Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1855 Page 2
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AmilOML FROM EUROPE. Oar Noilild Correapoiulence. MADltro. Oct. 12, 1856. Stair of Thing*?The Oarlint*?Ihe MotUnnUi*?Ike hiog? Ihe Clrrgs?Democrat*? Lack of Bread and I'roOaUe /&W uiois?the (itno*nli'>n of Lib- rat Deim'in The Cvrti?77ir Aatvmal Militia?Oirl St>ani<k Mili tary '.kotum-?Thr ( holera and it* Victim-?Tar Crop of Sherry B ine a Trial Lot*, tfc., dr. S?d I* the ..-iiCct which this country present, under so m?ry diflerent kind* of misfortune. The epoch tr an eventful one tor Hp,.In and will certainly ho described in 11? annals as one ot the worst and moat ulUictiug. Ihi tittle eucigy of the g ivermnent allows tho Carll-t tuition to gather strength in Catalonia, which, althougn weuk ax yet u<a> soon be -trong enough to make its de feat dilV cult. The motlrrador, also, or the party overcome ia the la?e r* voiu t"u, wilt not keep quiet. They take ivo rest in their intrigues, and struggle to recover again their lost power. hesitating at no kind of sacrifice iu order to throw obstacles in the way of the liberal Darty. 1 hate spoken to you aa many times about the clergy that I am half afiaid you will begin to think my accounts exaggerated or biassed against them. But I say no more than the truth. This stupid clergy?the angry euetny of all that ia good, of all that is wise, of all that is liberal and progressive?labors uuceu ingly ia ita apostolical com cuticles to light the torch of strife and civil war. They use every artifice and every means, and have been htaly inflaming the bad paassons ol that Bourbon?hus band t< the Queen?who was the true cause of the recent scandals ia the I'arace. This clergy takes advan tage ot the coufessiunal and the pulpit to excite people against the present institutions, and in favor et absolutism ; publishes subversive pamphlets, and in every wuy mocks the government, which lacks energy to put lis tout on the heads of this hydra. On ihe other hand, and in the presence of so much wtakueNH, a new party, Uughed at and ridiculed un'il now, rushes vigorously into the arena of Spanish poli i ice The democracy increases, strengthens, agitates and publishes its doctrines, ardent and young, broadcast. They make another opposition, and alarm the govern ment. however much they may alTect to treat the demo crats wi'h ui.-di.:n. Ihe lack of bread-tuffs and meat which is b-irig gene rally felt, augmeitb a state of dUquietude which will he of the giavest conse |uenee if it be not corrected In time. Ihe government has given the most positive or ders concerning the trade iu grain for the purpose of potting a stop ro its exportation from the peninsula in vie < of the demund for the Crimea and the scarcity iu France. Ihe necessity of energetic measures is urgent, because behind the scarcity produced hy the leinpe.-ts of rain and the unprecedented inundations?by lite cholera and by the prillucal unquiet?behind this, revolution U again showing its terrible bead. As one consequence of this had state of things, there has been a handing together of a luge portion of the libe ral deputies in the Cortes disposed to force the govern ment into energetic action, and mark out the path it ahull follow. ft wus proposed to vote a proposition which would com pel a change of ministry but for tire m orient this propo attion bus been put one side, in view of the limited num ber ot deputies present in the Assembly?many being -slfwn with cholera, and many more atrald to come to town for that veiy rea on. Ihe rel'o-m of the ministry Is however, every day more necessary. General O'Dou *?*11 te mistrusted, and Geuerul Kspartero, a'though there tr no lack of confidence in him, ia already recognized to be a nniiity in poUUdA. The sc-si i s ol' the Cortes have been of little interest thus fat, because if the lack of members. An important law concerning <he relaliote of manufac turers and their operatives has been presented for discus sion, butti e debar, has not yet iom? on. Auotbfr con serving public order, or the lelatious of the military And civil authority, will soon be preaeuted. sAH the lauds of the elei gy released from mortmain $1,260,000 have already been sold, According to official accounts-here are 180,000mea of the national militia already anued?that is to say, tiere are that number ot muskets and cannon in the hands of the people. A complete change in the uniform of the Spanish army ta p ejected, and will probably tie carried out. Instead of eopylng the French model, a- at present, the men will resemble rathei more nearly the famous Spanish in tsntry of other times. The broad-brtinmud Spanish hat f the time of the wars in the Netherlands will take the place of the uglv little lieu . p its of the Frenih army, and altogether the uniform will be picture-.que and ser viceable. The cholera, after hangir g off and on all the su-nmor, has developed it.-elf sudden y in Madrid with a force which has fiigh'ened us Tho Governor of Madrid is dead of it. Ton Mh inter of Fiurmce down The Presi dent of the Co-tea down. Many depu'les ditto. K-ipar tem with a slight attack, und everylio?.y expecting it from tiny to day. The rain iws been unceasing for a month and a hah' till to-day. The crop of sherry wine is almost a toral lost, the grape having rsitted nit account oi the wet. Other crops save also suffered bevei ely. JUAM. mc Mn ajiclni I rlita In Kur ipr. p**ri* fOct. 1ft) Cirrespoudei C" of the l/mdon Time.] The restrictive measures In ely adopted by the iiatk n' France are beginning to 1m telt in almost every branch of trade and trausac inn- have accordingly becorao il'f. euK. Manutactu'era have limited a. inuth as possible their purehui-ea of raw material* and re ado a are How In hying in their usual winter stock. The general si'ua tioo, however, is eatislu.-tory. The -umorr uiunih , dir li.g which business is always dull have been highly pro ductive this year, tr.auks to the I nlversU Kx.iilmioo. Orders continue to tie rec-ivid from the I'oiled -Hales, which had not appeared in the ina-ket for toe last year. Important demands have also arrived from South America aim t-oghind snd Ihe-e Is every prospect ot the export trade of laiis assuming a great activity in tljp winter. The price of corn has again increased ihi- week. Flour has advanced frouv t. to 4f per sack of 15W kllogrsm.nes. and wheat in neatly the same proportion This rise, however, is ase.nbed 10 the tarrtine s of the sowing ?Me liooed by the dry weaiher in -eptember, and to other local causes, whicu leave the farmers no time to bring ttit ir prolines to mnrket. The number ol ihe Rrritr. Vmtsmporain* published to day contains a remarkable article on toe provision ques tion. Tl e wi iter. M A. Vlltedienx, evidently d.-rlved his Information bom authentic oflirial sources, and uU ap preciation of the actual re.ult of the harvest in Franc" may, <-"nse;innlly, be relied upon The following ex tracts from ting article will be read with Interest:? '?It appeals Vom the Intorniatioo we have recelreil that the delicti will sninunt on un nveingv to a failing off of 15 per ent on an ordinary crop in the wars' district*, and ol 10 per cent in the others: ennsnqnen'ty we h ive an average proportion of 1_ or 12% per cent fur all France. As the tidal con-i.uiption of the country Is on an average 62 (d'O 000 bectoliiri'H, Inclinling the grain require 1 for need, not no re that 10 OoO OiO heotoiltres will have to be drawn from abroad. Wheat and rve present, unf ir'unate ly. a proporiinnateilefl it. The result of our inquiries which are perfectly mne.lusive on this p-dnt, shows thu U the wheat and rye igi.ps have been deflcieet In qua - lity thev have been eve-ywhere, with very fe-v ex eepti-'Ds. of a superior q unity. The grain is sound and full it yields a in. oh img*r produce than last year, and the 11 ? >ur leave* nothing vo h- wl hed for with regsr 1 t . its nutiilioun properties. We could mention a tepai ment where, judging trora the firs' specimens grouu l, ii la cotisidried that ths supsriujty iu quality Is so marked that it will r< mpeneat*, in the e-timation ot the most eumi etrn judges the stefldt in quantity to the amonnt of a tw, lfth, or even ot a tegih. A sti I more imponan' iwenuree will be derived from the spring cereals, wlne'i have produced everyw-ieie etvellent crops. T .e supply of hsrlry which >n itnaverag) amount* yearly to about 17 000 000 of hec'ellt es. the half of whf h ..nly Is u-e i an food, \? most abundant. The crop of this year ex ceeds by from flf eon t.) twenty per eent the ordinary produce. The maize or Indian porn, offers also, ia the districts wbe.-e it is mast eulti%t?wi, a very favorable appearance. It has ?u e.ed only 'n twe or three de partments ef the seuth; In other* the su-pl is is estl mated at twenty-tlve or thirty p?r sen' abuV" the ave rage. It is particularly fine iu 1\i? eastern districts. Maize esit t- -buie* eDe year wi h ansther, to the am >unt of fl, 0) O.OOli of hectolitre* fir numan nn >ump 1 m. fh accounts from the ea?t of Franco areata) vo-y f. vara hie as respects t e buckwueat, there culiWsted on aa ox'en eive -i al , and whtcli supplies each yey about d,000,00.1 hectolitres to the support of <he rural popuiiti m. The department* of Brit any and the cent* of Fran-e a e eai giiinein their expsm all'-ns a? to fbe^results of this useful crop, i "bestir.its, which the inlia aunts of Fintna ?in revenue* and Brit'auy con ume to ike sa or extent as the cereals during a g'e*t I-art of the yetr preo-n' aa appearance of extraordinary abundance. ISo sa ne in ?y ha said e' vegetables, sad chiefly of broad sod ki i.iey beans. If to all these we add 'be oat crap, ih? prodata of which will la- eery large, we may bold'y state that the deficiency in the wheat sod rye craps w ill lie Inag-na dsgrre nmpcnsatid. We receive from all idles the most satistWctory account* of the p .tat.* lbs dis ease with which i has bs-ea ntt* kel inr the las ?en years Is no the eve .f cample ely disappear fng. It has scarcely sh'.srn I'self at all In ag-ea' Bttmlier of depart menu th. most remote from e.c. o'.her, and In those where it ha. apav.re.) th ? I tj iry It lout inflicted ta very trilling Never<hel*sa, it h?- a tackesl certain iaealtties with m re or teas intensity, bu It ha- lost, even in these, a g eat part or Its verloin? i ?ymptam of Its speedy dls*p|iearanc?. rh? p .tata er in will he the mure shunian'. as the imrltel dec.llas of h di-ease observed iu 1844 intucel Ms* farms, s ui plant i more generally. To complete this rerwuc if five state r> the crop* throughout the coun'ry we nn-t add the- th ? grape will yield const.lerablr mo e than the las. few years. It is by n" means unln'ere- Ing v tlier to observe that fodder has neen gwowrally abundant, and that sir cumstance may have a heneflcial influeoce on *Ue n tee of meat. We may als .'men f HI * clrcums'anc ? 'ale ilat ed olessen the sttendlng d'fllcnlties,?namely, U,e tar dines* of this year's harr-st, which ctntc in three weeks or a roon'h It.er than usual, fturing tha' s..a e of rim ? the country has Hied on the pr.since o* 1851 If. then as there Is every y,wo to hoi*, the next harvest be not retarded, that >.f 1*55 will bare to supply the coin'rv only during a pe l. d of 11 <>r 11in >nt vs. Instead >f 11." Ine new mes.ore rela'ive to the taxation of the prfe* of meat in I'aris i? to com* In* ?,? a'i m to-morrow, Ha'ea having fne eased a. the las' mickr's of I'oissy and Hc<a. * it I' not eonsf* ed nrn'.abla tha' 'he ode* of meat wi I undergo st least f->r lh# present any ma'e rial reduction. Hie price of wine <? .n Inues tlr n at Berry with a tendency >o rise Th? dHafs Is n .w pro swesiing th'ongha.it France and the appreeWloa of -he Crop are still most Contradictory. At Va. sunns 1' Is e? tiit.a'ed a' one-'hlrd ..f an ordinary tear a' IV-r leaua at one-fourth, fn the Hard a' 'wo 'birds and It Hon"tthf th qusn'ity ot wine will lie t.a-ely sufficient for local ro v-iiTTptton. The ofrfiwm did not prevail so generally as )*' year and the frosts in spring are the Sole cause of scarcity The Frefc-ct of 1'ollce has addressed the following circu lar to the Comndxsanex ol Police:? (tenth-men? the government of the Emperor, in its solicitude for the population. DM decided that butowr'l meat fur the. future be not'I at a (ixc^u* ioo, uu>i % police ordinance of the 1st he* declared flhi^-ilx incisure shall begin u> be carried Into executhm on the 18 h. I u set tling every fortnight the b-xix of the price, my adtniois tiaiion will uot forger that ih? lixiug of the tan tfor men'. like that for fx cad, must result from the imoartial con* iliationof tire interests of the b.itcher and cuixu.mer. 'flux truth, which hue not perhap . h-en sufficiently un derstood by the corporation of butchers, will MQtefor'h be confirmed by tixs iutcrveution of the au'V >ritic*. With this view, Art. ?t pte-crine* the delivery to every putchnrer, without auy demand on hix part, of a paper ret'ing torth the dexignation of the sort of meat Muctwaed, the ca'egory it) which the pte*-e belongs, the weight. an*l the price. The gua an'ee of the ei oxuintr conxix:-entirely in the rigorous execution of this nuasitre and I cannot too strongly recommend it b jour n< tioe. 1 be-4'tes take pleasure in 'relieving that the butcher* of laux will comply Pric'ly with this clause and with nti others ret forth in the ordinance. If they should not do so, you wil ha*e to draw up infor mations of t r>? infractions which may be pointed out to you, or which you may personally discover; and, on re ceiving them lwtd, if it be uivesxary, employ the ad minixt'atlve measures which the sjieiiul law-or* the butchers' trade euahie iue to do. I'lETRl. The Afi.rttfetir publishes the returns of the indirect taxes and revenues, wbicli amounted, during the nine months of 1866, er rliugnn the 1st instant, to tt'19,789 OOOf. Coav parcd with those of the eurre poa" ing period of 1864, tley show so augmentation of 81,065,OOOf. In this aug mentation however, the new tuxes, established in virtue of the laws of August 6th and July 14lh last, figure for a sum of 12,2t 8.00t'l.; so that the real increase over 1851 Is 88,787,00f t The increase during the first two quarters wax 38,178,0(107, am during the third quarter 42,877, OOOf. ihe following are the items of these returns:? Prnncs Registry duties, mortgages, he 196.570,000 Stamp duties 37,502,000 import dulier?tin corn .176,000 " On merchandise 92,616,000 " (in colonial sugar 28,690,000 " On foreigu ditto 29.997,000 Export dnties 941,000 Navigation dues 2 449,000 Funoiy customs' duties and receipts 2,190,000 Fall tax 23.732 000 Duty on liquors 82,126,000 Ditto on domestic sugar ?.... 18.490,0:10 Mixce'luneous duties and receipts 28,718 000 bales of tobaoeo, &c 112,426,000 LiitUi of gunpowder 6.215,U00 Vos'ag eof letters 36,184,000 Duty of 2 per cent on money forwarded through the I'ost office 1,248,000 Fares in mail coaches 208,000 Ditto in mail packets 8 000 Transit duty on foitigu correspondence 231,000 Occasional receipts 32,000 Total 699,789,000 The items which exhibited an increase compared with 1854 wereRegistry duties, mortgages, fcc., ol 27,482,0001'.; stamp duties, 1,002,OOOf : import dnties on merchandise. 26,503,0001.; do. on colonial sugar, 4,948,(007.; do. on foreign sugar, 12,510 OOOf.; mivigati in dues, 129 liOOf.; sun try Customs' duties, 118 ,000t.; salt tax, 1,016,COOL; miscellaneous duties and receipts, 3,117,OOOf. ? sale of tobacco ft 170,0(l#f.; do. of gunpowder, 462 OOOf ; duty of 2 percent on money forwarded by the Post office, I48,VOOf : transit duty on foreign correspond ence, 66,i 00f.; and occasional receipts, 13,600f. Total in Ciea?e, 86,944.OuOf. The Reins which exhibited a decrease were .'?Import duty on corn, 81(i,00uf.; export duties, 9 OdOf.; duty on domestic sugar, 3,743,001)1.; poxtage of letters, 1,159,0001.; tat ex in mail coach ex, lrH.OOOf.; do. in mail packets, tb.OOOf. Total decrease, 6,889 0001. The amount collected during the Rest quarter was 211,406,OOOf; during-he second, 211,850,OOOf.; and during the third, 2ft?,827,0(i0f The direct tax paid into the Treasury down to the 30th (September last amounted to 106,146,OOOf., exceeding by 14,918,0007 the amount due at that date. MODERN FINANCIERING IN FRANCE. [From the Loudon Times, Oct. 18.] We hare already, on va'iuus occasions, directed public attention to the popular system rf finance in France, and buve expressed our conviction that it is fraught with serious danger, unless carefully wat ched and controlled. Many circumstances appear to indicate that the at'-ention ot the government is turned to the operations of the bunking companies established within the last few years, and that a dl-petition exists to avert, in some degree, the dangers we have p luted out, by controlling to a con siderable extent tho opposition to foster bourse specula tions involved In their system of action. Tho reseut check on the issue uf bono* by the Credit MobUier, the raising the rate uf discount on advances on public securities?increasing at the same time tho margin required, au*i the refusal to sanction any new coin Santes?are all steps in this direction. It remains, owever, to be seen whether these precautionary measures have been taken In sufficient time to |iarry the commercial piexsure which we believe to be t ic inevitable result of the system to which we have from time to time allured. 1 be principle jn which the recent ly founded banking establishments pio ex-to act. is that of dovel- ping a- ikr ax pox ible 'he system of commercial credit, of utDisiijg small capitals hi her to unproductive, or nesily so, unit ol distributing in new aud more numer ous channels the pioflts of financial undertakings suco as have been hitherto ati-orbed by comparatively small numbers of great rapi'alis'S The goodness of the prin ciple, and the ca*ionsl benefit of a system calculated to develop the enormous InuuxritU resources of France, so imperfectly worked hi'berto, uo one will .iispute; it is in the meuux employed, or la'her in the absence of any efficient check to the ahu-e * f those me in*, that the pei U lies which not on y end angers the success of tho-e undertakings but p*>*itiv?dy ten Is to Imparil the very object they are es'ablished to support?namely, the ex tension of commercial credi t. Ilu statute of moat of thee companies em power them to make advances on the lec .rity ot share* cud ato.tk, and to invest a portion, aoaie imp- limited, of their capi tal in those sedulities. Hie manager* are generally remunern'ert by a proportion "f the net dividend, vi ryirg {iron Hi per cent., a* in the Credit Mubilier, to 40 per lent, in some other compunies. This mode of re-nn neratlon, although admiinhy calculated to atimuln< >e energy i.f the director* has al-o a tendency to induce tliem to use all means to maintain a high quotation of the various st-eiirHic* held hy the company. and thus, aided by the loans made on those orcurltfes and by car rying over si ores from account to account, to foster and keep alive thai spirit of bourse gambling which Deems to be a besetting sin of the Parisian*. It ?s true, that in the event of a reaction, the mana ger*, as shareholder*, suiter ; hut our own experi ence of public companies demonstrate that -uch a contingency 1* a very fejblo restraint up n men wielding such enormous power a* the large capi tal of some of these undertaking* affords, ihc dwi dend recently announced a* the minim ma for the current yt-ar op ihc har- of the ''rcdlt Mohillec '200f.) gives ri-c to strong suspicion* tfiat prudence iSNoine time- lost sight of even when the head* of tho ostiibli-h ment are men of *uch high charac'er and talent as tho e whodiieet the uflair* of that society. A dividend of that smount give* atmut ?118 000 a* the share falling to the administiatorH, in a<ldiiion to then profit a* share holder-, and must be mainly firodticed by taking the in creased mine of slimes b<ld by tlu-m, as i|UO'el at 'Jan Bourse, ** tea lined profii?a most talact >ti* mode of cal culation. twaring in mind the great and sudden fluctua tions to which share* and bonds have tieen subje-.t in Trance. In cases where these societies have the power of issuing bond* a strict super vision I* doubly nece?ary, inn-much n* these securities ere tan am >tiut to bill* pay able, due at a given date, and unlem mean* are accu mulated to meet them without depending mainly on the rcalltailon of securities of such uncertain value a* share* in Induntiial umlci takings, s wide spread calamity must at no distant period becom? probable, in the case of tbe Credit Uobtlter it t* true that, the o-ligations a-e profe*?edty laaue-1 onlyasainst securi ti-s purclided, and winch have a like term of redemption with those obligations, and ibat consequently a* 'hoy fall due the secuiitie* they represent will tiee >me p-*y able also, ?nc the proceeds of tho iattdr will consequen'ly enable the company to pay otf their own liahiii'te-. Vlten (lie secuiitie* pur. based by the issue of the e obligation* are lailwat I* ml-this sound* practical enough; bill In the care of shares In com .antes terminable a' a given date railway compauies f r Inst in s, It procee I* on the a--umpiion that the sinking funds of tli >*e companies will in a I ca-o* sull.ee to replace tbe capital?a proposition to which ?e are by no means disposed to give an unqualified assent. We all know the m*it on the national sioking fund, ??/.? mfsae d'amortuo-m/Vk' qui n'tunortir ri it;" sod tbe sinking fund* of the rail way companies mav not wmk moch betuir. lo make good any deficiency wld-h may arise, the capi at of lbe('i<-dt Mohilier and its r<'-e've fund are put forth as a gua ainee; but as the toinl am mot ot obligation* proposed to bo is-ned Is IKK) ODD 000 franc*, while the capi a> ii only f,0 000 000, and the reserve fund is fixed at 2 t-Oo (KM, the two latter amounts together leave a maigiuof Utile Mure th.>? ten per cent. Ihegreat danger api*ar* to as, however, to con*!*', not so much in tbe issu- of so large an auioun' ot pansr a* ii the temp'a'lon odcr- t to encourage the fortratt n of companies which will eb-orb'oo large s portion of the fi< atiog rc-onrces of the c nimuulty?or, iti other w irds, wo cb will c >u*ert too '? I'll* the tl >ating capl'al abso lutely mee-ary for establishing credJi on a firm founds tlou into fixe t capi'at, which delivers uvcr the cummer cial ormmuoitv to the evil* d an* financial crisis with their ban-Is He'd, lo Kuglmd we htve ran tbi* result oo more than one occasion The reproductive powers of thi? country, and the ra l-l accumulatl-<nof surplus pi -fits by tar Hi eed any'bilif that the most ssng.iiu- can hope to sac In Fiance fill many years hui we cannot forget that ea*T money ma' kcts preceded, nay led to the calamities of lttVfi and 18-tT and 'o the railway and gold cmiitany mm laa Farneatly desiring to *> e the finance* of Fraace ratabllshed on a anlid ba-ts, and a fice scope given to the intelligence and res. nreea of her caid alist* *q i pro rucere it Is with no Capriatis or depreciatory spirit that we point out what we oouaider the perils of the course which ?eeins to te- mo-t popular with he multitude snC 'ha' we urge th ? government (if It will n->t abstain It m iniet'eiencr?wt ich would be better) to uae both tu power of ac'|..n and it? still gcea'er p -w?r of example toies?rmin ln-tea off?ter, the t..u rapid e*'*n*'on->f a credit sy.i. m which <s n >t founded on a well kn>w.i and *iilliclcnt ba-i- I edrable n* it may he to coco I tage the formation of societies fir developing ihe in du-ttial powais ot Kran e, aud 'or h lllt*iiiig their ope a'i lis we 'us<*hat|< will not he forgotten 'hat It is i nly the -ur| hi* profits of the community Whim can t>e rendcisd - .fely av* 'able fur such purp -se< and that i ecn tli --<? -urp u- | r >fiis -h-'uM nut be too ra|d 11v absortwd. Tlie insaui'v or ambi'lou of one man, we all knov to our co-t, m*y a' atiy I una necessitate war bud gets; and I' ha happened fnrtniia'elv for Knglsnd thai instead o< having'?> prvvule, a* la 1817 ami IRtS, -ver ? 0,000 100 per ann< m for railways, many of whi'h might rery wel' have icen di-| .-n,eO with ? ur lb>aiiiig capital ha* enatiled us to pi vide u?t >uiy fm all ?rdi t-a-J Indue'Hsl undertakings but al-o ftre ilis exigencies of 'he Mate wf'hont as *at. or.-, fiurdening the re siurcea of tne country. I p in the p-escnt moment France bo* rvstpoodeo no-ly t? the a- pe?i mcle to her ca| Itahsta, great and -mal to enatils th>' government to carry on the war With the enegy her -ming a great na'ion, hut there are unmta'akeahle signs that the hor des ia becoming onerous, and it behoove* all trus patriots to abstain from any course of action which, while crea ting a temporary appearance ot prosperity by high quo tati" ns, will inevitably imperil not only the c imiueaial future of Franco, but ber political security, and possibly the safety of all Europe. [From thelnndon Globe (City Arti :le), Oct. Iff.] YesUirday afternoon (he directors of the Bank ?i Kng l?qd ni'tci ly inc eu'eil their rate of discount from 5kto <l per rent up. n hill* having 00 days to run. but they likewi.-e advanced their conges to 7 percent un lulls ilntrd from 10 to 16 days, lire i*wdiion at which matters luuI arrived ruusl have been considered very grave by the directors prior to tueir adoption of ibis course, such a caikcd distinction b"'ween the dates and rates of dis count on bills not having been made for some years. It is only fair to assume that the bank must he iu possession of such information as to compel them to adopt such a course; and possibly the immediate pro Vocation to this step was the final conclusion of the gigantic Australian railway operation, which for se e tal months just has hung like u shroud over the other continental Males. I revioue to the great crids in 1847, these strong measures were likewise resorted to, and although the circumstances might be totally different, they pointed to the same inevitable result, viz., a do pieiion of the entire bullion of the bank. The iin pmtant matter to ascertain hi, whether the Bank of France wilt co-operate with our own national establish ment in real* ting that joint diatn of specie from wbioh it equally sutlers, that sttrh is the ease appears to be proved by the tact that the directors of that e^tabii -h unot advanced yesterday lis minimum rate of discount on bills l'n m 6 to (I per cent; and it is known that the directors of both banks have been for some days past in constant communication. Notwithstanding this gloomy aspect of monetary affairs, the soundness of our com mercial relations is Innispuiuble; therefore, although the utmost cauiion should tat observed for some time, the public need be under no apprehension of an approaching crisis detrimental to the public funds and mercantile affairs in general, which alarmists and speculators pre dict. On the Faris Bourse yesterday business was very dull, snd rentes fell from 50 to 00 centimes, in consequence ot the measures cone to by tbe Banks of France and i r,gland; and it was generally understood that the two establishments would continue to adopt the most strin gent measure to prevent tbe further lessening of their receives of specie. The grain market continued calm, and buyers were numerous. The Bourse at Vienna, on the 17th inst., was influenced ty tbe report of an issue of 60,000 new shares of the Bank of Vienna, which were to be made payable for in bank notes. AUSTRIAN FINANCES. A letter from Vienna, in the German Journal of frank fort, says:? We learn from good authority that the Emperor has given his sanction to all the propositions made to him at Iscbyl hy the Minister of Finance, anc. it is therefore pro hnblo ihat the projected measures will soon be carried it to execution. Yte have no particulars of these impor tant measures, but the general outline is to establish a new institution of ciedlt, to receive the name of "Banque Generale do CreJit," or "Hypothek Bank." with power to advance upon public and other securities. The effect of this new Credit Mot/ilirr in the Austrian ca pital is expected to prrve beneficial to the commerce and icdust y of the empire, inasmuch as the paper of the bank may be negnciuble in l/Ondon and Bails, and thereby tend to increase tbe metallic currency of the country hy an influx of gold and silver, woich are almost unknown at present iu the Impetial mint. Likewise it is expected (hat tbe undeveloped resources of the southern dotninious will receive an impetus from the probable iutr-aiurtion ot uew capital, and the government be enabled to finish many important public works in these pi oviucea, such as the great southern line ot railway from Vieuna to Trieste and their contemplated docks on the shores of the Adria tic. Our Kaunas Coin apondcnce. Delaware Crrr, (Jet. 27,1858. A Fitfi to Lecomjiton?Crogress of Kansas?Great Land Sale?The Congressional Election, etc., Jx. 1 have just returned from Lecompton, th e capital o Kansas Territory. 1-ecompton is beautifully situated on the sonthSfft bank of the Kansas, 120 milts above its junotlen with tue ' Missouri river. The situation is a wiso selection, and by a proper course being put-rued by the Town Association, it bids lair to become a city of great importance within a <e ThJun'l In the environ* ha* a very rich and productive soil-but the scarcity o*linber will be a ment U the rapid settlement of that, portion of the Jerri tory by the farming portion of our people; *o Is concerned, coal, both of the bituminous and anthra j cite quality, In abundance abounds in many localities In the neighboiiog country , building material ot a quality, limeatone, sandstone and brick clay are here found in the greatest profusion. .sOTntaire In every inspect Lecompton has by far the advantage of any town in hansaa Territory, excepting Le?*?n*?r* ruy, and thU latter plaea, which, flf.aenmontb. aa-, wa!covered with unde.brush, has now a population o. Bftetn hundred Inhabitants and upwards of f?ur hun ' ttie^oTsTof the caipenter'shammer isofien heard dur ing the still hours of the night,erecting houses tor the she - 7 of the fast Inc.e.sii g population. Often have! been awoke from my slumber by this noise. Kansas a last country, and the people thereof are fast people '^he'first'puhlic *ale of town lota took place at ^mp ion on Tuesday, the S3d lust. Ou this occasion a great concoorie of people assembled to witness the sale of town hai* wan gi*n ?oU betn ec I y dftn o'clock, aud C'?n iSSXS. XXpZ&gW dollars; the p. ice of that was elgn y ? ^ SSSK liuifanta, can'sell pioeeity at these rates? fatuiw, to run from L^venwiirtb T formed, and an c.mpnny wi'h sufficient c*l> . d d rU the Und ?ytSssSrs mm ?TA,at <.f thn KallMlr. iuv iw?" ? . ( lure bids fair to bs a town of some note 'T; former c. mmunicsllon I spoke of our Co^esdon rvme up t? be contested a' the ending session of Con news unoii the frontier is re'Vier meagre this week ton.Tutssioi er of Indian Aliens aim ? T 'w^cV^Va.r^/mi .Mrri mmi ^.ne, Is t,/thus vio vlie object . r Tni.lv A, :ere 1 into between lsSag tiei'tf siiptil;ili"Ps sobmnly er.erel 1M0 *twwn the I 1.1 ed Slates aud the various Indian tubes 1 am at a w fAn arlkde is g'drg the rounds of the pros* to the efTer txzt sr? plftin* tbln ii'i Pi ntula l'po? Ottl-OuloK Rwljcmnte. TO TUB ICllITOR OF THE HKRALO. You are requested to publish the f Hosing statement o' robbeiy and swindling, oommitted with Impunl y almost ever, day. on passenger, arriving from tlm. i -?linr In New York, With the intention of going to Gal. fornim London, Liverpool. and other distant ports. Sin. tl? Castle Garden depot ha- been established, the runner. t*ing shut off f.om some of their old prey, nowim , i ii.ntton with tenfold foree to the ahevu class of ' i vers and seise, vulture like, on any poor traveller ??TthevYnd on tli. rsllrosd ear- and at "teemboa U?1 that they dlU(rsnl station* throughout the city, ?r ?* oiWecl only a few weeks ago, a* en Uiusti* ' tl at a r.tr.ier Knocked s gsntlsm.n l?wn and I"'"', hi- taw becau e he ?ould not go aud got ?w udl.*l 1-7 ih?re hundred* of -u.-h <-*?*?- ?*#*? day ??f t>y h*ui. In* t|\?ir m?n?y ^me complaint*nrn buUyinf pr r b ? lbt. Uw will not touch th*m WH: ? enter- into a civil ??!?. Th?- he baa no ?r,l. s. the victim M, ?nd if he remains hei? TaiJl'?nTof hat si- To protect pa.-eng.-rs going 5o f u^is- the following named humane merchant- of New York made tha foUosldg arrangements.? NtW Yokk, rcn- 1. *?W" J* Ps^S? the toattor r^/hUnn o hTt,KiTt *nd Id order ih*t the health *nd hsree .nvrrtal? UveahrH*Wu ?in ^ mnr, ,irM.0.?y prorldsl ,Tdo berfby " <w? this d. e, 'o ?? 'be m.nlmum r.'? o0ffB#l^d*?iWV8tor?dnlU, sndtlfllor children under "/ntt-rage, ?1? ?w adulu, end W for children under 11 fears.,, Dr0r\.tans. which, tn stl ess-., will be provided bv . v. flf confbrmliJ wl b 'h" scl^du - h. rewpn .unetaC ,hP ,htp tn .onrw-mit^w ^ r,le ?f hnfa-ragsio ?VW-o saenti for procuring pa^nk?". sbal1 ou? doper rur r-'d' sdult.^i'ip ' *' ' .? blfnon. Wtlllsm* *.".',''21 Ogdcnl rornellu. Hr neell, C MsrataH * t fjJtnnT-lt iintnrn Tsylor * Ktu-h /rrSB*#t<1 * , ,, Tsylor k Merrill, s 1t,fflnp.ot.?>? gsVeti'g Brown, WmT Frost, Kerndt d < sr. w. M otu.rd, 1 i:r n?? WurgK Cleannnn I ? han.t-erlam t.o " ^ ? K.n j i.mr.W Phillips, 1 . Ul'w tawTcoee. d Rotton. Resesit. A sons. | Alrl M wsisuv ail. was.* or rs. vtM. .- s. ! beef V/tVrmur '.V. 1 fa.. VX^s'::: "??" > t M~"" ih K I iL lh. Broad... 1*% ,b rmk w 7?. further eavomuers to their authorised n,eir.e,ch... . fur ^ ^ ( ^ xS'ixrsrzrJt.^-z .< ??-.??> ?gents discontinued to advertise in their no'ices the piincH and provisions; thin at once was an opening 'o the ri oners, lustead 01 toe poor pas.-euger paying (10 or (18, be had 'o pay and Is paying now, on almost eve J ship out of port tor 1 ivorpool or London, prices ranging f'i in (i6 to (50. those people are taken charge of by the runners, brought to those oltices and inireduced 11 tho supposed rsptain or mato of the ships, he pays all this

1i he found extra, to., Ac., and'kinks he is all right. H--goes on bonnl the ship as ?h? is leaving the <1 ick, metes Inquiries (when too laie) and finds he could have the same kind attention fur his little family for (10 or (18; be concludes to go to the Mayor; lie can do Dothiug; he giestothe shipowner; he sends him to where he pai l bis money; he gets there and is in danger of his life. Th* ii ?n (sometimes poor women! has no bing more to do, unless he enter into a civil suit or be swi idleo. He leasee the country and takes his private upluion of on* freedom and laws. The merchants can g!op this work ins'anter if they choose, by compelling their agents to give public notic in ail their publications of the prices and provisions. To get at the heart of Hie disease, they should in particular send down on all ships a responsible clerk, to check an ' oveihaul the tickets and hold the agent responsible for what over money is charged, when It is certain it has been received in ti e name and on the account of the vessel 'fids will make the agouti* cautions In changing tickets ft em those runners, and od no account to lake any tickets ttiat. there is the -lightest wrong about. Then he ageu I nding he is held good for any wrong will haV" t> discountenance all runners and do justice to the pa-eeu gers and ship owners. JUSTICE, Mule mid tlie Drama. The performances to be given at the respective theatres and ether place of amusement in New York this eve ning, are of a very attractive character. We refer onr rerdere to the advertising columns. l'uiisPHiFUia.?The Walnut street theatre has been do ing a fine business with " Still Water Hons Deep." The cast has not been exceeded anywhere. A sertons acci dent, attended with almost fatal results, occurred on Tuesday last, to Mr. H. Perry and Mr. Wm. Reynolds, both of this house. While driving a pleasure carriage they were run into by another vehicle, their carriage ovei turned, and both very seriously injured* Both gen tlemen weie in the bills of the night, in the comedy of '?Still Water Rons Deep." Mr. Reynolds was aide to as sume his part ol Hawksley, but Mr. Perry was incapable ol moving from his bed, where he still lies, dangerously hurt?and his part of Mr. John Mildmay, was assumed by Mr. A. H. Davenport, with success. At the Arch street thcatie, Mrs. D. P. Bowers, one of the most popn Ini actresses on ear hoards, makes her (ieb.it after a long illness. Mr. Wallack, Jr., is playing at the City Museum Boston.?Mr. Edwin Forrest commenced a three weeks' engagement at the Boston theatre on Monday eveuiug the Howard Athenaeum is closed, and Miss ?. L >gan is still at the Museum. Bai.timohf ?"Cherry and Fair Star" has been pro duced. "without regard to ex|*nse," at the H dliday stiret thcatie. Miss Robertson has lieen "starling ii" at the Museum. A laly amateur from New York desired to play Hamlet here the other night but found som* diflicutty in the preliminary arrangements, on account ol the feci that nature bad not doue much lor her in the way of 1? limbs. Nothing daunted, however, she tel. - graphed to a distinguished New York artist fur " leg< fn Hamlet," and the moody Dane appeared at night with excellent (artificial) "solid flesh," which wouid not melt. Mr. Wallack, Jr., plays at the llolhday street theatre to-night, I RovicgNfE, R. I.?Mrs. C. Howard finished her en gagement here on Patutday. Nashville, Tenn.?Mr. Murdoch, Joe Coweil, the vele ran. and Miss Wyeete, ate playing here. l oriMiiiE. Ky.?Miss Kimberly is playing a successful engsgement here. She played Mrs. Srci nhold lor he. benefit at Cincinnati, and recited the "Mersellaise" in Frenoh and the "Star Spangled Banner" in English. Buffalo.?Miss E. Bridges is acting here, at the Metro pplii(Hi Cm m and.?'Two theatres re-open here. Mr. Neafie is playing at one. and Cony and the itoga at the other. l'OHTT AND. Me.?Ole Ball announces a concert here for Friday evening of this week. Tbot.? At the Adelpbi, '-Still Wa'er Runs Deep" has made a hit. Mrs. A. beater is the star at the Museum. Cincinnati.?Fate and Susan Iienin are plaitig?t the Natii nal. Mr. Wood, the St. Louis manager, wilt open his theatio here on the UOth. PAVANNAn.?On the 30th. "Ingomar" was played at Crisp's Athena-urn, characters by 0. Jamison aud Mis Louisa Reeiler. New Okijunf.?The St. Charles will open this week. The Calefy theatre company is culled to mecton the iiOth piepaiatory to opening on the 24th. Momtk.?I. M Field opens the Mobile theatre next week, with Mrs. W. H. Smith. E. B. Williams, Ayling O. E. Duiivage, Miss f'tsllie St. Clair and other- in the stock Mr. J. iickson Wyman, ol Boston, will make his first professb nal essay -n that city, aud we wish him sucoet* J. P. Rn.wn is Field's first star, and Mrs. Farren the se cond. I nnoiT.?Mr. E. L. Davenport and Mis* F. V in Log w re here last week. Fonn<iK.?Miss Cushmm 1h playing in Liverpool. Mr. McVi'-ker is playing at the New Htruud the* ire, Ixindou A considerable <utcry is still maintained against Loio, Harding, foi not di-uniHsitig Lord Ernest Vane from tin -irvice, for having thrown the manager of the Kichm nd 'Leslie down stairs. tor railing In the police to prevent his lordship into ling into the ladies' dressing room This lord Finest is a wild, unbroken, yoong ariatocrati jolt. lie ran away from his father's root when li.ile "eyond boyhood, and enlisted as a private in the 17th I sneers. Afte r a lltlie lime hi* father'ru'chase 1 hi disciiarge, nnd obtained a commission for him in the Guards. He has row been rent to the Crimea to tan e si site- from the stoira, as lieutenant in the Fourth 1 Jgiit Diagoons. So it seems that the road to military piciern en' in Fngland is the police court. Mine Reeve has been playing at the I?ed.s theatre. Mr. diaries Dicdin l ilt is ''starring" at Newcastle upon-lyre. Julia Hnrland Henry Corri and the new tenor, Her heite, are at Nottingham. Mr. Hir Rei ve, Mr. Manvcrs, Mr. Weiss, Mr. Farqu harson. Mln Jenny Bauer, and airs. Weiss, are engaged to give a set lea of operas at the Theatre Royal, Dublin c< mniencing next week. Mr. Rinbaid Turner, of Dublin, has lately contracted to fit up a wrought-iron roof, and aH treupuerm* cLmery t l a laige theatre at Bueuos Ayres, thi*o?t of which will be upwards of ?4,000. The Olympic, under Wigan, has re-opened. "Nicrotis" is a dead failure at Drury lane. A renter's ihare in Drury lane theatre was sold by Bobbins a short tiros rim e. It was originally en' itled to s. fd. per nigbt of performance, but this has siace been 'educed to Is. Sd., and now paying an annual divtdsnu, with a free or,mission transferal) e or saleable annually held lor a period of nearly forty yeara. The aucti on-* >'aied that the oividend for the last year was but ?2, but ibis year it woukl lie ?2 10s. It sold for ?42. Five joiul stock or proprietors' shares of ?100, sold for ?'.'1 each; hey lad the right of nomination to free admission foi lif". admitting to all performances, the shares also cou lerririg the privilege to be elected on the general com mittee, but paying no dividend. Ifrw Patent* ls-ited. List of Tatents issued fro n the I nited states Bat eat "fi ce, for the week ending Oct. 30, 1865 each bearing the date:? ? Robert Anderson, of Brooklyn, N. Y., an i John E Anderson, of New York, N. Y., for improvement in rice hulling niachitres. V, ro. H. Crocker, of Norwich, Conn , for machine for manufsrturii g coiks. Luther B. tin) er, of Colilwater, Mich , for improved de vie*- lor gungirg and sr'tlng sawmill dugs. Issac S. Forrester, of Cenireville, Vit, for improve! a.ctI nd of I angtng mulley saws, Julnis Fins of I hii.ileipnia, Pa., for improvement in coo: ing langes and sir hea'era. Luther B. Usher, of Cold vater. Mich., for Improvemen' In straw cutters. IJveias Hull, of Charlestown, Mass., for improvemen' in nisohineiy tor hrsioing. lo bert t.rffliihs, of the city of Alleghany, Pa., tor im provement in not machine. Peter Hogg, of New York, N. Y., for improvement in ?ui face condenser for steam engines. Richard I). Holmes k William H. Boiler, of New York, N. V-, for Impi' veroent in locks. .in* ? Rtober k Thomas Harden, of Utiea, N. Y., for tan provenunt in lamps James 0. Is'uch, ol Ballston, N. Y.. for improvement in lotime 11. I* B. lewis, of rhBadslpqia, ra., for ventilctiiu tal'inad car. litnry I.uiher, of I'roridence, U. 1., for Imp'ovemei.i in riijr and.travellei spinning frames. L. W iangdon, of Rochester, N. Y"., for impro.-arcr)' in sewing machines. Win Mootry, of New York. N. Y., for 1 uprovemen it stoves. F? N. Borsfcrd, of Cambridge, M iss . anl James it Mchois, of Haverhill Mass., foi improvement in lamps for burning volatile )ii|tinls. Get. 1 stte,n,'>f Washington, D. C., for improvement m corn and cb mills. tiwin Redn "Od. of Rochester, N, Y, for spoka and axe helve mvcblne. J K. Taylor, ot Binghampton, N. Y. for method of van til"'ing railrosd csis. Jun e* West, or Nyiaeuse, N. Y., for Improvement in tooling coni|-oaiti' ns. A ' tus A. Wilder,of Detroit, Mich., for improved lath machine. C P. P. Wardwell, of lake Village. N. H., for maihin icr cutting do ihlc tenons. Jno W. Yothers, of rpruoe Grove,a.,Pa., for improve ment in bedstead fastenings. Hi fry W. Dlcsinron of Rochester, N Y , assignor to laiifit g B. Swan, of same place, (or machine fur feeding p*j?r to (dinting presses. ?tile 1 E. I sten. of Boston. Maas , assignor to .ilmseb sn. 1 nlry 0. haton, of same place for unproved burger Jartn. Ji 1 r> R. nunter. of Rslttmore, Md . assignor to Pamue It. I lair, ot Philadelphia, la., (or Improvement in ga< Inaehrts. tlas E. Bertrsnd, of New York, N. Y'., for improve ment in -ugar filterers. tmwelh rawer. of Reading, Pa., for Improvement in cider or wire mills. I up 'S.-Cihon Foltin. ef Rochester, N. Y., assign ' to fi meel Y c< hire, of lt"che??er, N. Y., and Bedell k 1 si ty, li AIMon. fce design for stove plates. Jsines lloiiin of I htladelphla I'a., assignor t> I etVaodt, Mcl owell A Co., ? f same place for design for oil Stovrs. Andrew <1 Nell, of Portsmouth Ohli, assignor to O Neil k Hnnter. of same place for dedgn for stoves Ilia Ripley end N A V adder, of Troy, N. Y. as-lgtv" to Johnson, Cox, lasley k Co., of New York, N. Y . for design for cooking stoves. Our Norfolk Oormpondence. Norfolk, Not. 2, 1S55. A M're? Melancholy Oainci'lmnt?A Gloomy Metrotped The Good Samaritan*?Arrival ofa St,am hUet?Tk ? Du root and State of the Weather?Sign* of a R turn of the Eyidtmic. Tbe streets ot our usually quiet city pre. ented quite an excited appearance on Wednesday evening. The different be I la were pealing forth a * train of alarm, and fr-i-n many throate came the hoarse cry of "fire ! Klre !" The citizen* anil various fire com punier were out In force to witness the spectacle and to aid In extinguishing the flames, which were bursting through the roof and windows of s brick tenement, unoccupied, on Princess Anne road. Tbe fire, thongh in i self of but little importance, yet w ts tbe rccasten of muth thought to a reflecting mind, by the circumstances connected with it. It will be remembered that this is the first night fire which has cccurred In Norfolk since the burning of Barry's row; the latter wits at ihe ushering in of the epidemic, the former at Its xlt. What unparalleled events have tran'pired since then ' What a mournful interim I The heart bleeds at the trough*?for m>w we have time to think. During the in terim it was all work; but now as oar absent ones re turn, and we are asked, " How is my friend?" the answer has to be returned, " dead'," We feel more ktenly our losses?losses that time alone ran repair, and many of them in the healing oi which ime will be powerless, and In thinking of the time through which we have just passed, we are reminded of the noble spi.lts that have been tried by an ordeal that eaves no dross. Spirits we are justly proud of at home end abroad - some of them?aye! many of them?hive laid on the altar of humanity all they had to give?their lives. Such men as Woodis and Furguson can n> ver be forgotten; eulogies cannot be heaped too proftisely upon tl em, and there are others whose names will lire forever beside theirs, in characters of living light, never to be washed out, however profusely the rains o f lime may Bail. It will he remembered thai among the first who cntne to the relief of our sick and dying, was Miss Andrews, of Syracuse, New York; her's was the first letter receivod tioil) those who have been alleviating *he sufferings of ou# sit k. by kind attention. Some called her wild and in fane. Ihe proud reputation she has won, the noble self .-acrificiig devotion she has manifested, wiuning for her the reputaiion shows whether she wis insane or not. The attempt of tbe Syracuse journals to claim her as a native resident, o' th?t place is evidence that by them, at least, the is not so consideted. But 1 must not go on bus. Those who have been proven and found worthy are not unknown and I need not reiterate tiie praises that Lave been so oftin expressed before. Some may say 1 haw made?to use a homely expression?a mountain of u molt-hill. I have but wijtten a portion of the tmiugbta suggested by the fire alluded to. Amen? the new casts of fever lam pained to notice Crawford Johnson. This young man do .erven m iob ciedit. Pome time since he returned to Norfolk, against he express desires of his employe's, Messrs. Ky ley & Erbech, tobacco dealers, of Norfolk; but his mother was here, and every paper be read bore the names of uear ft lends in tbe fist of dead. These constant reoita lions ot distress were too much for him, and he returned to contribute his mite to their relief. I sal evening was quite an era among us;;our wharves, until now descried, presenting a lively aspect. Sixjsleam ers came up to their oil landings siuce sundown ye-oer day up to 8 o'clm k to-day. They were as follows:?The Konneke, from New York; Pennsylvania, irom l'htl idel plia; North Carolina, from Baltimore; Curtis l'eek, from i ichmnrd; Colli6, front Hampton; and Star, of Norfolk They all hi ought quite a number of our people. The h.snok- brought 160. Tbe Howard Association, I learn from one of Its mem bers will close operations at their store on Tuesday, on account of the oppression now resting upon taem. W my of those who return come without money, so that their hurth-n is greatly increased, and they are unable t" bear up against the tide. The destitution of our poor is past description, What they are to do during the winter, now almost upon us, I cannot t?U. Awful indeed will be their situation. Never before did any people present so dee'itute a condition to the charitable of other places, and I trust they never will. It requi -es that one should v.- among us to fully realize our po.-ition. There have been no deaths for two days past. Health ossfully returned. I had hoped to be able to give no information but of a pleasing ell* racier for some time to come, but it- was not to lie so. I hate mentioned me new case ot fewer, and -eld to my fellow citizens abroad, "Come h?ck;" but I am compelled tn-day, (fid of November,) to reverse It and say, ' fctay where you are." Some excitement has been created by the re-appearancs of the dreaded disease Die weather for the past two or three days has be-en wet and warm; this morning a warm sun came out, but it has br come cloudy again. The bad state vf the we* ber tins resuVed in the (Welopemeiit of five new ca km since I wrote the first part of my letter. Two of them are (iieimans I did not expect 11 write to-day, but the information was important. l-ttady cold weather alone can subdue the disease which has so strongly in for ted our atmosphe.e. NORFOLK. The Bcston Trantrript of the 29th ult , says:?"The tidlowhg peisons saihd on Saturday afternoon in li.e ? ??-orgciua, (apt. Crowell, for Smyrna: ?Rev. George 0. Kr.r.pp and Yrs. Knapp. with Henil B. Haskell W. It destined to tt>e As-jrUn mi'sbra; Key O. P. Allen and Mr*. Allen, destined to the Aimentan mission; Rev. Ki Wh d Aiken and Mr*. Arken, destined to the SyUn mis sion. Ibe usual service* were held in the fort-noon Rev Una Arken, P. P., la'her of one of the missions ies, 'dictating on the occasion." Thin ?a< the thid era I'aiaaihn of missionaries of the Amerrian Board du ritg the woek. Ihe departnre of Mr. and Mrs. Pix ley on Thursday laat, for South Africa, win an nounced In our paper of that date. On the ??m? lay, Nov Mr. Joealmon and hie wife, with Mra. B1 slgiet. niled from New York for bhaoghae in the Maury. Mra. Hit ilgetl joint her husband in Nhanghae. Mr. and Mm. Ji mini' h are to l>e located a Amor. In November, a ? uipany of ciirht will probably nail for the Syria and Atnit uion missions. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. MONEY MARKET. Monday, Nor. 5?6 P. M. The panic at the Stock Exchange has not subsided In the least. The disposition to sell or rather the necessi ty of selling, apcears to be as strong as ever. The fal 1 in prieea to-day was fully equal to that of Saturday, an 1 the amount of sates full as large. The transactions are now confined more to the regular fences, such a* Erie, ihimberlai.d and Nicaragua Transit. Erie appear* to bo llontler at 42 per cent than tt was at 6* per cent, aai ibe bears ere putting It out Ireely at the market price. So with neatly every stock on the list. Cumberland s ild freely at ptlce* lower than h?ve been known fir years Nicsrugua is, we believe, lower now tha It ever has beeu Harlem is clear way down almost among the dead men The most desperate brer never thought Hailem would touch 1 "ii per cent. Heeding fell off from the open ing, with large sales. Illinois Cetilral bonds sold to the extent ol $100,000, at lower prices. The w >rst feature ot the maiket to-day was the depres ion utter the opening Nearly every stock ruled lower at the close. At the joard Virginia 6's declined \ .at ? ent; Missouri 6's, %; Illinois Central, '*, Nicaragua transit, X; Cumberland, X; Erie Railroad, 2; Harlem, 1; (leaning Railroad, IX; Michigan Central, X, Michigan outhern, 1 X; Catena and Chicago, 1; Cleveland and Toledo, 2; Chicago and ltoek Island, 1. Sales ot New York Central were made at 85 a 86 X per cent, and offer ed fieely at that. Delaware and Hudson soi l this urn u fug at 11PX par cent. Within the past month or so thi rfock has fallen from 112 per oent. After the first board the market was still heavier. Erie was freely offeree ?t 41)4 per cent. The powerful combination In thl- fancy fas been blown to the four winds, lite losses must have been immense. Fortunately for the heirs the clique ? err ill Isrgo capitalists, and able to stand up to the rack. Tliis is the second dead failure the same pn-tles bare made in this stock, and the probability is that they have been sufficiently burnt to hereafter lei It alone. New York Central is about as sick a stcck as there is in the market, and is s>o taiued only by the greatest stimulants. A few decs since, just previous to the adjustment of the winter tariff for freight and passenger* with the Erie Compear a party, made up of the old consolidating schemers from Albany, entered the market as purchasers and eeoired quite a lot ot stock, under the impression that upon th i announcement ef the amicable settlement of difllculttos with the Erie road, the st-ek would rapidly rise. The unusual demand rreated by these purchases earned toe stork up from 87 to 89 per cent, where It stuck. It has ?race fallen to 86 per oent, and has a strong downward tendency. New York Ontral is now no more than a fair six per cent stock, and as such is worth from 70 to 75 per cent. Most important changes must be made in It* sys tem ot manages ent. from its finances through all depart ments, to sustain It long even at that stanlard. Tne seed* of depreciat'on have taken deep ro >t In its most vHal pa< t*. and will. If not speedily eradicated, bring lorth such fruit as the stockholders little dream of. Among other bright pa-sages in the Albany K:*nting Jtrnmml't article of the 2Vd, occurs the following:? It dlmlulshes ibe resource* of the road ant swells by a lllions It* liabilities. It faisifle* retu n*. imputes fraud I list lets loss and aovi?es sales. Of its many article , we m ? have hut tha' of October 18. lnl- purports to have teen wiltten with the State Engineer's report of 1854 pen hefore the editor. That repor expressly sta es that the Central 1 (aliened has no floating debt yet the Hessian o' tb' stock market sail, ' It is admitted that the float tig debt is fully a million of dollars." Our estimate of reoeipt* tor tie year ending Oct. 1, was Ifiat0,0f0. The acual receipts, as pnbtlshei by the -empsny. were $6,442.824?not fkr onf rf the way there. We stated the capital to be $38,500,000, and floating debt $1,000,000. Hie actual capital in $38,563,146, and if the concern were t? clone to-day, we are quite certain there would tw found liabilBJes to the amount of one million dollars more. We do not fabify returns. How could that be do net But we do >' impute fraud, predict Iohh," aid ?'adt be sales"?inoat deciiimlly, How it U possible that an article should be written on the 18th of October, staling that them wan a debt, with the State Kngtaeer'i report of 1864 (at leant 13 ni'cths old) before the writer, stating that there wan no debt, quite puzzles the stupid braiu of our Albai v friend. We have known him to per ceiie things, ami swear to them, too, Car less credible than that. )r may seem incredible to him that a rail road can mate any flouting debt lu thirteen months, but it lr not to ua. We have known companies do it in half the time. Hie annexed statement exhibits the average daily movement in the W ing depart nents of the banks of ibis city during the week preceding Saturday morning, November 3, 1855 :? New York Crrr Banks. hunk*. I***/**. Spa it. Circulate?. Devon'*.. New York 98,342,i U 563.111 249,241 2,927.258 Waibat.an 4,674 423 6-11.382 380,379 3 419,?3l Merchants' 3,840,470 1.19.',937 206,867 4,728,868 Verhunics' 3,786,320 686,885 428,887 3! 138 287 t'liimi 2,:.?2-*-i>6 427.988 22.1,107 2,384,970 America 4.210.783 876,613 68,022 4,243 003 I'henix 2,218,607 2113 > 90 117,207 2,121 264 (I'y 1,646.540 186,975 68 901 1,289,537 North Hiver 1,108,892 "6.640 182,143 922,282 Tiade-men's 1.3.9,441 76,812 267,493 687,071 Fultrn 1408,271 186,088 148,614 1,192,022 (lemlcal 1,214,4 1 381,781 277 473 1,120,649 Merchants'fcx...2 683,626 164.706 148 211 1,773,623 National 1 672,371 217,851 197,862 1,018,418 Butcher' 4llr's.l 607,:<3l 74,883 70,842 1,007,976 herb. 4 traders' 766 5i 8 68,147 120 693 606,806 Gieenwicb 616 876 28,771 13,063 649,846 Leather Man... .1,794,61 3 166.719 264,079 1,390,047 Seventh Ward.. .1,166,137 94,882 243,159 691.682 Bk. of the S'a'e.3,10.1,455 369,193 632,692 2,691,671 American kx... .6,286.307 660,687 820.784 6,613.066 Mech. Bkg.Ass'n.l 114,202 66,429 196,203 817,013 Commerce 8,458.660 1,061,128 '2,116 6,876,461 Bo-ery 972,293 54,156 184,68$ 751,967 Broadway 1.401 383 122,438 208,918 1,183,387 Ocean 1.344.686 99,066 161,648 840,398 Mercantile 2 03 , 293 168,749 100,681 1.414,611 Jarlhc 876 194 02.846 116,940 623,882 Republic 3 041,086 403,703 08,480 8,620,610 Chatham 698 600 61.303 130,717 867,493 People's 802.420 8t,790 157,266 606,979 N. America 1,547.021 89,149 84,853 1,347,641 Beo over 1,266,466 61.724 110,124 674 876 living 640,721 49.703 126,047 483,002 Mctiupolituo ....4 <d0 .57 4-44,860 106,311 4,706,810 (Bums' 76. 812 63,648 164,282 616,492 Grocers' 660 916 80,408 92,889 662,408 Nassau 1 049,451 13 , 221 121,664 936,380 Fast River 458 294 42,786 97 079 208,247 Market 1,070,327 118,162 124,739 908,944 M. Nlcho as 680.617 36,148 94,068 487,789 Shoe A Leather.. 978.983 69,688 108,068 726,688 Corn txcbeuge.. 1 695,193 102 071 83,183 1,711,004 Continental 2,696 117 1 8,674 77,143 1,770,407 (ommonwealib..1.294,.32 80 494 100,lt>? 1,161,912 Oriental 616,716 36.366 101,031 334,182 Msriu? 756 428 50,866 90,176 639,386 Atlantic 664,057 68 920 99,169 466,726 Island I By 888.411 27,437 96,706 203.081 Dry Bock 404 608 28,004 81,638 140 200 New York Fxch.. '226,708 10,784 124,926 149,601 Bull's Heed 269,-17 20,036 104,448 160,139 N.Ynk County. '228/ 92 12 300 69,386 108,040 Total $93 369.07911,106,298 8,011,60877,787,670 Cixari.no Hoi sa Hi uvaAcnosa. Fxcbanges for week ending Oct. 29 8126,616,288 " " 11 Nov. 6 138,012,642 Balances 11 " Oct. 29 6,823,934 " " Nov. 6 #,217,891 The last returns, compared with those for the previous week, show tn ban* and discounts a decrease of...,, $847,283 Specie, a deci ease o'. 67,223 fiidilation, an increase of 243.019 tepoeits, *n increase of 812,714 The banks evidtntly feel the importance of contract ing. The times are not propitious for any kind of expan ?ion. The deerea-e of specie is a very extraordinary exhibit in the face of teceluts of two millions tn the same space of time. There appears to be a dru' ?(ng on here as mysterious as that in London and Pari It ii not at all impossible but that our people maybe laying up small sums of the precious metals, as a source of supply at some futuie time. If hoarding specie is car ried 10 ai y extent on this side of the Atlantic, onr banki will si.on be swept or their s'ock of bullion. We havs not come to that yet, but the wisest policy must be pursued by our bank lug iusiitutions if they wish to avert such a calamity. Our specie exp'irta have not bean large lately, while our California receipts have beau ai arge as usual, notwithstanding which the banks con tinue to show a diminished supply in band. ? .tooo do.. . . .-3 0(00 do.. .. .R3 'OtbO do.. ..*30 5800 do.. . *16 W 00 do.. . .83 IOC 80 do.. . alO Stock Exchange. MONDAY, Not. 6, 186ft. #2060 Ind State 6'a.. 79* 600 ah* Krie RR....C 42* JOCO Georgia 6'-.... 100 660 do. s3 42* ; C(0 Virginia 6'*... 93 500 do 42* i;(00 JHieaouri 6'a..o 34* 200 do 42* 50t'0 do ,.c 7(4* 204 do ?60 42* ltMMnlifo'a 7'*,'70 80 100 do -30 42* 1C0O I no lid*, id i.-. 10. 360 do 0 42* 6500 IllCenKK Hdn. 74 300 do .*3 42* 73* 300 do 810 42* 73* .00 do *60 42* 7: * 60 do blft 43 78* 100 Harlem RR.. .alO 18 78* 2,6 do 18 78 * 260 do 17* 7f CO III Fr B., wp.a3 <7* 200 Reading RR....C 80 lOtON Y henti'*... 32 680 do TO* 5< GO 1H fc Al 2 ni bd* 72 400 do 70* It' -h- I) A H < ill Co. 119* 700 do 70* 30 t aclbc IW>k 10 . 100 do *60 TO 10 M e'nip'n Rank... 100 200 d> *60 70 It 0 I full Co*) C<>... *8 96 l'OO do b30 80 8t<) Nic frgB* Co.. .*3 14 100 do b3 70* .200 0 1 * 660 do 79 650 d<> 13* 200 do 78* 60 do 830 1 * 286 Mi-b Central RR. 89 100 Tomb Coal Co... 2. * 20 Mich So fc N U RR 87 2(0 do c 2V* 36 do 8?* 4t0 do ... 2- 100 do b3 86 ltd do 8 0 2'.* 245 Panama RR..... 100* 30O do c 21* 26 Cle>e k Pitta RR. 66 100 do.... ..c 21* 10 T81rd Avenue RR 47 loo do .. ..*80 21* 174 Galena k t'hle RR 112 60 do *10 21* 120 Clev* k Tol RR .. 61* 100 Erie Kli btO 44* 26 Ch&K'k I RR. .?3 6d 260 do bO 48* 126 do b3 88 00 43 86 do 85* lto do 83 43 390 do e 86 -.00 do 42 20 N H k Hartrd KR 126 SECOND BOAKl). 820( 0 Ind State 6'*... 70* 300 *U? Erie RR..*60 42* lltON 1 l>n 7'a... loo 260 do 43 6000 I11C lib B*. *30 73* IOO do btJO 46 30 *ha Canton t'o.., 20 60 do 42* 10 do 10* 60 do D30 43* 35o Climb t <>al Co.... 21 6 Mich C?n RR.... 90 60 co 88 21 100 Harlem RK....63 18* 800 do 21* 100 do 18* 310 do <1 21* 60 Readidg RR 79* 6 1'anaian Hit...., 101 100 do 79* 1C0 Nic liana Co.... 14 100 do blO 79* 60 do ...hfO 14* 30 Mich SfcN la RR. 80 60 do. ! ?* 60 111 Can RR. 93 IOO Ette V ailroad. *80 41* 820 do 93* 80S do. .. *10 42 60 Ual k Chic RR... 112* 660 do *2 4.* 26 do b30 113* IOO do *30 42* CITY TRADE REPORT. M i* hat, Not. 5?6 P. M. Amis ware quint and pricea unaltered. IKionMi 10?Hour?lbOie waa no animation in tha nmikei. Ibe *1401' de mi I ??? lea* active, while tha r* eeipt?w*i< cvsahlei ahl?. <be -alea em5race.i about 9.000 a Hi.(a 0 181*.. in luding common to extra Stat* at 89 a It 37 * 11 mini n o gO"d Viicbigan at 89 12 a $9 60. 1 bet We-'em grade* at $9 87 * 89 76 lor common to choice aid 89 76 a 811 26 for tancy and choice extra, t anadlan war quint. The email eale* made c mm-nded 49 26 a 4 0 60 for common to laucy extra. Southern wee i.i.i bunged, tabile price* were *<eady. About 800 tol 000 tibi*. ?* e ie ported w Id n 8u 62'* a 69 87* for common, to go< d qi alitie*. and 810 a 811 26 for fancy to extra. Wheat?Ibe nia ket we* ea-ier, with lea* activity in m ea The tran*aeil etc faatod up about 20,00# a.(6.000 bti bel*. Included In -hn:h were Canadian white at 89 26 1 ( '.7 W ? *tei n ted, 81 (6 wine ch' Ice lota were re ported a* Igli a* 6. a 92 06. lentie-aee red at 12 08 a 8'. 10. Corn waa ca-ier an . ' rau.-actiou* contined to 20, (00 a 30 COO bi.-hcl- We-tern mixe-l at 960. a 96., clo-lrg at 'be in ide figure Kor round y-lluw and white, ?1 wa ? a*t*d Kyc?The -ale- embraced about 16,000 linrbel* at 81 26 a 81 8. Oa'a we e unchanged. (< hm ?call a f .1-0 bag* of St Homing" were made at f*c.; 70 do. laigi ay 1 a at ll*c., 60 do. Oylun at i: *c.: 60 do. ktaracaitm at llJ*c., and 260 do. Kie at lie 1be auction to come .>ff the utli mat., to-morrow, ctii e ke. -ale- . 6**' bag* I'.io being advent,# I. Ci itox ? Iheaaie on t)i* -p. t and in tran-itu reached iibi ut 1,6<0 bale*. 1*1 e niaifcet ruled -lightly in hrorof buyer* In * ire caaea fully an >4*. off waa aubmitted to. IXXiiBW ?'To l.l-erpocl about 20 000 a 30 000 buahala of mm and wheat were enf-gad in rhip'a bag*, a* lOd. a 10*d ; W0 boxe chec a. at 46a., and cotton at ahi ut *d. for" e- mpre--ed. To U.ndon 20,000 Ib?. wl ale'wu.e were engaged at *d.. and 100 tiercea beef at la. td. with ??.me naval atnrea at 6a. To Olaagnw, rio* waa taken at 46* . am' a. me cl.eeae a' 60*. To Havre, flnnr *a? er g ged at 81. and gialn at 26c. There wa- nc < l ange In ta ea fur Chlif< mi*, which ranged from >0c. a 60c tei Too' mea-iiiemeni. 1 at it.?A1?'Ut 200 a 300 boxe* hunch raiaina were aold at 13 (6; 60 do. halve*, at 81 86; and 200 do. quarter-, at 96c ; and 10 layei-. at $4 ',6. H*v wa at 70c. a "5c., wi'h moderate -ale-. It 1 a ?Vmal) .ale* of *C"t. h pig were made a* 836 76. Navai cv k * ?The market w*a quiet at about 4dj. for -pltlte and It Ac. t r common main. I not ten v ?I nrk?lbe m* bet wma -tcady, with ra ther mo e dnli'g I ba -ale- embraced atrial 000 a TOO bid*., it cl ding me*, ai 8 2 60, and prime at 821 a 121 S6 Pe? 1 wa? *tr*dy, but r. >t active. Country prime and wr?? were unchanged The -ale- embraced ab iut f* a '.0c Mda ; -I " 60 bnl'. erWa Vermnot, at #14. A >trail k 'eitra beef hnii br"tgnr 617 60. Chicago ra packed 8-rf War a' 81 60 and nx'c* do., at #17. I?rd wa- -te-iiy, with ?lc- of -OOa ftSO bhl*., at 11*-. . 12c. Buter an1' rl.ee c -ere wf'bout change in priom Kit* ?*? dtill ant dr,*iptng, and -ale- unimportant. bniw.? 6 I*ie? .4 nn nog wee a-dd *t 96c.; 20 b pepper a' 11V and'.0 . pimento, at 12*c. Pii.aa.?lb* -ale- embraced a nut ?60 tihda. mine vaea at *hout ? '4e. a ? '.c. Wnt-KIT.?b. lea nf about 260 n 3t0 bbla. fibio and aon, at 40c. ? 40*e.