. On the other ban I. it la a math r of con gratulaticn, he *ar?. In the Hii-afnn camp, even among the common aoldlera, who un leratand the gieat advan tage it give* them ovri their (be. Kor aeven month* the work of fi rlifying and 1 lengthening the north aide haa been going on, and now,,auch I* the perfection to which they hare brought that work, that every bill haa tieen converted Into a fort, and every point where cannon can be placed ia absolutely bristling with theiu. Here they not only command the south aide, but they render It utterly Impossible for the Allied fleet to enter the hajbor, or to ccuue even wiihiu a lung distance of it. Iu additlou to thl", thu i oad from their camp to ? trie*** la occupied bydtf ferwnt detachmeota of their army,which, Including the force in the camp, nnmbera COD >iOu well disciplined, well equip ped, wi ll pi ovWIoned and evety way efft ctlve tueipa. Hut thl* ia not all?the<r facllltie- fur the tmnapo. tat I-in of I truopa aie auch that they can If necessary bring thalr whole disposable force into the titinea n 'he courneut a few days. The road from I'erekop la open to them, ami they are <-? natunfly receiving from that place imtnenae supplies of provision*. The atateuient, that they were deficient In their supplies la therefore untrue, and we were told that nt prevent they Have sufficient for *cvcral montha ahi old nil communication with that point, lie cut off by the Allies. Our leadera may remernlier tliat n the pajicr- which in ought the account of the ' fall of bebaatopol.'' it atatcd that the Russian* weie in lull retreat toward* lerelop, and tliat a detachment of thirty thou'iind of tha Allies) army wa* >le?;>ulclie.t to Intercept them. This waa not only Mae, aa proved by subsequent account*, but utterly ah aunl, as It now appears that thu Russians had not the remotest idea of retreating, and were deter mined to remain where they were and defend their position to the laat. The atery that sir hundred I'oles had deserted from the flusaian army. Dr. Davrga Informed us is n<d worthy of the slightest credit. A few may have deserted, but lie assured ua that the cuaoa of desertion on the other side were more numerous and the day bef.ite he left six Sar dinian* had arrived at the Rus ixn camp The army, too, instead of lielng demoralized, la in as perfect a state of order and discipline a* their commanders could desire ? U'1 so far from ladng eseti discouraged, they have gamed confidence and self-reliance from their frequent enconn. ters with the Allied lorcea. Tliey have bees, he aays, greatly underrated; but the Allies hare by this time found out to their loss that, aa [Sogberry would say they are not the men they took them fir. It ap pears now that they are among the finest sol diem in the world, and that they are in some respects sujrrlor to the French. It is a singular fart that whoa the Jiigiish and the French scatter under a liaary fire, the Rua'ian* flock together and cling to aa< h other with a tenacity that know* not when to yDid. tliey never think of retreating, and rush nto battle with an en thu ?f.c-M in-pi ill by the deepest feeling of rcbgfc(i They tell you they arc lighting for " their tb<d, iheir ' sar ant their rouiitry." and liny believa that de*!h in such a cau-c la little Ires than martyrdom. In fact, tliey -egard It as such, and believe that the greatest sacrifice tbey ran make la to d'e on the battle field fighting in -Iefenrc of their church, of which they regard the f'tar under find, as the head. Tlie army Is compose.! of ItuasUo-, In lading the Cos rack* of the ffluc* .J?a, Greeks and I'olra. Th* proportion of the I'ole* is n< t *o large as ha* been reported, but the '.rrck* are very numeiou,, arid ara, among the be. I awl l.i a rest in the wh le artoy. I"he Itu ?> an?, without eirrp lion, actually believe ti *?, it ia a holy war againat the ' Infidel lurk " In which ?',ev are etw?gw| and whenever any unfortunate kloharntm .ana fall Into thefr hands they are killed at onna? 'he ulea of giv.ngthein quarter tieftr entotteg therslnd of 111* kusslao soldier. The I.reeks, be* l'b 'be religious feel ng which actuates them are urges) on by their national animosity against tbe lurk, and they never omit an oppor'unity of wreaking iheir vepgeroc* upon Uism (of 'he centuries of jerwa-u tion which their natl- n luu aulfered at thefr hands. At the era en--fnent ?f the wsr the iiigbe-t fee bug of respect wa* ent*rlaio<d by tha ituaatsu* for the fug'i-h but tb " haa nnd> rg ne a change and tr.ey have at last come to regard them a t ? a feeling of contempt It Is not unusual, lb hnevs u Id <.#,tob*ar them >ay. What are tbe Knglish ? Nothing. We have beaten toem In every battle end would hare dee'rayed them bait for the Crenel). It is against tli* ki'-ni h w fight. If wa had to <lo only with the Fog .i-b wa would Utis*?pt th-n off th- earth before this.'' '?| do not know," said f?r. (lavaga, '"of a battle which th* tag oh war-- not worsted and In wh! b they were only ?*v?.| fnmi destrc tbm by their aloes th. French." the Rasoan sr.Idles Ira' w this Well, awl when engiged in carrying aaunon b*U* jor.stely say ' here ia esns brand for th# I r-D h," apparently igo rtng the vary e?. Istenea of tha laglkk. If.Mr rdReere ara higt.ly Maniet and It is an uncommon tb.ng to Awl ana wb-' 'bow not spsak thrsa or four language'. They are aleo set ?f r? fioement, an) a* I.-, loiw had < vary .pi?rtrn<!y 4 I re wing pvscti'a )y, ar* m>-\ eartsa- ? to Ao> ?sin. He naknra la this parli-aJtr all we r told by tT. Kottniaa, eight or nln* mm tf.s ago, / ? ays that tha highest gen- sis In the army show U rvwry Sttentb/O and klwloaes in t'-etr power. Hess b'wevwv. Hint the dlrosls in the 'now i* very hsaltby, and tbst ef atne Amsi >*? who were n the msstiea) staff Ir'lig his serv.r-s nee dial In a eor 1 tbay enter'' a fee logs <4 I ha '*wp?t Inent'hip ts?*. It ,mj cs.ua' jtr-fy ?nI ara always randy ta exhibit 1% ? even at thMr own personnl tncanrvaaUoew and tons. Tbss may be **11 of ail, fr-rw tha ' r*' gown tha |*-/Ta?t *4 dsrr ia ?h? reeks ^ Ir. regsrn to ' Trffiahea aa ba awrva ct.rperky anoast ba tap* the affaw-tin,, wbkrh ?J mar* I. rrflprw u*) men pear for bin anerouts alweoa*. p, wb/tatsai ihay are prcul of kim, and ,'ua' y IwA up o k w as ?* great's1 '"gtneev m T,urope blsu they ac-iae their ? apnea kanVsd *??**?* |a 1st* daMwan ?f rw Ms'T and thera ta haegiy % * sV* h a* ?ho Vf-uid h</1 h1' il tt?>iif4 ri ETTb!'Z ?Z'?!*'mo" Z co,in,ry'" - -r ir,r ? RuMo-Cfrnifin fli j , . "??**? sr;.s r:,r? ^ tr butable the .UCWM with which the, hare , t^Z^ZZ'TT' So kmomH **??*?? '?-i to do, a?H wli thWi plan. ... zzzx;* * ,"?cu,,," *?'1 *?>?? ?>-ns "j? "*''1 4l,M"' "d U.?m at a ??, :rr:y ".t4 ,n ? *** ?f ??**? ?<r^r in th^hUH. , ***' *nd **r <? ball not ' WfhMt ???"?'"#? uwc, th.? bu, U?U?^ obamMCf o/ which ? commanded and ** ** J>?w?r and autliorit, ?f military rwia ?f **? ,h-**?utu-n,?. ,h* "nM" ,0 ???" ??"thar winter'. c,n,MZn^ ???; '? I w a..*,. r work b?. ,.rnlj nmmioH with the uhtn* ui the ?out). aid, 0f h,b?.t?pw>, and the cap?u,. ?f ?? >ar* ?1ill ? ^ >-? attended w,Ui ? dill fieater lodi than thav ),... =2==sss&??5S "u* *"?"? "P I" ib?u U, I. we have .a el 7 ....Unable. ?ii,| ?u(.u u lh- ^ ^ ^ **? uLTZr "' 1U' 11 U tw Z cannon ?r e,rmlr/i whl,e ^ fjot hM( ?> n to t, i* kueeo at erer, .Up. Tha proaperU i iijicn Im-Iojc the all,,-., un.lar thw.. oireuuiata.ww. , certain , ,,f , B1IW, f|(K>ni/ klnd (lurUollAlu>ff ' >dtu!I^ 7" J#n,1%rr ,nd K-'" '""7 ' 4o alt their btixlnaiM fcr Uiam. W? bar. .pi^.i, u^|ln4r of |1|r |{ , r"Tct ,0 ,b- ??'. ?" < ?- m?7 a.M tut ? u . , n' >T ?" ?U?? throu^oal th.eUI# rhc iiotlc, arc wllha, ,? ^rU,,,. UiairTrto J. tiHabl th"tV " icb,b*Jrl"ot "P0?^MOMaTUia wawt tm tift.bl* that ha., rer U.,, w.Cw,(hair aoo.tr, I? JZ no., a Ith the a?l ti. r. the, beifcea tluat llw-y CMmai ^ + r-?.-J a.,| ara daU*oUoa<l ?? ,l((hUnff ereT t^t, .ranodi. ,hc rnme. tw.rc ?UTf,^)t Th/JSZ cnthu.ia.ni of ,b, w.l.li.,, k.,,( up by Ul#Urwk J? 0 W MOlibera are a U,?. ......Ur ^ lna|i|ra thaai wiy, m idea that the, are ^ "?Jr .ga!?., tli.inmiaL i v.rr ol.lrw. LaZZ^TiZ" [raru ,ecei,ei b, then, with the ^rea'aat JnHrJZZ. India, .lieu,,, ,he ^ot?Z: III ITr'T' M*n ?"n, in.pire.1 b, auch r ";.nK""'-r ?l'? l-rhapa. hU e., JfJC fnpo, with tfnerab, aha.a abUhte. haw been well,e.a.a U. MM. U. ~ " ji i rr"?" - -- Grand Jury Prrii<niin*Mi ii b..i .. T" T"* wnuf. thu X^h^n \n";^n~d,'? "f ""j ??'?ran.* , 1 u"' '""n tndirteo wb.hwM hlaJ; nn the ?'le,k o the tooM if Vandarvonrt I ,., till, f-l IU?v *?" net U..I net "'""n <n6.ri,H~) ,?, t,,at th^ T., ? ? c:y.,e'an,1^;;^u;/'r1rs l'l-t.ict Att?r?'y,,V,hro,on"yAl l'*11' U'l <*? titer ??, ludlrlment er ^U',in."1r,,#' ?" ??*n, whe ?%nntl l,? He.r* IrUo the r.'.ii!! !'"!! etuling that the blij or 'eliarral a " ?.' r, 1'" ?^? m/ earedieiiiiaae<l, a/alnit Tbem.ui h. Ilaw.. ef Til, Oeun.ej Yw^'.^a'^ .m1'}* U'r iter, eflicial art ol i?. ??'1 fnte^nt, ^ ??? injarcl rc^ritf. o hl'tt. ^'u ' ment Ih.t / b..| ,?n /eelctcl er e.I n. T pu/fed. itn>) I w mr t? fru?fi ?r|*i' "" ,Ul ? '? for it mart be evident t., .|j , 1 i lintg*? /i?r tii*? Mi l. _ . f . , * w*4 ? u* ra. ab.M ?, , .an !b?."e bfr": e^u.rr"''/^ flea off a, to. lector .hl.i i t eiartino te tha a* flanra to thiiaa wi,o h., e tieen In.i 1 mf the .lanier a. .,," ,, J"*" ,n"""",ent ,t |? ,,?Wi.n hereafter W(.k ,u<., , *?'? that | b.fd. ie>ira?? hom then, aa tl,e Uv ar Vrw Voia Oat 24 l*M ?"WA-' K '?'?/, nro> f imntv ,,t \?.i ? (l ... llaM " tbe*I ' V - ' ' V" ' n'T'tZJ - ^?S?S?ki5S5 - ""r-- ** ?Wp. bent that tree ??? I, t I,,! ^ tr"1 '?? Mruv^: - ^:^vx:;:r':;:r,v^t *r^" arr - tb?rluric r;, r;H Pfrwitinl Inlrlllfrnrr. Tlx Rim. r? I rain,*bu/#*n Proaaiml ?</ B?t gut I ?ll*ja viJ I'WrNi II." Mil) >i I*. N J., i a Paturla/ lb# ??!h lit#unl, at II ? ?. .1 A M , 10 Um ,11/ nt .Saw ntjrr#?l<-i IIIIT1M. frm U??#T*?'I. I* I- ?"??n.?l,i|> Afri## ?' Ha.iUt? Mr P'?"?( ?ul 1*4f. M^., l#i?u, Ml# lliiu jh Mm H'mW aa #ar#r at <I#>#| # , ),*? tnrl larj# K?i Pvk#r**tll. Him Maurj. Mm I i.?.(.<#?., Mr Waraa* ar.4 *4y. Hi W: M), III f?/mm u>l J >#? N w, par I'r *,,l'?t,i ?ri M ?? .Hraal. Mia !..?.* Mi U,| #j#4 i?'l|. Mr# Ma*#*), Mr k'i" #rl aa, Ml). Mr I'ikiMM), Ii-ukI*"# l.rui#) Mr K#.-"ur ?.! Mr# II :.#?). Mr# H rhanan Ml## Hurl.* ar. Mr M. r# maA -a4jr Mr Uw,, l#4| >wl ItaiMrr b> U#l- <r >r>l # #. "rr i #m lUxll, H.r*?<? ftia'fcar* I Mr. Mr l.ja.l, Mr i a*a a'?l a-l <WM lima#*. Mm <? 0, Mr Wr'*hi ant ia4> Mr# Prva# Mr Ka#rn.an irrl 1*4/. Mr# lariMri #?<# l'"W|ua# ta# l?4; M A#!,' t, M ?? r .rt.wa!, k-t Vnri Mi I'jriVr, Mr# llnrMl# Mr# lrrr, Mr# 4<ak- *?ar< ' aa?#f, Ibrrlb, kfif.- n Mlaar. lr>? #.a l#ara,.a' I.## ?? II# < ' ' " ?## (All |l >l.? tn IImm, I MM!# 0" #?#nr ll**# M ??* nt?w art, Mia* Kurhanan i#.rrl, t##1 Mwrtoa, lUmva. Ma# rain, -,mj.#?>, J'?## 8a*aa"', !?? a #> ? ?</ ?, '##' ''?*/ ##..## Ki*? ?,## M,#a# Im.m*;### # jo Hral .re, r?**.#fr. KtrMirr lUiBrarl #"irnr.ar. M l*t?aa#?it. HI! a#*Ma, r ar lryka. WI.Hr I 'a < aacr". M'? ? Mr# ? ?r II n.#j#a, l("?l#"r'ai* Maawifr, Mr".#.a * ... K'#l#r W", ? I'fa. Ibarar llait.aa 'irtanal, Pit.#) * ?a, IM'i #? ' ' I-a a. X'#4ar Watarai * Hati, ?ai n* ' ? ' r > ?#,"?. I a*i## Pa"iar?. K">a* !? Hit- H*<?r W a. P/war l Mlail, l#l"?1<l*r'l. Ma) M arar,^ I at * la# Mr - ra llatr# |a ?!>!(/ win T>'. -II M W a # J M Pa 4. M A Z* a# a* a Pri.tit Mara la* la !,*/? *A#? I M ? < a<r ??# I ? ?? ? OtMran nia#r art) .ar##*, Ma* llM Irv* a?a. i II NllW? ?I la .'<#??## Pi'r* llarar<a. n bar! Im ? -Ml?* I M ra). hp r.borrow*. IBB P"# ?an PrmnaH*#-.. tw "iwra* ,# la ' a*M#aab#MD lall II II Wa.1 4"H?#a?#?#r W#*#. farp. |Ca#a#i ?atwar f'#a?r.#r. * < - ? :?#*a##*ar P att# Ignpf"" ? J##aa ??T.r'r ' r * T"in?'? J#i,-? T#t# w ?) # Imh.? ' / * I .,rra. r a| ' 0. k *?#?.?? O wrtbtifa, ar.1 a,? J M "art aral ? ' Mr# i lit# a aala'ui. f H r'raa #?, ll I## n?a J*. WO '<#> 1 Ha-Ja.1 lM all* Mr* A f l-aiJar* aa* I*. al? Arm ll, * lr <s *?1 <Mll, Mia# I al, J H '? a*#a ?In#, II f? l?-rtra wrvl ?* Mr# 0 o lik#..'#### ?< VK't Hr## M.#a * l"*rr*n, I. K I' aaa I T Oaroia Mr* r| M ll*".? TMat Mtifaai r *pt w Wa#? Mr* i II 'an#ka M l> ??##*?? al Mr* rr IPfMlaa anArbaa# aaAtraa Mtaa J^#"#r# laK.ri.u a. ? Mvltan r# War# a R I'arwia# # I* Tb a "#? war. |rar.? <f'?l#r M f alt# r ti r, #??#?. mT. i| v. '##.# lr .... , tar #-M" ? < ?" M-. M. . M >-r. i r'M .liar TW - ? M Mr# II J ?aaa,.III'?jrl :t*^*#, M# . M >#br/. On Muwinrva. f ?alao# Mr. W L v-Jw ? ? Pawn mm M > *a #.*#.!? r> ? J W Mr' #rH##*jr Mr* "A ??, ? * M. . ? In littm *??>UA R II*?a# If i.rtlwcM i I. a?*ii> ar. ' a# ? irr J-#?#*>law, 10 11 Iranian*. J U ll aanl ? !?.W * #r-^i UK, w>: *00. Mm* * Mar Vi*7 M,? t r ? , ? ? Ipa W Ka|#Af / I Hair *r M .?*? ?? ,#.' w '? > Ma'a* J MkiuAa. J M*raarr-.-?, ll i>an# W ik/tar. Mr# M A Irrxai aa|i*'i'tt#|r ? 1 T.f * l|#?? '#* ?r?4 a Ma A ka'ii, a,,4 *a, A ##*"?*?' W II V# ?**. It *#a#wa M O/'fiH W ra ><**#t I l.lrak#,, I. Mna*. I l'ar?a. *Wa :t.A A. i Mr# pli 1 *'? a. Maa R * #*??ar < 'aArb^ - ? #-. I ? ? ? *, ?? " I. ?.. ?/ W .as# <#? '#H J WaZIr Zr, H W*a4r##a *,## I #ta-#t kiaia.- kaa.H, #? * r^aw* W Mat. art r. 4 Mr Ijowo 4 ria?i. Wwa lnM, It VtjUB, MmM *t).#r# la 'Aa ??*#? f<# ">ar Ja#??. ? I Mr* ??* tM ? ? ? ##?? *#? '' Mr# R #>"#*',? I . ?. a!,_. ? l#r I, ' f?<w??' mJ *41 M- I'al M . M 'ar'wir Z*?a# # W##4 ?*?al?.r#??aa V *?*#,?) f-?*? M- ! ? ?? ? ##*a?w#i tHaVrwa - M ?? K (r?#>lo#, ? r-t ***. ?#.' Wii p 1 , imtA .it* . ' A, Mra* ? Br*Aw?k b. ?r. V #var.?i ? * > at ??? *.1 Plar#t# || ? a#a# * )?'? 0 ?? ' *?!?# < *aa S Rr'aa# r ... W ... J I '<M* ll T wivn R ?##a ')#?. M?#i## )#**** |#*i# ,i l? 1 JW* llr-Waa Mr# l<*'a. IkIi,. ,a*.A ?# M JOw .a# Ml * H-* a. W# kWlrVa 4*. Wr||r. r T>, ?*?#a ir.r fr Ml. P I * la# )#.?*??#?? p K?m ?.J ?p. *#? *. 1- a -**?? P? 0 a*ar?na ia ;# <#. Wl#-Wflk^* a-^-? I raiaaa# Mara*. Ti..#a --.nan- ?'?* ? M a.'##* Atfiaa#*#' M^ , .. . T w a?#? a* M#a# Marr M-? a. ?frit *)*.#*#,. Mot # -? |#*n1 '?'>? ?? f P ## V" *<V?# J'.Ml Pr ? 4 ? T a- ? tl .? I O* a W- mm A roaM# ? paaaa* '-a a# *??-- * a ?#.#* ?. t?W Va- ' an! k#r#f a?a#M a ' *# WAV