Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1855 Page 2
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thi' minds of their countrymen In Paris, than by a pen anl of the following communication from the pen of an American whose familiarity with our national politica is amply evinced by it- They will not be surprised if in formed that it couM not be inserted in any Parisian journal. Even Galignnni's JUessmger, wh!ch to day de votee no fees than live columns to American affairs, could not llnd room for it:? The tbunoer of 'he l.ondon Jim-i has startled the com mercial world with its awful announcement of a probable war between England and the United States. Tor some month- past person* iutimale with the diplomatic circles ?if ihe two governments have Wen apprehensive of the results of the delicate relations that existed between them regarding Central American affairs. Concerning these affairs a sort of patch work treaty exists, known as the Clayton and Bulwer treaty, executed on our part hy a thick 1 leaded numbskull in the State Department. and ratified by ti e Senate, in the face of the severe denuncia tion of the leaning statesmen of the governing interest*. A sort ot purtneiship opeiution was entered into about the Central American affaire Notice of a di-soliition of the partnership atta rs was given by the present administra tii n in the bombardment and destruction of Greytown. a small commercial town on the Mbequlto coast, claimed by l.ieat Britain under a trumped up title trom an Indian chief. There is no other question between the two governments iijion which Knglaud can find an exc ise Ur her pieseut menace. The writer in the Time* (except that upon all matters touching American interests, he is a mouomaniac) might have stated the question about which it thunders in a sim|4e fonn, namely: Cummer rial jurisdiction by the K.nglish government over the Mos quite territory. Why betog the matteri "Ireland." for ineiance, "A di scent opon Her Majesty's dominions " "Filibustering expeditions titting out in the United t-'tates, known to the President," Ac., &?., not one word oi which is true. Kinney and Fattens, leaders in the Central American expedition to colonize that country, 1 ave bolh been put under arrest by the American gov ernment. They have been treated precisely us the j?eo tile ol Mr Crampton, the British Minister, were treated fi r violating the neutrality laws. Is not "sauce for the goose sauce for the gander!"' Cuba, in all good time, the I nited btate* intends to possess herself ot. Kuglish ju risdiction Upon the Mosquito coast, unless terminated in the Bulwer treaty, cannot be terminated except ny war, as no more solemn pledge can be given by her. The last news from the I nited States was October 17? money plenty, commerce flourishing, the peoplo happy and peaceful, and the government at peace with all the world, no differences existing except with the little State of Denmark, sud that in a lair way for an amicable ad jus'uient. Thus stoo l affairs upm the political surface until the explosive article of the London Time< appeased on the loth. Three months since the writer of these ! lines, being in lsindun, learned, to his surprise, that at- i triirs between the two governments were far from being agreeable. In vniious ways, since then, it has leaked out that it was the settled purpose of Lord I'alnierslon to embroil tlie I ni'ed htati s in the world's war. the tate seemed to have decreed should blood . tain the history of the last halt of this nineteenth century. It is a pity that the assertions ot the 7\ine* were not all as true as that which asserts tlia the press in America will be indignant at tho re;k less itnpui enoe. cul threat braggudori i, fnl-ehood, malig nant hatred to the Ameiican people and government which i una through the .rticle. Kiiglantl talks flippantly about n war with America "while throttling the Northern plant." it we in America r:ad correctly tho accounts trom the ( rimea, she slipped her hold in this throttling effort, and but lor arms more sinewy, officers more capa ble, and a government more equal to the encounter, Eng land would still be begging at the door of every petty government of the earth f r a loan of soldiers to tuy tiie hand of Ku-riu from burying her little gallant band at hieha-topol in the trcnchi s themselves have dug, England has neiihei tnen nor head; she has a banker's wealth left, that's all! .-he must sustain tor commer cial credit: that i nee shattered, London lias no more terrors to the wailike nations of the earth than Amster dam. "These expeditions do not receive the sanction of the American government?but their preparation is never theless known to the President and Ins administration, aud receives no chock from that quarter." As well might Queen Victoria ho charged with countenancing a rape upon a French griteUe because committed by one of her subjects. "It is because we see no hope of finding in the United states a government capable of preventing its citizens from wnging private war on their own ac :ount agulnst the best friends and truest allies of tlio great republic, that we arc compelled, even in the midst of the greut European struggle In which we are engaged, to as sume a defensive attitude, in order to trutnple out the first sparks of this fire, and prevent a eon tfragrution which, if once allowed to spruad, may ?ausc incalculable ml cry to the human race." You can Hod bv searching American prison houses ample evidence ol her ability aiw wi!'iuguc33 to jirotvct her neighbors from lawless aggression, by incarcerating uer own misguidoii citizens in their attempt to free Canada from her bondage, and but for her power and will to do her duty ?n<l fulfill nil her obligations under like circum e'anres Canada would net now be a British dtqietidenco. That pear ia full ripo and will tall with the slightest I hreexe. " it Is the misf irtune of the American republic that idle contains within her borders so many desperate aud law less men " All that goiel schools and n humane government c*n do, ebe is doing to reform them. It is not her fault that England bus spawned upon her shores go many of the bad, from lier pauper houses and her prisons. " That which she cannot do we are compelled, at least no far us the lawless enterprises directed sgsin.-t ourselves go, to do for her." Not a bnlr of any American citizen will she permit Eng land to tohcii. tbongh he lie a criminal escaped from Van Irfemen's I.ind. I quote the language "f tho present Pre sident, of that republic: "The first footprint of a British Kifficer upon ati American bottom in pursuance of the right of search claimed by Great Britain, shall bo (he -tig s'Hal for war." this jieint our people hold no di vided opinion. Our new Congress has just been chosen, composed mostly of new men, the offspring of a new political party that has swtptlikea whi Iwind over the country, de Mroying most of the old landmarks of the tw > parties that havedivlded the people since the organization of the government, each of which p issesscd strung conservative elements. Thegc new adventurous politicians will find permanence, power, distinction and glory In a war. "ur President is a young timn?the youngest ol' American Presidents?and ambitious; his father was a soldier of the American He volution, end two of his brothers were offl tors 1q the second war with England. He himself, educated in su-h a family, cannot otherwise than ache to avenge liis father and his country, when just cause of war exists be tween the two countries. Minister fuelling, the mister spirit of the present administration, is a fatalist. Tramp, tramp, tramp, he believes the 'mauifest deaiiny ' of the American people. Commerce has done much to ameliorate the asperity of feeling that exists in America towards England, which two brutal wars have engendered. Coub! a new genera tion Id1 permitted to grow up in peace with all the world, | this feeling would 1st almost entirely eradicated. It Is with ns as it must he with all true hearted frenchmen; ?we feel the rust cankering in tho wound inflicted by the merciless hand of England. It cannot be denied that thi re are Americans that bate England with the bltt"r hatred ol the offspilng of the Human Cenei. Tue old man. after exhausting in debauchery and crime all his energies, conceived a passion for his own daughter Beatrice. Ehe was dragged in chains before him?his hellish purpese. he disclosed; she asked a little time to reflect; she procured a poignatd, ami not her brutal father, but that, itrank her own heart's blood and she tree ! IT,o United States of America may he blotted th; ?was tree I The United . - from the map of nations; this may be her bit. youiigas a nation, and conceited; it is the bane ofy she has no standing ntiiiy, and a small navy. "ur elves may not feel equal to the conflict; yot the children are born that w ill ee us a nation of seventy-five millirna. (iieytown is a little place; ye' the Central American f-'tates occupy the gateway lielween the two oceans, "ur people well under-Kind tIn- advan age of possessing this commercial tunnel of the two worlds. The I'a'rv begins one of its atii les i n this subject with a very appropriate quotation:?' It is an /ninth a mere riot." salt Chirle X, on the'.'8th of July, "ti being told at St. Cloud thi the people were fighting In the streets ot I'arls. "No, aire," replied the Count dc la Rochefoucauld, "It Is a re volution." The first gun fired upon nn American vessel by the vaunted West India squadron will make wa Ming of a hundred millions of American Indebtedness. The second will stop the further Issuo of cotton covers for Crimean soldiers. The third will shut the lid of our overlad m corn chest?a consequence slightly inconvenient I >r ?Barring England at the present moment. A distinguished American eilizen, now in London, writes to a friend in Darts:?'War is Inevitably nolo' the English Mini-ter or the American Secretary In a equate out." The gentleman who thus writes is inti mately acquainted with all the affairs of American diplo macy. Your readers share the benefit of his opinl in. I have scarcely room to add that the food for g>ssip which l <>n l'iatt, late .-ectclary of legation at I'aris, bequeathed on his recent sudden departure to the Ameri can villnge in Paris, (as fond ot it nltnost as that ot icr American village In Florence,) has been pretty nearly consumed, and a fresh supply of It, in the form of a ho >k wdnch 'they say" be is to publish on diploma ly," will I* greedily welcomed; that Mr. Mason, United States Min ister at Paris, comfortably survives tlip attacks of certain Paris rorrespomlenia. who. It is to he hoped, know in ore cil other subjects than of diplomatic etiquette; that the American idea, "the flag rovers the cargo, free .-hips make free goods," has Wen officially proposed to tho French government hy our own, and that no American I,Nbu?taring expedition lias yet landed in?Ireland. FIGARO. Oar Madrid C*rri i|ini\<l?n(r. M.u>kw, October 87, 1855. Jtjfmri in S/xtin?7hr Cortrs tin A 'Mnfi?/v Mt-iifira turn* of lh< lari/f? Mmtrioliont on Ilit Exportation of drain? }'\mtv of Com l?it m> Koa>l?I'ricngaityt up? | 7V Trnuury rtlirml for th' Momrnt?Tkr M. ? mmti of Uu (Afrratirr Cttu*? Hytlra-Hm**!*! Hitiwn?Th Allium in Airyanc?Thr ttwnli?Thr VkoUra?StOffn.Uton of All Thing*. There U little new or notable to communicate In this ?tier. Tlie Cortes are almost J overtoil. Many dei>n ?!? * h ?fe not aniveil on account of the ba<! state of the roads, many more for fear of the cholera, ami some because they are sick with it ?lrea<ly. Hood reason why the session* are devoid of Interest,. Tlie comtnit'ee* charged to study ?special joints of the administration ami rcpirt bills, snake no reports thus far. though the state of the country jneedh the at Hon of the Assembly, The Board on the Tariff? ehieb Is a boaid of meu sup- . -posed to be intelligent in matters of hnanco, and -which is charges! to fir the duties fo be paid on foreign merchandise imported Into the country?g<es on little by ylttie with Its labors. At the proper time, 1 willnrtte you jhs results arrived at, wbicb will, sone of tbem. tw Inter g$M$ tQJOf. The idea that the government will prohibit the expor tation of grain and hour from an apprehension that the country may come to great scarcity and wan', onsoun tere serious opposition among the grain dealers, espe cially in Santautier and in the provinces along the coast, who imagine that they should be seriously injured by sucha restriction. In Spain there is plenty of corn and hour, what is lackiog is the means of transporting it from one proyince to another. This Jack of communica tion and good roads is one great cause of the backward ness ami poverty of Spain. We are yet waiting the result 01 the investigations making by the Governors of the provinces concerning the quantities of grain exist ing?meantime articles or the tt st necessity keep going np in price, whilst the lack of occupation for the poorer clas-es augments the bad state of the nation every day. The asthma of the treasury has keen relieved a little by the money produced hy the sab- of the lands of the clergy, so 'ar as it has been effected, and by the loan of $11,100,000 hy '.he taxpayers, to cover the budset of tfco current year. But this ai d is liko the Spanish adage, which says, ?' bread for to-day and hunger for to mor row" The question continues unaclvod. the prob lem is to see how we can spend less. The nation is paying a host of useless servants, and maintaining a multitude of burdensome officers, and so long as this cancer is not removed the pains of the treasury will not cease. The expenses m?-t be levelled with the income, and that is not done yet, nor has anything been done towards it. 'lhe Catalan operatives insist in demanding of the Corles the right of association, whieh is tenaciously denied them by til ? au'horhieiasa measure of good government, as they say, seeing that the character of these working men's associate ns zi that province isaptto be turbulent. The other operatives of the kingdon also will unite with them in demanding this right. Politics- parties are less noisy. The democrats are at work but they geton-lowly. The mode rados are divided into tactions, anil are impotent. The CarlistB are making a great noise among he 1'yreDees. One band is beaten by the Queen's for w?; another appears within a few days, is hcaten, and another in less than a week is on foot again scouring the province with the troops upon its heels?never making head against the troops, but always giving then plenty of work to do to catch them. The go vernment must make haste to be cu ting off these hun dred heads of the hydra, or the Carlists may get to be an evil difficult to cure. Nothing is said lately of the I'alaee intrigues. The scandals which 1 totd you of, having paasnd liy all, lias settled down into silence Hgain. If anything is going on, it is secret; but as the servants of the royal personages are new, it is probably difficult for them to find assistants for intrigues at present. The Spauish clergy receives the instructions of the Pope chmilesticely, l>y means of a Nuncio in Portugal, who, on his part, it seems, is zealous in fomenting the machinations anil elaborating the rat-hole operations of the gentlemen of the Caagbck. The question of the alliance with the Powers allied against Russia is silent. l'he unprecedented torrents of rain continue to cause grave injuries in the country, and to everything like trade in the iuterior. The ravages of the cholern in the capital for the last week have put a damper on politic?. A general paralyza tion of business is noted, and the bad aspect of tilings in the neighboring empire keeps things somewhat in sus pense here also. France, it seem?, is tired already of lier contest with Tin-!-In: begins 'o lament, and to deny her supplies to the Emperor. This affects also, to some extent, our cummer rial interests, unit there is an unnaMiial pause in all things at thin usually busy season of the year. The National Militia, or National Guard ot Madrid, con sists to-day of infantry, 18,313 men; cavalry, 394 horses; and artillery 4 batteries, with 850 artillerymen mounted or seated on the carriages; 342 sappers; 377 engineering cotps, anil n company of 286 veterans. The whole force, completely armed and uniformed, is 19,657 men. They are enthusiastic in training and drill ing, and certuinly present a very fine appearance. Whether they will light or n?t remains yet to be put to the proof. J CAN. Our Berlin Correspondence. Berlin, Oct. U0, 1855. The. Elections for the Second Chamber?Victory of the Ul tras-?Expected Secession of the Constitutional Party?The King's Health?The Filibustering Exfiedition Against Ireland?Romantic History qf Prince Leo of Armenia Postal Convention Between Prussia and the United States. Tlic opinion expressed in my lost communication about the probable result of the elections for the Second Cnam ber lias been fully justified by the event. Though vic torious in Berlin and one or two other lurge cities, the constitutionals have mot wrth an almost unbroken series of defeats in ah the rest of t he country, while the ultras, thanks to government influence, the clumsy tactics of their opponents, and the abstention of the democratic party have carried everything before them. Out of 350 members composing the Second Chamber, at least two hundred are officials, staunch adherents of government, and of the Krouzzeitung, who may bo depended upon for any measure introduced by M. de Monteufel and his colleagues unless (what is not very likely) it should have a liberal tendency. About fifty more are trimmers, sensible people who invariably side with the powers that be, and are suie to support the presi nt ministry as lu.ig as they remain in office. The Catholics, who maintain a kind of desultory opposition against government as long a-' they think the claims ol iioly Mother Church are not sufficiency attended to, but who, in every other respect, are more reactionary than the reactionists ihotuseives, will muster about fifty or sixty strong. Last and least comes the unfortunate constitutionals, a mere corporal's guard of ha ely lhlity men, a woe-begone lot, dispirited by defeat, and even when reinforced by the Catholics, totally unable to make head against the overwhelming government majority. The ultras, who were excessively mortified at the 11) success of the candidates in this city, arc proportionably elated at the splendid triumph that has resulted from so inauspicious a beginning, and are omy at a loss how to improve it sufficiently. Their favorite sehemo of con verting the Second Chamber into an Assembly, repre Ttiting the various classes, or orders of society? the gentry, clergy, the civic population, and the agricultural interest?after the pattern of the me dlavul Provinsiulstwnde, will probably be taken in hand, and with every chance of success. As to the constitu tionals. 1 undeistand they have serious thoughts of with drawing from the Chambers in corpore, leaving the ma jority to work their will unresisted and un ipposed, an l hoping to annoy them more by their secession than by their presence. The example lias already been set by oue of their leading members. M. de Vinrke, the most elegant speukcr HmoDg them, and a man who, with greater con sistency and singleness of purpose, and less of aristocratic prejudice, might have | laved u part in the history of (ier many honorable to himself and beneficial to his country. Whether the whole constitutional party will resolve upon such a step, may, however, bo considered doubtful, as it would require a self-denial and inflexibility of determ na tion es-entlally foreign to tie-ir nature; and besides, many o- them are so fond of hearing themselves talk that they could never makic up their miuds to forego an opportunity of displaying their oratory, though convtnced beforehand that it will remain without the slightest pinctical effect. When, in 184U, th" democrats concluded upon abstaining from nay participation in the Chambers, us constituted by the royal bat, they acted upon principle, and have, there fore with hut few exceptions, remained faithful to their resolution; the secession of the constitutionals would only be occasioned by spite at the success of their anfa gonists, and vexation at the remits of their own short sighted policy, and the paucity of their numbers would deprive sudi a deriictftstiation of the imposing eifeet pro duced by the keeping aloof of the democratic party, of whom it may truly he raid qu'ilthriUeyit par leur absence. Like Achilles, they have retired to thi ir tents, and a salt Willi gloomy patlenoe the renewal of the strife The King Iras returned frem his journey to the Hhin?, so much improved in health that he has been able to take part in a grand battue which came olf last week in the royal forest ol letxlinger, and at which all the t'russlnn, and quite ? number of petty German princes were pro sent. Fx-l'reeldent MUni>r?, who has been travel ling on the Continent tor the last two or three months, wan introduced to hiin the other dr.y, and is said to liuv.- met with a most corriitl recep tion. I believe Mr. Fillmore is the first. President of the i'nited states who has ever been in this city. It do serves to Is) mentioned, as a trait creditable to the King's good wviK, that he ordered a number of the I. -ndon Times, containing a most violent and scurrilous attaca upon him self, his Ismily and government, and which had been coutisi ated by the police, to he given up immediately after having read it, tints Inn fating theoondnet of his ances tor, k red crick thetireat, who gave orders for a lampoon against him, chat hud been stuck up opposite the palace, to he pasted lower down, so that the people might peruse it more at thtdr v ase. This very sensible behavior of his ITosslan Majesty forms n striking contrast to the perse cution iri-lii uted by the British government against the editors of /'//??mme. for an article reflecting on Queen Victoria and her '-great ally " By the way. what does (lie Timet mean by a filibustering expedition against Ire land, to prevunt which an Kugllsti fleet is to be despatch ed to the American confltf Who is the wi eacre that has discovered so t-giegious a mare's ne-t, or is {, >rj I'almer aton actually tiying to pick a quarrel with the I'nited Stales * Oue Would think he had quite enough up iu Ids hands without that; but, iptem thus volt per tree, prins demented. Coxslderable excitement lias been caused here by the arrest of a moat ingenious and audacious Impostor, who has been carrying on bi? operations with great, succiss in various parte oi Europe for the last nine or ton years, moving in the highest circles, and choosing his dopes among the elite of society. This gentleman called him self Prince leo, et Artm-i'iin the sen or descendant of l.ai VI , King of Armenia, of the family of I.usignen, woo having tieen deprived of his paternal kingdom by the Ilwu*ians. bad been reduced tu lead the life of an exile, ?ubsh' ng on a -mall pension granted to him hy the f'.ar, in ueu of the fair proriaoee wrested from him by that po*e?tate. Now, it being a historical fact that I.e ? VI. deps-ted his life towaids the end of the fmrteenth century and that the kingdom of Armenia cease 1 to ex ist many years h. f.ue the Russian eagles penetrated t.> those remote regteas it might hare ls-en thought his royal* | highness would nut Uavr i mod many persons willing ti llsien to so improbable a tale, but the history of A-uieniu not being so generally known as that of m rre civilized communities, and the "Prince" having a remarkably pre p.-aosHng appearance, a fine Oriental physiognomy, i'air noble, ami ail the external atqren liges of birth uni station, his romantic story found r. ady belief, and he was enabled to sxtract ConsisleraMe sums from his sytn rvthlnrg auditors, forwhr-.h tie probably gvve them 0 t's, payahie sin his scce-sion to thsi ttirone of his forefathers. At the eotnmenetmebt of the uriental crisis be published grsndiio.(u?nt manifestoes against Russia, In which he a'ated t ie value of th? estates he had been robbed of at fifis-en millions of miiales or Iran- s, be sides the erowiv Jewels and other valuables hail lei town to lhfii bj hie ancestors fr a. the time of the flood an-1 hi. cmjim qDoteribythe F- ^ %ni F??luh M one of the most striking Ins .aaoee-of Muscovite rapacity. Unfortunately, like other meili he seem. to have been too auaceptible to h(, tenner passion, antanuwk w?r<l affair be wa? mv 0jVO(| ^ <juring ^ reticence in London having render ^ ht? Mabl? to a heavy amount of datnugeH, lie iound b mmeii under the painful neie-dty of quitting tbe bospit* shore# of Briton, and seek!up an other field for the diapUy of hi* peculiar abfUti**#. In an evil hour lor h mself he came to Berlin, where he ap peared under the name of Prince of Korikoa, one cl the nume' eiQH :i:ias-.?s ho thoughts proper to as sume in the 'joursc of hi. poiegrioa'fins. He must have forgotten?'/teat folk. always have short memories?that be had (a cored thin capital with hi. presence .??vera' year, ?g'j, and been obliged to decamp wi'h precipita tion to e.voM the consequences of mime swindling trnusac Hons bo had been engaged in. The police are evidently leu. oblivious; on referring to their booka they soou dit coveted tbat the pretended prince was no other than Joseph Joanni., a Hutch Jew, who hiving resided MBM time in the East, had acquired an intimate knowledge of Oriental manner, and languages, which be turned to .uch good account in euactlDg the character oian RiHtern gran dee. No time wa. lost in apprehending the unlucky ad venturer. and he is now rusticating at tho Orhsenkopf, a sort oi Berlin Tombs, in expectation of hi. trial, which, it is said, will furnish .ome novel aud striking devo lopemems of a wide spread system of fraud carried ou with a boldness and dex'erlty unsurpassed in tho an nals of Imposture. Tbe best joke is, that among bis papers there was found the draft of a fic titious le tter from Constantinople, addressed to the Jim s and ('oiistilulicnmrl, containing accounts of the move ment of I'rinee Leo, of Armenia, and describing them a. of ihe highest political importance, which precious document has just been inserted in h .th these journals and reprinted in the Jmlrpimdmo' Belgwith grave re marks on the probable effect of these movements on the Oriental question. You mar imagine how amused we were yesterday on reading this let.er in the London, Paris undBru.-els prints, after baring just been informed who the "Prince of Armenia" really was. This time, no doubt, in order to curry favor with the Prussian aris tocracy. who are Muscovite to the backbone, be repre sented himself us having elTected a reconciliation with the Russian government, and calling upon hi. country men. tbe Armenians, to rally round the banners of Russia in defence ot the Cross against the Cmscent. It is a thousand pities tbat the activity of the Berlin police should have prevented hlra from rr aping all the advan tage. he might have expected to derive from ho clever a dodge. It may not be uninteresting to some of your readers to know that tbe Prusaiau and United States governments have entered into un agreemont inspecting the registry of letters forwarded by the Prussian closed mail. For a registered letter sent from here, not exceeding half un ounce in weight, an extra postage of two silver groschens (making Ihe whole postage lifiecn silver groschens,) is to be charged, and ou letters of the snuo weight sont from the United States to Betlin, an additional postage of live cents, making the total t> be puid at New York, if franked, thirty-five cents. A. B. Oar Vienna Corr<Hpoii<lence. Vie.vna, Oct 29, 1855. Important Notification from the Czar to the Catrine' of Her lin-Hutria Willing to Make Con to/?cable Sacrifices to Secure Peace? Kstimate of the Amount, of the Allied lines in the Held Against the Russians?Aelioily in the Russian Dock Yards?henergetic Character of the Grand Duke Constantino-Defence* of Nikotaief-Affairs of Greece-?Diplomatic Movement*, dr., dr. The Taris correspondent of tbe Austrian Gazette again sec* peace beaming in the horizon. The Cabinot <?f Berlin we are given to understand, )ias receivod notice from .St' Petersburg that the Cabinet of Russia is willing to make considerable sacrifices in order to bring about n renow.il of the blessings of peace. The interviews which have I lately taken place between Count Waiowaki and Count olh tti are said to have reference to this matter, and It is further added that Ilaron Bourqucnay will spend a few days in the city of Berlin, while on his road to Vienna 1 and will seize the opportunity for holding communication with the Prussian Minister of Foreign Affairs respecting this very important subject. It may be as well to suite ,llis is corroboratod by a second correspondence or the same paper. The whole affair has a very stock jobbing aspect. As nearly as can be ascertained the allied forces in the Fast are at present disposed of as fob lows46,000 men at Batoum, under the command of Omer Pasha; 18,000 atKortch, under Waflifand William Parker 18,000 inTrebizonde, under Polim Pasha; and 12,000 in Er zercum, under Vely and Hallz Pasha. The main body of the Western Powers, situated on both sides of the Tcher naya, numbers 96,060 men; the camp of General d'Al lonvill", at Eupatoria, 60,000 men; the camp of General Vionl, at Kertch, 16,000 men: the camp of General Da LT iantononbum' 12,W0 wen, and the reserve, at Mar Uk, 10,000 men. We thus have a total of 276,000 men actually in arms against the Russians. Va"?' under dale of the 17th, -we learn thit I rince Izartoryski. arrived there on the 12th, in company 7aA* '^'"UR'uK to the Turkish (low rHn.-'n T 1 Polish legion will not be sent either to the tiiniea or to Asia, but is destined to operate solely in Bessarabia. As regards the eulisiment of the men the greatest care is taken, none beiug admitted except surh as are known to be ot character, and to entertain in-!e rato opinions and viows. An individual, who gave hi.n f !Vj,U'n j a rofogee, made application for an officer a commission, which, however, being re fusid htm, he took his departure for France. The no " ,'nl.1"t "K Bosnians yervians in the ranks of the 1 olish legion has bren definitely aoamtoned. in con sequence of the unwillingness with which the Surthe-n Slavonians mix with the Poles. ^"''"ne muil seings us Intelligence to the on hi ^ raiis blockndi d, the Turks having been unable to follow up their victory, by reason or their want of cavahy. Letters Iron. Odessa speak greatly in praise of the as tonishing energy of Prince Constantino. At five in the morning be leceives the reports of all the Russian gene rals, and immediately afterwards proceeds to the works where the new Russian ships aie building. Three screw frigates are already Completed?one of them, the VeUas having been fitted with the eugines taken from t|je stranded liger. These vessels are not yet armed, but will ho so early In the spring. Two vessels of the line are in course of construction, of l'.O ami 110 guns respec tively. The latter bears the uame < f Nacbun. ff, and the former is to be styled Alexander, In honor of tin- Russian Emperor. Five hundied cannon boats will shortly bo ready, many of them being already finished. Tlie great est activity is being dla| ltyed in the dockyards, ind a number et woikuien have been brought from Cronstadt especially to assist at the work. i litU? n,ore news from the Russian empire. It is said lhal no fears are entertained for NikolilelT the stream of the Ilug having beon so completely blocked up by sutken vessels und other obstructions, that no shin iv hat ever can f|irce a passnge. Tlie wh lie or the drui thints or the first crder of the empire have been ordered to unite themselves with the southern army, under the commnnd of General l.uders. From Buchaiest we learn that Prince Ttlkov is fa.t S!?^? ng.f/"m 1iis Te,'7 '?vereillness. He has however determined to resign all affairs into the hands of tin- go vernment until sueli time at his health shall be com pletely re-established. uSXZJSrMln l"C,,rm UH ^tff^tiialisfictlnn is expressed by the (.reck people nt the present iniois liy. The Ambassadors, however, ef England and Fran -e b0 v|'ry discontented at tho turn which affairs have taken, and ? were net at, home" when tlie newlv an 'ihe",? lAl",""'Sa<1"r" C""0(l 1o W "'on official visits. From Constantjftople we learn the* prepara'lons are being made for Ae receipt of a part of the allied fleet as Mri TW a r'" rurhisl1 Capital, as in the bay of .m m lbe'nhttj,t'ntV'! ''cra ?? much rejoiced at this Circrmistiincp, as the 1- rench and English ofilrcrs will form an agreeable addition to the e.oinpany at tho hills which arc always given during the winter season. c2 l^:iU\n'T ?f l'rok<",h *? Internuncio at Constantinople, has now been officially confirmed, ...id as wo are given to understand, this statesman w ill ll-ave for i H? y ttfter hi" n,,urn 'r,,m Frankfort, which uill litkA pine? about the ??n?I of NnTember next ( ount Rechherg Rothenlowen is expecte t at, Frankfort to morrow, when an extraordinary sU'ing will most proba tion m . purpose or Installing him in Ids seat. Heron Brunow has been apiari-ited Ambassador Extraor oiblny?an siJ o ."'r ' 'ctnpotentiary at Frankfort, by th" cabinet or St. I etersburg. Vienna, Oct 30, 1865. 11 ff set of the Times? Br.?WI? against America Vienna-Im pwumt.ml Un/ounrM Character of it, Assertions ,,r?W/? ReiaUams between Austria ami ttariinU-The Tas tutu Dith W'lty, (J'r English journalism has reached a very fearful climax of absurdity. The 7V??_that monstrous ' leviathan of the press "?ha* recently come out rather strong in this line. The American public will have been delighted with its thundering leader against the ?' Yankee buccaneering expedition," the immediate object of which is supposed to be a "direct descent upon Ireland." One hardly knows whether to weep at the barefaced impudence af this self-evident lie, or to smile at the Ineffable credulity of the British public, who read and gulp it down as some thing that must lie. more or loss, true. And why 7 Re cause the limes, forsooth, has put it foith. The citizens of tl.e United States, however, may comfort themselves by the tact that the American government and people are not the exclusive object* of tbe ruthless snd shame ful attacks of that journal par er-llenee. Tlie Austrian government and people ere, for instance, equally favored with the constant infliction* of the most odious imputa tions which the proprietor* and writer* of th- Tini-? con coct. Cnder these circumstance- it may not se unln teresting to your readers to know that the cry which has recently been got up in Eondm. that "Austria is trying to pi. k a quarrel with Sardinia," and that she has for that laudable purpose been "using very offensive l.n gusge to the Sardinian Charge d'Affalre* at this place. In the matter of the pm-ting squabble bet we: n the I ledmonteae ami Tn-osn Court*," j* quite as en founded as the " thundering leader up.n the amerlcan expedition against Ireland The trath of the matter Is that up to the present moment Count Haul has not e*.' changed ?* mncli as a single syllabi* with the Sardinian Charge d'Affalres upon this fnljsct. in fact Austria ab solutely declines to meddle In it. s,m? of her statesmen rosy jHissibly have stated In "private conversations'

that Sardinia's threat not to resume diplomatic relations with Tuscany '? supremely indifferent to this country Ami what I* there In-lilting In thalf In 18i? the King of Wiiternborg said that he won d narer siiceuirhto* " llohensoller, ' whereupon the Ibvrlin cabinet recalled the l'russian ambassador from Stuttgart, and full five /ears clepsed before hie Prussian Majesty thought fit i0 send another representative to the capital of Wirtem burg. It in the meantime Prussia had oomplained of the Inconvenience of thin state of things to any of the othsr great Powers in Europe, would sue not hare g it for answer:?' That's no concern of ours ?" And need Aus tria trouble herself about the residence or non-residence of a Sardinian minister at Florence? Hut what are thu real merits of the dispute between Piedmont and Tusca ny ? Permit me to tell you, and to premise that my in formation is authentic ; the grand duke of Tuscany simply claims the right to be his own master in hli own house. It is the boast of freemen that ?'their house Is their castle," and why should the sovereign of Tusca ny not have the right to exclude from his presence and from his court all persons objectionable to him V The case stands thus:?t-'ome six months ago tho Sar dinian Charge d'Alfaires at Florence notified to the rus es n Minister for Foreign Affairs that Count Casati, Jr., had been appointed Attache to his mission. To this notification a reply was sent "simply acknowledging i's receipt," which Implied, according to diplomatic usage, that its contents were not approved of. But this hint the Sardinian Minister entirely disregarded, with or with out design and reported to lus govornmcnt that the mat ter was quite "in order." The Tuscan government heard no more ol it until young Casati, some three months afterwards, made his appeaiance at Florence, when the Crand Duke refused to receive him at his court, because, strictly speaking, he is still an Austrian subject, his fatoer, Count Casati, being a political retugee from 1/mi bardy, residing at Turin, in open rebellion against his legitimate sovereign, the Emperor Francis Joseph. It must also be borne in mind chat the Crxud Duke of Tus cany is at the same time an Independent Italian monarch and an Arch Duke of Austria. The Sardinian government, on the other hand, apparently glad to pick a quarrel with an Italian neighboring Stute, took up this refusal to receive young Casati at the Tuscan Court a" an unjustifi able insult, and consequently broke off all diplomatic re lations with the tame. I/ird Normauby, the English Ambassador at Floreuce, has declared that the (<rand Duke is perfectly in the right; but now the Times Informs us that his lordship Is to have n wrap over the knuckles for making this honest declaration. A'hy? Because Sar dinia, being the ally of England in the war against Bus sia, must be supiierted by England, through thick and thin, through right and wrong. Besides, Sardinia in ist be petted, tor sooner or later the extension of her domi nions in Italy is to be secured, as a c unpensation for her participation in the present war. For that reason her disputes with the neighboring Italian States should be fomented. This, you will agree, is a pretty specimen of the present degenerated policy of "Old England." But tho Timm. in its spurious wisdom, will have it so; and the English people are sunk go low beneath their own dig nity as to look up to the Times for the order of the day. Our Stuttgart Correspondence. Stuttgart, Oct 81. 1855. Kinnml Ejjarts of Austria to Change the Organisation of the Gemini/lie Confederation?The Continual Dualism Biitesen Austria and Prussia?The Fiicuds and Opjsmrnts of Ruse hi in Germany?Russian Diplomacy in the Smaller States-Tin Sentiments of the German Primes and Nubility Decidedly Russian?Opinion of the tliiblle Classes?Their Fear of So riulicm- Their Ilopr in Louis NapdUun ami the insuj/ieimry of the Cossack to Protect Social Ortler?Denmark and the Suuml Dries, ($?<?? At last the Herman papers and the Herman govern ments have mme to the conclusion that the States of Germany. aud especially Prussia, huve committed a groat blunder in remaining entirely inactive waiters on Provi dence duting the present war. They seem to bo astonish ed at the resolution of the Western Powers to carry on the war and to liiing it to a successful conclusion without even so much as communicating with the Germanic Con federation on the subject. With truth say now the Aus trian official orgaos, the continuance of the war is to he ascribed to the drowsy, l.vry habits of the Germans. and to the indisposition or incapacity of their govern ments to establish themselves as a Kuropean power. Had Germany, at the commencement of the war, thrown her weight on the side of the Western Powers?had Prussia established an army in the Grand Pucliy of Posen when Austria established one on the frontiers of Galllcia, Rue sia would have yielded, the four paints demanded by the Allies would have been conceded, and Russia would still be In tbe quiet possession of the Crimea and the Pon tine fleet. It is now very evident that the Western Powers, emboldened with their success, will not he satis fled with the four points, and it is equally certain that France and England will have a private understanding as to what they shall consider an acceptable proposition of peace. Neither Austria nor Prussia, nor all the German Slates combined, will be asked as to the future plans of operation, so that while Germany, like every other Euro pean power, cannot escape the consequences ol the war, she has now neither the power of stopping it or giving it a direction favorable to her interests. Austria now says the Germanic Confederation Is an obsolete institution, only serving to weaken the political influence of Germany, but utterly incapable of defending it ngainst her external or internal foes. The power and influence of Austria weakens that of Prussia, and vice versa, while the minor States of Germany are only a clog on the action of both. Had Prussia sided with Austria only so far as to express her dissent from the pretensions of Russia, the war, even after its commencement, would have terminated. Nay, it would terminate now but Tor the inertia of Prussia. Austria, therefore, is willing to dc mand a remodeling of the constitution of the Germanic Confederation, and to promote and advocate any such dimsndmade by one or more of the Inferior States. This Is surely thrown out as a feeler, to ascertain whether, in the event of a war, she may count on the active sympathy of the minor German States, or as a means of intimidating Prussia, who is actively engaged in op|>o-ing, by every possible means, every proposition of Austria likely to result in the advancement and con solidation of that power. It is, however, certain that the period for effecting a change in the Germanic Con federation has not yet arrived, and that Austria will not prevail with her proposition at the Ihet. Austria will, neverthftlem, grain one material point by making the pro position, she will satisfy the Western Powers?trance ur.rt England?that she has done all she could do to fur ther their cause; that without securing the co-operation ol Germany she cannot do more than she has done to show her good 'atl.li to tbe Allies, and that to go further would even lie to endanger their success. It is certain that, as tar as public opinion is concerned, the trienda of Russia in Germuny blame the conduct ami present position of Austria, while they entirely ap prove of that of Prussia, and that in this respect the demai katlon is so distinct as to admit ot classlflcat on. In Ihe nobility throughout Germany, from the ruling princes down to the humblest sprig ot the woN?* embodied in the unitorm of a lieutenant of the Guard', the senti ment is Russian. Prince Charles of l*rusta 1? more of a Russian than Field Marsnal Paikewitch; while the I rinee of Prussia's hostility to the Csar has very much abated since bis late prolonged visit to St. Petersburg. The no Mlity of Germany cannot forget the year 1848, and ft* their own institution# offer them no certain guarantee that it will not return, they look with ronlldence to the semi-Asiatic power of the Oar to protect 'hsmtn the enjoyment of their privileges and the a mvc-nsme- lleu teruiu' commissions In the Guards. Only a small por tion of the property interests of Germany share thi' Russian feeling; because their conservative nstincta In >k to commerce and manufactures as the nv ans of giving value to property. R"?*<* <>"[* rfc^Vtly ,l'r0V open certain provinces of her vast empire to the exeliaug ofcomniodittes with Gerrouny? the Hnssian Gram.sperm (closing of her frontiers to ti e goods of foreign coui tries) and tyrannical custom nou-e laws being th principal cause of the ho-lile feeling towards her wbtrli exists in tins province, of Eastern Prussia, and especially those which border on the Baltic. 1 feci certain that I exaggerate nothing when I give it to you a- my lionet convirUon that ihe mojorllj or merchants, bankers, manufacturers and'tradespeople of all descriptions are heart and soul with the Western ! ow ers, and themnsses are so beyond the power of contra diction. If it were not for public opinion in Germany, (always excluding the nobility aud the lieutenants ot cavalry,) I am certain Prussia would hsve attempted to give the Czar material aid aud comfort. Austria couU. nrt have dine it without sacrificing all her interests In the commerce ol the I?vant and the Adriatic, up?tho people of Germany, the Immense majority of the Industrious classes and the troops, from the P'1**18* up to the sergeants major, are French and Englishnil the rest, including the machinery o gnvcrnm.m . ts Hus sian. If, therefore, the German princes have not taken part for Russia, it Is because their treasuries are empty, and they were afraid of thoir own people and the chances ?f Germany'has, Indeed, been garrisoned by Russian diplomatist* ?v#?r *inc? l'et?r th? (?r??t. Not a (??rman town whet? a Uu**lan ptiTftte gentleman, (who \n, in fact, a counsellor of legation or a Russian spy ) has not taken up hts abode, charming everybody with the liberality of his sentiments aod his table. At every one of the petty courts of Germany Rus^an dtpl?inatist- are a'credited?not single persons, but droves-and every where they spend their money with open hands, marry into the most resi-ertable tamllles. and entertain with true Russian hospitality. Take, for instance the poor and diminutive J.nchy of Baden, will, a population leas than that of the city of New Yom-ha- it not a full Bus slsn Minister, with Hecre'ary of legation and numer attaches among whom Is even a prince of ons of the noblest houses of Russia? With many the German houses Russia has relations of Mood Thus the Crown Prince of Wurtcinburg ?.as married the Grand Puobese dig*, sister to the pro sentTnmeror of Ru-sia. A prioress of lice Darmstadt u now on the throne, and In Oldenburg and Denmark Russia may even succeed t? the throne. The Hosrager 1 mures- of Russia Is a sister of the King of Prussia, and llvaria is collaterally connected with Russia through the Iluke of l#iieh1eniswg. If tlie Grand Duchess (llga is not now uuren of Ravaria, it is simply because the pre sent King Maximilian III. ran away Irom her six'ee,, years ago, and escaped on a private tour to England. With such relations in Germany it was impossible for Russia not to hsve a party here, but it Is a party which expects succor Irom Russia rather than granting it suppirt. The Russian party in Germany ha- bo idea of conquest it is oonosedto the wnr fritn principles of sound economy, and hates to do anything that is at all likely to disturb ?he status olio at home. It l?. therefore, a party which does not sid Russia, nor weaken the Western Power-, it is altogether deceptive in its position and action, and may at any time, ytald to the popular impulse Mow, -bould their situation demand such a movement as a means of preserving those who now hold power. A crisis in France an event which may happen?would com nletely change the whole attitude of Germany. lhera Is yet another yiew which I must expressonthe subject and which 1 think of sufficient Importance at this period The middle classes of Germany, by which I mean what ill England wool 1 be called the " wealthy commoners,'' hare no e. nfldence in the power of the pre sent governments of Germany to protect them against the socialist Pudencies of the age. They siw these gove n ments, in 1848, ontwafter another tumble into du.-t before 'he popular rage, without Russia doing ho much as nt -v-* ft finger to protect the ruling families. It was only when the Hu'gbriun inHurrectiou bv its ramification with Poland, threa'ei.od the safety of itu la herself, 'u:i Russia in tervened in tho affairs ot Austria by force of urms. Itus sia then lelt vey lit'le ooucorn tor the tiulu* quo in I crrruny, dcsjito the many blood relations of the < air among the German Princes. She only interfered to pro tect herreli?she s?w Prussia demoralised without moving u linger?Wurtomberg almost absorbed, without using a threa*. Perhaps she thought a general confusion in Germany, liko that which once ru.ed in ancient Poland, favorable to her interests?her ambitious designs. Per haps the confusion was not great enough to make the people of Germany hnil the Cossack as their deliverer, lie Oils as it nay, it is certain that the re-establishment of order in Germany is rot due to Russia?to the conser vative power of the Cossack?hut to Cavagnac an I to Louis Nat>oleou. Had the barricades of Paris triumphed against Cavagrac Mood would have down like water thri ugh the streets of every German city, and it is more than probable that the bloon of German princes would have mingled with It. And so in 1862, if Napoleo i hip) not arrested the progress of the socialists by a coit/i il'i'at. Socialism once crushed in Prance, that of Germany died a natural death: but it died without receiving a bl"W from Russia. The revolution in Hungary was not 11 so cisliBt revolution; It was a re-klndling ot Magyar nation tility?an attempt at independence, churned as a legal na tional light, on the the hasis of international treaties ?nd solemnly entered engagements The rising in Hungary was a dynastic movement, and was, hi spite of the heroic grandeur'd Hit stiugglo which followed, s'ill more In the nutu-o of an episode in the great racialist and com munist movement of Western Ku-opo. b'o reason the wesllhy manufacturers, merchants and monled men of Germany. Their hopes are centered in Trance. If I.ouis Napoleon, or any government fhat may succeed him, has the power of keeping down thu socialists, red repuldicuus and communists, they are safe; it not, Ihey will be overpowered and stripped long before tho unwieldy power of Russia, which is always slow and di latory in her movements, can pull a t. igger, or flro a cannon. With public opinion and society thus divided in Ger many, you will easily comprehend why her postlon should be one which neither inspires fears nor hopes, respect or contempt, but simply a feeling which is but a reflm of that which prevails in Germauy itself?'hat of profound indifference. The rUUux quo In Germany will not lie changed ti l the Germanic Confederation is established on a new basis; and this will not be dono until she is threatened by one or the other belligeients, and forced to become a Iiarty to the present war. t hat Germany may yet. he forced to abandon her present neutrality in self de fence is the fear of ail her princes, including those of the House of llatisburg: hence their incessant attempts to induce new negotiations of petce which ate as quickly abandoned as it is porcf ived they are unacceptable to the belligerents. The situation of the German princes re sembles tliut of a person who sees the flames issuing from Ids neighbor's house, and perceives the canger of his sit uation, without being able to make up his miml whether he had better lend a hand in putting tliem out, or stay a' home to prevent his own habitation froin being set on fire, it is n very uncomfortable situation, you tnrty rest assured, ant) one which Is not likely to he 1 nig enjoyed with security. The matter of the Pani-h Sound dues occupies the Ger man press Irom one end of Germany to the other; but I have not yet seen a single paper which attempted to de fend or encourage laminark. Prussia, especially, wishes these dues abolished, and, indirectly at least, supports the views taken by the government if the United States. All German powers, however, will eventually submit to the capitalization of the dues as a matter of etiquette and respect for the historical remnants of bar barous ages. Trance and England have received the 1'anlah offers very coldly, exhibiting much indifference to the fate of Penmark, should the latter power bo in volved in onpleusant difficulties with the Untied States, ond pointing p airly to tbe war in the Kant, and-espe cially in the Haltic, as something that Denmark has over looked when counting on the friendly intercession of these powers. In other words, France and Knglaud are 1 ejnlccd at the threatening attitude of the United States, ai d in hopes that it may lead to an alliance, offensive and defensive, not only with Denmark, but all the Scan dinavian Powers. I doubt whether at this moment the Russian ligation in Washington is not employed in re monstrating with Governor Marcy ou the extreme harshness 1 f his proceedings, and advising a more lenient treatment of Penmark than is laid down in his instruc tions. If Penmark and Sweden join the Western Powers against Russia, their joint maritime power would be suf ficient to defy the world. F. J. G. The Anglo-Amei lean W#r> STATE OF FEKL1N0 IN MANCHESTER?HOW A WAR WOULD AFFECT ENGLAND'S MANUFACTURES. [From the Manchester Examiner, Oct. ? ] Are we or are we not In danger of a war with the United States of Notts Ameri-ft* This iH a which iias just been raised by two singular art.clesinthe leading columns of the Tivui and the Morning both or which journals are known to be in close, if not. coufl di ntiul connection with the Paltnerston ^ministration, dne of the chief daily contributors to the columns of tho <7y*?m ia a member of the government, end f.om that cause Dr. bab y cu.He as much as fn.miny influence or status he may have acquired as the representative of Kidderminster in the House of bimse'f a seat on the Treasury Bench. The Morning 1 oM, tor several years, has been notoriously the ergan oflsird I'almerston, and from this fact has derived a factitious importance, due neither to the position it hold, among the metropolitan press, nor to its merits as a dally mouth ' '( n ti'i?oi"bgioondM, it msy faitly be taken for granted, thai uhenever f?uch announcement* a* tbo?e *hteh have .his week been made through the medium of nsls take tho public by lurprtso. the government li.is at least certified the facts, If tt ha< not actually suggested the tone which characterises their fi.ru.al communica "oii Thursday last, the TV me.-, in an article saturated will, that recklos- and bullying spirit n^un es toward.* the Amei lean pe< pie and their go\ n n ent Viochiim'd Ut the world that preparations are in progress for a powertul demonstration of force 'in the other side of the Atlantic. The English government, we aie told, is omitting no opportunity ?? "ln'? We.t India suusdron, and thus interposing a powenui ttret between this country and the North AmeHcan con tinent. No formal disclosure Is made.of the spectBc SKK? tAh.^ f&l ?? ft Amerfi Xefe 3 her?flHLs\ennrclti?nsrir other 'Ihe American people are so free tbat they^ i r..i.tndled bv a government of their own creaung. u"<? t??for?it it w " the Times, thai we areofioul rltfi-nsive attitude on their coasts, to rout their lai I Ji ,??!, anJ overwhelm their wild ami Operate Khtrnu. Not one word is said throughout the article en anyothr snhiect of diiTeience between the two governments than the threatened filibustering expeditious against l uha. or the anarchical States of Centra! America Tho alleged misunderstanding or quarrel ,rt',.we"1n,r^' ^7^ resting the United States and our ewn is repr. ^n ed as resung i tilifpiv <>n then? around*, and a column of the tierce native"poured forth in vindication ot the noWcy we me about to enforce for the protection of the out 1 .ill.*, of nfttiuia It the object of the hme.. I'S bwul" prorok. U,..? v.ry p.?Soft. wli.ch ?rc lot.. Irttcmrll.U. t.h.m.DC.. So UUbMt.i ,np Wear* th agnr<*on, not the America**. The ftmrt ha ? ts #?in?Yd r?i . nut to cover the real caus-e of all the ,, H HI?' the dunces of its becoming much more serious will he greatly nggiavated by the in.sul-.tng and canton bravado with winch the KmahasstrlTen xfl^ hi 'SUSS? Ewa&s ?rr sssa Ihich have been creeied by the vague declamation of tbWe "1'iVe bad ample experience of the o,bearing ami itr and wo are not without our fears that, In the present cilti. al conjuncture. he may display more boldness than disciet.on In the pending dispute with the Amjnjcan gov ? eiiimtnt. Thai auiM/e ha* onainiU.el in a auttna rw !""? atfEr&tssa? ssfir?-?2fs sss.?- to.*? as-- ? Cuba that has precipitated the quart el, hut the at tempt made bv lhltish emissaiies "d ??>?.- cssr.uK. adUr.r,fK? s j^rJ52?3& and car,led Into effect with the cngnBance aod comph rjiv ?f the British Ambassador at Washington. Th? An erican tlovernment arrested one of these agen s, aw it rn/wrf on hi* trial th.U Mr. Cramp** ???< a part,, to a,"l a Lri,al in the whole prnc^hng*. t ? -u !. rs ,od that tie A met lean President haa Mr Crampton on these grounds; and as Mr. ' raniphm was only the representative of the British cabinet, Ins witvdrawal woul-l he tantamount to a contession on the pert of the British government of a wilful vWa'ion of the {.? and constitution of the I nlte.1 States. This I tto causeof the quarrel as It stands, we know nothing of the Spiv which has heen made by the British govenuoent h, this re. uisiti. n of the American l're-ident, but the in frscti n of he law. of one sovereign NUte by the repre sent! iv. of .no,her is an offence that could no be, dUje garde-1 by th. chief of the 7e0/\te*\aT.^n c-mntry mstntei ance sn-l enforc? meat of the l?* .f /> rf ,[? ls.nl I'almerston has ''nt.w,7* l^e a e"m the eve t ? a forml-lnbl. fleetAcmay e^n all appearanc . g C?UM tend to arouse the n? ttoMl sii(?mObiUUes of the American people more effec ?S W.'TreTt'h' ^ ;,n "' "j^tween two such nations can be hatched here that war between ' hbW( Rnt wh,n WB tho Tw.' in'wldch such a possibility Is met by the Time* and tone in liffI ft- ?ith which such an occasion is "e'fJwor inrmmg interna, i-.n.l animosities a.-l uTihe evidence be'orc us of the determination of iv ? *eronien" to carry matter, with a high hand, the without some misgivings "".rfbTremlt V.gue and incomplete as the inter 5S.r.??is- - -? bfniivf (if th>* faitt tr nfei|uciicen to which we may be committed hefor* publh opinion has the power to pro nounce a judgment on the question in dispute. We will n .t tune for grauteu what both the Times and theJfcroinr; l ort treat u? the almost certain issue, llut, wiiat a mon sttour reflection upon our boasted governmeut ot public opiulon is the fact that at this moment, we may have been actually eomniltted to war with the United States w ithout even any definite cognizance of the causes which huye led to such a calamity ! A tear with America isriiI T I f Herniation In er<ry intend ?n Canrashire; and surely it behoves 'ho organised represen'atives of those interests to make known to the (iovernment tlio fearful suspeuse and anxiety which has been aroused by the sudden dis ci. -uie ot the dangers that overhang us. Will the Manchester Chamber of Commerce ami the Commercial A.rneiatvm r.main silent or inarliee, while secret dip lianacy is perhaps signing the death warrant for years of nur serial and citic prosperity ? [11" in the l-ondon Atlas, Nov. 3.] Ttiere is a feeling of uneasiness throughout tho country upon the subject of our relatl us wilh America; but. we cannot belie, e that cither our government would he so Iboliah an tu quarrel with the Americans, or that their government would lie so foolish as to quarrel with us. Nevertheless, it is well for the people to take up themat tei in time and to gi\e Lord Palmers ton's cabinet the enelh n! a ''hit of their mind.'1 Tho geographical posi ion of < uba is sufficient to make the Americans want it, slid the corruption of the Spanish government quite enoi gh to torce a portion of the Cuban population into revolt, und thus give some pretext to the schemes of Uli husteriig adventurers. Beyond tnis, It is highly proba I le that the United States Cabinet does not wish to stop the piratical attempts of its go-ahead subjects; but If it become a quedion of whether the Americans should steal ( uha. or we should go to war with them to prevent It, the burner alternative would be by far the wiser one to accept. ? It tray be said that if we fight against Russia to stop her thieving propensities, we are equally bound to flght against Brother Jonathan to stop his?but this is a logic whose force we do not admit. We ought most certainly to prole t iiguitist sny Cuba-stealing efforts, and it would be as well If we enforced upon (Spain the necessity of stopping thein by adopting a just ay lem of rule hi that important island, but we deprecate the idea of lighting in any sucit cause, lite case of Russia and that of Ameri cn do by nu means coincide, because while Russia's ac quiring Turkey would damage all the boBt interests of Europe, there would not be the bast harm to any good interest whatever If America obtained possession of Cuba in an honest way. Th" probability is that remonstrances of the right sort would check the filibustering for the ptei ent, and for a final solution of the difficulty it might Le lerrmmcndtd that Spain should sell Cuba to the Amei icons, and employ the money in paying off herdebta. 7he Sfimiih government ought to he able to defend tin m selres u Ithout our help aga ti t piratical a'Jaeks, and we fear that If the I'almerston cabinet does not mind what It Is about, its imjirudenee will excite an amount qf animosity that may be tlilf cull to deal uith. The sa.l mismanagement, of <ho war and its obvious antagonism to European liber ty have done much to lower our character in the United Hates; and if the Am-ricai a find I'almerston bullying them, while ho truckles to Austria, and dare not even fglit Russia in a st ..ightf irwaul way, a strong feeling of resentment mustaiise. lbc purpose of l.ord Alierdeen in declaring war against Rus.-ia was clearly to prevent the Turks acting so as to cans, a i evolution in I'olaud, which must have spread to Hungary and Italy It was in Intense hatred of the re pubU. an principle that made our oligarchy virtually guarantee Russia tho .afely of her Polish dominions, and which has made them tho abettors of Austrian misrule. These things are uo secrets iu America, and have pro duce's their effect. We have not forgotten Prince Albert's speech at the Trinity House against, the legitimate workiog of consti tutional government, nor the venemous falsehoods which members of the administration and their friends havo 'uttered against I'alian pa'.riots, who would rather imi tate the institutions of Ameiita than our own; and wo fear that, without intending actual war, the Premier aud his colleagues may like the opportunity of producing ilf feeling be. ween the people of this country and the United States, whose inexpensive government, extended suffrage, and happy immunity from a State church, they must view w ith vexatiou and alarm. If the intellect and in tegrity of the country were represented in the Cabinet we should have no fear; but we have an infinite belief in the folly and dishonesty of oar oligarchy, and think it well that they si:ould know at once how a severe reck oning awaits them if they make a quarrel between our selves and our kinsmen on tlx e other side of the sea. TO TI1E EDITOR OF THE LONDON NEWS. 1 read with satisfaction the able article in yonr Tues day's edition of the Daily Neva on the course oar go vernment is pursuing in regard to the United States, and especially your protest against that secret diploma cy which may force us into collision with that countoy. Nothing save an attack on the honor of England will justify war with the American people? x people of the same blood, language, and religion as ourselves. Parlia ment should promptly be pulled together; aud if not, public meetings should be held to protest upon so fatal a proceeding. I.ord I'almerston, as is his wont, is carrying the coun try to the brink of a precipice, which mist eitlier Involve us in war, er force us to withdraw our fleet ignomini nusly. The Amerlran people will net tamely submit to a fleet of liners being sent to their coast without good reasoD, nor should they. Have we not already eaough upon our hands, that we should seek to irritate a proud and powerful people t What would be the result of a conflict with the United States, even wore we to come out of it victoriously V Our commerce and manufactures would be crippled?our monetary affair, in inextri cable conlusi >n?the coast swarming with priva teers?a million of our industrial population out of employ?the cost of all the uece.saries of life greatly enhanced. Truly it would be "the beginning of the end," and most likely result in civil war auil social revolution. Better that the United Hales should posses Cuba and our West India Islands into the bargain than we should risk such calamities. Bettor that the present, or a score other administrations be driven from power than they should be suffered to use their secret diplomacy for such irarfnl result*. AN M. P. Nov em bet 1, 1665. l ast ? ? i. we were informed by the Times, in a leading article, that an invasion of Ireland was meditated by certain parties in the United States. Will the Utiles give its authority lor this intelligence? If not well founded, Its promulgation may do much mischief. When the writeis In the Times assume such a responsi bility, they should sign their names. I deprecate the .xistence of an anonymous government irrcs|>on>lhly issuing its diets and its news from a back room in Print ing house square. AN ENEMY TO IRKBHPONSIBLPGOVERXME.Vr. November 1, 1866. Tin- Capture of Kliihnrn. [From the l,?ndon Timet, Not. 8.] We can ado little to the graphic narrative which ap t ears to day of the late of kiuburn. Thia episode in the war incurs the danger of being neglected from tho very hrillaucy and promptness of the victory. The cap ture of a place after a few hours' cannonade conveys the feeling that the exploit was euty, and, even though im portant, jet not interesting, and hardly to tie called glo rious. But the atory to-day given to the world ta one of complete preparation and profound foresight, 'ollowed by immediate success. The allies "came, saw, and conquer ed." because nothing had been omitted which could ob viate mischance or r elay. The capture of Kinburnanl the occupation of the itnieper estuary ought not to sink in the estimation of Yurope because the skill of the commanders precluded the possibility of a long defence. The first feature in these opera tions which calls for notice is the fetnt of an attack on Odessa. It seems that at last we have learned that something rnme than daring has always boen thought necessary in war, and that "stratagem" is a word syno nymous with "generalship." For two days the com bined fleet lay inn thick fog close In to the town of Odessa, The church bells sounded through the gloom, while the signal guns of the fleet were listened to with dread by the inhabitants of the seemingly threatened city. When the mist rolled away, thecitizens of all ranks were dis cerned watching the movements of their enemies with cuiiosity and apprehension. Cossaeks scoured the coun try around, soldiers labored at earthworks?all denoted the ' X] eolation of an immediate attack. Toe wind was high, the short swell of the Black Fea tossed the mighty licet, und for three days longer it lay opposite the fair city of the enemy, which it could ?o easily hsvo crushed. At" last, ou the 14th of October, the wholo fleet weighed and stood to the eastward. It need hardly be repeated that Kiubtii n stands at the extremity of a narrow spit of land which forms Hie southern shore of theliman or theDnci per. The allied troops larWed to the east of the town, in order to cut off the retreat of the gar rison. Thi. operation was completed without op position. The Fiench placed themselves on the left, so as to undertake the s iault;the British landed to the cast of their allies, and prepared to reeist any attempt of the enemy to march to the rescue. The French were not long before they began the work. In the night they crept up to within 700 yards of the place and opened their first parallel. But Kiuburn was too tnueh exposed the tea to tequire the alow approaches of a "lege. The allied fleet poured in a deadly lire from two sides. The cannonade was louder and more incessant than In the hottest conflict at Sebastopol. A flag of truce appeared, ?it was answered, and the firing ceased. The garrison msrehed out, and half of it is on its way to Spithead. Kinbuin remnins to us something more than the "blood stained ruins " in which Uortachakoff boasted that he had left Sebartopol. We may again congratulate the country on this impor tant conquest. No event of tbo war is likely to lie pr > dictlvc of more lasting good. Whila Marlborough was win ning brilliant victories, an Admiral named Itooke seised a rock < n the roast of S[*?ln. Utile was thought of the ae Sulsitien, nml the leaman was unrewarded! Yet, while lmhrlrn en.I Kamilies are merely a remembrance, Gi braltar remains a reality. So the establishment of the allies in an Impregnable positiin at the embouchure of the Dnieper and the Bug may be a wound to Russia deep er than war inflicted at Alma or Inkermaun. The place c*nn< t Iss wrested from a power which holds the sea, while its guns command the narrow channel which passes close BBder its wa Is. if it be true that communications have been kept open between Odessa and Nlkolalelf, In spi'e ofbiockadtng fleets,the ecommunlcatlms must nowoea <e. 1 he wle.le bay for thirty miles ia in our possession, and the lurther defences of the enemy must now liegin a< the nnoitj.s of the two rivers themselves. All that remains is to prepare (br the operetions of the coming spring. The liman is froien ?>? about two months, but early n March it will be as free as now for the gunboat* and mor_ tar ve- els tif the aliiea. That Gherson and Nikolaieif aie now in danger, must lie evident to the Oar awl his adviser*. The defence of the latter city and'It? Vast bull- ing yards in entrusted to Todtleben < he young envi neer of .-ehastnpol. An advance against this place will no doubt term one of the acta of the great drams 'if the war. although the date of such en enterprise eaonot lie predicted. It can, however, only be ever i*l by th* eon eluslon of hoetlttOei. and. If undertaken Us *urc*ss l? certain, for the alii"* wl l not be impeded by th# ds firiencle*. nor will they fall Into the errors, which mark ed the early campaign in the Cdmee. Riwon.AB VrnmcT.?At the Cuart of Common I'leas at Iziwell, Ma?*., in the ease of John Flanagan, of Cbarle-towu, ftir violation of the Honor law, the jury found" that the faet* In the complaint are true and leav* It to th* court to deride whether th"?e feet* constitute an offence, and that the Jury did not agree ea to the law. ?