Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 17, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 17, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAWJCS HOItnOI BPiTVlBTT, J-ROBkiHOK A NO jumio*. IWItl W. *. COKWKR OP NAWAU ??!> FTT,TO* "Y*. V*lsim 13 UtttSKMl *T8 THIM BTOnVO. ?Y iHK-ltliK, -AURlKRKk TRk AC *????- IVeaxant y>VauOR?. M1R,?rSt ?UKlt"N Rro?itw?v?T > Mmiiaj n* IP-WIiKK?B null. U AMMtWCK. OOWSjn TUK.VTr.E. K*w.ny B? he's PnoiRr**?f)<au ?Kiroi. _____ Hl'RtOS'S THKil'KK, Ch*mh?.-r air eat- Vuxikixr axb Uu I>;n hi?Bvaacii or IVomnn?* icmc. WaI.I. AOK*H THEATRE, Hnwlmj Tut DoWAAIER?A ( ?(0* Ireland?Lo 4* or a I.otck. WOOrt'H MINSTRIC.3. 444 oad w?j-Etwio wan Pn fMUlANCtA. arCKT rf'S BTRt,BSQTTE OPERA HOUSE. S36 Broai ?RJ?fU'R LSUffE OWT.A AMP N* liO UlNBTMEUir. WCHANIC8' liAlX, 472 Brm.dwfty?Pbof. Macaujatba.'b NHtm ILagiuors. aCAB^MY has.--.. 664 Bptadwoy?Battia or Bcniju ??u- __ ?MFTRK HALL. 396 Brw*k.ay?Toum OT BpRorB?ti?OB ?r AM .irpiroL. R?n York, Aatnnhif , Rorcaiher It, MM. The New Y?rlt Weekly Herald. rns TRIAL OP JTDOE BTC ART?NEW8 PROM EUROPE, 9! LIFORNIA, SOUTH AN J CENTRAL AMERICA,CUBA, AUSTRALIA, MC. Tk; New Youc Ylixlv 'I'RiU> wlJl b? p*bltefie<; ?' ten Wclock this muririaj; AnHH.g Ha oontenl* will bo founii Uw Mat news from Burnpe, CaLfornla, South sad Owrtral Awe MM A Iiatralla, Cuba. Ac-( speech of Mr. OuUlnR, and evidence af Mrs. Connelly. In 'be trialJudge Stuart; financial. com mar-Ial, re)ljrie*3,die?U-i<ial rnd apoi-tlng Intelligence ; edlto rWli In lest news by L-legraph. and a variety ol mlacollaneous aa<' local matier. iLng.e copra, in wrappers, ready lor mall UP an be bad *:<V> runnier. Price sixpence. Th?- Sews. The story -whr.h obtiaa led cui^eacy in England and France roguiding "the fitting out of a Russian privateer in New York referred to the bark Maury, which was -eisied by the British Consul on the plea of having on hoard artiaks contraband of war, and whit h was subsequently discharged and known to be no privateer at all- The English and I- rench pices do not soerc to haft been properly posted on ilij subject of privatecrip; - It is a settled and re cognized law of nations that lmless two-thirds of th<- crew of a vessel flfc d out for a privateer are natives or subjects of the belligerent party under whose flag she sails, ' hat s he is not legally a privateer, but a pirate, and way be treated accord ingly Hence, when wc commenc ed the war with Mexico, we gave paLlic notice tli at all privateers Mailing under the Mexican flag, unl ess two-thirds of the persons on hoard weic vitkons of Mexico, would be treated as pirates. Under this v icw of the case it will he seen that, even were the Americans dis posed to fit out privateers under the .Russian Hag, it would be impossible to man them with Russian sailors. In nil New York, indeed in tie whole coun try,, it ip believed that not one ugh R assian sailors could be /c.'ind to man a single vowel, llad the Eng lish papers fully comprehended the nature of the caae they would not have exposediixemselVes to ridi cule by giving currency to such an .absurd rumor. By our despatch from Washington we learn that the Cabinet were in session yesterday, and that despatches from our Minister to Jfaglund, Mr. Bu chaiuiii. were read and considered. The tenor of these despatches arc said to be of the most frieudly and peaceful character; our government is assured that there was no threat intended by tending a fleet to the West Indies, aud not the slightest cause for the excitement- and panic created by the English papers, it is said that the admioi.tiation feels greatly relieved by the news, as it saves them from the necessity of backing out from the enforcement of the Monroe doctrine or fighting. Tut rumor of the recall of -Gen. Almonte, the Mexican Minister, created considerable excitement in Washington. A rumor was afieat that there had bceu a flare-up among the politicians in the Union office, mid that Forney was about to lenve the concern. Havana dates to the Llth iust. have been re ceived at New Orleans We learn that u party of wreckers who were taking out the cargo of a f pun ish brig on the Bahama Banks, were fired into by a Spanish launch, two of thnn killed, live or six wounded, and the balance imprisoned. No particu lars given ly telegraph. Mo la sues had advanced in price at Havana, and a good business was doing. Tbo st'* k of sugar on hand was about SO,000 boxes. Our <o: respondent at Rio Janeiro, writing ou 20th of September, infoim* ns of the melancholy spread of cholera both in that city and at Rahia. The negroes and soldiers furnished most of the victims Very little cofite was sent into market. The new crop was very light, aud the quality a shade in" fcrior. The price of the article has advanced. dor files from Bermuda are dated to November 7 The British fleet from Halifax, with the Admiral in command, and a portion of the Baltic licet, were daily expected. Gov. Murray had prorogued the Legislature. The mail steamer Curlew, from Hali fax, had nearly foundered during a late passage. Mrs. Tatem, a young woman of Pnget's parish, had been burned to death by the explosion of a cam plum lump. It will be seen by the money article in this day's paper that Bank of England post notes, payable sixty days alter sight, have been sent to this coun try to a large amount. It Is supposed they are in tended lor the purchase of breadstuff* for shipment to Great Britain, and to prevent or postpone the ex portation of specie from London for thut purpose. The fifth day's proceedings in the trial of City Judge Stuait were, if possible, more interesting aud more anxiously watched than the proceedings ol the previous days. Wc give a full report, lire case -tauds over till Monday, the cross-examination of Mrs. Connolly being still unterminated. The Board of County Canvassers bold their fourth session yesterday, and heard the further arguments of counsel ou the questions as to the admissibility of the protests, and whether the B ard has the power to go behind the ri turns of tbo Inspectors of Elec tion. Several specific charges of fraud, not pre sented In the protests were made by one of the counsel for the contestants in the cour-e of his ar gument. The Board adjourned to 11 o'elo k this morning, when a vote will probably be taken on the questions argued. The Board of Couneiltnen last night passed a resolution directing the Commissioner of Repairs and Supplies to report to the Board the amount of money expended since January last for opening Html*. This looks like an investigation of some kind. The Board was not very full last night, and but little enthusiasm existed among the member present?all in couscquenec of election being over. A stay of exe- ution lias lieen granted by the Su premo Court in the case of Win. Scarffenburgh, who was to have lieen bung in this city yesterday for the murder of Helerta Meyers, of which ofTence he was convicted in September last. An argument in the case tieforc the Supreme Court is set down for next month, when the late of the condemned man will be decided. Tlie defenders of the country in the war of 1812 will hold another National Convention in Washing ton City on the sth of January next. The corner stone of a monument in honor or Gen. Zarhary Taylor, is to be laid at Kaston, Pa., on Tues day next. Gen. Scott, Com. Stockton and other notabilities are invited, and twenty mili'ary com panies aic expected to be present on the occa sion. The duelling of the Hon. H. Van Rens-alaer at Ogdenavurg, in this State, with most of its con tents, was destroyed by tire yesterday morning. Another dreadful accident, resulting from r.n attempt to flP a lighted lamp wilii c am phone, reeurred to a wocian residing in Second street. In M..s city, on TlmrsLty evening, she w ? fo i-ftilly -ned, and it is thought her !?! w.'.l prove Bow long will people c<" ' x to risk their live* by the incautious n?e of eampheno and other dangerous fluids ? Another railroad accident occurred on the Lehigh Valley wad, near Allentown, Pa-, yesterday after noon. A rr.r, containing thirty passengers. was thrown riff tlto truck, hut fortunatdy none of them were kilted. A freight cur was demolished, and a brukemtm fatally injured. Thc'City Marshal of Bangor, Me., wh > was de posed from that and four other offices which he held, for alleged official oorruptiou, i j reported to fcave absconded. after having disposed of all his real cattle and ether property. The rales of cotton yesterday reached about 7(10 a 800 bales; the market continued firm, at about Oflc. far middling ujdands. Plour was tinner, and closed for good common to extra State at about 12Jo. idvanee, wftik free sales, inetudiug parcels for the East and for ?xport. W heat was quite tirm, and more active at full prices. Indian corn was ngaiu firmer, witti free sales at 08c. from store, aud ?1 afloat. PorV was in good demand at unchanged prices. Beef w*.s dull aud lard firm. The excite ment, noticed in yesterday's paper, in sugars was continued. About 400 hhds. were sold and 2,000 boxes. Refined sugars advanced from |o. -to lc. per lb., and 3,000 bbls. crushed were sold at prices tanging from Uc. to t)|c. Freights were firmer, with more doiug both for Liverpool and London, while to Vie Continent they were steady at unchanged rates. The Wnr With England? How the Babble km Inflated?> A. Alas* of Evidence?lolla Bull Frlgbtcnrd at HI* Own Scarecrow. We surrender a large portion of our availa ble space this morning to a very interesting compilation of documentary evidence, histori cal and circumstantial, touching the present warlike imbroglio between England and the United States. From this mass of chronologi cal papers and newspaper commentaries, the reader will readily detect the sources from which the raw materials were collected for the building of this terrible Chinese dragon, intended to frighten Brother Jonathan aud his " outside barbarians" into a reasonable humili ty; but which nobody except John Bull him self believes to be anything more than a mon ster made- of rags and stuffed with husks and straw-?a veritable scare crow. From the articles which we have published from the British press, in connection with our present bateh of paperB, it is clearly manifest that the real provocation of this hue and cry of war from England, is the detection aud sus pension of Mr. Crampton's criminal recruit ing operations in this country ; and that the object of all this fuss, flummery and parade of British indignation and British fleets, is simply to divert public attention from these dis creditable nets of Mr. CramptDn and his superiors and subordinates against our neutrality laws, aud our honor aud dig nity as a neutral and independent power. In all this agitation wc have something of apology, much of explanation, and various protestations and excuses of ignorance and iu I .loccnoc; but the offender, like u rogue with a I b ale of goods under his arm, spoils his case, by so ttingoff at full speed round the corner, cry ing" "Stop thief," as he runs. The alleged fitti ug out of Russian privateers in this port? the . ?uipable winking and blinking of our go verni. lent at tbe organization of a formidable Irish c od Know Nothing conspiracy among us, i'or son. w midnight descent upon tb? defence less coa d* of poor old Ireland?and the alleged suspicion '* affiliations between our Kitehea Cabinet . the Cuban filibusters, arc all humbug, a ud -suoh liumbug as Baruuur would dispbeing getting up a Feejee mermaid. This irresistible Woet India British squadron was no more intendi * do intercept the Irish American evolutionary expedition, or the Cuban filibui ters,or that in binary Russian privateer, than it was detailed I'1*' the chastisement of the pi rates of Loo Ch #o,'or the search for Sir John Franklin. Tbe wrholc plot and purpose of all this belligerent 9 owling aud show of teeth, and all this pawii scratching of the ridi culous nnd wheezy ?'Id British lion, was to raise a fube alarm and a oloud of dust, behind which Mr. Crampton, uud Lords Palmerston and Cla rendon might escape from the public odium of their lawless and desj doable recruiting dodges in lliis country. litre, too, the facti * ,u ^is business come in to vindicate the Nrw 0BK Heiuld against the charge of some of ou r .contemporaries, that we of this journal, originu t*d thiscxisting paper war w ith England. It i: ' no? eo- Upon this bend it appears that Mr. 1 Whanan, our regu lar Minister, and tlic Chevt tlisr General James Watson Webb, our irregular % oluatier amateur minister at London, ure ma. n^y responsible? the first in his strong assura ac<w of American sympathy for England again Russia in the outset of the war, aud the see ?W1 bis decla ration that twenty thousand ril. e?sn could rea dily bo raised in theUnited Stab "for the Allied cause. It is confessed that upon I f'hese inviting assurances, and upon tlic premim P'ion that the government of, Mr. Pierce was " a v/eak one," like that of lhe Clayton Cabinet 'f Gen. Tay lor, flic Crampton enlisting busine * boldly undcrtukcn among us, and withou t the sliglit est apprehension of the conscqucnc ts that have ensued. Too late have the Lond >u journals discovered that it is dangerous to la ?P?r even with a weak administration at W uinngton upon the eve of a Presidential electio Lord Palmerston should have known this bet an"l Mr. Crampton, from his Ion.; reside ttcc Washington, ought certainly to have l t*?wn, before entering into the unlawful *? P? riment hero of recruiting for the Cr 'tama. that ho would be watched aud caught in ?'ue act; that if Marcy spared him, Cash wouldn't; and that every British recruiti ?i agent caught and convicted would be punishi *? according to law. Admit that from Mr. Fierce down to Mr. Curbing, every member of our administration is Fndly in need of a little active democratic capital lor the succession, and the folly of Palmcrston, Clarendon and Crampton, is only tbe more apparent in these recruiting trans actions. Mr. Crampton may console himself with the reflection that his cool impudence has been equal to his folly and credulity; bnt my Lord Palmcrston has made his position infinite ly more ridiculous nnd contemptible by attempt ing to play the cuttle-fish. He has excited a general war panic in England, very much, no doubt, to bis a-tonishment ond disgust: and a broad grin on every face, this side tbe At lantic. which will probably relieve him of any further anxiety for the present concerning an Irish-American filibustering expedition to Dublin. Considering the dangerous extremity to which the British government has ventured in its general plan of retaliation agaiust Caleb Ciishing. Mr. President Pierce's head lawyer, a graae responsibility is thrown upon Mr. Bu chanan and the Chevalier Webb. Mr. nn;hnnan, we date say. Las exerted, and will exert himself, in favor of peace; bnt in the absence of General Webb from Loudon, our regular Minister will nee d some atber first rate volun teer diplomatic assistant. Tn view of this ne cessity. we am happy to state that the Chevalier W' .koff is at \ and in London, according to our last, odviccr, having postponed his projected urn-ion t?j St. Petersburg, because of some alarming minors while he was yet in Paris in repiml to the puriKiscs of this aforesaid British West India squadron. Very likely his return to tfce British capital is due to the sagacious advice of Louis Napoleon, who knows very well, from his personal experience as special constuble in London, ainoug twenty-live thou sand other special constables, at the opening of the gTeat Crystal l'alace of 1851, the dangers of a war panic among the solid masses of the English people. The New Yotuc IIekaU) was somewhat instrumental in,exciting that awful London panic of 1851, we confess; but in this case of 1855, pleading not guilty, we throw the responsibility upon Lord Palmers tou and the Chevalier Webb, and rest our holies of peace upon the prudeut couusels of Mr. Buchanan and the pacitic diplomacy of the Chevalier Wikotf. Astounding lelrgrapblc Improvement*?A New Ttlcgnph Company. Several weeks ago, in an article relative to the high rates of toll charged by two of the Southern telegraphic companies, wo casually hinted at the probability of new telegraphic inventions, and the formation of new telegra phic ecmpanies which would grow out of the intreused profits of telegraphic lines. Although nt that time we had some slight foundation for the remark, yet we had not the most distant idea that the projects which were theu but just begun to be thought of would so soon be brought to maturity." We now learn, however, that since that article was written, .there has been formed in this city a new telegraphic company, composed of some of the stanchest business men of the country, who propose to themselves the task of entirely revolutionizing the whole telegraphic business of this conti nent. To perform this Herculean feat, it has several advantages which many of the existing companies have not, namely, ample cash means large enterprise, an appreciation of the wants of the public, und the sole owuership of the [latent for thiscouutry ol the most wouderiul instrument for telegraphic purposes ever in vented. We allude to the Electro-Magnetic Printing Telegraph, invented by David L. llnghes, of Kentucky. Most of our readers will, perhaps, recollect the description given in the Hekald, a few months ago, of the Hughes instrument. Since that description was published, one of these instruments has been in New York, where its capabilities were fully tested, in presence of numerous competent judges. We should hard ly dare to give publicity to the statements ol the wonderful powers of this machiue, us manifested in their presence, did wo not know that the persons making thein arc entitled to the fullest credence. Its most prominent points of excellence are: re liability, economy, speed and accuracy. In these respects it is so far aboail of uny macbtne nnw in uau, that a nomparison with them is out of the question. It will print, as we are told, from three to five hundred letters, or from fifty to one hundred words, in a minute, with out the possibility of error. It will send two messages simultaneously, in opposite direc tions, over the same wire. It works with the most perfect secresy?that is, it will send a communication l'roin the point of departure direct to its destination, without the possibili ty of any way office on the route receiving a copy, excepting at the will of the sender. This is a feat which no other instrument now in use can perforin; and one, the advantages of which must be apparent to every individual who is at all conversant with telegraphic mat ters. It is very simple in its operation. Any person who knows a letter of the alphabet when he sees it can write as correctly with this instrument as the most experienced opera tor; all that is requisite to insure absolute cor rectness being that the copy shall in the first instance be written plainly and correctly. The machine verifies itself?that is, at each revolu tion tlx? operator can tell, by means of an un erring test in his instrument, whether it is in unison or not with the instrument with which it is communicating in a distant city. But its most wonderful feat, and that which will test the reader's credulity the severest, is its power to start into operation a similar machine in a distant office, without the help or even pre sence of an operator, and compel it to write out whatever messages it chooses to send in the same perfect manner which they first started on their transit. Tims, for instance, an operator at Wash ington may, at any time, lock up his office and go to his meals, or his bed if be chooses, anil on his return he may lind on his desk a rnessag ? perhops#from New Y ork or New Orleans, all lairiy printed out, und ready to be enveloped and Fent to its address. These are some of the most prominent characteristics of Mr. Hughes' instrument. There ure others, such as its eco nomy in the use of working material, its capa bility of operating in all possible states of the atmosphere, and its admirable compactness and simplicity ot construction, to which we have only spue* to allude. The new company to which we have called atteiitiou, as the first step in their operations have secured the absolute patent of the Hughes machine for the whole I uited Slates, at a cost of latwciri olid* and two hundred thousand dollars. A nuiu' er of these machines are now being uamifuctutvd by an ingenious mechanic. I nnd pome or Hum, we understand. Till soon lie ' ?*cndy to he putoperation. Tlicir next step, *.r are told, Till be the leasing of ull the direct , i? s iietwcui New V'nrk and Nova Kco'ia. js o.mtiations Co this direction are, we are as M) *x.d, already n dy cociploted, and the new cm, tpany will probably t?umo the manage n.,.|, t of tbo. e lines about the lir?t ot January Mini, '?>*'? WLtn the spring opens, new lines of ibe u est substantial and perfect conslruetioa will, v have res-ou to believe. f,y built to the South n cd West, to that eventually the owners of the Hughes patent will have a network of wires ratliating In all directions frittn Ne v > ork to every prominent business plac# in Unii n. When all the plans of the conrpany arc felly perfected, the public will wliae.? a revolution in the telegraphic business. Celerity, reliability, cheapness, will, we hope, bo the niptto under tlic new dispensation. With these there will, of course, c a very ra pkl im rense in the amount of b iographic busi ness ; and. If the reductionfn tolls ever reaches the point, now in contemplation i.y the new company, Cn.ilc Sum's mail bags w.ll eventu ullv be left ent?rel? to the rewep.ipers, and to tuc'b tender or oonv*poadeu?e *? will not admit of the supervision of a third person. Then the correspondents of the New York Hkkai.d, scattered over the Union, will receive instructions to drop their letters into the telegraph office for transmission instead of the Post offices. Then we shall expect to have the whole of our paper, excepting, of coarse, the city news, editorial, and advertisements, made up with telegraphic despatches from all parts of this continent?indeed from all parts of the world. Morse, House, and Hughes ? what a wonderful revolution you have pro duced in a generation ! Caleb Gushing off tub Track.?Strong Ad vice from a Marcy Organ.?The late instruc tions of Caleb Gushing, Attorney-General of the United States, to the District Attorneys and other legal officers of the general govern ment, touching their special duties in refe rence to all violators of our neutrality laws, do not please our free soil, anti-Cushing poets of the Keening Post. That paper says.1 ? We winh, for our part, that Mr. Cushing wouM confne himself to the duties of his office?for which, we would observe by the way, he hue not too much capacity. 1 atrly lie baa been usurping the functions of tbo 'egi-U tuie kdiI the court1-?be h.c been legislating and deoi ling on tlie rut-je t of the equality of the States, on the pre text 11 a ruse supposed to be got up for the ocna-ion. ( ui-liiog is Mr. Pierce's Congress and Supreme Ooart, all iu one. Tho newspapers already calx of hia decision*, ?he-tan the Attorney Gen- ratdecidou nothing?ho m-re ly give.-- opiiiiona in importaut atxes referred to him, which Lave the -line authouty with those of any other lawyer, and no mote. In tho present case, he ban over flowed tuto the office of the Secretary ot Hta'e, am) thriixt i-ini-r'f into our foreign relatione. We must tell Mr Cuabli g tbot he ban Dot the proper qualifications for a Fecicfaty ot Stale, and that he will gain more credit by Ui ting our foreign lelalione alone than by undertaking their management. Ihe country will prefer to leave ihem with M . Marcy. In other words, who is Mr. Cushing. a demo crat cf yesterday, a Tylerite the day before, and a whig last week, that he should usurp the

functions of Mr. Murcy ? Is not Marcy a vete ran legitimate Van Buren democrat of the Albany Regency ? and shall such interlopers as Curbing presume to speak the law for him?. This is ?be meaning of our free soil democratic coteinpornry, but what is Marey about that he i-hould permit Cushing to "overflow'' into his office? Is our Premier asleep ? Aud has Gen. Jeff. Davis nothing to say against Cushing be ing -Mr. Pierce's Congress and Supreme Court, till in one ?" Mr. Cushing must be taken down a peg or two. He is evidently getting too large for his breeches. "The Early Bird."?There is an old pro verb, hold in high esteem in tho "rural dis tricts," which says that "the early bird catches the worm." We learn that, Impressed with this tdt a, the outsiders, or the lobbymou and ex pectants of small favors of the Atuoricau party, have been holding several caucuses for the division of the offices of the Honse of Rep resentatives, amounting in all to about fifty. We hope the parties concerned "will arrange ihe business to their satisfaction, but we cau uot guarantee a ratification of their proceed ings by the House. Sorry to say it, but- it is a fact that all the subordinate places In the House will depend upon the election ot' Speaker, Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms and Post master, and iltt-y will Dot be chosen till the meeting of Congress, it Is Uanl, but it is ac cording to the constitution. A Gratifying Assurance.?While our Eng lish and domestic exchanges arc filled with wars and rumors of wars between Great Britain and the United Slates, we arc assured most posi tively, by a Washington correspondent of one of our Seward orguns, that there will )>e no war while Murcy is at the helm. The bulla of Wull street may come out again. THE LATEST fflEWfe. BY ELECTRIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, From Washington. CABINET SESSION?DESPATCHES FROM MR. BUCHAN AN?SIXI'LANATIONH IN KKOARD TO THK BRITISH WEST INDIA FLEET?NO PROSPECT OF A WAB BE TWEEN TUE UNITED STATES AND ENGLAND?COURT OF CLAIMS?FLARK-UP IN TUE UNION NEWSPAPER, ETC. Washington, Nov. 16,1865. Tho Cabinet r.ere in setslon again to-day, and the dirpatdBFs by the Pacific, from our Miniater, Mr. Bu chanan, were received at the State Department and con sidered in Cabinet council. The tenor of these despatches are, I am iaiormcd by good authority, of the moat friendly character, assuring our government that there wax no sigulficancy in their sending the fleet to the We?t Indies, and that there wax not tho alightcat cauxe fir the panic created by the Knglixh journals. This news his quieted those excitable individuals in the Cabinet who have U-cn anticipating a rupture betweou the two govern ments. Commodore l'aulding's expected mission to ?an Juan lias thus been frustrated, and only one v-:ssel of the lit-n o Squadron will proceed to Nicaragua. The administration is gteatly relieved by the news that Englund does not intend her fleet for a Central American demonstration, as it relieves them from the danger of having to back out from the Monroe doctrine or tight. The intelligence received here that General Almonte, the Mexican Minister, has been superseded, has cau-od considerable excitement. The case of the United States against Mr. Scott, formerly Navy Agent, for alleged de dications, Is now on trial before the United States Court in this city. it in rumored here this evening that there Is a liaro up among the t'nion news paper folks, and that Forney is g< irig out of the establishment. Commodore Nicholson and Colonel Jack Hays arrived litre this evening, and ate stopping at Willard's. In the Court of Claims to day tho argument In the case of Springer, svlio claims a commission of Ore per cent upon tho gross cost of coal while acting as agent to pur chase and inspcotcoal for the Navy Pepartment, was con cluded. Mr. Idair, for the United States, contented that the claim of tho petitioner was untenable, because the Secretary of the Navy had no legal power to appoint an sgent to purchase and insjiect coal. Mr. Stanton, re ply it g, argued that sucli appointment was as necessary as was the employment of a shipmaster to carry the cnal to the foreign stations where needed, and that If the Se cretary had no legal power to employ one of these agents he had none to employ the other. Pcclsi >n reserved. Mr. O'Cunor did not speak on the Gen. Armstrong r ise to day. lie will commence his argument on Monday. Mud Cimnnlty nt a Know Aothlng Cclc b ration. Lockpotit, Not. 18, 1855. At an American celebration in this city la*t evening, a rnnnnn was prematurely discharge 1, fatally injuring L. J. Wicks, and seriously wounding Geo. Kill tt. Mr, Wicks Is still alive, but is horribly mangled, an 1 cannot long suivIto. Taylor Monument Dedication. Karros, Pa.. Nov. 18 1855. The monument in honor of Zach.vry Tajl ir is to oe d' 'Heated here on Tuesday next, and a ureal time is an ticipated. Invitations have been extended to Gonerals itcott, Cadwallader, Patterson and Fo?tcr, and Commo d ore Stock too, and it is hoped that most, if not ail of tuetn. will be present. Twenty different mill ary compa rare are expected. An AlMCfMirilog Officer. flssfion, November 18. 1B'?5. City Marshal Weaver, wlie was deposed from that office, also from four other offices whi-h ho he! t under our municipal government, on chaige. of official c .r rnption. has absconded. He hid a few lavs before die K-eed of all his real estate and other pmpei ty, and his ,l,a ending has caused much sensation here Fatal Accident to as Actor. t'TK-A. N. Y., Sat. 18, 13 CeorgeP. Kvans, en actor, was suddenly kid 4 While walking dor if l.enesee tltttl this nu, nlog. by tb foil ing of a foiblei" flpon him. Print was w.'i r, - ,? t, time with Mi 1'Otter, uuimjw of our tfcea:re Later from Havana. New Orijuxt, Not. 16,1856. The stsamship Crescent City has arrived at this port, with llavsna dates to the 18th Inst. The CuliforoU mails for this city had not arrived there when the C. C. left. ^ugarn were enteed nominal. The stock on hand was about 30,000 boxes. Molasses had advunaed, and an active business was doing. While a party of wreckers were taking out tho cargo o' a Fpauith brig on Bahama Bank, they wero fired into by a Suanlf-h launch, tw> of them killed, and Ave or six wounded. The remainder were imprisoned at Cienfuegos R all road Accident. Match Chink, Pa., Nov. 16, 1856. A passenger train on the I.ehigh Valley Railroad was thrown off the track this afternoon, this side of Allen town. One freight car was demolished, and a car con taining thirty passengers thrown off the track. All the passengers escaped unhurt, but a brakemun was fa tolly injured. _______ Fire at Ogdensbaig. OanxNBBt'Bu, Nov. 10 18.55. The mansion of the Hon. H. Van P.enssellaer, in this place, with most of Its contents, was destroyed by fire early this morning. Marine Disaster*. LOBS OF TQB BRIO JOSEPH BALCH. Nkw Orleans, Nov. 16,1865. The brig Joseph Bslch, of Boston, from Havana for New Orleans, was totally lost on Chandelier Island, on the 7tli inBt. The Captain and crew have arrived here. COLLISIONS AT SEA. Boston, November 16,1865. The British ship Robert Parker, arrived at this port fromT iverpool, was in contact on the night of November 8th, in lat. 46 30, long. 64 30. wi^h the British ship Da vid Brown, Vanglian, from Quebec for Bristol, England, and damaged her badly. Tho R. P. lay by her until day light anc took off the captain and crow, twenty-one, all iold, who stated that two men had been killed at the time of the collision. The Robert Parker lost her jib boom and cutwater. . .... Arrived ship Euphrasia, of New York, Marshall, from New Orleans, was in contact at 1 A. M. to-day, off Cape Cod with the ship Plealdes, I com Boston for Charleston, S C., and had her bow badly stove, lost bowsprit, tic. The ! lcaides lost jlbboom. 4c., but kept on her voyage. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. Philadelphia, Nov. 16, 1865. Stocks firm. Tennsylvsnia State Elves, 82%; Reading, 45%; bland, 12%; Morris Canal, 12%; Pennsylva nia Railroad, 42%. PHILADELPHIA IRON MARKET. PlIILADlLPIIlA, OOV. 16, 1855. The transactions in iron during the past week have been limited, the sales amounting only to about 1,800 tons. We quote No. 1 pig, at $28 a $50; No. 2, at $20 a 827; foigc, at (22 a $24; American bars, at $70. Rails firmer, at $65, cash. New Orleans, Nov. 15, 1855. Tho Pacific's news came to hand yesterday, but did not transpire until after business hours; consequently its I effect has not yet been developed. Cotton was firm to day, with sales of 6,000 bales. Sterling exchange is at 6 a 7 per cent premium. Hour has slightly advanced, and now sells at $8 85 a $8 50. Barrelled lard is quoted 8,114 ' Charleston, Nov. 15, 1856. Cotton?bales of the week. 13,000 bales- receipts, 12.0C0 bales; stock on baud, 13,000 bales. The market advanced '?c. to day. In rice there has been no change. Albany, Nov. 10, 185 V A fait business his been done in ilour at previous rates. Wheat?-airs 7,000 bushels Canadian tit $2 21. Barley? IS 000 bushels four rowed sold at $1 26, from store, on time; $1 27% afloat, for cash; and $1 28 utlont, on time. Cats 48c. Rye?sales of 5,800 bushels at $1 18, in lots, tind $110 a (1 20% afloat. Whiskey is at 30c. Canal tec- Ipts?Flour, 4,470 bbls.; barley, 27,140 bushels; oats, 19,110 do.; rye, 5,800 do.; wheat, 15.520do. ' ' ? Buffalo, Nov. 10?6:30 P. M. There lias been a moderate demand for Hour to-day at unchanged prices. Poles of 2,700 bbls. at $7 87 for e >m mou Michigan: S8 3T a $8 87% for the whole range of common to extra Ohio, including Wisoonson, nnd $9 60 for cludce extra Canadian. Wheat closes at 6c. advance, with a good demand. Sales cf 9,000 bushels at $1 70f>r Blit ois rpiing; $1 73 a $1 76 for Wisconsin do. ; $1 75 a S>1 8b for rnl Indiana and Kentucky; $1 95 for white Indiana, snd $2 06 for Cuuadian. closing at the outside figures. Corn firmer. Sales of 13,000 bushels at 83c.$ closing with the holders at 84c. Oats held at 42c., with out buyers. Bye norniual, at about $1 05. Barley? Slate selling at about $1 50 a $1 32. Canal freights? W heut, 18c. to Albany aod 22c. to New York. Lake inn oi ts for the twenty-four hours ending noon to-diy :? Hour. 4,643 bbls ? wheat, 164,943 bushels: corn, 21,387 do.; onts, 27,036 do. Canal exports, same time :?Hour, l.ffll bbls.: wheat, 108 000 bushels; corn, 15.690 do.; oats, 12,400 do. Waliack'b Theatre??' The Dowager."?'The audience at Wallaek's theatre last evening was amused with a n'-nt little comedy called li The Dowager," writ ten by Charles Matthews, originally in one act, but arranged here, for convenience, in two. Mr. Matthews and l!rae. Vestris in 1843, when the piece was first dono at the liaymnrkct, played tho parts wbith wero acted last night by Mr. Walcot nnd Mrs. Hocy. The piece is found ed on a single Incidert, very well handled. The Dowager, Countess of Tiesillan, has sent word to her nieces, lady Bloomer and Margarit, that she purposes spending a few days w ith them In the country. They hive never seen the Countess, hut supposing her to be "a conventional dowa ger." 'a formal trump,full of ridiculous provine.tal prejudi ces," tbey think her visit will put an end to their private theatricals anil other jollities in which they iutend to in dulge. There are several young men about the premises who are In love with the ladies, and one of thorn, Sir Err dot ick Cha-emore, sends to London for a celebrated actress to do the Dowager at short notb?. and hoax the gtr'.s. These last Darned Individuals hear of Masler Fre derick's intentions, and resolve to punish him. At the last moment unknown to them, he counter mands his order and the real downger arrives. Tho girls supposing Uor to be the actress, tell I,ord Alfted I.yndcay. a fast young nobleman, to receive her. The Dowager who turns out to he a trnmp, pretty and under thirty, take - all T.yndssy's Uriuquerie in go >d part, and allows them all to think her an actress, stir Frederick cndtavoif to explain, but she fulrlv laughs him off and pl?js the joke cut. It ends with her marriage to Lynd ssy, a ml with th- happiness of the whole party. Mr. Mst'licws does up the thing in a charmlrg eff hand man ner ard marries nil. When one is arranging marriairss, they might us well be for eight as for two. The l'i.w.-ig? i (Mr*. Tloey) was very good, and so was her friend Lindsay (Walcot). The piece went "If very nicely to - full house. A> AUEMV oi )|i hic.?La Ora.\oe's Bovwrr.?As every body antii Ipatrd, the announcement of a benefit to lima. La (? range ntimcte-' a fall audicnco to this house last evening. The ntti actions of the night wore an act of "Atlulle/' with Rachel, and two acts of " I Puritan!," with the iVfttif of Signnr Casptnl, the new basso. <H the merits of the latter artist we cannot fully judge from a single pet forinance, but we are inclined to predict for him great popularity. Although Ids part (8ir fleorge Waiter) brought him frequently before the audience, it afforded liim but little opportunity to display his voice. The opera was well done, and in Athalie M'Ue Rachel added another laurel to the wreath already nc julred hero. The performance of M'llo Lla Felix, also, wa< re ceived wi'b marks of approbation. Aside from a few im perfections in the choruses of the "l'urltani," the entire perfoimanct i a? unexceptionable. After the opera there wns liny numb, of bouquets, and an enthusiastic habitui let off u pni' id a bite doves at lime. Ia Orange. Tit* Pm -st- Habmsos Tnoirx in Brooklyn.?The fsrewell eoaeurt of thia popular troupe at Boston, on Ibuirdny evening, was crowded. They perform this evening in B?> < k lyn for the benefit of Mr. Biougb. A'ler that they stm t < n their Southern tour. Murine AflaJri, PlFrJLlcii ?The clipper schooner Nortli Point, Capt. A. R. Swain, belonging to Memm. Johuaon K Ixiirdcn, which arrived nt thl- port yesterday from Rio de Janeiro, ha< made one of the quicken voyage* on record. She eft tbo Capet ?n tlin 18th of August last, and arrived > (T the Hook on the 12th inst., and was blown off for three days, tliua aetnully a' Corepliahing the Voyage In eighty i* day* having I aid at Rio twelve days. Ilcr actual failing ll ? ? m ei|tieut)y, was only acveuty four day*. TUt Net V '? iut by this, her drat voyage, hat doue ei? it n t tuly to her builders, Mo net Uvrsaet & 1". ntVa i i V ilh'r.msliiTg, bu also to hee wo. thy Captain A. Biker ra.tin. I at* i' om Cruaro i Tlat* bark Vgnua, Oapt. A'klnaon, arrived\t t-1 day morning from Curacoa, t*ct ,t>er 25, re p .r(a n- -alt a'- that pi ice. At llnnaire. ahvut it 010 tiarieln if Til rent#. T e chole. a was spreading all along the sea ? if Vcnornela. Huait ' ' ojc.? fhti rf|Hiita that the fever had r< tin n< ? Noiiolk ond i'i rtamouth are entirely without fonndati n. Hi do, tor* ray th^ out of (Ire to el* thousand inhoV'.tn: who have returned within the pa't for w/fk- liny it iwelve caae* of lever h?v.' o;. furred and ho?e w ? instance* where people w>nt Ini i bouiea wl.irh h id o'.i been Vi ntlHtod ufler liav Ing baan ?hut up for 'hrcc month". I.O?H OP TOP Kl-KVATOB AT Cf? AUI.OTTK. -The {.levator at <3? "lotto. at the month if the ( inn oe Klv:, ,on e Ii, mlb e Iror.i HucIh-'t gave way o i Sun ;ln,| nl.ont 10 mkt birehele i f '"eua-'Un wheat Ui?n in .tore w?* rreeirhateilinto the ilver, aiioti a total Im. T ic w-i ? owned bv I'oh'elei miller*, r nd waist -..l In ibe e|ei afiir in su 'h o II sri ilin. a* to h'lr:iI" f c " u>. * ihi b lldtri' i ) . ' .'t th'. ' Ii' i# ? ? i ng .nto thi liter. Metropolitan Theatre?The AmatMBfc The following la the copy of the programme of what the French call a grande repretenlation extraordtnaa e, which took place at the Metropolitan theatre laiit evening - METROPOLITAN THEATRE, gecond appearance In Near York of the young American da bu'ante, Miss Ada Claue. buoood appearance of Mr. We. luinr. Mr. H H. Smith aa 9C Pierre. Mini Kate Hunter.? ? Donna PranoeMsa. Fliilay evening, Nor. 16il>. will be performed, for th* ttrtt time a new America Uaj.^ wrtttenCy Wm. Bennett, Ke,,.. on, A TALK or TUB HOUTH. Bodolfo Mr-W Banneu. Don A Homo ill Velaaquex Mr. Uoward. Don Carlos dt Medina ?? ? Mr. Dunbar. Pedro *r;T. Werny-.. Mr. Seymour. Leon ? ? r Lope* ? Sherman. Fernando Mj- *SrUJ5' Jack Hpyall - Mr-Worth. Lieutennnt of bpanUhOuard .. ?.. .Mr. Wright. Donna Kranceaca Miaa Kate Hunter. Donna Clare Mrs. noward. luvy. Miss Melville, Spanish Koldlers, Guards, Sailors, Revolutionists, Priests, Ad. Alter which will he perfnnued a condensed a UpUiluu ul Knowles' play of ibe H WIFE ; A Talk OF MAMTCA. Julian Ft. Pierre Mr. H, S. Smith. Antonio ..Hunt. Leonardo Oouzago Young. Fenardo Montagu. Count Klorlo Morton. Hartolo Sherman. Lorenzo Adair. Advocate ........Dunbar. Mai lata Mis* Ada Clare. Florlbel Miss Louisa KUmore. Lords, Ladles. So'dtera, Ac Fmcxs or Apmimsion Parquette, parquette circle, audi second circle, 80 cent*. Secured seats In balconv and orches tra, 80 cent* extra. 1 bird circle, 28 cents. Private boxes, $10. Tickets for sale at 1U1I A Sou's music store, and at the hot ofllce oi the theatre, where seats may be aeout ed from 10 A. M. till 3 P. M. Doors open at C o'c'ock. Performance to commence al 7)4 o'clcck. It might be held that as most of the person* engaged in thia representation do not act for a livelihood, a cloeo criticism upon their effort! would be out of place. But it will be noticed that mouey was taken for admission, and that thereforo thoy should be used according to their deserts. The audience included about a thousand persons, mostly quid nunrs and friends of the amateurs. But they were not treated with any lenlensy on this ac count. It is so plea-ant to soe one's friend make himself ridiculous, and to quit him that you dined with the day before yes erday. The new American tragedy Is one of the most remark ahle pieces of dramatic writing that wo hare ever seen. It is truly, like the celebrated play, "Pyramus and This be," most tragical mirth. We endeavored conscienti ously to find out what it was about, but Called. We saw two maidens, neither of them remarkable for personal beauty?a desperate tjnrant with a passion for murdering whole families?a hero in a most remarka ble pair of trowsers, who dies several times In the course ot the piece, and numerous guards who always came on the stage when they were not wanted, and resolutely persisted in staying away when they were needed. The tyrant Is a mysterious Mexican officer, in boots and bioechis, who has murdered all the hero's family. The bero is in love with one of the maidens, who, he says, "bad a hand In it," and he tarns up suddmlyno take his revenge, some of which ho gots. The play was tear fully and wonderfully mado and was most vilely acted. Mr. Bennett, the author, should take a lesson from tlio terrible fatro or last night, and never attempt, to act again. Pa t of the play transpires on board a ship. The scene represented a Gothic chamber. The hero en tered fighting a desperate combat with these queer short basket-hilted swords, which were never used unywhore except on the stage. He lias carried the vessel by board ing. One of the maidens has hidden herself, B. II. E., No. 1. The hero finishes off his antagonist, who dies near the prompt place. Tlio hero then picks up a guitar, and begins to sttg?that was not so bad, ex cept that ho did. not ting in the right key, and was alwayH out of time. After the song I* over, the roiyiu is carried off But we will not attempt to detail the incidents. Sufficit, that the audionee roared with laughter, that there were thunders of Ironical applause, and that Bnrton never did anything half so tunny as this tragedy. We should be glad to find a commendable print either in the noting or the piny. The stage business all went wrong: there were some twenty varieties of costume, and the whole affair was richer than any burlesque. Mr. Bennett, who is said to bo a most estimable person, has certainly no "rail'' to the singe. Ho speiks the lines, but has no apparent idea of acting, properly speaking. In the last scene, where several people die, without bring touched, i e made a 1 og spe- ch, (aider being stabbed and losing a button from his jacket ) referring to Cuba and ether topics, political, lccal aud social, and then laid own quietly and expired. Mr. Bennett appeared after the second act in front of the curtain, and made an cpology for the conire on the stage, wlilch lie .- aid was owing to the fact tint there had been no rehearsal i. lie also said that the audb nie must knew he could not write such stuff ns tlioy had heard. This was evidently a gratuitous assumption, as many persons in the audience had never heard of him. They laughed again, of course. Alter tlio tragedy, wo had "the condensed adaptation"' of "The Wife." We may be excused from entering into a long notice of tbis. It was draggy, and sometimes sticky. The only persons who spoke the words or dis played any animation in acting were Miss (Tare and Mr. h'nilth. The others wore t nly walking sticks, and -haky at that. The performance was solemn, slow and ponder ous, so much so, that nearly half the audience retired alter the second act. Miss Clare has acted several times. She is a very young woman?a mere child, in fact?with fine eyes, a profusion of linen hair, dressed a la Cfii noitr (for a Swiss-Italian girl)?a ptlile, thin, an 1 not well developed figure. Iter voice is sweet, but I* not suf ficiently powerful at present for the stage. Practice will develope it, however. Her peiformancc of Mariana wan not good?it was not up to iho mark where analytical criticism I/Cgins. The first sctno, in which she very ntueh frightened, was the best thing of the night. Jt happened that the very emotion which she really felt was that which it was necessary for her to cluntcrfrit. She wis bidly drer ed, (or which there I* no excuse, as nil the books contain Ibe description ot the proper cos tume. Miss Clare also imitates tlio mannerisms of a well known American act"sc, whom she resembles. There peculiarities are faults, and we hav" no doubt that Miss Clare's prototype wuld Ire glad to get rid of" them. We ihina that Miss flare ha* talent, but it will lie time enough for Lcr to play tho Juliss and Viarimar In two or three years from now. We have no h'-slta'ion In predicting that if she is not spoiled she will eventually be successful on the stage. Mr. r-'mlih was good, at times, in ft. HerTe. He displayed considerable halitiuU <le In sc- it, and. gave the words to lhat they could be under stood. Nobcdy else did that during the evening, and we were grateful to Mr. Smith. His chief er-orn were in redundancy of gesture and occasional over acting. The performance was full of queer incidents, such ad a maiden looking over a ship' ride pensively and Light ening off n mild pirate who eaioo to seizo her; seen?" were cut off in the middle: Mi-s Clare had to prompt the 1 ul.e of Mantua while that dignitary was seated -m tee vice-" gal thi no. I very bo- y. ive believe, wa satisfied, and thought It funny fur the first two hours. The rv celpts, We are told, exceeded llieexpensea to the amount of $31*. N'ltmn'a G/Rnrv?M't i.le IU< ma.?Duma*' play, - Mole, moi-elle de Lelle Isle,'' war produced here on Thursday evening, with M'lle Rachel in the princi|>al part. The play U In flee acts, by the elder Duma , and wi" tirat acted at the Theotie t'ran^ai*, sixteen yetn -mp> when he wa* in favor with the power*, and able tog't hie j.lere* played at the official house. M'lle Mara v at. the original 'latrielle, and Kathel eucoeeded to the |M?rt in 1842 or '43. The scene i* laid in the tim- of Louis XV., at Chin'illy. The father ofGabrlelle ie in the Bastille, and ho.- brother hare lodglugs in the same lute cuing in'ititl.u M"l> Labrielle comes to Clrinlilly, where the court I ? rueiicating. with the laudable o j.ct of gaining a j ai d i> for her rela'.lTe*. fhe U Tery pretty, anil- cl scly fol lowed hy the profligate. finical, witty, fspplsh. b-av? Due <1* RUbetien. 'lha Duke ha-i tieen the la?t pi -In 'f the Marqulae dc Trie, mistress of tlie Premier. 1*1 red hy the youth and fie-dine?* rf the Belle I?te, he !a'cni?to leave the Mar?|ul?e, and while in her house wag>re i' a' b" w 111 make an assignation a4 midnight with th<- flrst p.e''y wi man he meet*. That h.ij 'pen* to beGabritlle wboht-4 com* to visit De i'rie, no account of her ?opposed in with the Prime Mini !er. He obtsln* Hahrielle' - consent to an in4ervicw iu the e.cning, after U* hn ?e n tl.cminister, and the Mar juise promise* him h*r ai*h*t incv Tin ituke'* bet lis* b en taken by the f'bo a'ier d'Aubigny. who '* engage! to !>e married to (iabrielle. The )UrquiM write* t> the Duke, and he, never hsTinp. seen her callg aphic feate, suppoaes the litter to c ?m>' from (labrislle. The Marquise n >w goea to w ik to ont wi* him. First, -he induces r.abrlelle to take I" 'gingi a' the castle. Next De PHe promises the Duke th t' she wi I go to Paris, tearing b>m a clear field. Instead of ihat., however, n * pr. cures [araiU-ion lor ftabrielietn see l.e father at Paris ?end* her ( IT, and take' h"r place. f;4 lui !:? le only 40<i hanyy to e- the ancient |? i re, and .cade; pioaiisa* secrecy a* h ug at the Duke de Us u