Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. SORDOl BBWHKTT, FBOrKIROa AND lDlTOfc. aman v. w. co&kkb or rasbau anv hilton btb. TV. RMS ratn in iA?w. _ TUd DAILY HERALD J ,mU pnr ?rr, r por M THE BEEKL V HERALD, nwj ?MurJau, <H tool* por MM, wr p.- nwwn; CAn Knrfx m iMaLBMr 'Utnuiit to 57rur< orOrnit Kro..o?. ?? N> <" ?"?J/ M< O Ifcr OiiUuMwi, fcort kin WVLI'Sfjiity OORRESPONINH09H, amtaintnv imjxiri mt nrV' mJtr'inl/> urn any ywtWir of thr vurUi?i/ uwni i?M bt tOT^piii"*<r JJUt" 1IITH Fo.irion CullRM'OMUleNTX iuk pAJtTK DUI IV R.vUKr.U) TH lilUiU IjtTTAId! DO PACK Uir< nr.1T 0". NO MO TICd Uiktn of uaunymuiu c??nm<MMriU<V>nj. Wr .Jo Mtrrti.m Mil"* ' J"Trt|, /OH P&IMTINO afrubol with noalncoo, choapnoot and (loo ADVERTISEMENTS rtwiMil wry dup. Tola mo XX. No. 301 AMUSEMENTS THIS BTRNING. MROADWA Y THEATRE. BroAdwit?P\nkmck and Pn. wSTSTr^UBl!* BS?0*?RECOLLECTIONS or U-Kla* NTBLO'fi GARDEN, Broadway-Miss Pt???Eka Diatolo ?Jmototou THSa?? Boworj?Thb Troakd Caixr? rilS^f?T!KrRe'_^b^ Skh.ou. r2^TBIBii^toJA^^wmT-Tui MA" or Maj,t WOOD'S MINSTKKIjJ, 44* Browlwsy. ?MPIUjrV'S BCHLESQUR OPERA HOUSE, MS Broad way - Udhumah Oriu in Hum MiniAiur. _MECHANICS' BALL, (72 Broadway?Psor. MACAiajsrms's Miui.? MawIvipi*. WJIHR HALL?Tock or Rdbotb?sues or RuiSfom. ?tw Vrrk, Taeniajr, October 30, 18M. Halls Ibr Europe. NBW TORE HEBALD?EDITION ro* EUROPE. Hhe Collins mail steamship Atlantic, Capt. WeBt, will Jtove this port lo-morrow, at noon, for Liverpool. the European mall* will close in this city at half-past In o'clock, to-morrow morning. *he Herald (printed in English and French) will he pabMiihed at ten o'clock in the morning. Single copies, ka wrappers, sixpence. tobecriptions and adrerlisements for any e<lition cf the York Herald will be reoeived at the following nlaces !? Europe:? IdVURrooL., John Hunter, No. 12 Exchange street. East. London Sandford A Co., No. 17 Cornhill. Livingston, Wells A Co., 8 Place de la Bo<irse. the contents of the Knropean edition of the Herald ?? embrace the news reoeived by mall and telegraph at to? office during the previous week, and to the hour of publication. The Sfwi, Later news from California is now due, by the steamer which left San Francisco on the 5th inst. The democracy of the Sixth Senatorial district held n ratification meeting at Union square lust evening. John Cochrane delivered a speech on the occasion, a report of which we pnblish in another column. The Liqnor Dealers' Society met last night nt Odd Fellows' Hall, and after a very exciting debate npon the nominations of the Central Committee on Satur- i day evening last, determined not to have any city or county ticket, and to confine their efforts to the nominations for State officers. Our despatches from Washington are very inte resting. The advent of a new ambassador from Russia is mentioned as a fixed fact. He will bring communications of the utmost importance, relative to the terms npon which Russia will consent to a peace. The mediation of the United States in the pending war is by no means an impossible event. The State Department has received a circular letter from Denmark respecting the settlement of the Sonnd Dues question, but its tenor has not been made pnblic. The reported resignation of Don Piatt, his post of Secretary of Legation at Paris, is confirmed. Mr. Wise, son of Gov. Wise, now Secretary at Berlin, has been appointed to the va cancy. It is stated that Mr. Buchanan has left Lon don for the Continent, where be will make a brief tour previous to returning home. The steamship Isaliel has arrived at Charleston with Havana dates to the 26th inst. Onr corres pondents, writing on the 23d, state that much diffi culty occurred in the council between the Captiun Gencral and the chief of the war department as to the propriety of commuting the death sentence passed on Morales. In the end, he was permitted to live and work in the streets for eight years as a laborer of the police. Another man had lieen ar rested for distributing seditious pajiers. It was thought that Senor Francisco Goyri wonld be elect ed Director of the Spanish Bank, with a salary of #12,000 per annum, and two per cent on the tota1 profits added. A profit of six percent on shares hud been refused. The rules do not inhibit the employ ment of foreign artists, but the work for the in stitution and nil its business must be transacted within the walls of the bunk building. A small addition had been made to the army. The steamer United States bad been rebaptized as the "Mexico,'' and sailed under the Spauish flag for Bisal, Vera Cruz and Tampico. A letter had been received from J. H. Felix, in which he states that he received kind treatment in prison from humane officials. Recent accounts from Key West state that heavy ?forms had prevailed in the Gnlf, but no wrecks had been repoi-ted. From St. John's (Antigua) we have files of papers to the 25th of September. The Legislature met on the 26th of August. The Antigua Register of September 25, say*:?During the past week we had some good showers, which were much wanted, vege tation having Homcwhat suffered from the want of rain. The heat for the past few days has been op pressive, and the breeze so light as to fie at times aearcely perceptible. The general health of the island is good. From Demerara (W. I.) we hive news to the l'.th of September. Major Blackall, Lieutenant Gover nor, was expected to return to his government soon. The Colonic sayR:?The rain has fallen in great abundance, and, with little intermission, continu ously for several weeks past. This morning opened with a very threatening aspect, and every indication of a coming storm. The wind contiiiued to veer round southerly, and the sea to rise, towurds noon, when several small vessels were driven ashore. The storm was succeeded by torrents of rain. fit. John (N. B.) papers of the 25th ult., mention the entire destruction by fire, on the 22d, of the wooden framed building covering MeGrath, Hard ing & Co.'s oil works, at Spar's Cove. The damage done is estimated at ?2,000. The property was not insnred. In the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday the trial ol Judge Stuart was, by request of counsel, postponed to next Monday week, to which time the oorirt adjourned. The petit jurar* were discharged. The sales of cotton yesterday reached about 1,500 ? 2,000 bales on the basis of aiout !>je. for middling uplands, and an J a je higher for middling Gnlf oottons. The stock in this market is light. Flour ?old freely, including lots for export, with some par eels bought to fill contracts, while the market closed at about l2j cents to 26 cents per barrel ad vance, especially on common and medium grades. Wheat was again quite active, with sales for export closing at 2c. a 5c. per bnshel Advance. C ,m closed at a iron t 06c. a ftftje. The first cargo of new corn was sold yesterday, which inclnded that re ceived from New Orleans; mixed Wc. and the yel low !?3c. Rye was doll. Pork was heavy, and un changed in priies. Reef and lard were heavy. Freights were firm. p0 Uveqiool, grain was taken at lid. a l-'d., Hour at 4s. and cotton at 5-lf><l. a id. To London, flour was taken nt is. r'd. To Havre ?wo or three vessels were ,hart. red at <1 for flour' and 26c. for grain. The valne of foreign goods imported into the noi t of BrotonJnring the wok end'nr 2n'Me-,t ' Our November EWUon-Tta Parties In vol v. ?d ?I?Trick* and Trouble* of tbe De. niorro y. This I . v week comes the election, from the results) v hicb we shall be considerably en lightened eference to the reconstruction of parties In Kmpiro State for the all-impor taut nation %. contest ot 185(i. Beyond tbe crystuliratK'ii 1 the numerous existing con glomerations, visions and subdivisions of parties and faeu .is. however, into two or three definite and ta: le masses, we expect no thing. Siate rcli r:.i and city reform, econo my, retrenchment, and the correction of official abuses, are but the cant aud clap-trap of poli ticians and spoilsmen contending for the plun der. It anything is achieved for the relief of the taxpayers of the Corporation and the Com monwealth it will be accidental, and so much clear gain; but "blessed are they who expect nothing, for they shall not be disappointed." There are really but four State parties in tbe field?-the black republicans, the American party, the hard shell democracy, and the softs. The'"live wbigs" arc a myth, or a mirage, which has all Ihe nppearance of a reality in the dis tance, but which dissolves into the circumam bient air as we approach it, and is gone. The Temperance Alliance are but the camp fol lowers of the Seward coalition, and the liquor and constitutional rights factions are but the irregular cavalry of the democratic hards or softs. The silver gray whigs arc a detach ment of the American party, and the demo cratic half-shells are the hard and soft fusion ists, so far as they go. Upon the Governor last year the popular vote of the State was as follows:? For (lark, fieward fuMonint and liquor law cundi -,*** 160,804 * or Seymour, democratic soft shell and anti-11 quor-law candidate 160 495 lor UNman, silver gray American candidate 122 282 *or BronHon, democratic bard ehell 33 850 But these figures are no more a basis for our election of Tuesday next than for the election in Maryland on the following day. The Liquor law people par excellence, of all parties, voted last year for Clark; the extreme anti-Liquor law interests, of all parties, voted for Seymour; the hard democrats made an eleventh hour diversion upon Ullman, in the hope of defeat ing both Clark and Seymour, and thus left their own candidate, Bronson, far behind the actual strength of his party. Now the whole programme is changed. The Maino law is but a side issue; Southern slavery has taken the place of the liquor question, and is the para- I mount test. The hard shell or national demo cracy having put up a bona fide State ticket of their own, they will, we presume, (with an eye to Cincinnati,) bring up all their reserves in its support, including many thousand votes cast last year for Ullman. On the other hand, many conservative whigs who voted last year for Clark or Seymour, will doubtless go over this time to the American ticket, while all along onr northern border many regular out and-out free soil Van Buren administration softs will fuse with the Seward Holy Alliance. But as we have neither a Governor nor C ongreBsmcn to be elected this year, the result of next Tuesday's scrub race, in a na tional view, is only important as far as it shall foreshadow the reorganization of parties in this commonwealth in 1856. In this aspect of the case the imbroglio between John Van Bu ren and tbe Kitchen Cabinet at Washington is the most significant feature of the whole busi ness. 1 be bull of excommunication against the Prince from the Cabinet organ, leaves the administration in New York without a party; for while the hards hold fast to their repudia tion of Mr. Pierce, he has repudiated the softs. This is supposed to be a shrewd dodge on tbe part of the administration organ to relieve the sotts ot the incubus of the late pro-slavery experiments of Mr. Pierce out yonder in Kan sas; and it may be so. At all events, we are free to say that if the Van Buren ticket does carry the State by fifty thousand purality, ac cording to the absurd prediction of the hope ful I rince, it will be claimed as a great demo cratic victory by the Kitchen Cabinet; whereas if'he softs should come out of the election in a distressing minority, the Cabinet organ has only to cry, such is the natural consequence of a desertion of democratic principles! The net results of Tuesday's election will probably be the same as in 1853 and 1854?the Miccess of the Seward abolition league, through* the adroit management in his behalf, of our Pierce administration. The Pacific Railroad?The Extrf.ue Southern Route?Letter of Hon. Thomas BitfLER Kino.?We publish to-day an inte resting communication from Hon. Thomas But ler King on the subject of the Pacific railroad, and in behalf of the extreme Southern route llirougli Texas and the Gadsden purchase, and thence via the Colorado to San Diego. The special object of Mr. King, in this let ter. is the enlightenment of our New York capitalists upon the subject discussed. In the general views of the writer touching the world embracing commercial advantages that would accrue to the road and to the country, from the completion of this continental iron highway of Europe from the East, and Asia from the West, few of our readers, we pre sume, will differ. Nor do we suppose that, from the financial, constitutional, sectional and party impediments to a construction of ibi< Pacific road by Congress, that any better g< neral plan can be proposed for the building of the work than some incidental appropriations by Congress, some subscriptions by the States most immediately interested, and with the ge neral c onduct of the enterprise in the hands of one or more private corporations. We have also expressed heretofore, what we now repeat, from a very careful examination of official and unofficial reports of our various Pacific railway routes, to wit: that the extreme southern route through Texas via El Paso, and the Gadsden purchase, is, by all odds, the most feasible route. We are of the opinion, in fact, that it is the only feasible route for a rail road from the Mississippi river to the Pacific ocean, and for these reasons: It is from, live hundred to u thousand miles shorter than any other route; it turns the two great snow centred chains of the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, and runs upon a compara tively dead level,where those formidable moun tain bairiers are depressed into the table lands of Chihuahua and Honors. It runs through a region of country which, from its latitudes, is almost tree from the snows of winter that entirely obstruct the mountain pomes of the northern routes, an^ which, from its general altitude, is remarkably healthy aud genial throughout the year. Crossiug the open plains, too, the road builders by this extreme south ern route will be relieved of the tr?m-'nd'?is caw bviuntiUK, mountain streams, chasms, volcanic defiles, Ac., will suggest by all the more northerly routes, in excavations, tunnels, causeways, and bridges. Thus far, we concur with Mr. King in the marked advantages of the Texas and Gadsden route. They are visible in a glance at the map of the United States. But in regard to the l'ert:lity?of the Gadsden couutry we must demur. It is a desert?a barren, dry and howl ing wilderness?with here and there an oasis, watered by a welcome stream; but which is sooner or later absorbed by the greedy sands. This desert region may be rich in gold, silver and copper mines, but they have not yet been discovered to any satisfactory ex tent. Here and there, around the butte-i, or along the detached rocky ridges which are scattered over thiB waste, there may be a patch, now and then, of available railroad timber; but we apprehend that it will be found cheaper to transport all the wood for the su- ! perstructure of the road, from both ends of the line, than to depend upon the scraggy and scanty materials along the route. We suspect, too, that the road through Texas must first be built, before the landB accruing to it can be safely estimated at five dollars an acre. Finally, considering the present agitation of the slavery question, the unsettled condition of the financial and political affairs of both hemispheres, the dead expenditure of the many millions of money and the many years of labor that would be required before any return could be derived from this Pacific road (for even by this southern route it would, as a continental work, yield nothing till complet ed), we had fallen into the general conclusion that the enterprise had been postponed, by common consent, for a more convenient sea son. The Texas branch of the road, however, considering the lands involved, may still be a safe investment as a local work. Beyond this we cannot perceive any immediate practica bility in the interesting and instructive argu ment of Mr. King. Mk. John Cochrane on the " Heavy Best ness."?Pursuant to tips late decision of Prince John Van Buren, Mr. John Cochrane, having been set apart for the " heavy business" of the soft shell democracy, it will be seen from his speech last night, which illuminates qur columns to-day, that he is equal to the duty and prompt to assume the responsibility. His explanations of the soft Aell Syracuse plat form and State ticket, it will be remarked, are j as far removed from those of the Prince as the North is from the South. When two such doc tors differ, who Bhall decide upon the color of the chameleon? The best that we can do is to propose a democratic compromise, to wit: that Mr. Cochrane's views shall be taken as the offi cial exposition of the soft shell ticket and re solutions Bouth of Albany, while Mr. Van Bn ren's shall be accepted as the law and the tes timony throughout the northern counties; and that all those voters who are dissatisfied with Van Buren, Cochrane and the Kitchen Cabi net, shall have the liberty to vote tho hard, the Kdow Nothing, or the black republican ticket. Next to the movement of the liquor dealers, we think this iB about the best thing that has been suggested for the reunion of the democracy. We expect to hear of a grand outburst from the Prince at Albany this even ing. Meantime it is comfortable to know that our Custom House is right side up, and that Tammany Hall is still endorsed by the Kitchen Cabinet. Read the speech of Mr. Cochrane. What the War Costs Us?Rise in the Price of " Materials."?The pretty little game which is now being played by the great European Powers costs everybody something, not only there but here. Many articles of which im mense quantities are wasted in war, arc used for the arts of peace, and every manufacturer suffers from the extra demand, the consequent limited supply and increased price. In the ar ticles of saltpetre, lead, gunpowder, naval stores, hemp, and some kinds of iron, the ad vance in prices since the war broke out lias been an average of thirty per cent. Saltpetre has advanced from six to fourteen cents per pound, and none is to be had at the latter figure. For a long time our markets have been active on European account, and a great deal of saltpetre comes here from Iudia, iu order that it may be re-shipped to German ports. Some shipments have arrived here and been immediately re-shipped to England. Gunpowder, for shipping, which was worth ten cents per pound when the war broke out, has advanced to twenty, and the market is close. Galena lead has gone up a cent a pound since 1853, and the rise in naval stores is about twenty-five per cent. If the war should continue several years longer it may take all the inflammables and combustibles out of the country. We wish Garrison aud Gree ley could be sold out, but they always flash iu the pan. That Back Pat.?For reasons well under stood and distinctly remembered in his dis trict, Caleb Cusbing was twelve years after his tirst nomination in getting into the United States House of Representatives. Is he going to require the same length of time to make up his opinion ou the back pay of Lieut. General Scott? Place an office one peg higher than the one he holds before the short haired Puri tan, and he is as quick to act as a hungry cat ?with a mouse in her reach. Gen. Scott is get. ting to be an old man, and he needs the money which the people's representative nave voted him during his life time, and not to build monuments over his grave. He w 11 not, need any. His fame is written in the blood of his foes on the fields of victory. Let the Attor ney General hurry up that opinion. An honest man can soon tell that twice one makes two. Why this delay? Tlif Dutch Reformed Synod. TO THE EDITOR OP THE III KALI>. The IIprai i) lis* misapprehended the position of the Relt-rnied Mutch Church. That rhurtU but net been iliapersed; but, on the contrary, la more unit. 1 than <Tci. The (laaeia of North Carolina never bel ogr 1 to us. It had l>een a i*rt of the Herman Reformed Dutch, but tc now, and ha* been for a few years, independent nt any errle*ia*tlc*l connection. The Synod declined to re reWe them, but treat* them with the conrteay of Cltrl* tlan brethren. Tbete can. therefore, be no separation when there never w?a any union. The Match ? hurrh c< ntinnes in h'-r integrity, and U, perhaps, th" ifio-' united and harmnniu* body of Cbrl?ttan? in the I md. It I* highly t<> the li< b?t of the late Gem rat Synod t iat toe ni"?t caviling question of the country, which haa brought discord and heartburnlnga and quarrel, into every assem bly, lay or vecle-tartieaT, which it has entered, w.i- di pa ted by that body for nearly four daya without a har li word, and in the kindest manner. J I <4. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Km m> I'soa nkp.?Coronor It nnett bald ?n in.,ue*l it Kort Hamilton <?? Saturday, on the body ,,f an unknown n>an, lo<md lying dead upon the bea< h. lie bv 1 red darnel ?Mr? ar.d drawer-, and w*< app.-en'lrah ?? In gom. Vuolct ua abaatnme. THE LATEST HEWS. BY ELECTRIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, Interesting flrom WMhlngtnn. A NKMT AMBASHADOU KKOM KUSHIA WITH MRDIATO KIAL PROPOSITIONS? MB. IIUI.'UAN AN'S M )VK MSNTS?TUB DANISH SOUND DUBS?IMPORTANT DECISION OF THE COURT OF CLAIMS, KTC., BTO. Wabiiisutom, Oct. 29, 1S55. There are, I see, Home doubts expressed about the ad vent of it iiew ambassador from Ruto-ia, but I repeat thai it in a fixed fact He will bring, besides his regular cre dentials. a confidential communication front the Czar, of the most important character, relative to the terma on which alone Russia will consent to a peace. What I now state will be known to the public in a lew weeks. Russia mediated between Great Britain and the United StateH, and now the United States may mediate between Russia and the Allies. She does not ask American medi ation, but will accept it, and will at once indicate her terms, which, as 1 stated in a former communication, will embraoe such vast commercial advantages for all the world that the industrial classes of France and Rag land will clamor for tlieir acceptance as soon as they are generally understood. Reliable advices received by the Africa, state that Mr. Buchanan would ere this have left London for Paris, and that he will probably visit Italy before returning home. A circular letter from Denmark, relative to a settle ment of the question of the Pound dues, has been re ceived by the government. As 1 intimated some daye ago, tho resignation of Don Piatt, Secretary of legation at Paris, arrived here by the last foreign mall; and 1 learned to-day, at the State De partment, that Jennings Wise, son of Gov. Wise, now Secretary of Legation at Bedln, has been transferred to till the vacancy at Paris thus created. The President has entirely recovered from the chills and fever with which he was affected. To day's Oman contains the valedictory of Mr. Bur well, who leaves the concern. Who the future editor is to he is not now known. Commander Hartatein, ordered here by the Secretary of the Navy, arrived thla evening, and is stopping at Wil lard's. In the Court of Claims to-day, the testimony taken in the case of Isaac Swain was admitted, thus deciding that government stores are not subject to impost duties, and that government Is liable for injury sustained by citizens in consequence of the Improper conduct of its agents. The argument in the Florida cases was continued.

Later from Havana and Key West. Charmhton, Oct. 28,1885. The steamship Isabel has arrived at this port with Ha vana dates to the 25th inst. There is no political news of importance. The sugar market was active at former rates. From Key West we learn that heavy storms had pre vailed in the Gulf, but no wrecks are reported. The Massachusetts Prohibitory Law, Ac. Boston, Oct. 29, 1855. Another attempt has been mate in the Municipal Court of this city to obtain a conviction under tho Liquor law. A new jury having been empannelled, Chief Justice Nelson charged the jury that the common seller clause, under which the accused was indicted, was constitutional. The jury, however, have now been out ten hours, and fail to agree?standing, it is said, four for acquittal to eight tor conviction. The facts of the case are not disputed, but the difference in the jury room is on the constitutionality of tho law. A snowstorm was experienced at Concord, N. H., yesterday. Dr. B. L. Ball, who was supposed to have perished on tho White Mountains lost week, has been discovered, with his feet frozen. The Cane of Pansmore Williamson. Philadelphia, Oct. 29, 1865. Judge Kane made an order in the case of Passmore Williamson this morning, relusing the leave asked for by counsel, bemuse he is still in contempt, and by the pe tition he seeks to present does not purge himself. To the end, however, that he may purge himself, the Julgo also ordered that whenever Williamson shall declare, un der oath or aflirmation that he is willing to answer such interrogations as may be addressed him by the Court touching matters heretofore inquired into by the habeas corpus, the Marshal shall bring him before the Judge in court or chambers, to abide the farther action of the court. The Whigs Organizing. PoroHKKKi'siK, Oct. 29, 1855. The straight-out whigs of Dntchess county, In conven tion to-day, at Washington Hollow, re-organized the party and adopted the address of the Whig State Conven tion, but made no nominations. Lake Disasters. Cleveland, Oct 29, 1855. The An tares, from Toledo, bound to Buffalo, went SRhore here yesterday and was btdly damaged. Her cargo, consisting of 8,000 hnshels of wheat, will prove a total loss. The steamer Minnesota also struck the pier here and auatalned conaldgfeble damage. The Granada at Hew Orleans. New Orleans, Oct. 29?P. M. The steamship Granada, from Havana, la below. She probably brings the California mails, of the 6th inst., re ceived at Havana by the El Dorado, from Aspinwull; but it is duubtful if she comes up the river to-night. Mortality at New Orleans. New Orleans, Oat. 29, 1855. There were only eleven deaths from yellow fever in this city last week. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Pihladklphia. Oct. 29, 1856. Our stock market was heavy this morning at the fol lowing rates Pennsylvania Railroad, 83.4; Reading Railroad, 48,4; Iaing Island Railroad, 124; Morris Ca nal, 15,4; Pennsylvania Ruilrnad, 43. New Orleans, Oct. 29, 1855. Our cotton market was quiet to-day at former rates. The Miles reached 7,000 hales. Fair sugar is quoted at 6.4c. a 6j{c. Molasses, 30c. The Literary World. It is singular that notwithstanding the interest excited Amongst us by Cuban aiT&irs, Humboldt'* interesting work on that island should never hare been translated into the !? nglish language. That omission we are glad to say is on the eve of being supplied. J. 8. Thrasher, Esq., whore long residence in Havana and intimate acquaint ance witli the political and commercial interests of the island eminently lit him for the task, lias undertaken and neatly completed, a translation from tho Spanish original, which will shortly be published by Derby, of Nassau street. It will be accompanied by a preliminary essay and notes from tho pen of Mr. Thrasher, which will bring down the events of the book to the present day. and impart to it a high political interest. It is ex. peeled that these supplementary additions will throw light upon many transactions in connection with the last contemplated Insurrectionary movement in the island, which have not as yet been fairly'placed before the public. Tliis fact alone, independent of its literary merits, will ensure for the work an extensive circulation. In al?out thiee weeks we shall have Dr. Colton's some time promised "letters of Henry Clay." The book will be far more popular than the great orator's ''Speeches" or ''Memoirs." Mr. Clay was never more happy than in his olT-haud and warm hearted letters to his political and pernnsl friends, in which he was front toexpreas htm self with tho utmost frankness and sincerity. Of course, such * collection, publi-hed while so many of Mr. Clay's eminent contemporaries are living, must be very Incnin plete; but Dr. Col ton has enjoyed every advantage in the execution of his task which could be conferred by the surviving members of the statesman's family; and his previous works on our political history prove him to be both Judicious and learner! in the trnatra-nt of such subjects. lie concluding volume?lbs fifth and sixth?if the "Works of Jolia Calhoun," ha>e Just appeared, and we are, then fore, In possession of the materials necessary for a just estimate of the g?uius and character ol that i stiaoidlnary person, who probably exorcised a more aheolnte. tf a more limited, influence In our public affairs than either Mr. Clay or Xlr. Webster. Mt. Cilhoun wis indeed the dictator oI couth Carolina for a great nnmber ol years, end he re wned tie affections and the confidence of his con?tit i.ent" to the end "f ids dignified and splendid Next to Mr. Clay perhofft the finest orator who was oi osj 1cm us in the political strife, of the last generation ?as 8. 8. I'tent.... of Mississippi, irho." very interesting n,n irs l ?\e within ?< ft e days been publi'he I ly hi* I, .her, a distinguished I'rtsbytOrun Icrgyman of this . ity. Mr. I er tt?* w*? te<t?- known on the stump thao n f oiigie * but whe ? voi he ippcar' '. h<- won applause ? tl.-tali, lAlte, kiss e*.v a si^4asvi*l otnO, f.X vlsislli, ? He two volume*, tor which we ere indebted to the fra temal regard of Dr. Prentiss, are exceedlnglywrll edited, and are not only deserving of commendation a* a bio graphy ot tingular personal Internet, but a* contribution to the partifan and general history of the country. The second volume of Mr. Benton'* "Thirty Years in the fenate" is in pre**, and will probably bo published noon after the meeting of Congress. General Cass' * ' Me moir*" are al?o In the bund* of the printer*. The stere otyping or Irving'* 'Ufeot Washington" wascomm?uced about a fortci^t *#*, amd will be completed by tho Brat of December Of the poMMoal biographie* which are to instruct the next generation, perhaps none will be more eu ertalntng than those of Amos Kendall, the "Oliver la Data" of Ge neral Jackson'* administration. Amos Kendall 1* an ex traordinary character, and has played au extraordinary ?mrt in the history of this country. His early career as the protege and friend of Mr. Clay he will probably treat very lightly, bnt his connection with General Jackson, over whom hi* influence was far greater than that of any other man, if correctly stated, will astonbh the worl i in several respects. It 1* alleged to be a fact susceptible of easy demonstration, that toil* but a single exception, every message or ollwrpMic t>aper, bearing Jackson's signature, while he vms President, was written by Mr. KendaU. Tho exception is the "Proclamation," from the hand of Ed ward Livingston. And such was Mr. Kendall's Influonoe ever the President, that, It is believed by many who had good opportunities for gaining an accural opinion In the matter, all the Secretaries of Departments he ever liad about him could not move him a hair's breadth from Mr. Kendall's advice. The "chief of the kitchen" was mas ter of the destinies of the Union; and, upon the whole, it must be admitted that he ordered affairs much bolter than most of the great functionaries who have since been In Washington. Mr. Kendall's memoirs and confessions, we understand, will be a posthumous publication. It Is to be hoped that impatience for Its appearance will not induce any one to shorten the life of the distinguished ex-Post Master General. Dr. OKKtrrss A. Brownhon, who has been at one time or another the champion of every known sect or party in "politics, morals, religion and law," and who la now known as the most radical, as well as the ablest writer of the Roman Catholic church in America, is removing from Boston to New York, bag and baggage, and will hereafter publish "Brownson's Quarterly" in this city. Undoubtedly Dr. Brownson wiU prove an interesting and conspicuous, if not a popular,-addition to the Intellectual society of New York. Mr William Oodem Niijb, of Washington, proposes to reprint the entire series of "Nlles' Weekly Register," in fifty volumes. The proposal is In the last degree ab surd. The work was carefully and ably conducted, and is a valuable repository of historical material; but three fourttae of its contents are now utterly worthless, and the remainder, if republished at all, should be arranged according to some method, and thoroughly revised and corrected by later and more accurate authorities. A chronological compilation of historical, biographical and statistical articles, from Mies' Register, the National In taligencer, and other American journals, for the last fifty years if judiciously done, would be extremely valuable. Thela'te Mr. Edwin Williams, of the Hbuld, would have executed such a work better than any man now living, perhaps' but Mr. Nile* may easily And some person Whe, for a maderate compensation, will prepare for him Ally volumes, for nil practical purposes, worth fifty times as much as the old Weekly Register. A new periodical, of the character of the London Athenaum, is talked ol in this city, and, we understand, will make its first appearance near the end of the year. A really able and independent literary Journal was never more necessary, and we believe such an one would be well supported; but the public will pay very little atten tion to an organ of any clique of publishers or authors. A letter from Boston discloses the project of a monthly review of a high character, to be commenced by some of the leading wits of that vicinity. It will certainly fail unless Its proprietors bave a large capital, untiring ener gy. and more liberality than has ever yet been Splayed in this sort of business by American publishers. With a thoroughly honest and capable editor, and $50,000 to sink, if necessary, before he even dreams of profits, a good manager may huild up a magnxine that will not only put money In his purse, but have a controlling In llucu-e upon public affairs. George Wood, the author of "Peter hchlemihl in America," is the most ingenious of aU the satirists of our domestic absurdities and infirmities. Stealings from his humourous, caustic and suggestive chapters have proved a sufficient capital for two or three professed and successful wits, who have shown themselves superior to him only In the bold tacties with which they have ac quired and detained the attention of the public. It will delight the admirers or " Peter Schlemihl" to learn that he will publish next week a new work, under tho title of "The Modern Pilgrims," in which the tribulations and embarrassment* of a wanderer among modern 'lams, and the difficulties to be encountered before the discover ing any essential truth In either of thorn, wiU be set forth in his best manner. " The Modern Pilgrims" vrill make more noise among the philosophers and theolo gians than any other book of the year. Mrs. I.vdia M. Child, a woman of uncommon genius, well known a quarter of a centnry ago by her ? PhUo thea" and other novels, and whose most recent appear ance In print was in a " Life of Isaac T. Hopper," has in press an elaborate work on the origin and growth of re ligious ideas and institutions. It may be doubted whe ther it will add much to her good reputation. It 1, will not increase the respect in which she is held by those old fashioned people who believe in the Apostles creed er the Thirty-nine Articles. From Philadelphia, we shall have, in a few .lays, a new 1 novel, intitled " Helen Leeson, or a Deep at New York society ? Several exhibitions ot life along the filth avenue have lately appeared from the pen. of young gentlemen and ladies whose experiences in this cny have been limit.* to a single day at Uvejoy's or one of the Cortlandt street taverns; but we are assured that the forthcoming production is by a clever writer, who lias had ?mple opportunities of understanding her subje tt and that it is equally just and spirited. A singularly interesting book called ? Aspiration, an Autobiography of Girlhood," appears anonymously, bur is understood to be from the pen ol Mrs. Richard-, > of the Rev. William C. Richards, of Providence. Nothing more graphic has been written since Miss Bronte gave to the world the early adventures of " Jam- Eyre '">? " Aspiration" lms the merit ef a most unexceptionable work. In the great number of recent American novel* very few have any element* of enduring popularity. The ease with which i>eople now get into print has tempted erorea of spinster* and married women from their proper vocation* into the business of scribbling tale*, romances and verses, which a peculiar system of advertising ena ble* their publiabera to diapoae of with tnore or in** pro fit; but any competent critic who will oompa'e thia portion of our literature with the production* of ootem porary Kngllsh or French female writer*, will be struck with ita prevailing inferiority. Undoubtedly wo have among u* aome women of commanding taboo* - Miaa Mclntoah, >11** Cary and two er three other*, are indeed possessed of uncouttm^p genius; but with the- r half doren exception*, our authoresses are commonplace feeble or abnurd. What American w. man ha* produced a novel comparable with "Mary Barton," "North and thrutb." "The Initial*." the be*t work* of Mr* darab, or these of the deceased British novelist* Mi * Kd. worth, Mi** Ferrier or Mi-* Brontef Or who among the w mien at the recent Crystal l'alace convocation I* the pi-ore- * of George Sand or Madame Key baud t We are apt very n.uch to overrate the result* of our nniveraai call ire, such a* it i?, and on no subject do we make grea ?? ? mi take* than on tliat of the comparative activity and i n lily of our own literary women and those of the ui ? 11 Tanced huropean nation*. A Boston publi-her advertise* " Kiosterheim, or the Masque" a novel by lie Quincey. It 1.* a p<ior atf dr, eo tlrcly unworthy of the great e*?;tji-t, mod w <* writ en y him nearly half a century ago. It ha* been, by ai* own request, a- well a* on account of it* want of tnarii. omit ted ftom the edition ot his work* edited by Mr. .1* ne* T. Field* Mr. Rutt, the author of "Peg WoBlngton," ha* writ ten a new novel under the title of Mar ton ait sent it to the American publisher* of hi* tor me , Work* who pay him copy money; but another house, in the absence of ?ny laMt?tb nal law on the ?uhjcci, have *1 ertioutjred it. A siitdlar difllciiltv ha* aim arisen in regard to * n-w woik by Mr*. Ihowtrur?a rtmanee, in verse, of so no six or iven thousand line*. Mr*. Browning iret io husband have both selected an American pnbUslo ., mi l deela ?<! that he atone *hall ever bring Mt their works Willi their consent. But another person in the '? ,r? 1 " i doe* not care a fartlilnc tor the wlahe* of th?-e taper tlnvnt l i*'pl?, and threaten* to reprint th-O st opy the new book he ean get hoi t of. Huch outrage" mi possibly Induce metnlier* at Omgre?? to reflect .n th jostice ?nd p- Bey of eotne !? rlslatlon on thia ?. kj.. -t. J Cat US Cuu, at Hart aid Culkgs, U superior in lue chanical execution, anil will be fkr more oomplete and ??atii-faetory In every respect, than the (ampus Aldine edi ? I tion of Pickering. The lent the vulumee, comprising the works o( Spenser, are edited in the most admirable mau j ttr. The success of thin series, which id to extend to more than one hnndied volumes, nulte disproves the fre (jusnily repeated assertion that our practical and prosaic people do uoi. appreciate the highest order of polite litera ture. Three times a? rainy oojies of the best works of tlic best authors arc sold every year in the United States as are sold In Great Britain. and the demand for goo 1 literature In every department Is Increasing with nn exempted rr.pidity. A gicat deal of curinsi y is felt respecting Mr, I/>ng keuow's fcnhcoiiiirg poem, ' The Song of Hiawatha," tu which he tries his band fur th<> tirut time up. n an Indian legend. Mr. Auhkp B. Mekk, cf Alsbitma, long known as one of the most popular " magazine poets" of the Southern States, bus been in New Voik recently, reading the proof of a longer and more elaborate poetical work than he has hitheito published, it is founded on a tradition of boufliurn border Ufe. Mr. Moore, of this city, has been for some time occupied in the collection of " Songs and Ballads of the Revolution," and will publish a volume usier this title about the first of December. It will be in the high est degree interesting to students In American history. Mr. Moore has been inde fatigable and eminently succors ful in biH researches, and will illustrate the curious reliques of our revolutionary wit and enthusiasm, which he has brought together with such introductions and notes as will add very greatly A their value. Mr. Ewsa.VK, formerly Commissioner of Patents, has just finished the proof reading of his "Ufe in Brazil," an octavo volume which will surpass in attractive In terest any book of travels recently published. Two volumes of Mr. Pkkbcoti's "History of the Reign of Philip the Second" will appear about the end of No vember. Though it may not be the most popular, will undoubtedly prove the most able of this groat his torian's works. A " Sketch of the Virginia Convention of 1778," by Hroii Gkigbbt, will be published In a large octavo, by Mr. Randolph, of Richmond during the fall. Mr. Gfuiun, of New Orleans, who Inherited the fami papers of that celebrated person, has just committed to the press In this city a work of great historical interest on the Ufe of General Morgan, of the Virginia Riflemen. There is not a more attractive character for biography in our revolutionary annals than the hero of the Cow pens. The forthcoming work will be in one large octavo volume. Obituary. Hon. Charles W. Wmi'liK, of the Supreme Court of Michigan, died in Detroit on the 25th lust. Free Love for Knox's Hats, Furs, Gloves and other furnishings to secure comfort and beauty! Indulge In It liberally; this sort of Free Love la of the most Innocent nature, and the places for the Free Lovers to meet are at Nos. 212 and C3S Broadway?Knot's two stores. Benin's Excelsior?The Business Hat of the season.?No specimen of the art of hatting has ever produced a greater sensation than this. It baa literally eclipsed every other style of soft hat. The rich inimitable color, ihe eiegan shape, the air distingue of this superb cbapeau, fix the atten tion and command the unequivocal approval of all who see it, Paris has never produced its superior, and in this country It entirely without a rival In the popular class of bats to wbich it belongs. OHNIN, 214 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's church. Cameo. Bsguerreotypes?WUIiamsan's, M9 Vehon street, Brooklya. ? Which Nobody Can Deny" With Truth.? Photographs on glass, known as ambrotvpes, are taken best and cheapest by for at the Helton Gallery, 383 Broadway Ktradgera, get your likeness in this new style, at .'INI Broad way. Few Art Improvements, die,?The Lam pratype Grecian portraits on gla<a, tine, durable and cheap daguerreotypes 12 SO per dozen, taken with the do.iMe ever focus camera, tlrat introduced by IIOLMKH, 288 Broadway. At A. A J. Saunders, No. T Astor House, and 387 Broadway, can be found the lineal quality of dressing eases, fancy cutlary, brashes and combs of all kinds for the toilet Lubu's extracts, direct from the manufacturer. Pianofortes and Mciodeons?Hannfor.tured sy JOHN P. WAKE A CO., No. 107 Canal street, near Vnrlck. warranted for tone and workmanship equal n> any in fcecl'v, and 20 per oent less than Broadway price, g. B. ? Sooond band pianos at great bargains. Superior Winter Clothing. ? Fres", finals lanahle, well made and cheap. A splendid stock of overooata. Sourness coats, pantaloons and vests, made up for ibe present season, and now In store at our celebrated cheap old boose, 33 sad 36 John street, corner ol' DEVLIN A JUSSUP. Fashionable Clothing for Gentlemen and boy?.?The nyle* of ready made clothing exhibited thin r.eauoo by ALFRED MllMRoK. it CO., 441 Broadway, appear to ince' with universal approval, if we may judge by the crowd* of customer* which every day vial' their establishment. Their aaaorimenl |a unusually large and varied, and extraordinary pain* have been taken In have every garment made In the moat perfect manner, and well and appropriately trimmed. Tliey feet amply repaid by their exertions to please, their cue turners by the *ucceaa which ha* crowned those exertions. Stranger* and other* who are unacquainted with the maimer of ronducting business nt 441 Broadway, tire polite! , invited to call and examine for themselves. The- BAya' Clothing Deportment nt Rotter* k Co.'s.?.Sever has such a variety of boy*'tall at, t winte clothing been offered lit any Mew York e*tabli,hmeni as tba now displayed In the vant ehow rooms of P. L. Rot rs ft Co., eomef of Fulton and Nne*ati street* lower price* than were ever known lit the trade in ibl* city are alllxed In plain fignr* to the artlrle*. Connequei tly no abatement in made. The *toek of gentlemen's clothing should command attention from tho*e who would unite fashion with extreme cheapness The. custom department la under the charge of one of the host rot ters in the country. The One- Price System la nil the Rsge-Se I* DRUMQOLD A PROt'M'S system of doing hualneaa?small profits, quick returns, and one price I?no abatement. Try 120 Fulton street, If you want good and cheap clothing. Improved Shaker Knit Under Shirt* and drawer*. Also, every de*crlption of lambs' wool, tneriuo, cot tnn und silk, at llrL.sUUHLIN'H cheap one price *hlrt and tarnishing more, 292 (Jreenwlch street, comer or Chamber* Biooklyn.?Tremendous Excitement .among the ladlea ?Style and fashion ? LOCKETT'8 celebrated dree* and cloak trimming emporium. They have every Imaginable shade, color and pattern of trimmings on hand, or made to or der. at 261 Fulton street, opposite Clinton, Brooklyn. To be SocceMftal, please the Ladles ?Can trell, ot 33ti Bowery, I* now acknowledged pre eminent In the art of " clias*curie." Ills gaiter* at 12s. and 14*.. made In adaptation to the season, are beyond all cavil?so ray the la dles?the prettiest. ma*t tasteful, durable, and still elegant, that arc to he found In Uil* metropolis. The most dltcrimiu* ting ol our city belles prouounee them fully to the French. Ladies, please make a note of the an,niter?flats Bowery. Blankets.?English Blanket* (Large SIkc.i *4 26 per pair. PBTKR80N ft HUMFHRRY, No. 37 D Broad way, corner ol White street. Carpet*.?Heavy English Superfine, ta. per yard. All other flood* at equally low prices. PR fKRBON A HUMPHREY, No. 379 Broadway. Bargain* In Carpeting.?Good Bruoele 9(1 cents her yard. All ather floods at equally low pr ces. l'K YRB80N ft HUMPHREY, No. 319 Broadway. Carpet* I Carpet* It Carpet* 111?Sup, >-b Me* dalllon velvet carpet*, from the Porta exhibition; tai > ? 'ry Brn* eel* from the celebrated mono factory ot Crowley ft Sons, Hall fax, England, Juit received, nt HIRAM ANDKRSON'8, 99 Bowery. Covering for tin- floor and Covering for ibe body.?Beautiful velvet, tapestry, Brussels and ingrain carpeting, selling at reduced prices. J tut received, a targe Invoice ot heavy English blankets, all sire*, at ARTHUR DONNELLY'S,?- Bowery. China and Via** from A.(action?Tea and dicing sets at very low prices, rases and tele a tete 'els, terra aetta. pat fan. Ac. _ l?A VIS CttLLAMOKK, 447 Broad tray. Rith Bronm Clork*, Candelabra*, Dinner and tea set*, received this day per ship Swltxet land, to .'eater with a great variety of French tauey goods, of ei.t 'Cly new 4e?;gns. For sale cneap. Also a large and Viet." o' chandelier* ana rm flxturea. K. V. llAUC.HWuLT, Ml and MS llr'Mtlway. Homo Pumpkins, or Gold Ring Pumpkin ties.?Three mammoth pumpkin*,one from long . laud, ITT lbs., rate from the Harford Staur Fair, 14>, and otic aim Call Hums, 111 Jb*.; aggregate weight, 39C Ibe., will e erred up n pies every day thta week, at UOULD'8. Among the pie* ? torn each pumpkin, will he contained all plain gold ring*. Single cuts, 6'u cent*. The seeds distributed era I*. OUUtD'H Hotel, 144 Kt.iton street. Title Week Only.?All Bad Writers Will have an opportunity of ac<iulrln( a good hand at <) >M*mtth's academy mis week fer the nominal charge of Ft Oardsof particulars may he Uadjaf the iooum, :v,2 Hni*dw,,y . OLIVER B. OOLD KITH. Singer's Sewing machine*.?Vhe Ii'iyriartunt hot Is t eglnnlrig to he undcr*tr**l that Sing-t r laiMt Im proved kcvng, running at double speed do so timet) more " irk In * day. sad do it an imp h h?i>e hm any other roach i ??*. tha' noother kind la worth taking ,, a gilt. Tbc iiittnufaelarc of Nlnn r'a machtnca has Keen douhlerj ?it!.In ? month and vet the demand more than k?pa pace with the tncrraa*. Far every .Irsnripikra of seed > - thev nro anapprnaehable. I. M. KINDER ft 00*IS ftr?,dway. A Man. Twenty.four Years of Age, now D be i apnrltv o| traveller for ? fanny food* I rape. Ulgbnaae ? t this rtty, being Ured of travelling. Is dealrou* ot o.ioinlnv a riiti?'toii in * 111 y goods bott*e nexi January, where he coo take the enure command of the nottoa depar'menl, which ho liiorttugbly underttaaus. A No. I reference given. Addie** I i i Id. ilarnld o01*e. India Rubber Pomy Article*, Toy*. Dolls, c#ne?, pen*, pene Is, hall*, , at the Good year lit .be. dc p. t, . 6 lit.wdi.ay. between < lutmhern and Wi. . street* .v B - New si itcle- can l>? in tied at ihta More a* - ?... aa pro* . d. Fahry Article*?Tattie'o Masrnin I* >>'wnya i pen ..r vt> f.ers, day and evsvlng, at :?4A Itm.. t??, ti t I |.k kt Cf* sveryMog rich, . u>...u? and beautiful to it* line of fsnsyi.sst*? lays, 4.?dy jumper*. games of all klmit perfn tn*rj walk in:' cams, brsaiie fane, pork mou. ,i? Ac Nr> I.T ? on t till* eatahlbhrneni without being den,-., ed. and shim* n.akltig purtlaar* r.t settle klad, the prk'< ry naaaaMa ___________ Invwatlatt* airs the Order of the D..y, but a. I .?'<? ?ecn i.. :l.;ng In the tvav of a pen and pen n ?*? . -,n )?'?? pete ?hh JIm.'.11 .. c, hv 47. Isi-v:,.l y M W?Rtr|| b(M. It In 4M.u ?*4 it -? tt ' #4; tM tti Ukc Uifi/k*'. Thus OAaule A gtM Aftli <b; . erV