Newspaper of The New York Herald, 9 Kasım 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 9 Kasım 1855 Page 2
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Oar Boston Correspondence. Bosiojf, Not. 7, 1866. Elation?A IHsmal Day?In Vnexpeeied R'*uU?TV VoUs for the I'andi laUt for Governor?DfUyata to Cin miiniti, ife. We aeem doomed to have dismal days for our elections, whether they are held early or late. It was hoped that, as we had put the day forward almost a week, we might Ware a fair time for the work of patriotism and party, and politics; hut we were disappointed. The day was raw and dismal, and in so tar was a typo of what were to he the toolings of cortain gentlemen t>efore the hour of euifrw. In this respect It resembled almost all of our ?tectum days, which liave "frowned upon " voters. So ne have beet, tair, but the very fact that on? can charge one's memory with the tuir days allows that they must have been, on that account, remarkable. The result. I something more than suspect, has be 'a proiuctive of disappointment to many worthy people who bad m;t e their calculations upon something very different occurring; but Massachusetts has been a great disappointer of hopes of a political character tor stoie years buck, us witness the whig* and the abolitionists. Got. Gardner's plurality has excited much surp -iso?evou tboee of his supporters who thought he would get. over 66,000, not thinking that Mr. Rockwell's vote would be so small. It was very rare to fall in with a man who thought that the republican vote could be less than 40,000, and almost all put him down several thousand higher than that; but the voters, In another sense, put him down at a much lower figure. The result must con vince all that the strength of certain sentiments lias >een ?such underrated here. Opposition to foreigners and dis" like cf Catholics are feelings that cannot be longer esti mated as con tempi t ile. Putting the free soil Tote for Gov. CardLer at H5,0t'0 last year, and we have in his pre sent vote not far from the actual stiengtli of the native party. How lung that party can be kept together it would be no easy thing to say; but it wi'l probably last fcr some time. It is supposed tliat oue elToct of the vic tory will be to revive the Know Nothing party in the nation?that is to say, it will be the uieuns if putting the slaveiy question into an inferior position, and so enable the An eiicauh of the f"re States to co-operate with those ?I the ? tave Sta cs in the I re-identiai election. If Mas sachusetts shall ignore the slavery question, what other Mule can bo relied upon to place it lirst in Hie list of subjects to enter into the next national programme r Whatever else has been decided by the contest, I look upon the decision us lieing against the ami-slavery party. Tiny have played their ast card under the existing or der .1 things, but may do better uueer one that, shall arise out of tlie chaos that has . vertakeo all parlies at eept tfce Know Nothings. So much is already said aoout II.e future that the repeal ot the i'ersonul l.iborty bill ie talked of as one of tlie things that is sure to follow fccm the Know Nothing victory, as something '.hat would be acceptable to the South, by way of sacrifice on the altar of harmony. The victors have both branches of the l<egi.-lature by good ma jorities, aid would recieve assistance in sncu a woik from many of tue whig, and democrats, ahou if it be needed. Whigs voted lor Know Nothings as members for the la gi dm ure on coudii t in that t'/.ey should enpport the rejeal of the I'eiHooal libe ty oill. This ?lmws, I think, that In the national battle, the wings here will go for the American ticket, should their votes bo wanting to its success, aud they should tuorouguly eschew ml cm ucclion with free aoilers. The whigs are, iodi ed, more lickl.d with the result '.hen the Americans, for <hey hark upon it as having crushed out" the ic pobllcans, whom ih?y bated with a bitterness sur passing "he hatred of contending theologians. They boast that live thousand of Go minor Gardner's votes cams fr m their parly, and wore given in order that Mr Rockwell's debut might be certain. 'This may or may not be true but it has a plausible look from the small news of Air. R alley's vote. Mr Reach's Tote will be about :)6,000, but this must not. all be put oown as administration strength, as aoout JO,IKS) of 'be number were obtained from the liberals. Mr. Stetson's Tote will be some k6 000. and lie .an for Ueuleruir Gwkisor on the dem omtw ticket alone, though it is probable that some liberals Toted for him they not nil approving of Mr. I avenport's nomination. So that ihe derm static vote is not much larger than it was ?t the gotten stoi isl election oflRtR, when it was some 124 COO, although the |rurty hurl just betn ucaten In a Pre lideutiai contest, and was laboring under the odium of General Cm-Mug's amiable nose-rub bing acMrvetnent at the expense of one of our "bet tei cllij.ens"?e wsy of enfoiciog discipline that prohably ?ever oeout rsd to Martinet or to Frederick of I'rus-ia. Beside*, in 1848 theie were a quarter of a million le-a people in Massn< hu: etta than there now are, and the vote ought to be much larger than it was then lie ceisin is no where. Mr. Rockwell's V"te will probably bo about 38,000, or less than the ftre soil vole tba' wan 'ait for Mr. Vifu by I en in 1818, atid nol greatly ahead of ihe number re oehred ly Mr. Maun for (iovernor, in 18f>!. 1 attribute the ? of liir vote, to a c.onside.ahlc extent, to the dislike in which the mass of the ..eople li dd the greater part of tbe i epu ? lican leader', few of whom have any personal or political jtopn aiity. With aoiue fc ? excep tions they me of Ibe clsse of gentlemen *p >ken of by Mr. Brtwr.tton, "twins culottrx in white Ui.t gl iyet," anil are not Mod nut of their own cirolea. They"undertook a work to which they were entirely unequal, when they placed themselves at the new party, they a-e not the tort of men who ret tie the fa'e of great coin 1 tier Die total vote will be about 140,000. and trill lie divid ed in ioui d nunihe ? pretty rearly a- follow#:?'!ardn*>r, 6'2,<X'0 : hock well, .\8 U00 ; Beach 34 0 0 ; W .lley, 16,0 ). We hare thrown about 11! 700 voles fir every m tnber of Oostg ress that we have while lu Maine at the last elec tion, tliey threw ah ut 18 -I0o votes for every member of Congre-s. A remarkable difference, and wor'h account I r.g for. Mr. piley formerly I'nltedFlates Marsh tl of this dlv. It, baa he<n ch"S0? a ileleya'a iq ;l>f ClBvl'<jj>ff Con-entiou. by ti e adnil 'ra fon hi. n of our Fourth Cong essionul district, He t a thorough hic-er, hut a very pleasant, man, and pets nally. mutli liked. Bo as ?ovists is Mr. Adams, luventor uuil mwoufaciurtt of tbe eeklratcd pusses ot tba' name The Fourth district, for a woin er. ha? not an office bolder in its delegations fbe onmnerof office boldera elected to the Ciu 'inn ill (' >n vention is veiy large Among them are the Collector of Boeieu ibe postmaster of bolem, the Seperlntendent of tliearroory a'Spiif gtii lcl, the Colt'ctor o'Jihirustable. the Pomnnster of I t well the Naval Offices nrtkiston, and the Dietiict Attorney?one-fourth of the whole uumb-e. and asiBie yet t?> be elected. 1 Hill not. of those who would di franchise a man because he Is tin offi, e h ddei; bat are not out bonkers. In the language of an immortal charac ter, " ci mii-p it ali? ge'her leo a'rong1' in this matter? Wl en they rbail rreet f >r the purpose of organizing, they can wig, to the sentimental air of ' lane's Vunug Dream"? There's not a joy fhe statesman known I ike that of quarter day ! Amidst his thorns it is tne rose 1 ha' blossoms by tliu way. In darkest night It is ibe light . That shines whh sheering ray; lib ! wliat wer? life, Bnt toil and s rite. If not for quarter day I However, they an rlever fellows enough, and not s bit i than others, only a little higher up. AldsthYlA. Slate of Nicaragua. [From II Niatiaguense. Oct. l!0 ] Vicaragua though a small spot on the ratp of the great American hemisphere but great in i'a g- 'graphical pnstiMin and lis tn?n'fe-t destiny has always bneu re gardad with gteal ami eoo.t.inilj increasing imerest, an t this Interest its people have uo,r an opportunity to turn ta practical a-count Ad ntr.b.e lor the fertility of its ?oil the heal hful purity and balminess of its sir 'he vailed beauty of its s.ieeery, bountifully supplied with sw ry sppropt late necessary ami lnxu-y of tha ta'.le mature ha- no where been mo e prodigal of iter gifts. At Ibe tin# of ite discovery it was one of the best peopled eoantiies in America, sad hud its cities one twi a a I three or feitr leagues in leag b. an I unlcraflrin soil 1 and reliah-r gnvernmeni, cspame of mai raining petce at home, and of insorii g national respeet abroad, c ml.l offer a residence in!? ri r to nooe Oo earth in the -.U >rt ?pace of two or three years, for all classes an] occupv lions ot men, except doctors. It presents -tha' short and easy p'is?a/c to the Indies" which Columbus sooght and which lu* oec one ihcgri.?t euminerctal deslffWetum ant necessity of the prestnl day iho treasures of the Indies must pa?? vis Realejo ?r via Fan F.snclsco to the Atlantic. Itm msnu'aotn.ea of Furepa and the I'nlted-<'ata-m.Lit find their way to A>i? to supply the lite easing wants of i ? vast popttla Hon. by one or the other ot both of those two routes. The I ae.iHr > ,.ast of the Kepubllc ot the Worth ts shortly to le stui <l-d with --'?tea wbo-e greatnsss will rival that of tltrlr stater states on the A'lanti ?, and will f?rtii-h a mvrket where every earthly product n| art, ?grtenlture and ludas'tj will lie exchanged. Aui r.v Ha, I olynr in and New Holland must -hor'ly, hy one or both of the seine routes hold e?nin i nica!ion and trade with II.e Called State* and Kur >pe fbe Whole civilised wot Id (tenants a pronip', short an 1 n-tlshle eetnao nl. a'loo h tween lite A'ltnic and the Pacific: two will he eat < hll-hed ultimately. A iailr..*d from .-an tramisco to St. I/tilt wld Ite one: the dh T will be a railroad and s'esinh *t line from Kenlejo, vi.v firan.da to ran Juan del 'o.rte. Ik.'It Hues will lie the ?nurceof in. al.-.,table width to the distrirts th ough vrhieh they p-ss, es, eei,||. tfc,. laMer. Ihc f?. rner It*, diflieuIties at? tt snlrh will prevent Ita consum mation tor many year-. tbe lat er has li?| nothing to intcfere wl.h Its pr >mpt completion t. t the uuse'tle-1 state of the poll'lcnl affairs of h? count:y. Its iu'?olne eommotions, Ifr doubtful friendahtp for th is* f ir-lgoe-s who might be licllttedtsi turn tbdr #"enti .n t . tha develi psunent or Its resources. T e adml aide ahd supe clor trsneii 'acllllies which Nicaragua life s to tin m?r cattlFe wort I prrsett a s .nrce of most wealth to her cilirens. The e trrying trade ha? always been a fruitful #.. tree of esmntles- revenue to tvery count y. England w*sm?>l? what rhe Is by carrying slaves f >r Spain and has given her tl at Immense ptejionoe. an. e in Asia and 'h" Pacific which she must continue to hold, it ot.e or huh of the two transits ere unt opened, or whkh. lost t.- h.-r m i.r puas to Frwnee >r Ko-sta. By s-n-h a trati"lt con.tTinl-.i kfon s stimulus ?il lie given Is N> ireg tau tudustry a 11 agrtrnlinre i.e. Mil yields annually multiplied crops, f m-s. e*o.' tit grain, valuable garden produ-t" and larlous friths, which are article* of d-titaii I In Csli forma New |..rk no i nil || g sat marts ot lurop# and Aals, and thus > te ll er sou i e of se.,|th *-111 bo opetie I to her r| l/etis. V\ l.y will ? >| h.-r people be at peace among them-.-lr.. na-t, c.l'ivi ?K f ndsnlp with tha people of ?ther co. atrtea, > oemtage hem In ilm.r at'empt- to ?pen thi- . on'.v ??> c.,mmOTT* ?,T|<.,f|,,I1 hy DVsning a liheral policy tows.ds thao.r rite ..enafft _^ll be nip eel. lite prod to mast be equally divided. The Americans 1. ve pose# and th>- frnlto of honeat Ind ts gry, and are willing and happy 's> reel pro ca e adran-sge Tliey have capital, and are rtady and willing in sxtemd ion this interesting and remarkab1# fountry, and this i tbey desire t? do on principles reciprocity?oo tern* of mutual advantage. They l'^ve not war, nor the horrora of war; they war on"y for. the establishment of liberty and liberality. Necessity hluue draws their swords, and re enge never dims t^,# giory of their victories. l'bey take up arms tot the eetabli-hment of tnegreitcun mercial and industrial mi-nlon of the age; and when they have gained the victory thoy still are willing and ready to huy that which they have conquered at the am price they offered before the tight began. Why will uot the Mcarsguemtes imita'e them in their pea etui Indus try at home, in the ? t velupe uent of iheir own national resources, in furnishing u market for the productions of other countries, and in conttlbuting from the!.- abun dance to the wants and luxuries of other nations? Nicaragua has a territory of HO.OQO square miles at the great commercial routre of the world?a territory enual to live-sevenths of tie eastern division of the United btates. It lias in Granada a nucleus for a second t'hila dtlj hia, in Leou a second Ciu iunati, in Rauiejo a Saa 1'ianchco, and in San Juan del Norte a matt ot the ,aine con.|arntivo importance as New York. It has mineral and agricultural >et>ourc?s unsurpassed by any country in the world, hold, silver iron, copper, coal, saltpetre, sulphur and copperas run iu rich veius through its lofty mountain ranges; tobacco, wheat, coffee, corn, oet.ton, indigo cocoa, sugar, rice and the tinest tropic tl traits, adoru its plains, l.i'l sides and garde is. It has pasture i rounos iuuannet aids, whore herds of eatt'e graze. 1* is well adapted lor the most improver agriculture of tbe world, i rcsenticg every variety of climate, every variety almost of earthly product will find within Its limits a soil congenial to it.- growth, l'osseri-irig every prominent com me cial advantage ot position, ail Central America must, within ten ot fifteen years hoc one dependent upru Its greatnes-. And for ail these great results nothing is wanting hut for her own citizens to lie at peace within themselves, to encourage liberal feelings towards their republican biethreu throughout tlie world, to turn their attertion to husbandly and mining and the development of their great resources, to forget the things that are be hind and push forward to those which are before, keeping in view the great goal of national prosperity which the wants am- wi-hes of the commercial world place betme them, let there be no red or white ribbons, but a na tioiifll flag wM? appropriate armorial bearings, and the motto, "God and Liberty." Iu>t their watchword be '?la J'atria," and the countersign " La I'az." The Weather of October. TDK TEMPKBATUHB. The following tabular statement presents the highest, lowest, and number of degrees of change of tempera'ore, by hourly observations, made day and night, during eveiy twenty-four hours of ths mouth Jhyh-'M.?The temperature on four several days reached TO degtoes and up surds. at ?t)u eight days the temperature fell below 40 degrees, ou one of which it ftdl to 38 ilegiocs, ir within one d?giee ot the fieezing pctnt of Fahrenheit. ChuHi/e.?(in the f>th aud 10th the Umnerattire changed til degrees In nine hours each day; on the 18ih, 20 de gire- in nine hours; 19th, U'O degrees in seven hours; on lue I'O'h, 22 ? egrees in eight hours, and on the 24th, but 6 degrees in twenty-four hours. IN fcqUllJHRlO AND nqi'IUIIRUTlON. Tltere were four several tonus in the m tilth, during whieh the temperature wus in eijuill brio for seven or more consecutive hours, and thirty severul and distinct terms, during which it was e'juihbriutcd for the like time. What I 'eiin in-equilibiio, is ihui stute of atinjsplieio during wliirb the temperature remains unchanged tor a term of seven or m< re consecutive hours and oquiUbria'ed when the change does not exceed two degrees fur the saute time. KAItTltqlAMS October is an earthquake mouth, and tlio equilibria tions of tempeiatuie recordod here indicate that earth quakes have been numerous, but none have yet been lieaid from. AT'POIt V ROREAUP. On the I'd, S1h, 14th, 2Utb, '.'1st and 24th. BKBOR0. On the 13th and 28th. LuurrviNO. On tl.e evening of 1st, a thunder storm at Cincinnati, < hio, 3d, at 2 A. M., lightning seen lrom Brooklyn Heights; evening of the 4th, lightning seen tiom on board the Bart stein Aictic expiring vc-sel<, to the south, from int. 42 deg. N , ion. 62 (leg. W.?same day two American chips acre H'ruek by lightning, in two different docks in tho liaihor oi l.iv ei pool, England; lit It, lightning to the 8. IV.. W. and N. YA., seen fiom Biooktyn Heights 11th, severe thunder storm at Portsmouth and other places in New Hump hire, dining which a store in Hover was struck by lightning and injured, n vvutjhm in in a gas l'gbl factory wns stttuued, utul a tree ou the '.urnptku r< nd was shivered; '-8th, thunder s.otn at Bristol. Ktiode Island, sno otliei places during which tlio sloop James Oorhuni, at the Somerset, was struck by ligut ning and sunk ; 29th. a u.oel brilliant electric display soon on the lake from Cleveland Ohi>, hot ween 6 and 7 I'. 41., and was witnessed thiough the night by persons on board a steamer going from Toledo to Buffalo?severe thunder storm in Canada,the heavens acre lighted up in various directions by lire-, caused hy tlio lightning?In Chai'au ! que county. New York, leverul barns were gtruek ny i lightning and consumed, hor-e; and ctttie were killed, and a vessel set on lite near ."-liver ('reek, the depot at Westlie'ti set on flic; 3(Hti, sivcre thunder shower la Cheshiic in the a! eruotm. a d ligh'niDg seen to the east warti from New Haven. C nneitic it. lhus it ivill he ..een that thunder si trios occurred ou eight days in October. ENOW. On (he Itli in Do h'alb e ntity. Jilinols, at Nebraska city, and surrounding country; (vh. at Mllwuukic YVIs contln an inch fell, a' Chicago Elgin and Cairo Illinois, tliree inches fell ul la:ter place; at tit. isiuis, Mhsouri, and gnat suew sto m -it K rt Laramie; 7th, in Cattarau gus eeuuty. New York; lltli. ia Ot-ego county ' ew Yotk, two or three luetics toll, 12th a'. Kocho-iter: in 1 elnwate county. New York; 13th, in Oneida coanty, >(W Yotk; 16th; in Eexingi p Often* cuuti'y, New Y'otk, ten inches fell;, a litut a*. Troy, Now Y'ork, ntid the mountains around Montpelirr, Vermont, cover ed : 2.d, at -t. Paul Minnesota, all day; 23d, one foot (til on t) - Helderhergs Albany entity, New York; a tit tle at Buffalo; snow aud lain at Oswego: '.4th a little in New Yoik city am on .-'men Island; fell s'ealily a1. Cil ia, end t-sru ogn; v.-n iuehes 'elt in Sch harie county, New York: snow snd iain nt dsweg ?; at New H.iveu Con necticut, thiea incites fell hoi w > n Cockeysvillo. Mary land, and Yotk, 1 ennsjtvsnia;at. I.oui-.vlllo, Kentucky; Nashville Tonne- ie Chicago. Illin. Is; .everal inche< tell (Ul the mountains o* Craig eo nty, Virginia; Burlington and Norttifteld. Vermont; Coihotne, Canada West, an t in Montreal, fitli, ten inches fell at l'ulaski, Oswego cun ty, New York: snow utul rain at Oiwcgc ;nnn f ,ot in parts of ft. l.'Wienee, lianklln and Essex e innuea, at Kocttos ter and on various plat es along tne Hue of the Erie rali mad; 18'h at Fanihornt-in Bildge. New Hampshire, for five hours; at the end of OetohBr, eighteen incoe. deep in Bupetlor 't'rtitorj-. Snow Ml on thirteen days in this mouth within the flel.l ot our research. FROST (in the 3d. whi'e fro-t at ft Lou!*, Missouri; during the lir-1 week, f osts in All gluiny cm nty, Maryland; 7th, at I arkersborg, I yn hbuig sud throughout I'iu ylva nia, Htnrv, Cksnell nno la'.tick counties, Virginia; Htli, at Charlc tun, StuMli CatoUuu: -ewbern, North Carolina Ima Alabama; inteiior ot l/oil-ians; (anton Mm-t?to pi: I .y nebbing Slid Norfolk Virginia; Uth 10th, ) 1th, 14th, 15th suit 1Mb at Norfolk, Mrginia; 17th heavy at Troy, New York, and vicinity of I hiladelplila, PenusylTv i in at Detroit, Michigan, icc as ttiick us window glass; 2Mb, at Norfolk, Vltginia: ice one-fourth of an Inch thick at Nt. Paul, Minnesota, wi h tlio tnorenry down to 1J ? leg cos. 261 h, ut l'orirmuulh, Yirgluia, ice one-eighth of an inch thick. AAfX. During the mr n'h thw fall of rain a' my place of obser vation was six and th ee-tenth inches. roo. On ti e 20th, it was so dense on th" Hudson riv<r as to seriously impede navigate n. DIW. (in the Pth ami 19th heavy. THE IllktT HUUFKKATI Hi* l\ rib: NOXTH OF 'FTOUHK FOR SlXTY-Sk'HN TKIRS. The temperature >f the atmosphere In the month of October si u y place u' obseiTillon tor th? last en years, viz.: from 18*6 to 18.'ft, b th iuclu ire. Iiy lioui ly obiter. ra'ions niade nigl" and nay ha- lecn at and below Ul* on hut eight ? ays during thar term, a* t,allow-:? 1846, '-id, 32 deg.; 1847, 27th 23'b inclusive, 30 to 32 d?g.; 1849. . 1-t 3 idig 18ftd,30th. 3J deg.; 1884, SdMi 38 dig.; 1856, Jfltli 33 deg. It will he seea by this brief ? ta'nneut that there wis periollclty in tlm", ail oc uriiig le-twun 20th and : 1st and nuif o ndty ia lew nees, all eouong he!seen 3U and li.'l <l?-gie-,-. lot the 57 y-ar* preceding 1816 viz.: from 1789 tr lftftA, both lcriindie the low torn re attire* in t>ct-? tier occi'reil as follows:?170 ?. 29tb, tt-'i deg 4)tlt. 32 deg. 1799 :c h. 30deg.; is: ft, 28th 32 dev.; It 18. kith ami 29th 38 deg.; 1810 loth and 23d, .31 deg.; 24th and '25th 31 dig.: 1813 21st .13 eg 1815, 31?t, 33 deg.; 1817, 17 h and 29th, 33 dig.; OOti , 31 'eg.: 1818 2.3d, 32 deg. 2?th 83 dig. 1810 261 h 81 deg . 1820, 2thh 31 deg. 1.91b. 32 deg.; 1826. 2.HU, 32 dig.; 18 Ul, list. 81 deg 1886, 2'.d 82 deg.; 26th, .? d 'g ; '27th 33 ileg.: 28th 30 deg ; 1837, 0th 82 deg.: lltli. 31 leg., 29th. 32 d-g .'0th, M deg 188. W?t, 31 deg; 1839 21*t, 3| dig.; 1840. 26.1 h. M .leg.; 27th. 1 d-g 1811, 2dth, 33 'eg.; 184ft '.2d, '.9 dig ; 23d, .1 dig. this include, ail the years that the temiwratu e fell t > 33 igreei. it will be sean from this sta'einei.t that in !8 (1, <H)to la-r was 'be taildesl ul an? in sixty evci c n ecutlve yrsrs, and Uie year ft>ll >?liig in 18:7, the c >ld cam.: i*r ier than en any >ct l>et from 178k to 1855 viz., on the 9th and agai l on the 14th. On hut tw i other years was the tpm|ie!atiir? a- 1"W as ;i8 degtee* bet re the '.Otb nt the month, viz., 1810 on 19th and 1817, on ITtli. in all'he there namril, the 1-w tetn|>e atu e, ics.irre.1 Iwtwien 20tli ai d 8>st, and ratigi-l Ir mi 28 to 31 d"grs-s, sin.wing i tiifinmity. K. MKKlAYi. IlKOiOITS Ht ,1.1.1" . N'V. u lH'.'i. CornneVa Iiiqnrats TllF. LATE CA9R OF Mt'RPKR IN WILLKTT 8THERT? CONCLUSION OK THB 1NQCEET. r. ri.ner t i lvrnnell ha? conrludeil the inquest up -n the bf djof thsbiy, A'lliism II l owell. *h) was kiliewl An election night hy being struck on the head with a club in the hands of some rnA'mns jet unknown to the au'liori ties. 7hi Jury en being . barged hy the C-.roner a* to the fact* ir ttie r?-e. ten ieicd toe loil.'wiug v-idlc:?' Death i'V ci n.p'es-b n of ibe b alu frem exf:avi**ii .n "f do ul. 'he lesuit i f a Id w on the head with a club in lbs ban!* of sur e isny to thejiny unknown." I an iek ('ami 1*11 'he keeper of the drinking haum op pofite which the nrennen-e ts,t pLice and who waa ar ie*tid on au?oirinti of havti.g iw.n im. Healed in t >e as sault upon the ecwwsed ??>, upon the enliti .n of the vtftdltt. discharged from l ust.siy ay Coroner O'Hounell The deceased was flttfrn year* of sge and a native of UUs cltf 1 Kan Mi Cowgr?lonal KlecUan. NOTICE FHOM GOV. BKEDEK, AND TBI BETLY FHOM ?IN. WHITFIELD, BEL ATI YK TO THB1B RIGHT TO A BEAT IN CONGRESS. To Don. J. W. WHmmo.?. ^IR?Pleese take notice that I shall contest your right t? a seat in the next Congress of the Cni'ed States, as Congressional delegate of the Territory of Kansas, and that the depositions of witnesses to prove the Invall lity of the law under which your alleged e'ec don took place, and the illegality of Totes rast fur you on the first day o October, instant, will be taken at the following times and places, before some judge, justice or competent person, at which times and places you may at'end, if you tninli proper to cross-examine:? Co the 6th, tt'b and 7th of November next, at t e house of E. C. K Ga vey, In the town of Topoka. On the 8th of November next, at the American Ho el, in the town i f Kanras, State of Missouri. On the blh, 10th and l'-'th of November next, at the office of S. N. Simpson, in the town of Inwrence. on 'he l'lib and 14th of November next, at the h use of Henry Hullenberg, on the Vermillion branch of lllue i ivor. On the 15tli of November next, at the house of W. W. Moore, In Monresburg. 00 the 10th and 17th of November next, at the Old Hospital hullulng at Fort -co,t.. tin the Ibth and 20th of November next, at the house of James Hughes in the town of CNawattoraie. On the 7*.d of November next, at the house of l/dan Smith, in Council City. (in the 211d. '.4th und 26th of Novnmbor next, at the office of Wm. Philips, in Leavenworth City. All which said places, except the town of teraaas, are in Ibe Territory of Kansas, and the time of e unmenclng at each place wilt be 10 o'clock A. M.; and if it is found impracticable to take said depositions at the booses named, they will be adjourned, with notice at the time, te a mure convenient place. Any other notices which you may receive for the same purposes signed by G. P. howry, Esq., R. Coates, Esq., M. J. i'arrott, Esq., or G. W. Brown, Esq., on my behalf, will be authorized by me. A. II. REEDKK. Kansas Territory, October 16, 1856. To A. H. Reedkr, Fsq.? Sin?I am in receipt of a paper bearing yonr signature, dated 16th instant, in which I am requested to take no tice that you will oontest my right to a seat In the next Congress of the United States, as Congressional Delegate of the Territory of Kansas, and that the depositions of witnesses to prove the invalidity of the law under which my election lock piece, and the illegality of votes cast for ine on the first day of Ootober, instant, will be taken at eerlalu times and uluces, and before ceitain legal func tionaries in tbe said paper particularly specified. 1 am alco Invited to bd present at these times and places to cross examine the wituessns; and am further notified that other notices wnich 1 may receive for the same purposes, signed by G. P. Lowrey, Esq., K. Coats, Esq., Hi. J. 1 arrott, Esq., or G. W. Brown, Esq., on your behalf, will be acknowledged by you. Tbe first lemurk that 1 shall make in reference to tills most singular notification is, that inasmuch as you have left tbe ierritoiy, and have designated no place at which you can be addressed; and inasmuch as the subject mat ter is of public rather than of private coucei niueut, I deem it proper to reply through the medium of the pub lic pi ess. I obi-eivo that, whilst you declare an Intention of con testing my tight to a seal ill 'lie Congress of the lulled State*, you sp< ci'y no ground upon which to entitle your self to eutor into Buch a controversy. By the plainest principles tl cummin sense and common law, the man who reeks to drag another before the tribunals of the country is bound to show that he 1ibb a right to be an seMec or a wrong to be redressed, in the absence ol such showing, he lias no light to put any man upon tbo defensive, nor to inu-ke tne iustrumenUUiy of tae law You lime not alleged .hat any rights of yours have heeu infringed by my election, and conseqiienily, by your own showing, you are precluded trom making yourself a pariy to aurb a contest a* that in which you seek to engage. The Idea of running uli over ihe Territory for me pur poso of collecting testimony to prove " the invalidity of ihe law" under which 1 was elected, is absurd, and be uays a sh.imetul ignorance of the institutions under which we live. In this country Ihe validity or invalidity ot laws is determined by courts of competent, jutisdic tii n, created for the purpose, and not by tho oaths of witnesses, however numerous, intcliiguut or truthful, the Mime icmaiksurc applicable to the jn> Je :t of p.oving , by oral testimony, the illegality of votes cast for me on the 1st nay of October instant. ihe legality or lib gaily of a vote is matter of legal de ductiou, to be drawn from the fa,-Is of the pariculsr case and nut i sell a fact susceptible of being esiahUsln-.i | by any kind ol testimony. I'm these ml other ies-oiin I which unght be assigned, v whin perc-ive 1 hat I leluse to iccognisc you as b i"gn in the pic misi s. anc dc Une giving al t- i iu ? -uhject ma r ol youi mtiilcu-ion. II nn iiC'i slsieucy cotiiin froni nucha quirter wer? | worthy <>i remark, I would advert to your proposition to j take <lep< slti ns future some judge, justice or other i 0 n peti nl pi ' no 11 ly^i ii.-ci ving tint in this Te.ri tory such oil are the cieaiuies of that law whose v.i ' Unity you deny. But though y u h.iVO forborne to assign any valid ' its-on lor impugning toy election, I an not therefore ipioitint of the hopes and purposes by which you tiad y ot.r confei'eia t-a are actuated. When yon came into- Tcirltory, iustcud ot devoting your ea-r gtcs. In good Inith. to the discharge ol' your oliicial duties, and to preparing the w.iy for tho introduction ol Jatvs adapted to the condition of society, your wholo lime was ucuplcd in Iraudulent lor en riching yursrll, and tor so shaping tho luteinal legis lation of the country us to secure a preponderate, c to your own abolitionist and soil party. Some ?i your peculations were so grossly intui.oftl and Illegal il.ut it became my du'y to aenouncv thoui .n the proper quarter, and for lhcoi you were eveutuully re m-vi-d tiora office. For this <l"itunchition you became my hitter fersonal enemy, and ;hi, is oAo cause ot your impotent effoit tc have my election annulled. Whin, alter nisny mi n In of needles anarchy and contusion in the Tertitory. you ut length yielded to the impel tut iiit- of the peonie ior ihe cleciioo of a I-egi-l i tivc Assembly , and i-ued your proclamation tiiat pur pore. yeu hi ugh' you hue taken measures fir having an overwhelm!! g majority of your political allies on tho gloond. But in tl is you tvero destined to disappoint u.eni. ami of the thirty-nine numbers compo-itig the iWo h'lUtes ot the isgi.-lniure, thirty eight were youi political opponents. Tola body you convened at the re mote town rile (for town it was not) of i'awnoe, in order that by making 1' tl.o ttmpoinryseat ofguvc MMt,Ud by the ex pi but'uie ol public money there, you might be lu t he I en- iched its ot.e ol tbeowrncrs of that locality. The i lace delng destitute of houses of a't winds, eveu of tooms in which to duiihcmte. ami ot at! the Decease tiet?to say nothing of the comforts ot lilo?the Assembly at nn e.iily tlsy. hc'j..timed to a place wh'oe the wants u. its nn min i s eon id he better supplied. riiisrem so . ini| emtnely coll. d for by the i-cuiustances, and so fully fiuihuit/eo uy iiuueious piec.dents, you hive chosen to nrnke tbe pictext upon which to invalldti'O the whole ci cent laics enacted by thai body?sotlta tf your co,in sols thould pis vnil, tl.e j copi of the Torrttoiy would be ? much without the protection ol law to-day as they were a jesi ago, when vou first came nuinng them. Btirg thus foll'-d In all your undertakings, dltippoin' el in n mc ol your inosi hopeful prospects of gain, do leuted In your hopes of having a legl-iatute sub'ervinnt toyeni views, and ihe sworrl of justice long suspemle, ovei you. having at length 'a ten, you moodily retirei lor the conn ctiou of nc i nil-chief. You arc Or<t seen to Ci nclave witli the most rabid .tboli'l >n!sta i f th? l'e-rri tory, puiiiig forth doctrines sub-er-ave of all taw inJ good government der.ouuclng the nc's of the Legtslatlv AsMmbJy, ihough tlra? hotly \i ns ilccled Iu pursuauce o' y? ui mn piothiti atmn. and the in nibers bore your ce tiKcate 11 election, as vol I and of no binding torce, ami pledging your-elves to a united i?ri- sncC. As a part of tho Disorganizing schemes adopted, an i doubrliss, suggested by you. s mock elect on was deter mitred to bo he d on tho bib los'.int, for n delegate to Ongress, not withstand! g tlnat tho tirst of the month wirs the day legally | re rllre.i for that purpose. At aucb a pruten'lid i-lecti in, held not only withe it color of law but in open Violation of law. you came forward as a con nutate, and 1 supi*isc some weak mm led anle-vil di. porid persom- m..y have voted for you. How many, I am not et nee ccd to know, for uo numbers could imp,, v iiidity hi a proceeding so lawless and disorganizing Ami it is with n list of Votes thus ott'alued. taken an! rertiitid to by Judges bound by no otths nod recognizor ? n<i law lor tl-.ei? government, votes given by persons no defined quslltl. aliens, and re., .rained by none of th |s tiallien which attich to illi'gal <tr fraudulent voting, ?bar you will apply t,i the House of Ivop-eseutative to vacate my rear in order to mako room for you. For ,-?r. iy ng out s" m<<nstrous a put pose you calculate largely upon ihe poll i. ai complexion ..f tli*' b rdy, (a per .ion ot which is known to ire lultcled ? i.h the roost loaths mi - herenhs of tho times.) I confident y piedrct that ym are agiio re.-kon'i ; without your host, ami believe tha' th" (louse of Rnp. reuUttVoi Will regard 'h- mere supp-sdli in tha' il Co i d ene ir.-ell in ?o revolniionary and h'ghhandod a p ? cie .lt g a? a libel upon its character, promp ly to be ro rrnti.d. You may Hocoeeil in engeo.le tag ill feeling i the halls t f (..egress, ami in gaining for yourrelf a ?. i of tint o tely wit .It, however uuen-iah'c, jo-i-eem >o pro let to the obscurity which befita you; but other ad Vantages you will not obtain. In the meantime yi.u mi.y enjoy tha Ignoble satlsf. ? th a of having Introduced and fomented an amount discordant b t ting and ineubordinau t j to li? In thisTer rit. iy mhl-h it will require the labors of many beiter mi n to repress, and froui which y-ntr in'sguhn-d dupe ano It llowrrs have everything i.i fear. fur 1 speak mn the language ol throat and bravado, but of sober rea-son. when I say to you t?iat Ihe |wnpie of this Territory a-e ti it'O-l to have 1 iw- and t" enf tree ttiem, whatev -r u ay he the bstatdaor the sa -.tfl es. 1 fuhmttted my ninte as a cat.didate, and received the votes ot the inw a doing portion of the p? .pie. In eon foiudtv to an enactment of the legislative Assembly of 'he Territory. If theie waa snytl.lng in the constitution or com'uot .4 that !>?? y cahuU ed t > invalidate lt? acts, I it will lie itme enough lor me to infuse obedience when a j Ci.urt ofc tups-tent Jurisdiction 'hall liave so declared. 1 abjtne. as ievolutionary, and destrnciive of all s >:lal order, lbed<<trlne held by you, and your associate- ot a ! light in thr ii.' tvt.'nal to set up his private Judgment in I opposition to const ruled authority i As so Anitaican citizen, I bold it to Ik- my duty to yirld obci.k'in-e to the laws nsder which I nve. and to | contribute n y aid towards eotorcingvahe nbodl nee of i>?h*re, and this without teferen e vn my individual .p'n ! ion te-| ecli g th-1' neoal force ot oolrl -sl < x,?-.tiency II Is pteci-eiy twean v y.. ? are wn?<?l by o .posite -onti in. its ba J. u now seek t, eutti oil uie in a harroaaing roBtioveray. in oonelukTI I). I ? ill only fnr'ber say, that this brief espssith n Is uot given as dee to you xu'mo the < ud that the attei lion i f the Ame-icar. p >, an I of trial llou-e of l'epte?cniatlv? lo which y >u in end to atiuoal may hs dliec'e-' to the true nal. -e and gr .itidr f the stiite y< u if to I toToke. Ato th- u, h I ?l nil , ay no rCiird to tour preliroina y if i .?t. y u will yet tiinl that I ehru k ft? or no love.'igatir.n. however ssa'clilng. If the lit me of Kept was matt ? " 'hall "> f. f .igei l-s sel- tesiwci audits rtgstd for patriotic duty as to order a scrutiny upon sttch 'bowleg in y.-u will tie ah e to make, you will find me pron pt tn the defence of my nwnilghtr and those ol my eonatitU'-n e. J. K. WTfflTFIKl.D. (tc'toler 17, ISt.'i. Alt* MpU to OlMck Kmlgmlon to UwValtMt

SioIMi [From 4he Journal dts Debate of Oct. 18.] Emigration, which ha - iwn mo long profresdng, Im be ginning to suffer dimlnu !? u, at laaat on oortaiu points. We have betore ua the fifteenth general report of the English Commissi' n, which give* an account of the 01 we ment o' emigrants in 1864 through the porta ol the I'nihed Kingdom. We proceed to Mum up the results, first re calling some numerical dnta rotating to the past. Oi the halt mtllion of men who yeai ly. for the text ten or twelve yearn, desert the countries of Europe to go to people or the American States, Canada, Brazil, Chili. Texai (!) or the Australian colonies, three fourths? we might almost, say four fi'ihs?take their de|iarture from iuiglaat, that la, from Liverpool, South ampb-n and Imndon: ami of these more thau two-tlnrili are of British race?English, Sco'ch ami Irish?the latte. as we will are by and bye forming toe majority. This great movement of expa' < ia?i >n whlcu hat been hitherto favored on ene side by the extension of the eia meuts el laboi in American society, and on the other by the mat ve.lous progreaa of steam c immunisation, ria'er a long time hnck. ft commenced to be marked from 1816 ti.t'k a 1 apul stride about 1840, and since then went on constantly increasing. In this lapse of fi rty years- from 1st January 1816, to " ' total 81.-t December 1864, the total uumber of emigrant shipped 111 the ports of the I'uiicd Kingdom, has been a ? less than 4,118,668 or 102 028 annually. But >>f this to tal, 2,440 802 belong to the last eight years; and if the period be routined within still closer limits, we find thai 1,868,006 belonged to the four last years alone, each o which, therefore, averages 880,624 emigrants, The follow ing are ihe figures: - yorth Amrri-a: Awfra'in. Klsewhere. T>>al. 1861 800,002 21 682 . 4,472 386,060 1*52 277,184 87,881 8,710 3'i8,764 1858 263,407 61,401 3,120 320,937 1864 236,827 83 237 3 366 328,420 It was in 1862, as is seen, that the general e(nigral! m attained its largest exteudon. Hiuce thou it has do errand, and, so far as America in particular is c m cerueo, the decioase commences from 1852. It I otherwise aa concerns Australia?th? current on that side weakened a little in 1863 by a sort of reaction, to the con siderable and sudden tide of 1862, reionies its force in 1864, and, we believe, is at this moment st ronger than ever. I.ct us see now how in 1864 is made up 'ho per sonnel of that great emigration from England, ttie trans port of which employed a fleet of no less than 053 vessel ?almost as many as are required to carry to Europe the cotton of America:? Irish 160,200 Fnplish 9O.06t Scotch 26,872 Korefgners not designated 66,282 Total 32J.42U Id 1861 there were as many *s 264,687 Irish emigrants. It la, therefore, from that side that the decrease proceeds, and the report of the commissioner* show- the c*u-e- o it thua:?From 1841 to 1860 ilie population uf Ireland teciinutcU by want and famine, hod?a tact unheard of iu the history of modern nations?decreased from 8,176 12* inhubi'unts to 0,616,704; then the three la'ier yearn had neon thrown upon the shores of tho New World its surplu of starving and beggared people to the amount of ahou 660 000. ho that at the commencement of 1864 the 1: in population could hare hardly reached nix millions of souls. It in ea ily understood how, thus reduced, it tnon have furnished in 1864a nmnller contingent to imlgratl tn and thin has been also naturally attenuated hy the cri-i which then operated in the I'nltcdS'ati's, reducing I induntry, and hy a certain diminution of the C'aliluri.ia gold fever, and above all, by opposition alren ly tpenl mar ite-tod again*' Kuropcan emigration, by the growlu political pariy uf the Km w Nothings. Vvba'eTer may be attributed to tuone incidents?transi tory, perhaps?the general emigration of 1851 aH wel <hroogh the Kngilsh ports as tin.rugh Havre. Hamburg Ihenieii, he., appears to have reached to some 400.00. individual*. What discouragementsami miseries, or tvun seductive perspectives of the future must have operate t I thus tn have overcome the sw*ot and holy atinchmcut to 'he native hamlet and the domestic hear'It Nor is It an insignificant capital that is require to transport annually from Europe this movement uf liat a million or Colonists. It tve estimate 400 francs (880) as the minimum expeu ditu e of each of them in travel by land, sea-voyage equipment, expenses of sojourn at the port* of departure and ol arrival, we find an annual total of200,000,000 franc (140,1'OO.100.) Lalf of which, at least, goes to the ma i time industry. And who, then, besides the unfortunate Irish, the Eug lish and the rcotch provide tlii- van' current of coloul:'.. . tl id? It Is generally the peasan's of We-teru and <>ntra: Europe, the laborers of our Alsace, who leave in group in fumilie-, beared hy old parents and the curate oi pastor; then the Budenese, the Wurteinborger*, the I iivftiians, tlie llesHiana, the I'yrolese, and the la OorerH and mechauics of Switzerland. For?singu lar sp"C<?cle pie-en ted hy that country?ihor< is peihnps none that counts upon its territory u gieater number of resident foreigners, and yet, pei contra, rone furnishes a larger quota to tuose groa' eat avails of emigration, to those nomadic toiler who go reeking abroad a better soil, better remunerated cinj )<ymcn*; lliu oppoituni'y. in Hue, of miking theii fortune, yd ulnae day returning wealthy to their couo try. luBsd, that which distinguishes from the Irish emigrant the emigrant of our Alsace, of Switzerland, o of bouthern Germany, is. that the latter, unlike the f ir, hardly ev-r expatriate themaelv - except with the inten'i n and in the hope of returning. The Swiso i y nnMire easen'ially emigrstive. Be-ido- the military ecrnits which 'he country furnishes, lis is known, t? orcign StateF, the Swiss neasant ,n- artisan willingly g< f- wherever there Is a land or a trade to exp.oit: bu' tnithcr lie nor the (iermun denationalizes hiuneif; to whatever place he exile- his hcui th, the recoUec'lor s ol country, ot 'hi volley, of the m 'un'.aius which on d ue it. of the vilkige wliere he vvus born, never absndor him. In every far eg land tho h'wiss, like the Cermsn reek out ouch o her, join together fum a tribe orac do ny. repe'st the songeof theii country, picaerv* the tra-li lions of its tens'dsvs converse shout their institution snd | cliticsl vi'i-si'udes, iutermarry, and if their eu terpilees prosper, hasten to sail nrourid thorn their com patriots and to rend them some menus to assist 'hem In Ci mlog to share tlieir lot. But every rued. I has its reverse, and nnfortunatoly li does not alwavs liappeu that the emigrants from "Id Europe meet that usutlul prosis-rily who-e aednctlvt mirage makes them ilvus incur tho chances of the no Imwu, aud desert the cradle and the tomb of their fa'hers. Without speaking of those lamentable disaster, hy res, which yearly doilvir hundred- of victims into tile depths of the ocrr.n, (six ships and 7i'0 passengers lo it In 1864 ) or of the epidemic* which too o ten, or their anival on the foreign soil, destroy th u ?ai ds of emigrants, how many, de ce'vcd in their ivojes, have deplored too late the facility wl'b wldcii tliev have surrende ed them-elverfto tho trick and the deceptive promises of speculation. For at leng' 1. emigration lias become a trade, hi. organized tra >i like so many others, having oflice and counting bm open, nr..) ir'this surpii-ing dIi in'.a-y which excite* aii craws on emigration, we must recrguise reside- the will ot Br- vhtcnce, ihe part p. rtorniolslo hy the skilful influences uf brokerage Thus then let it be ! But since emigration?"Ince 'hi irresi'tlVilo neeeaaliy of dl-placement appear- to li-iv I'-uetisted iuto the customs ol a portion of the pupal* dots of Europe, we will sty ;o them, we will say par tiiularly to our countrymen loon ui >und you. be-idc you? every 'and to colonise, to moke fi uitful, is it neco ?aiily iieyind the Atlantic? Why should you all exile youiselves beyond '.bo ess, at two thousand Ic-igiio- dt iiipce fiom your country, when here, becde you. at hire days'dl-r.ance, Algeria for ex tmple, that African Fiance, whi> h Is growing so marvellously, present- u your effort*, to Jour aim.-, to y oar intelligence, ft s >)t rich and fertiio. a soil easy to work, open to alt surfs ol culture, fo th-ue of the tropic and of the equator!*1 zones, as well as to the products of the temperato regbdi and be-ides, still, when at home at the very doors if Or leans of I'll vonx, of Bordeaux, in Bologna, in ia B e?t ?n la llimhes. in les Iandes, the soil "till avails hinds, labor, nnd s' me rapital, to become as fertile us the o'her jart* of our rich Country. Ninguhi" tact! Man, in this agi'alioa wMch devours hiui, and which is perhaps ne ces-ft'y. g ea to seek nt a great dis ance aevore lsbor ?ud riiiiib'ful profits, when under hi- very feet, and hi home wllli him, are hetped op trM-urea which mig' r?sily be extracted from the soil, by his industry nnd ill perseverance. Arrest of Judge Kane. [From the I'enn-y Iranian, November 8.] Tho nboii ioni-ts have given another evtden-e of the^r want of ci'tihdeuce in the justice of their notion-, by th-ir recent anest of Jndge l ime, vvhilo on & visit to hit w*rd in 1'ilawaic county. The judge, we believe, is tbo ad ministrator of the estate of tho late Hamuel tjeiper, ot Delaware coi.nty, and guardian of his children. A i' ; or two since he paid a visit Pi the fnuiily in tliat cona-v. in refeiCDre to inatters connec.eil with the estate. Wlii's silting at ti e breakfast Utile, he wis nrre-ted by a i*e pi.ty sheriff of Delaware county, at the suit of I'assm re Mil) is i in The Judge must have henu under a complete sta'e f suivetlhince by the alu litiooisls. as fls vi-lls lo Dei. wsre county are net very frequent. But why arrest him in iliat couiuy, and not in I hits lelphia? In the !atlc majiii ity of the State Judge- entertain free s lit prior pie-; and sa his suit for dai; age-e mid tie tned eiihe. , the t'rmmon I leas District or Nisi I'rlus C< urts h" h s fair chanc" to . ?ve an aboltU-inlat to preside, seleefir that c<iurf srd that term wtii -h wool ! best soil hi- ;? i.sie. Each Judge has hi* period to preaids, and n i one knows tlii - fuct better than Faaimore Willi.- m-on an ; his friend*. Why. then, select T-'lawire county a* the pi i-? to try the metlt of thi* case? Is lie r>in>iuc*d if tdi own wrong foii g nrd afraid to trust his friend-an 1 neig berar Or Is ii tiecausc ho eX|iect- to have an sli dilio . t Judge and jury in the lower -oun y t . try td- cause? Has be had su-h a?*urance. from the ."her Tor Co.iuty C-nai i*-ioners who draw ihe J- -rs. or from ' he J alga who niUrt t'y the rouse, if trl'(4 at nil In th.*t county' Aboltilopist as Jm'ge Haines I kn .wn to tv, he i-t->,, hi i.eral h' a man to have counselled such a curso; hut Ids p'- Judi -es, and that of the jury which will he-una nioned to his aid, have been counted upon 11 wreet Jus tice from her propriety. Tinalrtt and RxlilMtlon*. NlTI/'S OaatiKX.? M lie Ra-hel will sppcnr nt thi. estabiist-ment on Monday evcalng nex , a- Ti-be, in Victor Hugo's drama of " Augelo." BmvktlWAV TlifVTRK ?Mrs. Barney VVnu-ns, the popu lar American fowtrdicwe. Is tn Uke her benefit thi - i 'Ihe pieces to tie repte-enled are " I'addjr Carey,"' "In and Out of ITa-e," ltisii As-urn me an 1 V ankee Modesty." snd the " Iri-h Thrush"? Mr. and Mrs. W i liatns sustaiiilnj the leading characters. BoWH'T TiiKA-m* ?'Thl? evening j. ,et apart for the tmn'fit of Mr- W ? Ward, on which D \|r. iv Ward will make his first atqeaiance. The drama ol " Ducretia Boigta," n -ceije fi? m 'ho play of the " Wife," and the I' id Sel- i-l p< I. are >he ;.|eCM provided. Btbt"s> T*fATfi?.?T'.ose pmolar ple-e*. 'he ? ? r etions I nri lit " snd the "1 u 1 " are ami "iue.*<l spsiu for thi- iv i,log with the n tl . X nll??t en?U W/tiAin's lurAH.'f. ? ''he tn w act original Comedy of ? J'ai iieit I e?ttny " will he repeated to night toge he wi ll 'he De ile r< medj ol ' V.'i o -p- *is First," ?n lthe sinuslna farce of he .'?eciet." W-s p'a Ml'ilWtk?U- very popular farce of the " Mummy " will be plaved tin- rvering. Rr mifv'* Sanasitauui.?The ojera of Ie Chalet " I effeied again for this evening, lha cast ia excellent. 1 r?("-dmn* McAuJwnm and Malonb Ravmumd are draw ing ''all hoosea evwiy night. T/fia Ei<waiia or tub Battlx or Bi-nkib Hill?This exhibition is well ittouiM every night. Ma. Rkbvkr, the gent'eroanly doorkeeper of Buckley's berenadero, ill to take tgs benefit to morrow evening. Mi. Collisg, 'he lil*l^< median, is to give four if his eoncer'a in I hiladelphl* next week. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. MONET MARKET. Tuurhdav. Nov. 8?rt P. M. There was qai'e a reaction in the atock market to-day. From the opening t > the close the movement was up said, and the improvement brought out a good deal of stock. Western railroad stocks were freely offered and the de mand for all kinds was rapidly supplied. Cumberlan", line und Heading were the most active stocks, out most purchases were on time. It will be seen on reference to the quo'atlonA 1 hat the advance today was as rapid as the decline at any time during toe panic. At the first board Indiana 6's went up X l,cl cent; Virgiuia 5's, 1; Missouri fi's, 1; Illinois Central bonds, 1; New Y irk Cen tral 6's, 3; New York Central 7's, X; Nicaragua Transit, >.: Cntoherland, X: Erie Ha'lroad, 2; Panama, 1; Read ing Railroad, 3; Michigan Central, IX; Michigan South ern. 4; Galena am. Chicago. 2X; Cleveland and Toledo, 3: < hlcago and Rock Island, 3. Here is a let up which must ? ven astonish the bulls, while it will give the bears an opportunity to put out new contracts upon more favor able terms, which they will without doubt avail them i elves of, to tome extent. The basis of this rise is of rather an uocei'tain character. The news from Europe cannot be const ued favorably. A loss of ?S00,000 by the Bank of England during the week in which ?600,000 from Australia was received, is by no inuane cal culated to strengthen the position of the bank or war rant an advance of a half per cont in consols. If this is the basis of the rise to-day in this market, it is, in our opinion, a very slim one? no which oannot hear the weight of more than lias alr eady been put upon it. A moderate reaction in our stock mstrket, for a few days, we have looked for, and should not hare been surprised to see a rise of one or two per cent; but a rise like that realized this morning must soon i un out, and the relapse put stocks down again to abo.t their old level. There can be no permanei cy in such spasmodic movements in liDaiidat affairs. There is no doubt but that some secu rities on the market had become unduly depressed; that they bad touched poin's below their real value as invest ments, and below what they would huve readied had tbey been propeily distributed among parties able to bold; bu'an they were not so dlstrib'.ted, and parties holding not baling the means to carry, shares were forced out by the thousand to meet loans called in at the shortest notice. The local church producing the decline have, in ? mea sure, been rem- ved, but a* yet we bare bud n > legiti mate influences at work giving stocks an upward move ment. Iliere are no buyers to any ex'ent for InyeHtment no capitalists In the market selecting stocks unwarranta bly depressed; and hc tar aa 1 he old lineot upeculatora are concerned?those who carried up and carried along the loads of fancy and other stocks on the market?they are all cleaned out, and many of them laid out cold and atiif. The elements of inflation are therefore dormant. The banks are forced to keep up a steady contraction.' They have made mischief enough for the next twelve months. An expansion in loans, principally to stock speculators, until the segregate amounted to more than one hundred million of dollars, was calculated to give an upward lin |etua to pikes, and our anticipations relative to the course of the stock market were realised. Operators f r a rise loaded themselves up with every stock on the list, bccauso the banks freely loaned upon any securities offered In a few weeks, during the dullest season of the year, the banks run up this class of i ana more than ten millions of dollars. So long as this expansion continued all was sunshine at the t tock ICxuliauge?but the moment a contraction com menced?the moment the managers of our banks had ar ranged their private operations satisfactorily, then came a changeover ihe face of 'he stock market. Loans were lulled In as rapidly as ther had been put out. Stocks hypothecated were thrown Into the street and sold fir the cur ent rate, and the result was a panic whieh run down prices ton, twenty and thirty per cent. The con ti ac'iun of b tins on st? cks by the banks has been muco greater than uppears in rhelr w-okly statements, it Is still going on and we have no doubt the aggregate bank dis count line will in a few weeks be under ninety milli ins of r'ollais. At il.e time the banks wore letting out so freely on stocks wc cauti ned speculators against the snares which were being spread for them. We warned them against tbese institutions, as their worst enemy. At the lime Ihe bunk officer s were running about the street, hat in hand, begging brokers to'ake their money, we piloted out the resul just as ch'arly as we sec it now. HpecnU torsweretlicn wtld with excitement. The case with whic.i call loans w re made and stocks hypothecated lalrly cap tivated them, and 'hey rushed headlong into the whirl pool of specubrtton. I vory week showed an increa-e of half a million or so in the bank loans, and when one hundred million was r< ported, no thought was given to the cause or the effect. A few long headed operators shook their heads and pre dieted danger. We repeatedly pointed out the result and endeavored in every way to place the matter hefote the public mind in its true light. There are, no doubt, at tbia moment thousands who, now that the excitement ban subsided and the second sober thought is at w irk recollect distinctly our efforts to stay the wild specula tion going on during the bank expansion. We clearly slinwod that the demand for money to move the great crops would attract capital from stocks and turn it into the channels of trade. No one appeared to heed '.be warnings so loudly and earnestly given, hut all rushed heedlessly into the vortex which bar swallowed up eo many. The hank loans are now about ten millions less than the aggregate sixty days since, and the contraction Is still going on. In the face Of this fact it is folly to expect that there can be a per manent improvement in the stock market. Wituout. the aid cf the banks, an inflation of any account Is entirely out of the question. There may be, after the bottom liai lieen touched, occasioual tallies, and for a time there may be a little activity, but It will not he fn eary matter to get etosks buck agaiu to their highest po nts. Our bonks must move along carefully while the financial affairs of Euroi* remain in such a disturbed, dangerous position. A steady drain of ?.riOO.(iOJ per week Loir the Bank of England is a matter of too much importance to lie passed by, and contraction on bo'h sides of the Atlantic It forced upon hanks as well as in dividuals. Advices by the steamship Ada only strengtiieu us in the opinions we have lately so frequently expressed. Thecau es of the embarrassments of the Bank of England and }>ance are still at work in full force, and are likely to continue so. The Asia's advices arn even uiore un avorahlc than thoso previously received. We see thai, the Bank of England continues to lose largely of built, n In the face of large arrivals from Australia. Tho advance in Consols 't accounted tor by tns fact that the Bank of England Is purchasing on time and selling fur ci h. This movement on the part of the Hank is alone sufll lent to show how hard prcssei it must be, and the difficulties i f its positi on. The demand for money in our local markets Is incn-a iug snd rates rapidly advancing. The mercantile classes leglu to leel the pinch. The banks canuot, un :<r exist iug circumstances, afford any relief. The shipment o neai ly u million of dollars in g-dd, in the face of stcrilug exchange ranging lielow niue per cent, Is a fact fraught with much meaning. At the second Isard the market for some stocks was a shade or two better, lialcna ami Chicago advanced 1 percent, with sales of only flftoea shares; Erie, k,; Illi nois Cen'rml bands, \\ Canton 'Company. ; Cleveland and Toil do. Kenning fell eff per cent; Hudson Railroad. 1; New York Central 7's, ?<. Tho b< ars li;i- ? no doubt deemed It the wisest policy to let the ma ke up a little, not only to strengthen their old con Tar a, bat 'o put out new ones to stronger psr>irs. A inort-giiidui] decline would have prevented many failures. The Assistant Treasurer's report is as follows :? I aid on Treasury account $411,310 4" Received do 90,1170 3d Hnlance do 41,525.447 91 laid for Assay office 24.141 70 1 aid on dUbuising checks 29,979 9.1 The payments to day include $800 000 sent to I'hilsUel ,hia. Ihe warrants entered at the Troasury departraso', Washington, on the tuh in?t., were as follows :? i or the Treasury department $14,110 11 1 or the Customs 4.07O 5 i V.or waitant# received and eri'eied.... 10.7.01. 57 War re-iny wairants reel ed and entered ... 3,115 to h r the Interior de| artnieut .. 5'*J tgl fn arco nt ot t'-e Navy 70, h , i 41 Repayment- on a? mint of the Nafy ... 3d,45:; j . I it ni rot retinue us sjv'w * " K4J Si Ihe f'Hewing are the q io.ati.ios of laud warrants a Washington:? Tt "linn .lulling. if ane wai ants, per acre ?l )2 $J u 40 Co do do 1 12 1 14 I'.O do do do 1 m 1 12 fO do do do 1 10 1 12 40 do to 45 00 40 00 The receipt* oo the Koiria Oanal for the week, and year ending ob the 3d Inst., compare u follow* with the res cript* to the eame time Uct year Total to Oct. 27. 1866. $240,608 20 Week encing Nov. 3. W6it 7,002 76 *254,496 96 Total to Oct. 18 1864 $210,647 84 Week coiling Not. 4, 1864 8,604 78 ? -$210,062 61 locreaae, 1866^^, $06,443 34 The Mining* of 'he Michigan Central Railroad Compa ny in October tLl* year and last, were a* follow*:? Mkrisan Crvtral Ram ho ad. Pa/nenurrt. Prrviht. Murrlhn't. I'llal. 1866 $104 , 86 ti $116,032 47 $10,430 9:1 $330,740 06 186! 167 1',8 40 96,845 38 4,665 2.3 267,670 01 Increase.. 37 107 25 10,187 09 6,776 70 68,070 04 rbe tliTingtcn ami Lexington Railroad Company earn ed $: 0 006 81 in Octo er, against $18,992 61 lor the same month (art year. The 1 etroit and Milwaukie Railroad Companyearned ic ? October Mil* year, $17,862 81, against $11,314 71 lor the ? *ine month laet year. 8iOck Exchange. Thi kmdav, Not. 8, 1865. 7500 In<1 State 1- We*. 70 600 sh.i Erie Kit... *3 4JV 11000 Viiginia 6*. ... 03 60 do o 43 X 1000 do 93X 100 do blO 44 2"(>(0 Missouri 6*.... 85 380 do 44 -.000 Ohio 6* '10 106 660 do *3 44 16000 N York 6*..'73 119 100 do b30 44X tOt'O trie I'd Mige Uds 92 100 do b3 44 : 000 F.r CouTt BO* '71 76 100 do 61$ 44U 2000 do 74\ 300 do bOO 46V 81 fO Erie Bd* of '76.. 82 200 . do b21 44V 3000 H R let Mtg Bd* 96 60 do s3 44 V H4'0 11 R 2d M g Hd*. 66 100 44?\; '.Of 0 H R 3d Mtg Bill. 66 360 do *3 44V 21/00 do 6644 100 Panama RR...*3 101 6000 1U CsnHIt Bds.sJ 74 X 200 do bOO 103 ! 600 74V 1100 Read lug KR.... 81X 27t 00 co 76 100 do 83^ 16000 do bl6 76J4 20t> do b3 83V 2li00 d<> 76>4 050 do 8314 17( 00 N Y Cen 6's.. 85 100 do b60 86V 2600N Y Cen 7'a..s3 100 600 do *10 83 V 27 PelhHunCana ICo 120 200 do blO 8344 60 do *60 119 100 do 83?4 5 Psnk of l> m'ce . 10844 300 do boO 8444 30 Am Eic* Bank.. 112 600 do blO 83 V t&0 Mcara Transit... 14 100 do *30 8-144 100 Canton Co... 1,60 '.OX 1*0 do *3 8344 26 do c 20 100 do *8 8344 4< 0 do bOO 2044 200 Hudson UR 32 SCO do c 1944 1 6 Mich Central RR. 88X 26 do c 1944 172 do c 89 100 l'en n Coal.... b60 W.14 156 Mich S h Nor la. 88 '?6 do 96 X 165 do *3 87V .10 d" 06 X 300 do blO 88 95 150 111 Centl KR.. ,a3 04 94 50 do 04 V 22 X 400 do *3 04 X 22X 6 Galena k Chic.. 116 22 60 do .......c 116 V 22 106 Cleve *: Tol RR.. 64 22 260 do *3 68 V 22 200 do *30 63 ? 22 X 500 do 1)60 66 22 X 100 do b60 66 V 23 100 do 1>30 64 22>4 600 Chic Sr Kk 1*1.. *90 87 22 X J00 do *3 87V 22 X 100 do blO 87 X 23 100 do blO 87 V 43 X 100 do....*12m 86 HBO on D BOARD. $1000 Tennee*eefl'*90 03 loO sbs Erie RR.. .*3 44V 2000 111 1 en KRHds.. 76X 100 do 41V 82f CO do 76 60 do elO 44V 20(0 rB&AlilstMgb'* 81X 200 do *3 44 V 18(Mi N Y Cen 7'*.... OCX 200 do *30 44V 6 ska* Canton Co.. 20'4 26 do 45 COO do 20 22 Clew 4 Tol RR... 64V 200 do 20 X 15 do 65 200 Cumb Coal Co... 2244 400 Reading RR 83 ? 00 do 22', 760 do 83V 100 do cOO 22 60 do b30 83 V H0 do 2'.' X 200 do *60 $3 200 do - if. 44 260 do b3 ftlV ?0 Penn Coal Co.... 96 X 300 do *10 83 60 Eiie PR 44X 250 do blS 83X 6C0 do 46 160 Hud RiT RR 31 100 do sEO 46 6 M So Si N N RR.. 88 1(0 do *30 44X 26 Panama RR 101 100 do 44X 200 Ills Cen RR 04 v 100 do 41*4 6 Gal Si (111 RR.. .c 116V 500 do slO 44X 10 do 117 200 do.... *90 ICO Cumb Coal. 160 do.... 400 Co.... 100 do.... 1.3 1C0 do.... 300 do.... .. *30 150 do.... 100 do 100 do.... ..b?'0 100 do.... 500 do ... *3 500 do.... 110 do .K0 1(0 Erie RR.... Trade of lite N< w fork Canals. Statement abowlng the quantity of the eeveral arti cle* firm cleared on the canal* at, ami the quantity left at New York daring the fir. t week in November, 1866:? ClXtBKD. Artirlet. Krie Gannl. Sugar, pound* 1,426,000 M< linu-en 423,600 r ?ffee 101,10') NbIIk, ike and borte abora 09,(8)0 In n and eteel 486,600 Cailroad Irrp 1,78:1,900 611 other nerchaudine at 4 mill* 2,007,110 Htne* 09.601 <'of ton 58,700 1 ig iron 788,200 C**ting* and iron wuie 126.700 Knn ign rait 4,600 1-lint, croctery nndgla-a ware 203, <>0 S'nne lime end clav 184 8K) Mineral coal 120,0m0 Sundilea 263,701 Total 8,772,100 Ainivm Erie >'anal. Champ'* CI. Four, hbl* 22,460 37 2!, W7 Wheat, buahela 20v 100 ? 202,100 tern 36,000 _ 35.900 barley 13,?00 2,600 14100 1 ye 44,700 ? 44,700 Oat* 127.".00 000 127,800 I ran and fillip etuff lb*.. 727 600 ? 727.600 Artie*, biila 121 ? 121 reef 1 266 661 1,808 Tuner, lb. 304,000 ? 804,0)0 I ii'd, tallow and laid oil.. 3 800 ? 3,800 ( h?*?e 1,488,600 ? 1,488,600 .Won) 4.500 ? 4,300 I umeelic rpirtta, g?llona . 22.',8)0 ? 2*2,000 Hoard* and .canting, I'.. 861 9 0 246,000 1,090 000 Slate*, lb* 861,000 178,?00 8-29,000 leather 161.400 48,401 199,800 I orient le cotton 11 300 ? 11,300 Itnchandiaeat 4 mill*... 376,800 177,8)1 663,800 Sund r lea 1,457,700 174,800 1,032,500 1'otnti ea, bitxbela 8,400 24388) 32,400 huniHute, lba 14.700 2,800 17,5'lO Sti ne lime and clay 14 800 1,338.200 1,363,000 ^i'igl#e, M 00 ? 80 ^tuber, 100 feet 400 ? 400 hide* lb' 11 (WO ? 11,000 I eaa and beuna. bualiele,. 1 000 ? 1,0.8) Pried fruit lbe 27,200 ? 27,200 Irbeeen 7,500 ? 7,30*? llernp 22,000 ? 22,000 < h ver and grana uteri.... 4 900 ? 4,900 H*X*eed 2.700 ? 2,7'8> Ho, a 11 200 11,200 HI meal 117,100 ? 117,100 (a^tir g*.... ? 32.600 ? 32,600*tic woollen* 7.900 ? 7,900 Tulla rtceiied $7,907 94 RU.HAR1) W. WOODS, Collector. CITY THAOB REPORT. Tticmpay, Nov. 8, 1865. Antis.?There w?* no change to notice. Fmi*Tt nr.-Hour? Ihe foreign new*, per Aaia, hail an unfavoiable elTec1 upon the market, and price* for c irnnun ai d good gra- ei were about 12>^c. a 26c. per hbl. lower. IheAalee were rentrlcted to 6.(88) a 0,000 bbl*., it.eluding Mate at 68 8. % a 08 76, and extra do. at *8 87 ? $9 mixed good to fancy and extra We.tern hi and* at $8 )8*i a 69 I'.'K, and extra ' at 19 50 nil 16; Canadian wilh celling, in email quantiue*. at $9 (1 a $9 76 ai d $10 60 Southern wa* dull, with aale* ol 7W n 800 bill . at $9 81 % a $9 02 K for mixed to ehoiee, and >9 76 a $11. Kye Hour wa* quiet at $8 26 4 $7 26 It r tlDe to eui etfine. Wheat?The market wa* heavy, and clr.aed at 3c. a 6c. |ier bu?hel lower. The aale* em toared about .6 HO a 5<i,0o0 loiaheli. including, among other lot*, at* ut 13,090 llhio white at $2 10; Mil waukie ri t), $1 92 a $1 44; Canadian white ranged from $2 16 a $2 '.0; lermewec* red at $2 On a $2 08, Southern white wa* nimii al, no *al*? of moment having been re |h ltd. Corn?Ihe .ale* emhiacetl about 30,(88) a 40.001) ? ti*hel* Wo*iein mixed atl*6c. a 90c.. Hye wa* dull and reu lnal at $1 22 a el 2) 0?ta were celling at 40c. a 7 HC. lor State and 49c. ? t Oc. f >r Chicago. I < >rr> wa* quiet, a* dealera were di*po*ed to await the *al.? adverthed to come off by auction on Saturday. ! mail ralea of St. I timing ? ou t Rio were made to Ihe trade without rh.uge in piice*. ((1W -Ihe *ale? ? mloaced about 1,200 to 1.600 bale*. The market clmed at a decline of aUiut \e. a ainco tht sriival oi tbt Atago ai.d I anllc. Tli)j(.l Te.?late* were lower for Liverpool, Abuit 10,C0(i a 30,000 but-hel* of grain were engaged at 8H'I. a 9u iu hulk and bag*, wi b aome *rnall engagement* In tin lorent*.n, at lnd. in bug*; and 2,0(8) bbl*. dear were ti.gagtd at V*. 0d. a 5s. Cot loo wa* at 3-19d. offerel, and >id a*ked. lo H*v??About 3,000 hbl*. of fluiir wt ie engaged at $1 (imin wa* at 26c.. and cotton at. H. Ra1e* tc lendou were quiet, and to California they were unchanged. far rr ?1h< market ronilnued firm, wllh ealaa aflbaat (00 Ixtxee bench ralrln* at $3 66, 206 half boxe* at $1 86, end 2(0 quarter* at f>6c.. wl'h 100 boxee layer* at $4 26 (Ml.?I rv cod wa* In fair demand at $3 $7 % $4. No. I mackerel *>.ld at $2o * 41, herring No. 1 at 26c. a i)7 V -> and scaled at; 6e. a 67 Hat .-alee were making to a moderate ex'ent at 70e. a 76c. MniAHtM.?About 60 lihda. Porto Rlbo were aold at 37c. a ?' 8c Navai Sti rw ?The market waa hewvy. with ?m*II f?l* of *]<r1t* ttti|enlli e at 4tc. Kn?in w?* norninai at $1 '0 a >1 16 fin rofrimou Wilmington. 1 r.ot II KW ?I'uik wa* In l*lr demand at *te*dy price*, lie ralea embraced about 60n a COO bbl* including me**, lit H (0. nnd prime *t $. 1 a $21 26 I' ime m*?? w?* *t $11 Pe* :?"ale* of about '-60 bbl*. were m*de at $? M *$10 h i prime, an ?i $11 60 a $13. Vermont w*4 a $15 a $14 t|,* latter Hgute f r evtra. and ?1? a $10 6? tor rei edited Chicago. Iteet h*m* were quiet. I*nl w ? tit i f ?nged with nil' i*f 3(8) bbl*. at 12c a 12lic. I utter wa* in good demand at 10c. a 2le. for Ohio arid .lr * Vf.e lor -f 'e lb-r*e Woe ?t*edy at 9e a 944. I 1 r. Sale* 3(0 rn*k ? were made at 6e. a 6V, part 11 arilve. f \ < Ara ?The ?ale? embraced about KK) a 400 hhd*. Ctba mu*covwdo ate>4c. a li.Hc,. aoo 300 boxea do. at t kr, tvnmafv tra* dull, with *alc; nf 280 lihl*. Ohio anil priiow at about 40e. a 40J|(.