Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1855, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1855 Page 6
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NOTICES OF NEW PIBL1CITIONS. Tn Prison of Wrltkvredrn and a Glance at the East Indian Archipelago. bt Caftai* Walter U. Gibbon. J. C. Hiker, Fulton street. The spirit of adventure which leads men to reck, tessly hazard their lives in search of the uukuown, is almost as fruitful in its results in our own day as it was in that of the earlier discoverers. Although a limit seemed at one time imposed to the further advance of geographical know ledge, recent events have demonstrated that there are no bounds to its extension. The diacovery of the Great Polar Sea, of the North west Passage, and of the great Antarctic continent' and the solution of many minor geographical pro hletns, which, though long agitated, had never unti' lately been settled, all show that apparently well explored as is the globe we inhabit, we have not as yet arrived at tbe full term of our discoveries. How comparatively limited, for instance, is the knowledge that we possess of the islands of the Indian Ocean! The marvellous accounts given of them by the Venetian and Portuguese travellers of the lGth and 17th centuries hud long been looked upon as apochrypbal. It is ouly within comparatively re. cent date that the veracity of Marco Polo has received confirmation from the investigations of Marsden, and the work of Captain Gibson supplies us with what was wauling in the way of corroboratory evidence. The latter has the additional merit of bringing vividly before our eyes the poetic life and beauty of these islands, of which previous travellers had only partial and unsatisfactory glimpses. Nothing in the history of individual adventure is more interesting and striking than tbe narrative of Captain Gibson's travels in this delicious region. The singular and unprecedented character of his in tercourse with the natives, the circumstance of his imprisonment by the Dutch, and the romantic de taila of his life in, and final escape from captivity, all make up a story of uovel incidents and situations to which but few woiks of fiction offer a parallel And yet there arc no grounds for throwing doubt on the accuracy of his statements. They are in strict keeping with the character, scenery, and political circumstances of those islands. He presents to ub, it most be recollected, under a new aspect, a race excluded by the treacherous character commonly attributed to them, from civilized consideration and fellowship, whilst at the same time he completes the insight given to us by Sir James Brooke aud his associates into the motives aud causes of the calura. nies uttered against them. What really led Captain Gibeon into this career ?f wild adven ure does not very clearly appear from his own statements. He had long dreamed of a visit to the Indian archipelago. It was, he says, " the ideal of a reverie conceived in earliest boyhood, when the Sumatra laud began to gleam before my eyes, and the Indian Ocean lay outstretched a shining path, even in those early days, leading to fortune and honorable renown " This vague and dreamy aspiration seems to have been consistently pursued towards its realization, in spite of the numerous and at times apparently insurmountable obstacles thrown in bis way. His life has been a strange mixture of unpleasant reality and romance. After struggling for some jcars in obscuiity, with narrow means and the evils incident to them, he ut last succeeded in obtaining possession of a vessel, in which he pro ceeded to realise the golden dreams of his boyhood, and to visit those shores towards which his eyes had been so longingly directed. More bappy than those who had preceded him in the same path, he seems to have ingratiated himself at once in the affection and confidence of the so-called treacherous, but in reality, simple and kindly disposed race by whom those islands are peopled, and even in winning the devotion of one of the mod remarkable heroines and eathusiasts that we have ever read of. The in terest with which he has contrived to surround Babyeepah, the grand-daughter of oue of the chief taias of Sumatra, would appear to be pure fiction were it not consistent with the general traits that Captain Oibsoa attributes to her people. Although she appeared to him at first to be but the simple childlike daughter of u barbarian, she soon convinced him that she was an energetic and high souled wo man. She visited him in prison, aided his esiape, and saved him from imminent danger of death. As a natural corollary of this sympathy on her part for our gallant adventurer, she finally embraced the religion that he professed. Captain Gibson describes the innumerable and sunny islands of the Archipelago, scattered in fanciful profusion like gems over the surface of a bright and tranquil sea, in something of the spirit of the narratives of the old voyagers; and he re alizes to our minds the enthusiasm and rapture in ired in those old fathers of discovery by the ?jj d beauties of this delightful region. As he glides trough the Straits of Sunda, in the Htv e Iirt' invariable sight described by the old navlga.<;ora Pre9Cnted il?elf in harmony with tbe natural seen*. ' expauding to the view at every point of the horlzoa. ^'1C' Malay pnihtis crowded with pirates or articles for tra?ci fhe lake like se renity of the sea; the aro.*nilllc ?dors wafted ou the almost imperceptible breeze; Mie varying and gleam ing tints of verdure on tbe slopes that rose from tbe shore to the interior of Java, in an atmosphere beautiAdly ^ ^a.t. though '.lowing close to the wwter vi" .nspa.. - p vision of Vv -a a purple base, all burst on ^ ^ rQ delighted voyager with an effect like -q rer duced on the mind of the old .Spanish ex, when he first gazed on the Pacific? Silent uptn a peek In Darlen. But we will let our traveller describe his own sen sations:? I felt a deep heart's thrlU on entering the threshold of the hast Indian arcbipelugn?those islands of so much fable.] wealth and wonrer Ot so much real value and In terest. and so much less known than any other portion of the peopled eaith. To my right was the golden Jahmlir, the " land of bar ley," ot the Alexandrian geographer, the sacred Isle of the Hindoos, and the .lava of Kug'dsh and Dutch domin ion?an island rivalling Cuba in slzeano fertility, and six fold its nambet of souls, once a land of g'eat empires and oriental oorep. sending forth its embattled fleets and hosts to the i,at! 'is around them, turn warring with Kuropean power and skill, ami along by the hands ot the buccaneering men ot Portugal of Kngand and of Holland, and now yielding a coffee hnr\ est. the eulef support of the i!mo<t bankrupt sovereignty of tbe last and the meanest ot Its masters. To my left was a greater is'an 1 still, though less fruit loiand hss peopled, and not so rich in hlstsric lore and dvnastic lame, but the chief seat of a great race, who without war, or proselyting zeal, had scsttered their lan guage, and customs, and traditions among number less na tions arocud?from' to I 'dyne.ia, from Ma lacca * ' to Vafiia, the teeming millions of the many thou i-snd l-'.er within the Ionian ocean, all bear some marks ot the Intellectual sway ot the Malays of Sumatra ftefore tr.e was the greatest of all. ao island continent: fall of hidden wonders, and unexplored rivers, and plains, snd mountain ranges, where the human form, with hairy skin, lodged In the trees; where min sought the b"?d of his fellow man. as the b"?t of gifts to lay at the feet ot bis bride, and where an adventurous gentle man had berime the prince ami etvilizer of a barbaric race, and Oiled the world writ'j the tame ol Brooke and Borneo And around these were the eoif%tl#ss smaller Isles of the Indian seas, and many of them large, nch, and greatly peopled States. There were the fragrant isles of soiees. so rich in soil, yet so poor In product, making Molucca another name for sordid mouvpoly. There was Celebes, with its trading Hughis and their maritime laws; then Magindinao. tbe lanuns' land the great pi rate isle, I'apua, wltb Its ferocious tribes, and birds of paradise; Bancs, the great tin mine, Bali th? little Bali with Its heroic race, twice conquerors of the Dutch, Sura bawa, the sandalwood island ; Timor, the last remnant of Portuguese dominion in the Indian seas; and still thou aandg more of fair island spots, rich in a gorgeius animal and vegetable lite, had wooej many a fancy from the hard path of a toiling life In a col \ land, aud might w?U produce a deep heart's thrill with their full rtiarm of verdure and fragrance bursting upon weary and storm tossed senses. It bt not surprising that the captain's visit to thr archipelago, with no little that was definite in itn object, should excite the unraninene and incredulity of the suspicious Dutch. On landing at Minto he found rather an equivocal reception. We can im* gine the Resident knowingly winking his eye at the military commandant while he listened to the cap tain's vague account of the motives of his exj>e ditton. DUTCH AFPP.KnKSSIOSOOr AMTOC AN riMBrfOTRINO rnoPkNsiTiRs. f rr, nil thr RwlilABt in r n i>*n.v *ltl 'ho (VimmAn'Unt f.ff iil fnrt. -w?t?l * l*r)fr tri-o in tlir ?m?ll |i?rk tear '.iic e-f l^nade of *fce lort, now* ?l Ure uvtoU VfTW*gf of i-'chiedam and?f the gaseous fluid of Seltzer ws? before t hem, of which I win invited to partake, iuime liately after my introduction by the Havermeester. The Resident seemied about thirty Ave year i of age, well made, and of a han Jiome presence; but he had a oubi eye, and a skeptic's amile played upon hit It pa, a* I <p 'k? of my voyage to my little ship, and visits to out-o(-ths way Islands, without cargo or freight, or any Uzed haven in view. It will seem strange. raul the Reaiden', to our plain matter of-fact, trading Hollanders, to hear of a man Bailing with a good vessel, fit for valuable use, over ;he dull, wearisome sea, to visit the blaak rock of Tristan d'Acunha, a poor potato patch for whslert?the bleaker one of S.. Haul's?a roosting and nesting place for gulli and boobies, or to visit the pestilential, morass coast o " Sumatra. 1 observed that my cruise would not have seemed strange to the plain and trading Hollanders of the six teenth and seventeenth century, wuen the roving li'iut mans and Heemakerka folio ved in the footsteps of A- tonio de Abrcu. and other rovers of Portugal, over the aaina dull sea I had crowed, to aeek out what there waa rich or rare in desert or peopled islands-, but the m mopoly which some of those Hollanders founded did think strange of independent rovers who came after them, and seized the vessel of one?the brave Kuggeweeu?wlio chose to stop in these seas without leave. But the roving 1 lout mans and Hemakarks, a4 you term them, came with sanctions from home, to seek iuanopeu field of adventure for new outlets and markets for tba trade ot the fatherland; and they founded, and those w ij followed after them reared up a power which won the right to hid Koggewoen, or any one who should come now without leave, to depart from the shores of auy island in the Indian seas. they went forth, I said, with that sanction only which every commander of a ship carries with him, who bat submitted to the mariDe police regulations of liis count y, and proceeds iu general quest of a market. They went, indeed, Into an open field of adventure, for the rich land* of the Malays anu the Javanese had been a common plundering ground for Arabs, Portuguese and English, IcDg ben le the coining ot the present power. The former had menaced the shores of the great Islands of the Archi pelago with a shadowy and unsubs'anUul dominion, and it did not seem that more than that was done now. It will not seem so to you Amorisans, said the Resident with some warmth who have deemed the Spanish terri tory of Cuba an optn field for adventure, which you have lately failed to annix, and fifty of your countrymen, with the sin of one of your statesmen at their head, ha .e expiated at the garrotte the penally of the failure, (and as the Resident said this he held up a newspaper own taining ihe news of tbo ill-fated expoditlon of lopez.) My heart sickeuened as 1 heard for tlse first lime?and being the first news from home?the details accompanied with bitter, insulting comment in the Hutch official paper of Batavia, of the scourging and strangulation of the mla f uided men who wero slain at the Moro ; and, therefore, t was, perhaps, with some Uttle rising emotion, that I said to the Resident:? llie community of the Amorican people has n it sought to make an adventuring ground of any woll-settied domi nion. It has placed those of its c'tizens who have done so beyond the pale of its orotection. Some of these were led to believe that the great body of the natives of Cuba did not desire the presence of twenty thousand alien soldiery for the protection of their intlus ry, and there - fore they went, at their own hazard, to aid in driving the oppression away. They failed, and tuilfered the pain of their own individual failure, and not that of the Ameri can people to annex the island of Cuba. And 1 ben other matters in relation to the East Iniian Archipelago were discussed from our different points of view. After a time the subject was changed, the spirit of polite taunt was laid aside, and the ill-suppres.ed scowl that had darkened the face of the Resident gave way to un official smile, as he le<\ the way to the Resi dency. and introduced me to his family. Thus at the threshold of Netherland India, was I mat with a strong antl-American feeling, cloaked under a guise of diplomatic politeness; and this 1 believe to be the feeling of Hutch officers generally in the Past. Eng land has been the former cause of fear and jealousy; but now America, since the movement towards Japan, takes her plai e as rival with H -Hand for a share of the mono poly of the East India Archipelago. The captain, amongst other marvels, relates some startling ethnological peculiarities of the races by which the islands of the Archipelago are peopled. The following will, no doubt, revive a good deal of ingenious speculation amongst the learned in such matters:? 1HE OKANGKUBU, OB BEINGS OF DOUBTFUL HUMANITY. I heard gruff animal sounds mingled with rustler, jumps iind shakes amid the tico-top limbs; but as yet had keen nothing <>t what caused them. 1 sprang out of tiic boat and Buhdoo, without bidding, quickly followed? the sailor alter him. with the carbine in his hatd; the heavy leaps and shakes continued and after some time gazing upward, I got a glimp-e amid a thick bower of foliage, at a height of about eighty teet, of a dark brown form seeming to me as laige as a human being; ami when l'ahdi o saw it, he cried out. Orang Kubu 1 Orang Kuliu ! I raised a shout, and we all cried out at the top of our voices. 1 struck at some low ilroopimr limbs with the pike in my hand; and then we heard rustles and leaping sounds at other points In the great tree-tops near ihe form we had seen; this one shifted, slid down a limb, came neaier to view, and then we could partly see a very human-hke form, holding a little crea'.ure with a very human-lite fa e. peeling down upon us. The sailor had raised the carbine, and was about to fire, when 1 hid him stop: it seemed like murder to shoot at that human face, tor I hud heard something of wild and hairy races roaming in the forests not far from the waters of I'atembang. I again raised a shout?Hahdoo made a peculiar piercing cry, and again the creature moved, it leaped, others leaped, and the huge tree shook. Downward came the sounds, leaping, rustling, crashing, then dark boules shot before us, down, plunge into the cieek. * We had stood with weapons grasped, expecting an at tack; but after heaving a quick tloundcr and splash in the water, up sprang live or six large creutuves, for a mo ment but dimly seen, then up the bank and away into the thick forest on the other side. While I was rating my curry, real, mild, savory East Indian curry, prepared by Hahdoo, and while sipping the fragrant tea of my friend Dim Boo Seng, the costliest teat, brought froui the centre of China, and gathered, as be sb id, by monkeys, on certain inaccessible rocky ledges on mountain sides, and while proving the merits of the mangoes brought by the Demang?a visiter was an nounced, and the young surgeon from the Bali bark en tered my cabin. He wan curious to know what I had seen and met with, and expiessed a regret that 1 bad not signified a desire to have company in my excursion. And then I spoke of the diverging river branch, the covered creek, the brittle stony woods, the gutta porcha limb, the leeches, the in sects. and the orang titan. I had entered, said my visiter, the Iljarang, a strait or channel, connecting the Mcusee with the Kautou Siennu, a branch of the i'alemb?ng waters, which joins the 8oonsang not far from the Campong Soonaaug. Tnere are seveuil of these channels, diverging from the main branch of the iioosee; the i'adang, Kamoodee, C unhang, Oopang, Djarang, Troosang, I'unehian. Chetar and Kan too Htenno, forming numerous deltas, which are much subject to inundation durieg the northwestern monsoon; and that was why nearly all the cabins we had seen were desetted at that time; hat, said he, they will be peopled again on the return of the southeastern monsoon, and a rice crop will bo planted and gathered before the season ot freshets lias returned. In other parts of Sumatra, said the intelligent officer, wl.orc vegetation is even more exuberant than you be hold it heie. and forest trees are grander and Inttier. you Will meet with many deliciously embowered lakelets and canopied c -eeks. like the one you ascended; and in the Inteilor there are large tracts of country thickly strewn with huge timbers of ancient date, some half and some wholly carbonixcd, according to the heat and pressure of fiipetincumbent toil to which they have been subjected. lie had often suffered from the little swainp leech, d ucbih, which deterred me front further mineralogi ealh. -tches. Europeans wore nether garments that cal it**- awn tightaround the ankles whenever obliged could Is- di. -rnpy tracts of country in Namatrw and in to traverse ew? 'ves pass marshes with bare lags, so Borneo. The nai. ?? remove the leeches as they leap that the? can quicki. rAn the more readily do, as they upon them, which tney 'ownward as they go along. anifnat*ta^tng'right and"let? Wd ttbuut tbem ^le^aXbat'the gutta percha tree great abundance on the western coast, especially ini the terrD torv of Beneoolen, where trscts of ten and twelve miles situate were almost entirely covered with this volume rum tree. The native name, gutah percha, signifiesband or ribbon gum, probably because U s commonly formed into strips for various purposes; but one of the native name- ot this Island being percha, it may have b-en th design to call it the gum of Sumatra. Traders who care little about names, have changed the gattth to puHir th. y hate enyu ymi* to cojc,.nf, and orang >'h,n to era g ii'ntip, which litter signihes a debtor instead or a wil t mam to the ears ot a Malay. And then he commented upon the human like creatures that 1 had seen. He had hi nd much about a wild race Ol human ih.ipe.l Matt ? covered with hair, called ortmfl kubu, or brown men, who were to be found in the country north of I alembang, between Hand the territory ot Jambee living on the sTresms that Bow into the Bany.s. Assln, but he l a never heard of them up. n the Mooaee, or anj ot its own blanches; yet It need not be surprising that the hubna should be tound upon the Mooaee and its branches, as thcie tin ? direct communication by cross channels i lietwoc u it and the Banyoo A?*tn. . , A great many extraordinary and Improbable stories are t< Id about the Kutuis and other wil I aboriginal races, by the Malays, who caU them all by the general nao.e of oriiDR man. Nome aceonut of 'hem was given by a lieutenant in the army of Nethetland India, who spent tnanv vcars in Sumatra. This lieutenant said that the orang kubu are to he found In the large tracts of forest, watend by the l aki tau I la tang Ukoh, i'.awas I'lu and h*'*n- tributriea of the Mm sec and the Banyoo As-ln, and forming h""1"'*" I OS between the territory of I'atembang and the I ulta nate of Jamhce. Be spoke of them as a race of beings Bring in a state of nature, as simple M wild hearts. They were much stronger built that ihe clnli/ed men of the island, symmetrically formedof powertultrMueand capable of enduilng any hardship# incident to their b,?ome oMhese creatures, he said, wore a smalt strip of >*ik about the loins, and both KXes daub themselves wnh mud and gum from bite of insects ; but they seem to hare ?? Meaof the u-e of garments for a T.h"' ' hare long haggy hentd* (an appendage almost denied to the riiHired Mimatrans). and the bisliea of ma.ia and fe.i ? . ? ate covi'i<<1 with long, flowing natr. 'Iheii food con*i*t* of wild herrie* Mid fruit*, and of fi?h, Mid w retul iy. eie* of textile* which they rat raw. Tl ay riii not ciiliiri.ii> the earth in any mauner whaiever. tthm traremng the f re?t?. they are accompanied ly a *1 ecier nt large, wild .log, who ke*p watch agtiinet the at tack of tig'r? auri bear* and aim nerve a* i-entineU, to prevent the *urfu ?? of their maitrra by the Malay*, who hunt thi-tn for ?l*rr? it* *aid that the capacity and fidelity of there d'r> *lnm?t tndicate the pn*?e*atnn of greater fa> iiltlr- thun nhown by the Kubu*. Tlie-ecreat ire* make rude nhelteraof tree bark, while many lulge in the top* and hollow* of tree* Their only ?ia(.i n mid tool t? n peinteil bnmboo, <d which even the ii- ng utan evnil tl?m*elve*. Tlie b> w nnd arrow*, and ititnjdt*, oi bamboo tuba* for l>ln? out nutaU dart*, In use amoDg the I'yakt, the Alfuraa, end other wild | irilH? of the Fast Indian Archipelago, are unknown to these hairy men of Sumatra. They have sometimes been known to approach the ; abodes of civittzsd people, when pressed with hunger or i ax, in some casus, when puraued by wild beasts. The i lieutenant give* an instance of a Kubu female who was j Induced tolivewiHi a Mulay. At flrntahe rejected cooked nirut-BDd when she began to partake of it, she seerne 1 to suffer much pain in her stomach. For some *?i?r she ; could not be prevailed upon to waeb her body with water, I ins'end of saieuriug it with liquid gum from troes. I 'ibe greatest number of these beings are to be found in the country of theBalang Iekoh: and these appear to hi Ye Home lAight tral'a of civilization, aomeofthem being engaged ingathering benzoin or frankinc*nae;and, in (net nit-1 ne chief Cullectora of that article of commerce, which they exchange lor acme trinkleta and pieeea of colored cl< ih. 'lhey are extremely euutioua of approaching the Malaya, for the purpose of trading, for fear of being cm glit and retained as slaves, which very often hapueiu, and it, aiito lie, la doubtless the treachery of the civilized tuau which keeps these poor wild creatures more isolated thsu they otherwise would be. 'ihis mistrust of civilised man bas led to a very curious custom of finding, somewhat resembling that describe I by Herodotus, between the Garthagenians andoertain wild ti lbos in Attica; but more singular still, in the case of Uiehubus, u- dc-eribed by the Dutch lieutenant, and afterwards to inc by many Arab nod Chinese traders 1 have met with. The Kubus deposit the gum they collect, and other articles to exchange, in a certain place, when tiaders are in the neighborhood; then they strike with a club upon a suspended hollow log called taboh by the Malays, making a loud, drum sound?and run off back uiic the leoesMi* of tithe forest. The traders come to the spot, tube away the gum, ami leave what they think pro per, Af er they have gone I he Kubus cautiously venture < utcf iho thicket, and carry off what has been left fur tbem. Sometimes (his mode of barter is reversed?the tinders depisi'iug trinkets and cloths?then beat agoug, nui. retire; whilst the wild men come and take away what hits been offered, and honestly and generously ievre all that they have got of gum or other articles. Thus, the chie; material for the purifying incense used in the ceremonials of the church of Home is gathered by these rude hands. Mansion, who resided many years on the western coast of fcumatrs, in his account of the aborigines ot the island, says the he had beard of two species of people, disperse] in the w oods, and avoiding all communication with the other iohabitants: these were the orang Kubu, and the oriiug(iugur: the former being, as he undorstood, very numtrous oil the south-east coast between the l'al-m bang and .lamlree Territories He speaks of having heard ol si veial thai had been caught and put to work as slaves; aud <>t a young Kubu female that was captured by a mau in the laboou country. He says that the (lugurs are much scarcer than the Kubus, differing in little, but the use of some uncouth kind of speech, from theoraug utan of Borue i?liny being entirely covered with hair, llut Marsden is miner skeptical about the existence of these beings of doubtful humanity. MALAY TJtADITIONS OF THE ORANG-KtTWJ. These weivtai orang, the refuse of men: they wero the descendants of some slaves of Alexander, who hud tied from their mailer. They could tell nothing of their fore fathers; they could only speak some short, grunting words; and one syllable only of Malay wjrds they could repeat?naseee (rice) being nass with them, and yan for oiang. They were brutes; they had no worship, no mar riage, no law, no clothing, no Idea of its use; they were the accursed of Allah, companions of djins on earth, lit only to be beasts of burtnen; and the Malays hunted them stid caught them in pits and tree tops, and made slaves of them, as of right, said the l'anyorang, all beings ought to be who are interior to men. We liave already alluded to the part played by a Mulay girl named Sahyeepah in the adventures of or.r author. He first met her at the house of her grandfather in Sumatra, where be was hospitably entertained. She subsequently came to Java, where she visited him in prison, and assisted him in his escape. The Captain thinks it necessary to ex plain the Platonic nature of his relations with her We give him the benefit of his statement, only ob serving tbat his position was rather a dangerous one. AN INTERESTING DISCIPLE FOR A YANKEE TEACHER. isabyeepah came to the priHou with her sister to return the map she had taken away; she had studied all the co lured compartments, knew all the names of countries, as linked with beast or bird; had read all the notes, ai.d us. prepared to give her grandfather great gladness with her knowledge when she returned to putnutra. llut such love for study was rare in auy wo man, in any region ot the worlu; anu still more t r seek to puisue it in a prison , there surely must have been some interest beyond the study, to such a mind, to a tropio bom heathen girl, to a Malay young woman's soul; and something there was, no uoubt, disturbing the artless thought ot one and puzzling the mind of the other- llut auesiie to learn European wisdom, bad been a ruliug thought before the Flirt went to l'alsmbung; lor this was nr. common mind, a remarkable one to oe met with among I aucasian as well as Malay. 1 had taken rambles tar upon many strange paths into the native Oriental mind: 1 had entered many curious r?giunt>ut fancy aud feeliBgs; and I, who had often re gi etiec. tout the worll was so small, so quickly explored, so tin.numbly known, wishing at one time for young udveutuie's sake, that its girth were one hundred thou sand miles, instead of twenty.five; I now began to teel ihut tuce *?:? rarer fields ot exploration in the unmea sured, unexplored human soul: in many arrange varieties of race, than ail that might meet the eye in a limitless 11 ace ot mere earth and tea. 1 bad contemplated with some interest a quick and mai vellous Mala; mind. and a fervent young Malay neart; but 1 had become wrought up by late *caMM, touched with sympathies tor a rare, and moved to the mainte nance of a character, that inspired me with a reeling to -ave myself; if not before the rest of the world, at leant turn uny sign of weakness befote them. !Some enthusi asm, the ofl-pting of a strange experience, caused me to meet the love of learning of rhhycepali, as the sole ground upon which we might stand together; and further events, a furthergiowth of the thought of tbuone, and observation in the other, made it desirable to maintain the relative poslti' n, the teacher and pupil, the master and disciple, in which we had met. And Sihyeepab came and aat down in prison, and listened 10 talk of many things; beginning with some of the absurdities of the dreams of her own race, and then advancing to the tegion of reason; and thus oa to an en la 'ged consciousness of soul. It was aot *0 strange for her to listen to all this now, as it was for the otner to so unfold himself in such a place, to such a person; all had been strange to her, the first word, the lirst thought, coming liom what seemed to hvr and her people, & superior and wonder-working race; and her object in corning to listen, was childlike curiosity and wonder ; whilst the other, though not seeking this encounter, now sought in the curious interest of it, a stuiy of a remark able oriental character, the analysis, never to be resided In the midst of civilization, ot a woman's nature, arvl some antidote against the lethargy and stagnation of some prison hours. The following episode in onr author's adventures is graphically related. It shows what Yankee in. gcuuity will accomplish under the pressure of cir cumstances:? THE BRICK MACHINE OF THE GRANDSON OF NAT9 LKON's CM1CN0 MARSHAL. For a time it was a hard struggle even with some help of philosophy of soul, and a good constitution, to bear up against hope deferred, uucertaiaty of taw, badgering in the judgment seat, bad quarters, bad air, worse food; snd niohiug to do. fhis, the hardest fate of all for a prisoner, to have nothing ta do. but to prey upon him re!'-; to dream of home, of bright firesides, of shady groves 01 sunny fields, of glistening spring streams; and tlien of love m it* best and biightost garb, of love with out motive, love without thought of gain; beside It '? the quiet borne; beside It ia the fields, and by the sea shore; an to think of lapse of time, ol the gulf of .?pace; of tlie good forgotten, aid evil only growing by absence; to feel the world rolling over us, alive in a grave, no one heeding, no one coining; not a voice through those bars, but the voice of demons, aye. reruoas of cells, who con e alone to lonely men, and blow, firml staining breaths on mirrors of home, blotting out 'nvw, and hope, and peace from the self-eating heart. Hut there was work fer the prisoner to do; something to rouse the self-preying soul; work tor Y.? jailers, work for tlie government; thnl had put al) its talent into pi iH)D> 1 he government wanted many millions r, f hricks, to build rime storehouses, Borne barracks, and wukie more walk* and cells in the prison of Weltevreden. Tha government, like all other governments, gave its good. jobs for )ul*le service or public plunder to favorite-; ol the governing ones, without much regard to the interest of the governed. The continct lor bucks was given tisthe grand son of a stout supporter of the Netberlad kilia monopoly. A terrible man. by fh* way, was that gvaiidfrrttior, who tea k laige contracts to slay tneu; a nusr -hid of the great contractor, Napoleon?the Marshal Haandcl*?if whom the Imperial warrior raid, tliat if lie had two I SeocUl- in bi> army, he must hang one; so tocrible for hanging his own people, aa well an tor alnjlag Mi? enemy. that old Imtch marshal. He was sent ourbig the imperu*! -way of h's k simian ,'e in-i hiet 10 be tlovernor tieneral of tlie Into l?ulcli em . ire in the Inst, now nerged nto.the inspire of the }? r? lie gars out contracts t ? bsikt r irt? and roaiis. lie snkito one. make ten millbos of bricks. wo to build n for' within nx months and I not tinl-iiM. the man should hang on the top of hiavork. He txale the people ot Java to tueke a road the whole length of tlictslaii i, ,n m Anjer to Baojoownngie, to whl jh tic -right roll Ida lariteges and his csnnun, and for eviry portion not Iiiii-hod in a given time, he liiag those who directed the abor; such a ?ort-bullder and n*d raaktr was the teeri ble Marshal liaendels. Hut this was not all; wlibat he demnahsl the labor of the men, aid hung who*, not promptly performod, h" demanded tha favors of the women; and was as ruthless when thwarted in the favoi of the urn. as t>y a (injure in th? labor ot the other. 1* hur?'. through the wijlernees ol Java, with his great military road and he burnt into many a Juvan home, with his grerd soldierly just. At every rrlay on his high**? march, the:e was a virgin sacrifice offered to this Blue Heard, this great tevoiriug Hatch Moloch of Java. And a grandson of this man, tlw marshal ot N'apoleon, this chlet devil of thoJavsnese. had a contract for bricks, out had none of tb? grandlathte's way of get ting the job done. Bricks were no longer to be ma.V a- in the old nan's time, whrn. tha clay of Java might haw been rail ed with Javau virgins' tearav and wni ked with the fetter ed feet of Java* priuews. The grandson mils'c intent hlmaetf With the sweat Of Chinese cooiiea, anillho work ire teet of Javanese hnffales. Iland working and beast trampinj were too alow for the a ants of the governsaent, but what wa? to tie done T Inere war ?<> marshal now to den,and the unwilling la hot of ftvethouaard men for Just ?? many were wanted to do the work a fast as re.|iii red; and these could not he got. nor paid when obtained. The government need ot briris was tnked of In Hatwvie. A great many IHitch lalor sarirg 'dea? were sngpsted; hut all, reryUttlo

ia>ter than Chinese feet and buffal. hoots. There wa-one who had travelled In America; he had I eetil of tnarhires In that conn're. that turned out their thousand of btl'-W whilst a buffal ? could turn round. \Thrre was the Amerlran tha' r - Id tell t'>e contractor something about aoch * brick uakin| machine * Two I men then lived In Jar*, wanderer es from the lend of no tioiui. who could t?U something, five some idea of a plan; l>ut they hau been thirty year* a been t triim home? thirty year* behindhand with the progress of their country ?and the American burgher* of Batavia could not ?tart any idea* for making brick* any tarter than their Dutch fellow subjects. But tiicae are nut all the Americana in Java; we have ?omt> caged in Weltevre letv The con tractor and hi* fiioud* apeak w a (sparingly about them. Thev mu*t be cautims how they mix up trca>on with brick*. The uiarahal'a grandson has a Iriend, aline, gmcoua, brave young fallow, whoae la ther waa the noted friend of Americana, at a time when theie a a* no heavy export duty on ootfee, and the road atead of Batavia was often filled with American anils ; that lather, though not in trade, kept open house lor Ame ricana, whom he loved to see; and now the son had otten called on the American prisoners in Weltevreden, and had been active to sol ton their condition. The contractor spoke with hi* young friend about the American prisoners; were they all ruffianly sailor*, cap tain and crew V or was there a gentleman among them, one having some knowledge of the art and science of his country I Thwyoung friend thought there was more than one; men who seemed to know a Utile of hooka as well as ol rope*. lot- one he knew beat was file commander; he spoke of liim in the kindness of hi* geucrous young heart, with ?oine partiality. The contractor became in terested, he wauled to nee him; he had a friend in the court of justice, and obtained permission to visit the pri son of Weltevreden. The contractor and his friend came together; they found a prisoner much sick and worn out; the young friend biought some smuggled tiilie* to refresh him, and spoke words of hope and eucoursg-ment; and the contractor spoke of the machine that was wanted. The prisoner knew but liitie or such things; he did not say so; for a hope dawned on his mind; hi, memory whs busy with WLat he hud seen in his visits to workshops, and at fair* of me chanics at home; thought* were busy, and he felt in a mood to uMempt impossibilities; it would be something 10 do, and he might raise up means and friends outside, by the attempt. The prisoner said that he bad seen such a machine a* was wanted; one that would save the labor of hundrcda ol men; lie believed that such a one could be made in Java, that Javanese uie< hsuim had skill enough to follow a good plan, ami he could make that plan The contrac tor w?a taken aback; this was far more than ho had dieamrd of;?1o get some it; o? of the nature and cost of ono to he sent for, was all that he had hoped for; but to have one made in llatavin, why, it would lie a colonial invention, una he would get an octroi or pateut from the government. The prisoner was pressed with eager questions. Could he indeed do such a thing? make a brick machine? lie would try. The contractor was in ecstacies; he would give ten thousand recijiosBOn (about #3,000,) for such a plan?lor a good drawing from which a machine might be made. The prisoner boldly pledged himself to pro duce the plan; his young friend and prison comforter be came his guarantee; and the contract for the brick ma chine was made in the prison of Weltevreden. The contractor and his friend had influence to obtain from the court of justice many relaxations of the sur veillance und discipline that had bten imposed on the communeer of the Fiirt. He now saw bi* prison friends again, the baron, the trader, the schoolmaster, and the In teresting little Umbalt. He received paper, iiencils, and in struments, all that he wanted; and was busily and happily at work for the government of Net low land India, like the resident, the colonel, the baron, the topograplser, the Russian, and the rest of the talent which that govern ment had li eked np in jail. But in the case of the brick machine, the fact a* to | who was the planner, was to be conooa'od front the au I thoritie*. The payment for tho plan would depend on the preservation of secrecy; as no octrie could bo ob tained for the work of a foreigner, much less a prisoner, and such a prisoner; treason would be suspected in a machine front him, that might turn out to be, when mode, some self acting catapult to pelt the Dutch out of Java, instead of a peaceful grinder and moulder of clay. The draftsman affected to be occupied with various small sketches for his patrons; but during the siesta hour, out! other undisturbed periods, he was busy with combi nations of clay-workers and brick-moulders. It was jier baps a rashly undertaken task fur one who had dealt so Utile in bricks, who bad never seen a brick machine, ex cept to gaze ut it as a curiosity, who had never bought a buck, ror sold a brick, nor evor thought partioularly about brieks before. He had a confused picture in his brain of revolving cogs, of a huge clay hopper, and then of little sliding boxes ano sciapers, ana of brown brick* shoved out on a platform, like brown bread front a Dutch oven. But this picture was like some few notes of a tare song, thai chime on the ear, that Hit through the air; but the untaught throat can make no melody of it; nor could the draftsman get his ooga, moulds and scrapers, into leasible shape for making bricks. lie spoiled sheet after sheet of good drawing hoard; h* made cog. to revolve horizontal and perpendicular; he nude liricss to Hide out, to bo shoved out, to drop out; hut still tho w?y was not clear how they got in, got start ed; or how they came out at all. He devoured every page of a few old Dutch hook*, having some meagre details of mechanics; now more harmonious to him than the grace ful postures und pantun songs of 1'leasant Night of the I'iu. He strove in vain for a time to work out a principle into the detail* of a working plan; and oftentimes he paused to think that he might be like a forger of his own chains; or ltko the maker of the brazeu bull of i'haltris for roasting meni or the French chopper off of heads; the first use of his machine might be to make bricks to strengthen his jail. Hut he thought of the guilders, he thought of home, and all t he br ight world outside; and idea* began to dawn, the idea of the hr'*k machine, and tho idea to get out, be fore his own skill had strengthened hi* jail, tie had got a hopper reared up, and revolving buckets to feed it, some troughs leading the clay into an endless chain of moulds, nnd buffaloes hitched to levers ilk* arms of a cotton press, wlion the contractor called to see the pro gress of the work. The grandson of Napoleon' marshal was in raptures, he did not know why; bnknew little ot mechanic**; but he saw a machine, though little knowing where the clay went in, and where the brinks came out. The young friend was as proud to see the work done, as though 't.were the achievement ot a brother; his guarantee writa made good; and in the joy of hiagenarous heart he drew forth a gold watch of cosily make, which L* worn by ktx-.l draftsman to this day. The grandson of the Marshal had a copy of the plan made by a skillful Chinese artist; who, though *o little inventive, are so famed for copying, paint'og, plan, or writing, *rlth| the - minute fidelity of the copying sun. l'lan and papers were laid before the grave Council of In dia. Van Nes, Ktwrendorp, Kuloffs, am I Vlssoher, the four advisers of his FjtMllvMjr, the Minister of State, and Governor General ef Netlieitand Indl*, Mynheer Albertus Jacob Ruymaer Van Twist. The skill of Tromp, the chief of Pi itch engineers in the East, und chief examiner of the go vernuont patent of fice at Batavia, was called' in to jt idge the work of the grandson of th: glorious Marshal o ( road inking memo ry. His triumphs of war, il forts, i oa*ls and rapes, were counted dim by th* side ot the gr andson* triumph in P< n:e; who would pour out brick* ., and rear fort* and jails with *o 'ittle cost of' judder*, bloml and virtue. The octroi was ohtalaad, " eoor i m mtr'un*. tut Ac? ser vaanhfnn m? nuttr.-fa-run en ill ilywnnm," for a brick and tile machine, granted tethe g rnndson of N?|>oleon's Marshal, for thrrsciusivw making of bricks throughout Juva, Sums t.-a, Borntto, and I'? pua, whenever brick* should be needed there by Dutch burgher*, throughout, in (act, all of Nether'-ewid India, which, in the eye* of that Govern?*. Counail. am) I no government at the Hague, is all land soatn of the equate*, and all east of the Cape of 'iood Hone, :'n th* In linn Oceaa. The contraitor gut his octroi q' .ticker than the inventor got his money, lie had to wait for the most of it, till a machine and bricks -wwo made; but the money did come after a Ion-;lapse of prison It ,'e; It came in good time when the pr sen walls began to grow tfAeker and to rise higher; wheihope ol help fro* i home, and hope of jus lice began t? fall; than the brir k insch Be that was help ing to strengthen th# prieon, did good sen ico for the prisoner of A'elievredtn. The det'ila of our authev r'a trie! and ultimate es cape from prison, ?j? givci i with, al! the humor and vivacity *hat charactgrint .? the other parts of tho book. Tr.kan altogether, it is ono of the liveliest and most agree* jde sari ativej '.bat we have read for some itao. C ATTfFRt II.. OP SCSI :ia. AND IlBK StJCCKSHORS. By Sa-*aui'l 8. ?intwkcr. Mi'ler, Orton A Mulligan. Mr. Smicker rendered a perrire to historical litcrnturs, l?y ooll acting all the facte connected with thin remarkable womaD, which are found to be scat tered c er a variety of contctuporcjieouH and modern publications, "be D'Abnntee biography of her was a'??ry incomplete an J unarAwfaotory perform ance, end it ho t-been reserved for an American pen to do fill justicato her character and genius. Tlie au thor has judiciously suppressed the more ol jectiono ble tiattires of her history, presenting caly those which were necessary x> give a just conception of the <j mlities that (iist-nguisliad her. Tim interest of ti e book '? enhanced by the successful manner in which Mr. i'-utucker has trocod in the characters of her soccesaers the peculiarities of ttsir descent. Thus far, he says, the prauat Czar his developei the some iistincts vul pdithal tender vies. rERiooic ai.s. Pi tnan's Magazine fee November s a very read able number The article on the C<*et Survey gives an interesting ri*umt of tlte results eiready achieved by this Rueful csnimission, and renders full credit to them. The following will show 'he advance that has been mat* by seience in this country under its auspices:? flreat progress but been mi.'? 'a studying the tides end eurrent* of our coast. The e'agle day tide* of the t.ulf, and the greet diurnal Inequalities on our Pacific coast, arc almost entirely analysed and reduced to the general tidal theory. Natural history has been benefitted by the ttady of Infusorlse, brought up from the ocean bottom In ascertain the laws ef their distribution, an 1 by that stedy ol tha Florida coral reefs which Agassi* made under the euspn es of the survey. In the determination of latitudes and longitudes, the methods have bean much improved. Th< introduction.of Talcott > *enith telescope method, and Its improvement, hare much facillta'ed gord latitude deterndnatio?s. nor are its results inf?ri?r to those with Airy'" reeith sector. The method ol tele graphic determination of longitude dlfferi-ieos has frown up In the Mnvey. under the Inspiration of Walker'* ge titns. Ntdhing eompajes with it when piactioable, not eten lunar culminations. with all of Pierce's study, and the American K.phcotfrta to atsbt. The telegraphic nte th?d, known as "the American method," is little by lit tle travelling over Kurope, and that, too, with no Im provement. hut rather retrogtadatinn. In the hands of Aire. Igverrier and tfuatelet. fnme FnflWh and French Journal" t**em ^ulte uovs*re that tUia BteUwt) is Ameri tan. Such piWincia'um in beM puuiaheu by fceL ' 'e^' ttaelf, Ukn any Klltr incurable iguorraee. The paper on Heine is written with a just ap, ,rc" eiation of the gonim of that admirable writer, a* J may be regarded aa u clever piece of contemporary criticism. With the following we fully concur:? Pointed, brilliant, faticlfiii, aud faaoiaatiug a* li the proi-o style of Heine, I think you will flail the abldiog charm of his genius ia its fine ljrictl qualities. Ia his own secret heart, I doubt not, he cheriihei, meet of ail his works, those exquisite effusions which, eol'rtcUdiu half a doten series, from the "I.jrical Poems," published in 182*. to the "Komonaero" (Uie saddeit and poorest of them all), published in 18S'J, e-.tu prise ecrue of the truest, and sweetest, and strongest lyric poetry of modern times. Somewhere, indeed, he-sings:? "1 em a German poet, ha the land of Germans tmowa; When they number all their mighty names, Then number they my own," hml though Gerviuua (respectable Gerriauei) ha. thought fit to omit Heine from t is re1-* stupid hire ory, so lung as the German language shall live these songs will live, in which the German consonants have been wrought to melodies as delicate as were ever tiilleo>'througu the vovelB of Italy. The remaining articles are of the usual average merit. The reviews and editorial notes continue to maintain their character for cleverness aid impar tiality of criticism. Catalogue op '-?hie Affbentices and Dehilt Libraries. Amvrman. A new catalogue of the library of thin useful institu tion is now before us. It is prepared on the plan of the catalogue of the MercanliW library, and will be fourd'ex tremely useful, not only to the members of the ti/ruier society, but to readers in general. We cannot too highly commend the Apprentices' Library to the attention of the youths of our city. It offers them all the advantage-! fur passing their leisure hours agreeably that can be fjund in a literary institution. Prank Leslie's Portfolio of Fanct Nkhdi.b wouk. Edited by Mrs. Ann S. Stephens. Stringer & Townsend. This is one of the most useful as well as beautifully il lustrated works of Its kind that ban as yel been prcsen'-ed to the public. The illustrations are highly creditable to American art. and the text has been compiled by Mrs> h'tepliens, or.o of the moit accomplished female writers of the day. No lady's book collection can be complete without this elegaut publication. FINE ARTS. We have received the first number of a magnifi cent German publication entitled tho " Shakspeare Gallery," edited by the well known artist, Ton Kuul bach. It contains three engravings in the beat style of German art, namely, Macbeth, Sanquo and the three witches; Lady Macbeth walkiag in her sleep, and Macbeth arming himself for the last struggle. The first is engraved by Professor Eichens, the second by M. Jacoby, and the third by M. A.. Hoff mann, all of Berlin. If anything were wanting to prove the superiority of the German over the Eng lish school of engraving, these plates would attest it. The well known Boydell series of Shaksperian illustrations cannot for a moment be compared with them. In originality and boldness of conception, accuracy of drawing and delicacy of tints, these Kaulbach engravings are amongst the finest speci men^ that we have seen of the German school. We bail with pleasure the appearance of a trans lated edition of a popular foreign work of art illus trating the different European galleries. The two first numbers givo us the principal architectural features of interest in Berlin; and in those that arc to follow we are promised selections from the choicest works of art in the public collections. Considering the superior character of the steel en gravings, the low price of the publication?25 ceuts each number?must ensure the work a large circu lation in this country. Particulars of the Loa? of the Propeller FHn try on the Lakes. [From the Chicago Democrat, Nov. 14.] We have further particulars of the loan of thin fiat pro poller. the explosion took, pi toe about six o'clonk on Thursday morning, and ten miles from shore, abroast of Port Stanley, Canada. The explosion blew off her stem, anil she tvent down In two minutes in ton fathoms of water. About six foet of ber mast head is above water, "lhu following is a list of the crew 8AVKP. S. 0. Langley, master. Aivin Dodge, second mate. ?John Condon, mate. Charles Itansom, engineer. N aw ton Walk ley uid K. Godfrey, wheelmen. .lohn Connell aud Charles Cooper, firemen. Kdward Iforsey, stoward. Sr.mson Noll, W. O. Harris, Wm, I-ewis, JihnHenns bnrg, Geo. Wilson and James i'romlat, deck Uandi.?xa in ail. LOST, John Strong, seoond engineer. John Coopt-r, fireman. hi las Yajuce, Geo, Dorsey, Wm, iMy, N, Marshall, deck hands. Klizabnth Dorsey, ohambonnoid. John I'leaa&nt, waiter?>8 in all. The crew saved themselves by making a raft of pieces of the cabin, that wore blown off by the explosion. Aftsr daylight they had the good fortune to tiud the ife boat under their raft, which they got out, and avail two men that were e.liagiug#to the masthead of the vessel, some distance to windward. They afterwards found one of their quarter boats, whiuh was only slightly damaged, and with this and the life-boat they all were as comfortable as they could be. considering that they were driven over board with but very little clothing, most of them with only shirts and posits on. They wete rescued from their cold situation by the schooner Tartar, of Milan, Chptain Phillips, who, together wish hie mate, Mr. Dutchor. and crew, did all they coulil to moke them comfortable, for which Captain 1-angley wishes us to rstnrn his most sin cerc thanks. They picked np Did banels dour, some bedding, he. The Hour was left at Port Colborne, tcr the benefit of the underw riters. Chptain langley states that bis officers and men did all they could to save the lives of the others, and for the rosin part behaved well sail obeyed bis orders through out, without which little could have been done, and the less of life would have been. Car greater. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. KOHRV IAHKOTi SATl RDAY, Nov. 17?6 P. M. The stock market continues moderately buoyant. The advance In oil olosses of securities during the present week has been lull as rapid as any within our recollection, and full as rapid ss the previous depreciation. The ab sence of any startling development, of any strung or de cidedly unfavorable movement in financial affair*, of any excessive exportation* of specie, and of the usual decrease In the Rank of Kngland's bullion, has partially restored public confidence, and given for the time a better tone to the stosk market. We saunot. however, look upon it otherwise than of a temporary character Part of the recent rise in the stalk market must be attributed to the natural reaction (mm such a severe deprevIon. When we see prices for even the most worthless fancy on the list run down Un per cent in half as many days, a reac tion more or less temporary is pretty sure to follow, and It is generally pretty safe to come in at a point consi derably below those which have previously ruled, with the determination to realize on the reactloa. A tarn in this way is often attended with profitable results. It is difficult for operators, either fur a rise or foil, to realite when the market is in their favor, and frequently while watting for greater differences they fail to secure that which at ono time was within their grasp. Many bear operators failed to cloee up their contract* at the lowest dip of the market, a week or two since, and many bull operator* are making the same mi, take now. At the board this morning the market ruled gcuerally lower, with less activity in ail the fen-ling stocks. Nica ragua transit (all off <4 per cant Penury hauls coal, ?*. Cumbcrlmd, % Harlem, \, Reading Railroad, ; Mi chlgHn Honlhera, IJt'; Cleveland ami Toledo 2't. ("hi es go ami Roth Iiland, ; llknoi* (.intra I Bond* )?; In diana As, ??; Krie It-nil*. 1*75. 1. It is our impression that the full force of the intatlon has been exhausted? that speculation has, for the tirae, run out?that all the buyer* are filled up, and that they have outbiog to <fo now hot hold i?. If they attempt to sell, prices will r_n down so fast that they will be compelled to hold up. and wait for better times; every faz-ey atock nn the list w a grnnd sale at current rotes, and there Is quite a mnrgin tor a foil in some stocks, which are not exactly of a amy order. At the second ho?yl there was sot much rhoage a quotations, but the temieney from the opening to the close was downward. The market was quiet At the close some of the lending storks were a fraction lower. The steamship .brag", from thin port lor Havre, to-lay, carried out >60 Will in specie. The following era to-day's transactions at tbe Assistant Trea* urcr's Ofhss Bold on Treasury Account $877,468 18 Received " 98.280 00 Balance '? 6.3fi#,rA# :>2 l'aid for Away f'tSee..,. 70.324 7X I'ald on dlsbuVs-ng checks 79,928 66 Balance credit all account* . .811,9.38,289 48 The warrant* entered at the Trea-ury Department. Washington, on the 14th Inst., were a* follows For the redemption of stocks 818.787 80 For the Troa-ury Department 10.(181 08 For the Interior Department 8 701 89 For the Custom* 49 174 .39 War Wan ants received and entered... tih.000 00 For the Navy lie part moat 84 1 97 8! Covered in from Custom 41.270 78 Cyttied In from mlxcUuKoti* sqorce* 16,82# I'd rhc following ?hr ws the comparative earnings of the Cat a wise* Railroad for the month of October, this an 1 last jear:? Passengers, Freight. TjUU Oct. 1855 $10,936 10 ?11,lifts m8 $22 -lit* 38 " 18M 78 3,035 66 11,181 44 Increase Hi,"50 92 $7 383 02 111,113 91 Yv 8 following ehowj the comparative earning* af the TtVleja. 18port "nJ llmlr* R*"ro?<l for the month of Octe ?er,'fti<a."n(1 lMt yMr:~ Pauengers. Freight. Tjtal. (trt ISSit ...#11,282 26 #3,387 74 #20 6119 09 *' *44.7.". ? ? ?.w? aioi aa 0 234 30 Increase b'6'239 1T *0'196 62 The fctloerlngteftw v*"1 whow the con',1'ion ?* th? sschuKctts banks on fibs.61 h ?" C?mpiled from their returns to- the Secretary ** State B.\>?s or Msa uatjBns. fAaMHiU'* 37 City. las To>af. Capital #32,710, #00' ?88,'.''10,0W #58,irj9,009 Net rircuiatioi' 4,968,50*2 18,(IV S,60<y 18,l>77.t9f 0'?ixssite 16,347,107 6,996, 320 22.34?;4W Profit on hand. 3,178,303 2,185,*'12 6,343,71# Tirtol #04,104,002 >48,088,332 192,231 Resetvrtet. Notes, bills of exefnage &c.#&3.;13,08? #47,.'05,HI #100.?1?^M Specie 2,428,147 1,160,637 3,&VJ?#4 Ucal estate.... 061.880 532.044 1,186,11#" Total $66184,#02 #48,088,332 #105.l?2,234 The above statement exhibits upon comparison with the 1st day of January hut, un increase in the items of capital of #1,014,392; ol not eircu'ation, #2,267,624; of deposits, 55 741,196; or loans, $9,72i';209; and of specie, #140,728. Stock Eirlinnge. .Satkrusy, Nov. 17,1854. $3000 Kentucky 102 51 shs Uarlem Kit.. 20 5000 ind State Fives 81* 300 do , 10* 4000 Virginia 0's... 94* 300 Hearting-R R.blO 90* '.5000 do.... b3 94* 100 do 530 91 1000 Erie 2d MtyBs. 95 1(* do I>60 91 10C0 Krie Ot Ra, 82. 77* 200 do 00* 1600 Erie Bdso.'76. 87Ji 7CV do 90* 1000 H K 1st MI3 Us 100 1000 do 90* 3000 N la lat Mt O L 88 406' do sCO 90'* 3000 111 Cen. KR. 3s 78 * 400 do sOO 90 500 do 78* 100 do s90 00 1000 N Y Cen 6*a... 85 100 do 515 90* 2C000TH&A 2d Mt Is 78 109 do b!6 98* 10 shs Bk of Rep'lc. 120 200 Panama RR .560 104 30?Cantnn Co.. 560 22 55 do 103* 60 NIc Transit Co.. 16 120 Had Hirer KR... 33* 656 do MKP 15* 200 Mieb Cen RR.... 96 20C ' do 53 14* 100 do 95* 10 Z^ean Coal Co... 31 195 do 96 80 do 37* 60 d? bOO 95* 50 do 37* 100 do s63' 95 200 do ....560 97* 175 Mil CfcN laKtlbHO 95 60 Ifbrd Coal Co.. 21 60 do bOO 94 50 do 21* 100 do 93* 1000 Cam Coal Co.s60 24* 60 do 93 650 do 24* 200 do 92* 10O do 24* 10 Mich R*NInd Con 90 100 do ... ,b60 23' 50 111 Cen RR 06* 100 do 60 24* 200 dov 96*. 100 do b30 24 ? 50 Cie & Pi t*? RRb?0 6T 100 do 530 24* 50 do.... ,b60 66 100 GardQoldMe.bSO 1 250 do. 65 300 ae.. *. 65 Clere & r*l RR.. 74 60 Erie R Road..?60 61* 1000 do 73*. 700 <1* 62* 50 do a60 78 300 d?.. 62* 250 do bOO 74 200 do. slO 62* 150 do 860 73* 200 do. s60 62 200 do bHO 74* 500 do s3 62 100 do b!5 74 450 do. 62* 3?C?iUklsn?.b60 91* 100 do b?0 62* 200 do 90* 100 do b?0 63 160 do b60 91 105 Harlem R Road.. 20* I? Milw & M RR.... 81 60 do.... 19* 50 New Jersey RR.. 124 8BCON9 bOAKD. #2000 Ind St r Tes.bli 81* ltKhshs Erie RR .*30 #2 1000 III. Cen. HR. bs 78* 20 do s3 62* 106 she Canton Oo.., 21* Iff Mich So4N la RR. 94* 200 Nic. Transit Co.. 14* lOfn do 93* 10 1 'enn Coal Co.... 97 * 300 Reading RR. .bl6 90* 100 a 4Tol RK..bl5 78* 100' do 90* 100 Panama Railroad 103* 100 do 90* 100 Erie Railroad.... 62* 400- do b3 90* 400 do s60 62 100 do J sH) 90 260 do b3 62* 200 do biO 00* 200 do s30 62 100 'fnmb Coal Co... 21* 100 do bl6 62* 100 do sttQ 24*. 100 do 62* 100 do blO 14* 260 do b60 62* 150 do b3 24* 60 do 1.10 62* CITT' TRADE RUBOR T. Fbidat, Not. 17?2 P. M. Hour.?Firmer?Common State advanced 6* a * per bbl. Sales, 8,000a 10.000 bbls. Wheat 2c. a 3c. up, for prime to choice lots. Sales, 30,00(1 Corn.?Sales 20, ? 000 a 30,000 bushels at 09c. a 100c. Pork dull. Sales 400 bbls. mess, at $22 60. Cot toe steady. Whiskey dull. Trade of the Kew York Canal*. Statement showing the quantity of the aevaral arti cles first cleared on the canals at, and the quantity tett at New York during the aeoond week in November, 1899: ilEIU UOADISK ('LKAJtKD. Article*. Brie Canal. Sugar, pounds 1,128,00* Molasses 432, .'0* Ceffee 139,80* t Nails, spikes and horse shoes 13C.80* Iron and steel 388,60* Railroad iron 1.08a,40# All other merchandise at 4 mills 3,373,30* Hides 86,40* Cotton 217,30* Tig iron 630,10* Castings and iron ware 30,600 Flint, crockery and glass ware 60,70* ? Stone, lime and /day 201 600 Mineral coal 1,1110' Sundries 347,200 Total 9,823,70* ? AKBIVKD. Article?. Erie. Champlain. Total. Flour, bbls 22,602 36 22,637 Wheat, bushels 176,700 ? 178,700 Corn 12 100 ? 12 100i Bariev 13,800 6,8*0 20,60* Kye 26,400 3..I0O 29,700 Oats 127,600 2,000 129 600 llran and ship stuff, lbs.. 727,000 ? 727,900' Ashes, bbls 74 ? 74 B?ef 3,362 ? 3,362 Hams and bacon, lbs*.... 460 ? 400 Butter 501,800 11,800 513,6*0 Lard, tallow and lard oil ? 400 400 Cbeere 904.000 1,100 903,10*' Wool 12,600 4.409 17,000 Domestic spirits, gallons 25.700 ? 26,70*' Boards una scantling, ft.. 1.9,100 ? 639,100 Staves, lbs 1.169.100 ? 1,169,10* leather 189,800 54,200 244,00*' IVnjeatic cotton 24,100 ? 24,100 Merchandise at 4 mills.. 500.000 296.200 797,10* sundries 1,728 300 l,108e>00 2,830,600 Potatoes, bushela 5,700 tt,Nt 29,00* Hops, lbs 39,000 ? 29,000 Tobacco 8 30* ? 8,300' Dried fruit 7.000 ? 7,000 Furniture 6.700 500 7,20* fastings 10.600 1,300 18,900 I'eas snd beans, bushols. 2,709 ? 2.700 (lil mesl and rake, lbs.. . 591,900 591,900 I), woolens 7,3t# ? 7,30* Hides 9 800 ? 9,800 Timber, cubic feet 5 000 ? 5,00* Hemp lbs 16,000 ? 16,600 D. salt 1,8*0 ? 1.80* Wood, cotds ? 2 2 Stone, lime and clay ? 1,526,100 1 526,1D0 l ift lead ? 1,900 1,50* Tolls received $8,648 76 RICHARD H. WOODS, Collector. The Western Hng Trade. 7he hog killing season will commence at Ixtnsvkiie ab ut the -.'0tb icet. The Ooirier of toe lath inat. says-? It has Iwen estimated that .'<00,000 hogs would be slaughtered round the falls this season but w* now think the number will exceed 326.000 head, and probe Sly .' 50.0( 0, Tlere is own better feeling in the mar ket than has prevailed for some time, though in conse quence of the continued stringency In money matter* many buyers are still holding back. The prevailing q?o tati< ns for good hogs to be delivered at the peue are 6a fi cents net. while dri vers in the country are asking 4 '4 cents, on time. We hear of a sale ot 2,0)10 head at 6 cents net. ahd learn that several '.ota have bean o?-red at f. cents net. The Cincinnati Qatetle, of the 10th Inst, says:?Hog* are held a t beietofore. with great firmness, ami from 28 to 60 per rent above the views of ho vera. Holders of binvy hogs contend 3br 87, and there are no aaller* be low f6 79 for delivery this moath but these rates being hove the views of bnyers, prices must be set dewn as nominal. The St. Inuls Intrlliffme'r of the 9th. aays ?Hogs we-s tflers 4 to-day at $6, but buyers at that figure were not about. The rate up the country appoare to be*6a$6 26, and ilow at the latter price The Indianapolis (Ind.) Journal, of >o? 10th. says -. Hogs are tractive, at lnast since the restoration <>f the hog iaw, which confines them to their pens. Therts is little doing among our packers'. $6 50 appears to be the only rate at which wo can quote them. We heatd of some small l<-ta taken at that yesterday. The HopkinvviUe (Ky.) Preti, of the 9th, says:?At* sale about seven miles west of this city, on the 8tl?lnst-, a lot of stock hogs, which would average about 46 pound* gross, sold for $4 .10 cash per head or about 10 caota por pouno. A lot of fine pork h.igi also were sollai *3 *4 per 100 pounds grow Domestic Market*. NtW Bvprr xi) Oil MaIrii, Nov. 12?An wnuuoai acti vity has sprung up since our last, and price- have consi derably advanced. The tren-actinns l*cli'de sales of 2,300 bbls. at 81 80 per gallon, and 760 so. at *1 81, the market closing tery firm with an upwoik toodeeey. In Fairbaven we notice sales of 100 bbls. at $1 75. an I 2.362 do. at 81 80 per gallon. A pari ef the . I) purchased in this maiket en-1 Fair haven is unt?rsto<si to be for ex port to Europe. Whale remains qniet the on'y transaction we know a4 Is a sale of 200 bbls. at 81c. Whalebone has li?en In good den and, snd ssle of 82.000 lbs. Ochotsk h*V# bo?n made ?t 62c.. also 13 0U0 do Arctic at 8#c.; anl n >.t.'haven. If,SO*lha. Qchlrk *t 10c.