ARRIVAL OF THE ARAGO. FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ANTICIPATED MEDIATION OF BELGIUM FIR PEACE. IMPROVEMENT IN C0N80LS. Meatb of Sir William Mloleewot lb. ?EJVIJVESS 111 THE COTTON HAAAST. NEWS FROM THE BLACK SEA. THE CAPTURE OF KINBURN. Reported Recall of General Simpson and Appointment of General Codring ton as Commander in the Crimea. INTERESTING RELATIVE TO THE SOUND DUES. Ac., Ac., Ao. The United States mail steam*hlp Arago, Captain lie**, armed at this port at three o'clock yesterday afternoon. She left Havre on the 24th utt., and Cowes at midnight of that date. From the Channel to the Banks she experienced a sue ?eeninn of strong westerly gales and rouffNMd teas. The Arago brings three hundred and three passengers, the usual mails, and 1150 ton of merchandise. Among iter passengers aTe Professor X. F. Moore, Count D. I Hon. Mr. W. Hnclair, I'. X., and Mr. R. Mealy, the American artist . Hon. R. M. Mr lane and family, and Centra! OU'ounell, of Baltimore; Br. invert and family, of Mobile, hearer of despatches; A. Ravel, Francois Ravel and troupe, tier Nible's harden. We are indebted to .Mr. J. C. Kane, the purser of the A., for late papers. The America arrived out at Liverpool on (he morning ef the M. The United States m'U steamship Washington arrived off Co we-, en route to Bremen, on the morning of the 21st ?H. The London f.'iotc. of the '22d ult. says:? Our morning conremporaries give currency to a rumor to the effect that the United (States government ha I call ed upon Her Majesty's government to recall Mr. Cramp, ton, in c' nsequonee ol liis encouragement of enlistment tor the Foreign Is'gion. We nofcettae statement tor the purpoRr of saying thut it is entirely without foundation. The A rage brings additional intelligence from the Last, ef toe capture of Kiuburn by the allied armies. The advantages which lhi?vi:tory will give the allied armies <'u the Hast are evidently great. By this success they have, doubtless, opened to themselves a path into the important district of Southern Russia, and so, says the London lima, may indulge a reasonable hope of penetrating to the buiidiog arsenal of the Russian tieet at Nikolaii If. Marshal Felissicr's de-patch in leferenceto the capture ?f Kiuburn was received by the Minister of War on the 23d ult. Hi'says ; hat the Anglo-French division of the army had mainly contributed to the success of the allied squadron, having been landed on the peninsula about 5 kilometers from tho fortress aud taken ap itb position, and on the nigut of the ldth opened tho trenches at 800 metres from tbe works. When the fleet commenced its heavy fire <>n the 17th, two companies of chasseurs, under cover at a dis tance of -iOO metres f om the batteries, were able to keep rp a (u.-.ilade on the Russian artillerymen at their g ins. The field artillery also played an effective pari in tbe ope ration. Thi Times iti-inuntes that General Mmpson, Commander in-Chief in the Crimea, is about to be recalled, and th>' ?Morning fT'r.iW fuither rta'er that Lieut. General Sir J. W. Codrington is to succeed aim. The Globe, an evming journal, states that Genera! Simpson is not recalled, nor mi there any intention of recalling hira. The ill health of tbe General, tho Globe says, uotits him fir further ser vice. Arrangement* are fcolrg tn.ide by the government to provide a successor, but nothing hid beeu decided ?pen. Tbe Consular corps at isler-ss had iddreased the follow rag to the allied Admiral* The presence of 'he alli< 1 He*U iu Od#s?a roads creates a (ear of bombardment. In coneo uence the undeni<rtie 1 Cnnaul'Oeneral and Consuls consider It tin ir duty 1J a the attention of their Kxccllenci'a the Admirals to t' i diggers to which al mbardment w?<iuM expose the Uvea and properties of 'heir rcpectlve fellow-subjects. The undesigned "ike the liberty to remind their Kxeel :?eeie? that the city of i 'de-.-n shelters i vast nnrahcr of foreign families, subjects of their sovoreigu, ami th it the largest portion of the moveable and immoveable property belongs to them Con M|!n ntly 'hoy venture ti h"j>" that their hxe? llencies will Hp >h> a bombardment. The Czrr liad tot arrived at Odessa on the 9th. It ia announced that down'to the 17th ult. n Vhing new bad tianspired in the Crimen. It i t, however, b, !i-ved that the Allies arc advancing bcy.'n 1 the Bclbak, an 1 T i prainti ia stated to b> retreu'ing. and unable to hold hi* ground uu'ess Prince ("ortschakoff's forces leave hoba-i lop?l to assist him. The Russian troops are leiv ng th" shore* of th" Baltic, and everything shows that no fear is entertained Of any further operations by the Allies in that quarter durin; the pt csen' season. The King of the Belgian I Is reported to have be ?)> very aethe'y and personally exerting hiui df lately with a view to ibe re-establishnient of poac. It is believed that Prince Oort chak'ff, seeing no p >ssi hility ct keeping his eoflrtannlcaftona open, nud regularly veeelving-upppilei, was actually preparing to evacuate the Crimea. The Oiar, .ibcordirg to the latest a< count*, wa* still at Klkolmefl, *nd on the 5th alt. he review d tho crews of the Ber t nnlved from f eba itopol Admirnl Hondas had l"ft Narg?n In the Wellington, an 1 had gene to Stockholm to pay liis respects to King 0 -.. . Ti e Bnnrre at Madrid was deserte I from a pit .do can I by Ct nlers." Ptlvale letters received in I'aris from officers In th i French nrroy, Rtate thnt it is believed that Prince florle chakoBT, seeing no possibility ol keeping his com nun'ca lions open and regolerly receiving supplies, wa ac'naUy prejaring to evacuate the Crimea. Her Britannic Msjewtj's Consul a', Brazil (Mr. Crea don) has ft rwnrded a despatch to lstrd ClereiiAon rela tive to the gi Id nitnes whi h have recently hren di?o tver ed in that country. Many of the English neispapers having msde statement* which were likely to Induce per sons to emigrate from *he f'nltod Kioglo n, Mr. 0. in forms them that the gold (HetrfCt lies in an uniuItivaW and wild part of the province, named the Valley of Mara* cassnuraa. where the necessaries ol life are to b; ob'ained with difficulty and where the climate Is pa. liculnly Ihtal to the Kuroj ean constitution, in addition to thi*. a com pany has succeeded hi getting a monop dy, and any per aon working on hi* < wn aoeount would probably mcst with hindrances fr m their local ayenta. Another bread dein miration took place In Hyde Park on Huoday, and after a little apeecbi'ylng lh> pe iple reparoled. One of the leader In the alTitratated that during the winter, when itwoald be too c.il 1 to ass ruble m the Park, the meeting* would take place in StnitiAeld. The English Parliament luu> been further prorogued to the 11th Piwuitw. A dreadful accident had otrurred on the t.yon- rail way. by which aitreen person* w< re killed, and others dangerously wounded. Nr William M. U*-worth, ."Sec otary of State for the Colonic*. died on the 'tb\ ult. of a low ga*tr!e fever. Jnat prevlou* to the departure *f MV Arsg?, the Pe ninsular and Oriantal I'omiwny'* steamship Nuba arilve<l with the India and the Mediterranean moil*. fhe brought Intel, g??ee fr,,m Gibraltar that the American ship Ameria from Trapini, with a cargo of salt for the C?|tel States, unfortunately got aground off Otludtn p guv it wao ri per ted she Would become a total wreck, owing to the wind blowing from the 8. H. W. end a heavy m r.,| |n? ever her. Her Majesty'* steamship* Khadamaatbus and 1'ronu then*, together with the Busker, ateamtug went to her assistance, hut thev Wore tin ible to ron ,^r the slightest service to the vessel. Our new* from the Ea<t had e*tabll?h d m. re "o-ib deuce in the money market, and coned* closed on th. 23d ult. at 1*'., for money, and 87 V I" 871* for*. .,ua'. At s later ho jt a further advance took place, and t' c price for the account w*e R?ty to 87 . On?ol? w?re searee, an t It *as said that the berk ws* ae' tng them for drtl-ery and buying tliem back for the account on to. ia* which g??# the n the use of the money Meanwhile at a low rate, lis ok at >ck closed at 207 to 209. Ft ?hO'tuer bond*. 9R tobSv^, In torefoi) aecurt tie* there was utile ac'ivi'y. An apprehension cti*>! in 1/ udon that the greater part of ?900,(100 In gold, which had arrived! from A a* A alter would be purchased for the Bank of France, It ?ti however, pr >b*ble 'hat ?200,000 of theamount would And its way Into the Bonk of England. Various reports were in circulation regarding the intentions una proceedings of tha Bauk ef Franoe, among which was oar tb.it they h id arranged for a loan in silver ef 20,000,000 guilders (about ?1 ?00,000), but it wax not believed. There was no alteration in the corn market as compar ed with the Males of tbe 19th, but an advance of 'is. upon the week's sales continued to be realized. The condition of trade throughout the manufacturing districts had suffered a reduction coneo jueut upon the state of the money market. At Manchester great caetion had been exhibited, not merely from the natural diminution of orders, but also from uncertainty as to the future course of the cotton market. Birmingham also exhibited a slight check in the iron trade. At Nottingham badness was more satisfactory, and the American orders during the week were eiiual to expecta tion. In the wooBen districts there was a further ten lency tea limitation of transactions, but stocks being moderate, prices were fail ly maintained, and confidence was alto gether unshaken. In the Irish linen markets there was fall employment at high wages. In the liverpool cotton market the demand was very limited, and the sales on tbe 23d ult. did not exceed -1,000 bale*?1,5300 for export. Prices were in favor or the buyer. In tbe 1 iverpool corn market there hod been a brisk business doing, and prices of wheat an 1 flour had im proved 3d. to Id. per TO lbs., and is. per sack and barrel. Prime American flour sold at 4da. per barrel. Our Btriubarg Correspondence. SnuHBunn, Opt. 16, 18&5. Apparent Inactirity in the Crimea?The Timet Corrcyxm dent not Versed in field Operation*?Hit Criticism on Pelissier?No Hope* of Peace Bej'ore the Close of Winter ?Espartero and the fipanish Government?Visit of th Duke ami Duchess of Brabant to Paris?Affairs in Naples?The Revolutionary Committee in Ixmtlnn?Pr g nancy of the Empress?The Sound Dues?Rejoicings in Su.r-'en.' If the Russians are not the bravest people la the wo-Id they are certainly the toughest ones, and if Prince Gorts chukoff is not the most successful general, he is certainly one of the ablest. The allies have for better than a month had possession ofSebastopol?or, better, the Russians have abandoned K; but wo have no further news than that parties are preparing to strike a great blow in a direction n?t yet defined. This mournful silence after se signal a victory might be the result of prudence, if tbe monoto nous despatches of tho Russian Commander-in-Chief wore not corroborating the fact that nothing serious has, as yet, been undertaken on either side. From the immense losses which alt the belligerents have sustained, none of them seem to re ambitious to renew the attack, while etch of them seems disposed to make the most of his present position. Peli isier seems to count upon the winter tor an ally, and to aim at cutting oft' the Russians from Perokop. All raill'sry men, however, agree that it ?ftn impossible for I'elissier to get his army in a condition fit for field opera'ions before tbe lapse of a loun h, and all who are ace,'minted with tbe localities, admit that the road on which the allied forces can march to the encoun ter of the Russians. must first be constructed b< fore i' can bo used. This it seems the allied forces are about to do: ami the re 'ding public, in the meantime, must have patience with tho meager news from the theatre of war, or rest content with tho general howl ?f the Times' bull dog in ihe Crimea. It is said of that race of dogs (wbo.se courage i" otherwise undoubted) that when hungry, they wlD often attack their own masters, end tho Crimean coireapon' ent of the London Times is illustrating the popular adage after his own fashion. Having, on many previous occasions, read lectures to tho British com mander*, he now proceeds to subject Marshal Pell -sier to his uu pai ing criticism; but I doubt, whether he will be able to do so loug with impunity. The man who smoked the Arabs may roast a correspondent, though he be the man of the Times, or ho may insist on his returning home, and in ctse of hesitation, expel him by force from the camp. ?Jbf TimeI corre-pondent was an exedlent hind at ox posing British blunders - which blunders moreover, were those of tlie government at home; but from the last epis tles of that gentleman in the above mentioned paper, military men doubt bis rapacity to Judge of military npe rations in the Held. The war in the Crime i cannot be compared to a campaign in Germany or Italy, or any other port! >n of eh lllxed Europe. There are properly speaking, no people in the Crimea?oertalnly no civilized people?and no me.ius of communication at all ex apt those occupied by the Russians, ihr war in the Crimea, theretore. must necessarily oe a tedious one. It is sim ply a war ot material and position, by a Rich no mora! effect can he produced except Imrnodt ; My on the com be tan te. No triumphant entry into the enemy's capital, such as followed the battle of Jena, can succeed the tall of Snbastopol, and no preliminaries of per ' ' ran suc ceed to such an entry. Resides, where a country i < su extensile as Russia, the has of tend to-y is scarcely ibltj and with the Kus-ian mode of warfare, the t wn.s that are at at donrd are destroyed, while thoir inhabits' fall back with the 1 etrea'log army. In such a war too pn> grcts of an advancing army must mcessa/ily be alow, it it bo not bo followed by reverse-1 or exposed to chance, the remarks of the '/%VW <:nr.o-p ndent put me forcibly tu mind of the pitliy saying of Emperor Joseph of Aus tria, when aonteb' dy complained of (lie slow progress o Field Marshal Land in, tin 'hen ablest general In the Austrian army. "My doar fellow.' said the Emperor, '? you must let my gen-ral ?lon"; neither yon nor i have i'er taken a fortress." the dibi ultios offered by the terrain in tho Crimea a-c tar greater than those that can occur in any country of Europe. Does the Time* orries pondent remember that I-a Courbe lost, ten thousand men merely on a march through the Tyrolr It Is now evident that ad the new paper rumor- and all 'he dipli matir whl-ja rs about tho re-opentng of ne jr>u'ations tor je,ce were merely so many feelerato ascertain tho disposition of parties and of the people at l;ug<. 'lb* jc in an honest desire for peace every win-re ? in Russia, in England. and France, uud in Turkey. but Tho situation Is wntlike. and must necessarily remain so for s. me time to coma Immediately on the foil ot Sebas topel, no reasonable pe son will expect llus-ia to -ue for peace, or to offer even b'r hand in token of peaceful in tend" ns. none moat bra great"- balance or a more derided debit on either side to renew negotiation* with any hope of success And shove all things it is neee<M: rv li st the belligerent' should be thoroughly can ni -ted, hot only in the m id, but at h.ime where ilje means of cirriing on the war nre prepare], Every goveruir.ont in Europe is no the point of making nev loans: taxes at# fearfully inevensing, while I' lifuraii and Australia a o tl.o i nly coiutriee looked to to supply the deficiency in tho rapidfy disappeai Ing precious metal". France tury possibly get through this yaar without further borrow Ing; but it can hardly be doubted that the patriotism nf the F'rench p<"pie will,' a ly after sew year, t>? agi n appealed to lor an exchange of hard five fran? piece i ?pstnat the certincatct of a new loan. England Is ?> - md to borrow money. An-trin has established a new brnk t r tin purpose T adding 'o he paper eorreuy and Pnrdlnia and Turkey witl statu be through with their available nieans Tin- ??aioe is th" ea-o wi'h Knmkk *vh", It was 00rrwtly reported, ha<i actually got*? fa Wall street to barrow money, so that if hostilities are con tinued ?'tiring the winter. eltbrr peace or some 1 rcadtul ftrsii-' A crisis is imminent. Hard radMy s"?msti'i ?Pie..! throughout Europe like wa!e?- through a sieve and papt r i sue- .! all aorta are rapt Uy ti ling its jdice. hueli n state of thing- would be (taught with danger in ttuies ot profound peaee, bow much mi >ro mutt lUN bo the ease in the midst oi WS' between the most p > a erf el natrons of Ruu-pe. Against ill sj' i 'at' n-, and amidst the gen* ?! wjo deiruent efthe w rid, Kspartero remains st the head ? ( oltilrs in Spain. He has succeeded agniust the Carlists and si ?eta lists in Cat* loom, utl he has sect the m.d-rvle faclien ie nip< red of the pnrtli "isof the late admtaistrv tion) in check; while, a' the ?tmc time, he 1 as sust ? in 'd him elf and the government agi nst the t}uc>u nod 'he court, ih>- tntiigi.es ol D ' uaCMistiaa in I'sris uj'1 the whole lntii"l>'* of the Uo-uan clergy. This Would be deemed an sehlevement 'n any court'ry, and in any tail but It i? a matter of n-t- pi-bo "tit tn a oiauof Espartaro's years. Nothing but the get iat belter in his honesty cou d protect ium o im.g. Ye' it t* doubtf J whether he will be able top attglicMyit'Moi ? revolntf <n fira day, for Spain s to lie tn th" situation which France ooeu| i'd in 18(1,wit h th! - filter ,-u' ?that tin army,* hlch 'litis lai has made every icv ilution in * paiu, is even m-re eliai geahle titan the p" t.le a-ot therefor* I ?<< to be i? tied upon. If the Spanish army eb*il?hed any&t'scb rnent for its old lancets, ! -pattern would bs cer'ato of its upport. Thus fa. t the proceedings of the Corte- have n't been a rentier of much tntcre-t. Espsrtem hi? a majority In the legislative e.haitiber*. and it esn hs .lly ha doubted but that th? troops detnande I ' y the Uet-in ho we * as the price "t their slhsnee ?? tth Jpsln md pr ec'I 'U of her i olnct"-, will he voted, and that "h-<y wt'i h> reidy in the ?pting. should the -ramp torn in Haararabl* be de terniined upon. Much stroes Is laid up in thf 'isi' of the Belgian Nuke and Puchess of Brabant t r the Kinper t Nap >|r in. 1 look np? n It only is a corollary of tin- visit of y-iee i V i tort*, t it,?land has Is en arttug all a'ong a- mediator hpt weon 1 rsiww and Belgium. Ju?t as Franc" lias taken up >ri h -r edf to p-esetve reUttons Iwtween I'ngland and \u?trii. It t? not. sn easy matter, b??er?r. to o this, and if th# war ccsiiiBtiee another year, if will knidly be pydbl*. the ge>< ij ttiesl petition of Belgium 1? too !mp<*ps<>t , es wstche ' with a joul m* eyn; fir if Belgium is wttfeFranws l'tu--ia is eooipletelv mitllanked while thrt Roraaan f?rVe-?es on the Kbine lanuM si littla or no :.vml. except a- ; ointf ri'af / in' of the Fight!] Corp of r b# Am y of the '"rstton. flu? dlffi t-n ms to-'ween Naples an I the Western P? are md. yet CatnMoly aettM, th ?' gh it (vmi re th.iu likely ui that netiher F'ranoa nor 1'ngl.md will pr weed 11 extre tie". That both rlw.e t'owers felt inclined to sM ikea t lew can hsitly b" ?'??u,'e<i but the red TOpuIdban nani'-wtoot ladru Rdfai Kossuth, sod last, n-'t least, .M*rxini, spoiled it all. I ? ui* Napoleon values hi thvnoe unit' as nmeh . that of Naples and utiles, and srtll never do anything'hst stiall bear even the semblance "f er, operation with the rrvoluiionsrv C mimlttee In I- nd -u. I ttherdees te wtsti ri .1| pear bsf.re Europe in the | light of n placemaker ft?r the msmi-era. f the It na -an 'et He " ? (BJutiy. lie will postpone the Italian <iuesii? n a- be baa i indefinitely a Ijourned the question of Polish nationality, | notwithstanding the appoiBtment of Count Walewaky to Ihe Secretaryship of ^tate, and thet ot Count i'ersigny as ambassador to London. The Emperor of the Frenc h will have a cere not to touch a question of prin ip'c; ho has merely drawa the sword for tlie p ditioal equi'.'b'la? of Furope?nothing ru .re. Thi- be congidera lug mission, and he may be right; but should he, by the aid of Eng land, su.ceed in destroying but for a rhort ha'f century '.be pre. tiye of Russia in Europe and A>ia. consequences far beyond those be is now contempla'ing may en-ue, which it will no. be in big power to centre! by the mere force of Dime. The Monitrur lias officially announced the pregnancy ot the Kmpiegg Eugenie; but in spite of the respect now generally entertained for the perron of the Emperor, the un m oi current of rhat fact has not led to any popular d<immstraiion. There are too many heirg to the throne of France to secure the crown to nuy one, and there ia a large party determined to prevent the gurceis of either. An Impeiial regency ig not easily instituted in a country Where the government itself is only held by the right of conques', and where attachment to persons is only se cured by continued success. Regencies in Fiance have been troublesome, even under the old rryiwc, and times have not grown easier since. The question of the Danish Souod dues is likely to re eeive a peaceable and quiet solution. Denmark will make it a subject ot negotiation with all mercantile na tions at once, proposing either to receive a quit claim or to modify the rates. The: e are too many nations inte rested in the modification or abolition of these onorous dues to espouse the cause of Denmark against their own interest. They had no desire to press Denmark; but since the United States have mooted the question, they are ready to profit, by it. Prussia ia pai ticularly anxious to see the dues abolished, and the matter is just serious enough, and yet entirely free from danger, to captivate the attention of Darin Mauteuflel. The rejoicings in Sweden at the fall of Sevastopol seem to be still going on. Thoie at Gothenburg were unfortu nately connected with loss of life. There is no doubt bat that u war with Kusaia would be popular throughout Scandinavia, provided the Western l'owers were ready io invude klorthern Russia. The mere promenading of their fleets in the Baltic and the shelling of a few towns are not sufficient to induce the King of Sweden to more than an act of civility toward the Kinperor Napoleon. He has sent him his portrait ; but as yet neither troops nor ships. F. J. G. NEWS FBQM THE BLACK SEA. THE SURRENDER OP KINBURN. Lord Clarendon has received the tbUowiag intelligence troni hei Majesty'e Charge d'Attairs at Vienna, dateu Oct. TO The allied fleets bombarded the three forts of Kinburn on ihe 17th. The garrison of 1,500 men, and 70 guns under General Koiiowitcb, capitulated, and are sent prlsoneis to Constantinople. loss of the allies unimpor Hint. Russian lose 120 men. Forts taken possession of by the allies. Fleets anch ir at the entiance of the Dnieper. This position cuts off from tlie Russians the communi cation by sea with ttdesea. Ntkolaleff and Kherson. '1 lie Minister of Marine has received from Admiral Bruat the following despatch:? KiNBt RS, Oct. 17. 1885. ted ( The fort of Kinburn, and the new works erected on this peninMila, are in our power. Our loss is unimportant. On the morning of the 14tn ot October tbo squadron left the loadstesd of Odessa, ai soon as the he ivy easterly w nds, which had cheeked their operations since the 8tti ot October, had ceased. In the evening of the same day they anchored off Kinburn. in the night four prench gunboats?the Tirailleusc, Stridente. Meurtriere and Muiine?sent by llear-Aduiiral I'ellion, under the orders of Lieut. Alleiriiind, of the Ca cique, -ai'td with tivo English gun boats through the pats of tJti chakow, and entered the Dnieper. The next day, October 16, at day-break, the troops weie larded at aoont 4,600 metres Ironi the place to the south of it. in the afternoon the bomb ketches opened thi ir lire; but they were obliged to susp"nd it when night fell, on account or the swell, which rendered the aim un certain. He entire day of the lflth was nearly lost for ns, iisthr winds had iceied around to the south west. The troops weie occupied in entrenching themselves and mating rc connoisssnce towaids the south. The gunboats in the Dnieper were alone able to annoy the place. ihe wind huving shitted to the north during the night, we wore engaged early in the morning, Admiral Lyom and myself in causing to be put into execution tlie plan of attack arranged on the previous evening, agreeably to tbo soundings taken by Captain dpratt, of the Spitttre. and Lieutenant Clone, of the Brandon, assisted by Meruit, lloix and Jinnen, hydrographic engineers. At 20 mi mites past 9 the three floating batteries, the Devastation Lave and Tocnante, opened their tire. The success they obtained on this day lias answered all tlie hopes of the Kmperor. The rampart they battered pi evented very speedily, and on several points, practice bio breaches. Ihe French and. English mortar-vessels opon" 1 their lire a! forty-five minutes past nine. Their aim, rectified by the signals of the paddle -teamers. was must admira bly diiecttd. 1 uttiibute to them, in a great measure, tbo quick aunendor of the place. 1 he five French gunboats, the Grenade, Fleche, Mi trailb", Flan,me, and Aim me, sustainel by six English gunboats, took up their positions nearly ar the same time as the mortar-vessels. 1 heir aim richot'ed very advan tageously the open batteries (a barbttk), which were con tending against the floating ba'teries. As soon a- the tiring of the place had slackened, oui gunls at- advanced, at the signal given by the en itain oi tlie Grenade, 3d- Jauriguibe ry, to tho line firmed by the Hosting batteries. They were accompanied in thi mi,vi ment by the English gunboats. 1 rectsely at not n the ships, followed by tho f igatea, coivettes, and raddle steamers, got up steam. The ship feinted on ?t front line; tliey ca-t anchor and lay with thi ii broadsides to the forts at a dis-ancc of1,C00 metres in twenty six and a half ieot of water. At rl.i samemomcm tlx English frigate-, commanded by Lear-Admiral sinvait. and three French frigates un der the orders "f Rea--Admiral i'ellion?tho Asnvwlee, Ce cil; i e, and <*tu?made for the pass of Ofschakow, in or ib i to take the forts of Kinburn in the rear. The ling 11 h ship, the Hannibal advanced to the middle of tbls pass. Cem rat- Batainc ami Spencer brought np their li ItafB and field pieces, to about 400 metres from tlie I>l?ce. The-e bo'd in mR'oviCf. and tbe iuipo-ingfroDt pre-ented by tie nine French and Ftglish -hip-1 broadsides on and bo*f|iiHa to stern. thundering with all their gun--, bad a dotkive closet. At 38minutes past 1, observing that the fort of kinburn tired no long#-, although the northern v-< >k? vtllt continued to make an nf their mortar-, Ad n 1ml ! yon- aval myself thought it right 'o rctpOct th v ? u>?g? ->t ti e btave fellow* we were lighting against. coti??-iiU?nt!y we nude the signal to ca-o tiring and hoisted the flag of truce, -ending a French boat and an I ugli-h 1 r.e n shme. 'fhe In its a cce i ted the capitulation ottered. The pa-ri iui lef' 'lie place with the honors of war. and gave them reives up aa ptkuneri. Our troops occupy ah the Kus s in m works. lite capitulation ? tipuluted that tin' place should I " given up to u* in the state it ?<s th? n ia. tt'e take posses,-ion. therefore, of the enemy's atorea and munitions. Adml tal I yon- and myself are -ending'he suweons of the two M|oadtons to tend the Ku-c-ia* wounded, numb. ting about eighty. The number of prisoners i front 1,200 to 1,500. We are going to occupy ouraeh.es with foiming here a solid establishment. iiar-hul i'lll-sie- has forwarded to the Minister of Wat the following cv mmunlralion ielatiog to the ojeratlons of ?iio allied forces at Kinburn:? t-'mtssMvi. Oct. 21?51*. M. 1 have Juat reoeivrd from Oenc.ai lijrain his report of lb" capture of Kinburn. Th-' Anglp-Ftench division of th* army has actively in Mributi <1 to the success of the allied scum iron. Having been landed on the peninsula, about 5 1 ll.uue tics from the h rtress it to k ti]i its position, ivnd itt the right of the 1 fit h, opened the trei. be-, at 800 metito from the works. When the ficet commenced its heavy fire < ri th-, 17 th. two compart i> of chasseurs, under cover at a distance of 4ro me*re* from tbe batteries, were able to keep up a fu-illadc ? n 'be Hus- lan artlllcrymim at their gun-. ike field artillery also played ua effective part In the ipca'lon. We have taken 1,410 prisoners including tlencrel Koisnotitcb and 40 oft! er-. with 174 pieces of cannon and a quantity of animuuili viand stores. Wi mi ? v in full occupation "I an Important p-.-i'i -n. Elicit are 1he results to the allies of this succe--fill pevtitlon. ii.o Jlu'.-i.ins 1 av # -en, ereo tlu- ucce-s complete by tl.cuise ves blow ire up the fortius') n? of OcxakotT on the 18' h. I will -end y ,u the -tan,lard, with the aim- of Ru> 'la, whi b Soatrd over the walls of Kinbu u. MM-CRIPTION OF tUSRfltN. (fn in the I'ari- tlvulteur J Ti e wa'.e:' of the i'n; and linieper debouch into ?' e ?bry -r- by ,i tingle branch. Aflei turning a lake, wui blend, the two river" flow together, between Ostchab mu ti,r north, and hiv<burii on tlu- south, through a n tr low channel of variable depth (15 fee: tl.e minimuta). much mater Kinburn Oian 'IWbakow. Otscfiebow, on - he right sh-.ro, is built ou the top of a v 1 ill f mii.- iii k height, advancing in an acute angle at night to the south, and throwing out a low flat on which ? isis a fort Ol t.enoe-e origin, m a very dilapidated state. A buttery of nine gut s of large calibre, r-cently erected m the (liil outside the channel, taking ft In e Lde, but al a long range, complete* the defence of this ride, without t resenting ?ny scrimi, obstacles. It is i n the .eft shore, on the tongue of sand formed by ti e alluvial uepcslta of the two rivtra, that the citadel of Kluhutn i.-, bull' Ci mmmidlng the nan-age much nearer, as its guns act both ontside are! Inside, e< n'tifuting in a word the sole di fence of the mouth of the I inieper. i be citadel ot Kinburn is a hprnwoik ofmas rnty, wi'b csvlbin isu.ipets, surrounded by a oust wherever it is nut warned by the aca eon'slulug barracks and other biddings, the roots and chimneys of which are vi-lble above tlM lanipart. It ia armed in all lis faces, having cno 'ier of gun- covered and o.'cmatod, wlil -h tier Is en wned by a lattery a lair'.r.v, the whole p..-sibly pre venting si n.e sH'v guns half of which sweep the -oa out side, fi< m the snnth es?t to nort-north-we?t. Kir burn La# the war flag always flying, the sign of arm*meet, ?nd contains a ga-risun of 2.000 men. not inducing the military colonists settle,) outside, in a viilsg.- legulatly In lit, to the am th, and within iange of the lort guns. Iwu fre h batteries were lately erected to the tolln-weet of (be butters. the Sr.rrr*v 5fsrl" fhfrwpovttf-sis asserts, r.n the an th, rity of a telegraph!* c,,u,tuuahsti-n from Ode-waof ill 17th, that at the am. time that the allied fleets at II kc.) ICItilmm bB,t00 ti? D were landed on the Peninsula of l>ndr?. kotl.ilg certain wa< known of the destination of these (ro, ps. T> rwlra is a long spit of lend a little west of Pen kop. OPERATIONS IN THE CRIMEA. bu m the r, u ric )? Marseilles, IVct 21.) tfe (8. bn-topol net. 7) h we been Infli mod that tbe Knssmris Intend to concmtrata si' their forces on otas p.-r t of the Crimea, probably at .-tmpberopel It Is added the' the ? va ttaiion of tl.e northern pert ?f S-ua' topol has b? rt 'cr?, m< Mmc dccidetl and we nave otarfeiWes ct .etted that the lln-siantr. op* occupying those heigh s arc gradually dimln sb r g in numt^r. Wc. ucverthele- , ?till petcelve a few batt?ii.,ns occupied in erecting h* 1 porks and batter!#*, but this may be a blind fo deceive the illtei, t; Mling them believe that they do uot in tend to evacuate their position. Whatever may be the point of concentration chosen by Prince Uortschakoff, should the win'er be mild?that is, rainy?their anny most in??itahly perish, for we positively know that they have not opened a single new road, and that all those existing in the country have ben rendered almost impracticable by tbe recent rains. This accounts, no doubt, for the Russian soldiers wearing heavy boots in summer an well an in winter. It. on the oontrary, tbe Winter be rigorous?that in. If ice and snow cover th ground?it sill be ygtasible for them to travel over the country in sledges, and to receive provisions. Marsha) iviissicr continue* to advance Into the interior, slowly, it is true, for St is necessary to eunstruct roads for the pa.-sage of the artillery and heavily laden wagons. The plan of the Generals-in-Chief is not known. They appear intent on advancing as far as possible, but tbe execution of this plan must depend on circumstances, the same secrecy is observed with regard to the desti nation ol the expedition about to rail from Kamiesch.
it is believed, however, that it will proceed to the peninsula of Tendra, in order to keep in cheek the forces concentrated at Niokoliioff and Perekop. This, however, is a more surmise, for the secret is so well kept that the commanders of the different ships are ignorant of it themselves, being directed not to open their sealed orders until they reach a certain distance at sea. The trcops arc to be placed under tbe command of General Bazalne, tbe French Governor of i-'ebastopol. Admiagl Stewart, who was to return to Malta, joins the expedition, and ho will only retire from the BUck fea with the ships under his ordurs when Its bb. ject is accomplished. A portion of the French fleet will also sail at the same period for Constantinople. General Truchu is preparing to leave for France with several of the generals wounded in the last engagements. Nothing new has occurred at Vebastopol, except the explosion of another internal machine. It exploded in the Karabel naia, tut only killed one man. We have not yet been able to discover any of those machines. They are sup posed to be earthen pots of a conical form, buried In the ground, with a match above the surface, which, when walked upon, causes the explosion. Those pots are not filled with ordinary gunpowder, and must contain some cbymica] preparation of great power, for their detona ti- ni< most violent. Those machines appear to hare been placod on the principa thoroughfares, at the meet ing ot several streets?in short, wherever the circulation is greatest. [From the Letter, dated from the Pass of Kardoun-BeU, Oct. 3.] Wo are now encamped at the extremity oi tlio valley of Baidar, at the distance of about two miles and a half from the Bclbek, where the river firms a bend and tlowa to the north west. Our fonr divisions, perfectly well organised and amply supplied with provisions, are impatiently awaiting orders to attack the enemy. The Russians arc quite close to us, lining all the passes, which are defend ed by numerous batteries. But our brave soldiers are not to be stopped by sucb obstacles. When the Marshal detms the moment favorable we will force a passage in spite of them. We are ordered to hold ourselves iu rea dintss to march forwaid at a moment's notice. The ene my remains on the defensive. Our troops are constantly at work making n ads for the artillery. It is said that Marshal l'elissier has, with great ilifficul iy, brought up l'.O cannon to the heights ol" Tchouliou, and has thus gained a pivot for bis operations in the valley, which it will lie Impossible to wrest from bun. THE RETORTED RESIGNATION OP GEN. SIMPSON. [From the 1 ondon Times, Oct. 23.] At length, iu the fullness of time, it appears that, iTiber by recall or resignation, or some other gentle and efficacious means, General Simpson has been relieved from the commund of the ihitisb army in the Erst, and the hi my at the rumc time relieved from the command of General .-impsi n. We are also informed, not by any go vernment authority, hut by a little bird which tells us everything, that a forthcoming (laztUe is ro contain a nutuoer ot appoin'inents of the most astounding juvenili ty; but this statement Is so much too good to bo true, tLat we rhall suspend our belief of the fact until it becon firmed by Die clearest and most indisputable evidence. We on tbe other hand, expected a progi ession in a totally dif ferent direction, laird Region was sot young, but was well able to ride, so wp replaced him by a general of the same age wliem physical infirmity forbade from getting on horse back. IVba' could we expect in the ascending scale ol age and deciepitude but that Gen. Simpson should be found not sufficiently infirm for active service, and re course should be hail to one of the Field Marshals recent ly created as if on purpose to supply the want? Let us at any rat ?. be gratelul lor the iruod we have already ob tainco, without poisoning present pleasure byanlicipa lions of what may come hereafter. We trust that Gen Simpson's successor may not Ire?and we say it in all sob mission, any tine of the three newly crea ed Field Marshals, nay. we will even venture to hope, while hope is yet per muted to us, that he may be stroDg in body, sound in auind, able to see with his own eyes, and act with hi own band; cii| able of resisting the importunities of men anxious to leave a perilous service on urgent private bu ? iness, and capable j>!" narrating the exploits of himael' and his hrmy?though this last demand is rather exor bitant?ir. fitar and grammatical English. [From the Londru Herald, 1 let. 23.] 1 ienlenant General sir W. J. Cod-ington is to command the aimy in tbe Crimea. OPERATIONS IN SOUTHERN RUSSIA. [Vr,-ni the Moniteux de la Klottc.j Our anticipations bp.ve been realized. The allied squadron* occupy n<>tv the Iiman of the Dnieper, alter hating capluied the 1hr? fir'eoC Kiaburn, with their gi.trixu. This biilliant leato: arms reflects the greatest boner on Admiral* Eruat and lyons, on the allied squadrons, and the divbi -n of (,'eueral Baaaiae. Th noat rinaiknble leatute of our t?val opCiatioris in the Eastern war is the rapidity, the during, with which they bate be. u accomplished. !' i- thus that the meat sfgt.a1 ucci crt bar ,.lw..ys crowned them, and we have now to inscribe the. uanie ot Kiaburn by the ) ide of those of Keilch, Yinikale. Taganrog. Taman, and Bweaboig. Out soldier* now occupy Klnbnrn, end a part of on. squadron. an< bmad in the Iiman of tlie Dnieper. cuts oil all n muntca ton t.y sea between Odessa, MkolatedT and f'htrton I he Russian* are thus reduced to a cruet ?mi. ii ity, '.or the ships now hits In the docks of .\'ik>. 'ai< IT. shd intended to replu e th" lleet of Nschimofl, jnglo r'oi sly tunk in the liarl" ofS-bas'opo! cau be ot no pomi. hie advantage to them. Wearonow in a position toaaeunee Cherion and Nikcdaleff; the latter being the great nuv-ti e.nd milita y arsenal of Russia, from which might at any n.< mtnt oe Hunched i. new lleet, folly equipped fjr ano iher tjfncpe; Cherson, since the ivginniog of the war in lie Crimea. i* (he central depot of provisions for the i'u -ian aimy. Although it has lost mueh of Its impor tance since .the t'-undution of Odessa, it has, n-vei the lees. fun. i<a strategic position, and from its being the principal ms. finite of lhe army, be.n of thegrcate.s' utility during ttie present war. Itsd cks art sum -i. ntly I act us to admit of -even 'liip< of the line being built ai the trine time. lhe town is of great ex'ent, being di tided into fcur quart'.s?the f >. truss, the naval depart n ent. the Giee* suburb, and "hat ot the sailors. A' ( hersrn, 11 e Dnieper i? a league and a half in width an liflv leet in depth. According to a recent tel'gr* phi-dei ift'ch, tL' alliei fleets are lying a; the extremity Of the f In.en, < Tartly oppcite the mouth of the fbil?per. roundups, no <1> ubt. have tie. n taken in lire Bo? an?! the I'D leper, end we shall soon be in a position to form *n '?pirdon s- toti-e alleged imp -t-ibllity of nsi igali"if thus river--'. which may have been intcntlczixlly elrcul ited by the Russian* theni-elvec, for a r<>ry obvious re icon. We uiealieady aware that, as far s* regards Mkutaieff, tb< riser i* navigable .or n.cn- t-wnr everywhere, exc" ' ? a i olnt about 1<n iiiQss from tb< month ot the Bug. As t" ( etaIoff, the atta.k, according to the official doeoruen's presents no weilou* obilaole. unco master of it, th" alii. - may pto. >cd oier lord to NQtoJaieff. Th>- events now irn fending preclude all uselea* conjee!ure--; we, therefore, confine ourselves toa ailbple ?t?tewient of the nutneria* io'ssEtngi s wlrivh ac me (0 us tronr tlie aoiiuto of the foil, oi Unburn iud of the l.iuwrn and the DniepO". i-e' ns hi re i'.at before long the Tlneslan army in th- fuiea. completely i-.ol.ited in the peninsula, rut ofi from its sup plies, di'liearieued i-y ti-e sueosoaive di?a?U ra that aT> defeated their plans and frustrated (heir exertion* and their courage -hiil reduce.I to make a U*t heroic and de perils etlort, the c n-e<tsic',ee* of which are by no means di ubtfui 'o us, or lay d-wn ilreir arm* wi'l ou' tiling the ibmres of a battle. I n?le ftercn; ir imp.lance* tb< foil-wring '.ofertr. tion. wl'i-h was contained in a Hikola'.-fT lette-. ot 4he JOlb. addm-sed m the Mitiinr fritting, Is of interest}? "The 'irsnd i'uke < ustnutine, tnetlrand Admiral of the fleet, has ordered the greater part of the entrench mcnts io be det- -.1VV: It having been discovered the the director* of Ute works had grocsly abusod the cntt d.nce pieced -n them by thei* imperial ma-tor. Tie (.land 1 like h<? foruie I j|Huil.l.ng t'onirniaslon. at wh -h l-e presides. All possible energy - displayed an : tbo *and* of h.inds are at work, lhe Grain Aimlraniimselt ii spect* all ? -.e new works, whieh are miking rapid pro fiess. Ibe former diretlors are under examination, av t :u < rrltr to pr? vent suoh abuses in future vhtywju be twi-i "t ver.dy punched. Adjutant flmttU Tho'Mxu, to r.il'lrmtifl fcr 'a* dctowv nf Srbnrtofnl. hat bt+n stimstn.- I to A'ikt toi-j) ' 1. si^e information has b. en given me that the c i ?t' rnH'l >n of the H issisns at tl.e rapid progress made by the allies is extreme. The probanlluy W> that one off- i t , st e- n? -luenees ol the taking t-f Kinbum and the oi| - diti. n to '.be mouths e:' the liniener will be, that tbo eight regiments of Grenadiers and the artillery division v ill not daie to march Srom Pareki.p. to the as.-dstan. c of the Ku>> ai) aimy in ti e Crimen. According to advices f'nm NlholaMf. the ' wo uiili'.i v attaches "f the ltuseian iegatkur at Berlin un 1 \ i eiuis. Count Bcnekeiidor'" and Count Htaekolberg h -<l l< *t tkeicfor 1'iin e Gor'^civakoiTs head-quarter*, charg.-1 with irs'.rurfitms fr tn'he Emperor. Tl'" rep<irt that had b.enin circutaiion h"re, that Coent ih'n'kendo-f a.piretl to a Command at tb< th<-atte of war, appears to be groundleae, he is expe.ted to be W-k here about the a.Iridic of November. [Frcm the Mctd'eur de la I'lotte.] According to the last accounts fron, the Crimea, the army under lhe command of Marshal 1'chssier had al usriy advance', despite the difilcultie* of the ground ,4) kih metres Pm behawtopol. It now occupies position4 o> miDanding the defiles of Varnutka and Boyuk-Ml.kom'.a, wlience Ibe er.emy ro'ired on it* approach. W# mry ex yet ir. m 'lay to riay f me do. isive ergagemen*. which, we ere confident will be fid'owed by the Immediate ev.'. cuati- n of the Crimea by the Russians. While our land lotos aie preparing for fre?b victories, tha allied >?|\ s.'.iob*, as we harn from a despatch of Prince Gorts clak.tf having ouitted their anchorage at Ode.. 11 have siiiviriat the distance of three miles from Kinbum. Kinbom i? ? Russian forfreaa, situa'e about threa kUn meirt-s s.urth >.f Ocaakoff, a> th* extreme end of the lake stbi.-h is formed by the sluggish waters of the Dnie per and the Bog. Wha' is row the actual destination of . ur sqvadronf Is it ' herson or NikolalefT they pro t-ose io attack' No one yri Vn.ita, However that may be, it is necestary in order to rorre 'he passage of Kin burr, to tako possess ion of O-ukoff, a city oomu>? tid ing th? stiait, -.nd ihe .itsdvl of wh'ch has t?on r<-n due.! memoTatde by the gallant <1 "fence of Hassan Pseha wtirthe Hu**'an army reir.-ri that cl'jr 'icxskolf is ? p. s M. n of 'U.-h impor * nee. -ince it is *t the same time ? be key "f Chareo* end ~* Nikola .-ff, that th" Bti ? ans have doubtless c .W, icted ther* n. w t'ortl'Ici tiors, but it will be ?n aaay disk f..r us. with our heavy pun* to 1 lie ice the tire cf the enornv, an 1 pr-'tccf the sudingeft or troops. Chert .n.situataa' tha mouth of tha 11 lapaf, is fits emi-.rium of tl.e coMiaroa of that fiver. If lathe port .fMkulanff ?n! receives the produr tb.as ? >f the ,nt*ti-.r (lesuned for 'klessa. andnhe war M < 'i tnt fr< m Wesi?rn Russia, and forwarded tbenc# fit tha t liinea through the IsthlEua of Terekop. The route fal lowed by the different reinforcements arriving from Bes sareble extends along the lake, and would be completely exposed to our cannon the moment we tuould have pcne t>ated Into the ' hn"*~ of the Dnieper. The nvva! expedl tion has thus a most serious < bject to accomplish, the re sult of which will hare a decided inttueu-C on the subse quent opera'lone of the war. Whether we carry Cheraon by a bold coup de main, (for, though inaccessible to ves sels, in consequence of tne shallowness of the water, it ntay still b? ts ken by a land frrce.) or make good our ground in the neighborhood of tbo Li man after destroying Oesakoff, we effectually intercept all communication be tween the Russian continent and the Crimea; we will moreover prevent the Russians from building a new fleet, ibe hull* of which have been already constructed at Mkolaieff, hot which cannot be armed and equipped once the arsenals of tllubokoi and Oczakoff and the stores of Cherson are destroyed. THE SPRING CAMPAIGN ON THE DANUBE. The Monittrur publishes the folio wing letter, dated Ja?*y. Sept. 30 Since the .cspture of Seha-topbl has imparted quite a new direction to the war, 1 htve endeavored to procure some information relative to the posDion of the Russians in ltcfssrabia. On the hanks of the Pruth, at i'-a entrance into the Danube, and cm one of tbo polo's where it was crossed two years ago, a fr w insignificant ba'teries only remain. This point Mat present totally unoccupied, being Earded only by twelve superannuated soldiers for the it lour months. Reni, which is situate a little lower down, does not appear either to contain many soldiers. Ibe Russian army must consequently be concentrated below that line, in the neighborhood of Ismail; but I have not been able hitherto to ontain any correct information with regard to the strength and real position of that army. The inhabitants of Bessarabia and Moldavia, belonging to the same race and speaking tne same language, are In constant communication with each other, many being connected by family ties, particularly in the villages along the Pruth. The Ruaei^L|m}ied> us much as pas sible these communications, annas rhey tear that mauy of the inhabitants of Bessarabia may be tempted to etui grate into Moldavia, they have doubled, for the last ten days, the posts of Cossacks tlong the entire line of the Pruth, in order i? cut off all intercourse between both banks of the river. We learn from Vienna that the negotiations between France and Austria, in reference to a campaign on the Dsnube In the spring, have been brought to a conclusion. Austria has yielded her objections to the plan, and M. de Koiler, the Internuncio at Constantinople, has re ceived the necessary instructions on the point. OPERATIONS IN ASIA.' The TVertiden Matt, faithful to Russia even in her ad versity, thus shakes its puny fist at the Turks:? '? 'Ibe first assault on Kara, like the first attack on tho MslskoiT. was repulsed; but we learn that the Rus sians, Instead of raisiug the siege, are preparing for a second attack." No anxiety is felt for Ka*s, as Omer Paslia must already be in a position to make a powerful diversion in favor of the beleaguered gari ison. The booty taken hj the allies at Tamas, in stores and clothing, appeals to bave.been very considerable K is reported, in letters from Yarn a, that intelligence bad arrived there frciu Ratoum, announcing that sehu myl has at length determined on taking an active part In the war. The Sound Diva. The following appears in the Inttipendaiict Beiges IUnni ko, Oct. 18, 1865. The Danish despatch of Oct. 1, en the conference upon the Sound Dues, of whicx I sent you an analysis in my letter of yesterday, was accompanied, I told you, by a memorandum, addre-sed in the same form to all the Soverumcnts interested. I think myself firtunate in ting able to forward you a detailed account of It to-day. It is as follows:? The intmoii alludes, first of all, to the agitation for u tone time levelled againstfthe toll, and which would have eutnoly disregarded the claim of the Danish establish ments, whose object it Is to facilitate navigation. Ac. I'ndcr the late King, Christian VIII., in con equouce of negotiations entered Into by Denmark England and Swe den, a revision of the tariff was effected. There was then a stationary period. < hristion VIII. had in view other modi-cations and re visions. lie was prevented from carrying theui out through the wur (with Schleawig-Holt, tela) aud its con sequence*. l ater, the war in the East b. oke out. If, In order to seek a solution, Denmark lias chosen the present moment, it is becaust the situation has been cieated for her, io thisdsy:? D'y a note dated last April, the 14th, th- American Envoy to the Court cf Copenhagen denounced the con vrn'ion of April 26, 182C, the only one in which, so far as America is concerned, there is any mention of the toll. if results fnm the explanations of the American En voy ihat the avowtd object of this denunciation is to re lease the Amcican-hipping fr in this toll, although, in the Danish point ol view, this release would not be the natural consequence of tire cessation of the convention. This has. th- iefoic, created far Denmark anew situa tion, and the ideas previously imparted must from that moment become problematical Denmark herself would be disposed to have r revision of the tariff, but neither America nor oth. r powers would be satisfied with that. The I an:-b govs, nment, there fore, puis the revision on one side, without altogether abandoning it. It results from thi- hypothesis, that the other governments, considering the revi-lon not calcu lated to prevent the conflict, might have invited Den mark to make other propositi! ns. But it is wished to come to some definitive arrange ment for putting an end to the toll, without infringing on the lights of the Danish crown. It ie tri m these motive* that Denmark is Induced to prnjose the ca| l'alisa'ii n of the toll One essential condition is, that the quest on should be reateo, nor as an affair ot trade or m ney. tiut asm poll tical affair. On this head tin- memorandum alludes to the Hound dues, and the part that 'he toll has playe 1 in the policy of northern Europe. In thus treating the .|Viistion the negotiation wil have impro-.-ed upon It the character and impulse to which it is entitled. Denmark's de-ite to see the negotiations opened at Copenhagen In the course of November next, already ex picf-ed in the mcular, is tepcaledand supported by ni riven to be found in the circums'auces and in the im portance cf 1he city of Co)* nbagen tor the uffeir in ques tion. Without wishing in the slighte-'degv e t anticipate the decisions of tho governments, !!? nuu rk points out the basis, the adoption of *hi It u her opinion Would hive for its resu>t that each of the p- ? * <", should contribute to tho pnynacnt of the capi'al in a t -to to the du'y lev.ul on navigation and commerce. The Sound dues are partly levied on the shfpi, partly on the eat goes. These laiter are the true Sound due--, whereas the f ir rrnr cot'ist especially in light b due- and the like. Komcrly the idea w?? propounded of a t -fling f.ir the exclusive basis of capitalisation the nation .llty of th ? ships pas-ing through the Straits: but this plan was any thing but just, seeing that the number of ships belonging to a nation anu passing through th" -'"un <P>e? not all rci resent thi quota n'rioute-l by 'liis nation to the toll, which is chiefly levied 'a the goods. There would bo far greater eonfo-mity tvi h 'he trio state of things if the quantity of goods that btve passed through the co ind uud the Be.ts were taken as a ? .isH. 't might, for in-tan e, bo agtred upon tha the respec tive ptates. including Denmark, shouMcor.trihuteiu pro portion to the quantity of goods extorte from their har bors and imported into tha Haltic Through the Straits, or expo!tad by the same Haltic route lor the purpose of beii g to pot ted into their b .rbor-. Py cimbinirg this basis wi'h that of the nationality of the -hips. so dial the c imp! nsati- n to be jsiid to Den mark might be calculate), for the Due .Sou .d does, a coioil g to the movement of t ,e g 11*. i.coorning to the direct importutr us or en por-ations ol each Htate, in goods hiivii g tesecd the Sirs ts of th" Sound and the Doit, and for the licbifcouic dues, according to the Hag, a rnerejnst and equitable solution of the difficulty would le ar rived at. Such is subs,tanUally tho mem . audutn accom mnying the despatch of October 1. Ot tl.e two annexe 1 table <.ne gim the enount (t the due l?vi-d In th* Hound ami fie Kelts, rn the vessels ol" each of the -tales, in 'he years )?6I, 1S62 and 1663: tb. ether the amount of the dues levied on the goods imported Into th? Baltic of ex ported from that sea. iTinm the Lost 1 OS bnin f. Or", 20.] The Tar,isb gov-mm- nt are taking arriv" mewsu'es re lative to the settb ment of the -oun i duoa, and \f. illuhm, sx-Minister, he- beeadefinitively upp. iot.d by lienor irl. ss her tepre-en'atlve at the 'uncial Confer-not w tieh is tj Vie held at t'openhsgen next rm nth. lire Cnbinc- of I-ntnark it will be scon, by the subjoin-d paragraph, have issued a m-moraudnm u ?he subject, ia which the- eventual capitali-uti n ->t, the imposts U|M>n an equitable calculation." Is spoken of and by which it would as- m that Denmark would ! - glad to ? realise," even at a aciiiice. Whatever determination may t-o arrlvd at by the rapreentatlves of tin dill'ercnt countries taking pa-t In s?t'l nn-nt of fie dues, >tnd whatever rights may tw> OOtJC' ded to Denmark, we trust that the general bterests of commerce and uavig tion will be oousidere-1 of paramooat importance, tad n? official or diplomatic courtesy be ulft-r- I to in'erf- - wi'h it. I'nde-- any circumstance-. and st any uric let It be underrtood that the Hound due me to be abo.ishid, and not merely comprom.-ed or re lured - ConcnUOKV. Friday, Oct. 19. II Dluhm. ex-Minlster, Is li tinitlvely appointed by lien jnaik as i's repr?eiitative a the Conlercnces which are to take p'aee next m- nth In - r-ier to oo?e to SOON deel slrrn 1-H The question of rtwlc ming the ^rund dues The mcinorcr dum of the Danish goremiient, Without untlct patlngfbe oecieinnaof the nations interi-stei, inllcatC' the iveiitusl capitalisation as an equitable basis for tho repartition, sn" most suitable 1o the prrtsenVstate of ar tairs and to the large amount of merchandise which h?? parsed the -ound and the Hei's, and taking into coutlfr atlon *hD ba>|s with the shipping o! various neutral na tions. Trndc In France. [Krom Pari* letter, Oat. U,] The trade (Jl Paris continues tr> suffer from the re ?trtettri' tn*a?tues adopted by the Pank of Prance. The refusal of that establishment to rescind It* resolution re specting bills above seventy fire day* ha* created con sioirsble disefnteut, particularly in the departments. fhedlBlcnl'y of making return* Induces merchant* to oj erate with extreme p-udenoe. The restrict n* of the t.?nk n ight hare Occasioned a Tory ?erlou* cisi* at the end of tre year, had not the merchants observed a great isseme isr.ld the important traneai'loos produced by the tTni\er*ai Inhibition. Manufacturer* fortunately limited their credits a* much a* po*?fhie. and there .'s no danger that the inerea<" in the rate of discount will be attended with any ex ten iae rata-trr I hes. The crowd* aitgmant at the t jiis e <f Industiy as it* cio*e approaches. lho .?* HMtnrsare to* *ig inif ? i-tltior^ia j-htrb they demand iha* the ejbibttioB be renewed nex spring I'lie ??cce*a ? I th< Ir apt dloolloa, however, i* c< n*' 'or. <1 d niMful. li e rbe In'b-price of e,orn li.t i he. u .mm che.kei in our market*. 1 *r*e <(u*niitie? of gri'u are .1 aily im oerted ?t Havre *nd Marseille* fier i the I nitrd Ht*t?* ar.'lihel an uhlan rrov'rce*; ?> e mill arc everywhere in toll ?? t'vl'y. and the Inldere of wheat ant H >nr. antici i rtlrg a tall, are ao' l> us to di-p. *e of thc.r Pick. The sle of tt> trr was either difficult in tho Halle of Pari ? ?titling Ihf weeb. Millers vainly attempted to rnaintiin pi ices The bast sort* ?f floor oely feteVie! from 10ft*. to lOtf. per ?*ck i f 1?8 nib-gramme*. The ".toelc remaining n the Halle haa inctaase I to 18,000 mtoicnl qalntala. .1, theW^J *S 5^2JSSift ?:;V*Tup .th,> pr"ein H terday atatf tS?t rnt? h?? ".,.n,, rr ;elTwl 7"l c?ttl. declbwd. Vhl iibundhnUy supplied siure ths ,' i ^ hav? not been ?l *??, and the SStSwSuaS^^' 2S? ^ been aJ ?be measure. little or no Opposition t| Bwcey; priow, to <loing mwlne I Drnt* oT ?lr William M?ime??..K f Colonial JPoliry^yS?!!^^; ""d tfca i aJ* ISP I"u'l"n 1 Oct. jT? f 1 be de&fh ufMr WiIUaiu Hol?* worth fh?#'ai? i , I reformer of our day, mark* -he oouclua'i. n ,? *,1'"I.H the changeful history ?f the TiriiLh colonilT"'^/'! gular that in - he very year which baa i.ken hi.? r I a^MtewSSSg termination0!!/"befbMdUn m.tbr^of 1M7'if.} havefo^o\rnra,?lh^l';;;,t ?S5LSS2^y^3 ,t V fr7;?' tojiew, with referent to X ? ^ | Swu.to%!!^e,g$ "i^nJarly narrow, mean STld * we? ass??,. "V l"D??r ??r colo^u of whoi sia-H"1'--?a menta at all. The ?.tloB tb!t h?d concentrated ita whole ?i.ei.tionT- iw AmericJ Warren Hasting, who had cmalmr l poraeontion J I erlod of time in giving India, and bea*J?d ?' the m?i Inarr acd exiipfrcrHie- n? n ?P Imal 'jraptfey which it emtHaol ?Sf'S'tSi wifi1J ?netsof mm of the same race aSlanJuawe Thi ii J der which the English niind then regarded' a? u"| was that of. rebel or a traitor; tlu 1 nat u rally fr.lhnved ^ncl^T gff Wllfch* coin*?'*10* "i,lurnC# on t^e *?l'matiunU 1 WliKh OONOIm gemrujly Wfd haML and r^nkl moit unfavorably on the condition of Canada tn^ H rtlater colonies. lna'ead of seeking to lindemnlfv ourl far? / the dcvelopement given to our new po-SMtinn J oJv . ff "ld wp ' mpl ryeil for a series of yearl every device which could deaden native na'riotiam ill I ?2teach their union with the mother country aa a letter and a.J grada-.lon. .^completely :.nd the publT- *,?d Komi pcrvei t?<] on the subject that the w??t Tn?tin ,.?i, * I u*i sound*ln'a STT^ regarded withTnfln m? 'c""""ucal P"int "f Tiew-werf have teiminatod with -he Canadian outlrerk ,m I J tl.i lire and I loiai oi that unhappy rebellion' broke tnl Hrrtdawn that he. sided a brigfiterdav ft ?..iJ "}"? r^od that Mr Wtillam &ort? uidSM agitate the ouestlon ot tiansportation, aznl m nhaliaiii of a committee of the House of (kimmona, elicited m-i mJHs startlcd thioe who supposed that all w*f rhn tl of wh,ch ??' be.rd so htUe. ftSJ that lime w. may tra-e a v radual but mre nmelloratlo J I he union ol the provinces of Canada iu lfWO ru ?m . J : 7 ? whieK" Um been iSmKtod and'ac " 0^i il enljllt m.?rC tl,nt in which it wan cod r!J d' "i"' ttl 1 by depieca to tlie rsubhshment i the'hmaV 1*?' ' S"vernni??*r "f sponsible t ^Jrtslatuie, practically if not therrcU-allH ci mplete. The same r ifeht ?t self govern rrrent thl aimsdSsT I,f 'heir own lumistera' wal uga um., aSfiJvUWSSMrss la he Cape New Ze,,Ian,land Australia ?erTwrS?^1 ^ j blind caprice or the aonli ?nt?nw r !? J'1' ** For tbW UJe lar oninion only the nice effectually to thwa rt mVc'I troi i*, which ^et u. a- ti/Ir hViu.^i mik t ? ? 1 thepHrmip,.. .,fg?v<? J.r g?M?;*SfCT of pcpeuial hos.iiii; WS 1SSttS5? WMH ??<a|Kcf Jo,Id Hope" [he W^'il Which he stMdlastly denir d to Anst.il oo-'itudon 1'Hkirgton gave toibew Vea l,M tn is?/ "D<i S'r Joh which, (houah rfrii ?. h . l 1 i *a con^titutiod r<" ?h ?"~.y I :uti*ir^,v -tH irj? Men en s ot aiiiin or. i - "ipj/iiid, ?ml l-ronuctflTdTentral I b*ln*eD "'I o Which a .oi H: ,- K ontaining almost every de'ec nuir a I ril.kllruli ii; can he sUl ic< t h.il vc in j ' cenurg pr int?that they gave t,. a 1 V? J1? s n"l i ODstituieu plenary is Vu is .,1 i .. t 1sOealll the i owcr lie ill. . . i , M ? '' bgislarion, bill ?he cen Utsti? ' ?' griSe? t'T ?'| corsii.i.iiuna .jp (M.' . i'' .'^.V nfr,!at th?-j ci^putes befnre ihov V ? ^ i,n'' tlttrl is Miitahle to 11/ e.w' . r.ml0 ,,1# !""" lhal at any rate the battlsf'eld I ?? ,lo"bt, bul leglsiatrr e, ami ?h. e.^ t jll'm, t0 ,b* 1 ? Stt^ar--.oi;;.:, Tliu*. then just aa hu wo.^n ^ coon ry ? he principles )" ^een com,...,ted, Z heen rem. ve,l tr m the scene of public ha whf m, above alj oth?m ur^ u pation from a system ol abnmliwluty"^*! .eman"1 ?ion, endless toierfereucc with tlUr ^pfosl mwt'r^r.1; a^r, fw't :be" unknown S which an . mi,Knt hT'ti W^H^hit*n' hiras wr know, ),aa never bet-ti trto.1 iw u4t' a it b? possible to re ain urany l^taj ' .n uL'-?i~W he red, and ?ell-g.,ven>iti( mmuoiu!', t, a * ^ w**ni ?he parent Mete, m t tu f,?, ,., r k d*P*0',onc? "? tooiwmand . l(!t jis's-1,,'- .. * h,.'r\"i Minister, at least his routine h lior i!.V ? i' !"'M ''oni?l ^hlir?, f;vrc rh;VTe ami iu determining wli i ii.n. to the ul mg the negotiati. ,which must .?iw7uW?t^et!fi t"l'''? be1 Coi*piai MinMm":r?M|d;'1utU "n'<liffi<:uU UutJ our r.cw re>a'Uns ... mo,ty:tl*? ;n ceitiu 3 most likely ,o fdtnlr.ilter t!iem wi\WJ-alWna* ?'l sisteucy. and with di cicti.m a i '"ience, wiji c,nJ ministratii n n ?? i .... . .I /.1?0". '* inch ad j entail upon tlii. ? oui", rv in k J ,n'lU mi'hq w.s-'nrxtstK stituiiogancw cue.* taAugur ting .rndipJ Submarine Tam il Mwrtn Frnwcc mid Eug< land. Bpt lx.NS-Si R-llWi, Oct. 'JO. lbS6. For .ovrral week* peat m me abbs by ilrogr apbera 4 a inpineem have bi en o?.pl iycd fa .urreyiog flic c<xi?'a I the neigh)*); hood .it lloi.l'gue and G laln 'O fh" Frencl aide, ami of Dover iinl the .-ou'b Forel.ind on trie Dngltr -i<Je ot Die chimin !, aril i.i aklng ouD-Uag*, wlih ? view of repur'ing a. to Di" lea-iiilU'y imil a lvAO'ag.j of f >c joloj ? con.fcJunic&Don b tneen t'm two cotin'.rle* t>y mean* a a .at m nine ti.nm I and railway. >1. I., Favre (Nlnrt, departi ent of DeiiT-SrT.ea'), the dfatluguiabed Fiench engineer, bi- ibia day puoilahed the Cetailr cfhi* ? t'ranraltwj project, o:' which the an oeied me the ebb f point* :? Ihe pri ject conatat* In n turn 1 of about U0 kll metre In length, forced nr der the ea an 1 IToiIng *a much tuiily <? a tai way ntide? the open rky. Ihe turn el * ill tie pit p rd to a in.MM *0 Hllf the he of the earth wl.lch will "Irlde it Br i.i uM I a Wilt n TW1 he lri< ih?n twenty i.ve metiea, ? ven at th< |?-e?ie . eptb <.f the rtimita, and will lie hi e., wirh a d iubl? arch il e flrat to be ? f granite ami ol Impel.'eable ? eiuent, tl? ?jcond f f Iblll Iron plate, plcire* iu dllTe.eii'. pU.'ot is ci der to dlaeorer inure laitlr he lea-'. DIUat '.n. Il.e dill c 1D?- Whirh apiear li.? n in mot-ahl" in a ?> <rl of ?hl? kind crn.i.t not only in the extent of tie t innel in Ibe tedtou ne.a of the opera |..u.?which, however can be undertaken at hmh em a at the aarne time? m ah' |,in the clearance of the itrtirxi, which would ?e?min )y lave to lie earrbd to tb# opening a; either aide. It eider to aiiiinr.iint ibc-r oh-Uefea mile -*til fie conatxa id at different part* of the chiuinel, which will divile 'it aulitei runeen woiW? into a> ctiuna of tunnel. *f lna th* a n.yriann tre In lergth. iheae ma itiine weM? will cllltaie the firnni'l n of the tunnel at many dilferen I lacta at onee. TT:e woika, therefore, car V carried n at the rame time In the pall-rv at 'he c .a*' ?f I ran e ? n ihe yalleiy at the coa-t of FngWd, and >n 'he gall.-rie ot the 'walla. ' He-idea, they will iff .rd the mean* ? raiding Ihe enenriiherlng earth Into the aea and of fiirui cf lllllo leland-a'ooiHi ibiw wrha. The cv?t of one -miction, giten according to a minute calculation, ' < -Mnat. O ut 1M? 0> 0 t fit 1 Many iterator the tunnel Imve neen ronailered. Frot i ay t.rl? -bea 1o I over, in a dli ret line; from 'lape OrF Nei 1o T i re.. in tot eH?g ihe I nnk of Varne. fi "tn f'ap Flane-Nri to Fmcland . Irons the village of SanxattC t Foreland. M. Fa-re th"n proceeda to )T?eii-? the m?rti if 1 he route- hut cor.rluri-a by rvp.t?ing hit piefcrem foi il.e diri 11 one fib? Ckpe ( il--Vee to DWW. Tha tyatim of iraficn propcri to be adop'e lia 'h of V. ergnin, the eehi.raied ingiDter. wbw r.tnee 11 ha-made-o many nhiaidr Improvemrn'a In onnectlo i.'th latlwayi 11l.d rriei,re generally. He ha? dc.-ii . 1) at the mn-1 rapid il.e Irut ? rtijterou., the laa't ex|cu -Ive. u 11>ve j-owr for 1tit? -ul crranean railway l< 'b aim. apfierfe. We think that thl- -yatem will be adopt, hr the co-.ncfl ot a milnlatretl' ti . f the new romp in, Vi ith -uch a locomotive power, the journey f<e* ?ee liame and 1 i.i,land will le performed in laremy-ii n limit.! < Ii, rineln ion, .aj* the report, ' wr areimpre?e-l wi the ci hvleli..i> that we haie prove.1, not only that lb pp j?et fa poraibf., l.ut that Ii wi I lie eomparatirely e? to cor.nruet a tailway n.der th< channel. W# have no i!rv? h ped I ur -jatet-i of nia.l'in e ?? li1 which wo, c.ivli'e lh* -ul.ti ran, an turn.el nl ? d ferert ae-'lo ft-.,r phm <f a utile vault would glv a, amj.i? re-'u tie* a* any ef thr ord nary railway* po?a*#?. The tu i ?| of I'aa-dr-f aUl- would -et a Id < tin arm of the ? which ?epMia'W Frame ft-m fnclam. It wo-'ei hi open the m> ?t -olid f urdation Die eontinant with Dre Britain, which ia at prevent ieolaterl from tbw rw?t f ii pr. It would unite the two propter in ton rood in