WEW YORK 'HERALD. j&n&n JOnoSs Bts-Vtrr PROPRIETOR. j?tD EpiTOB. trric* * w- corner or Nassau and rui.ro* wreu ?rKF.lfS, ?vA <" <J? Auvuyi. ?fIA DOfV ??? '.It Al.O, 2 <?**?' per n,pi J7 prr inn-tm. TH1' WEKKL / HERALl). rrrry SamrmtR, o< fil4 -JittJv? _ or$3j<rr MHn; tAc Eur ? 'H nlitiim, KurrWHumfii *"%o?j '' ' <tr tb > i ny p*ri \if Jie (sntinati, btAK J..r, VOLVST/tn Yi'ORRESPOSnRy-:E. r<mMnt?a mrf ?AV_/Vo?i ry quarttr >/ lAr teorM?//'.mm ictR V ICber wOt ' /?"? 9?""' 'c.i Fobbmji Cosebbpobdertb abb Far ?B.T1.A .IV RlUCrFTCD TO SEAL All LlRIU ADD PiCUQC* |B?t ??. N4) NOTICE bd.it c/rmonynmut cmnmuiUmtbmt. Wfr l-mot ?-*f:rr. ihi." rrj'rtrii. )Ub ERlSTlSQ *x<cut'.<l v&.h luatnm, ehmmm ami <Ut Rjirh. ADVERTISEMENTS r???M ?Mry ,loy. XT No. 39% AMUSEMENTS TBZS EVEN72.G. ?RO VP'S AY T HT, ATRE.B? milWAy?I.uura. Iruhvam? Momh.n Mwhistoi hkles?(K,i Gal? Beiam O'Lyxm. N1BLO S GAEIEN, Bnidwuy?Love Sfell? Musical I* WTMbCZO. BOWERY, Powery?Gold?StBiSreroL. BURTONfj THEATRE, Chambers it.?Sebiods ^abut? Tin: Tuodlcs. WAIXaCK'G theatre. RtobAwbt-Tb? Minor Hamt fBiunp*? .'ajtair ov thb Watcb?The Secret. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, 444 BroUiny-Snioru* Pm I IK*. RUOttLEY'S BTRLESQUB OPERA HOUSE, 939 Brood lij? Bcrlksoce Opera aj<d Kcubo Mipbtrellt. WWCOANTCS' HALL, 472 Br.niiriy-PRor. Bac.iustcr's Rmw MaoiuCzs. ACADEMY HALL. 603 B nEwiy-BAiriE 0> Bp? be* bi. _____ RKPIRU HAI.L?Tor* or Kr .< e? "-i or Sr-EAsrorOL. Yra fork, lYIWu. No\< nhrr A, IS?. Thr New*. ThehMamnhip Baltic, now in her thirteotth day wt from Liverpool, had not l*en telegraphed up to a late hour last airtht. Throughout the eveu ing a docne log covered the lower bay and river*. The-r Andy Hook file graph line, between aix and seven o'clock last evening, reported a steamer pass ?g in, supposed to be the Star of the West, lrom San Jean, with paaaengersand gold dust from Cali fornia She was doubtless detained in "-ire lower hav by the fog, or at Quarantine. The Municipal Reform Association had a mw? meeting at the Metropolitan theatre last evening. In point of numbers -it was a slim affair. We give a Teport of the proceedings elsewhere, iwduding the address and resolutions adopted by the meeting. The Soft Shell Judiciary Convention met last evening, and noiniwted Henry Hilton for Judge oi the Supreme Court, in place of Hon. Robert II. Morris, deceased. The hard shells also met, and laonikiated Win. H. Leonard lor the vaosit judge ship. The whigs met at the Broadway Dunne, and wtMbed Charles A. i'sabody for their candidate. The members of vl.e Democratic National Com. mittee ure requested, by a notification which we publish in another ogh mn.to meet at the National Hotel, in Washington city, at noon on Tuesday, January 8. 1*60. The call is signed by tieo. Bead Riddle, of Delaware. At the regular monthly meeting of the New York Chamber of Commerce yesterday, Mr. Burst ow read the report of the special committee on the usury Jaws of this State. The report opposed these laws, inasmuch a? they interfered with the operations nt commerce. Bankers toil business men generally were opposed, and only lawyers and money lenders were in favor of them. ki England very great bene fits had arisen from their abolition, and in that country, as here, it w.m found that profits were greater when rates of interest ruled low. He pro posed that the report be adopted aud printed as a circular, and forwarded tc all the towns in the State, inviting the opinion <tf traisness and commer cial men generally nj on tS?o points stated therein. The motion was unanimously agreed to. A case of considerable iipyortance to theatrical managers , nd the profession generally was tried within a few days, before Judge McCarthy, in the Marino Cour.. without a jury. It was au action on a cent-net, ami the report whiottappears in thisd ly s Herald explains the nature of the agreement, its ?emlitious ?uJ construction. The decision of the Judge is able, ? ound and erudite, and will be read with ninch interest by the theatrical profession. Joseph Wagner, convicted of enlisting men for the British foreign legiou to serve in the Crimea, was yesterday eeuteuced by Judge Ingersoll, of the United Ntates District Court, to two years' imprison ment and to pay a fine of one hundred dollars. We publish elsewhere an interesting article from a SLjiOuis paper, containing some singular disclo. ouroH respecting the organization of a secret military league of abolitionists in Kansas Territory. Every member is furnished with arms, and the association m abundantly supplied with the sinews of war by their co-laborers in the North. The design of this military secret organization is to control the affairs 01 the Territory, and to resist the execution of any law pas-red by the Legislature. laist night, at about II o'clock, a fire broke out ,n the premises No. 02 Chambers street, occupied t,y liiti tiu Beir, silk and ribbon importer. The ap pearance of the burning indicated the work of an >noend>?ry. An account of the fire will be found elsewhere The delay in the receipt of the Baltic's news, with a light -took iu iho market, -till tended to Lock sales o! cotton yetteiday, which were oo:i fined to a few hundred bales, without change in prices. I lie flour market wa- with out change of moment while *lcs wove to a moderate extent for home ..sc and forexport. Wheat, especially for tho better qualities of red end white, continued firm, iitd with iair sales at fell prites, and in sonic cases | at an advance of 2c. a 3c. per bushel for small lots of cL ice white and red. Corn was steady, and closed at about OCc. a Ms. hyo was at #1 1- a f 1 22. Pork wm> m< re active, and mess closed firm at 122 jo. We refer to another column for a monthly statement of stocks of pork and beef. There was more doing in sugars, though ai low figures. 1 'offee was dull. Freights were steady, b it inactive, ship pert being disposed to await the receipt oi the Bailie's news. Cheese was t.ikcu at uos. ?) hlskcy was firmer, with -ales of 1,200 barrels. On TUo Jauehd fiflri^pftndent, writing on tne 22d ?, ptcmber, furnishes an official statement of the exports -1 coffee to tin- first of that month from January Wt. * ompared with what took place dur ing the - an. period ?f 1*34, it shows that the trade was mere ?rtbe tlds season. With ra*pect to the mortality existing in anil around Bio, it appears that sixty p?r us died du ly, but not lrom cholera. The i-oor population and bU- as were severely afl'e -t ed witli gastroenteritis?a sharp inflammation o the coats of the stomach-which may arise, from the on tinned n?e of improper or Insufficient food. The -hipping <n |.ort wm pcrf- tly frco from the affee lion, and clean bill ? of health were given in every ? Our correspondent at I'ort tu Spain, (Trinidad.) ?riling on the loth nit . state* that the mark-t for '.nn-rican produce was still very dull. Flonr was a perfect drag, and -old for $10 M per barrel. The accounts from England and the United State a had greatly stimulated the planter', and sugar .'ud ra 1 Jaw wer<- in mtitr demand h?r both countries. Two 11' M*in n a M"v rn.?We hear that the Chevalier Webb, our venerable Seward extem porary of the Courier, ha" rented a house in Wa?hington. for the winter, on President's square, at l>200 a month. We "hall have great times in Washington this winter. IncMuuncd Ex put i on.?T ie BuiUlo Er/intt (Seward black republican) pleads the "neces Mty of increased exertion in order to carry the gtatf. What has Brightened h'm ? TVrrtUc Loglo>8ewnnl on BsTtitl^iitjr nni LtgtalMlvc Power. It is common. for merchauta to keei> threo or four bank iiccountx, so that in a pinch they may bavt. as many string-: to their h.jw?so many reliant-s. The thought, doubtless, has a military origin?not trusting too much on a single point, uud providing for a retreat* Mr. Seward has done all this, and more, in his Buffalo speech, lie has not only deposited the political power of -he country in three differ ent places, to be contingently used by himself and hie abolition cohorts, bat has absolutely I dispensed with its exercise at all, by proving that there is no such authority anywhere, llisengenuity exceeds that of tha lawyer in the great kettle cose : " The kettle was broken when we gdt it; it was whole when we return ed it; and*thirdly, gentlemen, we never had the kettle at all." Mr. Reward would have added, " there never was any such kettle." On the Tuesday election the orator says: " Let the republican party prevail in this and the next canvass, and Kansas will be a free State." Upon us, then, is the responsibility. Not sc clear; for after asserting that over all the Territories there is ?'plenary and abso lute sovereignty somewhere,* he inquires, " where does it reside ?" " In the people of the United States," is his answer. Right in between these twe conclusions he avows "that the people of Kansas have the right now to establish a free State." First, the electors in New York* " in this and the next canvass," mrist decide the question of slavery in the Territories; secondly, it mast be decided by tte people of the United States, who possess "plenary and absolute pewer" over the mat* i3r; thirdly,!, devolves -en the squatters of Kansas. Mr. Seward proceeds to elear up the matter by defining the legislative power ; for it-in that, after all, which is capable of solving the problem. He inquires, then, "By whom is the legislative power to be exercised ?" And he answers. " by Congress alone," and in tbic wise: "Cocgress can make all needful rules and regulations concerning the public lands and other property of the United Spates," and lie is dear "that the prohibition of slavery is the most needful of all rules and regulations" about lands. ITotv this argument is hitched on to bis two previous propositions?that the people of Kansas can exercise the legislative power, (which "Congreoe alone" possesses,) and that in this and the next canvass u the electors of TiTew York are to settle the ques tion of freedom in that Territory"?we do not exactly pee. , No mnttar: it is gonerons, after giving Congress tie legislative power, plenary ant absolute, to-concede it tc the people of Kan sas; but it is very ungenerous, after giving it to Congress and to Kansas, to take it awayt from both and give it to New York; but it be comes capricious aud unendurable thus depo sited in Kansas, in Congi ess, and in the elec tors of New York, to take it away from all three by declaring, "It, (slavery) is absolutely deroga tory from the rights of human nature, and no human power can subvert those rights." This carries off "the plenary absolute sovereignty," the legislative power of "Congress alone," squatter sovereignty, the authority to make Kansas free "in this and the next canvass," and the constitutional provisicn to make "needful rules and regulations" concerning the sale of the public lands, which the sagacious logician understands as a grant of legislative authority ! After thk, ho who gives his neigh bor a power of attorney to sell a house aud lot will understand that the agent is to do the domestic work, the thinking and the house hold duties of his principal. He has a right to take possession and turn him out, retaining such ol bis family as he may think proper. To make needful "rules about lands aud other proper ty" was an awful conveyance of power. Ac cording to Mr. Seward, it gives plenary abso lute jurisdiction to Congress, to Kansas, to New York, to the people of the United States; aud then, to show what he considers plenary and absolute, he takes the power to establish slavery away from all of them, by a plenary and absolute interdiction from the statutes of human nature. Of course, as human nature ex tends into the Southern States, and according to Mr. Seward is chiefly absorbed by the negro race, slavery is void there. The Blaves arc supreme. This theory is a little clouded by .Mr. Seward's invocation to his followers to act under the penaltiesherein suspended over their heads:? If you <to not, '?livery, which Is now (irmly pl.inle<l on the ,o??t of Mexico, and which extern!* upwards to the b irder of Kan.-a*. will cross that b >rder and fasten Its outposts on the Smtheru border otRrlMsh Amerlta. Thus the Tver States will lie shut out from tho Pacific coast. Mrlded by this wall, the free Slates become imbecile, and f-lavety g,asps the domiuion of the republic. Do minion over this republic, by whomsoever exercise 1, is dominb n over the continent and all its blinds. Where will freedom, impartial freedom, And a refuge? Will it even find one in British America ? Are you wilting to be driven to find It ihrief It it cannot Uw niuiutaiueT here, can it bo secured theref Mr. Si ward comes to the defence of his Eu- j ropeon allic. Not only the free States, but British North America is in danger ! This is sagacious?it is more : it evinces a prevision, a clairvoyance, which is frightful. How arc th" secrets of the future to bo hidden from such a man? IIow are the past, the present and the hereafter to be kept separate!? What may be not sec through after this? Is a wo man's clothing any protection against sueh ptjlng. piercing, pen"trating eyes ? How It is that such a genius lias lived lo his present ago, is past all comprehension. In imitation of the French rod republicans who crowded the canee of popular government into "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity," Mr. Seward comes ont with Justice, Equality and Freedom. If Mr. Seward had justice done him it would -tully dimini'h his freedom ; equality would take away nearly all his fortune, and freedom would release his mind from a world of \ agarics. He must be joking. This is the man and ?hi? is the cause upon which the republican negro party rest their claims to popular support in tho coming elec tion. By such counsellors they arc guided and j direct'd, and by sncb arguments. Tiik Difktt.kvck A mono tiik Doctors.?The Rochester American says :?" We -congratulate our American upon the assured pros pect of a brilliant ^etory. All advices?all indications? from every part of the State, are of tlie most cheering character. We cannot be mistaken in predicting a sweeping triumph ?securing an American State ticket, an American Legislatures, and an American county ticket." Prince John Van Ruren says the democracy (V. B.) will carry the State by fifty (lion-anil plurality ; and the Scwardites claim the State by forty thousand. It would be curious if the liquor ticket should beat tbcm all. Tuesday will decide it. rvRortAS. Exchanges?Profits of the Fi XANcatRs.?|tl is well kuown to all who have 1 usinew with Europe that the usual?in fact the only?mode of transmitting money to Lon don, Paris and the European centres of trade, is by bills of exchange drawn on those places by the great bankers. If A of New York de sires to pay a hundred thousand dollars to B vjI London, ho buys from C, a banker of the former place, a bill of exchange oft "London, at sixty days sight, for that sum, and sends it by post. The operation originated in this way. New Y?v1i merchants bought fior.r, cotton and other produc# here for export to Europe; by specie! arrangement, when they shipped these coinnoditieo they drew on the European con signee for a spocilicd snm which he had agreed to advance on each cargo; -paid the farmer or producer with the proceeds of the sale of their drafts In this market, and allowed the bank of ?discount to send to 'Europe the discounted ? lrafW for collection?with the hills of lading attaeLed. These drafts were drawn at sixty day?, because it was the intention of all parties that the cargo against which they were drawn e'tft aid arrive at the port of destination before they fell due. This arrangement was made at a time when flcur, cotton and provisions were the only ex ports of this country; and when slow sailing vessels were the ccly vehicles of communica tion. Of late years some changes have taken place in these matters. Steamers have replac ed sailing vessels: hence all articles save the bulky staples can be sent from New York to Liverpool with almost ^unerring certainty within a fortnight. Again, since the discovery of California, anew article of export has figured largely in our trade table: this is gold. We send between thirty-five and forty-five millions of gold every year to Liverpool. The bulk of this goes fronrNew York. A few parcels are shipped from Boston, but they are usually made up here, end forwarded by express for shipment. The whole of this gold is sent oat'by a few large houses, in the steamers. The shippers draw againstut: but though the gold reaches its destination in a fortnight, and is instantly convertible into cash, the drawers hero will not draw on their correspondents at any shorter date than the-eld sixty days, without charg ing a much .higher rate. They adhere to the old plan, -en the pretended principle of conservation. But the fact is olsrious that their real objoct in drawing at sixty days is to (retain the usooi' the money for forty or forty five, paying only the low rate of interest charged in England. The American debtor is at their mercy. He desires to pay his British creditor, and would prefer, as he haB the gold here, to pay him by a Bight draft. But it is "ngainst the general custom of the baukers to grant any such drafts, aDd he is compelled to accept a sixty day draft, or pay a high pre mium for one payable in London at sight. That this practioe is fraught with much in convenience to small dealers here, trading wiib small dealers on tho other side, is too ob vious to need illustration. Indeed, that they should be at all at the mercy of the large bouses, as they are, is an evil which ought to be cured. Nothing chows more clearly the no oeesity of a thorougi shake-down and revolu tion in our commercial world than the fact that thoae mnmmoth bankers who give the law to the street and the trading community arc in fact for the most part traders on capital which they obtain on mere specious pretexts, and by the force of their influence, from mer chants .weaker than themselves. A good solid house, with powerful connections on the other side, that would agree to draw at sight for any sums, is sadly needed to set the public free from those financial despots; that it, would be richly repaid for its independence, cannot be questioned. Seward akd the Catholic Vote.?The Catholic Sentind, the organ of Binliop Tiraou at Buffalo, scouts and ridicules the late abolition speech of Seward at Albany, and says, speak ing of the Seward fusiouista and the Seward Know Nothings:? Any political party foxtariDR such ananti constitutional paity should bo oppoiiod by all coanorvatifea, which must undoubtedly be the case soon. For Northern Knov Nothings are going to vote with the free sutlers In the end; nn<J the great body of Catholics will rein&ln along with the democratic party as long as it keeps above water and is not tinged with tho fanaticism of the day. We see no reason yet for giving up the domocratio party. It in the moat conservative, withent doubt. So much for the labors of Seward. They go for nothing with the Catholics. But which demo cratic party is it??the hard or the soft, or half shell? Which is it??the anti-administration democratic party, or the administration, or the fierce and Van Buren democracy ? "We see no reason yet lor giving up the democratic, party"' neither?that is, the real democratic party, if wc only knew where to find it. Ac cording to Trincc John Van Buren, it is the Buffalo party of 1848 ; according to Mr. D. S. Dickinson, it is the old hard shell ("ass party : but according to the Cabinet organ at Wash ington, the real democratic party has ceased to exist in New York, and the administration don't care a button till next week, how the election goes. As the hard shell party, how ever. have the inside track for the Cincinnati Democratic National Convention, we presume that they are the democratic party indicated by our conservative Catholic cotcmporary at Buffalo. Very well. So let it be. A foi-incAl. Portrait ok Gkx. Nve.--Wc transfer to our coluins this morning, from an Albany cotcmporary. a lainprotype political portrait of Con. Nye, the great soft shell de serter to the Scwnrd coalition. Dark colored as were the Van Buren and Ca^idy Syracuse resolutions, they were not the thing for Geo. Nye?tbey denounced the Kansas " border ruffians," while they approved Mr. Pierce and the administration, which was more than the frank and plain dealing (Jen. Nye could stand. Accordingly, he has gone over to Seward, and is stumping it in his cause with the plnck of a GorDehakotf. who blows up in his retreat tho forts and magazines which he lately occupied, leaving nothing but fire, blood, smoke, ashes nnd ruins behind him. Our own knowledge of t <en. Nye, on the Maine law issue, is exceed ingly limited. Ife may fu-e with Ihc liipior people "now and then,'' or lie may l?e a teeto taller for all that we know. We give the lumprotype in ipie-tlon, as wc find it. from tho comer a ot a political opponent. Its lights and shadows may be too highly drawn, but upon the whole it is about the liveliest partisan por trait of the canvass. Bring the General ami Prince John together, and give them each an hour, and we dare say that both the soft shells and Sewarditea will be utterly demolished. Can't the hards arrange such a meeting at the Metropolitan theatre or Tammany Hall before Tuesday next ? OrKNTXQ OF THE JSECTCBE SEASON?MlU Thackeray on Georob the First.?The com mittee of the Mercantile Library Association opened the lecture season last evening to a crowded house, at the Rev. Mr. Chapin's church, Broadway. The lecturer was Mr. W. M. Thackeray, a successful writer, and the last British lion who has favored U3 with the sight of his mane and the sound of his roar. Tb<^ subject of his lecture last night was the re'.gn of George the First, King of England-, fro^the year 1714 to 1727. Mr. Thackera'y will con tinue these lectures until the reir-ns of all the Georges have been analyzed. The Lecture Committee of the Society ar^ entitled to credit for their enterprise in Wearing this star, whose terms are about three hundred dollars per night. The rcceipto of the lectures will increase the funds of the society, and enable the yonng fellows to -see lots of pretty girls, who will come to hear the lion roar, not know ing that he is only Snug the Joiner, after all. Mr. Thackeray hae made a request that the newspapers will not report bis lectures. We have not reported him, but we do not accede to hiB request. We do not report Mr. Thacke ray's lectures simply because they are not worth reporting, and our space is too valuable to be filled up with speculations upon the onc-tomy of dead men's bones. At the same time we desire it to be distinctly understood that we hold to the doctrine that the moment alecturcr's words are -out of his mouth they become the property of the public. If they are worth printing, we always intend to give them. There is no more research or labor required to get up a lecture like that of Mr. Thackeray on George I. than to prepare many of the articles which appear in the Herald. Yet we give them freely, and never stop the exchange when the couutry papers steal them?a not unfrequcnt occurrence. Again : Mr. Everett, Mr. Ghoatc, Mr. Bancroft, and other gentlemen, whose words are -really worth preserving, are happy to give them
freely so that all classes, from the highest to the lowest, may profit by them. If n man has genius, it is a gift of Heaven, and it belongs to all. It Is the especial duty of the press to give a record of the triumphs of crators and lecturers for the enlightenment of the people. The lecturer epcaks to hundreds?the audience of the popular newspaper is counted by hundreds ol' thousands. So, if we thought Mr. Thackeray's views on the Georges were better than Goldsmith's?which auy one can consult, tree, at the Astor Library?wo should report them. As it is, we may review the lec tures at some.future time. "Can Sucu Things Be ?"?'"Is there no balm in Gilead ?" Is there no hope for the Webster and Fillmore silver grays? According tc the article which wecopy to-day from the Tribune, built upon the testimony of a quasi American party organ, the straight whigs had a crocked meeting in this city laBl Saturday, at which tlicy resolved to fuse and form an amalgam with the Boit shell Fierce Van Buren Butlklo democracy, anti-slavery resolutions, Patrick U. Agan, the Jerry rescuer, and all! We are further told that this fusion was the result of a recommendation from ex-Governor Hunt to go it. Our Seward organ speaks as by the card; it knows "from the best authority," that Governor Hunt had declared before Saturday last in favor of this artful dodge, aud that Saturday's meeting was called together to carry out his wishes. "Can such things be?" We-can't believe it. We suspect that this is one of those barefaced RoorLacks peculiar to desperate and reckless political tricksters upon the bocls of every important election?a trick, a weak invention of of the enemy to blacken the fair fame of the rebellious silver grays. But if we are mistaken?if these grays have gone over to the Van Buren browns, to defeat the Seward blacks?there may be something in John Van Burcn's prediction of fifty thousand plurality for the soft shells, after all. Per hups the Prince was.in this secret when he went to Washington the other day; and this may l>? the reason why he carried his head so high against the thunders of the Kitchen Cabi net. Whig silver grays and Van Buren softs fusing I Well, if it Is so. it is too late to help it. We can only exclaim with Ophelia, "\Vo know what we are, but wc know not what we may be." Seward and Preston King?Gov ernor Hunt and John Van Huron ! 11 ho goes there ? A Qikkb Convention.?They are having an editors' convention in Richmond, Virginia Our reporter scuds us an account of the first day's proceedings, which we publish elsewhere. It is very funny. It appears that af'.cr the editors got together tlmy stood looking at each other for a long time, like a party of big schoolboys who had been fighting, and who " didn't want to make up," and that not one of them knew for what purpose they had come together, and they finally adjourned till the next day without doing anything. Recently, in Boston, duving the great horse convention, some of the Boston editors tried to get up a dinner for the journalists from abroad; but there was a split on the liquor question, and the affair fell through. There does not appear to lie much fraternity among editors any where, and the idea of making rules about prices of advertising and so forth, to apply to all, i absurd. The rates must depen^on the enter prise of the journal, its size, circulation, popu Unity, Ac. The dry giods merchants and groccrt* might as well have a convention t> settle upon how much they should charge f >r a yard' of muslin or a pound of sugar. The editors in old Virginia may have a good din ncr, with a glass of wine, and then go home, and each mauagc his business on the old rule of get all you can and keep what you g-'t. Tiik Vote oi the State.?The popular vote of the Umpire State was at? lbe Presidential election. 185i St?U election, 186-1 469,431 Falling off. M.M3 The soft shell Albany organ says that the vote for Clark and Ullman combined only ex ceeded by 4.>,'204 the vote for Gen. Scott, anl that this number of bard shells voted for Ull man. The same sagacious organ informs ns that the ">2,000 voters who stayed at home on election day last year, will come up and vote this time the soft shell ticket, and that the re sult will probably be twenty, thirty or fifty thousand soft shell minority. This beats Prince John all hollow, who aspires only to fifty thousand plurality. "When the sky falls we shall catch larks;" and if it falls on Tu ?< day, Miller, John Van Bnren and the Albany Atlas will be enrolled among the prophets. T>i# dWinWry M *a-?ar>. Malfcar, r.nbln?.n*C?.,l'i HkvMtVilW, Ala., waa <!??'my*-! by fir*'" -1** ,c ? l>?a fVS.WO. the i-atest n e k g. BV ILEr m AND PRINTING TflKRAPHS, From WMhlngtok. WawnNGtO.v, Nov. 1, 1866. n ,h? amount in the Fulled States Treasury, subject vo ".raft to the 22d ult., Urns $22,013,000. irecrotaiie* Davis, Gluthiie and McClelland visit Balti more teday to attend ihe Agricultural Fair. The Vermont Central Railroad. Nortvvieid, Vt, Nov. 1, 185&. The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Vermont Central Railroad was held here last evening. The pend ing suit between the Central and Canada roe Is, an 1 otl er matters affecting the corporation, wero coasMeivd and discussed. A committee of three was appointed to investigate the accounts aud transactions of th" past two years, and the choice of directors was postponed until such committee report. A committee was also appointea to apply to the Legislature for an a it authorizing the Consolidation o'the various interests of the oompany. The Poelttc Railroad. irt. Lone, Nov. 1, 1865. Doc opening of the I'aciQc Railread to Jeffersoa City was appropriately celebrated to-day. McAblen's trial for killing Deputy Marsltal Brand, last February, commenced here yesterday. Maryland Agricultural Exhibition. Baltimore, Nov. 1, 1835. immense throngs visited the Agricultural Fair grounds to day. Among the visiters wore Secretaries Davis, Guthrie and McClelland. The Flying Artillery, from Fori Mclienry, also attended the fair, and went through with their drill. They were inspected by the Secretary of War. During the Bring a premature explosion t>ok place, and mortally wounded enc man. -Cioee of the Brig R. F. Leper. PniLADElPHlA, NoV. 1, 1855. The brig It. F. Loper, Capt. Williams, of and for Phila delphia, with a cargo of logwood and coffee, from Port au Prince, was totally lost on the HogsMes em the 5th ult. Two hundred bags of coffee and sixty tons of logwood were saved, and taken to Nassau, N. P. The Lancaster, Pa., Savings Bank. LANCASTER, I'a., Nov. 1,1855. Charles Raughter, the defaulting treasurer of the Lan caster ravings Institution, was admitted to bail to-day in the sum of $100,000 to answer the charge at the next meeting of the oourt. Marketl. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia, Nov. 1, 1855. Stocks were heavy at our flrst board this morning, at tht^fol owing rates:?Pennsylvania State (Ives, 88<?; Reading Railroad, 42/2; Ix>ng Island Railroad, 12; Morris Canal. 13; Pennsylvania Railroad, 42/' i 42/j. BALTIMORE CATTLR MARKET. Baltimore, Nov. 1, 1855. At our cattle market, to-day, 1,600 head of beeves ~ " " TOO were driven east were offered, of which TOO were driven eastward, 200 left over, ana the remainder ?dd at $5 75 a $8. Hogs were in large supply, and prices declined. Sales at $7 75 a $8 25. Our Philadelphia Correspondence. Philadelphia, Oct. 31, 1855. Interesting Political Intelligence?Dallas in the IXel<l? Gammon for Pierce. The Presidential campaign has fairly opened in this quarter, as you will see by the following notice:? I FRIENDS OF HKORGK M. DALLAS roil THE I'RRHlDRRilY. A preliminary nieetln? of ihe <l?inocr*tlj citlwrns of ihe chy unit county of Philadelphia, friendsof Geo. M Dillas, lor the Presidency, will lie held at the FA LOTA FF HOTEL, (HYNKMAN'fi), i Sixth and Carprnhr Hrretn, b*wnen Mark* ana ChvtMiit, > On f i liiuv mata|, November 2,186V v At 7 o'clock, when and where you are rc'inesied to attend | JOHN U. DOHNkRT, Chairman. < J. Cooke Losgstiieth, > > Konr.kT M. I.ei:, S Secretaries. $ Philadelphia, Oct. 27,1C5V Mr. Dallas is undoubtedly the favorite among the masses, but, as ho don't eecm to have the politicians with hlin, the cbanoes ere that he wiH be juggled out of the Sttte vote, even if his friend? have a clear majority. Mr. Bu clioaan Las written to several of his friends?Mr. shekel*, of your city, among the rest?that he will not in any event bo a candidate , but notwithstanding this he is at present the candidate in v.hoso name the - inv.iss is giingsm. and who will probably obtain the vote of Penn sylvania in the Cincinnati Convention of .tune next. Mr. iluohanan is but anotlur nauic for President Pleree. t Leii.g generally* under stood that Mr. Buclinmn's v<tc.s are to bo transferred, in th- national convention, to lien. Pierce, i'orney was lately here scouring the State; in- openly declared himself in fav-rof Pierce's re-election, living teat lyj won] I be ?he worst of ingra'es if he did so. Hi* trip through the State sh .wod hi>n the true state of allairs, and n hi* roturn to Wa-hini<t .n it wis Inown that neither the Sta'e, nor any one cpuuty in it, could be carried for Pierre, and hence this uew dodge?to humbug 1 ierce?of -arryir g the State for Mr. Buchan :u n'jninahy, though in reality for Mr. 1 ierce. This thing i< gelling pretty well known, and may produce such a r'ac'ion as will carry the -tate in a different direction froni any it lias heietot'ore *akcn. There is fun ahead, and you rhall hear it in time. JJAVI.'.Iff. Mnvnl lutrlllgrnce. Commodore tirecory, late in command ot the Navy y.vrJ at Charles!on, ha- it-reived j.re^ara'oiy oide - to take command of the new tormsb p Merriraa ?, cn l:er trial trip. I>i oa lvxkV Bi.xrm at K:blo'A?We trust tha* our renderr will hear in mind that this charming vrealist tal es her firrewll benefit to-night. After this week it will l*'many month* before we tha.ll again have in op portunity of lieaiing those delicious stra.ns wliich have ? o i..ng ministo.ei to ou czijuym-ot I.e the result ?f to-night's performances evinr- the high appreciation which we entertain h 'h of the artist and (he woman. The programme of the entertainments comprDes J)oni jetti's comic opera of "Hie Love Sped" and a musi al Intermezzo Letween the fts, in which Mr*. Gallon, Mils l'fht'a sister, a pianist of icpuia'.'on, rill perform tveral favorite ?u.r vttt.-. Ti:e Iatwt Toivvnu' a? New- nt-it I-onuo' .?The 1 on d n l.'ra of rept. Dl, says:? It is witii mu :li pleasure we loam tha' Mr. Barry, the popular ll spn m.'ti.igor and actor, and Mr. <i. I*, jicvickcr, rim Yeukee come lion, have determined to give the Biilisbci' a ta te of that er douce which has -sin. il them such celebrity in their own country. The latter name I centP man is possessor of ^11 the pieces of the late Dan Marble, aid intends going through a -eri'-s of 1 hose peculiar parts, the (icdineatl n of whi:h Itave stamped him with the Americans at n first oia-M artist, the oilier gentleman is nut a wbit the less renowned In ii- MCuliir li ii". and the pi.:-- la wl.i >' t'" y h.-.v jrlnily gslred their fame draiu.s portraying life, wild and f ivilirel, of the inhab tants of America. Th in t ran.I'd gentleman 1.as. we *ec. been secured by'he Surrey management, aim makes his iM>?( on Monday, as Sam Patch. It is almost uuneoesstry for us to -ay that Mr. Thomas Tarry is still managing the Boston theatre. The Mr. Tarry who is In I London Is a western achr. We should like to see McVicker " going through'' Lis parts, and Mr. Barry portraying "'the life, wild and civil xed, of the in liabilofti: of America." Tlie Turf. ( TNTitEYILLE COURSE, L. Ie?TROTIINO. A trotting match fir $10,000. between lady 1 anklln and Miller's Demsel. was annonn-e ! to come off vest*: day afternoon, which ended, as mo?t of su-h astoni'herr do, in a flr.?.le. When the t me lial ar-lved f r the tarl ingof the horses, the mountain of money melted lira to a mole hill?the ten thousand dc liars were reduce 1 to five hundred, and even for tha' amount there was no race. I ady Franklin did n.it appear on the track, and Miller's Damsel claimed forfeit. TnrsaiiAY. Nov. 1.?Trotting match, tl0,0"0. mile beats, liest three in five. C. Carl same 1 s. m. Miller's Pamse), in har ness ree'd firfri t ii. Woodruff named r. m. lady Franklin, to wng-n pail forfeit. Wlillniuslrnrg City Hew*. Fatfx Itvio*.?Ycaterilay a rumor vu in circulation in th? Eastern dls'ric'. to the affect that late on the night previous tbont 500 pars-us gathered around St. Mary's Catholic Cl.utch, corner of I eona-'l and Re csorv strceis, with ar. avowed intention of burning It dure. As far as could lie ascertained, the rumor was with ut foundation. ANew nnoKR.?? A new order, undir the title of tie' Americas I *gion, was formed lu the Ihirteentb ward o' Brooklyn about six we-ks sine j, and up to the present tlwie "VSr fOO members have been in roiled, Amerlcsri born citizens. I'roiestant or Qslbolic, are eligible i. no mbcrablp or office. Antt-slsve. j ,.ibx? are pro*;-Pvt. Binruejs Ne nrxAVK'.v*?The Republican Genera Committee of the Thirteenth ward of Brooklyn, bare mail* the following nominations ?For -Lipe-vi+.r, *x Mayor Wni. Wall; Alderman, Cornelius W'lglom: Con ! ?? Vic, .lame* T. Mush; Assessor. John T?*nny. Ss riIb.ioi s._Considerable indignation is ev;,re<sal ,y eiSsess of 'he Tastern Jlstrle' at the menn*r io wh :b it main1 are ixhnmed from Fr*e?u>ne's bury.nv gro iad in I nion avenue, fionwtfmes the contents f ser-r*J rc#n? etc emptied into one b<x and ea te.1 off fw in'er. mrnt. City Intelligence. Firb in Cold sruurr?Shortly before two ?'clock yesterday morning a lire ?u Uisrovcrod !n iho H quor store kept by J amen tialt'ney. at No. 9" <.-.10 ? street. Ihe Fourth ward police immediately tch rrathed to the Chief* ottlco, directing the hall bell to ring the alarm for the Seventh ?Uatrict. However, <cf iro the bell rang. A-sistant Engineer Haul h, who rerdes in the r icinity, whs aiai mr \, an i Wt- In a few second* ut. the prem'-es. ? >n arriving at the house he turned the '11' r > pen. and found the tire burning a* tt rear part ut the Mote in two liquor cask*. He'Ion <-ok charge ,da ch sed the door, prohibiting any onettrom entering until ihe firemen wire ready to throw in th? water, lu a sb u-t time, leveral stteairis of water being m readiness, Mr. ?auirh opt nod thi door, and the tire waa almost In.- tantly extinguished. After the tire wan out, Asai-t mt Engineer BauVh. the Hie Marshal ami t'ap'ain tdtchett, made an *x tn-ioa tion of the picuii.es, as the appcarau o of their.- r.hea burxirg, and the V"vj quick manner it war- said t t.v# rturteo, caused some ?'onslderitb'e suspicion at to P~. Dtigin. Two liquor cask* were found to have burnt from the inside, fr< m which the flames had spread to the roisl janitirp Mr. Oafhtey has an tnauranee of WJO w stock, and (ICO on fixtures, in the Harmony In-r.inco t'empany. There wbh but li.tle sto-k in the store. The upper part of the piemiso* was i coupled by j dice w an Bartley and family; but luckily ail <? tenped wi- ho tt injury, notwithstanding the smoke extended ocn driers bly through the upper part of the homo. The house belongs to Mr. CeorgeDris-iJI and iadaiuagi J by the fire prob ibly to the amouut- f (HO. Mr. fcatTm y * lues will probably amount to about (100. Fire in CuAumats Spilekt?The Wobk of an I.m-rs piart?At about 11 o'clock last night a fire war disco vered in the premises No. 92 Chambers street, ocs 1ml by Martin Beit, Importer of silk*, ribl> n?, &c. Ti e tire men were very quickly at work, and in the ?nocc of ab< ut an hour it was all extinjjui?lie t, before spro-.idiug beyond the building in which it originated. Open open ing the door (ire wus found to have been kindled in n?> less than three places on the second floor The flams* . burnt a large space through'lie floor into tire store ?>, Bureher ft Co., wino and liquor dealers. The thi d and fourth floors is occupied by Mr. Charles T.iylor, as a dwcllire, associated with Mr. Joseph Harvey a .si P'rnnoia Phillips. Their property is 'nily insured'in the Merchants'Insurance Ompaiy * The damage wi'l pro bably amount to upwards of 5500 The two fe.naie ,.-r rants were tlie onlr persons in the building at the time the fire was discovered. They were in bed in ono of the front, nttic bedrooms. The alarm of lire called in ttieo street awoke them, and they eacaped down stairs witn out injury. The property of Martin Bier no 4oubt is fully insured; but as no one was present bolongin.: to 'he store, tke amount we could not learn. The damage done to Mr. Bunker's property will proba bly amount to about $2,009, fully coveted by insurance. The damage done to the building wilt amount to about ffit'0. also fully insuied. Tbe loss on Mr. Bcir's ?:oek will amount brobably to several thousand dollar-. TiibFrbm b Bknsvoixnt Socnrr?Financial Biatbubni? The President of this body presented his annual report on the JiOth of October. The receipts of rash anv>unt>d to (4,321 80, and ihe balance on hand, after paying dis bursements, amounted to (004 26. Tlie receip's tse made up of subscriptions of members, interest on unrt gages, donations, including Madame Rachel's of (100 and fines. Tl.e payments were made in purchase of biead. coal and cash relief, with incidental*. The total capital of the society is $13,300 40. rhe admin t-.f rations committee for tlie ensuing year is composed of A.llogue', A. (J. El lean. J. Cbateilier, A. lloux, P. A. Uerdy. Asit.RicAN Institi te Fair.?The fair at the Crystal Pal.tee was anuouneed to close on kouember 1st. We under stand that in consequouco of the gonoraliy expressed wJsil of the exhibitors aud visiters, tlie termination o' lh- faii will be delayed for a week. Tbi? exhibition hat wen .? great success, and has netted a large gum to the American Institute. Personal Intelligence. ARRIVALS. At the Smithsonian liouso? M. Clunky. Florida: N. L. Fru*li Ingham, Uctou; I)r. J. <'. Raymond, ll'lcat Dr. A. <?? Mat ey, Charleston, F. Rev. W. K. Poeton, 1'?? m).; .Mai. Kai.m. Lieut. V. Bra.lv. U. H. A.; lion A. Pike, N. 0.:Mi?hopR. Steel, Ark.; Col. M. Sappingtoit, Itev. T. nuow. 8. C. From LloerpooblD ship James L i'o.'ert? David Lamb. From Rabin, in Br brig Talbot?Mr Mat* Mr Youds. Eiipntvhrld'i Hat a arc tli? Cynosure of nit eye*?the very acme of perfection. Though luiaopr.iachablw for style, ta?le and beauty, he soil* them fur but 911 30. Di. > are superior to any lint .old m Broadway for $4. filve htm ? call, at 118 Nassau atrect. A Hat Returned.?An Entry Thief Ret* rn ed a ] a' which he had *tolen last weak i ian a bonee it? ltlee. ker street, beca.t'C it was not a KNOX ha.. He ev'.ilent ly know what a good liai was. Uentletueti who .-an appro - elate beauty, durability nnd elegance should call at No. JIST Broadway, corner of Fu.ton atreet. 130 Fulton Street, First Floor.?The Place has been enlarged, and will accommodate S.C'A) p*r*osm Mon lers will never oease. The proprietors, Ditt'-Mtlutdh ,w I'ROCn, are respit e a fortune. Light India Rubber Coots, Clonks, &v-r? Clenlcmen wanting a handsome, I is lit and durable garment will do well to Itapcct Pome Imported goods now being op' ucd at the OOODYKAR rubber depot, IKS Broadway. CloUtlitR.?F??tlil?.nnb1u, |YVeU .H.tde coats, overcoat*, Tulnus, pant* nnd vcn'a. may he Centred ir EVANS' r.\tcnslve clothing warehouse, lid audi**fnlkastra at 30 per cent below the market price. Stop I?Rend the Prices.?Or ??? coats ot cloth. Ion skin, bearer, Ac., 94 60 to 120; talmas of Hon skin, el ".In, Norwegian coating, An , 96 to fell); bu*ine?. and street roam, oew style, from (3 to 910, paata and rich v-lvu and t aihme is Teas, 92 lo flu. flova'clothing ei|Uailj lo? atOakRwi,. DE 11 ROOT A SON, M and 81 Fulloa ?om.t. What la the Teat of Tint Philosophy !*? If you want lo know whether a man be a oerfati ?;o ?. pr>? tm'se btDi an ni lele he needs to-day, and send It lio i nexi we.k. Few philosophers emr can bear "Ucb an oruea,. wed know ng this. t.RKKN. No. 1 Astor House, never ncgleitw. to send home Ids beautiful fitting shirts at die hour pro mlaed. A JSotorlona Fact, mid Yon Know Tt.?Tbcs ambrntypes taken by It. A. LEWIS. at 142 Oha'httc ?; m. excel anj thing of the kind In .New York. 1'uplla ini'rti tie < li>. the art. Anioifa Unguirrroty pea, large size, for Fitty iem*. Colored and In a .lien com t *1 a ihe sire otbe a ttwvs far t.bv cent*, and equal 'o those made elsewhere for t. > u col\ 6e'J Broadway, opposite Metropolitan Hotel. Itanotortsi and MelodMi'in-Ma' tifn tmeii. ty JOHN P. WAKE A CO., No. IhJ Canal street, neer Vs. ci, ally warranted for tone and workmanship equal ? , i m Leritv, and 20per cent less than Broadway price*. N. h. ??oot>d hand pianos at great bargains ScYcntyflwe Thousand.? %. Very Lniy Ex Ira edition of the bun.lay Courier will be publ .bed on -i.day. he 4ih hist., for city circulation, oxprcssi, l.reiec'too ?i. Advertiser* who wl.btn avail them* dyes of ti ls sple'did o_> IKtrtuiuty of reaching the public eje, can >e acoommoJated ?' i. very reasonable rr.te Apply cwriy J.l3t!l.S I. 8.*'? ITH A CO.. It spruce trees. Silks! Mlksl-t Luge Lot tUrh Milk". Q-ora auction wlb be opened thTsday; also, 3 -vats or ti ed ,ie talnes, from Is. to 4* . worth double the p -Ine aeked. h. 11. LKADBKaTKR A CO., 347 Broadway. Ladles' Beat Kid (Jluve* av .10 Cents.-IWKt dozen 'adles' super km glove* will be opened this dsy, )0IJ dozen gents do., *1 fee fhu aliove w eru sUgbtiv spore | ui, ceord of die rbto, snd are worth J?. end 8s per pair. E. B. I.K a ltfiEATKR A <''1 ,547 Bros 'way. Kmhroldeilrs, trout Auction, ata ?r?ut S ?< mice -K. H. l.FADBF.ATEK A CO., H llroadwav, wlP ?ft'r hia duy a large atgek ot rich embroidered collars. ?!eeroa? ve.ods, Ac. at hull their real value. Ltidlt l of lew York.? Ksnty turn, ot .vii>?s -lor style and ftrnsh. are soiling, In Brwiklyn. st J D. *v I?, nlAMh'. 219 1 ul on street, 'corner wore ) at prices the' v,u. epay you tor the trouble o; a visit. Children's hats so-1 ea.m ?n great vsiiety. Ladles1 \>>v Yolk and Brooklyn TrliiinitrvR emporium ?JltbhPH LOCKITT, SON A Oh, maonfj- tr r ?i:u bnporter* of ladles' dresa and cloak Irlnres, reive s, radrv antiqut cord and i?sel*. Ac , AO ? rrters ear. f illy a"en<1rd tr u.'l promptly execute*!. 261 Fulton street Brooklyn. City Laulba nnd Ladles Vtattling the <lt> i'.ii Hi,d gaiter and btp >u boot*, Iroui 12s to Jo*.; si.uperv lye* am. t diet slips, its. 'u 10*. Inutsn rubh. r hocus sod .u i . in great vailety. with toy*', misses' and chlidav-n'.* uoo .artt shoe* of all Kinds and pr'ees. n" J II. MII.LKR A CO.'S, 134 Cat.H > -ai .Dlllnfry.-A Large and ftapertor A?s<??-t aent of millinery, colored straw good*, ribbons, fes hcro, 7ower*. lad e* dua and cb ak trimmings cloaaa ml ? ? nil, ill of which will be -old cheap, at WM b. IRVIN KS, 112 Canst ati -v. tllenk. ts ?Vri^ll*v\ (ilnnlc ta (Lorgt *tir,i M2Sper pair. I'ETKKSON A llUMPlli'.s.Y, No. Si n.-tnui ?aj, corner ol V. hi e .tree'. Blanlirtat Blmtkctall Blunki t*l 11?11. *? y 1,'ugitth biat.ket* at 94 60 per pair, at AKllli.lt IIUM.NEL1.Y'A, #S lb' vry \cw (siNidt! Rich Carpi t* 1?'it ? at UngntuH Is tapestry, Telve . btuMels, three ^ly and i.gi jlo. n ARTHUR DO.VNr.l.Li 4, OB Howe. 5". Carpet* ? efenvy English Map. rfl. e, lis. p. r ?'?!. All n:b?t Hoods at equally low prices. PfffM'W A Tt MPHRK*. No. 370 llroa<lwr?y; Carprtsl Carpets!.' Carp*t l!Wta|v rti .Vedal* H m velvet -irpo'.s ti om the Pnrls exhibition, ?n t i d t orv hrus?* e tvbm the elebrated ni*n' faet#iry </Ciwir A *oa>. Halifax, Kngland, ytut reached, hiua'm ANDKIlnuN, tr ? Bo .very. Bargain* In Carpeting.?flood Drnesrie i?Y ift a per yard. All ohartlood* at enn* iy w ericas, ft fRSSON A liL'KI *> ItKY, No. Si J BrMdas . It lio Wants to Rare alxpciiiet on k ven Its.. of sugar tnd'ha'sum 'twenty | t r oeet an all other arwh! pertaining to ? or trsde, 'ha' we w w.- blow,-ig a i.iu', tf a ir there bet Mhy, Al/'ltOA 'O'B, I'tft Bowery, lath* p Miee, act no mistake, where that very ?r.i?e thing can I ua csai'Mad, Wilton's IHtndellesn Ceflhr. a Truly Y's'tix? hi* remedy it, all case* of dyspepsia, iodigespoa, a bevt a, he, and all bil'ona r nd Rvt.r ?ompla.u'n. ?td by li 'gri in. UJuk A to , Y. Y. hu t/on andau reape- able dr'irg' ?* Rich Bratisa f'loeka, Cand.iahraa, Ikiii.t* ?<! *a s? received 'his day per sb.p K v l xe: load, V..C as t v'tk a g: eat sartety of Fren. h tancy ?oo,|?. of WiUeei, a ear P'SIS. For sate cheaa. Aleo a srge si, I ewutfai as.-n oetil g rhande'ler* *nd go* fivt'ti '??. K. V. IIAC'.HtY.d T Ml and Vii Uriokdaee. Stiver Flsitrd tea Sets. Cake Hniketa, TaK'e ?astera. Ac : aiso'rrer.i b pla'e mtrrors, ' . ,re to ( ? r. . rlrtv. oil psinfinga. ha'e e>?itre*s?*, "M.a ware A?, i ' YL'RIrt MuRRKUs AlKtlawaer at I *, I. ua.rtv.mr ? I* X o'cinek. ?t>0. SI Nassau street, the abc.s ? gantk, |t. 4. ,. rtety. Ili 'ioekeeiic* will avail ihe in-alve. ,* thw'rtr,. ,? 1 'unity mi+'slrj what wtil ?t?e en'tre s, ).>, | f.,^r,P uculam, examine by nnmhers , fun ,;*? ruWHIM mi n i he* gtvan, a* ? atatoA'ie , mibt ant he Uvl ,u Lugs will be attached and sold la regular order. '